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1 Jan 1944
  • Petr Novikov passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Mark Clark became the commander of US Fifth and Seventh Armies. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces closed to within 30 miles of the old Polish frontier. [AC]
  • Robert Saundby was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 11th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain two air flotillas, one air group, one seaplane tender, and two destroyers. The 13th Air Fleet was assigned to the Southwest Area Fleet with two air flotillas and one air group. [CPC]
  • USS Pintado was commissioned into service, Lieutenant Commander Bernard A. Clarey in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese tanker in the East China Sea, hitting her with 5 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer sank Japanese freighter Ryuyo Maru and damaged another ship south of the Philippine Islands; she expended 7 torpedoes and observed 4 hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to Training Force of the 5th Force. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was named the commanding officer of Nachtjagdgeschwader 2. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank Japanese converted gunboat Okuyo Maru in the mouth of Ambon Bay, Java, Dutch East Indies, hitting her with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Giffard was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 15 B-24 bombers escorted by 68 fighters attacked Rabaul, New Britain. The Americans lost 1 B-24 bomber in combat, and another on landing after the mission was over; additionally, two returned bombers were noted as heavily damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 40 Japanese aircraft arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aircraft from carriers USS Monterey and USS Bunker Hill attacked Japanese positions at Kavieng, New Ireland, destroying 7 Japanese aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 500th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 aircraft) of USAAF 345th Bomb Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands French Syria and Lebanon
  • Syria gained independence from France. [CPC]
Germany
  • 421 RAF Lancaster bombers attacked Berlin, Germany; 28 aircraft were lost. 15 Mosquito aircraft attacked Hamburg in diversion. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of 76th Construction Battalion (76th SeaBees) arrived. More of 72nd Construction Battalion (72nd SeaBees) arrived. Five officers and 240 men of the 56th Construction Battalion (56th SeaBees) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • The Brigata Marina naval infantry unit of the pro-Allied government in southern Italy was renamed "San Marco". [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-55A arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Just three years after its creation the short lived Reconnaissance Corps was officially absorbed into the Royal Armoured Corps of the British Army. [AC]
  • Colonel Donald Blakeslee took control of USAAF 4th Fighter Group at RAF Debden in North Essex, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
United States
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived in Washington DC, United States where he and his wife would take a brief break from the war. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jan 1944
Princeton off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, 1 Jan 1944, 1 of 3Princeton off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, 1 Jan 1944, 2 of 3Princeton off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, 1 Jan 1944, 3 of 3USS San Diego off San Francisco, California, United States, 1 Jan 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 1 Jan 1944
2 Jan 1944 Australian New Guinea
  • US Marine Corps 7th Regiment engaged a strong Japanese defense at Suicide Creek near Cape Gloucester, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 20 F6F and 28 F4U fighters from Torokina Airfield in Bougainville conducted a fighter sweep over Rabaul, New Britain; two of these fighters turned back to Torokina due to mechanical problems. 80 A6M fighters rose to defend. The Americans reported 1 kill, 1 probable, and 2 Japanese aircraft damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 383 RAF aircraft (362 Lancaster, 9 Halifax, and 12 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, Germany; 27 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Rock departed Panama Canal Zone for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jan 1944
Soviet troops fighting in Pushkin district of Leningrad, Russia, 2 Jan 1944Survivors of sunken German battleship Scharnhorst disembarking a British warship at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 2 Jan 1944Launching of submarine Baya, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 2 Jan 1944
3 Jan 1944

Australian New Guinea
  • US Marine Corps ace pilot Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington, flying a F4U Corsair fighter, was shot down by Japanese Navy pilot Captain Masajiro Kawato, flying a Zero fighter, over Rabaul, New Britain. Boyington's wingman, Captain George Ashmun, was also shot down. [CPC]
  • 28 F4U and 16 F6F fighters were launched from Torokina Airfield on Bougainville at 0630 hours for a fighter sweep mission over Rabaul, New Britain; some of these fighters returned to base shortly after launch due to mechanical problems. 70 A6M fighters rose to defend Rabaul. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 8 RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Solingen and Essen in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • In Italy, General Bernard Montgomery received orders to return to Britain for his new role as the commander of British troops in the Allied Expeditionary Force. [Main Article | TH]
  • US Fifth Army began its offensive against the Gustav Line in Italy. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • The US destroyer Turner mysteriously exploded in a harbor in New Jersey, United States, killing 153 crewmen. The lives of the 165 injured survivors were saved by the airlifting in by helicopter from Brooklyn, New York, United States of supplies of blood plasma. It was the first time that a rotary wing aircraft had been used in a rescue operation. [AC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 3 Jan 1944
USS Princeton off Seattle, Washington, United States, 3 Jan 1944, 2 of 2USS Princeton off Seattle, Washington, United States, 3 Jan 1944, 1 of 2USNR Chief Quartermaster L. J. Russell teaching navigation to African-American sailors Charles W. Divers, Royal H. Gooden, Lewis F. Blanton, and Calvin Bell, Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 3 Jan 19Lieutenant General Bernard Freyberg, commanding officer of Indian and New Zealand Division at Cassino, Italy, 3 Jan 1944
See all photos dated 3 Jan 1944
4 Jan 1944
  • Germany called for the mobilization of school children to aid the war effort. [TH]
  • Operation Carpetbagger: Allied aircraft began to drop supplies to resistance fighters in Axis-occupied Europe. [CPC]
  • In a conference attended by German leaders Heinrich Himmler, Wilhelm Keitel, Albert Speer, and Fritz Sauckel, it was decided that four million people were to be conscripted from occupied territories as forced laborers for war production. One million were to be drafted from France between 1 Feb and 31 Dec 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The fascist Italian Social Republic in Northern Italy passed laws to prohibit Jews from owning stock or land and to seize Jewish-owned assets. [CPC]
  • German government office RSHA released five Danish Jews of mixed descent per an agreement reached between Adolf Eichmann and the Danish administration. [CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla sank a Japanese transport in the late afternoon in the South China Sea, hitting her with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired. Six hours later, she attacked another oiler with 3 torpedoes, damaging her with 1. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Sydir Kovpak was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray attacked two Japanese cargo ships south of the Philippine Islands, damaging one of them with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Lieutenant Douglas Bedkober, a coast watcher of Australian Z Special Unit, died while in captivity at Rabaul, New Britain. It was reported by fellow prisoners of war that he had refused to eat for several days prior to his death. [CPC]
France
  • 80 British RAF aircraft attacked two German flying bomb sites in France. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 13 British Mosquito aircraft attacked Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Artur Axmann was awarded the German Order. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ACORN-20 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Grayback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • US II Corps attacked along Route 6 across the Bernhardt Line in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese oiler and damaged other ships in the South China Sea, hitting them with 3 of 13 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • At Auschwitz Concentration Camp, SS Doctor Eduard Wirths notified fellow medical officers at Auschwitz III-Monowitz that, as of this date, corpses of deceased prisoners should be identified and then sent directly to the crematoria, bypassing the previous procedure of sending the corpses to the morgue at Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau first. Death reports, however, must still be filed at the orderly room of prisoners' hospital in Auschwitz I by noon time of the same day that the corpses were sent to the crematoria. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US Navy aircraft struck Japanese bases on Taiwan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jan 1944
German troops seizing Italian artwork at Piazza Venezia, Rome, Italy, 4 Jan 1944, photo 1 of 3German troops seizing Italian artwork at Piazza Venezia, Rome, Italy, 4 Jan 1944, photo 2 of 3German troops seizing Italian artwork at Piazza Venezia, Rome, Italy, 4 Jan 1944, photo 3 of 3German officers announcing the seizure of Italian artwork, Rome, Italy, 4 Jan 1944
See all photos dated 4 Jan 1944
5 Jan 1944
  • Petrof Bay was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion made rendezvous with USS Herring in the East China Sea, but the planned transfer of an injured sailor from Scorpion to Herring did not take place due to heavy seas. Some time after this date, she was lost, presumed mined in the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The first land-based (Bougainville) SBD and TBF aircraft raid on Rabaul, New Britain was cancelled due to weather. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Hansjürgen Reinicke was named the commanding officer of German cruiser Prinz Eugen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 358 RAF aircraft (348 Lancaster and 10 Halifax) attacked Stettin, Germany, while 28 Mosquito aircraft attacked five other cities (13 against Berlin) in diversion; 16 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Fw 190 aircraft over Koblenz, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • USS Alabama departed Efate Island, New Hebrides Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jan 1944
Barbey and Kinkaid over a map of New Guinea, 5 Jan 1944Sergeant Gordon Davies of Canadian 1st Parachute Battalion on a Welbike in Bulford, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom, 5 Jan 1944
6 Jan 1944
  • 19 RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Duisburg, Bristillerie, Dortmund, and Solingen in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The families of the men lost during the 1943 sinking of battleship Mutsu was finally notified; they were not informed that the ship had been destroyed in an accident. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • HMS Wallasea was sunk by a German motor torpedo boat off Mount's Bay, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • P-38 and F4U aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain, many of which were turned back due to poor weather. 33 A6M fighters rose to defend. The Japanese lost 2 A6M fighters, while the Americans lost 2 P-38 fighters. Harry Johnson of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214, flying a F4U Corsair fighter, scored one of the two victories; this would be the squadron's final victory of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Snook departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • Red Army units crossed the original 1939 Polish border, advancing nearly 200 miles in 2 weeks. [TH]
United Kingdom
  • James Doolittle, commanding officer of USAAF Eighth Air Force, ordered his fighter chief William Kepner to go on a fighter offensive, rather than focusing on bomber escort as he had instructed under the former commanding officer. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1944 Australian New Guinea
  • US Navy and US Marine Corps aircraft attacked a Japanese radar site at Cape Saint George, New Ireland. 3 F6F and 4 SBD aircraft were lost on this mission. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Planes of Air Group 12 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Panama Canal Zone United Kingdom
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived at Prestwick, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1944
Erwin Rommel visiting bunkers on the French coast, 7 Jan 1944
8 Jan 1944
  • In Castel Vecchio in Italy, the trial began for Count Ciano and 18 other Fascists Mussolini held responsible for his downfall. [Main Article | TH]
  • Red Army troops captured Kirovograd, Ukraine. [TH]
  • 23 RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Frankfurt, Solingen, Aachen, and Dortmund in Germany; 2 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Sir Henry Wilson replaced General Dwight Eisenhower as Supreme Allied Commander in the Mediterranean Theater. [AC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii Italy
  • US II Corps captured Monte Chiaia and Monte Porchia, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 arrived at Turtle Bay fighter strip, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-55B arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Lockheed's XP-80 prototype jet fighter took its first flight; the test pilot was Milo Burcham. [CPC]
  • The first XP-80A prototype jet aircraft "Gray Ghost" took its first flight with test pilot Milo Burcham in the cockpit. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jan 1944
LST-68 at Oro Bay, New Guinea, with US Marine casualties returning from Cape Gloucester, New Britain being assisted into WC54 ambulances, 8 Jan 1944
9 Jan 1944
  • The Countess Ciano managed to escape northern Italy to Switzerland, where she was interned. [TH]
  • Submarine Hawkbill was launched, sponsored by the wife of the submarine's future commanding officer F. Worth Scanland, Jr. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Prime Minister Hideki Tojo authorized the plans for Operation U-Go against northeastern India. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 16 TBF and 24 SBD aircraft from Piva Airfield on Bougainville, escorted by fighters, attacked Tobera Airfield in New Britain. 1 Japanese aircraft was destroyed on the ground, while the US lost 1 SBD aircraft and 3 fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 5th Division captured the coastal port city of Maungdaw, Burma, but the attack on Donbaik was halted by the Japanese. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Italy
  • The "Maestrale" naval infantry battalion of the Italian Navy mutinied against its superiors. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jan 1944
Launching of submarine Hawkbill, Manitowoc River, Manitowoc, Winconsin, United States, 9 Jan 1944
10 Jan 1944
  • Count Ciano and 17 of the other Fascist ministers were found guilty and sentenced to death. [Main Article | TH]
  • Deported Libyan Jews (most were from Bengazi) arrived at the Fossoli di Carpi transit camp in Italy. [CPC]
  • Department 7 of the Department for Public Security of the Hungarian Interior Ministry ordered foreigners to be held at the border. This order was given in light of the recent partisan victories in Croatia that caused large number of civilians to flee into neighboring Hungary. [CPC]
  • The last of the Jewish patients in Berlin psychiatric clinics were assembled for deportation to the east. [CPC]
  • A transport of 259 Jews from Stutthof Concentration Camp departed for Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-127 was grounded on the beach of Tanaga Island, Aleutian Islands in heavy weather. Salvaged by the US Coast Guard YMS-127, she could not be economically repaired and was written off in Sep 1944. [AC]
Caroline Islands France
  • French police arrested 228 Jews in and near Bordeaux and rounded them up at the Bordeaux synagogue. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 20 RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Berlin, Solingen, Koblenz, and Krefeld in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-34 departed. Part of Air Group 6 departed. Part of Air Group 12 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • In Italy the British X Corps crossed the Garigliano River. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Wasp departed Boston, Massachusetts, United States for Hampton Roads off Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jan 1944
The senior staff of the 7th Marines on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, Jan 10 1944. Chesty Puller is the second from the left.Major Victor H Streit, USMC, Operations Officer, 7th Marines planning combat operations on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, Jan 10 1944.
11 Jan 1944
  • Yamato was spotted by USS Halibut at 1800 hours, but Halibut was unable to attack. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Cod completed her refit at Fremantle, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The death sentence was carried out on Count Ciano and 17 others. [Main Article | TH]
  • US carrier aircraft attacked Japanese bases throughout Indochina. [TH]
  • Several hundred Spanish Jews arrested in Greece and imprisoned at Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp were returned to Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 8th Air Force launched over 600 bombers against Ascherleben, Braunschweig, and Magdeburg in Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Moji, Japan to escort carrier Chitose to Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Leighton McCarthy presented his letters of credentials to President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt, thus becoming the first Canadian ambassador to the United States. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • B-25 bombers of US 42nd Bomb Group attacked Rabaul, New Britain, damaging 8 aircraft on the ground at Vunakanau Airfield. This was the first land-based bomber attack on Rabaul from the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Japan United States
  • USS Wake Island departed San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Jan 1944
After plan view of the DMS-6 Hogan at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 11 Jan 1944, photo 1 of 2; note submarine Trepang in backgroundAfter plan view of the DMS-6 Hogan at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 11 Jan 1944, photo 2 of 2; note submarine Trepang in background
12 Jan 1944
  • Churchill and de Gaulle met at Marrakesh, Morocco. [Main Article | TH]
  • Operation Spark: Soviets launched an offensive to restore communication and over-land supply route to Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • The keel of escort carrier Makin Island was laid down. [Main Article | DS]
  • HMS Activity embarked the No. 819 Naval Air Squadron. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Ray arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • USS Cero entered Milne Bay, Australian Papua, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Flier departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Alabama arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • In Italy the US 5th Army opened its offensive on the Gustav Line in appalling weather, capturing Cervaro, Italy. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • General Alphonse Juin's Free French Expeditionary Corps launched an attack inland of Monto Cassino towards Castel Sant'Elia in Italy. [Main Article | AC]
Poland
  • 1,000 Jews from Stutthof Concentration Camp arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp; 120 men and 134 women were registered into the camp while 746 were gassed upon arrival. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-56A departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom; it was consisted of 20 freighters and was escorted by 2 cruisers and 9 destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jan 1944
USS Cleveland inside USS ABSD-1 at Aessi Island near Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 12 Jan 1944
13 Jan 1944
  • US Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr. received the "Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of this Government in the Murder of the Jews", exposing US State Department's efforts to avoid directly helping Jewish refugees. [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Basilone was assigned to the 21st Infantry Regiment of the newly formed but not yet activated US 5th Marine Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • 25 RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Essen, Duisburg, Aachen, and Koblenz in Germany; 1 aircraft was lost. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied troops captured the high ground north of Cervaro, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Commander Junio Valerio Borghese was arrested in connection with the recent mutiny of the "Maestrale" naval infantry battalion of the Italian Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Central Headquarters of the Partisan Movement (TsShPD) in the Soviet Union was disbanded. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jan 1944
USS Cassin Young in Outer Harbor, San Pedro, California, United States, 13 Jan 1944, photo 1 of 2USS Cassin Young in Outer Harbor, San Pedro, California, United States, 13 Jan 1944, photo 2 of 2UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill (in his air commodore
14 Jan 1944
  • Yamato was detected by the radar of USS Batfish at 2330 hours, but Batfish was unable to close in for an attack. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 498 RAF aircraft (496 Lancaster and 2 Halifax) attacked Braunschweig, Germany, with 49 aircraft lost; German reports noted only 10 homes destroyed and 14 killed. As a diversion, 17 RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Magdeburg and Berlin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German leader Ernst Kaltenbrunner ordered to insert more informers in the foreign forced laborers population. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish began her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 36 SBD, 16 TBF, and about 80 fighters from Munda Airfield in New Georgia attacked Rabaul, New Britain after a stop at Piva Airfield on Bougainville to refuel. 84 A6M intercepted them over New Ireland, but most American aircraft were able to make their way to Rabaul to commence their attacks. The Japanese lost 3 A6M fighters and the Americans lost 2 SBD, 1 TBF, 5 F4U, and 2 F6F aircraft. Japanese shipping in Simpson Harbor at Rabaul suffered 3 direct hits and 16 near misses. [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 17 prisoners of war were beheaded by men of 81st Naval Garrison Unit of the Japanese Navy at Rabaul, New Britain as reprisal for American air raids on the town. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • 82 RAF aircraft attacked German flying bomb sites at Ailly, Bonneton, and Bristillerie in France. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale received a message from USS Seawolf, noting that a Japanese convoy was heading her way. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jan 1944
A-36A Apache aircraft 42-84067 of the 527th FBS, 86th BFG, Gaudo Airfield, southern Italy, 14 Jan 1944; note chin-mounted guns and the bombing mission markings on the cowl
15 Jan 1944
  • Soviet forces launched a new offensive near Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Prichett was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Iceland
  • Allied convoy JW-56A sailed into a storm off the Faroe Islands; it was redirected to Akureyri, Iceland for shelter. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • German XIV Panzer Corps abandoned Monte Trocchio, Italy and fell back across the Rapido River; US II Corps would capture Monte Trocchio later in the same day. Meanwhile, General Juin's French troops captured Monte Santa Croce. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Free French Expeditionary Corps reached Castel Sant'Elia, Italy. [Main Article | AC]
16 Jan 1944

Australian New Guinea
  • The Americans repulsed the last Japanese counterattack to wrap up operations on New Britain. [Main Article | AC]
Caroline Islands Japan
  • Yamato arrived at Kure, Japan and docked in No. 4 drydock for repairs. Yamato would also receive a sloping plate fitted at a 45-degree angle across the lower corner of the upper void compartment between the two longitudinal inboard bulkheads. This modification, proposed to run the full length of the citadel, was installed only in Yamato in the area affected by the torpedo damage received in the previous month. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Nikko Maru off the Mariana Islands, hitting her with three of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale made contact with a Japanese convoy she had been searching for for the past two days in the Philippine Sea, sinking Denmark Maru with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired, but suffered damage from depth charges. USS Seawolf herded Tarushima Maru toward USS Whale, and USS Whale successfully sank Tarushima Maru with torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • General Eisenhower assumed the post as Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • US Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr. and Treasury official Randolph Paul delivered the "Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of this Government in the Murder of the Jews" to President Franklin Roosevelt. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Flier ran aground near Midway Atoll. USS Macaw attempted to pull Flier free, but Macaw would also run aground in the process, causing her to sink. She was eventually pulled free and put into Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for repairs. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1944
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and Lieutenant Colonel George Friedrich von Tempelhoff at Barneville, France, 16 Jan 1944
17 Jan 1944

Australian New Guinea
  • US aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain. The Japanese shot down 8 P-38, 1 F6F, 1 F4U, 1 SBD, and 1 TBF aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • US 45th Fighter Squadron, flying P-40 fighters, was transferred from Baker Island of Ellice Islands to Makin, Gilbert Islands. [CPC]
Italy
  • British X Corps attacked the western end of the German Gustav Line in Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • An Italian motor torpedo boat raid on Allied-held Naples, Italy was aborted. [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale claimed sinking a Japanese freighter in the Philippine Sea, hiting her with 3 of 9 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jan 1944
San Jacinto off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, 17 Jan 1944
18 Jan 1944

Byelorussia
  • Repeated Soviet attacks near Vitebsk, Byelorussia were repulsed by German Armeegruppe Mitte. [TH]
Marshall Islands
  • P-40N fighters of US 45th Fighter Squadron attacked Japanese positions on Jaluit and Mili in the Marshall Islands with bombs, experimental rockets, and machine guns. [CPC]
Russia
  • Operation Spark, which commenced 6 days earlier, successfully opened a corridor into Leningrad, Russia on this day. The Soviet government announced the end of the siege, although that state would still continue until 27 Jan 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Lieutenant Alex George Horwood of the British Queen's Royal Regiment was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for outstanding conduct at Kyauchaw, Burma, during three days of continuous attacks. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jan 1944
4.5 inch gun of 214 Battery, 69 Medium Regiment, British Royal Artillery firing near Garigliano River, Italy, before dawn on 18 Jan 1944Japanese-American children at Jerome War Relocation Center, Arkansas, United States, 18 Jan 1944
19 Jan 1944

Australia
  • The three-day ANZAC Conference began in Canberra, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS San Juan arrived off Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii and rejoined USS Saratoga's task group. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Ireland
  • The Irish government announced the arrest of two Irish traitors, parachuted in from German aircraft. [TH]
Italy
  • British 46th Infantry Division attacked German positions near the junction of the Garigliano River and the Liri River in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • An Italian motor torpedo boat raid on Allied-held Naples, Italy was aborted. [CPC]
Japan Russia
  • German troops managed to avoid being encircled at Novgorod, Russia. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1944
Drawing of Measure 32 Design 7A for Iowa-class battleships, 19 Jan 1944, page 1 of 2 (starboard-side view)Drawing of Measure 32 Design 7A for Iowa-class battleships, 19 Jan 1944, page 2 of 2 (port-side view)
20 Jan 1944
  • Soviet forces captured Novgorod, Russia. [TH]
  • USS Gar sank Japanese cargo ship Koyu Maru off Palau Islands in daylight with two of three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain. The Japanese shot down 2 B-25, 2 P-38, and 3 F4U aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Irako departed Truk, Caroline Islands. She was attacked by submarine USS Seadragon and suffered one torpedo hit to her bow on the starboard side. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Germany
  • The heaviest RAF raid on Berlin to date was launched, with 769 aircraft (495 Lancaster, 264 Halifax, 10 Mosquito) dropping over 2,300 tons of explosives on the German capital. 13 Lancaster and 22 Halifax bombers were lost. Damage on Berlin was thought to be extensive, but this could not be confirmed due to bad weather on the next day. [Main Article | TH]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down three British aircraft near Berlin, Germany, increasing his victories to 78. His Ju 88 aircraft was damaged by the propeller of the third aircraft he shot down, a Lancaster bomber, and only barely made it back to the airfield and had to crash land. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Ten quonset huts for officers' quarters, 10 quonset huts for enlisted men's barracks, turned over to station. More of ARGUS-15 on board. Part of GROPAC-2 departed. Part of Task Group 19.19 departed. Part of ACORN-20 departed. Part of CASU-20 departed. Part of ARGUS-18 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • After sundown, US 141st Regiment and 143rd Regiment attacked across the Rapido River in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Japanese cargo ships Akibasan Maru was sunk at Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Air Chief Marshal Sir William Sholto Douglas was appointed Commander-in-Chief of RAF Coastal Command. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jan 1944
Colonel Karl Lorenz, commander of an infantry regiment of German Army 9.2-inch coastal defense gun of North Head Battery, Sydney, Australia, 20 Jan 1944
21 Jan 1944
  • 90 German bombers attacked southern British cities. [Main Article | TH]
  • 648 RAF aircraft attacked Magdeburg, Germany; 55 British aircraft and 4 German fighters were destroyed during the engagement. It was the first time Magdeburg was raided by the Allies. [Main Article | TH]
  • Light cruiser USS Vincennes was commissioned with Captain Arthur D. Brown in command. [AC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Yasukuni Maru and passenger-cargo ship Ikoma Maru in the Pacific Ocean, expending nine torpedoes, five of which scored hits. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Cruiser Chokai reached the damaged food transport ship Irako to tow her to nearby Truk, Caroline Islands. They arrived at Truk at 1700 hours. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
France
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Fw 190 aircraft over Rouen, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down 5 British bombers before he was shot down by British escorting fighters. He was killed as the Ju 88 aircraft crashed in a wooded area in Lübars, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • USS Alabama arrived at Funafuti, Ellice Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Iceland
  • Allied convoy JW-56A continued her journey from Akureyri, Iceland. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • In the mid-morning, German 15th Panzergrenadier Division wiped out the US beachheads along the Rapido River in Italy, forcing the survivors to withdraw back across the river. During the day, German 29th Panzergrenadier Division and 90th Panzergrenadier Division arrived in the region as reinforcement. After dark, US 141st Regiment and 143rd Regiment crossed the river again and established precarious footholds. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Richard O'Connor was made the commanding officer of British VIII Corps, which included the Guards Armoured Division, 11th Armoured Division, 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 6th Guards Tank Brigade, 8th Group Royal Artillery, and 2nd Household Cavalry Regiment. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US 5th Marine Division ("The Spearhead") was activated at Camp Pendleton near San Diego, California, United States with the 26th, 27th and 28th Marines under command. The 28th Marines contained a cadre of men from the deactivated Marine parachute battalions. Artillery was provided the 13th Marines and Engineers (who did not deploy overseas) by the 16th Marines. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jan 1944
Biscayne as the flagship of the of the Anzio, Italy landings, 21-22 Jan 1944; note PT boat alongsideSoviet machine gun positions at Pavlovsk near Leningrad, Russia, 21 Jan 1944
22 Jan 1944
  • USS Gar attacked a Japanese convoy off Palau Islands at night, reporting six hits with ten torpedoes fired and reporting one sunk and one damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9417 for the establishment of the War Refugee Board to help European Jews flee from Europe. The board was to be governed by the Secretaries of State, Treasury, and War. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tang departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol to the Caroline and Mariana Islands area. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Enterprise departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • 36,000 Allied troops landed at Anzio, Italy, facing little opposition. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • German 15th Panzergrenadier Division wiped out new beachheads on the Rapido River in Italy established by US 141st Regiment and 143rd Regiment through the previous night. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yuzuki completed her refitting at Ishikawa Shipyard and the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Japan. Her aft torpedo mount and two of her four main guns were removed in exchange for additional anti-aircraft machine guns and improved underwater sound detection equipment. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Nachi departed Sasebo, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov requested the Soviet GKO for a new trial in Smolensk, Russia for 13 German defendants arrested by SMERSH. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-56B departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jan 1944
WASP pilots at Laredo Army Air Force Base, Texas, United States, 22 Jan 1944; note B-26 Marauder, AT-6 Texan, and C-56 Lodestar aircraft in backgroundUS Army DUKWs landing under fire on the beaches of Anzio, Italy, 22 Jan 1944US Army troops landing at Anzio, Italy, late Jan 1944
23 Jan 1944
  • The destroyer HMS Janus was lost off Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Gar continued to attack a Japanese convoy off Palau Islands which had been attacked three hours prior on the previous date, sinking the already-damaged cargo ship Taian Maru with one of two torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook sank Japanese converted gunboat Magane Maru off the Bonin Islands, hitting with 2 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was awarded Swords to his Knight's Cross medal posthumously. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain. The Japanese lost at least 13 fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 23 Jan 1944
San Jacinto underway off the US east coast, 23 Jan 1944, photo 1 of 2; note SNJ training plane on flight deckSan Jacinto underway off the US east coast, 23 Jan 1944, photo 2 of 2; note SNJ training plane on flight deck
24 Jan 1944
  • Roosevelt created the War Refugee Board in response to political pressure that demanded action to help Jews in occupied Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-30 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Hitler ordered that the Gustav Line in Italy was to be held at all costs. Meanwhile, French forces attacked north of Monte Cassino and US 34th Infantry Division attacked across the Rapido River north of Cassino. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • At Anzio, Italy, Private George Mitchell charged alone through intense machine-gun fire, jumped into the weapon pit and killed the crew. Shortly afterwards, he similarly assaulted a second position, killing six of the enemy and taking 12 prisoners. He was killed moments later when one of the Germans who had supposedly surrendered snatched up a discarded rifle and shot him. Mitchell was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross medal. [AC]
  • German forces in the Anzio, Italy region increased to over 40,000 men. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Junio Valerio Borghese was released from imprisonment in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese submarine and gave chase, but a trim pump fire forced her to abandon chase. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1944
Battleship Indiana underway at sea in the Marshall Islands, 24 Jan 1944; note Camouflage Measure 32 Design 1BBattleships Iowa and Indiana underway during the Marshall Islands Campaign, 24 Jan 1944; note ships with Camouflage Measure 32 Design 1B and wing of SB2C Helldiver aircraft in foregroundBattleships Iowa and Indiana underway during the Marshall Islands Campaign, 24 Jan 1944; note Camouflage Measure 32 Design 1B; cropped photo of NARA 80-G-235080Launching of USS Hancock, Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, 24 Jan 1944
25 Jan 1944
  • Captain Nobuei Morishita relieved Rear Admiral Takeji Ono as the commanding officer of Yamato. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Nazi Gauleiter Hans Frank noted in his diary on this date that "At the present time we still have in the General Government perhaps 100,000 Jews." Prior to the German occupation, the area now called the General Government had a Jewish population of about 2,500,000. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-30 struck a mine and sank off Anzio, Italy. [AC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Singapore to escort carrier Chitose and convoy HI-32 to Moji, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Wehrmachtbericht bulletin issued on this date by the Wehrmacht headquarters announced the death of nightfighter pilot Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-278 sank US freighter Penelope Barker (16 were killed, 56 survived) and U-360 damaged destroyer HMS Obdurate which was forced to leave the escort force of the Allied arctic convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Carriers Junyo, Hiyo, and Ryuho delivered 62 A6M, 18 D3A, and 18 B5N aircraft to Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • USS Alabama departed Funafuti, Ellice Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-22 departed. More of ACORN-21 arrived. Part of ACORN-21 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • General Eberhard von Mackensen assumed overall control of forces in the Anzio, Italy area. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Jan 1944
USS South Dakota, USS Alabama, and USS North Carolina underway in the South Pacific, 25 Jan 1944; photo taken from USS IntrepidUSS North Carolina in Ms32/18d early pattern camouflage in the Marshall Islands, 25 Jan 1944; photo taken from USS Intrepid; note Fletcher-class destroyer in distanceCalifornia underway at 8 knots, Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington, United States, 25 Jan 1944
26 Jan 1944
  • U-869 was commissioned into service with Kapitänleutnant Hellmut Neuerburg in command. She was assigned to the German Navy 4th Submarine Flotilla for training. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander Enrique D. Haskins in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate and William Slim met at Comilla, India; Slim told Wingate that he would provide only one battalion for Wingate's second Chindit operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Skipjack prepared to attack a Japanese transport when she discovered a escorting destroyer, Suzukaze, nearby; Skipjack successfully shifted target and sank the destroyer. She suffered flooding from a valve door that failed to close, but she quickly remedied the situation and returned to attack the same convoy, sinking converted seaplane tender Okitsu Maru. 12 torpedoes were expended on this date. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-716 sank US freighter Andrew G. Curtin of Allied convoy JW-56A; 3 were killed, 68 survived. U-360 damaged British freighter Fort Bellingham (convoy civilian commodore's ship), which was later sunk by U-957; 36 were killed, 35 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 45th Fighter Squadron, flying P-40 fighters, shot down 10 Japanese aircraft in combat, with 2 further as probables. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hoe departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean United States
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island was commissioned into service at Astoria, Oregon, United States with Captain Charles F. Greber in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jan 1944
Shad at Bethlehem Shipbuilding in San Francisco, 26 Jan 1944
27 Jan 1944
  • The 872-day siege of Leningrad, Russia was relieved by Soviet forces after suffering 200,000 military and 1,200,000 civilian deaths. The German 18.Armee in the region was withdrawn to the Luga River. [Main Article | AC]
  • 1st Ukrainian Front launches an attack towards Luzk and Rovno, Ukraine. [TH]
  • Orde Wingate and William Slim met at Comilla; Slim told Wingate that he could no longer provide any battalions for Wingate's second Chindit operation. Angrily, Wingate wrote a letter to Louis Mountbatten, criticizing Slim and asked to be relieved of duty since he could not perform his duties alongside of Slim; Slim was provided a carbon copy of the letter. Instead, via George Giffard, Mounbatten said he would find Wingate troops from the 81st West African Division. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Richard O'Connor was Mentioned in Despatches. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 515 Lancaster and 15 Mosquito aircraft of the RAF attacked Berlin, Germany; 33 Lancaster bombers were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • To the west, Allied Major General John Lucas by now commanded 70,000 men, 237 tanks, 508 heavy guns, and 27,000 tons of supplies at Anzio, Italy, but he decided to still maintain a defensive posture. [Main Article | TH]
  • Germans launched a counter attack against French troops near Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jan 1944
African-American US Army WAC Master Sergeant Helen Starr bowling at Fort McClellan, Alabama, United States, 27 Jan 1944Battleship Indiana en route to attack Taroa Island airfield, Maloelap Atoll, Marshall Islands, 27 Jan 1944; photo 1 of 2Battleship Indiana en route to attack Taroa Island airfield, Maloelap Atoll, Marshall Islands, 27 Jan 1944; photo 2 of 2Battleship Indiana underway at sea, circa late Jan 1944; cropped from US Navy Naval Historical Center photograph NH 52662 to emphasize the camouflage scheme
28 Jan 1944
  • In an effort to stop Spain from supplying Germany with war materials and to withdraw her troops from the Russian Front, the US and Britain announced an oil embargo. This embargo will last about 4 months until Franco finally gave in. [TH]
  • Several German divisions were cut off and surrounded near Cherkassy, Ukraine. [TH]
  • USS Pompon arrived at Darwin, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish ended her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse began an 80-hour chase of a Japanese convoy off the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • 677 RAF aircraft (432 Lancaster, 241 Halifax, and 4 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, Germany; 46 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canadian prisoner of war Lieutenant Bill Millar hid underneath a Germany truck at the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany during an air raid and was able to escape the camp later when the truck was driven out of the camp. His fate after the escape was unknown, however. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Task Group 19.18 departed. Part of ACORN-21 departed. Part of GROPAC-4 departed. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Grayback departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • German Field Marshal Albert Kesselring ordered a counterattack against the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-56A arrived at Arkhangelsk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Jan 1944
  • The head of police of the Italian Social Republic in northern Italy ordered that all Jewish communities be dissolved by the next month. [CPC]
  • A transport of 245 prisoners sent by the Bialystok Gestapo arrived at Stutthof concentration camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Activity began convoy escort duties with the Second Escort Group. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Battleship Missouri was launched, sponsored by Mary Magaret Truman, daughter of Senator Harry Truman. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, the Duisburg and Herbouville flying bomb site were bombed by 22 Mosquito aircraft of the RAF. Meanwhile, RAF bombers attacked Berlin and USAAF bombers attacked Frankfurt am Main and Ludwigshafen. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Total Allied strength at the Anzio, Italy beachhead totaled 69,000 men, 508 guns, and 208 tanks by the end of this day. On the other side of the lines, German strength rose to 71,500 men. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama bombarded Japanese positions on Roi, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was buried at the cemetery at Deelen airfield in the Netherlands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Luftwaffe bombers attacked London, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | TH]
  • Rohan Amerasekera was promoted to the rank of flying officer in the British Royal Air Force. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jan 1944
US Army troops waiting on the invasion beach on Kwajalein, 29 Jan 1944US Army troops off the Kwajalein invasion beach, Marshall Islands, 29 Jan 1944PB2Y-5 Coronado aircraft of US Navy squadrons VP-13 and VP-102 in the submarine basin of Sand Island, Midway Atoll, 29 Jan 1944
30 Jan 1944
  • Submarine Becuna was launched, sponsored by the wife of Commander George C. Crawford. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback damaged a fishing trawler with gunfire in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-278 fatally damaged Allied arctic convoy escort HMS Hardy; HMS Venus scuttled HMS Hardy after the damaged destroyer was abandoned. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Toko Maru south of Japan, which she had been chasing for many hours, hitting her with all three of three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 534 RAF aircraft (440 Lancaster, 82 Halifax, and 12 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, Germany; 33 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Me 410 heavy fighter and a Bf 109 fighter over Lingen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied forces attacked out of the Anzio, Italy beachhead, advancing toward Cisterna and Campoleone, but none of the two forces would be able to capture the objectives; during the process, an entire US Army Ranger battalion was destroyed. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama bombarded Japanese positions on Namur, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jan 1944
Men of 697th Field Artillery Battalion firing 240mm howitzer at Mignano, Italy, 30 Jan 1944Captain Burke introducing Rear Admiral Aaron Merrill to the crew of Charles Ausburne and Claxton during an awards ceremony held on board Charles Ausburne, Purvis Bay, Solomon Islands, 30 Jan 1944US Marines displaying a captured Japanese flag, New Britain, Bismarck Archipelago, late Jan 1944
31 Jan 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Americans landed on Kwajalein and Majuro atolls in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | AC]
  • Fleet aircraft carrier USS Franklin was commissioned into service with Captain James M. Shoemaker in command. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Finback sank a fishing trawler with gunfire in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Royal Navy's Second Escort Group (Captain F. J. Walker) sank the German submarine U-592. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Toei Maru south of Japan, which she had been chasing for many hours, hitting her with two of eight torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Luce completed a period of anti-submarine patrol off Attu in the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ACORN-22 departed. Part of GROPAC-2 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US 34th Division crossed the Rapido River in Italy. Nearby, French Moroccan colonial troops were halted by troops of German 5th Mountain Division near Cassino and Monte Belvedere, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet GKO issued two secret orders to deport ethnic Chechen and Ingush peoples to Kazakhstan and Kirghizia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wasp departed Hampton Roads off Virginia, United States for Trinidad. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jan 1944
American wounded at the beach of Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, 29 Jan-3 Feb 1944British soldier preparing ammunition for a M7 Priest self-propelled gun, Anzio, Italy, 31 Jan 1944British Priest self-propelled gun in action, Anzio, Italy, 31 Jan 1944
1 Feb 1944
  • The British Air Headquarters Air Defences Eastern Mediterranean was renamed the Air Headquarters Eastern Mediterranean; Richard Saul remained its commanding officer despite the name change. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franz Kutschera passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Graph was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Luce departed Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands for Paramushiru, Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The United States Marine Corps established a new 4th Marine Regiment at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal (the original 4th Marine having been lost at Corregidor in the Philippine Islands in 1942) drawing its manpower from the deactivated Raider battalions. [AC]
Italy
  • German 44th Infantry Division fell back near the Rapido River toward Monte Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A new satellite camp of Auschwitz III (Monowitz), located at the Guenthergrube in Ledziny, Poland opened. This new satellite camp would house 300 prisoners for coal mining for the German industrial firm I. G. Farben. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-56B arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • A personnel office and a naval infantry unit were established at Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1944
Soldiers of the US Army 7th Division moving a 37 mm Gun M3 anti-tank gun on Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, Feb 1944US Marine Corps machine gun crew operating a Browning M1919A4 heavy machine gun, Marshall Islands, circa early Feb 1944Battleship Washington alongside AR-4 Vestal for initial repairs after colliding with battleship Indiana, 1 Feb 1944Battleship Washington underway with a collapsed bow after colliding with battleship Indiana, 1 Feb 1944
See all photos dated 1 Feb 1944
2 Feb 1944
  • Luzk and Rovno, Ukraine were captured by the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front. [TH]
  • The Warsaw area HSSPF, SS-Brigadeführer Franz Kutschera, was assassinated at the gate to his headquarters. [TH]
  • Stalin allowed USAAF aircraft to use Russian bases. [Main Article | TH]
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to the Combined Fleet as a training carrier. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australia
  • Edmund Herring was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-15 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Germans defeated American troops in the Battle of Cisterna near Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport from Trieste, Italy arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Most of the prisoners were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Tunny completed her repairs at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Feb 1944
Battleship WashingtonBattleship WashingtonBattleship WashingtonUS Marine Private First Class N. E. Carling posing beside M4 Sherman tank
See all photos dated 2 Feb 1944
3 Feb 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The concentration camp at Szebnie, Poland was closed, and its prisoners deported or executed; Amon Göth was placed in charge of this operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt issued additional orders that supported swift severe reprisals against any acts of resistance. The orders also explicitly attribute any potential innocent civilian casualties the fault of resistance group and not of the German occupation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian Fascists violated Vatican City sovereignty by dispatching troops to arrest several Jews hiding within Vatican City borders. [CPC]
  • Savo Island was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 673rd Bomb Squadron (flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 417th Bomb Group was transferred from Cape Sudest Airfield to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris, France sent its 67th transport for Auschwitz Concentration Camp with more than 1,000 Jews. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-22 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • The American attempt to break out of the Anzio beachhead in Italy was halted, followed by the first German counterattack against the beachhead. [Main Article | TH]
Japan Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-56 departed at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Mingo departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States after her overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 3 Feb 1944
Battleship Indiana at Majuro, Marshall Islands for repairs after collison with battleship Washington, 3 Feb 1944; note Washington and AR-4 Vestal in backgroundStern view of USS Mingo, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 3 Feb 1944Bow view of USS Mingo, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 3 Feb 1944Broadside view of USS Mingo off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States after completion of overhaul, 3 Feb 1944
4 Feb 1944
  • German troops began operations to relieve the Korsun/Cherkassy pocket in Ukraine. [TH]
  • Orde Wingate issued the guidelines for the second Chindit operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer departed Fremantle, Australia for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Moji, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Luce began a period of anti-submarine patrol off Attu in the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • USS Cero departed Milne Bay, Australian Papua for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 672nd, 674th, and 675th Bomb Squadrons (all flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 417th Bomb Group were transferred from Cape Sudest Airfield to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • German troops penetrated Allied lines at the Anzio beachhead in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British Royal Air Force formed No. 46 Group to control the five Dakota aircraft squadrons (Nos. 48, 233, 271, 512 and 575) which would carry the 3rd Parachute Brigade to Normandy, France in Jun 1944. [AC]
United States
  • Shamrock Bay was launched in Vancouver, Washington, United States, sponsored by the wife of James R. Dudley. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Feb 1944
Men of US 7th Division waiting outside a Japanese blockhouse on Kwajalein while a flamethrower did its work, 4 Feb 1944Spruance, Conolly, Forrestal, Schmidt, Smith, Moreel, Carlson, and Pownall at Kwajalein Atoll, Feb 1944, photo 1 of 2Spruance, Conolly, Forrestal, Schmidt, Smith, Moreel, Carlson, and Pownall at Kwajalein Atoll, Feb 1944, photo 2 of 2
5 Feb 1944
  • The German Naval High Command temporarily halted preparations for Operation Sealion, seeing that at this stage of the war an invasion of Britain was not likely to happen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Segundo was launched, sponsored by Mrs. John L. Sullivan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Piranha was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Egon Mayer became the first German Luftwaffe fighter pilot operating solely on the western front to reach 100 victories. He would claim just two more before being killed on 2 Mar 1944 whilst attacking a formation of B-17 bombers near Sedan, France. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Gar arrived at Open Bay on the northern coast of New Britain to pick up downed airmen who had been under the care of coast watchers. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Troops of Sakurai Force of Japanese 55th Division penetrated lines held by Indian 7th Division in Arakan, Burma undetected. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ACORN-22 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US forces reached the outskirts of Cassino, Italy, but were held out of the town. [Main Article | TH]
  • German and Allied artillery pieces bombarded each other at Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 5 Feb 1944
Spruance and Nimitz at Kwajalein Island, 5 Feb 1944Launching of submarine Segundo, Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, United States, 5 Feb 1944
6 Feb 1944 Australia
  • USS Ray departed Fremantle, Australia for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese attacked the forward headquarters of Indian 7th Division in Arakan, Burma by surprise. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-22 departed. Part of CASU-30 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • German and Allied artillery pieces bombarded each other at Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • A transport from Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris, France arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. 999 of the 1,214 Jews were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival; only 166 men and 49 women were registered into the camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Feb 1944
Admiral Chester Nimitz at the US Marine Corps cemetary on Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, 6 Feb 1944; also present were USMC Colonel Franklin Hart and Major General Harry Schmidt (with dark glasses)Sikh troops of Indian 7th Division fighting at the Ngakyeduak Pass near Sinzweya, Burma, 6 Feb 1944
7 Feb 1944
  • American troops completed the conquest of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • Remy Van Lierde was assigned to RAF Manston in Kent, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Air Marshal Ralph Cochrane ordered Leonard Cheshire's 617 Squadron to attack the important aero-engine plant at Limoges in mid-France. The War Office was extremely nervous about this operation as it was known, from resistance sources, that 500 French women were employed at the plant, and a large number of civilian fatalities would have serious political consequences. Instructions were therefore issued that no bombs were to be dropped until the factory was clear of workers. Arriving over the target Cheshire twice swooped his Lancaster bomber at 50 feet in order to alert the workers below. Then on the third pass a member of his crew said "There they go" and hundreds of women were seen running away from the factory. All this was recorded by a film cameraman worked by Moya of the RAF film unit. Just before midnight Cheshire dropped his markers right on top of the factory, and minutes later five 1200-lb bombs from 617 Squadron's Lancasters hit the factory and destroyed the greater part of it. [AC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 417th Bomb Group was transferred from Cape Sudest Airfield to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese troops captured a divisional Anglo-Indian dressing station at Sinzweya, Burma and killed 35 medical staff and patients. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • German and Allied artillery pieces bombarded each other at Anzio, Italy; at 2100 hours, Germans launched a full attack on the beachhead. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • US troops reached Point 445, a hill 370 meters away from the monastery at Monte Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan United States
  • USS Ticonderoga was launched at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 7 Feb 1944
Stern view of USS Harder, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 7 Feb 1944Bow view of USS Harder, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 7 Feb 1944
8 Feb 1944
  • The Red Army captured Nikopol, Ukraine. Meanwhile, the German troops surrounded at Korsun were invited to surrender. [TH]
  • The RAF used its new 6-ton "Tall Boy" bomb on the Gnome-Rhone factory at Limoges, France. [TH]
  • Major William Sidney, 1st Viscount de L'Isle, led an attack on enemy positions at Anzio, Italy. Although wounded, he refused medical treatment until his objectives had been made secure. For this he would be awarded the Victoria Cross (following in the footsteps of his father-in-law, Field Marshal Lord Gort who had also been badly wounded whilst winning the same medal during the 1914-1918 war). [AC]
  • USS Snook attacked a Japanese convoy with four torpedoes in the East China Sea. Three of them hit, sinking Lima Maru and damaging freighter Shiranesan Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Laffey (Allen M. Sumner-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Royal Navy's Second Escort Group (Captain F. J. Walker CB, DSO and three bars) sank the German submarine U-762. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Rock departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • US troops began an major assault toward Monte Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Feb 1944
Mechanics at Laredo Army Air Field, Texas, US checked a B-24 bomber before its flight, 8 Feb 1944Sherman BARV vehicle, Earls Court, London, England, United Kingdom, 8 Feb 1944USS Saratoga underway in the Marshall Islands area, 8 Feb 1944; note SBD Dauntless and F6F Hellcat aircraft on the flight deckFranklin Roosevelt with USMC pilot Kenneth Walsh at the White House, Washington DC, United States, 8 Feb 1944; note Adm Ernest King, LtGen Alexander Vandegrift, Asst Secretary of Navy Ralph Bard, and Mrs Walsh
9 Feb 1944
  • Walter Heitz passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar ended her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Royal Navy's Second Escort Group (Captain F. J. Walker CB, DSO and three bars) sank the German submarines U-734 and U-238. [AC]
Italy Japan Netherlands
  • The German Foreign Ministry in the Hague reported back to Berlin that to date 108,000 Jews had been deported from the Netherlands. The Dutch population considered German methods brutal, and church circles were actively promoting disapproval for the deportations. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • George Bell, Bishop of Chichester, in a speech in the House of Lords in Britain openly criticised the Government over the bombing of German cities. [Main Article | AC]
US Pacific Islands
  • Lieutenant Commander James Grady was named the commanding officer of USS Whale, relieving Lieutenant Commander Albert Burrows. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Feb 1944
German Army Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and General Hans von Obstfelder at Hendaye, France, 9 Feb 1944Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, Vice Admiral Friedrich Oskar Ruge, and General Hans von Obstfelder at Hendaye, France, 9 Feb 1944
10 Feb 1944
  • During the night, 15 Soviet bombers attacked German battleship Tirpitz to little effect. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Korsun pocket in Ukraine received a blistering bombardment by Soviet forces as an inducement to surrender. [TH]
  • USS Snook fired four torpedoes at a Japanese patrol craft; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill wrote to Harold Alexander, urging him to order the field generals at Anzio, Italy to be more aggressive. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 59 SBD dive bombers, 24 TBF torpedo bombers, and 99 fighters attacked Vunakanau Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain. This attack was followed by another attack on Vunakanau Airfield by 24 B-25 bombers escorted by 20 fighters. Finally, a third attack wave with 21 B-24 bombers escorted by 28 fighters which targeted both Vunakanau Airfield and Tobera Airfield. Vunakanau's runways were hit by two 2,000-pound bombs by B-24 bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Allies turned over control of southern Italy to the Italian royal government. [TH]
  • German 4.Fallschirmjäger Division, with a Italian parachute regiment within its ranks, arrived at Anzio, Italy. [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese cruiser in the Pacific Ocean, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Feb 1944
FM-2 Wildcat of USS Card in flight, 10 Feb 1944Field Marshal Rommel inspecting Indian troops in German service, Lacanau Océan, France, 10 Feb 1944; also present were Lieutenant General Günther Krappe and Lieutenant General Hermann Meyer-Rabingen
11 Feb 1944
  • German forces sent to relieve the Korsun pocket in Ukraine were now only 10 miles away. [TH]
  • Ommaney Bay was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 6 B-25 bombers escorted by 20 P-40 and P-51 fighters the US 14th Air Force and the Chinese 32nd Fighter Squadron attacked the Kai Tek Airfield, Hong Kong. Fighters of the Japanese 85th Sentai rose to intercept, shooting down one B-25 bomber, 4 P-40 fighters, and 2 P-51 fighters. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Major General John Lucas ordered a counterattack from the Anzio beachhead in Italy, which was repulsed by the Germans which had intercepted Allied radio communications and had prepared for this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US II Corps attack toward Monte Cassino, Italy was halted by German troops. Brigadier Harry Dimoline of Indian 4th Division requested the aerial bombing of the abbey atop Monte Cassino. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit fired 4 torpedoes at a Japanese carrier in the Pacific Ocean; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-56 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Feb 1944
  • Soviet forces captured Luga, Ukraine. [TH]
  • Plaice was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aircraft of the British No. 617 Squadron made an attack on the Antheor Viaduct, a bottle-neck on the main railway line between Marseilles, France and Genoa, Italy. It had been attacked three times before without success and 100,000 tons of German supplies crossed it every week to keep Albert Kesselring's Italian armies in action. Cheshire in one Lancaster bomber and Martin in another, were to mark the target. They were met by a hail of flak and the night was completely black. The attack failed, although there were several near misses. This convinced Cheshire that they needed Mosquito aircraft instead of Lancaster bombers if low-level bombing was to achieve success. [AC]
  • The troopship Khedive Ismail, en-route to India, was torpedoed and sunk in two minutes by the 2,000-ton Japanese submarine I-27 near the Maldives islands. Only 260 of the 1,297 passengers and crew were saved (only 113 of 754 Askaris of 301st Field Regiment, East African Artillery survived) including 9 out of 86 women, most of whom were below decks at a concert party. Escorts brought the submarine to the surface with depth charges and kept the crew from reaching her 5.5-inch deck gun with cannon fire, then eventually sank the submarine with torpedoes. The extent of the disaster was kept a closely guarded secret until after the war. [AC]
  • USS Alabama departed to escort US carriers for the raid on Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • More than 200 US aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain. The Japanese launched about 50 fighters in defense. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Italy
  • Lieutenant General Bernard Freyberg requested Allied air forces for the bombing of the abbey at Monte Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 12 Feb 1944
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and Vice Admiral Friedrich Oskar Ruge touring a submarine pen on the Atlantic coast, France, 12 Feb 1944A PBY-5 Catalina of Patrol Squadron 34, one of the “Black Cats” night patrol squadrons, at rest at Samarai Island, New Guinea, Jan-Feb 1944. Note the absence of any markings beyond the squadron patch on the bow and the side number on the tail.Piper L-4 Grasshopper observation aircraft on a 2.5 ton CCKW truck in preparation for the D-Day landings. Devon, England, United Kingdom, Feb 12 1944.F6F-3 Hellcat of Fighting Squadron 2 being shot from the hangar deck catapult of the Fleet Carrier USS Hornet (Essex-class) during training in Chesapeake Bay, Feb 12 1944.
