1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949

1 Jan 1936
  • Wilhelm Keitel was promoted to the rank of Generalleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Jan 1936

French Indochina
  • Emperor Bao Dai's oldest son, Crown Prince Bao Long, was born in the Palace of Kien-Trung within the Imperial City in Hue, Annam, French Indochina. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The town of Vorkuta was established in northern Komi Republic, Russia to support the Vorkuta Gulag forced labor camps. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Jan 1936

Photo(s) dated 5 Jan 1936
Rudolf Heß speaking with disabled German Army veterans at the courtyard of his Wilhelmstrasse office, Berlin, Germany, 5 Jan 1936
6 Jan 1936
  • Admiral Graf Spee was commissioned into German service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jan 1936
Lansdorff addressed his crew aboard Admiral Graf Spee, possibly commissioning ceremony, 6 Jan 1936
7 Jan 1936

Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1936
Top German officials visiting the Bavarian State Library, 7 Jan 1936; L to R: Karl Fiehler, Franz von Papen, Adolf Hitler, Ludwig Siebert, Georg Leidinger, Rudolf Buttmann, Franz von Epp
11 Jan 1936

China
  • Dong Zhao was named the commanding officer of the 28th Division. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Jan 1936
  • Major Marine units of the US Marine Corps began their participation in Fleet Landing Exercise No . 2 at Culebra, Puerto Rico. [CPC]
13 Jan 1936
  • HMS Apollo was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jan 1936

Photo(s) dated 18 Jan 1936
Hermann Göring speaking at a military gathering, 18 Jan 1936
20 Jan 1936

United Kingdom
  • British King George V passed away at Sandringham House, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom. [AC]
24 Jan 1936

France
  • Pierre Laval stepped down as the Prime Minister of France. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Jan 1936
  • Shark (Porpoise-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Zhao Chengshou was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Jan 1936

Germany
  • The first German airborne battalion was established by the Luftwaffe. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jan 1936
Augusta in Dewey Drydock, Olongapo Naval Station, Philippines, 29 Jan 1936
30 Jan 1936

Germany
  • Josias was promoted to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Feb 1936

Photo(s) dated 6 Feb 1936
Chancellor Adolf Hitler at the opening ceremony of the IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936Chancellor Adolf Hitler arriving at the opening ceremony of the IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936, photo 1 of 2Chancellor Adolf Hitler arriving at the opening ceremony of the IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936, photo 2 of 2Chancellor Hitler, Minister Frick, and Minister Heß at the balcony of Olympic House during opening ceremony of the IV Winter Olympic Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, 6 Feb 1936
See all photos dated 6 Feb 1936
10 Feb 1936
  • The Gestapo was moved outside normal civil law, answering only to Adolf Hitler via Heinrich Himmler. [TH]
  • Ernst Udet was appointed the Inspector of Fighters and Dive Bombers of the German Luftwaffe. [AC]
12 Feb 1936

France
  • The final production example of GL-832 HY floatplane was completed. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Feb 1936

Japan
17 Feb 1936
  • Major Marine units of the US Marine Corps completed their participation in Fleet Landing Exercise No . 2 at Culebra, Puerto Rico. [CPC]
19 Feb 1936

Spain
  • In Spain the Popular Front won the general election. The Popular Front, a coalition of the left Republicans with the Socialists and Communists obtained 270 seats in the assembly against 200 seats won by the centre and right political parties. [AC]
22 Feb 1936

Spain
  • The Spanish government announced an amnesty for 35,000 left wing political prisoners. [AC]
24 Feb 1936

Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu's fifth child, Princess Atsuko, passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Feb 1936
  • Sun Chu arrived at the front lines in the conflict against the Chinese communists in Shaanxi, China. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Cabinet approved a report calling for the expansion of the Royal Navy and re-equipment (but not expansion) of the Army, together with the establishment of "shadow factories" paid for with public money but to be managed by industrial companies. [AC]
26 Feb 1936
  • February 26 Incident began in Japan, which was a failed coup attempt. [CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler opened the 1st Volkswagen plant in Germany. [CPC]
1 Mar 1936
  • Rudolf Höss was promoted to the rank of SS-Hauptscharführer. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Colorado, United States, the "Six Company's" consortium formally handed the newly completed Hoover Dam over to the federal government, two years ahead of schedule. [AC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was promoted to the permanent rank of colonel. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Mar 1936

Germany
  • U-36 was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Werner von Blomberg issued orders for the reoccupation of Rhineland in western Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Mar 1936

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler played host to the former British Liberal Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, at his Berghof residence in München–Oberbayern (Bavaria), Germany. [Main Article | AC]
4 Mar 1936

Germany
  • The German Zeppelin derigible, LZ 129 Hindenburg, made its maiden flight. Together with its sister airship, LZ130 Deutschland, these were (at 803.8 feet length) the largest rigid airships ever constructed. [AC]
5 Mar 1936
  • The Confessing Church in Germany issued a declaration rejecting National Socialist ambitions to be "the supreme and ultimate authority in all spheres of life". Banned by the Gestapo, 700 pastors were arrested after reading out the declaration. [AC]
United Kingdom
  • Supermarine prototype Type 300 aircraft took flight from Eastleigh airfield in England, United Kingdom; this aircraft would later be named Spitfire. [Main Article | AC]
  • Hawker's prototype fighter K5083 was delivered to Martelesham Heath airfield in Suffolk, England, United Kingdom for testing. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1936

China
  • General Jiro Minami stepped down as the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory and the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China; he was succeeded by General Kenkichi Ueda. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Mar 1936
  • Werner Mölders flew missions over the Rhineland region of Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Upon the success of the Rhineland reoccupation in western Germany, Adolf Hitler dissolved the Reichstag and called for re-elections, which saw overwhelming approval for the action. [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 7 Mar 1936
German soldiers marched into Rhineland, 7 Mar 1936
8 Mar 1936

