1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949

1 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Makassar, Celebes. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • I-168 arrived at Guadalcanal with 15 tons of cargo; she was chased away by two patrol boats after only 60% of her cargo had been unloaded. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • German 1st Panzer Division withdrew from Terek area in southern Russia to prevent encirclement by the Soviet Salsk-Rostov and Mozdok-Stavropol Offensive Operations. [Main Article | TH]
  • In a letter to Chester Nimitz, Bill Halsey described Miles Browning as someone who "has an uncanny knack of sizing up a situation and coming out with an answer" in an attempt to save Browning's career as the temperamental Browning had made many political enemies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported firing four torpedoes against two Japanese ships on this date, hitting one of them with one torpedo and causing damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 2nd Marine Aviation Engineer Battalion and the US Army 27th Division arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Activity began hosting deck landing training. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Frustrated with the poor performance of the German Navy, Adolf Hitler angrily ordered the decommissioning of the entire German high seas fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was promoted to lieutenant colonel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wolfgang Falck was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lord Gort was promoted to the rank of field marshal. [Main Article | AC]
  • Archibald Wavell was promoted to the rank of field marshal. [Main Article | AC]
  • Alexander Löhr was made the Commander-in-Chief of the South East, with personal command over Army Group E. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • A new marine railway for handling destroyers and submarines began construction at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jan 1943
Crusader Mk III tank in North Africa, 1 Jan 1943Soviet troops charging near Leningrad, Russia, 1 Jan 1943; note PPD submachine gun
2 Jan 1943
  • US I Corps recaptured Buna on New Guinea. [Main Article | TH]
  • Lockwood replaced English as the commanding officer of US Navy submarines in the Pacific. [CPC]
  • US Marine Corps and US Army aircraft attacked 10 Japanese destroyer transports west of Rendova, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major General Alexander M. Patch Jr. was designated Commanding General XIV Corps with three divisions under his command. His corps headquarters numbered less than a score of officers and men, almost all of whom are taken from the Americal Division staff. Brigadier General Edmund B. Sebree replaced General Patch as commanding General of the Americal Division. [AC]
Germany
  • Ion Antonescu of Romania met with Adolf Hitler to discuss the ensuing disaster in Stalingrad, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Whale completed a period of repair at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yuzuki arrived at Sasebo, Japan for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jan 1943
Australian Company Sergeant Major McCominski and Private M. Daniels waited as the accompanying M3 General Stuart tank attacking a Japanese pillbox, near Buna, New Guinea, 2 Jan 1943
3 Jan 1943
  • USS S-28 crossed the International Date Line. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-168 arrived at Shortland Islands in the Soloman Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Mozdok, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant R. T. G. Greenland RNVR and Leading Signalman A. Ferrier penetrated Palermo harbour in Sicily, Italy on a Chariot human torpedo and sink the Italian light cruiser Ulpio Traiano. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Japanese leadership in Rabaul, New Britain received the text of the Army-Navy Central Agreement on South Pacific Area Operations, which called for the strengthening of Solomon Islands and New Guinea footholds upon the completion of the evacuation of Guadalcanal. [CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • USAAF heavy bombers attacked the docks and U-Boat pens at Saint-Nazaire, France, starting several fires. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Whale departed the Submarine Base, Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank Japanese submarine I-18 in the Coral Sea, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes; she also fired six torpedoes at other Japanese warships four hours later, all of which missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • President Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz of the Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom urged Pope Pius XII to denounce German atrocities against the Jews. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Jan 1943
  • I-168 departed Shortland Islands in the Soloman Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Polish resistance group ZOB attacked German occupation troops in the Jewish ghetto in Czestochowa, which resulted in failure. 251 were killed while a number of others were arrested and deported. [CPC]
  • For the delay in carrying out anti-Semitic policies ordered by Rome, mayors of Florence and Padua in Italy were fired by the Fascist Party. [CPC]
  • The US Army 161st Infantry, the US 6th Marine Regiment, and the headquarters of the US 2nd Marine Division arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • American cruisers and destroyers bombarded the Japanese airfield at Munda Point, New Georgia in the Solomon Islands after sundown and into the next day. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-51B arrived in the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jan 1943
WAVES enlisted personnel dining at Hotel Bedford, New York City, New York, United States, 4 Jan 1943US Navy PV-1 Ventura aircraft dropping a Mk XIII torpedo over Saratoga Passage, Washington, United States, 4 Jan 1943
5 Jan 1943
  • USS S-28 reached her assigned patrol area in the northern Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germans began a 3-day operation in the Lvov ghetto in Ukraine which resulted in about 10,000 deaths and the disbanding of the Jewish Council. [CPC]
  • General Carl A. Spaatz relinquished his post as commander of the US 8th Air Force on his transfer to the Mediterranean Theatre. He was replaced by Major General Ira C. Eaker. [Main Article | AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Despite George Kenney's orders for an all-out attack on Rabaul, New Britain at dawn, Kenneth Walker launched a limited (without 63rd Bomb Squadron, whose commander William Benn disagreed with the timing of the attack) mid-day attack. Bad weather in Australia prevented some of the B-24 bombers from launching, thus ultimately only 6 B-24 bombers and 6 B-17 bombers took off for the attack. Two B-17 bombers attacked Lakunai and Vunakanau airfields near Rabaul between 0900 and 0930 hours. At 1200 hours, 6 B-24 bombers and 3 B-17 bombers (one of which carried Walker) attacked, sinking army transport Keifuku Maru, damaging two merchant ships, and damaging destroyer Tachikaze; 3 Ki-43 fighters were shot down during the raid. At 1317 hours, B-17 bomber San Antonio Rose was shot down; Walker and the entire crew were reported as missing, and none of them would be found. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Lieutenant "Red" Cochrane and his crew of the aft 5-inch battery of USS Helena shot down a Japanese D3A dive bomber off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. This was the first use of proximity-fuse shells in combat. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grayback served as beacon ship for the US naval bombardment of Munda Point, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. While on this duty, after nightfall, she picked up six downed airmen from a beach at New Georgia. Commanding officer Edward Stephan would later be awarded a Navy Cross medal for the day's actions. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Italian Navy Forza Navale Speciale (FNS) was disbanded. [CPC]
Japan United States
  • The keel of submarine Gabilan was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
6 Jan 1943
  • Parkash Singh of Indian 14th Division daringly rescued wounded comrades on the Mayu Peninsula in Burma. For his, and similar deeds on 19 Jan 1943, he was to be awarded the Victoria Cross medal. [CPC]
  • Doherty was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Brigadier General Alphonse DeCarre assumed command of all US Marines on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands except for Marine aviation units. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a conference between Adolf Hitler and Erich Raeder, Hitler continued to express his anger in the German Navy's ineffectiveness. Raeder asked to be relieved of his duty. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US B-24 bomber piloted by Lieutenant George Rose, tasked with finding shot-down B-17 bomber San Antonio Rose between Rabaul, New Britain and Port Moresby, Australian Papua, was shot down over Wide Bay. [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Flying Fish departed Brisbane, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USAAF B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked Japanese shipping at Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Jews in Opoczno, Poland were told that those with family in Palestine would be deported there. 500 Jews came out from hiding to register and were sent to Treblinka Concentration Camp where they were gassed. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Captured French submarine Phoque departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. [CPC]
  • Captured French submarine Saphir departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. [CPC]
United States
  • Robert Johnson departed New York, New York, United States for Britain aboard the Queen Elizabeth. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jan 1943
Concord off Balboa, Panama Canal Zone, 6 Jan 1943
7 Jan 1943
  • A 3-day German operation in the Lvov ghetto in Ukraine ended with about 10,000 deaths and the disbanding of the Jewish Council. [CPC]
  • USS Marlin arrived at Casco Bay, Maine, United States and joined Task Group 27.1. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Jura was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-371 in the western Mediterranean Sea. [AC]
  • The British assault on Japanese bunkers at Donbaik, Burma on the Bay of Bengal coast was halted with heavy losses. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USAAF B-17, B-24, B-25, and A-20 bombers, escorted by USAAF P-38 fighters and RAF Catalina flying boats, attacked a Japanese convoy en route to Lae, New Guinea, sinking transport Nichiryu Maru off Gasmata, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 44 Japanese bombers and 60 fighters took off from Rabaul, New Britain, intending to attack Port Moresby, Australian Papua; the attack was canceled after the aircraft ran into bad weather. [CPC]
Caroline Islands United Kingdom
  • British murderer Harry Dobkin is hanged at Wandsworth Prison in London, England, United Kingdom. Dobkin had murdered his wife whose mutilated body he had dumped in a badly damaged Baptist chapel near where he was a fire watcher, in the hope that she would appear to be another unidentified victim of the Blitz. He confessed to his crime after examination of the remains indicated death by strangulation. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1943
Men of US Navy Submarine Squadron 5 keeping score of sinkings aboard USS Griffin, 7 Jan 1943; the squadron operated out of Brisbane, AustraliaUS Navy Mess Attendant First Class Doris Miller speaking during his war bond tour stop at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 7 Jan 1943US Navy Mess Attendant First Class Doris Miller talking with three sailors and a civilian, during his war bond tour stop at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 7 Jan 1943Soviet troops resting around a fire, Stalingrad, Russia, 7 Jan 1943
8 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Makassar, Celebes. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Axis convoys between Italy and Tripoli, Libya were suspended after a British force of two cruisers and four destroyers sank 14 ships trying to reinforce and supply Erwin Rommel's troops. [AC]
  • General Rokossovsky issued a surrender ultimatum to German 6th Army, which guaranteed their lives and safety until their return to Germany after the war. Paulus refused the ultimatum. [Main Article | TH]
  • Japanese troops again halted a British assault at Donbaik, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine P311 (Commander R. D. Cayley) was reported missing and was believed sunk by a mine in the Mediterranean Sea. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Allied aircraft sank Myoko Maru in Huon Gulf off Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands United Kingdom
  • British RAF Bomber Command's No. 8 Group was reformed as No. 8 (Pathfinder Force) Group under the command of Air Vice-Marshal Donald Bennett. With specialist squadrons the group's primary task would be to accurately mark targets to be attacked by other Bomber Command aircraft. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jan 1943
Hull preparing to refuel at sea, 8 Jan 1943USS Snook undergoing sea trials, 8 Jan 1943
9 Jan 1943
  • USS Gar reported hitting a Japanese ship with two of three torpedoes fired, causing damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • Douglas MacArthur arrived at Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Kenney arrived at Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • In the early afternoon, Czech prisoner Georg Zahradka or Zacharatka escaped from Auschwitz I concentration camp, but was captured by midnight near watchtower 26. He was executed on 14 Jan 1943. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • German SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler visited Warsaw, Poland, and ordered that 8,000 Jewish inhabitants be deported from the ghetto. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Commandeered for USAAF service as the C-69, the Lockheed Model L-049 Constellation aircraft made its first flight from Burbank, California, United States to nearby Muroc Army Air Field. [Main Article | Facility | AC]
  • Submarine Seahorse was launched at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, sponsored by the wife of Chester C. Smith. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jan 1943
Prototype C-69 Constellation aircraft at Burbank, California, United States, 9 Jan 1943; seen in US Navy publication Naval Aviation News dated 15 Feb 1943
10 Jan 1943
  • USS Argonaut attacked a Japanese convoy of five freighters and three destroyers southeast of New Britain, en route from Lae, New Guinea to Rabaul, New Britain. She hit one destroyer with a torpedo, but the other two closed in and sank her with depth charges and gunfire. 102 were killed, which was the worst submarine loss in WW2. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Army 25th Division launched an offensive out of the Hill 66 area between the northwest and southwest forks of the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops again halted a British assault at Donbaik, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Marshall Islands
  • USS Whale arrived in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Another Soviet offensive, Operation Ring, began at Stalingrad, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • The BI-2 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its first flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia (the second flight of the design), reaching an altitude of 1,100 meters and reaching the speed of 400 kilometers per hour. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Fairey Barracuda torpedo and dive bomber began its operational service with the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm with the delivery of twelve Barracuda II aircraft to the reformed No. 827 Squadron. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jan 1943
Litter bearers of the Medical Battalion of US 25th Division giving first aid to two men wounded by grenades, Guadalcanal, 10 Jan 1943US Marines moving in a column over a hill on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 10 Jan 1943
11 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Singapore. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Soviet troops launched the Novorossiysk-Maikop Offensive Operation in the Caucasus region of southern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur's headquarters officially declared Kenneth Walker missing after his aircraft was shot down by Japanese fighters on 5 Jan 1943; Walker personally participated on that mission against orders. [CPC]
Caroline Islands Netherlands
  • A transport of 750 Dutch Jews departed from Westerbork Concentration Camp in the Netherlands for Sobibór Concentration Camp in Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-51 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama arrived at Chesapeake Bay on the east coast of the United States from Casco Bay, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Jan 1943
USS Snook undergoing sea trials off the Isle of Shoals near Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States, 11 Jan 1943PBY-5 Catalinas from Fleet Air Wing 4 in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, Jan 11, 1943. Note four Mk-37 aerial depth charges under wings, with two more and one 500-pound general purpose bomb on bomb cart.
12 Jan 1943
  • German troops withdrew from the Caucasus region in southern Russia to the Kuban bridgehead. [Main Article | TH]
  • US troops landed on Amchitka, Aleutian Islands unopposed. Destroyer Worden, covering the landing, ran aground and sank during the operation. [CPC]
  • On Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, the US 6th Marine Regiment and the artillery of the US 2nd Marine Division were re-assigned to a joint Army-Marine division which also included the US Army 82nd Infantry Regiment, US Army 147th Infantry Regiment, and artillery of the US Army Americal Division. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 1st Marine Division arrived at Melbourne, Australia after months of fighting on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • The BI-2 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its second flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, reaching an altitude of 2,190 meters and reaching the speed of 675 kilometers per hour. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jan 1943
USS Permit off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 12 Jan 1943USS Permit at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 12 Jan 1943; note antennae for SJ surface search radar and D aircraft detection radarUSS Permit at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 12 Jan 1943; note crewmen unpacking supplies, among them Sunkist brand oranges
13 Jan 1943
  • The call-up age for unmarried British women was lowered to 19. [TH]
  • Casablanca Conference between Roosevelt and Churchill began. [Main Article | TH]
  • The US 2nd Marine Division began a westward offensive on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale sank Japanese freighter Iwashiro Maru in the waters between Kwajalein, Marshall Islands and Truk, Caroline Islands, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Three transports arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp, each containing 1,210 German Jews from Berlin (1,083 of them were sent directly to the gas chambers), 750 Dutch Jews (88 men and 101 women were registered, and the remaining 561 were gassed), and 2,000 Jews of Zambrów ghetto in Poland (148 men and 50 women were registered, and the remaining 1,802 were gassed). [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Robert Johnson arrived at RAF Kings Cliffe, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jan 1943
USS Permit off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 13 Jan 1943, photo 1 of 2; note newly installed port-side external torpedo tubeUSS Permit off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 13 Jan 1943, photo 2 of 2; note newly installed port-side external torpedo tube
14 Jan 1943 Alaska
  • USS S-35 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Workers at Dock No. 4 at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii completed cutting underwater piles. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane fighter over an area of India now part of Bangladesh, his 14th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • Georg Zahradka was executed at Auschwitz Concentration Camp for attempting to escape during the night of 9 Jan 1943. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 14 Jan 1943
General Thomas Blamey And Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger, 14 Jan 1943Henri Giraud and Franklin Roosevelt at Casablanca, French Morocco, 14 Jan 1943Roosevelt and Churchill at Casablanca Conference, French Morocco 14 Jan 1943; rear row L to R: Gen Arnold, Adm King, Gen Marshall, Adm Pound, Air Chief Marshal Portal, Gen Brooke, Field Marshal Dill, Adm MountbattenFree French leaders Charles de Gaulle and Henri Giraud at Casablanca Conference, Morocco, 14 Jan 1943; Roosevelt and Churchill in background
See all photos dated 14 Jan 1943
15 Jan 1943
  • The keel of submarine Tang was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky was promoted to the rank of colonel general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF B-24 bombers attacked a Japanese convoy 200 miles south-southwest of Rangoon, Burma, sinking Nichimei Maru. Unknown to the American airmen, the transport was carrying Allied prisoners of war, 500 of whom would be lost in the sinking. [CPC]
  • The US 2nd Marine Regiment departed Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands for New Zealand. [CPC]
  • The keel for submarine Manta was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to the 3rd Force of the Mobile Force Training Force. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 2 companies of "Loreto" combat engineers battalion of the Italian Air Force were transferred by ship from Sicily, Italy to Tunis, Tunisia; the remaining two companies of the 1st Air Force Assault Regiment "Amedeo d'Aosta" would remain in Sicily to repair airfields. [CPC]
  • German aircraft raided Telepte Airfield in Tunisia three times and Youks-les-Bains Airfield in Algeria once. A total of 15 German aircraft were shot down during these attacks, four of which were claimed by Captain Carmon B. Boone of 59th Fighter Squadron of USAAF 33rd Fighter Group, flying a P-40 fighter. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Navy SBD Dauntless dive bombers from Henderson Field, Guadalcanal and USAAF B-17 bombers attacked a convoy of nine Japanese destroyers northeast of New Georgia, Solomon Islands; four Japanese destroyers were damaged. A lone B-17 bomber attacked the Japanese airfield on Ballale island, Solomon Islands. To the north in the Caroline Islands, three transports escorted by destroyers departed from Truk for Bougainville with Japanese Army troops transferred from China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • P-40F fighters of US 68th Fighter Squadron intercepted a group of Japanese destroyers off Faisi in the Solomon Islands. In the subsequent engagement, the US fighters shot down nine Japanese F1M float biplanes, three of which by Lieutenant Lloyd G. Huff. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired four torpedoes at a Japanese submarine in the Solomon Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The Pentagon, the new building in Virginia, United States and the future home of the US Department of War, was dedicated. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jan 1943
African-American office worker Clara Camille Carroll at a government office in Washington DC, United States, 15 Jan 1943Soviet soldier waving a red flag at a building off the central square in Stalingrad, Russia, Jan-Feb 1943USS Iowa at the New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 15 Jan 1943, photo 1 of 2USS Iowa at the New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 15 Jan 1943, photo 2 of 2
16 Jan 1943

Australia
  • USS Wahoo conducted sonar tests in Moreton Bay near Brisbane, Australia. Later on the same day, she departed friendly waters for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a P-40 fighter over Yunnan Province, China, his 15th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • British bombers attacked Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Iraq
  • Iraq declared war on the Axis powers. [AC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired six torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Solomon Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Marlin departed Casco Bay, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1943
T-34 tank and infantry of Soviet 12th Armored Corps in Rossosh, Russia, 16 Jan 1943
17 Jan 1943

Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane fighter over Burma, his 16th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • A Japanese convoy carrying Japanese Army troops transferred from China departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing seaplane tender Sanyo Maru and destroyers Kagero and Oyashio at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Germany
  • Journalist Richard Dimbleby flew in a British No. 106 Squadron Lancaster bomber over Berlin, Germany during a raid to record a live report, which was broadcast by the BBC on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese patrol boat south of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale sank Japanese freighter Heiyo Maru between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan, hitting her with 7 of 9 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grayback fired torpedoes at destroyer, which was escorting a freighter, in the Solomon Sea; the torpedoes missed, and Grayback was subjected to 19 depth charges, which caused a serious leak that would force her to cut her patrol short. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-52 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jan 1943

Australia
  • Brigadier General Howard Ramey arrived in Australia to replace the recently missing Kenneth Walker. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USAAF B-17 and P-39 aircraft sank Japanese cargo ship Yamafuku Maru off Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • USS Runner departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hong Kong Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kure, Japan to escort carriers Zuikaku and Zuiho to Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The first armed resistance against deportation began in Warsaw Ghetto in Poland. [CPC]
Russia
  • Cherkessk in the Caucasus region of southern Russia was liberated by Soviet troops. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • US government banned the sale of sliced bread by commercial bakers; they must sell their bread in entire loaves in order to save wrapping material. The ban would be lifted on 8 Mar 1943 after officials realized the ban was ineffective. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jan 1943
A close-up of a British heavily armed patrol of L Detachment SAS in their jeeps, just back from a three month patrol, 18 Jan 1943; note twin-mounted Vickers K machine guns and F-S dagger; photo 1 of 3A close-up of a British heavily armed patrol of L Detachment SAS in their jeeps, just back from a three month patrol, 18 Jan 1943; note twin-mounted Vickers K machine guns and F-S dagger; photo 2 of 3A close-up of a British heavily armed patrol of L Detachment SAS in their jeeps, just back from a three month patrol, 18 Jan 1943; note twin-mounted Vickers K machine guns; photo 3 of 3Soviet troops of Leningrad and Volkhov Fronts meeting near Leningrad, Russia, 18 Jan 1943
See all photos dated 18 Jan 1943
19 Jan 1943
  • USS Ranger launched USAAF P-40 aircraft off Accra, Gold Coast to reinforce Allied forces fighting in North Africa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar ended her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Filipp Golikov was promoted to the rank of colonel general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grampus completed her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese troops landed at Wewak, New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Parkash Singh of Indian 14th Division daringly rescued wounded comrades on the Mayu Peninsula in Burma. For his, and similar deeds on 6 Jan 1943, he was to be awarded the Victoria Cross medal. [CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Akyab (now Sittwe), Burma, his 17th and 18th victories. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hong Kong
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Hong Kong at 1300 hours with 1,180 men aboard, including 663 Canadian prisoners of war from the Sham Sui Po prisoner of war camp. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Pollack sank a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with one of two torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo transited Vitiaz Strait between New Guinea island and New Britain island. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Jan 1943
  • USS S-28 set a course for the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Inspector of Concentration Camps advised camp commandants to reduce rate of death for camp prisoners; however, camp doctors were given orders to kill the sick and the debilitated. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Silversides attacked a Japanese convoy 286 miles from Truk, Caroline Islands en route to the Solomon Islands, sinking transport Meiu Maru and damaging Surabaya Maru. The latter would later be scuttled by destroyer Asagumo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde scored his first kill, a German Bf 109G fighter, over the southern coast of England, United Kingdom while flying a Typhoon Ib fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Army 25th Division began an offensive toward Kokumbona, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chile broke off relationships with Germany, Italy and Japan. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • A US B-24 bomber on a routine reconnaissance mission over Wewak on the island of New Guinea surprisingly found a large concentration of Japanese shipping and a newly arrived contingent of Zero fighters. Six of the fighters arose and shot down the bomber, killing 2; 6 of the crew survived. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US 44th Fighter Squadron arrived at Fighter 2 airfield at Kukum, Guadalcanal; this squadron would later become the most successful P-40 squadron to operate on this island. [CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Transports of Jews from Theresienstadt Ghetto in occupied Czechoslovakia departed for Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland; several more transports departed from Theresienstadt in the following 6 days. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Captured French submarine Requin departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. [CPC]
  • Captured French submarine Espadon departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German fighter-bombers made a surprise daylight attack on London, England, United Kingdom during which bombs were dropped on a school in Lewisham killing 39 children and five teachers. [Main Article | AC]
  • The German Luftwaffe was forced to abandon any further hit-and-run fighter-bomber raids on London, England, United Kingdom after five Fw 190 aircraft were lost within half an hour to the RAF Manston based Typhoon fighters of Wing Commander Roland Beamont's No. 609 Squadron. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Brennan was commissioned into service at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jan 1943
British Valentine II or IV infantry tanks lined up in Tripoli, Libya after they helped capturing the city, circa mid to late Jan 1943Chester Nimitz and William Halsey aboard USS Curtiss at Chester Nimitz and William Halsey aboard USS Curtiss at
21 Jan 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Voroshilovsky and Stavropol in the Caucasus region of southern Russia, claiming 500,000 German dead and 200,000 Germans captured in the last two months of fighting. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied leadership issued the directive to RAF and USAAF commanders "[y]our primary objective will be the progressive destruction and dislocation of the German military, industrial and economic system, and the undermining of the morale of the German people to a point where their capacity for armed resistance is fatally wounded." [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gato attacked a Japanese convoy east of Kieta, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, damaging one transport. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with two torpedoes; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Allied aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain, sinking small freighter Tetsusan Maru. [CPC]
Caroline Islands United States
  • The United States Marine Corps established the Marine Fleet Air, West Coast at San Diego, California, United States to oversee all Fleet Marine Force aviation operations and to supply personnel and materiel to Marine Aircraft Wings, Pacific. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jan 1943
Submarine Oberon underway off Spithead, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom, 21 Jan 1943German Army 7.5 cm Gebirgsgeschütz 36 mountain gun operating at 3,000-meter altitude in the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia, 21 Jan 1943Destroyed Red October factory in Stalingrad, Russia, 21 Jan 1943
22 Jan 1943
  • Allied forces won the battle at Sanananda, New Guinea. [Main Article | TH]
  • Ludwig Beck and other anti-Hitler conspirators met at the home of Peter Yorck von Wartenburg. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • The RAF conducted its first combat operation using the new Mitchell Mk.II bombers. Six aircraft from No. 98 and No. 180 Squadrons were sent out to attack oil installations at Ghent in Belgium. One aircraft was shot down by flak over the target and two others were lost when attacked by Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighters. Following this disaster the RAF's Mitchell squadrons were stood down to concentrate on developing new tactics to fend off enemy fighters. [Main Article | AC]
Japan
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Nagasaki, Japan at 0400 hours. The 663 Canadian prisoners of war aboard were disembarked where they would be sent to work in the mines as forced laborers. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Tunisia
  • The "Bafile" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy captured Djebel Bou Dabouss massif in Tunisia, capturing 200 prisoners of war at the cost of 24 killed and 65 wounded. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jan 1943
Franklin Roosevelt awarding Brigadier General William Wilbur the Medal of Honor award, 22 Jan 1943; note Geroge Marshall in background and George Patton assistingSoviet mortar crew in action at Stalingrad, Russia, 22 Jan 1943
23 Jan 1943
  • The British Eighth Army captured Tripoli, Libya. [TH]
  • Soviet troops captured Armavir, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Army 25th Division captured the high ground south of Kokumbona, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The US freighter City of Flint (the same vessel that had been involved in a major diplomatic incident in Oct 1939) was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by the German submarine U-575. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • After sundown and into the following day, American cruisers and destroyers bombarded Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • The last German airfield in the Stalingrad pocket was taken by Soviet troops. [Main Article | TH]
24 Jan 1943
  • Tirpitz completed its refitting at Fættenfjord/Lofjord near Trondheim, Norway. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Casablanca Conference ended with the announcement of a requirement for unconditional surrender from Germany to end the war. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops liberated Starobelskiy, Ukraine. [TH]
  • The Soviet Trans-Caucasian Front's offensive toward the Kuban bridgehead was halted near Krasnodar and Novorossiysk. A new offensive drive, named the Tikhoretsk-Eisk Offensive Operation, was launched on this date. [Main Article | TH]
  • British war expenditure was estimated to be running at £14 million a day. [AC]
  • American destroyers bombarded Japanese fuel and munitions dumps in the Stanmore area, Kolombangara, Solomon Islands. Later on the same day, US Navy carrier aircraft attacked the same targets. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 12 German aircraft were launched to attack Allied convoy JW-52; only three of them found and attacked the convoy, and all three were shot down. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Wellington bomber over Rangoon, Burma, his 19th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo reconnoitered waters far north of Wewak, Australian New Guinea. Encountering Japanese destroyer Harusame with submarines nearby, she fired three bow torpedoes, a fourth bow torpedo as Harusame turned toward Wahoo. After all four had missed, Wahoo repositioned her self and fired two more torpedoes, this time hitting and seriously damaging Harusame. Harusame was able to beach herself to prevent sinking. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport from a psychiatric hospital at Apeldoornse Bosh with 921 Jews arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. After the selection, 16 men and 60 women were registered; the remaining were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviets once again demanded surrender from the encircled German forces in Stalingrad, Russia. Responding to Friedrich Paulus' message requesting permission to surrender as his men were now nearly out of ammunition and medical supplies, Adolf Hitler told Paulus to fight to the last man even if defeat was imminent. By the end of this day, the German forces in Stalingrad would be divided in two pockets and would have lost the use of the final airstrip available to them. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Glyndwr Michael, homeless and suffering from mental illness, was found dead in an abandoned warehouse in King's Cross, London, England, United Kingdom after consuming rat poison which contained phosphorus; it was unknown whether he had committed suicide or simply ate what he thought was thrown-away food laced with the poison for the purpose of pest control. The discovery of his remains was reported to MI5 per previous request for such a body. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1943
Harusame heavily damaged as viewed from periscope of USS Wahoo, off Wewak, New Guinea, 24 Jan 1943
25 Jan 1943
  • Germans evacuated Voronezh and Armavir in southern Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • In his Order of the Day, Stalin claimed that Soviet troops had routed 102 enemy divisions in two month's fighting. [Main Article | TH]
  • The US Composite Army-Marine Division made contact with the US Army 25th Army Division near Kokumbona, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Italy
  • Italian Air Force Assault Engineer Battalion's composition was defined as having one headquarters company and three companies each with two officers, three non-commissioned officers, and 24 enlisted men. [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale damaged Japanese tanker Syoyo Maru between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. She suffered light damage from the subsequent depth charging. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo departed waters near Wewak, Australian New Guinea for Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The remnants of the German 6.Armee were split in two pockets, north and south, in Stalingrad, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
26 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Osaka, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Voronezh, southern Russia. [TH]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese convoy 270 miles north of New Guinea, sinking transport Buyo Maru and three others. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny stalked a Japanese trawler starting at about 0530 hours off the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, firing her deck gun to attack only in the afternoon. The trawler escaped her after sundown. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Army-Marine joint division continued to attack westward along the northern coast of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands intending to envelope Japanese positions. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek held a celebratory dinner for Joseph Stilwell for having recently earned the Distinguished Service Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US bombers conducted a night raid on Rabaul, New Britain; Zero fighters rose to intercept and shot down one B-17 bomber. [CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a B-24 bomber over Mingaladon, Burma, his 20th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Guam
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese freighter in Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese oiler between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan; 1 of 3 torpedoes fired hit the target but failed to detonate. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese convoy of four freighters in the Pacific Ocean, sinking transport Fukuei Maru, sinking transport Buyo Maru, and damaging another transport. 11 torpedoes were expended, 7 of which hit. She then surfaced to attack Japanese survivors in lifeboats; this last action would generate some controversy, especially that some of the survivors killed included Indian prisoners of war. Six hours later, she began a three-hour pursuit of the two remaining ships of the Japanese convoy, eventually sinking both (a tanker and a freighter), hitting them with 3 of 8 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jan 1943
Japanese transport Buyo Maru beginning to sink after being struck by USS WahooLieutenant Richard OLieutenant Commander Dudley Morton and Lieutenant Richard O
27 Jan 1943
  • The USAAF struck Germany proper for the first time as B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked Emden and Wilhelmshaven. [Main Article | TH]
  • The headquarters of the US 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing was established at Efate, New Hebrides. [CPC]
China
  • The Chenggong Airfield in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China began operations. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale sank Japanese ship Shoan Maru between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan after a long chase, hitting her with 2 of 8 torpedoes fired (only 1 of which detonated). [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese convoy consisted of eight ships; as she was out of torpedoes, she attempted to attack with her deck guns, but she was chased away by a Japanese destroyer escort. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-52 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The Camillus Cutlery Company of Camillus, New York, United States shipped the first production examples of the 1219C2 fighting knife design to the US military. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Golet was laid down by the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jan 1943
US President Franklin Roosevelt and Liberian President Edwin Barclay, 27 Jan 1943Men working in the control room aboard USS Wahoo, 27 Jan 1943
28 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Osaka, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Germany finally mobilized her work force for total war, requiring registration of men aged 16 to 65 and women aged 17 to 50. [TH]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hubert Lanz was promoted to the rank of General der Gebirgstruppe and was made the commanding officer of Armeeabteilung Lanz army detachment. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wahoo sighted Fais Island, Caroline Islands; she attempted to shell the Japanese phosphate refinery, but the appearance of a Japanese freighter forced her to abandon the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • As the German forces in Stalingrad, Russia were now divided into three pockets by Soviet attacks, Hermann Göring messaged Friedrich Paulus, noting that Paulus' stubborn defense, even if it led to self sacrifice, would go down in German history as one of the most heroic tales. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the first time; this was the very first Order of Suvorov given out by the Soviet Union. 22 more Suvorov 1st Class medals were given out on this date after Zhukov's award. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Army announced a plan to form a special Nisei combat team from Americans of Japanese parentage. Within days they receive over 10,000 volunteers for only 2,500 places. [AC]
29 Jan 1943
  • SS-Gruppenführer Ernst Kaltenbrunner, the SS and Police Leader for the German territory of annexed Austria, was named the head of the RSHA, which encompassed the Gestapo and the Security Service, succeeding the assassinated Reinhard Heydrich. [Main Article | TH]
  • Six RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Berlin, Germany, purposely spoiling the party celebrating the Nazi Party's 10th Anniversary, interrupting speeches given by Göring and Goebbels. This celebration marked the first anniversary without a speech from Hitler. [TH]
  • The Battle of Rennell Island began with land-based Japanese aircraft attacked US Navy TF 18 ships. USS Chicago was damaged and was taken under tow. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German officials in Prague dissolved the Jewish Religious Congregation, the supreme authority for Czechoslovakia's Jewish communities. This organization would be succeeded by the Council of Jewish Elders on 8 Feb 1943, which was deemed to be more compliant by the German officials. [CPC]
  • US captured a Japanese 5-digit naval code book. [CPC]
  • German authorities ordered Roma and Sinti people across German-occupied Europe to be rounded up and sent to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ruth Cheney Streeter was commissioned a major in the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve and became its first Director. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Maikop, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank Soviet cargo ship Ufa south of Bear Island, Norway at 0622 hours. To the east, Allied convoy RA-52 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Benito Mussolini met with the Commando Supremo. Among the items discussed in this meeting was the plan to salvage, repair, and recommission French battleships Strasbourg and Dunkerque into the Italian Navy by the end of 1946. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • Kurt Prüfer of German engineering firm J. A. Topf und Söhne visited the Central Construction Office of Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland, inspecting the Crematoria II, III, IV, and V construction progress; he estimated the launch of Crematorium II to be around 15 Feb, Crematorium III around 17 Apr, Crematorium IV around 28 Feb, and Crematorium V's completion date depended largely on weather. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Taiwan United States
  • USS S-35 arrived at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jan 1943
Heavy cruisers Wichita (foreground), Chicago (center), and Louisville (background) en route to Guadalcanal, 29 Jan 1943, hours before the Battle of Rennell Island
30 Jan 1943
  • German troops defeated French troops and captured Faïd Pass, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Battle of Rennell Island in the Solomon Islands ended with a Japanese victory and the sinking of USS Chicago. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Samphire (Lieutenant Commander F. T. Renny) was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian submarine Platino off Bougie, Algeria. [AC]
  • Erich Raeder was officially relieved of his duty as the head of the German Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The repair work on light cruiser Voroshilov completed. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a B-25 bomber over Toungoo, Burma, his 21st victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The British RAF's first daylight raid on Berlin, Germany was completed by No. 105 and No. 139 Squadrons' Mosquito aircraft. [Main Article | AC]
  • In Germany, Hermann Göring publicly noted that the defense and sacrifice at Stalingrad, Russia would go down in history as a heroic tale. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 30 Jan 1943
Lancaster bomber of No 1 Group, RAF Bomber Command over Hamburg, Germany, night of 30-31 Jan 1943Chicago low in the water on 30 Jan 1943, after she had been torpedoed by Japanese aircraft during the Battle of Rennell IslandUSS Louisville towing disabled USS Chicago, Battle of Rennell Island, 30 Jan 1943
31 Jan 1943
  • The Milice was created in Vichy France under Joseph Darnand to counter the Resistance. This organization became another force of the German occupation, reaching a strength of over 20,000 by the Allied invasion in 1944. [Main Article | TH]
  • The British RAF Bomber Command used the H2S radar system for the first time operationally. [TH]
  • US Marine Corps aircraft from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands sank Japanese transport Toa Maru between Vella Lavella and Kolombangara. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US 2nd Marine Regiment and 1st Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment boarded ship to leave Guadalcanal. Some of the men were so debilitated by malaria they had to be carried on board. Observers noted that they looked like young men grown old "with their skins cracked and furrowed and wrinkled." The 2nd Marine Regiment, heading to Wellington, New Zealand for the first time, left behind on the island 263 dead. [Main Article | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for seaplane tender Sanyo, destroyers Arashi and Suzukaze, and light cruiser Nagara at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • A transport with 2,834 Polish Jews from Pruzany arrived in Auschwitz Concentration Camp; it included 230 children under four and 520 children between four and ten. 313 men and 180 women were registered in the camp; the remaining 2,341, including all 750 children, were gassed. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Out of food and ammunition, the southern half of the German 6.Armee in Stalingrad, Russia surrendered. The final radio message coming out of this pocket was made at 1945 hours, which closed with the Morse abbreviation "CL", short for "Clear (I am closing my station)". [Main Article | TH]
  • Light cruiser Voroshilov bombarded German troop positions near Novorossiysk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • USS Tunny detected a Japanese freighter off Takao, Taiwan at about 2230 hours. She fired two torpedoes, both of which missed the target, and survived a counterattack with two depth charges. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jan 1943
Montpelier underway, circa 194340-mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns aboard light cruiser Montpelier, circa 1943Aerial view of light cruiser USS Montpelier, circa 1943SOC Seagull aircraft being catapulted from USS Montpelier, circa 1943
See all photos dated 31 Jan 1943
1 Feb 1943
  • The 1st Free French Division (later to become the 1st Motorised Division) was established. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese troops began to be evacuated from Guadalcanal by destroyers commanded by Rear Admiral Shintaro. [Main Article | TH]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze evacuated troops from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Joseph Stilwell departed Chongqing, China for India. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Cruiser Köln departed a German port for the Baltic Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • As of this month, 1,622,000 prisoners of war and 4,121,000 foreigners were now serving as forced laborers in Germany. [CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Raid drill. Torpedo Squadron 11 (VT-11; model TBF) departed. Radio transmission facilities usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Japan New Hebrides
  • USS Columbia arrived at Efate, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Tunny entered waters off China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS De Haven was sunk by Japanese aircraft off Savo Island, Solomon Islands. [AC]
Poland
  • At Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland, SS personnel selected 20 Jewish prisoners who were already working at the crematorium in Auschwitz I and readied them for work in the soon-to-be-ready new crematoriums in Birkenau. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Trapped in the ruins of a department store in Stalingrad, Russia, Friedrich Paulus surrendered along with 16 of his generals; Paulus became the first German field marshal to surrender to an enemy force. The battle for the city had cost the Germans 110,000 dead and 107,000 taken prisoner. The Soviets had lost an estimated 250,000 men and 250,000 civilians. [Main Article | AC]
  • Germans fell back from Demyansk, Russia. [TH]
United States
  • The keel of CV-14, originally destined to be USS Hancock, was laid down at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1943
Soviet soldier in makeshift boots, Stalingrad, Russia, 1 Feb 1943US B-17F “All-American” of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 6 of 8.US B-17F “All-American” of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 2 of 8.US B-17F “All-American” of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 3 of 8.
See all photos dated 1 Feb 1943
2 Feb 1943
  • Ettore Bastico stepped down as the Governor-General of Italian Libya, succeeded by Giovanni Messe. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny made radar contact with a ship off Hong Kong at 2130 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked and claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport in the western Pacific; she reported 6 torpedoes expended and 4 hits. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Japan
  • Captain Shinzaburo Hase was named the commanding officer of Settsu. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The construction of Graf Zeppelin was stopped at Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The last of the German Sixth Army surrendered in Stalingrad, Russia. On the same day, a German reconnaissance aircraft was dispatched to fly over Stalingrad, confirming that all fighting had ceased. [Main Article | TH]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 2 Feb 1943
Friedrich Paulus as a prisoner of war at Stalingrad, Russia, Feb 1943Airmen of US 74th Fighter Squadron posing in front of a P-40 Warhawk fighter, China, 2 Feb 1943Russian soldiers firing from a rooftop in Stalingrad, Russia, 2 Feb 1943A column of German soldiers on the march to a Russian prisoners of war camp, Stalingrad, Russia, Feb 1943
See all photos dated 2 Feb 1943
3 Feb 1943
  • British Colonial Secretary Stanley announced that 5,000 Jews, 4,500 of them children, would be allowed to migrate from Bulgaria to Palestine. Additionally, 30,000 immigration certificates were made available for use by any Jewish children in southeastern Europe for Palestine. Unfortunately, most of the 35,000 allotments were not used, as the Red Cross refused to accompany children on the ships in poor condition that were made available for the transportation to Palestine. [CPC]
  • While stalking a Japanese tanker at dawn, USS Tunny was discovered by the enemy but continued to pursue the target. Under gunfire, she fired multiple volleys of torpedoes at the tanker; one hit, but it failed to explode. After nightfall, she detected another ship at 2005 hours, fired 3 torpedoes, and claimed sinking it. [Main Article | CPC]
  • BOAC began a high speed delivery service between Leuchars, Scotland, United Kingdom and Stockholm, Sweden using a fleet of ten Mosquito aircraft. [AC]
  • Over lunch, Dwight Eisenhower informed George Patton that Patton had been chosen to help plan the invasion of Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank US freighter Greylock of Allied convoy RA-52; all 70 aboard survived. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The German OKW issued an announcement to inform the German public of the defeat at Stalingrad, Russia. The message, read over the radio, was preceded by a solemn drum roll and was followed by the 2nd movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's 5th symphony. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan United States
  • The keel of Rochester was laid down by the Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Feb 1943
  • Soviet naval infantry thwarted a German attempt to land at Malaya Zemlya. Nearby, later on the same day, Soviet troops landed near Novorossiysk, southern Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Rear Admiral Shintaro's destroyers extracted 3,921 Japanese soldiers from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands successfully, but four of his destroyers were damaged by air attack from Henderson Field. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British 8th Army entered Tunisia. [AC]
  • USS Tunny's crew found a six feet long black and yellow striped snake aboard and disposed of it. Later on the same day, she detected a hospital ship and chose not to take any action. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze evacuated troops from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish began her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, three days of national mourning began over the disaster at Stalingrad, Russia. All theatres, cinemas and night clubs were closed. [Main Article | AC]
Libya
  • Winston Churchill visited Tripoli, Libya and inspected British 8th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of 890 Jews from Westerbork Concentration Camp in the Netherlands arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. 48 of the 312 males and 52 of the females were registered; the remaining 790 were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
5 Feb 1943
  • Mussolini personally took over the Italian Foreign Ministry after firing his son-in-law Count Ciano. [Main Article | TH]
  • HMS Stronsay was mined and sunk in the western Mediterranean Sea off Philippeville, French Algeria. [AC]
  • USS Permit began her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan United Kingdom
  • Air Marshal John. C. Slessor was appointed Air officer Commanding (AOC) of RAF Coastal Command. [AC]
United States
  • Major General Alexander A. Vandegrift, commanding officer of US 1st Marine Division, was decorated with the Medal of Honor at a White House ceremony. [Main Article | Facility | AC]
6 Feb 1943
  • Wilkinson Sword Limited received renewed contracts to produce more Fairbairn-Sykes commando daggers; they would be the firm's final government contracts of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny patrolled off Shantou, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of escort carrier Wake Island was laid down in Vancouver, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Brazil, which was already at war with Germany and Italy, now declared war upon Japan. [AC]
Alaska
  • USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese transport in the Sunharon Roadstead off Tinian, Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. After sundown, she attacked a destroyer in the same area; the 1 torpedo fired missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • All female prisoners at Auschwitz Concentration Camp were gathered for a general roll call at 0330 hours then marched outside the camp. They were kept outdoors until 1700 hours, then were ordered to run back to the camp, prodded by swinging clubs. About 1,000 women died during this forced march. Those who were not able to keep up but survived were rounded up and sent to block 25 in the BIa sector of the camp, from which location they would later be transported to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Feb 1943
African-American US Merchant Marine sailors R. C. Woods, A. M. Mulzac, W. B. Shepard, and S. O
7 Feb 1943
  • The Japanese Army completed Operation Ke, the evacuation of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands, as the final 1,796 soldiers were evacuated by 18 ships. [Main Article | TH]
  • The US Navy transferred two US submarine squadrons from Brisbane, Australia to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny patrolled off Shantou, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Admiral William Halsey named Rear Admiral Richmond Turner the overall commander of the Russell Islands operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek messaged Franklin Roosevelt, agreeing with Chinese support for an offensive into Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze evacuated troops from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • He Yingqin departed Chongqing, China for India. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Archibald Wavell visited Orde Wingate's Chindit headquarters 7 miles north of Imphal, India. Wingate was able to convince Wavell to continue the Chindit operations despite the fact that the offensive into Arakan, Burma was soon to be canceled. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Feb 1943
Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton and Lieutenant Richard OLieutenant Commander Dudley Morten (at open bridge) and Lieutenant Richard OUSS Wahoo arriving at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 7 Feb 1943USS Alabama at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, 7 Feb 1943
8 Feb 1943
  • Soviet troops captured Kursk, Russia. [TH]
  • With German permission, the Council of Jewish Elders was established in Czechoslovakia, succeeding the Jewish Religious Congregation which was dissolved on 29 Jan 1943. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny fired two torpedoes at Japanese freighter Kusayama Maru; both torpedoes missed, and the freighter returned fire. The second volley of two torpedoes also missed. The third volley of three torpedoes all scored, sinking the freighter 20 minutes later. This was Tunny's first confirmed kill. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Gefreiter (Private) Werner Wrangel of the German Panzerjager Battalion 183 became the only person to be awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class, Iron Cross 1st Class, and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross at the same time. [CPC]
  • Subhash Chandra Bose departed Germany for Japan via submarine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Longcloth, the long range penetration operation by the Chindits, was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku entered drydock and remained there through the month. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan at 1600 hours, escorted by destroyer Yamagumo. At 2215 hours, at 42 miles east-southeast of Mikura Jima in the Izu Islands south of Tokyo, US submarine USS Tarpon sank her with about four torpedoes. Tatsuta Maru sank at 2237 hours, killing 1,223 passengers and 198 crew. Destroyer Yamagumo failed to find any survivors in the darkness and in the rough seas. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Feb 1943
Raising the flag at US Naval Training Center, Hunter College, Bronx, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943; the location was dedicated to the training of women for the US Navy and Coast GuardMess at US Naval Training Center, Hunter College, Bronx, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943; the location was dedicated to the training of women for the US Navy and Coast GuardNew WAVES and SPARS enlistees taking the oath in a ceremony held in front of New York City Hall, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943Twin sisters Ann Louise Budnick and Jule Louise Budnick talking with a WAVE personnel, New York City, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943
See all photos dated 8 Feb 1943
9 Feb 1943
  • Allied authorities declared Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands secure after Japan evacuated its remaining forces from the island. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops recaptured Belgorod, Russia. [TH]
  • The first Chindit operation began. Brigadier Orde Wingate took a force of 3,000 troops into Burma to conduct a guerrilla-style campaign behind Japanese lines. [Main Article | AC]
  • On Ambon Island in eastern Indonesia, the Japanese beheaded 85 Australian and Dutch prisoners. [AC]
  • Shoe rationing went into effect in the United States. [CPC]
  • USS Gar began her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Erica (Lieutenant A. C. C. Charles Cuthbert Seligman) was mined and sunk whilst escorting a convoy from Benghazi, Libya to Alexandria, Egypt. [AC]
  • Chinese leaders Song Ziwen and He Yingqin, British leaders Archibald Wavell and John Dill, and American leaders Henry Arnold, Joseph Stilwell, Clayton Bissell, and Brehon Somervell met in Delhi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked a Japanese transport and an escorting destroyer in the western Pacific; she claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Kenney ordered a series of strong night attacks on Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Army 72nd Fighter Squadron, consisting of 21 aircraft (Model P-40K), with a compliment of 25 officers and 229 men, departed for Bellows Field. The 19th Fighter Squadron arrived on board, with 32 aircraft (Model P-40F), 26 officers and 238 men. Note: the 72nd Fighter Squadron and its successor, the 19th Fighter Squadron, were on a constant alert status. [Main Article | DS]
Mediterranean Sea
  • The first of seven Axis convoys left Italy with reinforcements bound for Tunisia but British aircraft from Malta, submarines, and minefields took a heavy toll. [Main Article | AC]
Taiwan
  • USS Tunny fired torpedoes on a Japanese convoy in the Taiwan Strait, damaging one transport with two torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-52 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Naval Dry Docks, Roosevelt Base was established near Los Angeles, California, United States. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Feb 1943
Abandoned German Marder III tank destroyer in North Africa, 9 Feb 1943, photo 1 of 2Abandoned German Marder III tank destroyer in North Africa, 9 Feb 1943, photo 2 of 2F2A-2 Buffalo fighter at rest, NACA Langley Research Center, Hampton Virginia, United States, 9 Feb 1943
10 Feb 1943
  • The German Central Construction Office (Bauleitung) reported that it could not meet the deadline for the construction of Crematorium II at Auschwitz Concentration Camp due to the fact that, of the 500 masons requested, only 30 were available. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Fw 190 aircraft over Rostov on Don, Russia, sharing the credit with other pilots. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Liberty ship Starr King was torpedoed by the Japanese submarine I-21, 150 miles east of Sydney, Australia. By the time that the Australian destroyer HMAS Warramunga arrived in the early afternoon, Starr King was awash from her bridge aft and her crew had abandoned ship, but they re-boarded when Warramunga tried to take the 7,176-ton vessel in tow. [AC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands to escort damaged destroyer Maikaze to Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty officially announced the loss of submarine HMS Utmost, sunk by Italian gunboat Groppo off Sicily, Italy on 25 Nov 1942. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 10 Feb 1943
Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton describing USS WahooBGen Westside T Larson, CO of Antisub Command in England, commends Capt Jack H Shaw, Navigator of B-24D Liberator “Tidewater Tillie,” at RAF St Eval, Cornwall, England after the aircraft sank a German U-Boat in the Bay of Biscay.