13 Feb 1944 Australian New Guinea
  • More than 200 US aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain. The Japanese launched about 50 fighters in defense. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS Columbia arrived at Nissan, Green Islands to support the landings. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Thirty aircraft (Model F6F-3) and 45 officers of Night Fighting Squadron 76 (VF(N)-76) departed. Air Group 2 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Americans stopped a German counter attack at Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • The monastery at Monte Cassino, Italy was given advance warning of the aerial bombing to come. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Guitarro departed Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States for Chicago, Illinois, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Feb 1944
Sherman tank of UK 79th (Experimental) Armored Division Royal Engineers using a Churchill Ark armored ramp carrier to climb a small escarpment, 13 Feb 1944Battleship Indiana at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii, 13 Feb 1944, photo 1 of 4; note damage from collision with WashingtonBattleship Indiana at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii, 13 Feb 1944, photo 2 of 4; note damage from collision with WashingtonBattleship Indiana at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii, 13 Feb 1944, photo 3 of 4; note damage from collision with Washington
See all photos dated 13 Feb 1944
14 Feb 1944
  • SHAEF, the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, established its headquarters in England, United Kingdom. [TH]
  • USS Snook sank Japanese freighter Nittoku Maru in the East China Sea, hitting with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Irwin was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Shark (Balao-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Royal Navy's Second Escort Group (Captain F. J. Walker) sank the German submarine U-424. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • At 0030 hours, 25 TBF torpedo bombers of US Marine Corps squadron VMTB-233 launched from Bougainville to mine Simpson Harbor near Rabaul, New Britain; one aircraft turned back due to mechanical problems. The Japanese shot down six TBF aircraft during the mining mission. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese launched a major attack on the Anglo-Indian defensive position "Admin Box" at Sinzweya, Burma, capturing one hill on the perimeter. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Harold Alexander visited the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy and was dissatisfied with the commanding officer Major General John Lucas. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 13 Italian motor torpedo boats arrived at Fiumicino, Italy. [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • Japanese aircraft from Rabaul, New Britain attacked the Allied convoy sailing for the Green Islands, damaging USS St. Louis with one hit and a few near misses (killing 23), but they would fail to stop the convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Heinrich Himmler's orders to re-establish the Chelmno Concentration Camp in occupied Poland was received by German officials of Reichsgau Wartheland; the camp resumed extermination in May 1944. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
United States
  • USS Wake Island departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Feb 1944
  • Captain Juji Kakumu became the new commanding officer of hospital ship Hikawa Maru. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 1,500 prisoners arrived at Mauthausen Concentration Camp in Austria from Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hitler not only authorized Model to withdraw to the Panther Line, but authorized a breakout from the Korsun pocket in Ukraine. [TH]
  • USS Snook sank Japanese cargo ship Hoshi Maru Number 2 in the East China Sea, hitting with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Despite being seriously wounded by cannon fire from a German night fighter (his foot had been almost shot off), Australian Flight Sergeant Geoffrey C. C. Smith of 156 Pathfinder Squadron RAF, the rear-gunner of Lancaster bomber GT-0 (ND444), refused to leave his position until the aircraft had safely recrossed the coast. For his stubborn heroism, Smith would be awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal for staying at his post to protect the bomber and its crew from further attack. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • New Zealand troops landed on Nissan Island, Green Islands, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Japanese G4M bomber attempted to transfer six prisoners of war (including Gregory Boyington) from Rabaul in New Britain to Truk in the Caroline Islands, but the flight resulted in an emergency landing on another New Britain airfield as an Allied air raid was detected. [CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops recaptured a hill they lost on the previous night at Sinzweya, Burma, suffering heavy casualties in the process. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • 891 RAF aircraft (561 Lancaster, 314 Halifax, and 16 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, Germany, dropping over 2,500 tons of bombs in what was the heaviest raid to date. The industrial Siemensstadt area was damaged. 26 Lancaster and 17 Halifax bombers were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Photographic Squadron 4 (VD-4) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • 142 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers, 47 B-25 Mitchell bombers, and 40 B-26 Marauder bombers dropped 1,150 tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs on the historic Benedictine monastery atop Monte Cassino, Italy. The aerial bombing was augmented by artillery shelling as well. In the evening, a company of 1st Battalion of British Royal Sussex Regiment of Indian 4th Division attacked neraby Point 593, but failed to capture the position. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Feb 1944
B-17F Fortress flying over Monte Cassino as smoke rises from the abbey, Feb 15, 1944.
16 Feb 1944
  • USS Cod sunk a sampan by surface gunfire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe attacked a Japanese convoy with 8 torpedoes, scoring 4 hits on 2 freighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island departed at New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa was detached to raid Japanese shipping in the Truk, Caroline Islands area. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • A Japanese G4M bomber attempted to transfer six prisoners of war (including Gregory Boyington) from Rabaul in New Britain to Truk in the Caroline Islands, but the flight resulted in an emergency landing on another New Britain airfield as an Allied air raid was detected. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Seahorse arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • The Germans launched Operation Fischfang, throwing 7 divisions against the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy. On the same day, Harold Alexander inserted Lucian Truscott and Vyvyan Evelegh under Major General John Lucas in an attempt to alleviate Lucas' poor performance at Anzio. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Fighter-bombers attacked the already-destroyed historic Benedictine monastery atop Monte Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted carriers while carrier aircraft attacked Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Bergall was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. J. A. Elkins. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Feb 1944
WW2-era recognition drawing of SOC Seagull floatplane by Air Intelligence Group, US Navy Technical Air Intelligence Section, 16 Feb 1944Japanese naval base, warships, and fishing boats at Dublon Island under American aerial attack, Truk Atoll, Caroline Islands, 16 Feb 1944, photo 1 of 2Japanese ships and fishing boats under attack at Dublon Island, Truk Atoll, Caroline Islands, 16 Feb 1944Two US Navy fighter pilots aboard carrier Enterprise during the raid on Truk Atoll in the Caroline Islands, 16 Feb 1944
See all photos dated 16 Feb 1944
17 Feb 1944
  • USS Tang sank Japanese transport Gyoten Maru, hitting her with three of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 35,000 of ther 56,000 Germans encircled by the Soviets at Korsun, Ukraine managed to slip through the net but in doing so left behind all their armor and equipment. [AC]
  • USS Pintado departed Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero fired four torpedoes at a Japanese transport north of Dutch New Guinea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Destroyer Yuzuki arrived at Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands with Convoy No. 1,123, which was to be the last convoy to successful reach Rabaul. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After dark and into the next date, ships of US Navy Destroyer Squadron 12 bombarded Rabaul, New Britain, expending 3,800 5-inch shells. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • US carrier aircraft began a two-day attack on Truk in the Caroline Islands; by the end of 18 Feb 1944, 270 Japanese aircraft would be destroyed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Naka departed Truk, Caroline Islands. She was discovered, attacked, and sunk by the third attack wave of SB2C Helldiver and TBF Avenger carrier aircraft 65 kilometers west of Truk; about 240 were killed, 210 survived including commanding officer Captain Yoshimasa Sutezawa. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Italy
  • Indian 4th Division attacked Monte Cassino, Italy, failing to make advances and suffering heavy casualties. In parallel, Maori troops of the New Zealand Division established a small bridgehead across the nearby Rapido River. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian Admiral Giuseppe Sparzani was summoned to meet German Admiral Karl Dönitz. [CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • US Marines landed on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted carriers while carrier aircraft attacked Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • G4M aircraft of Japanese Navy Air Group 744 damaged USS Intrepid with a torpedo hit. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Feb 1944
US Navy F6F Hellcat fighters of VF-10 Japanese freighter at Truk hit by a torpedo dropped from a VT-10 Avenger, 17 Feb 1944Submarine tender Heian Maru burning during Truk attack, 17 Feb 1944US Navy SBD Dauntless dive bombers over Truk Atoll, Caroline Islands, 16-18 Feb 1944
See all photos dated 17 Feb 1944
18 Feb 1944
  • Soviet units captured Staraya Russa, Russia. [TH]
  • German Armeegruppe Nord withdrew to the line Narva-Pleskau-Oposhka in northeastern Europe. [TH]
  • Mosquito bombers of the RAF's No. 464 and No. 487 Squadrons attacked the German prison at Amiens, France in an attempt to allow the escape of French resistance fighters who were being held there under sentence of death. The leader of the raid, Group Captain P. C. Pickard, was shot down and killed in combat with Focke-Wulf fighters. [AC]
  • Escort carrier USS Petrof Bay (CVE-80) was commissioned with Captain Joseph L. "Paddy" Kane in command. [Main Article | AC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki departed Rabaul and arrived at Qavuvu in the New Britain, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Abwehr, German military intelligence, was officially dissolved. [CPC]
  • George Patton noted in his diary that "I wish [Dwight Eisenhower] was more of a soldier and less of a politician." [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 11 G4M bombers withdrew from Rabaul, New Britain to the Mariana Islands, while a number of B5N torpedo bombers withdrew to Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS Columbia departed Nissan, Green Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • US carrier aircraft destroyed 270 Japanese aircraft at Truk in the Caroline Islands after a two-day raid. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Germans made progress at Anzio, Italy, but were finally beaten back by artillery and naval gunfire. [Main Article | TH]
  • German tanks eliminated the 28th (Maori) Battalion bridgehead on the Rapido River in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The German Luftwaffe's "Little Blitz" continued as London, England, United Kingdom was bombed again. [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 18 Feb 1944
OS2U Kingfisher recovered by Baltimore after the aircraft rescued downed pilot Lt. George Blair, off Truk, 18 Feb 1944Mosquito bombers of No. 487 Squadron RNZAF attacking the prison (large building at center left) at Amiens during Operation Jericho, France, 18 Feb 1944The prison at Amiens, France under RAF, RNZAF, RAAF attack with Mosquito bombers during Operation Jericho, 18 Feb 1944USS Petrof Bay plankowner’s certificate, 18 Feb 1944
See all photos dated 18 Feb 1944
19 Feb 1944
  • Saboteurs in Denmark damaged rail lines around Aarhus. [TH]
  • RAF bombers attacked Leipzig, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • 141 Libyan Jews held at the Fossoli transit camp near Modena, Italy were deported to Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Royal Navy's Second Escort Group (Captain F. J. Walker CB, DSO and three bars) sank the German submarine U-264. [AC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese transport north of Dutch New Guinea, hiting her with 2 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Japanese garrison on Nissan Island, Green Islands, Australian New Guinea sent the radio message "We are charging the enemy and beginning radio silence" before commencing a final attack. New Zealand troops who had landed on Nissan four days prior would defeat this final charge. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 48 SBD and 23 TBF aircraft attacked Lakunai Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain, followed by another attack on Lakunai Airfield and Tobera Airfield by 20 B-24 bombers and 35 fighters. 36 Japanese fighters rose to defend. The Japanese suffered 8 A6M fighters shot down and Lakunai airstrips temporarily taken out of action. The Americans suffered 1 F4U fighter shot down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Starting this date and into the next date, 40 A6M, 21 D3A, 4 D4Y, 13 G4M, and 7 B5N aircraft were withdrawn from Rabaul, New Britain. As a part of the same transfer, 400 ground troops and support personnel departed Rabaul aboard Kokai Maru and Kowa Maru; the convoy was escorted by submarine chaser CHa-48, submarine chaser CH-38, and repair tug Nagaura. When the transfer was complete, Rabaul would only have 10 operational A6M fighters and 2 B5N operational bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank two small Japanese transports in the South China Sea southwest of Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 was reformed at Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara in California, United States. 2nd Lieutenant Ranson Tilton, fresh out of pilot training, was named the acting commanding officer. [CPC]
  • USS Harder completed its scheduled overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Feb 1944
A US Marine dirty after two days of fighting on Eniwetok, Feb 1944Field Marshal Erwin Rommel inspecting the Atlantic Wall at Lorient, France, 19 Feb 1944USS Pintado underway in the Atlantic Ocean, 19 Feb 1944USS Miami at Trinidad, British West Indies during her shakedown cruise, 19 Feb 1944; note worn Camouflage Measure 32 Design 1d
See all photos dated 19 Feb 1944
20 Feb 1944
  • The "Blue Legion" of the Germany Army, which was a regiment-sized unit of Spanish volunteers, began to be withdrawn from the front lines due to Spain's request. [CPC]
  • On Lake Tinnsjo, Norway, a ferry carrying the last of the heavy water produced was sunk by saboteurs. [TH]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki became the flagship of Rear Admiral Ko Nakagawa of Destroyer Squadron 3. She departed Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands as a part of the final destroyer transport mission out of Rabaul. She arrived at Qavuvu, New Britain later on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-53 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kagoshima, Japan to escort carrier Chitose to Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was named the wing commander of Nachtjagdgeschwader 5. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • USAAF launched the "Big Week", sending 970 bombers against Braunschweig, Hamburg, and Leipzig in Germany. The RAF followed through by hitting Stuttgart. [Main Article | TH]
  • Robert Johnson shot down two Bf 110 aircraft over Dümmer Lake, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Germans called off Operation Fischfang aimed at the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Malaya and Singapore Marshall Islands
  • American troops captured Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-57 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. It was consisted of 42 merchant ships, was supported by 2 tankers and 1 rescue ship, and was escorted by 4 corvettes (and later reinforced with destroyers and frigates). [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Marblehead arrived in New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Feb 1944
A group of US Marines observed as an aircraft above strafed Japanese positions ahead, Eniwetok, Marshall Islands, circa 18-21 Feb 1944US Marine Corps Private First Class Faris M. Tuohy drinking a cup of coffee aboard a ship off Eniwetok after two days of fighting, Marshall Islands, Feb 1944
21 Feb 1944
  • Submarine Sea Cat was launched, sponsored by Mrs. E. L. Cochrane. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa was assigned to escort the Fast Carrier Task Force during a raid in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero damaged a Japanese transport north of Dutch New Guinea, hitting her with 2 of 9 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Three Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy, damaging USS PC-545 and USS Pioneer before dawn. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • While at sea, USS Alabama's secondary gun mount No. 9 accidentally fired into secondary gun mount No. 5, killing 5 and wounding 11. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At 1440 hours, 15 B-25 aircraft modified for strafing attacked a Japanese convoy carrying military evacuees from Rabaul, New Britain. Submarine chaser CH-48, transport Kokai Maru, and converted gunboat Kowa Maru were sunk; submarine chaser CH-38 was damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Feb 1944
WAVES personnel debarking a bus at Naval Air Station, Banana River, Florida, United States, 21 Feb 1944Franklin in the Elizabeth River, off Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 21 Feb 1944, photo 1 of 2Franklin in the Elizabeth River, off Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 21 Feb 1944, photo 2 of 2
22 Feb 1944
  • USS Tang sank Japanese transport Fukuyama Maru with four torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Rodion Malinovsky's troops captured the mining area near Krivoi Rog, Ukraine. [TH]
  • American aircraft bombed the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede, and Deventer by mistake due to weather, killing 800 civilians. [CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft attacked US Naval Task Force 58 approaching the Mariana Islands but suffered heavy losses. Meanwhile, another Allied forces operating around Rabaul and Kavieng encountered no Japanese aircraft, hinting that Japanese resources were now becoming scarce. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Stalin announced that 75% of Soviet territory occupied by the German invaders had now been liberated. [Main Article | AC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of Kutuzov. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro completed her transit down the Mississippi River (towed in a drydock by Minnesota) and arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon departed Darwin, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer sank Japanese transport Teikyo Maru off Singapore, hitting her with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish departed for her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero attacked a Japanese transport north of Dutch New Guinea; all four torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Italy, 650 Italian Jews were embarked onto a train at the Fossoli transit camp near Carpi, Modena for Auschwitz; many of them would be sent to the gas chambers upon arrival on 26 Feb 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp departed Trinidad. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese Colonel Tanahashi, his troops beginning to starve while attacking Sinzweya, Burma, refused to make further attacks until food and supplies arrived. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • USS Ray laid naval mines off Saigon, French Indochina. [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • Japanese submarine I-37 sank British merchant ship British Chivalry in the Indian Ocean as the latter sailed between Melbourne, Australia and Abadan, Iran. The crew of I-37 killed 13 survivors by rifle fire. [CPC]
Italy
  • Mark Clark replaced John Lucas with Lucian Truscott at Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama patrolled in waters southeast of Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Destroyer Squadron 23, consisted of five destroyers under the command of Captain Arleigh Burke, attacked a Japanese convoy carrying military evacuees from Rabaul, New Britain. Repair tug Nagaura was sunk and submarine chaser CH-38 was damaged. 150 survivors of Nagaura refused to be rescued by the Americans. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Auschwitz III commandant SS-Hauptsturmführer Schwarz ordered that night shift workers not be assigned to do any day shift work, the prisoners be given seven to eight hours of rest per day, and roll call be limited to five to ten minutes; his motivations were to maintain a high level of productivity from the forced laborers in his camp. On this date a total of 73,669 prisoners were in the Auschwitz Concentration Camp; Auschwitz I housed 17,177 male prisoners, Auschwitz II housed 18,378 male and 24,637 female prisoners, and Auschwitz III housed 13,477 male prisoners. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Boris Shaposhnikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau declared in a press release that the United States would stop purchasing gold from countries that had not broken relations with Axis nations, for fear that the gold might be looted from conquered nations; he also announced that a similar declaration would soon be made by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1944
Hammerhead during trials in Lake Michigan, 22 Feb 1944Map illustrating Operation Catchpole against Eniwetok, Engebi, and Parry Islands of Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18-22 Feb 1944A-36A Apache aircraft USS Wasp underway off Trinidad, 22 Feb 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 22 Feb 1944
23 Feb 1944
  • USS Cod sunk a Japanese merchant ship by torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese transport Yamashimo Maru with four torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook attacked a large Japanese convoy in the Pacific Ocean. After sneaking past 11 escort vessels, she fired five torpedoes, two of which hit and sank the passenger-cargo ship Koyo Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British Swordfish aircraft sank German submarine U-713 near Allied convoy JW-57; all 50 aboard were killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Three Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and losing two boats. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish attacked a Japanese convoy off the Mariana Islands, sinking transports Kunishima Maru and Shinyubari Maru, hitting them with 7 of 13 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 39 Polish boys between the age of 13 to 17 originally from the Zamosc region were brought from Auschwitz II-Birkenau to block 20 at Auschwitz I. They were told that they would be trained to be nurses, but that evening they were killed with phenol heart injections given by SS-Unterscharführer Scherpe. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Feb 1944
A Japanese aircraft crashed into the sea near carrier Belleau Wood in the Mariana Islands, 23 Feb 1944; photo taken from USS EssexUS Marines advancing on Eniwetok, Marshall Islands, 23 Feb 1944; note bayonets fixed on rifles
24 Feb 1944
  • USS Tang sank a Japanese freighter, hitting her with three of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American submarine Rasher sank Japanese transports Tango Maru and Ryusei Maru in the Java Sea, not knowing that the former was carrying Allied prisoners of war and laborers. 3,000 POWs and laborers were killed aboard Tango Maru and nearly 5,000 soldiers were killed aboard Ryusei Maru. [Main Article | AC]
  • Repair ship Akashi arrived at Palau Islands and performed repairs on herself. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese Colonel Tanahashi ordered a retreat from Sinzweya, Burma without authorization. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • USAAF (day) and RAF (night) bombings were conducted on the ball bearing plants at Schweinfurt, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
Italy
  • Two Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and losing one boat. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank cargo ship Taikei Maru, sank cargo ship Toshin Maru, and damaged two others of Japanese convoy Hi-40 in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Feb 1944
  • Battleship Musashi was reassigned to the Second Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese transport Echizen Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe sank Japanese tanker Nissho Maru with a night time surfaced torpedo attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki arrived at Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British Catalina aircraft sank German submarine U-601 near Allied convoy JW-57; all 51 aboard were killed. On the same day, U-990 sank destroyer HMS Mahratta 320 kilometers off North Cape, Norway at 2055 hours; 220 were killed, 16 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The supply depot on the coast near Kokopo, New Britain was bombarded by US destroyers for 30 minutes starting at about 2330 hours; a warehouse was damaged by fires. 2,000 5-inch shells were expended by the US Navy on this bombardment. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Five Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and suffering no losses. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Assigned to the Second Fleet, Yamato was drydocked at Kure, Japan to receive upgrades. Two beam triple 6.1 inch (155-mm) turrets were to be removed and replaced by six (3x2) 5-inch (127-mm) HA AA mounts. Twenty-four (8x3) and 26 single 25mm AA mounts were to be added. Shelters were also added on the upper deck for the increased AA crews. Type 13 air search and Type 22 Mod 4 surface search/gunnery control radars were to be installed. The main mast was to be altered. Two 150-mm searchlights were to be removed (later installed ashore at Kure, Japan). Yamato was to be fitted with Type 2 infrared (IR) Identification Friend-or-Foe (IFF)/signaling devices mounted midway up on each side of the bridge; the system might had been based on the German Seehund IR device, built around a telescopic sensor that received light-waves in the IR range and registered a readout in the radio shack. The IFF system also included a pair of 20-mm binoculars coaxially mounted with the transmitting IR lamp on the bridge so that another ship could use the IR detector for elementary signaling or as a formation light for station keeping. About this time, Yamato was also fitted with multiple E27 radar detectors copied from the German FuMB 1 Metox R.600. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank tanker Nanho Maru and damaged freighter Asama Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Feb 1944
  • USS Tang sank Japanese transport Choko Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The Japanese offensive on Sinzweya, Burma was called off, ending the Battle of the Admin Box. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands French Syria and Lebanon
  • Syria declared war on Germany and Japan. [CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama arrived at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 650 Italian Jews from Fossoli transit camp near Carpi, Modena and 84 Soviet prisoners of war from the Lamsdorf (Lambinowice, Poland) POW camp arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. Of the Italian Jews, 95 men and 29 women were registered into the camp; the remaining 526 were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Lavrentiy Beria authorized Operation Lentil, which aimed to deport the whole of Chechen and Ingush (Ghalghai) populations to Central Asia and Siberia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Feb 1944
Anti-submarine Leigh Light installed beneath the wing of a Liberator bomber of the RAF Coastal Command, 26 Feb 1944
27 Feb 1944
  • USS Cod sunk a Japanese merchant ship by torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 70 SBD and TBF aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain. 1 Japanese G4M bomber was shot down. [Main Article | CPC]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • Lebanon declared war on Germany and Japan. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Harder arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank freighter Ceylon Maru, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes. She was sunk by the subsequent depth charging by aircraft and anti-submarine craft 100 kilometers southeast of Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet troops responsible for deporting the population of Khaibakh village in Chechnya in southern Russia could not complete their assignment due to a heavy snowstorm. Instead, Colonel Mikheil Gveshiani of the NKVD ordered the troops to force the entire population of 700 into a large stable, lock the doors, and set the stable on fire. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wasp arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
28 Feb 1944
  • German female aviator Hanna Reitsch presented a proposal of a squadron of suicide pilots to Adolf Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 80th Fighter Squadron (flying P-38 aircraft) of USAAF 80th Fighter Group was transferred out of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-57 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Feb 1944
Vice Admiral Thomas Kinkaid, General Douglas MacArthur, and Colonel Lloyd Labrbas aboard cruiser Phoenix during bombardment of Los Negros Island, 28 Feb 1944; note 40-mm gun mount in backgroundXB-32 prototype bomber at rest, 28 Feb 1944An American bomb dump in the Marshall Islands, 1944
29 Feb 1944
  • USS Cod attacked a Japanese merchant ship by torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Brewer: US troops invaded the Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Rock attacked a Japanese convoy en route to Truk, Caroline Islands, but was detected by destroyer Asashimo. She fired a salvo of four torpedoes at the destroyer (none hit) and dove. She was subjected to a four-hour depth charge attack that cause much damage, forcing her to return for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese submarine I-37 torpedoed the merchantman SS Ascot in the Indian Ocean and then machine-gunned the 52 survivors in the water, killing 45. [AC]
  • The US submarine Trout was reported missing, presumed sunk, whilst on patrol northwest of the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC]
  • Oberfeldwebel Otto Meyer and Hauptmann Fritz Schmidtmann of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Ships of US Navy Destroyer Squadron 22 gathered off Praed Point about 6.5 miles away from Rabaul, New Britain just before midnight at the end of this date. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Kempeitai staff at Rabaul, New Britain discussed moving its headquarters from the center of town to a safer location due to US bombing. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Seventy "Comfort Girls", captive women forced into prostitution by the Japanese, were machine gunned on the island of Truk in the Caroline Islands as the Japanese tried to destroy evidence before the American invasion arrived. [AC]
Italy
  • The third major German offensive was launched at Anzio, Italy, which would again fail to dislodge the Allies. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 29 Feb 1944
Capt James Doyle presented Knox the first US flag over Japanese territory (Kwajalein), 29 Feb 1944MacArthur and his acting aide Colonel Lloyd Lehrabas inspected the results of the heavy naval bombardment on Los Negros, Admiralty Islands, 29 Feb 1944
1 Mar 1944
  • Cruiser Köln was towed from Kiel to Königsberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British High Commissioner in Jerusalem Sir Harold MacMichael stated that the current quota of 75,000 Jewish immigrants would not be increased, and when the current quota expired on 31 Mar 1944, there would be no plan for further openings for immigrants. [CPC]
  • Thousands of Italian workers in northern Italy went on a strike, stopping production in some factories for a week. Because it was found that the strike was organized by a underground resistance movement, as many as 2,000 workers who went on the strike were arrested; some of them were deported out of the country. [CPC]
  • Hammerhead was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Sea Robin was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Hidehiko Nishio was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Southwest Area Fleet. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Recife, Brazil. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Kiyoshi Koda was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • George Patton noted in his diary that "[Dwight Eisenhower] drank too much and is lonely", implying that the pressures of being the top Allied commander were taking a toll on his usually healthy and affable friend. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Kreipe was made commanding officer of 22nd Air Landing Infantry Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Ships of US Navy Destroyer Squadron 22 bombarded Rabaul, New Britain from off Praed Point starting at about 0000 hours, expending 700 shells. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Three Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and suffering no losses. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian Navy Xa MAS formed the Servizio Ausiliario Femminile organization, an all-female auxiliary corps. [CPC]
Japan
  • Settsu was assigned to the Japanese Navy First Air Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Malaya and Singapore Russia
  • Klavdia Kalugina received orders to move to the front lines. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • US fighter ace Lieutenant Charles F. Gumm, with seven confirmed victories to his credit, was tragically killed when the engine of his P-51B Mustang fighter failed during take-off from RAF Boxted in Essex, England, United Kingdom. Rather than bailing out (which would inevitably lead to his crippled aircraft crashing into the little village of Nayland) he gallantly stayed in the cockpit long enough to glide it towards open ground. By that time he was too low to parachute, and his body was found by local villagers near the burning wreckage. [AC, CPC]
United States
  • USS Guitarro departed New Orleans, Louisiana, United States for Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1944
IS-2 tanks of the Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front near the Vistula River in Poland, 1 Mar 1944US Navy War Damage Report drawing for USS Helena, 1 Mar 1944
2 Mar 1944
  • Leutze was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Walter Krupinski received Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Johnson was named the commanding officer of the No. 144 (RCAF) Wing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wilhelm Kratzer was named the acting civilian administrator of the Channel Islands. [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cero arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US 1st Cavalry Division captured Hayne Airfield at Los Negros Island, Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US aircraft carpet-bombed the center of Rabaul, New Britain. The Chinatown district received the most damage. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • German Luftwaffe ace Egon Mayer (102 victories) was shot down and killed when his Fw 190 aircraft was bounced by a pair of US 9th Air Force P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft whilst attacking a formation of B-17 bombers near Sedan, France. In a cruel twist of fate his award of Swords had been announced on that same day. [AC]
Germany
  • 421 Czech prisoners were transferred from Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland to Buchenwald Concentration Camp in Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler signed Aktion K into effect, which decreed that captured escapees of prisoners of war camps would be sent to the Mauthausen Concentration Camp in occupied Austria, where they would face execution immediately upon arrival and their remains would be destroyed in the camp crematorium. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Ray began pursuing a nine-ship Japanese convoy in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-57 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Escort carrier USS Saginaw Bay (CVE-82) was commissioned with Captain Frank C. Sutton in command. [Main Article | AC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 2 Mar 1944
Aerial view of Matsuyama Airfield, Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan, 2 Mar 1944Aerial view of Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan, 2 Mar 1944, photo 1 of 2Aerial view of Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan, 2 Mar 1944, photo 2 of 2
3 Mar 1944
  • The number of British civilian casualties (50,324) became higher than military (50,103). [TH]
  • Under heavy Allied pressure, Spain ordered all remaining Spaniards in German service home, but some ignored the order, and would end up fighting in Berlin, Germany near the end of the European War. [TH]
  • The German Security Police in Italy requested the Italians to assist them in enlarging the Fossoli transit camp because of the growing number of prisoners interned there. [CPC]
  • A transport of 1,390 prisoners, mostly Latvians and Russians, was sent from Stutthof Concentration Camp to Mauthausen Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar began her eleventh war patrol which saw her on lifeguard duty off Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt announced to the American public that United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union were intended on dividing the Italian fleet evenly between the three powers as war reparations. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray fired four torpedoes at a nine-ship Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, damaging one tanker with one torpedo hit. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-223 conducted a reconnaissance sweep over Tobera Airfield in New Britain. Major Robert Keller recorded a kill, but Japanese records showed that all 7 A6M fighters scrambled to defend the airfield all returned safely. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 29 USAAF bombers attacked Berlin, Germany; the attack was "accidental", as it was actually called off, but the aircraft failed to receive the order. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Night Fighting Squadron 77 (VF(N)-77; Model F6F) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Three Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and suffering no losses. During the day, the Germans called off the attacks on the beachhead. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama became the flagship of Vice Admiral Marc Mitscher of the US Navy Fast Carrier Task Force at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 10 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin disbanded the Chechen–Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic as punishment for insurgency. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • An American B-29 bomber dropped a dummy atomic bomb at Muroc Army Air Force Base in California, United States at the altitude of 24,000 feet. The test bomb considerably damaged the aircraft's bomb bay doors as it exited the aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 3 Mar 1944
Food transport ship Irako at Yokosuka, Japan, 3 Mar 1944
4 Mar 1944
  • Zhukov's attack against Armeegruppe Süd in Ukraine was resumed. [TH]
  • 750 Jews from the Lodz ghetto were sent to the Hugo Schneider AG factories in Czestochowa, Poland as forced laborers. [CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy formed the 14th Air Fleet under the command of Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo with Rear Admiral Hideo Yano as his chief of staff; the fleet had the sgrenth of two air flotillas and one seaplane tender. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • About 31 prisoners of war were led out of their cells in Rabaul, New Britain and they were never to be seen again. After the war, the Japanese claimed that they were led to the Talili Bay area where a direct hit by a US bomber killed them all on 5 Mar 1944. A later study of US records showed that no missions were conducted in that region during the campaign, however. No conclusion had ever been reached on the fates of these prisoners of war, although many historians would venture that they were executed by their guards. [CPC]
Germany
  • USAAF launched its first major bombing raid on Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Composite Squadron 30 (VC-30) and Composite Squadron 25 (VC-25) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese oiler in the South China Sea, hitting her with 3 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 2nd Class. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vsevolod Merkulov was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 1st Class. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Mar 1944
USS Washington with temporary bow, Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 4 Mar 1944
5 Mar 1944
  • Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front under Ivan Konev attacked toward Uman, Ukraine. [TH]
  • Operation Thursday was launched. William Slim flew to Hailakandi, India to oversee the launch. One of the intended glider landing spots in Burma was found by pre-operation reconnaissance flights to be defended by newly-arrived Japanese troops, and Wingate accused Slim or the Chinese of betrayal (in actuality, Japanese Army lumberjacks had coincidentally started working in the region); troops originally intended to land at that spot were diverted to other landing areas. Several gliders were lost by the over-burdened glider towing aircraft, but the operation would still get underway. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Hoe arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 15 on board. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • William Slim requested his superiors to assign an additional division to defend Kohima and Dimapur, India. He would only receive two battalions of Indian parachute troops. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Three Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and suffering no losses. [CPC]
Poland
  • 732 Jews from the Westerbork transit camp arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in Poland. 477 of them were sent to the gas chambers without being registered into the camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau camp officials decided to gas the Czech Jews of Theresienstadt camp (sector BIIb). They were given postcards post-dated 25-27 Mar 1944 with pre-printed message "we are healthy and fine" and were told to sign them. These prisoners were gassed on 8 Mar 1944 and the postcards were mailed after 25 Mar. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • The second BTD Destroyer prototype aircraft took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Mar 1944
WAVES Aviation Machinist
6 Mar 1944
  • The RAF Bomber Command began a major offensive over France to prepare for the Normandy invasion. [Main Article | TH]
  • HMCS Fennel and HMCS Chilliwack shared in the sinking of the German submarine U-744 in the Atlantic Ocean. [AC]
  • USS Finback completed refitting at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii and departed for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten arrived at Taihpa, Burma by transport aircraft escorted by 16 fighters to inspect Joseph Stilwell's headquarters; Stilwell privately complained that Mountbatten had used enough fuel on this trip for Stilwell to mount an offensive. Mountbatten would also visit the Walawbum battlefield 25 kilometers to the south. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Dragonet was commissioned into service with Commander Jack Hayden Lewis in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Major General Masatake Kimihira noted in his diary that "more than half of the city has been reduced to ashes", referring to Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Further glider operations brought in more men to join Operation Thursday at the Chowringhee site in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch West Indies
  • Aircraft of US Navy Task Force 38 conducted a reconnaissance mission over Kagi Airfield in Kagi (now Chiayi), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 730 USAAF bombers attacked Berlin, Germany; 69 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | TH]
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Bf 110 aircraft over Dümmer Lake, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Snook arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1944
Hand-drawn map of Guadalcanal, 6 Mar 1944
7 Mar 1944
  • German Gauleiter Arthur Greiser, governor of the Wartheland in occupied Poland, reported to Heinrich Himmler that the Jewish population of Warthegau had nearly been wiped out. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United Nations War Crimes Commission organized a subcommittee to study the possibility of war criminals claiming that they were simply following orders in post-war trials. [CPC]
  • The Fascist government in northern Italy issued another order protecting Jews above the age of 70 and those with mixed ethnicities. Nevertheless, Germans in northern Italy continued to deport those within these two groups. [CPC]
  • Germans arrested Jewish hospices at Turin, Italy and sent them to the Fossoli transit camp. Many of them would be sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in Poland later in the month. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Taiho was commissioned into service. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate personally visited the Broadway site of Operation Thursday in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A regiment from the Japanese 33rd Division crossed the Manipur River in Burma toward the Burmese-Indian border toward Tiddim, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • While traveling in a jeep in northern Burma, Louis Mountbatten was accidentally struck by fragments of a bamboo plant that rendered him temporarily blind due to internal haemorrhage. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The 69th transport from Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris, France departed for Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland with 1,501 prisoners. It would arrive at Auschwitz on 10 Mar and 1,311 of them would be gassed upon arrival. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Allied aircraft bombed the wreck of Algérie at Toulon, France, causing it to sink again; prior to the bombing the Italians had attempted to raise the wreck in sections. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • Heinrich Himmler informed officials from the Security Police, the Security Service, and the SS Central Office for Economy and Administration that no prisoners were allowed to be released from the Mauthausen Concentration Camp during the war. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Skipjack arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 38 Jews hiding at 84 Grojecka Street, Warsaw, Poland were arrested. The 6 Polish non-Jews who provided them food and shelter were also arrested. Historian Emmanuel Ringelblum, among those arrested, was executed within the next few days. [Main Article | CPC]
8 Mar 1944

British Western Pacific Territories
  • Battle of Hill 700: Japanese troops began a 5-day offensive against US positions at Bougainville. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese troops launched a major offensive across the Chindwin River in Burma toward Imphal, India. Meanwhile, another regiment from the Japanese 33rd Division crossed the Manipur River in Burma toward the Burmese-Indian border toward Tiddim, Burma. [Main Article | AC]
  • Orde Wingate personally visited the Chowringhee site of Operation Thursday in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • USAAF bombers attacked Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Robert Johnson participated in a large aerial battle over Steinhude Lake, Germany during which the Germans shot down 34 American bombers, but Johnson was able to claim two Bf 109 kills. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama was relieved as the flagship of Vice Admiral Marc Mitscher of the US Navy Fast Carrier Task Force at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 3,791 Czech Jews were gassed at Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in occupied Poland. The men were killed in Crematorium III and the women and children in Crematorium II. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Sennet was laid down at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Mar 1944
USS San Diego underway, 8 Mar 1944; seen from an airship of US Navy Blimp Squadron 32
9 Mar 1944
  • Sargent Bay was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wedderburn was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese convoy in the Dutch East Indies; all 4 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USAAF medium and heavy bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain. This was to be the first of many unescorted raids by multi-engine bombers as the Japanese fighter strength at Rabaul began to be worn down by continuous Allied aerial attacks. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • Gusen II, a satellite of Mauthausen Concentration Camp, opened at Sankt Georgen an der Gusen, Austria. Prisoners of Gusen II were used to build underground aircraft and weapons factories. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 18 B-25 bombers of the Chinese-American Composite Wing escorted by 24 P-40 fighters attacked a foundry and floating docks at Huangshi, Hubei, China. Japanese fighters of 9th and 25th Sentai rose to intercept, shooting down 2 P-40 fighters. [CPC]
Germany
  • In a letter to Hermann Göring, Heinrich Himmler noted that by this date, about 36,000 prisoners were employed for various purposes for the Luftwaffe. He informed Göring that plans were being considered to increase the number to 90,000. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • One Italian motor torpedo boat attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
10 Mar 1944
  • The Icelandic airline Lofteide HF was founded, which would inaugurate its initial service on 7 Apr 1944. [CPC]
  • HMS Asphodel (New Zealand Lieutenant M. A. Halliday) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-575 whilst escorting convoy SL-150. [Main Article | AC]
  • 2 bombers of the 2nd Bomber Squadron of the Chinese-American Composite Wing attacked Japanese ships in the Yangtze River in China. On the return flight, one of the B-25 bombers ran out of fuel and unsuccessfully crash landed, killing the entire crew. On the same day, B-25 bombers of the US 14th Air Force escorted by P-38 fighters attacked Anqing, Anhui, China, sinking a motor launch, damaged two cargo vessels, and damaged a barge; fighters of the Japanese 25th Sentai rose to intercept, shooting down on P-38 fighter. [CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing transport Bichu Maru at Palau Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US military leadership estimated that about 60% of Rabaul, New Britain had been destroyed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 24 New Zealand Kittyhawk fighters, each armed with a 500-pound bomb, attacked Vunapope, New Britain. About 300 Japanese personnel were killed, 1 civilian was killed, and 7 civilians were wounded. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Heinrich Himmler lifted various laws against Jewish and Roma people as their "evacuation and isolation" had already been achieved. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ar 234B jet aircraft took its first flight with civilian test pilot Joachim Carl in the cockpit. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Evripidis Bakirtzis became the head of the Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA) of Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • 1,501 Jews arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp from Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris. 110 men and 80 women were registered into the camp, while the remaining 1,311 were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front captured Uman, Ukraine on its way toward the Bug and Dneiper Rivers. [TH]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-57 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Mar 1944
  • By this date, 9,000 men and 1,300 animals were delivered to northern Burma for Operation Thursday. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi received provisions from auxiliary storeship Kitakami Maru at Palau Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Aircraft of No. 466 Squadron RAAF conducted minelaying operations off of Helgoland, Germany. [CPC]
United States
  • The British ambassador in Washington DC, United States voiced the opinion that revealing the Holocaust to the German people would not be an effective propaganda tool against the German leadership. [CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • About 300 Jewish women and children of Split, Yugoslavia were rounded up, sent to Jasenovac Concentration Camp, and killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Mar 1944
German Army Captain Lang, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, Lieutenant General Felix Schwalbe, and General Walter Fischer von Weikersthal at the Somme estuary, France, 11 Mar 1944German Army Lieutenant General Felix Schwalbe, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, and General Walter Fischer von Weikersthal at the Somme estuary, France, 11 Mar 1944
12 Mar 1944
  • Submarine Blackfin was launched, sponsored by the wife of US Navy Rear Admiral Charles A. Lockwood. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate sent Winston Churchill a message noting the initial successes of Operation Thursday in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese transport in the Western Pacific, hitting her with 2 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • In the Arakan region of Burma, Corpporal Nand Singh won the Victoria Cross for capturing Japanese positions despite being seriously wounded. [AC]
Czechoslovakia
  • The Czechoslovakian government-in-exile called civilians to rise up against German occupation. [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler ordered the occupation of Hungary, Operation Margarethe. [CPC]
Ireland
  • The government of Ireland banned international travel. [CPC]
Sweden
  • An errant V-1 flying bomb landed in Swedish territory. [TH]
Ukraine
  • German troops and Ukrainian nationalists burned the village of Plikorov near Lvov, killing 385 people as reprisal against partisan operations. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • All travel between Great Britain and neutral Ireland were banned to prevent details of the invasion of France being leaked to the enemy. [Main Article | ]
13 Mar 1944
  • USS Cod arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italy and the Soviet Union resumed diplomatic relations. [CPC]
  • The governments of the United States and the United Kingdom demanded Sweden to stop selling ball bearings to Germany. [CPC]
  • US Eighth Air Force commander James Doolittle was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | AC]
  • Lieutenant General Geoffrey Scoones realized the Japanese attack on Tiddim, Burma was a part of a major offensive, and retracted his previous order, allowing troops at Tiddim to fall back. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • American ships and British RAF aircraft sank German submarine U-575 in the Atlantic Ocean. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Australian troops captured Bogodjim, New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The Jewish ghetto of Kraków, Poland was closed down; as its residents were deported to the newly built Plaszów labor camp, 2,000 died en route. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Soviet troops captured Kherson, Ukraine. [TH]
US Pacific Islands
14 Mar 1944
  • The US Navy announced that USS Corvina was missing and presumed lost with 82 aboard. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi dispatched divers to inspect damage below the water line for patrol vessel PB-102 at Palau Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • United States Marine Corps Squadron VMB-413 equipped with PBJ-1 bombers (B-25 Mitchell bombers which had been purchased by the US Navy but subsequently transferred to the Marine Corps) commenced combat operations from Stirling Island, New Hebrides. Ultimately the USMC would form sixteen B-25 Squadrons, nine of which would see action in World War II. [Main Article | AC]
  • US Joint Chiefs of Staff ordered Emirau Island to be taken, bypassing New Ireland in the South Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • William Slim requested Louis Mountbatten to divert aircraft originally assigned to fly the Hump to instead bring men and supplies to Imphal, India. Mountbatten agreed, diverting 30 transport planes to bring the Indian 5th Division to Imphal and Dimapur, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • One Italian motor torpedo boat attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and suffering no losses. [Main Article | CPC]
  • "Barbarigo" naval infantry battalion of Italian Navy Xa MAS arrived at Anzio, Italy and was placed under the command of German 715th Division. [CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 14 Mar 1944
Concord off Panama Canal Zone, 14 Mar 1944
15 Mar 1944
  • Zhukov's 1st Ukrainian Front reached the Bug River, the start line for Operation Barbarossa that began the Russo-German war. [TH]
  • RAF bombers attacked Stuttgart, Germany, dropping over 3,000 tons of bombs from 863 bombers, of which 36 were lost. [Main Article | TH]
  • German troops gathered on the Hungarian border. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny arrived in the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After dark, the Japanese 15th Division crossed the Chindwin River in Burma toward India as part of the second wave of the Japanese offensive. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell ordered the Chinese 22nd Division to attack the ridge of Jambu Bum in northern Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese tanker off Okinawa, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. She would pursue the tanker into the next day. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert Johnson was promoted to the rank of captain. On the same day, he shot down a Fw 190 and a Bf 109 aircraft over Dümmer Lake, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Acetylene Generation and Oxygen Manifold building turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • At 0830 hours, the third major Allied attempt to attack Monte Cassino, Italy began with a heavy bombardment that lasted more than three hours. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan
  • Masafumi Arima was assigned to the aviation section of the Navy Ministry. [Main Article | CPC]
Norway
  • Tirpitz began post-repair trials at Barbrudalen (Kåfjord) and Altafjord, Norway. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Shamrock Bay was commissioned into service, Captain Frank T. Ward, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Mar 1944
Boomerang fighter
16 Mar 1944
  • American aircraft attacked a Japanese convoy near Wewak, New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Yoshi Matsuura was named the commanding officer of light carrier Ryuho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese transport and damaged a tanker off Okinawa, Japan, hitting them with 3 of 10 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Allies troops captured Mawlu, a major rail link in central Burma. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Seahorse departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Harder departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied troops continued the attack on Monte Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British civilian Oswald Job was hanged at Pentonville Prison in Islington, London, England, United Kingdom for spying. [CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tang departed Midway, starting her second war patrol in the waters near Palau Islands, Caroline Islands, and south of the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Mar 1944
The one millionth German resettler of Wartheland speaking at a ceremony, Posen, Germany, 16 Mar 1944; Arthur Greiser and Walter Petzel in backgroundGreiser speaking to he one millionth German resettler of Wartheland, Posen, Germany, 16 Mar 1944Greiser speaking at a ceremony that celebrated reaching one million German resettlers in Wartheland, Posen, Germany, 16 Mar 1944Greiser shaking hands with the one millionth German resettler of Wartheland, Posen, Germany, 16 Mar 1944
17 Mar 1944
  • Soviet troops captured Dubno, Ukraine, a major transportation hub. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-371 sank US troop transport Dempo in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 498. [CPC]
  • The first American bombing on Vienna, Austria from Italy took place. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops advanced near the Romanian border. [CPC]
  • Finland rejected the Soviet peace proposal. [TH]
  • Japanese and Anglo-Indian troops clashed at Tonzang, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Columbia arrived at Emirau, Bismarck Islands to support the landings. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Eighteen aircraft (Model F6F-5), officers and men of Night Fighting Squadron 77 (VF(N)-77) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • New Zealand troops captured the train station at Cassino, Italy. Nearby, Indian Gurkha troops captured Point 435 (nicknamed Hangman's Hill). [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Edward Brooks became the commanding officer of the US 2nd Armored Division at Tidworth Barracks near Salisbury, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1944

Atlantic Ocean
  • Aircraft of No. 466 Squadron RAAF conducted minelaying operations in the North Sea off of Helgoland, Germany. [CPC]
Burma
  • Chindit troops reached the railway at Kenu, Burma; the subsequent Battle of Pagoda Hill was characterized by savage hand-to-hand fighting that resulted in 23 Chindits and 42 Japanese killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • RAF bombers attacked Hamburg, Germany with approximately 3,000 tons of bombs. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Golet departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Japanese 15th Division reached Ukhrul, India, which was about 50 miles from Imphal, India. Behind them, Japanese 31st Division crossed the Chindwin River in eight columns toward India. [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • Japanese submarine I-165 sank British merchant ship Nancy Moller in the Indian Ocean. The submarine picked up six of the survivors and executed two of them by pistol and another two by drowning. The crew then opened fire on the life boat, killing 32 of the over 60 survivors aboard. Ultimately only 31 would survive, picked up by HMS Emerald four days later. [CPC]
Italy