Photo(s) dated 8 Mar 1936
August von Mackensen, Adolf Hitler, Werner von Blomberg, Hermann Göring, Werner von Fritsch, and Erich Raeder at a memorial ceremony, Berlin, Germany, 8 Mar 1936Portrait of police chief SS-Gruppenführer Kurt Daluege, 8 Mar 1936
9 Mar 1936
  • Koki Hirota became the 32nd Prime Minister of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Josias' son, Wittekind, was born at the castle of Schloß Arolsen, Arolsen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Mar 1936
Prime Minister of Japan Koki Hirota with his cabinet, Tokyo, Japan, 9 Mar 1936
10 Mar 1936
  • Destroyer Afridi was ordered by the British Royal Navy. [AC]
  • The Fairey Battle Day bomber took its first flight. [Main Article | AC]
13 Mar 1936

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler spoke publicly at Karlsruhe, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin appointed Sir Thomas Inskip to coordinate the three defence services. Although he would have no department Inskip was only able to preside over meetings of the service Chiefs of Staffs and endorse their decisions. But by so doing he was able to obtain more money for the Navy and Air Force to purchase new equipment. [AC]
16 Mar 1936

Korea
  • Vice Admiral Tsugumatsu Inoue was named the commanding officer of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Mar 1936
Captain Henry Kent Hewitt inspects Indianapolis
17 Mar 1936
  • The Armstrong Whitworth Whitley all-metal twin-engine monoplane bomber made its maiden flight. [Main Article | AC]
19 Mar 1936

Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1936
Chancellor Adolf Hitler and Gauleiter of East Prussia Erich Koch at a rally in Königsberg, Germany, 19 Mar 1936
21 Mar 1936

Photo(s) dated 21 Mar 1936
Ernst Gall, Adolf Hitler, and Albert Speer at Munich, Germany, 21 Mar 1936
23 Mar 1936

China
  • Seishiro Itagaki was named the chief of staff of Kenkichi Ueda (Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China). [Main Article | CPC]
24 Mar 1936

France
  • Cruiser Georges Leygues was launched at Saint-Nazaire, France. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Mar 1936

Germany
  • The Reichstag elections recorded a record turnout of 98.8%, although the rules had been changed in respect of spoilt papers-in that all ballot papers left blank were counted as a vote for the National Socialists candidate, and only where the voter had specifically written "No" against a candidate's name were they counted as a vote against. [AC]
30 Mar 1936
  • Quintin Brand received the Order of Ismail from the Egyptian government. [Main Article | CPC]
31 Mar 1936 Photo(s) dated 31 Mar 1936
Haile Selassie manning anti-aircraft gun at Battle of Maychew, 31 Mar 1936
1 Apr 1936
  • The Division of Aviation was established at Headquarters, US Marine Corps under the command of Colonel Road E . Rowell, the former head of the Marine Aviation Section. [CPC]
Germany
  • Wolfgang Falck was assigned to the 5th group of Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen", based at Jüterbog-Damm, Germany. He was placed in charge of furthering the training of new pilots assigned to the unit. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Apr 1936
  • J2F Duck aircraft took its first flight; deliveries were made to the United States Navy later on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1936
Launching of carrier Yorktown, Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia, United States, 4 Apr 1936
8 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 8 Apr 1936
USS Ranger (foreground), USS Lexington (center), and USS Saratoga (background) at anchor off Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii, 8 Apr 1936
10 Apr 1936
  • Quintin Brand was made a supernumerary member of the headquarters of the No. 6 (Auxiliary) Group RAF. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Apr 1936
BF2C-1 Goshawk fighter (right) at a National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics hangar, United States, 10 Apr 1936; note NACA chief test pilot Melvin Gough in foreground
11 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1936
Joseph Stalin with collective farmers Maria Demchenko and Praskovya Angelina at the 10th Congress of the Komsomol, Moscow, Russia, 11-21 Apr 1936
13 Apr 1936

Greece
  • Ioannis Metaxas was appointed the Prime Minister of Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
14 Apr 1936

United States
  • A S-43 aircraft, piloted by Boris Sergievsky and carrying a 500-kilogram payload, set an altitude record for amphibious aircraft at 27,950 feet above Stamford, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
16 Apr 1936

Photo(s) dated 16 Apr 1936
Submarine Pompano and destroyer Henley under construction at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 16 Apr 1936
18 Apr 1936

China
  • Sun Du was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Apr 1936
  • Werner Mölders was promoted to the rank of Oberleutnant, effective as of 1 Apr 1936. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Werner von Blomberg was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Walther von Brauchitsch was promoted to the rank of General der Artillerie. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wolfgang Falck was promoted to the rank of Oberleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The French Army issued the second order for AMR 35 light tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was promoted to the rank of Oberst. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Apr 1936
Hitler reviewing a military parade held in celebration of his 47th birthday, 20 Apr 1936; Blomberg, Göring, Raeder, and Rundstedt behind him
22 Apr 1936

France
  • The first AMR 35 light tanks entered service with the French Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1936
Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg and Colonel General Hans von Seeckt being saluted by honor guards of German 67th Infantry Regiment, 22 Apr 1936; that day was Seeckt
24 Apr 1936
  • In Germany the Ordensburgen Training Centres were formally established for the indoctrination of Nazi Party members. These establishments came under the responsibility of Reich Organization Leader Robert Ley, a loud-mouth fanatic with a reputation for drink and women and an obsession with creating physically perfect Germans. [AC]
25 Apr 1936

France
  • The French Potez 630 aircraft took its first flight. It would be ultimately be developed into a successful range of fighters, bomber and reconnaissance aircraft seeing much service in German, Vichy and Free French air arms. [Main Article | AC]
28 Apr 1936
  • Tetsuzo Iwamoto began receiving flight training by the Japanese Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began two months of operations off Portugal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Germany the NSDAP introduced ambitious new plans for controlling the population. Key among these were the dividing of the population into blocks of 40 to 60 households under local controllers (not necessarily a party member) responsible for the political outlook, education and morale of every inhabitant, member or not. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1936
Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 3 of 7Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 4 of 7Hitler Youth members exercising near the German Evangelical Church in Shanghai, China, 1 May 1936
5 May 1936
  • Italian forces captured Addis Ababa, Abyssinia, bringing an end to Abyssinian resistance. During this campaign the Italian air force had used modern weapons, including poison gas, against natives armed with little more than primitive weapons. [Main Article | AC]
7 May 1936
  • Italy officially announced the establishment of Italian East Africa, merging Italian-held territories of Italian Somaliland, Abyssinia, and Eritrea. [Main Article | CPC]
8 May 1936

