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1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949

1 Jan 1945
  • Some time during this month, Oberleutnant Otto Wermuth took command of German submarine U-530. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fregattenkapitän Frotz-Henning Brandes took command of cruiser Köln. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Air Vice Marshal J. W. Baker became the commanding officer of the No. 12 Group RAF. [CPC]
  • When his 9 Squadron Lancaster bomber from Bardney was hit and set on fire in a raid on the Dortmund-Ems canal, wireless operator RAF Flight Sergeant George Thompson gallantly braved the flames to save his mid-upper and rear gunners who were trapped in the inferno. The rear gunner later recovered but Thompson's burns were so severe that three weeks later he developed pneumonia and died in a hospital. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • US aircraft attacked Japanese airfields on Negros Island, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Kete began lifeguard duty off Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny departed Cologne, Germany to return to the field headquarters of German Armored Brigade 150. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Chuzaburo Yamazumi was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy 3rd Air Fleet. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Kossol Roads, Palau Islands, loaded ammunition and other supplies, and departed for the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado arrived in Brisbane, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine control requested a position report from U-869, which did not respond. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinz Guderian requested Adolf Hitler to allow reinforcements to be sent to German units in Hungary and Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • German troops began a withdrawal from the Ardennes Forest in the Belgian-German border region. Meanwhile, in retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, US troops massacred 30 SS prisoners at Chenogne, Belgium. In the air, the German Luftwaffe launched Unternehmen Bodenplatte, which consisted of 800 aircraft conducting low-level strikes against snow-bound Allied airfields in the Netherlands and Belgium. They destroyed 220 aircraft, mainly on the ground, but lost 188 aircraft of their own, as well as many experienced pilots who could not be replaced. This operation failed to achieve its goal of wiping out Allied air power based in the region. [Main Article | TH]
Caroline Islands
  • US Army troops landed on Fais Island in the Caroline Islands to capture and destroy a Japanese radio station. [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Fairey Firefly Fighters from the No. 1770 Squadron FAA, recently arrived in Ceylon to join the British Pacific Fleet, attacked the Japanese-held oil refineries at Pangkalan Brandan, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies using rocket projectiles (RP). [Main Article | AC]
Japan
  • 19 American B-24 bombers based in Saipan, Mariana Islands struck Japanese positions at Iwo Jima. [Main Article | TH]
  • Five Japanese submarines departed Inland Sea, Japan with Kaiten submarines aboard. I-36 sailed for Ulithi in the Caroline Islands, I-48 for Hollandia in New Guinea, I-53 for Palau Islands, I-56 for the Admiralty Islands, and I-58 for Guam in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • US aircraft attacked Clark Field on Luzon Island of the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Poland
  • 100 male and 100 female Polish prisoners of the Gestapo from block 11 in Auschwitz I camp were transferred by SS doctor Fritz Klein to the chief of Auschwitz II-Birkenau Crematorium V Erich Muhsfeldt. Muhsfeldt's men executed these police prisoners by firing squad. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jan 1945
Japanese top level meeting before Emperor Showa, 1 Jan 1945RA-24B-15-DT Banshee aircraft (serial number 42-54736) preparing for take off on Morotai in the Moluccas, 1 Jan 1945; note C-47 Skytrain and hulk of C-45 Expeditor fuselage
2 Jan 1945
  • Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, the mastermind behind the evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940 and now in charge of Allied ports in France, was killed when his aircraft crashes on take-off at Toussus-le-Noble, becoming the fourth senior Allied leader to die in a plane crash. He was en route to a conference with General Bernard Montgomery in Brussels, Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • In Copenhagen, Denmark, a V2 Rocket factory was destroyed by saboteurs. [TH]
  • 46 American B-29 bombers based near Calcutta, India attacked a railroad bridge near Bangkok, Thailand and other targets in the area. [CPC]
  • British bombers attacked Nürnberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna sank two small vessels between Malaya and Borneo in two separate engagements with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Barbero arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 2nd Division reached Yeu and crossed the Mu River in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian XV Corps captured Akyab (now Sittwe), Burma without resistance. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Missouri departed US Territory of Hawaii for Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 53 was formed this date, from Air Groups 42, 43, and 48, which were aboard. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank a Japanese trawler with her deck gun in the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • Dutch national Gerrit van der Waals, under employment of British SOE but nevertheless placed under arrest by the Soviets in Hungary, was transferred to another prison in Bucharest, Romania. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jan 1945
Killed German soldier in Stavelot, Belgium, 2 Jan 1945
3 Jan 1945
  • In preparation for the attacks on Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and mainland Japan, Admiral Nimitz was given command of all involved naval forces, while General MacArthur was placed in command of all ground forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • German submarine control expressed "considerable anxiety" over the fate of U-869, which had not responded to requests for report for the past four to five days. Meanwhile, around the same time, the Americans had intercepted enough German radio messages to deduce that a German submarine was heading toward New York City, New York, United States and began to assemble a hunter-killer group to intercept it. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Hoe arrved at Fremantle, Australia, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • US First Army launched an attack on the northern flank of the Ardennes bulge in Belgium. Meanwhile, 1,100 Allied bombers, escorted by 11 fighter groups, bombed railroad and communications centers in western Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • 14 SB2C-3, 6 TBM-3, and 12 F6F-5 aircraft of Air Group 80 from USS Ticonderoga attacked Taichu Airfield in central Taiwan; six of the SB2C aircraft turned back after running into poor weather, one of the F6F aircraft became lost and joined fighters from USS Wasp in the strafing of a train, and two of the TBM-3 aircraft got lost and joined another group in the attacking of Suo (now Suao). On a separate mission later on this day, Air Group 80 conducted a fighter sweep over Koryu Airfield on Taiwan; Ensign Philip Manella's F6F fighter was shot down, forcing him to bail out, and his wingman Lieutenant (jg) R. C. Wagg reported that the parachute was strafed by Japanese fighters. [Main Article | Facility | DS, CPC]
Philippines
  • In the Philippine Islands, the forward elements of the American invasion fleet for Luzon passed through the Surigao Strait. In support, aircraft of Task Fleet 38 struck Japanese airfields in Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island transited the Surigao Strait in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 6 TBM-1C aircraft and 12 F6F-5 fighters, both of Air Group 44 from USS Langley, attacked Hokuto Airfield (referred by the Americans as "Keishu Airfield") in Hokuto (now Beidou) in central Taiwan with 60 100-pound bombs, rockets, and strafing. No Japanese aircraft rose to defend. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • 18 F6F-5 fighters of Air Group 81 from USS Wasp attacked Koryu Airfield in Taiwan with rockets, bombs, and strafing; no Japanese fighters rose to defend. These attacking fighters regrouped over Taiwan Strait after the attack, flew back over Taiwan, and attacked targets of opportunity; they sank a small fishing boat along the coast, destroying a cargo train (carrying oil) at present day Dashan Station of Houlong Township, and heavily damaging a 10-car passenger train further northeast. A separate group of 4 F6F-5 fighters of the same air group conducted a photographic reconnaissance mission over Koryu Airfield, Shinchiku Airfield, and Koko Airfield in Taiwan. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Royal Hospital in Chelsea, London, England, United Kingdom at 0850 hours, killing 5 and injuring 19. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jan 1945
M36 Jackson tank destroyer, camouflaged in white, operating near Dudelange, Luxembourg, 3 Jan 1945USS Columbia in Surigao Strait, Philippine Islands, 3 Jan 1945; note Measure 33 Design 1d camouflage; photograph taken from USS Makin IslandPost-mission map of the Air Group 80 of USS Ticonderoga 3 Jan 1945 attack on Taichu Airfield, central TaiwanHokuto Airfield under USS Langley carrier aircraft attack, Taiwan, 3 Jan 1945, photo 6 of 6
4 Jan 1945
  • Operation Lentil: British aircraft attacked oil refineries at Pangkalan Brandon, Sumatra. [CPC]
  • In the Philippine Islands, Japanese aircraft attacked the American invasion fleet bound for Luzon; USS Ommaney Bay was seriously damaged by a special attack and was scuttled. [Main Article | CPC]
  • An aircraft from USS Wake detected a Japanese floatplane in the water off Panay Island, Philippine Islands and strafed the Japanese aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer sank a Japanese vessel in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale searched for survivors of a downed B-29 Superfortress bomber east of Tokyo, Japan without success. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Taiwan. [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Woodland Street in Hackney, London, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Dragonet arrived at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States for repairs. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jan 1945
US Army Lieutenant General Joseph T. McNarney, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander in the Mediterranean Theater, inspecting African-American honor guard military policemen, Italy, 4 Jan 1945Private Booker Davis of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of the 558th Ambulance Company, US First Army filling a WC54 ambulance with gasoline, Belgium, 4 Jan 1945Melvin Hoffman of the 82nd Fighter Squadron made the best landing he could under the circumstances in his P-51D Mustang at RAF Duxford, Cambridgeshire, England, UK; Jan 4 1945. Note oil covering the windscreen and engine cowling.
5 Jan 1945
  • In the Philippine Islands, Japanese aircraft attacked the American invasion fleet bound for Luzon. Special attack aircraft damaged cruiser USS Louisville, Australian cruiser HMAS Australia, destroyer USS Helm, destroyer USS Stafford, Australian destroyer HMAS Arunta, escort carrier USS Manila Bay, and escort carrier USS Savo Island. Meanwhile, American aircraft sunk Japanese destroyers Momi and damaged destroyers Hinoki and Sugi west of Manila Bay. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Three American light cruisers and nine destroyers bombarded various targets in the Kurile Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island took on 19 survivors of sunken USS Ommaney Bay. In the afternoon, the task group she sailed with was subjected to heavy air attacks; her anti-aircraft gun crews claimed three Japanese aircraft shot down. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aircraft from USS Marcus Island damaged a Japanese midget submarine in the Mindanao Sea in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • The German attack on Bastogne, Belgium was called off. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 28 P-40N and P-51D fighters of the US 14th Air Force from Laohekou, Hubei, China attacked the Japanese airfield at Wuhan in the same province, destroying 50 Japanese aircraft in the air and on the ground. One Chinese fighter was shot down. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sennet departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • American cruisers, destroyers, and carrier aircraft attacked the Bonin Islands. At Iwo Jima, a Japanese landing ship was sunk by destroyer fire. At Chichi Jima, destroyer USS Fanning sank a Japanese freighter by gunfire and a torpedo, while destroyer USS David W. Taylor was damaged by a mine. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Boarfish departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale searched for survivors of a downed B-29 Superfortress bomber east of Tokyo, Japan without success. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The last session of the police summary court of the Kattowitz Gestapo took place in block 11 in Auschwitz I camp. Around 100 Polish prisoners were condemned to death, to be executed by firing squad on the next day. The court was presided by Johannes Thuemmler. These prisoners were under the jurisdiction of the Gestapo and not of the commandant of the concentration camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the golf course at Croydon, London, England, United Kingdom, making a crater 40 feet wide. [CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Segundo arrived at Apra, Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jan 1945
USS Steamer Bay under attack near the Philippine Islands, 5 Jan 1945; note special attack aircraft flying past her sternMap showing American troops reclaiming territory lost during early days of the Battle of the Bulge, 26 Dec 1944-5 Jan 1945PBM-3 Mariner aircraft of US Navy patrol bomber squadron VPB-210 being prepared for hoisting aboard seaplane tender Albemarle, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 5 Jan 1945PBM-3 Mariner aircraft of US Navy patrol bomber squadron VPB-210 hoisted aboard seaplane tender Albemarle, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 5 Jan 1945
See all photos dated 5 Jan 1945
6 Jan 1945
  • With its war over, Finland lifted the ban on dancing, which was made illegal during the war. [TH]
  • Battleship New Mexico was struck by Japanese special attack aircraft in the Philippine Islands; among the men killed were members of an observing British military mission, including Lieutenant General Herbert Lumsden, Winston Churchill's personal military representative to General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft sank minesweeper USS Long at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank the Japanese tanker Tarakan Maru in the Luzon Strait, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. She also fired another 9 torpedoes at a destroyer and another tanker, but none of them struck their targets. [Main Article | CPC]
  • U-869 reported in to German submarine control, revealing its location to be 600 miles southwest of Iceland to both her German comrades as well as to American eavesdroppers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Bush married Barbara Pierce. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon departed Majuro, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii via Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Columbia was struck by two special attack aircraft off the Philippine Islands. The second aircraft and its bomb penetrated two decks before the bomb detonated. 13 were killed and 44 were wounded. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Japanese positions in northern Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | DS]
Poland
  • Four Jewish women, Ella Gartner, Róza Robota, Regina Safir, and Estera Wajsblum, were executed by hanging in the female camp of Auschwitz Concentration Camp; they had smuggled explosives out of their workplace which were used during the 7 Oct 1944 uprising in the camp. About 100 other Auschwitz prisoners were also executed on this date, having sentenced to death by the Kattowitz Gestapo on the previous day; they faced a firing squad at Auschwitz II-Birkenau and were sent to Crematorium V. These prisoners were among the last to be executed at Auschwitz. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jan 1945
Japanese Zero special attack aircraft, already burning from anti-aircraft fire, diving on USS Columbia during the Lingayen Gulf operation in the Philippine Islands, 6 Jan 1945Texas in the Hawaii area, 6 Jan 1945Louisville hit by special attack aircraft, Lingayen Gulf, Philippine Islands, 6 Jan 1945Ki-51 special attack aircraft of Japanese Army Sekicho Squadron diving at USS Columbia in Lingayen Gulf, Philippine Islands, at 1729 hours on 6 Jan 1945; photograph taken from USS California
See all photos dated 6 Jan 1945
7 Jan 1945
  • The RaLa Experiment of the Manhattan Project conducted its first test using exploding bridgewire detonators. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light cruiser USS Dayton (CL-105) was commissioned with Captain Paul William Steinhagen in command. [AC]
  • US ace Major Thomas McGuire (38 victories) was killed in a low level combat with a group of Japanese Zero fighters led by Shiochi Sugita, the third-highest scoring ace of the Japanese Navy Air Force over Los Negros island. It was believed that McGuire failed to release his drop tanks whilst attempting a fast turn which caused his P-38 to stall and spin into the ground in a ball of fire. [Main Article | AC]
  • Masafumi Arima was posthumously promoted to the rank of vice admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops reached the outskirts of Shwebo, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Latvia
  • The German Navy began the first of a series of evacuation convoys between the Gulf of Danzig and the trapped German Army in Latvia. [AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank two small Japanese trawlers with her deck gun in the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Japanese positions in northern Luzon, Philippine Islands; 4 men and 2 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | DS]
8 Jan 1945
  • Light cruiser USS Amsterdam (CL-101) was commissioned with Captain Andrew P. Lawton in command. [AC]
  • HMAS Australia was damaged by Japanese special attack aircraft at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 2nd Air Fleet was officially disbanded after suffering major losses in the Philippine Islands. [CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Bunji Asakura was named the chief of staff of the Japanese 1st Southern Expeditionary Fleet. [CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Minoru Tayui was named the commanding officer of the Japanese 1st Southern Expeditionary Fleet. [CPC]
  • Another unpowered J8M Shusui/Ki-200 aircraft took flight, with water ballast installed in place of the rocket engine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island's air group shot down four Japanese aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • I-401 was commissioned into service at Sasebo, Japan under the command of Lieutenant Commander Nobukiyo Nambu. The ceremony was attended by very few, as she was a top secret submarine. She departed Sasebo later in the same day for the Inland Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-63 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The US Fast Carrier Task Force refueled then sailed toward Taiwan. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the junction of LMS and Met. railway lines behind 114 Iverson Road between West End Lane and Kilburn High Road in Hampstead, London, England, United Kingdom at 1630 hours. 2 were killed, 64 seriously injured, and 57 lightly injured. The rocket destroyed 14 houses, badly damaged 152 houses, and lightly damaged 1,600 houses. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Springer departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jan 1945
WAVES Storekeeper 2nd Class Francella Leigh, Yeoman 2nd Class Patricia McRae, and PharmacistHaskell-class attack transport USS Sarasota in operation during the landings at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 8 Jan 1945USS ABSD-1 with USS Antelope and USS LST-120 in the dock, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 8 Jan 1945
9 Jan 1945
  • The US Sixth Army invaded Luzon Island, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • British troops entered Thebes, Greece. [TH]
  • USS Mississippi was damaged by Japanese special attack aircraft at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMAS Australia was damaged by Japanese special attack aircraft at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Colorado was damaged by friendly fire at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinz Guderian visited Adolf Hitler to personally request reinforcements for the Eastern Front. The two would get into a large argument. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho, sailing with Japanese convoy HI-87, came under air attack off Taiwan and claimed to have enaged 12 US TBF aircraft and shot down 1. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Baltic Sea
  • ShCh-307 attacked a merchant ship southwest of Liepaja, Latvia; both torpedoes missed, and ShCh-307 was subjected to depth charging by German auxiliary patrol vessel V 317. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • US Third Army attacked towards Houffalize, Belgium, on the southern flank of the Ardennes bulge. [Main Article | TH]
Burma
  • Indian 19th Division captured Shwebo, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Dong Zhao completed his studies at the Army War College and was named the commanding officer of the 38th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sennet received minor repairs at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • 15 SB2C, 6 TBM, and 7 F6F aircraft from USS Ticonderoga attacked their secondary target Heito Airfield in southern Taiwan (the primary target, Toyohara Arfield in the Taichu area, was covered in clouds), damaging the facilities at the loss of a SB2C aircraft of Air Group 80 crewed by Lieutenant Palmer and Aviation Radioman's Mate Third Class Adelbert Ring. [Main Article | Facility | DS, CPC]
  • USS Columbia was struck by a special attack aircraft off the Philippine Islands, killing 24 and wounding 97. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US Navy Task Force 38 attacked airfields on the Japanese-held Chinese island of Taiwan. [CPC]
  • 39 USAAF B-29 bombers from Sichuan Province, China dropped 293 tons of bombs on Kirun (now Keelung), Taiwan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jan 1945
Kinkaid aboard USS Wasatch in Lingayen Gulf, Leyte, Philippines, 9 Jan 1945US Coast Guard landing barges carried invasion troops toward Luzon in Lingayen Gulf, 9 Jan 1945Hand-drawn map of Air Group 80 of USS Ticonderoga 9 Jan 1945 attack on Heito Airfield, southern Taiwan
10 Jan 1945
  • Female prisoners of Uckermark Concentration Camp who were not able to work were exterminated. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German 7.Gebirgs Division retreated from Lätäseno, Finland. [TH]
  • Heavy cruiser USS Chicago (CA-136) was commissioned with Captain Richard R. Hartung in command. [AC]
  • A Japanese Army special attack aircraft damaged USS Le Ray Wilson in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 45 Japanese Army Renraku-tei special attack boats attacked American ships in Lingayen Gulf, Philippine Islands, sinking 2 LCI gunboats and damaged a few others. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer attacked a Japanese convoy in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, expending 17 torpedoes and observing 8 hits. She claimed the sinking of an oiler, a freighter,and a destroyer, but ultimately was only given credit for the sinking of Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 42. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: The first 2 enlisted WAVES arrived for duty this date. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Ticonderoga and the other ships of Task Force 38 entered the South China Sea via Bashi Channel. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jan 1945
Soldier of US 101st Airborne Division dead in the woods near Bastogne, Belgium, 10 Jan 1945B-17G Fortress with the 327th Bomb Squadron taxis for take-off at snow covered RAF Podington, Bedfordshire, England, UK for a morning mission to Gymnich Airfield; Jan 10 1945
11 Jan 1945
  • German judge Roland Freisler found Helmuth von Moltke guilty of treason for his works on post-Nazi democracy, and sentenced him to death. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer fired 2 torpedoes at a Japanese patrol vessel in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese gunboat east of Taiwan with her deck gun, causing no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • British forces captured La Roche-en-Ardenne, Belgium, northwest of Bastogne. [Main Article | TH]
Greece
  • General Ronald Scobie signed a truce between the land forces of Greece and the Central Committee of the E.L.A.S. in Athens, Greece. The truce specified a cessation of hostilities from 14 Jan 1945. [AC]
Japan
  • Tatsunosuke Ariizumi met with the officers of Japanese Navy 631st Naval Air Group for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank a small Japanese freighter with her deck gun in the East China Sea 150 kilometers southeast of Shanghai, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-63 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria was named the head of a new effort to coordinate the operations of NKVD, NKGB, and SMERSH, thus gaining partial control of all Soviet counterintelligence agencies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet NKVD Directorate for Prisoners of War and Interned Persons (UPVI) was upgraded to the status of a main directorate (GUPVI); Ivan Petrov was named its new chief. [CPC]
United States
  • The American coastal minesweeper YMS-14 was sunk as a result of a collision with the destroyer USS Hemdon in the north channel of Boston Harbour, Massachusetts, United States. [AC]
12 Jan 1945
  • The Operation Nordwind offensive into France was finally stopped just 13 miles from Strasbourg. In Belgium, north of Bastogne, US and British forces linked up near La Roche-en-Ardenne. [Main Article | TH]
  • General Erik Heinrichs was placed in charge of Finland's defense forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces launched an offensive with 2,000,000 men from bridgeheads of the Vistula River in Poland toward the Oder River in eastern Germany. On the same day, three Soviet armies encircled Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Japanese Army launched its final special attack mission in the Philippine Islands area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Swordfish became missing, presumably sunk by either Japanese depth charges or in a minefield, off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Baya arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | AC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed for Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Burma
  • Men of the British No. 42 (Royal Marine) Commando landed in southeastern Myebon Peninsula, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Kaiten submarines launched by Japanese submarines I-36, I-53, I-56, and I-58 struck targets at Ulithi in the Caroline Islands, Palau Islands, Admiralty Islands, and Guam in the Mariana Islands, respectively. The motherships reported 18 sinkings total, but actual damage done was far less and no ship was sunk. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • USS Ticonderoga and other Task Force 38 carrier launch aircraft that sank 44 Japanese ships off of Indochina, totaling 130,000 tons; Ticonderoga lost 1 aircraft. [Main Article | DS]
  • La Motte-Picquet was sunk at Saigon, French Indochina by US carrier aircraft of Task Force 38. [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • The first over-land supply convoy to reach China from India departed Ledo, India. [CPC]
Japan
  • Tatsunosuke Ariizumi arrived at Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Norway
  • The German Navy U-Boat pens at Bergen, Norway were attacked by a force of 32 Lancaster and one Mosquito aircraft, drawn from Nos. 9 and 617 Squadrons RAF, both units being experienced in the use of "Tallboy" bombs. Contemporary reports recorded that three "Tallboy" bombs caused serious damage to the U-Boat pens after penetrating their 3.5-meter concrete roof. Two submarines suffered minor damage, a cargo ship was severely damaged and a minesweeper was sunk. Four Lancaster bombers were lost (one from No. 9 Squadron and the others from No. 617 Squadron). [AC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit a row of cottages in Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom. 17 were killed and 60 were injured. [CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt departed Washington DC, United States for Hyde Park, New York, United States by train; Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd accompanied him on this journey. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jan 1945
US Army Signal Corps Technical Sergeant Harry A. Downard looking at a killed paratrooper of US 101st Airborne Division, near Bastogne, Belgium, 12 Jan 1945
13 Jan 1945
  • German Armeegruppe E finished its withdrawal from Greece and Albania. [TH]
  • At least 70 Germans were killed when Norwegian saboteurs destroyed the Jørstad Bridge near Snåsa, Norway. [TH]
  • Vice Admiral Shigeru Fukudome was named the commanding officer of the Japanese 1st Southern Expeditionary Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island was attacked by two Japanese aircraft in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands; she shot down one, but suffered a bomb hit by the second. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • US First Army attacked near Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
Germany
  • 1st Byelorussian Front advanced toward Pillkallen, Germany (now Dobrovolsk, Russia), meeting heavy resistance from the German 3rd Panzer Army. [Main Article | TH]
Hungary
  • Raoul Wallenberg approached troops of 7th Guards Army of Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front in Budapest, Hungary and requested to meet with Marshal Rodion Malinovsky in regards to the 7,000 Jews in Pest who were under his care. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Another M6A Seiran aircraft was completed by Aichi. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank two Japanese trawlers with her deck gun in the East China Sea 150 kilometers southeast of Shanghai, China. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom, destroying two trolley buses. 15 were killed and 35 were injured. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jan 1945
Men of the US 347th Infantry Regiment taking a meal break while en route to La Roche, Belgium, 13 Jan 1945
14 Jan 1945
  • Operation Blackcock: British forces cleared the Roer Triangle in Germany, which was known for dams that powered the German industry. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The RaLa Experiment of the Manhattan Project conducted its second test using exploding bridgewire detonators. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front crossed the Nida River and moved toward Radomsko and the Warta River in central Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hauptmann Alfred Banholzer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
  • Dwight Eisenhower wrote to George Marshall recommending Omar Bradley to be promoted to the rank of a full general, citing Bradley's past success and the need to close the rank gap between Bradley and British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • After sundown, Indian 19th Division crossed the Irrawady River near Kyaukmyaung, Burma, 20 miles south of Thabeikkyin and 40 miles north of Mandalay. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front launched its winter offensive from the Narev bridgehead toward Elbing, Germany (now Elblag, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank two Japanese trawlers with her deck gun in the East China Sea 150 kilometers southeast of Shanghai, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 54 USAAF B-29 bombers from Sichuan Province, China attacked Kagi Airfield in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jan 1945
  • German report noted that the total number of prisoners in concentration camps was 714,211; there were about 40,000 guards at the camps. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 36 US Navy F4U fighters and several New Zealand fighters took off from Green Islands east of Australian Papua and attacked the Toboi wharf area of Rabaul, New Britain and the nearby floatplane anchorage. 7 aircraft were lost to poor weather en route back to Green Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler ordered Panzerkorps Grossdeutschland to move from East Prussia, Germany to Poland to counter the Soviet Vistula-Oder Offensive. This counterattack would be repulsed by the Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler departed the Adlerhorst headquarters in Wetterau, Germany, returning to Berlin. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Whale arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Sunfish departed Majuro, Marshall Islands for her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Taiwan, hitting Kaneka Soda Company chemical plant (mis-identified as a magnesium plant) in Tainan, among other targets. 1 aircraft was lost on this day. [Main Article | DS, CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Inrin Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in central Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Rainham, London, England, United Kingdom at about 2345, killing 14 and seriously injuring 4. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Iowa arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jan 1945
Helldiver aircraft over Hornet, South China Sea, mid-Jan 1945, photo 2 of 2Helldiver aircraft over Hornet, South China Sea, mid-Jan 1945, photo 1 of 2Australian Boomerang fighter of No. 5 Squadron RAAF taxiing past RNZAF F4U-1 Corsair fighters, Cape Torokina, Bouganville, Solomon Islands, 15 Jan 1945Hand-drawn post-raid map of Kaneka Soda Company chemical plant (mis-identified as a magnesium plant) by personnel of Air Group 80 aboard USS Ticonderoga, 15 Jan 1945 or later; the facilities were located in Anpin District, Tainan, Taiwan
See all photos dated 15 Jan 1945
16 Jan 1945

Belgium
  • US First and Third Armies linked up near Houffalize, Belgium, while British Second Army attacked near Maas River. The Germans were pushed back to the line prior to the launch of the Ardennes Offensive. [Main Article | TH]
Ceylon
  • HMS King George V departed Trincomalee, Ceylon. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Hainan island in southern China; 5 men and 3 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | DS]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler arrived in Berlin, Germany, and would remain here until the end of his life. [Main Article | CPC]
Hungary
  • Soviet foreign office in Budapest, Hungary told Sweden that Raoul Wallenberg was in Soviet custody. [Main Article | CPC]
Latvia
  • ShCh-307 sank German merchant ship Henrietta Schulze southwest of Liepaja, Latvia. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Soviet troops liberated concentration camps at Czestochowa (800 prisoners) and Lodz (870 prisoners) in Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops evacuated Kielce, Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
Portuguese Macau
  • Aircraft from USS Enterprise struck neutral Portuguese Macau, destroying stores of aviation fuel at the Naval Aviation Center. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1945
Jeeps, Dodge WC54 3/4-ton field ambulances, and US troops on a street in the heavily damaged town of Foy, Belgium, 16 Jan 1945
17 Jan 1945

Atlantic Ocean
  • US Navy intelligence estimated that the German submarine sailing for New York City waters off the east coast of the United States, U-869, would arrive in early Feb 1945. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese forces in Burma began organizing counterattacks against the latest Anglo-Indian offensive. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Guitarro arrvied at Mios Woendi, Biak Islands, Dutch East Indies and received repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Salonika in Greece was occupied by British troops. [AC]
Guam
  • USS Puffer arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hungary
  • The encircled Axis garrison in Budapest, Hungary withdrew across the Danube River to Buda. [Main Article | TH]
  • Raoul Wallenberg was transferred out of Budapest, Hungary for Moscow, Russia by the order of Joseph Stalin's deputy Nikolai Bulganin. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wake Island was detached from Task Group 77.14. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Shamrock Bay completed her duties off Luzon, Philippine Islands and set sail for Ulithi, Caroline Islands as a part of Task Group 77.14. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • After crossing the Warthe River, Soviet troops expanded their bridgehead to 160 miles wide and 100 miles deep, causing the Germans to evacuate Warsaw, Poland (which would soon be occupied by Soviet forces) and Chelmno Extermination Camp; on the same day, Soviet forces also captured Kielce. Angry at the abandonment of Warsaw, Adolf Hitler sacked General Smilo von Lüttwitz and General Walter Fries. Meanwhile, Soviet Marshal Ivan Konev received orders to move toward the Upper Silesia region. [Main Article | TH]
  • 67,012 prisoners were present at Auschwitz Concentration Camp's last evening roll call; they would soon embark on the Death March. Meanwhile, Nazi doctor Josef Mengele began to destroy his laboratories at sector BIIf of Birkenau camp; he would soon evacuate the camp with records of his experiments on twins, dwarfs, and disabled people. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Taiwan
  • USAAF XX Bomber Command launched 90 or 92 B-29 bombers from Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China against Shinchiku Airfield in northern Taiwan; 78 or 79 of them made it over to the target area, damaging hangars, barracks, and other buildings. This was to be the final B-29 mission against Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Mero was launched at Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States, sponsored by the wife of Henry G. Taylor. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Henry Arnold suffered his fourth heart attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jan 1945
F4U-1 Corsair fighters of Royal New Zealand Air Force in flight near Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 17 Jan 1945
18 Jan 1945