  • New Zealand troops mounted a failed armored attack on Cassino, Italy, losing all 17 tanks in the process. [Main Article | TH]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • USS Iowa bombarded Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands. She was hit by two 120-millimeter shells from Japanese coastal guns during the bombardment, suffering minor damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Pollack arrived off Nanpo Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray fired six torpedoes at two Japanese destroyers and one patrol craft in the South China Sea; her crew reported hearing one explosion, but could not confirm it as the submarine dove in expectation of counterattacks. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • At 1100 hours, Auschwitz Concentration Camp prisoner Rudolf Friemel married forced laborer Margarita Ferrer at the camp's Registry Office. It was the only case where a prisoner was allowed to marry in the camp. They had met in Spain when Rudolf Friemel, an Austrian, fought as a volunteer for the Spanish Republicans in the civil war. Friemel was executed by hanging on 30 Dec 1944 for a failed attempt to escape Auschwitz. Ferrer and their child survived the war. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1944
USS Petrof bay on her shakedown cruise, 18 Mar 1944John Curtin and Douglas MacArthur at Fairbairn Airbase, Canberra, Australia, 18 Mar 1944B-25 Mitchell bombers of 321st Bomber Group, US 447th Bomber Squadron flying past Mount Vesuvius, Italy during its eruption of 18-23 Mar 1944
19 Mar 1944
  • USS Cassin Young arrived at Pearl Harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops occupied Hungary. Adolf Eichmann arrived in Hungary to begin mass deportation of the 750,000 Hungarian Jews who, thus far, had been largely unmolested. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Former Vichy French Interior Minister Pierre Pucheu was killed in Algiers in North Africa. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Mogilev-Podolski and Vinnitsa, Ukraine. [CPC]
  • Lieutenant General Edson Burns took command of the Canadian First Corps. [CPC]
  • Edmund Veesenmayer was assigned to the German embassy in Budapest, Hungary with plenipotentiary powers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten recovered from his temporary blindness at Ledo, India, as pronounced by US Army eye specialist Captain Scheie. On the same day, he issued a reprimand against Orde Wingate for sending complaints of his fellow officers through clear text so that it could be read by all cipher and signals staff. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese 66th Regiment captured Jambu Bum ridge in northern Burma, about 140 kilometers northwest of Myitkyina. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US Marines landed on Emirau, Bismarck Islands; the landings were not opposed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Officers and men of Air Group 100 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Allies launched Operation Strangle, which was consisted of air interdiction attacks on the rail yards at Sienna, Italy. [TH]
  • British and New Zealand troops attacked German positions in the Cassino, Italy area, making very little progress in the face of German 1st Parachute Division. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, engaging in brief combat. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Vasily Chuikov was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the first time and was awarded the Order of Lenin for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1944
Hill 260 after shelling by the US Americal Division, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 19 Mar 1944USS Petrof Bay on her shakedown cruise, circa Mar 1944
20 Mar 1944
  • USS Franklin set sail for Gulf of Paria, Trinidad for her shakedown cruise. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Vinnitsa, Ukraine, site of one of Hitler's Feldhauptquartiere. [TH]
  • Romanian troops arrived in Hungary to assist in the German occupation. [CPC]
  • A Japanese aircraft attacked USS Tunny with eight light bombs near Toagel Mlungui Pass in the Palau Islands, causing no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mason was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese freighter Hakuyo Maru in the Nanpo Islands area, Japan with one of two torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese transport off British Malaya; all six torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate visited the Aberdeen site in Meza valley, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured Ukhrul, India, defeating the Indian Parachute Regiment and a brigade from the British 23rd Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US 4th Marine Regiment secured Emirau, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Officers and men of Air Group 100 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • British 78th Infantry Division joined in the attack of Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The "Valanga" Guastatori naval infantry battalion was made a part of Xa MAS of Italian Navy. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Preston was commissioned into service with Commander Goldsborough S. Patrick in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Mar 1944
African-American US Army WAC Pfc Johnnie Mae Welton conducting a lab experiment in the serology lab at Fort Jackson Station Hospital, Fort Jackson, South Carolina, United States, 20 Mar 1944B-17 bomber of US 447th Bomb Group in flight toward Frankfurt, Germany, 20 Mar 1944Three African-American sailors of USS Mason, Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States, 20 Mar 1944Commissioning Ceremony of Mason, Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States, 20 Mar 1944; note Lt Cmdr Blackford in center, African-American crew, and LST in background
21 Mar 1944

Burma
  • British Chindit forces attacked Indaw, Burma. Meanwhile, Orde Wingate began moving his headquarters from Imphal to Sylhet in India, thus causing some confusion in the Indaw offensive. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Officers and men of Air Group 100 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • A Junkers Ju 88A-14 from 8/KG6 of German Luftwaffe shot down during the night by a Mosquito of No. 488 Squadron RAF crashed on three B-26 Marauder bombers of the US 323rd Bombardment Group (Medium) at RAF Earls Colne at Earls Colne, Essex, England, United Kingdom. [AC]
United States
  • USS Wasp arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Mar 1944
Shad off San Francisco Bay, 21 Mar 1944US Army Private Jonathan Hoag, a medic, was awarded a Croix de Guerre by French General Alphonse Juin for courage shown in treating the wounded, Pozzuoli, Italy, 21 Mar 1944German SdKfz. 7/2 half-track vehicle with light anti-aircraft gun, Russia, 21 Mar 1944German SdKfz. 251 halftrack vehicles and Panzer IV tanks in Russia, 21 Mar 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 21 Mar 1944
22 Mar 1944
  • RAF bombers attacked Frankfurt, Germany, killing 948 and leaving 120,000 homeless. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese and Canadian representatives signed a pact of mutual aid at Ottawa, Canada. [CPC]
  • Döme Sztójay formed a new government in Hungary. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops crossed the Burmes-Indian border into the Indian state of Manipur and attacked Sangshak from the north. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Mingo fired six torpedoes at a Japanese freighter; all missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny detected a large Japanese convoy near Toagel Mlungui Pass in the Palau Islands. She fired six torpedoes toward 2 transports and observed hits on both. She then fired four torpedoes toward an escorting destroyer, scoring no hits, before diving. She endured a 4-hour counterattack which consisted of 87 depth charges. Later in the day she surfaced and observed debris and an oil slick. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 15 American commandos landed in Italy with the mission to sabotage the La Spezia-Genoa railway. [CPC]
  • William Slim met with Orde Wingate. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • One US Marine Corps PBJ bomber attacked Rabaul, New Britain at 2200 hours. 4 Japanese A6M fighters rose to intercept, shooting down the PBJ bomber. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld died near Saint-Hubert, Belgium where his Bf 110 aircraft crashed in poor weather. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Italy
  • General Alexander ceased the frontal attacks at Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • Four Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and losing two boats. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama departed Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Mar 1944
USS Drum submerged off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 22 Mar 1944USS Drum sailing on the surface off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 22 Mar 1944
23 Mar 1944
  • USS Tunny made radar contact with Japanese submarine I-42 off Angaur Island, Palau Islands. At 2324, Tunny lauched four torpedoes at the range of 1,700 meters, hitting and sinking the Japanese submarine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate's headquarters completed its move to Sylhet, British India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops assaulted an Allied defensive position in the crater of an extinct volcano near Sangshak, India, initially failing to take the position. Shortly after, Allied aircraft dropped supplies to the Indian troops at Sangshak, India, but most of the supplies fell behind Japanese lines. As Indian 152nd Parachute Battalion attacked from the volcano crater to regain the supplies, the Japanese drove them back, causing heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Columbia departed Emirau, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gabilan arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 19 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale made rendezvous with USS Pollack and formed a wolfpack to patrol Torishima of Izu Islands and the Bonin Islands (Ogasawara Islands). [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • V. T. Shirmanov stepped down as GUKR SMERSH's chief in the 1st Byelorussian Front. [CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Trepang was launched at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Mar 1944
Liberty Ship SS John Stagg at sea, 23 Mar 1944Crew member sweeping ashes off a B-25 of the 340th Bomb Group at Pompeii Field, Italy. Ash came from an eruption of Mt Vesuvius on 23 Mar 1944 that rained hot ash and brimstone on the area damaging several aircraft. Photo 1 of 2.Crew member examining a layer of ashes on a B-25 of the 340th Bomb Group at Pompeii Field, Italy. Ash came from an eruption of Mt Vesuvius on 23 Mar 1944 that rained hot ash and brimstone on the area damaging several aircraft. Photo 2 of 2.RAdm Mahlon Tisdale presenting champagne bottle to Mrs Davenport to christen Trepang, Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 23 Mar 1944; Mrs Garvey and Cmdr Roy Davenport also present
See all photos dated 23 Mar 1944
24 Mar 1944
  • In the Fosse Ardeantine caves outside of Rome, 355 Italians, 250 of them civilians, were shot by the SS under Standartenführer Herbert Kappler in reprisal for the killing of 35 Germans during a SS parade on the previous day by the members of the Italian resistance. [TH]
  • Soviet tanks crossed the Dneiper River near the Czech border. [TH]
  • British miners signed a 4-year contract for their wages. [CPC]
  • The Great Escape: A large escape of prisoners of war from Stalag Luft III in Sagan, Germany (now Zagan, Poland) was attempted; 76 would succeed. 50 prisoners who had failed would be executed for their involvement. [CPC]
  • Japanese troops mounted an unsuccessful suicide charge on Bougainville. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 15 American commandos who landed on the Italian coast aiming to sabotage the La Spezia-Genoa railway were captured. [CPC]
  • The 3rd Battalion of the Japanese 58th Regiment arrived in the Sangshak, India region as reinforcements. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was transferred out of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Franklin arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 810 RAF aircraft attacked Berlin, Germany; 72 aircraft were lost. After sundown, Frankfurt was bombed by the RAF for the third time in four nights. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Orde Wingate visited the Broadway and White City sites of Operation Thursday in Burma in an attempt to raise the morale of the British 77th Brigade. At 1823 hours, his returning plane arrived at Imphal, India, and then off again shortly before 2000 hours for Hailakandi, India. The aircraft crashed into the Naga hill west of Imphal about 30 minutes after taking off, killing the American pilot Lieutenant Brian Hodges, Wingate, and the other 8 passengers and crew aboard. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Anzio beachhead in Italy was subjected to heavy German artillery and guided bomb attacks. Out at sea, an Italian motor torpedo boat attack sank one cargo ship; one Italian boat was sunk in the attack. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • The Allied attacks on the Gustav Line were persistently repulsed by German defenders. [Main Article | CPC]
Puerto Rico
  • The control of Losey Field in Puerto Rico, now without any active air units, was turned over to US Army ground forces. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Red Army units crossed the Bug River by the Black Sea on the Ukrainian coast. [TH]
United Kingdom
  • 90 German bombers attacked London, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • 417th Bombardment Squadron of 25th Bombardment Group of US Army Air Forces, operating B-18 Bolo bombers, was assigned to Alamogordo Army Air Field in New Mexico, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Mar 1944
B-24D Liberator lead assembly ship
25 Mar 1944
  • Hitler allowed German 1.Panzerarmee to break out west of Lvov, Ukraine. [TH]
  • US declared Manus, Admiralty Islands secure. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Churchill's recommendations to bomb German V-weapon sites were turned down by Eisenhower, who preferred to place priority on transportation and communications hubs. [CPC]
  • USS Gar fired six torpedoes on a Japanese ship; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese Submarine Chaser No. 54 and damaged two freighters in the Nanpo Islands area, Japan; ten torpedoes were expended in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Hungarian Council of Ministers approved several anti-Semitic policies, including a law requiring Jews to wear the yellow Star of David to be effective on 5 Apr 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • 811 RAF bombers raided Berlin, Germany; 122 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • The 3rd Battalion of the Japanese 60th Regiment attacked Allied positions at Sangshak, India. Meanwhile, Louis Mountbatten requested the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff for more aircraft to supply Imphal, India, which would be denied. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail for East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 184 Jews who had been recently arrested from their hiding places in the Hague in the Netherlands arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt arrived at Hyde Park, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1944
Jewish women being rounded up, Ioannina, Greece, 25 Mar 1944AGP Oyster Bay tending PT boats in Seeadler Harbor, Admiralty Islands, 25 Mar 1944
26 Mar 1944
  • Soviet units captured Kamenets-Podolsk, Ukraine, reaching the Romanian border on a wide front. [TH]
  • British Prime Minister Churchill praised Yugoslavian partisans under Tito. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Greek Communist Party established a provisional government in the mountains of northern Greece. [AC]
  • Japanese submarine I-8 damaged Dutch ship Tjisalak with a torpedo in the Indian Ocean, and then surfaced to exchange shellfire. After the ship sank, the Japanese attacked 97 survivors with swords, wrenches, and sledgehammers. They were then shot and dumped into the water. Six men survived. [CPC]
  • Anton Dostler ordered the execution of the 15 American commandos who were captured on 24 Mar 1944 while attempting to sabotage the La Spezia-Genoa rail line in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Troops of Japanese 60th Regiment attacked Sangshak, India after dark, but got lost in the darkness, and many men were trapped in the open in the next morning. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Tullibee was sunk by one of her own torpedoes which malfunctioned when launched against Japanese vessels off Palau Islands. [Main Article | AC]
  • Oberleutnant Hans Bennemann and Oberfeldwebel Wilhelm Brennecke of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Italy
  • The New Zealand Corps headquarters, currently near Cassino, Italy, was dissolved. Surviving troops were incorporated into British XIII Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Mar 1944
  • Vichy French government allowed its citizens to join the German SS organization. [CPC]
  • German SS troops massacred all Jewish children under the age of 13 in Kovno, Lithuania. [CPC]
  • The government of the United Kingdom banned foreign travel. [CPC]
  • Japanese 58th Regiment launched an all-out attack on Sangshak, India. Brigadier Maxwell Hope-Thompson, commanding officer of the defending Allied troops, ordered a retreat from Sangshak at 1800 hours. On the same day, William Slim requested the British 2nd Division to help defend nearby Dimapur. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops attacked the Broadway site of Operation Thursday in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Ray arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-58 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Mar 1944
MacArthur and Nimitz at MacArthurBritish Royal Navy Rear Admiral Clement Moody visiting US carrier USS Saratoga, 27 Mar 1944
28 Mar 1944
  • Spanish volunteers of the recently disbanded German Army "Blue Legion" began to arrive in Spain; the final transport of these volunteers back to Spain would arrive on 12 Apr 1944. [CPC]
  • Red Army units captured Nikolaev as they entered Romania. [TH]
  • German and Romanian forces began the evacuation of Odessa, Ukraine. [AC]
  • About 300 patients from two hospitals and one psychiatric institution in Trieste, Italy were deported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops counterattacked Chinese troops near Jambu Bum ridge, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for transport Bichu Maru at Palau Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 418th Night Fighter Squadron (flying P-61 aircraft) of USAAF V Fighter Command was transferred out of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • The US Twentieth Bomber Command, under the command of General Kenneth B. Wolfe, established its headquarters at Kharagpur, India. [AC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort testified before a Pearl Harbor raid investigation board in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Mar 1944
  • Kiichi Hasegawa passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US naval aircraft bombed Japanese ships in the Palau Islands. [CPC]
  • Chinese troops captured Shaduzup, Burma. [CPC]
  • US Congress approved US$1,350,000,000 to fund the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency for assisting refugees in Europe. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny observed a large number of small vessels leaving Malakal Island in the Palau Islands in the morning but did not attack. In the afternoon, she observed the arrival of battleship Musashi and other warships; Tunny fired six bow torpedoes at Musashi but failed to hit her. She endured a 38-depth charge counterattack. Later that night, she caught up with the force and damaged Musashi with another torpedo attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 12 P-40 and 3 P-51 fighters of the US 14th Air Force attacked the railroad station area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Karachi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US No. 1 Air Commando Group was redesignated as 1st Air Commando Group (nicknamed Cochrane's Flying Circus). [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Parche departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Japanese troops cut the road between Imphal and Kohima, India. Meanwhile, the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff retracted a decision made earlier and diverted additional transport aircraft from the Mediterranean Sea theater of war to the Burma-India theater of war. Louis Mountbatten had requested them to help the defense of the Imphal region in India; incidentally, the initial aircraft embarked on transporting the Indian 5th Division to Imphal and Dimapur completed the task on this date after 758 sorties. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Two Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage and losing one boat. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Yokosuka, Japan to escort carrier Zuiho to Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama shared the credit in the downing of at least one Japanese aircraft which were attempting to attack US carriers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish attacked a Japanese ship northeast of Borneo, Dutch East Indies; all 5 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale entered East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Mar 1944
  • Adolf Hitler fired Paul von Kleist and Erich von Manstein, replacing them with Ferdinand Schörner and Walter Model. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • A 795-plane air raid (572 Lancaster, 214 Halifax, and 9 Mosquito) against Nürnberg, Germany; 82 aircraft were lost on the way to the attack, and a further 12 were lost on the return flight; nearly 700 lives were lost by the RAF. This was Bomber Command's heaviest single loss of the war. German casualties included 69 civilians and 59 foreign slave laborers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • On the fatal Nürnberg, Germany raid, one of the aircraft was flown by British Pilot Officer Cyril Barton of 578 Squadron. Badly shot up on the way to the target, his Halifax bomber managed to bomb the target and made its way back to England before his fuel ran out. Barton sucessfully crash-landed his aircraft on dead engines, thus saving his crew, but was so fatally wounded himself that he died on his way to hospital. Barton was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • US troops landed on Pityilu, Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Caiman was launched, sponsored by sponsored by Mrs. R. C. Bonjour. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny performed lifeguard duties in the Palau Islands for airmen of the Fifth Fleet. Shortly after noon, she was mistaken for a Japanese submarine and was attacked, causing some damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa joined Task Force 58. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed the Inland Sea in Japanese waters. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi sustained numerous bomb and rocket hits from US carrier aircraft and sank in shallow water north of Urukthapel Island, Palau Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish attacked a Japanese transport off Okinawa, Japan; all 4 torpedoes fired missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Paul von Kleist was awarded Swords to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Japanese troops besieged Imphal, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Palau, Yap, Ulithi, and Woleai in the Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US Navy listed USS Grayback as missing and presumed lost with all hands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Mar 1944
Rundstedt and Rommel studying a map at the LXXXI Army Corps headquarters in Northern France, 30 Mar 1944Peleliu, Palau Islands under attack by US Navy carrier aircraft, 30 Mar 1944; note F6F Hellcat fighter in flightRepair ship Akashi burning as the result of US carrier aircraft attack, Palau Islands, 30 March 1944Launching of submarine Caiman, Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 30 Mar 1944
31 Mar 1944
  • Shokaku arrived off Singapore naval yard. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Mineichi Koga passed away when the flying boat that carried him from Palau Islands to Philippine Islands crashed into the sea in bad weather. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aircraft from ships Beagle and Tracker in Allied convoy JW-58 sank German submarine U-355 in the Arctic Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS De Haven (DD-727) was commissioned with Commander J. B. Dimmick in command. [AC]
  • Smalley was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado set sail for the Panama Canal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy canceled its contracts signed prior to the Pacific War with civilian construction firms for projects across the Pacific Ocean. Those signed after the start of the war would continue. [CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze was assigned to Destroyer Division 17, Destroyer Squadron 10, 3rd Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish was attacked by a Japanese submarine; she was able to evade the torpedoes fired at her. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The newly-formed German Jagdverband 44, flying Me 262 jet fighters, flew its first mission out of München (Munich), Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
1 Apr 1944
  • USS Franklin crossed the International Date Line. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cruiser Köln was recommissioned for training of cadet engineers with Fregattenkapitän Hellmuth Strobel in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US bombers unintentionally hit Schaffhausen, Switzerland, leading to official protests and reparation payments. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Japanese Navy 12th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain two air flotillas, one communication unit, one weather observation unit, and one air base unit. [CPC]
  • The Japanese attack on the Broadway site of Operation Thursday in Burma was repulsed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese transport off Okinawa, Japan, hitting her with 2 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima was assigned to the fleet command for the Central Pacific area. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • The crew of USS Harder rescued a downed aviator on a small island west of Woleai, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 100 commissioned this date. (AG-100 is a pilot replacement air group) [Main Article | DS]
India
  • Japanese troops captured Nippon Hill near Imphal, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Switzerland
  • Allied bombers attacked Schaffhausen, Switzerland, mistaking it for the German city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein, killing 40 people; interestingly, a group of small factories producing munitions and aircraft parts to be sold to Germany was destroyed in this accidental raid. [CPC]
Taiwan
  • Fuel refinery No. 6 came online at Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Apr 1944
Three Soviet soldiers taking a break from fighting while a fourth stood guard, Byelorussia, 1 Apr 1944Grayson in Seeadler Harbor, Manus, Admiralty Islands, 1 Apr 1944USS Harder rescuing aviator Ensign John Galvin off Woleai, Caroline Islands, 1 Apr 1944; note SOC Seagull seaplane in background
2 Apr 1944
  • Troops of the German 12th SS Panzer Division "Hitlerjugend" massacred 86 Belgians in retaliation of the bombing of their train by resistance fighters. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops entered Romania. [CPC]
  • Soviets threaten to shoot one third of all German prisoners of war if the German 1.Panzerarmee's 18 divisions would not surrender. [TH]
  • USS Tunny departed Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • The first B-29 bomber of US 58th Bomb Wing landed at Chakulia, near Calcutta to start working up for a new strategic bomber force equipped with B-29 bombers in India with advance bases in China from which targets in northeastern China (Manchuria) and Kyushu, Japan could be attacked. [AC]
Japan Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Guitarro departed Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Roza Shanina was made the commander of the all-female 1st Sniper Platoon of the Soviet 184th Rifle Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • General Rikichi Ando was named the governor-general of Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Apr 1944
Submarines Blenny (background) and Cochino (foreground) under construction at the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States, early Apr 1944
3 Apr 1944 Arctic Ocean
  • Aircraft from HMS Activity and HMS Tracker sank German submarine U-288 in the Barents Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cero departed Brisbane, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Hawaii India
  • USS Wake Island departed Karachi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Montagu Stopford ordered Major General R. P. L. Ranking to move the Indian 161st Brigade from Kohima to Dimapur in India. Ranking believed this was a bad move as Kohima would be a Japanese target, and appealed to William Slim; Slim sided with Stopford. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Pollack damaged passenger-cargo ship Tosei Maru in the Nanpo Islands area, Japan, hitting her with two of four torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Evelyn Sharp passed away near Middleton, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Condemning the oppression of the Stalin regime, Viktor Kravchenko, a member of the Soviet Lend-Lease Purchasing Commission, announced his defection to the New York Times. [AC]
4 Apr 1944
  • Shokaku returned to Singapore naval arsenal. The Third Fleet's flag was transferred ashore. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe Mitte counterattacked to reach those units surrounded for two weeks near Kovel, in the Pripet marsh area of Ukraine. [TH]
  • The German Armeegruppe Süd was renamed Armeegruppe Nordukraine. [CPC]
  • De Gaulle was appointed head of Free French military forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • Going against precedent, British Foreign Office banned foreign embassies from sending coded messages, and stated that diplomatic pouches were subject to censorship, with the exception of British allies. [TH]
  • USS Hoe departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kyne was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Steamer Bay was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt's doctor noted the US President's high blood pressure and prescribed rest; Roosevelt would soon depart for Bernard Baruch's home in South Carolina, United States for a vacation. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS Columbia departed Port Purvis, Nggela Islands (Florida Islands), Solomon Islands for a scheduled overhaul in San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Rock departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 14 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wasp arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • On the Imphal front in India the Japanese 51st Regiment of 15th Division commenced attacks on 123rd Indian Brigade's positions, while the Japanese 31st Division attacked the village of Kohima. [Main Article | AC]
Poland
  • The Allies conducted the first reconnaissance mission over Auschwitz Concentration Camp. On the same day, a transport from two hospitals and one psychiatric institution in Trieste, Italy arrived at Auschwitz; 62 of the about 300 patients died en route, while another 103 were gassed upon arrival. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-58 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Twentieth Air Force was established in Washington DC, United States for deployment to India with forward bases in China. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1944
Sergeant John Cark and Staff Sergeant Ford Shaw of E Company, 25th Combat Team, US Army 93rd Division cleaning their rifles alongside the East West Trail, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 4 Apr 1944B-24D Liberator “Angie the Ox” of the 515th Bomb Squadron over the smoking rail yards in Bucharest, Romania, Apr 4 1944
5 Apr 1944
  • USAAF and RAF coordinated to start round-the-clock raids on the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. [TH]
  • The SS Economic and Administrative Office submitted a report to the Supreme Command of the German SS organization noting the existence of 20 concentration camps with 165 connected labor camps. In Hungary, Jews were required to wear the yellow Star of David. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops entered Ternopil, Ukraine. [CPC]
  • Escort carrier Makin Island was launched. [Main Article | DS]
  • Oberleutnant Matthias Bermadinger of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Byelorussia
  • Roza Shanina killed her first German soldier southeast of Vitebsk, Byelorussia. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 26 Japanese A6M Zero fighters of the Sanya Kokutai and the Kaiko Kokutai based in Hainan, China attacked Nanning, Guangxi, China, destroying 2 B-25 bombers and 3 P-40 fighters on the ground and shooting down 7 P-40 fighters in the air. 8 A6M fighters were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • On the Imphal front in India, the Japanese 60th Regiment probed south towards a large store dump, where staff of the British 221st Advanced Ordnance depot, under continuous and heavy fire, repeatedly foiled the Japanese infiltration attacks for three days. Meanwhile, realizing that the movement of Indian 161st Brigade from Kohima to Dimapur was a poorly calculated move, he moved the brigade back; with no room in Kohima for the troops of the brigade, they settled down at Jotsoma 2.5 miles to the northwest to support from a distance. [Main Article | AC]
Poland
  • Siegfried Lederer escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau camp and made it safely to Czechoslovakia; he warned the Elders of the Council at Theresienstadt about the atrocities being committed at Auschwitz. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Romania
  • Soviet troops captured Dorohoi, Romania. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • At Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, Emilio Segrè received the first sample of reactor-refined plutonium from Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States. He would soon discover that the spontaneous fission rate of this plutonium was too high for use in a gun-type fission weapon. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Apr 1944
  • Taiho became the flagship of the Third Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Ryunosuke Kusaka was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Sadatoshi Tomioka was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy 11th Air Fleet. [CPC]
  • Allied leadership in the South Pacific determined that 85% of Vunapope, New Britain had been destroyed, and there was no further need to continue the aerial bombardment campaign against Vunapope. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cod departed Fremantle, Australia for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese troops attacked the White City site of Operation Thursday in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Indian 26th Division captured Point 551 hill in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Xinjin Airfield in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China became the forward headquarters of US XX Bomber Command. [Main Article | CPC]
Gibraltar
  • Evacuees began to return to their homes in Gibraltar as the first group of 1,367 evacuees arrived from Britain. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Water Supply (water development project) turned over to station. Part of 125th Construction Battalion (125th SeaBees) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • Abdul Hafiz of Indian 9th Jat Infantry Regiment led an attack by two sections of a platoon against a Japanese-held hill near Imphal, India. Despite being injured in the leg by enemy fire, he took out one machine position and led an attack on another; during the latter, he was fatally shot in the chest. He was awarded the Victoria Cross medal posthumously on 27 Jul, which was given to his widow Jugri Begum by Viceroy of India Archibald Wavell in Oct 1944 in Delhi, India. [CPC]
  • After dark, Japanese troops launched an attack at Kohima, India, reaching the buildings at the edge of the village before the attack was halted early in the next day. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom introduced the PAYE (pay as you earn) tax system. [CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was ordered to travel to Washington DC, United States to meet with Ernest King. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1944
USS Shamrock Bay (bottom of photograph) with two other escort carriers, Astoria, Oregon, United States, 6 Apr 1944; photo taken by an aircraft from USS Shipley BayUSS Shamrock Bay moored at Astoria, Oregon, United States, 6 Apr 1944; photo taken from aircraft of USS Shipley BayMajor General Lucian Truscott and Lieutenant General Ira Eaker at Anzio, Italy, 6 Apr 1944
7 Apr 1944
  • The Icelandic airline Lofteide HF, founded in the previous month, inaugurated its initial flight service. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny arrived at Milne Bay, New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Five officers and 91 men of D-2, Unit 2, departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • No. 112 Squadron RAF, flying Kittyhawk fighters, shot down a German aircraft over Rieti Airfield in Italy; this would be the final Kittyhawk victory in the Mediterranean theater of WW2. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Kure, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp in occupied Poland; they would cross the border to Slovakia three days later. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-58 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nikolai Melnikov, the deputy of Soviet NKVD Directorate for Prisoners of War and Interned Persons (UPVI), committed suicide. He was replaced by Amayak Kobulov. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Bernard Montgomery briefed his generals regarding the invasion of France, predicting the city of Caen would be captured on the first day of the invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During a dinner with Dwight Eisenhower and other Allied generals in England, United Kingdom, George Patton suggested that divisions used for Operation Overlord should be made over-strength. [Main Article | CPC]
8 Apr 1944
  • USS Seahorse detected a Japanese convoy off the Mariana Islands. After dark, attacked the convoy and sank cargo ship Kizugawa Maru, hitting her with four of eight torpedoes fired. After evading depth charges, she attacked again, sinking cargo ship Bisaku Maru, hitting her with two of six torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Red Army troops reached the Slovakian border and advanced into Romania. [TH]
  • USAAF bombers attacked a Volkswagen factory near Hannover, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Anthony Eden issued a statement condemning German atrocities and called for those responsible to be brought to justice. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the VIII Corps of US Third Army. [CPC]
  • Rall was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The headquarters of USAAF 417th Bomb Group was transferred from Dobodura Airfield to Saidor Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese aircraft conducted raids across Henan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Japanese troops moved into the ground between Kohima and Jotsoma in India, cutting off the Indian 161st Brigade from being able to assist in the defense Kohima. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale sank Japanese freighter Honan Maru in the Korea Strait, hitting her with 2 of 7 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Ivan Konev ordered Soviet 27th Army and 40th Army to attack Romanian positions near Târgu Frumos, Romania. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet forces began an offensive to retake Crimea, Russia (now Ukraine) and to destroy the German 17.Armee. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 8 Apr 1944
Stocks of oil and other supplies gathered at Hixton General Depot, G-23, England, United Kingdom in preparation for the invasion of France, 8 Apr 1944US Army 3278th Quartermaster Company African-American Private Robert Askew examining a pile of overshoes, 8 Apr 1944
9 Apr 1944
  • In Ukraine, the remnants of German 1.Panzerarmee conducted a 150-mile forced march to reach German lines. [TH]
  • A new German Bf 110 aircraft, piloted by a German defector, flew into Switzerland and made a landing at Dübendorf. Hermann Göring, fearful of the possiblity of Allied capture, wanted to dispatch commandos under Otto Skorzeny to destroy the aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Kete was launched, sponsored by Mrs. E. S. Hutchinson. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Fw 190 aircraft over Kiel, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Japanese troops captured Kanglatongbi and began to surround the Anglo-Indian troops at Imphal, India. To the north at Kohima, India, Japanese troops captured GPT ridge, forcing the British troops to fall back to Garrison Hill. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Masafumi Arima was named the commanding officer of 26th Air Flotilla based at Clark Airfield, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • In Romania, Soviet 27th Army captured Târgu Frumos while Soviet 42nd Guards Rifles Division wiped aside Romanian 6th Infantry Division and captured Pascani 14 miles to the west. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops broke through German defensive lines at Kerch, Russia (now Ukraine). [TH]
United States
  • Submarine Blenny was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored Florence King, daughter of Admiral Ernest King. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Stan Bailey was named the commanding officer of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 based in Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara in California, United States. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1944
Launching of submarine Kete, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States, 9 Apr 1944USS San Diego at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 9 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 2; note camouflage Measure 33, Design 24d; USS Cassin and USS Denver in backgroundUSS San Diego at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 9 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 2; note camouflage Measure 33, Design 24d; USS Cassin in background
10 Apr 1944
  • Cruiser Köln began a three-month refit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler, who had escaped from Auschwitz Concentration Camp three days prior, arrived in Slovakia. They would later revealing information about the camp to outside world via the Papal Nuncio in Slovakia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops entered Odessa, Ukraine. [TH]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Victory for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 672nd Bomb Squadron and 675th Bomb Squadron (both flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 417th Bomb Group were transferred from Dobodura Airfield to Saidor Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pompon arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Romania
  • German Großdeutschland Division counterattacked westward from Podu Iloaiei toward Târgu Frumos, Romania. To the south of Târgu Frumos, Romanian 1st Guard Division and Romanian 7th Infantry Division attacked in concert. Soviet troops withdrew from Târgu Frumos by 2200 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Victory for the first time; this was the very first Order of Victory given out by the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Joint Chiefs of Staff formally approved Operation Matterhorn, the name allocated to the B-29 bomber offensive against Japanese cities. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Apr 1944
120 mm Gun M1 anti-aircraft weapon of US 85th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion loaded onto a rail flat car at Norfolk Army Base, Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 10 Apr 1944USS Copahee in port in the United States with Dauntless dive bombers on her flight deck, 10 Apr 1944; note she was wearing Camouflage Measure 21Six US Navy LSTs loading men and equipment during a practice landing near Lae, New Guinea, 10 Apr 1944; note M4 Sherman tank, Dodge Weapons Carrier, GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 trucksUSS San Diego off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 10 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 5; note camouflage Measure 33, Design 24d
See all photos dated 10 Apr 1944
11 Apr 1944
  • The German SS organization ordered that prisoners who have committed sabotage were to be publicly executed. [CPC]
  • Swiss authorities destroyed the new German Bf 110 aircraft that was brought into Switzerland by a defector pilot two days prior. In appreciation of this gesture, Germany provided Switzerland 12 Me 109 fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny arrived in Brisbane, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fieberling was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Me 410 fighters shot down 10 B-17 bombers over Europe on this date. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Anglo-Indian and Japanese troops began a four-day clash at Bunker Hill near Kohima, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • The Gestapo HQ in The Hague, Netherlands was attacked by RAF Mosquito aircraft. [Main Article | TH]
Russia
  • Soviet troops captured Kerch, Russia (now Ukraine). [TH]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1944
BGen Jesse Auton, Gen Eisenhower, LGen Carl Spaatz, MGen James Doolittle, MGen William E Kepner, Col Donald M Blakeslee, Apr 11 1944. VIPs were present for the presentation of Blakeslee with the Distinguished Service Cross, RAF Debden, Essex, England, UK
12 Apr 1944
  • The last of the convoys carrying Spanish volunteers of the recently disbanded German Army "Blue Legion" arrived in Spain. [CPC]
  • The Soviet demands for peace were rejected by Finland. [TH]
  • American troops cleared Pak Island off New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Realizing his earlier support of Mussolini's government was viewed with suspicion by the Allies, King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy transferred most of his power to Crown Prince Umberto, though he held on to the throne. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked a six-ship Japanese convoy escorted by three patrol vessels east of Philippine Islands, firing 9 torpedoes and reporting 5 hits; she was then counterattacked with depth charges. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin signed the Soviet Stavka order to reform Western Front into 2nd and 3rd Byelorussian Fronts due to incapable leadership of the Western Front; the top officers of the Western Front were surprisingly not reprimanded seriously and were placed in other important positions. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse assumed lifeguard station duty for US aircraft attacking Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler authorized the withdrawal of German and Romanian forces from Sevastopol, Russia (now Ukraine), but his delay in this decision caused heavier losses than necessary. [TH]
Romania
  • German troops wiped out a small pocket of troops (elements of Soviet 206th Rifle Division and Soviet 3rd Guards Airborne Division) west of Târgu Frumos, Romania. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • More than 61,000 German and Romanian troops began evacuation from the Crimea in Russia (now Ukraine). [AC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Apr 1944
FM-2 Wildcat prepared to land on USS Core in the North Atlantic, 12 Apr 1944FM-2 Wildcat catapulted off of USS Core, North Atlantic, 12 Apr 1944A German Luftwaffe paratrooper assault team in the mountains of northern Italy, 12 Apr 1944; note MP 40 submachine guns, grenades, and a flamethrower
13 Apr 1944
  • British Chindit units attacked the village of Sepein near Mawlu in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Drancy Concentration Camp in France dispatched its 71st convoy with 1,500 Jews for Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert Johnson shot down two German Fw 190 aircraft over Kaiserslautern, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Martial law was lifted in the US Territory of Hawaii. [CPC]
Italy
  • Italian motor torpedo boats claimed the sinking of an Allied corvette off Anzio, Italy; this sinking was not confirmed. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama departed Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Harder was spotted by a Japanese aircraft north of the western Caroline Islands, and destroyer Ikazuchi sortied to attack. Harder sank Ikazuchi in return, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Red Army units captured Eupatoria (Yevpatoriya), Feodosiya, and Simferol in Russia (now Ukraine). Nearby, at Staryi Krym, German troops killed 589 people, about 200 of them children. [TH]
14 Apr 1944
  • Red Army captured Tarnopol, Ukraine. [TH]
  • The first transports of Greek Jews to Auschwitz Concentration Camp departed from Athens, Greece. On the same date, a transport of 500 prisoners was sent from Stutthof Concentration Camp to Neuengamme Concentration Camp. In France, mass arrests of Jews were ordered; to provide incentive for civilians to aid this effort, payments were offered to those who led authorities to Jews in hiding. [Main Article | CPC]
  • SS Brigadier General Veesenmayer reported that Hungarian Prime Minister Sztojay promised that by the end of Apr 1944 at least 50,000 Hungarian Jews fit for work would be made available to the Germans, beginning with 5,000 Jews effective immediately and 5,000 more every three to four days until the number of 50,000 has been reached. An additional 50,000 Jews were to be made available in May, and the number of Jewish labor draftees inside Hungary is to be raised to 100,000 to 150,000. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A major Chinese offensive was launched across the Burmese border against the Japanese. [CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Mansfield (DD-728) was commissioned with Commander Robert E. Brady, Jr. in command. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 673rd Bomb Squadron (flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 417th Bomb Group was transferred from Dobodura Airfield to Saidor Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • In Poland, the first Allied aerial photographs were taken of Auschwitz I camp, the town of Auschwitz (known as Oswiecim in Polish), the I. G. Farben factories, and the Auschwitz III camp complex (also known as Monowitz); this came 10 days after the first Allied reconnaissance flight over the camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-58 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mosquito aircraft of No. 627 Squadron of No. 8 (PFF) Group RAF arrived at RAF Woodhall Spa, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Apr 1944
Victory and Liberty Ships at California Shipbuilding Corporation
15 Apr 1944
  • Marshal Nikolai F. Vatutin died in hospital from wounds suffered when his car was ambushed by Ukrainian guerrillas on 28 Feb 1944. [Main Article | AC]
  • Fleet aircraft carrier USS Hancock (CV-19) was commissioned with Captain Fred C. Dickey in command. [Main Article | AC]
  • Hans Speidel became Erwin Rommel's chief of staff. [CPC]
  • The support units of United States Marine Corps' I Marine Amphibious Corps (IMAC) were transferred to the V Amphibious Corps Administrative Command, and the tactical units are redesignated as III Amphibious Corps (IIIAC) with the mission of seizing Guam, Mariana Islands in Jul 1944. [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of 116th Construction Battalion (116th SeaBees) arrived on board. Part of 72nd Construction Battalion (72nd SeaBees) departed. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • The Indian 44th Airborne Division was established at Secunderabad, India under the command of Major General Ernest Down. [AC]
Italy
  • The German defensive Gustav Line in Italy began to fall. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Apr 1944
Map depicting movements for Operation Ichigo, mid-Apr 1944Portside view of USS Essex with camouflage scheme measure 32/6-10D, circa 15 Apr 1944; note F6F aircarft amidships and SB2C  aircraft aftLieutenant General Ira Eaker flying an aircraft over Italy toward Anzio, 15 Apr 1944USS Essex departing San Francisco Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 15 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 2; note camouflage measure 32 design 6/10D
See all photos dated 15 Apr 1944
16 Apr 1944
  • Red Army units cleared Yalta, Ukraine of remaining pockets of German resistance. [TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division arrived in England, United Kingdom in preparation for the Normandy, France invasion. [CPC]
  • Wisconsin was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche reached waters south of Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Finback conducted a reconnaissance mission at Oroluk Atoll, Caroline Islands, firing on a damaged ship and a tower on land during the mission. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Indian 5th Brigade arrived at Jotsoma, India, allowing Indian 161st Brigade to prepare for an advance toward Kohima. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • In Italy, German Armeegruppe von Zangen placed the 800-strong "Lupo" Italian naval infantry battalion under German "Hermann Göring" Division for anti-partisan training. [CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of 1,500 Jews from Drancy Concentration Camp outside of Paris arrived at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp; it was the 71st transport from Drancy to Auschwitz. 165 men and 223 women were registered into the camp, while the remaining 1,112 were gassed. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Miami departed Boston, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Apr 1944
Audie Murphy
17 Apr 1944
  • British Royal Navy and Royal Air Force Bomber Command commenced minelaying in the approaches of the English Channel in preparation for the forthcoming invasion of Europe. [Main Article | AC]
  • Louis Mountbatten's headquarters moved from Delhi, India to Kandy, Ceylon. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Skipjack departed the Pribilof Islands, US Territory of Alaska. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 674th Bomb Squadron (flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 417th Bomb Group was transferred from Dobodura Airfield to Saidor Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
Byelorussia
  • Roza Shanina was awarded the Order of Glory 3rd Class while fighting in Byelorussia; she was the first woman of 3rd Byelorussian Front to receive this award. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-17 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • General Renya Mutaguchi ordered Lieutenant General Kotoku Sato to capture Kohima, India by 29 Apr 1944. On the front, Anglo-Indian and Japanese troops clashed at Garrison Hill and FSD Hill near Kohima. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Harder sank Matsue Maru and damaged an armed escort, firing four torpedoes and scoring one hit on each ship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale spotted two small Japanese vessels in the East China Sea but failed to achieve attacking position. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • A Constellation aircraft piloted by Howard Hughes and Jack Frye flew from Burbank, California, United States to Washington DC, United States in 6 hours and 57 minutes, breaking the record. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Apr 1944
B-25G Mitchell bomber of the AAF TAC Center, Orlando, Florida, United States, 17 Apr 1944
18 Apr 1944
  • Aircraft of No. 466 Squadron RAAF conducted bombing operations against Helgoland, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Foreign Office banned all coded messages from foreign embassies and said that diplomatic bags were to be censored. Only the fighting Allies were to be excluded from the ban. [CPC]
  • RAF bombers struck Rouen, Juvisi, Noisy-le-Sec, and Tergnier, killing 1,383 French civilians. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Gudgeon was reported lost, presumed sunk, off the Maug Islands, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | AC]
France
  • RAF Bomber Command's No. 5 Group made a precision attack on the Juvisy rail marshalling yards south of Paris, France, virtually destroying all of this strategically important target. [Main Article | AC]
Greece
  • Evripidis Bakirtzis stepped down as the head of the Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA) of Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops captured Balaklava, Russia (now Ukraine). [TH]
Photo(s) dated 18 Apr 1944
German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel with General Hans Sinnhuber, Lieutenant General Hans Speidel, and Captain Lang at Pas de Calais, France, 18 Apr 1944German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and Lieutenant General Hans Speidel at Pas de Calais, France, 18 Apr 1944
19 Apr 1944
  • Thomas Hitchcock was killed while test-flying a P-51 Mustang aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a small Japanese vessel in the Pacific Ocean with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • In order to forestall the bombing of the homeland by American B-29 bombers from bases at Guilin and Liuzhou in China and to seize the Beiping-Hong Kong railroad, Field Marshal Shunroku Hata, Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese Army China Expeditionary Force launched the Ichi-Go (Number one) offensive with a force of some 620,000 men, which was the largest force ever assembled by Japan for a single campaign. The main thrust was a powerful drive southwards from Hankou by the 11th Army, designed to link up with a push westward by 23rd Army from Guangdong. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • After sundown, the Japanese launched three separate attacks against Anglo-Indian positions near Imphal, India, some supported by medium tanks; none of the attacks achieved their objectives. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Ernest King met with Joseph Rochefort in Washington DC, United States and gave him the command of the Far Eastern Section of the US Navy Office of Naval Intelligence. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Apr 1944
Japanese oil tanker, destroyer, and harbor facilities burning after being attacked by Allied aircraft during Operation Cockpit, Sabang, Sumatra, 19 Apr 1944
20 Apr 1944
  • The cruiser USS Milwaukee was transferred to the Soviet Navy, under Lend-Lease, and renamed Murmansk. [Main Article | AC]
  • Amon Göth was given the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer in the reserve forces of the Waffen-SS. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberstgeneral Hube was killed in a plane crash leaving Berchtesgaden, Germany. [TH]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese submarine RO-45 west of Saipan, Mariana Islands, hitting her with three of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied leadership in the South Pacific determined that 90% of Rabaul, New Britain had been destroyed, and there was no further need to continue the aerial bombardment campaign against Rabaul. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Harder bombarded Woleai, Caroline Islands under the cover of a rain squall. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Ding Delong was named the commanding officer of the Chinese 37th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • The Japanese siege of Kohima, India was beginning to be lifted. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Italian motor torpedo boats sank British landing ship LST-305 off Anzio, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan for her 19th voyage with the Japanese Navy. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kure, Japan to escort battleship Yamato and cruiser Maya to Lingga, Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone United Kingdom
  • No. 214 Squadron RAF (of No. 100 group based at RAF Oulton at Aylsham, England, United Kingdom), established in Nov 1943, flew the first operational sortie with their Fortress Mk. III (SD) aircraft. These were extensively modified B-17G aircraft fitted out with electronic countermeasures and radar jamming devices. This Squadron would fly more than 1,000 sorties up to May 1945 losing just eight aircraft on operations. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Apr 1944
Canadian 1st Special Service Force troops being brief, Anzio beachhead, Italy, 20 Apr 1944A sergeant of Canadian Special Service Force at Anzio, Italy, 20 Apr 1944; note US-Canada shoulder patchNikolai VatutinUSS Flier at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 20 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 4
See all photos dated 20 Apr 1944
21 Apr 1944
  • USS Croaker was commissioned into service with Commander John E. Lee in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Chattanooga: Allied aircraft destroyed German rail and other transportation targets. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied bombers conducted a raid on Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
  • Colonel General Erhard Raus replaced Hans-Valentin Hube as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. Hube was killed in a plane crash on the previous day. [CPC]
  • USS Gar ended her eleventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gabilan departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol; her primary task was to conduct reconnaissance in the Mariana Islands area. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Thirty-seven aircraft (Model F6F-3), 19 aircraft (Model TBF), 77 officers and 92 men of Air Group 20 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • Japanese troops captured Crete West hill near Imphal, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 21 Apr 1944
PB2Y aircraft at San Juan Naval Air Station, Puerto Rico, 21 Apr 1944
22 Apr 1944
  • Yugoslavian partisans took control of the island of Korcula in the Adriatic Sea, capturing 800 of the German defenders. [TH]
  • Mussolini met with Hitler near Salzburg, Germany (Austria). [Main Article | TH]
  • The RAF used of the new liquid incendiary device, J-Bomb, for the first time against Brunswick, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet Union ended peace talks with Finland. [TH]
  • USS Iowa began to escort carriers while the aircraft struck Japanese positions on New Guinea, Dutch East Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops captured Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Allied forces landed on Aitape, Australian Territory of New Guinea and Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea during Operation Persecution. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
India
  • Japanese attacks overran some Anglo-Indian defensive positions near Imphal, India, but no major progress was made. Near Kohima to the north, Anglo-Indian troops attacked Garrison Hill after sundown. Behind the Japanese lines, Lieutenant General Renya Mutaguchi visited the front lines and relieved Major General Motozo Yanakida for his perceived lack of aggressiveness, replacing him with Major General Nobuo Tanaka. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1944
US Signal Corps cameramen Carl Weinke and Ernest Marjoram in New Guinea stream, 22 Apr 1944LVTs headed for the invasion beaches at Humboldt Bay, New Guinea, as cruisers Boise and Phoenix bombard in the background, 22 Apr 1944Map depicting the invasion of Hollandia, New Guinea, 22-26 Apr 1944Port side view of Essex-class carrier Ticonderoga receiving final preparations at Newport News Naval Shipyard before being delivered to the US Navy, Newport News, Virginia, Untied States, Apr 22, 1944.