11 Feb 1943
  • Admiral Yamamoto transferred his flag from Yamato to Musashi at Truk. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Amon Göth was assigned to oversee the construction of the Plaszów labor camp in Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Dwight Eisenhower was selected to command the Allied forces in Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Liberty ship Starr King, while in tow by Australian destroyer HMAS Warramunga after receiving damage from an attack by Japanese submarine I-21 on the previous day, sank at 0230 hours. [AC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber piloted by Gerhard Weber and shared the credit for downing a Fw 190 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grampus departed Brisbane, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: The 243rd and 244th Marine Scouting/Bombing Squadrons (VMSB-243 & VMSB-244) arrived on board, aircraft based at Ewa. The officers and men departed for Ewa on the 26th of February. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Japanese 6th Field Kempeitai departed Hiroshima, Japan aboard transport Aden Maru for Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean Poland
  • A transport from the Westerbork Concentration Camp in the Netherlands arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland with 476 men and 708 women; 113 men and 66 women were registered, and the remaining 1,005 were killed in the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Ryan Aeronautical received a US Navy contract to build three piston-jet mix-powered prototype fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Feb 1943
Two ladies amidst a wrecked building, Newbury, Berkshire, England, 11 Feb 1943WAVES personnel posing with High Standard Model B pistols at an indoor range at Treasure Island Naval Base, California, United States, 11 Feb 1943WAVES personnel in quarters, Washington, DC, United States, 11 Feb 1943; L to R: Storekeeper 3rd Class H. Huse, Storekeeper 3rd Class H. Barr, Radioman 3rd Class W. Crilry, Seaman 2nd Class L. Gridley
12 Feb 1943
  • German engineering firm J. A. Topf und Söhne sent a letter to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland, confirming that it had received the order to build Crematoriums II and III at the camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Rostov, Russia. [TH]
  • German troops fell back from Krasnodar to the Kuban defensive positions in southern Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander Ralph Lynch, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pogy was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs stepped down as the commanding officer of German Armeegruppe B. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Poland
  • Jews from the Bialystok ghetto in Poland began to be deported to Treblinka Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Feb 1943
Corporal Larry Corletti, Private Murril Chapman, and Private Louis Robles practicing abandoning a M3 medium tank at Camp Polk, Louisiana, United States, 12 Feb 1943
13 Feb 1943
  • The Jews of Djerba, Tunisia were ordered to pay 10 million Francs to the local German occupation administration. [CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits crossed the Indian-Burmese border at Tonhe. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was named the commanding officer of German 46th Infantry Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • F4U-1 Corsair aircraft of US Marines squadron VMF-124 made their first operational debut, escorting a US Navy Catalina aircraft on a Dumbo search and rescue mission, 200 miles north of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Alabama arrived at Casco Bay, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
14 Feb 1943
  • German troops launched an offensive against American forces at and near Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits crossed the Chindwin River in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked and claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport in the western Pacific; she reported 3 torpedoes expended and 2 hits. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Poland
  • Commandant Rudolf Höss of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp issued Garrison Order No. 3 which instructed the SS guards to "maintain an appropriate distance from the prisoners" to order to prevent the spread of typhus which was rampant among the prisoners. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
15 Feb 1943
  • American forces in Tunisia launched a counterattack at Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. Though achieving some results, the Americans suffered heavy casualties and lost 46 medium tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US military established Commander, Aircraft, Solomons in the Solomon Islands with Rear Admiral Charles Mason as its head. It was to oversee all air operations in the region across Army, Navy, and Marine ground-based aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Colonel M. Z. Kiani took command of the Indian National Army. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Starting at 0340 hours, a total of 34 US B-17 bombers in four waves attacked Rabaul, New Britain, dropping 98,000 pounds of various bombs including flares, 300-pound demolition bombs, 100-pound daisy cutter bombs, 20-pound fragmentation bombs, and incendiary bombs, damaging aircraft and destroying food stores, oil drums, and ammunition dumps; three bombs were lost on this mission. [CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • Oberst Edgar Gläsche was relieved from his position as the commandant of the Oflag IV-C prisoners of war camp at Colditz Castle, Germany as he was transferred to Ukraine. He was to be replaced by Oberstleutnant Gerhard Prawitt. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British prisoner of war Lieutenant Michael Alexander, who had conjured up a relationship with General Harold Alexander, was transferred to the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany; he was placed in the same cell with Giles Romilly, Winston Churchill's nephew. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Fighting Squadron 11 (VF-11; Model F4F) arrived. Departed 18 Feb 1943. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wahoo completed her scheduled overhaul at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-53 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Feb 1943
San Francisco off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 15 Feb 1943
16 Feb 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland, and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered the Warsaw ghetto in Poland to be liquidated. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet forces recaptured Kharkov, Ukraine. [Main Article | TH]
  • Dr. Mildred Harnack-Fish, a member of German resistance, was beheaded at Plotzensee Prison near Charlottenburg, Germany. [TH]
  • Norwegian commandos parachuted into Norway, meeting up with the reconnaissance party near Telemark. [TH]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was promoted to the rank of the Marshal of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback departed Brisbane, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 17 US B-17 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain before dawn. [CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • USAAF heavy bombers attacked the German U-Boat pens at Saint-Nazaire, France. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was promoted to the rank of Generaloberst. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Masafumi was relieved as the commanding officer of Shokaku; the successor was unknown. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima stepped down as the commanding officer of carrier Shokaku and was named the chief aviation training officer at the Navy Ministry. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • The US submarine Amberjack was sunk by the Japanese torpedo boat Hiyodori off Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | AC]
Tunisia
  • German forces captured Sidi Bouzid and Sbeitla, Tunisia. The British 8th Army entered Tunisia, spearheaded by the 7th Armoured Division. [Main Article | CPC, AC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 16 Feb 1943
Abandon and knocked out T-34 medium tanks line the streets of Kharkov, Feb 1943USS Hoe underway off the east coast of the United States, 16 Feb 1943
17 Feb 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • American forces east of Kasserine Pass, Tunisia retreated into the pass. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lexington (Essex-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder became AOC-in-C Mediterranean Air Command with responsibility for all air operations. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo declared readiness for her next war patrol while at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Legendary Russian fighter pilot Lydia Litvak (The White Rose of Stalingrad) was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Feb 1943
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States and Song Meiling of the Republic of China, Washington DC, United States, 17 Feb 1943
18 Feb 1943
  • At the Berlin Sport Palace, Goebbels announced the implementation of total war in Germany, bringing women into the industrial war effort. In the same speech, he also called Jews "the root of evil in the world". [Main Article | TH]
  • The Gestapo arrested Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie, members of the White Rose, for opposing the Nazi German regime. They were tried for treason by Judge Roland Freisler, found guilty, and executed in Stadelheim Prison in Munich as traitors on 22 Feb 1943. [CPC]
  • 1,220 Polish Jews, 860 of whom children, arrived at the British Palestine after traveling through Russia, Iran, and India. They had to travel to Palestine by sea via India due to Iraq's refusal to allow the group to enter its borders. [CPC]
  • Song Meiling addressed the House of Representatives of the United States Congress. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel submitted a plan to Albert Kesselring and the Italian High Command for attacking the Americans guarding the Tunisian-Algerian border. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands to escort transport Gokoku Maru to Gasmata, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Northwest African Air Forces (NWAAF) commanded by Major General Carl A. Spaatz came into existence under the Allied Mediterranean Air Command. [Main Article | AC]
France
  • Jean de Vienne was raised at Toulon, France and pressed into Italian Navy service under the new name FR.11. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Fighting Squadron 11 (VF-11; Model F4F) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yuzuki departed Yokosuka, Japan for the Central Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Down to only 13 flyable P-40 fighters, USAAF 33rd Fighter Group was withdrawn from Telepte Airfield in Tunisia. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In the British House of Commons 121 Ministers of Parliament (97 Labour members and including former prime minister David Lloyd George in his last ever vote in the House) condemned the Government for its failure to back the Beveridge Report. [AC]
United States
  • The construction for a large electromagnetic separation plant for enriching uranium, codenamed Y-12, began construction at Manhattan Project's Oak Ridge site in Tennessee, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • During a test flight from Renton near Seattle, Washington, United States a serious engine fire developed in the second XB-29 prototype aircraft. Test pilot Eddie Allen tried desperately to get back to the airfield but the huge bomber crashed into a packing plant killing the entire crew and a number of civilian workers in the building. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Feb 1943
Song Meiling addressing the House of Representatives of the United States Congress, 18 Feb 1943, photo 1 of 2Song Meiling addressing the House of Representatives of the United States Congress, 18 Feb 1943, photo 2 of 2
19 Feb 1943
  • Rommel launched a surprise counter-attack at Kasserine Pass, Tunisia, overwhelming the fresh but inexperienced Americans. [Main Article | AC]
  • German Army Group South began a counteroffensive toward Kharkov, Ukraine and Belgorod, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked a Japanese transport and an escorting destroyer in the western Pacific; she claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired; four torpedoes were fired at the destroyer without any hits. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Photo(s) dated 19 Feb 1943
Jorge Vargas, President of the Japanese-sponsored Philippine Executive Commission, speaking in public with his daughter, 19 Feb 1943American Red Cross assistant field director Herbert M. Sifford grinding coffee in a camp near Tebessa, Tunisia before heading out to meet soldiers, 19 Feb 1943British PIAT team on exercise at a firing range in Tunisia, 19 Feb 1943
20 Feb 1943
  • US carrier aircraft attacked the Japanese naval base at Rabaul, New Britain. [TH]
  • American movie studio executives agreed to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies. [CPC]
  • German and Italian troops defeated American troops at Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, but the force attacking Sbiba Pass was met with strong resistance. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-133 foundered and sank at Coos Bay, Oregon, United States. [AC]
  • The Germans made the first use of their new 15 cm Nebelwerfer 41 rocket launcher against the western allies at Kasserine Pass in Tunisia. [Main Article | AC]
  • Hubert Lanz stepped down as the commanding officer of Armeeabteilung Lanz. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • A special section was established at the Hinzert Concentration Camp for Polish civilian workers who fraternized with German women. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tunny arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Commander Albert Burrows was named the commanding officer of USS Whale, relieving Lieutenant Commander John Azer. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Feb 1943
General Homma and Jorge Vargas, 20 Feb 1943General Pavel Rybalko in Kharkov, Ukraine, late Feb 1943
21 Feb 1943
  • The Red Army of the Soviet Union celebrated its 25th Birthday. [TH]
  • Axis troops pushed American troops back toward Thala, Tunisia and threatened to cross the Tunisian-Algerian border. By this date, the Americans had lost 100 tanks, 55 heavy guns, and 80 trucks. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Russell Islands, US Marine Corps 3rd Raider Battalion landed at Pepesala Point, Pavavu while US Army 43rd Infantry Division landed on Banika. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Gasmata, New Britain, Bismarck Islands to escort transport Gokoku Maru to Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The German submarine U-623 was sunk by a torpedo from RAF Coastal Command Liberator "T" aircraft of No. 120 Squadron flown by Squadron Leader Isted in the Atlantic Ocean. [AC]
Australia
  • USS Greenling departed Brisbane, Australia with Australians and New Britain natives on board; they were to serve on New Britain as coast watchers. [Main Article | CPC]
French Morocco
  • USAAF 33rd Fighter Group and its remaining 13 flyable P-40 fighters arrived in the rear area at Agadir, Morocco. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • US Marine Aircraft Group 21 was transferred to USS Nassau at Ford island (with 54 Wildcat fighters) for further transfer to the South Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo was drydocked at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Red Army's 25th anniversary was celebrated in London, England, United Kingdom with a massed gathering at the Albert Hall. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden represented the government while other notable celebraties present included Dame Sybil Thorndike and Commander Ralph Richardson RNVR. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • Submarine Bluefish was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by the wife of Robert Y. Menzie. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Feb 1943
Launching of submarine Bluefish, Croton, Connecticut, United States, 21 Feb 1943Submarine Bluefish shortly after launching, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 21 Feb 1943
22 Feb 1943
  • German Armeegruppe Mitte launched an offensive between the Dneiper and Donets Rivers in southern Russia. [TH]
  • Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie, members of the White Rose, were executed in Stadelheim Prison in Munich, Germany. [CPC]
  • Air Marshall Sir Arthur Harris was appointed chief of RAF Bomber Command with a new remit: attempting to hit specific military and industrial targets was, in the main, to be abandoned in favour of the most densely built-up areas of German cities. The area bombing directive essentially said that if the RAF cannot destroyed the factories it should destroy the homes and the morale of the workforce. [Main Article | AC]
  • Norwegian Minister President Vidkun Quisling ordered the mobilization of 35,000 men for construction of roads, railways, and military-related facilities. Two Lutheran church leaders who protested were arrested and imprisoned in the Grini Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bulgaria agreed to a German demand to deport 11,000 Jews from 23 communities in Thrace and Macedonia, occupied areas of Yugoslavia and Greece. They were sent to Treblinka Concentration Camp where many of them died subsequently. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill was said to be "on the mend" after a severe fever. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied troops pre-emptively struck the Axis attacking forces near Thala, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits reached Tonmakeng, Burma. Orde Wingate ordered an attack on a nearby Japanese garrison at Sinlamaung. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-606 sank British merchant ship Empire Redshank in the North Atlantic; 47 survivors were picked up by HMCS Trillium. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • The North American Mitchell II aircraft made its combat debut with the RAF when No. 98 and No. 180 Squadrons operating from Foulsham, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom attacked oil installations at Terneuzen in Belgium. [AC]
Japan United States
  • Iowa was commissioned into service at Brooklyn Naval Shipyard in New York, United States with Captain John L. McCrea in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1943
Commissioning ceremony of USS Iowa, New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 22 Feb 1943
23 Feb 1943
  • US carrier aircraft attacked Japanese installations in the Mariana Islands. [TH]
  • Erwin Rommel ordered his forces in western Tunisia to move east to avoid being attacked on both sides. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German U-boats using acoustic homing torpedoes sank seven tankers in a North Atlantic convoy. [AC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova was awarded the Order of the Red Star. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMCS Trillium rescued 58 survivors of US merchant ship Chattanooga City and 53 survivors of US merchant ship Expositor, both of which were sunk by German submarine U-606 in the North Atlantic on the previous day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-603 sank Norwegian merchant ship Glittre in the North Atlantic. [CPC]
  • HMS Dianthus rescued 34 survivors of Norwegian merchant ship Glittre in the Atlantic Ocean. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak was awarded the Order of the Red Star and was promoted to the rank of junior lieutenant. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese Navy Yokosuka 7th Special Naval Landing Force disembarked 1,807 men at Kolombangara, New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Armory turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wahoo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Feb 1943
  • The US 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), also known as "Merrill's Marauders", began their campaign in northern Burma. [TH]
  • On Ambon Island in Eastern Indonesia, the Japanese beheaded 132 Australian and Dutch prisoners. [AC]
  • Omar Bradley arrived in French Algeria. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa began her shakedown cruise in Chesapeake Bay on the east coast of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • USS Tunny arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Paving of the original land plane runways completed. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 24 Feb 1943
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States and Song Meiling of the Republic of China, Washington DC, United States, 24 Feb 1943, photo 1 of 2First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States and Song Meiling of the Republic of China, Washington DC, United States, 24 Feb 1943, photo 2 of 2
25 Feb 1943
  • Battle for Kasserine Pass in Tunisia closed with the Americans, inexperienced and poorly led, suffered a major defeat. Nevertheless, the Americans would regain the pass at the end of the battle as overall strategy dictated the Axis forces to withdraw back into northern Tunisia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Princeton was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur issued his campaign plan for the Southwest Pacific while arguing that a campaign through the Central Pacific would be "time consuming and expensive in our naval power and shipping." [Main Article | CPC]
  • After not being able to locate Sinlamaung, Burma in the past three days, the Chindit unit assigned to attack the Japanese garrison there finally found the village. They found the Japanese garrison had already departed, however. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit fired five torpedoes at a Japanese transport off Japan; all four torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Copahee departed San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 11th Airborne Division was activated at Camp Mackall, North Carolina, United States under the command of Major General Joseph M. Swing. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Feb 1943
An American M3 Grant tank near Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, late Feb 1943
26 Feb 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Saipan, departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The German government issued the order that Eastern European workers who were originally sent to concentration camps for a temporary basis were now to be held at the camps indefinitely. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Argonaut was struck from the US Naval Vessel Register. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Burma, Orde Wingate lectured his officers about the British practice of worshipping gallant losers, citing the celebration of those who succeeded in the Dunkirk evacuation without placing blame on the same leaders whose failures made such an evacuation necessary. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney arrived at Port Moresby, Australian Papua to personally take charge of organizing an attack on Japanese convoy Operation 81; this intelligence was provided by cryptanalysis. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • USAAF heavy bombers made a daylight attack on Wilhelmshaven, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Officers and men of the 243rd and 244th Marine Scouting/Bombing Squadrons (VMSB-243 & VMSB-244) departed for Ewa. [Main Article | DS]
Poland
  • The first transport of Roma and Sinti arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland; they were assigned to the BIIe sector at Auschwitz II-Birkenau and housed in what was called the "Gypsy camp" (Zigeunerlager); this sector would eventually grow to house 23,000 Sinti and Roma people; 20,000 of them would not survive the Holocaust. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The notorious SS Obergruppenfuhrer Theodor Eicke, formerly Inspector of Concentration Camps and now commanding the infamous Toenkopf Division, was killed when his aircraft was shot down about one kilometer southwest of Artelnoje in Ukraine. [AC]
United Kingdom
  • The British government authorized the use of the new water-skipping "Upkeep" bomb against German dams. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Feb 1943
American troops marching through the Kasserine Pass, Tunisia, 26 Feb 1943German Tiger I heavy tank and another vehicle on a road in Tunisia, 26 Feb 1943
27 Feb 1943
  • Jews in Berlin, Germany who were previously allowed to remain there due to their positions in the armaments industry were deported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Meanwhile, the Rosenstrasse protest began in Berlin by women who had married Jewish men. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire stepped down as the commanding officer of German 46th Infantry Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-53 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Midway Atoll, refueled, and then departed for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Feb 1943
Three A-20B Havoc attack aircraft, probably of 47th Bomb Group, US 12th Air Force, over Tunisia, 27 Feb 1943HMS Cumberland (left), HMS Obdurate (second from left), HMS Belfast (third from left), and HMS Faulknor (right) in the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia, 27-28 Feb 1943
28 Feb 1943
  • Norwegian paratroopers sabotaged the Norsk Hydro heavy water production plant at Telemark, Norway, thereby depriving German scientists of vital raw materials in their atomic weapons research program. [AC]
  • Construction began on the first full-scale plutonium production reactor in the world at Hanford, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oyodo was commissioned into service. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Admiral Hipper was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur's staff completed a plan calling for a more deliberate advance in the Southwest Pacific. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese convoy Operation 81 assembled at Rabaul, New Britain and readied for departure scheduled for the next day. The convoy was consisted of 6 transports (carrying 6,000 troops and supplies), 1 old navy supply ship (carrying 600 Special Naval Landing Force troops), and 1 small freighter (carrying 1,650 drums of aviation gas); it was escorted by 8 destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane and a Blenheim aircraft over Akyab (now Sittwe), Burma, increasing his score to 23. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Werner Ehrhardt was named the commanding officer of German cruiser Prinz Eugen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 712 RAF aircraft (457 Lancaster, 252 Halifax, and 3 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, Germany; 20 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Poland
  • A mistake in record-keeping at Auschwitz Concentration Camp caused registration information of the women's camp in Birkenau to be in a state of confusion. All female prisoners of Birkenau camp were gathered for a prolonged roll call which lasted the entire day to re-confirm camp records; at the same time, a selection also took place among the women, which condemned some of them to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Ray was launched at Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States, sponsored by the wife of S. C. Loomis. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Henry Arnold suffered his first heart attack and was hospitalized at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington DC, United States for several days. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 28 Feb 1943
Das Reich Panzers entering the outskirts of Kharkov, Feb-Mar 1943Light cruiser Oyodo at Kure Naval Arsenal, Japan, circa 28 Feb 1943; note the 45m large catapult at stern which was later removed during conversion
1 Mar 1943
  • U-530 was assigned to the 10. Unterseebootflottille (10th Submarine Flotilla). [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cruiser Köln was taken out of service and would remain so for one year. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops began falling back from the Rzhev area in Russia. [TH]
  • Heinz Guderian was appointed Inspector-General of Armoured Troops. [Main Article | AC]
  • US Marine Corps established its first medium bomber squadron, Marine Bomber Squadron 413, at Cherry Point, North Carolina, United States. [CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits reached Zibyutaungdan, Burma and began to move into the Mu valley. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine ShCh-205 was awarded guard ship status. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Fw 190 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Japanese convoy Operation 81 (consisted of 6 transports, 1 old navy supply ship, and 1 small freighter, carrying a total of 6,600 troops) departed Rabaul, New Britain. The convoy was discovered by Lieutenant Walt Higgins' B-24 patrol along the northern coast of New Britain at 1500 hours; 7 B-17 bombers were dispatched to attack, but they failed to locate the convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Greenling dropped off Australian and New Britain natives at Cape Orford, New Britain. They were to serve as coast watchers. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • George Kenney and Richard Sutherland met with Chester Nimitz in Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215; Model F4U-1) on board. Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222; Model F4U-1) on board. Aviation Operations bldg. usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-53 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia; it was consisted of 30 freighters and was escorted by 31 warships. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The American Jewish Congress sponsored an event at the Madison Square Garden in New York City where 20,000 people gathered and called for Allied and neutral nations to provide sanctuaries for refugees and called for the United States and United Kingdom (ie. the British mandate of Palestine) to relax immigration restrictions. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1943
BT-13 on a runway at Minter Field, California, United States, 1 Mar 1943Troops of Soviet 144th Division on the move northwest of Vyazma, Russia, 1 Mar 1943; note ZiS-3 field gun barely visible, being towed by the horses
2 Mar 1943

Australian New Guinea
  • After nightfall, USS Greenling unloaded supplies off Cape Orford, New Britain for newly deployed coast watchers. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits marched 20 miles along a road northeast of Pinlebu, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", claimed a Hurricane fighter over Burma, but the downing was not confirmed. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels' diary entry on this date noted that "we are now definitely pushing the Jews out of Berlin" and expressing that many Jews were still in hiding in the city that needed to be found and deported. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • In Battle of the Bismarck Sea, US and Australian fighters and short range bombers attacked Lae, Australian Papua while US B-17 bombers located and attacked the Japanese convoy Operation 81 at 0930 hours. The first attack on the convoy sank Kyokusei Maru. In the afternoon, another wave of bombers attacked the convoy, damaging Teiyo Maru. After dark, a Catalina aircraft of Australian 11 Squadron maintained contact with the convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze rescued survivors of transport Kyokusei Maru in the Bismarck Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Permit sank a Japanese transport off Iwate, Japan, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • At 2140 hours, Auschwitz Concentration Camp commandant Rudolf Höss was informed that 15,000 Berlin Jews were being transported to the camp; he ordered that the prisoners must be kept in good health during the journey so that they could work at Auschwitz. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The Soviet 3rd Tank Army was destroyed near Kharkov, Ukraine which had only just been recaptured by the Soviets two weeks prior. [Main Article | AC]
3 Mar 1943
  • Hitler survived an assassination attempt. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops recaptured Rzhev, Russia. [TH]
  • The No. 4 Column of the Northern Group of the Chindits was ambushed and was nearly annihilated; Orde Wingate ordered the column to return to India. Meanwhile, the two columns of the Southern Group were ambushed by Japanese troops in the Mu valley after dark; both columns lost much equipment, while one of them was nearly wiped out. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze was attacked by US aircraft in the Bismarck Sea but sustained no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Battle of the Bismarck Sea: In the morning, 7 Australian 100 Squadron Beaufort aircraft took off from an airfield on the coast of Milne Bay, Australian Papua to attack the Japanese convoy Operation 81; only 2 of them would reach the convoy due to poor weather, and the attack would cause no damage. Shortly after, more than 100 aircraft took off from Port Moresby, Milne Bay area, and the new Dobodura airfield, assembled over Cape Ward Hunt, and attacked the convoy beginning at 0955 hours; 7 transports and 3 destroyers were sunk or damaged by a combination of strafing, bombing, and skip-bombing. Rear Admiral Yutaka Kimura and Lieutenant General Hatazo Adachi had to be rescued off of damaged destroyers Shikinami and Tokitsukaze, respectively. In the late morning, several waves of bombers attacked the convoy; when one US B-17 bomber, "Double Trouble" was fatally damaged, the crew parachuted, and Japanese fighters shot at the parachutes, which was observed by the other Americans. In the mid-afternoon, B-25 bombers and B-17 bombers attacked the convoy, fatally damaged destroyer Arashio; after expending their bombs, the Americans strafed many Japanese survivors floating in the water. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • He Yingqin arrived in Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • USS Nassau arrived at Espiritu Santo in the morning with US Marine Aircraft Group 21 and its 54 F4F Wildcat fighters aboard. [CPC]
Poland
  • The 32nd transport from Berlin, Germany arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland in two trains, totaling 1,758 German Jews and 158 Norwegian Jews. 535 men and 145 women were registered into the camp from the first train, and 50 and 164 were registered from the second train. The remaining 1,022 were killed in gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British anti-aircraft gunners used a new rocket projectile for the first time during an air raid on London, England, United Kingdom. Civilians descending into a new tube station at Bethnal Green to take cover became panicked by the unfamiliar sound and, believing they were being bombed, stampeded down the stairs. In the crush someone stumbled causing others to fall. Those behind, not being able to see what was happening below continued to press forward, and soon 300 bodies were piled up. Tragically 173 people were crushed to death or suffocated. For the sake of public morale, news of the tragedy was suppressed for another two years. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Snook departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Mar 1943
African-American boxers of US Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 3 Mar 1943High level bombing of a Japanese ship as viewed from a B-25 bomber of 13th Bomb Squadron, USAAF 3rd Bomb Group during the Battle of Bismarck Sea, 2-4 Mar 1943Aerial view of a Japanese ship from a low-flying B-25 bomber of 90th Squadron of USAAF 3rd Bomb Group during Battle of Bismarck Sea, 2-4 Mar 1943
4 Mar 1943
  • Richard Saul became the head of the British Air Headquarters Air Defences Eastern Mediterranean. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Battle of the Bismarck Sea continued as US bombers sank already fatally damaged and abandoned destroyer Tokitsukaze and sank 6 landing barges that had arrived to rescue survivors of ships sunk on the previous day. After expending their bomb loads, American air crews strafed Japanese survivors floating in the sea. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • The Bulgarian government, in an attempt to protect Bulgarian Jews, fulfilled German pressure by deporting about 4,000 Greek Jews from the occupied territory of Thrace. These Greek Jews were eventually sent to concentration camps in Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bell was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • George Kenney departed Australia for Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Post Office turned over to station. British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 from HMS Victorious ("USS Robin"), arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese transport off Iwate, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish sanked a Japanese ships in the East China Sea, hitting her with 3 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Colonel William Scobey, executive to the US Assistant Secretary of War, visited Jerome War Relocation Center in Arkansas, United States to recruit volunteers among the Japanese-American internees for combat duty. Of 1,579 eligible men, only 31 volunteered. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Mar 1943
US 5th Air Force aircraft bracketed a Japanese transport with bombs, Battle of the Bismarck Sea, 4 Mar 1943Japanese ship burning after being attacked by the US 5th Air Force, Battle of Bismarck Sea, 4 Mar 1943Soviet anti-tank gunners with PTRD-41 rifles marching near Vyazma, Russia, 4 Mar 1943Aerial view of USS Alabama in the Atlantic Ocean, 4 Mar 1943
See all photos dated 4 Mar 1943
5 Mar 1943
  • Tirpitz completed post-refitting trials. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Awa Maru was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The USAAF 14th Air Force was established in China. [CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US B-25 bombers machine gunned a cluster of life rafts occupied by Japanese survivors of ships sunken during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank freighter Executive (9 were killed, 51 survived) and damaged freighter Richard Bland of Allied convoy RA-53 at 0924 hours; shortly after, 12 German He 111 aircraft attacked the convoy, but none of them were able to break through the escort screen. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • British bombers attacked Krupp works at Essen, Germany; this was the Allies' first attack on this industrial region, which started what the Allies called the Battle of the Ruhr. This attack also saw the first successful use of Oboe, an aerial blind bombing targeting system. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Additional portions of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Poland
  • During a test run of Crematorium II at Auschwitz-Birkenau, it took 40 minutes to cremate 45 bodies. An observing commission, which included engineers from the firm J. A. Topf and Sons and SS officers, complained that the amount of time it took was too long. They instructed the prisoners who operated the crematorium to keep the generators running for several days to increase the temperature. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The first Gloster Meteor (DG206) aircraft made its maiden flight. The Meteor would go on to become the only turbojet powered Allied aircraft operational during the war. [Main Article | AC]
6 Mar 1943
  • Axis forces launched a failed pre-emptive strike, Operation Capri, in southeastern Tunisia near Medenine. The operation was canceled by the evening as Rommel concluded that his forces did not have the initiative of battle. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels called off a round of deportation of Jews from Berlin because of public protests at a Jewish home for the aged. He secretly ordered the deportations to resume after a few weeks when public sentiments would have eased off a little. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Croatian Catholic Archbishop Stepinac protested the killing of Jews married to Christians to little effect. [CPC]
  • George Patton was named the commanding officer of the US II Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued survivors of sunken Kiriha Maru and assisted Mitto Maru, which was damaged in the same attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German 71st Werfer Regiment went into action in support of Field Marshal Rommel's disastrous tank attack on the Eighth Army at Medenine in Tunisia. Personally brought forward by Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) Count Claus von Stauffenberg, later organizer of the 1944 bomb plot against Hitler, the regiment's three batteries were rapidly knocked out by Allied fighter bombers-the dust thrown up by the launching of the Nebelwerfer rockets having revealed their camouflaged positions. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Chindits reached Wuntho-Indaw railway in Burma near Nankan and Pinlebu. They fought off the Japanese units guarding key points of the railway and proceeded to destroy tracks, blasted cliffs to cause rocks to fall onto tracks, mined rail bridges, and destroyed other rail bridges. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light cruiser Astoria was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin was created a Marshal of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | AC]
  • Kanichi Kashimura was shot down by a F4F fighter over the Russell Islands in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 49th Fighter Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese aircraft attacked American positions at the Russell Islands in the Solomon Islands for the first time; these positions were manned by the US Marine Corps 11th Defense Battalion. Meanwhile, US warship bombarded the Vila-Munda area in New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyers Maikaze and Hamakaze and began repairing destroyer Kawakaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish hit a Japanese ship in the East China Sea with 3 of 7 torpedoes fired; she was lightly damaged by the subsequent depth charging.27,122.5 [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Destroyer Luce was launched at Bethlehem Mariners Harbor, Staten Island, New York, United States. She was sponsored by the wife of Stephen B. Luce, Jr., who was the grandson of Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce, who in turn was the namesake of the ship. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1943
Wildcat aboard Long Island, ready for launching, 6 Mar 1943Map depicting the Battle of Medenine in Tunisia, 6 Mar 1943Launching ceremony of destroyer Luce, Bethlehem Mariners Harbor, Staten Island, New York, United States, 6 Mar 1943
7 Mar 1943
  • Rearguard of the retreating Operation Capri forces engaged pursuing Allied forces in small-scale combat south of the Mareth Line in Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur issued a communiqué to USAAF squadrons in the South Pacific to congratulate them for the overwhelming success at the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Liberty Ship J. L. M. Curry of Allied convoy RA-53 broke in two in a storm. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 4,500 Croatian Jews were arrested; they would be deported to Auschwitz between 7 and 13 Mar 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Runner arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank a Japanese sampan off Hakkaido, Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Roma and Sinti people from occupied Poland and Soviet Union began arriving at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • US Navy 10th Construction Battalion arrived at Canton, Phoenix Islands. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Mar 1943
German Sturmführer Zwiebel posing with an official automobile in Riga, Latvia, 7 Mar 19431943 Wellesley College poster for Song Meiling speechSubmarines Bonefish, Cod, Cero, and Corvina under construction at the Electric Boat Co. yard, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 7 Mar 1943
8 Mar 1943
  • American forces were attacked by Japanese troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The American ban on sliced bread, originally intended on saving wrapping paper but was found to be ineffective, was lifted. [CPC]
  • In Germany, over 1,000 non-Jewish wives of deported Jewish men continued to protest in Berlin. Propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels released 1,500 Jewish men to stabilize the situation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied forces pursuing the retreating Operation Capri forces gave up the chase due to poor weather in southeastern Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Henry Arnold agreed to give Claire Chennault an air force independent from the USAAF, but maintained Chennault's position underneath Joseph Stilwell. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • A lone Catalina flying boat of the US 53rd Patrol Squadron returning from a patrol spotted the German submarine U-156 east of Barbados. The submarine was on the surface with her crew sunbathing and fishing on deck, and with hatches open. The lookouts failed to spot the aircraft as it delivered its attack at sea level. Three bombs straddled the submarine which could soon be seen to be sinking fast. A rubber dinghy was dropped but when rescuers arrived no trace could be found of survivors. [AC]
France
  • US bombers escorted by RAF Spitfires attacked the U-Boat supply centre of Rennes and Rouen in France. The accompanying Spitfire fighters claimed the destruction of 25 enemy fighters. [Main Article | AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit attacked a Japanese convoy between Honshu island and Hokkaido island consisted of nine merchant ships and two escort vessels, sinking merchant ship Hisashima Maru, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold arrived in Kansas, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Mar 1943
A Jeep brought litters to the B-17F Fortress “The Old Man” of the 65th Bomb Squadron shortly after landing at Dobodura, New Guinea, Mar 8 1943. The B-17 was attacked by 13 Japanese fighters during a photo-recon mission over Gasmata, New BritainRighting Oklahoma during her salvage at Pearl Harbor, 8 Mar 1943
9 Mar 1943
  • Erwin Rommel departed North Africa on account of health reasons. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Boarding Party: SOE deployed the Calcutta Light Horse regiment to attack the German ship Ehrenfels in the neutral Portuguese port of Goa. This covert operation was not revealed to the public until 1978. [CPC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Bf 109 fighter, sharing the credit with other pilots. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-586 sank US merchant ship Puerto Rican of Allied convoy RA-53 northeast of Iceland; 61 were killed, 1 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • SS Oberstumbannfuhrer Joachim Peiper, formerly Heinrich Himmler's adjutant, was awarded the Knights Cross for outstanding leadership and bravery on the Eastern Front. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Japanese Navy Kure 6th Special Naval Landing Force landed between Bairoko and Enogai and near the Munda airfield on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Minoru Ota, commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 8th Combined Special Landing Force, was given responsibility for the defense of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish damaged a Japanese transport in the East China Sea with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • 40,000 people attended an event at Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States organized by Peter Bergson to raise awareness of the Nazi extermination of European Jews. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Mar 1943
Launching of USS Corvina at the Electric Boat Company yard, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 9 Mar 1943
10 Mar 1943
  • The Japanese Navy removed Tatsuta Maru from the Navy List. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Claire Chennault was promoted to the rank of major general and placed in command of the newly formed USAAF 14th Air Force in China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Axis forces participating in the failed Operation Capri attack in southeastern Tunisia fell back to the Mareth Line. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German Gestapo organization sent 11 Polish men and 11 Polish women from Bielsko, Poland to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Teruhiko Miyoshi was named the commanding officer of battleship Mutsu. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Daly was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The No. 1 Column of the Northern Group of the Chindits destroyed the rail bridge at Kyaikthin, Burma and crossed the Irrawaddy River with the help of locals. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank freighter Richard Bland of Allied convoy RA-53; 61 were killed, 1 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived in waters off Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Group Captain Sidney Bufton replaced Air Commodore J. W. Baker as the Director of Bomber Operations at the Air Ministry in London, England, United Kingdom. [AC]
United States
  • George Kenney and Richard Sutherland arrived at Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Mar 1943
The launch of submarine Apogon, 10 Mar 1943Recruit of Indianapolis on
11 Mar 1943
  • Tirpitz departed Trondheim, Norway. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel received Diamonds to his Knight's Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German RSHA organization ordered that all Jews in the criminal rehabilitation system were to be sent to Auschwitz or Majdanek concentration camps, where they would remain indefinitely, after they served their sentences. Meanwhile, Bulgarian troops arrested 7,100 Macedonian Jews and deported them to the new Skopje Concentration Camp in Yugoslavia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Goebbels ordered the SS and Security Police to round up the 4,000 Berlin Jews who had escaped Operation Factory at the end of Feb 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Secretary of State for Air Sir Archibald Sinclair spoke at the House of Commons, noting that "[t]he past 12 months have been marked by striking changes in the conduct and effectiveness of... the pulverising offensive of Bomber Command.... The monster raids saturating the enemy's active and passive systems of defence is one example. A second example is the success achieved in finding, marking and illuminating targets which has contributed enormously to the recent triumphs of Bomber Command.... Praise the men who are striking these hammer blows at German might... fearless young men flying through storm and cold and darkness higher than Mont Blanc, through the flak, hunted by the night fighters, but coolly and skillfully identifying and bombing these targets." Some Members of Parliament, such as Mr. Montague, representing West Islington, voiced concerns for the "wanton destruction" delivered by the Bomber Command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty officially announced the loss of submarine P311, suspected to have been lost to a mine in the Mediterranean Sea on 8 Jan 1943. [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Akizuki and began repairing auxiliary aircraft transport Keiyo Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS S-31 departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo arrived in waters between southern Japan and Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its first flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia (the fourth flight of the design), reaching the altitude of 4,000 meters. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The royalist Yugoslavian government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom reported that German forces had executed 1,250 Serbians in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
United States
  • The Pacific Military Conference began at the Munitions Building in Washington DC, United States. Henry Arnold, George Marshall, Ernest King, William Leahy, Geroge Kenney, and Richard Sutherland were among the attendees of the opening meeting. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The request for the posthumous award of the Medal of Honor for Brigadier General Kenneth Walker was approved. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Mar 1943
A female Japanese-American stenographer at the Jerome Relocation Center, Arkansas, United States, 11 Mar 1943
12 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokohoma for her 11th voyage with the Japanese Navy. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Tirpitz arrived at Bogen near Narvik, Norway. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops evacuated Vyazma, Russia. [TH]
  • German occupation authorities in the Netherlands ordered Jews residing in eight of the country's eleven provinces to be deported to the Vught (Hertogenbosch) Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian workers conducted a strike. [CPC]
  • German and Soviet troops engaged in heavy fighting at Kharkov, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Manton Eddy gave George Patton the unofficial news of Patton's promotion to the temporary rank of lieutenant general. The promotion would be approved by the United States Senate within a few days. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • RAF bombers attacked Krupp steel plants in Essen, Germany, causing heavy damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The company Ostindustrie GmbH established by the German SS organization; it was to act as the holding company for Jewish businesses in Lublin, Poland taken over by the SS. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Richard Sutherland presented the Elkton II plan for operations in the Pacific to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States. The plan was treated coldly by the JCS, as it did not wish to devote additional resources to the Pacific theater of war. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Mar 1943
PBM-3C Mariner aircraft of US Navy patrol squadron VP-203 at Naval Air Station Isla Grande, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 12 Mar 1943Japanese-American girl walking in rain, Jerome Relocation Center, Denson, Arkansas, United States, 12 Mar 1943A string quartet practing, Jerome Relocation Center for Japanese-Americans, Jerome, Arkansas, United States, 12 Mar 1943; left to right: Yutaka Motasuda, Seichi One, John Yamashita, and Joe Iwasaki
13 Mar 1943
  • I-168 departed Paramushiro, Kurile Islands for the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The Krakow Ghetto in Poland was liquidated. [CPC]
  • A celebration took place at the main rail station of Krakow, Poland, featuring the 2,000th transport of workers from Poland to Germany; the one-millionth forced laborer was "honored". [CPC]
  • In Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Japanese troops ended their assault on American forces at Hill 700. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese troops pushed Japanese troops back across the Yangtze River. [CPC]
  • A plot to assassinate Hitler during a flight from Smolensk, Russia to Rastenburg, Germany failed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Burma, the No. 3 Column of the Northern Group of the Chindits was attacked by Japanese forces whose conservative probing attacks failed to eliminate the numerically inferior Allied irregulars. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler visited Günther von Kluge's field headquarters. Anti-Hitler conspirators spoke to Kluge beforehand, but they could not convince Kluge to take action to arrest Hitler. Without Kluge's help, the conspirators acted on their own, sneaking fused bombs disguised as brandy bottles aboard Hitler's aircraft, which took off for Berlin, Germany after dinner. The bombs failed to explode, and the conspirators had to take the risk, successfully, to retrieve the bottles before they were discovered. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pilots of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands by passenger aircraft. [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese cargo ship Kosei Maru off Tokara Islands, Japan in the East China Sea, hitting her with 3 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grayback fired six torpedoes at a Japanese transport and a destroyer in the South Pacific, sinking the transport with two hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese ship in the East China Sea; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Richard Sutherland once again presented the Elkton II plan for operations in the Pacific to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States. The plan continued to be treated coldly by the JCS, as it did not wish to devote additional resources to the Pacific theater of war. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Mar 1943
African-American US Navy S2c Carlton J. Dearborn building balsam model of Stuka dive bomber, US Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, US, 13 Mar 1943; model to be used in aircraft id training
14 Mar 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • The advance echelon of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Banika Island, Russell Islands, Solomon Islands. [CPC]
  • F4F Wildcat fighters of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands one day after the arrival of their pilots; some aicraft were lost en route or during landing due to poor weather. [CPC]
Germany
  • Aircraft of the US 8th Air Force bombed Kiel, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired three torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the South Pacific; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its second flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-53 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first production Hurricane Mk. IV fighter, KX405, was completed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • George Kenney had lunch with publishers Henry and Clare Boothe Luce in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Mar 1943
  • Greek Jews from Salonika and Thrace were deported to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Royal Navy launched the first of the X-class midget submarines. [CPC]
  • Chindits under British Major Calvert and Major Fergusson crossed the Irrawaddy River in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germany and Finland signed a trade agreement. [CPC]
  • Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci sank Canadian Pacific liner Empress of Canada off of the coast of Sierra Leone. [CPC]
  • The US submarine Triton was sunk by Japanese destroyers whilst on patrol off the Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | AC]
  • The US 1st Marine Raider Regiment was organized for operations on Dragons Peninsula, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps 10th Defense Battalion began to arrive in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands to relieve the 11th Defense Battalion. [CPC]
  • 36 P-40L fighters of USAAF 33rd Fighter Group, while escorting a flight of B-25 bombers en route to Mezzouna, Tunisia, shot down 3 of a group of German fighters attempting to intercept. [CPC]
Canada
  • USS S-28 began conducting sound tests and anti-submarine warfare exercises with the Canadian Navy and Air Force at Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The Japanese Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo, Japan issued the Joint Army-Navy Central Agreement on Southeast Asia Operation order, which was largely a defensive plan with the only offensive element being the re-establishment of air superiority over Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Keizaburo Okano was named the commanding officer of Irako. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of Shamrock Bay was laid down by the firm Kaiser Shipyards in Vancouver, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Kenney had dinner with Arde Bulova, chairman of the watch making firm bearing his family name, in Washington DC, United States. Kenney convinced Bulova to donate 100 gold watches to award outstanding aircraft crew chiefs, who did not qualify for medals. Bulova would also give Kenney a watch of his own, with inscription "To Buccaneer, as a token of my admiration and respect, Arde Bulova". [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Mar 1943
Texas off Norfolk, Virginia, 15 Mar 1943US personnel in the Pacific check their map on a Willys MB slat-grille Jeep, 15 Mar 1943
16 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Saipan, departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 27 Allied ships were destroyed in the Atlantic Ocean on this date, 8 of which were of Allied convoy HX-229. [TH]
  • Joseph Stalin demanded the western Allies to open a second front in Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operational trials of the 37-mm Flak gun-armed German Ju-87G anti-tank aircraft began on the Eastern Front. [Main Article | AC]
  • HMS Campobello was abandoned and scuttled after suffering irreparable leaks whilst engaged in escorting convoy SC-122. [AC]
  • USS Permit completed her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Photo(s) dated 16 Mar 1943
SBD-4 & SBD-5 Dauntlesses join USAAF as A-24A Banshees at Douglas Aircraft Co’s El Segundo Plant, Mar 16 1943. Note two experimental XSB2D-1 torpedo bomber prototypes against the back fence 3 weeks before its maiden flight.