Burma
  • Allied aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Monywa, Burma while the Indian 20th Division assaulted the port city on the Chindwin River. [Main Article | CPC]
Hungary
  • German forces launched an offensive from around Lake Balaton, aimed at relieving the Budapest encirclement in Hungary. Meanwhile, Soviet forces liberated the Budapest ghetto. [Main Article | TH]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot fired two torpedoes at a Japanese boat in the Yellow Sea; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 66,000 prisoners from the Auschwitz Concentration Camp were transferred into Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • German troops evacuated Kraków, Poland. Soviet troops reached Lódz, Poland. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • The British government reported that, as of Nov 1944, British forces suffered 282,162 killed, 80,580 missing, 386,374 wounded, and 294,438 captured. [CPC]
  • Royal Scots Fusilier Dennis Donnini became the youngest man to win a Victoria Cross during WW2. In an action at Roermond, the Netherlands the 19-years-old Fusilier (only 4-ft 10-in tall), despite having been hit on the head by a ricocheting bullet bravely charged a German position and destroyed it with grenades, being wounded again in the process. Later to allow his comrades to outflank a second German position, he stood in the open blazing away with a Bren gun until he was killed by a chance bullet that hit a grenade he was about to throw, blowing him up. Fusilier Donnini was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for his valour. Donnini's brother had died of war wounds in 1944 and a second sibling has been a prisoner of war since Dunkirk. [AC]
  • Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in a speech before the House of Commons, announced that "US troops have done almost all the fighting (in the Ardennes) suffering losses equal to those of both sides at the Battler of Gettysburg". This was interpreted by many as a direct and insulting attack on the abilities of Bernard Montgomery and the British fighting forces in Europe. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Alabama entered a drydock at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jan 1945
OS2U Kingfisher aircraft on the fantail of USS New Jersey or USS Wisconsin, off Taiwan, 18 Jan 1945; note 16-inch guns in foreground and USS Hornet in background
19 Jan 1945
  • The Germans began evacuating civilians from Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Allied aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Monywa, Burma while the Indian 20th Division assaulted the port city on the Chindwin River. Meanwhile, Indian 4th Corps began its secret march southward for Meiktila, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Richard Bienert was named the prime minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler ordered that any attacks or retreats by divisions or larger units must be approved by him beforehand. [Main Article | TH]
  • Alexander Löhr was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Parche attacked two Japanese ships east of Taiwan, damaging a tanker and a freighter with 1 torpedo each; 10 torpedoes were expended during this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Spot sank a Japanese cargo ship and a tanker in the Yellow Sea, hitting them with 3 of 13 torpdoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Red Army captured Kraków and Lódz, Poland and entered Ostpreußen (East Prussia), Germany from the south. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Town Quay, Barking, London, England, United Kingdom at 2300 hours. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1945
Men of the US 1st Infantry Division checking out a gasoline truck that had skidded off the road due to snow and ice, Sourbrodt, Belgium, 19 Jan 1945
20 Jan 1945
  • Martin Bormann ordered Arthur Greiser to flee Reichsgau Wartheland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The French First Army under General de Lattre attacked the Colmar Pocket in Alsace, France. [TH]
  • Colonel General Ferdinand Schörner replaced Colonel General Josef Harpe as the head of German Army Group A in eastern Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nikolaus von Falkenhorst was awarded the German Cross in Silver. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki was struck from the Japanese navy list. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback departed for her twelfth and final war patrol in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese troops captured Wanting, Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Chojuro Takahashi was named the commanding officer of light carrier Ryuho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho conducted a torpedo attack training with Air Group 453 and submarine HA-106. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Burma
  • Allied aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Monywa, Burma while the Indian 20th Division assaulted the port city on the Chindwin River. Meanwhile, Japanese forces in Burma began a coordinated counteroffensive against the latest Anglo-Indian advances. [Main Article | CPC]
Hungary
  • An armistice between the Hungarian Provisional National Government and the Soviet Union insisted that Hungary should declare war on Germany and pay $300,000,000 in reparations. [Main Article | AC]
Japan
  • Warrant Flying Officer Suzuki and Warrant Flying Officer Sasaki conducted a navigation training flight aboard a E16A Zuiun seaplane at Kure, Japan; the aircraft crashed behind a hangar during landing, killing both, making them the first casualties of Japanese Navy 631 Naval Air Group. Sasaki was supposed to be married that evening. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Ticonderoga and other ships of Task Group 38 exited South China Sea via Balintang Channel. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Spot sank a Japanese cargo ship in the Yellow Sea with her deck gun after missing her with 5 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami transited the Balintang Channel between Taiwan and the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Three German V-2 rocket hit London, England, United Kingdom. The first hit Potters Bar at 1100 hours, killing 21. The second hit Calton Road in East Barnet at 1315 hours, killing 12. The third hit Tottenham at 2000 hours, killing 23. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jan 1945
Four Beaufort bombers of No. 100 Squadron RAAF in flight near Wewak, New Guinea, 20 Jan 1945
21 Jan 1945
  • In Burma, the Chinese Expeditionary Force supported by USAAF aircraft based in China captured Wangting. [AC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese tanker off the Bonin Islands; all 8 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 26th Division landed on Ramree Island, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Red Army units captured Tannenburg, East Prussia, Germany (now Stebark, Poland), but only after the Germans destroyed the monument memorializing the 1914 German victory over the Soviets. [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • Submarine I-369 departed Yokosuka, Japan with supplies for Minamitorishima (Marcus Island). [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Boarfish attacked a Japanese convoy three times in the South China Sea in a period of three hours before dawn; all 16 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami shot down a Japanese A6M fighter. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Raoul Wallenberg was transferred to the Lubyanka prison in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Taiwan
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Taiwan; 1 man and 3 aircraft were lost. Later that day, Ticonderoga was struck by two special attack aircraft at about 120 miles southeast of Taiwan, killing 143 men and injuring 202 others. Commander Harmon Vedder Briner took temporary command of the carrier as Captain Dixie Kiefer was injured in the attacks. [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-63 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jan 1945
Men of Company I, 3d Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment, US 1st Division riding on M4 Sherman tank at Schopen, Belgium, 21 Jan 1945USS Ticonderoga burning after being hit by two special attack aircraft, 125 miles east-southeast of Taiwan, 21 Jan 1945Carrier Ticonderoga burning after being struck by kamikaze aircraft off Taiwan, 21 Jan 1945; note light cruiser MiamiSplinters of teak flight deck surround bomb hole near Ticonderoga
See all photos dated 21 Jan 1945
22 Jan 1945
  • USS Caiman arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Four squadrons of Spitfire fighters of the RAF, carrying bombs, knocked out a German liquid oxygen rocket fuel factory at Alblasserdam in the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • The remnants of the German 4th Panzer Army successfully fled to the Oder River in eastern Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • By this date, all Japanese troops in Yunnan Province, China were pushed to the Burma side of the Sino-Burmese border. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese patrol boat off the Bonin Islands; the single torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 20th Division captured Monywa, Burma on the Chindwin River and reached the Irrawady River at Myinmu. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops began assaulting Kangaw, Burma. Meanwhile, off the coast, additional troops were disembarked on Ramree Island and Royal Marine commandos landed at Daingbon Chaung on the coast. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet forces captured Allenstein and Insterburg in Ostpreußen (East Prussia), Germany. [Main Article | TH]
23 Jan 1945
  • Soviet units reached the Oder River in the Silesia region of occupied Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • In fighting at Brachterbeek, the Netherlands, Lance Corporal Henry Harden, a medic attached to the Commandos, sprinted 100 yards under fire over open ground to attend three wounded men. He carried one back to safety and, despite being hit, insisted on returning for the others. As he hoisted the second wounded man onto his back, he was shot and killed. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • USS Sennet attacked Japanese patrol boats off the Bonin Islands, sinking one and damaging another with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Myinmu, Burma. The last Japanese survivors drowned themselves in the Irrawaddy River to avoid capture. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Helmuth von Moltke was executed at the Plötzensee Prison in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kriegsmarine units began the evacuation of German civilians from Ostpreußen (East Prussia) and Danzig (Operation Hannibal). Meanwhile, Soviet troops reached Elbing, Danzig-Westpreußen, Germany (now Elblag) on the Baltic coast. [Main Article | TH]
Hungary
  • A UKR official attached to Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front reported that between 1 Jan 1945 and 20 Jan 1945, 2 German counterintelligence personnel, 39 German intelligence personnel, and 7 Hungarian intelligence personnel were arrested in Hungary. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jan 1945
Battleship Indiana and Cruiser Division 5 bombarded Iwo Jima, 23 Jan 1945, photo 1 of 2Battleship Indiana and Cruiser Division 5 bombarded Iwo Jima, 23 Jan 1945, photo 2 of 2
24 Jan 1945
  • USS Blackfin sank Japanese destroyer Shigure in the Gulf of Siam about 160 miles from Kota Bharu, Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German forces began withdrawing from Slovakia. [TH]
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front captured Gleiwitz, Germany (now Gliwice, Poland). [Main Article | TH]
  • British Fleet Air Arm Seafire fighters commenced operations in the Far East with a full-scale attack on oil targets in Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands; Captain Kiefer, the executive officer, and others wounded during the special attack three days prior were transferred to hospital ship Samaritan. [Main Article | DS]
Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • Shigure was sunk by USS Blackfin in the Gulf of Siam off Khota Bharu, Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-7 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its first flight at Khimki near Moscow, Russia (the eleventh flight of the design); a problem with the landing gear was reported during this flight. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Jan 1945
  • Denise Bloch passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur moved his advance headquarters forward to Hacienda Luisita, Tarlac, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Posen, Germany (now Poznan, Poland) was declared a Fortress City after it was surrounded and left to wither by Soviet forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • Heinz Guderian asked Joachim von Ribbentrop to negotiate peace with the Western Allies. Ribbentrop reported this to Adolf Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian and Japanese troops clashed at Kabwet, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Germany announced the biggest evacuation in military history when the first of what would grow to be up to two million troops were withdrawn by ship through the Baltic from Preußen (Prussia) and Pommern (Pomerania). The evacuation continued until the end of the European War. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii Russia
  • Raoul Wallenberg was interrogated at the OKR of Soviet 18th Rifle Corps in Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Jan 1945
  • Despite being wounded, US Army 2nd Lieutenant Audie Murphy single-handedly repelled tank and infantry attacks on his unit's position at Colmar, France. The action earned Murphy America's highest award for bravery, the Medal of Honor. Beginning as a private and earning a battlefield commission, he finished the war as his country's most decorated soldier with 33 medals and was personally credited with killing 240 enemies. After the war, the baby-faced hero made a fortune as a B-movie film star before being killed in a plane crash in 1971, aged 46. After President John F Kennedy, his grave was the most visited plot in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, United States. [Main Article | AC]
  • German 17th Army received permission to withdraw from Katowice, Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese patrol boat off the Bonin Islands; the single torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops landed on Cheduba Island, Burma; the landing was unopposed. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Astoria arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler was put in command of Armeegruppe Weichsel, or Army Group Vistula, as Soviet troops broke through the Gulf of Danzig and isolated three German armies in East Prussia, Germany. Soviet forces were now within 95 miles of Berlin, Germany. Meanwhile, thousands of German refugees were killed while waiting for ships to evacuate them from East Prussia when a nearby ammunition depot was detonated by a Soviet aerial attack. [Main Article | TH]
Japan United Kingdom
  • An air burst from a German V-2 rocket over Cotswold Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom caused widespread damage. Another rocket hit Clapham, London at 1045 hours, seriously injuring 25 and lightly injuring 42. Another rocket hit Croydon, London in an open space without causing any injuries. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Whale arrived at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Capitaine was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander E. S. Friedrick in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jan 1945
Royal Marines landing on Cheduba Island, Burma, 26 Jan 1945
27 Jan 1945
  • In the wake of the German evacuation, Soviet forces captured Memel; the Soviets now occupied all of Lithuania. [TH]
  • Despite of the needed coal and industry there, the Germans began evacuating the Upper Silesia region as Soviet troops approached; this included the city of Katowice, Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Woolwich Arsenal in Britain at 2230 hours, killing 6 and injuring 17, causing some damage to machines. [CPC]
  • Four groups of the US 20th Air Force, operating B-29 bombers, completed its move to India. On the same day, American B-29 bombers from India struck Saigon, French Indochina and Bangkok, Thailand with little result. [CPC]
  • USS Kete completed lifeguard duty off Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado departed Brisbane, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a report written by Heinz Guderian on this date, he referred to the Soviet forces as a "tidal wave". [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • After sundown, HMS Diadem and HMS Mauritius engaged in combat with German destroyers in the North Sea; German destroyer Z31 was heavily damaged during the engagement, but would survive to return to port. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Allied X-Force under Daniel Sultan, moving north from Burma, made contact with Allied Y-Force under Sun Liren, moving south from China, in the Chinese-Burmese border region. [CPC]
Germany
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was awarded Swords to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
  • With the Red Army just 20 kilometers away the Germans evacuated the 11,000 prisoners of war held at Stalag Luft III to commence a march in sub-zero temperatures to Spremburg, Germany. [AC]
Japan
  • 62 American B-29 bombers based in the Mariana Islands struck Tokyo, Japan. Japanese fighters shot down 5 bombers, while 4 others received damage and had to ditch or crash land. B-29 gunner claimed 60 fighters shot down. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall sank a Japanese patrol vessel in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 1 torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Reconnaissance troops of the Soviet 100th Infantry Division discovered the prisoners' infirmary at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp at about 0900 hours. The remainder of the division arrived 30 minutes later. Soviet troops entered the main camp in the afternoon where they fought off the remaining German resistance at the cost of 231 lives. By this time, only 7,000 prisoners remained to be liberated in the entire Auschwitz system; the bulk of had been marched away previously. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviets sentenced German SD officer Alois Galfe to death for his role in the recruitment and training of Russian nationals to act as German spies. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jan 1945
Map depicting the Salween Offensive, 3 Nov 1944-27 Jan 1945Ginza district of Tokyo, Japan following aerial bombing, 27 Jan 1945A jeep of US Army 30th Infantry Division in Belgium, 27 Jan 1945; note Browning M1919 machine gun, radio antenna, anti-decapitation bar, and unusual spare tire location
28 Jan 1945
  • Air Group 80 was transferred aboard USS Hancock. [Main Article | DS]
  • Cruiser Köln departed for Wilhelmshaven, Germany for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Spadefish attacked a Japanese convoy in the southern Yellow Sea and sank Sanuki Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Katowice, Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine I-369 arrived at Minamitorishima (Marcus Island), Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Friedrich Christiansen stepped down as the commanding officer of the German 25th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese convoy off Syo-kokuzan To in the Yellow Sea as a member of a wolfpack and observed the sinking of two Japanese ships by fellow submarine USS Spadefish. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet departed the Bonin Islands area. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Pauk, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Captain Giles Elza Short was named the commanding officer of USS Ticonderoga. She then departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands for Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States via Pearl Harbor. [Main Article | DS]
Germany
  • The Ardennes bulge was finally pushed back to its original lines, thus ending the Battle of the Bulge. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Brill departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jan 1945
Troops of US 82nd Airborne Division marching behind M4 Sherman tank in a snowstorm toward German occupied town of Herresbach, Belgium, 28 Jan 1945M4 Sherman tank and troops of Company G, 740th Tank Battalion, 504th Regiment, US 82nd Airborne Division operating in snowy conditions, near Herresbach, Belgium, Jan 1945Troops of US 82nd Airborne Division marching, near Herresbach, Belgium, 28 Jan 1945; note heavily loaded ammunition sledAerial view of Yokohama, Japan, 28 Jan 1945
29 Jan 1945
  • Allied troops captured Oberhausen, Germany in the Rhine river basin. [Main Article | TH]
  • Adolf Hitler met with Vidkun Quisling for the last time. [Main Article | TH]
  • Aircraft from HMS Indomitable struck Palembang, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr anchored one mile off the Indochina coast for four hours during daylight while a team was dispatched ashore to rescue a downed airman. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American troops landed near San Antonio, Luzon, Philippine Islands unopposed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Activity departed Britain with convoy KM 39. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon's conning tower hatch failed during the morning trim dive, causing flooding in the tower, control room, and pump room. She ended her war patrol early. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The last WW2 P-40 fighter victory against a Japanese aircraft was recorded. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • An Allied convoy originally from Ledo, India crossed the Burmese-Chinese border. It was the first convoy across this supply route since Apr 1942. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Permit departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • 19 American B-24 bombers based in Guam, Mariana Islands attacked Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall attacked a Japanese patrol vessel in the South China Sea; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Marcus Island provided air support during the unopposed US landing at Zambales Province on the island of Luzon in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jan 1945
  • Douglas MacArthur ordered Major General Verne Mudge of the US 1st Cavalry Division to conduct a rapid advance on Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 500 Allied prisoners of war were rescued at Cabanatuan, Luzon, Philippine Islands by a raid conducted by the US Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German passenger liner Wilhelm Gustloff was attacked and sunk by a Soviet submarine off Gotenhafen, East Prussia, Germany (now Gdynia, Poland), killing 8,000 of the 9,000 passengers onboard. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Kete arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was ordered to join the Army Group Vistula on the Eastern Front. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Albert Speer noted to Adolf Hitler that, having lost the Silesia region to Soviet forces, Germany had now lost an important source of coal and steel, the war was now lost. [Main Article | CPC]
Baltic Sea
  • While transporting civilians from Ostpreußen (East Prussia), Germany, German Navy passenger ship Wilhelm Gustloff was sunk by Soviet submarine S-13, taking somewhere between 5,000 and 10,000 lives, possibly making it the greatest loss of life in a maritime disaster in history. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: The first WAVE officer reported for duty this date. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall sank a Japanese transport in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 1 torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Russian monarchist Vasili Shulgin, who had been arrested in Yugoslavia in Dec 1944, was brought to Lubyanka Prison in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Government called on every firm and factory to cut the use of gas and electricity by 10 percent without jeopardising essential war work. [AC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 30 Jan 1945
German Volkssturm troops with Panzerfäuste at Königsberg, Germany, Jan 1945
31 Jan 1945
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front established two bridgeheads over the Oder River near Küstrin, Germany (now Kostrzyn, Poland). [Main Article | TH]
  • The Duke of Gloucester became the Governor-General of Australia, an appointment designed to ensure that Australia did not become a dependency of the United States. [AC]
  • American submarine chaser PC-1129 intercepted Japanese Shinyo special attack boats in the Philippine Islands, but she was in turn rammed by one of the boats and was sunk. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wake Island completed her repairs at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Sennet arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Boarfish attacked a Japanese convoy three times in the South China Sea, sinking cargo ship Enki Maru (1 of 2 torpedoes hit) and damaging cargo ship Taietsu Maru (1 of 2 torpedoes hit; she would later be finished off by US aircraft). [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Navy expanded the piston-jet mix-powered fighter contract with Ryan Aeronautical to 700 examples. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1945
  • USS Sea Cat departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army captured Remscheid in Germany, east of Düsseldorf. On the same day, US Seventh Army reached the Moder River and the Siegfried Line/Westwall. [Main Article | TH]
  • Küstrin, Germany, surrounded by Soviet troops, was declared a Fortress City. [Main Article | TH]
  • British fighter ace Robert Roland Stanford Tuck, shot down and captured on 28 Jan 1942, escaped from his prisoner of war camp, subsequently making his way through the Russian lines to the British Embassy in Moscow and then home. [AC]
  • Warspite was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho arrived at Tokuyama, Japan, refueled, and departed to conduct a training exercise as a target vessel. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Bulgaria
  • Bulgarian People's Court found Dobri Bozhilov guilty of being a traitor to Bulgaria and sentenced him to death. The execution was carried out later on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bulgarian People's Court found Bogdan Filov guilty of being a traitor to Bulgaria and sentenced him to death. The execution was carried out later on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Captain Thomas Howell Binford was named the commanding officer of USS Miami while the ship was at sea south of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Taiwan District Army was formed within the Japanese Tenth Area Army with the former commanding officer General Rikichi Ando of the former Taiwan Army at its head. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Segundo departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1945
Eisenhower at his headquarters, 1 Feb 1945B-24J Liberator “Vera L” and other aircraft from the 27th Bomb Squadron drop 55-gallon drums filled with gasoline on Iwo Jima to burn off the plant growth in advance of the landings to come two weeks later, Feb 1 1945.
2 Feb 1945
  • Lieutenant Jack L. Knight of Mars Task Force led an attack up a 400-foot only to find at the summit that they had entered a horseshoe shaped Japanese strongpoint. Wounded several times and with carbine ammunition exhausted, Knight organized another attack and was finally killed whilst tackling a sixth bunker. For his gallantry, Knight would ultimately be awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor, the only such infantry award made in the China-Burma-India theatre of war. [Main Article | CPC, AC]
  • French troops captured Colmar, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front reached the Oder River, near Frankfurt, Germany. On the same day, the Soviet Stavka in Moscow, Russia declared the Vistula-Oder Offensive complete. [Main Article | TH]
  • Churchill and Roosevelt completed a three-day meeting at Malta; Churchill noted that Roosevelt's health was not at its best. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nazi German Gauleiter Karl Hanke announced the formation of new Volkssturm militia units at Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). On the same day, Major General Hans von Ahlfen was named the commanding officer of the Fortress City of Breslau. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Kangaw, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Isai Babich authorized the arrest of Soviet Captain Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn for his private criticism of Joseph Stalin. [CPC]
  • Lieutenant General Mikhail Krivenko was named the head of the Soviet Main Directorate for Prisoners of War and Interned Persons (GUPVI), replacing Ivan Petrov. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Deptford, London, England, United Kingdom, killing 24. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Franklin departed Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Feb 1945
German troops on retreat in the Upper Silesia region, Germany (now Poland), 2 Feb 1945; note SdKfz. 10 half-track vehicles towing 7.5 cm PaK 40 gunsGerman Volkssturm troops in Ratibor, Germany (now Racibórz, Poland), 2 Feb 1945; note Kar98k rifles and PanzerfaustUSS ABSD-1 with USS P. H. Burnett in the dock, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 2 Feb 1945
3 Feb 1945
  • US forces engaged Japanese troops in Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops captured Landsberg, Germany. [TH]
  • The Soviet State Defense Committee (GKO) ordered all German males between the ages of 17 and 50 in Soviet-occupied territories to be deported to the Soviet Union as forced laborers. [CPC]
Burma
  • Frank Messervy ordered his Indian 4th Corps to attack Chauk and Pagan, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Judge Roland Friesler, the fanatical Nazi who condemned to death the July plotters against Hitler, was killed during an air raid on Berlin, Germany. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-64 departed Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Feb 1945
Molotov and Stalin at Yalta, Russia (now Ukraine), Feb 1945Roosevelt, Churchill, and Molotov at Yalta, Russia (now Ukraine), 3 Feb 1945; note Ford GPW JeepUS Secretary of State Edward Stettinius, Jr., Soviet diplomat Andrei Gromyko, and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov scanning the sky for the arrival of US President Franklin RooseveltGerman Volkssturm troops with a MG 34 machine gun, Silesia, Germany (now Poland), Feb 1945
See all photos dated 3 Feb 1945
4 Feb 1945
  • Belgium was reportedly free of German forces as of this date. [Main Article | TH]
  • The first of seven Ruhr dams in Germany was captured by the US First Army. [Main Article | TH]
  • 15 Lancaster bombers and 12 Halifax bombers conducted minelaying operations off Helgoland and at the mouth of River Elbe, Germany. [CPC]
  • The US submarine Barbel was sunk by Japanese aircraft southwest of Palawan, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC]
  • Second Lieutenant Danilo of 1st Brazilian Fighter Group was shot down in flames whilst attacking trains to the Southwest of Treviso, Italy. Baling out Lieutenant Danilo walked for twenty-four days, across enemy territory before joining the partisans and finally getting through the front lines to rejoin his comrades. [AC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Seventy American B-29 Superfortress bombers dropped 160 tons of incendiaries on the Japanese city of Kobe. Most of its building were made of wood and they blazed instantly. [Main Article | AC]
Russia
  • The Yalta Conference commenced in Russia (now Ukraine). [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Franklin arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Feb 1945
  • Vice Admiral Shigeru Fukudome was named the commanding officer of the Japanese 10th Area Fleet while still holding command of the 1st Southern Expeditionary Fleet; Rear Admiral Bunji Asakura was named his chief of staff. On the same day, the Japanese Navy 13th Air Fleet was transferred from the Southwest Area Fleet to become part of the 10th Area Fleet; it brought in the strength of two air flotillas and seven air groups. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill departed Fremantle, Australia for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • The first Allied supply convoy from Ledo, India to successfully cross the Burmese-Chinese border on 29 Jan 1945 arrived in Kunming Airfield, Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • The RSHA transported approximately 1,200 Jews from Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia to Switzerland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Submarine I-369 arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Kobi Naval Air Group was transferred to Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Feb 1945
Alaska fired her 5-inch gun during gunnery practice, 5 Feb 1945Two French soldiers giving African-American soldiers candy, Rouffach, France, 5 Feb 1945Troops of Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front fighting in Budapest, Hungary, 5 Feb 1945F4U-1D Corsair fighter of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-511 aboard USS Block Island, 5 Feb 1945
6 Feb 1945
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front expanded its holdings along the east bank of the Oder River in Germany. [TH]
  • USS Mingo departed Fremantle, Australia for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • S-37 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Tsuyoshi Matsumoto was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy 12th Air Fleet. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Marcus Island was relieved as Rear Admiral W. D. Sample's flagship while at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Raoul Wallenberg was transferred back to the Lubyanka prison in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Feb 1945
An African-American US Army soldier and a Chinese soldier placing the flag of their ally on the front of a jeep that was about to drive onto the Ledo Road/Stilwell Road, 6 Feb 1945Louisville about to enter the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States for repairs, 6 Feb 1945; text on photograph denoted special attack damage sustained on 6 Jan 1945
7 Feb 1945
  • German demolition of Ruhr floodgates flooded the area west of Köln, Germany, inhibiting Allied action. [Main Article | TH]
  • Kriegsmarine cruisers assisted with naval gunfire to halt Soviet attacks near Königsberg, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Carbonero was commissioned into service, Commander Charlton Murphy, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank Japanese transport Okinoyama Maru east of Taiwan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • USS Bergall fired eight torpedoes at a Japanese convoy east of Cam Rahn Bay, French Indochina, damaing two oilers with three hits. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Captain William Sinton was named the commanding officer of USS Ticonderoga. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Sennet departed Saipan, Mariana Islands for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the railway sidings near Barking Marches, London, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Franklin departed San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Feb 1945
USS Cod off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 7 Feb 1945, photo 1 of 3USS Cod off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 7 Feb 1945, photo 2 of 3USS Cod off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 7 Feb 1945, photo 3 of 3
8 Feb 1945
  • USS Tang was struck from the Naval Register. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British and Canadian forces launched a major assault into the Reichswald near Nijmegen, the Netherlands. [TH]
  • Marshal Ivan Konev's six armies surged out of their Oder River bridgehead in eastern Germany. [TH]
  • Generalmajor Karl Marthinson, head of the Norwegian State Police, was assassinated in Oslo, Norway by the Milorg resistance group. The Germans retaliated by executing 29 civilians. [TH]
  • USS Hoe departed Fremantle, Australia for her eighth war patrol in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The UKR chief of Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front Aleksandr Vadis reported that of the 184 German agents captured by SMERSH in Jan 1945, 124 of them had orders to sabotage Soviet war efforts. [CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front commenced the Lower Silesian Offensive at 0600 hours after a 55-minute artillery bombardment; by the end of the day, Soviet troops had penetrated German lines by as much as 60 kilometers at certain locations. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The 28th East African Brigade attacked Seikpyu, Burma as a feint. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Marcus Island was made the flagship of Rear Admiral Felix Stump's Carrier Division 24 whiel at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin held a feast for the Allied leaders at Yalta, Russia (now Ukraine). [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Super Cinema in Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom at 1245 hours; 13 were killed and 64 were seriously injured, and 86 were lightly injured. Another rocket hit Tavistock Place in St Pancras, London at 1608 hours; 31 were killed and 54 were seriously injured; the Central London Opthalmic Hospital and the Medical School of the Royal Free Hospital were damaged. [CPC]
9 Feb 1945
  • British and Canadian troops forced their way through a main Siegfried Line/Westwall defensive zone. Meanwhile, half of German 19.Armee was evacuated back into Germany before the final Rhine River bridge in the Colmar Pocket in France was blown. [Main Article | TH]
  • Elbing and Posen in Germany (now Elblag and Poznan in Poland) were surrounded by the Soviet forces. [TH]
  • In a rare instance of submarine-to-submarine combat, British HMS Venturer sank German U-864 off the coast of Fedje, Norway. [CPC]
  • Between this date and 12 Feb 1945, US submarine Batfish sank three Japanese destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet submarine S-13 sank the German ship Steuben, killing 3,000 to 4,000, most of which were military personnel being evacuated from East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet Captain Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was arrested for his private criticism of Joseph Stalin; he would eventually be sentenced to 8 years imprisonment at labor camps for this crime. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Feb 1945
Crash-landed Beaufighter TF Mk X aircraft of No. 144 Squadron at RAF Dallachy, Elgin, Scotland, United Kingdom, 9 Feb 1945Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at the Livadia Palace in Yalta, Russia (now Ukraine), Feb 1945, photo 1 of 3Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at the Livadia Palace in Yalta, Russia (now Ukraine), Feb 1945, photo 2 of 3Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at the Livadia Palace in Yalta, Russia (now Ukraine), Feb 1945, photo 3 of 3
10 Feb 1945
  • US First Army captured the last of seven Ruhr dams in Germany, but in general Canadian and American troops continued to make very slow progress as key areas had been flooded by retreating Germans. [Main Article | AC]
  • In Poland, Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front reached the Niesse River, taking Liegnitz and encircling Glogau in the process. [TH]
  • Soviet submarine S-13 torpedoed and sank German passenger liner General Steuben, killing 3,500 people. Most of the passengers on board were wounded military personnel and civilians being evacuated from East Prussia, Germany. [AC]
  • USS Mingo survived a typhoon, which caused some damage and caused 2 men to be lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Nakajima aircraft plant at Ota, Gunma Prefecture, Japan was seriously damaged by American bombing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 5th Air Fleet was formed with the strength of eight air groups with Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki in command and Captain Toshiyuki Yokoi as his chief of staff; it was attached to the Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Starting from this date, Soviet counterintelligence chiefs of each front were required to provide daily reports on the progress of the deportation of German males (for use as forced laborers within the Soviet Union). [CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 114th Brigade captured Pakkoku 20 kilometers southwest of the Chindwin-Irrawaddy confluence in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Hancock departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands as part of Task Group 58.2. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wake Island departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands with Task Group 52.2. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Jean de Lattre de Tassigny was awarded the Grand Croix of the Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Fierce German counter attacks near Neustettin, Germany (now Szczecinek, Poland) halted the advance of the Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front. Nevertheless, some of the troops of the Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front were withdrawn from the East Prussian Offensive and diverted to the fighting in Pomerania, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Catapult and Arresting Gear facilities turned over to station as usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Hungary
  • A breakout attempt by the remaining 16,000 Axis troops in Budapest, Hungary failed, with most of the men being captured or killed. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Silvertown in North Woolwich, London, England, United Kingdom just across the River Thames from the Harland and Wolff shipyard offices; many workers at Harland and Wolff were injured. Another rocket scored a direct hit on the Bascule Bridge in Woolwich at 1115 hours. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Feb 1945
HMS Howe at Auckland, New Zealand, 2-10 Feb 1945
11 Feb 1945
  • Aircraft of Air Group 80 flew training missions while its mothership USS Hancock sailed toward Japan. [Main Article | DS]
  • The Yalta Agreement was signed by Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin, with Stalin pledging to declare war on Japan three months after the German surrender. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island participated in an exercise in the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Catapult and Arresting Gear facilities first used (VF-100 with FM-2 and F6F-5 aircraft). [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Glyco Works in West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
United States
  • On or around this date, German submarine U-869 was sunk off New Jersey, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Pompon arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
12 Feb 1945
  • Aircraft of Air Group 80 flew training missions while its mothership USS Hancock sailed toward Japan. [Main Article | DS]
  • British and Canadian forces captured Kleve, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Yalta Agreement was publicly announced nearly simultaneously in Moscow, Russia and London, England, United Kingdom regarding the handling of Germany after the war. [Main Article | TH]
  • Peru declared war on Germany and Japan. [AC]
  • USS Croaker arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wilhelm Keitel ordered all deserters to be shot. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 20th Division crossed the Irrawady River at Myinmu, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Hungary
  • Richard Kauder, a German military intelligence officer stationed in Budapest, Hungary, was arrested for suspicion of planning an escape to Switzerland as he was caught leaving the city with cash, jewelry, and his stamp collection. [CPC]
Japan
  • Submarine I-369 departed Yokosuka, Japan with supplies for Chichi Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Feb 1945
Vandegrift portrait, 12 Feb 1945Battleship Indiana underway en route to attack Tokyo, Japan with Task Force 58.1, 12 Feb 1945; note ships of Task Group 58.3 in background
13 Feb 1945
  • USS Wake Island was designated the flagship of Task Unit 52.2.1. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinz Guderian and Adolf Hitler argued on the Eastern Front situation; Guderian would later make note of Hitler's inability to control his rage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet shared the credit of sinking two Japanese patrol boats with USS Haddock and USS Lagarto south of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 7th Division crossed the Irrawady River at Nyaungu, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Allied firebombing raid started massive firestorms in Dresden, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • German intelligence detected a Soviet build-up that suggested a move against the eastern Pommern and Danzig-Westpreußen region of Germany (occupied Poland and Danzig). [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Chub departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hungary Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall damaged a large Japanese warship in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Feb 1945
Roosevelt and King Farouk of Egypt aboard USS Quincy in the Great Bitter Lake, Egypt, 13 Feb 1945Column of American cruisers Phoenix (where the photo was taken), Boise, Denver, Cleveland, and Montpelier, off Corregidor, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 Feb 1945US 4th Infantry Division being supplied via airdrop by means of C-47 aircraft of US 101st Airborne Division, Briealf, Germany, 13 Feb 1945C-47 Skytrain aircraft of US 101st Airborne Division dropping supplies to troops of US 4th Division, Briealf, Germany, 13 Feb 1945
See all photos dated 13 Feb 1945
14 Feb 1945
  • Cruiser Köln arrived at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British and Canadian troops reached the Rhine River northwest of Duisberg, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • German Panzerkorps "Großdeutschland" and German 24th Panzer Corps counterattacked near Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland), seeing some success against Soviet 4th Tank Army, but the Germans were unable halt the larger Soviet attempt to surround the city. Nearby, Soviet troops captured Groß-Rosen Concentration Camp in Groß-Rosen, Germany (now Rogoznica, Poland). [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • USS Mingo arrived at Fremantle, Australia for repairs, pausing her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny arrived at Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands and was moored to submarine tender Fulton for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-48 was sunk by the USS Fletcher north of Corregidor, Philippine Islands, after being damaged by Japanese shore batteries. [AC]
  • Oberstleutnant Heinz Bär was appointed as Geschwaderkommodore of III/EJG 2, the Luftwaffe unit tasked with the operational training of pilots for the Messerschmitt Me 262 Jet fighter. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Wake Island set sail for Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill sank two Japanese submarine chasers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet damaged a Japanese patrol boat with her deck gun south of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island disembarked US Navy squadron VC-21 and embarked squadron VC-87. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Ba 349 prototype aircraft M8 flew as a glider with Hans Zübert in the cockpit. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • Martial law ended in Greece. [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 85 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Kiyoshi Ito saw combat against US carrier aircraft over central Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Malaya and Singapore United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Chelmsford-to-London Road near the village of Mountnessing in Essex, England, United Kingdom at 1700 hours. [CPC]
  • German V-2 rocket hit Wormholt Road in Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom about 1 mile west of Sheperds Bush at 2200 hours, killing 29 and injuring 41. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Feb 1945
John Winant, Anna Boettiger, and Harry Hopkins aboard USS Quincy off Egypt, 14 Feb 1945Winant, Roosevelt, Stettinius, and Hopkins aboard USS Quincy off Egypt, 14 Feb 1945Franklin Roosevelt and King Abdul-Aziz (Ibn Saud) of Saudi Arabia aboard USS Quincy, Great Bitter Lake, Egypt, 14 Feb 1945Dresden, Germany in ruins, 14 Feb 1945
15 Feb 1945
  • The Ohka Model 22 variant design efforts began. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Zensuke Kanome was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy 12th Air Fleet. [CPC]
  • USS Astoria's crew found out the task force was en route to attack Tokyo, Japan; the carrier fleet USS Astoria was escorting was to launch attack planes on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 3rd Guards Tank Army and Soviet 4th Tank Army surrounded Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Gabilan arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Boarfish arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • German 11.SS-Armee launched Operation Sonnenwende in Pommern, Germany, although only III.SS-Panzer Korps started the attack on time. [Main Article | TH]
Philippines
  • Japanese Shinyo explosive motor-boats sank three American LCS(L) armoured support craft at Mariveles Harbour, Bataan, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-64 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Takao Prisoners of War Camp near Takao (now Kaohsiung), Taiwan was closed; the prisoners were transported to Fukuoka, Japan in the preceding several weeks. [CPC]
  • Takao Naval Air Group was dissolved at Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States for extensive repairs. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 15 Feb 1945
Salmon underway at sea on 15 Feb 1945, while in the Atlantic Ocean en route to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United StatesAboard USS Phoenix, US Navy Rear Admiral Russell S. Berkey spoke to HMAS Australia or Shropshire via an eletric megaphone during the bombardment of Corregidor, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 15 Feb 194M3 Half-track vehicle of 16th Infantry Regiment, US 1st Infantry Division moving through a muddy road in the Hürtgen Forest, Germany, 15 Feb 1945Archbishop Damaskinos, Athens, Greece, 15 Feb 1945
See all photos dated 15 Feb 1945
16 Feb 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay set sail for Iwo Jima. [Main Article | CPC]
  • On Luzon, Philippine Islands, American troops captured the Bataan Peninsula while paratroopers assaulted the island of Corregidor at the tip of the peninsula. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the XIX Corps of the Ninth Army of US 12th Army Group. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived 49 miles southwest of Iwo Jima, Japan and provided spotter aircraft for the battleship gun crews for the next three days. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet sank Japanese minelayer Nariu south of Japan, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 17th Division began crossing the Irrawady River in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Shamrock Bay departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands as a part of Task Unit 50.8.25 in support of the invasion of Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • German 39.Panzer Korps and 10.SS-Panzer Korps began their parts of Operation Sonnenwende in Pommern, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • Air Group 80 flew 6 strikes fighter squadron 80 flew 1 strike against Tokyo, Japan (both groups from USS Hancock); 3 men and 3 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft conducted a fighter sweep over Japan; several fighters were lost in the ensuing engagement. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Crownford Road in Leyton, London, England, United Kingdom at 2345 hours, killing 25 and seriously injuring 10. [CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 16 Feb 1945
Gunnery practice with 40-mm Bofors MK 12 anti-aircraft guns aboard Hornet while her aircraft raided Japan, 16 Feb 1945OS2U Kingfisher aircraft being recovered by battleship USS Texas, off Iwo Jima, at 1700 on 16 Feb 1945; note netting of recovery sled hooked on pontoon’s recovery hookA group of Beaufighter Mk X aircraft of No. 404 Squadron RCAF in flight near Dallachy, Scotland, United Kingdom, 16-18 Feb 1945USS Saint Paul at Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 16 Feb 1945
See all photos dated 16 Feb 1945
17 Feb 1945
  • US Third Army penetrated the Siegfried Line/Westwall and launched massive assault into German territory. [Main Article | TH]
  • Venezuela declared war on Germany and Japan. [AC]
  • USS Snook ended her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Bluebell (Lieutenant G. H. Walker) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-711 in the Kola Inlet off Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | AC]
  • Soviet Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs Dekanozov sent a note to his superior Vyacheslav Molotov suggesting that Hungarian Count István Bethlen, who was already in Soviet custody, should be transferred to Moscow, Russia for interrogations for his past pro-British actions. [CPC]
  • Captain Ryo Kurusu, son of Japanese diplomat Saburo Kurusu, was killed in an accident on the ground at an airfield. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Despite being wounded in both ankles and then hit in both legs, Lieutenant Prakash Singh dragged himself around the battlefield to direct his troops against a Japanese force in Burma. Even when hit again and mortally wounded, he inspired his men to victory by shouting their traditional Dogra war cry until he died. Singh was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • Indian 17th Division completed its crossing of the Irrawady River in Burma. Meanwhile, the Japanese counterattack on the Indian 7th Division at Nyaungu, Burma was turned by the Anglo-Indian troops, and the Japanese troops began falling back into the town. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden arrived in Berlin, Germany to negotiate for the repatriation of Swedish woman who had married a German man but now widowed or deserted. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Springer departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Air Group 80 aircraft from USS Hancock flew 2 strikes against Tokyo, Japan; no men and no aircraft were lost. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wisconsin arrived off Iwo Jima, Japan and bombarded Japanese positions on the island. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-64 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Nicholas Winton was promoted to the brevet rank of flying officer. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Saint Paul was commissioned into service with Captain Ernest Herman von Heimburg in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Feb 1945
Aviation Metalsmith J. J. Lombardo showing WAVES personnel how to tie down cargo, Naval Air Transport Service School, Naval Air Station, Oakland, California, United States, 17 Feb 1945Shells exploded ashore during the pre-invasion bombardment of Iwo Jima, 17 Feb 1945Minesweepers worked the waters off Iwo Jima before the invasion, 17-18 Feb 1945; note the anti-aircraft bursts above the island and a burning aircraft close to the ground on the rightNaval gun shells exploded on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, 17-19 Feb 1945
See all photos dated 17 Feb 1945
18 Feb 1945
  • USS Caiman departed Fremantle, Australia for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops encircled Graudenz, East Prussia, Germany (now Grudziadz, Poland). [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Guitarro sank a Japanese transport, hitting her with all of the three torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The German Operation Sonnenwende offensive in Pommern, Germany was halted by Soviet resistance. [Main Article | TH]
  • Folke Bernadotte met Heinrich Himmler at the SS Hohenlychen sanatorium in Lychen, Germany to discuss the release of Scandinavian Jews from concentration camps and Germany's separate peace with the Western Allies. They would not reach any agreement. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Ivan Serov, head counterintelligence chief of Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front, ordered every German in Poland to be arrested. [CPC]
Russia
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Lenin for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Feb 1945
Commodore Burke was highlined from destroyer Callaghan to carrier Lexington, off Iwo Jima, 18 Feb 1945TBM-3 Avenger of VT-82 flying from the carrier Bennington struggles to remain airborne after receiving heavy damage in a mid-air collision with another Avenger over Chi Chi Jima, 18 Feb 1945.A column of landing craft support vessels passing by Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, Japan, 18 Feb 1945
19 Feb 1945
  • Air Group 80 flew 2 strikes against Iwo Jima and fighter squadron 80 flew 1 strike against Chichi Jima and Haha Jima (both groups from USS Hancock); 1 aircraft was lost. [Main Article | DS]
  • John Basilone passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Cat damaged a small Japanese ship with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German 1st Infantry Division, 3rd Panzer Army, and 4th Army launched a counter attack in East Prussia, Germany, which was spearheaded by a captured Soviet T-34 tank. It opened a corridor between Königsberg and Pillau. The troops would hold this corridor open until early Apr, allowing thousands of civilians to be evacuated by German Navy ships. [Main Article | TH]
  • Heinrich Himmler made his first contact with Swedish Count Folke Bernadotte regarding a separate peace. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops landed on Samar and Capul in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Units of the US 8th Division began encircling German troops trapped within the Siegfried Line/Westwall. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Mingo departed Fremantle, Australia, resuming her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri bombarded Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Lacey scored his final kill of his career as he shot down a Japanese Ki-43 aircraft, bringing his confirmed kills count to 28. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 52nd Army and Soviet 3rd Guards Tank Army secured the flanks of Soviet 4th Tank Army near Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland), thus ending the counter-offensive mounted by German Panzerkorps "Großdeutschland" and German XXIV Panzer Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • At 0905 hours, the first of 30,000 US Marines landed on Iwo Jima, Japan after heavy naval bombardment. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 119 American B-29 bombers attacked the port and urban areas of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft provided aerial cover for the Iwo Jima, Japan invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Bawn's factory at Blackhorse Lane in Walthamstow, London, England, United Kingdom at 1420 hours. It wrecked 12 houses, damaged 500 houses, killed 18, seriously injured 53, and lightly injured 150. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Feb 1945
Fifth Division Marines moving inland off the beach, after coming ashore on Iwo Jima, 19 Feb 1945; note Mount Suribachi in backgroundDowned invaders on the beaches of Iwo Jima, Feb 1945US Marine M4A3 Sherman flame tank, also known as Men of USMC 5th Division advancing through the volcanic ash hills of Red Beach No. 1 at Iwo Jima, Japan, 19 Feb 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 19 Feb 1945
20 Feb 1945
  • German Armeegruppe Kurland suffered heavy Soviet attacks in Lithuania, but was able to resist. [TH]
  • HMS Vervain (Lieutenant Commander R. A. Howell) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-1276 off the coast of Ireland. [Main Article | AC]
  • HMS Activity arrived in Colombo, Ceylon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado was detected by a Japanese aircraft in the South China Sea, which damaged her with depth charges. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill attacked a Japanese convoy, sinking cargo ship Daizen Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Patton wrote to Omar Bradley, urging Bradley to convince Dwight Eisenhower to allow Bradley's army group to attack aggressively toward the Rhine River. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Parche arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: The first major contingent of WAVES arrived this date. Air Group 33 departed. Air Group 5 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US and Brazilian troops of US 5th Army launched Operation Encore against German positions at Monte Castello and Monte Della Torraca 61 kilometers southwest of Bologna, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish collided with a piece of ice floe, bending both of her periscopes. She set sail for Guam, Mariana Islands to receive repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit a factory Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom, killing 7 and injuring 94. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Feb 1945
USS Washington off Iwo Jima, Japan, 19-22 Feb 1945Man of US 9th Marines with flamethrower, Motoyama Airfield (Airfield Number 2), Iwo Jima, Feb 1945Pfc Reg P. Hester, 7th War Dog Platoon, 25th Regiment, United States Marine Corps took a nap while Dutch, his war dog, stood guard, Iwo Jima, Feb 1945American Coast Guard and Navy personnel unloaded suplpies on the beaches of Iwo Jima, 19-20 Feb 1945
See all photos dated 20 Feb 1945
21 Feb 1945
  • Air Group 80 from USS Hancock flew one strike in support of operations on Iwo Jima; 1 aircraft was lost. [Main Article | DS]
  • The Japanese Army and Navy launched a combined tokko attack, dispatching 4 and 21 suicide aircraft, respectively. The fleet carrier USS Saratoga and escort carrier USS Lunga Point were hit and damaged, while escort carrier USS Bismarck Sea was sunk. [Main Article | AC]
  • The first semi-navalised Hawker Sea Fury (SR661) prototype aircraft made its maiden flight. It was fitted with a Centaurus XII engine and four-bladed Rotol airscrew. [AC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Lenin for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Submarine I-369 arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria provided naval gunfire support at Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Boris Shaposhnikov was awarded his third Order of Lenin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the fourth time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Feb 1945
US Marine on Mount Suribachi, with landing craft in the background, Iwo Jima, Japan, 19-23 Feb 1945Officers of the US Fifth Marine Division directed the operations from a sandbagged position, Iwo Jima, 21 Feb 1945Aerial photograph of Mount Suribachi with Iwo JimaLSM-140 unloading on a southeastern Iwo Jima beach, circa 21-22 Feb 1945
See all photos dated 21 Feb 1945
22 Feb 1945
  • Air Group 80 from USS Hancock flew one strike in support of operations on Iwo Jima; 1 aircraft was lost. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wake Island was detached from Task Group 52.2 at Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna fired ten torpedoes at a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, with one torpedo making contact and sinking Japanese tanker Nichiyoko Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 6th Army captured three suburban districts of Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US 5th Army ended the 4-day battle for the Upper Reno Valley in Italy, located between Bologna and Florence. [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • USS Astoria provided naval gunfire support at Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • Nijmegen, the Netherlands was heavily bombed by American planes, causing great damage to the city center. [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1945
USS North Carolina off Iwo Jima, Japan, 19-22 Feb 1945; note Mount Suribachi on left side of photographUSS North Carolina bombarding Iwo Jima, Japan, 19-22 Feb 1945Wrecked tank and LVTs on Blue Beach No. 1, Iwo Jima, Feb 1945Landing craft underway off Iwo Jima, circa Feb 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 22 Feb 1945
23 Feb 1945
  • Fortress Posen (now Poznan, Poland) was captured by Soviet troops after a month-long siege. [TH]
  • Fighting at the Intramuros district of Manila, Philippine Islands began. On the same day, the US 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, freed the captives of the Los Baños internment camp in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 23 German Ju-88 bombers attacked an Allied convoy from Murmansk in northern Russia to Scotland, United Kingdom. American liberty ship Henry Bacon shot down three and damaged two, setting a liberty ship record, but was eventually hit by a torpedo and sank. 23 men, including the skipper Alfred Carini, were killed. She became the last Allied vessel to be sunk by the Germans. [AC]
  • South African pilot Captain Edwin Swales with the 582 squadron of the RAF Bomber Command held steady his heavily damaged Lancaster bomber so that the crew could parachute out of the doomed bomber. He was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously, the last to receive this reward posthumously from the Bomber Command. [AC]
  • USS Hoe collided with USS Flounder underwater at the depth of 60 feet, incurring light damage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island refueled east of Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Troops of Soviet 6th Army entered southern districts of Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Chiang Kaishek unexpectedly withdrew all Chinese forces from Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • A raid of 379 British bombers attacked the German town of Pforzheim, killing 17,000 people and destroying 80% of the town's buildings. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ba 349 prototype aircraft conducted its first unmanned vertical launch with rocket power. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • The Verona Philharmonic Theatre in Italy was bombed by Allied forces. [CPC]
Japan
  • US Marines and a Navy corpsman raised an American flag atop Mount Suribachi at Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked targets in the Tokyo, Japan area. [Main Article | CPC]
Turkey
  • Turkey declared war on Germany and Japan, effective 1 Mar 1945. [TH, AC]
United States
  • USS Permit arrived at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Feb 1945
MacArthur and Colonel James Corbett at the ruins of the Manila Hotel, 23 Feb 1945German paratroopers moving a 7.5 cm PaK 40 gun into position in muddy terrain, Italy, 23 Feb 1945Raising the US flag atop Mt. Suribachi by Joe Rosenthal, 23 Feb 1945American flag atop Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, Feb 1945
See all photos dated 23 Feb 1945
24 Feb 1945
  • USS Trepang sank freighter Usuki Maru and damaged another ship, and then survived a seven-hour depth charge barrage by multiple Japanese anti-submarine vessels. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island launched 55 spotting sorties 56 kilometers south of Iwo Jima, Japan; 205 rockets were fired on targets of opportunity. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Baltic Front was disbanded; its units were merged into Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front. [CPC]
  • USS Spot departed for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Konev declared the Lower Silesian Offensive a success. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 2nd Division crossed the Irrawady River at Ngazumi, Burma and met heavy Japanese resistance. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • The Soviet bridgehead over the Danube River at Hron, Slovakia was destroyed by a German attack. [TH]
Egypt
  • Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha was assassinated at parliament by 28-year-old Mustafa Essawy in the parliament building after reading a declaration of war against the Axis Powers. [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler made what was to be his last speech to Reischsleiters and Gauleiters in the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops attacked toward the eastern Pommern region of Germany (occupied Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • During the night of 24-25 Feb, 174 American B-29 bombers dropped incendiary bombs on Tokyo, Japan and destroyed about 3 square kilometers of the city, or about 28,000 buildings. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft launched to attack targets in the Nagoya, Japan area, but the mission was canceled due to poor weather. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Major Geoffrey Hutchinson, Member of Parliament representing Ilford in London, England, United Kingdom, wrote to the Secretary for Air for assistance with recent German rocket attacks on Ilford. This letter yielded no significant results. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Pollack arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Feb 1945
USS Tambor, USS Ray, USS Greenling, USS Cero (barely visible), and USS Raton (barely visible) at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 24 Feb 1945
25 Feb 1945
  • USS Hoe sank Japanese convoy escort ship Shinan with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired from periscope depth. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 3rd Armored Division used M26 Pershing heavy tanks in combat for the first time near the Roer River in the Belgian-German border region. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Omar Bradley gave George Patton the authority to make advances toward the Rhine River. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Fighter quadron VF-80 from USS Hancock flew one fighter sweep against Tokyo, Japan; no aircraft were lost. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wisconsin escorted carriers as the carrier aircraft attacked Hachino, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Portuguese Macau
  • US aircraft attacked neutral Portuguese Macau. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama exited a drydock at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Feb 1945
P-38L Lightning aircraft flying in formation during Lockheed test pilot Milo BurchamSupplies being unloaded onto Beach Red One from LSM-141, LSM-43, and LSM-47, Iwo Jima, 25 Feb 1945Landing ships and craft unloading on Iwo JimaLCVPs from USS Sanborn underway off Iwo Jima, in mid or late Feb 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 25 Feb 1945
26 Feb 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a Japanese oiler with a torpedo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS R-1 completed an extensive modernization. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 2nd Division completed the crossing of the Irrawady River at Ngazumi, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 1,500 French prisoners of war arrived at the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany, having been transferred from the camp at Königstein. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 3rd Guards Tank Corps and 3rd Guards Cavalry Corps took over as the main offensive force in the eastern Pommern region of Germany (occupied Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Latvia
  • Near Prekuln, Latvia, heavy Soviet attacks were held off by German troops. [TH]
Philippines
  • American troops captured Corregidor, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Northern Outfall Sewer in West Ham, London, England, United Kingdom at night. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Cero completed her scheduled overhaul at Mare Island Navy Shipyard in Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Feb 1945
LouisvilleMontgomery visiting Canadian troops in the Kleve-Goch sector, Germany, 26 Feb 1945; left to right: Vokes, Crerar, Montgomery, Horrocks, Simonds, Spry, MathewsFR-1 Fireball fighter at rest at Moffet Field, California, United States, 26 Feb 1945US Fifth Marine Division riflemen waited while a fellow Marine burned out a Japanese-held cave with flame thrower, Iwo Jima, 26 Feb 1945
See all photos dated 26 Feb 1945
27 Feb 1945
  • USS Hoe fired 2 torpedoes at periscope depth at a Japanese freighter; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Friedrich Hüffmeier was made the military governor of the Channel Islands, succeeding Rudolf von Schmettow. [CPC]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • Lebanon declared Independence from France and declared war on Germany and Japan. [CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet troops captured Baldenburg (now Bialy Bór, Poland) and Neustettin (now Szczecinek, Poland) in Pommern, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Apra, Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her tenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Romania
  • King Mihai I of Romania appointed a Communist government. [TH]
  • Soviet Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs Andrei Vyshinsky, sent to Bucharest, Romania by Joseph Stalin, forced King Mihai I to appoint Petru Groza as the new prime minister. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Royal Albert Dock in London, England, United Kingdom in the morning. [CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt arrived in Newport News, Virginia, United States via USS Quincy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Feb 1945
M4 Sherman
28 Feb 1945
  • Otto Skorzeny was ordered to depart from Army Group Vistula and to return to Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • U-869 was attacked by American destroyer escort USS Fowler and French submarine chaser L'Indiscret off Rabat, French Morocco. Although the attack was unsuccessful, the Allies recorded it as a probably sinking. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Iran declared war on Japan. [AC]
Germany
  • US Ninth Army achieved breakthrough near Erkelenz, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front captured Neustettin, Germany (now Szczecinek, Poland). [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 5 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Lithuania
  • Soviet forces suspended offensives against German Armeegruppe Kurland in Lithuania. [TH]
Saudi Arabia
  • Saudi Arabia declared war on Germany and Japan. [AC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-64 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS R-1 departed for New York City, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Feb 1945
Drayton bombarding Palawan Island, Philippine Islands, 28 Feb 1945Men of Company C, 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment, US 1st Infantry Division marching toward Frauwüllesheim, Germany, after crossing the Roer River, 28 Feb 1945Destroyed American amtracs and other vehicles on beach of Iwo Jima, Japan, Feb-Mar 1945US naval transports off Iwo Jima, late Feb 1945
See all photos dated 28 Feb 1945
1 Mar 1945
  • Air Group 80 from USS Hancock flew 4 strikes and fighter sqaudron VF-80 flew 1 strike against Amami Oshima, Ryuku Islands; no aircraft were lost. [Main Article | DS]
  • Tony Stein passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Ninth Army captured cities of München-Gladback and Rheydt in Germany. On the same day, Dwight Eisenhower approved the commencement of Operation Lumberjack. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe Mitte recaptured Lauban, Germany (now Luban, Poland). [TH]
  • USS Kete departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Roermond and Venlo in the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 10th Air Fleet was formed as a training unit with three carrier air groups with Vice Admiral Minoru Maeda in command and Rear Admiral Chikao Yamamoto as his chief of staff. [CPC]
  • The Japanese 12th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain one air group and one base force. [CPC]
  • German 56th Panzer Corps and 34th Panzer Corps commenced Operation Gemse in the Silesian region of Germany (now Poland), surprising Soviet 3rd Guards Tank Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kurt von Cleve was named the civilian administrator of the Channel Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked and photographed Japanese positions in the Ryukyu Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • British tanks spearheaded the first assault on Meiktila. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Test pilot Lothar Sieber became the first pilot to launch a Ba 349 aircraft. The aircraft was launched from the Lager Heuberg base near Stetten am kalten Markt, Germany. After 50 seconds of flight, the aircraft crashed about 5 miles from the launch site, killing Sieber. The cause was either one of four booster rockets failing to function, or a loose canopy that might have fatally injured Sieber. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Italian Navy Xa MAS reported a strength of 8,395 men. [CPC]
Philippines
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands; she hit a mine in the Singapore Strait en route to Manila, but was able to arrive under her own power. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1945
M4 Sherman tank of 745th Tank Battalion, US 1st Infantry Division at Gladbach, Germany, 1 Mar 1945Contour map of Iwo Jima, showing Japanese defense installations as observed from ground study during the period of 19 Feb-19 Mar 1945, map 1 of 2Bulldozer, Jeep, and other vehicles on an Iwo Jima beach, circa late Feb or early Mar 1945Post office of the US 4th Marine Division, Iwo Jima, 1945
See all photos dated 1 Mar 1945
2 Mar 1945

Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops attacked Meiktila, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Burma, Corporal Fazal Din was attacked by six sword wielding Japanese after taking an enemy bunker and was run through the chest by one of them. As the officer pulled the sword out, Din wrestled it from him and killed him with his own weapon. Din took down another man and, waving the sword in the air, urged his men on to victory before collapsing. He died shortly afterwards and was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • At Kamye, Burma, Corporal Gian Singh took out a series of foxholes and an anti-tank gun with Thompson submachine gun and grenades despite serious wounds. He was awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
Germany
  • Elements of US Ninth Army reached the Rhine River at Neuss, Germany. To the north US Third Army captures Trier, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The RAF conducted its last major raid on Köln (Cologne), Germany with 858 aircraft; also on this date, one USAAF B-17 bomber attacked Köln as a target of opportunity. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Colonel General Walter Weiß reported that his forces in the Danzig-Westpreußen region of Germany (occupied Danzig and Poland) were surrounded by Soviet troops. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German General of the Infantry Hermann Niehoff was named the commanding officer of the Fortress City of Breslau. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 85 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Taiwan
  • US B-24, B-25, and A-20 aircraft attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Mar 1945
US Navy WAVE Hospital Apprentices 2nd class R. Isaacs, K. Horton, and I. Patterson were the first African-Americans at the Hospital Corps School, Bethesda, Maryland, US, 2 Mar 1945LSM-264 unloading on Red Beach One, Iwo Jima, 2 Mar 1945
3 Mar 1945
  • Cruiser Köln was sunk by British aircraft at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. Her turrets remain above water and operational. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Gheorghe Avramescu passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kurt Schmidt passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US and Filipino troops captured Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • Canadian troops captured Xanten, Germany while US First Army captured Krefeld, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Charr arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank the Japanese cargo ship Suiten Maru north of Surabaja, Java, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes fired; she picked up 3 survivors. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub was attacked by a Japanese submarine but was able to escape unharmed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German 6th Volksgrenadier Division captured Lauban, Germany (now Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma, British Lieutenant William Weston, 21, of the Green Howards, was clearing a labyrinth of bunkers and tunnels with grenades when he was wounded. Falling into the entrance of an enemy bunker, his only thought was for the task. He pulled the pin of a grenade and rolled into the strong-point killing himself and all inside. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Meiktila, Burma after the final 47 Japanese defenders committed suicide. Japanese resistance in outskirts of the city would continue for a few more days. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Prisoners at Hinzert satellite camp of Buchenwald Concentration Camp were evacuated. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii Netherlands
  • 57 Mitchell and Boston bombers of the RAF Second Tactical Air Force were sent to bomb a suspected rocket launching site in a wooded park in the Hague in the Netherlands. Some of the 69 tons of bombs meant for the site missed by as much as 500 yards, hitting the Bezuidenhout district. 500 civilians were killed and 2,000 were injured, while several thousands were made homeless. The German occupation refused to help the survivors, delaring that the "Dutch have to learn what it is like", referring to the Allied bombing of German cities of Hamburg, Dresden, and others. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Mar 1945
M10 Wolverine tank destroyer of the American 701st Battalion at Mt. Terminale, Italy, 3 Mar 1945A US Marine ran past a dead Japanese soldier, Iwo Jima, Japan, 3 Mar 1945Two US Marines with an empty stretcher ran past a dead Japanese soldier, Iwo Jima, 3 Mar 1945
4 Mar 1945
  • After breaking through near Stargard, Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front heads toward Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland). [TH]
  • USS Baya fired six torpedoes at a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, hitting a transport and an oil with 2 torpedoes each and sinking both. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops encircled the spearhead of Soviet 3rd Guards Tank Army in Silesia, Germany (now Poland) during Operation Gemse. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Rifleman Bhanbhagta Gurung won the Victoria Cross for advancing alone to clear Japanese positions near Mandalay, Burma ahead of General Slim's British 14th Army. [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Hancock arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands; Air Group 6 relieved Air Group 80. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wasp arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet and Polish troops attacked Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Single day maximum of arrested landings (69). [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • 159 American B-29 bombers attacked the urban areas of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Marcus Island began a 4-day period of training in Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Switzerland
  • Allied bombers attacked Basel and Zürich by mistake. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Mar 1945
B-29 Superfortress bomber B-29 Superfortress bomber
5 Mar 1945
  • Patrols from US First Army reached outskirts of Köln, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Germany began the conscription of 15 to 16-year-old males for service. [TH]
  • Fortress Graudenz was captrued by Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front. At the Oksywie Heights near Gotenhafen, East Prussia, Germany (now Gdynia, Poland), 30,000 people were evacuated by ships on the previous day and this date. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tunny departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first prototype of Ki-115 Tsuragi special attack aircraft was completed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin tracked an escorted convoy of two cargo ships through out the day; she sank gunboat Manyo Maru with three of three torpedoes fired, cargo ship Shoyu Maru with one of three torpedoes fired, and cargo ship Nagaru Maru with one of seven torpedoes fired. Sea Robin was hunted by Japanese ships and aircraft after the attack but was able to escape. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Clifton Sprague commended the "efficiency, smoothness and good judgement" of USS Wake Island and the crew. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Hidekazu Osuga was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Lieutenant James Lyle was named the commanding officer of HMS Dianthus. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • All Japanese pockets of resistance at Meiktila, Burma were eliminated. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Missouri arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Shamrock Bay departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet 19th Army reached the Baltic coast, cutting off German 2.Armee in Pommern, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 5 Mar 1945
USS Iowa with newly-equipped SC-1 Seahawk aircraft, 5 Mar 1945
6 Mar 1945
  • USS Franklin crossed the International Date Line. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Cat claimed sinking of a 2,000-ton Japanese ship; the credit was removed after the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Third Army reached the Rhine River near Koblenz, Germany, while US First Army captured Köln. [Main Article | TH]
  • A German V-2 rocket hit Raveningham 13 miles southeast of Norwich, England, United Kingdom, causing little harm. It was the last rocket to hit the Norwich area in the war. [CPC]
  • Communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumed power in Romania. [CPC]
  • USS Segundo fired 4 torpedoes at a small Japanese ship in the East China Sea off Korea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Gen No. 2 was canceled by the Japanese; it was a new campaign against the American fleet using Kaiten special attack submarines. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer fired 3 torpedoes at a Japanese submarine off Taiwan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-307 and her crew received the Red Banner Award, and the commanding officer, M. S. Kainin, received the honorable rank of the Hero of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Major-General Hellmuth Reymann, on Adolf Hitler's direct orders, became the military commander of Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hoe arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth and final war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Hackleback departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hungary
  • German 2.Panzerarmee and 6.SS-Panzerarmee launched a counterattack toward Budapest, Hungary to relieve the city and to destroy the Hungarian oil supplies nearby to prevent Soviet use. [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • 28 American P-51 Mustang and 12 P-61 Black Widow aircraft landed on Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1945
AlaskaGunnerCrew of a 40mm quad anti-aircraft machine gun mount of Alaska loaded clips into the loaders of the left pair of guns, off Iwo Jima, 6 Mar 1945One of the Alaska
See all photos dated 6 Mar 1945
7 Mar 1945
  • US 9th Armored Division unexpectedly captured Rhine River bridge and formed a bridgehead on the east side of the river at Remagen, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Rock departed Fremantle, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army captured Köln (Cologne), Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Soviet troops captured Rügenwalde, Germany (now Darlowo, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops reached Mandalay, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Burma, Allied Y-Force under Sun Liren captured Lashio while Allied X-Force under Daniel Sultant captured Hsipaw. [CPC]
Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo sank Japanese freighter Shori Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Marcus Island completed a 4-day period of training in Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Trundleys Road at Folkestone Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom at 0300 hours, killing 52 and seriously injuring 32. Two blocks of homes were destroyed. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Capitaine departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Mar 1945
P-51 Mustangs of the 45th Fighter Squadron lined up on South Field, Iwo Jima, Mar 7, 1945. Fire is from a P-51 from the 78th Fighter Squadron that crashed on landing and struck two parked 45th Fighter Squadron P-51s.
8 Mar 1945
  • In Germany, US troops entered Bonn while British and Canadian troops entered Xanten. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Soviet Union announced that Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was likely killed in early 1945 by German occupation troops in Hungary or by Hungarian Arrow Cross Party members. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 1,200 Allied heavy bombers struck 6 benzol plants in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US intelligence first detected the new Ohka aircraft at Konoike airfield, Japan and nicknamed them "Viper". [Main Article | CPC]
  • Richard "Dick" Winters was promoted to the rank of major. [CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 19th Division began attacking Mandalay Hill near Mandalay, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Ding Delong was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Between 1,070 and 1,150 Hungarian Jews arrived at the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia. They were originally deported to the Austrian border in 1944. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet troops reached the suburbs of Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). [Main Article | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 91 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Highly secret negotiations began in Switzerland between Allan Dulles of the US Office of Strategic Services, Colonel General Heinrich von Vietinghoff of the German Army, and Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff of the German SS for the possible early surrender of German troops in Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo pursued a Japanese convoy consisted of 2 freighters and 2 escort vessels in the East China Sea; she was chased away by the escorts before she could attack. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Private Karl Hulten, who had deserted from the US 501st Airborne Regiment and subsequently committed a series of crimes in Britain, was hanged at Pentonville Prison. [AC]
9 Mar 1945
  • Air Group 80 was officially detached from USS Hancock. [Main Article | DS]
  • US Third Army captured Andernach, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Kete attacked a Japanese convoy off Ryukyu Islands, Japan during the night of 9-10 Mar 1945, sinking three transports. [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 50 fighters and bombers from the US 14th Air Force attacked railroad targets, river and road traffic, bridges, gun positions, and troops at several locations in central China, including the cities of Guiyi, Hengyang, Nanjing, and Xinyang. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island departed the Iwo Jima, Japan area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho conducted torpedo evasion exercise; five of the torpedoes used were live. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse departed for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops launched an offensive toward Striegau, Germany (now Strzegom, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In eastern Pommern, Germany, Colonel General Walter Weiß was relieved of command of failing to halt the Soviet offensive. He was replaced by Dietrich von Saucken. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Sennet arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Operation Meetinghouse: After sundown and into the early hours of 10 Mar, 279 American B-29 bombers dropped incendiary bombs on Tokyo, Japan and destroyed 267,000 buildings and homes or 41 square kilometers of the city. Americans estimated 88,000 killed, 41,000 injured, and 1,000,000 displaced. Tokyo Fire Department estimated 97,000 killed and 125,000 wounded. Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department estimated 124,711 casualties and 286,358 destroyed buildings and homes. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-7 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its second flight at Khimki near Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Mar 1945
Joseph Goebbels shaking hands with Hitler Youth member Willi Hübner, who had just received the Iron Cross 2nd Class medal for bravery in combat, East Prussia, Germany, 9 Mar 1945Americans at the Remagen Bridge, Germany, 8-10 Mar 1945Hitler Youth member Willi Hübner being awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class medal for bravery in combat, East Prussia, Germany, 9 Mar 1945B-24H Liberator aircraft
See all photos dated 9 Mar 1945
10 Mar 1945
  • US troops landed on Zamboanga Peninsula, Mindanao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • Feldmarschall von Rundstedt was relieved by Feldmarschall Kesselring. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Germans evacuated Wesel as US Third Army captured Bonn. [Main Article | TH]
  • 70 Germans tunneled out of a prisoners of war camp at Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales, United kIngdom; all were captured within a week, including two who were caught by an unarmed girl working with the Auxiliary Territorial Service. [AC]
  • USS Segundo fired 4 torpedoes at a Japanese ship off Korea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 24 American B-29 bombers attacked Japanese marshalling yards and air field at Kuala Lumpur, Malaya. [CPC]
  • About 60 fighters and bombers of the US 14th Air Force attacked Japanese road and river traffic, railroad, gun positions, warehouses, airfields, and troop concentrations in central China, including the cities of Hengyang, Hankou, Yueyang, and Wuchang. [CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops continued to assault Mandalay Hill near Mandalay, Burma. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • Over 25,000 civilians were evacuated from Kolberg in Pommern, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland) by the Kriegsmarine. Meanwhile, Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front attacked toward Danzig, taking Zoppot (now Sopot) along the way. [Main Article | TH]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Prince Morihiro's son Nobuhiko was born. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Mar 1945
Map depicting the Allied advance to the Rhine River in West-Central Germany and Belgium, 8 Feb-10 Mar 1945Charred remains of Japanese civilians after the Operation Meetinghouse bombing, Tokyo, Japan, 10 Mar 1945A section of Tokyo reduced to ruins after the Operation Meetinghouse bombing, 10 Mar 1945Charred mother and child after the Operation Meetinghouse bombing, Tokyo, Japan, 10 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 10 Mar 1945
11 Mar 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay departed Iwo Jima. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Third Army captured Kochem, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces moved toward Gotenhafen, Germany (now Gdynia, Poland), endangering the civilian rescue effort there. [Main Article | TH]
  • The first unexploded V-2 rocket landed in England, United Kingdom, but it was not retrieved and studied until 7 Apr, by that time other unexploded rockets had been found and many secrets of the rocket had already been uncovered. [CPC]
  • USS Segundo sank Japanese cargo ship Shori Maru in the East China Sea off Korea with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 285 American B-29 bombers attacked the Nagoya, Japan urban area with incendiary bombs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho departed Oita, Japan for target ship duty for Air Group 252's training. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Boarfish departed Fremantle, Australia for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops continued to assault Mandalay Hill near Mandalay, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • In Operation Tan No. 2, Japanese Navy aircraft conducted a large-scale special attack operation on American warships at Ulithi atoll, Caroline Islands. Closer to the home islands, a P1Y1 Ginga aircraft of 762nd Naval Air Group based in Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan struck USS Randolph at dusk. [CPC]
Germany
  • Lavrentiy Beria reported to Joseph Stalin that suicides, especially among women, were becoming common in Soviet-occupied East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • American fighters began flying escort operations from Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Springer attempted to attack two Japanese warships in the Pacific Ocean, but was driven off by aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-65 departed Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Mar 1945
First US Army at Remagen Bridge, Germany, 11 Mar 1945The 72 members of the Azusa Special Attack Unit prior to take-off on special attack on US ships anchored at Ulithi Atoll; Kanoya Air Base, Kyushu, Japan, 11 Mar 1945The sextet of US Army African-American soldiers who risked their lives to save a near-drowning US Marine at Iwo Jima, 11 Mar 1945
12 Mar 1945
  • US Third Army crossed Moselle River near Koblenz, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Heinrich Himmler signed orders to surrender concentration camps to the Allies, which contradicted Adolf Hitler's prior order. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 1,108 RAF bombers attacked Dortmund, Germany, dropping 4,851 tons of bombs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Jew Anne Frank died in Belsen Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Küstrin, Germany. [CPC]
  • USS Croaker departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops cut off elements of Soviet 5th Guards Army in Silesia, Germany (now Poland) before dawn. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese troops launched a counteroffensive aimed at recapturing Meiktila, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet and Polish troops launched a renewed assault on Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
  • SS General Ernst Kaltenbrunner agreed to allow Red Cross delegates to visit concentration camps. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Colossus departed Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Mar 1945
USS Raton at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 12 Mar 1945; note USS Ray in background
13 Mar 1945
  • Operation Undertone: US 3rd and 7th Armies advanced toward Rhine River. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 274 US aircraft bombed and destroyed 8.1 square miles of Osaka, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler abandoned his command with Army Group Vistula; he would later claim that it was due to sickness. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny conducted a special reconnaissance mission off the Ryukyu Islands in preparation of the invasion of Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British No. 617 Squadron RAF Lancaster bomber test-dropped a 22,000-lb Grand Slam bomb. [Main Article | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Franklin arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • RAF Wellington bombers of No. 40 Squadron attacked Trevisio, Italy with 4,000 lb "cookie" bombs. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Mar 1945
Landing Signal Officer Ensign R. J. Grant guided in a F6F Hellcat fighter, 13 Mar 1945
14 Mar 1945
  • A British No. 617 Squadron RAF Lancaster bomber commanded by Squadron Leader C. C. Calder dropped a 22,000-lb Grand Slam bomb on the Bielefeld viaduct, breaking two spans. It was the first time the Grand Slam bomb was used in combat. [Main Article | AC]
  • A new pocket of German troops was formed near Braunsberg, East Prussia, Germany (now Braniewo, Poland). [Main Article | TH]
  • The German attack against the Hungarian oil fields near Lake Balaton and Budapest was halted. [TH]
  • USS Kete attacked a Japanese cable-laying ship off Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny placed over 230 mines in waters in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Gordon H. McDaniel of the US 318 Fighter Squadron, 325th Fighter Group, flying P-51 fighter "Mary Mac" achieved six kills (all Fw 190 fighters) during a single mission in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The island of Iwo Jima was declared conquered by Chester Nimitz, noting that "all powers of government of the Japanese Empire in these islands are hereby suspended", but fighting would continue. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Springer attacked a Japanese patrol boat in the East China Sea, but the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Mar 1945
The official flag raising at the American Headquarters on Iwo Jima immediately after Nimitz
15 Mar 1945
  • US First Army was unable to further expand the Remagen bridgehead in Germany due to enemy resistance. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front began an offensive near Ratibor, Germany (now Racibórz, Poland). [TH]
  • Prince Edward, the Duke of Windsor and the former King of the United Kingdom, resigned as the British governor of the Bahamas. This position was succeeded by Sir William Lindsay Murphy. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny departed Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American warships of Task Force 92 bombarded Japanese installations on Matsuwa, Kurile Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin arrived at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands and took on supplies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Kanji Ugaki was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 12th Air Fleet. [CPC]
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Albert Speer wrote a letter to Adolf Hitler in an attempt to dissuade him from destroying German infrastructure. This letter would be presented to Hitler three days later. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 4th Tank Army launched a main attack against the Germans in Silesia, Germany (now Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops surrounded Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • American bombers dropped 25,000 incendiary bombs and 6,000 high explosive bombs on the German army general staff headquarters at Zossen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Inrin Prisoners of War Camp in central Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Two German V-2 rockets fell in the River Thames near the Ford factory in Dagenham, London, England, United Kingdom, causing no injuries. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Mar 1945
USS Saint Paul underway in Massachusetts Bay, Massachusetts, United States, 15 Mar 1945, photo 1 of 2USS Saint Paul underway in Massachusetts Bay, Massachusetts, United States, 15 Mar 1945, photo 2 of 2B-24M Liberator “Second Chance II” of the 328th Bomb Squadron, along with other 8th Air Force bombers, approaching their bomb run over Zossen, Germany, Mar 15 1945.Private First Class H.L. Miles and Corporal C.V. Corley of US Marines rested during a lull in battle, Iwo Jima, 15 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 15 Mar 1945
16 Mar 1945
  • Commanding officer Captain William Rassieur of USS Sargent Bay was relieved by Captain Richard Oliver. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American bombers dropped 300 bombs on Vienna, Austria, many of which landed in the Tiergarten Schönbrunn, which was the world's oldest zoo. 2,000 animals out of 3,500 in the zoo were killed. [CPC]
  • 307 US B-29 bombers devastated a 3-square mile area in Kobe, Japan and caused 15,000 in casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 12 Lancaster bombers and 12 Halifax bombers conducted minelaying operations off Helgoland, Germany and in the Kattegat. [CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler, having abandoned his command with Army Group Vistula three days prior, checked himself into a sanatorium at Hohenlychen, Germany so that doctors there could treat his influenza. When Heinz Guderian came to visit him, he would request Guderian to carry his letter of resignation as commanding officer of Army Group Vistula to Adolf Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops in landed on Basilan in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rudolf Heß noted that 2 million Jews were gassed between Jun 1941 and late 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops assaulted Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 32 B-24 bombers of the US 14th Air Force escorted by 10 P-51 fighters attacked railyards at Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China. [CPC]
Germany
  • German forces began falling back from the front lines at Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Hungary
  • Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front threw two fresh armies against the German attack towards Budapest, Hungary. [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • Americans declared Iwo Jima, Japan secure, but fighting continued. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-14 departed Kobe, Japan. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank a Japanese cargo ship in the East China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 8 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit at Albert Road in Leyton, London, England, United Kingdom at 0638 hours, killing 23 and seriously injuring 18. Another rocket hit Willesden near Hampstead, London at 0230 hours, damaging 200 houses. [CPC]
17 Mar 1945
  • The bridge at Remagen, Germany, which had served the Allies so well, collapsed after repeated being bombed by German Ar 234 jet bombers. Twenty-eight American engineers trying to strengthen the structure were swept away to their deaths. Meanwhile, US Third Army captured Koblenz, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Eisenhower ordered Patton to cease making plans to enter German-occupied Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | TH]
  • 1,260 Allied heavy bombers hit 2 synthetic oil plants in Germany while 650 medium bombers attacked the rail system. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Chinese 6th Army captured Hsipaw, Burma. [CPC]
  • The Indian 5th Division arrived in the Meiktila, Burma area. To the south, Anglo-Indian troops again assaulted Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • German troops evacuated Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland) by sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • 331 US B-29 bombers destroyed 7 square kilometers of Kobe, Japan; 8,841 were killed and 650,000 were displaced. The US attack also heavily damaged submarine I-15, which was under-construction at Kobe, nearly completed. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot attacked a Japanese convoy in the East China Sea, sinking one ship and damaging another; 16 torpedoes were expended in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit 212 Finchley Road near Borough Central Library in Hampstead, London, England, United Kingdom. Aside from the library, 1,000 homes, the telephone exchange, the lighting station, Council's Work Depot, Warden's Post No. 16, and Women's Vountary Service offices were damaged. Another rocket hit the Rippleway sidings in Barking, London at 2230 hours. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Mar 1945
Ludendorff Bridge shortly after the collapse, Remagen, Germany, circa 17 Mar 1945
18 Mar 1945
  • 2nd Lieutenant Guy Cary of US 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron shot down a He 162 jet fighter, but positive identification on the victim was not made; some thought it might had been a Me 262 jet fighter. [CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma, Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge directed the destruction of ten enemy bunkers at a heavily defended cotton mill at Myingyan. Guiding a tank to another bunker for some reason he asked the commander to hold fire while he checked it out. He entered the bunker but was shot. The 21-year-old Punjabi was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • Indian 5th Division captured Myingyan, Burma. In the area, Anglo-Indian troops attempted to cross the moat of Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US Third Army captured Boppard, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 1st Polish Army captured Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland) while other Soviet units approached Gdynia and Danzig. [Main Article | TH]
  • Albert Speer, sensing Adolf Hitler's wish to potentially order the destruction of Germany to prevent Allied capture, attempted to persuade Hitler not to destroy the future of Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • General Mark Clark established the goal of the Allied offensive in Italy in spring 1945 to be 'to destroy the maximum number of enemy forces south of the Po [River], force crossings of the Po and capture Verona'. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Franklin arrived at Okinawa area and launched strikes against Japanese positions in the Japanese home islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Tunny detected a Japanese convoy but she failed to gain favorable attack positions. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri escorted carriers while the aircraft aircraft struck Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Springer sank Japanese Transport No. 18 in the East China Sea, hitting her with 3 of 8 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Filipino guerrillas welcomed the invading American troops on Panay, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Speaker's Corner at the edge of Hyde Park in London, England, United Kingdom at 0930 hours, killing 3 and seriously injuring 9. [CPC]
Vatican City
  • Pope Pius XII denounced Nazi German racist policies. [Main Article | CPC]
19 Mar 1945
  • USS Franklin was attacked by Japanese aircraft, igniting bombs and rockets, and later seriously damaged by the ignition of gasoline vapors. Damage control teams were able to save the ship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Seventh Army captured Worms, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Hitler issued the Nero Decree, which was a scorched Earth policy to prevent any industry, utility, or transportation from being used by the advancing Allied and Soviet armies. Albert Speer, the Armaments Minister, recognized the need for this infrastructure after the war and undermined efforts to carry out the decree. [Main Article | TH]
  • General of Panzer Troops Walther Nehring replaced Gotthard Heinrici as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. [CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler ordered Gotthard Heinrici to replace Heinrich Himmler as the commander of Group Vistula as suggested by Heinz Guderian. [CPC]
  • France signed an economic pact with the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. [CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin departed Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, continuing her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops attempted to cross the moat of Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. A commando raid was put together to penetrate the fortress, but it would not be carried out due to the unexpected Japanese surrender on the next day. [Main Article | CPC]
Danzig
  • Soviet troops captured the heights over Zoppot, Germany (formerly of Danzig; now Sopot, Poland) near the city of Danzig. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Dwight Eisenhower, Walter Bedell Smith, and Kay Summersby arrived at Cannes, France to take a short break from the war. He spent much of the next three days sleeping and simply doing nothing. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • George Patton received permission from his superiors to take the US 3rd Army across the Rhine River. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS S-35 was decommissioned from service at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Parche departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • In Japan, aircraft of US Navy TF 58 attacked targets on Kyushu and Honshu (Kure, Osaka, and Kobe), destroying submarine I-205 (still under construction) and damaging many warships. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was damaged by three bombs and two rockets delivered by US aircraft at Kure, Japan between 0720 and 0905 hours. 20 were killed and 30 were wounded. Her flight deck and boiler room were damaged, and a gash on the port side caused her to settle in six feet of water on the aft side. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was attacked by 7 US aircraft off Kure, Japan at 0532 hours, receiving three hits, which caused minor damage and killed six. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Kete was ordered to depart Ryukyu Islands area for refueling at Midway, then to sail on to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish damaged a Japanese boat south of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Iowa departed San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1945
Kaiyo (center) under attack by SB2C Helldiver bombers from USS Essex, Kure, Japan, 19 Mar 1945; the carrier at bottom was either Amagi or KatsuragiYamato under air attack in the Inland Sea, 19 Mar 1945A B-24M-1-FO Liberator bomber of the 15th Air Force released its bombs on the railyards at Muhldorf, Germany, 19 Mar 1945Franklin listing and afire after being hit by two bombs, off Japan, 19 Mar 1945; photograph taken from cruiser Santa Fe
See all photos dated 19 Mar 1945
20 Mar 1945
  • USS Blenny attacked a Japanese convoy and reported sinking three transports with torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Seventh Army captured Saarbrücken, Germany while the US Third Army reached Mainz, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • General Gotthard Heinrici replaced Heinrich Himmler as the commanding officer of Army Group Vistula. Meanwhile, Heinz Guderian failed to convince Himmler to ask Hitler to consider peace negotiations. [CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe Weichsel's (Vistula) Oder River bridgehead near Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland) was evacuated. [TH]
  • RAF aircraft attacked a Gestapo building in Copenhagen, Denmark, killing 100 Germans and 6 prisoners. A school nearby was also hit, killing 112 Danish civilians, 86 of whom children. [CPC]
  • Japanese troops launched an offensive aimed at American bases at Laohokow and Ankong in China. [CPC]
  • USS Kete sent a weather report south of Colnett Strait in the northern Ryukyu Islands, Japan, then was never heard again. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine I-369 was reassigned to Submarine Division 16 as her original unit, Submarine Squadron 7, became deactivated. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Baya claimed sinking a Japanese destroyer in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hackleback fired an acoustic seeking torpedo and then fired her deck gun at a small Japanese warship south of Japan; all attacks failed to hit the target. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov authorized the transfer of Hungarian Count István Bethlen, already arrested by the Soviets in Hungary, to be transferred to Moscow, Russia for interrogation. [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Gabilan departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 19th Infantry Division captured Mandalay, Burma. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • The first XP-80A prototype jet aircraft "Gray Ghost" crashed; test pilot LeVier was able to bail out to safety. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Mar 1945
Men of US 535th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion checking their positions in Remagen, Germany, Mar 1945Lieutenant General Holland M. Smith and Colonel Dudley S. Brown surveying wreckages at the Iwo Jima invasion beaches, circa Mar 1945
21 Mar 1945
  • Soviet forces captured Braunsberg near Königsberg in East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • US First Army advanced toward Siegburg, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Japanese made the first operational sortie with the Yokosuka Ohka (Cherry Blossom) suicide aircraft. The sixteen Mitsubishi G4M2e bombers of 321st Squadron launched aircraft were intercepted short of their target and were forced to jettison their piloted weapons. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Baya fired three torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wake Island departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 53 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Hungary
  • Soviet forces captured Székesfehérvár (German: Stuhlweißenburg), Hungary. [Main Article | TH]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-65 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Packard factory in London, England, United Kingdom at 0939 hours, destroying it and damaging 13 factories and 662 houses; it killed 32, seriously injured 100, and lightly injured 460. Another rocket hit Primrose Hill in St Pancras (though officially listed as in Hampstead), London, damaging the reservoir and injuring 14 people. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Carbonero departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Mar 1945
Buffalo tracked landing vehicles of UK 4th Royal Tank Regiment being transported forward in preparation for crossing the Rhine River into Germany, 21 Mar 1945Map depicting the Allied advance to the Rhine River in West-Central Germany, Eastern France, and the Low Countries, 8 Feb-21 Mar 194540mm Bofors gunnery drills aboard USS Makin Island, 21 Mar 1945, prior to the Okinawa Campaign
22 Mar 1945
  • Takeichi Nishi passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops under General Konev crossed Oder River at Oppeln, Poland. [TH]
  • British Corporal Reg Rattey won the Victoria Cross on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands by destroying three pillboxes which were decimating his platoon. [AC]
  • Lieutenant Commander Masato Nakajima became the commanding officer of Submarine I-369. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops wiped out all German troops enveloped at Oppeln, Germany (now Opole, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma, British Royal Engineers Lieutenant Claud Raymond, 21 years old, was sent to cause a diversion ahead of the main force. He did just that, drawing heavy Japanese resistance during which he was badly wounded, first in the shoulder, then by shrapnel, and finally his wrist was shattered. Nevertheless, his mission was a success. He refused medical attention until all his wounded were treated but died from his wounds on the following day. Raymond was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops eliminated all Japanese pockets of resistance in the Myingyan region in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Cassin Young departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands for Okinawa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The US 3rd Army crossed the Rhine River west of Mainz and near Oppenheim just before midnight; the Americans had beaten the British in crossing the river. Opposition was negligible and within 24 hours the entire US 5th Division had crossed the river. [Main Article | AC]
  • Colonel-General Gotthard Heinrici was appointed commander of German Army Group Vistula with orders to hold the Soviets on the Oder and save Berlin, Germany. [AC]
  • Four aircraft from No. 617 Squadron RAF (one carrying a "Grand Slam" bomb) attacked and destroyed the Nienburg Bridge in Germany. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Mar 1945
Bernard Montgomery, Arthur Coningham, and Miles Dempsey in conversation, Walbeck, Germany, 22 Mar 1945
23 Mar 1945
  • As US Third Army made another Rhine River crossing near Worms, Germany, British Second Army and Canadian First Army launched their assaults across the Rhine River north of the Ruhr River. In Berlin, Adolf Hitler wanted to counterattack at the Allied bridgehead at Oppenheim, but he was told that no reserve forces were available to embark on such an operation. [Main Article | TH]
  • General de Gaulle granted limited self-government for Indochina, which was to remain a French colony. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dwight Eisenhower wrapped up his short break at Cannes, France and returned to his capacity as the Allied commander. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny began performing lifeguard duties off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin rescued a downed American airman in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Martin Bormann ordered millions of Germans to migrate from western and eastern Germany to the central part of the country; no food and transports were allocated to them, thus such a move would mean certain disaster. [CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to the 2nd Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Spot arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-65 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US aircraft dropped 145 tons of bombs on Jitsugetsu Power Plant No. 1 and 63 tons of bombs on Jitsugetsu Power Plant No. 2 in Taichu (now Nantou County), Taiwan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Mar 1945
PattonA truck crossed the Rhine on 150th Combat Engineers150th Combat Engineers crossed the Rhine by a Navy landing craft, 23 Mar 1945British Diamond T Model 980 tractor towing a trailer loaded with a Churchill tank during preparations for crossing the Rhine River into Germany, 23 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 23 Mar 1945
24 Mar 1945
  • George Patton urinated into the Rhine River. Upon completing his crossing over a pontoon bridge, he took some dirt on the far bank, emulating his favorite historical figure William the Conqueror. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Plunder landed over 16,000 British and American troops across the Rhine River region, allowing link ups with advancing British 21st Army Group's 4 bridgeheads. Meanwhile, US Third Army captured Ludwigshafen and Speyer, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • US 9th Army began to seal off the Ruhr region in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Activity departed Sydney, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri bombarded Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major General Matthew Ridgway, the commanding officer of US XVIII Airborne Corps, was wounded in the shoulder by fragments from a German grenade. [AC]
Burma
  • Lieutenant General Daniel Sultan's Sino-American force linked up with British troops at Kyaukme, Burma. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Cod departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan US Pacific Islands
  • USS Sea Cat arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Mar 1945
Dempsey crossing the Rhine River into Germany aboard a small boat, 24-25 Mar 1945Duplex drive Sherman tanks crossing the Rhine River into Germany, 24 Mar 1945Men of the UK 15th Scottish Division leaving their assault craft after crossing the Rhine River near Xanten, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, 24 Mar 1945A British Bedford QL truck leaving a raft after crossing the Rhine River near Feldwick,North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, 24 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 24 Mar 1945
25 Mar 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay arrived in Okinawa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tadamichi Kuribayashi passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tirante sank Japanese tanker Fuji Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army finally broke out of Remagen bridgehead in Germany. 140 kilometers to the north, British Second Army captured Wesel, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Retreating USAAF personnel blew up the Laohokow air base in China to prevent Japanese capture. [CPC]
  • British General Montgomery issued a non-fraternization order as British troops entered Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived about 100 kilometers south of Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Winston Churchill, accompanied by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, crossed the Rhine River in Germany, visiting HQ 21st Army Group and delivered a characteristic message to officers and men. [Main Article | AC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs stepped down as the commanding officer of German Armeegruppe F. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Springer arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her twelfth and final war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 18 US A-20 bombers from Luzon, Philippine Islands attacked a factory at Kyoshito District (now Qiaotou District), Takao (now Kaohsiung), Taiwan. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Whitfield Street in St Pancras, London, England, United Kingdom in the late afternoon, killing 9 and seriously injuring 46. The Whitfield Memorial Chapel at Tottenham Court Road was badly damaged. In the evening, at 2300 hours, another rocket hit Broadfield Square in Enfield, London, killing 7 and seriously injuring 100. [CPC]
United States
  • The second FR Fireball prototype aircraft was destroyed in a crash. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1945
American troops crossing the Rhine under fire at Sankt Goar, Germany, late Mar 1945Large group of German prisoners of war sitting together in a compound after being captured by the Western Allies, 25 Mar 1945Winston Churchill and American generals on a balcony watching Allied vehicles crossing the Rhine River into Germany, 25 Mar 1945British Prime Minister Winston Churchill looking over the Rhine River from the ruins of the west end of the bridge at Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, circa 25 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 25 Mar 1945
26 Mar 1945
  • In Germany, US Third Army captured Darmstadt and reached Main, allowing the linking up with US Seventh Army near Worms. On the banks of the Rhine River the British Royal Corps of Engineers completed the construction of a Class 9 bridge "Waterloo Bridge" at 0100 hours and a Class 15 bridge "Lambeth Bridge" at 0830 hours. Meanwhile the construction of an even larger Class 40 bridge "London Bridge" continued and was completed by midnight. [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • Two German V-2 rockets hit Romford, Essex, England, United Kingdom. The first struck Forest Road, destroying 16 buildings and killing 2. The second rocket destroyed one building named "Victory Hut" at Nook Hill. [CPC]
  • Nazi German official Martin Bormann called for German citizens to become "Werewolf" guerillas. [CPC]
  • Former British Prime Minister David Lloyd George who led the country during WW1 died at the age of 83. [AC]
  • A small scale special attack by aircraft was conducted by the Japanese off Okinawa, Japan, but a large scale tokko campaign was to come in the future. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS Halligan was fatally damaged by a mine off Okinawa, Japan. The abandoned hulk drifted aground on Tokashiki island where she was finished off by Japanese shore batteries on the following day. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Segundo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hungary
  • Soviet troops captured the cities of Devecser and Pápa in Hungary, thus nearing the Austrian border. [Main Article | TH]
Italy
  • Junio Valerio Borghese was made the Chief of the Naval Staff. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The Japanese mounted the final suicide charge with 200-300 men at Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island arrived in the Kerama Islands southwest of Okinawa, Japan and would remain in the Okinawa area for the next month in support of the invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yoshijiro Umezu rejected the proposal to deliver biological weapons by submarine-borne aircraft on a city on the west coast of the United States due to ethical reasons. Without army support, Operation PX would soon be canceled. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Soviet forces captured Gotenhafen, Germany (now Gdynia, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Boris Shaposhnikov passed away in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Sir Nicholas Cayzer of Britain called for the scrapping of the vast amount of American-built shipping at the end of the war, for otherwise British post-war sea trade would be made uneconomical. [AC]
United States
  • USS Dragonet departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Ray departed San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1945
British Achilles tank destroyer on the east bank of the Rhine River, 26 Mar 1945; note abandoned gliders in backgroundCrewmen hoisting one of USS Miami
27 Mar 1945
  • USS Caiman detected a Japanese cargo ship in the southern South China Sea and fired 4 torpedoes; they failed to hit the target. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Red Army fought fight their way into Danzig in the face of heavy resistance. [Main Article | TH]
  • A German counter attack from Frankfurt, Germany towards Küstrin barely got out of the city. Meanwhile, US Third Army captured Aschaffenburg, Germany, 40 kilometers to the southeast. [Main Article | TH]
  • American B-29 aircraft mined Kanmon Straits near Shimonoseki, Japan. [TH]
  • Argentina declared war on the Axis alliance. The interned sailors of the Admiral Graf Spee (since Dec 1939) were now considered prisoners of war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Before dawn, USS Rock fired six torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer escort; she claimed the target was sunk with one hit, but the sinking was not confirmed. In the late evening, USS Rock fired a torpedo at another Japanese destroyer; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr departed Fremantle, Australia for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dwight Eisenhower wrote Joseph Stalin a letter in an effort to coordinate the movement of Anglo-American and Soviet front lines as the two fronts neared each other in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The US 5th Marine Division departed from Iwo Jima, Japan (its only combat operation), bound for US Territory of Hawaii for resting. [AC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Spot departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Ilford, London, England, United Kingdom. It was to be the last rocket to strike this suburban district of London. To date, 117 Ilford residents were killed by rockets, while 349 were seriously injured. A second V-2 rocket hit Hughes Mansions, Stepney, London, killing 134 and injuring 49. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Manta departed New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Mar 1945
USS Hornet off Okinawa, Japan, 27 Mar 1945; note various aircraft on the flight deckMen of the US 77th Division landing from LVTs onto Zanami Island of the Kerama Islands near Okinawa, Japan, 27 Mar 1945USS Makin Island at anchor at Kerama Retto, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 27 Mar 1945USS Langley underway in the Pacific Ocean, 27 Mar 1945
28 Mar 1945
  • USS Tirante sank Japanese freighter Nase Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Krebs replaced General Guderian as the head of the German OKH. [TH]
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front captured Gotenhafen and Danzig (now Gdynia and Gdansk, respectively), yielding 9,000 prisoners of war. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • The US submarine Trigger was depth charged and sunk by Japanese vessels whilst on patrol in the East China Sea. [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • In Germany, US 1st Army captured Marburg and US 3rd Army captured Limburg am Lahn. Meanwhile, British 2nd Army began an offensive towards the Elbe River. British sappers built another Rhine bridge, "Blackfriars", by noon. Behind the lines, Dwight Eisenhower transferred US 9th Army from Bernard Montgomery's army group to Omar Bradley's army group as Anglo-American objective shifted toward southern Germany and Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: All major units of Construction Battalion have departed this station. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Boarfish attacked a Japanese patrol vessel in the South China Sea; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Mar 1945
Men of the British 5th Dorsetshire Regiment crossing the Rhine River into Germany in a Buffalo tracked landing vehicle, 28 Mar 1945Men of the UK 1st Commando Brigade manning two Vickers medium machine guns just east of the Rhine River outside of Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, between 24-31 Mar 1945Map depicting the crossing of the Rhine, 22-28 Mar 1945War Correspondent Ted Stanford of The Pittsburgh Courier interviewing African-American US Army Sergeant Morris O. Harris of the 784th Tank Battalion of the 9th Army, 28 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 28 Mar 1945
29 Mar 1945
  • British anti-aircraft gunners shot down a V-1 flying bomb at Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops entered former Czechoslovakian province of Ruthenia. [CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front captured Fortress Küstrin in Germany. [TH]
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the temporary rank of general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Macabi was commissioned into service with Commander Anthony H. Dropp in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub spotted a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea and began pursuing the ships, attacked by patrolling aircraft in the process. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The Japanese called off the attempt to recapture Meiktila, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, US Third Army captured Frankfurt and Wiesbaden and US Seventh Army captured Mannheim. British sappers built another Rhine bridge, "Westminster". [Main Article | TH, AC]
Hungary
  • Germany lost its last major source of oil when Soviet units captured the Komorn oil fields in Hungary. [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • Japanese Navy Shinyo special attack boats launched an attack at Okinawa, Japan to no effect. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt visited Hyde Park, New York, United States and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library for what would be the last time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Mar 1945
Two young German soldiers, one injured, the other dead, east of the Rhine River, Germany, late Mar 1945Battleship Colorado bombarding Okinawa, Japan, 29 Mar 1945; cropped photoSoviet M-17 vehicles in the streets of Danzig, Germany, late-Mar 1945Destroyed buildings of Lipa City, Luzon, Philippine Islands, after 29 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 29 Mar 1945
30 Mar 1945
  • US First Army attacked Paderborn, Germany. Beyond the German front lines, US aircraft harassed retreating German columns, destroying 246 trucks and 241 railway wagons. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops marched into Danzig, taking 10,000 prisoners of war and capturing 45 submarines. [Main Article | TH]
  • German Armeegruppe Weichsel (Vistula) evacuated its last Oder River bridgehead from Wollin, Germany. [TH]
  • Soviet troops crossed the Hron and Nitra Rivers in Czechoslovakia and crossed into occupied Austria near Koszeg, Hungary. They were now 50 miles from Vienna, Ostmark, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Sea Robin detected a group of six Japanese destroyers in the South China Sea just off Hainan, China. She fired 3 and then 6 torpedoes, but all 9 torpedoes missed. She survived 20 minutes of depth charging after the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub rescued three American airmen off Yulikan Bay, Hainan island, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 19th Division captured Kyaukse, 20 miles south of Mandalay, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • USAAF bombers bombed German ports of Hamburg, Bremen, and Wilhelmshaven. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Commandant of the SS castle of Schloß Wewelsburg in Büren, Germany, Siegfried Taubert, abandoned the castle as US 3rd Armored Division approached. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Jewish women being led to their deaths at the Ravensbrück Concentration Camp in Germany fought against their SS guards in an attempt to escape. Nine of them got away, but they were soon captured and were killed with the rest of the group. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Victory for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US aircraft attacked a railway linking Shoka (now Changhua) and Taichu (now Taichung), Taiwan. [CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt arrived at Warm Springs, Georgia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 30 Mar 1945
US Army African-American Privates George Cofield and Howard Davis manning an anti-aircraft weapon near a bridge under construction over the Rhine River, 30 Mar 1945DShK M1938 heavy machine being used as a tank-mounted weapon by a Soviet soldier in Danzig, late Mar 1945High Commissioner Lord Gort and newspaper publisher Gershon Agron in conversation, 30 Mar 1945Japanese 120mm gun protuding from a cave opening, Iwo Jima, Japan, circa Mar 1945
31 Mar 1945
  • USS Tirante sank a Japanese sail with gunfire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German forces began withdrawing from the Netherlands. [TH]
  • As the troops of the French First Army crossed the Rhine River near Speyer, Germany, they became the first French troops to attack across the river since Napoleon Bonaparte. Meanwhile, US Third Army reached Siegen, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces crossed into the Germany border from Sopron, Hungary. [TH]
  • Allied commander Eisenhower demanded German surrender over radio. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was ordered to go to the "Alpine Fortress". [Main Article | CPC]
  • 50 Japanese Army Renraku-tei special attack boats sank American landing ship LSM-12 at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Ratibor and Katscher, Germany (now Raciborz and Kietrz, Poland). [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • On Heinrich Himmler's orders, men led by SS-Sturmbannführer Heinz Macher attempted to use tank mines to demolish the SS castle of Schloß Wewelsburg in Büren, Germany. The attempt only damaged the southeast tower, while the rest of the castle, was damaged by fires. The 9,000 SS Ehrenring (SS Honor Rings) stored at the castle were taken away by Macher and were buried at a secret location in nearby woods. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Sunfish departed Apra, Guam, Mariana Islands for her eleventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Cero departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot, misidentified as a hostile submarine, was attacked by American destroyer USS Case; USS Spot did not suffer any damage by the two salvos fired. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Garland completed her refitting at Devonport, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Apr 1945
  • USS Cassin Young supported the invasion of Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tirante attacked a Japanese landing ship with three torpedoes, but all missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Sub Lieutenant R. H. Reynolds's Seafire carrier fighter shot down two A6M5 Zero fighters; these were the first Seafire fighter victories against Zero fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Tenth Army invaded Okinawa, Japan. Japanese aircraft launched a massive counter-attack, damaging USS West Virginia, USS Tennessee, and HMS Indefatigable, among others. [Main Article | TH]
  • US First and Ninth Armies complete the encirclement of the Ruhr industrial area at Lippstadt, cutting off the 21 divisions (about 500,000 men) of the German Army Group B. [Main Article | AC]
  • US First Army captured Paderborn and Hamm, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front captured Wiener Neustadt, occupied Austria. [Main Article | TH]
  • American prisoners of war held at Ziegenhain, Germany were liberated by troops of the US 455th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion. [CPC]
  • US 158th Regimental Combat Team landed near Legaspi, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet artillery began a 6-day artillery bombardment against Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Doetinchem, Borculo, Eibergen, and Enschede in the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • An Ohka special attack mission was launched and damaged USS West Virginia off Okinawa, Japan; on the same day, a cache of 15 Ohka aircraft was captured by the United States Marines on Okinawa, who nicknamed them baka, Japanese for "fool", as the discovery was made on April Fool's Day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri covered the landings at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British troops commenced Operation Roast across Lake Comacchio in northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho entered the drydocks at Kure, Japan for repairs; the repair would be halted shortly after as the damage was judged to be too extensive. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Crown Prince Yi Un was made a member of the Supreme War Council of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Tunny completed her lifeguard duties off Okinawa, Japan and set sail for US Territory of Hawaii via Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The 11,000-ton Japanese liner Awa Maru, given safe passage by the Americans because she had revealed that she was carrying Red Cross parcels and other aid to Allied POWs, was torpedoed and sunk by American submarine USS Queenfish in the Taiwan Strait after a breakdown in communications. Of the estimated 2,500 people on board, many of them skilled Japanese technicians, only one survived. For the only time in the war, the US Government acknowledged responsibility for wrongfully sinking an enemy ship and promised compensation after the war. Queenfish's commanding officer was court martialled for negligence, but was later exonerated based on the fact that Awa Maru was later discovered to be smuggling rubber and other war materials. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-65 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Apr 1945
Men of the US 10th Army landing on Okinawa, Japan, 1 Apr 1945The Catholic chaplain aboard battleship Indiana serving communion on the shipMinneapolis off Okinawa, Japan, 1 Apr 1945155mm Gun M1 of US 420th Field Artillery Group set up on Keise Shima near Okinawa, Japan, Apr 1945
See all photos dated 1 Apr 1945
2 Apr 1945
  • With assistance from Bulgarian units, Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front captured the main Hungarian oil production area near Nagykanizsa. [TH]
  • Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front captured the Hungarian industrial zone of Mosonmagyarovar. [TH]
  • Martin Bormann ordered Germany to fight until victorious or until death. [CPC]
  • US troops landed on Sanga Sanga, Sulu, Philippine Islands without resistance; Filipino guerrilla fighters had already secured the island prior to the landing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American B-24 bombers conducted a raid on Hong Kong. [CPC]
  • American B-24 bombers conducted a raid on Marcus Island. [CPC]
  • The American Mk II and Mk IIA1 hand grenades were redesignated Mk 2 and Mk 2A1, respectively. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Wiener Neustadt, Eisenstadt, Neunkirchen, and Gloggnitz in southern Germany, thus now threatening Vienna. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten announced that the planning for Operation Dracula against Rangoon, Burma was to be resumed, with a target execution date of 5 May 1945 at the latest. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Folke Bernadotte met Heinrich Himmler at the SS Hohenlychen sanatorium in Lychen, Germany; Himmler was unsuccessful in convincing Bernadotte to help seek a peace between Germany and the Western Allies. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Sennet completed refitting from USS Apollo at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gar departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for the Mariana Islands. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Dragonet arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • In Japan, 100 American B-29 bombers conducted a raid on the Nakajima aircraft factory near Tokyo, while 15 B-29 bombers mined waters off Kure and Hiroshima. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 18 US A-20 bombers from Luzon, Philippine Islands attacked the rail marshaling yards at Shinei District (now Xinying District), Takao (now Kaohsiung), Taiwan. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Glory was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Apr 1945
USS Gar departing Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 2 Apr 1945
3 Apr 1945
  • Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front penetrated the German defensive lines between Wiener Neustadt and Neusiedler Lake, advancing toward Vienna, Austria. Major Carl Szokoll, a leader of the Austrian resistance, met with Soviet authorities about cooperation in Vienna to prevent the city's destruction. [Main Article | TH]
  • General of Infantry Wilhelm Hasse replaced Walther Nehring as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. [CPC]
  • British Second Army arrived at Münster, Germany while the US Ninth Army captured Recklinghausen. [Main Article | TH]
  • US First Army captured Fulda and Kassel, Germany. [TH]
  • German rocket troops were converted to regular troops and joined the German 5th Army Corps. [CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Hengelo, the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • Special attack boats of Japanese Navy Shinyo Squadron 22 sank American gunboat LCI(G)-82 at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island was struck by two or three Japanese special attack aircraft, causing damage but little casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-71 struck a mine and sunk off Sanga Sanga, Borneo. [AC]
Germany
  • US 45th Infantry Division captured Aschaffenburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Sennet departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Troops of British Special Boat Service and Italian 28th Garribaldi Brigade captured islands in Lake Comacchio in northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • 68 American B-29 bombers attacked the Koizuimi aircraft factory and the urban areas of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Apr 1945
  • German troops counterattacked Soviet forces near Moravska-Ostrava and Nitra in Czechoslovakia. Meanwhile, Soviet troops entered Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. At Kosice in the Slovak Republic, the Soviet Union set up a provisional Czechoslovakian government. [TH]
  • British Second Army captured Osnabrück, Germany. [TH]
  • Naval mines in the Inland Sea, Japan sank three Japanese ships. [CPC]
  • On the fourth day of the Soviet artillery bombardment, Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany lost electric power. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Eduard Schallmoser, flying a Me 262 jet fighter, scored the first kill of German Jagdverband 44. The kill was accidental, however, as he unintentionally rammed an American P-38 fighter in the tail. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Dwight Eisenhower transferred the US 9th Army from Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's 21st Army Group to General Omar Bradley's 12th Army Group, thus making Bradley the first American general to command four field armies simultaneously. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Gabilan and her wolfpack mates detected Japanese cruiser Isuzu in the South China Sea and gave chase. She sank one of the escorting gunboats with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, US Third Army eliminated resistance in Kassel, and captured Suhl and Gotha. [TH]
  • Troops of US 89th Infantry Division captured Ohrdruf Concentration Camp in Germany, which was a satellite of Buchenwald Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The US 9th Army crossed the Weser River to commence a rapid advance to reach the Elbe River in Germany. [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Task Force 19.9.9, comprised of Scouting Squadron 46 (VS-46), Scouting Squadron 53 (VS-53), and Scouting Squadron 69 (VS-69) arrived on board. All major construction on the Inshore Patrol Squadron area completed, including parking mat, nose hangar, enlisted barracks, mess hall, BOQ's, and shop space. Carrier Air Group 31 (CVG-31) on board. [Main Article | DS]
Hungary
  • Soviet 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts completed the capture of Hungary. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Alabama departed California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1945
Japanese-American troops ran for cover as a German shelling was starting, Italy, 4 Apr 1945Australian Privates Leon Ravet of Parramatta and Bernard Kentwell on patrol with Owen Machine Carbines, New Britain. 4 April 1945Map depicting the Allied encirclement of the Ruhr region, 29 Mar-4 Apr 1945American ships unloading supplies on the beach of Okinawa, Japan, 4 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 4 Apr 1945
5 Apr 1945
  • 18 US Divisions began to clear the Ruhr Pocket in Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet foreign minister Molotov informed the Japanese ambassador that the Soviet Union would not renew the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact when it would expire in 1946. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front cut the rail line from Linz to Vienna, occupied Austria. [Main Article | TH]
  • On the fifth day of the Soviet artillery bombardmen on Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany, a break in the weather allowed Soviet aircraft to join in on the attack. By this point, German defenses could offer little opposition to enemy aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Almelo, the Netherlands. [CPC]
Germany Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 31 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • British 56th Infantry Division attacked German positions near Lake Comacchio in northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Americans established an advanced air base on Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At 1359 hours, while at Mitajiri anchorage in Japan, battleship Yamato's commanding officer Captain Kosaku Ariga received the order to participate in a surface special attack on 7 Apr 1945. Ariga informed the crew at 1500 hours. At 1730 hours, 67 recently arrived cadets from the Naval Academy at Etajima were sent ashore. A farewell party was then held aboard Yamato, with a photographer taking portraits of officers. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island disembarked US Navy squadron VC-87 and embarked squadron VCO-1 while operating off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The third FR Fireball prototype aircraft was destroyed in a crash over Lindbergh Field, San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Apr 1945
Bradley and Patton at Bastogne, 5 Apr 1945Portrait of YamatoGround crew made an Three Japanese soldiers emerged from their hiding place to surrender, Iwo Jima, 5 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 5 Apr 1945
6 Apr 1945
  • USS Cassin Young rescued survivors of two sunken US destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tirante stopped a Japanese fishing boat, captured the crew of three, and sank the boat by gunfire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Caiman arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yugoslavian partisans took control of Sarajevo. [TH]
  • After six days of artillery and aerial bombardment on Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany, the ground offensive began. 137,000 Soviet troops of the 3rd Byelorussian Front rushed into the city, supported by 530 tanks and 2,400 aircraft. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front launched its final attack on Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 1 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 230 Japanese Navy and 125 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur was named the supreme Allied commander in the Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Rock made a night time surface torpedo attack on a schooner with three torepdoes; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS Bush was sunk by a Japanese special attack off Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
  • USS Wake Island departed Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front began attacking the suburbs of Vienna, occupied Austria. [Main Article | TH]
  • Joseph Goebbels announced that a German victory was to come during this month and only Adolf Hitler knew the moment. He obtained this information from astrology. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Johnson was promoted to the rank of group captain and was given command of the No. 125 Wing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hackleback made radio contact with the Japanese force centered around battleship Yamato; she attempted to attack by torpedoes but was driven away by escorting destroyers. She was able to report the location of the enemy fleet, however. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Prisoners of Moringen Concentration Camp who could walk were sent on a death march toward the east; those who remained would be liberated by troops of the Western Allies three days later. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • In occupied Czechoslovakia, International Red Cross representatives visited the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Germany
  • US Lieutenant John G. Winant, son of the US ambassador to Britain, captured after his aircraft was shot down over München (Munich), Germany, was transferred to the Oflag IV-C prisoner of war camp at Colditz Castle in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler read Wilhelm Canaris' diary in which Hitler he learned of Canaris' involvement in anti-Nazi activities. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 15,000 prisoners of Buchenwald Concentration Camp in Germany were evacuated by German authorities. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Station commemorated its 3rd anniversary. Bagley outdoor theater commissioned this date. Guests included Admiral Bagley, Gov Stainback of the Territory of Hawaii, Brig General LWT Waller, Jr., USMC, and Commodore BL Austen. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Allied Operation Grapeshot was ordered to commence in northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The sick and the older sailors aboard Yamato were disembarked at Mitajiri anchorage in Japan before the battleship departed for Operation Ten-Go. She passed through the Bungo Channel between Shikoku and Kyushu at 1830 hours, sailing west and then turning south at 2100 hours to avoid American submarine USS Threadfin. Meanwhile, USS Threadfin continued to follow Yamato's position though unable to attack. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Netherlands
  • On the Island of Texel off the Dutch coast, the Georgian troops serving as volunteers with the German army mutinied. Some 246 German troops were killed in their sleep by the Georgians (most of whom had originally been captured on the Eastern Front) and battle broke out which eventually results in 800 Germans, 500 Georgian and 117 Texel civilian fatalities. The fighting ended only when the Canadians arrived on 20 May 1945, two weeks after the end of the European war. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1945
US B-25J (44-29600; 2Lt Francis A. Thompson) of 499th Relief Map of Iwo Jima used to brief US carrier pilots; this photo was filed 6 Apr 1945
7 Apr 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay departed Okinawa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kosaku Ariga passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tirante torpedoed a Japanese cargo freighter, surfaced, and observed two survivors clinging to debris. She was initially credited with the kill, but it failed to be confirmed after studying Japanese records post-war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe E completed its evacuation of Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. [TH]
  • In Germany, US First Army captured Göttingen and US Ninth Army captured Eisenach and Hameln. [TH]
  • Kantaro Suzuki was named the 42nd Prime Minister of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Schörner's German Armeegruppe Mitte attacked the Soviet 2nd and 4th Ukrainian Fronts in Czechoslovakia. [TH]
  • USS Hancock, USS Maryland, and 4 destroyers were damaged by Japanese special attack aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German jets were deployed to intercept heavy bombers of the Western Allies. [TH]
  • German forces at Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany attempted a counterattack. Although it inflicted heavy casualties on the Soviets, it ultimately failed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr sank Japanese cruiser Isuzu, which had just been damaged by a torpedo from USS Gabilan, with three hits out of five torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-103 was damaged by a mine off Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
  • USS Cabrilla fired 3 torpedoes at a Japanese transport off northern Japan; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze rescued survivors of battleship Yamato and destroyer Isokaze; she suffered minor damage from American air attacks during the action (3 were killed, 15 were wounded). [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan sank the already-damaged Japanese cruiser Isuzu, which she and her wolfpack mates had been chasing since 4 Apr 1945, in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hauptmann Oskar Dettke and Oberleutnant Heinrich Südel of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops attacked Yindaw, which was 20 kilometers south of Meiktila, Burma. It was stubbornly defended by 1,000 Japanese troops which repeatedly repulsed assaults over the next few days. William Slim would ultimately order the town bypassed, leaving it for the mop-up phase later. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Hikosaburo Hata was named the chief of staff of Otozo Yamada (Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China). [CPC]
Germany
  • Wilhelm Canaris was sentenced to death by a special SS tribunal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a last ditch operation by the so-called Sonderkommando Elbe, set up by the fanatical Oberst Otto Köhnke, the pilots of 183 Fw 190 and Bf 109K aircraft flying to the strains of martial music played over the radio were ordered to deliberately ram American B-17 bombers. How many actually did so remained a mystery but 137 of the German aircraft were lost with the loss 70 pilots killed. Only eight US heavy bombers were brought down. [AC]
Japan
  • 101 American B-29 bombers attacked the Nakajima aircraft factory near Tokyo, Japan; this was the first B-29 mission to be escorted by P-51 fighters from Iwo Jima. [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • Lieutenant General Yoshio Kozuki was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea, relieving Seishiro Itagaki. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • While enroute to attack the US fleets off Okinawa, Japan, battleship Yamato was attacked by US carrier aircraft resulting in her loss, along with several of her escorts. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | TH]
United States
  • While at Warm Springs, Georgia, United States, Franklin Roosevelt had a brief telephone conversation with his wife Eleanor Roosevelt, who was at the family estate at Hyde Park, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Apr 1945
Yahagi, moments before she was sunk, 7 April 1945Cruiser Yahagi under attack, 7 Apr 1945Japanese Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki with members of his cabinet on his inaugural day of administration, 7 Apr 1945; note Naval Minister Yonai to his rightUSS Hancock burning after being struck by special attack aircraft, off Okinawa, Japan, 7 Apr 1945; note USS Essex
See all photos dated 7 Apr 1945
8 Apr 1945
  • Prinz Eugen set sail for Copenhagen, Denmark. [Main Article | CPC]
  • SS judge Otto Thorbeck sentenced Dietrich Bonhoeffer to death for conspiracy against the German state. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British SAS brigade was dropped into eastern Netherlands as an advance force for Canadian units moving north. [TH]
  • British Second Army captured Hildesheim in central Germany. [TH]
  • Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front continued its advance into northern Czechoslovakia. [TH]
  • Defensive forts number 5 and 8 at Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany surrendered to Soviet forces. German forces attempted another counterattack, but it failed at the face of Soviet air superiority. On this date, Soviet aircraft dropped 1,500 tons of bombs on Königsberg. [Main Article | TH]
  • Two destroyers were damaged by Japanese special attack boats and aircraft off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In northern Italy, British Army SAS Major Anders Lassen and 19 men were tasked with creating a diversion at Lake Comacchio. The Dane, who joined the British forces after the fall of Denmark and had already won the Military Medal three times in commando operations, destroyed three enemy strong-points before being fatally wounded. As his men withdrew, he refused aid, knowing that he would only slow them down and endanger their escape. His body was later found and buried by partisans. The fighting Dane was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross, the only non-British Commonwealth soldier to win the medal during the war. [AC]
  • USS Snook reported her position to USS Tigrone east of the island of Taiwan, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank two small Japanese fishing vessels in the South China Sea with her deck gun and took on 3 survivors. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-103 was beached and abandoned after suffering fatal damage from a mine on the previous day off the coast of Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
  • Soviet troops gained control of the main railway station in Vienna, Ostmark, Germany and surrounded the city. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank a small Japanese vessel with gunfire off Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Troops of the US 3rd Army discovered a hidden cache of gold, art, and other treasures in the Merkers salt mine near Mülhausen, Germany. [CPC]
  • US Seventh Army takes Pforzheim in southwestern Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Italy
  • British troops attacked the area between the southern tip of Lake Comacchio and the Fossa di Navigazione, known as 'The Wedge', in northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Apr 1945
B-17G Flying Fortress Battleship Indiana receiving powder for her 16-in guns via highline from AE-12 Wrangell, off Okinawa, Japan, 8 Apr 1945Americans attacked Japanese snipers in a cave with bazooka and small arms, northern coast of Iwo Jima, during mop up operations, 8 Apr 1945Flame thrower in use against Japanese holding out in a cave along Iwo Jima
9 Apr 1945
  • Hans von Dohnanyi passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer was executed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tirante sank Japanese troop transport Nikko Maru and damaged Japanese coastal defense vessel No. 102; the latter was later towed back to port by transport Kiyokawa Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allies launched 1,200 bombers to raid 10 German jet airfields and oil storage facilities. [CPC]
  • General Otto Lasch surrendered the city of Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany to the Soviet forces. The surrender caused a massive panic among the civilians of the city. As the roads were crowded with refugees, Soviet forces attacked, killing many civilians. Fighting ceased by midnight as Soviet forces eliminated all remaining German resistance. 80% to 90% of the city lay in ruin by this time. [Main Article | TH]
  • German Armeegruppe E was now completely cut off, but continued to fight against Yugoslavian partisans. [TH]
  • Moringen Concentration Camp was liberated by Allied troops. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Liberty ship Charles Henderson, loaded with aircraft bombs, blew up in Bari harbour in Italy, killing 360 and injuring 1,730. [AC]
  • Rifleman Ali Haidar took out two gun positions at Fusignano, Italy, being wounded on each occasion. But his actions enabled the advance to continue across the Senjo River and earned him the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • During the crossing of the Senjo River Indian Private Namdeo Jadhav carried two wounded comrades under heavy fire through deep water and across a minefield. He then recrossed the river, destroyed three machine gun posts and directed other companies safely across, thereby securing a bridgehead. His extraordinary conduct would earn him the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • USS Snook failed to respond to a message sent by USS Tigrone. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin took on 10 survivors of a sinking Japanese trawler damaged by Allied aircraft in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth and final war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops began assaulting the central region of Vienna, Ostmark, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was disbanded. [CPC]
  • USS Parche fired 7 torpedoes at a Japanese Minesweeper No. 3 and a transport off Kobe, Japan, damaging the minesweeper with 1 hit. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Wilhelm Canaris was executed by hanging by piano wire at the Flossenbürg concentration camp in Flossenbürg, southern Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • In the early afternoon, 825 Allied heavy bombers and 1,000 other aircraft dropped bombs behind the Senio River in northern Italy. Between 1520 and 1910 hours, 1,500 artillery pieces bombarded German positions five times. At dusk, New Zealand, Indian, and Polish troops attacked. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish damaged a Japanese ship off Mutsu harbor (Ominato Guard District naval base), Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1945
Burial at sea aboard USS Hancock for those killed by Japanese special attack two days prior, off Okinawa, Japan, 9 Apr 1945Canadian Infantry of the Regiment de Maisonneuve, moving through Holten to Rijssen, Netherlands, 9 Apr 1945
10 Apr 1945
  • American bombers conducted a raid on Japanese positions in the Kurile Islands. [CPC]
  • 1,224 Allied heavy bombers were dispatched to attack German aircraft facilities; about 60 German jets were launched to intercept. [CPC]
  • German 6.SS-Panzerarmee defended against strong Soviet attacks against Wiener Neustadt and Baden in occupied Austria. Meanwhile, heavy fighting continued in the central districts of Vienna. [Main Article | TH]
  • Canadian First Army captured Deventer, the Netherlands. [TH]
  • In Germany, British Second Army captured Wildenhausen and US Ninth Army captured Hannover. [TH]
  • Prime Minister Churchill announced that, to date, Britain suffered 1,126,802 total casualties. Of the 306,984 killed, 34,161 were from the merchant navy and 59,793 were civilian. [CPC]
  • In the Philippine Islands, US troops captured Jolo in Sulu and Lamon Bay at Luzon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Walther Wenck was named the commanding officer of the German 12th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr sank a Japanese freighter with her deck gun in the Java Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wilkinson Sword Limited's contract for producing Fairbairn-Sykes commando daggers ended. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Mingo arrived in the Mariana Islands, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A reconnaissance flight over Scotland, United Kingdom by an Arado jet was the last operational sortie over Britain by a Luftwaffe aircraft. [Main Article | AC]
  • Otto Skorzeny visited Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner's headquarters in Silesia in occupied Poland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler sent his servants ahead of him to Berchtesgaden, Germany to prepare for his arrival scheduled for 20 Apr 1945. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Galland met Hermann Göring for the last time at Obersalzberg in München-Oberbayern, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • New Zealand troops reached Santerno River in northern Italy. After sundown, British V Corps launched Operation Impact Plain toward Argenta, Italy. 850 heavy bombers and 700 medium bombers were used to support the Allied attacks that took place on this day. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Ten Seiran seaplanes performed a practice flight over Fukuyama, Japan to familiarize the crews with flights over densely populated areas in case they were to receive an order to attack US cities. After the exercise, Second Lieutenant Ichiyoshi's aircraft crashed on water landing; Ichiyoshi was killed, and the observer survived the crash. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Apr 1945
One of KönigsbergGerman prisoners of war marched across a bridge, Königsberg, Apr 1945Men of the 383nd Infantry Regiment, US 96th Division firing at a Japanese position in the Mashiki area, Okinawa, Japan, circa Apr 1945US Army soldiers disembarking from LVTs onto Okinawa beach, Japan, circa Apr 1945
See all photos dated 10 Apr 1945
11 Apr 1945
  • British Second Army captured Celle, Germany. [AC]
  • The Soviet 4th Guards Army attacked the canals over the Danube River in Vienna, Ostmark, Germany. Nearby, Soviet 20th Guards Rifle Corps and 1st Mechanized Corps attacked the Reichsbrücke Bridge but failing to take it. After observing the fighting on the front lines in the district of Florisdorf, Otto Skorzeny concluded that Vienna was to fall within a day. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Missouri, USS Enterprise, USS Essex, and 6 destroyers were damaged by Japanese special attack aircraft off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American troops captured an intact V-weapon plant in Nordhausen, Germany; top American leadership soon sent in engineers to remove as much equipment as possible ahead of the arrival of Soviet troops. [CPC]
  • Soviet troops reached the Elbe River near Magdeburg, Germany. [CPC]
  • A Japanese special attack aircraft crashed into the starboard side of USS Missouri, causing minor damage. The remains of the Japanese pilot was given a sea burial with military honors. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan fired four torpedoes at a convoy of small Japanese ships in the South China Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank a small Japanese freighter off Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Pyabwe, Burma at dawn; 2,000 dead Japanese bodies were counted in the region after the fierce battle. To the southwest, mechanized Anglo-Indian troops reached the Taungdwingyi area. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Naoto Kohiyama stepped down as the President of the South Manchuria Railway. [CPC]
Germany
  • US Third Army captured Weimar, Germany and US Seventh Army reached Schweinfurt. [Main Article | AC]
  • US Ninth Army captured Bochum, Essen, and Goslar, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Prisoners of Buchenwald Concentration Camp freed themselves after most of the guards had fled. In the Buchenwald satellite camp of Langenstein, the US 83rd Infantry Division arrived; it had about 1,100 prisoners at the time. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • New Zealand and Polish troops crossed Santerno River in northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • I-401 departed Kure, Japan for Dalian, China; she was tasked to bring fuel back to Kure, whose stores were becoming depleted. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Toroku Prisoners of War Camp in central Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1945
Molotov, Stalin, and Tito, Moscow, 11 Apr 1945Japanese special attack Zero fighter crashing into USS Missouri, off Okinawa, Japan, 11 April 1945Dead prisoners of Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp on barracks floors as discovered by members of US 1st Army, Nordhausen, Germany, 11 Apr 1945Soldiers of The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada aboard a Kangaroo armored personnel carrier converted from a Ram tank, Europe, 11 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 11 Apr 1945
12 Apr 1945
  • A Japanese aircraft crashed into the foremast of USS Cassin Young, killing one and wounding one. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Westerbork, Brummen, and Deventer in the Netherlands. US Third Army captured Erfurt, Germany. Meanwhile, US Ninth Army captured Braunschweig after crossing the Elbe River. [CPC]
  • German forces evacuated Zenica, Yugoslavia. [TH]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 2 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 125 Japanese Navy and 60 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. Destroyer USS Mannert L. Abele was sunk by a Japanese Ohka piloted bomb off Okinawa; she was the first to be struck by an Ohka bomb and was the only to be sunk by one. [Main Article | CPC]
  • An order was sent by radio to USS Snook to take lifeguard station off the Sakishima Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan; she failed to respond. [Main Article | CPC]
  • En route to Dalian, China, I-401 detonated a magnetic mine at 0850 hours, rupturing the fuel tank and damaging a Kingston valve. She turned around to return to Kure, Japan for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered that commanders who failed to hold key positions in the defense of Germany would be executed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub was attacked by a Japanese aircraft, sustaining temporary loss of power and depth control. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • American troops began arriving at Buchenwald Concentration Camp near Weimar, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • In southwestern Germany, French troops captured Baden-Baden and US troops captured Heilbronn. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Gerhard Prawitt, the commandant of the Oflag IV-C prisoner of war camp at Colditz Castle in Germany, received an unsigned letter from the office of Heinrich Himmler stating that all important prisoners at Colditz were to be prepared for transfer in the following morning where they would be held as hostages for negotiations with the western Allies. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Indian 8th Division crossed Santerno River in northern Italy. German 15th Panzergrenadier Regiment arrived in the Reno River area as reinforcement. [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • The Westerbork Concentration Camp at Hooghalen in the Netherlands was liberated by the Canadian 2nd Infantry Division. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall fired a torpedo at a Japanese patrol vessel in the South China Sea; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Avenger aircraft from HMS Victorious attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei) and shipping off Tamsui in northern Taiwan; Sub-Lieutenant Daniel McAleese was shot down, rescued, but would later die of his wounds. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt passed away of cerebral hemorrhage after complaining of acute headache during a portrait painting session with artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff at Warm Springs, Georgia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Apr 1945
Bradley, Patton, and Eisenhower inspected artwork hidden in the Merkers salt mine, Germany, 12 Apr 1945African-American US Marines and sailors resting at the base of a Japanese war memorial, Okinawa, Japan, 12 Apr 1945. On steps: Snowden, Martin. On monument: Walton, Ellenberg, Brown, Brawner.High school girls from Chiran, Kagoshima, Japan waving cherry blossom branches to bid farewell to Lt Toshio Anazawa of Japanese Army 20th Shinbu Special Attack Unit in Ki-43 Hayabusa, 12 Apr 1945US Generals Eisenhower and Bradley examining a suitcase of German loot stored in the Merkers salt mine, Germany, 12 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 12 Apr 1945
13 Apr 1945
  • Chile declared war on Japan. [CPC]
  • Troops of the US Ninth Army finished clearing the Duisberg Pocket in Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • 9 Japanese balloons were shot down over the western Aleutian Islands in the North Pacific. [CPC]
  • The Soviet Danube Flotilla landed men of the 80th Guards Rifle Division and 7th Guards Airborne Division on both sides of the Reichsbrücke Bridge in Vienna, Ostmark, Germany, securing it. Later on the same day, Soviet troops secured the Essling district of Vienna while the Danube Flotilla delivered more men near Klosterneuburg 15 kilometers up the river. By the end of the day, German resistance in Vienna, broken up in several pockets, ceased to be effective. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied troops captured Assen, Diepenveen, and Olst in the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • German SS and Luftwaffe troops, while fleeing Allied advance with 1,016 political and military prisoners, deemed the prisoners too weak to continue marching. The prisoners were locked them inside a barn near Gardelegen, Saxony, Germany, which was then set afire, killing all of them. [CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese patrol boat south of Japan; the single torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche damaged a Japanaese fishing trawler and a small boat with her deck gun east of Kamaichi, Japan; as two Japanese aircraft closed in on a counterattack, Parche dove in a hurry, causing her ammunition to detonate, though causing little damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Dwight Eisenhower rejected the notion, for the third time, to advance onto Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A group of prominent prisoners of war were transferred out of the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany for the camp at Laufen in southern Germany on the orders of Heinrich Himmler. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Josias was arrested by Allied authorities. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British 78th Infantry Division secured a bridgehead at Bastia in northern Italy, across the Santerno River. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian commandos infiltrated Ancona, Italy by sea, but they were all captured before they did any damage. [CPC]
Japan
  • More than 300 American B-29 bombers attacked various targets in and near Tokyo, Japan. The smaller of the two cyclotrons at the Riken Institute was destroyed. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall fired two torpedoes at a Japanese patrol vessel in the South China Sea; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Avenger aircraft from HMS Victorious attacked Matsuyama Arifield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan, damaging runways, and barracks; one ammunition dump or oil storage tank exploded. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Avenger aircraft from HMS Victorious, en route back to the carrier after attacking Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), strafed 12 aircraft on the ground at Giran Airfield in northeastern Taiwan; actual damage caused by the strafing was unknown. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Avenger aircraft from HMS Victorious attacked Shinchiku Airfield in Taiwan, causing unknown damage to the runways. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wasp arrived at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Apr 1945
American ships landing troops and supplies on a beach on Okinawa, Japan, 13 Apr 1945B-17 Flying Fortress bombers of USAAF 398th Bombardment Group on bombing run to Neumünster, Germany, 13 Apr 1945Troops of the Canadian Royal Hamilton Light Infantry aboard Kangaroo armored personnel carriers converted from Ram tanks, near Groningen, the Netherlands, 13 Apr 1945
14 Apr 1945
  • USS Tirante sank Japanese cargo ship Juzan Maru and her two escort vessels. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Patton was promoted to the permanent rank of general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Ruhr Pocket was cut in two near Hagen, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Former Chancellor Franz von Papen and three German generals were captured in a raid by American gliderborne troops led by Lieutenant James Watson. [Main Article | TH]
  • French troops began their final assault on Bordeaux, France. [TH]
  • Canadian forces assumed military control in the Netherlands, minding those German forces still holed up in Atlantikwall fortifications. Arnhem and Zwolle were captured by the Canadians on this date. [TH]
  • British Second Army reached Bremen, Germany. [TH]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft damaged a battleship and two destroyers off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr began laying naval mines off Pulo Island, Vietnam. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Seven G4M bombers approached American ships off Okinawa, but all were shot down before they were able to launch their Ohka payloads. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Dwight Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander in North West Europe, announced that Berlin, Germany was no longer a military objective. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Soviet Union's top propagandist, Ilya Ehrenburg, was formally reprimanded, in an unprecedented editorial in the Soviet military newspaper Red Star, by his chief, Alexandrov, for broadcasting and distributing leaflets that encourage Red Army soldiers to commit atrocities against German civilians. [AC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese patrol boat south of Japan; the single torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan sank a Japanese freighters in the South China Sea in the morning, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. In the evening, she sank another freight in the same area, hitting her with all 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Taungdwingyi, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • On this day and the next, 423 Danish Jews were transferred from the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia back to their home country via trucks hired by the Swedish Red Cross. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
France
  • Lorraine began a week-long bombardment of German positions in the Gironde estuary in western France between La Rochelle and Bordeaux. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, US Third Army captured Bayreuth and Gera. [Main Article | TH]
  • As Allied troops advanced, Heinrich Himmler ordered all prisoners at Dachau Concentration Camp in southern Germany be exterminated. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • US 102nd Infantry Division captured Gardelegen, Germany. [TH]
  • The underground aircraft factory at Tarthun south of Magdeburg, Germany, which produced He 162 jet fighters among other weapons, was discovered by Private 1st ClassJames Prenger and Warrant Officer Joseph Crocker. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • British advances in northern Italy were held up at Bastia and the Fossa Marina canal, frustrated by the German 15th Panzergrenadier Regiment. On the same day, after a heavy aerial and artillery bombardment, US IV Corps began to attack on the western end of the German line. German 29th Panzergrenadier Division arrived in the Reno River area as reinforcement; earlier in the day, Adolf Hitler had rejected a request to withdraw German forces north of the Po River. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan
  • I-400 departed Kure, Japan for Dalian, China, disguised as a frigate complete with dummy naval guns and machine guns. She was tasked with bringing back fuel from the Dalian storage tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank two Japanese trawlers with her deck gun in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish fired three torpedoes at a Japanese ship off Japan; all three torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Hoe entered Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States for overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Apr 1945
Men of US 101st Infantry Regiment running past a burning fuel trailer in square of Kronach, Bayreuth, Germany, 14 Apr 1945Bones and ashes of anti-Nazi German women in the crematoriums in the concentration camp at Weimar, Germany, 14 Apr 1945Men of the US 6th Marine Division observing shelling of a Japanese position near Yae Take Airfield, Okinawa, Japan, 14 Apr 1945Funeral procession of Roosevelt, Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC, United States, 14 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 14 Apr 1945
15 Apr 1945
  • Allied troops captured Zutphen, Leeuwarden, and Zoutkamp in the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • US First Army captured Leuna and Merseburg, Germany. [TH]
  • In Czechoslovakia, Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front assaulted toward the Mührisch-Ostrau industrial region of Moravia, while Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front moved towards Brno. [TH]
  • USAAF bombers dropped napalm bombs on the German stronghold in Royan, France. [CPC]
  • German ships evacuated 20,000 people from East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr completed minelaying off Pulo Island, Vietnam. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Troops of F Company, 2nd Battalion, 405th Regiment, US 102nd Infantry Division discovered the aftermath of the massacre committed by German SS and Luftwaffe troops two days prior near Gardelegen, Saxony, Germany. [CPC]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 3 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 120 Japanese Navy and 45 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 200 aircraft of the US 14th Air Force attacked Japanese targets across a large area of eastern China, targeting bridges, river traffic, railroads, gun positions, warehouses, and troop concentrations. [CPC]
  • Field Marshal Model, Commander-in-Chief of German Army Group B, ordered all young soldiers and old soldiers to be discharged from the army. As civilians they were to make their own way home. [Main Article | AC]
  • Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front advanced toward Graz in occupied Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa arrived at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pierre Barjot was promoted to the rank of counter admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • French First Army captured Kehl and Offenburg, Germany. On the same day, Dwight Eisenhower ordered US 3rd Army under George Patton and US 6th Army Group under Jacob Devers to make a thrust toward Austria. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • British troops liberated Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp in Germany, which had about 40,000 prisoners at the time. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Eva Braun arrived in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Gerhard Prawitt, the commandant of the Oflag IV-C prisoner of war camp at Colditz Castle in Germany, received the order to transfer the prisoners in his charge toward the east. As he moved to carry out the order, the prisoners refused to cooperate as they knew the European War was coming to an end. By the evening, as US 9th Armored Division neared Colditz, SS guards began to flee without orders. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Capitaine arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US II Corps advanced toward Bologna, Italy in two columns along Highway 64 and Highway 65. British troops launched another attack across the Fossa Marina canal east of Argenta, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • American carrier aircraft struck Japanese airfields in southern Kyushu, Japan while 300 US Army B-29 bombers conducted raids on Kawasaki and Tokyo. [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • Rear Admiral Haruo Katsuta was named the chief of staff of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Shamrock Bay launched four FM-2 Wildcat fighters, which shot down six Japanese aircraft 50 miles north of Okinawa, Japan; some of the six aircraft might have been special attack aircraft aiming for destroyer USS Laffey. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Apr 1945
Supervised by American soldiers, German civilians from the town of Nordhausen, Germany bury the corpses of prisoners found at the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp in mass graves, mid-Apr 1945Damaged buildings of Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland), mid-1945DUKW of US 7th Army being loaded with gasoline jerrycans for a quick transfer across the Rhine, circa Apr 1945B-24J Liberators of the 579th Bomb Squadron drop incendiary bombs made from fighter plane drop tanks filled with napalm on targets near Royan, France, Apr 15 1945. Note the smoke marker dropped by the lead aircraft.
See all photos dated 15 Apr 1945
16 Apr 1945
  • From their positions on the Oder-Neisse Line, Soviet 1st Byelorussian and Soviet 1st Ukrainian Fronts began their final push on Berlin, Germany. Hitler's order of the day dated on the previous day was released to all German troops, ordering all who would flee in the face of the Soviet attack to be arrested or shot. [Main Article | TH]
  • Canadian troops captured Harlingen, Groningen, and Leeuwarden in the Netherlands. [TH]
  • US Army troops landed on Ie Shima off Okinawa, Japan. Meanwhile, Japanese special attack aircraft sank a destroyer and damaged a number of other warships. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet submarine L-3 sank German passenger liner Goya with a torpedo, killing 6,220 people being evacuated from East Prussia, Germany, most of whom were civilian refugees. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr fired 10 torpedoes at a Japanese freighter, none of which hit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Kete was presumed lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Allied Chiefs of Staff formally decreed the ending of the area bombing campaign against Germany. In one of British Bomber Command's last major operations of the war, 900 bombers were despatched to attack the German island fortress of Helgoland. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Japanese Navy launched an Ohka combat sortie off Okinawa by six G4M bombers that resulted in failure. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet was attacked by Japanese patrol boats off Miki Saki, Mie Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberfeldwebel Karl Schäfer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
  • The Soviet Union stopped the mass deportation of German males for use as forced laborers in the territories occupied by Soviet troops. [CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 5th Division captured Shwemyo, Burma during the day, while by nightfall the Anglo-Indian 4th Corps reached within 240 miles of Rangoon. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US First Army captured Solingen and Wuppertal, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Eighteen British Lancaster bombers of No. 617 Squadron RAF attacked the German heavy cruiser Lützow at Swinemünde, Germany (now Swinoujscie, Poland). All but two of the aircraft were hit, although only one was lost (becoming No. 617 Squadron's last loss of the war). A near miss by a "Tallboy" 12,000-lb bomb tore a large hole in the bottom of the Lützow, crippling her. [Main Article | AC]
  • US troops reached the outskirts of Nürnberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 9th Armored Division liberated the prisoners at the Oflag IV-C camp at the "escape-proof" Colditz Castle in Germany. US Private First Class Alan Murphey received the formal surrender from German Hauptmann Eggers at the courtyard of the castle. Throughout the war, 316 POWs attempted escapes from the castle with 32 making "home runs", which was the most of any camp. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Italy
  • British troops crossed the Fossa Marina canal east of Argenta, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Submarine I-369 departed Yokosuka, Japan for Caroline Islands. She carried 0.312 tons of food, 6.303 tons of weapons and ammunition, 25 tons of fuel, and 4.4 tons of other cargo for Truk, and 38.9 tons of food and 2.6 tons of other cargo for Woleai. [Main Article | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • Italian motor torpedo boats heavily damaged French destroyer Trombe in the Mediterranean Sea. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese transport Manryu Maru and Coast Defense Vessel No. 73 off Miyako, Japan, hitting them with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-24 and P-51 aircraft attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-66 departed Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Apr 1945
Intrepid burning after kamikaze attack, off Okinawa, Japan, 16 Apr 1945; a Fletcher-class destroyer in foregroundOne of the 150 concentration camp prisoners burned to death by the SS as Allied troops closed in on the camp, Gardelegen, Germany, 16 Apr 1945US Army landing craft sailing toward invasion beaches on Ie Shima, Okinawa, Japan, 16 Apr 1945Soviet ZiS-3 guns bombarding German positions near Seelow Heights, Berlin, Germany, 16-19 Apr 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 16 Apr 1945
17 Apr 1945
  • USS Cod sank a Japanese tug and its tow in the East China Sea with the deck gun and went on to rescue three of the survivors. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Even as Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front met unexpectedly fierce resistance along the Seelow Heights, Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front broke through to Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied troops captured Apeldoorn, the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • A Japanese Type 97 tank and a Type 95 tank, with explosives strapped in the front of the hulls, ambushed M4 Sherman tanks on Route 9 on Luzon, Philippine Islands near Baguio. They rammed the American tanks, but the explosives failed to detonate. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Oberleutnant August Lambert, the newly appointed Staffelkapitän of 8/SG 77, was killed when his fighter-bomber mission was bounced by a horde of with US P-51 Mustang fighters (reportedly 60-80 strong). At the time of his death Lambert had 116 aerial victories against the Soviets and had destroyed hundreds of enemy tanks, trucks and artillery pieces. Six of his pilots suffered the same fate. [AC]
  • Field Marshal Model gave his remaining troops the choice of trying to get home, of trying to fight their way out of the Ruhr region in Germany, or of surrendering. Most chose to surrender. [Main Article | AC]
  • Oberleutnant August Lambert, the newly appointed Staffelkapitän of German 8/SG 77, was killed when his fighter-bomber mission was bounced by a horde of with US P-51 Mustang fighters (reportedly 60-80 strong). At the time of his death Lambert had 116 aerial victories against the Soviets and had destroyed hundreds of enemy tanks, trucks and artillery pieces. Six of his pilots suffered the same fate. [AC]
Germany
  • Thirty three British Lancaster bombers of 5 Group, six carrying Grand Slam bombs and the remainder carrying Tall Boy bombs attacked Helgoland, Germany; they reported that the centre of the island was still ablaze from the previous day's attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert von Greim was awarded the Combined Pilots-Observation Badge in Gold with Diamonds. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops captured the rail marshaling yard and airport of Nürnberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • In Italy, Brazilian troops captured Montese. The British bridgehead at the Fossa Marina canal near Argenta, Italy was expanded by about 900 meters. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Netherlands
  • German resistance in the Netherlands was effectively ended with the surrender of the Apeldoorn garrison. The Germans had intended to make a stand along the canal, but the Canadians sent the 5th Armoured Division up from Arnhem to surround the town. After this the remaining German garrisons along the Grebbe Line followed suit and by 19 Apr fighting was almost finished allowing food supplies to be sent forward for the starving Dutch population. [AC]
Russia
  • Lavrentiy Beria reported to Joseph Stalin that a total of 215,540 people (138,200 Germans, 38,660 Polish, and the remainder Soviet citizens) were arrested by the NKVD, NKGB, and SMERSH since Beria gained influence over all three agencies in Jan 1945. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Apr 1945
Rows of dead prisoners at Mittelbau-Dora Concentraiton Camp, Nordhausen, Germany, 17 Apr 1945Women and children, former inmates of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, huddled together in a large room after liberation, Germany, 17-18 Apr 1945CG-4 troop gliders awaiting snatch by low passing C-47 Skytrain aircarft, Wesel, Germany, Apr 17, 1945German soldiers made to load victims of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp onto a truck, Germany, 17 Apr 1945; note British troops in background with Sten submachine gun and Lee-Enfield rifles
18 Apr 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay arrived in Okinawa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ernie Pyle was killed on Ie Shima off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Over 300,000 encircled German troops in the Ruhr region of western Germany surrendered. US First Army entered Düsseldorf. [Main Article | TH]
  • US Ninth Army captured Magdeburg, Germany. [TH]
  • British Second Army captured Lüneburg and Ülzen, Germany. [TH]
  • The Western Allies reported that German prisoners taken since the Normandy invasion had reached two million, with the exact count at 2,055,575. [AC]
  • 2nd Byelorussian Front broke the Oder defensive line between Schwedt and Stettin, Germany. [TH]
  • As some German troops surrendered Helgoland to the Allies peacefully, SS men shot some of them for the traitorous act. [CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front finally penetrated the Seelow Heights defensive lines at Berlin, Germany. Joseph Goebbels burned files in his office as Soviet troops approached. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Rock bombarded a Japanese radio station at Batan, Batanes Islands, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese convoy off northern Japan with six torpedoes, one of which damaged a transport. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese transport east of Kamaichi, Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse was damaged by two Japanese patrol vessels off Japan; she fired one torpedo in return, but it missed. She set sail for Guam, Mariana Islands for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Chub arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US troops began fighting in the old city section of Nürnberg, Germany; meanwhile, US 3rd Army sent units across the Czechoslovakian border. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • German pilot Johannes Steinhoff was seriously burned during a takeoff accident with his Me 262 jet fighter at München (Munich), Germany. [CPC]
Italy
  • German 29th Panzergrenadier Division unsuccessfully attempted an armored counterattack against the British bridgehead north of the Fossa Marina canal near Argenta, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Apr 1945
Journalist Ernie Pyle shortly after being killed on Ie Shima, 18 Apr 1945Map depicting Allied campaign in the Ruhr, Elbe, and Mulde regions, 5-18 Apr 1945A British soldier looked on while SS Guards were forced to load bodies of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp victims onto a truck, Germany, 17-18 Apr 1945F6F-5 Hellcat rests on the flight deck of USS Bataan as Marine and Navy Honor Guards prepare for a burial at sea off Okinawa, April 18 1945
19 Apr 1945
  • Goebbels' speech for Hitler's birthday promised that Germany would ultimately prevail in the face of all misfortune and Allied strength. [Main Article | TH]
  • 617 Lancaster, 332 Halifax, and 20 Mosquito aircraft attacked Helgoland, Germany; 3 Halifax bombers were lost. The attack prompted Germany to evacuate civilians from the island to the mainland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A major attack was launched against Japanese positions on Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Royal Canadian Air Force Catalina crashed in Labrador in northeastern Canada. In the following operation to rescue the seven crewmen, a US Coast Guard HNS1 helicopter would be deployed to assist. This was one of the first rescue operations undertaken by a rotary wing aircraft. [AC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Victory for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet sank Japanese cargo ship Hagane Maru and an escorting vessel south of Japan, hitting them with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of Suvorov for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hackleback fired an acoustic seeking torpedo at a Japanese patrol vessel south of Japan; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese patrol vessel south of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A He 162 jet fighter shot down one British fighter, but it was in turn shot down by a British Tempest fighter. [CPC]
Burma
  • British troops wiped out 500 Japanese troops at Mount Popa, Burma west of Meitkila after 20 days of heavy fighting. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • American B-24 bombers attacked Japanese shipping off Saigon, Indochina. [CPC]
Germany
  • US First Army captured Halle and Leipzig in Germany. [TH]
  • British Second Army attacked Bremen, Germany across the Elbe River while Canadian troops captured the Luftwaffe base of Stade, 40 kilometers west of Hamburg, without opposition. [TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Dragonet departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • US 5th Army reached the Po plateau in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian frogmen piloting British-built Chariot manned-torpedoes sank the uncompleted aircraft carrier Aquila to prevent the Germans from scuttling the ship to block the entrance to Genoa harbour, Italy. [AC, CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese ships Kaiko Maru and Taisei Maru south of Hokkaido, Japan, hitting them with 3 of 11 torpedoes fired; she expended all of her torpedoes in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Lavrentiy Beria ordered the agents of NKVD, NKGB, and SMERSH to sent all German prisoners of war to concentration camps and all Soviet citizens suspected to have helped the Germans to special vetting camps. SMERSH agents would disobey this order, continuing to send their arrestees directly to SMERSH-run prisons in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Macabi entered a floating drydock for transit the Chicago Canal to the Mississippi River. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Apr 1945
Liberty section personnel aboard LCM returning to USS Casablanca from Rara Island, off Pitylieu Island, Manus, Admiralty Islands, 19 Apr 1945Men of the US 90th Field Artillery fired their gun at a Japanese position, Balete Pass, Luzon, 19 Apr 1945As Allied troops surrounded Leipzig, Germany, this Volkssturm general committed suicide rather than face surrender, 19 Apr 1945US Army 8-in Howitzer M1 firing on Japanese position, Okinawa, Japan, 19 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 19 Apr 1945
20 Apr 1945
  • Soviet artillery began to fall on Berlin, Germany on Adolf Hitler's 56th and last birthday. After a brief birthday celebration, the generals urged Hitler to flee Berlin for southern Germany to continue the fight; Hitler decided not to go, setting up a northern command (under Karl Dönitz) and a southern command (tentatively under Albert Kesselring) instead should Berlin fall. [Main Article | TH]
  • Germany evacuated civilians from the island of Helgoland after sundown; the evacuation was ordered after a major bombing attack by over 900 British bombers on the previous day. [CPC]
  • US Army troops landed on Catanduanes, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr arrived at the naval base at Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook failed to respond when requested by a British carrier task force to rescue a downed airman in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hermann Göring destroyed his lavish Karinhall estate near Eberswalde in Germany, loading all his treasures (most of which plundered from across occupied Europe) onto 24 heavy trucks and several train cars. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German General of the Infantry Hermann Niehoff distributed chocolate to the encircled troops defending Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland) in honor of Adolf Hitler's birthday. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German pilot Leutnant Rudolf Schmitt became the first to use the He 162 jet fighter's ejection seat. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • I-400 arrived at Dalian, China and began loading fuel. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Between 13,500 and 15,000 prisoners were transferred from Buchenwald and Gross-Rosen subcamps to the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia over the following 20 days. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Finland
  • Andrei Zhdanov, the head of the Allied Control Commission in Finland, gave Finnish Home Secretary Yrjö Leino a list of 22 men, most of whom were citizens of Finland, and ordered him to arrest them and turning them over to Soviet SMERSH. Leino would comply without questioning. [CPC]
France
  • Lorraine completed a week-long bombardment of German positions in the Gironde estuary in western France between La Rochelle and Bordeaux as the Germans surrendered the Girond-Nord fortress in Royan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US Seventh Army captured Nürnberg, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The German OKW moved from Zossen near Berlin, Germany to Mürwik, northern Germany to escape the approaching Soviet forces. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Springer departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US 5th Army broke through German defensive lines and reached the Po River Valley north of Bologna, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho was transferred from Carrier Division 1 of the 2nd Fleet to the Japanese Navy Kure Naval District Force as Reserve Ship No. 4. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Korea
  • Vice Admiral Gisaburo Yamaguchi was named the commanding officer of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin ordered the Soviet Stavka to influence troops to be more humane toward the civilians of conquered German territories in order to ease the future occupation. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Washington, United States for Alameda, California, United States, and then on to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | DS, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Apr 1945
An American soldier observed the destruction of an industrial town near Nürnberg, Germany, 20 Apr 1945Two wrecked M4 Sherman tanks at Bloody Ridge, destroyed by Japanese artillery, Okinawa, Japan, 20 Apr 1945Soviet BM-13 Katyusha rocket launchers firing on Berlin, Germany, Apr 1945B-24M Liberator, pathfinder aircraft for the 707th Bomb Squadron, drops a smoke marker as well as its bomb load on the rail junction at Mühldorf, Germany, Apr 20 1945 (Hitler’s birthday).
21 Apr 1945
  • Feldmarschall Model committed suicide. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front captured Bautzen and Cottbus, Germany. [TH]
  • Soviet infantry reached Berlin, Germany. Adolf Hitler ordered an all-out counterattack against the Soviets at Berlin under the command of SS General Felix Steiner; this counterattack was never to be attempted. [Main Article | TH]
  • US Ninth Army captured Blankenburg, Germany. [TH]
  • US First Army captured Dessau, Germany. [TH]
  • At the end of the Ruhr battle in Germany, 325,000 Germans were taken prisoner. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Americans declared Ie Shima, Japan secure. [Main Article | CPC]
  • International Red Cross representatives visited the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 200 to 300 German civilians from Gardelegen, Saxony, Germany were ordered by the US Army commander in the region to bury the 1,016 political and military prisoners who had been massacred by German SS and Luftwaffe troops on 13 Apr 1945. [CPC]
Burma
  • Louis Mountbatten scheduled Operation Dracula against Rangoon, Burma for 2 May 1945. William Slim hastened his units overland toward Rangoon in an attempt to reach Rangoon before Dracula commenced. [Main Article | CPC]
Finland
  • On the orders of Finnish Home Secretary Yrjö Leino, which were dictated by Allied Control Commission chief Andrei Zhdanov (but acting on behalf of Soviet SMERSH rather than the Allies), 20 men (most of whom Finnish citizens) were arrested and turned over to the Soviet SMERSH. 2 others were targeted for arrest but they were able to escape capture. [CPC]
Germany
  • French First Army captured Stuttgart, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops under Ivan Konev captured the German military headquarters near Zossen, south of Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • 3rd Carpathian Infantry Division of Polish II Corps captured Bologna, Italy with assistance from US 34th Division. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Daniel Inouye led his platoon in destroying three German machine gun positions on the Gothic Line near San Terenzo, Italy, suffering a bullet wound in the stomach, a severed arm, and a bullet wound in the leg in the process. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Boarfish arrived at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 1st Class for the successful execution of the radio game "Tuman" involving Pyotr Tavrin, a Russian national who spied for the Germans. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Philippine air force began near-daily strikes on Japanese positions on Taiwan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Apr 1945
USS Whale off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 21 Apr 1945Stern view of USS Whale off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 21 Apr 1945Bow view of USS Whale off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 21 Apr 1945Starboard view of USS Whale off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 21 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 21 Apr 1945
22 Apr 1945
  • Adolf Hitler invited Joseph Goebbels and the Goebbels family to accompany him in Hitler's bunker in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front penetrated the Berlin, Germany suburbs from the east and north. In the city, at the conference at 1500 hours, Adolf Hitler learned that the counterattack he ordered on the previous day was never carried out by SS General Felix Steiner and grew furious; when he was told by Wilhelm Keitel that Soviet tanks were now entering the city, Hitler conceded that the end was near, and decided for certain that he was to remain in Berlin. The most important papers stored at the bunker were now being burned. On the same day, Albert Speer entered Hitler's bunkers and met with him for the last time before Speer would leave Berlin. [Main Article | TH]
  • Final German resistance in Harz Mountains were rooted out by US First and Ninth Armies. [TH]
  • British Second Army fought its way into Bremen, Germany. [TH]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft sank a minesweeper and damaged a number of other ships off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker refitted at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet searched for a P-51 fighter pilot who had bailed out near her position south of Japan, but would fail to locate the pilot. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank a tanker and damaged another east of Kamaichi, Japan, hitting them with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese patrol vessel and damaged a second one with her deck gun south of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov personally participated in the arrest of Aleksandr Nobikov, who failed to promote Joseph Stalin's son, Vasilii Stalin, to general rank. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma, Indian 7th Division attacked Yenangyaung while Indian 5th Division attacked Toungoo. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US Seventh Army established a bridgehead across the Danuber River in southern Germany, while US Third Army began moving south through the Danube Valley. To the west, French First Army reached the Swiss-German border. [Main Article | TH]
  • Polish 2nd Infantry Division captured Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Oranienburg, Germany, with a prisoner population of about 3,000 at the time. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Wilhelm Keitel and Alfred Jodl departed Berlin, Germany for southern Germany on Adolf Hitler's orders. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • In Italy, US IV Corps and British XIII Corps reached the Po River at San Benedetto and Ficarolo, respectively. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • A US Navy PB4Y-1 aircraft attacked small boats in Suo (now Suao) harbor in eastern Taiwan, destroying several small boats. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • While performing a low level "beat-up" of the airfield at RAF Fulbeck in Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom, a Lancaster bomber, serial PB463, struck a building and crashed, killing all seven crewmen and eight spectators on the ground. Another twenty personnel suffered injuries, of whom four later died in hospital. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1945
US 55th Armored Infantry Battalion men and US 22nd Tank Battalion tank in Wernberg, Bayreuth, Germany, 22 Apr 1945