23 Apr 1944
  • Erwin Rommel wrote to Alfred Jodl, noting that if given command over the nearby tank formations he would wipe out any Allied landing attempt in France. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops attacked Ningthoukhong, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Ray departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale was detected by a Japanese patrol boat 22 kilometers east of Akuseki Shima, Japan, but she was able to escape before the Japanese attacked. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Apr 1944
Spruance, portrait, 23 Apr 1944
24 Apr 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Saipan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • British bombers attacked München, Germany. During this attack, the Spinosaurus fossil specimen BSP 1912 VIII 19 was destroyed at the Paläontologische Staatssammlung München (Bavarian State Collection of Paleontology). [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied bombers conducted a raid on Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • After two days of heavy fighting Douglas MacArthur's forces subdued Hollandia and Aitape in Dutch New Guinea, cutting off 50,000 Japanese troops of the Pacific-based 18th Army. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-15 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 24 Apr 1944
Quarter bow view of a Landing Craft Flak (LCF) during invasion rehearsal off the Isle of Wight, Southern England, United Kingdom, 28 Apr 1944Portrait of Air Chief Marshal Harris of RAF Bomber Command, taken at his HQ at High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom, 24 Apr 1944
25 Apr 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Saipan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The Emsland concentration camps in Germany established the Kommandos Nord (Department North), which began to construct concentration camps in Norway north of the Arctic Circle; 1,404 prisoners were transferred there when completed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Australian troops captured Madang, New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops attacked Ningthoukhong, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler made his last major public appearance at Hans-Valentin Hube's funeral in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • George Patton was at a welcome club in Knutsford, England, United Kingdom as the guest of honor. Learning that his visit was supposed to be unofficial, he freely spoke of a post-war world in which the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union would together rule the world. A reporter carelessly missed writing down the Soviet Union, thus when the story was published several days later, it appeared as if Patton was disrespecting the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Apr 1944
Stockpile of Pipe at a US Army supply base in England, United Kingdom in preparation for the invasion of France, 25 Apr 1944Yard full of coils of communications cable at US Army Quartermaster Depot G-22 in Moreton-on-Lugg, Herefordshire, England, in preparation of invasion of France, 25 Apr 1944
26 Apr 1944
  • Georgios Papandreou became the new Prime Minister of Greece after his predecessor resigned. [TH]
France
  • Pétain made his first and only visit to Paris, France to inspect damage from Allied bombings. [Main Article | TH]
Greece
  • Heinrich Kreipe was kidnapped by British operatives at Archanes, Crete, Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Prince Takahito's daughter Princess Yasuko was born. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Hamazasp Babadzhanian was made a Hero of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Franklin arrived at New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Apr 1944
Mechanics working on a PBY Catalina engine at Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington, 26-27 Apr 1944Close-up of the flame projector of a Churchill Crocodile tank during trials at Eastwell Park, Ashford, Kent, England, United Kingdom, 26 Apr 1944Map depicting Operation Cartwheel and the invasion of Gilbert and Marshall Islands, 30 Jun 1943-26 Apr 1944Kluge, Himmler, Dönitz, and Keitel at the funeral service of Colonel General Hans Hube, 26 Apr 1944
See all photos dated 26 Apr 1944
27 Apr 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Overseas civilian travel was banned by the British government. [TH]
  • British Sergeant Norman Jackson's Lancaster bomber was attacked by a German nightfighter after a bombing run over Schweinfurt, Germany. As he observed that the starboard wing was on fire, he climbed outside with a parachute and a fire extinguisher. Holding on with one hand, he attempted to put out the fire while the aircraft traveled at 200 miles per hour at the altitude of 20,000 feet. He was eventually thrown off the aircraft as the German nightfighter returned for a second attack. He would survive the fall and would become captured. [CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued survivors of sunken light cruiser Yubari. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde was assigned to No. 3 Squadron RAF, flying Tempest Mk. V fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Akigawa Maru west of Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Anglo-Indian troops attempted to attack the Japanese positions on the far side of the tennis court in Kohima, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Italian motor torpedo boats attacked the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy before dawn, causing no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Russia
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Canadian and New Zealand prime ministers arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for the Imperial Conference. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 27 Apr 1944
US Navy African-American mechanic Alvin V. Morrison working on PBY Catalina aircraft at Naval Air Station Seattle, Washington, United States, 27 Apr 1944Sherman Crab flail tank under test with the UK 79th (Experimental) Armored Division Royal Engineers, 27 Apr 1944Canadian 1st Special Service Force troops relaxing near Anzio, Italy, 20-27 Apr 1944USS Miami underway, 27 Apr 1944
See all photos dated 27 Apr 1944
28 Apr 1944
  • Yamato arrived at Manila, unloaded troops and supplies, and then departed. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Cassin Young sortied from Manus, Admiralty Islands with Task Force 58 for carrier strikes in the Central Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Frank Knox passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of USS Tirante was laid down at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Slapton Sands Incident: German E-boats torpedoed American landing ships in amphibious exercises off of the Devon coast in England, United Kingdom, killing 198 sailors and 551 soldiers. [CPC]
  • Matsu was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 26 B-24 bombers of the US 14th Air Force escorted by 10 P-51 fighters attacked Zhengzhou, Henan, China. Fighters of the Japanese 9th Sentai at nearby Xinxiang failed to react due to the faulty radar at Kaifeng. Storage warehouses, the Bawangcheng Bridge, and another nearby bridge on the Yellow River were damaged. [CPC]
  • USS Iowa completed her escort mission for carriers off New Guinea, Dutch East Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A force of 4,000 Chinese troops, 1,400 American troops (Merrill's Marauders), and 600 Kachin scouts began marching for Myitkyina, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Wilhelm Johnen, Staffelkapitän of German night fighter Squadron 5./NJG 5, whilst chasing an RAF bomber strayed into Swiss airspace where he was hit by flak and forced to land at Dübendorf where his Messerschmitt Bf 110G-4B./R3, which was equipped with the latest Lichtenstein SN-2b radar, was interned by the Swiss authorities. Fearful that the top-secret radar (which was the Luftwaffe's answer to the Allies "Window" anti-radar system) might fall into the hands of the Allies, the Germans eventually traded twelve new Bf 109G fighters in exchange for a Swiss guarantee that the interned aircraft with its new radar would be completely destroyed. [AC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-59 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The South African and Rhodesian prime ministers arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for the Imperial Conference. [TH]
United States
  • USS Franklin entered New York Navy Yard, New York, United States for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd visited Franklin Roosevelt at Bernard Baruch's estate Hobcaw Barony near Georgetown, South Carolina, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Apr 1944
Map depicting the movement of Allied H, K, and M forces toward Myitkyina, Burma, 28 Apr to 16 May 1944USS Aquarius (AKA-16) and USS Titania (AKA-13) unloading United States Marines at Pavuvu, Russell Islands, Solomon Islands, 28 Apr 1944Mugford off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 28 Apr 1944; note US Navy camouflage Measure 32, Design 1d
29 Apr 1944
  • USS Tunny departed Brisbane, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese convoy south of Taiwan and damaged one transport with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • American troops captured the Japanese airfield at Hollandia, New Guinea. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • After dark, Japanese troops launched a counterattack at Kohima, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan United Kingdom
  • Australian Prime Minister John Curtin arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for the Imperial Conference. [Main Article | TH]
  • In England, United Kingdom, Dwight Eisenhower cabled Washington DC, United States, telling Marshall that he was pondering the notion of firing George Patton because "he simply does not keep his mouth shut", referring to the 25 Apr 1944 incident in which Patton spoke of his vision of a post-war world that, after being mis-quoted by a reporter, created another public relations row for Eisenhower's headquarters. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Barbero was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander Irvin S. Hartman in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Apr 1944
Smoke rising from the Japanese naval base at Dublon Island, Truk Atoll, Caroline Islands, 29-30 Apr 1944Aerial view of United States Coast Guard cutter Spencer in New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 29 Apr 1944Soldier maintaining the 29cm Petard spigot mortar on a Churchill AVRE of 79th Squad, 5th Assault Regt, Royal Engineers, UK 3rd Infantry Division, 29 Apr 1944; note 40-lb bomb on rightLieutenant Commander Edward C. Outlaw and pilots of his VF-32 squadron celebrating after completing a mission over Truk, Caroline Islands, 29 Apr 1944
See all photos dated 29 Apr 1944
30 Apr 1944
  • USS Puffer departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Apr 1944
General Henry Wilson and Lieutenant General Oliver Leese, Mignano Monte Lungo, Italy, 30 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 4Lieutenant General Oliver Leese at his field headquarters near Mignano Monte Lungo, Italy, 30 Apr 1944General Henry Wilson and Lieutenant General Oliver Leese, Mignano Monte Lungo, Italy, 30 Apr 1944, photo 2 of 4General Henry Wilson and Lieutenant General Oliver Leese, Mignano Monte Lungo, Italy, 30 Apr 1944, photo 3 of 4
See all photos dated 30 Apr 1944
1 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Palau and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • US Navy completed a two-day raid on Truk, which destroyed 120 Japanese aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference began and would last until 16 May. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Australian Prime Minister John Curtin, New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser, Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King, and South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts were in attendance. They would agree to support the Moscow Declaration and reached agreement regarding their respective roles in the overall Allied war effort. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Organizational Division of the German Prisoner of War Office reported that a total of 5,165,381 Soviet prisoners were in German captivity. [CPC]
  • Submarine Macabi was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin justified taking the war into German borders by noting "[o]ur tasks cannot be restricted by pushing the enemy out of our Motherland.... We must free our brothers from German Europe who have been conquered by Hitler's Germany." [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies France
  • British Squadron Leader Maurice Southgate, whose task it was to coordinate the various Marquis groups between the Loire River and the Pyrenees mountains, was arrested by the Gestapo in Paris, France. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Anglo-Indian troops attacked Crete West hill near Imphal, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Italian Navy formed Divisione Decima (10th Division) with theoretical strength of 11 battalions; in actuality only 4 were operational at this time. [CPC]
  • The newly formed Italian parachute regiment formally became a part of the Italian Air Force. [CPC]
Japan
  • Masafumi Arima was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Boris Shaposhnikov received the Medal for the Defense of Moscow. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Yugoslavian partisan leader Tito's mission arrived in London, England, United Kingdom to discuss cooperation with the Allies and gained official recognition. [TH]
  • While in Britain, Robert Johnson was promoted to the rank of major. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1944
Indianapolis off San Francisco, California, 1 May 1944US Army soldiers boarding landing craft in a British port, while preparing for the Normandy operation, 1 May 1944; note barrage balloons aloft and on the groundAfrican-American soldiers of the US Army 93rd Infantry Division traveling along the Numa-Numa Trail, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 1 May 1944African-American crew of US Navy submarine chaser PC-1264 saluting the American flag, east coast of United States, 1 May 1944
See all photos dated 1 May 1944
2 May 1944
  • 54-year-old Leonard Dawe, a teacher, compiled a cross-puzzle which was published in the Daily Telegraph on this date. He was put under MI5 investigation as the crossword puzzle contained the code names of the American landing beaches in Normandy, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: First mention made of Night Combat Training Unit. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale made rendezvous with destroyer escort USS Fair. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Two transports arrived at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp with 1,800 Jews from Budapest, Hungary and 2,000 from Topolya, Yugoslavia. 1,102 were registered into the camp, and the remaining 2,698 were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Floating drydock USS ABSD-2 departed California, United States in 10 separate sections. [Main Article | CPC]
3 May 1944
  • Yamato was designated the flagship of Battleship Division 1 under Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Soemu Toyoda was named the commander-in-chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche began pursuing a seven-ship Japanese convoy south of Taiwan spotted by wolfpack mate USS Tinosa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse was relieved from lifeguard station duty in the Mariana Islands and set sail for Milne Bay, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Harder arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 7 B-25 bombers of the Chinese-American Composite Wing attacked Japanese troop concentrations near Mihsien and Yueyang in Hunan, China and strafed the town of Hsiangcheng. On the same day, 10 P-40 fighters of the Chinese-American Composite Wing damaged the bridge on the Yellow River and destroyed 15 Japanese trucks northwest of Chenghsien near Luoyang, Henan, China. [CPC]
India
  • Indian 4th Brigade attacked GPT ridge near Kohima, India, which failed to capture all Japanese positions. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Dwight Eisenhower wrote George Patton a personal letter in which he informed Patton that Patton would be allowed to keep his post even after the public relations rows that Patton had created. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 3 May 1944
An US Coast Guard seaman dead at his battle station aboard USS Menges, which was torpedoed by a German submarine in the Mediterranean Sea, 3 May 1944
4 May 1944
  • The United States government lifted rationing for most types of meat. [CPC]
  • RAF bombers struck Budapest, Hungary. [TH]
  • A new German plan called for the deportation of 3,000 Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz Concentration Camp daily, starting on 15 May 1944. A meeting was held on this date in Vienna between German SS officials, Hungarian officials, and railroad officials to determine the logistics of such an operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Joint Chiefs of Staff decided to preliminarily plan landing operations on Taiwan, Philippine Islands, and mainland China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Johnson scored his 28th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese convoy south of Taiwan, sinking Taiyoku Maru and Shoryu Maru and damaging a third, hitting them with 7 of 10 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Blackout discontinued. [Main Article | DS]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Flying Fish departed Majuro, Marshall Islands for her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Alabama arrived at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
5 May 1944
  • Spain ceased export of Tungsten to Germany in exchange for American oil. [CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 14th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain only one seaplane tender. [CPC]
  • The order for food transport ship Kusumi, the planned sister ship to Irako, was canceled. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Six US Marine Corps PBJ bombers attacked Tobera, New Britain; one bomber was shot down by anti-aircraft fire. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Italy
  • Harold Alexander ordered for the preparation of Operation Buffalo, which called for an assault on Cisterna, Italy; Mark Clark, however, would modify this plan so that he could strike at Rome, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Settsu was assigned to the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet Army began its assault on Sevastopol, Russia (now Ukraine) destroying German 17.Armee and taking 36,000 prisoners. [TH]
  • Lavrentiy Beria was named the deputy chairman of the Soviet State Defense Committee (GKO) and the chairman of the Operational Bureau of the GKO. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Franklin departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 May 1944
Merrill and Stilwell, Naubum, Burma, 5 May 1944PBJ-1 Mitchell bomber of Marine Squadron VMB-413 is hit in the port engine by anti-aircraft fire over Tobera, New Britain 5 May 1944. The aircraft crashed a short time later killing all 6 of the crew.
6 May 1944
  • Younger workers in the Lodz ghetto in Poland began a hunger strike in protest of the watery soup that made up the bulk of their daily food intake. [CPC]
  • In India, Mahatma Gandhi was released from imprisonment due to health reasons. [CPC]
  • British Army junior officer John Randle took out a Japanese machine gun position in Burma, then purposefully sacrificed himself to take out a bunker with a grenade. He was posthumously awarded a Victoria Cross. [CPC]
  • The A7M1 Reppu fighter took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During the day, 25 Japanese Zero fighters attacked Bishenpur, India. After sundown, Japanese troops attacked Tengnoupal, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Hawaii
  • USS Pompon departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-17 departed. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Miami arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops bombarded Sevastopol, Russia (now Ukraine) with Katyusha rocket launchers. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-59 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 6 May 1944
Normandy beach defenses, France, 6 May 1944, photo 1 of 4Normandy beach defenses, France, 6 May 1944, photo 2 of 4Normandy beach defenses, France, 6 May 1944, photo 3 of 4Normandy beach defenses, France, 6 May 1944, photo 4 of 4
7 May 1944

Germany
  • 1,500 bombers of the US 8th Air Force attacked Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Guitarro departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Composite Squadron 28 (VC-28) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • During the day, Anglo-Indian troops attacked Jail Hill near Kohima, India, which was repelled by Japanese troops and suffered heavy losses. To the south, the British offensive from Imphal, India into Burma was called off after lack of success. After sundown, Japanese troops attacked Tengnoupal, India and overran some Allied defensive positions. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit began lifeguard duty in the Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt arrived in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 May 1944
Normandy beach defenses, France, 7 May 1944
8 May 1944
  • Eisenhower set the date for the cross-Channel invasion at 5 Jun 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Rock arrived at Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, damaging a tanker and a freigther with 2 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF fighter ace Robert Johnson scored his 27th victory, exceeding the 26 victories achieved by Captain Eddie Rickenbacker, making him the second-highest scoring American fighter pilot in Europe. [AC]
  • Brigadier William Lentaigne, commander of the Chindit, flew to the front lines in Burma to meet with Michael Calvert, repeating the order to abandon the Broadway and White City sites of Operation Thursday in order to build a new forward base, Blackpool. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert Johnson flew his final mission, shooting down a Bf 109G aircraft and a Fw 190 aircraft over Celle, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Two officers and 97 men of ARGUS-8 arrived on board. Two officers and 91 men of ARGUS-7 arrived on board. Parts of Air Group 11 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Poland
  • Rudolf Höss returned to Auschwitz Concentration Camp to supervise Aktion Höss, the extermination of 430,000 Hugarian Jews. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga was commissioned at the Norfolk Navy Yard in Portsmouth, Virginia, United States with Dixie Kiefer in command. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 8 May 1944
A FM-2 Wildcat fighter prepared to launch from USS Charger while another flew overhead, Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, United States, 8 May 1944Starboard side view of Essex-class carrier Ticonderoga being delivered to the US Navy on the morning of her commissioning, Hampton Roads, Virginia, Untied States, May 8, 1944.
9 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Ambon, Molucca Islands and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 108 prisoners of the Pithiviers Transit Camp in France were sent to La Rochelle, France to build fortifications at the mouth of the Gironde River on the Atlantic coast. [CPC]
  • The Allies began an aerial campaign against airfields and rail lines in France in preparation for the cross-Channel invasion. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Makin Island was commissioned into service at Astoria, Oregon, United States with Commander William B. Whaley in command. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Segundo was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander James D. Fulp, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Rudolf Höss returned to Auschwitz Concentration Camp and ordered the expansion of the rail platforms, the activation of Crematorium V, the reactivation of Bunker 2 (gas chamber), the digging of five pits, among other items, in preparation for the arrival of Hungarian Jews at Auschwitz. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Red Army recaptured Sevastopol, Russia (now Ukraine). [TH]
10 May 1944
  • USS Cod sank Japanese destroyer Karukaya and a cargo ship by torpedoes and survived a heavy depth charge barrage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The French Resistance claimed a membership of over 100,000 and requested more military aid from the Allies. [Main Article | TH]
  • Repair ship Akashi was removed from the Japanese Navy List. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of ARGUS-17 departed. [Main Article | DS]
India
  • Japanese troops attacked Scraggy Hill near Imphal, India. 30 kilometers to the southwest, Bishenpur was attacked by a group of Japanese Zero fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was wounded in the head at Sevastopol, Russia (now Ukraine) after his car drove over a mine and was evacuated to Moscow, Russia for treatment. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold suffered his third heart attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 May 1944
USS Marblehead underway, 10 May 1944Crew bails out of damaged B-17F Fortress “Patches” at 22,500 feet over Wiener Neustadt, Austria, 10 May 1944. 8 of the crew became POWs and the other 2 were killed. Note 2 right engines feathered
11 May 1944
  • Pressured by the respective governments, German authorities in Italy released from captivity Jews of Turkish, Spanish, Portuguese, Swiss, Swedish, and Finnish citizenship. [CPC]
  • Chinese troops crossed the Salween River in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese Navy devised Operation A-Go for the defense of the Mariana Islands; it would be launched in Jun 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny arrived in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Saeki, Japan for Tawi-Tawi, Mindanao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Seahorse arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Composite Squadron 5 (VC-5) and Composite Squadron 10 (VC-10) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Operation Diadem, the fourth Allied attempt at attacking Cassino, Italy, was launched at 2300 hours with 1,660 artillery pieces firing on German defensive positions. Troops of US Fifth and British Eighth Armies advanced toward German positions behind the artillery barrage. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Panama Canal Zone Poland
  • German SS Sturmbannführer Richard Baer was appointed the commandant of Auschwitz I after his predecessor Liebehenschel was transferred to Majdanek Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
12 May 1944
  • The German synthetic fuel plants at Brüx in southern Germany (post-war Most, Czechoslovakia) and Lüna-Merseburg, Lützkendorf, and Zeitz in eastern Germany were hit by 800 US bombers. [Main Article | TH]
  • Kamal Ram of Indian 8th Punjab Regiment single-handedly took out two German defensive positions and joined another against a third near the Gari River in Italy. Later in the same day, he charged at a house held by the Germans, capturing two and killing one. He was later awarded the Victoria Cross, with King George VI pinning the medal onto his uniform in Jul 1944. [CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops counterattacked at Tengnoupal, India, regaining territory lost during the Japanese attacks between 6 and 8 May 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Italy
  • Near Cassino, Italy, engineers of Indian 8th Division successfully established a bridge to allow tanks of Canadian 1st Armoured Brigade to cross the Rapido River, while Polish troops engaged in fierce fighting with troops of German 1st Parachute Division at Point 593. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 39 German Sinti children, 20 boys and 19 girls, arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. They were separated from their parents as a part of Eva Justin's dissertation "The fate of Gypsy children and their offspring raised in alien environments". She became a professor at Berlin University in 1943 and the paper was published in 1944. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • The remains of German 17.Armee surrendered in the Crimea in Russia (now Ukraine). [TH]
United States
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 May 1944
HMS Renown, HMS Valiant, and French BB Richelieu in the Indian Ocean, 12 May 1944; photographed from a USS Saratoga aircraftLieutenant General Robert Eichelberger, 12 May 19444.2-inch mortar and crew of S Troop, 307th battery, British 99th Light AA Regiment in action, Cassino, Italy, 12 May 1944German Me 410 aircraft attacking a B-17G bomber of US 562nd Bomb Squadron, 388th Bomb Group over Brüx, Czechoslovakia (now Most, Czech Republic) May 12 1944; photo taken from the B-17G aircraft “Lady Godiva”
13 May 1944
  • US destroyer escort USS Francis M. Robinson of Task Group 22.2 sank Japanese submarine RO-501, formerly German submarine U-1224, off the Cape Verde islands, killing the entire crew of 52 including Lieutenant Commander Norita Sadatoshi. RO-501 had a cargo of mercury, lead, steel, aluminum drawings, optical glass, IXC-type submarine blueprints, and Me 163A Komet jet fighter blue prints on board. USS Francis M. Robinson would later receive the Presidential Unit Citation for this action. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major Wolfgang Späte, in a Me 163 jet aircraft launched from Bad Zwischenahn in northern Germany, pursued two USAAF P-47 fighters. Mechanical problems with the aircraft cause Späte to eventually lose contact with the US fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops attacked Luoyang, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies India
  • By this date, Anglo-Indian troops had control of Jail Hill, GPT ridge, and FSD ridge near Kohima, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied troops captured Ponte Sant'Angelo and Castelforte, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
14 May 1944
  • Yamato arrived at Tawi-Tawi, where she would remain for gunnery drills at range of nearly 22 miles with sister ship Musashi through Jun 1944. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Musashi arrived at Tawi Tawi, where she would remain for gunnery drills at range of nearly 22 miles with sister ship Yamato through Jun 1944. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Luftwaffe Leutnant August Lambert was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal for 90 kills. Of the nearly 250 Soviet aircraft shot down by II/SG2 during the Gruppe's six-month defence of the Crimea region in Ukraine, more than a third had fallen to Lambert's guns. [AC]
  • 1st Anti-Fascist Partisan Brigade commanding officer Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Gil, who was also known as I. G. Rodionov, was killed in action. [CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Marcus and Wake Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Heinrich Kreipe and his captors were picked up by a British ship at near Rodakino, Crete, Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Grading for the foundation began on the engine overhaul facility. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • French Moroccan colonial troops outflanked German defenses in the Liri River valley in Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 May 1944
B-24 Liberator of the 705th Bomb Squadron over Orly Airfield, Paris, May 14 1944.USS Nevada and USS Texas in Belfast Lough, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, 14 May 1944
15 May 1944
  • Shokaku arrived at Tawi-Tawi, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Hungarian Jews began to be deported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hans Speidel arranged a meeting between Erwin Rommel and anti-Hitler conspirators, but he would ultimately attend on his stead. [CPC]
  • The Chinese-American-Kachin force outside of Myitkyina, Burma transmitted the code phrase "strawberry sundae", signifying that it was in position to strike the Japanese-occupied city. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Tawi-Tawi, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Over the following three days, about 7,500 prisoners of the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia were transferred to the Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland; part of the reason was to relieve Theresienstadt's overcrowded condition in preparation of a visit by the International Red Cross and the Danish Red Cross in the following month. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • US Navy 127th Construction Battalion relieved the 48th Construction Battalion in the work to build aviation gasoline facilities at Maui, US Territory of Hawaii. [CPC]
India
  • Anglo-Indian troops pushed Japanese troops out of Potsangbam, 2 miles south of Bishenpur, India. To the north near Kohima, Indian 33rd Brigade captured Treasury Hill with little Japanese opposition. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British 78th Division joined in on the attack of Cassino, Italy as German troops withdrew from Gustav Line to Hitler Line 30 miles to the south of Rome, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 May 1944
Dwight Eisenhower reviewing troops in England, United Kingdom, 15 May 1944Major General Edward Brooks (behind Eisenhower) demonstrating M1 Carbines to Dwight Eisenhower, Winston Churchill, and Omar Bradley, England, United Kingdom, 15 May 1944, photo 1 of 2Winston Churchill being shown various weapons, England, United Kingdom, 15 May 1944, photo 1 of 2; note Major General Edward Brooks in backgroundWinston Churchill being shown various weapons, England, United Kingdom, 15 May 1944, photo 2 of 2
See all photos dated 15 May 1944
16 May 1944 Hawaii
  • USS Pintado departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Major General Nobuo Tanaka ordered a two-pronged offensive toward Bishenpur and the plains near Imphal in India. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of Jews from Hungary arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. Adolf Eichmann, in charge of all transports to the camps, arrived to oversee and speed up the extermination process personally. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 May 1944
Aboard San Jacinto, Lieutenant Commander Albert B. Cahn gave signal to a VT-51 TBM-1C Avenger to take off for an exercise, 16 May 1944P-38J Lightning “Bambi” of the 338th Fighter Squadron assigned to Capt John L Odegard, probably at RAF Ridgewell, Essex, England, May 16 1944. Behind P-38’s nose wheel is B-17G Fortress “Chug a Lug IV” with the 535th Bomb Squadron.
17 May 1944
  • USS Hoe damaged a Japanese freighter with 1 of 5 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny received reports of a Japanese convoy from USS Sand Lance and intercepted the 3-ship and 3-destroyer convoy just after sunset in the Mariana Islands. She launched three torpedoes each against two cargo ships, sinking Nichiwa Maru. She endured a counterattack consisted of 81 depth charges, suffering no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria was commissioned into service with Captain George Dye in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander F. Worth Scanland, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese attack on the Blackpool site of Operation Thursday in Burma was repulsed. On the same day, William Slim handed operational control of the Chindits over to Joseph Stilwell. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American, Chinese, and Kachin troops began the assault on Myitkyina, Burma. The attack began at 1000 hours, and by 1050 the airfield was captured. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Italy
  • German troops evacuated Cassino, Italy. Meanwhile, the French penetration of the Gustav Line reached 25 miles. Nearby, Polish troops launched what was to become the final attack on Monte Cassino. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 May 1944
Map depicting the arrival of Allied H, K, and M forces at Myitkyina, Burma, 17-19 May 1944Soldiers of the US 6th Army on the beach of Wakde, northwestern New Guinea, 17 May 1944
18 May 1944
  • Allied bombers conducted a raid on Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
  • USS Puffer attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, firing 9 torpedoes, 2 of which hit and sank freighter Shinryu Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops attacked Japanese positions at Ninthoukgong, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell arrived at the Myitkyina airfield in Burma just a day after the airfield was captured, congratulating Frank Merrill in advance for the capture of the rest of the city, which he believed would be achieved within days. Later on the same day, Merrill dispatched a Chinese unit to attack the city; the attack was called off when two Chinese battalions mistakenly engaged each other in a fierce firefight. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Buckley-class destroyer-escort USS England (Commander W. B. Pendleton) attacked and sank Japanese submarine I-16, the first of six enemy submarines to be sunk by USS England over a twelve-day period. [AC]
Italy
  • British 78th Division linked up with the Polish Corps in the Liri River valley 3.2 kilometers west of Cassino, Italy. Later on the same day, Polish troops captured the ruins of the Monte Cassino monastery. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan
  • Kichisaburo Nomura was made a Privy Councillor. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 May 1944
Men of 163rd Infantry Regiment hit the beach from Higgins boats during the invasion of Wadke Island, New Guinea, 18 May 1944Canadian Prime Minister King and General Harry Foster walking by a Ford GPA amphibious Jeep, England, UK, 18 May 1944Polish troops fighting near Cassino, Italy, 18 May 1944The cerws of USS Saratoga (foreground) and HMNZS Gambia (center) saluting each other as USS Saratoga was preparing to leave Indian Ocean, 18 May 1944
See all photos dated 18 May 1944
19 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Singapore. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • James Forrestal became the Secretary of the Navy of the United States. [CPC]
  • Joel Brand of the Hungarian Zionist Relief and Rescue Committee and Gestapo Agent Bandi Grosz (alias Andre Gyorgy) arrived in Istanbul, Turkey to deliver a message for the Allied powers: Germany would spare the lives of 700,000 Hungarian Jews if the Allies would provide Germany with 10,000 trucks, 2 million bars of soap, 800 tons of coffee, 200 tons of cocoa, and 800 tons of tea. The British government concluded that it was a German scheme to install suspicion in the Soviet Union toward the Western Allies. [CPC]
  • USS Hoe claimed damaging a Japanese ship and sinking another after scoring 2 torpedoes on each of the ships; a total of 10 torpedoes were fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • An Anglo-Indian attack on Naga, India was repulsed with heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Three Chinese battalions attacked each other in confusion while assaulting Myitkyina, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Frank Merrill suffered another heart attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese trawler with her deck gun, scoring no hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I. von Heider was named the civilian administrator of the Channel Islands. [CPC]
Italy
  • British troops captured the airfield at Aquino outside of Rome, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • French Moroccan colonial troops plundered villages near Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • "Barbarigo" naval infantry battalion of Italian Navy reported a strength of 714 men. [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in support of the upcoming Mariana Islands invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Franklin arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island embarked aircraft on the west coast of the United States for ferrying to the South Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Spot was launched at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, sponsored by Mrs. A. A. Gieselmann. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 May 1944
B-17G Fortress “Miss Donna Mae II” drifted under another bomber on a bomb run over Berlin, 19 May 1944. A 1,000 lb bomb from above tore off the left stabilizer and sent the plane into an uncontrollable spin. All 11 were killed. Photo 1 of 4B-17G Fortress “Miss Donna Mae II” drifted under another bomber on a bomb run over Berlin, 19 May 1944. A 1,000 lb bomb from above tore off the left stabilizer and sent the plane into an uncontrollable spin. All 11 were killed. Photo 2 of 4B-17G Fortress “Miss Donna Mae II” drifted under another bomber on a bomb run over Berlin, 19 May 1944. A 1,000 lb bomb from above tore off the left stabilizer and sent the plane into an uncontrollable spin. All 11 were killed. Photo 3 of 4B-17G Fortress “Miss Donna Mae II” drifted under another bomber on a bomb run over Berlin, 19 May 1944. A 1,000 lb bomb from above tore off the left stabilizer and sent the plane into an uncontrollable spin. All 11 were killed. Photo 4 of 4
See all photos dated 19 May 1944
20 May 1944
  • Eisenhower addressed French Resistance groups via a broadcast in preparation for the planned cross-Channel invasion. On the same day, 5,000 Allied bombers conducted coordinated strikes against many rail targets and 9 airfields in France and Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • Members of the Polish underground captured a top secret V2 rocket intact. Since the Germans set up a test site at Bliza, Poland, the underground had operated a chain of small units responsible for bearing the Germans to the sites of crashed test rockets and salvaging whatever they could before the soldiers arrived. One V2 landed in a marsh close to the banks of the River Bug 80 miles east of Warsaw. The resistance got there first and found it sticking out of the mud. They pushed it deeper into the water to hide it and later dismantled the missile and flew vital parts to England, United Kingdom via an RAF Dakota aircraft. [AC]
  • USS Gar began her twelfth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Taussig (DD-746) was commissioned with Commander Joseph A. Robbins in command. [AC]
  • USS Baya was commissioned into service with Commander A. H. Holtz in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Iceland
  • Iceland began a four-day plebiscite on whether to terminate the personal union with the King of Denmark and establish a republic. [CPC]
India
  • Japanese troops evacuated the forward-most positions near Imphal, India. Meanwhile, a bloody clash took place between Japanese and Anglo-Indian troops at Torbung. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy Mariana Islands
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in support of the upcoming Mariana Islands invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 20 May 1944
Inflated tanks used by the Allies as deception before Normandy, late May 1944Shimakaze during her trials, circa mid-May 1943; this is the only known photo of this shipTroops of 325th Glider Infantry of US 82nd Airborne Division in a Horsa glider, training or preparing for Normandy, France invasion, England, United Kingdom, May-Jun 1944UK Royal Air Force Stirling bombers, acting as glider tugs, lining at the runway at Tarrant Rushton, England, United Kingdom, May-Jun 1944; note invasion strips
See all photos dated 20 May 1944
21 May 1944
  • Adolf Hitler ordered downed Allied airmen to be shot without trial. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Kanglatongbi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray began pursuing a nine-ship Japanese convoy south of the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flier completed her repairs and resumed her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero damaged a Japanese transport north of Dutch New Guinea, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 24 TBF, 20 SBD, a number of B-24, a number of P-39, and a number of New Zealand fighters and dive bombers attacked Vunakanau Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain. 1 TBF aircraft was shot down by anti-aircraft fire, and its crew was captured by the Japanese. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • An explosion on a LST moored in Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii set off a chain reaction that caused massive damage to shipping and installations and heavy loss of life. [Main Article | AC]
Pacific Ocean Poland
  • Four trains arrived at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland with 12,438 Hungarian Jews (3,013 from Viseu de Sus (Felsövisó), 3,274 from Nyiregyháza, 3,290 from Sátoraljaújhely, and 2,861 from Mukacevo (Munkács)) and 2,000 Jews from Yugoslavia. 1,102 were registered into the camp; 2,698 were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Boarfish was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Miss Barbara Walsh, daughter of Senator Arthur Walsh of the US state of New Jersey. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
22 May 1944
  • U-530 departed Lorient, France for Trinidad. Aboard, she carried a Naxos radar detector to be given to the Japanese when she was to meet with Japanese submarine I-52. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Trepang was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Francis Gabreski of US 56th Fighter Group shot down three German Focke-Wulf Fw.190 aircraft in one day. [AC]
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese convoy in the Pacific Ocean, sinking destroyer Asanagi and damaging a freighter; ten torpedoes were expended in this tatack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer attacked a Japanese carrier in the South China Sea, firing 6 torpedoes and claiming 1 hit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Kenneth Elliot Meredith was named the commanding officer of HMCS Trillium. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze suffered minor propeller damage when it accidentally struck a reef near Tawi-Tawi, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray attacked a nine-ship Japanese convoy south of the Philippine Islands with seven torpedoes, scoring five hits; Tempei Maru was sunk and two other ships were damaged. A short moment later, she fired another torpedo from a stern tube, damaging another ship. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In a Daily Telegraph crossword puzzle the word "Omaha" appeared as one of the answers. This caused considerable consternation among Allied invasion planners as "Omaha" was the codename for the French beach due to be assaulted by the US 1st Division on D-Day. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 22 May 1944
Men watched as firefighters battled flames on LST-480, 22 May 1944; the explosion took place on the previous dayTugs and other craft tried to put out fires on LST-480 resulted from an explosion from the previous day, Pearl Harbor, 22 May 1944US Coast Guard vessel Woodbine fighting a fire on the stern of a destroyed LST which exploded the previous day, West Loch, Pearl Harbor, 22 May 1944Bernard Montgomery and King George VI at Montgomery
See all photos dated 22 May 1944
23 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Singapore. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Muriel Byck passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Hans Cramer, last commander of the German Afrika Korps, was repatriated due to ill health; before he departed Britain, he was shown evidence of the massive Allied build-up, but was misinformed as to the location of these forces; when he was later debriefed in Berlin, Germany, this misinformation helped deceive the Germans as to the actual target of the invasion. On the same day Cramer was repatriated, a single USAAF B-24 bomber ("Lorelei" 41-29300), escorted by eight P-51 fighters, loaded with the new top-secret Azon bombs successfully destroyed four bridges leading into Normandie, France; Lieutenant Colonel F. M. O'Neil (commanding officer of 753rd Squadron) and Captain Fred DeNeffe were the mission pilots; the entire crew was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • USS Ray fired ten torpedoes at two radar contacts south of the Philippine Islands, sinking one ship and damaging another with six torpedo hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero attacked a Japanese convoy off the Palau Islands, sinking a freighter and damaging a tanker, hitting them with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Troops of Polish II Corps and Canadian 1st Infantry Division attacked Piedimonte, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Three US and two British divisions launched a new assault out of the Anzio, Italy beachhead at dawn, inflicting heavy casualties on German formations but also suffering similarly. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese ship in the Pacific Ocean with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Four trains arrived at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland with 12,674 Hungarian Jews (3,023 from Viseu de Sus (Felsovisó), 3,272 from Nyiregyháza, 3,269 from Mukacevo (Munkács), and 3,110 from Oradea (Nagyvárad)). 5 women were registered into the camp; 12,669 were sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 May 1944
Map of the Allied breakout from the Anzio, Italy beachhead and advance from the Gustav Line, May 1944
24 May 1944
  • British Prime Minister Churchill formally announced that Spain would not be a target of the forthcoming Allied invasion on continental western Europe. [Main Article | TH]
  • SS official Adolf Eichmann's office in Budapest reported that 116,000 Hungarian Jews had already been deported, and another 200,000 were awaiting deportation, most of which were from Carpatho-Ruthenia and Transylvania. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A transport of 859 prisoners from the Pawiak prison in Warsaw, Poland arrived at Stutthof Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla damaged a Japanese ship east of Borneo, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops penetrated Chindit defense lines near the Blackpool site in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish attempted to attack a Japanese convoy; all 4 torpedoes fired missed. She was detected and was subjected to a depth charge counterattack. [Main Article | CPC]
Iceland
  • Iceland's four-day plebiscite ended; the result would show that 97% of the population wished to terminate the personal union with the King of Denmark, and 95% of the population wished to establish a new republic. [CPC]
India
  • Japanese troops captured Gibraltar Hill and attacked Lone Tree Hill near Imphal, India. To the north at Kohima, Indian 7th Division began an offensive against Dyer Hill, Pimple Hill, and Big Tree Hill. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US forces captured Terracina, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • The German Senger Line south of Rome, Italy was breached by troops of Canadian 1st Infantry Division, Canadian 5th Armoured Division, and II Polish Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Inigo Campioni was executed by firing squad in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Wake Island. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 May 1944
Captain Burke (third from left) with his US Navy Destroyer Squadron 23 captains at
25 May 1944
  • Germans launched combined ground-airborne assault on Tito's headquarters in Drvar, Bosnia, Yugoslavia. [TH]
  • Submarine Sea Robin was launched, sponsored by the wife of US Navy Captain Homer Ambrose, the production superintendent at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Kittery, Maine, United States where the submarine was built. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack fired four torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer in the Pacific Ocean; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chindit forces abandoned the Blackpool site in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese transport and damaged another transport at dawn off the Philippine Islands, hitting them with 4 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • William Halsey gave a farewell speech to SOPAC personnel at Emirau, Bismarck Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops captured Luoyang, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US 3rd Division captured Cisterna, Italy after house-to-house fighting, nearly wiping out 362nd Infantry Division in the process; nearby, US 1st Armored Division engaged German Herman Göring Division at Valmontone while US Fifth Army troops linked up with the Anzio contingent. At the end of the day, Mark Clark ordered Lucian Truscott to turn north toward Rome without informing Harold Alexander. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Polish troops captured Piedimonte, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 May 1944
Royal Navy Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay and US Navy Rear Admiral John L. Hall, Jr. aboard AGC-4 USS Ancon, 25 May 1944German prisoners of war at Cisterna, Italy, late May 1944William Halsey with US Marines, sailors, and soldiers, Emirau Island, Bismarck Archipelago, 25 May 1944
26 May 1944
  • To the dismay of Roosevelt and Churchill, de Gaulle proclaimed the Free French movement to be the "Provisional Government of the French Republic"; de Gaulle received recognition from most Allied governments, but this caused him to be left out of the planning for Operation Overlord. [Main Article | TH]
  • Adolf Hitler delivered a speech at Der Platterhof hotel in Obersalzberg, Germany, justifying the continuation of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first Australian-built Beaufighter Mk.21 aircraft (A9-1) made its maiden flight. 364 aircraft would be built by the Mascot and Fishermen's Bend factories by the end of 1945. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese convoy in the Dutch East Indies with six torpedoes; four of them struck and sank a transport. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Harder departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Housing for gunairstructors, 3 quonset huts, turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • After US 1st Armored Division had already been ordered north toward Rome, Italy, Mark Clark belatedly reported to Harold Alexander such a change in orders; he left only 1 division to attack the remaining German forces at Valmontone. In the area, US troops captured Cori. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit claimed the sinking of a Japanese submarine off Truk, Carolin Islands, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
27 May 1944
  • The first Shinyo special attack boats were completed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna was commissioned into service, Lieutenant Commander H. D. Sturr in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Brigadier William Lentaigne ordered Michael Calvert to capture Mogaung, Burma by 5 Jun 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Hans Speidel, Konstantin von Neurath, and Karl Stroelin met at Stroelin's home in Freudenstadt, Germany to discuss the overthrow of Adolf Hitler. They concluded that Erwin Rommel was the ideal candidate to be the interim head of Germany or as the chief of the Germany military after Hitler's death as the Western Allies were more likely to negotiate peace with him than any of the officials in Berlin. They believed that a united European front could be formed to fight against Bolshevism. [CPC]
Italy
  • Italian "Folgore" parachute regiment reported a strength of 1,200 Italians and 130 Germans. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In a Daily Telegraph crossword puzzle the word "Overlord" appeared as one of the answers. This caused considerable consternation among Allied invasion planners as "Overlord" was the codename for the whole D-Day operation. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 27 May 1944
Page 1 of report describing how B-24D Liberator aircraft Page 2 of report describing how B-24D Liberator aircraft B-24D Liberator bomber
28 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USAAF again bombed the synthetic oil plant at Lüne-Merseburg in eastern Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Submarine Charr was launched, sponsored by Mrs. William Orkney. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese transport south of Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British entertainer Noël Coward arrived in Ceylon aboard destroyer HMS Rapid. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of Air Group 18 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Whale departed Majuro, Marshall Islands for her eighth war patrol; destroyer USS Cassin escorted her out to sea. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Golet departed Midway Atoll with Lieutenant James S. Clark as her new commanding officer. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 May 1944
Japanese-American soldiers of the US 100th Infantry Battalion marching in the Valletri area of Italy, 28 May 1944USS Becuna, late May 1944
29 May 1944
  • Taking advantage of their range, US bombers began hitting Marienburg and Posen in eastern Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The escort carrier USS Block Island was torpedoed by a German U-boat while on anti-submarine patrol near the Azores. This was the first and only US Navy Aircraft Carrier to be lost in the Atlantic Ocean. [AC]
  • The Anglo-Indian attack on Ninthoukgong, India was halted after capturing the northern half of the town. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 28 arrived on board. Part of CASU-48, CASU-49, arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US 1st Armored Division engaged German defensive positions of the Caesar C Line south of Rome, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale released destroyer USS Cassin from escort duty off Majuro, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese transport between Caroline Islands and Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 8 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1944
US Army Pfc. Edward J. Foley of the 143rd Infantry Regiment of the 36th Division cleaning his Springfield M1903A4 sniper rifle, near Valletri, Italy, 29 May 1944
30 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Royal Sovereign was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro sank the heavily-escorted cargo ship Shisen Maru off Taiwan, hitting her with two of the three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback completed refitting at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii and departed for her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon sank cargo ship Shiga Maru off Murotosaki, Shikoku, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Major General Nobuo Tanaka canceled his offensive in the Imphal region in India after incurring heavy losses. To the north at Kohima, the Indian 7th Division assault on Dyer Hill, Pimple Hill, and Big Tree Hill, which began on 24 May, was repulsed with heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British troops captured Arce, Italy; US 36th Infantry Division penetrated between German 1st Parachute Corps and LXXVI Panzer Corps on the Caesar C Line. Also on this day, after seven German divisions successfully withdraw along Route 6 in Italy, Albert Kesselring allowed his troops in the Velletri gap to slowly fall back. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In a Daily Telegraph crossword puzzle the word "Mulberry" appeared as one of the answers. This caused considerable consternation among Allied invasion planners as "Mulberry" was the codename for the floating harbours and facilities to be used during the invasion landings in France. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 30 May 1944
Horsa gliders line up in preparation for invasion, England, United Kingdom, May-Jun 1944Kranke, Buhle, and Rommel speaking after a weapons demonstration, Northern France, 30 May 1944, photo 1 of 2Kranke, Buhle, and Rommel speaking after a weapons demonstration, Northern France, 30 May 1944, photo 2 of 2Rommel inspecting the German 21st Panzer Division, Normandy, France, 30 May 1944, photo 4 of 4; note vehicle-mounted MG42 machine gun
See all photos dated 30 May 1944
31 May 1944
  • Stalin approved the plan for Operation Bagration, aimed at the destruction of German Armeegruppe Mitte. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Pintado began tracking a Japanese convoy in the Philippine Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • A German counterattack near Iasi, Romania was repulsed. [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 31 May 1944
Rommel observing the Atlantic Wall near Ouistreham, Normandy, France, late May 1944
1 Jun 1944
  • USS Cod arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Herring was reported lost in the Kurile Islands, presumed sunk by Japanese shore batteries on Matua Island, whilst on patrol near Matsuwa Island. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Pintado fired six torpedoes at a Japanese convoy in the Philippine Sea, scoring several hits, sinking Toho Maru and damaging another. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In his diary, William Slim privately complained of Louis Mountbatten's lack of vision and Henry Pownall's laziness. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Brigadier General Haydon L. Boatner was appointed to command the Myitkyina Task Force in Burma. [AC]
  • USS Permit completed lifeguard duty in the Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy United Kingdom
  • In a Daily Telegraph crossword puzzle the solution to 15 Down was "Neptune", the codename for the D-Day naval assault. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Franklin departed San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill departed Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jun 1944
US Army Rangers awaited the invasion signal in a landing craft in an English port, circa early Jun 1944, photo 1 of 2; note the bazooka and the M1 Garand riflesUS Army Rangers awaited the invasion signal in a landing craft in an English port, circa early Jun 1944, photo 2 of 2; note the bazooka and the M1 Garand riflesA Soviet soldier being awarded the Defense of Leningrad medal, 1 Jun 1944P-47D Thunderbolts of the 318th Fighter Group are loaded onto Escort Carrier USS Natoma Bay, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, June 1, 1944. The Fighter Group was on its way to Saipan, Marianas. Note USS Manila Bay with the rest of the Fighter Group’s Thunderbolts.