17 Mar 1943
  • 90 Luftwaffe bombers attacked Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. [Main Article | TH]
  • Bulgaria stated its opposition to the deportation of Bulgarian Jews. [CPC]
  • US troops captured Gafsa, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Graffiti along the lines of "we are obliged to the Führer for this" was found among ruins of bombed German cities. [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps 10th Defense Battalion completed taking over the duties of the 11th Defense Battalion in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands. [CPC]
  • US Marine Scout-Bomber Squadron 243 arrived at Johnston Island from Ewa, US Territory of Hawaii. [CPC]
  • The main body of the Northern Group of the Chindits arrived at the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Shweli Rivers in Burma; they began to cross at nightfall. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander E. C. Hawk in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian troops fell back from Japanese attacks along the Arakan front in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) and Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan United States
  • George Kenney and Richard Sutherland met with Franklin Roosevelt at the White House in Washington DC, United States. Later on the same day, Roosevelt called in Kenney for a second meeting, during which Kenney successfully lobbied for additional aircraft to be assigned to the USAAF in Australia. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
18 Mar 1943

Alaska Burma
  • The Allies abandoned the attempt to drive Japanese from Donbaik, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The main body of the Northern Group of the Chindits completed the crossing of the Irrawaddy River. [Main Article | CPC]
Byelorussia
  • Famed Polish Jewish violinist Henri Czaplinski (aka. Genrikh Maksimovich Chaplinsky in Soviet documents) joined the Donukalov Partisan Brigade near Minsk, Byelorussia. [CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • Vichy France repealed a number of anti-Semitic laws. [CPC]
  • Italians began to raise the wreck of Algérie in sections at Toulon, France. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • USAAF aircraft bombed the Vegesack district of Bremen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • 56 western missionaries and western civilians, 2 Chinese adult civilians, and 2 Chinese infants were executed by gunfire or drowning aboard Japanese destroyer Akikaze in the Pacific Ocean. [CPC]
Switzerland
  • Switzerland was warned of a seemingly impending German invasion. [CPC]
Tunisia
  • US 1st Ranger Battalion captured El Guettar, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Oswald Mosley and Diana Mosley received Norah Elam and Dudley Elam while in imprisonment in London, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of destroyer USS Cassin Young was laid down by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation at San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1943
B5N Type 97 torpedo bomber landing on Japanese carrier Shokaku, somewhere in the South Pacific, 18 Mar 1943Alfred Jodl, Heinz Guderian, Wilhelm Keitel, Adolf Hitler, Karl-Otto Saur at Rügenwalde, Germany, 18-19 Mar 1943King George VI of the United Kingdom aboard HMS Glasgow at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 18-21 Mar 1943Keel of USS Cassin Young at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation shipyard, San Pedro, California, United States, 18 Mar 1943
See all photos dated 18 Mar 1943
19 Mar 1943
  • German Colonel Rudolf von Gersdorff's attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler by suicide bombing was canceled at the last moment when Hitler decided to leave early from a show of captured weapons. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The new radiolocation system ASV III was used over the Bay of Biscay off France by bombers of No. 172 Squadron RAF. [CPC]
  • The British launched Operation Pugilist in Tunisia against the Axis Mareth Line, penetrating the line near Zarat. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The China Air Task Force was incorporated into the USAAF 14th Air Force. [CPC]
  • The largest air drop in support of Operation Longcloth in Burma was conducted, delivering 100 tons of supplies to the Chindits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Lester Hudson was named the commanding officer of USS San Diego. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese convoy consisted of two large freighters and one armed escort off Saipan, Mariana Islands and began tracking the convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Zogen Maru in the Yellow Sea, hitting her with a torpedo; all aboard were killed. Four hours later, she damaged freighter Kowa Maru, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes (only one of them detonated; the other failed to do so). [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Japanese passenger ship, Takachihi Maru, was torpedoed and sunk off Taiwan. More than 1,200 perish, mainly Japanese and Taiwanese civilians (Taiwan was a Japanese colony at the time). It remained Taiwan's worst sea disaster. [AC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was promoted to the rank of general. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1943
Concord off Panama Canal Zone, 19 Mar 1943, 1 of 2Concord off Panama Canal Zone, 19 Mar 1943, 2 of 2
20 Mar 1943
  • The British Eighth Army broke through German Mareth Line in Tunisia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Churchill's post war plans, broadcasted over radio, was criticized as very socialist. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy was ordered to execute all Allied personnel captured at sea. [CPC]
  • Major John Sapp of US Marine Torpedo-Bomber Squadron 143 led the first American aerial mine-laying mission in the South Pacific off the Solomon Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Pollack damaged a Japanese freighter between Jaluit and Makin Atolls in the Gilbert Islands and Marshall Islands area, hitting her with one of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived in the Inland Sea in Japanese waters. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Burma
  • Archibald Wavell ordered the offensive in Arakan Peninsula, Burma abandoned, falling back to the Maungdaw-Buthidaung line. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • B-24 Liberator bombers of US 373rd Bombardment Squadron arrived at Yangkai Airfield in Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese convoy off Saipan, Mariana Islands, damaging Mogamigawa Maru and Arizona Maru, hitting them with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired, but also suffered serious damage by depth charges and aerial bombs. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Mar 1943
USS Essex on her shakedown cruise, 20 Mar 1943, with F6F aircraft in foreground and SBD in the back
21 Mar 1943
  • The submarine Cod was launched, sponsored by Mrs. G. M. Mahoney. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After 4 months of public silence, Hitler made a Hero's Day speech. [Main Article | TH]
  • Cornelia Fort was killed during an aircraft ferrying mission in Texas, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • New Zealand troops under Lieutenant General Bernard Freyberg bypassed the Mareth Line defenses in Tunisia by moving his forces through Wilder's Gap to the west. They engaged surprised German defenses at the Tebaga Gap. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Derek Seagram won a posthumous Victoria Cross for leading an attack on the Mareth Line in Tunisia. He inspired his men by being first across the scaling ladders over the German anti-tank ditches but was mortally wounded in the fighting. [AC]
  • USS Pollack continued to chase the Japanese freighter she had attacked between Jaluit and Makin Atolls in the Gilbert Islands and Marshall Islands area, further damaging the ship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback damaged a Japanese cargo ship in the Southwestern Pacific, hitting her with two of three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • PBY Catalina aircraft delivered a group of US Marine Corps scouts at Segi Plantation, New Georgia for a reconnaissance mission; they would later report that Segi's beaches would not accommodate a large landing force. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • Adolf Hitler, Hermann Göring, Heinrich Himmler, and Wilhelm Keitel attended a ceremony for a Heroes Memorial Ceremony in Berlin, Germany. An anti-Hitler conspirator wore an overcoat with explosives hidden inside, aiming to conduct a suicide mission to assassinate Hitler and perhaps take out some of his top command. A unexpected early departure, however, led to the abandonment of this mission. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Hozen Maru in the Yellow Sea near the coast of Korea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes; about 33 survived. Four hours later, she sank freighter Nittsu Maru, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes; she encountered 3 survivors, all of whom refused to be rescued. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its third flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 617 Squadron RAF was established at RAF Scampton, England, United Kingdom under the command of Wing Commander Guy Gibson for the purpose of launching an attack upon the Ruhr dams in Germany. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Mar 1943
German 7.5 cm PaK 40 camouflaged in snowy terrain, Russia, 21 Mar 1943Göring, Keitel, Dönitz, Himmler, Milch, Bock, Oberlindober, and other German leaders at a ceremony to honor those who died in combat, Berlin, Germany, 21 Mar 1943
22 Mar 1943
  • Germans recaptured Belgorod, Russia. [TH]
  • Khatyn Massacre: German SS men massacred civilians in the Byelorussian village of Khatyn, killing its entire population of 149, 75 of which children. The village was then burned to the ground. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American troops captured Maknassy, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German 15th Panzer Division near Zarat, Tunisia, recapturing territory lost at the opening of the British Operation Pugilist. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Bf 109G-4 fighter piloted by Leutnant Franz Müller and the Bf 109G-2 fighter piloted by Unteroffizier Karl-Otto Harloff while flying a Yak-1 fighter. She was wounded during this engagement. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain William Wellclose Davis was named the commanding officer of HMS Mauritius. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The Japanese Army and Navy staffs in Tokyo, Japan issued a new directive for operations in the Rabaul area, emphasizing the importance of the defense of New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Norway
  • Tirpitz departed for Kåfjord/Altafjord, Norway. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese convoy consisted of three freighters off Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands and began tracking the convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo set sail toward Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Crematorium 4 began operation at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Two captured German generals spoke of plans for long range missiles in a room in Kensington Park Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom, not realizing that the room had been bugged. [CPC]
United States
  • George Kenney was featured on the cover of the Life magazine in the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Mar 1943
Salmon off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 22 Mar 1943
23 Mar 1943
  • In its heaviest bombing raid to date, the British RAF Bomber Command attacked Dortmund, Germany with 2,000 tons of explosives. [Main Article | TH]
  • German 10th Panzer Division counterattacked the advancing American troops in the El Guettar region in Tunisia; heavy American anti-tank fire repulsed the German attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a free election in occupied Denmark, the Government Party won 143 seats while the Danish Nazi Party only won 5 seats. [CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe aircraft sank HMS Windsor Castle off Algeria. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops surrounded the German headquarters at Ternopil, Ukraine. [CPC]
  • USS S-31 began patrolling in the Kwajalein area in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bernard Montgomery released British 1st Armoured Division from reserve to reinforce the New Zealand troops' offensive near Zarat, Tunisia. Indian 4th Division attacked the western end of the Mareth Line in coordination. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler's statistician reported to him that, thus far, 633,300 Russian Jews had been "resettled", with the latter word a likely euphemism for "exterminated". [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 9 US B-17 bombers attacked the Japanese base at Rabaul, New Britain, causing damage to the airfields. One of the bombers dropped large bombs in the Rabalanakaia volcano in an attempt to artificially cause an eruption, but the attempt was successful; the Americans did not realize that the volcano was actually dormant. [CPC]
Caroline Islands Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese convoy off Saipan, Mariana Islands, hitting them with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired, sinking Kenyo Maru and damaging another freighter. A 7th torpedo was fired at the general direction of the convoy as she disengaged to discourage escorts from chasing her, but the torpedo circled back and almost struck USS Whale. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank collier Katyosan Maru in the Laotieshan Channel between Liaoning Province and Shandong Province, China, hitting her with 1 of 1 torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A group of Greek Jews were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Mar 1943
Japanese cargo ship Nittsu Maru sinking in the Yellow Sea, off China, after being torpedoed by American submarine USS Wahoo, 23 Mar 1943; photo taken from WahooSalmon at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 23 Mar 1943, following completion of an overhaul
24 Mar 1943
  • The British RAF Bomber Command had by this date dropped 100,000 tons of explosives on Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • British General Wingate was ordered by his superiors to withdraw his Chindits from Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback spotted a Japanese convoy and began to shadow it. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Eitel-Albert Barth, Oberleutnant Werner Oberländer, Feldwebel Walter Pilz, and Oberleutnant Horst Rudat of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a B-25 bomber over Meiktila, Burma, his 24th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Scorpion arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank tanker Takaosan Maru in Korea Bay of the Yellow Sea at 1949 hours after a 7-hour pursuit, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tunny departed Midway Atoll after a brief stay to replace her periscope. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
25 Mar 1943
  • Greek partisans captured Samos Island from the Italian garrison, albeit only temporarily. [TH]
  • The Spanish foreign ministry announced the closure of its border with France and stopped with refugee from cross into Spain without transit papers. [CPC]
  • Indian 4th Division overran the Mareth Line in Tunisia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Russian fighter Ace Grigori Rechkalov received his first (of two) award of Hero of the Soviet Union while serving as a senior lieutenant with the 16th GvIAP. [AC]
  • The Japanese offensive at Bougainville in the Solomon Islands was halted. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The No. 5 Column of the Chindits, under Bernard Fergusson, made rendezvous with Orde Wingate's main body at Shaukpin Chaung river bed in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Ralph Marcus Wallace was named the commanding officer of HMCS Trillium. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A Japanese reconnaissance flight over Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands discovered about 300 Allied aircraft at the base. [Main Article | CPC]
Nauru
  • US bombers attacked Nauru for the first time. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese ship and began tracking her off Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Satsuki Maru in the Yellow Sea with two torpedoes (both of which missed) and her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Barbero was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • George Kenney attended the posthumous Medal of Honor award ceremony for Brigadier General Kenneth Walker at the White House in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1943
Johnston sliding down the building ways at the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation shipyard, Seattle, Washington, United States, 25 Mar 1943AEC Mk II armored car, Lulworth, England, United Kingdom, 25 Mar 1943
26 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Buin, Bougainville departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • In the Aleutian Islands, American warships intercepted Japanese troops attempting to reinforce Kiska, engaging in the Battle of the Komandorski Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • All remaining British and American citizens in Germany were arrested; all remaining British and American citizens in occupied Europe were deported to Germany. [CPC]
  • British General Wingate ordered his Chindits in Burma to withdraw. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the afternoon, British launched Operation Supercharge II to exploit Axis defenses in Tunisia near the Tebaga Gap. At 2300 hours, as the moon rose to provide some light, British tanks pushed through the gap and approached on El Hamma to the north. Tanks of the German 15th Panzer Division were released from reserve to counter the offensive. Axis troops began retreating from the Mareth Line in Tunisia toward Wadi Akarit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde shot down a German Ju 52 transport aircraft over Belgium, which was his second kill. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked the Japanese convoy which she initially intercepted on 24 Mar 1943 north of New Guinea, Dutch East Indies. She damged two transports with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired and was counterattacked with depth charges. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US B-17 bomber "Pluto", with US General Howard Ramey aboard, disappeared 20 minutes after having taken off from Port Moresby, Australian Papua. [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler informed Benito Mussolini that the Battle of Stalingrad had weakened the Soviet Union so much that the city would surely fall and the war would be won. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked the Japanese ship she had been pursuing since the previous day east of Saipan, Mariana Islands; all 7 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During the Battle of the Komandorski Islands, Nachi was forced to push one of her floatplanes overboard (concussion damage from her own guns), fired several Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes at the US forces (none of which hit), and received five hits (killing 14). [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1943
Heavy cruiser USS Salt Lake City in action during Battle of the Komandorski Islands, 26 Mar 1943US Marine Corps Colonel Clifton Cates with his mother, 26 Mar 1943
27 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • German tanks stopped the British offensive at El Hamma, Tunisia, but New Zealand troops had successfully secured territory south of the town. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny reached Wake Island waters. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese 6th Field Kempeitai arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Additions to Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank a small Japanese patrol vessel with her deck gun in the Yellow Sea, then sank a small fishing trawler with improvised Molotov cocktail bombs. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its fourth flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, reaching the speed of more than 800 kilometers per hour. The aircraft would lose control during flight, crashing to the ground and killing test pilot Grigory Bakhchivandzhi. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Mar 1943
USS North Carolina off US Territory of Hawaii, 27 Mar 1943M7 self-propelled artillery vehicle in North Africa, 27 Mar 1943
28 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • US 15th Air Force bombed the oil refinery at Livorno, Italy. [TH]
  • Most Axis troops were evacuated from the Mareth Line in Tunisia to form a new line to the north. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny attacked a Japanese cargo ship off Wake Island at dawn with two torpedoes, blowing off the ship's stern. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Joint Chiefs of Staff issued a directive canceling the orders issued on 2 Jul 1942. Replacing it, the Offensive Operations in the South and Southwest Pacific Areas During 1943 aimed to establish airfields on Kiriwina and Woodlark Islands, to capture northern coast of New Guinea island, to capture western New Britain, and to capture key locations in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The main body of Chindit forces reached Inywa, Burma at 1600 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese freighter between Saipan in Mariana Islands and Truk in Caroline Islands; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank two small fishing vessels with her deck gun in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Wing Commander Guy Gibson flew a Lancaster bomber down Derwent reservoir near Sheffield in central England, United Kingdom to try out flying very accurately at low level. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • Richard Sutherland once again presented the Elkton II plan for operations in the Pacific to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States, this time without any mention of plans to invade the Japanese stronghold at Rabaul, New Britain. The JCS finally gave Sutherland permission to proceed with the plan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Mar 1943
Princeton underway in the Delaware River, off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, PA, 28 Mar 1943, 1 of 2Princeton underway in the Delaware River, off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, PA, 28 Mar 1943, 2 of 2Battleship Iowa being inclined at the drydock of Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 28 Mar 1943
29 Mar 1943
  • New Zealand troops captured Gabès, Tunisia while Axis troops were evacuated out of El Hamma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hitler ordered the construction of large missile launch sites on French coast. [CPC]
  • USS S-31 completed her patrol in the Kwajalein area in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", claimed a Hurricane fighter over Mindon, Burma, but the downing was not confirmed. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Yamabato Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes. She then transited the Collnett Strait (Tokara Kaiky) between Yakushima island and Kuchinoshima island in southern Japan, eastward into the Pacific Ocean. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Guy Gibson was summoned to Group Headquarters where he was given a more detailed briefing by Ralph Cochrane, including details of the proposed targets of the Möhne and Sorpe Dams in Germany. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Mar 1943
USS Iowa off Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 29 Mar 1943
30 Mar 1943
  • RAF bombed the Philips factory in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British light cruiser HMS Glasgow intercepted German blockade runner Regensburg, whose crew scuttled the ship. [CPC]
  • British General Montgomery's troops breached the Mareth Line in North Africa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions attacked Italian positions at Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia to little success. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British super-gun "Bruce" (named after Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser-the recently appointed C-in-C Home Fleet) was fired for the first time from the RM Siege Battery area behind St. Margarets at Cliffe, Kent, England, United Kingdom. It achieved a range of 62.5 miles vindicating the predictions of the ballistics experts. Unfortunately after 30 shots the rifling on the inside of the barrel was worn so that the ribbed shells failed to "catch" in the grooves. The result was that "Bruce" was unable to make any further contribution to the war effort. [AC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Mindon, Burma, increasing his score to 26. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Poland
  • A transport of 2,501 Jews from Thessaloniki, Greece arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. 312 men and 141 women were registered, while the remaining 2,048 were gassed. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Mar 1943
Portrait of Lieutenant General George Patton, 30 Mar 1943Map depicting German and Russian maneuvers at the Third Battle of Kharkov
31 Mar 1943
  • British troops occupied Cap Serrat on the Tunisian coast. Operation Supercharge II was concluded with success in Tunisia, forcing the Axis defenses to move north to Wadi Akarit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF bombers attacked the Italian airfield at Cagliari, Sardinia in the Mediterranean Sea. [CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe Major General Peltz was placed in charge of bombing raids against Britain. [CPC]
  • American troops under Colonel Archibald MacKechnie landed at the mouth of Waria River in New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US leadership gave the order to invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands on 7 May 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions again attacked Italian positions at Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia to little success. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Gusztáv Jány was awarded the German Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Belleau Wood was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade was disbanded in Pago Pago, American Samoa. [CPC]
  • British corvette HMS Milfoil was recommissioned into the United States Navy as USS Intensity. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Vice Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka launched a 2-wave fighter sweep (32 fighters and 25 fighters, respectively) down the Slot in the Solomon Islands to draw out Allied fighters. About 30 Guadalcanal-based US F4F fighters, 8 P-38 fighters, and a few F4U fighters engaged them over the Russell Islands. 9 Japanese Zero fighters, 5 US F4F Wildcat fighters, and 1 US F4U Corsair fighter were shot down in the action. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny reached the Caroline Islands region. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler met Bulgarian King Boris III at his headquarters at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down three Hurricane fighters over Patenga, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 29. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail toward Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Crematorium 2 began operation at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops defeated the German 17th Army in the Kuban Peninsula and captured Anastasyevsk north of Novorossiysk, near the coast of the Black Sea in southern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Soviet GKO meeting at 2330 hours on this date, also joined by Vsevolod Merkulov and Viktor Abakumov, discussed the establishment of a counterintelligence branch. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Replying to a question from Member of Parliament Richard Stokes, the Air Minister, Sir Archibald Sinclair, told the British House of Commons that Bomber Command's targets were always of a military nature, but that bombing of military targets would necessarily involve bombing areas in which they were situated. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Seahorse was commissioned into service with Commander Donald McGregor in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Mar 1943
Princeton during her shakedown cruise, 31 Mar 1943, 1 of 2Princeton during her shakedown cruise, 31 Mar 1943, 2 of 2
1 Apr 1943
  • Submarine Croaker was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-168 arrived at Kiska, Aleutian Islands from Paramushiro, Kurile Islands; she took on sick personnel of the Kiska garrison and departed. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 12 British Mosquito aircraft destroyed a power station and a railways yard at Trier, Germany without any losses; local reports recorded 21 deaths. On the same date, RAF Squadron Leader C. O'Donoghue of 103 Squadron commanded a lone Lancaster bomber on a bombing attack on Emmerich, Germany; the aircraft was shot down, killing the entire crew. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions attacked Italian positions at Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia for the third consecutive day to little success. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki was assigned to the 2nd Surface Escort Division. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Thorn was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps established Marine Aircraft Group S3 at Cherry Point, North Carolina, United States under Lieutenant Colonel Frank H. Schwable; it was the first USMC night fighter group. [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps activated the 4th Base Depot at Nouméa, New Caledonia. [CPC]
  • George Patton's aide Captain Richard Jenson was killed during a German air attack; Patton shed tears over Jenson's body and cut a lock of hair, keeping some of himself and sending the remaining to Jenson's family. Patton would blame the British Royal Air Force for allowing German aircraft to operate with impunity; this accusation would create controversial at top levels of Allied command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Frank E. Beatty, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Columbia, relieving Captain William A. Heard. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • US Navy Construction Battalions in US Territory of Hawaii took over construction projects previously worked on by civilian contractors. [CPC]
  • USS Runner departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Dispensary (150 beds) usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • The "P" (parachute) battalion of "San Marco" naval infantry regiment merged with "N" (swimmer) battalion to form the new Grupo Battaglioni "NP". [CPC]
Japan Taiwan
  • The Mako Guard District at Pescadores islands, Taiwan was transferred to Takao in southern Taiwan, and it was renamed the Takao Guard District. Vice Admiral Takeo Takagi remained the guard district's commanding officer. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Mingo departed Long Island, New York, United States area for Newport, Rhode Island, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Apr 1943
Soviet sniper Ekaterina Nikiforova Nikiforovna speaking to female sniper trainees, 1 Apr 1943Actress Lyubov Orlova with soldiers at the Baladzhary railroad station in Baku, Azerbaijan, 1 Apr 1943
2 Apr 1943
  • Allied bombers conducted raids across Italy, hitting Messina, Crotone, Villa San Giovanni, Naples, Augusta, and Palermo. Some of the missions were aborted due to cloud cover. [CPC]
  • HMS Black Swan and HMS Stonecrop sank German submarine U-124 in the Atlantic Ocean. [CPC]
  • The Italian Semovente 105/25 tank destroyer design entered production. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-31 crossed the equator in the Pacific Ocean. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar ended her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Near El Guettar, Tunisia, US 9th Infantry Division was moved to attack Hill 772; its original objective of Hill 369 was now left to US 1st Infantry Division to capture. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Rekata, Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hauptmann Philipp Müller of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • In the later afternoon, USS Tunny made radar contact with Japanese transport Toyo Maru Number 2 off Alet Island, Caroline Islands. She fired three torpedoes at the distance of 880 meters and observed a hit on the transport before diving to avoid attack by the escorting Momo-class destroyer; depth charges caused minor damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Tamazato Prisoners of War Camp in eastern Taiwan was opened for the purpose of showing Red Cross representatives a model camp. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama departed the United States for Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1943
  • German Fw 190 fighters strafed Eastbourne, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 1st Infantry Division captured Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for Namonuito, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued the survivors of sunken tanker Arima Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Pickerel was depth charged and sunk by Japanese warships north of Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Indian Army Medical Corps was formed by amalgamating the Indian Medical Services, the Indian Medical Department and the Indian Hospital Corps. [AC]
  • Oberleutnant Josef Luxenburger, Hauptmann Wilhelm Mylius, and Oberfeldwebel Fraz Placzek of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Admiral Yamamoto and his staff departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Rabaul, New Britain on two Kawanishi H8K flying boats to supervise Operation I-GO from 7 to 14 Apr 1943, expecting to return to flagship Musashi on 19 Apr 1943. They arrived at Rabaul at 1340 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Apr 1943
  • I-168 transferred men from Kiska to Attu in the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • RAF bombers conducted a raid on Kiel, Germany during the night. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops launched the Taman Offensive Operation in an attempt to push the Germans out of the Taman Peninsula in the Caucasus region of southern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for McLaughlin Bank, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • No. 254 Squadron of Coastal Command achieved its first success against enemy shipping using torpedo carrying Beaufighter aircraft. [Main Article | AC]
  • The final elements of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Banika Island, Russell Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Pollack damaged a Japanese freighter in the Marshall Islands and Gilbert Islands area with two of two torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Unable to do it himself, George Patton ordered Omar Bradley to fire Orlando Ward for Ward's failures at Kasserine Pass, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Isoroku Yamamoto and Ryunosuke Kusaka met at Rabaul, New Britain to discuss the details of the I-Go offensive. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Dohazari, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 31. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The German SS Central Construction Office reported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp that Crematorium V had been completed in Auschwitz II-Birkenau, and its administration was now turned over to the camp administration. According to the firm that built the crematorium, J. A. Topf und Söhne, it had the capacity to cremate 768 bodies each day. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Cero was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. D. E. Barbey. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • US Navy 50th Construction Battalion arrived at Midway Atoll to relieve the 5th Construction Battalion. It was to continue the work to lengthen the airstrips and to build oil storage tanks on Sand Island. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1943
USS Iowa off Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 4 Apr 1943Launching of submarine Cero, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 4 Apr 1943
5 Apr 1943
  • Theo Osterkemp was appointed the commanding officer of Jagdfliegerführer Sizilien and charged with safeguarding Axis flights between Sicily, Italy and Tunisia, Italian North Africa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allies launched Operation Flax, a concentrated effort to destroy Axis capability to supply Tunisia by air. [Main Article | CPC]
  • William Slim and Noel Irwin met in Calcutta, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine U-869 was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback hit a damaged and beached Japanese merchant ship off Wake Island with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon began her journey down the Mississippi River in a floating drydock toward New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF 325th Fighter Group received orders to move two of its P-40 squadrons to the airfield at Montesquien, Algeria. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Scorpion departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Theater turned over to station (1200 capacity). [Main Article | DS]
Japan
6 Apr 1943
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer was arrested for being part of an attempt on Hitler's life. [Main Article | TH]
  • Axis forces fell back from Wadi Akarit towards Enfidaville, Tunisia as the British Eighth Army began linking up with US II Corps. [Main Article | TH]
  • British pressure in southeastern Tunisia caused Axis forces to begin falling back from the El Guettar region. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captured French torpedo boats Bombarde, La Pomone, and L'Iphigénie, been in Italian service since Dec 1942, were transferred on loan to the German Navy. [CPC]
Australia
  • George Kenney arrived at Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: British Torpedo Squadrons commenced night flying. [Main Article | DS]
Japan US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1943
Keitel, Hitler, and Speer observing the field during a weapons demonstration, circa 6 Apr 1943USS Wolverine lying at anchor in Lake Michigan, United States, 6 Apr 1943USS Wahoo at sea off Midway Atoll, 6 Apr 1943. Note that censors have blacked out the escorting vessels.BM 3rd Class Donald O. Smith at the conning tower of USS Wahoo, Midway Atoll, 6 Apr 1943
7 Apr 1943
  • Hitler and Mussolini began a four-day meeting near Salzburg, Austria trying to keep Italy in the war. This led off a month of meetings with Axis allies for pep talks to keep them active against the Allies. [TH]
  • British and American troops linked up on the El Guettar-Gabès road in Tunisia, ending the Battle of El Guettar. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British government announced equal war compensation for men and women. [CPC]
  • Bolivia declared war on the Axis powers. [CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe assigned 148 fighters to Jagdfliegerführer Sizilien. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny attacked transport Kosei Maru, hitting her with two torpedoes. An Akatsuki-class destroyer counterattacked with depth charges, causing no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits began to march for the Irrawaddy River in Burma en route back to India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Guitarro was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was seriously injured when his car was strafed by Allied aircraft in North Africa. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the morning, at Lakunai field at Rabaul, New Britain, Isoroku Yamamoto personally observed the launch of some of the aircraft that was to form a large aerial offensive (to be consisted of 157 Zero fighters and 67 D3A dive bombers). At Tulagi in the Solomon Islands, this Japanese attack force sank 1 US destroyer, 1 New Zealand corvette, and 1 tanker, while also damaged the oiler that was fueling the New Zealand corvette at the time of the attack. The Japanese aircraft were engaged by US Marine Corps F4F fighters; during the combat, 12 Zero fighters, 9 D3A dive bombers, and 7 F4F fighters were shot down. 3 D3A dive bombers were lost en route back to their bases. Under the cover of the air attack, a reinforcement convoy arrived at Kolombangara, New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • USAAF 325th Fighter Group saw its first combat mission as 36 of its P-40 fighters escorted a group of B-25 bombers to attack Mateur in Tunisia; one P-40 fighter was lost during this mission. [CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 7 Apr 1943
An US Army Air Corps pilot landing his BT-13 Valiant aircraft at Gunther Field in Montgomery, Alabama, United States, 7 Apr 1943Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, near Salzburg, Austria, 7 Apr 1943Starboard view of USS Iowa, off Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 7 Apr 1943Bird
8 Apr 1943
  • US President Roosevelt froze wages and prices of utilities in order to prevent inflation. He also banned workers from changing jobs unless the switch would further the war effort. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Baya was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny patrolled north of West Fayu Island, Caroline Islands. Toward the end of the day she received orders to sail for waters southwest of Truk to intercept a Japanese fleet of unknown composition. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Hatsukaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Japan United Kingdom
  • The first modified Lancaster ED765/G ("G" for "Guard" denoting the special security arrangements required) bomber was delivered to the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom for planned attacks against German dams. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • XSB2D-1 prototype aircraft took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1943
  • British troops captured Mahares, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-31 arrived at Nouméa, New Caledonia where she would be refitted and would serve as a target for training exercises. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 1st Class. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny made contact with a Japanese fleet off Truk, Caroline Islands at 2228 hours. She fired four torpedoes at the fleet, which now she realized was an aircraft carrier force, observing multiple hits. She then fired an additional six torpedoes before diving; the subsequent depth charge counterattack caused little damage. Later study of Japanese records revealed that the attacks caused only minor damage on the Japanese force as the torpedoes were detonated prematurely. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Poland
  • The German government re-designated Majdanek from a labor camp to a concentration camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The Chelmno Concentration Camp in Reichsgau Wartheland, Germany (occupied Poland) temporarily ceased its extermination operations. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Parche was laid down at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The modified P-38G aircraft which Benjamin Kelsey was test flying failed to pull out of a dive; Kelsey parachuted to safety, albeit suffering a broken ankle on landing, but the aircraft would crash near Calabasas, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1943
Lieutenant Walter A. Haas in the cockpit of a F2A Buffalo aircraft, Miami, Florida, United States, 9 Apr 1943US Navy ordnanceman loading .50 caliber ammunition for a F2A Buffalo fighter, Naval Air Station Miami, Florida, United States, 9 Apr 1943
10 Apr 1943
  • The Allied continued Operation Flax offensives over the waters between Sicily, Italy and Tunisia, Italian North Africa, destroying many Axis transport aircraft and fighters. On the ground, British troops captured Sfax, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 84 American B-24 bombers attacked Sardinia, Italy, sinking one cruiser and damaging another. [CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Finschhafen, New Guinea, Dutch East Indies; the mission was aborted due to US air attacks. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 8th Bomb Squadron (flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More portions of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 departed. Link Trainer building turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Italian Air Force Assault Engineer Battalion was made independent of 1st Air Force Assault Regiment. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The first modified Lancaster bomber was moved to RAF Manston, England, United Kingdom to conduct dropping trials for attacks on German dams. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Copahee departed San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Apr 1943
  • SS doctors at concentration camps were given orders to select prisoners to be sent to Hartheim Castle in Austria to be euthanized. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Germans lost several transport aircraft flying between Sicily, Italy and Tunisia, Italian North Africa. On the ground, Allied troops captured Kairouan, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Beverley (Lieutenant Commander R. A. Price) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-188 (Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Lüdden) while escorting Atlantic convoy ON-176. Her loss would be officially announced by the Admiralty on 2 May 1943. [AC]
  • Adolf Hitler issued orders that the best armies, the best leaders and the best weapons were to be made available for employment in the "Encirclement of the enemy forces deployed in the Kursk area". [Main Article | AC]
Australian Papua
  • 73 Zero fighters and 27 D3A carrier dive bombers attacked Oro Bay near Dobodura, Australian Papua, sinking 1 US cargo ship, sinking 1 US destroyer, damaging 1 transport, and damaging 1 Australian minesweeper. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny was observed by a Japanese ship 40 kilometers off of Truk, Caroline Islands, but there was no subsequent attack. Early in the afternoon, she intercepted Japanese submarine I-9; she fired three forward torpedoes, and the Japanese submarines fired two; all torpedoes missed. Japanese aircraft arrived to hunt USS Tunny, but the bombs dropped caused no damage. USS Tunny would remain submerged until sundown. After dark, while on the surface, she made radar contact with a Japanese destroyer; as she moved to attack, the destroyer also detected her, attacking with nine depth charges; Tunny would remain submerged for hours to escape the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Snook departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Whale arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1943
USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii after being fitted with a new bow, 11 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii after being fitted with a new bow, 11 Apr 1943, photo 2 of 2
12 Apr 1943
  • British War Office circulated the "German Long-Range Rocket Development" report, which warned of potential danger from these potential new weapons. [CPC]
  • Germans announced the discovery of over 4,000 bodies of Polish officers, reportedly deported by the Soviets in 1940, in a mass grave near Smolensk, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Adolf Hitler named Martin Bormann his secretary. [CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin informed Winston Churchill his delight to see German industry in shambles. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British RAF Desert Air Force assumed leadership roles in Operation Flax in North Africa. On the same day, troops of British 8th Army captured Sousse, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Isherwood was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Matome Ugaki became sick with dengue fever and was ordered to remain in bed at Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Isoroku Yamamoto personally observed the launch of a strike at Vunakanau field near Rabaul, New Britain, which ultimately consisted of 17 G4M bombers of 751 Air Group and 26 G4M bombers of 705 Air Group with 130 fighters in escort. At 0945 hours, the attack was detected by the radar station at Dona on the coast of Australian Papua. The attack destroyed 3 B-25 bombers and 1 Beaufighter at Schwimmer Airfield near Port Moresby, Australian Papua; nearby Berry Airfield suffered destroyed buildings and Ward's Airfield suffered 5,000 drums of gasoline destroyed. The Japanese lost 6 bombers and 2 fighters in combat; 2 additional bombers were lost after making crash landings. [Main Article | CPC]
  • B-17 bombers took off from Jackson Field (previously known as Seven Mile airdrome) near Port Moresby, Australian Papua. Pilot Kenneth McCullar's B-17 "Blues in the Nite" caught fire on takeoff, veered off, and crashed, killing all aboard. Those that took off successfully attacked the Japanese base at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Portions of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) departed. Eight tennis courts for enlisted personnel completed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter off the coast of Honshu, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
13 Apr 1943
  • A RAF pilot accidentally killed 25 spectators during a ground attack tactics demonstration flight in Imber, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • The first operational sortie of the new Republic P-47B Thunderbolt aircraft was undertaken by the US 8th Air Force based in the United Kingdom. US 8th Air Force would provide high altitude escorts and would engage in fighter sweeps. [Main Article | AC]
  • US bombers attacked Italian airfields at Castelvetrano and Trapani, Sicily, Italy, destroying 11 Italian and 8 German aircraft and damaging 16 Italian and 40 German aircraft, at the cost of only 2 B-17 bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits crossed the Irrawaddy River in Burma by rafts built with locals' help. The final group of men were left behind on the east bank of the river as rearguard as the Japanese attack on this group intensified. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Cape Gloucester (Tuluvu), New Britain, Bismarck Islands, then departed New Britain for Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Cruiser Georges Leygues intercepted German blockade runner Portland in the Atlantic Ocean; Portland's crew scuttled the ship to prevent capture. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Matome Ugaki, still recovering from dengue fever at Rabaul, New Britain, was given permission by the doctor to leave his bed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At Rabaul, New Britain, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto played a game of Shogi with Vice Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka, discussing Pacific War strategy meanwhile. When Yamamoto spoke of his intention to personally inspect forward bases to raise morale, Rear Admiral Takatsugu Jojima and Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa protested but failed to dissuade Yamamoto. Yamamoto's lieutenants were particularly worried about the fact that Yamamoto's detailed travel itinerary were sent over radio. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Mutsu arrived at Kure, Japan and took on a full load of ammunition and supplies destined for the Aleutian Islands, but that mission would soon to be canceled. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese freighter off the coast of Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Katsuya Sato was named the commanding officer of Settsu. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet GKO meeting at 2205 hours on this date was also joined by Soviet counterintelligence leaders Vsevolod Merkulov, Viktor Abakumov, Lavrentiy Tsanava, Nikolai Selivanovsky, Nikolai Korolev, Nikolai Khannikov, Isai Babich, Nikolai Mel'nikov, Filipp Golikov, and Aleksandr Shcherbakov. Most of them would leave at 2330 hours, leaving Joseph Stalin, Lavrentiy Beria, Vyacheslav Molotov, and Georgy Malenkov to continue the discussion on reorganization of Soviet counterintelligence efforts. [Main Article | CPC]
14 Apr 1943
  • US President Roosevelt's office turned down a request from US Jewish community leaders to meet with the president in preparation to the forthcoming conference in Bermuda regarding the situation of refugees in Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Stalin's son Yakov Dzhugashvili died in German captivity. [TH]
  • Soviet 14th Army pushed back a German thrust southeast of Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • The No. 3 Column of the Chindits crossed the Chindwin River in Burma and soon became the first column to return to India. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 23 Japanese dive bombers, 44 medium bombers, and 129 fighters attacked Milne Bay, Australian Papua; 44 Allied fighters rose in response. In the air, 1 Australian P-40 fighter was shot down and another was damaged, and additional Australian P-38 aircraft was destroyed on landing. Three Allied ships were damaged. For the Japanese 5 G4M bombers, 3 D3A dive bombers, and 1 Zero fighter were lost in combat. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • US Navy Fleet Radio Unit Pacific Fleet decoded a intercepted Japanese Navy message, which allowed the US to learn that Yamamoto was planning on an inspection of three front-line bases near Bougainville Island. The decrypted message was immediately forwarded to Admiral Chester Nimitz at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • The remnants of "Tobruch" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy began to arrive in Italy from Tunisia. [CPC]
Japan Russia
  • The Soviet State Defense Committee divided the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs Main Directorate for State Security (GUGB/NKVD) into three organizations: People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD; under Lavrentiy Beria; political repression, slave labor camps, prisoners of war camps, and NKVD troops), People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB; under Vsevolod Merkulov; foreign intelligence and domestic counterintelligence), and State Directorate of Counter-Intelligence (GUKR-NKO or SMERSH; later assigned under Viktor Abakumov; counterintelligence). [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Apr 1943
Churchill AVRE vehicle of 163rd Brigade, UK 54th Division, with fascine during ditch crossing exercises near Dunwich, England, United Kingdom, 14 Apr 1943
15 Apr 1943
  • Major General Hastings Ismay reported to Prime Minister Winston Churchill on German experiments with rockets. [Main Article | CPC]
  • RAF bombers conducted a raid on La Spezia, Italy. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Baltimore was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The American airfield on Banika Island of Russell Islands, Solomon Islands became operational. [CPC]
Australia
  • William Halsey traveled to Brisbane, Australia aboard a PB2Y Coronado aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 7th Fighter Squadron and 8th Fighter Squadron (both flying P-40 aircraft) of USAAF 49th Fighter Group were transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Canada
  • USS S-28 departed Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada for the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States for overhaul. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese freighter off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired; the Japanese ship beached to prevent sinking. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was summoned to meet with Joseph Stalin. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US 17th Airborne Division was activated at Camp Mackall, North Carolina, United States under the command of the newly-promoted Major General William M. Miley. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Apr 1943
The National Ensign raised aboard submarine Skate, 15 Apr 1943; Seahorse at left & Sargo at rightUSS Yorktown departing Newport News, Virginia, United States en route to her commissioning ceremony, 15 Apr 1943
16 Apr 1943
  • 13 British Spitfire fighters intercepted a large Axis air convoy off Tunisia, shooting down 7 SM.82 and 1 Bf 109 aircraft at the cost of only 2 Spitfire fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • William Halsey met with Douglas MacArthur at the latter's headquarters in Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • A scheduled fighter sweep from Rabaul, New Britain was cancelled as a reconnaissance aircraft failed to return from northeastern New Guinea island region. Despite of this cancellation, Isoroku Yamamoto announced the successful conclusion of the I-Go air offensive. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops began preparing for a new offensive in the region between Wuhan and Yichang in China. [Main Article | CPC]
France Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) on board. Part of British Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • The first night fighter attack on London, England, United Kingdom, carried out by thirty Focke-Wulf 190 aircraft, turned into a farce. Only two bombs hit the city, and four German pilots got lost, thought that they were over France and landed at West Malling RAF fighter base in Kent where three were taken prisoner and one was killed crash-landing. [Main Article | AC]
  • The first release of a non-explosive "Upkeep" bouncing bomb took place at Reculver, off the North Kent coast in Britain, but the device broke up on hitting the water. [Main Article | AC]
17 Apr 1943
  • I-168 departed Attu, Aleutian Islands with a cargo of ammunition and mail for Kiska. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler met with Hungarian regent Miklós Horthy in an attempt to persuade him to further the attempt to deport Jews, who were "pure parasites" and compared to "tuberculosis bacilli" per Hitler, out of Hungary. Horthy would continue to meet this deportation request as little as possible. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In response to the German discovery of a mass grave near Smolensk, Russia, the Soviet Union insisted that the massacre was committed by the Germans. The Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom requested the International Red Cross to investigate the matter. [Main Article | TH]
  • US bombers attacked Palermo, Sicily, Italy. German pilots who scrambled to meet the attackers claimed shooting down 5 bombers and 1 fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Gilmore was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Matome Ugaki chaired a conference at the 8th Base Force Headquarters at Rabaul, New Britain. Among other topics, the admirals discussed the lack of armor on Japanese aircraft and the concern that Isoroku Yamamoto was soon to personally visit the front lines. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter off Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Jürgen Stroop was transferred to Warsaw, Poland by Heinrich Himmler to suppress the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The demanding training of dropping the new "Upkeep" bombs at low altitudes had proven too much for some British pilots. Pilot Officer Bill Divall replaced Sergeant Ray Lovell followed soon after by Flight Sergeant Lanchester and his crew being withdrawn. This brought 617 Squadron's stenghth down to 21 crews. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Cero departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Apr 1943
US Coast Guard crew of cutter Spencer watched as a depth charge exploded near U-175, North Atlantic, 500 nautical miles WSW of Ireland, 17 Apr 1943U-175 forced to surface after being depth charged by USCG cutter Spencer, North Atlantic, 500 nautical miles WSW of Ireland, 17 Apr 1943U-175 sinking, 17 Apr 1943Obersteurmann Helmut Klotzch of U-175 yelled for help after the submarine sank in the North Atlantic, 500 nautical miles WSW of Ireland, 17 Apr 1943
See all photos dated 17 Apr 1943
18 Apr 1943
  • German 17.Armee attempted to eliminate the Soviet bridgehead at Novorossiysk in southern Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Soviet Union claimed that the German Gestapo was responsible for the Katyn Massacre. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 47 P-40 and 12 Spitfire fighters intercepted a large Axis air convoy off Tunisia, shooting down 24 German transport aircraft, 10 German fighters, and some Italian fighters. So many lives were lost that the Germans dubbed the action Palm Sunday Massacre. [Main Article | AC]
  • Lieutenant Philip Cabell Evans was named the commanding officer of HMCS Trillium. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • Admiral William Halsey and General Douglas MacArthur met at Brisbane, Australia. They agreed that the tentative date for the New Georgia invasion was to be 15 May, and that a US Marine Corps defense battalion, a US Navy construction battalion, and a US Army regimental combat team should be transferred to the theater to support the invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The two aircraft carrying Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto and Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki took off from Rabaul, New Britain at 0600 hours. Over the island of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, they were shot down by American fighters over Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, killing Yamamoto. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan Netherlands
  • Robert Johnson flew his first combat mission over the Dutch coast but saw no action. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of 2501 Jews from the ghetto in Thessaloniki, Greece arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. Only 605 were registered into the camp; the remaining 1,896 were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was summoned to meet with Joseph Stalin. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 619 Squadron RAF was formed at RAF Woodhall Spa, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Dragonet was launched at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, sponsored by Mrs. J. E. Gingrich. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Escolar was launched at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, sponsored by Mrs. J. Bilisoly Hudgins. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 18 Apr 1943
Belleau Wood in the Delaware River off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States, 18 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2Belleau Wood in the Delaware River off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States, 18 Apr 1943, photo 2 of 2; note location of SK, SC, and SG radar and YE aircraft homing beacon antennasLaunching of submarine Dragonet, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 18 Apr 1943James Doolittle and fellow raiders at a reunion in North Africa, 18 Apr 1943
See all photos dated 18 Apr 1943
19 Apr 1943
  • I-168 arrived at Kiska, Aleutian Islands with a cargo of ammunition and mail. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Waffen-SS used tanks and other heavy weapons to counter the uprising at the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland, killing and deporting at least 50,000 during the following 27 days. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At the Bermuda Conference, US and UK representatives discussed Jewish refugee issues in occupied Europe with little result. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Belgian and Jewish underground movements attacked a transport of Jews from the Mechelen transit camp in Belgium. 150 Jews were rescued, but 220 died in the process. It was the only resistance effort during the Holocaust that had attacked a transport train. [CPC]
  • USS Hoe departed for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion arrived off Nakaminato, eastern Honshu, Japan; after sundown, she deployed naval mines. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Seraph departed Holy Loch, Scotland, United Kingdom with the body of Glyndwr Michael, dressed as Major William Martin and planted with false documents intended to mislead the Germans. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A search party found the remains of Isoroku Yamamoto on Bougainville, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was named the head of the newly formed Soviet Main Directorate of Counterintelligence (GUKR) SMERSH; he reported directly to Joseph Stalin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin ordered NKVD's UOO to be split into three separate military counterintelligence directorates and to be placed under the NKO, the Navy Commissariat, and the NKVD. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Apr 1943
US Army Privates Mearl Hatfield and Clen C. Campbell operating the portable laundry diesel engine, New Guinea, 19 Apr 1943Wreck of G4M bomber whose crash killed Admiral Yamamoto, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Apr 1943Canberra sliding down the ways, Bethlehem Steel Company Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, 19 Apr 1943Launching of Canberra, Bethlehem Steel Company Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, 19 Apr 1943
See all photos dated 19 Apr 1943
20 Apr 1943
  • The British government announced a limited recruitment for women for the Home Guard. [TH]
  • World Jewish Congress representative in Geneva Gerhart Riegner outlined a plan to borrow local currency in Romania and France for efforts to rescue Jews in those countries. The loans were to be backed by US Dollars in Swiss bank accounts. This scheme was devised to provide funding in those countries without actually sending dollars into Axis-held territories, which would risk the funding being captured by the enemy, which would place the World Jewish Congress in a legal bind per United States wartime law. [CPC]
  • British troops captured the Enfidaville Airfield in Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Nauru. [CPC]
  • Company Sergeant Major Chhelu Ram was wounded rescuing his commanding officer in Tunisia. Taking command he then led a successful hand-to-hand assault in which he was wounded again, this time mortally. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova was featured on the cover of the young adult political publication Ogonek. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank the Japanese converted gunboat Meiji Maru No. 1, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army B-24 bombers based at Funafuti, Ellice Islands attacked Tarawa, Gilbert Islands. [CPC]
  • Japanese troops under Koga attacked the British Maungdaw-Buthidaung line in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell was invited to join in on the meeting already arranged between Franklin Roosevelt and Claire Chennault. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A medical examination was conducted on Isoroku Yamamoto's remains. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) departed. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", claimed a Hurricane fighter and a P-36 fighter over Imphal, India, but only the P-36 downing was confirmed, increasing his score to 32. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 20 Apr 1943
German Waffen-SS General Walter Krüger with a Tiger I heavy tank and an anti-aircraft gun vehicle of his 2nd SS Panzer Division German Waffen-SS General Walter Krüger with a Tiger I heavy tank of his 2nd SS Panzer Division 1Lt Charleton 1Lt Louis Zamperini, bombardier of this B-24D Liberator
See all photos dated 20 Apr 1943
21 Apr 1943
  • US President Roosevelt made the official announcement regarding the Japanese execution of downed American airmen who had participated in the Doolittle Raid. [Main Article | TH]