Photo(s) dated 8 May 1936
SS-Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler and Rudolf Heß viewing a model of the Dachau Concentration Camp, Dachau, Germany, 8 May 1936SS-Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler visiting Dachau Concentration Camp, Dachau, Germany, 8 May 1936League of German Girls leaders visiting Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 8 May 1936
9 May 1936
  • Italy annexed Abyssinia and formed the colony of Italian East Africa by combining Abyssinia, Eritrea, and Italian Somaliland. [CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek proclaimed that Japan was waging war in China without a declaration of war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mussolini disbanded the Blackshirt legions in Italy. [CPC]
12 May 1936

Germany
  • The first prototype of the Messerschmitt Bf 110 made its maiden flight from Augsburg-Haunstetten, Germany, with test pilot Rudolf Opitz at the controls. [Main Article | AC]
14 May 1936

United States
27 May 1936

United Kingdom
  • The transatlantic ocean liner RMS Queen Mary made her maiden voyage, departing from Southampton, England, United Kingdom. Converted into a troopship in World War II she would carry thousands of American troops across to Europe. [Main Article | AC]
1 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • The British Air Ministry released Production Scheme F, which called for the production of 1,000 new fighters. [CPC]
2 Jun 1936

Photo(s) dated 2 Jun 1936
Rear Admiral Ernest King arrived aboard carrier Lexington via SOC-1 Seagull aircraft, 2 Jun 1936
3 Jun 1936
  • The British Air Ministry placed an order for 310 Spitfire fighters at £4,500 each. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ira Eaker took off from New York, United States on an attempt of the blind flight across North America. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, General Walther Wever, Chief of Staff of the Luftwaffe, was killed when the Heinkel He 70 in which he was flying to Berlin crashed shortly after taking off from Dresden. [AC]
4 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • The British Air Ministry issued Contract No. 527112/36 to Hawker Aviation for 600 units of the soon-to-be-named Hurricane fighter design. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Jun 1936
  • The United States Social Security Board decided to issue nine-digit identification numbers to Americans which would later be known as Social Security Numbers, and to establish 89 district offices and 469 branch offices. [CPC]
Germany
  • Esterwegen Concentration Camp in Germany was closed to be converted to be a punishment camp; prisoners of Esterwegen were ordered to build the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
7 Jun 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began operations off Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ira Eaker completed the first blind flight from New York to Los Angeles, making this the first North American transcontinental flight using only instruments. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1936
Former British Prime Minister David Lloyd George and German leader Adolf Hitler at Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Bavaria, Germany, 7 Jun 1936; note Ribbentrop in background center
8 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • Hawker Aviation issued fuselage manufacturing drawings of the soon-to-be-named Hurricane design to its production shops. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Jun 1936
  • Destroyer Afridi was laid down at Vickers-Armstrong’s High Walker Yard on the Tyne in England, United Kingdom. [AC]
  • Quincy was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ernst Udet was appointed Director of the Technical Department of the German Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM) with responsibility for all new Luftwaffe aircraft. His department grew to a complex 26 departments and was riven with petty jealousies and inter-department rivalries. Udet failed to provide a firm leadership and his organisation soon collapsed into chaos, whilst Udet, with no effective deputy and a poor staff seemed more happier when he was out of reach visiting aircraft factories and airfields (usually at the controls of his own bright red Siebel tourer complete with its well stocked bar). [AC]
14 Jun 1936
  • A contract for 'New Construction G' was issued by the German Navy to the Kriegsmarine Werft in Wilhelmshaven, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jun 1936
  • HMAS Perth was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Westland Lycander Army co-operation aircraft, originally ordered under British Air Ministry Specification A.39/34, took its first flight. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jun 1936
Wellington bomber in flight, date unknown
16 Jun 1936
  • Adolf Hitler departed Venice, Italy, returning to Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler was named the head of the first German national police force. Prior to this, police forces had always been under the jurisdiction of local states and not the national government. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1936

Japan
  • Pinghai completed the fitting of weapons at Aioi, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Jun 1936
  • Handley Page Hampden medium bomber took flight for the first time. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jun 1936
Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler leading officials of the International Olympic Committee into the Berlin Olympic Stadium, Germany, 21 Jun 1936, photo 2 of 2Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler leading officials of the International Olympic Committee into the Berlin Olympic Stadium, Germany, 21 Jun 1936, photo 1 of 2
23 Jun 1936
  • Franklin Roosevelt was nominated for second term as US President at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jun 1936
  • German Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg drew up Case Green as a hypothetical campaign against Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Jun 1936
  • The German military began to exclude Jews from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet Council on Labor and Defense presented a ten-year plan to the Politburo for a 1,360,000-ton navy. [CPC]
27 Jun 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Hurricane fighter design officially received its "Hurricane" designation. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Jun 1936
  • Cruiser Köln completed operations off Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Congress passed the Merchant Marine Act (1936) which set in place the necessary legislation to create series-production facilities for mercantile hulls. This legislation would ultimately have important consequences for the wartime Battle of the Atlantic. [AC]
30 Jun 1936
  • The active duty strength of the US Marine Corps was reported to be 1,208 officers and 16,040 enlisted men for a total of 17,248. [CPC]
1 Jul 1936

Germany
  • The keel of the battleship Bismarck was laid down at Blohm & Voss' shipyard in Hamburg, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade was formed at San Diego, California, United States for deployment to China. [AC]
2 Jul 1936

Germany
  • Heinrich Himmler celebrated the 1,000th anniversary of the passing of King Heinrich I at the Quedlinburg Dom (also known as the Collegiate Church of St. Servatius) at Quedlinburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Jul 1936
  • The British RAF Fighter Command was established. [CPC]
10 Jul 1936
  • The US Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics changed the specification of Grumman's new F4F prototype from a biplane to a monoplane configuration. The aircraft would emerge as the successful Wildcat fighter. [Main Article | AC]
11 Jul 1936
  • Quintin Brand was appointed the Director of Repair and Maintenance of the RAF. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germany and Austria signed an agreement in which Germany promised to respect Austria's sovereignty and Austria agrees to be considered a state of the German people. In a secret clause of this agreement, Austria was to permit the Nazi Party. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Jul 1936