See all photos dated 1 Jun 1944
2 Jun 1944
  • The Bulgarian government approached the Western Allies for terms of surrender. [TH]
  • US launched Operation Frantic, its first shuttle bombing operation. 130 15th Air Force B-17 bombers were launched from Tripoli, Libya to bomb Debrecen, Hungary and to land in Ukraine. [TH]
  • USS Hoe arrved at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro sank frigate Awaii off Taiwan in the early morning, hitting her with three of the six torpedoes fired. At the end of the day, she claimed sinking a Japanese destroyer, hitting her with one of the two torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Shunroku Hata was promoted to the rank of field marshal. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Cero arrived at Seeadler Harbor, Manus, Admiralty Islands, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 7 P-40N fighters of the 7th fighter Squadron of the Chinese-American Composite Wing attacked the Japanese airfield at Zhengzhou, Henan, China. 7 Ki-44 fighters of the Japanese 9th Sentai rose to intercept, shooting down 5. One Ki-44 fighter was shot down over Bawangcheng. [CPC]
France
  • Typhoon fighter-bombers of No. 98 and No. 609 Squadrons RAF attacked and destroyed the enemy radar station at Dieppe/Caudecotein France as an important prelude to the Normandy Invasion; this installation would have given the Germans advance warning of the Allied invasion fleet.  [Main Article | AC]
India
  • Major General Nobuo Tanaka ordered a final attack at Imphal, India despite overwhelming odds. Near Kohima to the north, Japanese troops evacuated from the village of Naga. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied forces overran the German Caesar C Line south of Rome, Italy; Adolf Hitler ordered Albert Kesselring that the Italian capital would be abandoned. [Main Article | CPC]
Sweden
  • Secret peace talks began between Romania and the Soviet Union in Stockholm, Sweden. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Two midget submarines (X-20 and X-23) set off from England, United Kingdom to sail submerged across the English Channel to the French Normandy coast where they would position themselves ready to guide the invasion fleet with coloured lights as navigation beacons. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Escolar was commissioned into service with Commander W. J. Millican in command. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Jun 1944
  • RAF aircraft conducted raids in the Pas-de-Calais and Cherbourg areas of France. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US XIII Bomber Command established its headquarters at Momote Airfield, Los Negros Island, Admiralty Islands. [CPC]
  • Engineers at Curtiss-Wright published an internal memorandum noting the defects of the current generation of SB2C Helldiver aircraft (bell cranks might break during high speed dives) but the company failed to address the issue even for the aircraft built but not yet delivered to the US Navy. A number of aviators would be killed or injured due to this defect for the next month to come or perhaps longer due to this defect. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla sank a Japanese coastal patrol boat with her deck gun off Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten received the latest orders from the Anglo-American combined chiefs; to his disappointment, there was not to be any amphibious operations in Burma, and instead focus was to be placed on China. Mountbatten would decide to disobey the orders and instead planned on ground offensives from India into Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Albert Kesselring declared Rome, Italy an open city. [Main Article | TH]
Poland
  • Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp's electric fence, which had previously been turned off during the daylight hours to save energy, was now on throughout the entire day in response to the numerous escape attempts by Hungarian Jews. On the same day, four transports brought 11,569 Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz (2,937 from Nagyszölös (Vinogradov), 2,499 from Kassa Kosice, 2,972 from Nagyvárad (Oradea), and 3,161 from Szilágysomló (Simleu Silvaniei)). [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jun 1944
US troops preparing to board Horsa gliders for Normandy, France assault, England, United Kingdom, Jun 1944, photo 1 of 2US troops preparing to board Horsa gliders for Normandy, France assault, England, United Kingdom, Jun 1944, photo 2 of 2; note RAF markings recently painted over with USAAF markingsUSS E. A. Poe entering USS ABSD-1 at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands, 3 Jun 1944
4 Jun 1944
  • Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy, France, was postponed due to weather. Meanwhile, RAF bombers struck German coastal fortifications along the French coast. [Main Article | TH]
  • The captured submarine U-505 was towed to Bermuda, with Enigma machine, codebooks, and Zaunkönig acoustically-guided torpedoes aboard. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado helped in the wolfpack attack against a Japanese convoy in the Philippine Sea, but did not earn any sinkings during the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla sank a Japanese coastal patrol boat with her deck gun off Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flier attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, sinking transport Hakusan Maru and damaging another ship; 6 torpedoes were expended in this attack, 3 of which scored hits. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Two replacement battalions for Galahad arrived at Myitkyina, Burma direct from the United States, but not being acclimatized proved of little immediate value. [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-48 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Mark Clark and the US 5th Army entered Rome, Italy unopposed; Clark immediately held a press conference on the steps of the Town Hall on the Capitoline Hill. Some fellow Allied generals thought Clark had failed to trap the German 10th Army. Nearby, the Italian motor torpedo boat base at Terracina was evacuated. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Sasebo, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The work to construct two prototypes of the J7W1 Shinden short-range interceptor fighter commenced at the aircraft factory at Zasshonokuma in Fukuoka, Japan. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jun 1944
Major General R. N. Gale of UK 6th Airborne Division talking to troops of 5th Parachute Brigade, Royal Air Force Harwell, Berkshire, England, UK, 4 or 5 Jun 1944Risto Ryti and Carl Mannerheim reviewing troops at Enso, Finland, 4 Jun 1944Map of Allied advance toward Rome, Italy, 31 May-4 Jun 1944US troops marching into Rome, Italy, 4 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 4 Jun 1944
5 Jun 1944
  • The first B-29 combat mission was flown from Kharagpur, British India to Bangkok, Thailand; the worst problem was an unexpected tropical storm. [AC]
  • Józef Beck passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel noted to Gerd von Rundstedt that there was no sign of an Allied invasion on the French coast. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer sank Japanese tankers Ashizuri and Takasaki in the South China Sea, hitting them all 7 of the torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British government issued a protest to the Japanese Foreign Ministry, via the Swiss Foreign Ministry, over the brutal treatment by Japanese submariners toward survivors of their conquests. The British demanded "immediate instructions to prevent the repetition of similar atrocities and to take disciplinary action against those responsible". [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jun 1944
British Pathfinders synchronizing their watches in front of an Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle aircraft, 5 Jun 1944Allied landing ships sailing for the invasion beaches at Normandy, France, 5 Jun 1944US troops waiting on a pier in England, United Kingdom, 5 Jun 1944General Dwight Eisenhower speaking to airborne troops, England, United Kingdom, 5 Jun 1944; note Major General Ray Barker in background
See all photos dated 5 Jun 1944
6 Jun 1944
  • 130,000 to 150,000 Allied troops, roughly half American and half British and Commonwealth, invaded the beaches of Normandy, France; it was the largest amphibious operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied bombers conducted a raid on Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
  • British Company Sergeant-Major Stanley Hollis took down several German pillboxes during the Normandy invasion and was credited for saving the lives of many men. He was awarded the Victoria Cross, the only awarded for actions on the initial day of the invasion. [AC]
  • USS Pintado ten torpedoes against a Japanese convoy in the Philippine Sea, sinking Havre Maru and Kashimasan Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gabilan arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy Pacific Ocean
  • USS Harder attempted to attack a Japanese convoy in the Sibutu Passage between Tawi-Tawi of Philippine Islands and Borneo, but was in turn targeted by two destroyers. Submerging and sailing away from the convoy, Harder fired three torpedoes out of her stern torpedo tubes, hitting destroyer Minazuki twice, sinking her. She fired another spread of torpedoes at the second destroyer shortly after; all six torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp was assigned to US Navy Task Group 58.2. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • The Davao Penal Colony on Mindanao, Philippine Islands was closed; the American and Filipino prisoners were transferred to Cebu island. [CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Sennet was launched at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States, sponsored by the wife of Roscoe W. Downs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert Johnson returned to the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jun 1944
LSTs landing vehicles and cargo on a Normandy beach, June 1944, photo 1 of 2Memorandum from Eisenhower to Marshall, 6 Jun 1944American troops watched activity ashore on Omaha Beach as their LCVP landing craft approached the shore, Normandy, 6 Jun 1944, photo 1 of 2Landing craft sailing for Normandy beach, France, 6 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 6 Jun 1944
7 Jun 1944
  • British Air Vice Marshal W. Elliot took over command of the new Balkan Air Force tasked with providing air support to Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia. [AC]
France
  • British troops captured Bayeux, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • British Flying Officers McIntosh and Shepherd, the rear-gunner and mid-upper gunner respectively in Wing Commander John Grey's Lancaster bomber, combined to shoot down three German night-fighters during the course of a mission to Normandy, France. They would both be awarded the Distinguished Flying Crosses for this almost unique achievement. McIntosh would survive the war with eight confirmed and one probable kills to his credit. [AC]
  • HMS Rodney collided with LCT 427 off Normandie, France, killing 13 British Royal Navy personnel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • On the morning after the D-day landings, police raid a brothel that French prostitutes had established in a wrecked landing craft. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Anglo-Indian and Japanese troops engaged in a bloody clash at Ninthoukgong, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese convoy in the Pacific Ocean, damaging two transports, hitting them with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Harder was detected by a Japanese aircraft in the Celebes Sea, which called in destroyer Hayanami to attack. Harder fired three torpedoes at Hayanami, two of which hit, sinking her. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The administration of the crematoriums in Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp ordered four sieves from the manufacturing firm Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW) to sift through human ashes. The sieves were to be equipped with an iron frame and the openings of the sieve screens were to be 10 millimeters in size. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Henry Arnold arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1944
Shells fired from battleship Texas exploded near Vierville on the Normandy coast, Jun 1944Battleship Texas firing at targets along the Normandy coast, Jun 1944A makeshift monument to a fallen American soldier at Normandy, France, Jun 1944Two Ohio United States Coast Guard men, John R. Smith and Daniel J. Kaczorowski, at their gun aboard a transport off Normandy, circa Jun 1944
See all photos dated 7 Jun 1944
8 Jun 1944
  • USS Tunny made rendezvous with USS Pilotfish and USS Pintado and formed a wolfpack; the group was nicknamed Blair Blasters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Former Chinese light cruiser Ninghai, now in Japanese service, was renamed Ioshima. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Edward Brooks arrived in Normandy, France ahead of his US 2nd Armored Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tang departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, starting her third war patrol in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-43 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army captured Civita Castellana, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
North Borneo
  • USS Harder boarded six British coast watcher on the coast of North Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jun 1944
Rear Admiral Alan Kirk, Lieutenant General Omar Bradley, Rear Admiral Arthur Struble, Major General Hugh Keen, aboard USS Augusta off Normandy, France, 8 Jun 1944Next to a fallen soldier, a fellow comrade formed a cross with rifles to pay his respects, Normandy, France, Jun 1944US Army engineers building a road on one of the Normandy beaches, 8 Jun 1944German prisoners being taken away atop a cliff at Pointe du Hoc, Normandy, France, 8 Jun 1944; note American flag draped on cliff wall to prevent friendly fire
See all photos dated 8 Jun 1944
9 Jun 1944
  • US troops captured St. Mére-Eglise, France, cutting major road and rail links to the Cherbourg Peninsula. [Main Article | TH]
  • In an attempt to push Finland out of the war, Soviet forces launched a major assault against Finnish troops on the Karelian Isthmus. [TH]
  • USS Gar reported damaging a Japanese ship with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Avro Lincoln bomber took its first flight. Originally known as the Lancaster IV, the Lincoln was produced to meet an Air Ministry requirement for a Lancaster replacement, but in 1943 the requirement was changed to developing a long-range bomber for operations in the Pacific Theatre (Tiger Force). The first Lincoln bombers would reach RAF Squadrons in Aug 1945, just too late to see service in World War II. They were however later used in operations against communist guerrillas in Malaya and against Mau Mau bandits in Kenya. [AC]
  • The Japanese frontal-attack on Gurkha positions on Scraggy Hill was met with heavy losses, particularly to superior British firepower and air support. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fahnenjunker-Feldwebel Willi Braun and Fahnenjunker-Feldwebel Gerhard Dietrich of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Charles Lindbergh, as an employee of the firm United Aircraft, flew a F4U fighter ostensibly as an observer, accompany other combat aircraft over Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • No. 617 Squadron RAF (The Dambusters) dropped Barnes Wallis' new 12,000-lb "Tallboy" bomb for the first time on the Saumur railway tunnel in central France, which was being used by German reinforcements moving towards Normandie, France. [AC]
Philippines
  • USS Harder attacked two Japanese destroyers between Tawi-Tawi and Jolo in the Philippine islands with 4 torpedoes, sinking Tanikaze with 2 hits and sinking another with 1 hit; 4 torpedoes were expended in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Roza Shanina was featured on the front page of the Soviet newspaper Unichtozhim Vraga. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jun 1944
Truck moving across the Caen Canal at Pegasus Bridge, Bénouville, France, 9 Jun 1944; note grounded Horsa glider in backgroundAmerican men and equipment being landed near Colleville-sur-Mer, France, 9 Jun 1944Vehicles and British troops on board a LST off Utah Beach, Normandy, 9 Jun 1944
10 Jun 1944
  • Yamato departed Tawi-Tawi for Batjan, Halmahera at 1600 hours for Operation KON; this was reported by American Submarine USS Harder. Shortly after, the Japanese fleet spotted a periscope and carried out evasive maneuvers that nearly resulted in a collision between Yamato and Musashi. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The town of Oradour-sur-Glane in central France was destroyed. Nearly all of its 652 inhabitants were killed by troops of the SS Division Das Reich; only 10 survived the massacre with fire and machine gunning. [TH]
  • USS Mingo arrived at Manus, Admiralty Islands for training. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German SS troops massacred 218 civilians at Distomo, central Greece, in revenge for losing seven men in a partisan ambush. [AC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese troops captured Lungling, Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Former Chinese light cruiser Pinghai was renamed Yasoshima. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kittyhawk fighters of No. 80 Squadron RAAF shot down a Japanese Ki-61 aircraft over New Guinea island. This was the last Commonwealth Kittyhawk fighter victory of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • RAF Lancaster and Halifax bombers attacked four airfields in France. At Leval, where German fighter-bombers were operating in attacks on the invasion beaches, the runway was cratered in several places, interrupting sorties for 48 hours. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • The German High Command commended Italian "Folgore" parachute regiment. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of Air Group 19 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Harder detected a Japanese fleet in the Celebes Sea consisted of three battleships, four cruisers, and a number of destroyers, but was in turn spotted by a Japanese aircraft. As destroyers approached her position, she moved forward and fired three torpedoes before diving, hitting one destroyer with 2 hits. She survived a two-hour depth charge attack. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Eighth Army was activated in the United States under the command of Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jun 1944
US Army vehicles moved inland from a Normandy invasion beach, Jun 1944Biscayne participating in amphibious exercises off Arzew, Algeria as flagship of US Navy Rear Admiral B. J. Rodgers, 10-11 Jun 1944A platoon of African-American troops of the US Army moving along a farm house as they prepared to eliminate a German sniper up ahead, near Vierville-sur-Mer, France, 10 Jun 1944Detonation of a naval mine off Normandy, France, Jun 1944
See all photos dated 10 Jun 1944
11 Jun 1944
  • Missouri was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps established the Administrative Command FMFPac (redesignated Supply Service FMFPac in Aug 1944) from the existing VAC Administrative Command to take responsibility for providing beach logistic supply on a hostile shore. [AC]
Australia
  • USS Seahorse departed Brisbane, Australia for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Richard O'Connor and his British VIII Corps arrived at Normandie, France. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-45 arrived on board. Part of ARGUS-22 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Saipan and Tinian in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Cassin Young arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • While USS Harder reconnoitered the Tawi-Tawi anchorage in southern Philippine Islands, she detected Japanese cruisers and destroyers. She did not attack; instead, she sailed out to open sea to report the finding. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Jun 1944
DUKW amphibious trucks operating off Normandy, 11 Jun 1944Biscayne, Doran, and another ship docked at Arzew, Algeria, 11 Jun 1944Light cruiser Montpelier underway from the Marshall Islands en route for Saipan, Mariana Islands, 11 Jun 1944Sherman tank of 24th Lancers, UK 8th Armored Brigade, near St Leger, France, 11 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 11 Jun 1944
12 Jun 1944
  • Yamato arrived at Batjan, Halmahera after Operation KON was postponed. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • US and British forces linked up near Carentan, France, forming a solid 50-mile battle line, with 326,000 men and 54,000 vehicles on the beachhead. [Main Article | TH]
  • German Reich Minister for the Eastern Occupied Territories Alfred Rosenberg ordered the start of Heuaktion, which called for the kidnapping of 40,000 Polish children between the age of 10 and 14; they were to be transported to Germany as slave laborers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • With his company under heavy machine gun and tank fire in Burma, Rifleman Ganjo Lama crawled forward alone with a PIAT and destroyed two tanks. Despite a broken wrist and serious wounds to both hands, he knocked out a third tank by eliminating the crew. His actions earned him the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • Canadian Destroyer HMCS Haida under Commander H. C. DeWolf sank the German submarine U-971. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Iowa escroted carriers while the aircraft struck Japanese positions in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • In China, about 100 P-40 and P-51 fighters of the US 14th Air Force attacked Japanese vessels on Dongting Lake, docks and warehouses at Yuanjiang in Hunan Province, and troop concentrations in Changsha in Hunan Province. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Fifteen aircraft (Model F6F), 2 aircraft (Model TBF), 28 officers and 25 men of Night Fighting Squadron 78 (VF(N)-78) arrived on board. Thirteen aircraft (Model F6F), 5 aircraft (Model TBF), 29 officers and 16 men of Night Fighting Squadron 79 (VF(N)-79) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Saipan and Tinian in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish attacked a Japanese ship in the Makassar Strait; all 6 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Bergall was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander J. M. Hyde in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jun 1944
Eisenhower, Arnold, King, and Marshall aboard a landing craft off Normandy, 12 Jun 1944US Army medics administered a plasma transfusion to an injured soldier, Fox Green Sector, Omaha Beach, Normandy, 12 Jun 1944US Army troops aboard a LCT landing craft, ready to cross the English Channel to France, 12 Jun 1944Wrecks of German Tiger I and Panzer IV tanks, Villers-Bocage, France, Jun 1944, photo 1 of 4
See all photos dated 12 Jun 1944
13 Jun 1944
  • Shokaku departed Tawitawi to reinforce Saipan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Yamato departed Batjan, Halmahera at 2200 hours to rendezvous with the Mobile Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • German troops launched a counter attack on Carentan, France. Meanwhile, near Villers-Bocage, Hauptsturmführer Michael Wittmann's lone Tiger tank destroyed 25 tanks and vehicles of the British 7th Armoured Division. [Main Article | TH]
  • Lieutenant Commander Everett Hartwell Steinmetz was named the commanding officer of USS Pollack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa bombarded Saipan and Tinian, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Tawi-Tawi, Mindanao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flier attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, damaging a tanker with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired; she was subjected to a heavy counterattack. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Mariana Islands
  • USS Alabama bombarded Japanese positions on Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Saipan and Tinian in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Sweden
  • An A4 rocket fired from Peenemünde to test radio-control gear for an anti-aircraft rocket veered off course and landed 200 miles away in neutral Sweden. Considerable amounts of the rocket were salvaged by the Swedish authorities and later passed on to the British. [AC]
United Kingdom
  • Germans launched the first V-1 Flying Bomb attack on England, United Kingdom; only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jun 1944
Carriers San Jacinto and Lexington off the Mariana Islands, 13 Jun 1944Map depicting Allied operations in the Normandy, France area, 13-30 Jun 1944Wrecked German Tiger I heavy tank, Viller-Bocage, France, Jun 1944British 4.5 inch gun and crew of 211 Battery, 64th Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery in action near Tilly-sur-Seulles, France, 13 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 13 Jun 1944
14 Jun 1944 Australia
  • USS Ray arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 3 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy Japan Pacific Ocean
  • The US submarine Golet became missing; she was believed to be sunk by Japanese naval vessels off Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jun 1944
Sherman BARV vehicle towing a disabled Bedford truck, Normandy, France, 14 Jun 1944USS Bainbridge refueling from USS Hancock in the Atlantic Ocean or Caribbean Sea, 14 Jun 1944
15 Jun 1944
  • Yamato was sighted and reported by USS Seahorse east of Mindanao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Cassin Young provided support for the Mariana Islands invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet forces battered the Finnish secondary defense lines on the Karelian Isthmus. [TH]
  • American B-29 bombers based in China conducted a raid on Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American troops invaded Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Thirteenth Air Force established its headquarters at Momote Airfield, Los Negros Island, Admiralty Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny sighted Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy formed the 2nd Air Fleet with 141st, 345th, and 762nd Air Groups with Vice Admiral Shigeru Fukudome in overall command and Rear Admiral Ushie Sugimoto as the chief of staff. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Guimaras, Philippine Islands to join what would become the Battle of the Philippine Sea. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish detected a Japanese carrier force and reported the information to fellow submarines; this would lead to the sinking of carrier Shokaku by USS Cavalla several days later. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • RAF bombers struck Boulogne and Le Havre, France. Meanwhile, US VIII Corps (Major General Troy Middleton) became operational with the 90th Infantry Division and both US Airborne Divisions under its command, and was tasked with protecting the rear of the imminent attack to capture Cherbourg. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Hawaii
  • US Navy 142nd Construction Battalion relieved the 39th Construction Battalion in the construction of the Naval Air Station Kahului in US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of Air Group 20 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish attacked a Japanese transport in the Celebes Sea; all 5 torpedoes missed., [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines United States
  • USS Segundo arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jun 1944
Naval bombardment on Guam, circa 15-20 Jun 1944Indianapolis and Birmingham bombarding Saipan amidst advancing LVTs, 15 Jun 1944A US Navy chaplain holds mass for Marines killed during the Saipan landings, Jun 1944TBM Avenger from carrier Langley raided Iwo Jima in support of the operations in the Marianas Islands, 15 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 15 Jun 1944
16 Jun 1944
  • V-1 rockets began landing in England, United Kingdom before 0600 hours, with over 240 landing throughout what the Germans called the "Day of Vengeance". [TH]
  • US submarines detected two large Japanese fleets near the Philippine Islands, headed towards the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny sank a small sampan with gunfire in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British Eighth Army captured Foligno and Spoleto, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese transport in the Celebes Sea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Hawkbill departed New Orleans, Louisiana, United States for the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jun 1944
US Army vehicles came ashore on one of the floating causeways of the Mulberry artificial harbor off Omaha Beach, Normandy, 16 Jun 1944Floating causeway of the Mulberry artificial harbor off Omaha Beach, Normandy, 16 Jun 1944, with a half-track rolling toward the shoreBritish warships surrounding the motor launch carrying King George VI, off Normandy, France, 16 Jun 1944African-American US Marines awaiting orders shortly after landing on Saipan, Mariana Islands, 16 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 16 Jun 1944
17 Jun 1944
  • Yamato refueled from oilers of the 1st Supply Force, then joined the Mobile Fleet. Later, the Mobile Fleet was sighted by USS Cavalla in the Philippine Sea. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Alaska was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler met with Erwin Rommel and Hans Speidel in France; Hitler agreed to visit the front lines in France, but ultimately this would not take place. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche began her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Eighteen Lancaster bombers from British No. 617 Squadron attacked German V-1 launch sites on the coast of the English Channel. [AC]
Iceland
  • Iceland declared independence from Denmark, becoming a republic with Sveinn Björnsson as its first president. [CPC]
Italy
  • General de Lattre's Free French force landed on the island of Elba, Italy, starting a two-day campaign to secure the island from German forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • Wladyslaw Anders was made the Allied commander of the Adriatic sector of the Italian theater of war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British XIII Corps engaged in heavy fighting with German forces at Città della Pieve, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jun 1944
Tribute to a killed American soldier erected by French civilians, Carentan, France, 17 Jun 1944Sherman tanks of UK 30th Corps passing through Bayeaux, France, 17 Jun 1944Vice Admiral Richmond Turner aboard USS Rocky Mount off Saipan, Mariana Islands,  17 Jun 1944USS Marcus Island in port somewhere in the Pacific theater of war, 17 Jun 1944; note Camouflage Measure 32 Design 15A
18 Jun 1944
  • Carrier Shokaku sailed in company with flagship Taiho and sister ship Zuikaku for the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • US First Army isolated Cherbourg, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division arrived in Normandy, France. [CPC]
  • USS Mingo departed Manus, Admiralty Islands for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Gurkha troops of the Chindits made contact with Chinese troops at the village of Lakum in northern Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • In China, the strategic city of Changsha, 200 miles south of Hankou, fell to the Japanese, having successfully defied them three times before. [Main Article | CPC, AC]
France
  • British No. 617 Squadron attacked the 20-foot thick concrete dome containing V-2 rockets at Wizernes, France without success. They would return to this target on multiple occasions in the following month. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 11 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy United Kingdom
  • A V-1 rocket struck the Guards Chapel across from Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom during worship services, killing 119. [TH]
  • Winston Churchill impressed on Dwight Eisenhower that there must be no change of plans as a result of the V-1 attacks; London and the South-east would endure the bombardment as long as was necessary. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • Submarine Chub was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. T. A. Risch. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1944
American soldiers constructing a landing ramp as part of the Mulberry A artificial harbor at Omaha Beach, Normandy, circa mid-Jun 1944StuG III assault gun of German 303 Assault Gun Brigade in Finland, possibly near Tali-Ihantala, Finland, circa Jun 1944Wrecked German Tiger I heavy tank near Rome, Italy, 18 Jun 1944
19 Jun 1944
  • Yamato fired Sanshiki-dan anti-aircraft shells in combat for the first time against incoming aircraft, but it was discovered that they were friendly. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The US Mulberry Harbor at Omaha Beach off Normandy, France was wrecked by a storm. By this date, however, the Allies had 20 divisions ashore in France, while the Germans fielded only 16 in the region. [Main Article | TH]
  • US carrier aircraft won a decisive victory over their Japanese counterparts in the Mariana Islands, shooting down over 200 planes with only 20 losses in what became known as the Marianas Turkey Shoot, or, officially, Battle of the Philippine Sea. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Darwin, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Following a massive public outcry, US Commander-in-Chief General Dwight Eisenhower announced that he considered the conviction of Leroy Henry to be unsafe due to lack of evidence. Henry, a black truck driver from Missouri, United States, had been accused and sentenced to death by hanging for the supposed knifepoint rape of a white British woman at Combe Down, a suburb of Bath, England, United Kingdom. Henry was sent back to his unit. [Main Article | AC]
France
  • In a report to Gerd von Rundstedt, Erwin Rommel predicted that a further Allied landing could be expected on the English Channel coast of France on both sides of Cap Gris Nez or between the Somme and Le Havre. The landing was to coincide with a general offensive from the Normandy Bridgehead. [Main Article | AC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • At dawn, Shokaku launched 17 A6M fighters for combat air patrol duties. At 1100 hours, she recovered 10 fighters; while still recovering fighters, at 1122, she was hit by three torpedoes from USS Cavalla on the starboard side; two forward near the switchboard and generator room, one aft of amidships. Large fuel fires were ignited in the hangar and No. 1 boiler room went offline. Shokaku remained underway, but began to list to starboard. Counterflooding over-compensated, giving her a port list. Meanwhile flooding and heat of the fires forced shutting down of the boiler rooms. She continued to settle forward. Though damage control initially hoped to save her, the flooding forward and the fires intensify in the following hours. By 1210 hours she had come to a halt when fires detonate an aerial bomb on the hangar, setting off volatile gases from a cracked forward tank. Large induced explosions wrecked the carrier, and hope began to fade. The list to port and bow trim both increased. At 1350 hours, her strike planes returned, but were ordered away, having to be directed to Zuikaku and Taiho. At this time Captain Matsubara had ordered abandon ship and the crew mustered on the flight deck for flag lowering. However, before the evacuation can proceed far, the bow dipped under and water pours into No. 1 elevator well, causing the carrier to corkscew to port and up-end. She went down by the bow at 1401 hours, stern raised high. Between 1408 and 1411, four underwater explosions were registered. 58 officers, 830 petty officers and men, 376 members of Air Group 601, and 8 civilians were killed, totalling 1,272 deaths. Light cruiser Yahagi and destroyers Urakaze and Hatsuzuki rescued Captain Hiroshi Matsubara among 570 other survivors. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jun 1944
Aircraft trails above Task Force 58 during the Battle of the Philippine Sea, 19 Jun 1944; photographed aboard light cruiser BirminghamUSS Bunker Hill nearly hit by a Japanese bomb during Battle of the Philippine Sea, 19 Jun 1944
20 Jun 1944
  • The Americans launched their first attack on Cherbourg, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviets captured Viipuri on the Karelian Isthmus. [TH]
  • Bernard Montgomery was awarded the title of Grand Commander of the Order of King George I of Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria departed Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for her shakedown cruise. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was slightly damaged by US TBF aircraft at 1810 hours during the Battle of the Philippine Sea. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze rescued survivors of transport Seiyo Maru during the Battle of the Philippine Sea then scuttled the transport with a torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Tenth Army, consisting of the XXIV Corps (US Army) and the III Amphibious Corps (US Marine Corps) was activated under the command of Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. [Main Article | AC]
India
  • Japanese troops captured Forest Hill near Imphal, India but failed to capture Plum Hill, another nearby objective. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy Japan
  • Destroyer Yuzuki completed her refitting at Sasebo, Japan. She received a Type 13 radar on her main mast, exchanged twin 13-mm machine gun mounts for single 25-mm machine gun mounts. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish pursued a Japanese transport in the Makassar Strait, expending 5 torpedoes., [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Jakob Edelstein, the former senior Jewish elder ("Judenaeltester") of the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp, and his family were shot in Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The underground Directorate of Civil Defense in Warsaw, Poland sent a radio message to London, England, United Kingdom: "Since May 15, mass murders have been carried out in Auschwitz. Jews are taken first, then Soviet prisoners of war, and the so-called sick. Mass transports of Hungarian Jews arrive. Thirteen trains per day, 40-50 cars each. Victims convinced [that] they will be exchanged for [German] POWs or resettled in the East. Corpses are burned in crematoria and out in the open. Over 100,000 people from Hungary have been gassed to date." [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jun 1944
Japanese Carrier Division ThreeCanadian crew of a Sherman tank south of Vaucelles, Normandy, France, Jun 1944Japanese vessels burning at a harbor near Garapan, Saipan, Mariana Islands, Jun 1944US Marines taking position behind cover, Saipan, Mariana Islands, Jun 1944
See all photos dated 20 Jun 1944
21 Jun 1944
  • Soviet forces began another offensive against the Finns between Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega in northern Russia. [TH]
  • Mussolini transformed the Partito Fascista Repubblicano into a military organization. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro departed Darwin, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Harder arrived at Darwin, Australia and took on additional torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • US Vice President Henry Wallace arrived in Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US 8th Air Force bombers conducted shuttle raids on Berlin and Lüne-Merseburg in Germany, landing at Russian airfields. [Main Article | TH]
Italy
  • British XIII Corps engaged in heavy fighting with German forces at San Fatucchio, Italy. Further east, Polish II Corps reached the Chienti River. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank the Japanese transport she had been pursuing for several hours in the Makassar Strait, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp was attached to Willis Lee's battleship group, which was sent in pursuit of the retreating Japanese ships after the Battle of the Philippine Sea. The group would fail to find any targets. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Menhaden was laid down by the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jun 1944
US Marine finding a family of five hiding in a cave during the fighting on Saipan, Mariana Islands, 21 Jun 1944Aerial reconnaissance photograph of Cherbourg city and harbor, taken on 21 June 1944Wrecked American and British landing craft after a storm, Omaha Beach, Normandy, 21 Jun 1944Broached landing craft during the Normandy storm, probably at Omaha Beach, 21 Jun 1944; note LST-543 in background
See all photos dated 21 Jun 1944
22 Jun 1944
  • The Mobile Fleet, including Yamato, arrived at Nakagusuku, Okinawa. The destroyers were refueled before the Mobile Fleet departed again. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 60 Luftwaffe aircraft made a night raid on the USAAF base in Poltava, Ukraine, destroying 44 bombers and large quantities of fuel. [TH]
  • Soviet forces launched Operation Bagration, a major offensive against German forces in Byelorussia, with 1.2 million men, 31,000 heavy guns, 5,200 tanks, and 6,000 aircraft. The plan was to smash through Warsaw, Poland and East Prussia, Germanny to the Baltic coast; in doing so, they would trap German and Finnish forces in the north and isolate the German, Romanian, and Bulgarian armies in the south. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Americans launched a major attack on Cherbourg, France. Allied aircraft dropped over 1,000 tons of bombs on the city during the attack. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Danish Civil Partisan group, BOPA, attacked the Riffelsyndikatet arms factory in Copenhagen, Denmark. [TH]
  • Prisoners of the Alderney Concentration Camp in the Channel Islands were deported to Sollstedt in Germany. They would arrive in Sep 1944, where they would be transferred to Buchenwald Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Rock departed Majuro, Marshall Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt signed the G. I. Bill of Rights which provided education and other assistance to veterans of the US military. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for home from the Philippine Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese Emperor Showa, in conversation with his younger brother Prince Takamatsu, gave approval "in principle" to the use of special attacks. [Main Article | AC]
  • Frank Merrill radioed Joseph Stilwell to warn him that Louis Mountbatten was intriguing to replace Stilwell with another American commander who was more likely to be subject to Mountbatten's authority. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flier gave pursuit to a large Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, scoring hits with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Floating drydock USS ABSD-2, in 10 separate sections, arrived at Manus, Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Byelorussia
  • Roza Shanina, with the rest of female snipers in her platoon, received orders to be withdrawn from front line combat. She disobeyed her orders and continued to fight with an infantry unit in Byelorussia. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Claus von Stauffenberg met with representatives from the German communists in eastern Berlin, Germany, not knowing one of them was a Gestapo spy. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • In India, Indian 6th Brigade from Kohima made contact with Indian 9th Brigade from Imphal on the Imphal-Kohima Road that had been held by the Japanese. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • A group of Italian Navy commandos loyal to the co-belligerent government in the south raided La Spezia, Italy using British Chariot manned torpedoes; they succeeded in capsizing Italian cruiser Bolzano. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Nicholas Winton was promoted to the brevet rank of pilot officer. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jun 1944
African-American US Army nurses 2nd Lt Prudence Burns, 2nd Lt Elcena Townscent, and a 3rd nurse treating Sgt Lawrence McKreever at 268th Station Hospital, Base A, Milne Bay, New Guinea, 22 Jun 1944German Würzburg radar at the beach near Arromanches les Bain, Normandy, France, 22 Jun 1944US President Roosevelt signing the Servicemen
23 Jun 1944
  • German submarine U-530 and Japanese submarine I-52 made rendezvous in the mid-Atlantic 850 miles west of Cape Verde islands. U-530 transferred a Naxos radar detector, a radar operator, and a navigator to I-52. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Franklin departed Pearl Harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Michael Allmand of the Gurkha Rifles won the Victoria Cross after charging ahead of his troops three times to clear the way of enemy positions in northern Burma; on the third time, he was seriously wounded. [AC]
  • Over France, with two engines out and the fuselage on fire, Pilot Officer Andrew Mynarski, a Canadian gunner in a No. 419 Squadron Lancaster, was ordered to bale out. However, he saw that the rear gunner was trapped and tried to free him even though his own clothing and parachute were on fire. Hopelessly stuck, the rear gunner signaled to Mynarski that he should save himself. The Canadian gallantly stood to attention and saluted his comrade before jumping out. He was found by the French but died later of his terrible injuries. Amazingly, the gunner was thrown clear when the Lancaster crashed and survived, as did the other crew members who had jumped. When they returned and told their story after the war, Mynarski was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • In Burma, Tulbahadur Pun of the Gurkha Rifles won the Victoria Cross for single-handedly crossing 30 yards of open swampy ground under concentrated enemy fire to destroy a position that had virtually wiped out his section. [AC]
  • Corporal Sefanaia Sukanaivalu became the only Fijian to win the Victoria Cross during the fighting on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. After rescuing two wounded comrades he was hit in the groin whilst attempting to rescue a third. Unable to move and knowing that his comrades would not leave him whilst he remained alive, Sukanaivalu selflessly raised himself in full view of the enemy, and died in a hail of bullets. The award was made posthumously. [AC]
  • Finnish fighter pilot Hans Wind flying a Bf 109 fighter downed four aircraft in a single sorte. Over a ten day period in Jun 1944 he would account for 25 opponents from his final tally of 75 kills throughout the war. [AC]
  • Generaloberst Eduard Dietl of the German 20.Gebirgsarmee was killed in a plane crash. [Main Article | TH]
  • Martti Aho was promoted to the rank of colonel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Churchill, with misgivings, gave in to pressure from the Americans and sanctioned operation Anvil (the proposed US-French invasion of the south of France). Churchill called this a "Bleak and sterile exercise". [Main Article | AC]
  • Chindit and Japanese troops engaged in fierce fighting at Mogaung, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Guimarras, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish set sail for Manus, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the South China Sea, USS Flier continued to attack the same Japanese convoy which she had been pursuing since the previous day, sinking a transport with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Unite States, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives of the US Congress drafted a resolution that supported the War Refugee Board and promised retribution against those responsible for atrocities in occupied Europe (Hungary in particular). [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Two representatives (one Danish and one Swiss) of the International Red Cross and one representative of the Danish Red Cross visited Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia for six hours; the prisoners gave them positive reports about the living conditions as they were instructed to do by the camp administration. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of ARGUS-15, ARGUS-17, and ARGUS-23 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wasp set sail for Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A major deportation began at the Jewish ghetto at Lodz, Poland; through 14 Jul 1944, 7,196 would be sent to Chelmno Concentration Camp where they would be killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jun 1944
Wrecked pontoon causeway of one of the C-47 Skytrain aircraft recovering a CG-4A glider, Normandy, France, 23 Jun 1944; note hooked tow line from C-47 getting ready to hook onto a net connected to gliderP-47 Thunderbolt piloted by Capt Raymond M Walsh of the 406th Fighter Group is silhouetted against the exploding ammunition truck he just strafed, France, Jun 23 1944. The image was taken by his wingman’s gun camera in the following P-47P-47D Thunderbolts of the 318th Fighter Group being ferried to Saipan on Escort Carrier USS Manila Bay. Note bomb splashes from an aerial attack by four D3A Aichi “Val” dive bombers during refueling operations east of Saipan, Jun 23 1944. Photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 23 Jun 1944
24 Jun 1944
  • USS Tang attacked a Japanese convoy southwest of Kagoshima, Japan and reported sinking two ships. Post war Japanese records showed that four ships of that convoy, Tamahoko Maru, Tainan Maru, Nasusan Maru, and Kennichi Maru, were attacked and sunk on that date. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hitler ordered all but one division of LIII Korps, encircled near Vitebsk, Byelorussia, to break out. [Main Article | TH]
  • Chinese troops, supported by heavy artillery, attacked Mogaung, Burma in support of the British Chindit operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Lieutenant General Geoffrey Scoones, due to poor intelligence, failed to pursue retreating Japanese troops from northeastern India, thinking that the Japanese might be planning a counterattack from Tamu and Bishenpur. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank a Japanese patrol vessel with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Alexander Novikov was awarded the Legion of Merit by the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Saburo Sakai mis-identified a group of 15 F6F Hellcat fighters as friendly, but he was able to escape from their attacks unscathed. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • US Vice President Henry Wallace departed Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • British No. 617 Squadron attacked the 20-foot thick concrete dome containing V-2 rockets at Wizernes, France with "Tallboy" bombs. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of ARGUS-15, ARGUS-17, and ARGUS-23 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Troops of British XIII Corps linked up with Indian troops of British X Corps in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • Prisoners Edward Galinski and Mala Zimetbaum escaped from Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland but they would be re-captured in Jul 1944. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1944
FM-2 Wildcat of USS White Plains, fly an escort mission, probably during air strikes on Japanese facilities on Rota Island, Marianas, 24 Jun 1944View of the town of Valognes, devastated by Allied bombing during the Cherbourg battle, 24 Jun 1944; note jeep PBM-3D Mariner aircraft of US Navy patrol squadron VP-216 being hoisted onto seaplane tender USS Chandeleur, anapag harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 24 Jun 1944US Navy Chaplain O. David Herrmann preparing to hold religious service for US Marines on Saipan, Mariana Islands, 24 Jun 1944; note wrecked Type 95 Ha-Go light tank used as altar
See all photos dated 24 Jun 1944
25 Jun 1944
  • Operation Epsom began with British Second Army's offensive near Caen, France. To the west, with naval gunfire support, American ground forces engaged in street fighting in Cherbourg. [Main Article | TH]
  • General Kœnig was made the head of Free French Forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry was temporarily attached to the VIII Corps of US First Army. [CPC]
  • Gurkha troops of the Chindits attacked Mogaung, Burma cautiously, having suffered heavy casualties during the assault two days prior. Meanwhile, the Japanese began to fall back from the town. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Maurice E. Curts was named the commanding officer of USS Columbia, relieving Captain Frank E. Beatty, Jr. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • British No. 617 Squadron attacked the German V-2 store at Siracourt, France with 17 Lancaster, two Mosquito, and a Mustang (a gift from the USAAF) aircraft; the Mustang fighter was flown by Leonard Cheshire and used as a low-level marker aircraft. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of ARGUS-15, ARGUS-17, and ARGUS-23 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • At the Imperial Conference in Tokyo, Japan, Prince Hiroyasu advocated the use of special attacks by all branches of the military. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Following a visit to British No. 617 Squadron at Woodhall Spa in England, United Kingdom by USAAF Generals Carl Spaatz and James Doolittle, a crated Mustang fighter was delivered as a gift from the United States to Wing Commander Leonard Cheshire. Cheshire wanted to use it that evening for a raid on the V-bomb site at Siracourt, France, and his mechanics worked all day removing the grease and the guns. One hour after the Lancaster bombers had taken off Cheshire followed in the Mustang fighter (which type he had never flown before) and he arrived in time to mark the target at low level for the heavy bombers. [Main Article | Facility | AC]
United States
  • USS Baya departed New London, Connecticut, United States for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | AC]
  • The FR Fireball piston-jet mix-powered fighter took its first flight with only the piston engine equipped. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Brill was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by the wife of Rear Admiral Francis Low. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 25 Jun 1944
A heavy German coast artillery shell fell between Texas (background) and Arkansas (foreground) off Cherbourg, France, 25 Jun 1944Burial at sea for the US Marines who died at Saipan, Mariana Islands, Jun-Jul 1944Cruiser HMS Belfast bombarding German positions off Normandy, France, 24-25 Jun 1944
26 Jun 1944
  • USS Tang attacked a Japanese cargo ship with four torpedoes without success. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Red Army captured Vitebsk, Byelorussia. [Main Article | TH]
  • General von Schlieben, commander of the German garrison in Cherbourg, France, was captured by US troops. [Main Article | TH]
  • Germans instituted a curfew in Copenhagen, Denmark in response to a wave of sabotage. In retaliation, the people of Copenhagen underwent a massive civil strike. [TH]
  • Gurkha troops of the Chindits captured Mogaung, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Cero departed Manus, Admiralty Islands for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Brigadier-General Theodore F. Weasels took over command of the Myitkyina Task Force from the sick Brigadier-General Boatner following another bout of malaria. [Main Article | AC]
China
  • Japanese troops reached Hengyang, Hunan Province, China, site of an important US air base, but were checked by the 15,000-strong Chinese 10th Army supported by US 14th Air Force's B-25 Mitchell and P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft which made constant attacks on the Japanese supply lines. [Main Article | AC]
Czechoslovakia
  • A transport of 3,119 Jews from Szeged, Hungary crossed into Poland at Kosice, Czechoslovakia. The train was destined for Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Alexander Löhr was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • USS Luce bombarded Paramushiru (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The crematoria in Auschwitz-II Birkenau in occupied Poland received four sieves for sifting bones out of human ashes. Up above, Allied aircraft took photographs of the Auschwitz camps complex at the altitude of about 30,000 feet (about 10,000 meters). [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States for Trinidad. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Segundo departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jun 1944
A US Army major looked over Cherbourg from one of the concrete pillboxes above the city, 26 Jun 1944British Wildcat fighter of the No 846 Squadron Fleet Air Arm in flight over the coast of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, 26 Jun 1944Lance Corporal Lodge of 278th Field Company, British Royal Engineers holding a captured German 3 HL shaped charge, near Caen, France, 26 Jun 1944Plan view, forward, of Drayton taken from a crane at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 26 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 26 Jun 1944
27 Jun 1944
  • USS Blenny was commissioned into service Lieutenant Commander W. H. Hazzard in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet units captured Orsha, Byelorussia on the Dneiper River, while near Vitebsk German LIII Korps was finally destroyed. [Main Article | TH]
  • Members of the Polish underground Armia Krajowa sent a messaged to the United Kingdom, noting that their intelligence suggested that the Germans were developing a rocket estimated to be 40 feet (12.2 meters) long and 6 feet (2.7 meters) wide. [CPC]
  • HMS Pink (Commander G. V. Legassick) was hit by a torpedo fired from the German submarine U-988 off the Normandy beaches, France, and was so badly damaged that she was declared as a constructive total loss. [AC]
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Frementle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese tanker Medan Maru and damage two other ships off Taiwan, hitting them with five of six torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • In France, US troops captured Cherbourg while British forces took Hill 112 near Caen. Elsewhere in France, the British 3rd Infantry Division and tanks launched Operation Mitten to seize two German occupied chateaus, la Londe and la Landel; the evening assault was repulsed. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Italy
  • Troops of French Expeditionary Corps arrived at the Orcia River west of Lake Trasimene in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
San Marino
  • British bombers attacked San Marino, killing 35. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1944
Captain Earl Topley looking at a German soldier who had killed three of his men before his own death, Cherbourg, France, 27 Jun 1944Major General Manton Eddy and another American officer speaking to a captured German officer, Cherbourg, France, 26-27 Jun 1944
28 Jun 1944
  • German 9.Armee became surrounded after Soviet forces captured Mogilev, Byelorussia and crossed the Berezina River. [Main Article | TH]
  • French resistance fighters killed Minister of Information and local Milice leader Phillipe Henriot. Milice leader in Lyon, Paul Touvier, was ordered to conduct reprisal killings. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Communist-sponsored Hungarian-language Radio Kossuth announced that 200,000 Hungarian Jews had been killed in the past few months. [CPC]
  • The British War Cabinet approved a memorandum by the Lord Chancellor which included a note that Britain would gather evidence of German atrocities against Jews only in occupied countries but not within Germany itself, for atrocities committed domestically did not constitute war crimes. [CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ioshima received orders to move to the front. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • In the morning, British 3rd Infantry Division and tanks captured two German occupied chateaus, la Londe and la Landel, in France during Operation Mitten; the operation cost at least three British tanks and 268 men; historian Terry Copp had described the fighting for these chateaus as the "bloodiest square mile in Normandy". On the same day, German defenses halted Operation Epsom near Caen, France. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jun 1944
A VT-51 TBM-1C Avenger took off from San Jacinto to attack Guam, 28 Jun 1944US Army troops marched German prisoners of war through Cherbourg, 28 Jun 1944US Army troops attempted to blow up a German pillbox near Cherbourg, 28 Jun 1944LSTs unloading at low tide in the Easy sector of Omaha Beach, Normandy, 28 Jun 1944, photo 1 of 2; note Gooseberry breakwater offshore
See all photos dated 28 Jun 1944
29 Jun 1944
  • Yamato departed for Kure, Japan to receive five new triple-mount 25mm AA guns; during the installation, the entire hinoki deck would also be replaced. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Bo Seng Lim passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang attacked the unescorted Japanese transport Nikkin Maru between Kyushu, Japan and Dalian, China with two torpedoes without success. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 70,000 remaining troops of German Armeegruppe Mitte, surrounded near Bobruisk, Byelorussia, surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
  • The last harbor fort at Cherbourg, France was captured by US troops. Meanwhile, a planned German offensive by the 2nd and 9th Panzer Divisions at Villers-Bocage, west of Caen, was abandoned when their armored columns were blasted by 260 RAF heavy bombers. [Main Article | TH]
  • A transport of 2,502 Hungarian Jews from Auschwitz Concentration Camp arrived at Stutthof Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky was promoted to the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Martti Aho was wounded in battle at Tali-Ihantala, Finland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel and Gerd von Rundstedt met with Adolf Hitler at Hitler's residence in Berchtesgaden, southern Germany. They urged Hitler to pursue peace, but Htiler rejected such a notion, saying that the V weapons would soon turn the tide of war. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Out of about 1,100 prisoners at Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp in Germany with valid entry certificates for Palestine, 221 Jews were allowed to go; they would arrive in Haifa at 1700 hours on 10 Jul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gabilan departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Camera Repair School (quonset hut) turned over to station. Parts of Air Group 21 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Divisione Decima (10th Division) of Italian Navy was placed under the command of SS-General Karl Wolff. [CPC]
Japan United Kingdom
  • Richard Saul retired from the British Royal Air Force. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 29 Jun 1944
Fuel tanks of the B-24H Liberator “Little Warrior” with the 861st Bomb Squadron explode over Fallersleben, Germany after anti-aircraft hit, Jun 29 1944. Photo taken by Clifford A Stocking, waist gunner on “Green Hornet.”Japanese searchlight position with a dummy operator, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 29 Jun 1944Starboard side view of USS Ticonderoga as she steamed off Puerto Rico toward Trinidad on her shakedown cruise, Jun 29, 1944. Note original length of the flight deck short of the bow, extended to cover bow 2 months later.
30 Jun 1944
  • USS Tang sank the unescorted Japanese transport Nikkin Maru with one torpedo between Kyushu, Japan and Dalian, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Milice leader in French city of Lyon, Paul Touvier, selected 7 Jewish prisoners to be executed by firing squad as reprisal for the killing of Minister of Information and local Milice leader Phillipe Henriot two days earlier by the French resistance. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The final 6,000 German troops in Cherbourg, France surrendered. At Caen, German troops recaptured Hill 112. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Chindits, by this date, would have been hard pushed to find anyone still fit enough to lift a camera, but they kept on marching and fighting even when one brigade, the 111th, was reduced to less than the strength of a company. [Main Article | AC]
  • James Johnson shot down a German Bf 109 fighter, his 33th victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Permit departed Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, starting her thirteenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp departed Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of 2,044 Jews from Athens and Corfu Island in Greece arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland; 455 men and 175 women were registered into the camp while the remainder were gassed. On the same day, another transport of 1,000 Jews from the Fossoli di Carpi transit camp in Italy also arrived; 180 men and 51 women were registered while the remainder were gassed. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Trinidad
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Port of Spain, Trinidad. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jun 1944
Medics helping injured soldier, France, 1944Major General J. Lawton Collins described to Lieutenant General Omar Bradley how Cherbourg was taken, circa late Jun or early Jul 1944Unfinished German submarine pen at Cherbourg, France, 30 Jun 1944A Gooseberry line of block ships off the Normandy beaches, Ouistreham, France, Jun 1944; note sunken British ship Durban, sunken Dutch ship Sumatra, and two active DUKW craft
See all photos dated 30 Jun 1944
1 Jul 1944
  • Cruiser Köln began a three-month training operation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese freighter Taiun Maru No. 2 in the morning, and chased tanker Takatori Maru all day, finally sinking the tanker after sundown. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 5th Guards Tank Army of the Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front captured Borisov, Byelorussia. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Bretton Woods conference opened to discuss financial and economic concerns in post-war Europe; International Monetary Fund for Reconstruction and Development would be established as the result. [TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the US VII Corps. [CPC]
  • Russian fighter ace Grigori Rechkalov received his second Hero of the Soviet Union award when his score stood at 48 individual and six shared victories. Rechkalov would be relieved of his command by General Utin shortly after for "lack of leadership" but would eventually be officially listed as the Soviet Union's third highest scoring ace of all time with 57 aerial victories credited to his name. [AC]
  • USS Pintado arrived ta Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • Greek 3rd Mountain Brigade was activated in French Syria-Lebanon under the command of Colonel Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos. [CPC]
Germany
  • Josias was promoted to the rank of General der Waffen-SS. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was mad the commanding officer of all occupation forces at Crete, Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Preston departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US IV Corps crossed the Cecina River near Livorno, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Taiwan
  • The Taichu Prisoners of War Camp near Taichu (now Taichung), Taiwan was closed; on the same day, the Inrin Prisoners of War Camp in central Taiwan was opened. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Becuna departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jul 1944
US Navy Chaplain N. D. Lindner led a memorial for servicemen lost during Guam invasion, USS South Dakota, 1 Jul 1944View looking west on NormandyJapanese prisoners of war practising baseball at No. 12 Prisoner of War compound near Cowra, NSW, Australia, 1 Jul 1944US Marine with M1 Carbine in Guam, Mariana Islands, 1 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 1 Jul 1944
2 Jul 1944
  • Feldmarschal Günther von Kluge replaced Gerd von Rundstedt as the commanding officer of the German forces in the West (Oberbefehlshaber West). [Main Article | TH]
  • Submarine Bugara was launched, sponsored by the wife of US Navy Captain Lyman S. Perry. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A TBM Avenger aircraft from USS Wake Island sank German submarine U-543 between the Canary and Cape Verde Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson (Supreme Commander, Mediterranean) received orders from London, England, United Kingdom to organize the invasion of Provence, France. The name of this operation was changed by British Prime Minister Churchill to "Dragoon". [Main Article | AC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-350 struck a mine and sank off Utah Beach, Normandy, France. [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-43 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Kure, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jul 1944
Two British minesweepers detonated German mines in CherbourgUS Marines pushing a 37mm gun into position, Garapan, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 2 Jul 1944B5N torpedo bomber descending into the sea after being damaged in combat off Truk, Caroline Islands, 2 Jul 1944; note rear gunner standing up from open canopyH8K flying boat in flight moment before being shot down by the US PB4Y-1 Liberator aircraft which took this photograph, 2 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 2 Jul 1944
3 Jul 1944
  • USS Franklin launched strikes against Bonin Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-28 began anti-submarine warfare exercises with United States Coast Guard cutter Reliance off Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cod departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet forces recaptured Minsk, Byelorussia, trapping over 100,000 Germans in the pocket. [Main Article | TH]
  • US VIII Corps advanced toward Coutances, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • John Basilone re-enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Nitta Maru and passenger-cargo ship Gyoyu Maru off Taiwan, hitting her with four of five torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Harder arrived at Darwin, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • After sundown, Japanese commandos raided a British airfield near Imphal, India and destroyed eight parked aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • French Expeditionary Corps captured Siena, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 3 Jul 1944
US Marines running through streets of Garapan while engaging in street fighting, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 3 Jul 1944USS Trepang at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 3 Jul 1944, photo 1 of 2USS Trepang at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 3 Jul 1944, photo 2 of 2Submarine Spot at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 3 Jul 1944; note submarine Trepang in background
See all photos dated 3 Jul 1944
4 Jul 1944
  • USS Franklin launched strikes against Bonin Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At 1820 hours, radio communications between USS S-28 and United States Coast Guard cutter Reliance was broken, and S-28 was never heard from again. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Blackfin was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander George Laird, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the morning, USS Tang sank Japanese freighter Asukazan Maru, hitting her with two of three torpedoes fired. In the afternoon, the transport Yamaoka Maru was sunk with two torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After a week of strikes in Copenhagen, the Germans rescinded their curfew to avoid such uprisings. [TH]
  • USS Astoria remained at Port of Spain, Trinidad; her crew was allowed a short liberty in celebration of the Independence Day holiday of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • With intelligence obtained by infiltrating the meeting in Berlin, Germany on 22 Jun 1944 between Claus von Stauffenberg and German communists, the Gestapo made several arrests. [CPC]
  • General Wazakazu Kawabe officially terminated Operation U-Go in India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche was attacked by a Japanese cruiser and a destroyer, but Parche was able to escape. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Kyodo Maru No. 28 off Taiwan, hitting her with five of her last six torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel ended her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Byelorussia
  • The Soviet 1st Baltic Front captured Polotsk, Byelorussia on its way towards Riga, Latvia, moving to cut off German Armeegruppe Nord as it retreated from Estonia. The Soviet troops were now roughly on the 1939 German-Soviet border. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of ARGUS-15 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Iwo Jima and Chichi Jima of the Bonin Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • J. Robert Oppenheimer revealed Emilio Segrè's final measurements to the Manhattan Project scientists at Los Alamos, New Mexico, which concluded that the "Thin Man" design for a gun-type plutonium weapon was not feasible. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jul 1944
View of Cherbourg harborUS Marines conducting street fighting in Garapan, Saipan, Mariana Islands, Jul 1944US Navy pilot Lt (jg) C. Clifton Francom unsuccessfully testing TBM Avenger torpedo bomber with experimental wing mounted radome aboard Ticonderoga, 4 Jul 1944, photo 1 of 5US Navy pilot Lt (jg) C. Clifton Francom unsuccessfully testing TBM Avenger torpedo bomber with experimental wing mounted radome aboard Ticonderoga, 4 Jul 1944, photo 2 of 5
See all photos dated 4 Jul 1944
5 Jul 1944
  • USS Gar ended her twelfth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberon was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Francis Gabreski of US 56th Fighter Group became the top scoring USAAF ace in Europe with 28 victories. [AC]
  • HMS Ganilly was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-390 off Utah beach, Normandy, France. [AC]
  • Saburo Sakai led a special attack mission against US naval units, but returned to base after failing to locate any targets. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flier arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Guam and Rota of the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze was docked at Kure, Japan for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • While undergoing repairs at Yokosuka and Yokohama, Japan, Irako was assigned to the Southwest Area Fleet based at Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail for Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese passenger-cargo ship Shanmai Maru off the Kurile Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jul 1944
Men of 2nd Regiment, 2nd Division, US Marine Corps coming off the front lines after 20 days of combat, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 5 Jul 1944
6 Jul 1944
  • USS Franklin arrived in the Mariana Islands area; she was to remain through 22 Jul 1944 to launch strikes against Japanese position on Rota and Guam islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank the 39,100-ton Japanese transport Dori Maru off Dalian, China at about 0300 hours with two torpedoes. With this sinking, she obtained the record of the greatest total tonnage sunk by an American submarine during one war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Kovel, Ukraine. [TH]
  • Chaim Weizmann, the future Israeli president, messaged British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, requesting the rail lines leading to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland to be bombed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Yujiro Takarada was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
France
  • Colonel (temporary Lieutenant General) George Patton, Jr. secretly flew into the Cotentin Peninsula in France. [Main Article | AC]
  • Wing Commamner Leonard Cheshire led a "Tallboy" attack on the V-3 gun structure at Mimoyecque. After this mission, the last of his fourth tour, he was ordered to rest (he never flew operations again) and two months later he was awarded the Victoria Cross. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Sixteen men of WIMU (special ordinance project) arrived on board. Part of Air Group 22 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Italy Mariana Islands
  • Chuichi Nagumo committed suicide for his failure to hold Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yoshitsugu Saito announced that he would fight to the death alongside his troops on Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Soviet merchant ship Ob in the Kurile Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Prisoners Edward Galinski and Mala Zimetbaum, escaped from Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland in Jun 1944, were re-captured. They would later be executed for this attempt. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt met with Charles de Gaulle in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jul 1944
US Marines marching through Garapan, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 6 Jul 1944US Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson greeting a Japanese-American US Army captain of 442nd Regimental Combat Team, Route 68, north of Cecina, Italy, 6 Jul 1944USAAF Lieutenant Everett A. Thies and his crew chief Technical Sergeant Daniel Nobel posing by their F-5C Lightning reconnaissance aircraft F-5C Lightning reconnaissance aircraft
See all photos dated 6 Jul 1944
7 Jul 1944
  • American attacks near Carentan, France were held off by German counterattacks. In support of ground troops and to prepare for a new offensive to be launched on the next day, RAF bombers dropped 2,300 tons of explosives on the Germans in and around Caen, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo attacked a Japanese convoy off Luzon, Philippine Islands during the night, sinking destroyer Tamanami by hitting her with 3 of 8 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Miklós Horthy suspended the deportation of Hungarian Jews to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Raoul Wallenberg departed for Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Basilone and Lena Mae Riggi completed the application for a marriage certificate. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna detected a hostile submarine in the Atlantic Ocean and fired four torpedoes at the target; all torpedoes missed and contact with the enemy submarine was lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Lieutenant General Kotoku Sato was relieved for the defeat at Kohima, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank 13 Japanese sampans and a small patrol vessel with her deck gun in the Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Six trains carrying 14,846 Hungarian Jews (3,077 from Sopron, 2,793 from Pápa, 1,072 from Paks, 3,549 from Monor, 3,151 from Óbuda, and 2,204 from Sárvár) acrossed into occupied Poland, destined for the Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Southampton, England, United Kingdom was attacked by a V-1 flying bomb air-launched from a Heinkel He.111 aircraft but causing little damage. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Wisconsin departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States for Trinidad in the British West Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt had dinner with Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, Ana Roosevelt Boettiger, and John Boettiger in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1944
View of the market at the Place du Chateau, Cherbourg, 7 Jul 1944An oil dump exploding at Garapan, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 7 Jul 1944General Bernard Montgomery pins the British Military Medal on the uniform on T/Sgt Philip Streczyk of the US First Division for extraordinary gallantry on Omaha Beach, Normandy, France, on D-Day.  Award presented Jul 7 1944.