  • New Zealand troops of Maori ethnicity captured Takrouna, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy ONS 5 consisted of 42 ships departed from Liverpool, England, United Kingdom for a 3-week journey to Halifax, Nova, Scotia, Canada; it was escorted by 7 warships (2 destroyers, 1 frigate, and 4 corvettes) and supported by 2 trawlers and 1 tanker. The convoy was under the command of J. Kenneth Brook of the British Royal Navy Reserve; he was aboard Norwegian freighter Rena. The convoy was to grow in size from mid-journey rendezvous with other ships departing from other ports. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank a sampan before 0100 hours with her deck gun. In the afternoon, she patrolled off Shioyasaki, eastern Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 5 torpedoes fired missed. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Isoroku Yamamoto's remains were cremated at Buin, Bougainville, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Joseph Stilwell and Claire Chennault departed Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two P-36 fighters over Imphal, India, increasing his score to 34. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo conducted training off Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin officially signed the order to create GUKR SMERSH, the Main Directorate of Counterintelligence "Smert'shpionam" ("Death of Spies") and the naval UKR SMERSH. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Troops of 48th Battalion of British Royal Tank Regiment captured German Tiger I heavy tank "131" near Medjez-el-Bab, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • An attempt was made to assassinate General Charles de Gaulle when the Wellington bomber flying him to Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom was sabotaged at RAF Hendon. The pilot detected the elevator controls had been cut just before take-off and aborted the flight. At the time, the incident was hushed up and blamed on German intelligence but de Gaulle never flew by plane in Britain again. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Apr 1943
Sargo off Mare Island Navy Yard, 21 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2Sargo off Mare Island Navy Yard, 21 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2
22 Apr 1943
  • The US Submarine Grenadier was scuttled by her crew after suffering severe damage from Japanese air attack off Penang, British Malaya. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Scorpion sank three sampans with gunfire off Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • A transport of Jews from Westerbork Concentration Camp arrived at Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in Sudetenland in southern Germany (occupied Czechoslovakia). [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • British Mosquito reconnaissance aircraft photographed a German rocket at Peenemünde, Germany but intelligence analysts could not be certain of the object photographed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Fire station and Public Works garage turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo conducted training off Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • South African and British fighters intercepted an Italian air convoy off Tunisia, Italian North Africa and claimed to have shot down 12 transport aircraft and 7 escorts. On the ground, the final Allied assault began against the remaining Axis forces in North Africa with armoured thrusts from Sidi Nsir, Medjez, and Pont du Fahs. Only at Enfidaville was there a halt. Resistance remained fierce, however, and was professionally handled by the Germans and Italians, allowing units of the Luftwaffe to be evacuated from the shrinking perimeter. [Main Article | CPC, AC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1943
Cruiser Montpelier entered Havannah Harbor, Efate, New Hebrides, 22 Apr 1943; note SOC floatplane in foreground
23 Apr 1943
  • German 17.Armee abandoned the attempt to dislodge the Soviet bridgehead at Novorossisk in southern Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Gar began her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Tunisia, Lieutenant Wilwood Sandys-Clarke was left as the only officer still alive after his company was almost wiped out in a counter-attack. Despite head wounds, he rallied him men and captured three German strong-points before being cut down whilst single handedly tackling two sniper posts. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. Another Tunisian campaign Victoria Cross was awarded to Major John Anderson who was the first man into three enemy machine-gun positions, capturing 200 prisoners. [AC]
  • USS Scorpion damaged a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits spotted the Chindwin River in Burma from a high spot; they were about 30 miles away from the river. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Walter Stettner von Grabenhofen was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • In the evening, a flying boat arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands with ashes of Yamamoto and six of his staff officers, who had been shot down in a flying boat over Bougainville five days earlier. Senior staff officer Captain Kameto Kuroshima secretly transferred Yamamoto's ashes to the admiral's sea cabin. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 Apr 1943
Japanese Patrol Boat #39 sinking after being torpedoed by American submarine Seawolf, 23 Apr 1943; seen from SeawolfJapanese Patrol Boat #39 sinking after being torpedoed by American submarine Seawolf, 23 Apr 1943; seen from SeawolfGerman Hitler Youth members operating an aerophone, listening for engines of incoming aircraft, Germany, 23 Apr 1943
24 Apr 1943
  • After repeated failures, Admiral Nimitz discontinued the use of magnetic exploders on torpedoes for his theater of operation. Submarines under General MacArthur's command, however, continued to use them. [CPC]
  • In the North Atlantic, Escorts of Allied convoy ONS 5 spotted and sank German submarine U-710 10 miles ahead of the convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German submarine U-710 was sunk by an aircraft of British No. 206 Squadron Coastal Command. [AC]
  • The No. 5 Column of the Chindits reached the Chindwin River in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Runner damaged a Japanese transport in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Mediterranean Sea, British submarine HMS Sahib (Lieutenant J. H. Bromage) was scuttled and abandoned by her crew to avoid capture after being seriously damaged by the Italian torpedo boat Climene. Her loss would be officially announced by the Admiralty on 6 May 1943. [AC]
Caroline Islands Japan
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese cargo ship in the Tsugaru Strait between Honshu and Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Apr 1943
An improvised jeep ambulance at a training camp in Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 24 Apr 1943US Army troops training with 81mm M1 mortar, Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 24 Apr 1943; note M1 CarbineAn US Army soldier practing throwing a grenade from a foxhole toward a M10 tank destroyer, Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 24 Apr 1943155 mm Howitzer Carriage M1917 or M1918 howitzer and crew in exercise, Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 24 Apr 1943, photo 2 of 2
See all photos dated 24 Apr 1943
25 Apr 1943
  • Admiral Mineichi Koga arrived aboard Yamato for an inspection tour; he arrived to become the new Commander-in-Chief of the Combined Fleet, but that fact would be kept secret until the news of Yamamoto's death was to be made public next month. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Commanding officer of the Chinese 5th Army defected to the Japanese. [CPC]
  • USS Snook sank a Japanese or Chinese sampan with her deck gun off China. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback departed Brisbane, Australia for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Japan Poland
  • Jürgen Stroop reported that 27,464 Jews had been captured in the Jewish ghetto of Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 25 Apr 1943
San Francisco in Kulak Bay, Adak, Aleutian Islands, 25 Apr 1943Louisville steamed out of Kulak Bay, Adak, Aleutian Islands, bound for operations against Attu, 25 Apr 1943; note Sweepers Cove in background
26 Apr 1943
  • RAF bombers conducted a raid against Duisburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands India
  • The No. 5 Column of the Chindits arrived in Imphal, India. Only 95 men of the original force of 318 returned. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • Jürgen Stroop reported that, in the effort to liquidate the Warsaw ghetto in Poland, 1,330 Jews had been pulled out of their strongholds and killed, 662 were killed in combat, and 30 were captured and sent to concentration camps. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
27 Apr 1943
  • The German Inspector of Concentration Camps ordered that only the mentally ill prisoners could be gassed via the Aktion T-4 Euthaniasia Program. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Radar jamming devices began operations in eastern England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • Captain Lord Charles Lyell was killed in Tunisia whilst knocking out a 88mm gun position and two machine gun posts. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • USS Scorpion fired six torpedoes at a Japanese convoy, sinking the merchant ship Yuzan Maru with four hits; she was depth charged by an escorting destroying and suffered minor damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Admiral Dönitz issued a new order to his submarine commanders, instructing that they were to cross the Bay of Biscay submerged during the night and to resurface during the day only long enough to recharge their batteries. This proved something of a mistake for the Germans as it permitted some 12 RAF Squadrons to contribute to daylight anti-submarine operations. [Main Article | AC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits reached the Chindwin River in Burma. They were able to cross it later in the day with the help of Gurkha Rifles men from the western bank of the river. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander M. J. Jensen in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney departed Port Moresby, Australian Papua for Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tunny departed Midway Atoll for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Apr 1943
USS Yorktown underway off Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, 27 Apr 1943; note Measure 21 camouflage
28 Apr 1943
  • Sweden protested the mining her territorial waters by Germany. [CPC]
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky was promoted to the rank of general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lance Corporal John Patrick Kenneally ignored his wounds to make a one-man assault at Djebel Bou Azoukaz, Tunisia which caused the enemy line to break. Despite being wounded again, Kenneally survived to collect his Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • German submarine U-650 sighted Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic at 0800 hours. During the day U-375, U-386, U-528, and U-537 sailed toward U-650 and began planning the attack. Radio chatter between these submarines alerted commander of ONS 5 escorts Captain Peter Gretton. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was promoted to the rank of Hauptsturmführer and was given command of the commandos of the Oranienburg Special Training Unit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion was ordered to return to her home port. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a P-40 fighter over Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, his 35th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov personally arrested Major General Boris Teplinsky, the head of the Operational Department of the Air Force of the Siberian Military District on false charges of treason, conspiracy, and spreading anti-Soviet propaganda. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Apr 1943
Crew of Japanese submarine I-29 posing with Subhash Chandra Bose off Madagascar, 28 Apr 1943Burning buildings in the Warsaw Ghetto, seen from Zoliborz district, Poland, late Apr 1943Sargo at Mare Island Navy Yard, 28 Apr 1943, white outline indicate recent alterations, photo 1 of 2Sargo at Mare Island Navy Yard, 28 Apr 1943, white outline indicate recent alterations, photo 2 of 2
29 Apr 1943
  • Starting at midnight, German submarines U-650, U-375, U-386, U-528, and U-532 attacked Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic. They scored no hits until around 1200 hours when US freighter McKeesport sunk by a torpedo from U-528; three attacking submarines were damaged during the attacks and were forced to return to base to receive repairs. Upon learning the attacks, the British Admiralty dispatched additional destroyers to reinforce the escort force. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank a Japanese patrol vessel by gunfire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Becuna was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nobutake Kondo was promoted to the rank of admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet counterintelligence agency GUKR SMERSH named its chiefs in each military front, with A. A. Avseevich to the Northwestern Front, G. S. Bolotin-Balyasny to the Volkhov Front, I. P. Konovalov to the Southern Front, S. F. Kozhevnikov to the Leningrad Front, N. G. Kravchenko to the Bryansk Front, A. P. Misyurev to the Kalinin Front, F. G. Petrov to the Southwestern Front, K. L. Prokhorenko to the Voronezh Front, V. P. Rogov to the Western Front, and I. T. Rusak to the Karelian Front. [CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov was summoned to Joseph Stalin's office to consider GUKR SMERSH deputies; at the same meeting, Abakumov was named the deputy commissar of the NKO, reporting directly to Stalin. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • German troops fell back to Lake Garaet Anchkel west of Bizerte, Tunisia; "Grado" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy served as rearguard. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • After much experimentation an "Upkeep" bomb drop was successfully carried out at Reculver in southeastern Britain. By this time several of the new Lancaster bombers modified for dam attacks had been delivered to the squadron's base, RAF Scampton, in Lincolnshire. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • Joseph Stilwell and Claire Chennault arrived in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Apr 1943
  • The Bermuda Conference ended without any concrete conclusion. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank the Japanese patrol ship Ebisu Maru No. 5 with a torpedo; during the surface action, Lieutenant Commander R. M. Raymond was killed, the submarine's first casualty. As a Japanese aircraft responded with depth charges, Scorpion dove and survived the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The body of Glyndwr Michael was put into the sea from British submarine HMS Seraph off Huelva, Spain; posed as Major William Martin, the body carried false documents intended to mislead the Germans. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of trawler Gulland was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • In Australian Papua, US 90th Squadron moved from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield to the northeast. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • The construction for the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp in northwestern Germany began. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Apr 1943
A USS Independence radioman-gunner posing at his post on a Dauntless dive bomber, 30 Apr 1943USS West Virginia (foreground) and USS North Carolina (background) at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii, 30 Apr 1943
1 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The International Medical Commission completed its investigation on the Katyn Massacre, concluding that the Soviet Union was responsible for the atrocity. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops captured Hill 609 in Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Personnel Department was established to replace the Adjutant and Inspector's Department of the US Marine Corps headquarters. [CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was named the commanding officer of German 117th Jäger Division. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division and the 3rd Algerian Infantry Division (converted from the Constantine temporary Division), the first two formations of Charles de Gaulle's revitalised French Army, were created. They would be committed to Italy at the end of November and December respectively. [AC]
Australia
  • From Brisbane, Australia, George Kenney cabled Henry Arnold, noting that very few aircraft were being sent to the Southwest Pacific. Arnold would promise him enough fighters to form a new fighter group, but he could spare no additional personnel. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Command Center - bombproof - usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Commander Junio Valerio Borghese took over command of 10th MAS Flotilla at Muggiano, Italy, which was in actuality a special forces unit for the Italian Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Irako arrived at Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter off Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired; she survived a heavy depth charge counterattack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Basil Brooke (later 1st Viscount Brookeborough) became Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. [AC]
United States Photo(s) dated 1 May 1943
Carrier Unyo en route between Truk in the Caroline Islands and Yokosuka, Japan, early May 1943Soviet A-19 field gun being towed by a tractor in the village of Izvekova near Vyazma, Russia, 1 Mar 1943Jeep, WC-4 truck, and 37 mm Gun M3 of US 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion, Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 1 May 1943Indianapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, view of her bow from starboard side, with heavy cruiser Minneapolis in background, 1 May 1943
See all photos dated 1 May 1943
2 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Viktor Lutze, head of the SA, was killed by partisans; he was succeeded by Wilhelm Scheppmann. The cause of death was officially stated as an automobile accident. [TH]
  • Japanese aircraft conducted a raid on Darwin, Australia. [CPC]
  • The RAF Bomber Command reported to the British Air Ministry that it currently had 725 ready crews for operations; the number included 129 crews of Wellington bombers and 250 crews for Lancaster bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Southeast Detached Force was established for the defense of the Solomon Islands, with its base in Rabaul. [CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt informed George Marshall that he was going to approve the supplies Chiang Kaishek requested without any caveats, which included 500 planes and 10,000 tons of supplies to be delivered over the Hump. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Skipjack attacked a Japanese transport in the Pacific Ocean; all four torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty was officially announced the loss of destroyer HMS Beverley, sunk on 11 Apr 1943 while escorting Allied convoy ON-176. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 2 May 1943
USS S-35 at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 2 May 1943, photo 1 of 2USS S-35 at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 2 May 1943, photo 2 of 2SBD-3 Dauntless, F4F-4 Wildcat, and TBF-1 Avenger aircraft aboard USS Enterprise, northeast of Nouméa, New Caledonia, 2 May 1943; note USS Washington in backgroundIndianapolis off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 2 May 1943, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 2 May 1943
3 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 487 Squadron of the New Zealand air force attacked a power station in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. All 10 bombers dispatched were lost to German fighters. Squadron Leader Leonard Trent won the Victoria Cross for his leadership in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Royal Navy began bombarding Pantelleria Island near Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • US troops captured Mateur, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British 6th Airborne Division was established with Major General Richard Gale in command. [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Truk, Caroline Islands to escort carrier Zuikaku and Zuiho to Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • The headquarters of the Japanese 11th Army was moved to Shashi, Jingzhou, Hubei Province, China in preparation for a planned offensive. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • Soviet NKVD/NKGB official Viktor Il'in was arrested in Vsevolod Merkulov's office on false charges of treason, conspiracy, and spreading anti-Soviet propaganda. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Sable was commissioned into service with Captain Warren K. Berner in command. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 3 May 1943
Bob Feller posing before a 40mm Bofors quad mount aboard a ship, possibly USS Alabama, 3 May 1943
4 May 1943
  • Hitler postponed Operation Citadel, which ultimately would give the Soviets more time to prepare their defenses. [Main Article | TH]
  • RAF bombers conducted a raid on Dortmund, Germany late in the night and into the next day, killing almost 700. Log book of pilot J. H. Searby noted there were "considerable flak" and that he "took ciné (35mm) film hoping to get pictures to convince the 'public' that we do bomb Germany." [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German Luftwaffe evacuation from Tunisia, Italian North Africa completed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A posthumous award of a Victoria Cross was made to Commander John Linton of HMS Turbulent after the submarine was declared lost. Turbulent had sunk one cruiser, a U-boat and 28 supply ships as well as destroying three trains with gunfire. She had been attacked 13 times and survived 250 depth charges. [AC]
  • German submarine U-625 spotted Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic at about 1200 hours local time. Several German submarines gathered and began attacking at dusk and lasted through the night into the next date, sinking 7 ships (British freighters L'Orient, North Britain, Harbury, Harpurley, Bristol City, and Wentworth; US freighter West Maximus). U-630 was lost during the attacks. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The body of Glyndwr Michael was buried at the Cemetery of Solitude in Huelva, Spain as Major William Martin of the British Royal Marines. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish departed for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of 72nd Construction Battalion (72nd SeaBees) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane fighter over Cox's Bazar, India (now Bangladesh), his 36th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Wahoo reconnoitered the northeastern tip of Etorofu, Japan (now Iturup, Russia), then damaged seaplane tender Kamikawa Maru, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet Directorate of NKVD Troops for Guarding the Rear of the Red Army was elevated to form its own main directorate. [CPC]
Tunisia
  • The "Grado" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy was relocated to the regimental headquarters at Bizerte. Tunisia. [CPC]
Vatican City
  • The Vatican Secretary of State reminded the Apostolic Delegate in London, England, United Kingdom that the Vatican opposed establishing a Jewish homeland in British Palestine due to the area's sacred status to Christianity as the birthplace of Jesus Christ. [CPC]
5 May 1943
  • Lieutenant General F. M. Andrews, Commander of US Forces in Europe, was killed in a plane crash in Iceland. [TH]
  • Soviet troops captured Krymsk in southern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarines continued to attack Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic, sinking British freighter Dolius and US freighter West Makadet during the day; German submarine U-358 was damaged during the attacks. After dark, German submarines lost contact with the convoy, sinking British freighters Selvistan and Gharinda and Norwegian freighter Bonde, but the radar-equipped Allied escorts continued to fight back, sinking U-638, U-125, and U-531. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the afternoon, USS Snook began stalking two Japanese freighters Kinko Maru (hitting with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired) and Daifuku Maru (hitting with 1 of 5 torpedoes fired) departing Dalian, China. She sank them with torpedoes after dark. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • The Japanese launched an attack into the region between Wuhan and Yichang in China, aiming gain control of this section of the Yangtze River. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Whale departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • I-174 departed Kure, Japan. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese transport in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 May 1943
US Army Private Arthur Ristinen and Private First Class John Weinzinger of 186th Regiment, 41st Infantry Division relaxing in front of Warisota Plantation, New Guinea, 5 May 1943
6 May 1943
  • Adolf Hitler made an unusual public appearance at Viktor Lutze's funeral. [Main Article | TH]
  • In Tunisia, British troops captured Tunis and American troops captured Bizerte. The German 15th Panzer Division was effectively wiped out. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese schooner in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British corvette HMS Loosestrife sank German submarine U-638 with depth charges, which was attempting to attack Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic; two other submarines were also destroyed on this date. Realizing the convoy was now well escorted, Admiral Karl Dönitz ordered the attacks on this convoy to cease. [Main Article | CPC]
  • U-977 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty officially announced the loss of submarine HMS Sahib, which was scuttled in the Mediterranean Sea after being damaged by Italian torpedo boat Climene. [AC]
China
  • At dawn, Chinese 77th Division and 15th Division launched a counterattack against the Japanese in the border region between Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China. At 2100 hours, Chiang Kaishek ordered that the region must be held against the Japanese offensive at all costs. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. Part of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 departed. Officers' Club turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
US Pacific Islands
7 May 1943
  • Hitler announced in a speech to Reichsleiters and Gauleiters that submarine warfare was to be stepped up as the surest way to cut enemy supply lines, even as the German submarine fleet was being pounded in the Atlantic Ocean. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied naval forces began the Operation Retribution blockade, sealing off Tunisia, Italian North Africa from the sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured Buthidaung, Burma. [CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese sampan in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook attacked a Japanese convoy off China and sank Hosei Maru, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Pintado was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Japanese troops captured Anxiang, Hunan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • German television began broadcasting from studios in Paris, France. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Tamon Maru No. 5 off Iwate Prefecture, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes. Later on the same day, she attacked a military convoy consisted of two escort vessels and a naval auxiliary in the same region, Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Italians scuttled captured French minelayer Castor at Bizerte, Tunisia. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 May 1943
Japanese pilot Nishizawa flying his A6M3a Model 22 Zero fighter in the Solomon Islands area, 7 May 1943
8 May 1943
  • German government issued the order that deaths of Eastern European workers in the concentration camps only need to be reported to labor offices. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Admiral Bruce Fraser replaced Admiral John Tovey as the head of the Royal Navy Home Fleet. [CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured Maungdaw, Burma despite being outnumbered and being surrounded throughout most of the offensive. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Gibraltar
  • In Operation BG 6, Italian auxiliary ship Olterra launched three manned torpedoes against Gibraltar, sinking three cargo ships. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Scorpion arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Kure, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese transport off Iwate Prefecture, Japan; all 3 torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Guy Gibson, together with Harold Martin and John Hopgood, made a number of successful practice drops of "Upkeep" bombs at Reculver off southeastern England, United Kingdom. Low level training, which had now been consolidated at the Uppingham reservoir and a dam on the Colchester reservoir, was reduced from 150 feet to just 60 feet. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 8 May 1943
Searaven off Mare Island, 8 May 1943, photo 1 of 3Searaven off Mare Island, 8 May 1943, photo 2 of 3Searaven off Mare Island, 8 May 1943, photo 3 of 3
9 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Saipan, departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The entire community at Skalat, Ukraine was wiped out by the Germans. [CPC]
  • The German occupation government in the Netherlands declared martial law. [CPC]
  • USS Gar sank Japanese freighter Aso Maru south of the Negros, Philippine Islands in daylight with two of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 89th Bomb Squadron (flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • In Hunan Province, China, Japanese troops captured Nan County and advanced toward Zhijiang and Yangxi. On the same day, also in Hunan Province, the Japanese began a three-day massacre of civilians in Changjiao; 30,000 were estimated to be killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank Japanese transport Takao Maru and transport Jinmu Maru east of Kesennuma, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, hitting them with 2 of 6 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • The "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy surrendered at Bizerte, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Oberleutnant Heinrich Schmitt of 10/NJG3 defected to the United Kingdom in the new Junkers Ju 88R nightfighter to the delight of Professor Reginald V. Jones, the British electronics expert, whose team is now able to examine the German FuG 202 Lichtenstein BC radar equipment. [CPC, AC]
United States
  • USS Corvina was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. R. W. Christie. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Midway Atoll and received repairs to her hydraulic system and her air search radar. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 May 1943
US Army Private First Class George Chapman and Sergeant John Eppard working at the Mobile Machine Shop truck of 741st Ordnance Company, 41th Infantry Division at Horanda, New Guinea, 9 May 1943USS Copahee in San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 9 May 1943, photo 1 of 3; note three TBD Devastator aircraft on the fantailUSS Copahee in San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 9 May 1943, photo 2 of 3; note TBD Devastator and PV-1 Ventura aircraft on flight deckUSS Copahee in San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 9 May 1943, photo 3 of 3; note two PV-1 Ventura aircraft
See all photos dated 9 May 1943
10 May 1943
  • The British 6th Armoured Division cut off German troops at Cape Bon, Tunisia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Shimakaze was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft from Rabaul attacked American positions in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands, but the attack was largely turned back by American fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cisco was commissioned into service, Commander James W. Coe in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 59 Zero fighters, 7 J1N reconnaissance aircraft, and 47 G4M bombers arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
  • An experimental J1N1 aircraft arrived at Lakunaia Airfield, Rabaul, New Britain. It was armed with aerial burst bomb launchers, a weapon designed against US bombers. [CPC]
Germany
  • Heinz Guderian told Adolf Hitler of his misgivings about the Zitadelle plan. Uncharacteristically Hitler responded that, he too, had concerns about an offensive at Kursk, Russia. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS ABSD-1 was commissioned into service at Everett, Washington, United States with Captain Andrew R. Mack in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Henry Arnold suffered his second heart attck and was hospitalized at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington DC, United States for several days. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
11 May 1943
  • US 7th Infantry Division landed on Attu, Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 26 girls were killed in an Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) hostel in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom during a German bombing raid. [CPC]
  • Allied convoy SC 130 (37 ships) departed Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada for Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United Kingdom to Lisbon, Portugal air service, previously operated by the Dutch airline KLM, was taken over by the British airline BOAC using Douglas DC-3 aircraft on the route. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked Lakunai Airfield and Vunakanau Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Planes of Air Group 12 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit attacked a Japanese convoy east of the Mariana Islands, sinking two transports with 4 torpedo hits and damaging a third with 1 hit; a total of 6 torpedoes was expended. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grayback attacked a six-freighter Japanese convoy escorted by three armed vessels after dark in the South Pacific, sinking freighter Yodogawa Maru with 1 of 6 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Winston Churchill arrived in Washington DC, United States for the Trident Conference scheduled to start on the next day. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 May 1943
Destroyer USS Pruitt and landing craft from USS Heywood moving toward Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 11 May 1943American troops at Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 11 May 1943
12 May 1943
  • The Trident Conference began in Washington, DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • At his headquarters in Brisbane, Australia, George Kenney received a report noting that the morale of US 43rd Bomb Group was sharply declining. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Modified B-25 bombers of 13th Squadron of US 38th Bomb Group, based in Port Moresby, Australian Papua, began conducting strafing missions. [CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops crossed the Yangtze River near Baiyang, Hunan Province, China and attacked Chinese positions on the opposite shore. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked a convoy of two Japanese ships east of Japan; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Tunisia
  • 105 survivors of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy were evacuated from La Galite Island by motored torpedo boats. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Polish Jewish leader Samuel Zygelbojm committed suicide in London, England, United Kingdom as an expression of solidarity with the Jewish resistance fighters in Warsaw. "By my death I wish to make my final protest against the passivity with which the world is looking on and permitting the extermination of the Jewish people", he wrote in his suicide note. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 May 1943
US Army soldiers unloading LCPR and LCM type landing craft on the beach at Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian islands, 12 May 1943; note military policemen on right side of photoUS Army African-American Air Corps officers, Fez, French Morocco, 12 May 1943: Lt Col Benjamin Davis, Capt H. Johnson, Capt Jones, Lt Thompson, Lt Carter, Lt Lawrence, Lt Currie
13 May 1943
  • The remaining Axis troops surrendered in Tunisia. For the first time in the war, the British claimed more German prisoners than the number of British captives in Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • British Royal Navy warships bombarded Pantelleria Island near Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • Danish resistance damaged a railway installation at Tønder, Denmark. [TH]
  • USS Snook sank a Japanese freighter with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The false documents found on the body of Glyndwr Michael/William Martin was returned by the Spanish to the British, apparently unopened but actually shared with and copied by the Germans. [Main Article | CPC]
  • B-17 bomber 'Hell's Angels' of US 303rd Bomb Group became the first aircraft to complete 25 combat missions. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian torpedo boats stationed at Yalta, Ukraine conducted their last sortie from this base. [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo damaged a Japanese transport east of Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Squadron X of the No. 5 Group of the British Royal Air Force, led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson, received water-skipping "Upkeep" bombs for the upcoming mission against German dams in the Ruhr region. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of Bergall was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 May 1943
American soldiers unloading landing craft on the beach at Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, 13 May 1943USS Helena performing night time bombardment of Japanese positions in the Munda-Vila area, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 13 May 1943; photo taken from USS HonoluluSearaven at Mare Island Navy Yard for overhaul, 13 May 1943
14 May 1943
  • The Australian hospital ship Centaur was sunk by a Japanese submarine. [TH]
  • Remy Van Lierde became the first pilot to drop bombs on an enemy target from a Typhoon fighter; en route back to base, he shot down a German He 111 bomber, which was his third kill. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • US 475th Fighter Group was established in Australia. Lieutenant Colonel George Prentiss would arrive one week later to take command of this new formation. [CPC]
Belgium
  • Robert Johnson saw action in flight for the first time while escorting B-17 bombers over Belgium, damaging two German Fw 190 aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Division captured Gong'an, Hunan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • British Mosquito reconnaissance aircraft photographed a German rocket at Peenemünde, Germany; it was estimated to be 38 feet in length and 2 feet in diameter. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Netherlands
  • The Martin B-26 Marauder made its operational debut in northern Europe with a partially successful attack by US 322nd Bomb Group on the Velsen power station at Ijmuiden in the Netherlands. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • In Britain, following more "Upkeep" bomb dropping training at the Wainfleet Bombing Range on the Wash (where a wooden mock up of the dam's towers had been constructed) at full night dress rehearsal was conducted on the Uppingham and Colchester reservoirs. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • Joseph Stilwell arrived in Washington DC, United States to attend the Trident Conference. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 May 1943
Kinkaid reading in his quarters on Adak, Aleutian Islands, 14 May 1943German officer (possibly SS General Maximilian von Herff) questioning Jews in Warsaw, Poland, 14-15 May 1943; note Jürgen Stroop (with goggles) and Karl Kaleske (or Erich Steidtmann; first from right) in background
15 May 1943
  • Stalin dissolved the Comintern. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Gar attacked a Japanese convoy in the Philippine Islands, sinking cargo ships Moikai Maru and Indus Maru, hitting them with four of the twelve torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Admiral Andrew Cunningham announced that "the passage through the Mediterranean was clear", and convoys from Gibraltar to Alexandria, Egypt resumed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • An American reconnaissance aircraft detected German submarine U-176 off Havana, Cuba. Nearby Cuban submarine chaser CS-13, escorting two freighters, was notified and closed in, attacking with depth charges and sinking U-176, killing the entire crew. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Famed Polish Jewish violinist Henri Czaplinski (aka. Genrikh Maksimovich Chaplinsky in Soviet documents) who had fought with Byelorussian partisans but now in Soviet captivity, was reported by Panteleimon Ponomarenko and Lavrentiy Tsanava to be a possible German spy. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 432nd Fighter Squadron (flying P-38 aicraft) of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was transferred to Dobodura No. 15 airstrip of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Japanese troops surrounded Chinese troops near Baiyang, Hunan Province, China, inflicting heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down four P-40 fighters over Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, increasing his score to 40. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Japan New Hebrides
  • Pilots of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 were transferred to Efate, New Hebrides for rest after serving 8 weeks in combat capacity. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean Photo(s) dated 15 May 1943
American troops traveling across snow and ice during the Battle of Attu Island, May 1943Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands seen through the periscope of USS Pollack, mid-May 1943Message from George Marshall and Ernest King to US military personnel returning from war zones, 15 May 1943, page 1 of 2Message from George Marshall and Ernest King to US military personnel returning from war zones, 15 May 1943, page 2 of 2
See all photos dated 15 May 1943
16 May 1943
  • USS Snook sank a Japanese trawler with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Goebbels noted in his diary that Kiel, Germany was heavily damaged in an Allied bombing. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Division attacked Songzi, Hubei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale took station 56 kilometers east of Wake Atoll and guided US Army B-24 bombers toward Wake. She was spotted by a Japanese aircraft, but sustained no damaged in the subsequent attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grayback damaged a Japanese destroyer in the South Pacific, hitting her with 2 of 6 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ended in Poland with the destruction of the Warsaw synagogue at 2015 hours. In Jürgen Stroop's final daily report, he noted that 180 Jewish fighters were killed on this final day. [Main Article | Event | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Wing Commander Guy Gibson's Dambusters took off from Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom for an attack on the Ruhr River dams in Germany. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United States
  • USS Mingo departed New London, Connecticut, United States for the Panama Canal. [Main Article | CPC]
17 May 1943
  • The fifth Axis air offensive against Yugoslav partisans began. [TH]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert M. Stillman led the 322nd Bomb Group on a disastrous low level mission to Haalem and Ijmuiden in the Netherlands. Light flak and Messerchmitt Bf 109G fighters accounted for the loss of ten out of the eleven American B-26 bombers that had set out. The only survivors were one crew that had turned back to its base early because of technical difficulties. [AC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Division surrounded Songzi, Hubei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Egypt
  • René-Émile Godfroy successfully lobbied for the rearmament of the interned French warships at Alexandria, Egypt. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Two of the Ruhr region dams in Germany were breached by British bombers; the resulting flooding killed over 1,000, many of whom were Ukrainian prisoners of war, and most of the rest were German civilians. The nearby industrial facilities suffered little direct harm. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank freighter England Maru and damaged two others in the South Pacific with four torpedo hits; eight torpedoes were expended in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 May 1943
Stage singer Josephine Baker singing the American national anthem before an African-American US Army band directed by Technical Sergeant Frank W. Weiss, Municipal Theater, Oran, Algeria, 17 May 1943German woman being awarded the Cross of Honor of the German Mother, 17 May 1943; note League of German Girls members presentB-17F “Mary Ruth - Memories of Mobile” and the 401st Bomb Squadron flying toward the German U-boat pens at Lorient, France, May 17 1943. This photo was taken from B-17 “Memphis Belle” on her last combat sortie.US Army anti-aircraft gun crew manning their 3-inch M3 AA gun at New Fighter Strip, Dobodura, New Guinea, 17 May 1943
18 May 1943
  • The Papal Nuncio in Romania asked the Romanian foreign minister to allow the immigration of 8,000 Jewish orphans in Transnistria to Palestine. [CPC]
  • After sundown, German submarine U-304 spotted Allied convoy SC 130 in the North Atlantic. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy formed the 12th Air Fleet on paper with Vice Admiral Michitaro Tozuka in command and Rear Admiral Yoshiyuki Ichimiya as the chief of staff. [CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese ship Terushima Maru in the Marshall Islands with two of three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Division captured Songzi, Hubei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • At 0730 hours, a Spitfire aircraft of No. 542 Squadron RAF flew across the Ruhr region in Germany and photographed the extent of the damage from the Dambuster Raid. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was detached from the Western Sea Frontier based in San Fracisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 May 1943
Möhne Dam breached after the previous day
19 May 1943
  • German propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels declared Berlin Judenfrei ("Free of Jews"). In truth, about 2,000 to 3,000 Jews were in hiding in Berlin, while another 18,000 Germans of mixed Jewish heritage were living in Berlin legally. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese sampan in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the North Atlantic, as German submarines began to form an attack formation against Allied convoy SC 130, Liberator bombers of No. 120 Squadron RAF pre-emptively struck them, breaking up the attack. The convoy was met by additional 3 frigates and 1 sloop as reinforcement. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Sproston was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 30 TBF Avenger aircraft of US Marine Scout-Bomber Squadron 143 and US Navy Tropedo Squadron 11 mined waters off Buin, Bougainville, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese ship Bangkok Maru in the Gilbert Islands with three of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert Johnson engaged in combat with German fighters over Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Corps gathered at Chayuansi, Hunan Province, China, preparing for a planned offensive. On the Chinese side, Chen Cheng, commanding officer of the Chinese 6th War Area, returned to the region and reassumed command. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US B-17F bomber 'Memphis Belle' became the second aircraft to complete 25 combat missions after attacking Kiel, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fanni Luukkonen was awarded Order of the German Eagle by Adolf Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom Photo(s) dated 19 May 1943
Broadside view of USS Marlin, off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States, 19 May 1943Stern view of USS Marlin, off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States, 19 May 1943USS Marlin off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States, 19 May 1943Adolf Hitler awarding Fanni Luukkonen Order of the German Eagle, 19 May 1943
20 May 1943
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese sampan in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps transferred the responsibility of the office of the Assistant Commandant (Air) to the Director of Aviation. [CPC]
  • In a press conference, Orde Wingate noted the achievement by Operation Longcloth in the areas of propaganda and morale. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Italian Navy withdrew all its personnel from Yalta, Ukraine; all of the Italian torpedo boats were given to the German Navy in the region. [CPC]
  • Esterwegen Concentration Camp established a special camp named "Süd" (South) to hold prisoners transferred under the Nacht und Nebel program. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 12 US heavy bombers attacked Vunakanau Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain between 0300 and 0430 hours, causing limited damage to the facilities, but greatly affected Japanese morale. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Workers at Dock No. 4 at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii completed concrete work. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived in waters between Japan and Mariana Islands and Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The women's camp in Auschwitz II-Birkenau in Poland reported that it had 20,635 female prisoners (9,337 with working assignments, 4,510 without working assignments, and 6,788 unable to work). [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS S-35 began post-repair trials off Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Henry Arnold was released by Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 May 1943
African-American soldiers of the labor battalion deployed by the US Army eating a meal in the field, Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 20 May 1943US Army soldier relaxing with a book while aboard a transport, off Iceland, 20 May 1943
21 May 1943
  • One month after the death of Isoroku Yamamoto, the news was finally revealed to the Japanese public. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mineichi Koga replaced Isoroku Yamamoto as the Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Royal Navy submarine HMS Sickle "torpedoed" the world famous Monte Carlo Casino. While attacking shipping in the harbour one of the torpedoes ran up the beach and exploded, blowing out the windows of the casino which was being occupied, at the time, by German officers. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 4 US B-17 bombers attacked Vunakanau Airfield and Rapopo Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain. Pilot Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo and observer Lieutenant (jg) Akira Sugawara, in the J1N reconnaissance aircraft equipped with experimental aerial burst bomb launchers, shot down B-17E bomber "Honi Kuu Okole" (Major Paul Williams) and a unnamed B-17F bomber (Captain Joseph Geddes); it was this particular J1N aircraft's first combat. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 90th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 39th Division began to cross the Yangtze River near Pianyan, Hubei Province, China. In Hunan Province, the Japanese 3rd Corps attacked at dawn from Chayuansi, advancing northward toward Changyang in Hubei Province. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Malta Russia
  • The Soviet GKO issued a secret order for the construction of a railroad from Komsomolsk, Khabarovsk Krai, eastern Russia to Sovetskaya Gavan 200 kilometers to the southeast, in preparation for a war against Japan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 May 1943
MGen A. Vandegrift, Col M Edson, 2Lt M. Paige, and Plt. Sgt. J. Basilone at US 1st Marine Division Medal of Honor ceremony, Balcombe, Australia, 21 May 1943, photo 1 of 2MGen A. Vandegrift, Col M Edson, 2Lt M. Paige, and Plt. Sgt. J. Basilone at US 1st Marine Division Medal of Honor ceremony, Balcombe, Australia, 21 May 1943, photo 2 of 2
22 May 1943
  • Shokaku joined a large fleet for the Aleutian Islands, but the sortie was canceled as Attu was reclaimed by US forces. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Shigeru Fukudome was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kimberly was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American TBF aircraft from the 14,000-ton USS Bogue attacked the German submarine U-569, forcing her to surface and surrender. [AC]
China
  • Japanese troops launched an attack toward the region west of Yidu, Hubei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The Italian flag was hoisted aboard captured French cruiser Jean de Vienne at Toulon, France. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The Italian flag was hoisted aboard captured French cruiser La Galissonnière at Toulon, France. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler, Erhard Milch, Adolf Galland, Willy Messerschmitt and others previewed the Me 262 jet fighter at Lechfeld, München-Oberbayern, Germany. Hitler liked the jet and demanded it to be used as a bomber. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Admiral Chester Nimitz boarded USS Wahoo at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii to present awards. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Chittagong, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 42. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Carrier Langley was launched at Camden, New Jersey, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sable departed Buffalo, New York, United States. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 22 May 1943
B-17E Fortress “Sally” at 7-Mile Aerodrome, Port Moresby, New Guinea, May 22 1943. This was the personal transportation aircraft for LGen George Kenney, commander of Allied Air Forces, Southwest Pacific Area.
23 May 1943
  • New Jersey was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 22nd Marine Regiment was detached from the 3rd Marine Brigade and was moved to Tutuila, Samoa. [CPC]
  • A British Fleet Air Arm Swordfish launched from the escort carrier HMS Archer sank the German submarine U-572 with a rocket attack. [Main Article | AC]
Australian Papua
  • 13th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Sunfish conducted a reonnaissance mission at Anguar, Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Pang Bingxun was installed as the commander of the 24th Army Group of the Japanese puppet government in Nanjing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Battleship Musashi arrived at Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan, disembarking Isoroku Yamamoto's ashes. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Dorado was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by the wife of Ezra G. Allen. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 May 1943
Burke with drink and pipe in hand while at the OfficerThe ashes of Admiral Yamamoto arriving at Kisarazu, Japan aboard battleship Musashi, 23 May 1943Future commander of Dorado Earle C. Schneider at the launching ceremony with his son Earle V. Launching of submarine Dorado, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 23 May 1943
24 May 1943
  • US troops mopped up the final Japanese opposition groups in the Aleutian Islands. Overall in this campaign, the 2,600 Japanese men were wiped out at a cost of 550 American lives. [Main Article | AC]
  • British bombers attacked East Frisian Islands (Ostfriesische Inseln) in northwestern Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After suffering many submarine sinkings during May 1943, German Admiral Karl Dönitz ordered a temporary halt to submarine operations in the North Atlantic to regroup and re-evaluate tactics. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bunker Hill was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps abolished its glider program. [CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla was commissioned into service with Commander Douglas Thompson Hammond in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Five B-17 and six B-24 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain with 17 tons of bombs between 0030 and 0145 hours, hitting Lakunai, Rapopo, and Vunakanau airfields. One B-24D bomber crashed at Port Moresby, Australian Papua upon its return at 0530 hours, killing all aboard. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • From Port Moresby, Australian Papua, Ennis Whitehead sent George Kenney a request for setting up regular reconnaissance flights over Rabaul, New Britain using F-5 (P-38) aircraft. [CPC]
China
  • Japanese 39th Division completed the crossing of the Yangtze River near Pianyan, Hubei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Torpedo Squadron 12 (VT-12) on board. (F4U-1) [sic] [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wahoo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale conducted a reconnaissance mission on Rota, Mariana Islands between Tinian and Guam. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer Dr. Josef Mengele arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. He was soon to begin experiments on prisoners. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Bluefish was commissioned into service with Commander George E. Porter in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 May 1943
Newly converted USS Sable training aircraft carrier on her delivery trip to Chicago, Illinois upbound on Lake St Clair, Michigan, United States.  Photo taken from the freighter Joseph Wood. May 24 1943.Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and others at the White House during Trident Conference, Washington DC, United States, 24 May 1943
25 May 1943

China
  • Chinese 86th Corps, having held the Japanese 39th Division attack at the shore of the Yangtze River since the previous day, fell back toward Pianyan, Hubei Province, China. Earlier in the afternoon, Chiang Kaishek had personally telephoned area commander Wu Qiwei, stressing the importance of holding Pianyan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels noted in his diary that the industrial and residential districts in Dortmund, Germany were heavily damaged by Allied bombing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a conference in Berlin, Germany, Albert Speer recommended that the funding for military research be focused on the V-2 rocket program rather than being spread around a wide range of projects that included jets, heat-seeking missiles, sound-seeking torpedoes, and others. Ultimately this recommendation would be ignored. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Permit arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Bachelor Officer Quarters (BOQ) "C" turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Poland
  • 507 men and 528 women of the Gypsy camp in Birkenau of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp system, most of whom were from Poland and Austria, were gassed. At least several hundred of them were sick, many of whom with typhus, thus giving the camp authorities to write off their deaths as natural. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A Victoria Cross award was gazetted for John Linton, who had recently been lost when the submarine HMS Turbulent which he commanded became missing in action in mid-Mar 1943, for the sustained period of leadership during the war. [CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived off Apra, Guam, Mariana Islands and observed Japanese activities inside the harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • The first British mission to coordinate with local partisans parachuted into Yugoslavia. [TH]
26 May 1943
  • The German government issued the order to stop assigning concentration camp victims sequantial identification numbers in order to hide the true number of deaths. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 759 British heavy bombers attacked Düsseldurf, Germany starting at about 0200 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
  • King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visited RAF Wyton, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy SC 130 arrived in Liverpool, England, United Kingdom without losses despite German submarine attacks en route. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • At dawn, a 4,500-strong Japanese force attacked toward Pianyan, Hubei Province, China, but the force was quickly attacked and surrounded by elements of Chinese 5th and 18th Divisions; by the time the Japanese were able to extract themselves after dark, the force had suffered 3,000 casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • At Peenemünde, Germany, before Hermann Göring, Erhard Milch, and other top German leaders, an A-4 rocket and a flying bomb were tested. The A-4 rocket flew perfectly, while the flying bomb crashed only after a mile or two of flight. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale sank Japanese freighter Shoei Maru in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedo fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops began an offensive against the German units isolated between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea in the Kuban area of southern Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • V. T. Shirmanov was named the Soviet counterintelligence agency GUKR SMERSH's chief within the Central Front. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Sable arrived at Chicago, Illinois, United States. [Main Article | DS]
27 May 1943
  • Allied forces landed on Biak Island, New Guinea. [Main Article | TH]
  • The first unified meeting of French resistance groups took place, chaired by Jean Moulin; it recognized de Gaulle as the leader of the movement. Moulin would be betrayed to the Gestapo a month later, dying en route to a concentration camp. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Gar ended her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered that all defense contracts to be free of racial discrimination. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny refueled at Johnston Island, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Samoa, the US 22nd Marine Regiment was reorganized as the Garrison Force, Defense Force, Samoan Group. [CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese cargo ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops launched a major attack against Chinese troops in the Hubei-Hunan border region while 53 vessels ran the gauntlet on the Yangtze River, successfully sailing from Yichang to Wuhan. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hoe departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Torpedo Squadron 12 (VT-12) departed (Model TBF). Part of British Torpedo Squadron 832 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • While on a search and rescue mission in the Pacific Ocean, the B-24 bomber "The Green Hornet" developed mechanical trouble and crashed 850 miles west of Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, killing 8 of the 11 crew members. Louis Zamperini, Russell Phillips, and Francis McNamara survived the crash. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 27 May 1943
GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 open cab long wheel base transport with gun ring being prepared for shipment to North Africa, Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States, 27 May 1943King George VI visiting men of No. 617 Squadron RAF at Scampton, England, United Kingdom, 27 May 1943; note Lancaster B Mk I bomber Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 1 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 2 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.
See all photos dated 27 May 1943
28 May 1943
  • Cowpens was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • B-17 bomber "Old 666" conducted a camera mapping mission over southeastern New Ireland. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Sunfish shelled a Japanese oil refinery at Fais, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed in Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China, with the Chinese moving behind the Japanese 13th Division, threatening to cut its supply lines. [Main Article | CPC]
29 May 1943
  • RAF bombers attacked Wuppertal, Germany with 1,900 tons of explosives. The Ruhr region city housed an I. G. Farben chemical plant and a G. & J. Jaeger ball-bearing factory. [Main Article | TH]
  • The issue of the American magazine The Saturday Evening Post published on this date featured with Norman Rockwell's "Rosie the Riveter" illustration. [CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed in Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Scorpion departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two British fighters over Chittagong, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 44. [Main Article]
Puerto Rico
  • 417th Bombardment Squadron of 25th Bombardment Group of US Army Air Forces, operating B-18 Bolo bombers, was assigned to Losey Field in Puerto Rico. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1943
F4U-1 Corsair fighter of US Marine Corps fighter squadron VMF-213 A group of approximately 40 dead Japanese soldiers at a ridge on Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 29 May 1943Rear Admiral W. L. Friedell greeting Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 29 May 1943; note MortonRear Admiral W. L. Friedell greeting Lieutenant Commander Richard O
See all photos dated 29 May 1943
30 May 1943
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Bf 109 fighter, sharing the credit with other pilots. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Duguay-Trouin joined the Allied fleet; she would be re-armed in Jul 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
Algeria
  • General Charles de Gaulle arrived in Algeria to become, with Henri Giraud, co-Presidents of the French Committee of National Liberation (FCNL) but soon used his superior political skills to become sole leader of the organization. [Main Article | AC]
China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed at Gaojialing in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China; the Japanese used chemical weapons during this engagement. On the same day, Chinese 6th War Area commander Chen Cheng ordered a full scale counter offensive to be launched. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Army 19th Fighter Squadron departed. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Grayback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • SS-Hauptsturmführer Josef Mengele became the doctor for the Gypsy Family Camp (Sector BIIe) of Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Hackleback was launched at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, sponsored by the wife of W. L. Wright. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 May 1943
Map depicting the American operations on Attu Island, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 11-30 May 1945Launching of submarine Devilfish, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 30 May 1943Launching of submarine Hackleback, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 30 May 1943
31 May 1943
  • US troops completed their occupation of Attu in the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 15th Air Force bombed Foggia airfield in Italy, destroying a number of German and Italian planes on the ground. [TH]
  • USS Tunny was attacked by a Japanese aircraft, incurring minor damage that was repaired at sea later in the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler expressed extreme dismay at the withdrawal of German submarines from the American coast. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was named the commanding officer of the 3rd Group of the Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 wing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German observation balloon. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney arrived at Port Moresby, Australian Papua to temporarily relieve Ennis Whitehead, who was sent to Australia for treatment for a badly infected toe. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese Army Major General Noboru Sasaki arrived at Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands as the new commanding officer of the joint Army-Navy Southwest Detachment. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese forward positions in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China fell back in multiple places as the result of a large scale Chinese counterattack launched on the previous day. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan United States
  • USS S-35 completed post-repair trials off Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 May 1943
Inspecting North African bases, Winston Churchill attends a USAAF 414th Bombardment Squadron briefing at Chateau-dun-du-Rhumel Airfield, Tunsia, 31 May 1943. Alan Brooke, Chief of the Imperial Staff, is seated to Churchill’s right.