23 Apr 1945
  • German SS-Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler contacted the Western Allies via Swedish Count Folke Bernadotte to negotiate for a peace agreement. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops reached outskirts of Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US submarine USS Besugo sank German submarine U-183 in the Java Sea; only one German sailor survived the sinking. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy PB4Y Privateer bombers launched Bat missiles against Japanese shipping off Balikpapen, Borneo; it was the first and only use of automatic homing missiles in WW2. [CPC]
  • In Berlin, Germany, Adolf Hitler noted that, when Germany would have lost the war, Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring would be the better person to negotiate peace terms. Göring, who was in Berchtesgaden in southern Germany, was made aware of this fact. After consulting Hans Lammers and other senior government officials, Göring carefully noted that, according to Hitler's decree of 29 Jun 1941, Göring would take power over Germany if Hitler could not respond by midnight. This message would be distorted by Martin Bormann as a sign of Göring's thirst for power. Hitler originally ordered Göring to surrender all of his positions, but Bormann would convince Hitler to issue an arrest order. [Main Article | TH]
  • British bombers attacked Lübeck, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The 150 officers and 3,000 men of the 1st Division of the Indian National Army, an anti-British resistance group aided by the Japanese, surrendered to the Allies at Pyu, Burma. Meanwhile, Lieutenant General Heitaro Kimura, despite having been given orders of defend Rangoon, Burma to the death, ignominiously abandoned the city without issuing any orders to the Burma Area army. [Main Article | CPC, AC]
Germany
  • Prisoners of Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrück Concentration Camps in Germany began to be evacuated by German authorities; some Jews were massacred by SS guards this week as the last massacres of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Second Army reaches the Elbe River near Hamburg, Germany. [TH]
  • After sundown, Albert Speer bid his final farewell to Adolf Hitler. He admitted to Hitler that he had sabotaged Hitler's scorched earth policies, and Hitler forgave him for disobeying the order. Speer toured the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany for the last time before leaving for Hamburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Folke Bernadotte met Heinrich Himmler at the SS Hohenlychen sanatorium in Lychen, Germany for the last time. During this meeting, Bernadotte secured the release of some Scandinavian Jews, but refused to help seek a separate peace between Germany and the Western Allies. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US Fifth and British Eighth Armies reached the Po River north of Bologna, Italy. British Eighth Army captured Ferrara in the process, while the US Fifth Army captured La Spezia. Allied troops captured Bondeno, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • In Italy, remnants German 148th Infantry Division began advancing from the Genoa area toward Parma. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Apr 1945
  • USS Cod unsuccessfully attacked a Japanese convoy and was subjected to a heavy depth charge barrage. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canadian First and British Second Armies entered Bremen, Germany. [TH]
  • The United Kingdom abolished black-out with the exception of certain coastal areas. [CPC]
  • USS Charr departed the naval base at Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tranquility was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The American destroyer escort USS Frederick C. Davis was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-546 off the Atlantic coast. [AC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese transport east of Kamaichi, Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 5th Division captured Toungoo, Burma and advanced further to Penwegu. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US First Army liberated Dachau Concentration Camp in southern Germany. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
  • US Seventh Army crossed the Danube River to capture Ulm, Germany. Also in southern Germany, US 3rd Army reached the Danube River. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army drove through Mantua on its way north along the Italian coast while British Eighth Army attacked across the Po River and captured Parma. The two columns made contact as British 6th Armoured Division linked up with US 10th Mountain Division. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • The final mission involving Italian motor torpedo boats against Allied targets was launched, involving four boats. [CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 24 Apr 1945
M24 Chaffee light tank of US Army 1st Armored Division in Bologna, Italy, late Apr 1945US Senator Alben Barkley visiting Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Weimar, Germany, 24 Apr 1945A B-29 Superfortress crashed during an attempted emergency landing on Iwo Jima Apr 24, 1945 and ran into nine P-51 Mustangs. Ground personnel wait behind a Jeep for all ammunition to cook off.A B-29 Superfortress crashed during an attempted emergency landing on Iwo Jima Apr 24, 1945 and ran into nine P-51 Mustangs.
25 Apr 1945
  • USS Cod sank Japanese minesweeper W-41. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Finland reported all German troops were now out of its boundaries, which was 10 days later than the Soviet demand. [TH]
  • US Third Army crossed the Danube River in southern Germany. [TH]
  • British bombers attacked Berchtesgaden, Germany. The US 8th Air Force conducted its last heavy bomber raid on Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Benito Mussolini fled to Como, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army Colonel George Lynch addressed German civilians at Gardelegen, Saxony, Germany regarding the massacre of 1,016 political and military prisoners that took place nearby on 13 Apr 1945. [CPC]
French Indochina
  • USAAF B-24 bombers attacked Japanese shipping at Saigon, Indochina, sinking one transport. [CPC]
Germany
  • When units of Soviet 1st Byelorussian and 1st Ukrainian Fronts met near Kietzen, completing the encirclement of Berlin, Germany. German III.SS-Panzer Korps attempted to break this newly formed encirclement in failure. About 70 kilometers to the south, American and Soviet troops met at Torgau. [Main Article | TH]
  • Adolf Galland announced to the pilots of German Jagdverband 44 at München (Munich), Germany that the war was effectively lost, and he would only accept volunteers to continue fighting from now on. All of his men stepped forward as volunteers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert von Greim arrived at Gatow, Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US 34th Infantry Division occupied Parma, Italy, which had recently been liberated by Italian partisan fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British V Corps crossed the Po River in northern Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Many Italian motor torpedo boats were destroyed to prevent Allied capture. [CPC]
Japan
  • At 0900 hours, officers of Japanese Submarine Squadron 1 (Nobukiyo Nambu, Toshio Kusaka, Tsuruzo Shimizu, and Katsuo Ohashi) and 631st Naval Air Group (Lieutenant Commander Masayoshi Fukunaga, Atsugi Asamura, and Kazuo Takahashi) met to discuss plans for an attack on the Panama Canal. They were joined by officers from the Naval General Staff from Tokyo, Japan (Commander Shojiro Iura and Commander Yasuo Fujimori). [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • USS Spot shelled Japanese facilities on Soheugsan island, Korea in the Yellow Sea, destroying or damaging a radio station, oil storage facilities, and barracks. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Graf Zeppelin was scuttled with demolition charges at Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland) at 1800 hours to prevent Soviet capture. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-66 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Representatives from 46 nations met in San Francisco, California, United States for the United Nations Conference on International Organization. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Apr 1945
American 2nd Lt. William Robertson and Russian Lt. Alexander Sylvashko met near Torgau, Germany, 25 Apr 1945US Army African-American crew of a M3 light tank taking a break after taking Coburg, Bayreuth, Germany, 25 Apr 1945Russian soldiers with PPSh-41 submachine guns entering the Frankfurter Allee station in Berlin, Germany, late-Apr 1945Australia
See all photos dated 25 Apr 1945
26 Apr 1945
  • USS Cod had a fire in the aft torpedo room, but it was extinguished before causing serious damage; one sailor was lost, drowning after being washed overboard. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 20,000 German troops at Pillau, East Prussia, Germany (now Baltiysk, Russia) surrendered after two weeks of heavy fighting. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The garrison at Bremen, Germany surrendered to British and Canadian forces. [TH]
  • US Third Army captured Regensburg, Germany. [TH]
  • German 9.Armee was cut off in the Halbe pocket in eastern Germany. [TH]
  • Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front captured Brno, Czechoslovakia. [TH]
  • Soviet forces captured Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland). [TH]
  • Japan attempted to negotiate with the Soviet Union to maintain friendly status. [CPC]
  • Petain was arrested at the Swiss border. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Macabi arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Ohka Model 43 variant design efforts completed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Heinz Bär was appointed to command Luftwaffe jet fighter unit JV 44 in place of the wounded Adolf Galland. [AC]
  • In the evening, Adolf Hitler gave Hanna Reitsch a vial of poison as he had expected her to stay in the bunker with him. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Shortly after Adolf Galland attacked and shot down US B-26 bombers, his Me 262 jet fighter was shot down by James Finnegan's P-47D Thunderbolt fighter. Galland crash landed safely, though sustaining wounds. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 17th Division reached Daiku, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • At Adolf Hitler's bunker in Berlin, Germany, Generaloberst Robert Ritter von Greim was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall and was named by Hitler as Hermann Göring's replacement. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • General Walther Wenck's German 12.Armee started to move in an attempt to relieve Berlin, Germany, but this attempt was repulsed by Soviet forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • German pilot Eduard Schallmoser's Me 262 jet fighter was shot down by an American fighter. Amazingly, he parachuted into his mother's garden, who told him to clean up while she cooked him dinner. Schallmoser would return to base on the next day. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 31 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army captured Verona, Italy while Italian partisans took over Genoa and started an uprising in Milan. [Main Article | TH]
  • Brazilian scouts detected German troops near Collecchio, Italy; Brazilian infantry supported by US tanks attacked at 1930 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • In Japan, 464 American B-29 bombers attacked the urban areas of Tokyo, Japan south of the Imperial Palace. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Whale completed her repairs and overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 26 Apr 1945
Franklin approaching New York City, New York, United States, 26 Apr 1945; note damage on her flight deck
27 Apr 1945
  • USS Sea Cat departed for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian partisans captured Benito Mussolini. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army captured Kempten and Straubing in southern Germany. [TH]
  • The western Allies refused to consider Himmler's attempts at negotiation for peace. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 4 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 65 Japanese Navy and 50 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese Shinyo special attack boats damaged destroyer USS Hutchins and an LCI landing ship at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky began planning for the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The British East Indies Fleet sailed from Trincomalee, Ceylon to begin a series of strikes prior to the capture of Rangoon, Burma; this force of battleships, cruisers and destroyers would take it in turns to fuel and then screen the carriers hitting airfields, installations and coastal shipping in the Nicobars, the Andamans and along the Burma coast. Meanwhile, on land, Indian 17th Division was attacked by a Japanese suicide offensive north of Pegu; it was repulsed after the Japanese suffered 500 killed. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Germany
  • German 9.Armee and 20.Armee both attempted to attack towards Berlin, Germany, but both were rebuffed by Soviet forces. [Main Article | TH]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army entered Genoa, Italy. [Main Article | TH]
  • Brazilian infantry and US tanks drove out German troops at Collecchio, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Nikolai Selivanovsky was named the NKVD adviser to the Polish Ministry of Public Safety, replacing Ivan Serov. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Apr 1945
Essex received provisions via highline from USS Mercury (AK-42), off Okinawa, 27 Apr 1945African-American soldiers of the US Army 92nd Infantry Division entering the Galleria Giuseppe Garibaldi, Genoa, Italy, 27 Apr 1945
28 Apr 1945
  • Sunken cruiser Köln's turrets fired against enemy troops advancing at Wilhelmshaven, Germany (near Neuenburg and Bockhorn). [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Trepang sank Japanese Transport Number 146 in the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canadian First Army captured Emden and Wilhelmshaven, Germany. [TH]
  • Himmler's attempts to negotiate peace with the Western Allies was discovered Hitler, who stripped him of all his titles and ranks and ordered for his arrest. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mussolini was hanged by Italian partisans along with his mistress Clara Petacci and a dozen of his cabinet members. [Main Article | TH]
  • A group of Austrian resistance fighters became the last victims of gassings at Mauthausen Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft damaged 5 destroyers, 2 hospital ships, and victory ship Bozeman Victory off Okinawa, Japan. None of the four G4M bombers carrying Ohka special attack aircraft hit their targets. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet sank Japanese repair ship Hatsushima south of Japan, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma, the XV Corps, which had been leapfrogging islands along the coast, reached and captured Taungup. [Main Article | AC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Allanmyo, Burma. Elsewhere, Indian 17th Division reached the heavily-defended Pegu, where the Japanese built the final major stronghold north of Rangoon, which was 47 miles to the south. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Alabama arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • American bombers attacked Japanese shipping at Saigon, Indochina, sinking 1 tanker and 6 other vessels. [CPC]
Germany
  • US Seventh Army captured Augsburg, Germany. [TH]
  • In the bunker under the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany, Adolf Hitler awaited reports for the progress of the counterattack he had ordered Walther Wenck to commence; he would receive no such report as he counterattack never took place. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert von Greim departed Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eleventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • In Italy, British Eighth Army captured Venice and US Fifth Army captured Brescia. German Colonel General Heinrich von Vietinghoff dispatched a messenger from Bolzano, Italy toward the Allies lines seeking a ceasefire. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Brazilian infantry and US tanks attacked the remnants of German 148th Infantry Division at Fornovo di Taro, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Chojuro Takahashi was relieved as the commanding officer of light carrier Ryuho; Captain Hojima was assigned to oversee the damaged carrier until the end of the war. On the same day, the carrier was attacked by US aircraft at Etajima near Kure, Japan, receiving no damage. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Springer attacked Japanese transports in the harbor at Tomie (now part of Goto), Nagasaki, Japan; she scored no hits on the transports, but she was able to sink Submarine Chaser No. 17 during the counterattack, hitting her with 1 or 2 of 6 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Hungarian Count István Bethlen was transferred to Moscow, Russia for interrogation due to his past pro-British tendencies. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Apr 1945
Franklin anchored in New York Harbor, New York, United States, 28 Apr 1945Church service on carrier FranklinSoviet and US officers near Elbe River, Germany, 28 Apr 1945; note left Soviet officerGerman SS women made to bury victims of the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 28 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 28 Apr 1945
29 Apr 1945
  • The bodies of Mussolini and Petacci were taken to Milan, Italy and hung upside down for public display at the spot where partisans had been executed earlier. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Soviet Union set up a provisional government in Vienna, Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese B5N torpedo bombers from Truk, Caroline Islands attacked Manus, Admiralty Islands; they launched torpedoes at floating docks, which were misidentified as carriers. [CPC]
  • Japanese transport Kumikawa Maru hit a mine laid by Australian aircraft and became damaged off Balikpapan, Borneo. [CPC]
  • Eva Braun changed her legal name to Eva Hitler after marrying Adolf Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Macabi departed New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese tanker south of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The two-prong assault by Indian 17th Division on Pegu, Burma was repulsed. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun in his bunker in Berlin, Germany, and began dictating his final political testament and will. [Main Article | TH]
  • British Second Army crossed the Elbe River at Hamburg, Germany. [TH]
  • US troops arrived at the outskirts of München, Germay. To the west, French First Army captured Freidrichshafen. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • In Germany, troops of US 157th and 122nd Infantry Regiments executed 165 German SS prisoners of war at Dachau Concentration Camp and the hamlet of Weßling to the southwest before a colonel intervened. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • In the afternoon, Colonel Nicolaus von Below and other three adjutant officers departed Adolf Hitler's bunker in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Ray arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sea Robin arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • British Eighth and US Fifth Armies linked up near Padua, Italy, which had just been liberated by Italian partisans who surrounded the 5,000-strong German garrison. Later in the day, German Colonel General Heinrich von Vietinghoff surrendered Axis forces in northern Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • German 148th Division, Italian 4th Alpine Division "Monte Rosa", Italian 3rd Marine Division "San Marco", and German 29th Waffen-SS Grenadier Division (Italian troops) surrendered to Brazilian General Mascarenhas de Moraes near Parma, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Marcus Island departed Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-66 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Apr 1945
General Otto Fretter-Pico of German 148th Infantry Division in Brazilian custody, near Parma, Italy, circa 29 Apr 1945USS San Diego assisting USS Haggard after the latter was hit by Japanese special attack, off Okinawa, Japan, 29 Apr 1945Bodies of Nicola Bombacci, Benito Mussolini, Claretta Petacci, Alessandro Pavolini, and Achille Starace on display at Milan, Italy, 29 Apr 1945Karl Renner walking to the Parliament building, flanked by Soviet officers, Vienna, Austria, 29 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 29 Apr 1945
30 Apr 1945
  • USS Trepang sank Miho Maru in the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Western Allies captured Finnmark, Norway. [TH]
  • Soviets and US First Army linked up near Ellenburg, Germany. [TH]
  • British Second Army freed 20,000 prisoners of war from Sandbostel, Germany. [TH]
  • American B-24 bombers sank Japanese transport Kunikawa Maru at Borneo. [CPC]
  • Ira Eaker was named deputy commander of the Army Air Forces and chief of the Air Staff. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Brett retired from the US Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian forces gained a beachhead on the west bank of the Pegu River at Pegu, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Suichuan Airfield in Jiangxi Province, China was reactivated. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • German police chief Obergruppenführer Karl Hermann Frank announced over radio that any attempt to rise up by the citizens of Prague in the puppet state of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia would be wiped out violently. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The recently married Hitler and Braun committed suicide in Berlin, Germany. Their bodies were burned near the Chancellery bunker. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Tiergarten district of Berlin, Germany, Zhukov launched an assault, refusing to permit an armistice, demanding only unconditional surrender. [Main Article | TH]
  • US troops captured München, Germany. 50 kilometers to the northeast, at Moosburg, US Third Army freed over 100,000 prisoners of war. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Eva Hitler committed suicide in the Führerbunker in Berlin, Germany by ingesting cyanide. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Ray departed Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 6 arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army in Italy made contact with French forces near the Italo-French border. On the same day, US troops captured Milan, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Springer was depth charged by a Japanese destroyer while attempting to attack Japanese shipping in the Yellow Sea; she would survive the attack with minor damage; 4 torpedoes were expended in her attempt to fire back at the destroyer. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US 22nd Bombardment Group aircraft dropped 142 250-pound bombs on Japanese Navy Oil Refinery No. 6 (USAAF referred to this facility as the "Toshien Oil Refinery") at Toshien District, Takao (now Zuoying District, Kaohsiung), Taiwan. A direct hit was scored on the eastern-most oil tank, and the resulting black smoke rose to the altitude of 5,000 feet. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 30 Apr 1945
A Marine of the US 1st Marines Division pointed his Thompson submachine gun at a Japanese sniper, Okinawa, Japan, Apr-Jun 1945Engineers of the Australian 2/13 field company resting aboard a landing craft after a failed attempt to reach coastal wire defenses off Lingkas, Tarakan, Borneo, 30 Apr 1945British personnel dismantling the experimental nuclear pile at Haigerloch near Stuttgart, Germany, Apr 1945An American soldier standing beside the bodies of SS personnel shot by US troops during the liberation of Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 29-30 Apr 1945
1 May 1945
  • Joseph Goebbels passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Third Army arrived on the pre-war German-Austrian border. [TH]
  • The US 15th Air Force conducted its final bombing mission in Italy. Meanwhile, German troops in Italy surrendered in accordance with secret negotiations, followed by an announcement for the cessation of hostilities. [Main Article | TH]
  • US Ninth and British Second Armies combined their bridgeheads across the Elbe River in northern Germany. [TH]
  • New Zealand troops captured Udina and linked up with Yugoslavian partisans near Trieste after the Yugoslavian forces beat the British 8th Army in capturing Trieste. [TH]
  • Dönitz took his new post in accordance with Hitler's will and immediately ordered the strongest resistance in the east, as tens of thousands of civilians struggled to stay ahead of oncoming Soviet forces. [Main Article | TH]
  • Japanese troops began to withdraw from southern China. [CPC]
  • The Mexican Expeditionary Air Force arrived in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied forces captured German Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German concentration camp authorities ordered the execution of Kurt Schuschnigg. [CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill damaged Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka, which was grounded to prevent sinking. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese destroyer off Japan; all six torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pilots of US Navy squadron VF-66, flying FR Fireball piston-jet mix-powered fighters, flew qualifying missions from USS Ranger; two aircraft were damaged while landing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Brett was reactivated from the US Army retired list. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 50th Parachute Regiment was dropped near Rangoon, Burma as the spearhead to Operation Dracula. Meanwhile, determined to preempt Operation Dracula in the conquest of Rangoon, William Slim carelessly attempted to enter the city himself by air; his aircraft was damaged by Japanese anti-aircraft fire and the American pilot, Captain Robert Fullerton, sustained injuries in his leg so severe that it had to be amputated later. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Submarine I-369 arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. This would be the last submarine-transport to arrive at Truk in the Pacific War. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • German 12.Armee retreated from Berlin, Germany to the Elbe River and attempted to begin negotiations with US troops. [Main Article | TH]
  • Hans Krebs informed Vasily Chuikov of Adolf Hitler's suicide, thus Chuikov became the first Soviet general to learn of this news. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet SMERSH agents arrested Reichssicherhetsdienst (RSD) Gruppe commander Oberführer Johann Rattenhuber in Berlin, Germany. [CPC]
  • Artur Axmann departed from Adolf Hitler's bunker in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Dragonet arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Photo(s) dated 1 May 1945
B-17G Fortress “Liquid-8-Or” of 569th Bomb Squadron dropping cases of “10 in 1” rations into Holland during Operation Chowhound aimed at breaking the famine in western Holland, May 1 or 3 1945.A Company of the Australian 2/23 Infantry Battalion advancing through wrecked oil storage tanks at tank hill, Tarakan, 1 May 1945Men of the Australian 2/48 Infantry Battalion in landing craft, Tarakan, Borneo, 1 May 1945Russian troops fighting in Berlin, Germany, circa Apr-May 1945; note Mosin-Nagant M1944 Carbine and Degtyaryov Pekhotny
See all photos dated 1 May 1945
2 May 1945
  • U-977 departed Kristiansand, Norway on her first and only war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Trepang surfaced to shell a sampan, but later called off the attack and allowed the boat to leave. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wilhelm Burgdorf passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Second Army reached Lübeck, Germany. [TH]
  • German forces allowed the passage of convoys carrying relief supplies to civilians in occupied Netherlands. On the same day, 400 American B-17 bombers dropped food and other supplies over the Netherlands. [TH]
  • A group of German rocket scientists including von Braun and Dornberger surrendered to US troops. [CPC]
  • Commandant Rahm of the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp relinquished control of the camp to the International Red Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ann Baumgartner married Major William Carl and adopted her husband's last name. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Field Marshal Harold Alexander accepted the surrender of the Axis forces in Southern Europe. Over 1,000,000 men in northern Italy and Austria laid down their arms. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Baya fired six torpedoes at a Japanese vessel in the Gulf of Siam; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-481 was sunk by Japanese shore batteries off Tarakan, Borneo. [AC]
  • USS Hawkbill fired three torpedoes into Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka, which she had damaged on the previous day, sinking her. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet SMERSH operatives captured Hans Fritzsche. [CPC]
Austria
  • A group of prominent prisoners of war were transferred from the camp at Laufen in southern Germany to a camp at Markt Pongau near Salzburg in occupied Austria, where they would be treated respectfully by SS-Obergruppenführer Gottlob Berger who wished to curry favor as the war was coming to an end. [CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma, Indian 26th Division of the Anglo-Indian XV Corps made an amphibious landing near Rangoon, Burma. To the north, Indian 17th Division secured Pegu and advanced toward Rangoon; it would not beat Indian 26th Division in the race for Rangoon. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
China
  • The Japanese-sponsored puppet state Manchukuo issued its last postage stamps. [CPC]
Germany
  • General Helmuth Weidling accepted General Vasily Chuikov's terms of unconditional surrender; the surrender of the Berlin garrison in Germany was to be effective at 1500 hours. [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet troops captured Rechlin-Lärz Airfield in Rechlin, Mecklenburg, Germany, a Luftwaffe test site. [CPC]
  • Soviet SMERSH agents captured German SS-Gruppenführer Johann Rattenhuber, Rear Admiral Hans-Erich Voß, General of Artillery Helmuth Weidling, and SS General Wilhelm Mohnke in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Soviet Hammer and Sickle flag was hoisted atop the Reichstag building in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
Hawaii
  • Air Group 87 arrived aboard USS Ticonderoga at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Springer attacked a Japanese transport and two escort ships, sinking Japanese frigate Ojika in the Yellow Sea, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet GKO created the positions of Deputy Front Commanders in Charge of the Management of Civil Affairs. The first holders of these positions were Soviet counterintelligence leaders Ivan Serov, Lavrentiy Tsavana, and Pavel Meshik. [CPC]
Taiwan
  • USS Pompon attacked a small Japanese boat off Taiwan with her deck gun; the boat escaped without damage. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British government announced that London, England, United Kingdom was now a "Go Home" area, ending the nearly six-year evacuation. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 May 1945
HitlerGerman General Helmuth Weidling and other German generals in captivity, Berlin, Germany, 2 May 1945Captured Soviet BM-31-12 Katyusha rocket launcher on Studebaker US6 chassis in Berlin, Germany, 2 May 1945Russian soldier Mikhail Yegorov of Russian 756 Rifle Regiment flying the Soviet flag over the Reichstag, Berlin, Germany, 2 May 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 2 May 1945
3 May 1945
  • 400 American B-17 bombers dropped food and other supplies over the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • US Ninth Army made contact with Soviet forces near Wismar, Germany. [TH]
  • 97 USAAF B-29 bombers dropped mines off of a number of Japanese coastal industrial centers. [CPC]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 5 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 75 Japanese Navy and 50 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft; they sank one destroyer and damaged four other ships. On the same day, a special attack boat damaged a transport also off Okinawa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese Prime Minister Suzuki maintained "faith in certain victory" in a public statement despite Germany defeat. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Allied military government in western Germany began to form. [CPC]
  • Admiral Dönitz established the seat of his government in Denmark. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio de Oliveira Salazar sent a Foreign Ministry official to the German Embassy offering his condolences over the death of Adolf Hitler. Meanwhile, the Portuguese government declared two days of mourning for the recently deceased German leader. [CPC]
  • RAF Typhoon fighter-bombers, looking for ships transporting German troops to Norway where it was believed they planned to make a last stand, attacked and sank the troopships Cap Arcona and Thielbek, which were actually loaded with concentration camp inmates under transportation. The full death toll had never been established but could be as high as 8,000 from the two ships, including crews and SS guards. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Baya fired six torpedoes at a Japanese oiler in the Gulf of Siam; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • A group of prominent prisoners of war were allowed to move toward American lines, with SS guards in escort, from Markt Pongau near Salzburg in occupied Austria per the orders of SS-Obergruppenführer Gottlob Berger who wished to curry favor with the Allies as the European War neared its end. [CPC]
Burma
  • Rangoon, Burma was captured by Indian 26th Division with little resistance. Fleeing Japanese were slaughtered not just by British and Commonwealth troops but by Burmese guerrillas and tribesmen who rose up against their former occupiers. [Main Article | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Submarine I-369 departed Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Ceylon
  • Oliver Leese and Louis Mountbatten met at Kandy, Ceylon; Leese recommended William Slim be relieved now that the Burma campaign was effectively completed. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • A German delegation met with British Field Marshal Montgomery on Luneberg Heath, outside Hamburg, Germany, offering the surrender of all their forces in northwestern Germany - A total of more than one million men. [Main Article | AC]
  • Hamburg, Germany was declared an open city and surrendered to British Second Army. In the harbor, the Germans scuttled 59 merchant ships and 600 smaller craft to prevent capture. [TH]
  • US Third Army crossed the Inn River in Germany. [Main Article | TH]
Guam
  • USS Dragonet departed Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: The following squadrons and air groups aboard at this time: Carrier Air Group 100 (CVG-100); Carrier Night Air Group 91 (CVGN-91); Carrier Night Air Group 53 (CVGN-53); Air Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3); Air Group 6; CASU - Photographic Training Unit. [Main Article | DS]
Liechtenstein
  • Former Russian White Army officer and more recently German collaborator Boris Smyslowsky successfully escaped Soviet capture by crossing the border into Liechtenstein. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Springer sank Japanese Coastal Defense Vessel No. 25 in the Yellow Sea, hitting her with 3 of 7 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 May 1945
Men of the UK 6th Airborne Division greeting the crew of a Russian Army T-34/85 tank near Wismar, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, 3 May 1945Cromwell tanks of British 7th Armored Division, Hamburg, Germany, 3 May 1945A Cromwell tank guarding a bridge over the Elbe River, Hamburg, Germany, 3 May 1945US Army M24 Chaffee light tank fighting in Salzburg, Austria, early May 1945
See all photos dated 3 May 1945
4 May 1945
  • USS Trepang sank Japanese Minesweeper Number 20 in the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fedor von Bock passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orion was sunk off Swinemünde, Germany (now Swinoujscie, Poland) by bombs. About 4,000 people, most of whom refugees, were killed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Charles Sweeney became the commanding officer of the 393rd Bombardment Squadron, Heavy which was a part of the USAAF 509th Composite Group designated to deliver the atomic bombs when they are ready. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German forces in Denmark, the Netherlands, and northwestern Germany surrendered to British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, to be in effect at 0800 hours on the next day. Meanwhile, in Germany, US Ninth Army accepted surrender of German Ninth and Twelfth Armies and US Third Army accepted the surrender by Feldmarschall Paul von Kleist. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Operation Iceberg II was commenced by the Allies to support the campaign on Okinawa, Japan. Meanwhile, Japanese special attack aircraft sank two destroyers and damaged a number of other warships off the island, including British carrier HMS Formidable and American minesweeper USS Shea (hit by 1 of 7 Ohka special attack aircraft launched on this day). [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS King George V bombarded airfields in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Deutschland was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS Morrison was sunk by a Japanese special attack aircraft off Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
  • The US submarine Lagarto was sunk by the Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka in the Gulf of Siam. [Main Article | AC]
  • Kurt Schuschnigg was liberated by American troops. [CPC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese transport east of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired; an additional 3 torpedoes were expended (but missed) in attacking other ships in the same convoy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pastor Hornig, Dr. Konrad, Bishop Ferche, and Canon Kramer, the three leading religious leaders in Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland), unsuccessfully attempted to persuade German General of the Infantry Hermann Niehoff to surrender the city to the Soviets. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German pilot Leutnant Rudolf Schmitt shot down a British Tempest fighter while flying a He 162 jet fighter. [CPC]
Germany
  • US Seventh Army occupied Innsbruck, Berchtesgaden, and Salzburg in Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • British troops entered Neuengamme Concentration Camp near Hamburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hans Fritzsche was brought to the Chancellory in Berlin, Germany to identity the body of Joseph Goebbels. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army moved up to the Brenner Pass on the Italo-Austrian border. [Main Article | TH]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Spot arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Springer set sail toward waters south of Japan on lifeguard duty. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Mingo entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States for overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 May 1945
Cromwell tank crew of C Squadron, 5th Royal Tank Regiment in Hamburg, Germany, 4 May 1945; the man sitting on the tank was a former Russian POW who had been fighting alongside the crewSherman Firefly tank of British 7th Armored Division, Hamburg, Germany, 4 May 1945The crew of a Humber Light Reconnaissance Car Mk III feeding pigeons in Hamburg, Germany, 4 May 1945D4Y3 Suisei special attack aircraft diving at USS Sangamon as part of Operation Kikusui No. 5, off Kerama Retto, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 4 May 1945
See all photos dated 4 May 1945
5 May 1945
  • Oberleutnant Heinz Schäffer of U-977 decided to head for Argentina instead of returning home per President Karl Dönitz's orders. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German General Blaskowitz surrendered all German forces in the Netherlands at the Hotel de Wereld in Wageningen to Canadian General Charles Foulkes. In Denmark, the German occupation forces surrendered. In Italy, German Armeegruppe C surrendered. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese balloon bombs floated across the Pacific Ocean, landing and detonating in Oregon in the United States, killing 6. [CPC]
  • US 11th Armored Division entered Mauthausen Concentration Camp in occupied Austria region of Germany. The Council of Jewish Elders at Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in Czechoslovakia, operating under Commandant Rahm, met with the commandant for the last time. The council was dissolved after that meeting. Later that day, Rahm fled the camp ahead of the advancing Soviet troops. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet Army launches a final assault in Moravia region of Czechoslovakia against what remains of German Armeegruppe Mitte. [TH]
  • 400 American B-17 bombers dropped food and other supplies over the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-853 torpedoed and sank American collier Black Point Off Block Island, Rhode Island, United States, killing 12, 34 were later rescued; Black Point was the last American merchant ship to be lost in WW2. [CPC]
  • Allied aircraft conducted raids across Borneo in preparation of the Australian invasion. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Walter Krupinski was captured by the Americans. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri departed Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At a meeting attended by SS-Obergruppenführer von Herff and representatives of the Gestapo and SD, Heinrich Himmler outlined his plans to establish an SS government in Schleswig-Holstein which would conduct independent peace negotiations with the western powers. [Main Article | AC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria removed Viktor Abakumov from his position as the head counterintelligence chief of Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front. Three generals were named to replace Abakumov: Colonel General Arkadii Apolonov, Lieutenant General Ivan Gorbatyuk, and Lieutenant General Fyodor Tutushkin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nazi German Gauleiter Karl Hanke escaped Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland) via a Storch aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • Edward Brooks accepted the surrender of the German 19th and 24th Armies in Innsbruck, Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Motoki Yamazaki was named the President of the South Manchuria Railway. [CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • US Third Army captured Karlsbad and Pilsen in occupied Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Czech resistance leaders made a radio broadcast, asking all resistance groups in Czechoslovakia to rise up against the Germans. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Germany
  • SMERSH agents attached to Soviet 3rd Shock Army found two burned bodies in a bomb crater near the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany and buried them without much thinking. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Marcus Island departed Guam, Mariana Islands with damaged aircraft on board. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The Hiro Naval Arsenal in Kure, Japan was destroyed by US B-29 Superfortress bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-25 bombers attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 May 1945
Private D. E. Hailey and T. M. Conway of the Australian 2/23 Infantry Battalion in their Bren gun pit on the forward slope of B Company position, Tarakan, Borneo, May 1945Rings left by Buchenwald concentration camp victims, 5 May 1945
6 May 1945
  • USS South Dakota was damaged by a magazine explosion off Okinawa, Japan. Nearby, the British Royal Navy Aircraft Carrier HMS Formidable was hit by Kamikaze planes but her steel decking (most US Aircraft Carriers had wooden decking) saved her. Further south, the British Pacific Fleer shelled Japanese positions on the Sakishima Islands of the Ryukyu Islands, 550 miles south of Japan. [Main Article | AC]
  • German submarine U-853, having sunk the last American merchant ship to be lost in the war on the previous day, was discovered by American blimps and destroyers. She was destroyed off Block Island, Rhode Island, United States with all 55 aboard lost, becoming the second-to-last German submarine to be sunk in WW2. [CPC]
  • 400 American B-17 bombers dropped food and other supplies over the Netherlands. [CPC]
  • Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland) surrendered, ending the 82-day siege. [TH]
  • Grand Admiral Dönitz announced that Himmler was to be relieved of all government duties; he also abolished the Schutzstaffel in all its forms, and banned any further resistance by members of the SS. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Dutch Nazi Party, Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging, was outlawed. [CPC]
  • USS Cero fired three torpedoes at a Japanese transport east of Japan; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German General of the Infantry Hermann Niehoff surrendered Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland) to the Soviets. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • US Fifth Army entered southern Austria through the Brenner Pass on the same day that the German forces in Austria surrendered to the Allies. [TH]
Baltic Sea
  • Liberator VLR bombers of No. 86 Squadron of British RAF Coastal Command sank the German submarines U-1008 and U-2534 in the Kattegat off Denmark. [AC]
Burma
  • In Burma, Anglo-Indian XV Corps linked up with IV Corps, which had been advancing down the Sittang River, and effectively cut off 20,000 sick, hungry and increasingly desperate Japanese from their bases in Indo-China. [Main Article | AC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Czech resistance leaders made a radio broadcast, appealing to the Americans for military assistance in their war against the Germans, not knowing that the Western Allies had already made a deal with the Soviet Union in terms of operational boundaries in Central Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • SMERSH agents of Soviet 3rd Shock Army sneaked into a section of Berlin, Germany occupied by a different Soviet unit to secretly retrieve two burned bodies near the Chancellery; they believed that one of them might be that of Adolf Hitler's. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Capitaine departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Carrier Night Air Group 53 (CVGN-53) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Portugal
  • Portugal severed diplomatic ties with Germany. [CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-24 bombers attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was requested to report on the situation of Japanese war materials by the office of Admiral Ernest King. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 May 1945
Former prisoners of Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp welcoming the troops of 11th Armored Division of US Third Army, Austria, 6 May 1945Soviet troops escorting German officers to surrender negotiations, Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland), 6 May 1945
7 May 1945
  • German submarine U-2336 sank Canadian transport ship Avondale Port and Norwegian transport ship Sneland off the Firth of Forth, Scotland, United Kingdom; around the same time, an RAF Catalina flying boat sank German submarine U-320 off Bergen, Norway. These battles came shortly after Admiral Dönitz's order for all submarines to cease offensive activities. Many German crews began scuttling their own submarines to prevent capture. [AC]
  • British Eighth Army entered Austria. [TH]
  • General Jodl signed the unconditional surrender of all German forces to the Allies, to take effect on the following day, at Eisenhower's headquarters near Rheims, France; the Soviets witnessed the surrender at Rheims, but did not recognise the surrender until another document was signed in the Soviet-conquered territory. On the same day, German occupation forces in Norway surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
  • Anton Mussert was arrested. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nürnberg was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German President Karl Dönitz decreed that "[a]ll nominations for the bestowal of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and their higher grades which have been received by the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht - staff of the Wehrmacht high command - until the capitulation becomes effective are approved, under the premise that all nominations are formally and correctly approved by the nominating authorities of the Wehrmacht, Heer including the Waffen-SS, Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe all the way to the level of the army and Heeres group leadership." [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oliver Leese told William Slim his intention to transfer Slim to the British 12th Army for the occupation of Burma. Deprived the command to lead the invasion into Malaya, Slim told Leese that he would rather retire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray rescued 10 airmen of a downed B-29 bomber south of Kyushu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Submarine I-369 arrived at Woleai, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • German SS troops attacked Czechoslovakian resistance fighters outside of Prague, Czechoslovakia; the resistance fighters were saved by the unexpected assistance from 1st Division of Russian Liberation Army, which has previously fought on the side of the Germans. Meanwhile, in the city, German Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner ordered his troops to begin evacuating the city, while he would soon depart by plane to southern Germany himself; the plane would crash en route, but he would survive the ordeal. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: V-E Day. [Victory in Europe] [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • The Selfridges Department Store on Oxford Street, London, England, United Kingdom revealed that over the previous 2-3 weeks there had been a considerable public demand for Welcome Home Flags. [AC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was relieved of command at the US Twentieth Air Force. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish entered Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 May 1945
Jodl signing surrender documents at EisenhowerGenerals Susloparoff, Morgan, Smith, Eisenhower, Air Chief Marshal Tedder after signing of German surrender documents, Rheims, France, 7 May 1945, photo 1 of 2; note Eisenhower holding pens usedKeitel signing surrender documents at the Soviet headquarters near Berlin, Germany, 7 May 1945Capsized Admiral Scheer, Kiel, 7 May 1945
See all photos dated 7 May 1945
8 May 1945
  • Paul Giesler passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Britain marked VE (Victory in Europe) Day with scenes of great public celebration and services of thanksgiving. In France, the German garrisons in coastal strongholds finally surrendered. In Berlin, Germany, Marshal Zhukov accepted the German surrender, which was to take effect on 11 May. Also on this date, German troops in Czechoslovakia surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
  • Every gun present at Okinawa, Japan, including naval guns, fired one round at noon at the Japanese in celebration of V-E Day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops liberated Theresienstadt Concentration Camp; about 30,000 prisoners were present at the camp at the time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Crown Prince Olav of Norway returned to Oslo aboard a British Royal Navy warship on the same day that the city was declared liberated. [AC]
  • Canadian sailors looted shops in during VE-Day celebrations in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the US XIII Corps. [CPC]
  • Bernhard Rust committed suicide. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was captured by Soviet troops, thus ending his role as the commanding officer of German XXXXIX. Gebirgskorps. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • Field Marshal Robert Ritter von Greim, Head of the Luftwaffe since Hitler's dismissal of Hermann Göring in the last days of the collapsing German Reich, was captured by the Americans in Austria. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • Hubert Lanz surrendered to US Army troops in Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Most aircraft of the Japanese 5th Kokugun in China began to withdraw to Korea. By the end of the month, over 10,000 personnel would successfully reach their new bases. [CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • German Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner escaped Prague, Czechoslovakia for Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • A special medical commission of Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front headed by Lieutenant Colonel Faust Shkaravsky performed an autopsy on the two bodies retrieved near the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany, one of which was suspected to be that of Adolf Hitler's. He noted that a part of the skull on one of the bodies was missing, but the cause of death of that person was more likely cyanide poisoning. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Robert C. Little of US 12th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron became the last pilot to shoot down a German Luftwaffe aircraft in combat over the Western Front when, shortly after 2000 hours, he destroyed an attacking Focke-Wulf Fw 190 aircraft whilst on patrol over the Danube River. [AC]
Latvia
  • 92 German ships of various sizes departed Libau, Latvia with 18,000 German refugees onboard, sailing for Denmark and Germany. It would be the final convoy out of Latvia. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • The crew of USS Segundo held a celebratory dinner at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-66 arrived at Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 May 1945
Marshall, Leahy, and King announcing victory over Europe, Washington DC, 8 May 1945Zhukov reading the act of the German surrender, with Tedder seated next to him, Berlin, 8 May 1945Men of the US Army 77th Infantry Division at Okinawa, Japan listening to radio reports for the German surrender, 8 May 1945Churchill waving to crowds at Whitehall, London, England, United Kingdom on the day he announced the war with Germany had been won, 8 May 1945
See all photos dated 8 May 1945
9 May 1945
  • Soviet troops entered Prague, Czechoslovakia. [AC]
  • Feldmarschall Kesselring is captured near Saalfelden, Austria. [Main Article | TH]
  • The United States lifted its war time ban on horse racing. [CPC]
  • German cruiser Prinz Eugen surrendered to the Allied forces in Copenhagen, Denmark. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Reich Commissar for Norway, Josef Turboven, committed suicide in Oslo, Norway. [AC]
  • Vidkun Quisling, Norway's pro-Nazi Prime Minister, was captured by the underground. [Main Article | AC]
  • In New Guinea, the Australians continued to make gains. [Main Article | AC]
  • Soviet troops captured Stutthof Concentration Camp near Danzig, Germany (now Gdansk, Poland) and reached Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • William Slim indicated to his senior staff at the British 14th Army that he might soon be sacked by Oliver Leese. The senior staff officers leaked out the news. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German garrisons in the Channel Islands surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Missouri arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Alabama departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Soviet troops entered Prague, Czechoslovakia. A large number of German troops, fleeing Prague, reached the area between villages Milín, Slivice, and Cimelice near the US-USSR demarcation line. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The German garrisons at Dunkerque (12,000 men), La Rochelle, Lorient, and Saint-Nazaire surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
Germany
  • Nazi German leader Hermann Göring surrendered to US troops in southern Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Soviet SMERSH agents arrested Käthe Heusermann, chief assistant to Adolf Hitler's dentist Dr. Hugo Blaschke, to assist in the identification of the body retrieved in Berlin, Germany which was suspected to be that of Hitler's. [Main Article | CPC]
Greece
  • The 20,000-strong German garrison in the Greek islands surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
Guernsey
  • German forces on Guernsey surrendered to the British. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Carbonero arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Composite Squadron 63 (VC-63) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Japanese special attack aircraft damaged two destroyer escorts off Okinawa, Japan and two British carriers (Victorious and Formidable) off Taiwan. On land, the Americans still engaged in vicious close quarter fighting on Okinawa. The Japanese defenders resorted to turning themselves into human bombs, loading themselves with explosives to charge US positions; prisoners were a rarity as the US Marines fired on anything that moved. [Main Article | AC]
Jersey
  • German forces on Jersey surrendered to the British. [CPC]
Latvia Russia
  • Victory was celebrated in Moscow, Russia where two million people watched a parade and firework display. [Main Article | TH]
Yugoslavia
  • Alexander Löhr surrendered to Yugolsavian partisans at Topolsica in the Slovenia region of Yugoslavia. On the same day, he was mentioned in the German Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 May 1945
African-American troops read President TrumanAugusta off Portland, Maine, United States, 9 May 1945HMS Victorious on fire after being struck by Japanese special attack aircraft, off Sakishima Gunto (Islands), Japan, 9 May 1945Soviet troops in Prague, Czechoslovakia, May 1945
See all photos dated 9 May 1945
10 May 1945
  • Soviet troops regain control of Prague, Czechoslovakia, ending the 5-day uprising. [TH]
  • U-977 surfaced near Holsenöy Island, Bergen, Norway to release 16 of the crewmen who wished to return home to their families. She then headed for Argentina. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Konrad Henlein passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy aircraft attacked Japanese shipping off Korea. [CPC]
  • The German surrender officially took effect at 0001 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Norwegian collaborator Vidkun Quisling was arrested. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 6 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 70 Japanese Navy and 80 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Hoffmann was arrested by the Americans. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Commander Keiji Koeu was named the commanding officer of destroyer Yukikaze. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Miami departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • The German resistance on the Hel Peninsula across the bay from Danzig, Germany (now Gdansk, Poland) ceased. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Vice Admiral Kiyohide Shima was named the commanding officer of Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Manhattan Project Target Committee met at Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States to compile a list of potential atomic weapon targets in Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 May 1945
Citizens of Ludwigslust, Germany made aware of the atrocities at a nearby concentration camp, May 1945Soviet Army photographer Yevgeny Khaldei in Berlin, Germany, May 1945; note Brandenburg Gate in backgroundJRS-1 aircraft at Langley, Virginia, United States, 10 May 1945
11 May 1945
  • Kiyoshi Ogawa passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Various German units in Czechoslovakia, Dunkirk in France, and the Aegean Sea islands surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Bunker Hill was hit by two Japanese special attack aircraft off Okinawa, Japan, killing 373. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Japanese Navy Ohka combat sortie by 4 G4M bombers off Okinawa, Japan heavily damaged American destroyer USS Hugh W. Hadley. On the island, US troops launched an offensive toward Naha. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 92 American B-29 bombers attacked the Kawanishi aircraft factories near Kobe, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Australians launched their final assault on the last Japanese strongpoint on the northern coast of Wewak, New Guinea. Cut off from support and defending a backwater that had been by-passed in the Pacific War, the Japanese nevertheless fought on fanatically until the 23 May when the surviving sick, starving and broken force retreated into the mountains. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Target Committee of the Manhattan Project, led by Robert Oppenheimer, decided the best targets of the atomic bomb were Kyoto, Niigata, Hiroshima, Yokohama, and Kokura. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German President Karl Dönitz ordered all promotions and awards to cease. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Submarine I-369 departed Woleai, Caroline Islands with 60 evacuees and 2 boxes of ashes of killed servicemen. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • The Soviet Prague Strategic Offensive in Czechoslovakia concluded. On the same day, SMERSH agents arrested many Russian émigrés in Prague; in 2003, the Czech government would name this day "the day of the destruction of Russian intellectuals". [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Military medical doctor Lieutenant Colonel Faust Shkaravsky of Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front concluded that one of the two bodies Soviet SMERSH agents retrieved near the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany was that of Adolf Hitler's. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet counterintelligence official Pavel Meshik reported to the Soviet high command in Berlin, Germany that Soviet discipline was poor, and that lootings and rapings continued to occur in and around the German capital. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Shamrock Bay departed waters off Okinawa, Japan, sailing for Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fumihiro Mitsuyama (born Tak Kyonghyong), flying a Ki-43 aircraft, died in battle off Okinawa, Japan as a special attack pilot. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Sergeant Jack Hinton of New Zealand 2nd Division received the Victoria Cross from King George VI at the Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom for bravery exhibited while fighting in Kalamata, Greece on 28 Apr 1941. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 May 1945
Transfer of wounded from USS Bunker Hill to USS Wilkes Barre, who were injured during fire following suicide dive bombing attack off Okinawa, 11 May 1945Carrier Bunker Hill burning after first Carrier USS Bunker Hill burning after the second special attack off Okinawa, Japan, 11 May 1945Wreckage of Ogawa
See all photos dated 11 May 1945
12 May 1945
  • George Patton launched Operation Cowboy in Hostau, Czechoslovakia, rescuing 1,200 horses, including 375 of the Lipizzan breed, from potential Soviet slaughter. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops on Crete, Greece surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
  • General Andrey Vlasov was turned over to the Red Army after being captured by the Americans. [TH]
  • British troops landed at St Hélier in Jersey, Channel Islands. [CPC]
  • US Army troops landed on Torishima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Australian Corporal John Mackey destroyed three machine gun nests at Tarakan, Borneo, that had been holding up his comrades. Many Japanese were killed or forced to retreat, but Corporal Mackey would pay the ultimate price for his bravery. Posthumously he was awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • Alfred Ernest Snow was name the British Military Administrator of the Channel Islands. [CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Kure, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft damaged USS New Mexico off Okinawa, Japan. Nearby, USS Wichita was damaged by friendly fire. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-67 departed Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort reported to Admiral Ernest King's office on the situation of Japanese war materials, noting, among other things, that Japan had nearly depleted its supply of coal while aluminum and oil stockpiles were running low. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 May 1945
Starving inmate of Camp Gusen, Austria, 12 May 1945Bodies of victims piled in a cart, awaiting proper burial, Gusen Concentration Camp, Muhlhausen, near Linz, Austria, 12 May 1945New Mexico hit by a Kamikaze special attack aircraft at dusk off Okinawa, 12 May 1945; photo taken from cruiser WichitaPrisoner of war camp in Sinzig, Germany, 12 May 1945
See all photos dated 12 May 1945
13 May 1945
  • The Red Army eliminated the last pockets of German resistance in Czechoslovakia. [TH]
  • Gurkha Rifleman Lachhiman Gurung and two comrades manning a forward observation post ar Taungdaw, Burma, were attacked by more than 200 Japanese. Twice Gurung threw back grenades that were lobbed into their trench but a third went off in his hand blowing away his fingers, shattering his arm and causing other severe wounds to his body. His two comrades were also badly injured. Nevertheless, Gurung fought on, loading his rifle with his good left hand and propping the gun against the parapet to take aim. He held off the enemy for four hours, inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy. For his outstanding bravery, Gurung was awarded the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • USS Baya attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, sinking three ships, hitting them with 7 of 10 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese transport east of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • US Navy carrier aircraft attacked airfields at Kyushu, Japan in an attempt to stop or slow to launch of Japanese special attack missions. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Royal Family and Allied military leaders attended a thanks-giving service at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 May 1945
German Schnellboot S 204 at coastal forces base HMS Beehive, Felixstowe, Suffolk, England, United Kingdom, 13 May 1945
14 May 1945
  • The Austrian Republic was reformed, free of German influence, and the Anschluss was declared null and void. [TH]
  • Heligoland Island, Germany was occupied by British troops. [TH]
  • The Norwegian resistance group Milorg was formally dissolved. [TH]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft damaged USS Enterprise off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Australian troops landed on Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 472 American B-29 bombers conducted a raid on Nagoya, Japan as part of the first of two days of saturation bombing on Japanese cities. The Americans would drop 16,000 tons of napalm and oil bombs during the campaign; vast areas were burned out but 77 B-29 bombers failed to return. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Galland was captured by the US Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Alan Brooke reprimanded Oliver Leese for his intention to dismiss William Slim. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Chub departed Fremantle, Australia for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama shot down two of the several Japanese aircraft that attempted to attack US warships; she also shared credit with anti-aircraft crews of other ships for the downing two other aircraft during the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Springer's crew observed a dogfight between a Japanese fighter and four US fighters; after seeing the Japanese fighter fall into the water, the crew recovered the body of the dead Japanese pilot, retrieved papers for intelligence, and gave the piot a proper sea burial. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Two PV-1 aircraft of US Navy squadron VPB-137 from Clark Field in the Philippine Islands conducted a reconnaissance mission over Taiwan, two of which fired eight and six 5-inch rockets, respectively, at the Ujitsu sugar plant, which was misidentified as a Butanol plant, in Ujitsu (now Wuri). The facility was hit by eight of the rockets and suffered some damage. [CPC]
  • Two PV-1 aircraft of US Navy squadron VPB-137 from Clark Field in the Philippine Islands conducted a reconnaissance mission over Taiwan, one of which dropped three 250-pound bombs on a pair of bridges over Daito River (now Dadu River) in Shoka (now Changhua); both bombs missed. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British Admiral Sir Max Horton (Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches) formally accepted the surrender of a token force of eight U-boats at Londonderry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. The U-boats which had been escorted from Loch Alsh, Scotland, United Kingdom by destroyer HMS Hesperus, Canadian Frigate Thetford Mines, and USS Paine had their torpedoes and two-thirds of their crew removed before their journey up the Foyle. The German crews were mostly very young men. Some were sullen and many were arrogant but the morale among the officers was unbroken. They were convinced that Hitler had died in action and their first question was "When do we start fighting the Russians?" One or two were so convinced that war with Russia was imminent that they had retained their confidential books and secret equipment to be ready when the war faced east. [AC]
United States
  • USS Rock arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 May 1945
Former Russian prisoner liberated by US 3rd Armored Division pointing out former Nazi guard who brutally beat prisoners, possibly at Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp, Nordhausen, Germany, 14 May 1945Nagoya, Japan during attack, seen from an American aircraft, 14 May 1945
15 May 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay departed Okinawa and arrived at Guam for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Croatian troops that surrendered to British forces in Austria were handed over to Yugoslavian partisans, resulting in the murder of over 110,000, including women and children. [Main Article | TH]
  • British destroyer forces sank the Japanese cruiser Haguro in the Malacca Strait off the Malay Peninsula. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | AC]
  • In fighting at Wewak, New Guinea, Australian Private Ted Kenna exposed himself to Japanese machine guns only 50 yards away, thus enabling his comrades to capture the position without further casualties. His rash bravery won him the Victoria Cross. [AC]
  • USS Croaker departed Subic Bay, Philippine Islands for her fifth war patrol in the Java Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny requested the local American officers a staff car, in which he would travel to the Americans field headquarters to surrender. As a prisoner, he was taken to Salzburg, Austria in an armored car with a heavy escort. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray rescued 10 airmen of a foundering PBM Mariner aircraft south of Kyushu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Nobutake Kondo was appointed to the Japanese Supreme War Council. [Main Article | CPC]
Latvia
  • Soviet SMERSH captured former German intelligence official and more recently commanding officer of German 81st Infantry Division Franz-Eccard von Bentivegni in the Courland Pocket in Latvia. Bentivegni would remain imprisoned in Russia until Oct 1955. [CPC]
Norway
  • Crown Prince Olaf of Norway returned to Oslo in a Royal Navy destroyer and was greeted by a large crowd. [AC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov appointed Isai Babich and Aleksandr Misyurev to head the SMERSH units attached to the Far Eastern Group of Soviet Troops. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Saint Paul departed Boston, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • Alexander Löhr's war crimes trial in Belgrade, Yugoslavia began. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 May 1945
Saratoga running full power trials in Puget Sound, Washington, United States, following battle damage repairs, 15 May 1945B-29 Superfortress bomber Soviet Information Bureau newspaper announcing
16 May 1945
  • Alderney of the Channel Islands was reoccupied by British troops; the garrison of 3,200 German troops became prisoners of war. [TH]
  • Aircraft from escort carrier HMS Emperor attacked Japanese cruiser Haguro at the entrance of the Malacca Strait. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Segundo departed for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After not responding to communications since 9 Apr 1945, USS Snook was presumed lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived off British Malaya to serve on lifeguard station. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army Colonel Albert Caswell Metts, Jr. assisted the five daughters of Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, who had been liberated from Dachau Concentration Camp by the American army, to return to Luxembourg. [AC]
Burma
  • William Slim and Aung San met at Meiktila, Burma; Slim later noted that although Aung San had an anti-British history, he was a promising candidate to lead Burma after the war. [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Exiled Czechoslovakian President Eduard Beneš returned to Prague, Czechoslovakia to a rapturous welcome. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sennet arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Inspection of engine overhaul facilities by Vice Admiral JH Newton, USN; Commodore HE Overesh, USN; Captain RE Farnsworth, USN; Commander GC Briant, USNR; Captain EA Tarbutton, USN. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Philippines
  • USS Boarfish departed Subic Bay, Philippine Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Kukutsu Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan was opened. [CPC]
17 May 1945
  • 470 American B-29 bombers conducted a raid on Nagoya, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft began to arrive at Ie Shima, Japan. They would start operating against the Japanese home islands on the following day. [CPC]
  • US Navy carrier aircraft attacked Maloelap Atoll, Marshall Islands. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Single day maximum of catapult launches (22). [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Miami arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Taroa, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | DS]
Philippines
  • Mexican 201st Expeditionary Squadron with P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft began operations from Clark Field in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Taiwan
  • B-24 bombers of US 380th Bomb Group attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 May 1945
A German girl held her nose as she walked by the 800 exhumed bodies of forced laborers murdered by SS men, near Namering, Germany, 17 May 1945USAAF study of damage to Nagoya, Japan done by aerial bombing on 14 and 17 May 1945
18 May 1945
  • Specially-modified American B-29 bombers arrived at Tinian, Mariana Islands in preparation of future atomic bomb missions. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Longshaw, stuck on a reef, was sunk by Japanese shore battery at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • King George VI of the United Kingdom awarded Philip Gardner a Victoria Cross for his daring rescue of comrades at Tobruk, Libya on 23 Nov 1941. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. In the afternoon, she became the flagship of Admiral William Halsey of the US Navy 3rd Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Keiji Furutani was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Marshal Tito, in negotiations with British and US representatives over disputed territory, claimed to have the right to add Trieste to Yugoslav territory, and refused to leave the area. [Main Article | AC]
Austria
  • German Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner was captured by Americans in Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Springer arrived at Guam, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft based in Ie Shima near Okinawa attacked airfields on Kyushu, Japan. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo encountered two bodies floating in the water in the East China Sea; her crew identified them to be one American and one Japanese. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bergall damaged a small Japanese vessel with her deck gun in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 May 1945
Japanese-American troops of 100th Infantry Battalion, US 442nd Regimental Combat Team inspecting a confiscated German field kitchen, Brescia, Italy, 18 May 1945, photo 1 of 2Japanese-American troops of 100th Infantry Battalion, US 442nd Regimental Combat Team inspecting a confiscated German field kitchen, Brescia, Italy, 18 May 1945, photo 2 of 2
19 May 1945
  • French troops landed in Syria and Lebanon. Arab nationalists launched protest demonstrations against the landing. [CPC]
  • Alfred Rosenberg was captured at Flensburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Stalin denied that his troops had been arresting Polish leaders for political reasons. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 43rd Division secured the Ipoh dam area north of Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands. US 25th Division began mopping up operations at Santa, Romblon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 77th Division withdrew near the Ishimmi Ridge at Okinawa, Japan after suffering heavy casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 272 B-29 Superfortress bombers struck Hamamatsu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Maizuru, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray attacked a three-ship Japanese convoy west of Japan, missing with all three torpedoes fired. The Japanese freighters, actually armed Q-ships, fought back with depth charges, forcing Ray to surface. Ray was able to escape on the surface, deck gun firing to discourage pursuit. She claimed that one of the Q-ships were sunk by gunfire. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
20 May 1945
  • Japanese troops began pulling out of China. [TH]
  • American troops reached Shuri Castle, Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canadian troops landed on the island of Texel off the Dutch coast. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island completed her repairs at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Claude Auchinleck had lunch with Winston Churchill, during which Auchinleck noted to Churchill that William Slim was among the best generals in the British Army and recommended the appointment of Slim to succeed him as Commander-in-Chief, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea, sinking a transport with one of four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank a Japanese patrol vessel west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero sank a Japanese trawler east of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • Captain J. E. Leeper was named the commanding officer of USS Shamrock Bay, relieving Captain Frank T. Ward, Jr, while the ship was at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Composite Squadron 63 (VC-63) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Pilots of Japanese Navy 631st Naval Air Group were officially assigned to individual submarines of Submarine Squadron 1. [CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-67 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 20 May 1945
Essex underway at sea during the Okinawa Campaign, 20 May 1945; note the F4U and F6F aircraft on the flight deck
21 May 1945
  • Heinrich Himmler arrested by British troops near Bremen, Germany as he attempted to disguise himself as refugee "Heinrich Hitzinger" and flee with the masses. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese traditional and special attacks damaged five Allied ships off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Charr arrived at the naval base at Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island departed Guam, Mariana Islands for Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri departed Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub sank a Japanese ship in the Java Sea, hitting her with one of five torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Carrier Air Group 91 (CVG-91) departed. Escort Carrier Air Group 33 (CVEG-33) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Prince Kotohito passed away in Odawara, Kanagawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 21 May 1945
View of airstrip on Tarakan, Borneo, showing extensive damage sustained during battle and some reconstruction efforts commited by 1st and 8th Airfield construction Squadrons of RAAF, 21 May 1945
22 May 1945
  • Field Marshall Montgomery was designated as commander of British occupation troops, as well as a British member of the Allied Control Commission in Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The British Government announced further reductions in rations. Bacon was reduced to three ounces per person per week, cooking fat to one ounce and meat to 106-lb per person per year, and the soap ration was also reduced for all but babies and young children. [AC]
  • Torrential rain reduced mobility of US armoured forces on Okinawa, Japan and gave the Japanese defenders a temporary respite. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Becuna departed for her fourth war patrol on lifeguard station for carrier air crews. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov complained to Lavrentiy Beria of NKVD official Ivan Serov's interference with the SMERSH investigation of Adolf Hitler's final days. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria received a report from Soviet NKVD official Ivan Serov regarding Adolf Hitler's final days. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands and joined Task Group 58.4. [Main Article | DS]
Latvia
  • Soviet SMERSH captured German SS Lieutenant General Bruno Streckenbach in Latvia. He would remain imprisoned in Russia until Oct 1955. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
23 May 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay completed repairs and arrived in Okinawa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Himmler committed suicide at Lüneburg, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Members of the German High Command and the Provisional Government were taken into custody and imprisoned. [Main Article | TH]
  • The Allies dissolved Karl Dönitz's government. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 4 small Japanese vessels west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • 525 American B-29 bombers conducted a raid on Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-67, the last outgoing Allied arctic convoy, departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In Westminster, London, England, United Kingdom, British Prime Minister Churchill resigned and formed a caretaker administration in which the Labour Party refused to serve. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 23 May 1945
Himmler dead at Lnneburg, 23 May 1945The body of Heinrich Himmler lying on the floor at British 2nd Army HQ after his suicide on 23 May 1945Dönitz, Jodl, and Speer being arrested by British troops, 23 May 1945Speer, Dönitz, and Jodl immediately after being arrested by British troops, 23 May 1945
24 May 1945
  • The Allies began exchanging the prisoners of war they had freed in Germany. [TH]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 7 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 65 Japanese Navy and 100 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. On the island, seven Type 97 bombers attempted to crash-land at an American-controlled airfield to deliver suicide commandos during Operation Gi; several aircraft were shot down, but those who successfully reached the airfield delivered 69 commandos who destroyed 9 aircraft and damaged 29 others and set the fuel dump aflame; all commandos were killed or committed suicide. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 2 small Japanese vessels west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • At Salzburg, Austria, Field Marshal Robert Ritter von Greim, head of the Luftwaffe, committed suicide in American captivity. Having learnt that he was to be a part of a Soviet-American prisoner exchange and, fearing torture and execution at the hands of the Russians, he took cyanide. His final words were: "I am the head of the Luftwaffe, but have no Luftwaffe." [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands with other ships of Task Group 58.4. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Aircraft of US Navy Task Force 58 attacked airfields in southern Kyushu, Japan while 520 US Army B-29 bombers attacked urban and industrial areas south of the Imperial Palace in Tokyo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine I-369 arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Joseph Stilwell arrived in Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Miami arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
25 May 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a small Japanese craft with torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Olympic, the invasion of Japan, was approved by the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, setting the date at 1 Nov 1945. [Main Article | TH]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft sank destroyer USS Bates and damaged several other ships off Okinawa, Japan. Part of these attacks included an Ohka combat sortie by 11 G4M bombers, most of which were turned back due to poor weather while the few that launched their Ohka weapons reported no hits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Australian Private Leslie Starcevitch won the Victoria Cross during the capture of Beaufort, North Borneo by destroying a series of Japanese bunkers that had been holding up the Australian advance. [AC]
  • Submarine I-369 was taken out of commission for conversion into an aviation gasoline submarine-transport. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bataan (Tribal-class) was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The destroyer escort USS Bates was sunk by a Japanese special attack aircraft off Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
  • The Japanese Navy reorganized the 3rd Air Fleet (now with 13th, 25th, and 27th Air Flotillas) and the 5th Air Fleet (now with 12th and 72nd Air Flotillas and 13 air groups). [CPC]
  • USS Iowa arrived off Kyushu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 2 small Japanese vessels west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche began her sixth war patrol, the first half of which would be on lifeguard station south of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • 464 American B-29 bombers conducted a raid on Tokyo, Japan. 26 aircraft were lost, which was the highest one-day loss. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 May 1945
The first US soldiers to return home from France under the ArmyMap noting the progress of the Battle of TarakanPost-liberation identification paper of former Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp prisoner Jacek Jablonski, issued by the US Army on 25 May 1945Tokyo, Japan under aerial attack, 25 May 1945
26 May 1945
  • USS Ray sank 3 small Japanese vessels west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner, previously captured by the Americans in southern Germany, was turned over to Soviet SMERSH agents. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Carbonero departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. She would for the most part remain on lifeguard station off the island of Taiwan on the Chinese coast. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Carrier Night Air Group 52 (CVGN-52) arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 26 May 1945
Men of the Royal Netherlands Indies Army Forces conducting mop-up operations on Tarakan, Borneo, late May 1945Aerial view of Tokyo following bombing by B-29 Superfortress bombers, night of 26 May 1945Aerial view looking southward over Iwo Jima
27 May 1945
  • Operation Kikusui No. 8 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 60 Japanese Navy and 50 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft; together with manned torpedoes, these special attacks damaged 5 destroyers and 6 other ships in the area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri bombarded Japanese positions on Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 3 small Japanese vessels west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US 101st Airborne Division Master Sergeant Charles Dickey discovered Heinrich Himmler's emergency cash in Himmler's family barn in Bayern (Bavaria) in southern Germany. It consisted of currencies of 26 nations worth a total of US$4,000,000. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Cero arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese submarines I-13 and I-14 departed Kure, Japan for Chinkai, Korea. They came under attack in the Straits of Shimonoseki later in the day, but escaped unscathed. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Boarfish intercepted a two-masted junk in the Java Sea; the search party sent aboard found nothing suspicious and allowed the ship to leave. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 May 1945
Sherman tanks of US 6th Marine Division at Naha, Okinawa, Japan, 27 May 1945
28 May 1945
  • Japanese air offensive sank destroyer USS Drexler and damaged several other ships off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American-born William Joyce, the German propagandist whose radio broadcasts to Britain during the war had earned him the nickname "Lord Haw-Haw", was captured by British troops. He was to be hanged as a traitor in 1946, and was to be the last person to be executed in Britain for an act of treason. [AC]
  • The British Admiralty ended the convoy system in the Atlantic Ocean. [AC]
  • USS Tunny departed Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was camouflaged at Nishinomishima, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 3 small Japanese vessels west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Shamrock Bay departed Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands with US Navy squadron VC-96 on board. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Manta departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
29 May 1945
  • USS Cod arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands for refitting, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Jisaburo Ozawa was named the commander-in-chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 10th Army captured Shuri Castle at Okinawa, Japan. Off the coast, Japanese special attack aircraft damaged 2 destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front was renamed Northern Group of Military Forces, or SGV. Konstantin Rokossovsky remained the commanding officer of the group. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • USS Bluegill landed US and Australian personnel on Pratas of the Pratas Islands (Chinese: Dongsha Islands) in the South China Sea and destroyed the Japanese radio tower, weather station, fuel, ammunition dump, and several buildings. The operation was unopposed as the Japanese had already abandoned the island. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Guam
  • USS Flying Fish departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her twelfth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • American B-25 bombers from Okinawa conducted a raid on Tokyo, Japan, while 454 B-29 bombers (escorted by 101 P-51 fighters) firebombed Yokohama, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese pilto Second Lieutenant Kiyoharu Kawada (Roh Yong-U) rammed his Ki-45 Toryu heavy fighter into an attacking US B-29 Superfortress bomber (serial 42-24894) over Oi River, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, destroying the bomber but also sacrificing himself. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo encountered several vessels in the East China Sea; she seven two-masted schooners her crew identified as Japanese with the deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Boarfish attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea between Sumatra and Java with four torpedoes and observed at least one explosion against an oiler; she was severely damaged in the subsequent depth charge counterattack, but she would be able to set sail for home. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-7 rocket-powered prototype aircraft underwent a unpowered glider test at Khimki near Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 14 of the 25 captured US Army and US Navy airmen imprisoned at the Taihoku Prison in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan were sentenced to death by firing squad; the execution was to be carried out on 19 Jun 1945 [Main Article | CPC]
  • 100 American B-24 bombers conducted a raid on Taiwan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1945
Tautog underway, 29 May 1945B-29 bombers of US 500th Bomb Group dropping incendiary bombs over Yokohama, Japan, 29 May 1945US Marine Lieutenant Colonel R. P. Ross, Jr. raising an US flag raised over Shuri castle on Okinawa, Japan, 29 May 1945
30 May 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the morning and a transport with torpedoes in the afternoon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US P-47 aircraft from Ie Shima attacked Japanese shipping and the lighthouse at Amami Oshima, which was part of the Ryukyu Islands north of Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker attacked a small Japanese convoy consisted of three small oilers and an armed escort; firing a total of 21 torpedoes, 3 of them made contact, and she claimed to have sunk two oilers and the escort vessel, but the sinkings were not confirmed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank a small Japanese patrol vessel west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The remainder of General Seiei Yamamoto's troops in Burma was effectively wiped out. [Main Article | CPC]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • French guns shelled the centre of Damascus in Syria-Lebanon, damaging the Syrian government building and Government House. In addition there was much street fighting between French and Syrian troops. That evening General Charles de Gaulle ordered a cease fire; some hours prior Winston Churchill sent him a note demanding an immediate French cease fire and return to barracks. [AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall attacked a group of small Japanese vessels in the Gulf of Thailand with her deck gun, sinking seven. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-67, the last returning Allied arctic convoy, arrived at Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 May 1945
Aerial photo of Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, circa May-Jun 1945The Berlin Zoo flak tower after the battle, Germany, 1945; note two destroyed IS-2 tanks in foreground
31 May 1945
  • USS Cassin Young arrived at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Segundo sank a four-masted sail ship with two torpedoes. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 12 M26 Pershing heavy tanks departed the United States board a cargo ship for Okinawa, Japan. They would arrive too late to see combat. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet SMERSH captured German intelligence officer Erwin Stolze in Berlin, Germany in civilian clothing. [CPC]
Taiwan
  • B-24 bombers attacked a Japanese anti-aircraft position in Taihoku (now Sanzhong District, New Taipei City), Taiwan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 May 1945
Lieutenant General Guy Simonds inspecting II Canadian Corps in Meppen, Germany, 31 May 1945American analysis of bombing damage upon Yokohama, Japan, 31 May 1945
1 Jun 1945
  • 458 American B-29 bombers attacked Osaka harbor, Japan in poor weather. 148 P-51 Mustang fighters flew in escort, and 27 were lost, many due to collisions due to poor visibility. 6 ships were sunk by the attack while another 6 were damaged; many naval mines were also laid in the harbor. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Knowing the fate that would await them at the hands of the Soviets, a pitched battle broke out between British troops and the 28,000 strong Cossack Corps (White Russians who had always opposed the Communists and had been fighting for the Germans), when it was announced that they were to be repatriated to the Russian zone of Austria. Some 700 Cossacks and their families were killed by the British, trampled to death or commit suicide. Almost all the Cossacks who were sent back disappeared without trace. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Makin Island departed Okinawa, Japan area for Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | DS]
  • The Japanese Navy 10th Air Fleet attached to the Combined Fleet was reorganized to contain eight air groups. The 13th Air Fleet attached to the 10th Area Fleet was reorganized to contain one air flotilla and two air groups. [CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps' Supply Service FMFPac, whose responsibilities included ensuring beach logistic supply to hostile shores, was redesignated as Service Command FMFPac to control the scattered island bases and service and supply battalions spread across the Pacific Ocean. [AC]
  • The United States Marine Corps 7th and 8th Field Depots were redesignated as service regiments and reorganized to include headquarters and service, motor transport, and supply and maintenance battalions. [AC]
  • USS Chub gave chase to a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea, firing two spreads of three torpedoes on separate occasions; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sea Robin departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Pintado departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fifth war patrol on lifeguard station off Japan. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Skipjack departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to the habor defense force at Kure, Japan as a reserve ship, which meant her crew was reduced to half the standard complement size. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • I-401 departed Kure, Japan [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarines I-13 and I-14 arrived at Nanao Bay, Japan. [CPC]
Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jun 1945
American cemetery at Sainte-Mère-Église, France, near Utah Beach, 1 Jun 1945Osaka, Japan burning during an American raid, 1 Jun 1945, photo 1 of 2Osaka, Japan burning during an American raid, 1 Jun 1945, photo 2 of 2
2 Jun 1945
  • USS Tunny arrived in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American carrier aircraft of Task Force 38 attacked airfields in southern Kyushu, Japan. On the same day, 12 Japanese ships were sunk or damaged by naval mines in Japanese waters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island received supplies at Kaika Harbor, Kerama Retto, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray attacked a Japanese transport west of Japan; all 5 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck airfields on Kyushu, Japan in an attempt to stop special attack aircraft from taking off. [Main Article | DS]
  • I-400 arrived at Nanao Bay, Japan. [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Spot departed Saipan, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jun 1945
Port bow view of USS Wasp, off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 2 Jun 1945Bow view of USS Wasp, off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 2 Jun 1945Port quarter view of USS Wasp, off Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 2 Jun 1945
3 Jun 1945
  • French forces reluctantly left Damascus, French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, leaving the British in control. [AC]
  • The US began preparing for the transit of 200,000 US troops from Europe to the Pacific via Marseilles, France. [AC]
  • American carrier aircraft of Task Force 38 attacked airfields in southern Kyushu, Japan for the second day in a row. On the same day, 7 Japanese ships were sunk or damaged by naval mines in Japanese waters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Marines landed on Iheya Jima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [CPC]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 9 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 20 Japanese Navy and 30 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck airfields on Kyushu, Japan in an attempt to stop special attack aircraft from taking off. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo sank a Japanese sail in the East China Sea with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Macabi departed Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jun 1945
Amphibious tractors delivering US Marines and supplies on the beach of Ibeya, an island in the Ryukyu Islands northwest of Okinawa, 3 Jun 1945A German civilian looks at a vast painting of Stalin on the Unter-den-Linden, Berlin, Germany, 3 Jun 1945The Reichstag damaged by Allied bombing, Berlin, Germany, 3 Jun 1945
4 Jun 1945
  • The body of Air Chief Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory, who died in an air crash, was found. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Tunny arrived off Kyushu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Song Ziwen was named the chief of the Executive Yuan; he had been serving in this position in an acting status since Dec 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray attacked a Japanese transport west of Japan; all 6 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • I-401 arrived at Nanao Bay, Japan [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-14 received her full complement of Seiran aircraft while at Nanao, Japan. [CPC]
Malaya and Singapore Russia
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jun 1945
American bombs falling on Kobe, Japan, 4 Jun 1945
5 Jun 1945
  • Field Marshal Montgomery and General Eisenhower were awarded the Order of Victory, the Soviet Union's highest award. [Main Article | TH]
  • 473 American B-29 bombers destroyed 11 square kilometers of urban areas at Kobe, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Brazil declared war on Japan. [CPC]
  • More than 30 American ships were damaged by a typhoon near Okinawa, Japan. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny passed through the Korea Strait. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The Supreme Commanders of the four occupying powers in Germany signed the Berlin Declaration which formally abolished any German government over the nation. Germany was divided into four zones, each ruled by an occupational government. [TH, AC]
Malaya and Singapore Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama suffered minor damage from a typhoon. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jun 1945
A Polish, a Latvian, and a Hungarian Jew, all rescued from Buchenwald Concentration Camp, boarded a plane for Palestine, 5 Jun 1945Battleship Indiana taking water over the bow while sailing through a typhoon in the Okinawa, Japan area, circa 5 Jun 1945Bernard Montgomery, Dwight Eisenhower, Georgi Zhukov, and Jean de Lattre de Tassigny in Berlin, Germany, 5 Jun 1945Dwight Eisenhower, Georgi Zhukov, Bernard Montgomery, and Jean de Lattre de Tassigny at a feast in Berlin, Germany, 5 Jun 1945
See all photos dated 5 Jun 1945
6 Jun 1945
  • USS Wake Island returned to her front line position off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 33 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Japanese Submarine Squadron 1 began joint submarine-seaplane exercises in Nanao Bay, Japan. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Capitaine fired four torpedoes at a small Japanese patrol craft in the South China Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jun 1945
Canadian M4 Sherman tank
7 Jun 1945
  • USS Sea Cat sank a 400-ton Japanese schooner with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • King Haakon returned to Norway on the fifth anniversary of his departure. [Main Article | TH]
  • King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visited the liberated Channel Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 400 American B-29 bombers attacked Osaka, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Segundo sank a Japanese ship with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish entered the Sea of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The Western Allies made German citizens in their occupation zones watch films about the Buchenwald and Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camps. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1945
US Marine running through Japanese fire on Okinawa, Japan, 7 Jun 1945Map depicting the Battle of Zhijiang, 8 Apr-7 Jun 1945Churchill with his Chiefs of Staff at a luncheon at 10 Downing Street, London, England, UK, 7 May 1945American analysis of bombing damage upon Osaka, Japan, on a photograph taken on 7 Jun 1945
8 Jun 1945
  • USS Sea Cat attacked a Japanese merchant ship with two torpedoes, both of which missed their target. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Jozef Tiso was arrested. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri bombarded Kyushu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Boarfish arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Brunei
  • The fleet minesweeper USS Salute was sunk by a Japanese mine whilst covering landings at Brunei Bay. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Guitarro arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth and final war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Saint Paul conducted training operations in waters off Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Rear Admiral CP Mason made an inspection of the station. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck airfields on Kyushu, Japan in an attempt to stop special attack aircraft from taking off. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jun 1945
US Navy Seamen 1st Class M. D. Shore operating a forklift truck at a Navy supply depot at Guam, Mariana Islands, 8 Jun 1945USS Makin Island entering floating drydock ABSD-6 for repairs and paint at Guam, Mariana Islands, 8 Jun 1945
9 Jun 1945
  • Japanese Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki announced publicly that Japan would fight on rather than accept unconditional surrender. [Main Article | TH]
  • The British RAF unveiled the Vampire jet fighter design. [CPC]
  • USS Tunny attacked a cargo vessel in the Sea of Japan; the torpedo hit but failed to explode. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 277,380 Soviet and Bulgarian personnel were awarded the medal for the capture of Vienna, Ostmark, Germany (occupied Austria). [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain William Van Hamilton was named the commanding officer of USS Astoria. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wisconsin was designated a training ship for a cruise to Britain, France, and Cuba. [Main Article | CPC]
China Czechoslovakia
  • Soviet SMERSH agents arrested Russian émigré and liberal political activist Prince Pyotr Dolgorukov in Prague, Czechoslovakia. [CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet enlisted men were allowed to carry home from Germany whatever they could fit on their persons, the officers on bicycles or motorcycles, and the generals on automobiles. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: A reception was given by the station in honor of Rear Admiral Mason, Commander, Naval Air Bases, Fourteenth Naval District. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo fired three torpedoes at a tug and her tow; all three missed. She then proceeded to sink them with her deck gun. Seeing that the targets fired back, Segundo's officers determined that the tug was likely a Q-ship. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The GUKR SMERSH updated a list of Japanese intelligence personnel and Russian émigré living in northeastern China for arrests when Soviet troops invaded the region. [CPC]
United States
  • George Patton and James Doolittle were honored at a parade in Los Angeles, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jun 1945
Patton acknowledging the cheers of the welcoming crowds in Los Angeles, California, United States, 9 Jun 1945Prime Minister Kantaro SuzukiPort side view of USS Wasp, Puget Sound, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 9 Jun 1945Bow view of USS Wasp, Puget Sound, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 9 Jun 1945
10 Jun 1945
  • Australian troops landed at Brunei, Borneo and at Bougainville, Solomon Islands. [AC]
  • Montgomery and Eisenhower were decorated with the Order of Victory by Marshal Zhukov in Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS William D. Porter was sunk by a Japanese special attack aircraft off Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese cargo ship off the coast of Korea in the Sea of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Dragonet arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Skate sank Japanese submarine I-222 in the Sea of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • N. A. Korolev was made the head of Soviet TsGV Counterintelligence Directorate and Ya. A. Yedunov the head of SGV Counterintelligence Directorate. [CPC]
United States
  • George Patton addressed a crowd of 100,000 civilians in Burbank, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jun 1945
Australian Lt Col Mervyn Jeanes, US Gen Douglas MacArthur, and Australian Lt Gen Leslie Morshead inspecting positions held by JeanesFG-1D Corsair fighters of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-323 in flight over Okinawa, Japan, 10 Jun 1945
11 Jun 1945
  • USS Crevalle sank Hakusan Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tirante attacked a Japanese freighter and claimed a kill; this sinking was not confirmed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Caiman sank two Japanese schooners by gunfire in the southern South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Czechoslovakian police and civilians continued to drive ethnic Germans out of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia. [CPC]
  • James Franck and other Metallurgical Laboratory scientists issued the Franck Report, arguing for a demonstration of an atomic bomb before using it against an enemy target. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Segundo sank Fukui Maru with 3 of 7 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese transport off the coast of Korea in the Sea of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 6 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Portuguese Macau
  • US aircraft attacked neutral Portuguese Macau. [CPC]
12 Jun 1945
  • With Japanese troops hopelessly surrounded in the Oroku sector of Okinawa, Japan requested a ceasefire to allow them to commit suicide rather than surrender. Hundreds blew themselves up with grenades or jumped off cliffs. [Main Article | AC]
  • Dwight Eisenhower received the Freedom of the City of London of England, United Kingdom and the Order of Merit from the French. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • USS Tunny patrolled immediately off the coast of Etomo Ko, Honshu, Japan. She was detected by search lights and withdrew out to sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Oka Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan was opened. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir John Anderson announced the creation of the Arts Council of Great Britain to succeed the Council for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts. [AC]
13 Jun 1945
  • Minoru Ota passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa departed waters off Kyushu, Japan for waters off northern Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri bombarded Japanese positions on Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish attacked a Japanese transport in the Sea of Japan; all 6 torpedoes fired missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet Politburo ordered trials for a number of war time Polish leaders, including those who headed up the anti-German Home Army. [CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bergall was damaged by a friendly naval mine. [Main Article | CPC]
Ceylon
  • HMS Colossus arrived at Colombo, Ceylon. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The Seiran aircraft flown by Lieutenant Masuo Egami and Warranty Officer Hisayoshi Kimoto crashed in a mountain on the coast of Nanao Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Leyte, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wisconsin arrived at Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jun 1945
US Navy Mailman 2nd Class Wilbur L. Harrison and Yeoman 1st Class Marjorie Daw Adams at Fleet Post Office, San Francisco, California, United States, 13 Jun 1945A US Marine observing ruined buildings in Naha, Okinawa, Japan, 13 Jun 1945
14 Jun 1945
  • USS Pollack arrived at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States for inactivation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub sank a Japanese ship in the Java Sea, hitting her with one of five torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop was captured in Hamburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
15 Jun 1945
  • USS Charr departed the naval base at Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The General Dutch Youth League (ANJV) was founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands. [CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Calvin Durgin visited USS Wake Island at Okinawa, Japan and presented awards to 16 of her pilots. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank ten small Japanese sail vessels with gunfire in the Sea of Japan and forced another two to beach to prevent sinking. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hurricane fighters of British No. 351 Squadron RAF were transferred to Yugoslavia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale departed for her eleventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jun 1945
M4 Sherman tanks of US 769th Tank Battalion moving toward Hill 89 on Okinawa, Japan, mid-Jun 1945
16 Jun 1945
  • USS Tunny sighted life rafts from a Japanese ship that was sunk by USS Bonefish; from the survivors she captured a chief petty officer for interrogation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS Twiggs was sunk by a Japanese special attack aircraft off Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
  • USS Wake Island was removed from the front lines at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria gathered the conclusive evidence of Adolf Hitler's death and reported this to Joseph Stalin. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Springer arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Capitaine rescued five survivors of a sunken Japanese merchant ship. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Columbia arrived at Leyte, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
17 Jun 1945
  • Japanese Admiral Ota Minoru committed ritual suicide for failing to defend Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny was attacked by Japanese aircraft in the Sea of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Trawler Anticosti was decommissioned from Canadian service and was returned to the British Royal Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Georg-Wolfgang Feller became the last recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross award, although the award was given more than one month after German President Karl Dönitz had officially ordered all awards to cease. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island received supplies at Kaika Harbor, Kerama Retto, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Springer departed Saipan, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Bergall arrived at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands to receive emergency repairs for damage sustained four days prior by a friendly naval mine. This ended her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jun 1945
District of Tarumiza at Kagoshima, Kyushu, Japan under attack by aircraft of 499th Bomb Squadron, US 345th Bomb Group, 17 Jun 1945
18 Jun 1945
  • While inspecting the front lines at Okinawa, Japan, Simon Buckner was killed by shrapnel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese resistance on Mindinao, Philippine Islands ceased. [Main Article | TH]
  • The British demobilization began. [CPC]
  • 25 American B-29 bombers laid naval mines in several areas including waters near Kobe, Japan. [CPC]
  • The US submarine Bonefish was sunk by Japanese naval vessels in Toyama Wan, Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Pompon departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her ninth and final war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived at Subic Bay, Zambales, Philippine Islands, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur offered Joseph Stilwell the position as his chief of staff, but Stilwell turned it down, citing that he preferred to command troops. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche was relieved from her lifeguard station south of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-50 was destroyed by the light cruiser USS Denver after striking a Japanese mine during the landings at Balikpapan, Borneo. [AC]
Germany
  • General Nikolai Berzarin, the Soviet commander in Berlin, Germany, was killed in a car crash in the city. [AC]
Japan
  • Prince Kotohito was given a state funeral in Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Guitarro arrived at San Franciso, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1945
Browning M1917A1 machine gun crew of US 96th Division on the top of Yaeju-Dake Hill, Okinawa, Japan, 18 Jun 1945; note yellow cloth front lines marker on rightDwight and Mamie Eisenhower in a car, United States, 18 Jun 1945Dwight Eisenhower, Mamie Eisenhower, and George Marshall, Washington DC, United States, 18 Jun 1945, photo 1 of 2George Marshall with his wife Katherine and Dwight Eisenhower with his wife Mamie, Washington National Airport, Arlington, Virginia, United States, 18 Jun 1945
See all photos dated 18 Jun 1945
19 Jun 1945
  • US Army captured Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tunny came across a Japanese cargo ship but was not able to attack due to shallow coastal waters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island was detached from Task Group 32.1. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 86 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Philippines
  • USS Columbia departed Leyte, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet created the Medal for the Liberation of Belgrade for those who participated in the successful Sep-Nov 1944 operation. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 14 captured US Army and US Navy airmen were executed by a Japanese firing squad in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [CPC]
  • 14 US Army and US Navy airmen were executed at Taihoku Prison in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan in the early morning. They were found guilty of "indiscriminate bombing" of civilians of Taiwan. Their remains were cremated and their ashes placed a local shrine. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • General Dwight Eisenhower received a ticker tape parade at New York City, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jun 1945
Mackenzie King and his cabinet, 19 Jun 1945
20 Jun 1945
  • Captain Shigenori Kami was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy 10th Air Fleet. [CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish attacked a Japanese transport in the Sea of Japan; all 3 torpedoes fired missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gabilan departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her sixth and final war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Korea
  • US PB4Y-2 aircraft from Okinawa, Japan began laying mines in waters off the southern tip of Korea. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jun 1945
British liner RMS Queen Mary disembarking US troops returning from Europe after the German surrender, New York, New York, United States, 20 Jun 1945Officers and men of USS Dragonet at Guam, Mariana Islands, mid- to late-Jun 1945; note USS Dragonet was tied to tender USS ProteusOfficers and men of USS Dragonet posing before a Japanese submarine at Camp Dealy, Guam, Mariana Islands, mid- to late- Jun 1945USS Hoe off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 20 Jun 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 20 Jun 1945
21 Jun 1945
  • US troops captured Aparri, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was interrogated by three Allied Generals regarding his role in the Ardennes Offensive in Wiesbaden, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 10 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 30 Japanese Navy and 15 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major George Laven became the last P-38 Lightning ace of the war with the destruction of a Japanese H8K flying boat. [Main Article | AC]
  • HMS Hildasay was wrecked off Kilindili, Kenya, British East Africa. [AC]
  • USS Becuna departed for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Maizuru, Japan and was drydocked for maintenance. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank a Japanese freighter Hizen Maru in the Tsugara Strait between Aomori Prefecture and Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Chub arrived at Subic Bay in central Luzon, Philippine Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Jun 1945
  • Mitsuru Ushijima committed ritual suicide at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Americans secured Okinawa, Japan. Three months of savage fighting had cost the Japanese 129,700 military and 42,000 civilian dead. Just over 10,000 were taken prisoner. The Japanese had also lost 7,800 aircraft and six capital ships. The Americans had lost 12,520 dead, 36,600 wounded, 763 aircraft destroyed and 40 warships sunk. [Main Article | AC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was transferred from a makeshift prison cell to the city jail of Wiesbaden, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The final Japanese Navy Ohka combat sortie was conducted with six G4M bombers; none hit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Menhaden was commissioned into service, Commander David H. McClintock in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hackleback rescued downed pilot Lieutenant Commander C. P. Smith off Sakishima Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov wrote to Lavrentiy Beria complaining of Ivan Serov's interference with Soviet SMERSH business. Beria, with Joseph Stalin's approval, instead made Serov the plenipotentiary of all Soviet counterintelligence in Germany, thus expanding NKVD's control over SMERSH in the occupied country. Abakumov refused to allow his subordinates to follow Serov's command, however, thus Serov's authority would only be nominal. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Parche sank two small Japanese boats and damaged a third in the Tsugara Strait between Aomori Prefecture and Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale began patrolling waters between Japan and Wake Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 3 B-24 bombers of 65th Bomb Squadron, USAAF 43rd Bombardment Group attacked Japanese Navy Oil Refinery No. 6 (USAAF referred to this facility as the "Toshien Oil Refinery") at Takao (now Zuoying District, Kaohsiung), Taiwan with several 1,000-pound bombs. Smoke and cloud cover prevented the observation of bomb damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jun 1945
Raising the US flag on Okinawa, Japan, 22 Jun 1945Detention report of Wilhelm Keitel, containing mugshots taken on 22 Jun 1945Hermann Göring
23 Jun 1945
  • USS Sargent Bay arrived at Leyte in the Philippine Islands for upkeep. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny made rendezvous with USS Skate in the Sea of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The last organized Japanese defense was broken by Australian troops at Tarakan Island, Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell accepted Douglas MacArthur's offer to make him the commanding officer of the 10th Army, which consisted of American, Canadian, Australian, and Indian troops. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Spot set sail for the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 33 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS Parche sank three small Japanese trawlers with her deck gun in the Tsugara Strait between Aomori Prefecture and Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jun 1945
Detention report with mugshots of Joachim von Ribbentrop, Jun 1945
24 Jun 1945
  • General Zhukov took the salute in the Victory Parade in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | TH]
  • Japanese representatives in Moscow, Russia requested the Soviet Union to extend the neutrality pact originally signed in 1941 and due to expire in Apr 1946. [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. Personnel of her air group were transferred to Naval Air Base Agana. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky commanded a victory parade at the Red Square in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Sarawak Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1945
Soviet soldiers lowering German flags during the Victory Day Parade, Moscow, Russia, 24 Jun 1945P-61 Black Widow and P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft at Kagman Airfield, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 24 Jun 1945SU-76 self-propelled guns on parade in Red Square, Moscow, Russia, 24 Jun 1945
25 Jun 1945
  • Austria was divided into 4 occupied zones. [TH]
  • British Second Army was stood down and sent home. [TH]
  • Four American destroyers sank four Japanese subchasers in the Kurile Islands. [CPC]
  • US Marines landed on Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At Guam, Mariana Islands, USS Wake Island loaded 9 F6F Hellcat fighters, 24 F4U Corsair fighters, 11 Avenger torpedo bombers, and two Piper J-3 Cub observation aircraft for a transport mission to Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMCS Trillium was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sea Cat arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Parche attacked a large Japanese convoy off northern Japan, sinking one transport and damaging another with a total of 5 torpedo hits before before being driven off by counterattacks; she expended 7 torpedoes in this attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa ordered a special attack on the American anchorage at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. Operation Hikari was planned to use submarines I-13 and I-14 to bring Saiun aircraft over Ulithi for reconnaissance. Operation Arashi would then have submarines I-400 and I-401 bring Seiran aircraft to perform special attacks on American ships if the conditions were favorable. Kaiten special attack submarines were to attack at the same time as well. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Jun 1945
A WAVES ensign timing the sights for USS General Omar BundyWAVES officers posing on the navigation bridge of  USS General Omar Bundy with Captain Lawrence Wainwright while en route to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 25 Jun 1945
26 Jun 1945
  • USS Cod departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Emil Hácha passed away in a prison hospital while awaiting trial. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Ohka Model 22 variant design saw its first drop test; it was a failure, with the aircraft exploding in an in-flight accident. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado rescued a downed B-29 bomber crew south of Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • The US coastal minesweepers YMS-39 and YMS-365 were mined and sunk off Balikpapan, Borneo. [AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Springer rescued the eight survivors of a shot down B-29 bomber and one survivor of another south of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The United Nations charter was signed in San Francisco, California, United States. [TH]
  • As Jan Smuts affixed his signature to the United Nations Charter at San Francisco, California, United States, he became the only person to have signed the documents forming the League of Nations and the United Nations. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jun 1945
Top view of Kimberly, 26 Jun 1945
27 Jun 1945
  • USS Caiman arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese special attack struck USS Bunker Hill, killing 373. [Main Article | CPC]
  • French fighter ace Marcel Albert was appointed Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Baya fired six torpedoes at a Japanese vessel in the South China Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMCS Trillium was transferred to the British Royal Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Cero departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Shamrock Bay arrived at San Pedro Bay in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Aleksandr Vadis was made the head of Soviet GSOVG Counterintelligence Directorate and P. I. Ivashutin was made the head of YuGV Counterintelligence Directorate. [CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1945
Portrait of US President Harry Truman, 27 Jun 1945
28 Jun 1945
  • 29 American B-29 bombers laid naval mines in three harbors, including Kobe, Japan. [CPC]
  • General MacArthur announced the end of Japanese resistance throughout the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • The US War Department ordered 150 million incendiary bombs, amounting to some 850,000 tons, to be employed over the next twelve months against Japanese industrial targets. [Main Article | AC]
  • Freighter USS Antares spotted a periscope and wake 100 yards from her starboard quarter off Saipan, Mariana Islands at 1329 hours. A hard maneuver to the starboard side avoided the torpedo, but the crew soon spotted a kaiten human-piloted torpedo approaching from the port side. At 1331, the freighter began firing at the kaiten, hitting it with the 2-inch gun and destroying it. At 1344 hours, another periscope was spotted; her guns opened fire on it, but the Japanese submarine I-36 would be able to dive and flee the area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dong Zhao was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Columbia arrived off Balikpapan, Borneo to escort minesweepers. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin ordered the planning for war with Japan, adding that "[a]ll preparations were to be carried out in the greatest secrecy" as the Soviet Union and Japan were still engaged in neutrality with each other per the 1941 pact. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jun 1945
Beaufighter aircraft of No. 31 Squadron RAAF landing at an airfield on Tarakan Island off Borneo, 28 Jun 1945
29 Jun 1945
  • Japan offered the Soviet Union fishing rights in various areas of waters on the Japanese-Russian maritime border in exchange for oil and continued to request the Soviet Union to renew the 1941 neutrality pact. [CPC]
  • USS Intensity arrived at Charleston, South Carolina, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill and Alan Brooke dismissed Oliver Leese and promoted William Slim to the rank of full general to succeed Leese as Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces, South-East Asia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Commander Stephen Johnson was named the commanding officer of USS Segundo. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS R-1 arrived at Groton, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jun 1945
  • Commander H. H. Hale relieved Captain L. E. Gehres as the commanding officer of USS Franklin. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Trepang sank a Japanese freighter at 0600 hours; the Japanese survivors refused to be picked up, thus were left to die. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops in Burma massacred 600 natives in the village of Kalagon, who had been accused of helping British paratroopers and guerrillas. The bodies were thrown down deep wells and when these filled up, the soldiers pounded the corpses with staves to make them fit better. [AC]
  • The US Navy reported that it had in its possession 67,952 vessels and had a personnel strength of 3,383,196. The US Marine Corps reported a personnel strength of 476,709. The US Coast Guard reported a personnel strength of 171,192. [CPC]
  • Nautilus was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Baya attacked small coastal vessels with her deck gun off Borneo in the Sulu Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Six of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 began to be towed from Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Ilse Koch was arrested by US authorities. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Saint Paul completed training operations in waters off Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail for Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Capitaine attacked five small Japanese craft with her deck gun in the Java Sea, sinking Bandai Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Kinkaseki Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jun 1945
Mug shot of Ilse Koch, circa 30 Jun 1945
1 Jul 1945
  • US submarine Barb attacked Japanese positions at Kaihyo Island off Sakhalin with rockets; it was the first American submarine-based rocket attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pedro Cerono discovered 8 skulls that led to the discovery of the Tapel Massacre by Japanese troops in the Philippine Islands. [CPC]
  • Amphibious landings by Australian and Dutch troops captured the great Borneo oil producing centre of Balik Papan. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Croaker departed Fremantle, Australia for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • More than 530 American B-29 bombers attacked various cities in Japan with incendiary bombs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy PB4Y Privateer aircraft based in Okinawa, Japan mined waters off the southern tip of Korea for the last time. [CPC]
  • US Army B-29 bombers mined the Straits of Shimonoseki in Japan. [CPC]
  • The US Third Fleet set sail for Leyte, Philippine Islands for rest and refit. [CPC]
  • Whitehall was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet began her fourth war patrol in the Sea of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Columbia covered landing operations at Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • US 2nd Armored Division moved into Berlin, Germany to take over the American Zone. [TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Vice Admiral George D Murray, US Navy, was awarded Honorary Degree of Doctor of Naval Science by Boston College at this station. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS Parche sank three small Japanese trawlers with her deck gun in the Tsugara Strait between Aomori Prefecture and Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama set sail for the Japanese Home Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Leyte, Philippine Islands and was assigned to Task Group 38.3. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wisconsin completed her repairs at Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jul 1945
Japanese-American farmers operating a rotary potato planter, Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California, United States, 1 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 2Japanese-American farmers operating a rotary potato planter, Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California, United States, 1 Jul 1945, photo 2 of 2
2 Jul 1945
  • Okinawa, Japan was declared secure. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Barb launched rockets on Japanese shore installations; she was the first American submarine to fire rockets in combat. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Columbia provided naval gunfire support for Australian troops fighting on Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Saint Paul departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Commander WC King relieved Captain Erl CB Gould as Commanding Officer of this station. Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jul 1945
B-24M Liberator “Top o’ the Mark” and other bombers of the 23rd Bomb Squadron over Allied invasion fleet at Balikpapan, Borneo, July 2 1945.USS Flying Fish and other submarines en route to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 1-4 Jul 1945
3 Jul 1945