8 Jul 1944
  • As Baranovichi, Byelorussia fell to the Soviets, German XII Corps surrendered its last 57,000 men. The German Armeegruppe Mitte alone had lost nearly 30 divisions in less than a month. [Main Article | TH]
  • British Second Army launched Operation Charnwood against Caen, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Jewish ghettos in Kovno, Lithuania began to be evacuated by German authorities. [CPC]
  • Allied bombers conducted a raid on Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
  • Takeo Takagi was killed in action on Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was posthumously promoted to the rank of admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Wing Commander Bill Deas, Commanding Officer of No. 630 Squadron of the British Royal Air Force, was killed in a disastrous raid on a V-bomb storage dump at Saint-Leu-d'Esserent, France. His was one of 29 aircraft lost when the force was intercepted by German night fighters. He was on his 69th operation. [AC]
Germany
  • Raoul Wallenberg landed at Tempelhof, Berlin, Germany and traveled to his sister's residence in the southwestern suburb of the city. He would experience his first air raid during that night. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Lieutenant General Renya Mutaguchi withdrew the remnants of the Japanese 33rd Division from Imphal, India back into Burma. [Main Article | TH]
Japan Taiwan
  • Lieutenant General Haruki Isayama was named the chief of staff of the Taiwan Army. [CPC]
Trinidad
  • Air Group 80 and ship's crew in support of the air group aboard USS Ticonderoga were given a day's rest while off Trinidad. [Main Article | DS]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt and Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd visited Shangri-La (now Camp David) near Thurmont, Maryland, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jul 1944
Fort du Roule located at CherbourgView of the railway ferry terminal in the harbor of Cherbourg, France, 8 Jul 1944, showing German gun emplacements and damage from demolitions and bombsUS Marines advancing under the cover of a M4 Sherman medium tank, northern Saipan, Mariana Islands, 8 Jul 1944British Sherman tanks near Lebisey Wood for the assault on Caen, France, 8 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 8 Jul 1944
9 Jul 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Palau and departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • British and Canadian forces entered the rubble that was Caen, France. Meanwhile, US XIX Corps began advancing toward Saint-Lô, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Aiming to cut off German Armeegruppe Nord, Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front attacked from Vitebsk, Byelorussia, Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front attacked from Psovsk, and the Soviet Leningrad Front attacked toward Narva, Estonia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Raoul Wallenberg boarded the 1721 train from Berlin, Germany for Budapest, Hungary, arriving later that night. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major Frank Blaker of the British Royal Gurkha Rifles regiment won the Victoria Cross at Taunghi, Burma. Charging Japanese positions he was hit three times but continued to urge his men forward even as he lays dying. [AC]
  • British Royal Navy Captain F. J. Walker of the Second Escort Group died of a stroke brought on by heavy strain and overwork. [AC]
  • Adolf Hitler departed the Wolfsschlucht II headquarters in Margival, France for the Wolfsschanze headquarters in East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A message was sent to USS Golet, but the submarine did not respond. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Ray departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The British The North Staffordshire Regiment captured the fortified village of Malan, Italy. Facing dug-in Tiger tanks, the Staffords suffer 25% casualties in the battle. [Main Article | AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese cargo ship Taihei Maru in the Kurile Islands, hitting her with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Segundo departed Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Five trains carrying 14,212 Hungarian Jews (3,065 from Monor, 3,072 from Óbuda, 3,072 from Budakalász, 3,079 from Monor, and 1,924 from Békesmegyer) acrossed the border into occupied Poland, destined for Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
Trinidad
  • Torpedo Squadron 80 aboard USS Ticonderoga resumed flight training off Trinidad. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1944
A British soldier with Lee-Enfield No. 4 rifle on a street in Caen, France, 9 Jul 1944
10 Jul 1944
  • Erwin Rommel received the Romanian Order of Michael the Brave 3rd Class and 2nd Class. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 221 former prisoners of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp and 61 former internees in Vittel, France who had been given permission by Germany to go to Palestine arrived in Haifa at 1700 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Raoul Wallenberg reported to the Swedish embassy in Budapest, Hungary as a secretary; in this role he would issue protective passports and commit in other acts that would save the lives of thousands of Jews. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 2nd Air Fleet was attached to the Combined Fleet, and its strength group to include two air flotillas and six air groups. On the same day, the 3rd Air Fleet was established under the command of Vice Admiral Shunichi Kira with Rear Admiral Kanzo Miura as the chief of staff; it was also attached to the Combined Fleet. [CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was transferred from Carrier Division 2 to Carrier Division 1 within the 3rd Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Naoshi Kanno was made a squadron commander with the 343rd Air Group. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire stepped down as the commanding officer of German 117th Jäger Division. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Yamato arrived at Okinawa, Japan then departed for Lingga, Dutch East Indies. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy established the 1st Special Submarine Training Base Group at Otsujima in Tokuyama Bay, 80 kilometers southwest of Hiroshima, Japan, under the command of Rear Admiral Mitsuri Nagai. The unit was to train future manned-torpedo pilots. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • Yoshitsugu Saito committed ritual suicide in a cave near Tanapag, Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Trinidad
  • The crew of USS Ticonderoga had a day of rest off the ship in Scotland Bay, Trinidad. [Main Article | DS]
United States
  • John Basilone married Sergeant Lena Mae Riggi at St. Mary's Star of the Sea Church in Oceanside, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jul 1944
Raymond Spruance and Holland Smith at Charan Kanoa, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 10 July 1944
11 Jul 1944
  • US VII Corps met resistance attacking toward Saint-Lô, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • The last 35,000 men of German 4.Armee surrendered to Soviet troops at Minsk, Byelorussia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was summoned to see Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden, Germany regarding the situation of the Home Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese 18th Army under Lieutenant General Hatazo Adachi launched a counterattack in the Aitape-New Hollandia area in New Guinea, placing pressure on American troops but sustaining heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 11 Jul 1944
American 105mm Howitzer M3 shelling German forces near Carentan, France, 11 Jul 1944Battleship Massachusetts underway at 15 knots off Point Wilson, Washington, United States, 11 Jul 1944US battleship Massachusetts leaving Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States following a wartime refit, 11 Jul 1944, photo 1 of 3US battleship Massachusetts leaving Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States following a wartime refit, 11 Jul 1944, photo 2 of 3
See all photos dated 11 Jul 1944
12 Jul 1944
  • US VII Corps made limited progress toward Saint-Lô, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Snook fired four torpedoes at two Japanese freighters; one hit, causing damage but not sinking the target. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. passed away from a heart attack in Normandy, France. [AC]
France
  • Omar Bradley, his staff, and his generals met and created a preliminary plan for what was to become the Operation Cobra offensive in France. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 12 Jul 1944
US Marine with flamethrower attacking a Japanese position, northern Saipan, Mariana Islands, 12 Jul 1944; note the scorched building on leftJapanese-American soldiers of the 100th Infantry Battalion of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team in a captured German Schwimmwagen vehicle in the Castellina Sector, near Livorno, Italy, 12 Jul 1944Japanese-American soldiers of 552nd Field Artillery Battalion of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team firing a 105-mm howitzer, Castellina Sector, Livorno, Italy, 12 Jul 1944Japanese-American soldiers of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team firing a 105-mm howitzer, Castellina Sector, Livorno, Italy, 12 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 12 Jul 1944
13 Jul 1944
  • Red Army units captured Vilna, Lithuania. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Hornet spent the day conducting refueling operations. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The secret of the German FuG 227 Flensburg equipment, which could home-in on RAF Monica radars, was revealed when a Luftwaffe pilot landed his Junkers Ju 88G-1 night fighter by mistake at RAF Woodbridge in Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. In addition the capture of this aircraft's FuG 220 radar would permit British scientist to find a way of jamming its signal within a matter of weeks. [Main Article | AC]
  • Captain Williams Mullen was named the commanding officer of USS San Diego. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese 18th Army under Lieutenant General Hatazo Adachi was divided by an American attack in the Aitape-New Hollandia area in New Guinea, making them effectively useless until their final defeat on 10 Aug. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • US Marines gave Japanese Lieutenant General Yoshitsugu Saito a military burial near Tanapag, Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • USAAF 332nd Fighter Group, consisted of all African-American pilots, flew its first mission over Ploesti, Romania. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jul 1944
An American locomotive was transferred from SS Seatrain Texas, Cherbourg, 13 Jul 1944, to replace one of the many destroyed during the Allied invasion of Normandy, photo 1 of 2An American locomotive was transferred from SS Seatrain Texas, Cherbourg, 13 Jul 1944, to replace one of the many destroyed during the Allied invasion of Normandy, photo 2 of 2Americans landing on Red Beach #2, Saipan, Mariana Islands, at 1300 on 13 Jun 1944Americans landing on Saipan, Mariana Islands, 13 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 13 Jul 1944
14 Jul 1944
  • Hitler departed Berchtesgaden, Germany, never to return there. [Main Article | TH]
  • Pinsk, Byelorussia was captured by the Soviet forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • British rescue tug HMS Turmoil was launched. [CPC]
  • Submarine HMS Selene was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Wrangler was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • The minesweeping of the western section of Cherbourg harbour in France was completed. [CPC]
  • From the North Sea, British carrier task force under Admiral Moore unsuccessfully attacked German battleship Tirpitz in Kaafiord, Norway. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German SS member Heinrich Boere took part in Operation Silbertanne during which 54 civilians were killed in retaliation for the assassination of Dutch Nazi leaders by Dutch resistance fighters. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-2334 was laid down. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-3506 was laid down. [CPC]
  • Soviet ambassador to Sweden Alexandra Kollontai announced that the Soviet Union was interested in peace discussions with Finland without any mention of the unconditional surrender that the Soviets had previously demanded. [CPC]
  • US bombers attacked the oil refineries at Budapest and Petfurdo, Hungary and the rail marshaling yard at Mantua, Italy, while in Italy US fighters and fighter-bombers attacked trains north of La Spazia and the airfield at Ghedi. [CPC]
  • USS Nautilus delivered two men and 30 tons of supplies at Lagoma, Leyte, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese government announced the conscription of females between the ages of 12 and 40 for war-related work. [CPC]
  • In the Mariana Islands, US Seventh Air Force P-47 Thunderbolt fighters based on Saipan again struck Tinian Island. At Guam, US battleships joined in on the pre-invasion bombardment while transport USS Dickerson delivered US Navy underwater demolition specialists to survey landing beaches on the island. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS William C. Miller sank Japanese submarine I-6 off Saipan, Mariana Islands. [CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Petrolia was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-415 struck a mine and sank off Brest, France at 0915 hours. [CPC]
  • The keel of destroyer Gurke was laid down. [CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was summoned to see Adolf Hitler in Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In northern Burma, the Morris Force of the Chindits was now down to three platoons in strength. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The US Eighth Air Force based in Britain flew several missions over France, with 319 B-17 bombers dropping 3,700 containers to supply Allied forces fighting in southern France, 131 B-24 bombers attacking Montdidier and Peronne airfields, and 94 P-38 fighter-bombers attacking targets near Paris (1 P-38 aircraft lost). Meanwhile, other Allied aircraft attacked targets in the French railway system in or near Bourth, Merey, Periers, Chateaudun, and other locations; some of these attacks were conducted using Oboe, a British aerial blind bombing targeting technology. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Prisoners in the Santé prison in Paris, France revolted, starting a fire in the prison compound. [CPC]
Japan
  • Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima, and Haha Jima were the targets of land-based aircraft for the first time as US Navy Bombing Squadron 109 PB4Y Liberator bombers based at Isley Field, Saipan, Mariana Islands dropped bombed on their airfields. In the United States, USAAF chief General Hap Arnold warned the Joint Planning Staff about the new Japanese Ki-84 fighters. As a precaution, he recommended seizing Iwo Jima to provide emergency airfields for bombers that might be damaged by new Japanese fighters such as the Ki-84. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama, flagship of Rear Admiral E. W. Hanson, departed Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Soviet troops under Rodion Malinovsky captured Iasi, Romania. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US Army ship FS-390 was commissioned into service at Los Angeles, California, United States under the command of US Coast Guard Lieutenant G. E. Oliver. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jul 1944
New Mexico firing her after 14in guns at Guam, Mariana Islands, circa 14-20 Jul 1944Newly-minted Japanese-American officers of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team, SantHMS Howe transiting the Suez Canal, Egypt, 14 Jul 1944, photo 1 of 2HMS Howe transiting the Suez Canal, Egypt, 14 Jul 1944, photo 2 of 2
See all photos dated 14 Jul 1944
15 Jul 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk and arrived at Mereyon, Yap; she would depart later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Rommel communicated to Hitler that Germany should seriously consider ending the war on favorable terms when it was still possible; for a unknown reason, this letter was delayed in its delivery, not reaching Hitler until 20 Jul. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the US VIII Corps. [CPC]
  • A British No. 206 Squadron RAF Liberator bomber sank German submarine U-319 with depth charges in the North Sea; the aircraft was also lost during the successful attack. Also in the North Sea, another Liberator bomber from No. 159 Squadron RAF attacked U-561, but was shot down by German anti-aircraft fire. [CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg aborted an assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler when Hitler departed a conference earlier than expected. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Fifteenth Air Force in Italy launched more than 600 bombers to attack four oil refineries in the Ploesti and Teleajenul areas in Romania. [CPC]
  • Japanese-American Staff Sergeant Kazuo Otani of the US 442nd Infantry Regiment was killed while fighting near Pieve di Santa Luce, Italy. He repeated exposed himself to German fire in order to give directions to his platoon, and crawled under fire to give medical aid to a wounded soldier. He would later be awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor. [CPC]
  • Soviet forces launched an offensive at the Finnish line in northern Karelia on the border of Finland and Russia; Finnish 5th Division counterattacked near Nietjrvi in the afternoon. [CPC]
  • The Soviet Second Baltic Front captured Opochka, Russia. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-679 damaged Soviet torpedo boat TK-57. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank transport Tanda in the Indian Ocean. In the Mozambique Channel between continental Africa and Madagascar, U-198 sank transport Director; 1 was killed, 56 survived. [CPC]
  • In the Mariana Islands, US Seventh Air Force P-47 fighters based on Saipan attacked targets on Tinian. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Bombing Squadron109 PB4Y Liberator bombers based at Isley Field on Saipan, Mariana Islands attacked Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima, and Haha Jima. [CPC]
  • Minesweeper HMCS Rossland was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • American minesweeper Ptarmigan was launched. [CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Diploma was commissioned into service. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • In the Caroline Islands, US B-24 bombers attacked Truk and Yap. [CPC]
France
  • The US Eighth Air Force based in Britain launched two missions over France, with 169 P-38 Lightning and P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers attacking German transportation southeast of Paris (3 aircraft lost) and 6 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers dropping propaganda leaflets over French cities after sundown. Four B-26 Marauder bombers of the US Ninth Air Force hit the L'Aigle rail bridge in the afternoon, while fighters also of the Ninth Air Force attacked various targets at Saint-Lô, Argentan, and Falaise. [Main Article | CPC]
  • French Milice members executed 28 prisoners who participated in a revolt on the previous day at Santé Prison in Paris, France. [CPC]
Germany
  • Claus von Stauffenberg met with Adolf Hitler at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany at 1300 hours. General Friedrich Olbricht activated Valkyrie in Berlin, Germany two hours prior to the meeting, expecting his troops to be in position to seize key positions in the capital at about the same moment Hitler was to be killed by a bomb that Stauffenberg brought into the meeting. Hitler departed the meeting early unexpectedly, and Olbricht hastily called off the operation, announcing that the troop movement was simply a drill. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her eleventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Two divisions of the British 8th Army attacked Arezzo, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US President Roosevelt arrived in Chicago, Illinois, United States aboard his personal train Ferdinand Magellan and met with the chairman of the Democratic Convention Robert Hannegan to discuss the upcoming re-election. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jul 1944
US Army soldiers seeking shelter, Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944US Army soldiers and jeeps on their way to the front lines, Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944Bocage country in Normandy, France near Hill 32, circa Jul-Aug 1944US Army Japanese-American troops on the move in Castellina Sector at Livorno, Italy, 15 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 15 Jul 1944
16 Jul 1944
  • Yet another pocket began to form in Ukraine as over 40,000 German troops were about to be encircled near Brody. [TH]
  • After dark, New Zealand Lieutenant-Commander R. B. Goodwin became the only prisoner of war to make a successful escape from Hong Kong. He went over the Shamsuipo camp wire during the night and swam to the mainland of China, travelling overland to Kunming. He arrived back in New Zealand in Nov 1944. [AC]
  • A total of 1,087 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers USAAF Eighth Air Force attacked Germany in three waves (407, 238, and 407 bombers, respectively), escorted by 240, 214, and 169 fighters, respectively, with most of the bombers targeting Munich, Stuggart, Augsburg, and Saarbrucken; a total of 11 bombers and 3 fighters were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During the day, about 375 USAAF Ninth Air Force aircraft attacked German positions in the Saint-Lô and Rennes areas in France throughout the day. After dark, 5 B-17 bombers were launched to drop propaganda leaflets over France and another group of 24 B-17 bombers flew in support of French resistance groups. [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 380 USAAF Fifteenth Air Force aircraft from Italy attacked Munchendorf Airfield, Winterhafen oil depot, Vienna marshalling yard, and the Wiener Neudorf engine factory in and near Vienna, Austria. 10 bombers were shot down while American escorting fighters claimed to have shot down 30 of the 100 German fighters which rose to defend Vienna. [CPC]
  • British destroyers HMS Chelsea (former USS Crowninshield), HMS Brighton (former USS Cowell), HMS Richmond (former USS Fairfax), and HMS St Albans (former USS Thomas) were transferred to the Soviet Union. They were renamed Dzerki, Zharki, Zhivuchi, and Dostoinyi, respectively. [CPC]
  • Soviet forces attacked Grodno, Byelorussia. [CPC]
  • Soviet aircraft sank German anti-aircraft cruiser Niobe in Kotka harbor, Finland; the Soviet pilots mis-identified their victim as Finnish coastal defence ship Väinämöinen. [CPC]
  • In the Mariana Islands, P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft of US Seventh Air Force from Saipan attacked Japanese targets at Tinian. At Merizo, Guam, Japanese Army troops massacred 30 civilians. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarines USS Guardfish, USS Piranha, and USS Thresher attacked Japanese convoy Tama 21C, en route from Takao in Taiwan to Manila in the Philippine Islands; 4 ships were sunk, 2 ships were damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF declared Kamiri airfield at Noemfoor, Biak Islands operational as a fighter base. [CPC]
  • US submarine Bullhead was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US destroyer Hugh W. Hadley was launched. [CPC]
  • The keel of US destroyer Fred T Berry was laid down. [CPC]
  • British aircraft attacked German submarine U-299, wounding the German commanding officer. U-299 would be forced to return to Norway for repairs. [CPC]
  • Dragon was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria departed Trinidad for Puerto Rico. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg hosted a party at his home at Wannsee, Germany, which was attended by several anti-Hitler conspirators. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla sank a Japanese transport between Borneo and Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Dwight Eisenhower recommended the formation of a combined Anglo-American airborne Army and nominated Lieutenant General Lewis Brereton to command with Lieutenant General Frederick Browning (who was actually senior) as his deputy. [Main Article | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • B-24 bombers of US Fifth Air Force attacked Yap, Caroline Islands. [CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • Troops of the British 8th Army captured Arezzo, Italy while troops of the British XIII Corps crossed the Arno River. [Main Article | TH]
  • Brazilian 6th Infantry Regiment arrived in Naples, Italy. [CPC]
Trinidad
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Port of Spain, Trinidad for Norfolk, Virginia, United States. She was escorted by destroyers USS Broome, USS Simpson, and USS Winslow. [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • The Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom published a paper which laid claim to the German territory of East Prussia and the Free City of Danzig; the paper also reasserted the territory that the Germans called "Polish Corridor" was to remain within Polish borders. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1944
American military convoy moving through Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944American M10 Wolverine tank destroyer firing near Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944Three dead German soldiers laying on a road near Sainteny, Normandy, France, 16 Jul 1944; note Volkswagen-made Schwimmwagen vehicle and two American soldiers in backgroundCarrier Unryu off Yokosuka, Japan, 16 Jul 1944
17 Jul 1944
  • 44 Barracuda dive bombers, 18 Hellcat fighters, and 30 other fighters from carriers HMS Formidable, HMS Indefatigable, and HMS Furious attacked the German battleship Tirpitz in Norway in Operation Mascot, scoring no hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel was injured when his staff car was attacked by a British fighter in Sainte-Foy-de-Montgommery, Calvados, France at 1830 hours. The aircraft was piloted by Squadron-Leader J. J. Le Roux of No. 602 Squadron RAF. Rommel was en route from Bourguébus Ridge to his headquarters at La Roche-Guyon. The unconscious Rommel would be sent to the hospital at Bernay for treatment. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Caiman was commissioned into service with Commander J. B. Azer in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Royal Navy submarine HMS/m Telemachus (Commander William King) torpedoed and sank the large Japanese submarine I-166 in the Malacca Straits. [AC]
  • An inspection of the Indian 111th Infantry Brigade, a Chindit formation, found that only 118 were completely fit for active service; many of the remaining about 2,200 men suffered from malaria, foot rot, septic sores, typhus, or other ailments related to the Burma jungles. Joseph Stilwell withheld the brigade to guard a Chinese artillery battery for two weeks until conditions improved. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the morning, 670 B-17 and B-24 bombers of the US Eighth Air Force, escorted by 433 fighters, attacked targets in France (1 B-17 bomber and 1 P-47 fighter were lost); in diversion, B-26B bombers of the US VIII Air Support Command attacked Cayeux, France to draw away German fighters. At Coutances, napalm was used for the first time. On the ground, American troops entered Saint-Lô. In the evening, 34 B-17 and 106 B-24 bombers, escorted by 209 P-51 fighters, attacked 12 German V-weapon launching sites in the Pas de Calais, France area. After sundown, 5 B-17 bombers dropped propagadan leaflets in France and the Netherlands while 16 B-24 bombers flew in support of French resistance activities. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Cambrian was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Leamington was transferred to the Soviet Union and was renamed Zhguchi. [CPC]
  • In southern France, 162 B-24 bombers of the US Fifteenth Air Force based in Italy attacked targets in southern France, including the rail marshalling yard at Avignon and railroad bridges at Arles and Tarascon. [CPC]
  • Soviet First Ukrainian Front encircled 40,000 German troops at Brody, Poland (now in Ukraine). Across the wider region, Soviet troops crossed the Bug River on a 40-mile front. [CPC]
  • 57,600 German prisoners of war were paraded through the streets of Moscow, Russia. [CPC]
  • US Navy underwater demolition teams began destroying beach obstacles at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Task Group 17.16 (USS Guardfish, USS Piranha, and USS Thresher) sank a freighter and a cargo ship in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Peterborough arrived at Bermuda. [CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Barrie completed refitting at Liverpool, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • HMS/M Seawolf arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for refitting. [CPC]
  • Frigate HMCS Loch Morlich was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • US President Roosevelt announced that he would allow the Democratic Convention to select a running mate for him rather than naming one himself. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine USS Sea Owl was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British Catalina aircraft of No. 210 Squadron RAF flown by Flying Officer John Alexander Cruickshank attacked German submarine U-742, which fought back with her deck gun. One crew member aboard the Catalina aircraft was killed and three others were wounded, including Cruickshank. Despite his wounds, he brought the aircraft around for a second attack run with depth charges, which successfully sank the submarine. He would later win the Victoria Cross for this action. [CPC]
  • Off Narvik, Norway, a Liberator aircraft of No. 86 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-347 (all 49 aboard were killed) and a Catalina aircraft of No. 210 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-361 (all 52 aboard were killed). Off Bergen, No. 333 Squadron RAF (Norwegian pilots) damaged German submarine U-994 off Norway, wounding 5 men. U-994 would be able to sail to Bergen, Norway for repairs later on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla made a night time attack against a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, sinking an oiler and two transports, hitting them with 5 of 9 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan sank a Japanese minesweeper south of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired; the victim was logged as a destroyer in a case of mis-identification. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Italy
  • Allied troops attacked toward Ancona, Italy, with Polish armored units capturing Monte della Crescia and Casenuove, and supporting British units capturing Montecchio and Croce di San Vincenzo. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean United States
  • The Liberty ship A. E. Bryan exploded whilst loading ammunition and explosives at Port Chicago, California, United States, taking with her the Victory ship Quinalt Victory berthed nearby. Ninety-seven men on the two ships were vapourised and even a 12 ton locomotive on the dockside vanished without trace. In total, 320 men were killed and 290 injured. More than 200 of the dead were black sailors being used as loaders. Later many sailors refused to work until safety was improved. Fifty were court martialled, convicted of mutiny and jailed. A public outcry led to their release but they were still deprived of all veteran's benefits for the rest of their lives. The last surviving "mutineer" Freddy Meeks was finally pardoned by President Bill Clinton in 1999. Four years later he died, aged 83. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1944
Two waterfront gantry cranes that were destroyed by the Germans during their demolition of Cherbourg2nd Lieutenant P.H. ShuppDock facilities destroyed by the Germans before the city was captured by the Allies, Cherbourg, 17 Jul 1944Troops of German 4th Army, after being captured at Minsk in Byelorussia, being marched through the streets of Moscow, Russia, 17 Jul 1944
18 Jul 1944
  • German Luftwaffe Hauptmann Werner Thierfelder, commander of the special test unit (Eprobungskommando) tasked with evolving tactics for the new Me 262 jet-powered fighter was killed when his plane crashed in flames near Landsberg, Germany. The cause of the crash was not determined, but it was likely to be either a mechanical failure or due to poor fuel quality. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • US XIX Corps troops entered Saint-Lô, France. British troops launched Operation Goodwood against Caen with Allied 2,200 aircraft supporting the ground assault, but stubborn German defense cost the British VIII Corps 200 tanks and 1,500 men, while just over 100 Panzers were destroyed. After sundown, 25 American B-24 bombers flew in support of resistance activities. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet First Byelorussian Front launched a heavy attack across the Bug River aimed at Lublin in Poland, the Third Baltic Front attacked toward Pskov in Russia, while the First Ukraine Front advanced toward Lvov in Ukraine. [Main Article | TH]
  • In Germany, 291 American B-17 bombers, escorted by 48 P-38 and 84 P-51 fighters, attacked the port facilities at Kiel and oil refineries at Cuxhaven. To the east, 377 American B-17 bombers, escorted by 294 fighters, attacked Peenemünde, Zinnowitz, and Stralsund. In southern Germany, B-17 and B-24 bombers of US Fifteenth Air Force attacked Memmingen Airfield and the Dornier factories at Manzell; 20 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of British minesweeper Styx was laid down. [CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Zambesi was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • British frigate HMS Balfour sank German submarine U-672 with depth charges north of Guernsey in the English Channel. [CPC]
  • A Mosquito aircraft of the British No. 333 (Norwegian) Squadron RAF damaged German submarine U-286 in the North Sea; 1 was killed, 7 were wounded. U-286 would be able to sail to Kristiansand, Norway later on the same day. [CPC]
  • A Catalina aircraft of British No. 210 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-742 west of Narvik, Norway; all 52 aboard were killed. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-2504 was launched. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-3003 was launched. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-327 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-2323 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • German troops round up the 2,000 Jews at Rhodes and Kos in Greece; most of them would soon be deported to the Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-479 fired a spread of two torpedoes at Soviet submarine chaser MO-304 in Vyborg Bay, Russia; U-479 reported that the attack had failed, but one of the torpedoes actually struck MO-304, which required towing back into port. [CPC]
  • In the Mariana Islands, American P-47 fighters based on Saipan attacked Japanese positions on Tinian and Pagan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hideki Tojo submitted his letter of resignation for his position as the Prime Minister of Japan. He would be officially replaced by Kuniaki Koiso four days later. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American destroyer escort USS Ulvert M. Moore was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa was named the commanding officer of the Southwest Area Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 14th Air Fleet was officially disbanded; it had been wiped out at Saipan, Mariana Islands ten days earlier. [CPC]
  • USS Ray sank Japanese tanker Janbi Maru in the South China Sea, expending 22 torpedoes during the pursuit, 8 of which hit. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • In the Caroline Islands, aircraft of the Allied Far East Air Forces attacked Yap and Sorol, while 25 B-24 bombers of the US Seventh Air Force attacked Truk. [CPC]
China
  • Otozo Yamada succeeded Yoshijiro Umezu as the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • As Polish II Corps advanced toward Ancona, Italy, it captured Agugliano, Chiaravalle, and finally the port city itself by 1430 hours. Meanwhile, troops of US IV Corps began an attack on Leghorn. In the air, US Fifteenth Air Force attacked various German positions throughout the country. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jul 1944
King, Nimitz, and Spruance aboard USS Indianapolis,18 Jul 1944ATO Owl entered Cherbourg harbor, France, towing two barges loaded with engineer equipment, 18 Jul 1944; she was the first ship carrying supplies to enter Cherbourg harbor after Allied victoryNew Mexico
19 Jul 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Davao, Philippine Islands; she was damaged by a mine just prior to arrival. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Günther von Kluge was appointed the commanding officer of the German Army Group B (Heeresgruppe B). [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Rock detected a Japanese convoy in the Luzon Strait and attacked with ten torpedoes. She recorded six detonations, but was not able to observe whether any of the ships sank. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt was nominated to run for a fourth term as the President of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Raoul Wallenberg might have met with Adolf Eichmann at the Hotel Majestic in Budapest, Hungary. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was summoned to see Adolf Hitler at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon departed for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-968 was attacked by a British RAF Liberator bomber in the Atlantic Ocean; 1 was killed, 6 were wounded. [CPC]
  • The keel of US minesweeper Minivet was laid down. [CPC]
  • US destroyer Zellars was launched. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Wyman sank Japanese submarine I-5 360 miles east of Guam, Mariana Islands. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-2502 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-2513 was laid down. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-3507 was laid down. [CPC]
  • British minesweeper HMS Mameluke was launched. [CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Saintes was launched. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Kenneth M. Willet was commissioned into service. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • US Far East Air Force dispatched B-24 aircraft to attack Yap, Ngulu, and Sorol in the Caroline Islands. [CPC]
France
  • In France, Canadian troops cleared Caen's southern suburbs, capturing Vaucelles, Louvigny, and Flery-sur-Orne, while British 11th Armoured Division captured Bras and Hubert-Follie. In the afternoon, 262 US 9th Air Force B-26 Marauder and A-20 Havoc aircraft attacked bridges on the Loire River and Seine River and a fuel dump at Bruz, France. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • From Britain, US 8th Air Force dispatched 5 B-17 bombers to drop propaganda leaflets in France and Belgium while 5 B-24 bombers paradropped supplies to French resistance fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 1,082 B-17 and B-24 bombers, escorted by 670 P-38, P-47, and P-51 fighters attacked factories (hydrogen peroxide, chemical, aircraft, and ball bearing), six rail marshalling yards, a dam, and four airfields in western and southwestern Germany; 17 bombers and 7 fighters were lost. From Italy, US 15th Air Force launched 400 B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked an ordnance depot, an aircraft factory, an automobile factory, and an airfield in the München (Munich) area; 16 US aircraft were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Croaker departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Pouring began on the foundation for the engine overahaul facility. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US 34th Division captured Livorno, Italy. The Germans set up about 25,000 booby traps as they evacuated the city. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Latvia
  • Soviet troops crossed the border into Latvia. [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • In the Mariana Islands, US 7th Air Force launched P-47 aircraft based on Saipan to attack Tinian. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1944
Allied cargo transfer point on Omaha Beach, 19 Jul 1944; note British battleship Centurion in the center of backgroundJapanese-American troops of 100th Infantry Battalion of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team resting on the side of a street in Livorno, Castellina Sector, Italy, 19 Jul 1944
20 Jul 1944
  • Ludwig Beck passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • French troops began withdrawing from Italy in preparation for the invasion of southern France. [Main Article | TH]
  • The British Operation Goodwood in France was stalled by heavy weather; thus far, over 400 tanks were lost. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Hoe fired 4 torpedoes at a Japanese freighter, scoring no hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria arrived at Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Benito Mussolini met with Adolf Hitler at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany shortly after the failed assassination attempt on Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Army formed the Pearl Harbor Board to analyze the Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii of 7 Dec 1941. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied aircraft attacked German submarine U-965 in the Atlantic Ocean, killing 1 and wounding 1. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-861 sank Brazilian troop transport Vital de Oliviera off Brazil. [CPC]
  • Austrian-born Oberfeldwebel Hermann Buchner was awarded the Knight's Cross medal for 600 combat sorties and 456 aerial victories. Buchner would survive the war with a combined total of 58 kills (four of these whilst flying Me 262 jet fighters), plus 46 tanks and one armoured train destroyed. [AC]
Canada
  • Canadian corvette HMCS Cobalt completed its forecastle extension work at Liverpool, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • US Far East Air Force B-24 bombers attacked Yap, Caroline Islands. [CPC]
France
  • 6 US B-17 bombers were launched after sundown to drop propaganda leaflets over France while 12 B-24 bombers dropped supplies to resistance fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Isis was sunk, either by a German naval mine or by a German Neger manned torpedo off Normandy, France. [CPC]
  • Canadian frigate HMCS Matane was damaged by a glider bomb off Brest, France, killing 2. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Operation Valkyrie was launched to assassinate Hitler and to overthrow the Nazi German government. It failed, leading to the arrest and execution of many who became implicated in the plot. [Main Article | TH]
  • Bombers of US 8th Air Force in Britain and US 15th Air Force in Italy attacked Dessau, Kothen, Leipzig, Nordhuasen, Rudolstadt, Merseburg, Bad Nauheim, Koblenz, and many other targets across Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-3001 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-2335 was laid down. [CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho completed her flight deck repairs and exited the drydocks at Kure, Japan. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • PB4Y-1 Liberator bombers of US Navy Patrol Bomber Squadron 109 from Saipan, Mariana Islands attacked Iwo Jima, Haha Jima, and Chichi Jima in the Bonin Islands. [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • P-47 aircraft of US 7th Air Force continued to attack Japanese positions on Tinian while US Navy warships bombarded Guam in the Mariana Islands. Meanwhile, underwater demolition teams conducted their final missions to remove obstacles on the invasion beaches at Asan and Agat on Guam. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British destroyer HMS Crescent was launched at Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • British minesweeper HMS Jewel was launched. [CPC]
  • British boom defense vessel HMS Precise was launched. [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Vengeful was launched. [CPC]
  • British destroyers HMS Whirlwind was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • British destroyers HMS Zest was commissioned into service. [CPC]
United States
  • The staff at the Los Alamos site of the Manhattan Project shifted focus to work on the implosion mechanism for the atomic bomb. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US escort carrier Gilbert Islands was launched. [CPC]
  • US submarine USS Tigrone was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island embarked US Navy squadron VC-21 at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jul 1944
Two US officers plant the first American flag on Guam eight minutes after US Marines and Army assault troops landed on the beaches, 20 Jul 1944
21 Jul 1944
  • USS Rock detected a Japanese convoy in the Luzon Strait and attacked with four torpedoes. She recorded two detonations, but was not able to observe whether any of the ships sank. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinz Guderian was appointed Chief of the Army General Staff. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Guitarro departed Frementle, Australia for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A military and damage control inspection party from USS Wyoming, headed by Rear Admiral D. B. Beary, boarded USS Astoria at Virginia, United States for an inspection. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinz Brandt died from wounds suffered during the 20 Jul 1944 assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler in Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback arrived at Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 8 B-17 bombers of US 8th Air Force dropped propaganda leaflets over France after sundown. [CPC]
  • British frigates HMS Curzon and HMS Ekins sank German submarine U-212 with depth charges south of Brighton, England, United Kingdom; all 49 aboard were killed. [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-3009 was laid down. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1110 was launched. [CPC]
  • Canadian tug HMCS Glenlivit was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Canadian frigate HMCS Levis was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Canadian frigate HMCS Stone Town was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Dufilho was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Destroyer USS John W. Weeks was commissioned into service with Commander Robert A. Theobald. Jr. in command. [CPC]
  • Brazilian corvette Camaquã was struck by a series of large waves and sank 27 miles off Recife, Brazil while escorting Allied convoy JT-18; 35 were killed. [CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • B-17 and B-24 bombers of US 15th Air Force based in Italy attacked Brüx in Czechoslovakia (Czech name "Most"), targeting the synthetic oil refinery. [CPC]
Germany
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was executed in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 1,110 bombers of US 8th Air Force were launched from England, United Kingdom against Germany, hitting München (Munich), Saarbrücken (targeting rail marshalling yards), Oberpfeffenhofen, Walldrun (targeting rail marshalling yards), Regensburg, Stuttgart, Schweinfurt, and other locations; a total of 31 bombers and 8 escorting fighters were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben was arrested by the Gestapo. [CPC]
Guam
  • US 3rd Marine Division landed near Agana and US 1st Provisional Marine Brigade landed near Agat on Guam, Mariana Islands; the landing was supported by US Navy Task Force 53. US Navy and US Army aircraft attacked Tinian of Mariana Islands, Eniwetok of Marshall Islands, and Truk and Yap of Caroline Islands as indirect support. Troops of the US Army 77th Infantry Division arrived in the afternoon; their landing was difficult due to the lack of LVT vehicles. A mile-deep beachhead was established at both landing sites by sundown. The Japanese attempted a counterattack during the night, which was repulsed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft provided aerial cover for the invasion of Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Recreation facilities - 6 handball courts and one basketball court for officers; and 2 handball courts, 2 basketball courts, and one athletic field for enlisted men, turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • The French Expeditionary Corps and the US VI Corps began to be withdrawn from the front lines in Italy to prepare for the invasion of Southern France. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines Russia
  • The Soviet Third Baltic Front captured Ostrov, Pskov Oblast, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Moscow, Russia, the Soviet Union announced the establishment of the Polish Committee of National Liberation to administer areas of liberated Poland, angering the Polish government-in-exile based in Britain. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 616 Squadron RAF, equipped with Meteor Mk I jet fighters, was transferred to RAF Manston in southern England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Baltimore depart San Diego, California, United States, with destroyer USS Fanning in escort and US President Franklin Roosevelt aboard, for Adak, Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At Chicago, Illinois, United States, the Democratic National Convention nominated Senator Harry Truman to run as Franklin Roosevelt's vice presidential candidate in the upcoming election. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army transport FS-185 was commissioned into service at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States under the command of US Coast Guard Lieutenant (jg) L. C. Rickert. [CPC]
  • US Army transport FS-186 was commissioned into service at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States under the command of US Coast Guard Lieutenant F. D. Obrian. [CPC]
  • Air Group 80 flew off of USS Ticonderoga and landed in Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jul 1944
Pennsylvania bombarding Guam with her 14-in and 5-in guns, 21 Jul 194440mm gun crew of an unidentified American cruiser watched as lighter vessels shelled a Japanese storage dump (note smoke in center), Asan Beachhead, Guam, Mariana Islands, 21 Jul 1944
22 Jul 1944
  • In Ukraine, the Brody Pocket was eliminated; Soviet forces captured 17,000 German prisoners of war. To the north, Soviet units captured Panevezys, Lithuania. [Main Article | TH]
  • Kuniaki Koiso was named the 41st Prime Minister of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral D. B. Beary continued his inspection of USS Astoria at Virginia, United States. Later in the day, USS Astoria conducted a battle problem with USS Decatur and target ship Daniel A. Joy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British minesweeper HMS Chamois struck a mine in Baie de Seine north of Normandie, France and was damaged. [CPC]
  • USS Cero fired six torpedoes at a Japanese transport north of Dutch New Guinea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • American aircraft raided Japanese positions in Shanghai, China. [CPC]
Germany
  • The German Gestapo arrested the head of German intelligence unit Abwehr I Colonel Georg Hansen. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wasp set sail for the Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga began her first overhaul at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States. Her flight deck was to be reconfigured to add 11 feet forward and 7 feet aft, and her anti-aircraft directors were to be repositioned. [Main Article | DS]
  • The keel of submarine Mero was laid down by the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jul 1944
Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso with his cabinet ministers, 22 Jul 1944; note Naval Minister Mitsumasa Yonai in front row next to KoisoUSS Astoria underway en route to Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, 22 Jul 1944; note camouflage Measure 33 Design 24dDouglas A-20G Havoc of the 387th Bomb Squadron crashing into the water after being shot down by anti-aircraft fire during an attack on Kokas, western New Guinea, 22 Jul 1944. All crewmembers were killed. Photo 3 of 4.Douglas A-20G Havoc of the 387th Bomb Squadron trailing smoke and losing altitude after being damaged by anti-aircraft fire during an attack on Kokas, western New Guinea, 22 Jul 1944. Photo 2 of 4.