Spain
  • In Spain, Calvé Sotelo, a well-known monarchist, was murdered by Republican storm troopers, and passions were roused to even greater fury when, at the funeral, police opened fire, killing four of the mourners. [Main Article | AC]
14 Jul 1936
  • Hugh Dowding was appointed the first commander-in-chief of the British RAF Fighter Command. In this role, he was also in charge of the Anti-Aircraft Command, the Balloon Command, and the Observer Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The H6K flying boat took its first flight. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • RAF Fighter Command's Headquarters moved from RAF Uxbridge to Bentley Priory in England, United Kingdom. [AC]
15 Jul 1936

Spain
  • Fal Condé, leader of the ardent Catholic Carlist movement in Spain, agreed to call out his 8,400 strong Requetés Militia to support the Nationalist cause. [Main Article | AC]
16 Jul 1936

United Kingdom
  • An attempt was made to assassinate British King Edward VIII in London, England, United Kingdom. An Irish malcontent, Jerome Brannigan (otherwise known as George Andrew McMahon), produced a loaded revolver as the King rode on horseback at Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace. Police spotted the gun and pounced on him; he was quickly arrested. At Brannigan's trial, he alleged that "a foreign power" had approached him to kill Edward, that he had informed MI5 of the plan, and that he was merely seeing the plan through to help MI5 catch the real culprits. The court rejected the claims and sent him to jail for a year. [AC]
18 Jul 1936
  • Throughout Spain and Spanish Morocco military garrisons (aided in place by the Guardia Civil and the Falange) rose in revolt against the Republican Government. [Main Article | AC]
19 Jul 1936
  • General Francisco Franco flew from Tenerife, Canary Islands to Tetuan, Spanish Morocco to take over command of the Spanish Army of Africa. Meanwhile, he also appealed to Germany and Italy for volunteer fighters. [Main Article | AC]
  • The insurgent Spanish Nationalists succeeded in seizing power in Morocco, Navarre, Galicia, Old Castile, and Seville, but were thwarted in the key cities off Barcelona and Madrid. Santiago Casares Quiroga of the Left Republican Party resigned from the post of Prime Minister of the Republic; President Manuel Azana asked Diego Martinez Barrio, a member of the Republican Union Party, to form a moderate government which could negotiate with the rebels; when Barrio was unable to form a government which enjoyed and real support he resigned. Professor Jose Giral of the Republican Party would replace him and ordered that arms be distributed to the workers. [Main Article | AC]
20 Jul 1936
  • When it became apparent that the rising in Madrid, Spain had failed, the Nationalist supporters in Toledo (40 miles to the south-west of the capital) occupied the Military Academy in the Alcazar fortress. The garrison was mainly drawn from the local Guardia Civil and Falange, and was commanded by the Commandant of the Academy, Colonel Jose Moscardo. For two months the defenders held out against the Republican Militia units besieging them, and were finally relieved when troops from the Army of Africa, led by Colonel Jose Varela, stormed into Toledo. The relieve of the Alcazar Academy did much to enhance General Franco’s reputation, but the diversion of Varela’s troops from the advance on Madrid gave the capital’s defenders further time to prepare their defences. On this same date, in Madrid, Spanish Prime Minister Giral appealed to the French Socialist Government (whose Prime Minister was Leon Blum) for arms supplies as the Nationalists appealed to Germany and Italy. Finally, the nominal leader of the rising, General Jose Sanjurjo, was killed when the aircraft bringing him from Portugal to Burgos, Spain crashed on take-off. [Main Article | AC]
21 Jul 1936
  • El Ferrol, the main naval base in the north-west of Spain, surrendered to the Nationalists. As a result the Nationalists acquired battleship Espana, cruiser Republica, cruiser Admirante Cervera, destroyer Valesco, and two under-construction cruisers Baleares and Canarias. [Main Article | AC]
22 Jul 1936
  • A German businessman from Spanish Morocco met Adolf Hitler in Bayreuth, Germany and handed the German leader a letter from Francisco Franco requesting German resistance in the Spanish Civil War. Meanwhile, Franco's Nationalist forces captured Alto de Leon to the north-west of Madrid, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Skipjack was laid down by the Electric Boat Company at Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
23 Jul 1936
  • The Committee of National Defence, the Spanish Nationalist Government, met for the first time in Burgos. [AC]
  • Tucker was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-313 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Jul 1936
  • The COMINTERN agreed to send volunteers and funds to aid the Spanish Republic. [Main Article | AC]
27 Jul 1936
  • The airlift, which was to carry the Army of Africa from Spanish Morocco to Spain, began when German and Italian transport aircraft arrived in Spain’s North African territories. [Main Article | AC]
30 Jul 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began operations off Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Submarine Iride was launched at La Spezia, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1936
Crown Prince Paul of Greece with the first Olympic marathon winner Spiridon Louis at Tempelhof Airport, Berlin, Germany during the 1936 Summer Olympic Games, 30 Jul 1936
1 Aug 1936
  • Georg von Bismarck was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The 1936 Olympic Games started in Berlin, Germany; anti-Semitic posters were temporarily removed for the duration of the events. [Main Article | TH]
Taiwan
  • Shunroku Hata was named the commanding officer of the Taiwan Army. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Aug 1936

Greece
  • Ioannis Metaxas declared the 4th of August Regime; he took on the title of Arkhigos. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Aug 1936