Dutch East Indies
  • Australian troops captured oil fields at Balikpapan, Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands for repairs on damaged reduction gear. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jul 1945
German women doing their washing at a cold water hydrant on the street in Berlin, Germany, 3 Jul 1945; note the knocked out German SdKfz. 223 vehicle in backgroundScene of destruction in the Linden Passage, the famous Berlin, Germany shopping area on the Unter den Linden, 3 Jul 1945Scene of destruction in a Berlin, Germany street just off the Unter den Linden, 3 Jul 1945Commander Harold Farncomb at the bridge of cruiser HMAS Shropshire, 3 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 3 Jul 1945
4 Jul 1945
  • Canadian troops rioted in Aldershot, England, United Kingdom in protest against the delay in shipping them home after service in Europe. Around 500 troops were involved although little damage was caused and no one was seriously injured. [AC]
  • B-29 bombers of the US Army Far East Air Force aircraft attacked Kyushu, Japan from their bases in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • British 7th Armored Division entered Berlin, Germany to occupy the British Zone. [TH]
Hawaii
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her twelfth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 63 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Photo(s) dated 4 Jul 1945
USS Flying Fish, USS Spadefish, USS Tinosa, and USS Skate, 4 Jul 1945PBJ-1 Mitchell bombers of Marine Squadron VMB-433 depart Rabaul, New Britain, after a raid 4 July 1945.US Navy WAVES Captain Mildred McAfee listening to Storekeeper 2nd Class Dorothy Oates, Naval Air Station Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 4 Jul 1945USS Flying Fish and USS Spadefish in port, Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 4 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 4 Jul 1945
5 Jul 1945
  • John Curtin passed away from heart disease. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur announced that the Philippine Islands had been liberated. [Main Article | TH]
  • Britain citizens went to the polls. The results, which would yield a Labour Party victory over Winston Churchill's Conservative Party, would not be declared until 26 Jul 1945. [AC]
  • USS Puffer claimed the sinking of seven small Japanese vessels with her deck gun and another vessel with 2 torpedoes (1 hit) at Bali, Dutch East Indies, and then went on to bombard shore facilities. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Boarfish departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Sasebo, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • American B-24 bombers based on Okinawa, Japan bombed the Omura-Nagasaki area in the Japanese home islands. On the same day, more than 100 American fighters based on Iwo Jima, Japan attacked targets in eastern Honshu in the Japanese home islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Shamrock Bay departed San Pedro Bay in the Philippine Islands for Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Hoe completed her overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States and departed for the western Pacific. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jul 1945
British and Russian soldiers on the balcony of the Chancellery, same spot where Hitler made many of his speeches, Berlin, Germany, 5 Jul 1945
6 Jul 1945
  • Norway declared war on Japan. On this date, there were over 800 Norwegians being held in Japanese prisoner of war camps. [TH]
  • 517 American B-29 bombers from the Mariana Islands dropped incendiary bombs on Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 100 American P-51 and P-38 fighters attacked Japanese targets in Indochina. [CPC]
  • King Mihai I of Romania was awarded the Soviet Order of Victory for his leadership role in the ousting of Ion Antonescu, making him the only civilian recipient of this award. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Tunny arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her ninth and final war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jul 1945
Former Prime Minister John Curtin
7 Jul 1945
  • USS Trepang sank Japanese freighter Koun Maru Number Two; the subsequent attack by depth charges from an aircraft resulted in no damage to the submarine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The J8M Shusui/Ki-200 fighter took its first flight; the aircraft stalled in flight and was destroyed after a unsuccessful crash landing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan detected a hostile submarine south of Japan and attacked with 6 torpedoes; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Four of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 began to be towed from Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • USS Hackleback fired 73 shells against Japanese positions on Koto Sho (now Lanyu "Orchid" Island), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US B-24 bombers attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS R-1 departed Groton, Connecticut, United States for the Fleet Sonar School at Key West, Florida, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale departed Guam, Mariana Islands to conduct lifeguard patrols. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1945
Truman aboard USS Augusta en route to Potsdam Conference, 7 Jul 1945, 1 of 3Truman aboard USS Augusta en route to Potsdam Conference, 7 Jul 1945, 2 of 3Truman aboard USS Augusta en route to Potsdam Conference, 7 Jul 1945, 3 of 3The war damaged Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church, Berlin, Germany, 7 Jul 1945
8 Jul 1945
  • American prison guard Clarence Bertucci fired his machine gun at a tent full of sleeping German prisoners of war in Utah, United States, killing 8. [CPC]
  • RAF sergeant Simon Eden, son of British foreign secretary Anthony Eden, was listed as missing in action in Burma. [CPC]
  • 9 US carriers, organized into 3 task groups each complete with battleship and cruiser screens, refueled east of Iwo Jima, Japan. [CPC]
  • Over 100 American fighters struck eastern Honshu, Japan from their bases on Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Carbonero completed her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Subhash Chandra Bose attended the foundation stone laying ceremony for the Indian National Army War Memorial in Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri set sail as an escort for carriers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The crew of light cruiser Voroshilov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 10 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese patrol boat in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 12 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Boarfish was attacked by bombs by a Japanese aircraft, but sustained no damage. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jul 1945
Battleship USS Iowa and carrier USS Shangri-La receiving fuel from oiler USS Cahaba, 8 Jul 1945Oblique aerial view of West Field, Tinian, Mariana Islands, Jul 8, 1945.
9 Jul 1945
  • USS Cod rescued the crew of the grounded Dutch submarine O-19. Upon completion, she scuttled the grounded boat by gunfire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Brazilian cruiser Bahia exploded and sank in the North Atlantic, with the loss of nearly 300 men. Whilst most likely an accident a theory persisted that she had been torpedoed by a German U-boats fleeing to South America. [AC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank a small Japanese patrol craft with one torpedo in the East China Sea and took on one survivor. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • The US Coastal minesweeper YMS-84 struck a mine and sank off Balikpapan, Borneo. [AC]
Guam
  • USS Dragonet departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol.  [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Macabi departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Lieut. Comdr. Holt assumed duty as Acting Executive Officer of station, relieving Commander Allan Lowrey. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank two Japanese boats with her deck gun in the Yellow Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel attacked a Japanese submarine south of Japan; all 4 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1945
WAVES Aviation Metalsmith 2nd Class Kathryn A. Wolny repairing an inflatable liferaft for use on patrol planes, Naval Air Station Kaneohe, US Territory of Hawaii, 9 Jul 1945WAVES Aviation MachinistEstimated Japanese troop depositions in Kyushu, Japan, 9 Jul 1945
10 Jul 1945
  • U-530 arrived at Mar del Plata, Argentina and surrendered to the Argentineans. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Americans launched the first of several 1,000-bomber raids against the Japanese home islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Sea Robin sank Japanese cargo ship Sakishima Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with all four torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • United Kingdom, United States, and the Soviet Union agreed to include France in the administration of Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Marcus Island departed the west coast of the United States for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii with troops and aircraft on board. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jul 1945
Aerial view of Tombstone Ridge area, Okinawa, Japan, 10 Jul 1945Argentinean Navy personnel inspecting captured German submarine U-530, Mar del Plata, Argentina, mid-Jul 1945Eleanor Roosevelt and Dwight Eisenhower at the Roosevelt residence in Hyde Park, New York, United States, 10 Jul 1945USS Capitaine, 10 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 10 Jul 1945
11 Jul 1945
  • More than 2,100 heavy bombers of the US 8th Air Force began redeployment from England, United Kingdom to the United States for onward movement to the Pacific Theatre. [AC]
  • USS Ray departed for her eighth and final war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Brill damaged a Japanese transport in the Gulf of Thailand, hitting her with 1 of 11 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 86 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • I-13 departed Mutsu, Japan. [CPC]
Russia
  • Japanese ambassador to the Soviet Union Naotake Sato failed to convince Vyacheslav Molotov to engage their two nations in a formal peace treaty. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Jul 1945
US President Harry Truman, Secretary of State James Byrnes, and Captain James Foskett aboard USS Augusta, 11 Jul 1945
12 Jul 1945
  • Japanese representatives in the Soviet Union requested a update on the Japanese inquiry on the extension of the 1941 non-aggression treaty, getting little in the way of a response. [CPC]
  • More than 500 American B-29 bombers dropped incendiary bombs on a number of cities on Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A number of B-25 bombers based in Okinawa attacked military airfields on Kyushu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill departed Subic Bay, Zambales, Philippine Islands for her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The Britain honored Soviet General Zhukov in a ceremony at the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Hackleback arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Seahorse departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Wasp departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jul 1945
Georgi Zhukov, Konstantin Rokossovsky, and other Soviet officers greeting Bernard Montgomery and other British officers at the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, Germany, 12 Jul 1945Georgi Zhukov, Bernard Montgomery, and Konstantin Rokossovsky in Berlin, Germany, 12 Jul 1945; note Brandenburg Gate in backgroundUS Secretary of State James Byrnes, President Harry Truman, and Admiral William Leahy meeting aboard USS Augusta, 12 Jul 1945Indianapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard, CA, for upgrades, 12 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 4
See all photos dated 12 Jul 1945
13 Jul 1945
  • Large cruisers USS Alaska and USS Guam, accompanied by 4 light cruisers and 9 destroyers, sortied from Leyte, Philippine Islands to attack Japanese shipping in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri escorted carriers while the aircraft struck Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Four members of Congressional Committee inspected this station. Present: Edward VM IZAC, Albert A GORE, Andrew J BIEMILLER and CW BISHOP. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • I-400 departed Nanao Bay and arrived at Maizuru, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-401 departed Nanao Bay and arrived at Maizuru, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jul 1945
Australian Lieutenant General Vernon Sturdee, 13 Jul 1945Ernest KingConference table, Schloss Cecilienhof, Potsdam, Germany, 13 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 2Conference table, Schloss Cecilienhof, Potsdam, Germany, 13 Jul 1945, photo 2 of 2
See all photos dated 13 Jul 1945
14 Jul 1945
  • USS Trepang rescued down US Navy airman Lieutenant (junior grade) Bill Kingston from the water. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The French celebrated Bastille Day for the first time since 1940. [TH]
  • The US Seventh Air Force was assigned under the Far East Air Forces. [CPC]
  • USS Bluefish sank Japanese submarine I-351 in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer HMCS St. Francis, while under tow to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, sank off Sagonnet Point, Rhode Island, United States after colliding with transport Winding Gulf. [CPC]
  • Corvettes HMCS Chilliwack and Fredericton were decommissioned at Sorel, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Fergus was decommissioned at Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • Escort carrier Rabaul was launched. [CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Glennon was launched. [CPC]
  • US carrier aircraft struck the airfield at Misawa, Aomori in northern Japan, destroying the G4M bombers that were assigned to partake the planned Operation Ken, which sought to deliver 300 suicide commandos to the Mariana Islands. The mission was launched by the US Navy with knowledge of Operation Ken. [CPC]
  • USS Missouri escorted carriers while the aircraft struck Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho received orders to transit the Shimonoseki Strait for Moji, Japan, but the order was repeatedly delayed due to US air attacks. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Germany
  • Eisenhower dissolved the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force at Königssee, Thüringen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • American battleships USS South Dakota, USS Indiana, and USS Massachusetts and escorting destroyers bombarded Kamaishi, Honshu, Japan; the primary target was the Kamaishi Works of the Japan Iron Company, but several destroyers shells overshot the target and hit the town, killing many civilians; battleship shells were more accurate, destroying about 65% of the industrial complex, but they also killed many civilians; this was the first time the Japanese home islands were subjected to naval bombardment. To the north, the sinking of 6 warships and 37 steamers on the ferry route between Honshu and Hokkaido effectively cut off the latter from the rest of the home islands. At Kure, aircraft of US Navy TF 38 damaged carrier Amagi, carrier Katsuragi, and battleship Haruna. Far to the south, the USAAF XXI Bomber Command canceled a long-range P-51 raid from Iwo Jima to attack Meiji and Kagamigahara near Nagoya due to poor weather. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jul 1945
Augusta in North Sea, 14 Jul 1945, as she carried Truman on his way to take part in the Potsdam conference; note cruiser PhiladelphiaBattleship Indiana, battleship Massachusetts, and cruiser Quincy bombarding Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan, 14 Jul 1945Warships Indiana, Massachusetts, Chicago, and Quincy steaming in a column off Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan, 14 Jul 1945US Army Captain Thomas Ryan checking in civilian photo technicians at a checkpoint in Potsdam, Germany, 14 Jul 1934; note Willys MB jeep; the military policeman was Corporal Charles Christie
See all photos dated 14 Jul 1945
15 Jul 1945
  • Italy declared war on Japan. [AC]
  • King Leopold of Belgium again refused to abdicate. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-502 was commissioned into service at Singapore. [CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-501 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-505 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-506 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • Corvettes HMCS Timmins and HMCS Thorlock were decommissioned at Sorel, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Midland was decommissioned at Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • USS Becuna attacked a Japanese Otori-class torpedo boat without effect. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Menhaden completed training in Lake Michigan in the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero rescued three downed US airmen off Japan. Later in the day, she bombarded the Japanese lighthouse and radio station at Shiriya Saki at Higashidori, Aomori Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • American battleships USS Iowa, USS Missouri, and USS Wisconsin bombarded industrial targets at Muroran, Hokkaido, Japan; the main targets were Wanishi Iron Works plants and the Muroran Works. From the air, American naval aircraft attacked northern Honshu and Hokkaido, destroying railways and coal ferries. 104 US Army P-51 fighters based in Iwo Jima Meiji, Kagamigahara, Kowa, Akenogahara, Nagoya, and Suzuko, Japan. B-24 bombers attacked Tomitaka, Usa, Kikaiga-shima, Amami Islands, Yaku-shima, Osumi Islands, and Tamega Island. After sun down, American B-29 bombers mined Japanese waters at Naoetsu and Niigata and Korean waters at Najin, Busan, and Wonsan, while other B-29 bombers attacked and seriously damaged the Nippon Oil Company facilities at Kudamatsu in southwestern Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Marquis Hironobu was made an instructor at the Japanese Navy Torpedo School. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank Japanese submarine I-351 in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 5 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Chub departed Subic Bay in central Luzon, Philippine Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jul 1945
Augusta steaming toward Antwerp, Belgium, 15 Jul 1945, as she carried President Harry S. Truman on his way to take part in the Potsdam conferenceUS Navy Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King and Commander R. E. Dornin climbing the steps to their quarters during Potsdam Conference, Germany, 15 Jul 1945US Navy FAdm KingAdmiral Harold Stark and General Dwight Eisenhower at Antwerp, Belgium, 15 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 2; they were awaiting the arrival of US President Harry Truman, en route for the Potsdam Conference
See all photos dated 15 Jul 1945
16 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a small Japanese craft with the deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • UK Task Force 37 (HMS Victorious, HMS Formidable, and HMS Implacable) made rendezvous with US Task Force 38.2 about 500 miles north of Manus for a raid on the Japanese home islands; they were to be joined by HMS Indefatigable four days later. [CPC]
  • Churchill arrived in Berlin, Germany for the Potsdam Conference and visited the bunker where Hitler committed suicide. [Main Article | AC]
  • German Field Marshal Ernst Busch, formerly commander of Army Group Centre in Russia and later Army Group Northwest during the final months of the European war, passed away whilst in a military hospital in Nottingham, England, United Kingdom where he was being held as a prisoner of war. [AC]
  • Canadian physicist Louis Slotin assembled the atomic bomb Gadget for Operation Trinity, and received the nickname "Chief Armorer of the United States". [Main Article | CPC]
  • The headquarters of the US Army Eighth Air Force was ordered to move from Britain to Okinawa, Japan. [CPC]
  • During the day, 5 American P-47 fighters attacked Yanagawa, Japan while 94 American P-51 fighters based in Iwo Jima attacked Kameyama, Kiyosu, Komaki, Okazaki, Suzuko, and Akenogahara. After sundown, four B-29 incendiary bombing missions were launched against Japanese cities, with 119 aircraft over Namazu (destroying 3.6 square kilometers of the city), 124 over Oita (1.437 square kilometers), 94 over Kuwana (1.63 square kilometers), and 129 over Hiratsuka (2.69 square kilometers); damage caused on all four cities were severe. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 2 B-24 bombers of US Eleventh Air Force searched for Japanese shipping off Shimushiru in the Kurile Islands without success. [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Lawrence C. Taylor and TBM Avenger aircraft of Composite Squadron 13 from escort aircraft carrier USS Anzio sank Japanese submarine I-13 860 kilometers east of Yokohama, Japan. [CPC]
  • General Carl Spaatz became the commanding officer of the US Army Strategic Air Forces based at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Canada, corvettes HMCS Amherst and Whitby were decommissioned from service at Sydney, Nova Scotia and at Sorel, Quebec, respectively. [CPC]
  • Escort carrier USS Bairoko was commissioned into service. [CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer Witek was laid down. [CPC]
  • USS Baya sank a Japanese coastal patrol vessel off Borneo in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 11 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The US Military Tribunal at Dachau, Germany sentenced Josef Dietrich to life in prison (later commuted to 25 years in prison) for the execution of US prisoners of war at Malmedy, Belgium in 1944. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Manta arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • The Americans successfully detonated an atomic bomb at Alamogordo Bombing Range in New Mexico, United States. The test blast created temperatures 10,000 times the surface temperature of the sun and was felt 200 miles away. The explosion was the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT and throws a column of fire and smoke 35,000 feet into the night sky. The authorities hid the blast by claiming that an ammunition dump had gone up. [Main Article | AC]
  • The cruiser USS Indianapolis sailed from San Francisco, California, United States with a top secret cargo - components of the atomic bomb to be dropped on Hiroshima unless the Japanese surrendered. The Indianapolis would take 10 days to sail to the island of Tinian, Mariana Islands where US B-29 bombers were waiting. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1945
ChurchillWilliam Leahy greeting Winston Churchill at Harry TrumanHarry Truman saying goodbye to Mary Churchill after meeting at his residence during Potsdam Conference, Germany, 16 Jul 1945; note presence of Winston Churchill, William Leahy, Dwight Eisenhower, and Harry VaughnBritish soldiers in line for tea at NAFFI Mobile Canteen No. 750 at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, 16 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 16 Jul 1945
17 Jul 1945
  • UK Task Force 37 and US Task Force 38.2 launched their first strike on the Japanese home islands; it was the first British attack on Japan in the Pacific War. British Seafire carrier fighters were launched against Japanese airfields at Kionoke, Naruto, and Miyakawa. American warships bombarded Hitachi, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. 1,207 16-inch shells from battleships and 292 6-inch shells from cruisers were fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At the Potsdam Conference in Germany, top Allied leadership set up a Control Council to administer occupied Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rescue tug HMS Athlete hit a mine and sank off Leghorn, Italy. [CPC]
  • 4 B-25 bombers of the 77th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 28th Bombardment Group (Composite), US Eleventh Air Force based in the Aleutian Islands searched for Japanese shipping in the northern Kurile Islands off Shumshu and Atlasov Islands. 2 of the bombers were forced to land in Kamchatka and became the last American airmen to be interned by the Russians. [CPC]
  • After sundown, in Japan, 27 B-29 bombers deployed naval mines in the Straits of Shimonoseki between the islands of Honshu and Kyushu, waters off the Nanao-Fushiki area on the northern coast of central Honshu, off Henashi Cape in northern Honshu, and off Iwase in eastern Honshu. [CPC]
  • Canadian corvettes HMCS Trail and HMCS Dundas were decommissioned at Sorel, Quebec, Canada; corvette HMCS Athol was decommissioned at Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
China
  • Over 200 American bombers attacked Jiangwan, Shanghai, China, which held the largest concentration of Japanese aircraft in China. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii with 300 sacks of mail and 30 defective aircraft from Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Springer began patrolling the Kii Channel between Honshu and Shikoku islands of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-14 departed Mutsu, Japan. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Parche made rendezvous with USS Cero and took on three rescued aviators, then set sail for Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1945
Harry Truman diary entry regarding meeting with Joseph Stalin, 17 Jul 1945Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, and Winston Churchill during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 17 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 2Vyacheslav Molotov, James Byrnes, Charles Bohlen, Harry Truman, William Leahy, and Joseph Stalin in Potsdam, Germany, 17 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 5Vyacheslav Molotov, James Byrnes, Charles Bohlen, Harry Truman, William Leahy, and Joseph Stalin in Potsdam, Germany, 17 Jul 1945, photo 2 of 5
See all photos dated 17 Jul 1945
18 Jul 1945
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada had a miraculous escape when the Bedford Naval magazine blew up. Thousands were evacuated as explosions rocked the town for 24 hours, but battling firemen managed to prevent the flames from reaching the main magazine. Fortunately there were only fifteen casualties of which only one proved fatal. [AC]
  • In Germany, the second plenary session of the Potsdam Conference was conducted. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The headquarters of the US Army Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific was established on Guam, Mariana Islands under General Carl Spaatz. [Main Article | CPC]
  • P-47 Thunderbolt and P-51 Mustang aircraft of US Far East Air Forces attacked various targets on Kyushu and the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, focusing largely on communications lines, bridges, shipping, and population centers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Eleventh Air Force launched two routine search and weather missions in the Aleutian Islands. [CPC]
  • In Canada, corvettes HMCS Battleford and HMCS Mimico were decommissioned at Sorel, Quebec while corvette HMCS Lindsay was decommissioned at Sydney, Nova Scotia. [CPC]
  • Canadian frigate HMCS Runnymede arrived at Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill attacked a Japanese convoy; she only narrowly escaped the subsequent depth charge attack by the convoy escorts. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cero was attacked by Japanese aircraft and suffered extensive damage; she set sail for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • 214 US aircraft attacked the Japanese airfield at Shanghai, China. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wake Island departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii after taking on 187 passengers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • American battleships USS North Carolina, USS Alabama, USS Iowa, USS Missouri, and USS Wisconsin and British battleship HMS King George V bombarded Hitachi, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan with 2,000 shells; the Taga Works and Mito Works of Hitachi Manufacturing Company were moderately damaged, and the Yamate Plant and the copper refining plants of Hitachi Mine were lightly damaged. Civilian housing areas were also attacked, causing many deaths. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nagato was damaged in port at Yokosuka, Japan during an American carrier air raid. A destroyer, a sumarine, and three smaller vessels were sunk during the attack. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Lieutenant William Bell Asbridge, Corsair fighter pilot stationed flying from HMS Formidable, was shot down and killed in action near Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Spot arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-24 bombers attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Wasp launched Carrier Air Group Eighty Six aircraft against Wake Island. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jul 1945
Harry Truman diary entry, 18 Jul 1945, page 2 of 2Harry Truman diary entry, 18 Jul 1945, page 1 of 2Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, Andrei Gromyko, James Byrnes, Vyacheslav Molotov, Harry Vaughn, Charles Bohlen, James Vardaman, and Charles Griffith Ross (partially obscured) at the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 18 Jul 1945Harry Vaughan, Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, Andrei Gromyko, Charles Ross, James Byrnes, and Vyacheslav Molotov at Stalin
See all photos dated 18 Jul 1945
19 Jul 1945
  • USS Tirante arrived at at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin fired eight torpedoes at a Japanese tanker in the East China Sea, but all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canadian anti-submarine patrol vessels ML 076 and ML 077 were decommissioned from service. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank transport King Frederick off southern India in the Arabian Sea at 1703 hours; 27 were killed, 29 survived. [CPC]
  • USS Brill fired four torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer in the Gulf of Thailand; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov was promoted to the rank of colonel general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria was promoted to the rank of marshal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vsevolod Merkulov was promoted to the rank of general. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Captain Enosuke Hirano, a doctor of Unit 731, examined prisoners of war Don Atkiss, Joe Holguin, Dick Lanigan, Jim McMurria, and Joe Nason at Rabaul, New Britain. During the examination he injected them with malaria-infected blood drawn from infected Japanese personnel so he could work on a possible vaccination. [CPC]
Canada
  • Canadian corvettes HMCS Peterborough, HMCS Rosthern, and HMCS Owen Sound were decommissioned off Sorel, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
French Indochina
  • USS Bugara fired 9 torpedoes at a Japanese convoy south of Saigon, Indochina. All torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam Japan
  • Japanese special attack aircraft damaged destroyer USS Thatcher off Okinawa, Japan; another special attack aircraft narrowly missed destroyer USS Charles J. Badger. [CPC]
  • After sundown, US 20th Air Force launched 27 B-29 Superfortress bombers to mine waters off Japan and Korea, 127 B-29 bombers to attack Fukui, 126 B-29 bombers to attack Hitachi, 91 B-29 bombers to attack Choshi, 126 B-29 bombers to attack Okazaki, and 83 B-29 bombers to attack the Nippon oil plant at Amagasaki; only 3 B-29 bombers were lost by the US 20th Air Force during this night. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Task Force 38 carrier aircraft damaged carrier Amagi, carrier Katsuragi, and battleship Haruna at Kure Naval Shipyard, Japan. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • US warships of Task Group 35.4 conducted a final bombardment of radar stations at Nojima Saki about 90 kilometers south of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a ceremony held by the air groups of submarines I-400 and I-401 in Maizuru, Japan, each of the airmen received a special short sword from Vice Admiral Tadashige Daigo before they embarked on their suicide mission against Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [CPC]
Malaya and Singapore
  • P-38 aircraft of US 13th Air Force attacked a Japanese suicide boat base in Sandakan, Sabah, North Borneo, while US B-25 bombers attacked Japanese airfields at Jesselton (now Kota Kinabalu) to the west. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Spot departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese patrol boat with her deck gun southeast of Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Ivan Serov, Sergei Kruglov, Vasili Chernyshev, and Bogdan Kobulov were promoted to the rank of colonel general. [CPC]
United States
  • The United States Congress ratified the Bretton Woods system of monetary management, which led to the establishment of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1945
Harold Alexander, Henry Stimson, and Henry Wilson during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 19 Jul 1945Stalin, Churchill, Attlee, Truman, and others at the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 19 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 4Stalin, Churchill, Attlee, Truman, and others at the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 19 Jul 1945, photo 3 of 4British Ambassador to USSR Archibald Clark and British Foreign Office Under Secretary Alexander Cadogan at Schloss Cecilienhof, Potsdam, Germany, 19 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 19 Jul 1945
20 Jul 1945
  • The US Army Air Force began launching B-29 bomber raids, each with very few planes, against Japanese cities. The goal of such missions was to make such small raids a frequent occurrence to increase the success rate of the planned atomic bomb missions. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin fired a torpedo at a Japanese ship in the East China Sea; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Baya attacked a Japanese patrol craft in the South China Sea with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Achille Van Acker recommended abdication for King Leopold III of Belgium. [Main Article | CPC]
Canada
  • Canadian corvette HMCS Oakville was decommissioned off Sorel, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian corvette HMCS Prescott was decommissioned off Sorel, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian corvette HMCS St. Lambert was decommissioned off Sorel, Quebec, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian patrol vessel HMCS Ambler was decommissioned off Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian patrol vessel HMCS Reindeer was decommissioned off Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian patrol vessel HMCS Caribou was decommissioned off Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian patrol vessel HMCS Moose was decommissioned off Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
  • Canadian motor launch HMC ML 078 was decommissioned off Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. [CPC]
Germany
  • At Potsdam, Germany, Harry Truman declared that the Allies would demand no territory upon victory. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Ticonderoga re-joined Task Group 38.3; Air Group 87 aircraft struck Nagoya, Osaka, and Miko in Japan. [Main Article | DS]
  • HMS Indefatigable joined UK Task Force 37 and US Task Force 38.2 for an attack on the Japanese home islands. On the same day, an US Army B-29 bomber failed to attack the Imperial Palace in Tokyo with a large "Pumpkin bomb". [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 11th Air Force launched 8 B-24 bombers against Matsuwa Airfield, Matsuwa, Hokkaido, Japan in the Kurile Islands. Meanwhile, 94 Iwo Jima-based US P-51 fighters strafed airfields at Kamezaki, Meiji, Okazaki, Nagoya, Kagamigahara, Hamamatsu, and Komaki; 3 fighters were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Congress ratified the Bretton Woods monetary agreement. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jul 1945
Major General Frank Parks, General George Patton, Colonel W. H. Kyle, J. J. McCloy, H. H. Bundy, and US Secretary of War Henry Stimson, reviewing US 2nd Armored Division, Berlin, Germany, 20 Jul 1945, photo 2 of 4UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill at Potsdam Conference, Germany, Jul 1945Stalin, Truman, and Churchill in conversation, Potsdam, Germany, Jul 1945Dwight Eisenhower, George Patton, Harry Truman, Henry Stimson, Omar Bradley, and others during the raising of a US flag over Berlin, Germany, 20 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 20 Jul 1945
21 Jul 1945
  • The Allied leadership threatened Japan with destruction if it did not surrender. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin fired a torpedo at a Japanese patrol boat in the East China Sea; the torpedo missed. Later in the same day, she sank two small tankers with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied leaders selected Nürnberg, Germany as the location for trials against accused German war criminals. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet submarine ShCh-411 was commissioned into service. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Macabi reached waters near Truk, Caroline Islands as a lifeguard vessel. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • British Prime Minister Winston Churchill took the salute at a parade of the 7th Armoured Division through the Charlottenburger Chaussee in Berlin, Germany. This was a great honour to the "Desert Rats" who had fought all the way from El Alamein, Egypt to the German capital. [Main Article | AC]
Japan
  • 12 M26 Pershing heavy tanks arrived at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-400 departed Maizuru, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-401 departed Maizuru, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jul 1945
Bernard Montgomery, Winston Churchill, Harold Alexander, and Anthony Eden at the Charlottenberger Chausce reviewing stand during the Berlin victory parade, Germany, 21 Jul 1945Brigadier General A. J. McFarland, Admiral William Leahy, and Admiral Ernest King at a meeting during the Potsdam Conference, Germay, 21 Jul 1945Major General Lauris Norstad, General Henry Arnold, and General George Marshall at a meeting during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 21 Jul 1945Vice Admiral C. M. Cooke, Jr. and General Brehon Somervell at a meeting during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 21 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 21 Jul 1945
22 Jul 1945
  • USS Caiman departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first of American troops with combat experience in Europe arrived in the Philippine Islands. [CPC]
  • 23 American B-29 bombers based in Iwo Jima, Japan mined the Korean coast. [CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank a small Japanese vessel with her deck gun in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her ninth and final war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 22 Jul 1945
Australian Army Lieutenant MG Searles, 2/25 infantry battalion, inspecting a Japanese Jeep found abandoned on the Milford highway near Popes Track, Balikpapan area, Borneo, 22 Jul 1945Harry Truman speaking with US Army chaplin Colonel Curtis Tuernan during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 22 Jul 1945
23 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Moscow, Russia, the Politburo approved the sentence of death by hanging of turncoat General Andrei Vlasov who had raised two divisions of Russian volunteers to fight for the Germans. [AC]
  • American aviators reported the presence of barrage balloons 12,000 feet above Hitachi, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Men landed by submarine USS Barb destroyed a train in Karafuto, Japan (Kurile Islands). [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank a small Japanese vessel with her deck gun in the East China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The trial against Marshal Philippe Pétain began at Palais de Justice, Paris, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 10 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • Light carrier Hosho began preparations to depart Kure, Japan for Moji, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Springer completed her patrol of the Kii Channel between Honshu and Shikoku islands of Japan and set sail for Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-400 departed Mutsu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-401 departed Mutsu, Japan. Shortly after, she was fired upon by friendly Japanese coastal artillery on the island of Hokkaido; she was able to submerge and escaped without damage. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 Jul 1945
Churchill, Truman, and Stalin shaking hands during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 3Churchill, Truman, and Stalin shaking hands during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945, photo 3 of 3Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945William Leahy presiding over a US staff meeting during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 23 Jul 1945
24 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US President Harry Truman informed Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that the United States had successfully constructed atomic weapons. Stalin showed surprise, but in actuality he had already learned this through the Soviet intelligence network. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 4 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-402 was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin fired three torpedoes at a Japanese oiler in the East China Sea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub sank a Japanese tug in the Java Sea with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • The Allied Control Commission for Austria was established in Vienna. [CPC]
China
  • More than 100 B-24 bombers based in Okinawa, Japan attacked Japanese airfields at Shanghai, China. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gunnel arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • British TF 37 launched 416 sorties, 261 of which were sent against the Japanese home islands and 155 were for defensive patrols; escort carrier Kaiyo was damaged by British carrier planes. On the same day, American TF 38 launched 600 aircraft against Kure, Nagoya, Osaka, and Miho, sinking battleship-carrier Hyuga, heavy cruiser Tone, and target ship Settsu, and damaging carrier Ryuho, carrier Amagi, battleship-carrier Ise, battleship Haruna, heavy cruiser Aoba, light cruiser Oyodo, transport Kiyokawa Maru; the Aichi aircraft factories at Nagoya were seriously damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was hit by a bomb or a rocket during an attack by US aircraft at Kure, Japan; the damage was minor. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • The destroyer escort USS Underhill was sunk off the Philippine Islands by a Japanese Kaiten midget submarine with the loss of 112 crew. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jul 1945
US Assistant Secretary of State William Clayton arriving for the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 24 Jul 1945P-51C Mustang of the 311th Fighter Group escorting C-47 Skytrain transports over a terraced landscape in China, July 24 1945Tone under air attack near Kure, Japan, 24 Jul 1945; photo taken by USS Shangri-La aircraftJapanese tanker under air attack, Kure, Japan, 24 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 24 Jul 1945
25 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US General Carl Spaatz was ordered to prepare for the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki in Japan; the target date was set for some time after 3 Aug. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US carrier aircraft attacked Japanese shipping in the Inland Sea near Osaka and Nagoya, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 6 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • I-401 began to sail on the surface after traveling submerged for the paste two days. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Lavrentiy Beria informed Joseph Stalin that the railroad connecting Komsomolsk and the port city of Sovetskaya Gavan in Khabarovsk Krai, eastern Russia had completed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wake Island arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Jul 1945
B-29 Superfortress bombers near Mount Fuji, Japan, circa Jul 1945USS Mingo underway off San Francisco, California, United States, 25 Jul 1945Harry Truman diary entry, 25 Jul 1945, page 1 of 2Harry Truman diary entry, 25 Jul 1945, page 2 of 2
See all photos dated 25 Jul 1945
26 Jul 1945
  • Clement Attlee became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Indianapolis delivered components of the atomic bomb "Little Boy" to Tinian, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Charr arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Potsdam Ultimatum was issued, threatening Japan with "utter destruction" if it did not surrender unconditionally. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 5 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale rescued downed aviators in the Pacific Ocean amidst floating naval mines. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The results of the 5 Jul 1945 election in the United Kingdom was revealed, yielding a Labour Party victory over Winston Churchill's Conservative Party, 394 seats to 188 seats. As Churchill prepared to be replaced by Clement Attlee, many of his war time ministers had also lost their seats, including Air Minister (and later Prime Minister) Harold Macmillan. Throughout the world, there was much sympathy for the great wartime leader. The New York Daily News called him "The greatest Englishman of his time and one of the greatest of all time". [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jul 1945
Indianapolis off Tinian, days before she was sunk, circa 26 Jul 1945General Dwight Eisenhower greeting US President Harry Truman, Frankfort, Germany, 26 Jul 1945Brigadier General Doyle Hickey, General Dwight Eisenhower, and US President Harry Truman, Neuisenberg, Germany, 26 Jul 1945Harry Truman and James Byrnes with Brigadier General A. G. Rolling at Heppenheim, Germany, 26 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 26 Jul 1945
27 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking three small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF bombers dropped 600,000 leaflets over 11 Japanese cities, warning civilians of bombing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 3 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna arrived at Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Six of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 arrived at Manicani Bay, Samar, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Menhaden departed New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Shamrock Bay arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jul 1945
US Secretary of War Henry Stimson and General Dwight Eisenhower, Frankfort, Germany, 27 Jul 1945Henry Arnold with his staff during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 27 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 2Henry Arnold with his staff during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 27 Jul 1945, photo 2 of 2General Alexei Antenoff, General George Marshall, General Henry Arnold, Admiral Ernest King, and other Allied officers meeting during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 27 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 27 Jul 1945
28 Jul 1945
  • USS Cassin Young shot down two Japanese aircraft during a special attack, then proceeded to pick up 125 survivors of the sunken USS Callaghan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Thousands of Japanese trying to break out of Burma were slaughtered by British troops and local tribal guerrilla fighters. The remnants of the 28th Army, crossing the Sittang River into Thailand, came under ferocious Allied air attack and more than 13,000 troops were machine-gunned, bombed or drowned. [AC]
  • Japanese special attack aircraft sank USS Callaghan off Okinawa, Japan, which would prove to be the last victim of kamikaze tactics. [CPC]
  • The US Senate ratified the United Nations Charter. [CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 4 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day and 1 more during the night. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese convoy in the Sea of Japan, sinking three ships, hitting them with 6 of 12 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The remaining 27,000 men of the Japanese 28th Army in Burma began marching for Thailand. They would be harassed by air and ground attacks along the way, suffering many casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Parche arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • 137 American P-47 aircraft based in Ie Shima, Okinawa, Japan attacked targest in Kyushu, Japan. On the same day, 471 B-29 bombers attacked smaller Japanese cities in the home islands with incendiary bombs. Finally, from the sea, US Navy TF 38 struck Inland Sea between Nagoya and northern Kyushu, sinking battleship Haruna, battleship-carrier Ise, heavy cruiser Aoba, and light cruiser Oyodo, and damaging carrier Katsuragi and carrier Hosho. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Countess Margot Asquith, widow of the former Liberal Party Leader and Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith, passed away. [AC]
United States
  • A B-25D bomber crashed into the 79th and 80th floor on the north side of the Empire State Building in New York City, New York, United States at 0940 hours in a weather related accident. The air crew of 3, along with 11 people in the building, were killed; the damage was estimated to be about US$1,000,000. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jul 1945
Attlee, Truman, and Stalin at Potsdam Conference, circa 28 Jul to 1 Aug 1945, photo 1 of 5Attlee, Truman, and Stalin at Potsdam Conference, circa 28 Jul to 1 Aug 1945, photo 2 of 5Bombs and torpedos from US Third Fleet carrier aircraft exploding around battleship Haruna, Japan, 28 Jul 1945Carrier aircraft of US 3rd Fleet planes attacking battleship Haruna, Kure, Japan 28 Jul 1945; photo taken by aircraft from USS Intrepid
See all photos dated 28 Jul 1945
29 Jul 1945
  • A special attack aircraft struck destroyer USS Cassin Young, killing 22 and injuring 45. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American battleships USS South Dakota, USS Indiana, and USS Massachusetts began a two-day bombardment of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-58 sank cruiser USS Indianapolis; USS Indianapolis' prior order to maintain radio silence resulted in a 2-day delay in realization of her loss. [Main Article | TH]
  • A special attack Japanese biplane trainer aircraft crashed into destroyer USS Callaghan off Okinawa, Japan; Callaghan was to be the last American warship to be sunk by special attack aircraft in the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 4 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese patrol vessel with an acoustic seeking torpedo in the South China Sea; the torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese transport in the Sea of Japan; the single torpedo missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish ended her ninth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Prisoner of war Dick Lanigan, who was injected with malaria-infected blood by Unit 731 doctor Captain Enosuke Hirano, died from the disease at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Hawaii Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Boarfish performed lifeguard duties off Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Hans Fritzsche was transferred from the Friedrichshagen Prison in Berlin, Germany to Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American battleships USS South Dakota, USS Indiana, and USS Massachusetts ended a two-day bombardment of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Meanwhile, carrier fighters attacked airfields, railroads, and tactical targets in the Kobe-Osaka region. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American, British, and French troops entered Vienna, Austria. [TH]
  • The Japanese government instructed its citizens on how to prepare acorns for food. [CPC]
  • HMS King George V completed the bombardment of Hamamatsu, Honshu, Japan which began on the previous date; it was to be her final combat action of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was transferred from Wiesbaden, Germany to the former Luftwaffe camp at Oberursel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 3 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Song Ziwen stepped down as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze suffered minor damage by an US air attack in Miyatsu Bay, Japan; one was killed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet sank a Japanese transport in the Sea of Japan, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Prisoner of war Don Atkiss, who was injected with malaria-infected blood by Unit 731 doctor Captain Enosuke Hirano, died from the disease at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese beheaded 144 Dutch prisoners at Samarinda, Borneo, Dutch East Indies, but only after they had been forced to watch their wives being bayoneted or hacked to death with swords, and their children hurled down a mine shaft where all of the bodies were eventually dumped. [AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Cero arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Honshu Island, Japan. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale encountered a heavy storm east of Okino Shima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • The assembly of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 began at Manicani Bay, Samar, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1945
Japanese-Americans returning to Sacramento, California, United States after being released from Rohwer Center internment camp in McGehee, Arkansas, United States, 30 Jul 1945USS Cero at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, circa 30 Jul 1945
31 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Struggle: British midget submarine XE3, crewed by Lieutenant Ian Fraser, Acting Leading Seaman James Magennis, Sub-Lieutenant William James Lanyon Smith, (of New Zealand), and Engine Room Artificer Third Class Charles Alfred Reed, attacked Japanese shipping at Singapore, sinking heavy cruiser Takao. Fraser and Magennis would later be awarded the Victoria Cross for this sinking, while Smith would receive the Distinguished Service Order and Reed the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Pierre Laval surrendered in Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 1 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area before dawn, and 4 more during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese patrol boat in the Sea of Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Marcy M. DuPre, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Columbia, relieving Captain Maurice E. Curts. [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • American PB4Y aircraft based in Okinawa, Japan destroyed a bridge on an important railway in Korea. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Sunfish completed her scheduled overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jul 1945
Lynde McCormick, Charles Cooke, Ernest King, and George Marshall at Montgomery House, Malta, 31 Jul 1945
1 Aug 1945
  • USS Cod was strafed by a Japanese aircraft while she was boarding a small Japanese vessel. The submarine dove and escaped the area; the boarding party was rescued by submarine USS Blenny two days later. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Blenny reported sinking three small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the biggest air raid yet over Japan, 820 Superfortress bombers dropped 6,632 tons of high explosive bombs and incendiary bombs on four cities, bringing the total number of Japanese cities incinerated to 56. [Main Article | AC]
  • Naoshi Kanno was shot down in combat off the island of Yakushima south of Kyushu, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • The Chinese-American Composite Wing (Provisional) was inactivated. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 52 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 1 Aug 1945
MacArthur saluted as the US National Anthem was played, Philippines, 1 Aug 1945American Private First Class Lee Harper, wounded at Normandy, was greeted by his 2-year-old sister Janet, whom he had never seen before, as his mother and wife looked on, New York City, 1 Aug 1945Clement Attlee, Harry Truman, Vyacheslav Molotov, and Joseph Stalin during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 1 Aug 1945, photo 1 of 2Fires raging in Toyama, Japan during an American air raid, 1 Aug 1945
See all photos dated 1 Aug 1945
2 Aug 1945
  • On the island of Sado, off Honshu, Japan, 387 allied prisoners working as slave labourers in an ore mine were deliberately entombed and left to suffocate below ground when the Japanese blew up the facility and tried to obliterate any trace of the camp before the Allies inevitably arrive. [AC]
  • Bernard Montgomery was awarded the Order of the Elephant of Denmark. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Divers from USS Chanticleer discovered the wreck of destroyer Yuzuki under 70 feet of water near Cebu, Philippine Islands. Inspection operations by divers would last until 4 Aug 1945 to recover decoding machines in the radio shack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 1 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area before dawn, and 5 more during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A number of survivors of cruiser USS Indianapolis, which was sunk 4 days prior, were found. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank a small Japanese vessel in the Gulf of Thailand with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Four of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 arrived at Manicani Bay, Samar, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • King George VI met with President Harry Truman on board HMS Renown in Plymouth Sound. The US President had flown from Germany to an airport in Devon, England, United Kingdom, and had toured the city of Plymouth. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Aug 1945
Lieutenant Commander Joseph C. Clifton in flight in a Buffalo fighter, 2 Aug 1942, photo 2 of 2With Truman and George VI abroad Augusta, she flew British MacArthur smoking his corncob pipe, probably at Manila, Philippine Islands, 2 Aug 1945King George VI returning the salute of American servicemen aboard USS Augusta, Plymouth, England, United Kingdom, 2 Aug 1945; the monarch was visiting President Harry Truman aboard this ship
See all photos dated 2 Aug 1945
3 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 2 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyers USS Conner and USS Charrette intercepted and boarded Japanese hospital ship Tachibana Maru at 0658 hours in the Banda Sea in the Dutch East Indies. Upon finding mortar shells hidden in boxes marked medical supplies, Marines were ordered to board and take control of the Japanese ship. [CPC]
  • Six Japanese vessels hit naval mines laid by American aircraft in home waters; three of them were sunk. [CPC]
  • John "Jack" Lawson was appointed the UK Secretary of State for War in the Atlee Cabinet. [AC]
  • The J7W Shinden fighter took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 3 small Japanese vessels in the Gulf of Thailand with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Arthur Coningham was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 13 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • 100 American fighters based in Iwo Jima, Japan attacked targets Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Macabi arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 3 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese guards executed seven captured American airmen in Singapore. [CPC]
  • US Army B-25 bombers based on Okinawa, Japan attacked Takanabe, Kyushu, Japan, damaging or destroying warehouses, factories, railways, and a rail marshaling yard. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In a public statement, Douglas MacArthur announced that "a mighty invasion force is being forged", referring to the seemingly impending invasion of the Japanese home islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US bombers attacked Japanese positions at Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies. [CPC]
  • USS Carbonero departed the Philippine Islands for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 3 small Japanese vessels in the Gulf of Thailand and 2 small Japanese vessels in the South China Sea with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 52 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived off Bungo Channel between Japanese islands of Kyushu and Shikoku. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • German prisoner of war Kurt Rossmeisl escaped from imprisonment in North Carolina, United States and evaded the immediate search. He would later board a train for Chicago, Illinois, United States, established a false identity as "Frank Ellis", and remained at large until 1959. [CPC]
  • USS Bergall arrived at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking 11 small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 4 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The missing items from the Holy Roman Empire Imperial Regalia collection were found hidden under a school in Nürnberg, Germany. [CPC]
  • USS Chub attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea, sinking one ship with a torpedo and sinking a tug and a patrol vessel with her deck gun; two torpedoes were expended in the attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 2 small Japanese vessels in the South China Sea with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Twentieth Air Force's meteorological service predicted good weather, on the following day, over the four targets (Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata and Nagasaki in Japan) selected for attack with atomic weapon "Little Boy". [Main Article | AC]
China
  • In southern China, Chinese troops captured Danzhu, Guangxi and Xingning County, Guangdong. In northeastern China, Dr. Junod of the International Committee of the Red Cross visited a prisoner of war camp in Mukden; he complained that camp doctors and prisoners were not allowed to speak to him, and that he found many undistributed Red Cross packages. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • I-400 developed a electrical power while east of Saipan, Mariana Islands, which quickly developed into an electrical fire that caused the submarine to sink nearly out of control. The repairs took 5 hours to complete. The crew thought that they had surfaced just in time before they ran out of oxygen. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Aug 1945
Captain William Sterling Parsons and Colonel Paul Tibbets, Jr. briefed the crew of B-29 Superfortress Crew of USAAF Colonel Paul Tibbets and his crew of B-29 Superfortress bomber
6 Aug 1945
  • Woo Yi passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Blenny reported sinking four small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 4 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day and 1 more during the night. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US submarine Bullhead was sunk by Japanese aircraft in the Java Sea. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sea Cat departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first fifth patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Hiroshima, Japan was destroyed by the first atomic bomb, "Little Boy". About 70,000 to 80,000 were killed immediately, while about 70,000 were injured. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Boarfish departed Malayan waters. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Major Dick Bong, with 40 kills to his credit over the Pacific and his country's top scoring fighter ace of the war, and the holder of the Medal of Honor, was killed at the age of 24 when the Lockheed Shooting Star in which he was carrying out test flights stalled on takeoff and crashed in Burbank, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | AC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Aug 1945
B-29 Superfortress bomber Carrier Wasp in the western Pacific Ocean, 6 Aug 1945Mushroom cloud rising over Hiroshima, Japan seen from B-29 bomber Necessary Evil, 6 Aug 1945Mushroom cloud rising above Hiroshima, Japan, 6 Aug 1945
See all photos dated 6 Aug 1945
7 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking four small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar departed Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 2 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her sixth and final war patrol on lifeguard station off Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 17 small craft with her deck gun off Saponnoi, Thailand; several hours later, she dispatched boarding parties to scuttle seven junks north of Lem Chong Pra, Thailand by fire. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Photo(s) dated 7 Aug 1945
Lieutenant George Elsey, Captain James Vardaman, and Warrant Officer Edwin Hoying aboard USS Augusta, 7 Aug 1945
8 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking 11 small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At 2300 hours, the Soviet Union tore up the non-aggression treaty with Japan and declared war; the invasion would begin 61 minutes later at the start of the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US President Harry Truman signed the United Nations Charter, making the US the third nation to join the new organization. [Main Article | TH]
  • US President Truman threatened Japan with further nuclear devastation during a radio address. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Manta departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Cassin Young departed Okinawa, Japan for San Pedro, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 60 American B-29 bombers attacked aircraft factories and arsenals near Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale made rendezvous with USS Dragonet in the Pacific Ocean and received a rescued pilot. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and France signed the London Charter of the International Military Tribunal in London, England, United Kingdom. The chief prosecutors from these four nations met for the first time. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Aug 1945
Survivors of USS Indianapolis brought to Guam, Mariana Islands via hospital ship Tranquility, 8 Aug 1945Hospital ship Tranquillity arrived at Guam with survivors of Indianapolis, 8 Aug 1945, photo 1 of 3; destroyer escort Steele in foregroundHospital ship Tranquillity arrived at Guam with survivors of Indianapolis, 8 Aug 1945, photo 2 of 3Hospital ship Tranquillity arrived at Guam with survivors of Indianapolis, 8 Aug 1945, photo 3 of 3
See all photos dated 8 Aug 1945
9 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking three small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 258 British Avenger, Corsair, Hellcat, Firefly, and Seafire carrier aircraft of Task Force 37 expended more than 120 tons of bombs and cannon shells on targets in and near the Japanese home islands. Meanwhile, American battleships USS South Dakota, USS Indiana, and USS Massachusetts bombarded Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan. 850 16-inch shells from battleships, 1,440 8-inch shells from cruisers, and 2,500 5-inch shells from destroyers were fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At one minute after midnight, Soviet troops crossed the border into northeastern China, which was administered by the Japanese-sponsored puppet state of Manchukuo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Canadian Lieutenant Robert Hampton Gray won the last Victoria Cross of the war (posthumously) when his Corsair fighter-bomber was shot down in flames off the Japanese mainland during an attack on the destroyer, Amakusa, which he sank. [AC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived at Borneo, Dutch East Indies and destroyed the Japanese radio station at Tambelan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet ended her fuorth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub sank a small Japanese vessel in the Java Sea with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Medical staff aboard USS Alabama visited destroyers USS Ault and USS Borie to provide medical assistance. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming arrived at Chongqing, China to meet with Chiang Kaishek, planning for a campaign against General Long Yun of Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Honshu, Japan. [Main Article | DS]
  • B-29 bomber Bockscar dropped the atomic bomb "Fat Man" on the city of Nagasaki, Japan, killing 40,000 to 75,000 immediately. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale made rendezvous with USS Blackfish in the Pacific Ocean and received 16 rescued aviators. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp was nearly hit by a Japanese special attack aircraft off Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-24 bombers attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Sargent Bay arrived at San Pedro, Los Angeles, California for overhaul. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Mingo completed her overhaul at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1945
Captain McVay of Indianapolis spoke of the sinking at Guam, Aug 1945Battleship Massachusetts firing a full main battery salvo at Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan, 9 Aug 1945; note projectiles in flight at upper leftBattleship Massachusetts bombarding Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan, 9 Aug 1945Telegram from Samuel Cavert to Harry Truman regarding the use of atomic bombs on Japan, 9 Aug 1945, 1 of 2
See all photos dated 9 Aug 1945
10 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking six small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Caiman sank a Japanese schooner by gunfire in the southern South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Faced with the threat of more atomic bombs and the menace of the Soviets, Japan announced that it was willing to surrender provided the future status of the Emperor could be assured. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Carbonero sank two schooners and a sampan with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam-South China Sea area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 50 P-47 and P-51 fighters of the US 14th Air Force attacked Japanese road and river traffic, railroads, and bridges across a large area in southeastern China. [CPC]
Japan
  • 70 American B-29 bombers attacked the arsenal complex near Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Hokkaido, Japan. [Main Article | DS]
Philippines
  • USS Boarfish arrived at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Segundo departed Midway Atoll for her fifth war patrol in the Sea of Okhotsk off the Kurile Islands. She was tasked to monitor Soviet activity in northern Japan. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Aug 1945
Soldiers at the Rainbow Corner Red Cross Club in Paris, France displayed their copies of Paris Post special edition announcing Japanese surrender, 10 Aug 1945Soviet troops entering Dalian, China on T-34-85 medium tanks, Aug 1945Aerial view of Hiroshima, Japan, Aug 1945Aerial view of Hiroshima, Japan, Aug 1945
See all photos dated 10 Aug 1945
11 Aug 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking three small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Secretary of State James Byrnes rejected the Japanese surrender terms offered on the previous day, citing the refusal for any Japanese preconditions. Meanwhile, American aircraft continued conventional bombing of Japanese cities. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Carbonero sank a sampan with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam-South China Sea area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea with her deck gun, sinking one small ship and damaging a patrol vessel. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming arrived at Kunming, Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • I-402 suffered a punctured fuel tank during an American air attack on Kure, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail for Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Aug 1945
Message from Harry Truman to Samuel Cavert in regards to the use of atomic bombs against Japan, 11 Aug 1945
12 Aug 1945
  • USS Tirante departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet forces in the Manchuria region of northeastern China had advanced 200 miles in four days. Meanwhile, Soviet Pacific Fleet attacked northern Korea, seizing the Japanese naval base at Rashin and the port of Yuki. [Main Article | AC]
  • Emperor Showa ordered his government to surrender. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Smyth Report, written by American physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth, with the history of the development of the atomic weapons, was released to the public. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Carbonero sank a junk with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam-South China Sea area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Ohka Model 22 variant design's second test flight was launched but canceled mid-flight due to an immature ignition of the jet engine. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • He Yingqin arrived in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-24 bombers from Okinawa, Japan attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Aug 1945
Aerial view of Hiroshima, Japan, Aug 1945Aerial view of Hiroshima, Japan, Aug 1945Aerial view of Hiroshima, Japan, Aug 1945Aerial view of Hiroshima, Japan, Aug 1945
See all photos dated 12 Aug 1945
13 Aug 1945
  • USS Cod returned to Fremantle, Australia, ending her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Mongolia declared war on Japan. [AC]
  • USS Macabi departed Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker arrived at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, ending her sixth and final war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Carbonero sank two schooners with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam-South China Sea area. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • He Yingqin arrived in Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | DS]
  • Lieutenant Oscar Perdomo of 507th Fighter Group of US 20th Air Force, became the last air ace of the war when he destroyed five Japanese fighters during an offensive sweep over Kyushu island, Japan. [AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • I-400 reached the location south of Ulithi, Caroline Islands and waited for I-401 to arrive; her commanding officer did not realize that the rendezvous point had changed to another location 1,000 miles to the west. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Ray arrived at US Naval Base Subic Bay, Philippine Islands to replenish her stock of ammunition; her patrol was called off while in port. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Aug 1945
Song Ziwen arriving in Moscow, Russia, circa 13-14 Aug 1945Vyacheslav Molotov welcoming Song Ziwen to the Soviet Union, Moscow, Russia, circa 13-14 Aug 1945Vyacheslav Molotov welcoming a Chinese diplomat to the Soviet Union, Moscow, Russia, circa 13-14 Aug 1945; note Song Ziwen in backgroundIllustration a typical defense system on the face of Iegusugu Pinnacle, Okinawa, Japan; seen in CINCPAC-CINCPOA Weekly Intelligence, Vol 2, No 5, 13 Aug 1945
14 Aug 1945
  • Matome Ugaki passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • More than 150 Burmese civilians held by the Japanese on Tarmugli in the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal were shot or bayoneted by their captors. [AC]
  • The US government ordered the resumption of civilian automobile production. [CPC]
  • USS Carbonero sank a junk with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam-South China Sea area. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Song Ziwen and Vyacheslav Molotov signed the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance at Moscow, Russia, affirming that the Soviet Union recognized the Chinese Nationalist Party as the legitimate ruler of China (as opposed to the Chinese Communists), and that Outer Mongolia region of China was to become independence (ie. under Soviet control). [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Hackleback departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | DS]
  • The last Japanese aircraft destroyed prior to Emperor Showa's radio address was a C6N1 Saiun aircraft, shot down about five minutes before the announcement. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Imperial Council accepted Emperor Showa's order to surrender to the Allies powers' surrender terms. In turn, Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki notified the Allies that Japan was accepting the Potsdam Declaration. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • In the evening, I-401 arrived at the rendezvous point south of Ulithi, Caroline Islands but did not find I-400; at this time, I-400 was actually at the incorrect location 1,000 miles to the east. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Ray departed US Naval Base Subic Bay, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Aug 1945
Choir rehersal at Naval Air Station, Beaufort, South Carolina, United States, at the time it was announced that Japan had accepted the AlliesPrayers of gratitude during a choir rehersal at Naval Air Station, Beaufort, South Carolina, United States after it was announced that Japan had accepted the Allied surrender terms, 14 Aug 1945US Navy African-American enlisted sailors aboard USS Ticonderoga celebrating upon hearing the news of Japanese surrender, 14 Aug 1945Japanese top level meeting before Emperor Showa, 14 Aug 1945; the Japanese surrender was decided as an outcome of this meeting
See all photos dated 14 Aug 1945
15 Aug 1945
  • The British government released details of one of most closely guarded secrets of war, radar. [CPC]
  • Seafire aircraft of 887 and 894 Naval Air Squadrons of the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm downed seven A6M5 Zero fighters at the cost of one Seafire fighter. [CPC]
  • VJ Day was declared in Britain. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Hoe arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze was assigned to Destroyer Division 41, Escort Squadron 31, Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga were launched for a strike on Tokyo, Japan, but the mission was aborted while en route due to the Japanese surrender. [Main Article | DS]
  • Emperor Showa addressed his nation via radio, announcing the end of the war. Meanwhile, the Japanese government informed the Allies its willingness to meet the unconditional surrender terms. In response, the US government ordered all hostilities to cease in Asia. A group of Japanese Army officers made a coup d'état attempt by attacking the Imperial Palace in Tokyo, Japan; it ended in failure. [Main Article | TH]
  • Marquis Hironobu was promoted to the rank of commander. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kiyoshi Ito saw his final combat mission of the war over central Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • I-401 received conflicting orders, one from Emperor Showa ordering her to surrender, another from naval leadership ordering all submarines to carry out existing orders. Tatsunosuke Ariizumi, commanding officer of 6th Fleet who was aboard the submarine, chose to follow the latter. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-400 received orders from Emperor Showa to return to Japan to surrender to the Americans; Commander Toshio Kusaka, commanding officer of I-400, chose to obey the order despite receiving conflicting others from naval leadership. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp fired her anti-aircraft guns at attacking Japanese aircraft for the final time in the war. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Aug 1945
Japanese POWs at Guam bowed their heads after hearing Emperor ShowaAmerican servicemen and women gathered in front of African-American members of the US Army Air Forces 1909th Engineers Aviation Battalion aboard LST-683, 15 Aug 1945Crowd in Shanghai, China celebrating the victory over Japan, 15 Aug 1945
See all photos dated 15 Aug 1945
16 Aug 1945
  • Takijiro Onishi passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviets captured Emperor Kangde, puppet emperor of Manchukuo. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill delivered an address warning of the communist "iron curtain" dividing Eastern and Western Europe. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Admiral Bruce Fraser awarded William Halsey the Order of the Knight of the British Empire aboard USS Missouri. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Admiral Bruce Fraser visited USS Missouri. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Warrant Officer Torataro Matsumoto officially declared all Allied prisoners of war at Rabaul, New Britain free. [CPC]
China
  • Jonathan Wainwright was liberated from Japanese captivity in Liaoyuan, Liaobei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • At 2100 hours, I-401 received specific orders to set sail for Kure, Japan; this order came through just as the submarine was preparing to launch Seiran attack aircraft against the US anchorage at Ulithi, Caroline Islands (Operation Arashi). Tatsunosuke Ariizumi, commanding officer of 6th Fleet who was aboard the submarine and who previously continued the operation despite the country's surrender, now chose to obey. Instead of Kure, however, he set sail for the Sanriku coast in northeastern Honshu island so that the officers and men could disappear into the population rather than having to surrender dishonorably. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 16 Aug 1945
HMS King George V, USS Missouri, a British destroyer, and an American Essex-class carrier at sea off Japan, 16 Aug 1945
17 Aug 1945
  • U-977 arrived at Mar del Plata, Argentina and surrendered to the Argentine Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni was named the 43rd Prime Minister of Japan. Among the new government's first actions was to appeal to General MacArthur to help stop the offensive still being pursued by the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A death sentence on Marshal Philippe Pétain, former head of the Vichy French Government, was commuted to life imprisonment. [Main Article | AC]
  • The American government drafted plans for the swift conversion of factories from war to commercial production following predictions that five million will be unemployed in six months and nine million within a year. [AC]
  • In the United States, petrol rationing was removed. Fuel rationing would not be lifted in the United Kingdom until May 1950. [AC]
  • USS Bugara arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third and final war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka was name the commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 5th Air Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin ordered Aleksandr Vasilevsky to continue the fighting with Japan despite of the Japanese intention to surrender. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Chub arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her third and final war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Sukarno, the pro-Japanese independence leader in the former Dutch East Indies proclaimed a Provisional Indonesian Republic government on Java; armed conflicts ensued for the following four years. [AC]
Guam
  • USS Springer departed Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Gabilan arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth and final war patrol, during which she rescued 17 downed American aviators, 3 of whom were picked up inside of Tokyo Bay, Japan prior to the Japanese surrender. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 36 arrived. [Main Article | DS]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Dragonet arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Mero was commissioned into service with Commander John H. Turner in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Aug 1945
USS Wasp (lower right) and other Essex-class carriers, escorted by battleships, cruisers, and destroyers of Task Force 38 maneuvering off Japan, 17 Aug 1945Cabinet of Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko, Tokyo, Japan, 17 Aug 1945
18 Aug 1945
  • Americans began parachuting medical and aid teams into selected prisoners of war camps in the Japanese home islands. [AC]
  • In the Manchuria region of northeastern China, nearly 4,000 Japanese troops surrendered at Hailar, effectively ending organised resistance. Far to the northeast, Soviet troops landed on Paramushiro, Kurile Islands, Japan. [Main Article | AC]
  • Guo Fengwu, the deputy commander of the 24th Pursuit Squadron of the Chinese Air Force, flew over Guisui, Suiyuan (now Hohhot, Inner Mongolia), China and dropped leaflets containing a transcript of Emperor Showa's 15 Aug 1945 radio address. He was shot down by Japanese anti-aircraft fire and became the final Chinese Air Force casualty of the war. [CPC]
  • Soviet First Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs Andrei Vyshinsky submitted a list of names of Germans who could be sent to the Nuremberg Trials to his superior Vyacheslav Molotov. The list consisted of Ferdinand Schörner, Hans Fritzche, Hans-Erich Voß, Adolf Beckerle, and Reiner Stahel. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • The last air conflict of WW2 took place over Tokyo, Japan. Two US reconnaissance aircraft were attacked by fighters and flak. One American crewman was killed and two fighters were shot down. [AC]
Taiwan
  • Subhash Chandra Bose was killed during an air crash off Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1945
  • USS Caiman arrived at Subic Bay, Zambales, Philippine Islands, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Segundo reconnoitered waters off the Kurile Islands, monitoring Soviet activity. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • In Burma the Communists split away from the AFO (Anti-Fascist Organisation) leaving Aung San's AFPFL (Anti-Fascist Peoples Freedom League) to lead the campaign for independence. [Main Article | AC]
China
  • Soviet SMERSH operatives convinced General Otozo Yamada to surrender [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • Ho Chi Mihn, backed by Vo Nguyen Giap's 30,000-strong Chu Luc force, took over control of Hanoi, Vietnam, French Indochina. [AC]
Japan
  • Japanese troops were told by their government that surrendering under the terms of a ceasefire would not be considered a loss of honour under the Bushido code which demanded fighting to the death. As a result thousands began laying down their arms. Meanwhile, more than 100 Allied warships waited off the coast of Japan for the order to enter her ports. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1945
Japanese delegation stopped at Ryukyu Islands en route to Manila for surrender, 19 Aug 1945, 1 of 8Japanese delegation stopped at Ryukyu Islands en route to Manila for surrender, 19 Aug 1945, 2 of 8Japanese delegation stopped at Ryukyu Islands en route to Manila for surrender, 19 Aug 1945, 3 of 8Japanese delegation stopped at Ryukyu Islands en route to Manila for surrender, 19 Aug 1945, 4 of 8
See all photos dated 19 Aug 1945
20 Aug 1945
  • Pavel Meshik was named the deputy head of the Soviet 1st Main Directorate for the construction of atomic weapons. [CPC]
China
  • Soviet forces declared the cities of Mukden, Changchun, and Qiqihar in northeastern China secure. [Main Article | CPC]
  • He Yingqin arrived in Zhijiang, Hunan Province, China and met with China Expeditionary Army representative Takeo Imai to negotiate surrender terms. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • I-401 received orders to report in with her current location. Tatsunosuke Ariizumi, commanding officer of 6th Fleet who was aboard the submarine, did not respond. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin signed the final GKO order (No. 9887) making Lavrentiy Beria the head of State Committees No. 1 (atomic research), No. 2 (jet engine research), and No. 3 (radio location equipment development); he no longer held direct authority over counterintelligence. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Percy Hobart's British 79th (Experimental) Armoured Division Royal Engineers was disbanded. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Aug 1945
MacArthur watched as Japanese delegation arrived, City Hall, Manila, 20 Aug 1945Missouri (left) and Iowa (right) off Japan, 20 Aug 1945Members of the Australian Mission Group at the Japanese surrender talks, Japan, 20 Aug 1945; left to right: Cdre John Collins, Lt Gen Frank Berryman, Capt Roy Dowling, Air Cdre Raymond BrownellSoviet troops flying the red flag atop the train station at Harbin, Songjiang, China, circa 20 Aug 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 20 Aug 1945
21 Aug 1945
  • US President Harry Truman canceled all contracts under the Lend-Lease Act. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • The first major Japanese surrender ceremony in China took place at the Zhijiang Airfield in Zhijiang County, Hunan Province at 1600 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Missouri dispatched a 200-men party to USS Iowa for temporary duty with the initial occupation force for Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Oka Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
United States
  • At Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, American physicist Harry Daghlian, Jr. of the Manhattan Project accidentally dropped a tungsten carbide brick onto a plutonium bomb core and received a fatal dose of 510 rems of radiation. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Aug 1945
  • Japanese forces in the Manchuria region of northeastern China surrendered. In the two-week campaign, the Japanese had lost 80,000 killed and wounded and 54,000 taken prisoner, including 143 generals. The Soviets had lost 8,200 dead and 22,000 wounded. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Yugoslavian parliament decreed that all arable land over 75 acres would be taken over by the state and be given to former partisan and wounded soldiers. [AC]
  • USS Pompon departed Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1945
Australian troops of 37/52nd infantry battalion loading gear onto a New Zealand PB2B-1 Catalina aircraft at Nantambu, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 22 Aug 1945
23 Aug 1945
  • Douglas MacArthur ordered 5,000 Filipino internees in Manila, Philippine Islands freed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A new British colonial administration departed Colombo, Ceylon for Singapore. [CPC]
  • The United Kingdom ratified the United Nations Charter. [CPC]
  • The Soviet Union announced that all Japanese resistance in the Manchuria region of northeastern China had ceased. Meanwhile, Soviet troops received the surrender of the Japanese garrison at Paramushiro, Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 Aug 1945
James Forrestal, Henry Stimson, George Marshall, William Leahy, Henry Arnold, and others at a Medal of Honor presentation ceremony, White House, Washington DC, United States, 23 Aug 1945
24 Aug 1945
  • Shizuichi Tanaka passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japan agreed that the first Allied troops on the homeland would be paratroopers. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Segundo was ordered to sail for Tokyo Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Taiwan
  • The Kukutsu Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Aug 1945
Chiang Kaishek signing the United Nations Charter, 24 Aug 1945
25 Aug 1945 China
  • Jonathan Wainwright arrived at Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet UKR SMERSH agents captured Cossack leader Lieutenant General D. F. Semenov at Dalian, Liaoning, China. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • Emperor Bao Dai abdicated, ending Nguyen Dynasty Vietnam. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pintado arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth and final war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Miami arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wasp sailed through a typhoon in the Pacific Ocean. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Churon Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan was opened. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Mero departed from port and prepared for her shakedown cruise. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Aug 1945
  • Former Allied prisoners of war in mainland China were air-dropped supplies. [TH]
  • Soviet forces occupied the Kurile Islands north of Japan and took the first of what would become 63,000 prisoners of war. [AC]
  • Vice Admiral Sadayoshi Yamada was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 3rd Air Fleet, with Captain Chihaya Takahashi as his chief of staff. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 52 arrived. Air Group 13 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • I-400 dumped all of her ammunition and Seiran aircraft overboard according to orders. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-401 dumped all of her ammunition and Seiran aircraft overboard according to orders. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Shirakawa Prisoners of War Camp in southern Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
27 Aug 1945
  • USS Iowa arrived at Sagami Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lavrentiy Beria added more names to the list of possible German leaders to be sent to Nuremberg, Germany to stand trials; the previous list had been prepared by Vyacheslav Molotov's foreign ministry several days prior. Beria's additions included Erich Raeder, Martin Mutschmann, Friedrich Gustav Bernhardt, Hilmar Moser, Johann Georg Richert, Wilhelm Robert Oksmann, Hans Julius Traut, Günther Walter Klammt, and Friedrich Jeckeln. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • He Yingqin began an inspection tour of several Chinese cities including Xi'an, Shaanxi Province and Nancheng, Jiangxi Province to oversee the Japanese surrender process. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Macabi arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Spot departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 36 departed. [Main Article | DS]
Japan
  • USS Saint Paul arrived in Sagami Wan southwest of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • I-400 was spotted in the Pacific Ocean by US Navy pilot Lieutenant Robert Mahoney flying a TBM Avenger aircraft. Commander Toshio Kusaka attempted to speed up to escape, but ultimately was ordered by his superiors to cooperate. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Maruyama Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was opened. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Aug 1945
Hatsuzakura and Nicholas off Tokyo Bay, 27 Aug 1945Hatsuzakura off Tokyo Bay, 27 Aug 1945Takasago Maru at port in Tokyo, 27 Aug 1945, photographed by US Navy aircraftA Japanese naval officer with charts of Sagami and Tokyo Bays arrived aboard Missouri for a conference with Admiral William Halsey
See all photos dated 27 Aug 1945
28 Aug 1945
  • Indictments were made against accused Nazi German war criminals. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops landed at Rubetzu Bay on Iturup, Kurile Islands, Japan, as well as nearby islands of Kunashir, Shikotan, Sibotzu, Taraku-Shima, Uri-Shima, Akiuri, and Suiseto. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The minesweeper USS Logic was transferred to the Republic of China (renamed Yung Shun) under the Lend-Lease programme. [AC]
  • The minesweeper USS Lucid was transferred to the Republic of China (renamed Yung Ting) under the Lend-Lease programme. [AC]
  • The minesweeper USS Magnet was transferred to the Republic of China (renamed Yung Ning) under the Lend-Lease programme. [AC]
Japan
  • In Japan, an advance guard of 150 US airborne troops landed at Atsuki airfield outside Tokyo; they were the first Allied troops to set foot on the Japanese mainland. [Main Article | AC]
Malaya and Singapore
  • The battleship HMS Nelson anchored off Penang to take the Japanese surrender in Malaya. [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Destroyers USS Blue and USS Mansfield intercepted I-400, which was discovered on the previous day, in the Pacific Ocean. USS Blue sent a 37-man boarding party and secured the submarine. Destroyer USS Weaver of US 20th Submarine Squadron arrived on the scene later, however, and forcibly took over the situation, claiming authority due to the personnel's submarine expertise. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US B-29 bombers dropped food onto the grounds of the Churon Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan; three prisoners were accidentally killed by falling 50-gallon drums. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Aug 1945
Battleships Missouri, Duke of York, King George V, and Colorado in Sagami Bay, with Mount Fuji in background, 28 Aug 1945
29 Aug 1945
  • Lieutenant Commander Carl Pfeifer became the commanding officer of USS Cassin Young. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur was ordered to exercise authority through the Japanese government, thus giving him authority over Emperor Showa. In this capacity, he would oversee the drafting a new constitution, redistribution of land, disbanding monopolistic Zaibatsu firms, among other major initiatives. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A US B-29 bomber was shot down by the Soviets as it attempted to drop supplies to former POWs. [TH]
  • The United States stopped drafting citizens for the military. [CPC]
  • USS Charr departed Fremantle, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • US Army Air Forces returned the control of Xinjin Airfield in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China to the Chinese Air Force. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • US troops made an administrative landing near Tokyo, Japan, starting the occupation. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Missouri entered Tokyo Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo halted Japanese submarine I-401 less than 200 miles southeast of Honshu island, Japan and escorted her toward Sagami Wan, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Four Power Commission of Prosecutors in London, England, United Kingdom presented the first list of German war criminals to be tried at Nürnberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Aug 1945
Allied prisoners of war at Aomori camp near Yokohama cheered as US Navy and other Allied personnel arrived to rescue them, 29 Aug 1945Fleet Admiral Nimitz and Admiral Halsey shaking hands aboard battleship USS South Dakota, Tokyo Bay, Japan, 29 Aug 1945Mugshots of Amon Göth, 29 Aug 1945American physicist Harry Daghlian
See all photos dated 29 Aug 1945
30 Aug 1945
  • A British battle squadron led by the aircraft carrier Indomitable entered Hong Kong to reoccupy the Crown Colony. Meanwhile, the main Allied forces began going ashore on mainland Japan. [Main Article | AC]
  • Submarine I-369 was surrendered to the Americans. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Zang Shiyi was captured by Soviet troops. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Douglas MacArthur arrived at Atsugi Airfield near Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS San Diego arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Jonathan Wainwright arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Aug 1945
The atomic bomb survivorNew Mexico anchored in the Tokyo Bay area with Mount Fuji in background, circa late Aug 1945Wainwright dining at New Grand Hotel, Yokohama, Japan, 30 Aug 1945USS San Diego at Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, 30 Aug 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 30 Aug 1945
31 Aug 1945
  • Battleship Yamato was removed from the Japanese Navy list. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Cod departed Fremantle, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Truman wrote Attlee, requesting the United Kingdom to accept the immigration of 100,000 European Jews into Palestine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Segundo arrived at Sagami Wan, Japan at 0500 hours and was relieved of the duty of escorting the captured Japanese submarine I-401. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla departed Fremantle, Australia for the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Brill departed Fremantle, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku was removed from the Japanese Navy List. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • At 0500 hours, Japanese submarine I-401 lowered its naval ensign while in Sagami Wan, Japan. Nobukiyo Nambu, the submarine's commanding officer, secretly ordered his signal officer to burn the flag to prevent US capture. The US naval ensign was soon hoisted. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Around 1,000 Allied prisoners of war from camps in the Tokyo, Japan area were transferred to hospital ships offshore. [Main Article | AC]
  • MacArthur established the Supreme Allied Command in Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Tatsunosuke Ariizumi committed suicide aboard submarine I-401 by taking a pistol to his mouth at 0420 hours. He was buried at sea in a ceremony that somehow evaded the US boarding party. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Aug 1945
MacArthur embracing Wainwright, the New Grand Hotel, Yokohama, Japan, 31 Aug 1945Officers of submarine I-400, circa late Aug 1945US Navy PV-1 Ventura patrol aircraft over Mokapu Point, Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, 31 Aug 1945
1 Sep 1945