1 Jun 1943
  • Air Vice Marshal Roderic M. Hill became the commanding officer of the No. 12 Group RAF. [CPC]
  • US submarines began active operations against Japanese shipping. [TH]
  • The Allies formed the 2nd Tactical Air Force in England, United Kingdom. [TH]
  • Bryansk, Orel, and Smolensk in Russia were attacked by Soviet aircraft. [TH]
  • Anthony Eden announced that British casualties in first three years of war were 92,089 killed, 226,719 missing, 88,294 wounded, and 107,891 captured. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 4th Moroccan Mountain Division was raised from the 3rd Moroccan Infantry Division, but was not committed to Italy as a part of the French Expeditionary Force until Feb 1944. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • B-17E bomber "Texas #6" was shot down over Waterfall Bay, New Britain by A6M Zero fighters. [CPC]
China
  • US aircraft attacked Japanese troop transports near Yichang, Hubei Province, China, sinking several vessels and drowning a number of Japanese troops in the Yangtze River. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Fighting Squadron 9 (VF-9; Model F6F-3) on board. Part of Torpedo Squadron 9 (VT-9; Model TBF-1) on board. Bombing Squadron 9 (VB-9; Model SBD-4) on board. Part of Fleet Air Base Unit 1 departed. Part of Bombing Sq 137 (VB-137; Model PV-1) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Photo(s) dated 1 Jun 1943
Portrait of Homma, 1 Jun 1943Yi Woo exiting an aircraft, 1 Jun 1943
2 Jun 1943
  • Soviet aircraft attacked Kiev, Ukraine and Roslavl, Russia; their counterparts, Luftwaffe bombers, attacked Kursk, Russia. [TH]
  • USS Finback damaged a Japanese ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish departed for her sixth war patrol with a new commanding officer, Captain Frank Watkins. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Five B-17 bombers were launched from Port Moresby, Australian Papua at 2330 hours to attack Rabaul, New Britain. All bombers would abandon their missions due to poor weather. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • B-17 bomber "Old 666" conducted a camera mapping mission over the Buka Passage between Buka and Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. [CPC]
China
  • Elements of the Chinese 23rd, 55th, 98th, and 121st Division surrounded the rearguard forces of the Japanese 13th Division in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China, inflicting heavy casualties before the Japanese could break out of the envelopment. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Air Group 9 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • USAAF 99th Fighter Squadron made its combat debut with its P-40L fighters, strafing Italian positions on Pantelleria island southwest of Sicily, Italy. [CPC]
Japan US Pacific Islands
3 Jun 1943
  • The first fruits of victory reached British shops in the form of Algerian wine. [CPC]
  • German forces discovered 150 Jews hiding in a bunker in the Warsaw ghetto in Poland. They went on to destroy the bunker and killed all people within. [CPC]
  • Operation Cottbus: German forces attacked partisans in Barysaw (Borisov), Byelorussia. [CPC]
  • French Resistance saboteurs destroyed 300 tons of tires in the Michelin factory at Clermont-Ferrant. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US South Pacific command published Operation Plan 14-43 for the capture of Japanese-held islands in the central Solomon Islands. US Navy Rear Admiral Richmond Turner was named the overall commanding officer, and the largest contingent under his command would be the US Army 43rd Division. [Main Article | CPC]
  • All Japanese resistance on Attu, Aleutian Islands ceased. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Operation Toenails: The Allies invaded New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS S-35 departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jun 1943
F6F-3 Hellcat of VF-1 being catapulted from the hangar deck catapult on the carrier Yorktown (Essex-class) off Trinidad, 3 Jun 1943.
4 Jun 1943
  • Luftwaffe bombed the tank factory in Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod), Russia. [TH]
  • The British House of Commons refused to lift the economic blockade against occupied Europe. [CPC]
  • Three American submarines entered the Sea of Japan. [CPC]
  • The Times newspaper in Britain reported the death of the fictitious Royal Marines temporary captain and acting major W. Martin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Johnson was awarded the Distinguished Service Order medal. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Chinese 79th Corps launched a frontal attack against Japanese troops in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China, on the southern side of the Yangtze River; Japanese positions were pushed back, but the Chinese suffered very heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • A Luxembourg national working at Peenemünde, Germany reported to the United Kingdom the presence of a 10-meter-long rocket with 150- to 250-kilometer range which was fueled by "bottles containing gas". [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Bachelor Officer Quarters (BOQ) "D" turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • In Tokyo, Japan, Emperor Showa made a rare address about an individual regarding the loss of Isoroku Yamamoto. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Jun 1943

Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-217 was attacked and sunk by a TBF Avenger torpedo bomber assisted by a Wildcat fighter from escort carrier USS Bogue. [Main Article | AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • F-5A reconnaissance aircraft "Eager Beaver" flown by pilot Lieutenant Frederic Hargesheimer detected a new Japanese aircraft under construction at Ubili, New Britain. His aircraft was in turn spotted by the Japanese and was shot down; Hargesheimer survived the attack and would spend the next eight months in the jungle. [CPC]
Japan
  • A full state funeral was given for Isoroku Yamamoto. The funeral procession slowly moved from Tokyo, Japan to Hibiya Park in nearby city of Chiyoda. At 1050 hours, many Japanese citizens across the entire country bowed their heads toward Tokyo in honor of Yamamoto. During the ceremony, Hideki Tojo made an address regarding Yamamoto's contributions to Japan, while Yamamoto was posthumously promoted to the rank of fleet admiral (or, literally, naval marshal) and was given the Order of the Chrysanthemum 1st Class and the German Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale damaged a Japanese seaplane tender in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Thailand
  • 77 American B-29 bombers attacked Bangkok, Thailand; it was the first USAAF B-29 bombing mission. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jun 1943
The state funeral of Yamamoto, 5 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 2The state funeral of Yamamoto, 5 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 2UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Downing Street, London, England, United Kingdom, 5 Jun 1943; he had just returned from the US after a meeting with Roosevelt
6 Jun 1943

Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny arrived off Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 8 Japanese light bombers escorted by 14 fighters attacked Liangshan Airfield in Chongqing, China, destroying 12 P-40 fighters and 1 other aircraft on the ground. Captain Chow Chin-kai, who had just landed in a P-40 fighters, commandeered a P-66 Vanguard fighter parked nearby and shot down 3 bombers. Chow was later awarded the Order of Blue Sky and White Sun for this action. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Fresh troops of the Chinese 74th Corps arrived in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China, wiping out two brigades of the Japanese 17th Independent Mixed Regiment. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Shirakawa Prisoners of War Camp in southern Taiwan was opened at the site of a former Japanese Army base. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jun 1943
Gun camera still by Flight Sergeant Batchelor No. 457 Squadron RAAF of Japanese G4M1 bombers in flight near Darwin, Australia, 6 Jun 194337 mm Gun M3 mounted aboard a M6 Gun Motor Carriage, with additional .50 cal machine gun attached, 3 miles west of Watertown, Tennessee, United States, 6 Jun 1943
7 Jun 1943
  • USS Tunny was attacked by a Japanese float biplane and later by a destroyer; none caused any damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese began a renewed air offensive against Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Chinese 3rd Division wiped out the headquarters element of the Japanese 13th Division in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Dutch prisoners of war were transferred out of the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany for the camp at Stanislau in Ukraine; it had been decided in the previous month at Oflag IV-C was to house US and British prisoners only. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Harder departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was ordered to travel from San Francisco, California, United States to Washington DC, United States for a new assignment. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1943
Crew of B-17F Flying Fortress bomber Crew of B-17F Flying Fortress bomber
8 Jun 1943
  • Mutsu suffered an explosion due to unknown cause at 1213 hours about three kilometers north of Oshima Island in Japan. 1,121 men were killed; several hundred survivors were treated at military hospitals in Japan and then shipped off to various garrisons in order to maintain secrecy of this accidental explosion. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked a Japanese convoy east of Philippine Islands and claimed two transports sunk and another ship damaged, hitting them with 4 of 8 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Brigadier General Paul Wursmith of US V Fighter Command landed a P-40 fighter at Marilinan, about 40 kilometers west of Lae, Australian Papua, to evaluate the general area for the possible construction of a new fighter airstrip. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) on board. Brig turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jun 1943
US Ambassador Nelson Johnson, Lady Gowrie, John Curtin, Douglas MacArthur, Governor General Lord Gowrie, and Frank Forde, Australia, 8 Jun 1943
9 Jun 1943
  • Tito was wounded by a German air attack. [Main Article | TH]
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the temporary rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mutsu sank at 0200 hours from damage suffered during the explosion on the previous day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • George Bush was commissioned as an ensign in the US Naval Reserve at Corpus Christi, Texas, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 21 B-17 bombers attacked Lakunai, Vunakanau, and Rapopo airfields at Rabaul, New Britain with 73,000 pounds of bombs between 0215 and 0520 hours. A J1N1 nightfighter (pilot Chief Flight Officer Satoru Ono, observer Lieutenant (jg) Kisaku Hamano) damaged two of the US bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese convoy in the Mariana Islands, damaging (possibly sinking) two freighters, hitting them with 5 of 9 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 9 Jun 1943
B-17F bomber
10 Jun 1943
  • The keel of what would become USS Blackfin was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF and RAF began a coordinated air offensive with the RAF over Europe, conducting area bombing at night and the USAAF flying precision bombing raids by day. The British Assistant Chief of the Air Staff noted that the primary objective of bombing campaign was "the destruction of German air-frame, engine and component factories and the ball-bearing industry on which the strength of the German fighter force depend" and the secondary objective was "the general disorganization of those industrial areas associated with the above industries". [Main Article | TH]
  • Doneff was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 9 departed for USS Essex. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Vice Admiral Masakuni Yamagata was named the commanding officer of Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The work to extend HMCS Trillium's forecastle at Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States was completed. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • While under construction, Shamrock Bay's hull number changed from ACV-84 to CVE-84. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jun 1943
Aerial stern view of USS S-28 making 10 knots, off Seattle, Washington, United States, 10 Jun 1943Aerial bow view of USS S-28 making 10 knots, off Seattle, Washington, United States, 10 Jun 1943Subhash Chandra Bose and Hideki Tojo, Tokyo, Japan, 10 Jun 1943SNJ Texan aircraft having just landed on USS Sable, Lake Michigan, United States, 10 Jun 1943
See all photos dated 10 Jun 1943
11 Jun 1943
  • German Major Werner Streib of 1./NJG 1 flying a Heinkel He 219 Uho night fighter shot down five Avro Lancaster bombers in a single sortie. [AC]
  • The final liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland was ordered by Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler. [Main Article | TH]
  • The invasion of Pantelleria, Operation Corkscrew, was deemed successful. [Main Article | TH]
  • In Germany, 200 B-17 bombers of US 8th Air Force bomb Wilhelmshaven, while RAF aircraft bombed Münster and Düsseldorf. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese cargo ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Runner sank Japanese cargo ship Seinan Maru in Tsugaru Strait off Hokkaido, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 10 B-24 bombers of US 43rd Bomb Group attacked Vunakanau airfield at Rabaul, New Britain with 39,000 pounds of bombs between 0000 and 0500 hours, destroying some Japanese aircraft on the ground. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney returned tactical control of the bombers at Port Moresby, Australian Papua to Ennis Whitehead, who had returned from Australia after receiving medical treatment for a badly infected toe. Kenney departed Port Moresby for Brisbane, Australia later in the day. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • In China, Chinese troops regained all territory in the Hubei and Hunan Provinces lost to the Japanese offensive launched on 5 May 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • The unwatering of the nearly-completed Dock No. 4 at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii began. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 11 Jun 1943
Bell underway off the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 11 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 2Bell underway off the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 11 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 2Portside amidships of USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States during inclining experiment, 11 Jun 194382nd Airborne load a 75mm howitzer into a CG-4A Troop Glider during training at Oujda, French Morocco, North Africa a month before the Sicily invasion, Jun 11 1943.
12 Jun 1943
  • RAF aircraft bombed Bochum, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Luftwaffe aircraft conducted a night raid on Plymouth, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | TH]
  • The German submarine U-441 which sailed from Brest, France on 8 Jun 1943, obeying Admiral Doenitz's order that U-boat crews should fight Allied aircraft on the surface using improved anti-aircraft guns, encountered not a slow patrol aircraft but three Beaufighter Mk VIC of No. 248 squadron and was severely straffed and forced to put back to Brest for repairs. [AC]
  • Aircraft of Japanese 11th Air Fleet from Rabaul were launched to attack American positions in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands, but this force was turned back by Allied fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was transferred from the 3rd Force of the Mobile Force Training Force to Carrier Division 2 of the 3rd Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) on board. Aircraft storehouse, paint and oil storehouse, and Public Works and Maintenance building, turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Ukraine
  • Germans liquidated the Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany in western Ukraine. 1,180 Jews were led to the city's old Jewish graveyard and killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jun 1943
British aerial reconnaissance photograph of V-2 rockets at Peenemünde Test Stands I and VII, Germany, 12 Jun 1943
13 Jun 1943
  • Lydia Litvyak was made the commanding officer of 3rd Aviation Squadron of Soviet 73rd Guard Fighter Aviation Regiment. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 21 B-17 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain with 87,000 pounds of bombs before dawn; a J1N1 nightfighter (pilot Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo, observer Lieutenant (jg) Akira Sugawara) shot down B-17 bomber "Georgia Peach" at 0326 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A contingent of US Army, US Navy, and US Marine Corps officers were landed at Segi, New Georgia to evaluate possible landing locations for an invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Robert Johnson scored his first kill, a German Fw 190 aircraft of 10 Staffel of JG 26, over Bergues, France. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Composite Squadron 12 (VC-12) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan United States
  • The keel of Preston was laid down by Bethlehem Shipbuilding at San Pedro, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jun 1943
African-American pianist Dorothy Donegan playing with the Camp Robert Smalls swing band at US Navy Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 16 Jun 1943
14 Jun 1943
  • USS Tunny attacked a Japanese convoy east of Murilo Island, Marshall Islands. As she moved into position to attack the three transports, the two escorting destroyers detected her and attacked with 4-inch shells. She dove but maintain her course into attack position, firing four torpedoes at a range of 3,100 meters and claiming three hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Admiral John Newton relieved Admiral William Halsey as the commanding officer of the South Pacific area. Combined with this personnel change was the transfer of the Solomon Islands region to the Southwest Pacific command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The RAF's 2nd Tactical Air Force was formed to train close support aircraft squadrons for tactical operations during Operation Overlord. [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Bowling Alley turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jun 1943
An Iranian, a Chinese, and two British officers in conversation during the United Nations Day Parade, London, England, United Kingdom, 14 Jun 1943
15 Jun 1943
  • USS Hoe made a night time underwater torpedo attack, damaging a Japanese freighter with 1 out of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback fired three torpedoes at a Japanese ship east of Philippine Islands; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • More than 20 B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked Lakunai airfield at Rabaul, New Britain before dawn. A J1N1 nightfighter (pilot Chief Flight Officer Satoru Ono, observer Lieutenant (jg) Kisaku Hamano) shot down one bomber, while two B-24 bombers fired on each other over Rabaul in confusion. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • B-17 bomber "R. F. D. Tojo" conducted a photographic reconnaissance mission over Buka in the Solomon Islands. It successfully made two passes over the Japanese base, but all film would turn out to be bad upon its return. [CPC]
Germany
  • The world's first turbojet reconnaissance bomber, the Arado Ar 234V-1 Blitz (GK-IV), made its maiden flight at Rheine, Germany with Flugkapitän Selle in the cockpit. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Marshall Islands New Hebrides
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 returned to the front lines from a month of rest at Efate, New Hebrides, transferring to Turtle Bay fighter strip on Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel sank Japanese cargo ship Kayo Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 7 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Cumberland arrived at Thurso, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jun 1943
Air crew posing on Jeep in front of B-17F Pilot 1st Lt James M. Smith (right) and Co-Pilot 2nd Lt Fred N. Dibble in the cockpit of B-17F
16 Jun 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • Major General John Hester announced the date for the New Georgia invasion to be 30 Jun 1943. On the same day, a group of Japanese dive bombers and fighters unsuccessfully attacked American positions in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands; a large number of the aircraft were destroyed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • B-17 bomber "Old 666", piloted by Captain Jay Zeamer, conducted a camera mapping mission over Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. It was attacked and heavily damaged by fighters of the squadron led by Warrant Officer Yoshio Oki. Zeamer, wounded, would be able to fly the bomber back home; this later won him a Medal of Honor. [CPC]
Japan United Kingdom
  • Noor Inayat Khan boarded a Lysander aircraft in Britain for France. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jun 1943
  • In the last major air battle over Guadalcanal, Captain William D. Wells (US 8th Fighter Group) led his flight of P-39 Airacobra fighters into a formation of 30-35 Japanese Aichi Type 99 naval bombers and shot down four of them. [Main Article | AC]
  • Captain Teruhiko Miyoshi's body was recovered from the wreck of battleship Mutsu. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Monterey was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a letter written to Winston Churchill, President Franklin Roosevelt expressed his conviction that General Charles de Gaulle was injuring the Allied war efforts and was "a very dangerous threat to us". [Main Article | AC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion was relieved of its responsibility in the defense of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands and was ordered to begin training for the upcoming New Georgia invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Noor Inayat Khan landed in France via a Lysander aircraft before dawn. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 17 Jun 1943
Lance Sergeant A Haywood, Private C Norman and Private H Maw of 1st Battalion, The British Duke of Wellington
18 Jun 1943
  • The word RADAR, from Radio Detection and Ranging, was made the official British name for the technology. [TH]
  • USS Gar began her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was awarded the German Cross in Gold. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Libya
  • Two men of Italian Air Force Assault Engineer Battalion penetrated into Benina airfield in Libya and destroyed two B-24 and two Wellington aircraft; both men were captured after the mission. [CPC]
Poland
  • Jürgen Stroop was awarded Iron Cross 1st Class at Lazienki Park, Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Aircraft designer Clarence Johnson met with Lockheed President Robert Gross and chief engineer Hal Hibbard at the company's headquarters in Burbank, California, United States. Johnson informed the two that US Army Air Force representatives from Wright Field had requested Lockheed to design a jet fighter. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1943
Elderly Ukranian man and his ruined home, Tschernigow region, Ukraine, 18 Jun 1943
19 Jun 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • RAF bombers attacked the Schneider armaments factory at Le Creusot, France. [TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel sank Japanese cargo ship Tokiwa Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired She also claimed 1 torpedo hit (of 2 fired) on a Japanese destroyer, but the sinking was not confirmed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jun 1943
Three soldiers manning US Army 90th Coast ArtilleryUSS Cisco during trials, off northeastern United States, 19 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 4USS Cisco during trials, off northeastern United States, 19 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 4USS Cisco during trials, off northeastern United States, 19 Jun 1943, photo 3 of 4
See all photos dated 19 Jun 1943
20 Jun 1943
  • The RAF initiated shuttle bombing, where planes departed home fields to bomb Germany, re-armed in Africa, then bomb Italian targets en route back to Britain. The first of these raids targeted Friedrichshafen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 5,550 Dutch Jews in Amsterdam were rounded up for deportation to the east. [CPC]
  • Submarine Rock was launched, sponsored by Mrs. B. O. Wells. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lord Gort received the field marshal's baton from King George VI at Malta. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Captain Arthur Post of US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron was shot down near Wide Bay, New Britain. He survived the ordeal and was taken in by natives, who later brought him to coast watchers. [CPC]
Caroline Islands United States
  • A fist fight between two men, one white and one African-American, at Belle Isle Park in Detroit, Michigan, United States escalated the already-strained racial tension into a riot. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jun 1943
US Army gun crew preparing to fire a 37mm sub-caliber mounted on a 75mm field howitzer during range practice, Sanskeid Range, Iceland, 20 Jun 1943; note M8 carriageGerman SdKfz. 9 halftrack vehicle towing a Panzer VI Tiger I heavy tank in preparation for Operation Zitadelle, near Kursk, Russia, Jun 1943USS Saint Louis, USS Helena, and USS Honolulu off Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 20 Jun 1943
21 Jun 1943
  • USS Cod was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Himmler ordered the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in all Soviet territories controlled by Germany. On the same day, the Lvov Ghetto in Poland was liquidated; 10,000 to 20,000 Jews were massacred. [Main Article | CPC]
  • RAF bombers attacked Krefeld in the Ruhr region of Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Hoe sank a Japanese ship, hitting her with 3 out of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Engstrom was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion arrived off Takarajima, Tokara Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate arrived in Delhi, India and met with various British officers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Takeo Takagi was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 6th Fleet, which was centered around submarines. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of the Kure Naval District. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • In Operation Toenails, US 4th Marine Raider Battalion was dispatched to Segi, New Georgia to assist coast watchers in the area who were threatened by a Japanese advance. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Caroline Islands French Morocco
  • Gabriel Puaux was made the Resident-General of French Morocco, replacing Charles Hippolyte Noguès. [CPC]
Hawaii United States
  • USS Luce was commissioned into service with Commander Donald C. Varian in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jun 1943
Tri-color camouflaged Hellcat fighters in flight, 21 Jun 1943Repairing a Tiger I heavy tank, Russia, 21 Jun 1943, photo 01 of 21Repairing a Tiger I heavy tank, Russia, 21 Jun 1943, photo 02 of 21Repairing a Tiger I heavy tank, Russia, 21 Jun 1943, photo 03 of 21
See all photos dated 21 Jun 1943
22 Jun 1943
  • Stutthof Concentration Camp conducted its first gassing, killing many Polish and and Byelorussian prisoners. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 60 British Lancaster bombers attacked factories at Friedrichshafen in southern Germany. Planners of the attack though they were conducting a strike on a factory producing radar parts, but in actuality it was manufacturing parts for V-2 rockets. [CPC]
  • British RAF Coastal Command commenced anti-shipping missions with strike aircraft armed with rockets. [AC]
  • US Army troops invaded Japanese-held Woodlark Island, Trobriand Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Japan
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese convoy off Japan, damaging seaplane transport Sagara Maru with 3 of 4 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Roza Shanina was accepted into the Vsevobuch program for universal military training. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The riot fueled by racial tension was finally under control in Detroit, Michigan, United States after three days of violence committed by both whites and African-Americans. During this period, 34 were killed (9 whites, 25 African-Americans), about 500 were wounded (about 75% African-Americans), more than 1,800 were arrested (about 80% African-Americans), and US$2,000,000 worth of damage were done to property. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jun 1943
Kindley Field, Bermuda with B-17 Fortresses of the 390th Bomb Group in transit from the US to England, 22 Jun 1943
23 Jun 1943
  • All Jewish ghettos in the Galicia region of Poland and Ukraine were liquidated; 430,329 Jews were deported from this region. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Truk, Caroline Islands to escort cruiser Nagara to Nauru. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese transport south of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jun 1943
Alexander and Kirk at Mers el Kabir, Algeria, 23 Jun 1943Alexander, Patton, and Kirk at Mers el Kabir, Algeria, 23 Jun 1943British aerial reconnaissance photo of Test Stand VII, Peenemünde, Germany, 23 Jun 1943
24 Jun 1943
  • RAF bombers attacked Elberfeld in the Ruhr region of Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • American submarine USS Tinosa fired 12 torpedoes at an enemy target. 11 of them failed to explode. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At dawn, USS Snook attacked a six-ship Japanese convoy in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, damaging one tanker with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein flew the Bf 110 nightfighter for the first time, discovered technical issues, and returned to flying his usual Ju 88 aircraft, in which he shot down four British Lancaster bombers. His victories now stood at 35. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish ended her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder damaged a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Tamazato Prisoners of War Camp in eastern Taiwan was closed after less than three months in operation; on the same day, Taihoku Prisoners of War Camp No. 5 near Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was opened. [CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Caiman was laid down by the Electric Boat Company at Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1943
Emperor Showa (Hirohito; front center) and Nagano (front, 6th from Left) aboard the Musashi, 24 Jun 1943USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 3USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 3USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 3 of 3
25 Jun 1943
  • The minesweeper USS Advocate was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. [AC]
  • Naka arrived at Nauru and disembarked 412 troops of No. 2 Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Force; she departed later in the day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Hubert Lanz was given command of XXXXIX Gebirgskorps. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Mingo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Pollack arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • The first Italian "M" armored division was formed near Rome, Italy as Mussolini's bodyguard unit. [CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 arrived in the Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Harder sank a Japanese transport and damaged another off Japan, hitting each with 1 torpedo, expending 7 torpedoes in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • Rear Admiral Katsuya Sato was named the chief of staff of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • The German Foreign Ministry representative in the Netherlands reported that 102,000 of the 140,000 Dutch Jews had been deported. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Jews in the ghetto of Czestochowa, Poland revolted; German authorities destroyed the ghetto in response. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Crematorium III began operation at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. The camp now had the capacity of cremating 4,756 bodies per day. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Karenko Prisoners of War Camp in Karenko (now Hualien) in eastern Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
United States
  • The keel for the future submarine Trepang was laid down at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Jun 1943
USS Cowpens near Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 25 Jun 1943
26 Jun 1943
  • USS Tunny performed photographic reconnaissance at Saipan Harbor and Tinian Channel in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Runner failed to report in whilst on patrol off Northern Japan and would soon be presumed lost. Post-war records showed that she sank Japanese passenger-cargo ship Shinryu Maru off Kurile Islands, Japan on this date. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • USS Finback arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 11 B-17 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain before dawn. A J1N nightfighter (pilot Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo, observer Warrant Officer Michitaro Ichikawa) shot down B-17F bomber "Taxpayer's Pride" and B-17E bomber "Naughty But Nice", which made Shigetoshi Kudo the first Japanese nightfighter ace. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Robert Johnson's P-47 aircraft was badly damaged by German aircraft while flying patrol over France, but was able to return to base in Britain. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 transited Onekotan Strait in the Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1943
  • USS S-28 departed the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States for the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Chiefs of Staff circulated the "German Long-Range Rocket: Evidence Received from All Sources" report with details of German rockets potentially capable of carrying 2 to 8 tons of high explosives. [CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered a new procedure for testing the children born of Eastern European forced laborers; those tested racially inferior were to be left in inadequately-supplied centers for foreign children, where many of whom would die from malnutrition and lack of care. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies Q and P of the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion arrived at Segi, New Georgia to join the remainder of the battalion which had already landed six days prior. They were immediately deployed to attack the small naval base at Viru Harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The dams in the Ruhr region of Germany damaged by the 17 May 1943 British raid returned to full capacity. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 detected a Japanese freighter in the Kurile Islands but failed to close in on the ship due to the submarine's slow speed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1943
Beaufighter Mk VIF aircraft of No. 272 Squadron RAF Coastal Command at Takali airfield, Malta, 27 Jun 1943
28 Jun 1943
  • Köln, Germany was bombed by British aircraft, heavily damaging the cathedral. About 4,000 were killed and 1,500 were wounded. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tunny fired three torpedoes at a Japanese gunboat and dove to escape depth charge attacks from a nearby anti-submarine trawler. She observed two explosions. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion was ordered to sail for the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • A Royal Air Force reconnaissance aircraft conclusively identified German long-range rocket launch sites on Peenemünde, Germany. [AC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 28 Jun 1943
Speer inspecting a captured Russian T-34 tank, 28 Jun 1943
29 Jun 1943
  • The US 158th Regimental Combat Team and the US 6th Engineer Combat Company landed unopposed at Kiriwini Island, Trobriand Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35's starboard engine was repaired while at sea in the Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Harder sank a Japanese transport and damaged an oiler off Japan, hitting them with 2 of 2 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jun 1943
African-American US Army Captain E. H. Lowe pinning the 2nd Lieutenant insignia on James B. Morris, Camp Columbia, Brisbane, Australia, 29 Jun 1943
30 Jun 1943
  • The German Nazi organization Gestapo was given the right to decide for itself whether a criminal or political case should go to trial or proceed directly to confinement, although by this stage such legal niceties were rather irrelevant in the face of the unlimited power already enjoyed by the State Security Services. [AC]
  • USS Scorpion arrived in the Yellow Sea off Shantung Peninsula, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps reported the active duty strength of 21,384 officers and 287,139 enlisted, for a total of 308,523 personnel. [CPC]
  • The German army authorised the issue of the 21 cm Nebelwerfer 42 rocket launcher. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo shot down B-17F bomber "Pluto" over Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • In Operation Chronicle, US Army troops and the US Navy 12th Defense Battalion secured Woodlark Island of the Trobriand Islands, while other troops landed on Woodlark Island to the west. Meanwhile, the 1st Battalion of the US Army 162nd Infantry Regiment, supported by other US and Australian units, landed at Nassau Bay, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US occupation troops arrived early at Nono, New Georgia, Solomon Islands and would join the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion on the planned attack on Viru Harbor; nearby on the island of Vangunu, Companies N and Q of the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion and 2nd Battalion of US Army 103rd Infantry Regiment landed unopposed near Oloana Bay; they would capture Wickham Anchorage by the end of the day. On Rendova Island, elements of the US Army 172nd Infantry Regiment, US Army 103nd Infantry Regiment, US Navy 24th Naval Construction Battalion, and US Navy 9th Defense Battalion landed against light resistance; Japanese aircraft attempted to disrupt landing operations, but they were intercepted by aircraft of US Marine Fighter Squadrons 121, 122, 213, and 221. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Truk, Caroline Islands to escort cruiser Chokai to Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Kawakaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 set sail toward the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jun 1943
Americans sought cover on the beach of Rendova Island, 30 Jun 1943Map depicting Operation Cartwheel, 30 Jun 1943 to early 1944
1 Jul 1943
  • Hitler addressed the generals slated to command Operation Citadel. [Main Article | TH]
  • The US Navy launched the V-12 program to recruit and train college students for future military service. [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps established the Administrative Division at its headquarters to control the civilian personnel program and to place enlisted Marines. [CPC]
  • Chester Nimitz submitted a tentative plan for operations against the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-35 sank Japanese fishing tender Banshu Maru No. 7 off the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia at 1821 hours, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. She escaped the area at 1825 hours after detecting a potential counterattack on the submarine. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Two platoons from Company P, US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion overran the Japanese detachment at the village of Tombe on New Georgia near the Viru Harbor, while the remainder of Company P and Company Q occupied Tetemara on the west side of the harbor. On the same day, just to the south of New Georgia, the US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion arrived at Rendova with men, supplies, and 90mm and 150mm guns. Southeast of New Georgia, the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion and Company F of the US Army 103rd Regiment fell back to Vura on the island of Vangunu in preparation of a counterattack to be launched against Kaeruka and Cheke Point in the next few days. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 1st Lieutenant Mel Wheadon of US 44th Fighter Squadron, flying a P-40 fighter, became an "ace in a day" by shooting down five Japanese D3A dive bombers while defending the invasion fleet at Rendova, New Georgia Islands, Solomon Islands. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Gasoline storage and distribution (1,167,000 gallons) usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • In England, United Kingdom, Robert Johnson recovered from wounds sustained in combat on 13 Jun 1943 and resumed flight duties. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jul 1943
Escort Carrier USS Barnes transporting P-38 Lightning and P-47 Thunderbolt fighter planes across the Pacific, July 1 1943Tang (left) and Tilefish (right) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 1 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 3Tang (left) and Tilefish (right) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 1 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 3Tang (left) and Tilefish (right) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 1 Jul 1943, photo 3 of 3
2 Jul 1943
  • Japanese physicist Yoshio Nishina met his with army liaison officer Major General Nobuji and reported that he expected to be successful with the nuclear research project. He noted that 10 kilograms of uranium-235 of at least 50% purity to create an atomic bomb, but he needed a large cyclotron to conduct experiments to confirm this theory. Nobuji promised further funding. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Greek guerrillas were placed under direct operational control of Allied Middle Eastern Command. [TH]
  • Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese cargo ship off Taiwan, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-35 was ordered to sail to waters off Paramushiro, Hokkaido, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Major General Noboru Sasaki assumed sole command of all Japanese garrisons on New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Troops of US Army 43rd Division began to move from Rendova to New Georgia in the Solomon Islands, covered by gunfire from US Marines 9th Defense Battalion and US Army 192nd Field Artillery aimed at Munda Airfield; Japanese bombers attempted to interfere by attacking supply dumps on Rendova, causing heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Italian 1st Air Force Assault Regiment "Amedeo d'Aosta" was effectively disbanded; after this date it would be consisted only with a small number of officers. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jul 1943
F6F Hellcat on the flight deck of Enterprise, 2 Jul 1943
3 Jul 1943
  • Germans launched Operation Citadel, aimed at encircling and destroying Soviet forces in the Orel-Belgorod salient in Russia. Soviet air activity had delayed the launch by one day. [Main Article | TH]
  • Köln, Germany suffered a heavy air raid. [Main Article | TH]
  • Ann Baumgartner graduated from the Women Airforce Service Pilots training program. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The prototype aircraft XP-47K was completed. This aircraft incorporated the all-round-vision bubble-type canopy of a Hawker Typhoon, which was soon adopted as standard on all later production models of the P-47D. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Snook began stalking a Japanese convoy off the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion fired six torpedoes at a 5-ship Japanese convoy, sinking cargo ships Anzan Maru and Kokuryu Maru with five hits; she suffered serious damage during the subsequent depth charging. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel ended her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese bombers attacked supply dumps on Rendova, Solomon Islands, but failed to cause significant damage. To the north, on New Georgia, troops of the 172nd Infantry Regiment of the US Army 43rd Division were landed on Zanana beach. [Main Article | CPC]
Egypt France
  • Italians raised destroyed French cruiser Dupleix at Toulon, France. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jul 1943
German Luftwaffe Lieutenant General Theodor Osterkamp, Major General Adolf Galland, Colonel Günther Lützow, and Lieutenant Colonel Günther von Maltzahn on an airfield in Italy, 3 Jul 1943
4 Jul 1943
  • General Sikorski and other members of Polish government-in-exile were killed in a plane crash in Gibraltar. Sabotage was suspected but it was never proven. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Battle of Kursk, what would become the largest tank battle in history, began. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny, while off Guam, Mariana Islands, received orders to sail to Johnston Island, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook attacked a Japanese convoy with 16 torpedoes, 6 of which hit, sinking cargo ships Koki Maru and Liverpool Maru and damaging Atlantic Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompano sank Japanese seaplane carrier Sagara Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Subhash Chandra Bose took command of the Indian National Army and assumed the leadership position of the Indian Independence League. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marines and US Army troops secured Kaeruka and Cheke Point on Vangunu Island, just southeast of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. On New Georgia, a 52-man special weapons unit of the US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion arrived with four 40mm anti-aircraft guns. To the south of New Georgia, the Japanese attempted attempted the last large daylight air raid on Rendova; 16 bombers were able to break through to drop bombs on the island, but 12 of them would be shot down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Helena escorted invasion transports to Kula Gulf west of New Georgia. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Caroline Islands India
  • The first of Chinese 30th Division began to arrive at Ramgarh Training Center in India. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 arrived off Paramushiro, Hokkaido, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Journalist John Steinbeck of the newspaper New York Herald Tribune spent a day with British airmen at an airfield in England, United Kingdom. His experiences on this day would later be found in his work "Once There Was a War" in a chapter titled "Waiting". [CPC]
United States
  • USS Cero was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jul 1943
Soviet Il-2 aircraft attacking a German motorized column near Kursk, Russia, Jul 1943
5 Jul 1943
  • USS S-31 departed Nouméa, New Caledonia for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-759 sank American ship Maltran of Allied convoy GTMO-134 70 miles west of Port Salut, Haiti. The entire crew survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The torpedoed Fletcher-class destroyer USS Strong was sunk by a Japanese shore batteries in Rice Anchorage, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [AC]
  • The Indian National Army held a military parade in Padang, Sumatra, Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies. [CPC]
  • Captain Takeo Taizuka was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Northern Landing Group under Colonel Harry Liversedge landed at Rice Anchorage on the northern coast of New Georgia, Solomon Islands. On the same day, US cruisers and destroyers bombarded Japanese positions at Vila, Kolombangara, and Bairoko Harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Before dawn, USS Helena commenced pre-invasion bombardment of New Georgia from Kula Gulf. In the afternoon, she received the order to intercept a Japanese troop convoy would arrive some time after dark. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jul 1943
Captured Japanese coastal defense gun at Enogai, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 5 Jul 1943
6 Jul 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland departing later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • American and Japanese ships engaged in the Battle of Kula Gulf. The Americans lost one light cruiser and the Japanese two destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
Albania
  • Troops of German 1st Mountain Division massacred 107 people of the village of Borova in Albania. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Lieutenant Frederic Hargesheimer of US 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, who had survived the shot down of his aircraft over New Britain, was found by natives after spending a month in the jungle. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • During Battle of Kula Gulf northwest of New Georgia, USS Helena ambushed an incoming Japanese convoy at 0157 hours, but the many gun flashes in turn made her an attractive target for Japanese gunners. She was struck by a Japanese Type 93 torpedo at 0203 hours, followed by two more at 0205 hours. She would sink at 0225 hours. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • French and Belgian prisoners of war began to be transferred out of the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany for the Oflag X-C camp in Lübeck; the transfer would continue until 12 Jul when the last French and Belgian prisoners were transferred out. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Captain Franco Lucchini, Italian fighter ace with 26 victories, was shot down and killed by a Spitfire fighter over Sicily, Italy. [AC]
Malta
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived at Malta by B-17 aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank a Japanese transport off Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • In Russia, in the north of the Kursk salient, on Central Front, Konstantin Rokossovsky launched a counter-attack, throwing in three tank corps. But it foundered on former Soviet minefields which the Germans had reinforced, and the Soviets instead took up fixed positions to act as a breakwater against a renewed German assault. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jul 1943
USS Denver SG radarscope image showing Battle of Kula Gulf situation at 0117 on 6 Jul 1943US Marines aboard USS Honolulu firing a salute during funeral services for a casualty from sunken USS Helena, circa 6 Jul 1943USS Helena (left) and USS Saint Louis (right) firing during Battle of Kula Gulf in the Solomon Islands, 6 Jul 1943; photo taken from USS HonoluluRescued survivors of USS Helena aboard destroyer USS Nicholas, Solomon Islands, 6 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 6 Jul 1943
7 Jul 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul and then Kavieng, departing later in the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • At Wolf's Lair, German rocket research team leader Walter Dornberger presented his research to Hitler and successfully convinced him to give rocket research and production a high priority. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-759 sank Dutch cargo ship Poelau Roebiah of Allied convoy TAG-70 east of Jamaica; 2 were killed and 68 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell presented Chiang Kaishek and He Yingqin the Legion of Merit medals. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The broken-off bow of USS Helena sank in Kula Gulf northwest of New Georgia. A US Navy PB4Y-1 Liberator aircraft dropped lifejackets and four rubber lifeboats to survivors in the area of the bow. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Germany
  • At the Wolfsschanze headquarters in Rastenburg, Germany, Werhner von Braun and Walter Dornberger presented Adolf Hitler a film of a V-2 rocket launch. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Second commanding officer, Capt DS MacMahan USN, assumed command. Five splinter-proof shelters on beach completed. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank Banshu Maru No. 33 off Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired; another transport was damaged with 2 of 2 torpdoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet Il-2M aircraft, attacking in huge numbers, destroyed some seventy tanks of the German 9th Panzer Division in just twenty minutes during the Battle of Kursk. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • General Henri Giraud arrived in Washington DC, United States for conferences with President Franklin Roosevelt. [Main Article | AC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1943
WAVES personnel Bernice Garrott marking off an aircraft check-off list, Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington, United States, 7 Jul 1943; note SNB-1 training aircraftLaunching of Liberty Ship SS John Stagg at the facilities of Delta Shipbuilding Company, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 7 Jul 1943M4 Sherman tanks being loaded onto LSTs for Operation Husky, La Pecherie, Tunisia, 7 Jul 1943US Marine Corps 155 mm Howitzer Carriage M1917 or M1918 howitzer under tow, Rendova, Solomon Islands, 7 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 7 Jul 1943
8 Jul 1943
  • The keel of submarine Blenny was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-759 was reportedly to be lost, though later records show she might had not been destroyed until 23 Jul 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Casablanca was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Kursk salient Walter Model's armour made three thrusts into the centre of the Soviet defences along the Central Front, the villages of Teploye, Olkhovatka and Ponyri in Russia. At Teploye, the main objective was Hill 272. Time and again the Germans assaulted it, after attacks by swarms of Stuka dive bombers which dropped 550-pound bombs on the anti-tank positions. But the Soviets were well dug in and camouflaged. They preferred to fight the Germans at close range, where their anti-tank rifles and dug in T-34 tanks took a devastating toll. The Germans took the hill three times, but the Soviets continued to recapture it. [Main Article | AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies N and Q of USMC 4th Raider Battalion were dispatched on a patrol on Gatukai Island in New Georgia, Solomon Islands after reports on the possible presence of a 50-100 men Japanese garrison on the island. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank Japanese merchant ship Showa Maru and Soviet oceanographic vessel No. 20 off Hokkaido, Japan, hitting them with 3 of 10 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • Eight US Army B-24 bombers from Midway made the first land-based air strike against Wake Atoll. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
9 Jul 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the Solomon Islands, the US New Georgia Occupation Force advanced westward in the Munda-Barike region, toward the airfield at Munda. Nearby, 1st Raider Battalion attacked the island of Enogai. To reinforce New Georgia, the Japanese 13th Regiment began transferring 3,700 men from Kolombangara to Bairoko on the northwestern shore of New Georgia; this reinforcement would be conducted over the following 3 days. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze escorted a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • A. A. Avseevich stepped down as GUKR SMERSH's chief in the Northwestern Front. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1943
German Panzer VI/Tiger I tanks passing burning buildings during the Battle of Kursk in Orel (Oryol), Russia, mid-Jul 1943View of USS IowaUSS Iowa at the New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 1943; note carrier in backgroundView of turret No. 2 and surrounding 20mm Oerlikon mounts aboard USS Iowa, New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 9 Jul 1943
10 Jul 1943
  • The Allies began Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, Italy, with an airborne assault before dawn; amphibious elements of Operation Husky landed to join the fight later in the day. Out at sea, hospital ship Tampala and LST-313 were sunk by German air attack. Picket ship USS Sentinel was sunk by a SC250 bomb delivered by a Fw 190 aircraft off Molla. Destroyer USS Maddox was also lost after being attacked by dive bombers and sunk within two minutes. The US Navy would subsequently suffer severe accusations for failing to supply adequate air cover. [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • The minesweeper USS Agent was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. [AC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was assigned to the Main Unit of the Mobile Force of Carrier Division 2 of the Third Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Pompon departed Brisbane, Australia for her first war patrol in the Truk, Caroline Islands area. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The new airfield at Tsili-Tsili, Australian Papua was ready to receive C-47 transport aircraft. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies N and Q of USMC 4th Raider Battalion completed their patrol of Gatukai Island in New Georgia, Solomon Islands and concluded that there were no Japanese on the island. Also on New Georgia, the US Marine Corps reported that the airfield at Segi was now ready for limited operations, while Companies O and P of the 4th Raider Battalion were slated to be relieved at Viru for transfer to Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. Nearby, Marines of the 1st Raider Battalion captured the island of Enogai. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Japan United States
  • The US Marine Corps established Marine Corps Air Station, El Centro, California, United States; Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. McQuade was placed in command. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jul 1943
American troops landing on Sicily, 10 Jul 1943Landing scene on Red Beach at Gela, Sicily, 10 Jul 1943; note LCI(L)-220 at left, a LCM from USS Bellatrix, two LCVPs, and a jeepLCVPs from APAs Barnett and Monrovia unloaded supplies onto the beach near Gela, Sicly, 10 Jul 1943; note LST-344 and LST-338 in backgroundLCVP landing craft suspended from a transport
See all photos dated 10 Jul 1943
11 Jul 1943
  • German forces in Operation Citadel ran out of momentum, even though there had been some objectives reached. Hitler refused to call off the operation, which could have saved many of the units. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tunny refueled at Johnston Island, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese sailing vessel with gunfire in the Western Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 19th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 and B-26 aircraft) of USAAF 22nd Bomb Group was transferred to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Admiral William Halsey issued a directive for an attack in the Bougainville area in the Solomon Islands; Lieutenant General Alexander Vandegrift was to be the head of the invasion force. Elsewhere, the 1st Marine War Dog Platoon arrived in the theater in preparation of the Bougainville operations with the 2nd Marine Raider Regiment. At New Georgia, the US airfield at Segi Point was now fully operational. After sundown, US cruisers and destroyers bombarded Japanese positions at Munda, New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • USS Hoe arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • British 8th Army captured Syracuse, Sicily, Italy and its useful harbour. Also on Sicily, General Paul Conrath's Hermann Göring Panzer Division overran the American outposts at Ponte Dirillo and were only prevented from breaking through the Allied lines by an attack by James Gavin's paratroopers from the rear. Elsewhere, Conrath personally led a column which assaulted the weakly held Piano Lupo, to get within 2,000 yards of the beach before being stopped by the defenders. [Main Article | AC]
  • Omar Bradley arrived at Sicily, Italy while recovering from a recent hemorrhoidectomy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Howe bombarded Trapani and Favignana, Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Flier was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States. sponsored by the wife of A. S. Pierce. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo began a period of trials and training off California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Jul 1943
Boise fired on armor forces near Gela, Sicily as LST-325, full of US Army trucks, approached the landing beaches, 11 Jul 1943American transport SS Robert Rowan exploding after being hit by German Ju 88 bombers, Gela, Sicily, at about 1550 to 1555 hours on 11 Jul 1943US Army Private George Katere, Private First Class William Mosa, and Private First Class Jessie Hampton posing with Sicilian civilians, Italy, 11 Jul 1943Carrier Independence under construction at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 11 Jul 1943; note hulls of submarines Spadefish and Trepang nearby
12 Jul 1943
  • Soviet forces launched a massive offensive along their Bryansk, Central, and West Fronts in Russia, toward Bryansk, Kursk, and Orel. Prokhorovka, Russia became the site of what would be hailed as the largest armor battle in history. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo damaged a Japanese freighter with torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wing Commander John Nettleton, who won the Victoria Cross for leading the ill-fated Augsburg, Germany raid from RAF Waddington in Apr 1942, failed to return from mission to Turin, probably shot down by a night fighter over the English Channel. [AC]
  • HMS King George V bombarded Trapani, Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek committed, in writing, to a Chinese offensive into Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British 8th Army captured Augusta, Sicily, Italy, adding yet another useful harbour for the Allied invasion forces. [Main Article | AC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze led an attack on an US cruiser-destroyer group in the Battle of Kolombangara in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 432nd Fighter Squadron (flying P-38 aicraft) of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was out of Dobodura No. 15 airstrip of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies N and Q of the USMC 4th Raider Battalion departed New Georgia, returning to join the rest of the battalion at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. After dark, a Japanese force consisted of light cruiser Jintsu and destroyer-transports ran into a group of Allied light cruisers; the ensuing Battle of Kolombangara, which lasted into the next morning, saw the sinking of Jintsu and USS Gwin; the Japanese were able to land 1,200 men on New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • HMS Howe bombarded Trapani and Favignana, Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Yamato was drydocked at Kure, Japan for upgrades. A Type 21, Mod 3, air and surface search radar was to be installed. Twelve (4x3) new 25-mm AA guns were to be fitted on the weather deck. Yamato's total 25-mm AA suite would be 36 guns. Her 155-mm wing mount guns were to be provided with coaming armor and their barbettes with 28-mm of additional armor. Yamato's fuel storage would be reduced and her main and auxiliary rudder controls were to be improved. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • I-168 departed Kure, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The National Committee for a Free Germany was formed in Krasnograd, Ukraine, made up of a number of captured German officers as well as exiled German communists. This group called for an uprising against Hitler and an end to the fighting between Germany and the Soviet Union. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jul 1943