See all photos dated 22 Jul 1944
23 Jul 1944
  • Hitler required that the Wehrmacht use the Hitler Gruß, the Nazi salute, in the aftermath of July Plot. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops captured Pskov, Byelorussia. [Main Article | TH]
  • After dark, a large group of British bombers attacked Kiel, Germany; the attack lasted through midnight into the next date. The German fighters summoned to intercept went after the decoy force rather than the main force. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • In response to the American request for Chiang Kaishek to accept communist forces in his army, Chiang expressed that he would accept the request only if the Nationalist reserve forces would be off-limits to Joseph Stilwell, and if American Lend-Lease supplies would be controlled by Chiang. This counteroffer was to be rejected in the following month. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The 1st Canadian Army (General H. D. G. Crerar) became operational in Normandy, France. [AC]
Germany
  • The German Gestapo arrested the head of German Abwehr Wilhelm Canaris. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy Photo(s) dated 23 Jul 1944
Map depicting the Allied attempt to expand the beachhead at Normandy, France, 1-24 Jul 1944
24 Jul 1944
  • As Soviet units crossed the River San north of Lublin, Poland, German troops began evacuating that city. [Main Article | TH]
  • American troops landed on Tinian, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British bombing of Kiel, Germany that began on the previous date ended before dawn. The damage was extensive, causing the city to have no running water for 3 days, the trains and buses were out of commission for 8 days, and gas service was out for nearly 3 weeks. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank a Japanese transport off Yap, Caroline Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Majdanek Concentration Camp became the first concentration camp to be liberated by Soviet troops (and the first to be liberated overall). [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jul 1944
US Marine Corps 155mm rifle on White Beach, Agat Beachhead, Guam, Mariana Islands, circa 21-27 Jul 1944Aerial view of Tinian, Mariana Islands, 1944American carrier planes attacking Ushi point airfield, Tinian, Mariana Islands, Jul 1944Map depicting the situation near Saint-Lô, France during the night of 24-25 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 24 Jul 1944
25 Jul 1944
  • The first preliminary test of the RaLa Experiment was performed by the scientists of the Manhattan Project; it was the first in a series of experiments attempting to create a spherical implosion to detonate a nuclear weapon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Cobra, the US breakout operation in France, began. Canadian troops attacked south of Caen, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • In Berlin, Germany, Goebbels was designated the Reich Plenipotentiary for Total War. [Main Article | TH]
  • German authorities completed the evacuation of Jewish ghettos in Kovno, Lithuania. [CPC]
  • Soviet units reached the Vistula River in Poland. To the north, the Germans evacuated Narva, Estonia, taking up defensive positions to the west. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS hoe fired 6 torpedoes at a Japanese submarine, scoring no hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Bush shared the credit for sinking of a Japanese cargo ship off the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Franklin launched strikes against Palau Islands, Yap Island, and Ulithi Atoll through 27 Jul 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii United States
  • Production of P-39 Airacobra fighters ceased. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Jul 1944
American troops leaving the first troop transport to enter Cherbourg harbor, 25 Jul 1944American troops and equipment on Tinian, Mariana Islands, Jul or Aug 1944US Marines wading toward Tinian from amphibious tractors and landing boats, Mariana Islands, 25 Jul 1944, photo 1 of 3US Marines wading toward Tinian from amphibious tractors and landing boats, Mariana Islands, 25 Jul 1944, photo 2 of 3
See all photos dated 25 Jul 1944
26 Jul 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Davao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • US forces broke through near Saint-Lô, France, forcing a German withdrawal from the Normandy region. [Main Article | TH]
  • United States Army 5332nd Brigade (Provisional) was activated in India. Known as the Mars Task Force, the Brigade consisted of 475th Infantry Regiment (largely of Galahad and New Galahad veterans), 124th cavalry Regiment (Special) (formerly the Texas National Guard and now serving as infantry), and the 612th and 613th Artillery Battalions (Pack) with mule-borne 75mm Howitzers. The Galahad veterans appeared to have been extremely unwilling to return to the front but after their grievances were addressed went back into battle again. By the time the brigade was withdrawn (redeployed to China) in Feb 1945 it had suffered 122 dead, 938 wounded, and 1 missing. [AC]
  • USS Marlin collided with SC-642 while undergoing training, sustaining light damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Robalo struck a mine and sank whilst on patrol off the western coast of Palawan, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC]
Estonia
  • Soviet forces captured Narva as they crossed the Estonian border. [Main Article | TH]
Germany
  • The head of German intelligence unit Abwehr II Colonel Wessel von Freytag-Loringhoven committed suicide just prior to his arrest by the German Gestapo. [CPC]
  • Leutnant Alfred Schreiber, flying a Me 262A-1a jet fighter, damaged a Mosquito aircraft crewed by Flight Lieutenant Albert Wall and navigator Albert Lobban No. 544 Squadron RAF. This was the first air-to-air combat involving a jet aircraft. Although the Mosquito aircraft would ultimately make an emergency landing at Fermo, Italy, Schreiber received a victory for the engagement because he had observed a large piece broken off from the British aircraft and was convinced that the aircraft could not be in flight for long; the piece he observed was actually just the outer hatch door. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Douglas MacArthur and Chester Nimitz presented each of their plans to Franklin Roosevelt on how to approach Japan during the Pacific Strategy Conference in US Territory of Hawaii. MacArthur wanted to target the Philippine Islands to recover American territory, while Nimitz preferred to invade Taiwan which would serve as gateway to both Japan and China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Twenty-two officers of D-1, IRON-74, arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
United States
  • USS Golet was officially presumed lost in the Pacific Ocean. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jul 1944
US President Roosevelt in conference with MacArthur, Leahy, and Nimitz, US Territory of Hawaii, 26 Jul-10 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 3Churchill tank in the shattered village of Maltot, France, 26 Jul 1944A wrecked German SdKfz. 251 halftrack vehicle in Northern France, victim of USAAF 9th Air Force fighters, 26 Jul 1944US President Roosevelt in conference with MacArthur, Leahy, and Nimitz, US Territory of Hawaii, 26 Jul-10 Aug 1944, photo 2 of 3
See all photos dated 26 Jul 1944
27 Jul 1944
  • Bialystok in Poland, Dunaburg (Daugavpils) in Latvia, and Lvov in Ukraine were captured by Soviet forces; meanwhile, a major bridgehead was also established across the Vistula River near Magnuszew, Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • Meteor F.Mk I jet fighters of No. 616 Squadron based at Manston in Kent, England, United Kingdom performed their first V-1 intercept mission. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Rock changed course for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook fired 6 torpedoes at a Japanese freighter; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Sunfish (S-class) was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon sank a Japanese trawler off Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jul 1944
US 5th Army Lieutenant General Mark Clark pinning Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation ribbons to Japanese-American members of 100th Infantry Battalion, Vada area, Italy, 27 Jul 1944A US Marine having a moment of relaxation with a lion statue, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 27 Jul 1944
28 Jul 1944
  • American troops captured Coutances, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Brest-Litovsk, Byelorussia, site of a joint German-Soviet victory parade in 1939, was captured by Soviet forces after heavy fighting. [Main Article | TH]
  • With Geoffrey de Havilland Jr. at the controls, the de Havilland Hornet aircraft made its maiden flight. The Hornet entered service in 1946. [AC]
  • The Dutch government issued a protest over the atrocities committed by the crew of Japanese I-8 against the survivors of sunken merchant ship Tjisalak. [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Ray departed Fremantle, Australia after restocking her store of torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • US Marines captured the old US Marines parade ground on Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii United States
  • USS Copahee arrived at San Diego, California, United States with 14 captured Japanese aircraft and 37 captured engines. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jul 1944
Tractors hauled supplies around an overflow materiel yard in England, which held supplies exceeding the capacity of Normandy yards, 28 Jul 1944US Marines Gunnery Sergeant J. Paget and Privates L. C. Whether and V. A. Sot with their Browning M1919 heavy machine gun, about 100 yards in-land from the Guam invasion beach, Mariana Islands, 28 JulAmericans landing on Tinian, Mariana Islands, late Jul 1944American reinforcements wading onto Tinian, Mariana Islands, Jul 1944
See all photos dated 28 Jul 1944
29 Jul 1944
  • USS Puffer attacked a Japanese freighter in the Dutch East Indies; all 6 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was made a Hero of the Soviet Union and was awarded his second Order of Lenin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of Lenin for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • B-29 Superfortress bombers of the 20th USAAF flying from advanced airfields near Chengdu in China attacked the Showa steel works at Anshan in Liaoning, northeastern China. During the raid B-29 bomber 42-5256 piloted by Captain Howard R. Jarrell was struck by a shell and badly damaged. Unable to make the 1,500 mile journey home, Captain Jarrell decided to try to reach Vladivostock in the USSR. Intercepted by Soviet Yak-9 fighters the crippled bomber was forced to land at the small strip at Tavrichanka where the aircraft and its crew were interned by the Soviet authorities. [AC]
Germany
  • A Me 163 jet fighter attempted to disrupt a B-17 raid on Mersburg, Germany but was instead pursued by Captain Arthur Jeffrey in a P-38 fighter. Jeffrey chased the Me 163 jet fighter to a very low altitude and confidently reported a victory, but post war records indicated that there was no Me 163 lost on this particular date. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • USS Marblehead arrived in Palermo, Sicily, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Latvia
  • German Armeegruppe Nord was cut off as the Red Army reached the Baltic coast west of Riga, Latvia. [Main Article | TH]
Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jul 1944
View of the railway ferry terminal in Cherbourg harbor, 29 Jul 1944Map depicting the situation near Saint-Lô, France during Operation Cobra, 25-29 Jul 1944US Army convoy passing through the remains of Saint-Lô, France during the Normandy invasion, 29 Jul 1944; note Jeeps, CCKW 2-1/2 ton transports, Studebaker M29 Weasel, and Dodge WC54 field ambulance
30 Jul 1944
  • British troops attack Caumont, France, east of Saint-Lô. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy ordered Mitsubishi to stop development of the A7M fighter design; Mitsubishi was able to secure permission to continue given that the company was to use existing engines rather than develop new ones. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Günther von Kluge wrote to Adolf Hitler, warning that the entire western front was on the brink of collapse. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-304 struck a mine and sank off the coast of Normandy, France. [AC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-378 struck a mine and was severely damaged, beyond repair, off the coast of Normandy, France. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Leaders of US Navy ComAirSols (Commander Air Solomons) was given a demonstration of unmanned TDR drones. Four of them took flight and each released a 2,000-pound bomb on Yamazuki Maru which was beached at Guadalcanal. 3 of the bombs hit, although 1 of the failed to detonate. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-49 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Latvia
  • The Soviet First Baltic Front reached Tukums, Latvia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1944
Alaska off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, 30 Jul 1944, photo 1 of 2Alaska off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, 30 Jul 1944, photo 2 of 2Two French boys watched from a hilltop as Allied vehicles passed through the badly damaged city of Saint-Lô, France, circa Jul-Aug 1944A badly battered Japanese B6N torpedo bomber, wrecked before it could be wheeled from its hangar at the Tinian airfield, Mariana Islands, 30 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 30 Jul 1944
31 Jul 1944
  • Tirpitz conducted exercises at sea with five destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang departed for her fourth war patrol off Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British VIII Corps launched Operation Bluecoat towards Vire River in Normandy, France. Meanwhile, US 4th Armored Division captured Avranches and 20,000 prisoners of war in 6 days. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Kete was commissioned into service with Commander R. L. Rutter in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British 9th Armoured Division (Major General John D'Arcy) was disbanded. [AC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese convoy off Taiwan and sank cargo ship Manko Maru and tanker Koei Maru; she also shared the credit with USS Steelhead for sinking another transport. She expended 19 torpedoes during this attack. Parche's commanding officer, Commander Lawson Ramage would later be awarded the Medal of Honor for this attack while the crew received the Presidental Unit Citation. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 31 Jul 1944
Allied soldiers and vehicles waited to be loaded prior to a practice landing, possibly for the invasion of Southern France, held near Mondragone, Italy, 31 Jul 1944Japanese 47mm gun, captured east of Tumon Bay, Guam, Mariana Islands, circa Jul-Aug 1944US Marines checking out a disabled Japanese tank, Tinian, Mariana Islands, Jul or Aug 1944This 75mm Japanese gun position at Gaan Point wreaked havoc on men of the US 22nd Marine Regiment before it was silenced, Guam, Mariana Islands, Jul-Aug 1944
See all photos dated 31 Jul 1944
1 Aug 1944
  • Tirpitz completed exercises at sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Manuel Quezon passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet forces captured Lithuania, cutting all roads between Germany and the Baltic States. [Main Article | TH]
  • President Risto Ryti of Finland resigned; he was to be replaced by Marshal Carl Mannerheim. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the XV Corps of the Third Army of the US 12th Army Group. [CPC]
  • The US 12th Army Group came into existence under the command of Lieutenant General Omar Bradley. [Main Article | AC]
  • General Philippe Leclerc's 2nd French Division landed on "Utah" beach, Normandy, France. [AC]
  • Captain Taro Taguchi was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy 3rd Air Fleet. [CPC]
  • George Bush was promoted to the rank of lieutenant (jg). [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer attacked a Japanese convoy in the Dutch East Indies, firing 8 torpedoes and claiming 2 hits which sank a ship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Indian 111th Infantry Brigade, a Chindit formation, was allowed to return to front line service in Burma after health conditions improved. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell met with Louis Mountbatten at Kandy, Ceylon to discuss Stilwell's temporary command over Mountbatten's theater while Mountbatten planned for a trip to Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche set sail for Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Flying Fish departed Brisbane, Australia for her eleventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Pollack served on lifeguard station in support of the air strikes on Woleai, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Two brand-new Allied armoured divisions, the 4th Canadian and 1st Polish, arrived in Normandy, France. They were tasked with executing the final great break-out from the British sector to trap and destroy the German armies in Normandy or send them reeling back to the Seine. [Main Article | AC]
Japan Poland
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front under Konstantin Rokossovsky arrived in the suburbs of Warsaw, Poland. Seeing the arrival of friendly forces, the Polish Home Army rose up against German occupation troops. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • The Soviet-backed Polish Committee of National Liberation established its headquarters in Lublin, Poland. [CPC]
United States
  • The second XP-80A prototype jet aircraft "Silver Ghost" took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Aug 1944
Ensign Darrell Bennett stood beside his FM-2 Wildcat Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, Lieutenant General Holland M. Smith, Major General Henry L. Larsen, and Major General Roy S. Geiger, Orote Peninsula, Guam, Mariana Islands, 1 Aug 1944Franklin in the Mariana Islands, 1 Aug 1944; photograph taken from carrier HornetThree Swordfish aircraft, equipped with rockets, performing a training flight from St. Merryn Royal Naval Air Station, United Kingdom, 1 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 1 Aug 1944
2 Aug 1944
  • US VIII Corps moved west along Brittany coast from Avranches, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Turkey severed diplomatic relations with Germany. [TH]
  • The Soviet-sponsored 1st Polish Army established a bridgehead over the Vistula River south of Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • German submarine U-804 sank American destroyer escort USS Fiske with torpedoes in the central Atlantic. [Main Article | AC]
Australia
  • USS Flier departed Fremantle, Australia for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Leutnant Erich Sommer flew an Ar 234 V7 prototype aircraft over the Allied Normandy beachheads in France while the two Rb 50/30 cameras on board took a photograph every 11 seconds. This was the first jet aircraft reconnaissance mission in aviation history. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • USS Wasp arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Zigeunernacht ("Gypsy Night"): 4,000 Roma were killed and cremated at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Aug 1944
A French Army Sherman tank landed on a Normandy beach from LST-517, 2 Aug 1944A town in shambles after American bombardment, Tinian, Mariana Islands, Aug 1944Canadian Major General Rod Keller addressing troops in Normandy, France, 2 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighter with Blyskawica submachine gun during the Warsaw Uprising, Powisle district, Warsaw, Poland, Aug 1944
See all photos dated 2 Aug 1944
3 Aug 1944
  • USS Cod sank a Japanese merchant ship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A two-month siege by US and Chinese forces at Myitkyina in Burma finally succeeded in capturing it. [Main Article | TH]
  • Hitler ordered a counterattack east of Avranches, France to regain the coast. [Main Article | TH]
  • The first Soviet attacks east of Warsaw, Poland were repulsed by the Germans. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the US VIII Corps. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • King George VI of the United Kingdom gave Royal approval to R. A. Butler's Education Act which introduced wide ranging changes to secondary school education in England and Wales. [AC]
United States
  • USS Spot was commissioned into service with Commander William S. Post, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Springer was launched at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, sponsored by the wife of M. S. Tisdale. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Aug 1944
Polish barricade at Napoleon Square, Warsaw, Poland, 3 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 4; note captured Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer as part of barricadePolish barricade at Napoleon Square, Warsaw, Poland, 3 Aug 1944, photo 2 of 4; note captured Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer as part of barricadePolish barricade at Napoleon Square, Warsaw, Poland, 3 Aug 1944, photo 3 of 4; note captured Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer as part of barricadePolish barricade at Napoleon Square, Warsaw, Poland, 3 Aug 1944, photo 4 of 4; note captured Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer as part of barricade
See all photos dated 3 Aug 1944
4 Aug 1944
  • Anne Frank and her family were arrested in Amsterdam, the Netherlands by the Gestapo. [TH]
  • Allies captured Rennes, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces gained another bridgehead over the Vistula River in Poland near Baranov. [Main Article | TH]
  • Harold Alexander met with Oliver Leese, who convinced Alexander to attack the Gothic Line in Italy by a thrust along the coast of the Adriatic Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Colonel Charles Hunter was relieved of his command and returned to the United States by ship. Morale among the "Marauders" (most of whom were recovering from their ordeal in hospital beds) collapsed completely as a consequence, and soon after the entire force was despicably disbanded. Back in the United States, the obnoxious Stilwell's treatment of Hunter's "Marauders" had become a public scandal eventually leading to a full inquiry. [AC]
  • An extensively modified Thunderbolt fighter (XP-47J) became the first airscrew driven aircraft to exceed 500 mph in level flight with a recorded speed of 504 mph. However the P-47J did not go into production as the Republic development team chose to concentrate on the more advanced XP-72 project. [Main Article | AC]
  • HMS Gairsay was sunk by a German explosive motor boat off the coast of Normandy, France. [AC]
  • Lieutenant General Brian Horrocks assumed command of the British XXX Corps in France. [AC]
  • USS Ray sank Japanese cargo ship Koshu Maru at the southern opening of the Makassar Strait between Borneo and Celebes in the Dutch East Indies, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The USAAF launched two "babies" against V-1 sites. Both missions ended in failure. One went out off control and into a spin; the crew baled out but the pilot was killed. The second made it across the English Channel, but was lost during the descent and crashed some distance short of the target. [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Pollack served on lifeguard station off Yap, Caroline Islands in support of air strikes in the region. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her seventh war patrol with the wolfpack "Ed's Eradicators". [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of Night Air Group 102 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy Photo(s) dated 4 Aug 1944
Map depicting the US 1st ArmyB-26B Marauder of the 441st Bomb Squadron over Île du Levant, France south of St Tropez on raid to bomb gun installations, Aug 4 1944B-24H Liberator “Big Dog’s?” of the 739th Bomb Squadron crash landed while returning from practice mission, Bari Airfield, Italy, Aug 4 1944.
5 Aug 1944
  • The neutral Turkish ship, Mefkure, sailing from Romania to Istanbul, Turkey with 325 passengers, mainly Jews fleeing from Romania, Poland and Hungary, was torpedoed, shelled and sunk by an unidentified submarine, believed to be the Soviet submarine SC-215. The survivors were machine gunned in the water and only 11 escape. The dead include 37 children. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese tanker north of Dutch New Guinea, hitting her with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was named the commanding officer of German XXXXIX. Gebirgskorps. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Harder departed Fremantle, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Pollack again served on lifeguard station off Yap, Caroline Islands in support of air strikes in the region. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Finding an unguarded track, Captain Denny of the 13/18th Hussars of the British Army led two troops of tanks to the summit of Mont Pinçon, the most formidable feature in Normandy, France. During the night his small force was reinforced by the battle-weary 4th Wiltshires (Lieutenant Colonel Luce) which on the following day then repulsed a rather half-hearted German counter-attack to regain the feature. Elsewhere, to the south, US XV Corps reached Mayenne, France. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Parche arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Representatives from Belgium, Canada, Free France, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the United Kingdom, and the United States signed an agreement on the control of merchant shipping in London, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Louis Mountbatten arrived in London, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Aug 1944
Polish resistance fighters Wojciech Omyla, Juliusz Bogdan Deczkowski, and Tadeusz Milewski in captured German uniforms and Kar98k rifles, Warsaw, Poland, 5 Aug 1944Destroyed Jagdpanzer 38(t) on the street of Warsaw, Poland, 5 Aug 1944; this vehicle was captured by Polish fighters and destroyed by Germans during fighting near the main post office
6 Aug 1944
  • USS Croaker fired 7 torpedoes at a Japanese freighter, all of which missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In France, US 4th Armored Division advanced to Lorient and US 6th Armored Division advanced toward Brest. [Main Article | TH]
  • The refinery city of Drohobyez, Poland was captured by the Red Army. [Main Article | TH]
  • US XX Corps reached Laval, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Pintado sank Japanese cargo ship Shonan Maru and damaged another in the East China Sea; six torpedoes were expended and four of them made contact (two on each target). [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Twelve ready-service magazines turned over to station. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Unryu was commissioned into service at Yokosuka, Japan with Captain Konishi Kaname in command. She was assigned to Carrier Division 1 of Japanese 3rd Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Poland
  • Lodz, the last Jewish ghetto in Poland, was liquidated; its 60,000 residences were sent to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. 27,000 prisoners of various concentration camps east of the Vistula River in Poland were transferred to camps to the west. The evacuation of Kaiserwald Concentration Camp outside of Riga, Latvia began. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Aug 1944
B-24J Liberator of the 856th Bomb Squadron over the target of the Rhenania-Ossag oil refinery near Hamburg, Germany, Aug 6 1944.
7 Aug 1944
  • Erwin Rommel received the Wound Badge in Gold. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker sank Japanese light cruiser Nagara after hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Japanese aircraft made the first aerial ramming attempt at an American bomber. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander Paul Stimson in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro attacked a Japanese convoy off Luzon, Philippine Islands in the South China Sea, sinking frigate Kusakaki with three of the six torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese transport off Sakhalin island; all 4 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer attacked a Japanese convoy off the Philippine Islands and sank a freighter, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Indian 36th Division became the last Chindit formation to engaged in combat in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During a strategy conference in London, England, United Kingdom, Alan Brooke determined that the next Allied target in Burma should be Rangoon, and the best method of attack would be an airborne assault. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • German troops counterattacked in Avranches, France; the offensive was code named Operation Lüttich. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Germany
  • Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben was tried and sentenced to death. [CPC]
Russia
  • German prisoners of war Georg Jantschi and Karl Kosch were transferred from the Lefortovo Prison in Moscow, Russia to the special Prisoner of War Camp No. 27 in the city's suburbs. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Aug 1944
A German mechanized column devastated by British aircraft, near Mortain, France, 7 Aug 1944; note dead German soldier near wrecked SdKfz. 251 halftrack vehicleJapanese-American soldier of 100th Infantry Battalion, US 442nd Regimental Combat Team firing his M1 Garand rifle at a suspected German sniper position, Montenero area, Italy, 7 Aug 1944Japanese-American soldier of 100th Infantry Battalion, US 442nd Regimental Combat Team firing at a suspected German sniper position, Montenero area, Italy, 7 Aug 1944Japanese-American mortar crew of 100th Infantry Battalion, US 442nd Regimental Combat Team firing into suspected German sniper positions, Montenero area, Italy, 7 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 7 Aug 1944
8 Aug 1944
  • German SS Lieutenant General Hans Kammler was named the Special Commissioner for the A-4 rocket program. [CPC]
  • USS Guitarro sank a small vessel off Luzon, Philippine Islands in the South China Sea with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill, Alan Brooke, Louis Mountbatten, Clement Attlee, Anthony Eden, Oliver Lyttelton, and Albert Wedemeyer met in London, England, United Kingdom to discuss the future direction of war efforts in southeastern Asia. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Luce completed a period of anti-submarine patrol off Attu in the Aleutian Islands and departed for San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Ceylon
  • HMS Howe arrived at Trincomalee, Ceylon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Valiant was damaged at Trincomalee, Ceylon when the floating drydock in which she was docked suddenly collapsed. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The German offensive at Mortain, France, Operation Lüttich, was called off after it suffered severe losses to armoured columns from Allied air attacks. Inaccuracy of the American bombing, however, would kill many Canadians, Polish and British ground troops and would wound Major General R. F. L. Keller, commanding officer of Canadian 3rd Infantry Division. Meanwhile, Canadian forces launched Operation Totalize to the south of Caen while the US 15th Army Corp occupied Le Mans, France.  [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • SS-Hauptsturmführer Michael Wittmann, the "ace of tank aces", was killed when his Tiger tank was knocked out leading an attack parallel to the main Caen-Falais Road in France. [AC]
Guam
  • USS Preston arrived at Apra harbor, Guam. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet convoy BD-5 departed Arkhangelsk, Russia, escorted by 3 trawlers. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Aug 1944
Large cruiser Alaska, photographed from the air, 8 Aug 1944US Maritime Service Lt (jg) Stanly Smith posing at war bond rally, Washington DC, with NatAfrican-American US Army Brigadier General Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. watching a Signal Corps crew erecting poles, France, 8 Aug 1944A Cromwell tank and jeep of 10 PSK, Polish 1st Armored Division passing an abandoned German PaK 43/41 gun during Operation Totalize, France, 8 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 8 Aug 1944
9 Aug 1944
  • USS Tirante was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Eisenhower moved his headquarters to France. [Main Article | TH]
  • US President Roosevelt informed MacArthur that MacArthur's plan to invade the Philippine Islands had been approved, which necessarily meant that Nimitz's plan to land on Taiwan, thus bypassing the Philippine Islands, was rejected. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Vyborg-Petrozavodsk Offensive, the largest Soviet offensive against Finland, ended in a strategic stalemate. [CPC]
  • The US Forest Service and the US Wartime Advertising Council released posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese destroyer with four torpedoes west of the Caroline Islands; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Barbero departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of 125th Construction Battalion (125th SeaBees) departed. [Main Article | DS]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt assigned Patrick Hurley to as an intermediary between Chiang Kaishek and Joseph Stilwell. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1944
A Hitler Youth soldier captured by Canadian soldiers, Caen, France, 9 Aug 1944US Army CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo truck pulling rear half of another, forming the Mobile Optical Section of the 12th Medical Depot Company, US 5th Army, Volterro, Italy, 9 Aug 1944
10 Aug 1944
  • USS Tang attacked but failed to hit a tanker near Omaezaki, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 5th and French 2nd Armored Divisions moved to Alençon, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Captain David Jamieson of the UK Royal Norfolk Regiment won the Victoria Cross. Despite being wounded in the eye and arm, he refused to be evacuated as a casualty as he was the only officer remaining functioning, and with only 100 men held off seven repeated attacks by superior forces against his bridgehead over the River Orne, Normandy, France. [AC]
  • Amagi was commissioned into service. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Dwight Eisenhower inspected paratroopers of the US 101st Airborne Division at Hunkerford, Hungerford, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro attacked a Japanese convoy off Luzon, Philippine Islands and sank tanker Shinei Maru; she expended eight torpedoes in this attack and claimed a total of five hits; Guitarro suffered superficial damage from the subsequent depth charging. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was assigned to Carrier Division 4 of the 3rd Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese 18th Army under Lieutenant General Hatazo Adachi was wiped out by the Americans in the Aitape-New Hollandia area in New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • US forces declared Guam, Mariana Islands secured. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Preston departed Apra harbor, Guam for Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • "Colleoni" Group of Divisione Decima (10th Division) of Italian Navy was sent to Canavese region of northwestern Italian to fight partisans. [CPC]
Japan
  • Irako departed Imari Bay, Kyushu, Japan as a part of convoy HI-71. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Unryu was assigned to 7th Base Air Force Air Attack Force under operational command of Japanese 3rd Air Fleet, although officially she remained with Carrier Division 1 of Japanese 3rd Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Captain Masanao Ofuji was named the commanding officer of Settsu. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Aug 1944
Polish insurgent fighters with flame throwers on Sienna Street, Warsaw, Poland, Aug 1944Map of Guam, Mariana Islands and American advances on the island between 21 Jul and 10 Aug 1944Canadian troops posing with a captured German flag, near Hautmesnil, France, 10 Aug 1944; note Sten gun and Lee-Enfield rifleSalmon off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 10 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 10 Aug 1944
11 Aug 1944
  • Hideyoshi Obata passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Roko Maru and damaged another freighter with a total of five torpedoes, then endured a 38-minute-long depth charge attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant General Guy Simmonds of the 11 Canadian Corps called off Operation Totalize after it became clear that the expected breakthrough would not be achieved. Nevertheless the Canadian and Polish armoured divisions had advanced eight miles, against numerous well-constructed enemy bunkers which were immune to bombing, and were now half way between Caen and Falais. Whilst Simmonds blamed ther lack of success on the inexperience of the two divisions, General Maczek of the Polish Armoured Division was more realistic in stating that the troops had been given just too much to do. The Poles had lost 66 tanks and the Canadian slightly more during Operation Totalize. On the same day, US forces captured Nantes and Angers and then moved across the Loire River; in response, the German Navy scuttled 26 warships and 28 merchant vessels stranded at Nantes, Bordeaux, and in the Gironde and Seine estuaries. [Main Article | AC]
  • In northern Burma the Chindits' 7th Leicesters fought their way into Taungni cutting the rail line. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Wake Island detached from Allied convoy UC-32. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Greek 3rd Mountain Brigade arrived in Italy from French Syria-Lebanon. [CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Aug 1944
Geiger, Spruance, H. Smith, Nimitz, and Vandegrift at Guam, 11 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighters Wlodzimierz Denkowski (with Thompson submachine gun), Lech Zubrzycki, Jan Baginski, and Zygmunt Siennicki (with MP35 submachine gun), Warsaw, Poland, circa 11 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighters posing with a captured German field gun, Krasinskich Gardens, Warsaw, Poland, 11 Aug 1944
12 Aug 1944
  • The Soviet minesweeper T.118 (formerly the USS Armada) was sunk by the German submarine U-365 in the Kara Sea. [AC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese convoy off Sakhalin island during the night, damaging a tanker and sinking transport Mikage Maru No. 20; she expended 14 torpedoes and observed 4 hits. During the attack, one of her own torpedoes circled back and nearly struck her. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer attacked an escorted Japanese convoy of ten freighters and tankers off the Philippine Islands, sinking tanker Teikon Maru and a freighter, and damaging another tanker; she expended 6 torpedoes and observed 5 hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-365 sank Russian freighter Marina Raskova and Soviet trawler T-114 of Soviet convoy BD-5 in western Kara Sea off northern Russia; a total of 362 were killed and 256 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Whale completed refitting at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • The first transport of civilians arrested in Warsaw, Poland after the start of Warsaw Uprising reached Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp via Pruszków transit camp. 1,984 males and over 3,800 females were in this transport. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Joseph Kennedy, Jr., the older brother of future US President John F. Kennedy, was killed in a flying accident over East Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Aug 1944
Nurses of a field hospital who arrived in France via England and Egypt after three years service, 12 Aug 1944Map depicting US Army VII Corps advancing into Brittany, France, 1-12 Aug 1944A soldier of the US Army looks at a German half-track camouflaged with branches near Le Neufbourg, France, Aug 12 1944. The half-track SdKfz 251 Ausf D, SS 926256 is from the 1.SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler. Note the soldiers M3 Grease Gun
13 Aug 1944
  • The Soviet minesweeper T.114 (formerly the USS Alchemy) was sunk by the German submarine U-365 in the Kara Sea in the Arctic Circle. [AC]
  • At the end of the day, USS Ray began pursuing a small Japanese convoy off Borneo, Dutch East Indies, firing 4 torpedoes, all of which missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Permit arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her thirteenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Night Fighting Squadron 79 (VF(N)-79) departed. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Bergall arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • USS Cassin Young arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • The US submarine Flier struck a naval mine and sank in the Balacbac Strait just off the southern tip of Palawan in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Aug 1944
LST-286 en route for Operation Dragoon, Aug 1944Church services for men of the US 3rd Division on the forecastle of LST-4, en route to the Southern France landings, 13 Aug 1944Soldiers and sailors singing hymns during religious services on board LST-4 en route to Southern France, 13 Aug 1944Map depicting the Allied breakout in Normandy, France, 1-13 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 13 Aug 1944
14 Aug 1944
  • USS Cod sank the Japanese landing craft LSV-129. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang attacked a Japanese armed yacht with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker sank a Japanese freighter with 2 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British troops launched Operation Tractable towards Falaise, France, preceded by 800 bombers. 150 Polish soldiers were killed as the second of the three waves of RAF Lancaster bombers released their bombs too early. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces launched an assault from their Vistula bridgeheads in Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Gar began her thirteenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray continued to attack a small Japanese convoy off Borneo, Dutch East Indies, sinking tanker Zuisho Maru (hitting her with 3 of 3 torpedoes fired) and damaged a transport (hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired). [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • HMS Mauritius sank German minesweeper Sperrbrecher 157 off France. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 14 Aug 1944
American soldiers welcomed by French citizens, 14 Aug 1944Church in Coutances, France devastated by Operation Cobra bombing, 14 Aug 1944Polish insurgent fighters with captured German SdKfz. 251 halftrack vehicle, Warsaw, Poland, 14 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 6; Tamka Street; note captured MP 40 submachine gunPolish insurgent fighters with captured German SdKfz. 251 halftrack vehicle, Warsaw, Poland, 14 Aug 1944, photo 2 of 6; Kopernik Street
See all photos dated 14 Aug 1944
15 Aug 1944
  • USS Trepang departed for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Colonel General Gotthard Heinrici replaced Erhard Raus as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. [CPC]
  • Operation Dragoon, the invasion of southern France, began. On the same day, Saint-Tropez, Var, France was captured by the 15th Infantry Regiment of 3rd US Infantry Division. [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • Feldwebel Helmut Lennartz scored the Luftwaffe's first Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter kill on an American B-17 Flying Fortress bomber. Lennartz survived the war with eight Me 262 and five Bf 109 victories to his name. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Japanese Navy 11th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain the 958th Air Group and the 105th Air Base Unit. The 13th Air Fleet was reorganized tow contain one air flotilla, one air group, and two air base units. [CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa was named the commanding officer of the 3rd Southern Expeditionary Fleet while still holding command of the Southwest Area Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • USS Marblehead bombarded Axis positions near Saint-Raphaël, France. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Night Fighting Squadron 78 (VF(N)-78) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Korea
  • Rear Admiral Chitoshi Ishizuka was named the chief of staff of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-59 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom; it was consisted of 33 freighters. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Aug 1944
African-American US Army nurses waiting to disembark from the transport that brought them to Greenock, Scotland, UK, 15 Aug 1944German Panzer V Panther Ausf. A tank during the retreat from Romania to Hungary, Aug-Sep 1944Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber over Warsaw, Poland during the Warsaw Uprising, Aug 1944USS Kete underway in Lake Michigan, United States, 15 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 15 Aug 1944
16 Aug 1944
  • George Patton was promoted to the permanent rank of major general, bypassing the permanent rank of brigadier general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Craoker sank a Japanese patrol vessel with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • French resistance fighters captured three German posts along the Swiss border. [Main Article | TH]
  • At Bafour, France, British Lieutenant Tasker Watkins captured two German machine gun posts, eliminated an anti-tank gun, led in a defense of a German counterattack, and while the company attempted to return to Allied lines silenced another machine gun position by himself. He would later win the Victoria Cross. Later in life he served as a Lord Justice of Appeal and deputy Lord Chief Justice of the United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • USS Finback, with the new commanding officer Lieutenant Commander Robert Russell Williams, Jr., departed Majuro, Marshall Islands for her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied aircraft sank French cruiser Dupleix. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops entered northeastern Guangxi Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMSA-24 struck a mine and sank off Saint-Tropez, France. [AC]
  • Jean de Lattre de Tassigny arrived in Provence, France. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marblehead bombarded Axis positions near Saint-Raphaël, France. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Parche arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • The Naval Air Technical Arsenal at Yokosuka, Japan formally began the development of the aircraft that would later be known as the Ohka. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Aug 1944
Omaha during southern France landings, Aug 1944; cruiser Philadelphia and SOC Seagull aircraft in foreground, French destroyer and light cruiser in background, and Augusta in backgroundSalmon at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 16 Aug 1944
17 Aug 1944
  • USS Sargent Bay joined US Navy 3rd Fleet at Pearl Harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker sank two Japanese oilers with 2 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Walter Model was appointed the commanding officer of the German Army Group B (Heeresgruppe B), replacing Günther von Kluge. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remnants of Vichy government fled for Germany as French Resistance began taking Parisian strongpoints. Pétain and his staff were interned by Hitler, while Laval's government resigned. [TH]
  • Canadian troops captured Falaise, France, and the German troops in the region began to be threatened with being surrounded. Montgomery ordered troops to move to seal the pocket. Meanwhile, US forces captured Chartres, Orleans, and Chateaudun. [Main Article | TH]
  • British 14th Brigade, 3rd West African Brigade, and elements of the British 36th Infantry Division received orders to withdraw from northern Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • USS Marblehead bombarded Axis positions near Saint-Raphaël, France. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Germany Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Third commanding officer, Capt Erl CB Gould USNR assumed command of station. Sixteen aircraft (Model F6F), 33 officers and 24 men of Night Fighting Squadron 103 (VF(N)-103) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish and USS Puffer sank a Japanese oiler off of Mindoro, Philippine Islands; USS Bluefish hit her with 1 of 1 torpedo fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Ion Antonescu signed an armistice with the anti-German opposition in Romania; this was viewed as an act of betrayal by the Germans. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Nicholas Winton was promoted to the brevet rank of pilot officer. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Aug 1944
Canadian soldiers at the Falaise, France town entrance, 17 Aug 1944Ammunition dump explosion in Cherbourg harbor, France, 17 Aug 1944
18 Aug 1944
  • German Seventh Army retreated across Orne River in France, leaving 18,000 men behind to be captured. [Main Article | TH]
  • In southern France, Germans began evacuating from areas of Spanish border and Bay of Biscay. [TH]
  • Air Marshal Sir Frederick Bowhill was appointed the Commander-in-Chief of RAF Coastal Command. [AC]
  • USS Gabilan completed her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray attacked a Japanese convoy and sank Japanese tanker Nansei Maru (hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired) and transport Taketoyo Maru (hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired) north of the Balabac Strait in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Foch's wreck was sunk at the mouth of Toulon harbor, France as a blockship. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Marblehead arrived at Corsica, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sargent Bay departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii to deliver aircraft to Eniwetok and Manus. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Night Attack and Combat Training Unit commissioned, Capt JH Griffin, commanding. On this date it was composed of 21 F6F's, 10 TBM's, 4 F4U's, 2 SB2C's, and 1 SNV. Compliment: 11 officers and 24 men. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel attacked a Japanese transport with her deck gun in the South China Sea, causing no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland Photo(s) dated 18 Aug 1944
Russian Army Captain Orset Chevstov receiving a painting from African-American merchant seaman and artist George Wright, 18 Aug 1944; note painting theme of Russo-American cooperation
19 Aug 1944
  • German troops in the Falaise pocket in France were ordered to break out. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces began an offensive toward the Balkan Peninsula. [TH]
  • USS Segundo began taking on ammunition and supplies for a war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hauptmann Werner Schmidt of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
France
  • Field Marshal Günther von Kluge committed suicide by taking cyanide near Metz, France after being relieved of his command and recalled to Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC, AC]
  • French Resistance fighters rose in Paris, forcing the German occupation to sign a truce. Outside the city, American troops began to reach the Seine River. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Italy
  • Italian 10th MAS Flotilla established the "Mataluno Column" at Sesto Calende, Italy. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese transport and a Japanese oiler in the South China Sea, hitting them with 9 of 12 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1944
Map depicting Operation Bagration, 22 Jun-19 Aug 1944
20 Aug 1944
  • French resistance fighters liberated Toulouse, France. [Main Article | AC]
  • At Falaise, France, Major David Currie became the only Canadian to win the Victoria Cross during the Normandy campaign. In three days of non-stop action, his little force of tanks, self-propelled anti-tank guns and infantry had destroyed seven Panzers, 12 heavy guns and 40 other vehicles, killing more than 1,000 of the enemy and taking 11,000 prisoners. [AC]
  • Members of the Armia Krajowa attacked the State Telephone Exchange high-rise building in Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Segundo completed taking on ammunition and supplies for a war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki was assigned to Destroyer Division 30 of Escort Squadron 31 of the Combined Fleet as the division's flagship under Captain Seiji Sawamura. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde became the commanding officer of No. 164 Squadron RAF. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Liberty ship, SS Richard Montgomery, with a cargo of explosives, ran aground and broke her back on a sandbank off Sheerness, Kent, England, United Kingdom. [AC]
Australia
  • USS Cero arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The Falaise pocket in France began to close around German troops; the Allies captured over 4,000 prisoners of war. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 79th Division reached Seine River above Paris, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Charles De Gaulle landed at Cherbourg, France. Meeting Dwight Eisenhower later in the day, he convinced the Allied commander that the French capital of Paris should be a priority objective that should not be bypassed. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • Pierre Laval stepped down as the Prime Minister of France. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Blockship Foch was hit by two aerial bombs at the mouth of the Toulon harbor, France. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Thirteen men of D-1, Unit 5, arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 9 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • 2nd Ukrainian Front and 3rd Ukrainian Front launched the Second Jassy-Kishinev Offensive into northeastern Romania. The Romanian 3rd Army was broken, while Axis shipping was attacked by Soviet aircraft on the Romanian coast. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
United States
  • USS Kete departed Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Aug 1944
The port of Brest, France after British aerial bombardment, circa late Aug 1944Charles de Gaulle spoke at the balcony of Hotel de Ville, Cherbourg, France, 20 Aug 1944WAVES personnel touring escort carrier Mission BayWAVES personnel examining aircraft propellers aboard escort carrier Mission Bay, 20 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 20 Aug 1944
21 Aug 1944
  • USS Tang attacked a Japanese cargo ship with three torpedoes without success. [Main Article | CPC]
  • With Kriegsmarine support, the Germans opened a coastal corridor to German Armeegruppe Nord, but Hitler refused to authorize their withdrawal. [Main Article | TH]
  • HMS Orchis (Lieutenant Commander B. Harris) was mined and beached off Juno beach, Normandy, France. [AC]
  • USS Guitarro attacked a Japanese convoy off Luzon, Philippine Islands and sank cargo ship Uga Maru, hitting her with two of the four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray damaged a Japanese transport in the Philippine Islands, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • French First Army enveloped Toulon, France. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
  • US Third Army reached Reims and Troyes southeast of Paris, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • James Johnson shot down two German Fw 190 fighters near Paris, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Segundo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Harder assisted her wolfpack in the attack of a Japanese convoy off Palawan Bay, Mindoro, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Soviet 6th Guards Mechanized Corps separated German 6.Armee from the Romanian 3rd Army in northeastern Romania; as the Germans under Generaloberst Johannes Frießner fell back, Romanian troops began to refuse orders from German officers to engage the Soviets. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United States
  • The US 15th Army was activated at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, United States by a transfer of a group of personnel from the US 4th Army. No general officer was included in the transfer. Major General John P. Lucas was commanding general designate of the new 15th Army in addition to his other duties. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Aug 1944
General Charles de Gaulle talking with General Dwight Eisenhower during an inspection of US troops at EisenhowerUS Army Lieutenant General Omar Bradley in his jeep near his headquarters at Granville, France, 21 Aug 1944USS South Dakota in Puget Sound, Washington, United States, 21 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 3; portside viewUSS South Dakota in Puget Sound, Washington, United States, 21 Aug 1944, photo 2 of 3; head-on view
See all photos dated 21 Aug 1944
22 Aug 1944
  • Operation Goodwood I and Goodwood II: British carrier aircraft (32 Barracuda dive bombers and 43 fighters) from HMS Formidable, Indefatigable, Furious, Nabob, and Trumpeter attacked German battleship Tirpitz to little effect. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American submarine USS Bowfin attacked Japanese convoy Namo 103 and sank passenger ship Tsushima Maru near the island of Akusekijima. 2,251 aboard were killed, including 767 children; most of those killed were civilian evacuees from Okinawa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese patrol boat Nansatsu Maru No. 2, hitting her with one of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado detected a 11-ship Japanese convoy during the day. After sundown, she fired ten torpedoes at the convoy, sinking the large tanker Tonan Maru No. 2 and damaging two other ships with a total of four hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet was commissioned into service with Commander George E. Porter in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • HMS Mauritius sank five German coastal patrol Vorpostenboot vessels off France. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Flying Fish attacked a Japanese transport in the Dutch East Indies; all 3 torpedoes fired missed. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Having been convinced by Charles de Gaulle two days prior that Paris, France must be captured with haste, Dwight Eisenhower traveled to Omar Bradley's headquarters to discuss the logistics. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 6 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Harder assisted in the sinking of Japanese frigates Matsuwa and Hiburi off Bataan, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1944
French civilians gathering in front of the ruins of Notre Dame des Voeux, Cherbourg, France, 22 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighter with K pattern flamethrower and wz.31 helmet, Warsaw, Poland, 22 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighter with K pattern flamethrower, Warsaw, Poland, 22 Aug 1944Disabled Italian-made PzKpfw 736(i) tank in Warsaw, Poland, 22 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 22 Aug 1944
23 Aug 1944
  • USS Tang sank Japanese transport Tsukushi Maru, hitting her with two of three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops from the north and French troops from the south met near Bordeaux, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • German V-1 rocket killed 211 people in East Barnet, Hertfordshire in southeastern England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • A B-24 bomber crashed into a school at Freckleton, Lancashire in northwestern England, United Kingdom, killing 57, 35 of whom were children. [CPC]
  • USS Hoe arrved at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Ferdinand Catlos failed to secure Soviet backing for his plan to overthrow the pro-German Slovak government. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • In Paris, France, the Drancy Concentration Camp, a transit camp for French Jews used during German occupation, was liberated by Allied troops. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Allied troops reached the Seine River near Paris, France. Adolf Hitler ordered all bridges in the Paris area to be destroyed, even those viewed as cultural treasures; Hans Speidel would refuse to carry out this order. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Baya departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. Initially ordered to patrol between the Philippine Islands and the Palau Islands, her patrol area was later shifted to the South China Sea. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Becuna departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Romania
  • In Bucharest, Romania, King Mihai I removed Marshal Ion Antonescu from power and began to publicly engage the Soviet Union diplomatically. To the northeast, Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front and 3rd Ukrainian Front encircled German 6th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A US B-24 Liberator bomber crashed into the village of Freckleton in Lancashire County, England, United Kingdom at about 1047 hours, destroying the Holy Trinity Church of England School (6 adults and 38 children were killed), three houses (2 were killed), and the Sad Sack Snack Bar (7 American servicemen, 4 British servicemen, and 3 civilians were killed). All 3 members of crew aboard the B-24 bomber were killed. [CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt rejected Chiang Kaishek's counteroffer of 23 Jul 1944 regarding the American wish for Chiang to include communists in the war against Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Aug 1944
African-American US Army soldiers and American Red Cross workers in Assam, India, 23 Aug 1944; L to R: Cpl Robert Barttow, Pvt James Montgomery, Jeannette C. Dorsey, and Willie Lee JohnsonPolish resistance fighter near Krakowskie Przedmiescie Street, Warsaw, Poland, 23 Aug 1944; note captured German K98 rifle and helmetFrench resistance fighter known as Nicole posing with a MP 40 submachine gun, 23 Aug 1944; she was credited with capturing 25 Germans and killing several more in the Chartres, France areaHMS Mauritius firing on German targets in Audierne Bay, France, 23 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 23 Aug 1944
24 Aug 1944
  • Operation Goodwood III: British carrier aircraft (33 Barracuda dive bombers, 10 Hellcat fighters, 5 Corsair fighters, 29 other fighters) from HMS Indefatigable, Furious, and Formidable attacked German battleship Tirpitz, scoring 2 hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aircraft of No. 466 Squadron RAAF conducted minelaying operations off of Helgoland, Germany. [CPC]
  • Germans evacuated Bordeaux, France and took up fortified positions on the Gironde River outside the city. [TH]
  • Six members of a Liberator bomber crew shot down near Hanover, Germany were beaten to death by a mob of German civilians led by sisters Margarethe Witzler and Kathe Reinhardt. One of the victims, left for dead in the pile of battered bodies, survived to tell the tale. In Aug 1945, seven of the mob, including the sisters, were sentenced to hang by a US military commission. [AC]
  • Allied forces liberated Cannes in southern France. [Main Article | AC]
  • Distrustful of the Army, Adolf Hitler ordered construction of a new Westwall under Nazi Party supervision. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Kishinev, Moldova. [CPC]
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese freighter with three torpedoes in the Pacific Ocean; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten arrived in Colombo, Ceylon. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at Tulagi, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Columbia arrived in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Italian 10th MAS Flotilla's "Mataluno Column" was relocated from Sesto Calende, Italy to Villefranche-sur-Mer, France. Operations began on the same day. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Whale departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Submarines USS Harder and USS Hake attacked two Japanese destroyers off Dasol Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands, but was in turn subjected to a heavy depth charge attack. USS Harder was sunk with all hands lost. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Romania
  • The Romanian Royal Guards blocked the German attempt to occupy Bucharest as Romania declared war on Germany. German Luftwaffe responded by bombing the Royal Palace. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Aug 1944
Concrete U-boat pens at Brest, France showing damage sustained after bombing attacks by the British Royal Air Force, Aug 1944Petrof Bay anchored in Tulagi Harbor, Solomon Islands, 24 Aug 1944Polish fighters guarding entrance of their battalion headquarters, Warsaw, Poland, circa 24 Aug 1944Sargo at Mare Island Navy Yard, 24 Aug 1944
25 Aug 1944
  • USS Cod arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese tanker Nanko Maru No. 8 with two torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Finland began secret negotiations with the Soviet Union. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tunny arrived in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Estonia
  • Soviet 3rd Baltic Front captured Tartu, Estonia. [Main Article | TH]
France
  • The French 2nd Armoured Division entered Paris, France. De Gaulle moved his headquarters into the War Ministry in Paris on the same day with the approval of Eisenhower. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Night Air Group 42 (CVLG(N)-42) commissioned. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • British 8th Army launched Operation Olive against the eastern end of the German Gothic Line in Italy, with Polish and Canadian troops on the spearhead. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan Mediterranean Sea
  • Italian motor torpedo boats claimed the sinking of an Allied destroyer in the Mediterranean Sea; this sinking was not confirmed. [CPC]
Poland
  • Allied reconnaissance aircraft flew over Auschwitz Concentration Camp and took photographs of the complex. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The headquarters of NKVD rear guard troops of Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front ordered Soviet troops to disarm and detain all Polish Home Army troops who were attempting to pass through Soviet lines toward Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • King Mihai I of Romania called for war with Germany. [Main Article | AC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-59 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US reconnaissance aircraft took photographs of Okayama Airfield and Okayama Aircraft Factory north of Takao (now Kaohsiung), Taiwan.  [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wake Island completed her repairs at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • Max Merten received orders to evacuate from Yugoslavia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Aug 1944
American howitzer Launching party of US Navy LSM (Landing Ship, Medium) Vessel No. 325, 25 Aug 1944; sponsor of the ship was African-American Mrs. Lula Martin, second from leftChurchill Crocodile flamethrower tank, 25 Aug 1944Wounded aircrewmen are helped off B-24H Liberator “Liberty Lib” of the 752nd Bomb Squadron at RAF Horsham St Faith, Norfolk, England, UK after a raid on the Dornier factory at Lubeck, Germany, Aug 25 1944. Note the WC54 Ambulance.