Hong Kong
  • British colonial secretary Franklin Gimson established a temporary government in Hong Kong. [CPC]
Japan
  • USS Saint Paul arrived in Tokyo Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Two US Marine Corps aircraft dropped surrender terms to the Japanese garrisons on Wotje and Maloelap Atolls in the Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Menhaden departed Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1945
  • Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi. [AC]
  • USS Missouri hosted the official ceremony during which Japan surrendered to the Allies. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • V-J Day: Japan signed the surrender document aboard USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at Alameda, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1945
Murray accepting HaraJapanese delegation aboard USS Portland to surrender Truk, Caroline Islands, 2 Sep 1945, 2 of 3Lieutenant General Shunzaburo Mugikura aboard Portland to surrender Truk, Caroline Islands, which is visible in background, 2 Sep 1945Japanese delegation aboard USS Portland to surrender Truk, Caroline Islands, 2 Sep 1945, 1 of 3
See all photos dated 2 Sep 1945
3 Sep 1945
  • General Tomoyuki Yamashita surrendered Japanese troops in the Philippine Islands to US Army General Jonathan Wainwright. [Main Article | TH]
  • British doctors parachuted into Singapore ahead of a Royal Navy fleet. [AC]
Japan
  • USS Segundo departed Tokyo Bay, Japan for the west coast of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Trepang arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Spot was assigned to anti-submarine warfare training at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1945
Lieutenant General Yoshio Tachibana aboard USS Dunlap off Chichi Jima to surrender the Bonin Islands, 3 Sep 1945Song Meiling posing with a newspaper headlining JapanEscort Carrier USS Attu refueling at sea while transporting F4U Corsairs and SB2C Heldiver aircraft, Sep 3 1945
4 Sep 1945
  • RAF aircraft dropped fresh uniforms and 88,000 Red Cross parcels on POW camps throughout the South East Asia region. [AC]
  • Japanese troops on Wake Island surrendered. [Main Article | TH]
  • Seishiro Itagaki surrendered to Allied troops in Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet State Defense Committee, GKO, was disbanded. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Sep 1945
Raising the US flag over Wake Island after JapanUS Army Lieutenant General Lucian Truscott of 5th Army saluting guidon of Co. L, 3rd Btn, 442nd RCT, Livorno, Italy, 4 Sep 1945; note Presidential Unit Citation banner on guidonGeneral Seishiro Itagaki signing surrender documents aboard HMS Sussex at Singapore, 4 Sep 1945
5 Sep 1945
  • British and Indian troops re-entered Singapore where they liberated 33,000 prisoners of war. [AC]
  • USS Blackfin arrived at Apra, Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Iva Toguri D'Aquino was arrested in Yokohama, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri was relieved of duty as Admiral William Halsey's flagship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet Politburo approved the formation of "The Commission on the Guidance of Preparation of Indictment Materials and Activity of Soviet Representatives at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg", or "Governmental Commission on Nuremberg Trials" for short, with foreign ministry deputy commissar Andrei Vyshinsky at its helm, to provide direction to the Soviet prosecutors. The members of the commission included Vsevolod Merkulov, Bogdan Kobulov, Viktor Abakumov, Konstantin Gorshenin, Ivan Golyakov, and Nikolai Safonov. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Destroyer HMAS Vendetta entered Simpson Harbor, New Britain in preparation of the surrender ceremony. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Nobutake Kondo was transferred to the Japanese Navy Reserve. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wisconsin arrived in Tokyo Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Alabama entered Tokyo Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Marquis Hironobu was promoted to the rank of captain. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Boarfish departed Subic Bay, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Portuguese Timor
  • Governor Manuel de Abreu Ferreira de Carvalho received the transfer of power over Portuguese Timor from Japan. [CPC]
Taiwan
  • USMC Major Dick Johnson, flying a TBM-3 Avenger aircraft, landed at Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. He was the first US airman to arrive on Taiwan after the cease of hostilities. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Blenny arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Macabi arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pintado arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Springer arrived at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Sep 1945
USMC Major Dick JohnsonUSMC Major Dick JohnsonTwo TBM-3 aircraft of US Navy squadron VT-26 at Matsuyama Airfield, Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan, early Sep 1945
6 Sep 1945
  • USS Copahee embarked on her first Operation Magic Carpet run. [Main Article | CPC]
  • John McCain passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Carrier HMS Glory and her task force arrived off Rabaul, New Britain in the morning. At 0900 hours, sloop HMS Hart picked up Hitoshi Imamura and Jinichi Kusaka at Kabanga Bay, who would sign the surrender documents aboard HMS Glory at 1127 hours which surrendered 139,000 remaining personnel at Rabaul plus all forces in Australian territory in the South Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Taiwan
  • The Churon Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan was closed. Former prisoners of the Oka Prisoners of War Camp in northern Taiwan and the Maruyama Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in Taihoku were evacuated by US and British ships via Keelung. [CPC]
  • The Taihoku Prisoners of War Camp No. 6 near Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was closed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Mero began her shakedown cruise on Lake Michigan in northern United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS R-5 arrived at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Sep 1945
Corsair fighter in an elevator aboard HMS Glory, off Rabaul, New Britain, 6 Sep 1945, photo 1 of 2Corsair fighter in an elevator aboard HMS Glory, off Rabaul, New Britain, 6 Sep 1945, photo 2 of 2Preparing a Corsair aircraft for flight aboard HMS Glory, off Rabaul, New Britain, 6 Sep 1945Lieutenant General Hitoshi Imamura signing the surrender document aboard HMS Glory off Rabaul, New Britain, 6 Sep 1945; Vice Admiral Junichi Kusaka and Lieutenant General Vernon Sturdee were also present
See all photos dated 6 Sep 1945
7 Sep 1945
  • USS Sea Cat arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Allies held a victory parade was held in Berlin, Germany. [CPC]
  • Australia ratified the United Nations Charter. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Allied prisoners of war at Rabaul, New Britain, technically freed on 16 Aug 1945 but still remained under Japanese care, were liberated by men under Royal Australian Navy Captain P. Brice Morris. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A Monetary Agreement was signed by the governments of the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in London, England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Sep 1945
12 Liberator bombers flew in four V formations over the Japanese surrender ceremony at Okinawa, Japan, 7 Sep 1945; note Japanese guns in center and M26 Pershing tanks in left cornerHa-101, Ha-102, and Ha-104 at Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, 7 Sep 1945; note five Kairyu submarines on leftHa-101 (front edges), I-369, and RO-58 at Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, 7 Sep 1945; note the three Kairyu submarines near RO-58I-369 and RO-58 at Yokosuka Naval Base, 7 Sep 1945; note the three Kairyu-class submarines at right
See all photos dated 7 Sep 1945
8 Sep 1945
  • The Japanese Navy Northern Fleet surrendered to the Americans at Mutsu Bay, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Former Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo failed in his suicide attempt. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Escorted by eight fighters, He Yingqin arrived in Nanjing, China by air at 0900 hours; later in the day he would meet with General Yasuji Okamura to work out the surrender ceremony details. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • General Douglas MacArthur arrived in Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | TH]
  • Elements of the USAAF 3rd Bomberment Group was assigned to Atsugi Airfield in Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • American troops landed at Inchon, Korea to prevent the Soviet Union from breaking the previous agreement for Soviet troops to only occupy northern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1945
TBM-3E Avenger of Marine Squadron VMTB-132 prepares for catapult launch from USS Cape Gloucester (CVE-109) for a strike on Kyushu, Japan, 8 Sept 1945Koryu Type D submarine at the Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, 8 Sep 1945, photo 1 of 3Koryu Type D submarine at the Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, 8 Sep 1945, photo 2 of 3Koryu Type D submarine at the Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, 8 Sep 1945, photo 3 of 3
9 Sep 1945
  • Operation Magic Carpet: Americans began the repatriation of servicemen from the Pacific theatre. Over the next six months, 369 warships would take 1.3 million men back to the United States. [AC]
  • Georgy Zhukov ordered his troops to stop committing crimes against the German civilian population; this order would be countermanded by Joseph Stalin on 20 Sep 1945 as the order was perceived to have failed to improve discipline. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese Army General Yasuji Okamura, Commander-in-Chief of the China Expeditionary Force, signed a surrender document at Nanjing, China on behalf of 1,000,000 Japanese troops and handed it to General He Yingqin, acting on behalf of Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek. [Main Article | TH]
Korea
  • Americans Vice Admiral Thomas Kinkaid and Lieutenant General John Hodge accepted the surrender of all Japanese forces in Korea in the General Government Building in Seoul, Korea. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Brill arrived at Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Maruyama Temporary Prisoners of War Camp in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was closed. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Sep 1945
Okamura and other Japanese officers at the surrender ceremony in Nanjing, China, 9 Sep 1945The Allied victory parade in Nanjing, China, Sep 1945Chinese General He Yingqin signing the Japanese surrender document at the Chinese Military Academy in Nanjing, China, 9 Sep 1945Yasuji Okamura surrendering to He Yingqin, Nanjing, China, 9 Sep 1945
See all photos dated 9 Sep 1945
10 Sep 1945
  • In Oslo, Norway, Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death. [Main Article | TH]
  • Otto Skorzeny was transferred from Wiesbaden, Germany to Nuremberg, Germany; he traveled by aircraft with other top former German leaders. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Sergei Kartashov reported to Victor Abakumov, giving recommendation on how SMERSH could control the proceedings at the Nuremberg Trials in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Allied re-occupation of Rabaul, New Britain officially began. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Manta arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 10 Sep 1945
Lieutenant General Masao Baba en route to the official surrender ceremony, Labuan, Borneo, 10 Sep 1945, photo 1 of 3Lieutenant General Masao Baba en route to the official surrender ceremony, Labuan, Borneo, 10 Sep 1945, photo 2 of 3Lieutenant General Masao Baba en route to the official surrender ceremony, Labuan, Borneo, 10 Sep 1945, photo 3 of 3USS Manta arriving at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 10 Sep 1945
See all photos dated 10 Sep 1945
11 Sep 1945
  • Operation Magic Carpet began to return US servicemen back to the United States. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Hackleback arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1945
Hideki Tojo being treated by Americans at SCAP hospital in Tokyo, Japan after his failed suicide attempt, 11 Sep 1945Dr. Nagai of Nagasaki Hospital inspecting damage caused by the atomic bomb, Nagasaki, Japan, 1945; Nagai would die of radiation poisoning a few days after this photo was taken
12 Sep 1945
  • Hajime Sugiyama passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British rule was officially re-established in Singapore; British troops had already returned to the island on 5 Sep 1945. [CPC]
  • Seishiro Itagaki surrendered Japanese forces in Southeast Asia to British Admiral Louis Mountbatten in Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
13 Sep 1945