Photo(s) dated 5 Aug 1936
Chancellor Hitler, General Witzleben of German III Corps, and SS-Obergruppenführer Dietrich leaving the 300m freestyle swimming event of the 1936 Summer Olympic Games, Berlin, Germany, 5 Aug 1936
9 Aug 1936
  • A Spanish Republican expeditionary force of Catalan and Valencian troops, commanded by Air Force Captain Alberto Bayo and Guardia Civil Captain Manuel Uribarri, landed on the iland of Ibiza, Spain in the Mediterranean Sea. With the help of local people the expeditionary force quickly overcame the Nationalist garrison, and the island returned to Republican rule. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • During the Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany, Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal, becoming the first American to win four medals in one Olympiad. Owens commented that Adolf Hitler, although biased against people of African descent, rose and waved at him as he paraded with other medal winners before the German leader; Franklin Roosevelt, however, "didn't even send me a telegram." [CPC]
10 Aug 1936
  • Cruiser Köln completed operations off Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Aug 1936
Valery Chkalov, Joseph Stalin, Belyakov, Kliment Voroshilov, and Lazar Kaganovich, 10 Aug 1936
11 Aug 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalist gunboat Eduardo Dato was sunk at Algeciras, Spain by the Republican battleship Jaime I. [Main Article | AC]
13 Aug 1936
  • The Spanish Republican battleship Jaime I was damaged by a Nationalist air attack off the coast of Malaga, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
14 Aug 1936
  • Spanish Nationalist forces, drawn from the Army of Africa and led by Colonel Juan Yague, captured Badajoz, Spain. The two parts of Nationalist Spain were now linked. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt made a speech at Chautauqua, New York, United States, in which he stated "I hate war". [Main Article | CPC]
16 Aug 1936
  • Spanish Republican Catalan troops led by Captain Bayo landed on Majorca, Spain and by the evening had advanced eight miles inland from their landing place at Porto Cristo. [Main Article | AC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the Red Star for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Aug 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Hurricane prototype fighter took another test flight at Brooklands near Weybridge, Surrey, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Aug 1936
  • Philippine President Manuel Quezon granted Douglas MacArthur the title of field marshal in the Philippine Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The new Soviet Ambassador, Marcel Rosenberg, arrived in Republican Spain. He was accompanied by a large number of Soviet "advisers". [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • The Cunard White Star liner RMS Queen Mary, arrived in New York, United States having made the Atlantic crossing in 4 days 27 minutes and taking the Blue Riband from the French liner Normandie. [Main Article | AC]
27 Aug 1936
  • Porter was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Aug 1936
German Colonel Manhnke shaking hands with Hanna Reitsch, the only female competitor at the glider competition in the Rhön mountains region of Germany, 27 Aug 1936
28 Aug 1936
  • German authorities arrested large numbers of Jehovah's Witnesses, sending some of them to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Spanish Nationalist aircraft bombed Madrid, Spain for the first time. [Main Article | AC]
31 Aug 1936
  • The United States passed a neutrality bill according to popular isolationist sentiment. The slogan "schools, not battleships" was used by supporters of this bill. [CPC]
1 Sep 1936
  • Drayton was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1936
  • Spanish Republican Catalan troops on Majorca, Spain, faced by a much stronger Spanish Nationalist Garrison (than that on Ibiza) under the command of Colonel Garcia Ruiz, were thrown back by a counter-attack supported by Italian fighters aircraft and bombers. The Republican force rapidly withdrew to the beaches and, covered by the guns of the battleship Jaime I, re-embark aboard the ships which had brought them. Meanwhile, on the mainland, Nationalist forces captured Talavera de la Reina. [Main Article | AC]
United States
4 Sep 1936
  • Francisco Largo Caballero (the leader of the Socialists) became Spain's Prime Minister. His Government was a coalition of Socialists, Communists and Left Republicans. [Main Article | AC]
5 Sep 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists closed the border between the Basque Provinces in Spain and France when Irun was captured by troops led by Colonel Alfonso Beorlegui. [Main Article | AC]
6 Sep 1936
  • Italian aircraft arrived in Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain and set up bases from which to bomb Spanish Republican positions. [Main Article | AC]
7 Sep 1936
  • The first autonomous Basque Government, led by Jose Antonio Aguirre, was formed in Spain. [AC]
  • Pierre Barjot was promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Shigure was launched at Uraga, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
8 Sep 1936

France
  • French Army tested AMR 33 light tanks with upgraded suspension systems. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1936
Nazi Party rally at Zeppelinfeld, Nuremberg, Germany, 8 Sep 1936; the structure was designed by Albert Speer
9 Sep 1936
  • At the annual party rally Hitler announced a four year plan for economic and military revival under the supervision of Hermann Göring. Hjalmar Schlat, the Reich Minister of Economics, insultingly was not notified of the plan until it was publicly announced. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • The Non-Intervention Committee met for the first time in London, England, United Kingdom. It was created to prevent personnel and matériel reaching the warring parties of the Spanish Civil War. [Main Article | AC]
10 Sep 1936
  • Do 18 flying boat "Zephir" piloted by Lufthansa Flugkapitän Blankenburg was launched from the German seaplane tender Schwabenland by catapult in the Azores. Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" was similarly launched. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Sep 1936
  • Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" arrived at Hamilton, Bermuda from the Azores after a 18-hour 15-minute flight. Several hours later, Do 18 flying boat "Zephir" arrived at New York, New York, United States from the Azores after a 22-hour 12-minute flight. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1936
Adolf Hitler, Robert Ley, and Rudolf Heß at a Nazi rally at Nürnberg, Germany, 11 Sep 1936
12 Sep 1936
  • The AT-2/Ki-34 aircraft took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
13 Sep 1936
  • Rudolf Höss was promoted to the rank of SS-Untersturmführer. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Spanish Nationalists captured San Sebastian, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Sep 1936
Field Marshal von Blomberg, Colonel General von Fritsch, and Admiral Raeder at the main market area of Nürnberg, Germany during a Nazi rally, 13 Sep 1936
14 Sep 1936

Photo(s) dated 14 Sep 1936
US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20 maneuvering off San Diego, California, United States, 14 Sep 1936; note destroyers Dewey, Hull, and Macdonough, with PBY-1, P2Y, and PM-1 aircraft aboveDewey and Hull maneuvering off San Diego, California, United States during an demonstration with US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20, 14 Sep 1936US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20 laying a smoke screen off San Diego, California, United States, 14 Sep 1936; note destroyers Farragut, Dewey, Hull, Macdonough, Worden, Dale, Monaghan, and AylwinDestroyer Dale leading destroyer Monaghan through a turn during an exhibition off San Diego, California, United States by US Navy Destroyer Squadron 20 for Movietone News, 14 Sep 1936
See all photos dated 14 Sep 1936
15 Sep 1936
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered the United States Post Office, employers, and labor unions to assist the United States Social Security Administration to distribution SS-4 employer and SS-5 employee application forms for establishing Social Security Numbers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Pollack was launched, sponsored by Miss Anne Carter Lauman. [Main Article | CPC]
16 Sep 1936
17 Sep 1936