American night-time naval gunfire against Japanese positions at New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 12 Jul 1943American casualties lying on stretchers aboard a landing craft, awaiting evacuation, Munda Point, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 12 Jul 1943Grave of the first American casualty on the beach near Gela during the invasion of Sicily, Italy, 12 Jul 1943American soldiers looking at a dead German pilot and his wrecked aircraft near Gela, Sicily, Italy, 12 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 12 Jul 1943
13 Jul 1943
  • Hitler called off the Kursk offensive but the decision had already been taken from him by the Soviets who pounded the retreating German forces both north and south of the salient with tanks, artillery, and tank-busting aircraft. Apart from the Soviet Army, the victory at Kursk was as much a triumph for the Soviet workforce which has endured long shifts in appalling conditions to arm, clothe, and feed their fighting men. [Main Article | AC]
  • Operation Fustian: After sun down, 1,900 men from the UK 1st Airborne Division set out to capture the Primosole Bridge over the Simeto River in Sicily, Italy by parachute and glider. Less than 200 men with three anti-tank guns reached the bridge. They overpowered the guards and removed demolition charges placed by Italian engineers. However, unbeknown to the Allies, the machine gun battalion of a German parachute division had just been dropped on to that very area. The two parachute forces were immediately locked into battle, but the tiny British unit, though heavily outnumbered, would remain at the bridge awaiting arrival of reinforcements. Elsewhere, British troops captured Augusta and Ragusa in Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | AC]
  • British Air Vice Marshal Harry Broadhurst moved his Western Desert Air Force Headquarters to Pachino, Sicily, Italy with three squadrons of Spitfire VC fighters under command. Over the next week Luftwaffe operations would be reduced from 275-300 sorties per day to less than 150. [AC]
  • Pierre Charles Cournarie was named the Governor-General of French West Africa. [CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • Adolf Hitler told Erich von Manstein that the forces to repel the Allied thrust through Italy and the Balkans would have to be found from the Eastern Front. [Main Article | AC]
Marshall Islands
  • On the 47th day of drifting at sea in teh Pacific Ocean, Louis Zamperini and Russell Phillips were found and captured by the Japanese Navy in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jul 1943
Two survivors of the sunken Jintsu, dressed in US Navy uniforms, aboard USS Nicholas (DD-449), 13 Jul 1943Enlisted WAVES member checking a label on a Naval air station weather board, United States, 13 Jul 1943American cruiser Saint Louis and New Zealand cruiser Leander firing during  Battle of Kolombangara, 13 Jul 1943Independence off Mare Island Navy Yard, 13 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 13 Jul 1943
14 Jul 1943
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force Wellington bombers attacked Palermo and Messina in Sicily, Italy while C-47 Skytrain transports dropped British airborne troops at the Simeto River at Primosole Bridge; the paratroopers attempted to establish a bridgehead, but they faced stiff opposition. During the day, British and American aircraft attacked Messina, Marsala, Enna, Palermo, Randazzo, Licata, and Lentini; in indirect support, American aircraft struck Naples on mainland Italy. Elsewhere in Sicily, US troops captured Niscemi and Biscari airfield while other British troops captured Vizzini. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Soviet Voronezh Front joined in the offensive against German 4.Panzer Armee and Armeeabteilung Kempf south of Kursk, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Gar reported damaging a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of British frigate Redmill was laid down. [CPC]
  • British frigate Anguilla was launched. [CPC]
  • British frigate HMS Usk and destroyer HMS Scourge were commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • The keels of German submarines U-1209 and U-1210 were laid down. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-429 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-549 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-675 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • At Krasnodar in southern Russia, the Soviets began a trial of 11 Germans accused of the murder of 7,000 civilians by gas vans, shootings, and hangings. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-178 attacked transport ship Robert Bacon with torpedoes in the Indian Ocean 35 miles off the Mozambique Light at 0236 hours. After the initial damage was brought under control, 52 survivors began a relatively orderly evacuation of the ship with the 3 surviving lifeboats and 3 surviving rafts. At 0314 and then again at 0443, U-178 fired additional torpedoes at the burning wreck, sinking her. U-178 would surface to point to the survivors toward land before departing. [CPC]
  • American troops occupied the Ellice Islands (now Tuvalu) and prepared for the contruction of airfields. [CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Sterlet was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Pomfret was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Plaice was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Frederick C. Davis was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dedicated US$30,000 for the George Washington Carver National Monument near Diamond, Missouri, United States. This future monument would be the first national monument dedicated to an African-American and the first to a non-president. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Corvette Cobourg was launched at Midland, Ontario, Canada. [CPC]
  • Frigate Stormont was launched at Montreal, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • Aircraft from carrier USS Santee sank German submarine U-160 south of the Azores islands. Off Venezuela, German submarine U-572 sank sailing ship Harvard. [CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell departed China for India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Marine Corps Glider Base at Edenton, North Carolina, United States, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Zebulon C. Hopkins, was redesignated a USMC air station. [CPC]
  • The US-controlled Woodlark Airfield in the Trobriand Islands east of New Guinea was declared operational. [CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Theodore S. Wilkinson relieved Rear Admiral Richmond R. Turner as the commanding officer of the III Amphibious Force. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • Destroyer USS Monaghan bombarded Japanese positions at Gertrude Cove, Kiska, US Territory of Alaska unopposed, firing 100 127mm rounds. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Army Major General Oscar W. Griswold became the commanding officer of the command of the New Georgia Occupation Force, relieving US Army Major General John H. Hester. [CPC]
  • US Marine tanks, units of US Army 9th Defense Battalion, and units of US Army 103rd Infantry Battalion arrived at Laiana Beach, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Takuichi Ohmura stepped down as the President of the South Manchuria Railway; he was succeeded by Naoto Kohiyama. [CPC]
France
  • USAAF Eighth Bomber Command attacked three targets in France, with 111 B-17 bombers and 5 YB-40 bombers launched against aircraft factories at Villacoublay (3 B-17 bombers lost), 64 B-17 bombers launched against Glisy Airfield at Amiens (1 B-17 bomber lost), and 84 B-17 bombers launched against LeBourget Airfield at Paris (4 B-17 bombers lost). [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Air Group 9 on board. [Main Article | DS]
United States
  • Two of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 began to be towed from Morgan City, Louisiana, United States for the South Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jul 1943
British Sherman tank of XIII Corps, Eighth Army in the streets of Francofonte, Sicily, 13-14 Jul 1943USS Copahee at Mare island Navy Yard, California, United States, 14 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 3USS Copahee at Mare island Navy Yard, California, United States, 14 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 3USS Copahee at Mare island Navy Yard, California, United States, 14 Jul 1943, photo 3 of 3
See all photos dated 14 Jul 1943
15 Jul 1943
  • Allied leadership completed the plans for the invasion and occupation of New Britain, which was scheduled for 15 Nov 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Copahee was reclassified an escort carrier with hull number CVE-12. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel was made the commander of Heeresgruppe B. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force bombers attacked Palermo, Sicily, Italy. During the day, US Ninth Air Force B-25 bombers attacked Palermo, Cape Gallo, Salina Island, and Cape Zifferano while the Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Vibo Valentia. Meanwhile, airborne troops of the UK 1st Airborne Division were relieved after fighting a larger German airborne force at Primosole Bridge over the Simeto River in Sicily, Italy for the past two days, ending Operation Fustian. Finally, US 7th Army captured the ports of Agrigento and Porto Empedocle. [Main Article | AC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate Loch Morlich was laid down at Wallsend-on-Tyne, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • Frigate HMS Calder was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • British frigate Musk was launched. [CPC]
  • British destroyer Zephyr was launched. [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler Steepholm and and minesweeper Welfare were launched. [CPC]
  • British escort carrier Thane was launched. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-988 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • George Patton formed a provisional corps in western in Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS United sank Italian submarine Remo in the Gulf of Taranto, Italy. [CPC]
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force Wellington bombers attacked airfields and docks at Naples, Italy. During the day, Villa San Giovanni and Foggia were attacked by Allied aircraft. [CPC]
  • The Soviet Central Front began an offensive toward Orel, Russia. [CPC]
  • Submarine USS Narwhal shelled a Japanese airfield on Matsuwa Island, Kurile Islands, the first time the Kurile Islands were attacked by an American vessel in the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of Australian frigate HMAS Culgoa was laid down. [CPC]
  • A B-24 Liberator bomber and two P-39 Airacobra fighters of USAAF Eleventh Air Force flew a reconnaissance mission over Kiska and Segula Islands in the Aleutian Islands, while 9 B-24 bombers and 14 B-25 bombers attacked Kiska in the same archipelago. [CPC]
  • The under-construction Canadian corvette Sea Cliff was renamed Guelph. [CPC]
  • US President Roosevelt created he Office of Economic Warfare, which was to be led by Leo Crowley. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of American minesweeper Graylag was laid down. [CPC]
  • The keel of American submarine Blower was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer escort Day was laid down. [CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer escort Rudderow was laid down. [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort George was launched. [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Savage was launched. [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Spangler was launched. [CPC]
  • American minesweeper Gadwall was launched. [CPC]
  • American frigates Covington and Shreveport were launched. [CPC]
  • US Navy Patrol Squadron 32 PBM-3C Mariner aircraft sank German submarine U-759 in the Caribbean Sea south of Haiti with depth charges (all 47 killed). [Main Article | CPC]
  • British sloop HMS Rochester, corvette HMS Mignonette, and corvette HMS Balsam, with the help from a US Navy PBY Catalina aircraft, sank German submarine U-135 in the Atlantic Ocean; 5 German crew were killed, 41 survived. Off the Portuguese island of Madeira, US Navy Composite Squadron 29 TBF Avenger torpedo bomber sank German submarine U-509; all 54 aboard were killed. Also off Madeira, German submarine U-135 damaged transport Twickenham. U-572 sank sailing ship Gilbert B. Walters off Venezuela. In the South Atlantic, 620 miles east of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, U-172 sank transport Harmonic at 2116 hours; 1 was killed, 38 survived. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank British ship Empire Lake 240 miles east of Madagascar at 1801 hours; 30 were killed, 7 survived. [CPC]
  • All Allied airborne operations were suspended pending an analysis of recent poor performance and high casualty rates. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Japanese Navy launched 24 G4M bombers, escorted by about 40 to 50 A6M Zero fighters, to attack various targets in the central Solomon Islands; the bulk of the attack force was intercepted by US Army and US Navy fighters in the Rendova Island, New Georgia, Solomon Islands area, and 15 G5M bombers and 30 A6M fighters were shot down at a loss of only 3 American fighters. On land at New Georgia, men of the US Army and US Marine Corps launched an offensive at Laiana Beach. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Japan Puerto Rico
  • Roosevelt Roads Naval Base in Puerto Rico was commissioned as an operations base. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Navy established a new scheme for the designation of aircraft carriers. Large fleet carriers would retain the designation of CV. 10,000-ton carriers built on light cruiser hulls were from CV to CVL (light carriers). Auxiliary aircraft carriers, previuosly ACV, were now redesignated as CVE (escort carriers). Finally, the new designation of CVB (large carriers) was established for the Midway-class carriers. [CPC]
  • Carrier Langley was reclassified as a light carrier. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jul 1943
Independence in San Francisco Bay, 15 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2Independence in San Francisco Bay, 15 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2Biscayne as the flagship of the German Army Colonel General Hermann Hoth and Field Marshal Erich von Manstein studying a map during the Battle of Kursk, Russia, Jul 1943
See all photos dated 15 Jul 1943
16 Jul 1943
  • Yamato was visited by the German Naval Attaché to Tokyo Konteradmiral Paul Wenneker, who wore a Japanese naval uniform. His tour of Yamato did not include the main turrets, and he was told that the primary armament of Yamato consisted of 40-cm guns rather than the actual 46-cm. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • In Sicily, Italy, Canadian troops captured Caltagirone, American troops captured Agrigento, while British troops secured the Primosole Bridge and marched for Catania. On the same day, Allied aircraft attacked Valguarnera, Vibo Valentia, Randazzo, and other targets in Sicily. [Main Article | TH]
  • Apogon was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British President of Edution R. A. Butler announced a plan to remodel secondary schools (for children between the ages of 11 and 15) in the United Kingdom, dividing the existing schools into grammar, modern, and technical tiers. [CPC]
  • 14 B-26B bombers of USAAF VIII Air Support Command attacked the rail marshalling yard at Abbeville, France at 2000 hours. This was VIII Air Support Command's first combat operation. [CPC]
  • British patrol vessel HMS Kilbernie was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • British sloop Lapwing and corvette Rushen Castle were launched. [CPC]
  • Theophil Wurm, the bishop of Württemberg, Germany, wrote to Adolf Hitler in protest of the deaths that were occurring in concentration camps. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-366 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1192 was launched. [CPC]
  • Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt jointly issued an announcement to the Italian people, urging them to remove Benito Mussolini from power and to seek surrender. On the same day, Allied aircraft dropped leaflets containing the same message over Italian cities. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Before dawn, British Wellington bombers of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force attacked Crotone, Reggio di Calabria, and Villa San Giovanni in southern Italy. During the day, American B-24 Liberator bombers of the USAAF Ninth Air Force Bari in southern Italy; 3 American bombers and 11 German fighters were shot down during the aerial battle. [CPC]
  • Generaloberst Walter Model, already the commanding officer of the German Ninth Army, assumed a second role as the commander of the Second Panzer Army upon the arrest of Generaloberst Rudolf Schmidt by the Gestapo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian submarine Dandolo damaged British light cruiser HMS Cleopatra with a torpedo; Cleopatra would receive temporary repairs at Malta. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank transport Fort Franklin southwest of Réunion island in the Indian Ocean at 1558 hours; 2 were killed, 53 survived. [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate Beacon Hill was laid down Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada. [CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Stembel was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Dionne was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Vance was launched. [CPC]
  • American frigate El Paso was launched. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-306 attacked Allied convoy SL-133 in the Atlantic Ocean, damaging Kaipara at 0352 hours; she would attack again at 0801 hours with two spreads of two torpedoes, but none would cause any damage. Several hours later, TBF Avenger aircraft of US Navy Composite Squadron 13 from escort carrier USS Core sank German submarine U-67 with depth charges in the Atlantic Ocean; 48 were killed, 3 survived. At 2115 hours, German submarine U-513 sank transport Richard Caswell 150 miles southeast of Florianopolis, Brazil with two torpedoes; 9 were killed, 60 survived in 3 lifeboats and 2 rafts. [CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Bf 109G fighter pilot by Oberfeldwebel Hans Grünberg and another Bf 109G fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • More than 30 B-24 Liberator and B-17 Flying Fortress bombers of the US Thirteenth Air Force attacked Kahili Airfield on Bougainville, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Four new barracks turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS S-35 and a Japanese destroyer gave chase to each other off Paramushiro, Hokkaido, Japan; no hits were scored by either side when night fell and they lost sight of each other. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1943
Escort carrier USS Altamaha transporting a deck load of P-51A Mustang fighters has just left Alameda, passed under the San Francisco Bay Bridge (background) and steams toward the Golden Gate, 16 Jul 1943USS Wahoo at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 16 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2USS Wahoo at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 16 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2US Navy Captains Kassard and Vincent Astor during an inspection of Airship Patrol Squadron ZP-11 detachment at NAS Bar Harbor, Maine, United States, Jul 16, 1943. Note K-class gondola.
17 Jul 1943
  • From before dawn into the day, aircraft of the Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Catania, Paterno, and other targets on Sicily, Italy. Meanwhile, the Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories was formed for Sicily with General Sir Harold Alexander at its helm. On the front lines, American troops captured Agrigento and Porto Empedocle. [Main Article | TH]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Army-Marine Corps joint offensive at Laiana Beach, New Georgia, Solomon Islands successfully penetrated the Japanese defensive line near Laiana Beach; Japanese troops of the 13th and the 229th Regiments attempted a counterattack; behind the front lines, 161st Infantry Regiment of the US Army 25th Division arrived as reinforcements. At Bougainville, 192 US aircraft struck the Japanese airfield at Buin. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Mediterranean Sea
  • Four British Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats made a seemingly suicidal night attack on the Italian cruiser Scipione Africano off Messina, Sicily, Italy. During the action MTB 316 was hit by intense gunfire and was blown up. MTBs 260 and 313 suffered superficial damage before turning away. The British torpedoes failed to achieve an effective result. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1943
Cowpens underway, 17 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2Cowpens underway, 17 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2Remains of a merchant ship that exploded, causing a fire on another British freighter, off Algiers, Algeria, 17 Jul 1943
18 Jul 1943
  • The keels of British frigates Loring and Pasley were laid down. [CPC]
  • In Sicily, Italy, before dawn, British Wellington bombers of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force bombed Montecorvino on Sicily and Pomigliano in mainland Italy. After daybreak, American A-36 aircraft of the Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Santa Caterina, Adrano, Lercara, and Termini Imerese. On the ground, Canadian troops captured Valguarnerna, US Seventh Army troops captured Caltanisetta, and British Eighth Army troops move slowly along the east coast of Sicily near Catania. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 6 American B-24 bombers attacked Japanese shipping between Paramushiru Island and Shimushu Island in the Kurile Islands and the Kataoka Airfield on Paramushiru; this was the first heavy bomber attack against Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 6 B-24 bombers of the US Seventh Air Force based on Funafuti Island, Ellice Islands bombed Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands. [CPC]
  • Japanese bombers were dispatched to attack Canton Island, Phoenix Islands, but they were forced to abandon their mission due to heavy American anti-aircraft and fighter defense; the bomb loads were dropped in the ocean. [CPC]
  • 2 B-24 and 6 B-25 bombers of the US Eleventh Air Force B-24 attacked Japanese positions at Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy airship K-74 detected an enemy submarine in the Straits of Florida between the United States and Cuba at 2340 hours by radar and commenced the attack on German submarine U-134 10 minutes later. The anti-aircraft guns of U-134 hit the airship, and she crashed at 2355 hours. K-74 was the only American blimp to be shot down during the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Hilbert was launched. [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort USS Chase was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-508 attacked passenger ship Incomati with a torpedo 200 miles south of Lagos, British West Africa at 0756 hours. At 0818 hours, U-508 shelled Incomati with her deck gun, eventually sinking her. 1 was killed, 222 survived. [CPC]
  • USS Finback completed refitting at Fremantle, Australia and departed for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • 21 USAAF Thirteenth Air Force B-24 bombers escorted by 20 fighters, together with 35 US Navy and US Marine Corps dive bombers escorted by 134 fighters, attacked the Kahili Airfield and surrounding areas on Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands. The Americans claimed destroying or damaging two destroyers, a light vessel, and 12 fighters. 10 American aircraft were lost. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Snook arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • After sundown, RAF Wellington bombers dropped over 800,000 propaganda leaflets on Rome, Italy. [CPC]
  • Ambra launched frogmen against Allied shipping in Syracuse harbor, Sicily, Italy; they failed to cause any damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
19 Jul 1943
  • German submarine U-513 was sunk by depth charges from a PBM-3C Mariner aircraft of US Navy Patrol Squadron 74 south east of São Francisco do Sul, Brazil; 46 were killed, 7 survived. [CPC]
  • HMCS Huron (G24) was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander H. S. Rayner in command. [AC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Bf 109 fighter near Antracit, Luhansk, Russia, but her Yak-1 fighter also sustained damage and caught on fire. She landed safely, but when farmers rushed to help, they found her already dead. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canadian destroyer HMCS Huron was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Crew of Canadian destroyer HMCS Iroquois staged a brief mutiny by refusing to obey orders from Commander William Boyd Love Holms, for what they perceived as harsh treatment by the commanding officer. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Acree was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Keith was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109G-6 fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • The US 633rd, 634th, and 635th Bombardment Squadrons (Dive) and the US 407th Bombardment Group (Dive) began operating from Amchitka, Aleutian Islands. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Australian and American troops defended against repeated Japanese counterattacks at Mount Tambu, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Destroyer Yukikaze escorted a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During the day, in the Solomon Islands, B-17 and B-25 aircraft attacked Ballale Airfield on Ballale, while B-25, SBD, and TBF aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Bairoko, New Georgia. After sundown, US PBY and TBF aircraft attacked a Japanese task force near Choiseul Island east of Bougainville, sinking a destroyer and damaging a cruiser, but also losing several aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US B-17 aircraft bombed Kahili Airfield on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Canada
  • The keel of British minesweeper HMS Serene was laid down at Toronto, Ontario, Canada. [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate HMCS Joliette was laid down at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • The German-sponsored French military formation Légion des Volontaires Français held a parade in Paris, France. [CPC]
Germany
  • German submarine U-854 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-825 was laid down. [CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • Japanese G3M bombers attacked the US airfield on Funafuti, Ellice Islands. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Dock No. 4 at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii was ready for emergency use. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Italian capital of Rome experienced its first air raid by the USAAF, which resulted in 1,500 civilian deaths; 157 B-17 and 112 B-24 aircraft embarked on this attack, 5 of which were lost. Most of the bombers focused on rail marshalling yards in or around the city. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • At Feltre, Italy, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met for the 13th and last time before Mussolini was ousted from power. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 7th Army and British 8th Army continued to make advances in Sicily, Italy; encountering resistance along the coast, Bernard Montgomery ordered his British 8th Army to take an alternate route, inland, toward Messina in the north. The Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force launched B-25 bombers to attack Catania and Randazzo while US 9th Air Force P-40 aircraft bombed railroads and railcars at Alcamo to support the ground troops on Sicily. After sundown, Allied bombers struck Aquino and Nicosia. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Poland
  • 12 Polish prisoners of Auschwitz I camp were executed by hanging in front of the kitchen during roll call for helping three fellow prisoners escape. The men were Stanislaw Stawinski (No. 6569), Czeslaw Marcisz (No. 26891), Janusz Skrzetuski-Pogonowski (No. 253), Edmund Sikorski (No. 25419), Jerzy Wozniak (No. 35650), Józef Wojtyga (No. 24740), Zbigniew Foltanski (No. 41664), Boguslaw Ohrt (No. 367), Leon Rajzer (No. 399), Tadeusz Rapacz (No. 36043), Józef Gancarz (No. 24538), and Mieczyslaw Kulikowski (No. 25404). [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops began to threaten German positions at Bolkhov, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill suggested using icebergs as floating airfields. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMS Gillstone was launched. [CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Undaunted was launched. [CPC]
  • Greek submarine Pipinos was launched in Britain. [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Unswerving was launched. [CPC]
  • British frigate HMS Inver was commissioned into service. [CPC]
United States
  • The US Naval Aircraft Factory in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States was authorized to embark on the project codenamed Gorgon to develop air-to-air turbojet-powered remotely-controlled missiles. [Main Article | CPC]
Vatican City
  • Pope Pius XII allowed citizens of Rome, Italy to take shelter in Vatican City. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1943
WASP trainee pilot Shirley Slade on the cover of the 19 Jul 1943 issue of Life Magazine
20 Jul 1943
  • USS Enterprise made port call at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for an extensive overhaul. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ameer was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Joint Chiefs of Staff ordered Chester Nimitz to begin planning operations in the Ellice and Gilbert Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The National Committee for a Free Germany made a broadcast of its manifesto to Germany from the Soviet Union. [CPC]
  • British and US bombers sank German submarine U-558 in the Bay of Biscay northwest of Cape Ortegal, Spain with depth charges; 45 were killed, 5 survived. [CPC]
  • Allied aircraft attacked German submarine U-195 in the Bay of Biscay, killing 1. [CPC]
Alaska
  • US destroyers USS Aylwin and USS Monaghan bombarded Kiska, Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the Solomon Islands, US 13th Air Force launched 18 B-24 bombers against Kahili Airfield, Bougainville Island and other targets on Ballale Island. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • US Marine and US Navy aircraft sank two Japanese destroyers south of Choiseul Island in the Solomon Islands. On New Georgia, the Northern Landing Group (1st Marine Raider Regiment, 4th Raider Battalion, and 3rd Battalion of the US Marine Corps and the 148th Division of the US Army) attacked Bairoko Harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
Canada
  • The keel of Canadian frigate HMCS Prestonian was laid down at Lauzon, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate HMCS Sea Cliff was laid down at Lauzon, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian corvette HMCS Asbestos was laid down at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian corvette HMCS Hawkesbury was laid down at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian tug HMCS Glenlea was launched at Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada. [CPC]
Germany
  • German government reports dated this date indicated that, since 2 Mar 1943, there had been 20 transports of Jews from the Netherlands to Sobibór Concentration Camp, totaling over 34,000 persons; only 19 of these deportees survived the Holocaust. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-242 was launched. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-292 was launched. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1165 was launched. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The underground oil storage facility at Red Hill, Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii was completed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Italian troops surrendered en masse to US troops in Sicily, Italy as US 82nd Airborne Division captured Sciacca and Menfi, US 9th Infantry Division captured Santo Stefano Quisquina and the heights north of Mussomeli, US 2nd Armored Division with British troops in support captured Enna, Canadian 1st Division reached Leonforte, and British 51st Division attacked the Sferro airfield. In the air, Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force fighter-bombers attacked various targets in western Sicily while medium bombers struck Montecorvino Airfield. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • About 150 aircraft of Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force and over 100 aircraft US 9th Air Force attacked Rome, Italy for a second day in a row, targeting rail marshalling yards and the Ciampino Airfield. When the US 9th Air Force returned from Rome, they dropped their remaining bombs on targets at Anzio and Sicily. The city of Naples was also bombed by US bombers on this day. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Crown Prince Yi Un was made the commanding officer of Japanese 1st Air Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Pacific Ocean Russia
  • German troops evacuated Mtensk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Soviet STAVKA ordered all partisans in German-occupied Europe to attack German rail traffic. [CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down seven Soviet aircraft in one single night mission near Oryol, Russia, increasing his victories to 41. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vsevolod Merkulov was named the People's Commissar of State Security of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British submarines HMS Spirit was launched. [CPC]
  • British submarines HMS Vampire was launched. [CPC]
United States
  • The keel of US escort carrier Nehenta Bay was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US escort carrier Natoma Bay was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered that information regarding atomic research was to be shared with the British. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Sway was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • US frigate Sausalito was launched. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Burke was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Scott was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Lockheed and USAAF began a three day evaluation of a full scale mock up of a XP-80 jet fighter. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo completed a period of trials and training off California, United States. After returning to Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo, California, United States, squadron commander Captain John B. Griggs, Jr. came aboard to present awards. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jul 1943
Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 5Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 5Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 3 of 5Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 4 of 5
See all photos dated 20 Jul 1943
21 Jul 1943
  • The German authorities in Belgrade, Yugoslavia offered a massive reward for the betrayal and capture of Yugoslav partisan leader, Tito. [Main Article | AC]
  • The keel of British frigate HMS Retalick was laid down. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-779 was laid down. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1225 was launched. [CPC]
  • Canadian corvette HMCS The Pas collided with transport Medina while escorting Allied convoy ON 192 off the New England region of the United States; two men were killed. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Herbert C. Jones was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Revenge was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • The keel of destroyer escort Currier was laid down. [CPC]
  • The keel of destroyer escort McClelland was laid down. [CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109 fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 arrived at Attu, Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 9 B-24 bombers of US 11th Air Force bombed Kiska, Aleutian Islands while two US Navy destroyers bombarded the Gertrude Cove area of the same island. [Main Article | CPC]
Brazil
  • A PBY-5A Catalina aircraft of the VP-94 squadron of the US Navy sank German submarine U-662 with depth charges in the estuary of the Amazon River, Brazil; 44 were killed, 3 survived. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A large number of US Army and US Navy aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Bairoko, New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. Despite the powerful air strikes, the Northern Landing Group's attack on Bairoko Harbor was repulsed and the Americans fell back to Enogai; the Northern Landing Group was consisted of 1st Marine Raider Regiment, 4th Raider Battalion, and 3rd Battalion of the US Marine Corps and the 148th Division of the US Army. Nearby, a very small contingent of US Army, US Navy, and US Marine Corps officers landed at Barakoma, Vella Lavella to scout the area for a possible landing site. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 arrived at Banika Island, Russell Islands. [CPC]
Canada
  • Canadian trawler HMCS Anticosti completed her refit at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, Canada. [Main Article | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • Japanese G3M bombers attacked the US airfield at Funafuti, Gilbert Islands. [CPC]
Greece
  • Erwin Rommel inspected German defenses in Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Italian ships in waters near Randazzo, Sicily, Italy. On land on this day, US 1st Infantry Division captured Alimena, US 3rd Infantry Division captured Corleone, US 45th Infantry Division captured Valledolmo, US 82nd Airborne Division captured San Margherita, US Rangers captured Castelvetrano, and Canadian 1st Division captured Leonforte. After dark, US 9th Air Force B-25 bombers attacked the Randazzo area again. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Before dawn, British Wellington bombers of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force attacked the airfield at Crotone and the rail marshalling yard at Naples in southern Italy. During hte day, US B-17 bombers also of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force attacked the airfield at Grosseto on the western coast of central Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands United States
  • USS Bluefish departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo departed Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jul 1943
Bishop John Andrew Gregg of African Methodist Church in North Central United States playing with a koala bear while African-American US Army soldiers looked on, Australia, 21 Jul 1943Sicilian refugees on an ox cart, Palermo, Sicily, Italy, circa Jul 1943
22 Jul 1943
  • US 2nd Armored Division captured Palermo, Sicily. [Main Article | TH]
  • Canfield was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Skipjack damaged a Japanese transport south of Japan, hitting her with one of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands United States
  • Lockheed and USAAF completed a three day evaluation of a full scale mock up of a XP-80 jet fighter. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
23 Jul 1943
  • German leader Fritz Sauckel ordered improvements in the living conditions for Eastern European workers in Germany who performed their functions well. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy PBM Mariner aircraft attacked a German submarine in the Caribbean Sea, possibly U-759. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Charles J. Badger was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Destroyer Yukikaze led a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parachute building turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Italian Air Force established plans to re-establish the 1st Air Force Assault Regiment "Amedeo d'Aosta" for possible use as guerrilla fighters in Sicily, Italy, but the plans would not come to fruition. [CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet forces launched the Belgorod-Bogodukhov Offensive Operation toward Belgorod, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jul 1943
British Lancaster bombers of No 50 Squadron RAF flying in loose formation over Lincolnshire, England, UK, 23 Jul 1943Artur Axmann, General Kunze, and Major General Philipp (school commandant) touring an artillery school at Jüterbog, Germany, 23 Jul 1943
24 Jul 1943
  • The first of almost 1,000 Allied personnel were interned in Sweden when their USAAF B-17 bomber crash landed. [TH]
  • Cabot was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cotten was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill said "There is no doubt that in the welter of inefficiency and lassitude which has characterised our own operations on the Indian front, this man," referring to Orde Wingate, "his force and his achievements stand out; and no question of seniority must obstruct the advance of real personalities in their proper station in war." [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands for Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-703 was ordered to go to Hopen island, Norway to pick up stranded Russian sailors (from Russian freighter Dekabrist which was sunk many months prior). [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • The first operational use of "Window" radar jamming took place during Operation Gomorrah when 746 RAF planes drop 2,300 tons of explosive on Hamburg, Germany, losing 12 aircraft. Hamburg burned in a major firestorm that killed a significant number of civilians. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Fighting Squadron 5 (VF-5; Model F6F-3) on board. Part of Torpedo Squadron 5 (VT-5; Model TBF-1) on board. Part of Bombing Squadron 5 (VB-5; Model SBD-5) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • The Fascist Grand Council in Rome, Italy voted 19 to 7 for King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy to retake command of Italian military from Mussolini; Count Ciano, Mussolini's son-in-law, also voted against him. Upon relieving his duties, King Vittorio Emanuele III ordered Mussolini arrested. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Kure, Japan and was assigned to the Maintenance Force of the Mobile Force of Carrier Division 2 of the Third Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Poland
  • Polish political prisoner Heinz Radomski was executed in the washroom of Block 11 at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Parche was launched at Kittery, Maine, United States, sponsored by Miss Betty Russell, daughter of US District Judge and former US Navy Judge Advocate General Robert Lee Russell. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jul 1943
WAVES Aviation Metalsmith 3rd Class Claire Bickham and Seaman 1st Class (Aviation Metalsmith) Susie Alvis riveting aircraft, Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 24 Jul 1943WAVES Airman 1st Class (Aviation Metalsmith) Barbara Stroud drilling and riveting aircraft structure in the Assembly and Repair Department at Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 2WAVES Aviation MachinistWAVES Aviation Metalsmiths and Aviation Machinist
See all photos dated 24 Jul 1943
25 Jul 1943
  • Mussolini was arrested. Upon learning the news of the change in government, German troops were prepared to disarm the Italian military. [Main Article | TH]
  • The RAF commenced dropping small strips of metal foil (codename "Window") to confuse frequencies of the efficient German precision radars. [AC]
  • Orde Wingate was recalled to Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon sank Japanese cargo ship Thames Maru in the Dutch East Indies and damaged two other ships; she expended 8 torpedoes and observed 5 hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army Major General Nathan Twining replaced US Navy Rear Admiral Marc Mitscher as Commander, Aircraft, Solomons. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Americans launched what would be the final offensive against Japanese positions on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • 109 USAAF bombers attacked Hamburg, Germany in the afternoon as a follow up to the night raid by British bombers on the previous day; 15 bombers were lost. Elsewhere, Essen was also targeted with 2,000 tons of bombs. [Main Article | TH]
Greece
  • Troops of German 1st Mountain Division massacred 153 people of the village of Mousiotitsa in Greece. [CPC]
Norway
  • German submarine U-703 arrived at Hopen island, Norway and picked up four survivors of Russian freighter Dekabrist, including the skipper Beliaev. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Jul 1943
  • Marshal Badoglio replaced the Fascist government in Italy and began negotiations with the Allies in secret. Upon his first actions as the head of state was to dissolve the Fascist Party. [Main Article | TH]
  • Adolf Hitler ordered an operation to be commenced to rescue Mussolini from his arrest. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-31 arrived at Nouméa, New Caledonia, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Mingo fired four torpedoes at a Japanese tanker; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hubert Lanz stepped down as the commanding officer of XXXXIX Gebirgskorps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Frederick Sherman of Task Force 36 broke his flag aboard USS Saratoga. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Fighters of US 35th Fighter Group began to arrive at Tsili-Tsili Airfield, Australian Papua. [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler called for Otto Skorzeny to discuss the rescue of Benito Mussolini, but Skorzeny missed the initial call as he was drinking with a friend at Hotel Eden on the Kurfürstendamm in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Goebbels traveled to Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany to coordinate some news regarding the capture of Benito Mussolini. In the evening, he noted in his diary the details of the devastation of Hamburg, Germany by Allied bombing. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Scorpion arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jul 1943
24-foot self-righting rescue motor launch dropped from an RAF Hudson rescue aircraft to the crew of a US B-17 Fortress that ditched in the North Sea, 26 Jul 1943.
27 Jul 1943
  • I-168 sent a regular situation report while in the Isabel Strait; this would be the last message from the submarine. At 1754 hours, at dusk, she observed an enemy submarine in the Steffen Strait between New Ireland and New Hanover. She fired a torpedo at what turned out to be USS Scamp, which crash dove and evaded the attack. At 1812, USS Scamp returned fire with a spread of four torpedoes at periscope depth, hitting her with the loss of all hands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Heavy fighting in Sicily, Italy led to Feldmarschall Kesselring's decision to plan a possible evacuation of his forces to the mainland. [Main Article | TH]
  • In Italy, Mussolini was moved from Rome to Ponza Island. [Main Article | TH]
  • Adolf Hitler held a conference with Hermann Göring, Joseph Goebbels, Heinrich Himmler, Erwin Rommel, and Karl Dönitz. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Permit arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, ending her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • After nightfall, a repeated bombing of Hamburg, Germany by 787 RAF aircraft created a fire storm in which an estimated 42,000 people perished, most of them by carbon monoxide poisoning when all the air was drawn out of their basement shelters. The fire storm, in which the heat and humidity of the summer night was a contributory factor, raged for three hours until there was nothing left to burn. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 223 (VMF-223) on board. Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • German submarine U-255 sank Soviet survey ship Akademik Shokalski off Novaya Zemlya archipelago in northern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ray was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander B. J. Harral in command. [Main Article | CPC]
28 Jul 1943
  • USS Sunfish began her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Otto Skorzeny arrived in Rome, Italy and visited Albert Kesselring at the Tusculum II villa outside of the city. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jul 1943
General Bernard Montgomery saying farewell to Lieutenant General George Patton at an airfield near Palermo, Sicily, Italy after MontgomeryB-17 Flying Fortress bomber in flight over Mount Rainier, Washington, United States, 28 Jul 1943; note the special external hardpoints modification
29 Jul 1943
  • The Italian submarine, Pietro Micca, was torpedoed and sunk by the Royal Navy submarine HMS Trooper in the Mediterranean Sea. Eighteen men were rescued but 54 went down with the boat. An Italian rescue vessel later lowered listening gear to the submarine to detect signs of life but heard only the sound of gunshots. It was believed that the survivors took their own lives rather than endure a terrible, lingering death. [AC]
  • German Armeegruppe A attacked to improve its positions on the Mius River in Ukraine. [TH]
  • The US ambassador in Madrid, Spain demanded that the Spanish government withdrew the division of Spanish volunteers fighting on the Eastern Front; Franco would largely comply with this demand by the end of Sep 1943, although still leaving behind a regiment-sized unit in Russia. [CPC]
Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels' diary entry of this date noted that Hamburg, Germany had been devastated and about 800,000 were made homeless. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1943
  • German Armeegruppe A's attack along the Mius River in Ukraine came to a unsuccessful conclusion. [TH]
  • The Swedish SAAB 21A aircraft made its maiden flight powered by a 1,475hp Daimler-Benz DB605B 12-cylinder inverted-vee engine connected to a pusher propeller. Deliveries commenced to the Flygvapnet in Jul 1945. The SAAB 21 was the world's second aircraft to be fitted with an ejector seat as standard operational equipment (the first was the Heinkel He-219). The J-51A suffered from heavy control forces and engine overheating which affected its speed and rate of climb, thus its role was soon changed from that of an interceptor to ground strike with provisions for various ordnance loads. [AC]
  • Remy Van Lierde shot down a German Bf 109 fighter, which was his fourth kill. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fitted with new drop-tanks which enable the P-47 aircraft of US VIII Fighter Command to reach the Dutch-German border, eight squadrons of P-47 aircraft were despatched to escort home 186 B-17 bombers returning from a raid on Kassel, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Orde Wingate departed Delhi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese freighter in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Hamburg, Germany was bombed again before dawn by 777 RAF bombers. [Main Article | TH]
Italy
  • Otto Skorzeny's SS men arrived in Rome, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • In frantic air battles off Sardinia, Italy, American P-40 and P-38 aircraft claimed the destruction of 21 enemy transport aircraft and five fighters of German Luftwaffe's III/JG77 group. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1943
Members of the first class of WAVES to graduate from the Aviation Metalsmith School, at the Naval Air Technical Training Center, Norman, Oklahoma, United States, 30 Jul 1943Cartoon by Sixta depicting events and activities in the first year following the 30 Jul 1942 authorization of the US Navy WAVES programBattlefield grave of German Corporal Heinz Kühl, who was killed at the Battle of Kursk on 21 Jul 1943
31 Jul 1943
  • Young was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After studying the findings of a small joint US Army, US Navy, and US Marine Corps reconnaissance mission to Vella Lavella between 21 and 22 Jul 1943, it was concluded that a landing in the Barakoma area was feasible. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Erich Baumgartl of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • A Brazilian Air Force Lockheed A-28A aircraft caught a surfaced German submarine, U-199, in the Atlantic Ocean. Though damaged by anti-aircraft fire the Brazilian crew managed to keep the U-Boat on the surface until a Brazilian Air Force Catalina aircraft arrived and sank the submarine. [AC]
Caroline Islands China
  • The Air Force of the Republic of China formed the 1st Bomb Group (Provisional) and the 3rd Fighter Group (Provisional); these two groups would form the foundation of the Chinese-American Composite Wing (Provisional) in two months. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jul 1943
F4U-1 Corsair fighter at Langley Research Center at Hampton, Virginia, United States, 31 Jul 1943. Note the P-47 Thunderbolt on the taxi way behind the Corsair
1 Aug 1943
  • Amon Göth was promoted to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hitler ordered the Orel, Russia salient evacuated. [TH]
  • USAAF bombed the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania; 30% of the raid force was lost. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Finback damaged a Japanese transport in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down three Soviet aircraft, increasing his victories to 46. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Americans captured the Munda airfield on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The puppet Burmese government declared war on Britain and the United States. [AC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 223 (VMF-223) departed. A & R building usably complete. Telephone system usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Ukraine
  • Over Ukraine, the Red Air Force's leading female pilot Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Bf 109G-6 fighter piloted by Feldwebel Hans-Jörg Merkle and another Bf 109G-6 fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. She was in turn shot down in this engagement. Her body was never found, and the Soviet Union presumed her to have been killed. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • USS Alabama was detached from the British Royal Navy Home Fleet and departed Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Golet was launched at Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States, sponsored by the wife of Senator Alexander Wiley. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Aug 1943
Ploiesti oil tanks and refineries aflame after American raid, 1 Aug 1943Map depicting front lines in Eastern Europe and the Battle of Kursk, 4 Jul-1 Aug 1943Map depicting the Battle of Kursk, 4 Jul-1 Aug 1943A Soviet soldier walking along a road in Russia, 1 Aug 1943; note field gun in background
See all photos dated 1 Aug 1943
2 Aug 1943
  • In spite of Hitler's "stand fast" order, Manstein implemented a flexible defense, which allowed the Germans to repel heavy Soviet attacks near Izyum and along the Mius River in Ukraine. [TH]
  • US Navy torpedo boat PT-109, commanded by Lieutenant (jg) John F. Kennedy, was rammed by a Japanese destroyer Amagiri in the Blackett Strait between Kolombangara and Arundel in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Overnight, Hamburg, Germany suffered its ninth and final raid in eight days as 740 RAF bombers attacked; 30 of the bombers were shot down. By this time Hamburg had lost as many civilians as Britain had in the entire air war. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The P.119 prototype fighter was damaged in a landing accident. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Auschwitz Concentration Camp's special camp for Roma people was liquidated; 2,897 prisoners were gassed. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • 200 Jews revolted in Treblinka concentration camp in Poland, burning down several buildings, and attempted to escape; camp guards found and killed most of them. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Gunnel began a period of overhaul at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
3 Aug 1943
  • Shokaku sortied from Truk. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Italian troops begin evacuation of Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • In southern Russia, the Voronezh and Steppe Fronts drove into German Armeegruppe Süd's flank, causing a retreat. [TH]
  • George Patton visited a field hospital in Sicily, Italy and slapped Charles Kuhl for what he claimed as cowardice as Kuhl suffered no physical wounds. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese cargo ship in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 5 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down three Soviet aircraft, increasing his victories to 50. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Tanks of the US Marine Corps 9th Battalion joined the American offensive on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Seahorse departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Troops of Soviet Voronezh Front and Steppe Front crossed the Vorskla River and penetrated German lines near Belgorod, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nikolai Melnikov was made the deputy of the Soviet NKVD Directorate for Prisoners of War and Interned Persons (UPVI) with personal command over its 2nd (Operational) Department. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Aug 1943
M6 Gun Motor Carriage with 37 mm Gun M3 anti-tank gun, Newport News, Virginia, United States, 3 Aug 1943
4 Aug 1943
  • German 9.Armee retreated, allowing Red Army to move into Orel, Russia. [TH]
  • The US advance in Sicily, Italy was halted at Troina and the Furiano River. [Main Article | TH]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214, flying Corsair fighters, provided top cover for another squadron's strafing mission against the Japanese anchorage at Faisi, Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. VMF-214 pilots claimed 3 Japanese aircraft shot down plus 2 probables. [CPC]
Gibraltar
  • In Operation BG 7, Italian auxiliary ship Olterra launched three manned torpedoes against Gibraltar, sinking three cargo ships. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Sewage treatment plant turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Allied bombers attacked Naples, Italy, killing many civilians. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny learned from the German Police Attaché that Benito Mussolini had been transported in an ambulance from the Royal Palace in Rome, Italy to one of the carabinieri barracks in Rome back on 25 Jul 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Shinshiro Soma was named the commanding officer of Settsu. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Orde Wingate arrived in London, England, United Kingdom and was told that he would accompany Winston Churchill to Canada. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Aug 1943
Soviet infantry advancing behind T-34 tanks during the Battle of Orel, Russia, early Aug 1943
5 Aug 1943
  • In Sicily, Italy, German forces withdrew from Troina, while British Eighth Army captured Catania. [Main Article | TH]
  • British trawler Gulland was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy transferred the 12th Air Fleet from the Combined Fleet to the Northeast Area Fleet; it now had three air flotillas, one communication unit, and one weather observation unit. [CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Alarm was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. [AC]
  • US Navy Admiral Raymond Spruance, formerly the chief of staff of the Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Ocean Area, was named the commanding officer of the Central Pacific Area and the commanding officer of the Fifth Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Gusztáv Jány stepped down as the commanding officer of Hungarian 2nd Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops nearly the German garrison at Belgorod, Russia; German troops began evacuating the city after sundown. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky's Central Front liberated Orel, Russia and the Germans withdrew to the partly prepared Hagen line position at the base of the salient. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Aug 1943
Rebuilt Zero fighter at Eagle Farm, Brisbane, Australia, 5 Aug 1943; note B-17 bomber in background
6 Aug 1943
  • USS Corvina was commissioned into service with Commander Roderick S. Rooney in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Battle of Vella Gulf in the Solomon Islands, three Japanese destroyers were destroyed, killing 600 sailors and 900 Japanese Army passengers. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo damaged a Japanese freighter, hitting her with one out of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After capturing the important town of Troina at Sicily, Italy, Lieutenant General Patton fired both the divisional commander (Major General Allen) and his deputy (Brigadier General Roosevelt) of the US 1st Infantry Division who were responsible for the victory. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese convoy off Kyushu, Japan, damaging one ship with one of six torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The 10,000-strong Japanese 4th Air Army under Lieutenant General Kumaichi Teramoto arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Two divisions of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 and two divisions of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-221 escorted a P-38 reconnaissance aircraft over the Shortland Islands. The 16 Corsair fighters shot down five Japanese aircraft, losing one (Bill Blakeslee). [CPC]
Germany
  • German SS-Hauptsturmführer Hans Aumeier gave his subordinates time off from 1300 hours on 7 Aug 1945 to end of the day of 8 Aug 1945 to recognize the work his men accomplished during the liquidation of the Jewish ghettos in Bedzin and Sosnowiec in the Silesia region of Germany (occupied Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops engaged the German 4th Panzerarmee headquarters unit at Bogodukhov, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Midway Atoll, refueled, and then departed for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Aug 1943
Japanese-American recruit of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team taking cover during field exercises at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, United States, 6 Aug 1943155mm Gun M1 arriving by rail at Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, Newport News, Virginia, United States, 6 Aug 1943
7 Aug 1943
  • Otto Skorzeny thought Benito Mussolini was being kept in La Spezia, Italy, and was about to launch a rescue attempt when he learned that he was moved hours prior, and canceled the operation at the last moment. In fact, his intelligence was flawed as Mussolini was never transferred to La Spezia; on this date, Mussolini was being transferred out of the island of Ponza, Italy via a destroyer. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Hawkbill was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Ernst Kühl stepped down as the commanding officer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Munda airfield on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands, captured by the Americans from the Japanese on 1 Aug 1943, was declared operational for emergencies. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale patrolled waters between Japan and Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Cisco departed the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops reached the area northeast of Poltava and Akhtyrka, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Aug 1943
Aviation navigational Approach Map to designed guide strike aircraft to Lakunai Aerodrome at Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. Map dated Aug 7, 1943. Note other airfields marked on the map.
