Thunderbolt file photo [183]

P-47 Thunderbolt

CountryUnited States
ManufacturerRepublic Aviation Company
Primary RoleFighter
Maiden Flight6 May 1941

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe P-47 Thunderbolt fighters were designed by two Georgian immigrants to the United States, Alexander de Seversky and Alexander Kartveli. The first prototype was reviewed by the United States Army Air Corps in Jun 1940, and an order was placed in Sep 1940. The design was nearly all-metal, and contained advanced features such as self-sealing fuel tanks, air conditioned cockpits, and large turbochargers to supplement the Pratt and Whitney engines. Although the resulting fighters were rugged, the features meant they were to be large fighters weighing in at 4,490 kilograms even before armaments were installed. In fact, they were the heaviest single-engine fighter in operation across all countries during the WW2 era. The size and weight also meant they required long runways in order to take off and land, as well as their relative ineffectiveness in their originally intended role of high altitude interceptors. The first time US Army Air Force 365th Fighter Group's Second Lieutenant Paul L. Van Cleef saw his fighter, his first impression was "Wow!!! That's BIG! Does it fly?"

ww2dbaseAfter working out many initial problems, P-47 Thunderbolt fighters were sent to the United Kingdom in late 1942 to join the Eighth Air Force, where their first main missions included bomber escort and ground sweeping operations. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters also served in the Pacific, performing escort missions out of Australia by 1943. By 1944, they were present in all operational theaters involving the United States Army Air Force except the US Territory of Alaska. Later in the war, they gradually took on the role of fighter-bombers in Europe, sweeping German ground targets with their eight machine guns and optional bombs or rockets. By the end of the war, they were among USAAF's most-used fighter-bombers, having destroyed thousands of tanks, locomotives, trucks, and parked aircraft. Maintenance crews liked them for their reliable construction and ease of maintenance in the field. Since they were not effective as interceptors, that role was largely taken over by other models such as the P-51 Mustang fighters. The Soviets also operated 203 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters, though they were relegated to rear areas for defense duties.

ww2dbaseAlthough crash-landing capabilities, if one could describe it that way, would never be a primary feature during development, P-47 Thunderbolt fighters were known for it when it was absolutely necessary. "A lot of people said it landed better on its belly than it did on wheels", said Mac McWhorter of US Army Air Force 365th Fighter Group; "It was an ideal belly-landing plane." First Lieutenant Neal E. Worley of the same unit was forced to do the same as well, and he reported that the heavy radial engine acted as a battering ram of sorts, knocking down trees and bushes in the path of a crashing P-47 Thunderbolt fighter. "There isn't a P-47 pilot alive who wouldn't elect to belly one in rather than bail out", he said.

ww2dbaseDuring the P-47 design's production life, a total of 15,683 examples were built.

ww2dbaseSources:
Robert Dorr, Fighting Hitler's Jets
Robert Dorr and Thomas D. Jones, Hell Hawks!
Wikipedia

P-47 Thunderbolt Timeline

6 May 1941 P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft took its maiden flight.
13 Oct 1941 A production order was placed for the improved Republic P-47D Thunderbolt fighter.
8 Aug 1942 The Republic XP-47B prototype aircraft crashed during flight trials.
13 Apr 1943 The first operational sortie of the new Republic P-47B Thunderbolt aircraft was undertaken by the US 8th Air Force based in the United Kingdom. US 8th Air Force would provide high altitude escorts and would engage in fighter sweeps.
3 Jul 1943 The prototype aircraft XP-47K was completed. This aircraft incorporated the all-round-vision bubble-type canopy of a Hawker Typhoon, which was soon adopted as standard on all later production models of the P-47D.
30 Jul 1943 Fitted with new drop-tanks which enable the P-47 aircraft of US VIII Fighter Command to reach the Dutch-German border, eight squadrons of P-47 aircraft were despatched to escort home 186 B-17 bombers returning from a raid on Kassel, Germany.
4 Aug 1944 An extensively modified Thunderbolt fighter (XP-47J) became the first airscrew driven aircraft to exceed 500 mph in level flight with a recorded speed of 504 mph. However the P-47J did not go into production as the Republic development team chose to concentrate on the more advanced XP-72 project.