Photo(s) dated 17 Sep 1936
Lexington off Long Beach, California, 17 Sep 1936, with crewmembers spelling out
18 Sep 1936
19 Sep 1936
  • The Spanish Republican submarine B6 was sunk by Nationalist naval forces, led by the destroyer Velasco, off Cape Penas near Santander, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
21 Sep 1936

Photo(s) dated 21 Sep 1936
Smith and Preston at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 21 Sep 1936
22 Sep 1936
  • Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" arrived at Horta, Azores from Hamilton, Bermuda after a 17-hour 50-minute flight. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Sep 1936
  • Jules Marcel de Coppet was named the Governor-General of French West Africa. [CPC]
29 Sep 1936
  • The Spanish Republican destroyer Almirante Juan Fernandez was sunk by the Nationalist cruiser Canarias during a naval battle off the coast near Gibraltar. [Main Article | AC]
Russia
  • ShCh-317 was commissioned into service with Captain V. A. Yegorov in command. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Sep 1936

Japan
1 Oct 1936
  • At Burgos, Spain, Francisco Franco was publicly proclaimed as the Head of State and the Generalísimo of the military. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Spanish Republican Government approved the statute giving autonomy to the Basque Provinces. [AC]
  • The US 1st Marine Brigade began a three-month amphibious and field landing exercise in and near Potomac, Maryland, United States. [CPC]
Germany
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of General der Kavallerie. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1936
  • Werner Mölders received the Dienstauszeichnung 4th Class award. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Georg von Küchler was made the deputy president of the military court system. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Oct 1936

Photo(s) dated 3 Oct 1936
Hitler, Blomberg, and Raeder at Scharnhorst
4 Oct 1936

United Kingdom
  • Battle of Cable Street: In Britain, Sir Oswald Ernald, 6th Baronet, Mosley, led around 2,000 BUF members in uniform in a march through the East End (an area of London known to have a high proportion of Jewish residents and much poverty) in an attempt designed to intimidate local Jews and rally fascist sympathisers. This was a fatal mistake, for waiting for him in Cable Street were around 100,000 counter-demonstrators who had overturned a lorry and piled up bricks as a barricade. The police seeing what was about to happen ordered Moseley and his men to turn away. They did. The police then turned on the anti-fascist demonstrators and in the ensuing fracas more than a hundred people were injured and eighty arrested. This confrontation was just as disastrous to the BUF as the Olympia rally had been. Moderates deserted in droves. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Oct 1936
View of submarine Permit with fore poppet, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 4 Oct 1936View of submarine Permit
5 Oct 1936

United States
  • Submarine Permit was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by the wife of Harold G. Bowen. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Oct 1936
Launching of submarine Permit, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 1215 hours on 5 Oct 1936
6 Oct 1936
  • Francisco Franco decided that the time was ripe for an attack on Madrid, Spain and entrusted the task to José Enrique Varela, the most dynamic Nationalist commander, who was fresh from his Toledo triumph. His force of 10,000 men was to be divided into four columns; two of which under Juan Yagué (now recovered from his "collapse with exhaustion") would advance along the Toledo-Madrid road, while Varela would take the other two columns along the Mérida-Madrid road. A subsidiary force of 5,000 men under General Valdes Cabanillas was ordered to make a diversionary attack from the west across the Sierra Guadarrama. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • Oswald Mosley married Diana Mitford in secret at the home of Joseph Goebbels in Berlin, Germany. Their guests included Adolf Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Oct 1936

France
  • The French Army issued the third and final order of AMR 35 light tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
10 Oct 1936
  • The Spanish Republican Government announced the creation of the Popular Army. This was to incorporate both the Army units which had remained loyal to the Government and the Party Militias. [Main Article | AC]
12 Oct 1936
  • The first Soviet aid to the Spanish Republicans arrived. Meanwhile, the Republican submarine B5 was sunk by Nationalist aircraft off the coast near Malaga, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
14 Oct 1936
  • The United States Social Security Administration's first field office opened in Austin, Texas, United States. [CPC]
15 Oct 1936
  • The Spanish Republican Popular Army established a system of Commissars (Political Officers) in each unit. [AC]
Spain
  • 50 Soviet T-26 Model 1933 light tanks arrived in Spain to aid the Republic forces in the Spanish Civil War. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Oct 1936
  • The second Four-Year plan was passed into law, which gave Göring the authority to remove any political or institutional obstacle to achieving the plan (e.g. to ride roughshod over any objections to rearmament). [Main Article | AC]
20 Oct 1936
  • Japanese-backed Mongolian troops attacked northern China in the Battle of Suiyuan. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Oct 1936

China
  • Ding Delong was promoted to the rank of major general. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Oct 1936
  • The Rome-Berlin Axis treaty was signed. [CPC]
  • A large part of Spain’s gold reserves (which remained in Republican controlled Spain after the rising) was transferred to Russia to pay for Soviet aid. [AC]
26 Oct 1936
  • Germany set up a the Reich Central Office for Combating Abortion and Homosexuality to specifically deal with homosexuality and abortion, both of which, in their thinking, decreases the German birth rate. [CPC]
27 Oct 1936
  • Preston (Mahan-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mrs. Wallis Simpson, mistress of King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, was awarded a decree nisi in her divorce proceedings against her second husband. [AC]
28 Oct 1936
  • The first 25 I-15 fighters, accompanied by 15 Soviet pilots, arrived in Cartagena, Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Oct 1936
  • Soviet tanks and aircraft appeared in the front-line for the first time in the Spanish Civil War. Meanwhile, German and Italian bombers began a series of raids on Madrid, Spain in the hope of destroying civilian resistance. [Main Article | AC]
  • In Germany, Josef Wagner, the Gauleiter of Silesia, was appointed Price Commissar to ensure that inflation did not undermine the Four Year Plan announced by Hitler in Sep 1936. [AC]
Spain
  • T-26 tanks saw their first combat action in Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Oct 1936