Burma
  • Japanese forces in Burma surrendered to the Allies. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Nauru
  • Captain Hisayuki Soeda surrendered Nauru and Ocean Island surrendered to Australian troops. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Sep 1945
Enterprise making 20 knots during post-overhaul trials, Puget Sound, 13 Sep 1945Lieutenant General Hatazo Adachi symbolically surrendered his sword to Australian Major General H. C. H. Robertson at Wom Airstrip, New Guinea, 13 Sep 1945Japanese General Hatazo Adachi, circa 13 Sep 1945US Army CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo truck carrying airfield support supplies exiting USS LST-475 beached at Yokohama, Japan, 13 Sep 1945; the ship was the first LST landing in Japan after surrender
14 Sep 1945

Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Whale arrived at the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS San Diego arrived at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS R-5 was decommissioned from service at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Sep 1945
Wainwright decorated with Medal of Honor by US President Truman 14 Sep 1945, photo 1 of 2Wainwright decorated with Medal of Honor by US President Truman 14 Sep 1945, photo 2 of 2Soldiers of Australian 37/52 Infantry Battalion posing with captured Japanese Type 2 Ka-Mi amphibious tanks, near Lakunai airstrip and Rabaul, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 14 Sep 1945
15 Sep 1945
  • General Hatazo Adachi surrendered the remnants of his 18th Army to the Australians near Wewak in New Guinea. Of his original force of 100,000 men, only 13,000 survived, sick and half starved after being abandoned without supplies for months. Adachi was so weak that he had to be carried to the surrender table. Later sentenced to death for war crimes against prisoners of war and natives, he cheated the hangman by committing suicide in 1947. [Main Article | AC]
  • The British published a captured Gestapo "death list" of 2,300 British and Allied figures should Germany had won the war. It included Winston Churchill, Clement Attlee, Neville Chamberlain, Lady Astor, Lord Baden-Powell, Noel Coward, Sigmund Freud, Dame Sybil Thorndike, Jacob Epstein, most newspaper proprietors and editors and the leaders of the French, Polish and Czech governments in exile. [AC]
  • Submarine I-369 was removed from the Japanese Navy List. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Activity departed Singapore for Trincomalee, Ceylon with former prisoners of war on board. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Elements of the USAAF 49th Fighter Group was assigned to Atsugi Airfield in Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • American Manhattan Project physicist Harry Daghlian, Jr., after receiving a fatal dose of radiation during an accident on 21 Aug, died from radiation poisoning in Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Rochefort requested sea duty, listing service aboard a cruiser as his preference. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Sep 1945
Carriers Saratoga, Enterprise, Hornet, and San Jacinto, Alameda, California, Sep 1945Emaciated Japanese naval personnel at Marshall Islands after JapanRepresentatives of China, United Kingdom, and Japan signing the Japanese instrument of surrender for Hong Kong, 15 Sep 1945
16 Sep 1945
  • The US coastal minesweepers YMS-98 and YMS-341 were sunk off Okinawa, Japan during a typhoon. [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Four surviving Japanese aircraft (three A6M and one Ki-46) at Rabaul, New Britain were flown to the Australian airfield at Jacquinot Bay in southeastern New Britain. [CPC]
Hawaii Hong Kong Photo(s) dated 16 Sep 1945
Ceremony at the Cenotaph at Central, Hong Kong marking the liberation of Hong Kong, Sep 1945
17 Sep 1945

