Treaty of San Francisco file photo [17696]

San Francisco Peace Conference

8 Sep 1951

Contributor:

ww2dbaseOn 8 Sep 1951, representatives of 48 nations signed the Treaty of San Francisco at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, California, United States. When it would come into effect on 28 Apr 1952, peace became official between Japan and some of the Allied nations, and thus it represented the technical end of WW2 even though guns had been silent since 1945. It also allocated compensation from Japan to various Allied nations.

ww2dbaseMost Allied nations (and nations formed from former Allied possessions such as the Philippines, Burma, and Lebanon, to name only a few) attended the conference and signed the treaty, there were several exceptions.

ww2dbaseOther Peace Treaties with Japan

ww2dbaseOn 28 Apr 1952, the Republic of China and Japan signed the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty, commonly known as the Treaty of Taipei, in which Japan renounced its rights to Taiwan, Pescadores (now Penghu) Islands, Spratly Islands, Paracel Islands. It came into effect on 5 Aug 1952, but Japan would denounce this treaty in 1972.

ww2dbaseThe Treaty of Peace Between Japan and India was signed on 9 Jun 1952. Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had attended the San Francisco conference in 1951, but refused to sign due to his belief that the future of Japan's sovereignty was being violated by the harsh terms of the agreement.

ww2dbaseSoviet Union, whose disagreements with United States and United Kingdom led to Soviet (as well as Czechoslovakian and Polish) representatives' refusal to sign the peace treaty in 1951, entered into the separate Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration in 1956, finally ending the state of war and restoring diplomatic relations. This declaration was understood by both sides to not be a peace treaty.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

San Francisco Peace Conference Interactive Map

San Francisco Peace Conference Timeline

15 Aug 1951 Communist China published a statement denouncing the Treaty of San Francisco to be signed into international agreement.
8 Sep 1951 The Treaty of San Francisco was signed by 48 nations at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, California, United States. When it would take effect in the following year, WW2 would finally officially end.
18 Sep 1951 Communist China published a statement denouncing the Treaty of San Francisco signed into international agreement ten days prior.
28 Apr 1952 The Treaty of San Francisco, signed in Sep 1951, went into effect. On the same day, the Republic of China and Japan signed a the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty in Taipei, Taiwan. The state of war between most of the Allied nations and Japan finally officially ceased.
9 Jun 1952 India and Japan entered into a peace treaty.
5 Aug 1952 The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty, signed in Apr 1952, came into effect.
16 Jul 1956 The Philippines ratified the Treaty of San Francisco.
19 Oct 1956 Soviet Union and Japan entered into the Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration which finally ended the state of war between the two countries. Formal peace agreement could not be reached, however, due to disputes over the southern Kurile Islands.
20 Jan 1958 Indonesia and Japan entered into a bilateral reparations agreement and peace treaty.
29 Sep 1972 Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka stated that the Japanese government "is keenly conscious of the responsibility for the serious damage that Japan caused in the past to the Chinese people through war, and deeply reproaches itself." On the same day, he abrogated the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty of 1952 (also known as the Treaty of Taipei) as he had decided to recognize the Communist People's Republic of China seated in Beijing rather than the Republic of China seated in Taipei, Taiwan.

Photographs

Wreck of a Ju 87B Stuka dive bomber, near Tobruk, Libya, 1941, photo 2 of 2Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida and his aide Jiro Shirasu in a passenger aircraft en route to the San Francisco Peace Conference, Sep 1951Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida signing the Treaty of San Francisco, California, United States, 8 Sep 1951, photo 1 of 2Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida signing the Treaty of San Francisco, California, United States, 8 Sep 1951, photo 2 of 2




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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
26 Dec 2015 10:37:59 AM

I was present and still remember being present at the Peace Conference held at the San Francisco Opera House. My great Aunt and Great Uncle were the representivies of the Gold Coast, Africa at this peace treaty

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More on San Francisco Peace Conference
Participant:
» Yoshida, Shigeru

Location:
» United States

Documents:
» Treaty of San Francisco
» Treaty of Taipei

San Francisco Peace Conference Photo Gallery
Wreck of a Ju 87B Stuka dive bomber, near Tobruk, Libya, 1941, photo 2 of 2
See all 4 photographs of San Francisco Peace Conference




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