United Kingdom
  • The Crystal Palace, which was built in Hyde Park, London, England, United Kingdom for the Great Exhibition in 1851, was destroyed by fire. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Oct 1936
Joseph Goebbels and Adolf Hitler at a party, Berlin, Germany, 30 Oct 1936; note Josef Dietrich in background
31 Oct 1936

Russia
  • Submarine ShCh-324 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Jarrow Marchers arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. This protest was the best remembered of the hunger marches of the depression years. Led by their Labour Party Member of Parliament Ellen Wilkinson (1891-1947), 200 shipyard workers marched to London from Jarrow as a demonstration against the massive unemployment in northeastern England. [AC]
1 Nov 1936
  • Tetsuzo Iwamoto promoted to the rating of mechanic 1st class. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists captured Brunete near Madrid, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
3 Nov 1936
  • Franklin Roosevelt was re-elected US President. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists captured Getafe near Madrid, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
  • U-36 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-15 fighters first saw action in Spain, with pilots flying these aircraft shooting down two Ju 52 and two CR.32 aircraft over Madrid, Spain without any losses. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Nov 1936
  • Adolf Hitler told his top lieutenants that the German aim in the Spanish Civil War was not entirely to aid the Spanish Nationalists, but rather, to prolong the conflict to occupy the attention of the United Kingdom and France, and to continue to widen the chasm between the United Kingdom and Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Columbia-Haus Concentration Camp in Berlin, Germany was closed. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Nov 1936
  • Expecting Madrid to fall at any moment, the Spanish Republican Government moved to Valencia, Spain. A defence Junta under the leadership of General Jose Miaja was organised for the last-ditch defence of the capital. [Main Article | AC]
Italy
  • Submarine Iride was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
8 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalists were now poised to make an all-out attack on Madrid in the hope of capturing the Spanish capital and thus ending the war. General Emilio Mola ordered Colonel José Varela to attack the north-west flank of the Spanish Republican defences. Most of the Nationalist troops involved being drawn from the Army of Africa. [Main Article | AC]
10 Nov 1936

Japan Photo(s) dated 10 Nov 1936
Rydz-Smigly receiving the title of Marshal of Poland from Ignacy Moscicki, Warsaw, 10 Nov 1936
11 Nov 1936

Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was assigned to the Department of Guards of Camps and Places of Imprisonment of the GULAG of the Soviet NKVD. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Nov 1936
  • Lieutenant Commander Haruo Ota was named the commanding officer of destroyer Yuzuki. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chen Changjie was awarded the 4th grade of the Order of the Cloud and Banner. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dong Zhao was awarded the Order of Resplendent Banner 4th Class. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • During a debate in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill attacked the British government for its slow progress on rearmament. [Main Article | AC]
United States Photo(s) dated 12 Nov 1936
Tennessee-class battleship entering San Francisco Bay under the nearly completed Golden Gate Bridge on her way to attend the opening of the Oakland Bay Bridge, California, United States, 12 Nov 1936
14 Nov 1936

United States
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade began a three-day training exercise with US Navy warships at San Clemente Island, California, United States. [CPC]
15 Nov 1936
  • The German Condor Legion went into action for the first time, supporting further Nationalist operations to capture Madrid. [Main Article | CPC]
16 Nov 1936
  • Spanish Nationalist Colonel José Varela's troops had forced a bridgehead over the River Manzanares en route to Madrid, Spain. They would capture almost three quarters of the University City in the coming week before being stopped by Spanish Republican militias. [Main Article | AC]
  • John Winant began his second term as the Chairman of the United States Social Security Board. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet pilot Pavel Rychagov was shot down in Spain in an I-15 fighter; he survived the crash. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade completed a three-day training exercise with US Navy warships at San Clemente Island, California, United States. [CPC]
17 Nov 1936
  • Submarine ShCh-205 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Nov 1936
  • Italy and Germany officially recognized General Franco's government in Spain. On the same day, Benito Mussolini authorized an Italian expeditionary corps to be sent to Spain. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Nov 1936
Roosevelt waved farewell aboard Indianapolis, Charleston, South Carolina, 18 Nov 1936Indianapolis leaving Charleston, South Carolina with President Roosevelt for the
19 Nov 1936
  • Perch (Porpoise-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Nov 1936
Indianapolis
20 Nov 1936
  • Buenaventura Durruti, a leading figure in the Spanish Anarchist movement, died after sustaining battle wounds during the Spanish Civil War on the previous day. [AC]
  • Jose Antonio Prima de Rivera (the leader of the Falange), who had been stranded in Republican Spain at the time of the rising, was executed in Alicante. [AC]
  • A German decree ordered all households to save all kitchen scraps and peelings. A commissar for recycled material was appointed to encourage the public to "make-do and mend". [AC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Nov 1936
Roosevelt pleaded his case, Equator crossing ceremony aboard Indianapolis, Nov 1936James Roosevelt punished by Shellbacks, Equator crossing ceremony aboard Indianapolis, Nov 1936
23 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalist attack toward Madrid had stalled, but the Spanish Republican forces were exhausted as well. Althought Nationalist Colonel José Varela had failed in his primary mission of capturing Madrid, the Nationalists now held areas in the northwest of the city, and it was becoming increasingly obvious that further frontal attacks upon Madrid would be both costly and likely to fail. [Main Article | AC]
24 Nov 1936
  • The United States Social Security Administration began distributing SS-5 application forms for the future issuing of Social Security Numbers. [CPC]
25 Nov 1936
  • Japan and Germany signed the Anti-Comintern Pact. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cummings was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • In a major speech announcing the new Soviet Constitution, Joseph Stalin critically accused democracy in the capitalist countries as being "democracy for only the propertied classes", and further stated that the Soviet Union only needed to be a one-party state as "there was no longer any division between capitalists and workers, landlords and peasants". [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1936
Joachim von Ribbentrop signing the Anti-Comintern Pact, Berlin, Germany, 25 Nov 1936; Japanese ambassador to Berlin Kintomo Mushakoji watching
26 Nov 1936

Taiwan
  • The consturction of the Taihoku City Hall in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was completed. It had cost 980,000 yen to build. [CPC]
27 Nov 1936

Photo(s) dated 27 Nov 1936
Indianapolis tied up to a wharf at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt onboard, 27 Nov 1936; note SOC floatplane on catapult
29 Nov 1936