SPECIFICATIONS

P-47D
MachineryOne Pratt & Whitney R-2800-59 twin-row 18-cylinder radial engine rated at 2,535hp
Armament8x12.7mm Browning M2 machine guns, optional 907kg bombs or 10x127mm rockets
Crew1
Span12.42 m
Length11.00 m
Height4.45 m
Wing Area27.87 m
Weight, Empty4,535 kg
Weight, Maximum7,935 kg
Speed, Maximum685 km/h
Rate of Climb15.90 m/s
Service Ceiling13,100 m
Range, Normal1,290 km

P-47C
MachineryOne Pratt & Whitney R-2800-59 twin-row 18-cylinder radial engine rated at 2,535hp
Armament8x12.7mm Browning M2 machine guns
Crew1
Span12.42 m
Length11.00 m
Height4.45 m
Wing Area27.87 m
Weight, Empty4,535 kg
Weight, Maximum6,776 kg
Speed, Maximum692 km/h
Rate of Climb15.90 m/s
Service Ceiling13,100 m
Range, Normal1,290 km

Photographs

New Jersey National Guard 108th Fighter Group Captain Peterson and Staff Sergeant Iglio making check of P-47 aircraft before takeoff, circa 1939-1945Test pilots in front of a Thunderbolt aircraft, date unknownCelia Hunter in the cockpit of a P-47 fighter, date unknownWASP pilot Deanie (Bishop) Parrish in front of her P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft, circa early 1940s
See all 66 photographs of P-47 Thunderbolt Fighter

Videos

How to Fly the P-47: Pilot Familiarization, 1 of 3How to Fly the P-47: Pilot Familiarization, 2 of 3How to Fly the P-47: Pilot Familiarization, 3 of 3




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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
15 Sep 2007 03:26:50 AM

The P-47D was supplied to a number of Allied countries during the War. The Soviet Union was allocated 203 under Lend-Lease, 196 of which reached their destination. Eighty-eight were supplied to Brazil, one Brazilian P-47D squadron operating with the 12th Air Force in Italy from November 11, 1944. Twenty-five were supplied to Mexico to equip the Mexican Air Forces 201st Fighter Squadron which was to have served with US forces in the south-west Pacific but had not left Mexico when Japan capitulated. The Royal Air Force received 825 P-47Ds of which 240 were those having the original framed cockpit canopy- (Thunderbolt I) and the remainder with the bubble canopy -(Thunderbolt II).
2. william richard whitten jr (rich) says:
2 Dec 2010 11:10:29 AM

I just met ret.LTC Neal E. Worley at the SFVA Eye clinic 12/2/10 and he shared numerous WWII stories of piloting the P47. and I saw his name here in this very interesting article. For an 89yr old he is very active practicing golf and living in Ukiah,Ca.
3. NoOnesAnonymous says:
31 Oct 2016 06:20:20 AM

It is worth noting that the 56th fighter group represented nearly all aerial victories scored the Thunderbolt, and nearly half the aerial victories scored by all combined Naval and Army Air Forces in Europe by the U.S. military during the entire duration of American involvement in the war.

The veterans of the 56th fighter group refused to relinquish these aircraft when the Army tried to replace them with new p51d mustangs late in the war.

Also the Republic P47 had the highest probability of all fighter types to return to base undamaged.

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More on P-47 Thunderbolt
Notable Figure:
» Johnson, Robert

Related Book:
» Hell Hawks!

P-47 Thunderbolt Fighter Photo Gallery
New Jersey National Guard 108th Fighter Group Captain Peterson and Staff Sergeant Iglio making check of P-47 aircraft before takeoff, circa 1939-1945
See all 66 photographs of P-47 Thunderbolt Fighter




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