8 Aug 1943
  • The imprisoned Mussolini was transferred to the island of La Maddalena off Sardinia, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • King Vittorio Emanuele III decreed that Italy was under a state of siege. [Main Article | TH]
  • US troops landed at St. Agata, Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Gar departed Fremantle, Australia for her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Antrup was named the commanding officer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Battery B of the US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion was deployed at Kindu Point on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands to defend the southern coast of the island near Munda airfield. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The commanding officer of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 Bill Pace was killed when his Corsair fighter overheated and crashed in the Solomon Islands. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale sank Japanese aircraft transport Naruto Maru between Japan and Mariana Islands, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Aug 1943
  • Winston Churchill arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada aboard the passenger liner Queen Mary. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German officer Georg Jantschi voluntarily surrendered to the Soviets. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • A party of German officers departed Rabaul, New Britain. They had inspected Japanese facilities and spoke to American prisoners of war prior to their departure. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The main body of the Japanese Southeast Detached Force was moved to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Elsewhere on New Georgia, the two groups of the American New Georgia Occupation Force (Northern Landing Group and Southern Landing Group) made contact at a roadblock southwest of Triri. Also on New Georgia, a light anti-aircraft artillery battery of the US Marine Corps 11th Defense Battalion arrived at Enogai. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Dong Zhao was named the Deputy Commander of the Border Region of Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Suiyuan under General Deng Baoshan. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Fighting Squadron 23 (VF-23; Model F6F-3) on board. SBD-5's and TBF-1's of Air Group 23 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Nobutake Kondo was appointed to the Japanese Supreme War Council. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1943
US Army Private First Class Harvey White administering plasma to wounded Private Roy Humphrey, Sicily, Italy, 9 Aug 1943
10 Aug 1943
  • George Patton visited the 93rd Evacuation Hospital in Sicily, Italy and berated Private Paul Bennett for cowardice. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bernard Montgomery was awarded the title of Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill arrived at Hyde Park, New York, United States to visit Franklin Roosevelt. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Operational control of the US Northern Landing Group on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands was passed to the US Army 25th Division, while the US lst Marine Raider Regiment was detached from the Northern Landing Group to join other Marine Corps units at Enogai. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of about 3,000 arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp from the liquidated ghetto in Sosnowiec, Poland. 110 men and 195 were registered into the camp; the remainder were killed in the gas chambers. On the same day, Auschwitz received 754 sewing machines from the liquidated ghetto of Bedzin, Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 10 Aug 1943
Aerial view of Kiska, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska during American bombing, 10 Aug 1943, photo 1 of 2Aerial view of Kiska, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska during American bombing, 10 Aug 1943, photo 2 of 2USS Sable at anchor in Lake Michigan, United States, 10 Aug 1943; note two TDN-1 assault drone on the flight deck
11 Aug 1943
  • South African bomber pilot Flying Officer Lloyd Trigg attacked the German submarine U-468 in the South Atlantic off Senegal. On the first pass the submarine's anti-aircraft weapons seriously damaged the bomber. Instead of attempting a water landing, Trigg conducted a second attack run. As the bomber released depth charges, the Liberator aircraft was hit again and crashed into the sea 300 yards from the stricken submarine which also went down. Trigg and his entire crew all perished and only seven German sailors were rescued. Based on German survivor accounts, a report would later be filed detailing the gallant pilot's courage which led to the award of a posthumous Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • The minesweeper USS Alchemy was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. [AC]
  • Following the crushing defeat at Kursk, Russia, the German forces at Kharkov became in danger of being encircled. [AC]
  • USS Finback damaged a Japanese ship in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The construction of Akashi-class repair ships Mihara and Momotori at the Mitsubishi Yokohama Shipyard, Japan were canceled. [CPC]
  • USS S-35 sighted a Japanese ship in the Pacific Ocean but failed to close in for attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron detected a Japanese airfield at Wewak, Australian New Guinea. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • US Army Air Forces ground personnel began to arrive at Tsili-Tsili Airfield, Australian Papua. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Admiral William Halsey received operational orders for the New Georgia region of the Solomon Islands, including the seizure of Vella Lavella island and the elimination of Japanese positions on Kolombangara island. Meanwhile, US Army and US Marine Corps forces continued to engage Japanese troops on New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Jews from Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia began to be transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Aug 1943
Soviet Army engineers building a bridge across the Seversky Donets River, Belgorod, Russia, Aug 1943
12 Aug 1943
  • During a raid on Turin, Italy, Flight Sergeant Arthur Aaron's Stirling bomber was accidentally machine gunned by another 218 Squadron aircraft. Although badly wounded, with half of his face shot away rendering him unable to speak, Aaron instructed his crew on how to fly the badly damaged aircraft by writing notes. Taking control he eventually made a successful forced landing in Tunisia. His crew survived but Aaron would die shortly after from his wounds. Aaron was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for his selfless actions. [AC]
  • German forces evacuated Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • Milan, Italy received 1,000 tons of explosives from the RAF. [TH]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • 24 B-24 bombers attacked Buin, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, destroying 13 A6M fighters, 10 D3A dive bombers, and 1 reconnaissance aircraft on the ground. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Georg von Küchler was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Adolf Hitler ordered the southern portion of the defensive Panther Line to be set up along the Dneiper River in Ukraine, and that the city of Kharkov in Ukraine was to be held at all costs. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Boarfish was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Aug 1943
USS Pennsylvania in Adak Bay, Adak, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, on 12 Aug 1943, just prior to the Kiska operationMen of Company K, 3rd Battalion, US 27th Infantry Division along the Zieta Trail, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 12 Aug 1943
13 Aug 1943
  • US 9th Air Force bombed the Messerschmitt factory at Wiener Neustadt, Austria. Planners of the attack thought they were conducting a strike on a factory producing fighter aircraft, but in actuality it was manufacturing parts for V-2 rockets. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate shared his plans for an offensive into Burma; Claude Auchinleck, however, argued for Winston Churchill's alternate plan which focused on the Andaman Islands and then Sumatra instead. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • A F-4 and a F-5 aircraft of US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron detected 199 Japanese aircraft and 4 air strips at Wewak, Australian New Guinea. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Army 43rd Division landed on Vela Cela (and discovered no Japanese positions) and Baanga just off western New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. Meanwhile, in Tokyo, the Imperial General Headquarters issued Directive No. 267 authorizing the abandonment of the central Solomon Islands region. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The US IX Bomber Command attacked the Lorenzo marshaling yards near Rome, Italy with 106 B-17 bombers, 66 B-25 bombers, and 102 B-26 bombers, escorted by 140 P-38G Lightning fighters. Heavy damage was inflicted on the yards and although two B-26Cs were downed the Italians lost five modern fighters in combat with the P-38 fighters. [AC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sanked Japanese converted gunboat Edo Maru and damaged another ship off Taiwan, hitting them with 6 of 10 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo transited the Etorofu Strait and entered the Sea of Okhotsk. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US 13th Airborne Division was activated on at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, United States under the command of Major General George W. Griner, Jr. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Aug 1943
American troops marching up the beach at Adak, Aleutian Islands during pre-invasion loading for the Kiska invasion, 13 Aug 1943; note LCM landing craft, USS Pennsylvania, and M1 Garand riflesGerman Tiger I heavy tanks climbing a hill on the front lines near Belgorod, Russia, 13 Aug 1943B-25 Mitchell bombers of the US 42nd Bomber Group practicing skip-bombing off New Caledonia, 13 Aug 1943B-24 Liberator of the 43rd Bomb Group during a bombing run over the major Japanese base at Salamaua, Australian New Guinea, Aug 13, 1943.
See all photos dated 13 Aug 1943
14 Aug 1943
  • USS S-28 set a course for the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • A Japanese reconnaissance aircraft discovered the new US airfield at Tsili-Tsili, Australian Papua. [CPC]
  • 433rd Fighter Squadron (flying P-38 aicraft) and the headquarters unit of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was transferred to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps Brigadier General Francis Mulcahy moved the headquarters of Aircraft, New Georgia from Rendova island to the Munda Point airfield on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps fighters at Munda, New Georgia were deemed operational. [CPC]
Italy
  • The Italian government declared Rome an open city. [Main Article | TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked three medium freighters in the Sea of Japan; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The German troops at Belgorod, Russia broke out of the region after suffering 20,000 killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Erich von Manstein placed General Otto Wöhler in charge of the defense of Kharkov, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort received orders to go to Eureka, California, United States for the commissioning of the 5th section of floating drydock ABSD-2. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Aug 1943
Aerial photo of Cotten underway off New York City, 14 Aug 1943US Army Major General J. Lawton Collins and Major Charles Davis at New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 14 Aug 1943
15 Aug 1943
  • The Swedish government rescinded the previously given permission for German transports to cross Sweden. [TH]
  • The German Luftwaffe mounted the heaviest raid on Plymouth, England, United Kingdom in two years with 91 aircraft. [Main Article | TH]
  • Supported by a massive bombardment from three battleships, cruisers and destroyers and under a protective umbrella of 170 aircraft, 35,000 American and Canadian troops stormed ashore on Kiska Island in the Aleutian Islands only to discover that the Japanese had fled nearly three weeks earlier. [Main Article | AC]
  • Louis Mountbatten met with Winston Churchill; to Mountbatten's surprise, Churchill rejected his request for a sea-going command, and instead appointed him the Allied supreme commander of Southeast Asia. Mountbatten was promoted to the rank of acting admiral to serve in this position. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 151st Airborne Tank Company was established by the US Army with the responsibility to operate M22 Locust air-portable tanks. The US Staff, however, saw little purpose in air-lifting tanks to the battlefield and the unit would remain in the United States for the duration. [AC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was named the commanding officer of the 2nd Group of Nachtjagdgeschwader 3. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria visited Adolf Hitler; during the visit, Boris refused to change Bulgaria's neutral stance toward the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 7 Ki-48 bombers and 34 Ki-43 fighters attacked the new US airfield at Tsili-Tsili, Australian Papua; the Americans did not detect the incoming aircraft until 0700 hours when the Japanese were only one mile away. A Japanese bomb hit the base chapel, killing the chaplain and 6 or 7 worshipers. The Japanese lost all 7 bombers while the Americans lost 4 P-39 fighters (1 killed) and 2 C-47 transport aircraft (17 killed). The Japanese failed to damage the airstrips. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Northern Landing Force attacked Japanese positions on Vella Lavella island in the Barakoma airfield region near New Georgia, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 8 Corsair fighters of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 strafed Kahili Airfield on Bougainville island in the Solomon Islands just before sunset. The Americans claimed 3 Japanese aircraft shot down and several more damaged on the ground. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked a freighter in the Sea of Japan; all four torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ray completed its training in Lake Michigan in northern United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Aug 1943
Launching of large cruiser Alaska, Camden, New Jersey, United States, 15 Aug 1943Rear Admiral Robert Burnett greeting King George VI of the United Kingdom aboard HMS Belfast, Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 15 Aug 1943
16 Aug 1943
  • Starting this date and continuing for the next seven days, revolt and destruction took place in the Bialystok Ghetto in Poland. [CPC]
  • US troops entered Messina, Sicily, Italy. Meanwhile, the Axis forces successfully evacuated 100,000 troops from Sicily to the mainland. [Main Article | TH]
  • Intrepid was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-28 arrived at Massacre Bay, Attu, US Territory of Alaska. [Main Article | CPC]
Algeria
  • The French I Corps was reconstituted at Ain-Taya, Algeria, under the command of Lieutenant-General Henry Jules Jean Martin, with American supplied uniforms and weapons as part of the rearmament of the French Army of Africa. [AC]
Australian Papua
  • 15 Japanese bombers escorted by 33 fighters attacked Tsili-Tsili airfield, Australian Papua. 3 US fighter squadrons rose for defense. The Japanese lost 3 aircraft, while the Americans lost 1 aircraft (Lieutenant Leonard Leighton). [CPC]
Byelorussia
  • 2,200 Russian troops of the German 1st Russian National SS Detachment fighting in Byelorussia switched sides and eventually formed the 1st Anti-Fascist Partisan Brigade under Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Gil, who was also known as I. G. Rodionov. [CPC]
Greece
  • The 317 inhabitants of the village of Kommeno in western Greece were rounded up by occupation troops and executed for the suspicion of partisan support. [CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Josef Salminger of GebirgsJäger Regiment 98 of German 1st Mountain Division ordered the massacre of 317 people of the village of Kommeno in Greece. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • US Navy awarded a contract to build a new military hospital at Aiea, US Territory of Hawaii. [CPC]
Japan
  • Yamato, loaded with troops and supplies, departed Kure, Japan with Fuso, Nagato, and Destroyer Division 16's Amatsukaze and Hatsukaze. Stopped at Yashima anchorage that night. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The Soviets launched an attack toward Stalino (now Donetsk), Ukraine. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • The US 4th Marine Division was activated at Camp Pendleton near San Diego, California, United States under the command of Major General Harry Schmidt. It was the only US Marine Division during WW2 to be mounted and staged into combat directly from the continental United States. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Aug 1943
Intrepid off Newport News, Virginia, United States, 16 Aug 1943Map depicting the Allied landings on Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 15-16 Aug 1943A Canadian soldier inspecting a captured Japanese Type 96 machine gun, Kiska, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 16 Aug 1943Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference, Canada, mid-Aug 1943
See all photos dated 16 Aug 1943
17 Aug 1943
  • Allied artillery began shelling Italian mainland from Messina, Sicily. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Germans made the first operational use of the Hs 293A-1 radio controlled bomb. It was launched from a Do 217E5s of II/KG100 against British shipping in the Bay of Biscay. Ten days later, an Hs 293 would claim the corvette HMS Egret. [AC]
  • During the Quadrant Conference in Quebec, Canada, Orde Wingate shared with the Americans his plans for an offensive into Burma; the US Army showed interest in this plan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Apex was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease Act. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • As a build up to the landings at Lae, Australian Papua the US 5th Air Force commenced a two-week blitz on the Japanese airfield in the Wewak area in Australian New Guinea. 12 B-17 and 26 B-24 bombers from Jackson Field and Ward's Strip at Port Moresby, Australian Papua hit the two Japanese airfields at Wewak starting at about 0000 hours; the Americans lost 3 B-24 bombers while the Japanese suffered 13 aircraft destroyed, 20 heavily damaged, 34 slightly damaged, and 70 men killed. At 0600 hours, 61 modified B-25 bombers, with fighter escort, were launched from Port Moresby; although 21 aircraft turned back due to poor weather, the remainder hit Wewak between 0750 and 0845 hours, destroying about 30 aircraft that were parked in rows in preparation of the arrival of a high ranking Japanese officer. The series of blitz paved the way for the autumn invasion that resulted in the capture of the western flank of Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Germany
  • The US 8th Army Air Force lost 59 heavy bombers during daylight raids upon Regenburg and Schweinfurt, Germany, which was about 25% of the attacking force. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • British bombers launched to attack German rocket research site at Peenemünde at 2100 hours London time. At 2230 hours London time or 2330 hours Berlin time, air raid sirens went off at Peenemünde, but many ignored it, thinking it was to be yet another false warning as Allied bombers flew over the region to bomb German cities further inland. At 2317 hours London time or 0017 hours Berlin time on the next day, the first of the British bombers struck Peenemünde. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked a freighter in the Sea of Japan at 0200 hours; the torpedo missed. At 2200 hours, she attacked another ship, again missing with one torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Tang was launched at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States; she was sponsored by Mrs. Antonio S. Pitre. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Wasp was launched at Bethlehem Steel Company's Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, sponsored by Miss Julia M. Walsh, the sister of US Senator David I. Walsh. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Aug 1943
B-17F Flying Fortress bombers in flight over Schweinfurt, Germany, 17 Aug 1943Launching party of Tang, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 17 Aug 1943Mrs Cecily Olsen and Mrs A S Pitre at the launching of Tang, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 17 Aug 1943, as printed in 20 Aug 1943 edition of shipyard newspaper GrapevineLaunching of Tang, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 17 Aug 1943
See all photos dated 17 Aug 1943
18 Aug 1943
  • Referencing an alliance from 1373 with Britain, Portugal allowed the Allies to use the Azore Islands for air and naval bases. [TH]
  • USS Tunny sighted Pagan and Alamagan in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny conducted an aerial reconnaissance mission over La Maddalena, Italy. His He 111 aircraft was shot down by British fighters. Skorzeny survived the crash, but suffered three broken ribs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate met Franklin Roosevelt at Quebec, Canada, introduced by Winston Churchill. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US bombers attacked the four Japanese airfields at Wewak, Australian New Guinea (Boram, Wewak, But, and Dagna). The Americans lost two B-25 bombers and one P-38 fighter; the Japanese lost 30 aircraft and suffered damage to the airstrips. [CPC]
  • Shigure arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Between 0017 and 0043 hours, three waves of British bombers (227, 113, and 180 bombers, respectively) struck the German rocket research site at Peenemünde, dropping a total of 1,600 tons of high explosive bombs and 250 tons of incendiary bombs. Initially the damage appeared to be extensive, but the site returned to operation within four to six weeks. Many buildings would remain unrepaired and craters unfilled in order to trick the British into thinking that the site was abandoned after the raid. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Snook departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked several freighters on separate occasions in the Sea of Okhotsk; all 3 torpedo missed. Several hours later, she sank a small fishing vessel with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Marine Corps Division of Aviation was transferred from the US Navy Bureau of Aeronautics to the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Air. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Aug 1943
Mackenzie King, Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Allied military leaders, Quebec, Canada, 18 Aug 1943
19 Aug 1943
  • As discussed in the Quebec Conference between US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, British scientists, including Klaus Fuchs, were to join the Manhattan Project. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German defenses along the Mius River were breached near Stalino (now Donetsk), Ukraine. [TH]
  • German Luftwaffe Chief of Staff Oberstgeneral Hans Jeschonnek committed suicide. [TH]
  • From Britain, Claude Auchinleck cabled Winston Churchill in Canada, attempting to convince the British Prime Minister to decrease the number of brigades to be assigned to Orde Wingate to only three; Wingate had requested eight. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked several Japanese surface ships with gunfire east of Borneo, sinking one small patrol vessel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-35 suffered mechanical issues in the port engine crankshaft and couplings and set sail for Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska to receive repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 was transferred to US Marine Aircraft Group 11 based in Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. The pilots would not leave for Espiritu Santo until 3 Sep 1943. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 375th Troop Carrier Group was transferred to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Paul von Kleist was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • Robert Johnson scored his second kill over Woensdrecht, the Netherlands, shooting down a German Bf 109G fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sighted a Soviet ship in the Sea of Okhotsk; she took no action. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama completed a scheduled overhaul at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1943
Wrecked Japanese aircraft, oil drums, and other rubble at Kiska, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 19 Aug 1943
20 Aug 1943
  • USS S-31 completed training services at Nouméa, New Caledonia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar sank a Japanese ship in daylight with one of three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny returned to mainland Italy after being shot down by British fighters two days prior. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Admiral Canaris' sources informed him that Benito Mussolini might be held prisoner on the island of Elba, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Admiral Chester Nimitz submitted a general plan for the invasion of the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Baanga island, located just off western New Georgia in the Solomon Islands, was secured by elements of the US Army 43rd Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • German Army formed XXII Gebirgskorps in Greece; Hubert Lanz would soon be named its commanding officer. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 9 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale suffered some damage in the East China Sea during a typhoon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank a small vessel with her deck guns in the Sea of Okhotsk; six nearby fishermen surrendered and were taken prisoner. Two hours later, she destroyed another small vessels. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Soviet and German tanks engaged in combat in the fields near Kharkov, Ukraine; the Soviets were defeated after losing 184 T-34 tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Aug 1943
South Dakota off the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, United States, 20 Aug 1943Allied Combined Chiefs of Staff in Quebec, Canada for the Quadrant Conference, Aug 1943Louis Mountbatten, John Dill, Hastings Ismay, Ernest King, Henry Arnold, William Leahy, Kenneth Stuart, Percy Nelles, and George Marshall at Château Frontenac during Quebec Conference, Canada, Aug 1943Franklin Roosevelt, the Earl of Athlone, Mckenzie King, and Winston Churchill on the terrace at the Citadelle, Quebec, Canada, Aug 1943
See all photos dated 20 Aug 1943
21 Aug 1943
  • The I. G. Farben factory in Oppau, Germany increased the minimum requirement of work for forced laborers to 67 hours per week. [CPC]
  • Claude Auchinleck compromised in regards to Orde Wingate's demands, offering to provide him with five brigades (Wingate had wanted eight) for operations in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-354 pursued an Allied convoy off northern Russia to no success. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Bluefish arrived at Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hoe departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Air Group 9 departed. Part of Air Group 5 departed. Part of Air Group 23 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • George Patton apologized to Private Paul Bennett whom he slapped at the 93rd Evacuation Hospital for accused cowardice. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The authorities at the Birkenau women's camp at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland selected 498 Jewish women considered unable to work for the gas chamber; 438 of them were Greeks. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Erich von Manstein authorized the retreat from Kharkov, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Aug 1943
  • USS S-31 departed Nouméa, New Caledonia for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny reached Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • Elements of the US 2nd Marine Airdrome Battalion landed on Nukufetau, Ellice Islands. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Air Group 9 departed. More of Air Group 5 departed. More of Air Group 23 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • George Patton apologized to doctors and nurses who witnessed him slapping enlisted men for accused cowardice. Later in the day, Patton met entertainer Bob Hope and asked Hope to announced on the radio that Patton loved and cared for his men. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • German troops in Kharkov, Ukraine began evacuating after sundown. [Main Article | TH]
23 Aug 1943
  • Iro Ilk was awarded with the Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe goblet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine chasers SC-694 and SC-696 were sunk by German Ju-88 dive bombers off the coast of Palermo, Sicily, Italy. [AC]
  • The British Joint Planning Staff authorized the transfer of six brigades under Orde Wingate's command for operations in Burma; Wingate had originally wanted eight brigades. The units were to be drawn from the UK 70th Division and the UK 81st African Division. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Permit began her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • 21 Japanese bombers escorted by 17 fighters took off from Hankou, Hubei, China to attack Chongqing in Sichuan Province, China; the formation was met with an additional 14 fighters en route. 10 P-40, 8 P-43, and 11 P-66 fighters of the Chinese Air Force rose to intercept. The Chinese lost one P-40 fighter, one P-43 fighter, and two P-66 fighters in the engagement while the Japanese lost one bomber and several damaged. This would become the final major aerial attack on Chongqing. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 727 RAF bombers dropped 1,700 tons of explosives on Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 16 on board. TBF-1's, SBD-5's, and F6F-3's of Air Group 16 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • George Patton apologized to Charles Kuhl whom he slapped at a field hospital for accused cowardice. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish damaged a Japanese transport in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The Soviet Steppe Front captured Kharkov, Ukraine, ending the Fourth Battle of Kharkov; a German counterattack was attempted but repulsed by the Soviet 5th Guards Tank Army. [Main Article | TH]
24 Aug 1943
  • Wilhelm Frick was named Protector of Bohemia and Moravia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler was appointed as Minister of the Interior of Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • In Denmark, bomb incidents and strikes marked growing resistance. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny detected a 6-ship Japanese convoy near the Toagel Mlungui Pass in the Palau Islands early in the morning and stalked the convoy for the remainder of the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 1st (French) Motorised Infantry Division was created from the 1st Free French Division and was sent to Italy as a part of the French Expeditionary Force in Apr 1944. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps Colonel William Brice moved the headquarters of his Fighter Command to the Munda Point airfield on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. On this date, the responsibility of Commander, Aircraft, New Georgia was also merged under his command. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • 1,260 Polish Jewish children from the liquidated Bialystok ghetto in Poland arrived at Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • Ilse Koch was arrested by the SS for corruption. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Harder departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale damaged an oiler and a freighter in a Japanese convoy 37 kilometers west of Kusagaki Islands, Japan in the East China Sea, hitting them with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Spot was laid down at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Aug 1943
Honorary welders C. R. Campbell and Georg Lyon at the keel laying of submarine Spot, Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 24 Aug 1943
25 Aug 1943
  • Shokaku sortied from Truk. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Tunny attacked a 6-ship Japanese convoy with five torpedoes at 0140 hours and another six torpedoes at dawn; the subsequent depth charge attack caused no damage. She surfaced at noon and found that the convoy had already departed the area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback fired two torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Dutch East Indies; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The V Amphibious Corps (VAC) under the command of Major General Holland Smith was formed at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii out of the earlier Amphibious Corps, Pacific Fleet (PhibCorpsPacFlt) that had been in existence since Apr 1942. VAC was formed to be the amphibious landing force for Fifth Fleet to support Central Pacific operations and its first mission was to seize the Gilbert Islands, including the controversial assault on Tarawa. [AC]
  • Louis Mountbatten was officially named the Supreme Allied Commander, Southeast Asia. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • From his headquarters in Brisbane, Australia, George Kenney cabled Henry Arnold, noting that 10% of his parafrag bombs had been depleted and requesting Arnold to intervene with the logistics sections located in the US. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Americans captured Bairoko Harbor on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Italy
  • The Foggia airfield in Italy was attacked by Allied fighters and bombers. [Main Article | TH]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Alabama transited the Panama Canal. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 25 Aug 1943
Grave marker of an American airman killed in combat and interned by the Japanese Army, Kiska, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, Aug 1943Hitler Youth firefighters in action, Düsseldorf, Germany, 25 Aug 1943
26 Aug 1943
  • USS Tunny attacked two Japanese transports with five torpedoes near Toagel Mlungui Pass in the Palau Islands at mid-morning. The subsequent depth charge attack caused a fire in the maneuvering room, causing a momentary loss of power and later causing the submarine to dive uncontrollably. In the early evening she surfaced for repairs, which would last for two days. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The minesweeper USS Arcade was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease Act. [AC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was made the commanding officer of German Armeegruppe F with headquarters in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Otto Skorzeny arrived at La Maddalena, Italy via E-boats. Later that day, he learned that Mussolini had just been transported away. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese destroyer south of Japan; all 4 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The French Committee of National Liberation headed by General de Gaulle, which was based in Britain, was recognised by Britain, the United States and Russia. [AC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Charr was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Aug 1943
Stern view of USS Grayback off HunterStarboard side view of USS Grayback off HunterBow view of USS Grayback off HunterStarboard side view of USS Grayback off Hunter
See all photos dated 26 Aug 1943
27 Aug 1943
  • British Minister of Information Brenden Bracken announced that Rudolf Heß, "a Nazi of very low mentality", arrived in Britain in May 1941 to "find British Quislings to overthrow Churchill". [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anzio was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese convoy off Kyushu, Japan, sinking passenger-cargo ship Taifuku Maru with one of four torpedoes fired. She also fired two torpedoes at an escorting destroyer; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler met with Erich von Manstein at the Wehrwolf headquarters in Ukraine. This was his final visit to this headquarters site. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa departed for Argentia, Newfoundland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of Suvorov for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Arthur Coningham was made Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Army 172nd Infantry Regiment crossed Hathorn Sound from New Geogia to Arundel Island in the Solomon Islands and captured Japanese artillery positions which had been shelling American positions at Munda Point, New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • Elements of the US 2nd Marine Airdrome Battalion and US Navy Construction Battalion units arrived at Nukufetau Atoll in the Ellice Islands. [CPC]
28 Aug 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • Two US Corsair fighter squadrons attacked Kahili Airfield in Buin, Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. Lieutenant Al Jensen of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214, flying a Corsair fighter, was credited with destroying 24 Japanese planes on the ground during this mission. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Bulgaria
  • King Boris III of Bulgaria passed away mysteriously. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Italy
  • The imprisoned Mussolini was moved from the island of Maddalena off Sardinia to Lake Bracciano by seaplane, then by car to the Hotel Campo Imperatore (aka. Albergo Refugio) at Gran Sasso. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Eight of the ten sections USS ABSD-1 began to be towed from San Francisco, California, United States for the South Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Dorado was commissioned into service, Lieutenant Commander Earle Caffrey Schneider in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Aug 1943
US B-25D bomber being destroyed by the blast of a bomb of a preceding friendly bomber, Hansa Bay, Australian New Guinea, 28 Aug 1943, photo 1 of 3US B-25D bomber being destroyed by the blast of a bomb of a preceding friendly bomber, Hansa Bay, Australian New Guinea, 28 Aug 1943, photo 2 of 3US B-25D bomber being destroyed by the blast of a bomb of a preceding friendly bomber, Hansa Bay, Australian New Guinea, 28 Aug 1943, photo 3 of 3
29 Aug 1943
  • The Danish Royal Family was "isolated for their protection" by the Germans as martial law was declared in Denmark. [TH]
  • USS Hoe fired 4 torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer escort; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny completed temporary repairs at sea in the Palau Islands and set sail for home. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Guitarro was launched, sponsored by the wife of chief of the US Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Ross T. McIntire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse attempted to attack a Japanese convoy in the Pacific Ocean, but was counterattacked prior to the launching of torpedoes. She suffered minor damage from depth charges. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Aug 1943
  • Danish Prime Minister Erik Scavenius refused to work for the German occupation. [Main Article | TH]
  • Germans evacuated Taganrog, Russia. [TH]
  • HMCS Haida (G63) was commissioned into service with Commander H. C. DeWolf in command. [AC]
  • USS Snook arrived in the Marcus Island area and a conducted photograph reconnaissance mission. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho disembarked the air group originally from carrier Hiyo as Hiyo's repairs were completed. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 8th Fighter Squadron (both flying P-40 aircraft) of USAAF 49th Fighter Group was transferred out of Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • A massive air battle took place over Aversa, Italy when 44 US P-38 fighters escorting a B-26 bombing raid on the rail marshaling yards engaged 75 Luftwaffe fighters. While no bombers were shot down, 13 US and 9 German fighters fell. [Main Article | TH]
  • Bernard Montgomery hosted a victory celebration at Catania, Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Aug 1943
US Secretary of Navy Frank Knox and wife Annie Reid Knox at the christening ceremony of USS Hornet, Newport News shipyard, Newport News, Virginia, United States, 30 Aug 1943Montgomery and Eisenhower inspecting enemy installations across the Strait of Messina from Sicily, 30 Aug 1943Minneapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, US upon completion of overhaul and repairs, 30 Aug 1943; note SK-1 radar and gun directors on foremast and bridge, and fake windows pilothouse
31 Aug 1943
  • Hitler authorized limited withdrawals in Ukraine. [TH]
  • USS S-31 made a daylight attack on a Japanese submarine; three torpedoes were fired, but none hit the target. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first combat mission of the US Navy's latest fighter aircraft occurred when F6F-3 Hellcat fighters of VF-5 operating from the carrier USS Yorktown assisted in an attack on Japanese installations on Marcus Island. This was a mere eighteen months after the prototype's first flight. Altogether some 2,545 examples of the F6F-3 aircraft were delivered during 1943. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Langley was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Velite was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Commander Bernard Bowick was named the commanding officer of HMS Dianthus. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: F6F-3's of Fighting Squadron 1 (VF-1) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Norway
  • German submarine U-703 arrived at Narvik, Norway and dropped off four survivors of Russian freighter Dekabrist. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Ray arrived at the submarine base of Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Aug 1943
US Navy Lt. Cmdr. James H. FlatleyCarrier Chitose at Sasebo, Japan, 31 Aug 1943
1 Sep 1943
  • USS Snook performed lifeguard duty for carrier aircraft airmen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese General He Yingqin tentatively planned to organize 45 divisions stationed in southern China into a cohesive force, Zebra Force, which Joseph Stilwell wished to establish. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rudolf von Schmettow was made the military governor of the Channel Islands for the second time, succeeding Erich Müller. [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cisco arrived at Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Hangars A & R (main hangars) usably complete. Addition to land plane runways usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Students gathered to protest at Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Lithuania
  • German and Estonian police surrounded the Vilna ghetto in Lithuania and began deporting Jews to forced labor camps in Estonia. The underground United Partisan Organization (FPO) issued a manifesto urging the ghetto residents to resist. After an abortive clash between the FPO and German forces, the Judenrat Chairman Jacob Gens reached an agreement with the Germans to fill the required deportee quota, 5,000 Jews,in exchange for the withdraw of German forces from the ghetto. A small number of Jews were able to escape the ghetto during the failed clash; some of them joined nearby resistance groups. [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • Japanese 21st Air Flotilla at Saipan, Mariana Islands was disbanded. Its two air groups, Air Group 253 (fighters) and Air Group 751 (medium bombers) were reassigned to Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Vatican City
  • Pope Pius XII, in a broadcast to the world, made an appeal for peace. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Sep 1943
WAVES personnel playing Russian mother and children looking at a destroyed home, Russia, 1 Sep 1943
2 Sep 1943
  • After enduring months of torture at the hands of the Gestapo, Josef Mahler, an emigré Communist Jew, expelled from the Netherlands in 1940, was executed in prison in Düsseldorf, Germany. The Gestapo had failed to obtain from him any confession of a conspiratorial nature. [AC]
  • The British Royal Navy battleships HMS Warspite and HMS Valiant bombarded Reggio Calabria at the southern tip of Italy, eliminating a six gun battery. [Main Article | AC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was assigned to the Standby Force of the Mobile Force of Carrier Division 2 of the Third Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • Captured French submarine Henri Poincaré departed Toulon, France with an Italian crew. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Unescorted B-17 bombers of the Northwest African Strategic Air Force (NASAF) raided the rail marshalling yards at Bolzano, Trento, and Bologna and Italy. [AC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Kure, Japan where she would be drydocked for repairs and refitting. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov suggested trying some of the German officers captured at Stalingrad, Russia as war criminals as they were responsible for Soviet deaths at a prisoner of war camp at the village of Alekseevka near Stalingrad. Some of these German officers include camp commandant Rudolf Körpert, Werner von Kunowski, Wilhelm Langheld, and Otto Mäder. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
3 Sep 1943
  • The Jewish ghetto at Tarnów, Poland was closed and its residents deported; Amon Göth was placed in charge of the deportation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Basilone arrived in New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese cargo ship Tagonoura Maru off Japan with two of four toropedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hauptmann Heinrich Höfer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Nine RAAF Catalina aircraft based at Cairns, Queensland, Australia attacked Vunakanau Airfield, Lakunai Airfield, and Rapopo Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain, causing no damage and suffering no damage. [CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • Robert von Greim was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The new Italian government signed a secret armistice with the Allies. Immediately after, Operation Baytown, the invasion of the Italian mainland, was launched across the Strait of Messina, with British and Canadian troops of British XIII Corps landing at Reggio Calabria without opposition. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
New Hebrides
  • The personnel of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 were transported to Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Japanese aircraft spotted USS Permit and attacked with bombs off Kwajalein, Marshall Islands; USS Permit escaped unscathed. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1943
US Army Corporal Paul F. Janesk posing in his jeep in Sicily, Italy, 3 Sep 1943; note cartoon of Axis leaders drawn on his jeep, and Mussolini crossed outMap depicting the invasion of mainland Italy, Sep 1943Gen Douglas MacArthur shaking the hand of his pilot, Col Harry Hawthorne, after observing the airborne paratroop drop at Nazdab, New Guinea from his B-17F “Talisman.” Sep 3 1943 photo at 7-Mile Aerodrome, Port Moresby, New Guinea.