Russia
  • ShCh-320 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Nov 1936
Roosevelt received salute of the Argentine Navy aboard Indianapolis, 29 Nov 1936Indianapolis bearing the Presidential emblem, late Nov 1936, photo 1 of 2Indianapolis bearing the Presidential emblem, late Nov 1936, photo 2 of 2
30 Nov 1936

Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1936
Indianapolis at Buenos Aires, Argentina, with Roosevelt on board, 30 Nov 1936
1 Dec 1936
  • Mitsumasa Yonai was named the commander-in-chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hiroaki Abe became the commanding officer of cruiser Jintsu. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Germany a law against economic sabotage made it a capital offence for any German citizen to "inflict serious harm on the German economy." In addition, black-marketeering, smuggling, currency fraud and even unauthorised price increases were covered by the new law and could result in long prison sentences on conviction. [AC]
  • Mutsu was assigned to Japanese Navy Battleship Division 1. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Thomas Holcomb was promoted to the rank of major general and was appointed the 17th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, relieving Major General John H. Russell, Jr. who had reached the statutory retirement age. [CPC]
  • The keel of battleship Jean Bart was laid down. [Main Article | AC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of the 8th Cruiser Division. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Vice Admiral Masaichi Maeda succeeded Admiral Hideho Wada as the commanding officer of the Ryojun Military Port (previously known as Port Arthur; now Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China), Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany a new law made it compulsory for all eligible ethnic German juveniles to become a member of the Hitler Youth or League of German Girls organisations. [AC]
Japan Korea
  • Lieutenant General Seiichi Kuno was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea. [CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Keitaro Hara was named the commanding officer of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea; Rear Admiral Junichi Mizuno was named the chief of staff. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Vice Admiral Shigeyoshi Miwa was named the Chief of Staff of the Mako naval port at Pescadores islands, Taiwan. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
4 Dec 1936

United Kingdom
  • The keel of RMS Queen Elizabeth was laid down by the John Brown and Company at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Dec 1936

Azerbaijan
  • The Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic became an independent state in the Soviet Union. [CPC]
Kazakhstan
  • The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic was created as a republic of the Soviet Union. [CPC]
Kirghizia
  • Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was established. [CPC]
6 Dec 1936
  • Spanish Nationalist aircraft bombed Barcelona, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
11 Dec 1936
  • King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom abdicated in favour of his brother, Prince Albert, who would soon become King George VI. [Main Article | AC]
12 Dec 1936
  • Xi'an Incident: Chinese generals kidnapped Chiang Kaishek in an attempt to force the Nationalist and Communist forces to form an unified front against the Japanese. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Jiang Dingwen was interned during the Xi'an Incident. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The French battleship Strasbourg was launched at the Saint-Nazaire-Penhoet shipyard at Saint-Nazaire, France. [Main Article | AC]
13 Dec 1936
  • With the frontal attack on Madrid, Spain having failed, the Spanish Nationalist forces attempted to tighten their siege by cutting off the capital from the rest of Republican Spain. José Varela launched an offensive to cut the Corunna Road which ran for 25 miles north of Madrid. [Main Article | AC]
14 Dec 1936

Russia
  • The keel of submarine S-7 was laid down at Krasnoye Sormovo Factory No. 112 in Gorky, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Army set up an experimental radar set which accurately detected at up to 7-mile range aircraft flying in and out of New York City, New York, United States. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Dec 1936
German Navy Lieutenant Captain Klaus Ewerth and his sailors boarding U-36, Kiel, Germany, 14 Dec 1936
15 Dec 1936

Photo(s) dated 15 Dec 1936
German submarine U-36 at sea, late 1936, photo 1 of 3German submarine U-36 at sea, late 1936, photo 2 of 3German submarine U-36 at sea, late 1936, photo 3 of 3
16 Dec 1936
17 Dec 1936
  • Communist Party of China sent a delegation to Xi'an under the urging of Joseph Stalin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Spain, the POUM (Partido Obrero de Unification Marxist [Revolutionary (i.e. anti-Stalanist) Communists]) was ousted from the Generalitat (Catalan Government) by the Communists. [AC]
  • In a secret meeting, Hermann Göring told leading German industrialists that the war to which Germany was preparing for was on the horizon. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Dec 1936

Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was promoted to the rank of State Security Junior Lieutenant. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Dec 1936
  • The Spanish Republican submarine C3 was sunk by an Italian submarine off the coast of Malaga, Spain. [Main Article | AC]
22 Dec 1936
  • Song Meiling and Song Ziwen arrived at Xi'an for negotiations to free kidnapped Chiang Kaishek. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first 3,000 Italian Blackshirts arrived in Spain as volunteer fighters. They were originally organized in battalion-sized units, but would later be re-organized as three divisions after the arrival of more men and equipment. [Main Article | CPC]
23 Dec 1936
  • In Spain, the Council of Aragon, which was dominated by the CNT (Confederacion Nacional de Trabajo [the Anarcho-Syndicalist Trades Union]), was recognised by the Republican Government. [AC]
  • McDougal was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Dec 1936

China
  • General Zhang Xueliang succeeded in achieving an uneasy alliance between the Nationalist and Communist forces against the common foe, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Dec 1936
  • Tetsuzo Iwamoto graduated from flight training and was promoted to the rating of airman 1st class. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Chiang Kiashek traveled from Xi'an to Nanjing in China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • He Yingqin welcomed Chiang Kaishek's arrival after the conclusion of the Xi'an Incident at the airport of Nanjing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Dec 1936

China
  • Jiang Dingwen was released from captivity in Xi'an, China by Zhang Xueliang. [Main Article | CPC]
  • He Yingqin addressed a crowd of 200,000 people in a rally in Nanjing, China on behalf of Chiang Kaishek; the rally was held to celebrate Chiang's safe return after the Xi'an Incident. [Main Article | CPC]
28 Dec 1936

Germany
  • The keel of Graf Zeppelin was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Dec 1936
  • The keel of HMS Edinburgh was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
31 Dec 1936
  • Mineichi Koga was promoted to the rank of vice admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 1st Marine Brigade completed its three-month amphibious and field landing exercise in and near Potomac, Maryland, United States. [CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935