26 Aug 1944
  • Hitler ordered his troops to withdraw from Greece. [TH]
  • French troops captured Tarascon and Avignon, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Becuna crossed the International Date Line, sailing westward. [Main Article | CPC]
Bulgaria
  • The Bulgarian Fatherland Front began an armed rebellion against the Bulgarian government; it declared Bulgaria to be neutral in the Axis war against the Soviet Union. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
France
  • A German air raid on Paris, France destroyed several residential neighborhoods. To the east, Allied troops crossed the Seine River. [Main Article | TH]
  • Dwight Eisenhower traveled to Omar Bradley's headquarters in France and invited him to visit the recently captured Paris, France with him on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Romania
  • German forces led by Lieutenant General Reiner Stahel attacked Bucharest, Romania. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The US 17th Airborne Division arrived in Britain where it was placed under XVIII Airborne Corps. The Division however would not be sent to France until late in Dec 1944. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Aug 1944
A DUKW amphibious truck with a load of blood and medical personnel, southern French coast, 26 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighter with captured German Kar98k rifle, 13/15 Dluga Street, Warsaw, Poland, late Aug 1944French civilians seeking cover as an unexpected German sniper opened fire at a group of American soldiers, Paris, France, 26 Aug 1944Oliver Leese, Winston Churchill, and Harold Alexander at Leese
See all photos dated 26 Aug 1944
27 Aug 1944
  • USS Mingo departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro attacked three small Japanese tankers, firing two torpedoes while submerged (both missed) then surfaced to sink Nanshin Maru with the deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The last of the Chindits left Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Pollack bombarded the Japanese phosphate plant at Fais Island, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The last German troops in Toulon, France surrendered. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
  • Dwight Eisenhower and Omar Bradley made a visit to recently captured Paris, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Albert Kesselring noted that the recent Allied attack on the eastern end of the Gothic Line in Italy could be a diversion, thus he decided to hold on to his reserves. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga completed her first overhaul at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 27 Aug 1944
Polish insurgent heavy machine gun crew on a balcony on Aleje Jerozolimskie Street, Warsaw, Poland, 27 Aug 1944US General Dwight Eisenhower, French General Pierre Kœnig, and US Lieutenant General Omar Bradley at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris, France, 27 Aug 1944
28 Aug 1944
  • Chaim Rumkowski passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops crossed the Marne River in France. [TH]
  • The German garrison in Marseilles, France surrendered to French forces. [Main Article | TH]
China
  • 32 P-40 fighters of the US 14th Air Force (including several flown by Chinese pilots) attacked the Japanese airfield near Hengyang, Hunan, China. Ki-43 fighters of the Japanese 48th Sentai and Ki-84 fighters of the Japanese 22nd Sentai rose the intercept, shooting down 1 Chinese P-40 fighter and 3 American P-40 fighters; 6 Japanese fighters were lost. [CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Additional German troops entered Slovakia in response to partisan activities in Slovakia and Romania, effecting a total occupation. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • FR.11 was captured by the Allies at Toulon, France. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Oberfeldwebel Hieronymus Lauer became the first to be shot down by US fighters while flying a jet aircraft. His Me 262 fighter was shot down by Major Joseph Myers and 2nd Lieutenant Manford Croy, Jr. of 82nd Fighter Squadron of USAAF 78th Fighter Group, both flying P-47 fighters. When Lauer was shot down at 1915 hours, his guns were not even loaded, as he was on a ferry flight between Juvincourt, France and Chievres, Belgium. Lauer survived the subsequent crash landing. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was awarded Swords to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Albert Kesselring was given a captured copy of the Allied Operation Olive plans and learned that the recent Allied attack on the eastern end of the Gothic Line in Italy was part of a major offensive; he gave the order to move three reserve divisions from Bologna to the east coast. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Wasp departed Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-59A departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Sea Cat departed New London, Connecticut, United States for US Territory of Hawaii via the Panama Canal. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Aug 1944
US Army medics removing a casualty from the battlefield to an aid station in an air shelter, near Brest, France, 28 Aug 1944Two German prisoners being taken to the 6th Division Prisoner of War Encampment, Brest, France 28 Aug 1944Map of Southern France during Operation Dragoon, 15-28 Aug 1944Australian crew of a Baby 25 pr field gun in Markham Valley, New Guinea, 28 Aug 1944; they were Sergeant J. O. Kennedy, gunner J. L. Kirby, and gunner T. M. Naughtin
See all photos dated 28 Aug 1944
29 Aug 1944
  • Operation Goodwood IV: British carrier aircraft (26 Barracuda dive bombers, 2 Corsair fighters, 3 Hellcat fighters, 25 other fighters) from HMS Formidable and Indefatigable attacked German battleship Tirpitz, scoring several near misses. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cassin Young screened carriers of Task Group 38.3 as their aircraft struck Palau and Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In northern France, British forces attacked Amiens, US forces captured Soissons, and Canadian troops captured Rouen. [TH]
  • French troops captured Montélimar in southern France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Slovakians began rising up against Dr. Jozef Tiso's pro-German government. [TH]
  • 11 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers and 34 B-24 Liberator bombers attacked Helgoland, Germany, escorted by 169 P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang fighters; 3 Liberator bombers were damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 13 P-40 fighters of the 3rd Fighter Group of the Chinese-American Composite Wing attacked Japanese shipping and dock facilities at Shayang, Hubei, China; in the return flight, 21 Japanese fighters intercepted the formation near Jiayu, Hubei, China; 1 Chinese fighter and 7 Japanese fighters were shot down in the engagement. On the same day, 13 Ki-84 fighters of Japanese 22nd Sentai and 16 Ki-43 fighters of Japanese 25th Sentai intercepted a formation of B-24 bombers escorted by P-40 and P-51 fighters of the US 14th Air Force near Yueyang, Hunan, China; 5 American fighters and 2 Japanese fighters were shot down in the engagement. [CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Slovakian Defense Minister Ferdinand Catlos announced over the radio that German troops had occupied the country. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Slovakian resistance leader Ján Golian ordered the launch of the planned general uprising. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Mios Woendi, Schouten Islands, Dutch East Indies for refueling. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • Major General Curtis E. LeMay arrived in India as the newly appointed commander of the US Twentieth Air Force. [Main Article | AC]
Italy
  • Allied forces entered the Foglia Valley on the eastern end of the German Gothic Line in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Preston departed Eniwetok, Marshall Islands with Task Force 38. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • As of this date, at Auschwitz Concentration Camp, the number of prisoners in the Sonderkommando, the work group created by the Germans to operate the gas chambers and crematoria, was 874. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Romania
  • Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front captured the Ploesti oilfields in Romania. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Taiwan United States
  • USS Wake Island departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States for Quonset Point, Rhode Island, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Aug 1944
Men of Company I, 23rd Infantry Regiment, US Army 2nd Infantry Division advancing near Brest, France, 29 Aug 1944André Diethelm, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, Emmanuel dTroops of US 28th Division parading down the Champs Elysees, Paris, France, 29 Aug 1944, Photo 1 of 2.A French mob shaved the head of a French girl as punishment for having personal relations with a German soldier, Montélimar, France, 29 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 29 Aug 1944
30 Aug 1944

Bulgaria Caroline Islands
  • USS Pollack again bombarded the Japanese phosphate plant at Fais Island, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Ceylon
  • Joseph Stilwell departed Kandy, Ceylon for Delhi, India to meet with Patrick Hurley. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Slovakian resistance fighters captured Banská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • While at port at Stettin, Germany, submarine U-869 lost one crew member to British bombing when several bombs hit the barracks where the crew was bunked. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Canadian armored units attacked Pesaro, Italy, but they were beaten back, losing 32 of 50 tanks in the process. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Italian motor torpedo boat base Base West was moved from Villefranche-sur-Mer, France to Sanremo, Italy. [CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Alabama departed Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • After dark, USS Redfin picked up the 8 survivors of USS Flier from Mantangula Island, Palawan Province, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan United States
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States at 1407 hours for the Panama Canal. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 30 Aug 1944
An 8-inch US Army field gun in action during the bombardment of Brest, France, Aug-Sep 1944Sexton 25-pounder self-propelled howitzer of UK 11th Armored Division cross the Seine River, France on a Bailey bridge, 30 Aug 1944An unexploded shell from German Karl-Gerät self-propelled howitzer, basement of Prudential building, Warsaw, Poland, 30 Aug 1944
31 Aug 1944
  • USS Franklin launched strikes against Iwo Jima and Chichi Jima through 2 Sep 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British 11th Armoured Division captured Amiens, France. Meanwhile, US Third Army reached the Meuse River. [TH]
  • While attacking a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea with other submarines of her wolfpack, USS Tunny was attacked by gunfire and depth charges. Tunny did not fire any torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island departed Quonset Point, Rhode Island, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain R. C. Parker was named the commanding officer of USS ABSD-1. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Roza Shanina reached 42 confirmed kills. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Luce arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Ray arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Two divisions of Slovakian resistance fighters were disarmed by German troops at Presov, Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US 5th Army crossed the Arno River in northern Italy as British 8th Army attacked the Gothic Line. [Main Article | TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish fired a torpedo a small Japanese vessel south of Japan; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt departed Washington DC, United States by train. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Croaker arrived at Midway for refitting, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Aug 1944
Cowpens en route to Palaus, 31 Aug 1944Entertainer Bing Crosby sang for Allied troops at the opening of the London stage door canteen in Piccadilly, London, 31 Aug 1944US Marines showing their appreciation to the US Coast Guard during the invasion of Guam, Mariana Islands, Aug 1944German coastal artillery at Normandy, France, circa Aug-Sep 1944
See all photos dated 31 Aug 1944
1 Sep 1944
  • Cruiser Köln conducted minelaying operations off southern Norway during this month. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Montgomery was promoted to the rank of field marshal. [Main Article | TH]
  • In France, British XII Corps crossed the Somme River, Canadian forces captured Dieppe, and US Third Army captured Verdun. [TH]
  • A Japanese aircraft attacked USS Tunny with four bombs, the first two of which caused a leak in a vent riser, among other damage. Her commanding officer decided to end the patrol early to receive repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mutsu was struck from the Japanese Navy list. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-21 was lost after striking a mine off Toulon, France. [AC]
  • USS Pintado set sail for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna came across a Japanese soldier in a small boat; after taking the soldier prisoner, she sank the boat with machine gun fire. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Flying Fish departed Mios Woendi, Schouten Islands, Dutch East Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • US troops began their attack on Brest, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Dwight Eisenhower took direct command of all three Allied army groups operating in France, relieving Bernard Montgomery of this role. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Having established a bridgehead over the Meuse River at Commercy and Verdun in France, the US Third Army runs out of petrol after outrunning their communications. It would not be until 5 Sep 1944 that some petrol was flown in to allow the advance to continue, but the Germans had been given vital days to arrange their defences and prepare to make a stand. [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Bomb-proof powerhouse and equipment usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Italy United Kingdom
  • British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden responded to Chaim Weizmann's 6 Jul 1944 request, rejecting Weizmann's request to bomb rail lines leading to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt visited Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd in Allamuchy, New Jersey, United States. After dinner, he departed for Hyde Park, New York, United States by train. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Sep 1944
Map depicting the western front of the European War, 1 Sep 1944Map depicting the US 7th ArmySoviet guns firing at night, Leningrad, Russia, 1 Sep 1944P-40 Warhawk fighter
2 Sep 1944
  • German troops began evacuating the Aegean Islands. [TH]
  • Canadian troops crossed into Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tunny surfaced late at night and set sail for home. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback rescued downed aviator and future President of the United States George Bush off Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Bulgaria
  • Soviet Union declared war on Bulgaria having refused a plea from Tsar Simeon II that the country desired to withdraw from its war with Britain and America and become a neutral. A little more than five hours later, Bulgaria called for an armistice. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Slovakian Defense Minister Ferdinand Catlos abandoned his post and joined the partisan fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vojtech Tuka resigned as the Prime Minister of the German puppet nation Slovak Republic, citing poor health. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The British 51st Highland Division entered Saint-Valery-en-Caux, France, where most of the original division had been taken prisoner in Jun 1940. [Main Article | AC]
  • Edward Brooks personally led an attack on a 165-vehicle German convoy near Marchiennes, France; this action would earn him the Oak Leaf Cluster to his Silver Star medal. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The German V-2 weapon was declared operational. [CPC]
Japan Philippines Romania
  • Romanian troops entered the German legation in Bucharest, Romania. German Minister Manfred von Killinger shot himself after citing that a ship's captain should also go down with a sinking ship; Romanians arrested the remaining diplomats and military attachés including General Erik Hansen, Admiral Werner Tillessen, General Alfred Gertenberg, and General Karl Spalcke. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • While attempting to unclog a uranium enrichment device at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States for the Manhattan Project, chemists Peter Bragg, Douglas Meigs, and Arnold Kramish accidentally set of an explosion, which sprayed liquid uranium hexafluoride and hydrofuoric acid on them. Bragg and Meigs were killed, while Kramish and two soldliers, George LeFevre and John Tompkins, were seriously injured. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1944
Young Polish resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland, early morning of 2 Sep 1944, photo 1 of 2; the boy with helmet was identified as Tadeusz RajszczakYoung Polish resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland, early morning of 2 Sep 1944, photo 2 of 2; the boy with helmet was identified as Tadeusz RajszczakCrew of USS Finback pulling downed airman Lieutenant (jg) George Bush from the water off Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands, 2 Sep 1944George Bush and other rescued airmen with some of the officers and men of USS Finback, Sep 1944
3 Sep 1944
  • In Belgium, British Second Army captured Brussels and US First Army captured Tournai. [Main Article | TH]
  • US and French troops reached Lyon, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Feldmarschal von Rundstedt took command of German forces in the West. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied bombers conducted a raid on Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
  • A B-17 Flying Fortress bomber was mistakenly directed to Düne Island, Helgoland, Germany; its original target was a German submarine pen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A National Day of Prayer was declared in Britain on the 5th anniversary of the start of the war for the United Kingdom. British casualties to-date were revealed as 242,995 killed, 80,603 missing, 311,500 wounded, and 290,381 captured. [CPC]
  • USS Segundo arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Pacific Ocean, USS Becuna spotted an aircraft in the distance and believed it to be a friendly Liberator bomber. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At a meeting with Omar Bradley, Bernard Montgomery hinted at trying an operation to seize the bridges over the Lower Rhine at Arnhem, the Netherlands for an armoured thrust to follow up. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tang arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Pompon arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Canadian troops penetrated German lines and reached the Green II defensive positions on the Gothic Line in Italy. To the west, troops of British V Corps attacked German positions along the Coriano Ridge and advanced to the Marano River. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Romania
  • Ion Antonescu with his wife Maria, Mihai Antonescu, Kristia Pantasi, Konstantin Vasiliu, Eugen Kristesku, Gheorghe Alexianu, Radu Lekka, and other arrested Romanian leaders were placed aboard a special train for Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1944
Cummings maneuvered into position before attacking Wake Island, 3 Sep 1944
4 Sep 1944
  • Finland and the Soviet Union reached an agreement for a cease fire; one of the provisions was the removal of all German forces from Finland by 15 Sep 1944. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allies launched Operation Ratweek, consisting of mostly air operations with some commando and partisan participation, with the intention of hindering German operations and withdrawals in the Balkan Peninsula. [TH]
  • British 11th Armoured Division captured Antwerp, Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Segundo departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna moored next to submarine tender USS Holland, took on 43,800 gallons of fuel oil, received repairs, and transferred the Japanese prisoner off board. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British troops launched the first of eleven failed assaults on Gemmano, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone United States
  • In the United States, a Federal Bureau of Investigation internal memorandum to J. Edgar Hoover noted that Argentina, with its sizable and influential German community, could provide refuge for Adolf Hitler and other top Nazi German leaders. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Sep 1944
Map showing the plan of attack for US Army XII Corps on the city of Nancy, France, Sep 4, 1944.
5 Sep 1944
  • US Third Army crossed the Meuse River while the British forces reached Ghent, Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • Jewish ghettos at Lodz, Poland were evacuated by German authorities. [CPC]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the VIII Corps of the Ninth Army of the US 12th Army Group. [CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Ján Golian was given the rank of general and was given responsibility to direct the Slovak National Uprising. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Night Air Group 104 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale departed Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Kete arrived at the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Soviet forces repulsed a German-Hungarian counter attack near Klausenberg, Romania. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-59A arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Sep 1944
Corporal Charles Johnson of the 783rd Military Police Battalion waved on a supply truck near Alenon, France, 5 Sep 1944LST-72 and LST-325 unloading directly onto trucks after being left African-American US Army nurses in a classroom at the Army Nurse Training Center in England, United Kingdom, 5 Sep 1944Map depicting the dispositions of the US 3rd Army at the evening of 5 Sep 1944
See all photos dated 5 Sep 1944
6 Sep 1944
  • The German garrison in Calais, France became surrounded by Canadian troops. [Main Article | TH]
  • Hans Speidel visited Erwin Rommel at Rommel's home in Herrlingen, Germany. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS Columbia departed Port Purvis, Nggela Islands (Florida Islands), Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Franklin launched strikes against Yap Island and Ulithi Atoll through 8 Sep 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar bombarded Japanese positions at Yap, Caroline Islands for the following two days. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft attacked Japanese positions in the Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Preston guarded carriers while the carriers launched strikes against Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Red Army units captured Turnu-Severin, Romania on the Danube River and advanced toward the Yugoslavian border. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Puffer entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Sep 1944
USAAF F-17 Flying Fortress bomber radio operator Technical Sergeant Forrest L. Vosler receiving the Medal of Honor from US President Franklin Roosevelt, 6 Sep 1944USS Dragonet underway during her trials off New London, Connecticut, United States, 6 Sep 1944Rufus W. Oakley holding a Protestant Christian religious service for US Marines on Peleliu, Palau Islands, Sep 1944
7 Sep 1944
  • British 11th Armoured Division crossed the Albert Canal in Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • US Third Army crossed Moselle River. [TH]
  • Hans Speidel was arrested. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Chiang Kaishek met with Joseph Stilwell, Patrick Hurley, and Donald Nelson in Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • A Soviet military mission was established under Major Ivan Skripka in Slovakia to aid the Slovak National Uprising. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Flying Fish reported a new Japanese airfield at Celebes, Dutch East Indies and reported this discovery. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The first two German V-2 rockets were fired against the Allies by German 444 and 485 Mobile Artillery Detachments at 1030 and 1140 hours, respectively. They both targeted Paris, France, but both crashed immediately after launch. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft attacked Japanese positions in the Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Barbero attacked a Japanese trawler east of the Philippine Islands; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami escorted aircraft carriers while the carrier aircraft struck Peleliu and Angaur of the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Preston guarded carriers while the carriers launched strikes against Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
South Africa United Kingdom
  • British Member of Parliament Duncan Sandys, Winston Churchill's son-in-law who had been made responsible for coordinating the defences against the V-1 flying bombs, confidently predicted that "Except fot a few shots, the Battle for London is over". It was not within a day the V-2s (the second of Adolf Hitler's secret weapons) would begin to fall on the British capital. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Sep 1944
Men of the 8th Infantry Regiment attempted to move forward but were pinned down by German small arms from within the Belgian town of Libin, 7 Sep 1944African-American troops of the US Army engaging Germans three miles north of Lucca, Italy, 7 Sep 1944; note the bazooka in firing positionSpitfire HF.VII fighter being used for evaluation of stability and flight control by the Americans at Langley Research Center, Virginia, United States, 7 Sep 1944; note B-24 in far left backgroundUSS Saratoga in Camouflage Measure 32  following overhaul, Puget Sound, Washington, United States, 7 Sep 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 7 Sep 1944
8 Sep 1944
  • In Belgium, US First Army captured Liége and Canadian forces captured Ostend. [Main Article | TH]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki departed Moji, Japan, escorting Convoy HI-75 for Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Fremantle, Austrialia, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Joseph Stilwell rejected Chiang Kaishek and Patrick Hurley's recommendation to march on Bhamo, Buma, citing troop exhaustion. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The third German V-2 rocket fired in anger became the first to successfully hit the intended target, hitting an area in the suburbs of Paris, France. The fourth and fifth rockets, aimed at London, England, United Kingdom, also found their targets. The fourth rocket fired at 1738 hours London time or 1838 hours German time landed in the Borough of Chiswick at 1843 hours London time; it landed on Staveley Road, collapsed three houses, killed 3 civilians and 1 off-duty Royal Engineers soldier, and made a crater 40 feet wide and between 10 and 20 feet deep. The fifth rocket landed 16 seconds later in Epping, which was 18 miles northeast of Whitehall and 20 miles from Chiswick; this rocket destroyed some wodden huts and made a crater 30 feet wide and 16 feet deep. The British government censored all these incidents in fear of potential demoralizing effects. [CPC]
  • RAF Bomber Command's last operation with the Short Stirling bomber was made by No. 148 Squadron against Le Havre, France. The Stirling bombers would then be relegated to troop-transport and glider tug missions only. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • Former German intelligence officer Colonel Georg Hansen was executed at the Plötzensee Prison in Berlin, Germany. [CPC]
  • The German Air Ministry issued a requirement for a simple, lightweight, and easy to operate jet fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Bergall departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft attacked Japanese positions in the Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Preston guarded carriers while the carriers launched strikes against Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1944
USS ABSD-1 with USS California in the dock, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, circa 8 Sep 1944C-47 Skytrains of the 439th Troop Carrier Group preparing to transport the 82nd Airborne to Nijmegen for Operation Market Garden, Juvincourt, France, Sep 8-17 1944B-24 Liberators of the 425th Bomb Squadron destroying the Dai Giang Railroad Bridge in French Indo-China (now Vietnam), Sep 8 1944.
9 Sep 1944
  • General de Gaulle created a provisional government which included Communards. [Main Article | TH]
Bulgaria
  • The Bulgarian Fatherland Front successfully overthrew the government and declared war on Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Rock departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Korea
  • Vice Admiral Takazumi Oka was named the commanding officer of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Mindanao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Sep 1944
Men of US Army 2nd Infantry Division advancing into Brest, France under German machine gun fire, 9 Sep 1944M4 Sherman tank covered the advance of men of US 60th Infantry Regiment, Belgium, 9 Sep 1944
10 Sep 1944
  • USS Franklin provided support for campaign in the Palau Islands through 16 Sep 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army captured Luxembourg. [TH]
  • Allied patrols in Belgium crossed the German border near Aachen, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the Ninth Army of US 12th Army Group. [CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered that all deserters would be shot, along with their families. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback fired 6 torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer escort in the Western Pacific; all torpedoes missed. She would continue to shadow the convoy the warship was escorting. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche began her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • British Army Major William Cavendish, Lord Hartington, the husband of the sister of future US President John F. Kennedy, was killed in action at Heppen, Belgium at the hands of a German sniper. [AC]
  • Bernard Montgomery received a visit from Dwight Eisenhower at Brussels, Belgium during which Montgomery criticized Eisenhower's broad front strategy and demanded his army group to be the sole offensive force as current strategy placed the other two army groups in poor positions to launch attacks into Germany. Eisenhower responded "[s]teady Monty, you can't talk to me like that. I'm your boss." [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The British 1st Corps (49th West Riding and 51st Highland Divisions) of the Canadian Army commenced the siege of Le Havre, the largest port in northern France, which had been earmarked for American use. The approaches to Le Havre were well protected by flooding, mines, anti-tank ditches and huge concrete gun emplacements primarily designed for sea defence. The German garrison of 11,000 (underestimated by Allied Intelligence as being around 8,700) was strongly provided with artillery. The siege opened with Allied aircraft dropping 4,000 tons of bombs on to the defences (followed by a further 5,500 tons over the two day battle). The 15-inch guns of HMS Erebus and Warspite were also brought to bear on the largest gun emplacements, although Erebus did receive some damage from return fire from the shore batteries. In addition, two heavy and six medium batteries added their support to the Divisional artillery Regiments during the softening-up process. The German resistance however proved less tenacious than expected resulting in a comparatively light Allied casualty rate of less than 400. Nevertheless on its capture the docks were found to have been thoroughly wrecked and it was over four weeks before the port could be used. [Main Article | AC]
  • After sundown, the two companies that the US 7th Armoured Division had managed to get across the Moselle River in France were counterattacked by German SS troops. [AC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish attacked a Japanese convoy in the Tsushima Strait, sinking Chihaya Maru and damaging two others, hitting them with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Mindanao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Turkey
  • Downed US and British airmen previously interned in Bulgaria were evacuated by train to Istanbul, Turkey. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Marlin arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Sep 1944
Oliver P. Smith walking through his Assistant Division Commander quarters on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 1944A German gun emplacement located near the town of Ste. Marie du Mont near Utah Beach, showing damage inflicted by Allied gunfire during the Normandy invasion; photo taken 10 Sep 1944Map showing the plan of attack for US Army 80th Division on the city of Nancy, France, Sep 5-10, 1944.
11 Sep 1944
  • Scottish 15th Division crossed into the Netherlands near Antwerp, Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • US Third Army reached German border near Trier, Germany. [TH]
  • USS Finback attacked a Japanese convoy in the Western Pacific, sinking a tanker and a transport, hitting them with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Nationalist Chinese Wu Zhongxin replaced warlord Sheng Shicai as the governor of Xinjiang Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • French 1st Division captured Dijon, France. [TH]
  • The two companies that the US 7th Armoured Division had managed to get across the Moselle River in France abandoned their positions after a fierce counterattack by German SS troops which began on the previous date. The loss was not too serious as a better crossing had been established further south at Arnaville, but even there bridging operations were still hampered by artillery fire from Fort Driant. [AC]
Germany
  • Carl Spaatz ordered large raids on German synthetic oil plants, dispatching 1,136 aircraft; the German Luftwaffe lost heavily in air battles. [Main Article | AC]
  • 36 B-17 bombers of 100th Bomber Group of US 8th Air Force, en route to attack the Schwarzheide synthetic fuel factory in eastern Germany, were intercepted by 60 Fw 190A and Bf 109 fighters of German Jagdgeschwader 4. In the first attack wave, 14 US bombers were shot down uncontested by American fighter escort, which had not yet arrived. In the second attack wave, US fighters were able to shoot down 32 German fighters (29 pilots killed). The air battle took place roughly over the village of Oberwiesenthal in southern Germany. Surviving bombers were able to drop 53 tons of bombs on the Schwarzheide synthetic fuel factory. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Noor Inayat Khan was transferred to Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii Russia
  • Bulgarian communist leader Georgi Dimitrov ordered, from Moscow in Russia, the creation of the People's Court to try Bulgarian leaders responsible for Bulgarian involvement in the European War on the side of the Germans. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1944
A La-5FN aircraft being serviced on an airfield, Ukraine, 11 Sep 1944Alaska underway, 11 Sep 1944German soldiers at Theater Square during the uprising in Warsaw, Poland, 11 Sep 1944; note National Theater in backgroundB-24J of the 38th Bomb Squadron “The Chambermaid” managed to return to Saipan after being heavily damaged over Iwo Jima 11 Sep 1944. All crewmembers survived but all received the Purple Heart.
See all photos dated 11 Sep 1944
12 Sep 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The German garrison at Le Havre, France surrendered only after bitter fighting. [TH]
  • German garrisons evacuated Greek islands in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. [TH]
  • USS Pollack arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her eleventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-409 foundered and sank off the east coast of the United States during a storm. [AC]
  • Edward Brooks was relieved as the commanding officer of the US 2nd Armored Division and was placed in charge on a temporary basis over the US V Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Marcus Island launched aircraft against Japanese positions on Peleliu and Angaur in the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Two separate groups of the 5th Fighter Group of the Chinese-American Composite Wing engaged Japanese aircraft over Hunan Province, China. Several fighters on either side were lost. [CPC]
Germany
  • Carl Spaatz ordered large raids on German synthetic oil plants, dispatching 888 aircraft; the German Luftwaffe lost heavily in air battles. [Main Article | AC]
Italy
  • In the Apennine Mountains, US 5th Army launched a major offensive against the German Gothic Line in Italy. To the east, Canadian 5th Armoured Division and British 1st Armoured Division attacked Coriano, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami operated off the Philippine Islands in indirect support of the Palau Islands campaign. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in central Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • German and Hungarian troops launched an offensive towards Arad and Timisoara, Romania. [Main Article | TH]
  • An armistice was signed between Romania and the Soviet Union. [Main Article | TH]
Russia
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • One of the four German V-2 rockets launched on this date hit Chrysler vehicle works in Mortlake Road, Kew, southwestern London, England, United Kingdom. 8 were killed, 14 were wounded, and property damage was significant. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1944
Earl of Athlone, Roosevelt, Churchill, and King, Octagon Conference, 12 Sep 1944Governor General of Canada and Earl of Athlone Alexander Cambridge, US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King at the Quebec Conference, Canada, 12 Sep 1944
13 Sep 1944
  • Amon Göth was relieved of his position as the commandant of Plaszów labor camp and was assigned to the SS Office of Economics and Administration. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German garrison at Brest, France maintained heavy resistance against US Ninth Army. [Main Article | TH]
  • One German V-2 rocket hit Britain. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops reached the Slovakian border. [CPC]
  • USS Mingo fired three torpedoes at a Japanese ship; all missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first authorized special attack was conducted by two aircraft from the Japanese Army 31st Fighter Squadron based at Los Negros, Philippine Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla departed Fremantle, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 10 separate sections of floating drydock USS ABSD-2 were assembled, and the floating drydock became operational for ship repair work at Manus, Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Joseph Stilwell told leader Mao Zedong's envoys that he would begin to arrange Lend-Lease supplies for the Chinese communists. [Main Article | CPC]
France Germany
  • Carl Spaatz ordered large raids on German synthetic oil plants, dispatching 748 aircraft; the German Luftwaffe lost heavily in air battles. [Main Article | AC]
  • Noor Inayat Khan was brutally beaten then executed by gunfire in the back of the head at Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Trepang departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Coriano Ridge, part of the Gothic Line in Italy, was captured by Canadian troops. [Main Article | TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish attacked a Japanese convoy in the Yellow Sea, sinking Etajima Maru and damaging another, hitting them with 5 of 13 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami operated off the Philippine Islands in indirect support of the Palau Islands campaign. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in central Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Soviet Marshal Rodion Malinovsky signed an armistice agreement with his Romanian counterparts. [Main Article | AC]
Ukraine
  • Ferdinand Catlos was arrested by the Soviets in Kiev, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | DS]
  • YP-80A jet aircraft took its first flight; the flight lasted about 45 minutes. [Main Article | CPC]
14 Sep 1944
  • Soviet troops reached the suburbs of Warsaw, Poland and began air dropping supplies to the Armia Krajowa. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied troops captured Maastricht, Gulpen, and Meerssen in the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • Winston Churchill approved the transfer of Oliver Leese to Southeast Asia for a high command position. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Joseph Stilwell visited Guilin, China and ordered the nearby airfields to be abandoned and gas stores destroyed to prevent Japanese capture. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pintado arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Canadian 5th Armoured Division and British 1st Armoured Division captured Coriano, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Latvia
  • Soviet First Baltic Front, Second Baltic Front, and Third Baltic Front launched a massive assault against German Armeegruppe Nord, pushing it back to Riga, Latvia. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish fired 4 torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Yellow Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami operated off the Philippine Islands in indirect support of the Palau Islands campaign. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Three German V-2 rockets hit Britain. One of them hit the center of Walthamstow, London, England, United Kingdom at 0455 hours, killing six immediately and another one later from wounds. The resulting crater was 50 feet wide and 10 feet deep. [CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • Soviet and Bulgarian troops marched into eastern Yugoslavia from Bulgaria. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Sep 1944
Map depicting the Allied campaign toward Germany, 26 Aug-14 Sep 1944Resistance fighters in La Tresorerie near Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, 14 Sep 1944C. G. Power, C. D. Howe, Winston Churchill, and Mackenzie King in Quebec, Canada, circa 14 Sep 1944
15 Sep 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Operation Paravane: 21 British Lancaster bombers based in Yagodnik, Russia attacked German battleship Tirpitz, scoring two hits on the forecastle and putting her out of action. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army engaged the Siegfried Line/Westwall east of Aachen, Germany and captured Nancy, France. [TH]
  • Allied troops captured Maastricht and Eysden, the Netherlands. [TH]
  • US Army troops landed on Morotai, Maluku Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Marines landed on Peleliu in the Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe departed Fremantle, Australia for her sixth war patrol in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Eiji Goto was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 12th Air Fleet. [CPC]
  • Soviet 6th Guard Tank Brigade, 33rd Guard Tank Brigade, and 63rd Guard Tank Brigade were assigned T-44 prototype medium tanks for training purposes. [Main Article | CPC]
Canada
  • Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill signed a secret agreement, granting Joseph Stalin's demands for Sakhalin Island, Kurile Islands, and a portion of Korea in return for a Soviet declaration of war on Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Marcus Island launched aircraft to provide cover for the Peleliu, Palau Islands invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Preston supported the invasion of Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Wasp supported the Palau Islands invasion from the position 80 kilometers off Morotai, Maluku Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The firm Heinkel was given the contract to produce the simple, lightweight, and easy to operate jet fighters that the German Air Ministry requested seven days prior. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Indian 4th Division drove out German 98th Division and captured Gemmano, Italy. To the north, British 56th Division captured Corce. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Miami operated off the Philippine Islands in indirect support of the Palau Islands campaign. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Prisoners Edward Galinski and Mala Zimetbaum were executed at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland for their attempted escape from Auschwitz II–Birkenau in Jun 1944. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • The GUKR SMERSH completed a list of Japanese intelligence personnel and Russian émigré living in northeastern China for arrests when Soviet troops invaded the region. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-60 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • Soviet 17th Air Army of the 3rd Ukrainian Front began a six-day campaign attacking railroad bridges near Niš, Skopje, Kruševo and other towns in southern Yugoslavia of transportation importance to isolate German troops in southern Yugoslavia and nothern Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Sep 1944
An American LVT equipped with flamethrower attacked a Japanese position at Peleliu, Sep 1944Reinforced concrete observation post, part of a German fortification at Cherbourg, France, 15 Sep 1944US Navy LCI(L) ships unloading men at Morotai, 15 Sep 1944Barbey and MacArthur inspected the invasion beaches at Morotai Island, 15 Sep 1944
See all photos dated 15 Sep 1944
16 Sep 1944
  • British troops landed unopposed on the island of Kythera in the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece. [TH]
  • A speech by Goebbels called for resistance by all Germans with utmost fanaticism. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 803rd Tank Destroyer Battalion captured Simpelveld in the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • Roza Shanina was awarded the Order of Glory 2nd Class. [Main Article | CPC]
Bulgaria India
  • Anglo-Indian troops began crossing the Manipur River in India toward Burma. [CPC]
United States
  • Saint Paul was launched at Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, sponsored by the wife of John J. McDonough. [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • Soviet troops, Bulgarian troops, and Yugoslavian partisans defeated Chetnik fighters and Serbian Frontier Guards and captured Vlasotince, Yugoslavia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Sep 1944
American transports unloading supplies at Morotai, Sep 1944, photo 1 of 2American transports unloading supplies at Morotai, Sep 1944, photo 2 of 2US Marines resting in front of a recently destroyed Japanese blockhouse, Peleliu, Palau Islands, 16 Sep 1944Montgomery addressing men of the British 15th (Scottish) Division during an investiture ceremony, 16 Sep 1944
See all photos dated 16 Sep 1944
17 Sep 1944
  • US 85th Division captured Monte Altuzzo, Italy; other US units captured Monte Pratone. To the east, Indian 4th Division attacked German 278th Infantry Division in San Marino. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • USS Guam was commissioned with Captain Leland P. Lovette in command. [Main Article | AC]
  • Hans Thurner was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Estonia
  • The Red Army broke through near Narva, Estonia. [TH]
France
  • The siege of Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France began. With 1 Corps grounded from lack of transport, the only available formation was 3rd Canadian Division, less one brigade, but reinforced with some armour and medium regiments of artillery. Despite being smaller than Le Havre, Boulogne proved to be a hard nut to crack, with deep underground fortifications, as well as surrounding forts, minefields and anti-tank ditches. Heavy bombing on the opening day failed to destroy the many German gun batteries, making the siege more difficult than expected. [Main Article | AC]
  • Lorraine departed waters off southern France. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Netherlands
  • The Allies launched Operation Market Garden, an airborne-ground combined attack to penetrate into northern Germany via the Netherlands, capturing Sint-Oedenrode and Veghel. US 56th Fighter Group lost sixteen out of thirty-nine P-47D Thunderbolt aircraft on flak suppression duties in support of the operation. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Russia
  • Soviet newspaper Unichtozhim Vraga credited Roza Shanina with 51 kills. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British Blackout regulations, which had been in force since the start of the war, were finally abolished. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Sep 1944
Nevada underway off the US Atlantic coast, 17 Sep 1944British troops of the 1st Airborne Division boarding their aircraft for Operation Market Garden, 17 Sep 1944British troops of the 1st Airborne Division aboard C-47 transport aircraft for Operation Market Garden, 17 Sep 1944Reconnaissance aerial photo showing British Horsa and Hamilcar gliders on Landing Zone
See all photos dated 17 Sep 1944
18 Sep 1944
  • USS Cod departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cruiser USS Duluth (CL-87) was commissioned with Captain Donald Roderick Osborn, Jr. in command. [AC]
  • US Ninth Army captured Brest, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • In the Netherlands, German troops launched a heavy counter attack near Arnhem while Allied troops captured Eindhoven. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Sennet completed her fitting out. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Indian troops captured Point 343 in San Marino. Brazilian troops captured Camaiore, Italy. British troops captured San Godenzo Pass, also in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Escolar departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first and only war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Poland
  • Nazi German SS doctors conducted a selection in the infirmaries of Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. 330 men and 65 boys, all Jews, were selected and sent to the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • A transport with 2,500 Jews arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp from the Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland; about 80% of this transport were children between 13 and 16 years of age. 150 were registered into the camp, the remaining were all killed in the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga departed San Diego, California, United States for Pearl Harbor. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Spot completed fitting out at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Sep 1944
Captain Ogilvie of the UK Glider Pilot Regiment, who landed in his kilt during Operation Market Garden, preparing for a patrol next to a jeep, 18 Sep 1944A forty-foot circle hole in the roof of a U-boat pen in Brest, France which had received a direct hit during the Allied bombardment, 18 Sep 1944C-47 Skytrains tow CG-4A Gliders to their landing areas on D+1 of Operation Market Garden, Sep 18 1944Marine Col Chesty Puller greets a Navy Admiral at the 1st Marines command post on Peleliu, Sep 18 1944.
See all photos dated 18 Sep 1944
19 Sep 1944
  • Wing Commander Guy Gibson VC, the leader of the Dambusters raid in 1943, was killed when his aircraft crashed near Steenbergen, the Netherlands. [AC]
  • The Belgian Parliament met for the first time since May 1940. [TH]
  • In the Netherlands, British airborne troopers defended against heavy German attacks in Arnhem while other troops captured Veldhoven. [Main Article | TH]
  • While flying a Dakota aircraft on a supply run for British troops at Arnhem, the Netherlands, Flight Lieutenant David Lord flew several runs over the drop zone despite the starboard wing being hit and became aflame. Having dropped all supplies, he ordered his crew to bail out while he made no attempt to jump, remaining in the pilot's seat to keep the aircraft steady. The aircraft eventually exploded in mid-war. Lord was later awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross medal. [CPC]
  • Submarine Macabi was launched, sponsored by the wife of Rear Admiral Arthur S. Carpender. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki broke off from Convoy HI-75 and sailed for Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ioshima was sunk off Japan by USS Shad. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Essex crossed the Equator in the Pacific Ocean on a southward course. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cero departed Darwin, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Elements of US 68th Composite Wing arrived at Baishiyi Airfield near Chongqing, China, establishing it as a command and control base. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell personally handed Chiang Kaishek a message from Franklin Roosevelt which noted that Stilwell was to be given unrestricted powers in China. [Main Article | CPC]
Finland
  • The Allied Control Commission arrived in Helsinki demanding to see the plans for the internment of Germans in Finland, which Carl Mannerheim knew did not exist. [AC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • Garland and two other British destroyers jointly sank German submarine U-407 off Santorini, Greece. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • A Finnish delegate signed a temporary peace treaty with the Soviet Union in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
San Marino
  • Indian 4th Division reached the outskirts of the city of San Marino. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United States
  • Winston Churchill departed Hyde Park, New York, United States for nearby New York City, where he was to begin his journey back to Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Sep 1944
British infantry carrying assault boats in preparation for crossing the Meuse-Escaut canal at Lille-St Hubert, Belgium, 19 Sep 1944Montgomery and Ramsey at MontgomeryUSS Macabi underway on Lake Michigan in the United States, 19 Sep 1944Four men of the 1st Paratroop Battalion, British 1st Airborne Division, took cover in a shell hole outside Arnhem, Netherlands, 17-25 Sep 1944
See all photos dated 19 Sep 1944
20 Sep 1944
  • USS Franklin crossed the Equator. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Indian 4th Division captured San Marino in the early afternoon. In nearby Italy, Canadian troops broke through German lines along the Ausa River. At Rimini, Italy, Greek troops reached the southern outskirts of the city. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • British XXX Corps linked up with US airborne troops at Nijmegen, the Netherlands; nearby, Geldrop, Someren, and Terneuzen were captured by Allied troops. [Main Article | TH]
Dutch East Indies Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived at waters southeast of Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The FR Fireball fighter took its first piston-jet mix-powered flight. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Sep 1944
Children wearing orange ribbons and waving Dutch flags during celebrations in Eindhoven, the first major town in Holland to be liberated, 20 Sep 1944M10 Wolverine tank destroyers of 75th Anti-Tank Regiment Royal Artillery of British 11th Armoured Division crossing a Bailey bridge over the Meuse-Escaut (Maas-Schelde) Canal at Lille St Hubert, Belgium, 20 Sep 1944Vickers machine guns of 2nd Middlesex Regiment, British 3rd Division firing in support of troops crossing the Meuse-Escaut (Maas-Schelde) Canal at Lille-St. Hubert, Belgium, 20 Sep 1944Carriers of 1/5th Welch Regiment, British 53rd Division crossing the Meuse into Holland, 20 Sep 1944
See all photos dated 20 Sep 1944
21 Sep 1944
  • In the morning, troops of Greek 3rd Mountain Brigade captured Rimini, Italy, which had been evacuated by the Germans overnight, and raised a Greek flag on the balcony of the municipal building; the mayor officially surrendered the city at 0745 hours. US 85th Division captured Firenzuola, Italy. Indian 4th Division withdrew from San Marino. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe E evacuated the Peloponnese Peninsula in Greece. [TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the Third Army of US 12th Army Group. [CPC]
  • The second authorized special attack was conducted by three Japanese Army aircraft. [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Permit departed Brisbane, Australia, starting her fourtheenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • George Patton traveled to Paris, France to meet with Dwight Eisenhower over lunch. [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • Men of Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade landed between Arnhem and Nijmegen in the Netherlands as British airborne troops in Arnhem were becoming overwhelmed. Nearby, Schijndel was captured by the Allies. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Manila Bay area in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania Photo(s) dated 21 Sep 1944
PBM Mariner aircraft of Flight Lieutenant Fox, No. 41 Squadron RAAF, in flight from Townsville, Australia to Port Moresby, New Guinea, 21 Sep 194417-pdr anti-tank gun of the 21st Anti-Tank Regiment, British Guards Armoured Division, guarding the approaches to Nijmegen Bridge, the Netherlands, 21 Sep 1944Bedford MWD trucks and other vehicles of the 4th Wiltshire Regiment, British 43rd Division, Valkenswaard, the Netherlands, 21 Sep 1944British engineers removing German demolition charges from the bridge at Nijmegen, the Netherlands, 21 Sep 1944
22 Sep 1944
  • USS Gunnel ended her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Estonia
  • Red Army units captured Tallinn and Reval, Estonia. [TH]
France
  • The German garrison in Boulogne, France surrendered to Canadian troops. [TH]
Germany
  • US First Army halted its offensive on Aachen, Germany. [TH]
Italy
  • US troops captured the Il Giogo pass on the Gothic Line in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kure, Japan to escort battleships Fuso and Yamashiro to Lingga, Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Manila Bay area in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Irako departed Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands at 0300 hours with a deck load of reconnaissance floatplanes for Coron Bay, Calamian Islands, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Romania
  • The leading Divisions of Marshal Fedor Tolbukhin's 3rd Ukrainian Front commenced a crossing of the River Danube near Turnu Severin, Romania, meeting strong opposition from German Army alpine and German Waffen-SS troops under Field Marshal Maximilian Freiherr von Weich's command. [Main Article | AC]
Taiwan
  • The Taiwan Army was absorbed into the Japanese Tenth Area Army with General Rikichi Ando remaining as its commanding officer. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British scientists, returning from studying a German rocket research site at Blizna, Poland, found that the crates of rocket parts collected had been switched to ordinary aircraft parts, presumably by the Soviets who wished to retain the rocket parts for their own weapons research. [CPC]
United States
  • The first RaLa Experiment of the Manhattan Project with a radioactive source was performed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1944
Major General Robert E. Urquhart of UK 1st Airborne Division planting the airborne flag outside his headquarters near Arnhem, the Netherlands, 22 Sep 1944Bow view of USS Spot, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 22 Sep 1944Stern view of USS Spot, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 22 Sep 1944Port side view of USS Spot, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 22 Sep 1944
23 Sep 1944
  • Canadian troops formed a bridgehead across the Escaut Canal in Belgium. [TH]
  • Franklin Roosevelt denounced Republican Party attacks during a speech at the Teamster's Union dinner; the Republicans had accused Roosevelt of inappropriately using a US Navy destroyer to fetch his pet dog Fala, abusing his presidential powers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The tiny republic of San Marino in northern Italy declared war on Germany after its 300-man army was rounded up by a mere platoon of German soldiers. [AC]
  • The Republic of China established the Order of Loyalty and Diligence. [CPC]
  • Patrick Hurley asked Chiang Kaishek to accept communist assistance in the war against Japan; Chiang rejected the request. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Ray departed Fremantle, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Estonia
  • Jewish prisoners of concentration camp in Kluga, Estonia were massacred. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • After a six-day siege, Canadian troops forced the German troops at Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France to surrender. The Canadians suffered 634 casualties and captured 9,500 prisoners (many driven from their bunkers by driving flame down the ventilation shafts). [Main Article | AC]
Hungary
  • Soviet and Romanian forces entered Hungary just beyond Arad, Romania. Hungarian Baron Ede Atzel led a delegation across the Soviet front lines in an attempt to negotiate an armistice. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Philippines Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-60 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Charr was commissioned into service at 1030 hours at the US Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut, United States with Commander Francis Boyle in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Rochefort was promoted to the rank of captain. His superior Joseph Redman sent him a three-word letter "Delivered with congratulations" for this occasion. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Boarfish was commissioned into service with Commander Royce L. Gross in command. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Croaker completed her refitting at Midway and began her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Sep 1944
He Yingqin, Donald Nelson, Joseph Stilwell, Patrick Hurley in Chongqing, China, Sep 1944British Royal Engineers 1st Para Squadron Cpl John Humphreys, Cpl Charles Weir, Lt Dennis Simpson, Cpt Eric Mackay at Nijmegen, Holland, recreating their escape from German captivity, 23 Sep 1944Four British paratroopers with Sten sub-machineguns moving through a shell-damaged house in Oosterbeek, the Netherlands to which they had retreated after being driven out of Arnhem, 23 Sep 194British 1st Airborne soldiers using parachutes to signal to Allied supply aircraft from the grounds of Division HQ at the Hartenstein Hotel in Oosterbeek, Netherlands, 23 Sep 1944
See all photos dated 23 Sep 1944
24 Sep 1944
  • British Second Army reached the Rhine River, while the Germans sealed off US Third Army's bridgeheads across the Moselle River, south of Aachen, Germany. [TH]
  • The Soviet minesweeper T.120 (formerly the USS Assail) was sunk by the German submarine U-739 in the Kara Sea in the Arctic Circle. [AC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-19 was lost after striking a Japeanese mine southeast of Angaur, Palau Islands. [AC]
  • USS Becuna fired three torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Luzon Strait south of Taiwan; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | DS]
  • USS Tang departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, starting her fifth war patrol in the Taiwan Strait. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • British XIII Corps captured Marradi, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Latvia
  • The STAVKA ordered the Soviet First Baltic Front to halt on the advance to Riga, Latvia, leaving the job to the Second Baltic Front and Third Baltic Front, and instead march toward Memel (now Klaipeda, Lithuania). [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Netherlands
  • British troops captured Deurne, the Netherlands. [Main Article | TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the central area of the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines Russia
  • The Soviet GKO issued an order to increase food rations of NKVD, NKGB, and SMERSH operatives and officers. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Wisconsin departed Philadelphia Navy Yard in Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Sep 1944
USS Spot underway in the Pacific Ocean, 24 Sep 1944, photo 1 of 3USS Spot underway in the Pacific Ocean, 24 Sep 1944, photo 2 of 3USS Spot underway in the Pacific Ocean, 24 Sep 1944, photo 3 of 3USS North Carolina anchored off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States, 24 Sep 1944, photo 1 of 3
See all photos dated 24 Sep 1944
25 Sep 1944
  • Iro Ilk was shot down and killed near Moers, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germany formed the Volkssturm. [TH]
  • The remaining 2,163 British airborne troops were evacuated from Arnhem, the Netherlands; the original strength was about 10,000. [Main Article | TH]
  • Norwegian ministers urged Germany to withdraw from Norwegian occupation. [TH]
  • USS Snook arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna fired three torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer in the Luzon Strait south of Taiwan; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yasoshima received orders to move to the front. [Main Article | CPC]
  • French Army B was redesignated French 1st Army; Jean de Lattre de Tassigny remained the unit's commanding officer. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies France
  • Having taken Boulogne, France, Canadian 3rd Division assaulted Calais where their operation to capture the port would be complicated by the presence of 20,000 French civilians who have not been evacuated. [TH, AC]
Germany
  • British prisoner of war Lieutenant Mike Sinclair was killed by a German guard while attempting to escape from the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany. He had attempted to escape several times prior, and through these attempted had earned the respect of his captors, who allowed the British prisoners to bury Sinclair with full military honors. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived at Bashi Channel between Taiwan and Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Astoria transited the Panama Canal and then made port call at Balboa, Panama. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Slovakian Captain Frantisek Urban, tricked by the Soviets to visit Moscow in Russia, was arrested by SMERSH and was transferred to the Lubyanka Prison. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1944
US Marines wading through water, Peleliu, Palau, Sep 1944US Marines moving through an area that saw recent action, Peleliu, Palau Islands, Sep 1944US Navy African-American construction batalion personnel acting as stretcher bearers for the US 7th Marine Regiment, Peleliu, Palau Islands, Sep 1944Map depicting the US 3rd Army
See all photos dated 25 Sep 1944
26 Sep 1944
  • Allied troops captured Mook, the Netherlands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German shore batteries, cut off behind Allied lines around Calais in France, bombarded Dover, England, United Kingdom, killing 49 people. The Royal Air Force retaliated with a series of bombing raids in which the gun sites were pounded into silence. [AC]
  • Lord Gort stepped down as the Governor of Malta. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan began her third war patrol in Japanese home island waters. [Main Article | CPC]
Bulgaria
  • US and British intelligence missions were forced out of Sofia, Bulgaria by political pressure asserted by the Soviet Union. [CPC]
Dutch East Indies Estonia
  • All of Estonia was occupied by the Red Army. [TH]
Italy
  • British 8th Army drove out German positions along the Uso River north of Rimini, Italy. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale patrolled in the Bashi Channel between Taiwan and Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Soviet troops fortified positions along the Danube River on the Romanian-Yugoslavian and Romanian-Bulgarian borders. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin issued an order stating that all arrests of former top level Bulgarian and Romanian leaders could be done only with authorization of the Soviet Stavka. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Tunny arrived at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Sep 1944
British Royal Navy Commander Cross reviewing a convoy movement map with Captain Lake, Derby House, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom, 26 or 27 Sep 1944United States Coast Guard cutter Spencer after her conversion to an Amphibious Force Flagship, Norfolk Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 26 Sep 1944
27 Sep 1944
  • USS Flasher sank Japanese transport ship Ural Maru, killing about 2,000. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe E withdrew from western Greece. [TH]
  • 2,000 fighters of the Armia Krajowa surrendered in Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied troops captured Helmond and Oss in the Netherlands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Netherlands
  • James Johnson shot down a German Bf 109 fighter over Nijmegen, the Netherlands, scoring his final kill of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale was spotted by a Japanese patrol craft between Taiwan and Philippine Islands but was able to escape. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 27 Sep 1944
German Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber flying near the field headquarters of Polish Kampinos Regiment at Wiersze village 27 kilometers northwest of Warsaw, Poland, 27 Sep 1944The first formal raising the American flag over Peleliu, Palau Islands, 27 Sep 1944; note Japanese observation towerPolish insurgent fighter surrendered from his position in the sewers under Warsaw, Poland, 27 Sep 1944, photo 1 of 2; note MP 40 submachine gunPolish insurgent fighter surrendered from his position in the sewers under Warsaw, Poland, 27 Sep 1944, photo 2 of 2
28 Sep 1944
  • USMC landed on Ngesebus of Palau Islands to eliminate a Japanese artillery position. [Main Article | CPC]
  • RAF bombers dropped 909 tons of bombs on Kaiserslautern, Germany, destroying 36% of the town. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Apart from a few isolated pockets of resistance, the Germans surrendered Calais Citadel in France after further intensive bombing raids by British bombers. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Columbia arrived at Manus, Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • The grand Shinto shrine in Lushun, puppet nation of Manchukuo (Liaoning Province, China), its contruction completed in Mar 1944, held its opening ceremony. [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Alabama arrived in Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale patrolled waters south of Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Kete departed the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Beginning on this date and through the following month, about 18,402 prisoners from Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia were transferred to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-60 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • During a speech in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill condemned Bulgaria, reminding the members that Bulgarians have been responsible for many war crimes in Greece and Yugoslavia, and that (as far as Great Britain was concerned) they were not welcome as co-belligerents, until they demonstrate atonement for their former misdeeds. [Main Article | AC]
Yugoslavia
  • In Moscow, Russia, Josip Tito formally authorized Soviet troops to enter Yugoslavia. Soviet 57th Army began marching toward Belgrade, Yugoslavia in three columns, with 64th Rifle Corps crossing the Morava River at Paracin, 68th Rifle Corps advancing from Vidin toward Mladenovac, and 75th Rifle Corps advancing from Turnu toward Pozarevac. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1944
B-17G Fortress “Lost Angel” Belly landed at RAF Kimbolton after being damaged over Magdeburg, Germany, 28 Sep 1944. Note that the crew had unbolted and dropped the ball turret to keep it from breaking the airframe’s back
29 Sep 1944
  • Canadian troops captured Cape Gris Nez near Calais, France; the Germans and Canadians in the region agreed on a 24-hour truce so that civilians in the area could be evacuated. The news that the Canadians had captured the last remaining gun batteries in the Calais area was greeted with jubilation in the streets of Dover, England, United Kingdom. Since the start of the war, Dover had experienced 187 shelling attacks in addition to numerous bombing and V1 attacks. [TH]
  • 15 British Lancaster bombers conducted minelaying operation in the Kattegat and off Helgoland, Germany. [CPC]
  • Corporal John Harper of the British York and Lancaster Regiment led his section across 300 yards of open ground under heavy fire to take enemy positions at Antwerp, Belgium. He then went on alone to clear the advance with grenades until he was killed. For this he would be posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Wasp arrived at Manus, Admiralty Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Italy
  • British 8th Army reached the Fiumicino River in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Mariana Islands
  • USS Miami arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands.&nbs