4 Sep 1943
  • Lae-Salamaua on New Guinea was recaptured by Allied forces. [Main Article | TH]
Germany
  • A group of British prisoners of war at Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany attempted to escape by having Lieutenant Mike Sinclair dress up as the respected WW1 veteran and now camp guard Stabsfeldwebel Fritz Rothenberger. The plan nearly succeeded before one of the guards grew suspicious and asked to see the pass from "Rothenberger". As the plan fell apart, Sinclair was shot in the chest by a pistol, though he would recover from the wound. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 16 departed. More of Fighting Squadron 5 (VF-5; Model F6F-3) arrived on board. More of Bombing Squadron 5 (VB-5; Model SBD-5) arrived on board. More of Torpedo Squadron 5 (VT-5; TBF-1) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese ship Kozon Maru off Taiwan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Sep 1943
US B-25 bombers flying over transports carrying Australian 9th Division troops, off Lae, Australian New Guinea, 4-6 Sep 1943Minneapolis off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States after completion of overhaul and repairs, 4 Sep 1943; note camouflage meant to disguise her as a destroyer
5 Sep 1943

Australia
  • USS Columbia set sail for Sydney, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British Eighth Army captured San Stefano, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Luce departed New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Sep 1943
German leaders Albert Speer, Erhard Milch, and Adolf Galland at a conference, possibly reviewing a new aircraft, Germany, 5-7 Sep 1943German leaders Albert Speer and Adolf Galland at a conference, possibly reviewing a new aircraft, Germany, 5-7 Sep 1943
6 Sep 1943
  • Operation Sizilien: Tirpitz, Scharnhorst, and 9 destroyers departed Kåfjord, Norway for an attack on the Allied base on Spitzbergen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Sizilien: Tirpitz, Scharnhorst, and 9 destroyers departed Kåfjord, Norway for an attack on the Allied base on Spitzbergen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Red Army succeeded in rupturing the line between German Armeegruppe Mitte and German Armeegruppe Süd. [TH]
  • Major Egon Mayer of the German Geschwaderkommodore of JG2 "Richthofen" shot down three B-17 bombers in the space of just 19 minutes. [AC]
  • The minesweeper USS Arch was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. [AC]
  • John Basilone began a bond tour in the New York City region of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank a Japanese transport in the Palau Islands, hitting her with three of four torpedoes fired. The subsequent depth charge counterattack caused severe leaks. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • German units in the southwestern tip of Italy began falling back toward Castrovillari. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi departed Ominato Guard District, Mutsu, Aomori Prefecture, Japan. After dark, about 50 miles northeast of Ominato, she was detected by US submarine USS Halibut (which mis-identified Nachi as a destroyer) and was struck by one of Halibut's spread of four torpedoes; the torpedo failed to detonate. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Reginald McKenna passed away in London, England, United Kingdom. He had been Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith's Home Secretary, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, during the early part of the Great War, before becoming the Chairman of the Midland Bank in 1918. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Sep 1943
British Army General J. L. Hawksworth and US Navy Rear Admiral Richard L. Connolly aboard Biscayne, 6 Sep 1943, while preparing for Salerno, Italy landingsChurchill AVRE vehicle with fascine, of UK 79th (Experimental) Armored Division Royal Engineers, 6 Sep 1943Japanese-American recruits of anti-tank company of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team ferrying a gun across a stream during training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, United States, 6 Sep 1943
7 Sep 1943
  • Japanese Navy Captain Takeji Ono relieved Rear Admiral Chiaki Matsuda as the commanding officer of battleship Yamato; Matsuda was reassigned to the Imperial General Staff. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • German 17.Armee began evacuating the Kuban bridgehead in southern Russia, while other non-Army organizations began removing their rear echelon units. [Main Article | TH]
  • RAF aircraft bombed V-1 rocket launch sites on the French coast. [TH]
  • USS Puffer departed Fremantle, Australia for her first war patrol in the Makassar Strait-Celebes Sea area in the Dutch East Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Willy Messerschmitt met with Adolf Hitler. During the meeting, Messerschmitt pushed for further support for the Me 209 fighter project at the expense of the Me 262 fighter project. Furthermore, he agreed with Hitler's notion that Me 262 jet aircraft should be redesigned to carry bombs, thus making it a high speed bomber. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • British and Canadian troops engaged with troops of German Krüger Battle Group in southwestern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Sep 1943
Three Japanese Type A-class midget submarines wrecked by demolition charges, at a former Japanese base on Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands, 7 Sep 1943, photo 1 of 2Three Japanese Type A-class midget submarines wrecked by demolition charges, at a former Japanese base on Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands, 7 Sep 1943, photo 2 of 2
8 Sep 1943
  • Operation Sizilien: Tirpitz attacked the Allied base at Spitzbergen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Sizilien: Scharnhorst attacked the Allied base at Spitzbergen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-28 departed for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny conducted a reconnaissance flight in a He 111 aircraft over Campo Imperatore at Gran Sasso in central Italy and spotted a meadow which could be used as a glider landing field. On the return flight, he narrowly escaped from an Allied air attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British HMS Aurora, HMS Penelope, HMS Dido, and HMS Sirius departed Bizerte, Tunisia at 1700 hours with troops of British 1st Airborne Division. In western Italy, Allied troops landed at Pizo; the landings were attacked by troops of German Krüger Battle Group. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Garland completed her refitting and returned to service. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Jürgen Stroop was made the Higher SS and Police Leader in Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Air Group 5 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • The Italians formally announced their unconditional surrender to the Allies, leading to German reserve forces crossing the border into Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • Italian Navy Xa Flottiglia MAS based at La Spezia, Italy under Commander Junio Valerio Borghese reported the strength of 400 men. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1943
A complete jeep was turned out every three minutes at this assembly depot (No. 0-640) in Tidworth, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom, 8 Sep 1943
9 Sep 1943
  • Tirpitz arrived at Kåfjord, Norway. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Ventura bombers flew their last bombing mission; they would soon be replaced by Mosquito aircraft. This last mission was flown by crews of the No. 21 Squadron RAF. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Grayling was missing, presumed rammed and sunk by a Japanese vessel, whilst on patrol off Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC]
Australia
  • USS Bluefish departed Brisbane, Australia for her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Hubert Lanz was given command of XXII Gebirgskorps in Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Air Group 5 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US B-26 Marauder bomber attacked Scanzano Jonico, Italy, 50 kilometers southwest of Taranto. At Taranto, four British cruisers disembarked troops of British 1st Airborne Division, taking the port city with Italian cooperation; the British troops began marching inland after sundown. To the west, the main Allied assault on Italy, Operation Avalanche, began with the landing of two British divisions and one American division at Salerno; the British troops pushed 8 to 11 kilometers inland, which the Americans held on to a precarious beachhead. To the north, German troops disarmed their former Italian allies and classified them as prisoners of war while a new Fascist Anti-Badoglio government was formed. Italian leaders King Vittorio Emanuele III, the queen, Pietro Badoglio, Vittorio Ambrosio, and others fled Rome eastward, then turned south toward Brindisi. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Small scale clashes took place between Italian civilians and policemen and German troops. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese transport between Kwajalein Atoll and Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. A Japanese aircraft spotted USS Permit and attacked with depth charges; USS Permit escaped unscathed. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 5,006 Jews from the Theresienstadt ghetto in Czechoslovakia arrived at the newly created Familienlager-Theresienstadt family camp in sector BIIb of Auschwitz II-Birkenau Concentration Camp in Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • John Basilone participated in a bond tour event in Newark, New Jersey, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Sep 1943
Light cruiser Philadelphia and a motor minesweeper making a smoke screen to cover the landing area from German air attack, Salerno, Italy, 9 Sep 1943Eleanor Roosevelt arriving in Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia, 9 Sep 1943, welcomed by Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger and other officersMap depicting Operation Avalanche against mainland Italy, 9 Sep 1943Explosion aboard Roma, Strait of Bonifacio between the Mediterranean Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea, 9 Sep 1943, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 9 Sep 1943
10 Sep 1943
  • After no report since 27 Jul 1943, the Japanese Navy presumed I-168 lost. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Soviet troops launched the Second Taman Offensive Operation in the Caucasus region of southern Russia, penetrating the defensive Blue Line. [Main Article | TH]
  • Joseph Goebbels visited Adolf Hitler at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany, noting that he and Adolf Hitler had a conversation about the possibility of negotiating peace with either the Western Allies or with the Soviet Union in order to focus on the other. At the urging of Goebbels, in order to prevent the damaged morale from fermenting subversive activities, Hitler gave a radio address to motivate the German people. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Elisabeth von Thadden hosted a birthday tea party in Heidelberg, Germany for members of the anti-Hitler Solf Circle. Unbeknownst to the party attenders, one of the guests, Paul Reckzeh, was a spy for the Gestapo. Almost all members were arrested and killed as the direct result of the intelligence Reckzeh gathered at this party. [CPC]
Australia
  • Douglas MacArthur met with Rear Admiral Robert Carney and Colonel William Riley at Brisbane, Australia regarding attacks on Rabaul in New Britain, Bougainville in Solomon Islands, and Treasury Islands near Bougainville. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Cold storage building and equipment turned over to station. More of Air Group 16 on board. Part of Torpedo Squadron 16 (VT-16) departed. Part of Bombing Squadron 16 (VB-16) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • By dawn, British 4th Parachute Brigade had reached Massafra, Italy 20 kilometers northwest of Taranto. Just outside of Taranto harbor, HMS Abdiel struck a mine and sank; 168 were killed. Further north, German troops captured Rome; the Germans suffered 619 casualties, and the Italians 1,295. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • A group of civilians blocked a German military vehicular column in Naples, Italy; in the subsequent clash, six German servicemen were killed. German troops fired on a group of civilians at the Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III (Vittorio Emanuele III National Library) in retaliation. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan United States
  • John Basilone participated in a bond tour event in Jersey City, New Jersey, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Sep 1943
Baltimore off Boston Navy Yard, 10 Sep 1943Valiant led the line as the Italian fleet steamed into Malta, under the terms of the Italian Armistice, 10 Sep 1943; note WarspiteUnloading equipment on a beach near Salerno, Italy, Sep 1943
11 Sep 1943
  • Operation Source: British midget submarines X5, X6, and X7 attacked German battleship Tirpitz in Norway. All three were destroyed, but X6 and X7 were able to place mines below the ship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pierre Le Gloan passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian forces in various Aegean islands surrendered to the Germans, including those at the island of Rhodes. [Main Article | AC]
  • The anti-Hitler group Bund Deutscher Offiziere was formed in Moscow, Russia by a number of German officers captured by Soviet forces since the beginning of the war. [TH]
  • At 1500 hours, Kurt Student ordered Major Harald Mors to have a plan for the rescue of Benito Mussolini ready at his desk as soon as possible, with the plan to be executed on the following day at 0730 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Byelorussia
  • Jewish ghettos in Byelorussian cities of Minsk and Lida were liquidated over the next 3 days. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • German authorities raided Jews in Nice, France. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US and French troops landed on the French island of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Torpedo Squadron 16 (VT-16) departed. Part of Bombing Squadron 16 (VB-16) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • British 1st Airborne Division captured Brindisi and Bari, Italy without resistance; in the opposite direction, the British paratroopers also linked up with Canadian troops of British XIII Corps which had landed at Reggio Calabria eight days prior. Further north, German troops declared Rome secure. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • Inigo Campioni was captured by the Germans on Rhodes, Italian Dodecanese. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese convoy south of Japan, sinking cargo ship Yoko Maru, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Orde Wingate departed the United Kingdom for Lisbon, Portugal. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1943
Cruiser Savannah immediately after she was hit by a German guided bomb during the Salerno operation, 11 Sep 1943, photo 1 of 2Cruiser Savannah immediately after she was hit by a German guided bomb during the Salerno operation, 11 Sep 1943, photo 2 of 2Map depicting Operation Avalanche progress at Salerno, Italy as of the end of the day 11 Sep 1943
12 Sep 1943
  • USS Cassin Young was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler missed a chance to end the war in the Soviet Union when he refused to allow Ribbentrop to travel to Stockholm to meet with Soviet Minister Vladimir Dekanov who was willing to negotiate. On the same day, the last of the German armies which took part in the drive to the Caucasus retreated to the Crimea. In total 240,000 troops, 16,000 wounded and 27,000 civilians were evacuated along with 75,000 horses and vast numbers of vehicles and supplies. [TH]
  • USS Snook fired 6 torpedoes at a Japanese transport; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon departed Brisbane, Australia for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps established the 2nd Raider Regiment (Provisional) to control the 2nd and 3rd Raider Battalions during the Bougainville operation in the Solomon Islands. [AC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • USS Cabrilla departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Grayback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • German Luftwaffe and SS personnel rescued Mussolini from Gran Sasso, Italy. [Main Article | Event | TH]
  • British X Corps near Salerno, Italy shifted into a defensive stance. Elsewhere in Italy, Bernard Montgomery's British XIII Corps reached Castrovillari and Belvedere, 130 kilometers south of Salerno. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Several German troops were killed by resistance fighters in Naples, Italy while 4,000 Italians were deported from the Naples region (many of whom would become forced laborers). On the same day, Colonel Walter Schöll took command of the military occupation of Naples. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Junio Valerio Borghese successfully negotiated with local German authority to avoid arrest; his Italian 10th MAS Flotilla was to be attached to the German Navy. Half of the flotilla, about 200 men, dissented and were sent on leave. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit attacked a Japanese convoy west of the Marshall Islands, sinking 2 transports and damaging an oiler; 10 torpedoes were expended during the attack. The pursuit would continue into the next day. [Main Article | CPC]
Portugal
  • Orde Wingate departed Lisbon, Portugal for Cairo, Egypt. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1943
Clark aboard USS Ancon, off Salerno, Italy, 12 Sep 1943Mrs. E. M. Young, widow of Captain Cassin Young, christening the destroyer named after her late husband, San Pedro, California, United States, 12 Sep 1943Otto Skorzeny, Harald Mors, and Benito Mussolini in front of Hotel Campo Imperatore, Gran Sasso, Italy, 12 Sep 1943, photo 1 of 4Otto Skorzeny, Harald Mors, and Benito Mussolini in front of Hotel Campo Imperatore, Gran Sasso, Italy, 12 Sep 1943, photo 2 of 4
See all photos dated 12 Sep 1943
13 Sep 1943
  • USS S-28 entered her patrol area in the northern Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied aircraft bombed Rhodes, a Greek island recently under Italian occupation, now garrisoned by German troops. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Snook sank Japanese transport Yamato Maru in the East China Sea with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Private Richard Kelliher won the Victoria Cross in New Guinea for knocking out Japanese positions to rescue his pinned down Australian comrades. Only six months before, Irish-born Kelliher had been court martialled for cowardice under fire, although the conviction had been quickly quashed. [AC]
  • Orde Wingate departed Cairo, Egypt for Karachi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek reluctantly agreed to stop the fighting against communist forces in China and turn his full attention to the Japanese. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Elements of the French I Corps supported by the Royal Navy launch Operation Vésuve to link up with Corsica Partisans with the aim of cutting off the retreating German troops evacuating from Sardinia (90th Panzergrenadier Division and Reichsführer-SS assault infantry brigade) transiting via Corsica. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gar arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • German troops near Salerno, Italy launched a counter offensive against the recent Allied landings, striking at the region near Battipaglia, pushing US units back toward the beach, and re-capturing Altavilla 14 kilometers northeast of Paestum by nightfall. Allied leadership began to prepare, but did not execute, evacuation plans. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese convoy off Japan (both torpedoes missed) and was detected by Japanese aircraft, which led to a two-hour depth charge attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit continued to attack the Japanese convoy she had been attacking since the previous date west of the Marshall Islands, damaging a light cruiser and sinking an oiler; 5 torpedoes were expended during the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 13 Sep 1943
US Army infantrymen fighting in the jungles of Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands, 13 Sep 1943German troops and R75 motorcycle deployed in support of the Gran Sasso raid to free Benito Mussolini, Abruzzo, Italy, 13 Sep 1943
14 Sep 1943
  • French commandos infiltrated Corsica to aid partisans against the Germans. [TH]
  • Kos Island, Greece was occupied by British Royal Navy Special Boat Service troops. [Main Article | TH]
  • German troops evacuated Bryansk, Russia. [TH]
  • USS Seahorse attacked a Japanese tanker in the Palau Islands; all eight torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Howe escorted Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto and Italia to Alexandria, Egypt. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Corsair fighters of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 attacked Kahili Airfield on Bougainville, meeting no opposition. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US 180th Infantry Regiment arrived at Paestum in Italy, relieving two battalions of paratroopers of US 82nd Airborne Division; meanwhile, a US airborne battalion was dropped behind German lines nearby in an attempt to take pressure off the Salerno invasion beach. German forces continued the assaults the Allied beachheads, with main pressure placed upon the American sector, but naval gunfire and aerial bombardment gave the defenders enough firepower to hold the lines. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
New Hebrides
  • USS Alabama arrived at Havannah Harbor, Efate Island, New Hebrides Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Sep 1943
LST-1 landing US Army trucks and field guns onto a beach near Salerno, Italy, Sep 1943LST-1 landing troops onto a beach near Salerno, Italy, Sep 1943LCT-222 landed a jeep onto Salerno beach, Italy, Sep 1943; note LST-1 in backgroundLST-1 landing US Army jeeps onto a beach near Salerno, Italy, Sep 1943
See all photos dated 14 Sep 1943
15 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS S-28 suffered severe smoking and sparking from her port main motor, which took 14 hours to repair. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Benito Mussolini arrived at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany after his rescue. While there, he announced the establishment of a new Italian republic to continue the fight against the Allies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny flew from Munich, Germany to East Prussia, Germany; on the same flight were Ambassador Dörnberg and Ernst Kaltenbrunner. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Escort carrier Wake Island was launched, sponsored by the wife of Rear Admiral Frederick Sherman. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Pintado was launched, sponsored by Mrs. Antonio Prince. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The veteran pilots of the German Luftwaffe's JG 51 "Mölders" fighter unit record their 7,000th combat kill. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Japanese abandoned Lae, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • B-24 bombers, escorted by Corsair fighters of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214, flew a photographic reconnaissance mission over Choiseul, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • To combat the growing strength of Allied bombing attacks the Luftwaffe reorganised its air defences into two territorial fighter commands; one in then Reich and the other in western occupied territories. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • A new marine railway for handling destroyers and submarines at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii was completed. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US airborne troops (325th Glider Infantry Regiment and 3rd Battalion of 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment) arrived near Paestum, Italy by sea. Elsewhere, the German occupation administration of Italy announced the death penalty for any Italians seen with firearms. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese patrol craft in the Izu Islands, Japan; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands United States
  • The keel of Kanalku Bay was laid down by Kaiser Shipyards in Vancouver, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Sep 1943
Launching of submarine Pintado, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States, 15 Sep 1943
16 Sep 1943
  • USS S-28 transited Mushiru Kaikyo in the Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Leros Island in the Aegean Sea was captured by British troops. [Main Article | TH]
  • Yugoslavian partisans captured Split, Dalmatia, Yugoslavia. [TH]
  • Soviet naval infantry captured Novorossiysk, Russia. [TH]
  • Otto Skorzeny was awarded the Gold Flying Badge by Hermann Göring at Wolf's Lair, East Prussia, Germany. Upon receiving the award, he requested the Knight's Cross to be awarded to his men Captain Gerlach and Lieutenant Meyer. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler, Otto Skorzeny, Ambassador Hewel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Hitler's secretaries Fräulein Wolf and Frau Traudl Jung had midnight tea between 0000 and 0100 hours. Hitler said during tea that "Germany must be cleaned up after the war. We will draw our coming men from the fighting soldiers, but traitors must be rooted out now. Don't forget how Clemenceau dealt with the enemy within in 1914. he ruthlessly rounded them up and had them shot, thereby saving France. We must get rid of deserters and mutineers behind the front. Traitors always work on the same lines - to let the enemy in by the back door." [Main Article | CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Armada was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease Act. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Gregory Boyington led 24 Corsair fighters of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 from Banika, Russell Islands to join 80 other aircraft of other squadrons to attack Ballale fighter base southeast of Bougainville island. 40 A6M fighters rose to defend the base. The Americans were credited with 17 Japanese aircraft shot down and 9 probables (VMF-214 alone was awarded 11 (5 of which were Boyington's) and 8, respectively), but lost pilot Bob Ewing in the action. Post-war Japanese records would reveal that only 6 aircraft were shot down in battle that day, with a further 1 aircraft written off due to heavy damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • Julius Ritter, aide to the Labor Minister Fritz Sauckel, was shot in Paris, France; 50 French would be executed in reprisal. [TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Bernard Montgomery's British 5th Infantry Division reached Sapri, less than 100 kilometers from Salerno, Italy. Heinrich von Vietinghoff recommended Albert Kesselring to break off the offensive in the Salerno area, fall back, and form a defensive line, but meanwhile the German troops attempted to attack positions held by troops of British X Corps near Salerno, making little progress. At Salerno, about 600 men of the British X Corps mutinied when informed that they were to be assigned to new units as replacements. To the north, after sundown, British 10th Parachute Battalion and 156th Parachute Battalion captured Gioia. [Main Article | TH, AC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Chub was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Sep 1943
WAVES Specialist (S) 3rd class Aspasia Phoutrides and Specialist (S) 3rd class Doris Saunders at their barracks at the Advanced Naval Training Station, Seattle, Washington, United States, 16 Sep 1943
17 Sep 1943
  • USS Puffer attacked a Japanese convoy in the Dutch East Indies, damaging a transport and sinking another; she expended 6 torpedoes and observed 3 hits. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 moved from the Russell Islands to Munda Airfield on New Georgia. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Black top on landing mat completed. Part of Fighting Squadron 25 (VF-25; Model F6F-3); Torpedo Squadron 25 (VT-25; Model TBF-1), on board. Part of Bombing Squadron 25 (VB-25; Model SBD-5) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • British Eighth Army linked up with US troops near Salerno in Italy; Albert Kesselring issued the order to break off the counteroffensive at Salerno and form a defensive line. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United States
  • USS Tunny arrived at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Mussolini declared the Repubblica Sociale Italiana in Northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Basilone participated in a bond tour event in Scanton, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cisco arrived at Darwin, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 attacked a Japanese convoy destined for Vella Lavella in the Solomon Islands. Pilot Chris Magee shot down 2 Japanese D3A aircraft (with a further 1 probable) during this attack. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Shokaku sortied from Truk, Caroline Islands to Brown Island (Eniwetok), Marshall Islands with Combined Fleet under Vice Admiral Ozawa's tactical command in response to the US Task Force 15 carrier raids on Tarawa and Makin. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Yamato sortied from Truk to Brown Atoll, Eniwetok in response to raids by US Navy Task Force 15 on Tarawa, Makin, and Abemama Atolls. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Italy
  • Headquarters of British V Corps arrived at Taranto, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian Navy Xa Flottiglia MAS based at Pola, Italy (occupied Pula, Yugoslavia) under Lieutenant Commander Umberto Bardelli reported the strength of 350 men. [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank small Japanese ship with her deck gun in the Dutch East Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish damaged a Japanese transport in the Pacific Ocean, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • German submarine U-711 shelled the Soviet wireless telegraph station at Pravdy in northern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 18 Sep 1943
Specialist (S) 3rd class Aspasia Phoutrides inspecting WAVES barracks at the Advanced Naval Training Station, Lake Union, Seattle, Washington, United States, 18 Sep 1943African-American soldiers of a port battalion of the US 5th Army unloading supplies at the beach at Salerno, Italy, 18 Sep 1943; note DUKW in center and fresh water cans marked with Japanese ship aground at Kiska harbor, Aleutian islands, US Territory of Alaska, 18 Sep 1943
19 Sep 1943
  • USS S-28 fired a torpedo, and missed, at what was believed to be an unescorted freighter. The freighter turned out to be a Japanese warship, which attacked with depth charges for 10 minutes without causing any damage. The warship departed after one hour of unsuccessful detection. At 1916 hours, she detected the coverted gunboat Katsura Maru Number Two; she attacked the Japanese ship at 1943, registering two hits, and sank the ship at 1946 hours. S-28 dove in anticipationg of a depth charge attack which did not take place. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian resistance forced German troops off the island of Sardinia, Italy. [TH]
  • Orde Wingate arrived in Delhi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Franz Schmidt of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Australian 7th Infantry Division opened an offensive in the Ramu valley, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • 47 Polish prisoners of war attempted to escape from the Oflag IV-B camp at Dössel-Warburg, Germnay; 9 would make it to neutral territory, but the remaining 38 would be captured and sent to the Buchenwald Concentration Camp for execution. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Air Group 25 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • In Italy, British and American troops of US Fifth Army marched from Salerno toward Naples. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder sank cargo ship Kachisan Maru off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands United States
  • John Basilone participated in a bond tour event in his home town of Raritan and the neighboring town of Somerville in New Jersey, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Gabilan was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by the wife of Rear Admiral Jules James. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Sep 1943
African-American men of US 34th Construction Battalion constructing prefabricated steel warehouse at Halavo Seaplane Base, Florida Island, Solomon Islands, 19 Sep 1943Launching of USS Gabilan, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 19 Sep 1943
20 Sep 1943
  • HMS Polyanthus (Lieutenant J. G. Aitken) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-952, whilst on escort duties southwest of Iceland. [AC]
  • The Japanese Navy formed the 13th Air Fleet on paper with Vice Admiral Shiro Takasu in command and Rear Admiral Takeo Tada as the chief of staff. [CPC]
  • De Havilland Vampire jet fighter took its first flight. [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cisco departed Darwin, Australia for her first and only war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Two Ki-49 aircraft of Japanese 7th Flying Regiment attacked Port Moresby, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • The Japanese Autumn Mop-up Operation began in Hebei, Shandong, and Henan Provinces in China; 30,000 men were deployed to wipe out Chinese Communist guerrilla forces. [CPC]
Italy
  • British Eighth Army captured Bari, Italy. Meanwhile, Venice was bombed by Allied planes. [Main Article | TH]
Marshall Islands Ukraine
  • German Armeegruppe Süd began withdrawing to a new line running from Melitopol to Zaporozhe in Ukraine. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 20 Sep 1943
German PaK 40 gun near Salerno, Italy, late Sep 1943
21 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Davao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The southern portion of the German defensive Panther Line was breached when Red Army units crossed the Dneiper River near Dnepropetrovsk in Ukraine. [TH]
  • Picking was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • German troops attacked and killed thousands of troops of Italian Acqui Division, which had refused to surrender, on Cephalonia, Greece. [CPC]
Marshall Islands Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish attacked a Japanese ship in the Celebes Sea; all four torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Kingsley Wood, suddenly died (age 62) at his London Home on the morning he was due to announce his new Pay As You Earn taxation scheme to Parliament. [AC]
22 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Davao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Operation Source: The first of the charges placed by British midget submarines below German battleship Tirpitz in Norway exploded at 0812 hours. The second explosion took place shortly afterwards. The explosions caused damage to the hull and disabled the turbines, propeller shafts, and the rudder. One sailor was killed and 40 were wounded. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe damaged a Japanese tanker after hitting her with 2 out of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook sank Japanese cargo ship Katsurahama Maru off Dalian, China with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. She fired another 8 torpedoes at another ship, but all of them missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Three Australian battalions landed at Finschhafen, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was presented Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross by Adolf Hitler at Wolfsschanze near Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • To outwit the German Luftwaffe's fighter reaction, British RAF Bomber Command launched its first "spoof raid"; the main force attacked Hannover, while a feint heads for Osnabrück. [Main Article | AC]
Italy
  • British 78th Infantry Division began to arrive at Bari, Italy. Elsewhere in Italy, US 3rd Infantry Division captured Acerno. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German occupation administration in Naples, Italy announced that all men between 18 and 33 years of age were to be sent to labor camps in northern Italy and in Germany. On the same day, Italian resistance fighters captured a stock of weapons and ammunition from a military warehouse in the Vomero district of Naples. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1943
WAVES enlisted personnel eating a meal in the United States, 22 Sep 1943A company of African American soldiers of the US Army working at a makeshift office located at an ancient Neptune temple in Italy, 22 Sep 1943German pilots Hartmann Grasser, Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein (shaking hands with Hitler), Günther Rall, and Walter Nowotny with Adolf Hitler at Wolfsschanze, East Prussia, Germany, 22 Sep 1943
23 Sep 1943
  • Red Army captured Poltava, Ukraine. [TH]
  • Joseph Goebbels visited Adolf Hitler at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany. The two had dinner together, during which Adolf Hitler shared his belief that Winston Churchill would not be willing to consider peace offers coming from Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Indian 8th Infantry Division began to arrive at Taranto, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Colonel Walter Schöll issued the complete evacuation of the coast near Naples, Italy within a day; the area had a population of over 200,000. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder sank freighter Kowa Maru and tanker Daishin Maru off Nagoya Bay, Japan, hitting each with one torpedo; six torpedoes were expended in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Lithuania
  • The Vilna Ghetto in Lithuania was liquidated. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Russia
  • Colonel Pyotr P. Timofeev was named the Soviet counterintelligence agency GUKR SMERSH's chief within the Steppe Front. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Gar entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States for overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Brill was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Sep 1943
African-American MS2c Percy Hope, S1c Lilton Walker, and SC1c Jack Kelsen of USN 34th Construction Battalion trading with natives of Malaita at Halavo, Florida Island, Solomon Islands, 23 Sep 1943German troops of Großdeutschland Division firing a 2.8 cm sPzB 41 anti-tank gun aboard a SdKfz. 250/10 half-track vehicle on the northern Eastern Front, 23 Sep 1943Private Paul Oglesby of US 30th Infantry Regiment standing before an altar in a damaged Catholic Church at Acerno, Italy, 23 Sep 1943
24 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Ambon, Molucca Islands and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese escort carrier with six torpedoes in the Western Pacific, causing some damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Johnson was awarded Bar to his Distinguished Service Order medal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Two of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 arrived at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS Columbia arrived at Vella LaVella, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Permit arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Portions of Air Group 1 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Marshall Islands Russia
  • German submarine U-711 shelled the Soviet wireless telegraph station at Blagopoluchiya in northern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Following the untimely death of Sir Kingsley Wood, Sir John Anderson was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom. [AC]
25 Sep 1943
  • Soviet troops captured Roslavl and Smolensk, Russia. [TH]
  • All Jewish ghettos in Byelorussia were liquidated. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The last report of the US submarine Pompano was received while she was on patrol off Honshu, Japan; she was presumed to have been sunk by newly laid Japanese mines. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Sunfish ended her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Italy
  • General Otto Fretter-Pico was named the commanding officer of German 148th Infantry Division in Italy. [CPC]
  • Italian resistance fighters captured a stock of 250 rifles which had been previously confiscated by German authorities in Naples, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese ship south of Celebes, Dutch East Indies, hitting her with 3 of 10 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Taiko Maru in the Sea of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1943
The 4th Fighter Group’s control tower at RAF Debden, Essex, England, UK, Sep 25 1943. Front to Back: BGen Frederick L Anderson, Jr; Mr Donald Nelson, Chief of US War Production; LCol Chesley Peterson, 4th Fighter Group Commanding Officer.
26 Sep 1943 Germany
  • Otto Skorzeny presented three Knight's Cross medals at the Harvest Thanksgiving festival at the Berlin Sportpalast in Germany. In the early afternoon, he had lunch with Joseph Goebbels and his family. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Cero departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Grayback departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Large scale riots began taking place on the streets of Naples, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese patrol ship and damaged a transport south of Celebes, Dutch East Indies, hitting the patrol ship with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired and the transport with 1 of 5 torpedose fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Sep 1943
San Jacinto sliding down the building ways at Camden, New Jersey, United States after she was christened by Mrs. Jesse H. Jones, 26 Sep 1943
27 Sep 1943
  • One of the Nazi officials in Rome demanded that the Jewish community pay one hundred pounds of gold within thirty-six hours or three hundred Jews would be taken prisoner. The Vatican would open its treasury to help the Jews reach the required amount. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops started to withdraw all forces out of Ukraine to defensive positions on the west side of the Dnieper River. [TH]
Italy
  • British 78th Infantry Division captured the major airfield complex near Foggia, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German occupation administration arrested thousands of rioters in Naples, Italy; Italian resistance fighters took the opportunity to begin an armed uprising, capturing Castel Sant'Elmo by the end of the day. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • The last German-held port on the Black Sea, Temryuk, Russia, was captured by the Red Army. [Main Article | TH]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Seahorse arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
28 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Makassar, Celebes and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Germans recaptured Split, Dalmatia, Yugoslavia from the partisans. [TH]
  • The US submarine Cisco was sunk by Japanese aircraft west of Mindanao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Grouper unloaded supplies for coast watchers on New Britain. She also picked up downed airman Captain Arthur Post of US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron, who had been shot down three months prior. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Edmund Herring and his staff officers R. B. Sutherland and R. Bierwirth boarded a USAAF B-25 bomber at Dobodura Airfield on New Guinea island for transport to Milne Bay. The undercarriage of the aircraft collapsed during takeoff, causing the propeller to break pieces off of the Marston Mat; Sutherland was struck and killed by one such piece. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • US 3rd Infantry Division captured Avellino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian resistance fighters and German occupation troops clashed in the Materdei district, the Vomero district, the Porta Capuana city gate, the Castel Nuovo fortress, the Sant'Anna dei Lombardi church, and other locations in Naples, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese transport off Japan; both torpedoes missed. Later in the day, she set sail for the Hawaiian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese transport in the Banda Sea, hitting her with 2 of 2 torpedoes fired., [Main Article | CPC]
29 Sep 1943
  • USS Snook damaged a Japanese craft with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lord Gort participated in the Italian surrender ceremony in Valetta harbor in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The minesweeper USS Aspire was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. [AC]
Dutch East Indies Hawaii
  • USS Mingo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied troops captured Pompeii, Italy. Meanwhile, Marshal Badoglio met with General Eisenhower aboard HMS Nelson to sign the armistice and to discuss further plans for the war. [Main Article | TH]
  • Italian resistance fighters and German occupation troops clashed in the Giuseppe Mazzini Square (where a German tank fired on the Italians), the Ponticelli district, the Capodichino military airfield, the Piazza Ottocalli square, and other locations in Naples, Italy. As the scale of the uprising continued to grow, Colonel Walter Schöll began negotiating with some of the Italian leaders, using captured resistance fighters as collateral. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The keel of I-403 was laid down by Kawasaki Heavy Industries at Kobe, Japan; the project would soon be canceled, however. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Harder damaged a Japanese armed trawler off Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
30 Sep 1943
  • The Soviet Dneiper bridgehead in southern Ukraine expanded to a 300-mile frontage. [TH]
  • On the eve of the Jewish New Year, the Gestapo and Danish Nazi members began rounding up Danish Jews. A Danish businessman passed the news of the operation and passed the information to the Danish resistance, which then arranged fishing boats to ferry a large number of Danish Jews to Sweden. [CPC]
  • USS Hoe fired 4 torpedoes at a Japanese freighter; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Composite Squadron 24 (VC-24) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • German troops began evacuating Naples, Italy amidst continued fighting, leaving behind a burning city historical archive and many booby traps. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • A wolfpack consisted of German submarines U-703, U-601, and U-960 attacked Soviet convoy VA-18 near the Sergey Kirov Islands in the eastern Kara Sea and sank freighter Arhangelsk. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom Photo(s) dated 30 Sep 1943
Escort carrier Taiyo at Yokosuka, Japan, 30 Sep 1943
1 Oct 1943
  • American submarine USS Halibut tested a torpedo equipped with newly designed contact exploder. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Navy Pacific Fleet deployed its first submarine wolfpack. [CPC]
  • U-52 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 4 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Denmark
  • 220 Danish Jews were arrested by the Gestapo. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Troops of German 1st Mountain Division massacred 87 people in the village of Lingiades, Greece in reliation of the assassination of Oberstleutnant Josef Salminger by Greek partisan fighters. [CPC]
India
  • A Chinese heavy mortar regiment arrived at Ramgarh Training Center in India for training. Additionally, Chinese 1st Provisional Tank Group was formed at Ramgarh under the command of US Army Colonel Rothwell Brown; it consisted of 1,800 Chinese officers and men and 231 US officers and men, operating between 100 to 125 US-built M3A3 Stuart light tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied troops reached Naples, Italy at 0930 hours, which had already been taken over by Italian resistance fighters. The arriving troops found the port facilities were destroyed by the Germans. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Russia
  • In the Kara Sea off northern Russia, German submarine U-703 sank freighter Sergei Kirov of Soviet convoy VA-18 and U-960 sank escort vessel T-42. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Oct 1943
Lt Gen Edmund Herring, Lt Col J. A. Bishop, Maj Gen G. A. Vasey, and Lt Gen Leslie Morshead at Ramu Valley, New Guinea, 1 Oct 1943Troops of the British Army 1/6th Queen
2 Oct 1943
  • USS Cod arrived at Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orders were given by the German government to deport Danish Jews to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • RAF aircraft bombed München, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Louis Mountbatten departed Northolt, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Eight of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 arrived at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • Ar 234V-2 jet bomber suffered a fire in its wing and crashed at Rheine Airfield north of Munster, Germany, killing test pilot Flugkapitän Selle. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British commandos landed near Termoli, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
3 Oct 1943
  • Germans invaded Kos Island under a heavy air umbrella. [Main Article | TH]
Australian Papua
  • 433rd Fighter Squadron (flying P-38 aicraft) of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was out of Dobodura No. 11 airstrip of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Dutch East Indies Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Officers and men of ACORN-14 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Troops of 11th Brigade of British 78th Infantry Division crossed the Biferno River near Termoli, Italy, linking up with British Commandos that had already landed by sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Oct 1943
Otto Skorzeny, Helmut Körner, Fritz Reinhardt, and Kurt Zschirnt at a rally at the Sportpalast in Berlin, Germany, 3 Oct 1943, photo 1 of 2Otto Skorzeny, Helmut Körner, Fritz Reinhardt, and Kurt Zschirnt at a rally at the Sportpalast in Berlin, Germany, 3 Oct 1943, photo 2 of 2German troops being honored at the Sportpalast for taking part in the rescue of Mussolini, Berlin, Germany, 3 Oct 1943Otto Skorzeny presenting an award to Helmut Körner, Sportpalast, Berlin, Germany, 3 Oct 1943
4 Oct 1943
  • Construction began for the first nuclear reactor at the Hanford Site of the Manhattan Project in Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German forces captured Kos in the Dodecanese Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • The French occupation of Corsica was completed. [TH]
  • Heinrich Himmler talked openly about the Final Solution at a meeting in Posen, Reichsgau Wartheland, Germany (now Poznan, Poland), noting that he cared little about the livelihood of Czechoslovakians, Russians, and other peoples in occupied Eastern Europe since the conquered people were mere slaves to Germany. He warned his lieutenant, however, that this task would not be written in history despite its importance in German history. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Gregory Boyington led 8 US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 F4U fighters to escort USAAF bombers over Kahili Airfield on Bougainville island; US Army Air Forces also launched P-38 fighters for escort duty. Boyington claimed 3 Japanese shot down while the USAAF claimed 4 more. Japanese records would later reveal that only 1 fighter was shot down and 2 were written off from heavy damage. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Flying Fish departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her seventh war patrol with Lieutenant Commander Glynn Donaho in command.  [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Officers and men of ACORN-14 arrived on board. Ten men of ARGUS-12 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • German 16th Panzer Division attacked the newly gained bridgehead on the Biferno River near Termoli, Italy on the eastern end of the Volturno Line. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 4 Oct 1943
German Army General Kurt Schmidt at his son Günter Werner Schmidt
5 Oct 1943
  • USS S-28 traveled through the Onekotan Strait in the northern Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germans completed their evacuation of Corsica, France. [TH]
  • American aircraft bombed Wake Island. [CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde shot down a German Ju 88 heavy fighter (his fifth kill) and destroyed another aircraft on the ground. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Manila Bay was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine U-869 was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell ordered Sun Liren to launch an offensive in northern Burma, but Sun hesitated. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Assail was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease Act. [AC]
  • Ensign Robert W. Duncan of US Navy Squadron VF-5 became the first F6F Hellcat fighter pilot to shoot down two Japanese Zero fighters in a single engagement. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Fifteen officers and 78 men of ARGUS-10 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • German 16th Panzer Division nearly wiped out the British bridgehead on the Biferno River near Termoli, Italy; the British bridgehead was saved by the arrival of Canadian and British tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Konron Maru in the Sea of Japan off Tsushima, Japan, killing 544. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Ray departed the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 1,196 Polish Jewish children originally from the liquidated Bialystok ghetto in Poland were transferred from Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Oct 1943
Minneapolis, San Francisco, and New Orleans bombard Wake, 5 Oct 1943SOC Seagull aircraft being lowered onto catapult of cruiser Minneapolis, after spotting for the Wake Island raid of 5 Oct 1943No. 4 Squadron RAAF pilots posing in front of Boomerang aircraft
6 Oct 1943
  • Soviet troops captured Nevel, Russia, which was on the boundary shared by German Armeegruppe North and German Armeegruppe Mitte. [TH]
  • Louis Mountbatten arrived in Delhi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Lieutenant Kay Klages successfully conducted a photographic reconnaissance mission over Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • The first docking at the newly completed Dry Dock No. 4 at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii took place. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army captured Capua and Caserta, Italy. The counterattack by German 16th Panzer Division near Termoli, Italy was repulsed by Canadian and British troops. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan United States
  • USS Dorado departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Oct 1943
New Mexico off the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States following overhaul, 6 Oct 1943Map depicting the Allied advance north from Salerno, Italy toward Volturno River, 16 Sep-6 Oct 1943USS Langley underway off Cape Henry, Virginia, United States, 6 Oct 1943; note SNJ aircraft on flight deckMap of Wake Island, 6 Oct 1943
See all photos dated 6 Oct 1943
7 Oct 1943
  • 98 captured Americans were executed on Wake Island on the orders of Rear Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara as reprisal to a 5 Oct air raid. [TH]
  • RAF aircraft bombed Stuttgart, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS Chevalier was sunk by a torpedo fired from the USS La Vallette following severe damage inflicted during an engagement with Japanese destroyers fought on the previous day off Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | AC]
  • Joseph Stilwell met with the newly arrived Louis Mountbatten in Delhi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-703 rescued survivors of sunken Russian freighter Dekabrist. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Nine officers and 108 men of ACORN-16 on board. Eight officers and 131 men of ACORN-16 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • German defenses halted US Fifth Army on the Volturno River, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Air Commodore Andrew James Wray Geddes, a First World War RFC pilot who was now in command of the three airfields in 12 Base, made the first Lancaster bomber landing at the newly built RAF Kelstern in Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. A week later No. 625 Squadron (formed from C-flight of No. 100 Squadron) relocated from nearby RAF Grimsby. [Main Article | AC]
8 Oct 1943
  • USS Hoe searched for down American airmen in the Wake Island area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 17 US bombers attacked Vegesack, Bremen, Germany. Two B-24 bombers were lost, with pilot William Clifford's crew lost entirely and pilot John Buschman's crew mostly captured. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major General Charles Barrett died in the US military hospital at Nouméa, New Caledonia just three weeks after taking command of I Amphibious Corps. His predecessor, Major General Alexander Vandegrift, was hastily recalled to take over until a new corps commander could be appointed. [AC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Kimikaze", shot down a P-38 fighters and three B-24 bombers over Rangoon, Burma, increasing his score to 48. He was seriously wounded in combat. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Fw 190 aircraft over Lingen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Snook arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Harder arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kure, Japan to escort carrier Ryuho to Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British merchant ship Ocean Strength arrived at Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom with a supply of iron ore and captured German Tiger I heavy tank "131". [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Texas began escorting an Allied convoy from New York, New York, United States to Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Oct 1943
African-American Women
9 Oct 1943
  • US bombers attacked Mariensburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe searched for down American airmen in the Wake Island area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The American destroyer USS Buck was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-616 off Salerno, Italy. [AC]
  • USS Puffer damaged a Japanese transport east of Borneo, Dutch East Indies, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberfeldwebel Johann Boos and Oberleutnant Robert Seib of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron successfully took photos of Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Japanese aircraft attacked the Dobodura Airfield in Australian Papua, setting oil dumps on fire. On the same day, 2nd Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 and B-26 aircraft) of USAAF 22nd Bomb Group was transferred to Dobodura. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • Paul von Kleist was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Norway
  • German submarine U-703 arrived at Harstad, Norway and dropped off two survivors of Russian freighter Dekabrist. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Kuban, Russia was under complete Soviet control as the last German and Romanian units had evacuated to Crimea. [Main Article | TH]
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Oct 1943
Aerial photo of Tonolei Harbor, Bougainville, Solomon Islands during US attack, 9 Oct 19438th Air Force B-17 bomber raiding Focke Wulf plants at Marienburg, Germany (now Malbork, Poland), Oct 9 1943
10 Oct 1943
  • One of the crewman aboard USS S-28 developed severe appendicitis, causing the submarine to turn toward the Aleutian Islands one day ahead of schedule. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franco ordered the 250th Spanish "Blue" Division back to Spain from Wehrmacht service. A few thousand disobeyed this order and remain behind attached to either the 121.Infanterie Division or the Waffen-SS. [TH]
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Saeki, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron successfully took photos of Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Bf 110 aircraft and a Fw 190 aircraft over Münster, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Prince Morihiro married Shigeko, the Princess Teru, the oldest daughter of Emperor Showa. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback damaged a Japanese transport in the Pacific Ocean, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • N. A. Rozanov was named the Soviet counterintelligence agency GUKR SMERSH's chief within the 2nd Byelorussian Front. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Oct 1943
Piranha
11 Oct 1943 Australian New Guinea
  • Neel Kearby led a fighter sweep over Wewak, Australian New Guinea; his flight shot down several Japanese aircraft, including one carrying Lieutenant Colonel Tamiji Teranishi, commanding officer of 14th Flying Brigade. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron successfully took photos of Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 13 Beaufighter aircraft of 30 Squadron RAAF from Goodenough Island and 2 squadrons of US 38th Bomb Group arrived at Dobodura Airfield in Australian Squadron in preparation of a planned strike on Rabaul, New Britain on the next day. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Caroline Islands Dutch East Indies Pacific Ocean
  • Dudley Morton was killed in the sinking of USS Wahoo by Japanese anti-submarine aircraft in La Pérouse Strait between Hokkaido and Karafuto (Sakhalin), Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Wahoo was bombed and sunk by Japanese anti-submarine aircraft in La Pérouse Strait between Hokkaido and Karafuto (Sakhalin), Japan. All aboard were killed. [Main Article | AC]
  • Vern Skjonsby was killed aboard USS Wahoo when the submarine was sunk by Japanese aircraft in the La Pérouse Strait north of Hokkaido, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Oct 1943
  • German 250th Infantry Division of Spanish volunteers began to be pulled from the front lines two days after Franco ordered their return. [CPC]
  • An Allied convoy sailing through the planned path of USS Dorado reported no submarine contacts. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero attacked a Japanese convoy consisted of three freighters escorted by two destroyers, damaging one freighter; nine torpedoes were expended. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 8 squadrons of bombers launched from Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua, with escorting US and Australian fighters, attacked Rapopo Airfield, Vunakanau Airfield, and Tobera Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain. The Allies lost 3 B-24, 1 B-25, and 1 Beaufighter aircraft. The Japanese suffered eight damaged ships (transport Tsukushi, oiler Naruto, destroyer Mochizuki, destroyer Minazuki, destroyer Tachikaze, submarine I-7, submarine I-80, and submarine RO-105), six transports sunk, 4 A6M aircraft destroyed, 9 A6M aicraft damaged, and some fuel dumps destroyed. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands French West Africa
  • Lorraine arrived at Dakar, French West Africa. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army launched a second offensive on the Volturno River, Italy. Albert Kesselring ordered German troops on the Volturno Line to fall back to the Barbara Line. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Oct 1943
Japanese-American soldier of US 100th Infantry Battalion on reconnaissance during mock maneuvers, Italy, 12 Oct 1943Japanese-American BAR gunner of US 100th Infantry Battalion taking position during mock maneuvers, Italy, 12 Oct 1943Japanese-American soldiers of the US 100th Infantry Battalion taking position behind an embankment during mock maneuvers, Italy, 12 Oct 1943
13 Oct 1943

Alaska
  • USS S-28 arrived at Attu, US Territory of Alaska, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • About 270 Allied aircraft were launched from bases in Australian Papua to attack the Japanese base at Rabaul, New Britain. Poor weather would cause the raid to be canceled. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies France
  • Noor Inayat Khan was captured by agents of the German Sicherheitsdienst (SD) organization in Paris, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Scorpion departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Marshal Pietro Badoglio's new Italian government announced a declaration of war against Germany. Meanwhile, US Fifth Army crossed the Volturno River in Italy. [Main Article | TH]
Russia
  • 120,000 Soviet troops moved into the Chechen–Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in southern Russia ostensibly to repair roads and bridges but in actuality in preparation to control the local Chechen and Ingush (Ghalghai) population. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Red Army units reached Melitopol, Ukraine. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 13 Oct 1943
Badoglio declared war on Germany, 13 Oct 1943; American representative Taylor on left
14 Oct 1943
  • German troops cleared the Zaporozhe bridgehead, retreating across the Dneiper River in southern Ukraine. [TH]
  • Submarine Segundo was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Natoma Bay was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canberra (Baltimore-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Dorado failed to arrive at the Panama Canal Zone, and aircraft were launched to search, without success, for the submarine. Early suggestions that she was sunk in error by a US Mariner aircraft was later concluded as incorrect, and it seemed likely that her loss was attributable to an unknown accident on board or to a German naval mine. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese oiler in the Gulf of Siam; all 4 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Walter Nowotny, Commanding officer of the I/JG54 group, became the first pilot in the world to achieve 250 kills, for which feat he would receive Germany's second highest award, Diamonds to his Knight's Cross medal, awarded to him by Adolf Hitler. [AC]
Germany
  • US 8th Air Force launched 291 B-17 bombers and 60 B-24 bombers to attack the Schweinfurt ball bearing plants in Germany; the 60 B-24 bombers were diverted to another target. 77 American bombers and 1 escorting fighter were lost, while 38 Luftwaffe fighters were shot down the defense. 122 American bombers returned to base in bad condition but they were able to be repaired. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Corvina arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Four officers and 267 men of Construction Battalion Maintenance Unit 552 (CBMU-552) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank a Japanese passenger-cargo ship in the East China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Japan declared the independence of the Philippines. As with other territories however the independence was nominal and civil freedoms muted. [AC]
Poland
  • Prisoners of Sobibór Concentration Camp in Poland destroyed extermination facilities and escaped en masse; 300 disappeared into the woods and 50 joined partisan units. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Oct 1943
WAVES personnel in the low pressure chamber of  Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 14 Oct 1943, photo 1 of 3WAVES personnel in the low pressure chamber of  Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 14 Oct 1943, photo 2 of 3WAVES personnel in the low pressure chamber of  Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 14 Oct 1943, photo 3 of 3Canberra underway, Boston harbor, Massachusetts, United States, 14 Oct 1943, photo 1 of 4
See all photos dated 14 Oct 1943
15 Oct 1943 Australian Papua
  • 15 D3A dive bombers of Air Group 582 escorted by 39 A6M fighters attacked Oro Bay just south of Dobodura, Australian Papua. 54 P-38 and 8 P-40 fighters rose of defend. The Japanese lost 14 D3A dive bombers and 5 A6M fighters, and caused only light damage to Allied shipping. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 33rd Bomb Squadron and 408th Bomb Squadron (both flying B-25 aircraft) of USAAF 22nd Bomb Group were transferred from Australia to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Originally given the task of escorting US Army Air Force bombers to attack Kahili Airfield on Bougainville island, the US Marine Corps F4U fighters arrived earlier than the bombers, thus the mission became a fighter sweep of the Japanese airfield. 22 Japanese A6M fighters rose to defend. USMC pilot Bill Case claimed 2 victories, Tom Emrich 2, Burney Tucker 1, and Gregory Boyington 1. Japanese records would later reveal that only 1 fighter was destroyed on this day. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • French General de Lattre de Tassigny escaped from Vichy France, eventually joining the Free French. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Britain-based US 55th Fighter Group became the first group to conduct operations in P-38 fighters over continental Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Oct 1943
WAVES trainee pilot preparing for flight simulation in the chill chamber,  Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 15 Oct 1943WAVES personnel putting on oxygen masks in preparation of flight simulation in chill chamber,  Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 15 Oct 1943US Navy sailor helping a WAVES trainee pilot putting on her oxygen mask,  Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 15 Oct 1943WAVES personnel receiving briefing in preparation of flight simulation in chill chamber, Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 15 Oct 1943
See all photos dated 15 Oct 1943
16 Oct 1943
  • More than 1,000 Italian Jews from Rome were sent to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • As General Nikolai Vatutin started his attack to break out of the Bukrin bridgehead near Kiev, Ukraine, Marshal Ivan Konev attacked to cut off the German 1.Panzer Division on the Dneiper River. [TH]
  • USS Mingo fired a spread of six torpedoes at a Japanese carrier, claiming two hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten named William Slim the commanding officer of the new 14th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Sama (now Sanya), Hainan, China. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Americans conducted a heavy attack by air against the Japanese base at Wewak, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The US Ninth Air Force was reformed with its headquarters at RAF Bushey Hall in Watford, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom. It was charged with gaining air superiority and destroying the German Army forces in their front lines as well as their lines of communications. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Oct 1943
B-25D B-25D
17 Oct 1943
  • USS Puffer arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army Colonel Lewis Pick assumed command of the Allied road building effort in India and Burma. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The F-5 aircraft flown by Lieutenant William Southard, escorted by two P-38 fighters, conducted a photographic reconnaissance mission over Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 56 A6M fighters attacked Dobodura Airfield and Oro Bay in Australian Papua; 43 P-38 and 3 P-40 fighters rose to defend. The Japanese lost 8 A6M fighters and the Americans lost 4 P-38 and 1 P-40 fighters. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadrons VMF-214 and VMF-221 conducted a fighter sweep over Kahili Airfield on Bougainville island in the morning. More than 30 A6M fighters of Japanese Navy Air Group 201 rose to defend. VMF-214 pilots would claim 9 Japanese aircraft shot down, while VMF-221 claimed 2; Japanese records would later reveal that only 2 aircraft were lost on this day. The Japanese pilots claimed 3 US aircraft shot down, but the Americans only suffered 2 aircraft lightly damaged and 1 aircraft heavily damaged and written off after its return. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Burma
  • The two sections of the infamous Burma railway met south of the Three Pagodas Pass. Most of the Allied prisoners of war were then transferred to Japan. [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Shokaku sortied from Truk, Caroline Islands to Eniwetok, Marshall Islands with Combined Fleet under Admiral Koga's command in response to US Task Force 16 carrier raids on Wake Island. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Yamato sortied from Truk to Brown Atoll, Eniwetok in response to radio traffic that suggested a potential American strike on Wake Island. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: About 0010, a small float-type monoplane was picked up by the searchlight of NAS, Barber's Point. The plane, presumably a Japanese reconnaissance plane, attempted to dodge the searchlights, and sped out to sea at a low altitude [an E14Y "Glen" floatplane was launched from submarine I-36 120 miles south-southwest of Oahu and failed to return]. One staff officer of Task Group 19.13 on board. [Main Article | Facility | DS]
United Kingdom
  • The British 42nd Armoured Division was disbanded; its infantry formations being assigned to the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division and its armoured formations to the 79th Armoured Division. [AC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 17 Oct 1943
Men of the US 3rd Marines fighting on Blue Beach, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 17 Oct 1943Two wrecked Japanese Daihatsu-class landing craft at Scarlet Beach, Finschhafen, New Guinea, 17 Oct 1943, photo 1 of 2Two wrecked Japanese Daihatsu-class landing craft at Scarlet Beach, Finschhafen, New Guinea, 17 Oct 1943, photo 2 of 2Wounded German prisoner of war near the Volturno River, Italy, 17 Oct 1943
18 Oct 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Singapore. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Italian Jews from Rome began to be deported to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten met with Chiang Kaishek for the first time. Chiang was 15 minutes late to the meeting; in retaliation, Mountbatten purposefully spent a long time shifting through his attaché case for various documents during the meeting. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese escort carrier in the Western Pacific, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 77 B-24 bombers from Port Moresby, Australian Papua made rendezvous with 55 P-38 fighters over Kiriwina, Trobriand Islands for a raid on Rabaul, New Britain; a separate group of 54 B-25 bombers, modified for strafing, flew for Rabaul separately. Poor weather would force the first group to cancel its mission, but the B-25 bombers proceeded without fighter escort. They heavily damaged Japanese submarine chaser CH-23, lightly damaged transport Johore Maru, and shot down 8 Japanese fighters (3 additional fighters were lost on landings); the Japanese shot down many B-25 bombers. Subsequent investigation on why the B-25 bombers proceeded despite having no escorts would find no faults. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • 3 divisions of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214, led by Gregory Boyington, attacked Ballale Airfield in the Shortland Islands. Later in the day, the same 3 divisions joined VMF-221 in the attack of Kahili Airfield on Bougainville island. 22 Japanese fighters rose to defend Kahili. US airmen claimed 14 Japanese aircraft shot down with 6 probables. Japanese records later revealed the loss of 4 aircraft in combat, 1 heavily damaged and written off, and 3 lightly damaged. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USAAF B-29 bombers attacked Truk, Caroline Islands. [TH]
China Hawaii
  • USS Hoe arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Flier was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander John D. Crowley in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Oct 1943
Young off Charleston, SC, 18 Oct 1943Wedding portrait of Prince Morihiro of Higashikuni and Shigeko, the Princess Teru, 18 Oct 1943
19 Oct 1943
  • US Navy communiqué revealed that, since 7 Dec 1941, American submarines had sunk 319 Japanese vessels and damaged at least 81. [CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten met with Chiang Kaishek for the second day in a row. Mountbatten offered Chiang 10,000 tons of supplies to be flown over the Hump to China each month, while Chiang allowed Mountbatten to launch guerrilla operations into northern Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Seletar, Singapore. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • F-5 aircraft of US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron detected more than 200 Japanese aircraft gathered at the four airfields in and near Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 strafed Kara Airfield (Bougainville), Kahili Airfield (Bougainville), and Ballale Airfield (Shortland Islands) in the Solomon Islands. They caused only minor damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Twenty-two officers and 500 men of CASU-17; 12 officers and 175 men of ACORN-14; 22 officers and 132 men of ARGUS-12; 2 officers and 190 men of CASU-18; 19 officers and 139 men of ARGUS-15; 5 officers and 383 men of ACORN-16; and one staff officer of Task Group 19.14 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army's Volturno River offensive in Italy was stalled by resistance and weather. [Main Article | TH]
Marshall Islands
20 Oct 1943
  • The United Nations War Crimes Commission was established. [CPC]
  • Vatutin's attacked out of Bukrin, Ukraine were rebuffed with heavy Soviet casualties. [TH]
  • Lieutenant Commander Shohei Matsumoto relieved Lieutenant Commander Shoichi Oyamada as the commanding officer of destroyer Yuzuki. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten departed China for India. On the same day, Chiang Kaishek sent a message to King George VI, complimenting the new supreme commander. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo stepped down as the commanding officer of Kure Naval District, Japan and was given command of the First Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 was officially relieved from front line duty in the Solomon Islands. [CPC]
Japan United Kingdom
  • Captured German Tiger I heavy tank "131" arrived at the village of Chobham, Surrey, England, United Kingdom via a Scammell 100-ton truck. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
21 Oct 1943 British Western Pacific Territories
  • The personnel of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 was moved to the Russell Islands. [CPC]
China French Indochina Poland
  • 1,007 Jews from the Westerbork camp in the Netherlands arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. There were 87 children, 407 men and women under the age of 50 and 207 older people. After the selection 347 men and 170 women were registered. The other 409 were killed in the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Dudley Pound passed away from brain tumor at the Royal Masonic Hospital in London, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Oct 1943
WAVES personnel serving as cheerleaders for the football team of Naval Air Station, Ottumwa, Iowa, United States, 21 Oct 1943. L to R: Virginia Gervais, Dorothy Nicoll, Mary Kneller, and Nancy Lanford
22 Oct 1943
  • USS Cod arrived departed Brisbane, Australia on her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During an RAF raid on Kassel, Germany, the RAF began Operation Corona to jam German night-fighter communications. [Main Article | TH]
  • HMS Orfasy was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-68 off Freetown, Sierra Leone, British West Africa. [AC]
  • Louis Mountbatten met with William Slim for the first time at Barrackpore in eastern India. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Saigon, Indochina. [Main Articl