China
  • Nationalist Chinese forces re-entered Beiping, China. [AC]
Germany
  • Joseph Kramer, Camp Commandant at Belsen, and 44 other SS officers were put on trial at Lüneburg, Germany for mass murders at Belsen and Auschwitz. Kramer and 10 others were sentenced to hang, while others received prison sentences. [Main Article | AC]
Japan
  • Shigeru Yoshida was named the Foreign Minister of Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • US Army took control of the Japanese Army base in Busan (Pusan), Korea and soon renamed it Camp Hialeah. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Whale departed the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Sep 1945
Koryu Type D submarines in an assembly shed at the Mitsubishi shipyard, Nagasaki, Japan, 17 Sep 1945
18 Sep 1945
  • HMCS Micmac (R10) was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander R. L. Hennessy in command. [AC]
Japan
  • Douglas MacArthur established his headquarters in Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Sep 1945
Captured A6M5 Model 52 Zero fighters and one Ki-46 reconnaissance aircraft at the RNZAF airfield at Jacquinot Bay, New Britain, 18 Sep 1945
19 Sep 1945
  • Lord Haw Haw, William Joyce, was sentenced to death in Britain for treason. [TH]
  • The Congress Party of India began negotiating with Britain regarding independence. [CPC]
  • The Chinese-American Composite Wing was disbanded after producing 5 American and 3 Chinese aces. [CPC]
  • USS Pompon arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Sep 1945
  • Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru demanded British troops to leave India. [CPC]
  • USS R-1 was decommissioned from service at Key West, Florida, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Kunizo Kaneoka was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin expressed disapproval of Georgy Zhukov's 9 Sep 1945 order in which Zhukov ordered his troops to stop committing crimes against the German people; Stalin noted that such orders failed to improve discipline. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Naoshi Kanno was posthumously promoted to the rank of captain. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Tokyo, Japan with American servicemen aboard for San Francisco, California, United States (as part of Operation Magic Carpet). [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Iowa departed Tokyo Bay, Japan with US servicemen and liberated prisoners of war on board. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Alabama departed Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone Photo(s) dated 20 Sep 1945
Japanese soldier walking through a barren section of Hiroshima, Japan, Sep 1945
21 Sep 1945
  • The last Beaufighter aircraft (SR919) to be built in the United Kingdom rolled off the production line, bringing total British production to 5,526 machines. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Pollack was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Henry Stimson stepped down from his position as the United States Secretary of War. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Aleksandr Vadis reported to Soviet SMERSH officer Isai Babich that, between 9 Aug and 18 Sep 1945, 2,249 were arrested in northeastern China (666 Japanese military intelligence officers and agents, 569 Japanese policemen, and 552 Soviet citizens). [Main Article | CPC]
Turkey
  • Soviet operative Andrei Onishchenko arrived in Turkey under the guise of a diplomatic courier; he was tasked with capturing Konstantin Volkov who was in the process of defecting to the United Kingdom. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States to serve as the flagship of Commander, Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Sep 1945
Japanese ammunition being thrown into the sea, 21 Sep 1945
22 Sep 1945
  • Taken out of context, Patton's careless comparison of Nazi Party members in Germany to Democratic Party or Republican Party members in the United States stirred much controversy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Carbonero arrived at Seattle, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • Edward Brooks' son, Major Edward Brooks, Jr., was killed in Belgium in a night flight training landing accident. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hawkbill departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • The US 5th Marine Division landed at Nagasaki on Kyushu Island, Japan, for occupation duties. [AC]
United States
  • USS Becuna arrived at San Diego, California, United States and was assigned to the Submarine Force of the US Navy Pacific Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1945
A Kairyu-class submarine outside her cave hideaway, Japan, 22 Sep 1945; the men were crew of American cruiser Boston
23 Sep 1945

United States
  • USS Whale arrived at the Tompkinsville area of Staten Island, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Sep 1945
  • Salmon was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin arrived at Galveston, Texas, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Turkey
  • Soviet operative Andrei Onishchenko and his team captured Konstantin Volkov, who was in the process of defecting to the United Kingdom, and departed Turkey for Russia. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Baya arrived in San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Sep 1945
A pile of rubble from a destroyed Buddhist Temple in Nagasaki, Japan, 24 Sep 1945
25 Sep 1945
  • The Nazi Party was officially declared illegal in Germany. [TH]
  • The last of the Soviet Army forces departed Norway. [TH]
  • Viktor Abakumov ordered the curtailment of looting by Soviet troops in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort's request for transfer to sea duty was accepted; he was ordered to be detached from the US Navy Office of Naval Operations on 1 Oct 1945. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Sep 1945
  • Viet Minh troops in Vietnam rioted against the French, killing US Army Lieutenant Colonel A. Peter Dewey by accident. [CPC]
  • US President Truman announced that the remaining assets of the German Navy was to be divided among United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Sep 1945
On JunyoJunyoJunyo at Sasebo, Japan, 26 Sep 1945Junyo at Sasebo, Japan, with Ha-210 and another Ha-201-class submarine at her side, 26 Sep 1945
27 Sep 1945

Japan
  • Emperor Showa visited General Douglas MacArthur. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Portuguese Timor
  • 2,000 Portuguese military personnel arrived at in Portuguese Timor. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Sep 1945
Douglas MacArthur with Emperor Showa, Tokyo, Japan, 1945
28 Sep 1945
  • Rioting took place in Indonesia against the Dutch. [CPC]
  • US Coast Guard Lieutenant (jg) John Murchison relieved G. E. Oliver as the commanding officer of US Army ship FS-390. [CPC]
Germany
  • George Patton was summoned to Frankfurt, Germany by Dwight Eisenhower, who scolded him for repeatedly stirring up controversies and transferred him to the US 15th Army in the rear, which was tasked with compiling a history of the European War. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1945
San Francisco off Korea, 28 Sep 1945; note SOC aircraft on catapultsJapanese tank crew bringing a Type 95 Ha-Go light tank to men of Australian 2/4 Armoured Regiment after surrendering Rapopo Airfield, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 28 Sep 1945Tokyo, Japan in ruins, 28 Sep 1945Tokyo, Japan in ruins, 28 Sep 1945
See all photos dated 28 Sep 1945
29 Sep 1945
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Lenin for the fourth time. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming established a field headquarters north of Kunming, Yunnan Province, China for the upcoming campaign against General Long Yun. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Lavrentiy Beria ordered that the response to inquiries regarding those arrested and executed by the Special Board (OSO) of the Soviet NKVD during WW2 would be that they were sent to imprison for 10-year terms and they were not allowed to send nor receive letters. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Hoe arrived at New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Sep 1945
Accused Japanese war criminals under guard while awaiting transfer to Stanley Prison, Hong Kong, 29 Sep 1945Dodge WC54 and WC64 KD 3/4-ton field ambulances standing by C-46 Commando aircraft at Clark Field, Manila, Philippine Islands, 29 Sep 1945
30 Sep 1945

China
  • US Marines landed in Tanggu, Tianjin, China and began to move toward Beiping. [CPC]
  • The Chenggong Airfield in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China ceased operations. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chengdu Airfield in Sichuan Province, China was closed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Du Yuming gave the order to launch a surprise attack against General Long Yun in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, forcing Long to flee to the high ground at Wuhua Mountain, where he would soon surrender. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • I-401's crew was disbanded by the Americans. All officers and men went back into the civilian population, including the few who had committed war crimes. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Sep 1945
Chiang Kaishek and Mao Zedong celebrated the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Chongqing, China, Sep 1945Japanese-American soldiers marching in the V-J Day parade, Livorno, Italy, Sep 1945Japanese Type 97 Te-Ke tankette on the Gazelle Peninsula, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 1945
1 Oct 1945
  • The airline company TWA became the first commercial organization to operate a Constellation aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • Western Allies recognized Karl Renner's socialist government in Austria. [CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was officially detached from the US Navy Office of Naval Operations in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Vatican City
  • Pope Pius XII met with Thomas Dodd between 1050 hours and 1130 hours; part of that time was spent discussion the trials of German leaders. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Oct 1945
Soviet naval infantrymen flying the navy ensign at Port Arthur (Ryojun or Lushunkou), Liaoning, China, 1 Oct 1945
2 Oct 1945
  • Dwight Eisenhower informed George Patton that Eisenhower was to announce Patton's transfer from US 3rd Army to US 15th Army on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1945
Collapsed Ki-21 bomber, Penfoei, Timor, Dutch East Indies, 2 Oct 1945; the aircraft had an accident while bringing General K. Yamada to Timor for the surrender ceremony without anyone being hurt
3 Oct 1945
  • USS Intensity was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Oct 1945
Light carrier Hosho off Kure, Japan, 3 Oct 1945, photo 1 of 2Forecastle of Japanese carrier Hosho, Kure, Japan, 3 Oct 1945Hangar of light carrier Hosho, 3 Oct 1945Lt. Gen. K. Yamada of Japanese 48th Division signing the instrument of surrender for all Japanese forces in the Lesser Sundas, Koepang, Timor, 3 Oct 1945, photo 1 of 3
See all photos dated 3 Oct 1945
4 Oct 1945

China
  • Du Yuming and Long Yun arrived at Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Oct 1945
  • Yukikaze was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant General Kuzma Derevyanko reported to Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lavrentiy Beria, and Georgy Malenkov on his observations of destroyed cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Thomas Dodd interrogated Wilhelm Keitel for several hours in the afternoon in Nürnberg, Germany, and the session was observed by Soviet representatives. During this session, Keitel showed scorn for the Soviets, admitted issuing the order to execute captured Soviet commissars, and discussed the torture of Soviet prisoners of war. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Hosho was removed from the Japanese Navy List. On the same day, she departed Kure, Japan for the Marshall Islands in an effort to repatriot Japanese military servicemen. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ticonderoga arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | DS]
  • A parade was held in Washington DC, United States in honor of Chester Nimitz. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Oct 1945
  • Communist forces in China attacked US Marines. [CPC]
7 Oct 1945
  • George Patton handed control of the US 3rd Army to Lucian Truscott. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
8 Oct 1945
  • Rudolph Heß was transported from Britain to Nürnberg, Germany for trial. [Main Article | TH]
  • Japanese General Yamashita was arraigned in war crimes court in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Portugal
  • António de Oliveira Salazar of Portugal allowed opposition political parties for the first time. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Oct 1945
Clarke, Hamamoto, Yamashita, Hendricks, and Guy, YamashitaTone sunken in shallow water, Kure, Japan, 8 Oct 1945Damaged upper hangar deck of Katsuragi, Kure, Japan, 8 Oct 1945
9 Oct 1945
  • Communist forces in China occupied northern Shandong Province. [CPC]
  • S-30 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Drayton was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The submarine chaser USS SC.636 foundered during Typhoon Louise off the coast of Okinawa, Japan. [AC]
United States
  • USS Bluefish arrived at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Oct 1945
Prime Minister Kijuro Shidehara with his cabinet, 9 Oct 1945; note Mitsumasa Yonai and Shigeru Yoshida in front rowSunken Aoba at Kure, Japan, 9 Oct 1945Hyuga sunken in shallow water, Kure, Japan, 9 Oct 1945Hyuga sunken in shallow water, Kure, Japan, 9 Oct 1945
10 Oct 1945
  • A Soviet code clerk defected to the US and revealed the extent of the Soviet spy network in the US. [CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 5th and 10th Air Fleets were officially disbanded. [CPC]
  • Dong Zhao was awarded the Order of Loyalty and Diligence. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Brett stepped down as the chief of the US Caribbean Defense Command and the US Army's Panama Canal Department. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • US 68th Composite Wing departed Baishiyi Airfield near Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Enterprise arrived at the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Oct 1945
Enterprise underway toward Panama Canal, 10 Oct 1945Annex C of the interrogation of Mitsuo Fuchida, 10 Oct 1945; Japanese command organization of the Philippine Islands areaAnnex A of the interrogation of Mitsuo Fuchida, 10 Oct 1945; Pearl Harbor attack mapKyushu J7W1 Type 18 Shinden discovered in a factory at Fukuoka, Japan Oct 10 1945, second of the two built and is now stored at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC.
See all photos dated 10 Oct 1945
11 Oct 1945
  • US Marines landed on the southern coast of Shandong Province, China to slow communist advances. [CPC]
  • Submarine Pollack was struck from the US Naval Register. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Enterprise departed the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine R-5 was struck from the US Naval Register. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Oct 1945
Émile Bertin off French Indochina, 11 Oct 1945USS North Carolina transiting the Panama Canal, 11 Oct 1945
12 Oct 1945
  • A typhoon in Okinawa, Japan killed a number of US troops. [CPC]
  • Mason was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bogdan Kobulov, Vasilii Chernyshev, and Victor Abakumov signed a joint letter requesting Hans Fritzsche and Erich Raeder to be transferred from Moscow, Russia to Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Dwight Eisenhower visited George Patton at the headquarters of the US 15th Army. Patton noted that by this time Eisenhower was much more a politician than a general. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Anton Dostler was sentenced to death in Rome, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Oct 1945
General Dwight Eisenhower at Prague Ruzyně Airport, Prague, Austria, 12 Oct 1945
13 Oct 1945
  • The last of 11,461 Vickers Wellington aircraft to be built rolled off the production line. [Main Article | AC]
China
  • US Marines stepped in to break up the violence that had broken out between Japanese nationals and an angry Chinese mob in the city of Tianjin, China. [CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet Directorate of the NKVD Troops for Guarding the Rear of the Red Army was disbanded. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Oct 1945
USS Missouri in the Miraflores Locks, Panama Canal, 13 Oct 1945
14 Oct 1945
  • The Indonesian People's Army declared war on the Netherlands. [CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming received orders to travel to Chongqing, China to meet with Chiang Kaishek. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Oct 1945
  • Pierre Laval was executed for treason. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army ship FS-390 was decommissioned from service. [CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming arrived at Chongqing, China, where Chiang told him that Du was to become the scapegoat for the removal of General Long Yun; Chiang would later award him with higher positions for taking on this responsibility. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Puffer arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Iowa arrived at Seattle, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wisconsin arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Alabama arrived at San Francisco, California, United States at about 1200 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Oct 1945
Battleship Colorado arriving at San Francisco, California, United States, 15 Oct 1945Route traveled by the Japanese fleet for Battle of Midway, plate 13-1 of Captain Yasuji WatanabeAction chart of Battle of Midway, plate 13-2 of Captain Yasuji WatanabeJapanese-American Shuichi Yamamoto shaking hands with camp director James Lindley as Granada Relocation Center in Amache, Colorado, United States closed down, 15 Oct 1945
16 Oct 1945
  • Japanese physicist Yoshio Nishina sought permission from the American occupation administration to use his two cyclotrons for biological and medical research. The request was granted, but orders from United States Secretary of War Robert Patterson dated 10 Nov would have all cyclotrons in Japan destroyed on 24 Nov. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming was relieved as the commanding officer of Kunming, Yunnan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Light carrier Hosho arrived at Wotje, Marshall Islands and embarked 700 Japanese military servicemen. She departed for Eniwetok, Marshall Islands later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
United States
  • Robert Oppenheimer resigned as the director of the Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States facility of the Manhattan Project. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Oct 1945
Battleship Mississippi in the Mississippi River en route to New Orleans, Louisiana, 16 Oct 1945USS Canberra underway off Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 16 Oct 1945
17 Oct 1945
  • A coup d'etat put Colonel Juan Peron at the helm of Argentina. [CPC]
  • Cachalot was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Darlowo, Poland (formerly Rügenwalde, Germany) began deporting its German citizens. [CPC]
Germany
  • Miklós Horthy met with Thomas Dodd in Nürnberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Norris Bradbury succeeded Robert Oppenheimer as the director of the Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States facility of the Manhattan Project. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Enterprise entered the Hudson River in New York, New York, United States in preparation of the Navy Day holiday celebrations. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Oct 1945
  • The war crimes trials in Nürnberg, Germany began. Erich Raeder and Hans Fritzsche arrived in Nürnberg under Soviet guard on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming arrived in Chongqing, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Makin Island departed Japan for San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | DS]
United States
  • US Navy squadron VF-66, flying FR Fireball piston-jet mix-powered fighters, was decommissioned before ever seeing combat. [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1945
  • Communist forces in China attacked US Marine trains and aircraft. [CPC]
  • USS S-31 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • S-32 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maury was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Parche arrived at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1945
Men on JunyoSubmarine Ha-230 and Junyo at Sasebo, Japan, 19 Oct 1945Signalman aboard carrier Junyo, Sasebo, Japan, 19 Oct 1945The island of carrier Junyo as viewed from the flight deck, Sasebo, Japan, 19 Oct 1945
See all photos dated 19 Oct 1945
20 Oct 1945
  • USS Gar arrived at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Activity was decommissioned from service upon arriving at the Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom with former prisoners of war from Singapore. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviets sentenced Captain Eberhard von Scheller to death; during the war Scheller had worked for the Soviet SMERSH counterintelligence agency but he was caught attempting to smuggle sensitive information to the Germans. Scheller would be executed about two weeks later. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Marlin departed New London, Connecticut, United States and arrived at Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Oct 1945
Ki-51 aircraft at Gimpo Airfield, Seoul, Korea, 20 Oct 1945
21 Oct 1945

Germany
  • British engineers destroyed the U-Boat pens in Hamburg, Germany. [TH]
23 Oct 1945
  • Farragut was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri arrived at New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Parche departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Whale arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1945
  • Norwegian collaborator Vidkun Quisling was executed by firing squad. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United Nations was officially inaugurated. [TH]
  • Lawrence was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cuttlefish was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1945
Drawing of Japanese Navy 3rd Fleet Strike Force at the Battle off Cape Engaño, 25 Oct 1944; Annex A of Toshikazu OhmaeRuins of the Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition Hall, Hiroshima, Japan, 24 Oct 1945; distance from center of blast at this point was about 350 meters
25 Oct 1945

United States
  • USS Marlin departed Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Oct 1945
Japanese Center Force formation at the time of American submarine attack at the Palawan Passage, 23 Oct 1944; Annex A of the interrogation of Rear Admiral Tomiji KoyanagiTrack chart of Yamato group, Apr 1945, part of Commander MiyamotoIllustration of bomb and torpedo hits on battleship Yamato, 7 Apr 1945, part of Commander MiyamotoChen Yi accepted Japanese surrender from Rikichi Ando in Taipei City Hall, Taiwan, 25 Oct 1945
See all photos dated 25 Oct 1945
26 Oct 1945

China
  • Du Yuming was named the commanding officer of the Northeastern Provinces Security Command. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 26 Oct 1945
MAD aircraft convoy patrol coverage diagram, Annex A of Lt. Cmdr. T. OkamotoMAD aircraft typical flight path after making contact with hostile submarine, Annex B of Lt. Cmdr. T. Okamoto
27 Oct 1945
  • Indonesian separatists rioted against Dutch and British security forces. [CPC]
  • USS Rock participated in Navy Day celebrations in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Missouri hosted US President Harry Truman for the annual Navy Day ceremonies at New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • On this Navy Day holiday in the United States, Harry Truman reviewed the fleet aboard USS Missouri on the Hudson River and then gave a speech in Central Park, New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Alabama hosted 9,000 civilian visitors at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Oct 1945
Truman aboard USS Renshaw during Navy Day Fleet Review, New York City, New York, United States, 27 Oct 1945; note USS MissouriFleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, Governor Ingrid Stainback of Hawaii, and Mayor Lester Petrie of Honolulu in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States for Navy Day celebrations, 27 Oct 1945USS Augusta, USS Midway, USS Enterprise, USS Missouri, USS New York, USS Helena, and USS Macon in the Hudson River in New York, New York, United States for Navy Day celebrations, 27 Oct 1945USS Ticonderoga arriving at Tacoma, Washington, United States as part of Operation Magic Carpet, Oct 27, 1945. Note the deck numbers already repainted in peace-time white & balloons supporting the Homeward Bound Pennant
28 Oct 1945

Photo(s) dated 28 Oct 1945
Standard disposition for Japanese convoy escorts, annex D of Lieutenant Commander YasumotoDrawing of bombing and strafing attacks on Japanese convoy off Taiwan on 30 Jan 1945, annex C of Lieutenant Commander YasumotoDrawing of two submarine attacks on Japanese convoys in Nov 1944, annex B of Lieutenant Commander YasumotoDrawing of submarine attack on Japanese convoy off Philippine Islands on 10 Apr 1944, annex A of Lieutenant Commander Yasumoto
29 Oct 1945
  • Trial against Japanese General Yamashita began in Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • S-18 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • S-40 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ellet was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama departed San Francisco, California, United States and arrived at San Pedro, which was also in California. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Oct 1945
View of the forward turrets of HMS King George V while she was at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 29 Oct 1945
30 Oct 1945
  • Liberty Ship Albert M. Boe was delivered to the US Navy; she was to be the last Liberty Ship to be built. [Main Article | CPC]
  • S-45 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Whale arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Permit completed her duty as a training submarine at Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp arrived at New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, where she would receive minor conversion work to accommodate 400 officer and 5,000 men. [Main Article | CPC]
31 Oct 1945
  • USS Columbia set sail for the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Tiger Force, a planned redeployment of heavy bombers from the European theatre to the Far East, was officially abandoned. [AC]
United States
  • USS Tirante arrived at Staten Island, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marlin arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bluefish arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 31 Oct 1945
Annex A of the interrogation of J. Fukamizu, 31 Oct 1945; Japanese aircraft production and wastage during Pacific WarDrawing of the submarine attack on Japanese convoy between Kashoto and Taiwan, circa 31 May-1 Jun 1944; Annex A of Mitsuharu MatsuyamaDrawing of the submarine attack on Japanese convoy between Taiwan and Philippine Islands, early Sep 1944; Annex B of Mitsuharu MatsuyamaRuined city of Hiroshima, Japan, 31 Oct 1945
1 Nov 1945
  • British Intelligence reported that Adolf Hitler most likely committed suicide on 30 Apr 1945 in Berlin, Germany after marrying Eva Braun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine S-31 was struck from the US Naval Vessels Register. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hamilton was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • This date was the scheduled launch day for Operation Olympic, the invasion of Kyushu, Japan, which never took place. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS San Diego entered drydock No. 2 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 1 Nov 1945
Junyo at Sasebo, Japan, 1 Nov 1945Approximate path of Japanese convoy toward Saipan, Mariana Islands which was attacked by American submarines on 6 Jun 1944; appendix A of Commander Tadao KuwaharaJapanese convoy formation when attacked by American aircraft off Indochina coast, 12 Jan 1945; appendix B of Commander Tadao KuwaharaDiagram showing attacks on Japanese transports during Battle of Midway, 3-4 Jun 1942; Annex A of Toyama
See all photos dated 1 Nov 1945
2 Nov 1945
  • Hulbert was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • S-23 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • S-46 was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Lavrentiy Beria ordered Vsevolod Merkukov, Viktor Abakukov, and Sergei Kruglov to investigate a list of 105 important German prisoners of war for the possibility of placing them on public trial; the three would find that 85 of them could be tried. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Mero completed her shakedown cruise and was placed in a floating drydock for transit down the Mississippi River. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Shamrock Bay arrived at San Diego, California, United States, bringing back US servicemen from Pacific bases. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Nov 1945
Incomplete Unryu-class carrier Kasagi, Sasebo Bay, Japan, 2 Nov 1945
3 Nov 1945 United States
  • USS Cod arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Nov 1945
Japanese Navy 5th Fleet dispositions at Battle of Surigao Strait and command structure at the battle, part of Commander MoriTrack of Japanese Navy 5th Fleet at Battle of Surigao Strait part of Commander Mori
4 Nov 1945

Caroline Islands
5 Nov 1945
  • Lord Gort stepped down as the High Commissioner of the British Mandate of Palestine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first carrier landing by a jet aircraft took place on the flight deck of USS Wake Island, off San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming requested Chiang Kaishek for permission to use force to take Huludao or Yingkou, Liaoning Province, China from communist forces. He would receive the permission and would launch the offensive within days. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Saint Paul departed Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Vsevolod Merkukov, Viktor Abakukov, and Sergei Kruglov concluded that of a list of 105 important German prisoners of war given to them three days prior, 85 of them could be placed on public trial for war crimes. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Cero arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Nov 1945
  • The Soviet Union announced that it would soon have its own atomic bomb. [TH]
  • The American FR-1 Fireball jet fighter became the first jet aircraft to land on a carrier. [CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of Lenin for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A FR Fireball piston-jet mix-powered fighter became the first aircraft to land on an aircraft carrier (USS Wake Island) while using jet power. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
7 Nov 1945

United States
8 Nov 1945

China
  • Chinese Nationalist troops launched an offensive in Liaoning Province, China against communist positions. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Nov 1945
Destroyed Chugoku Coal Distribution Company building in Hiroshima, Japan, 8 Nov 1945, photo 1 of 3Destroyed Chugoku Coal Distribution Company building in Hiroshima, Japan, 8 Nov 1945, photo 2 of 3Destroyed Chugoku Coal Distribution Company building in Hiroshima, Japan, 8 Nov 1945, photo 3 of 3
9 Nov 1945

United States
  • USS Marlin was decommissioned from service at the Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
10 Nov 1945
  • United States Secretary of War Robert Patterson ordered all cyclotrons in Japan destroyed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine R-1 was struck from the US Naval Register. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • USS Saint Paul arrived at Shanghai, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Nov 1945
USS Saint Paul in the Huangpu River in Shanghai, China, 10 Nov 1945, photo 1 of 3USS Saint Paul in the Huangpu River in Shanghai, China, 10 Nov 1945, photo 2 of 3USS Saint Paul in the Huangpu River in Shanghai, China, 10 Nov 1945, photo 3 of 3
11 Nov 1945
  • Tito was elected the first president of the soon-to-be-established Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Miami arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands to survey bombing damage to the Japanese base. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was ordered to travel from California, United States to Washington DC, United States as a witness for a Pearl Harbor raid investigation. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Nov 1945

Japan Photo(s) dated 12 Nov 1945
Emperor Showa, 12 Nov 1945
13 Nov 1945
  • General Charles de Gaulle became the first post-war head of French government. [Main Article | TH]
  • Norman Jackson was presented with a Victoria Cross medal by King George VI of the United Kingdom for his brave attempt to put out the fire on his Lancaster bomber's starboard wing during the night of 26-27 Apr 1944. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • U-977 arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States by tow. [Main Article | CPC]
14 Nov 1945

China
  • Chinese Nationalist troops attacked toward the Shanhaiguan Pass of the Great Wall in northeastern China. [CPC]
15 Nov 1945
  • US, Britain, and Canada called for a UN Atomic Energy Commission. [CPC]
  • Seal was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan United States
  • USS San Diego exited drydock No. 2 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Permit was decommissioned from service at Boston Naval Shipyard. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp departed New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Nov 1945
Warped staircase at the Asano Library in Hiroshima, Japan, 15 Nov 1945
16 Nov 1945
  • 88 German rocket scientists were brought into the United States. [CPC]
17 Nov 1945

Guam
  • USS Boarfish departed Apra Harbor, Guam. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Stepan Petrichenko (who had participated in the 1921 Kronstadt mutiny but had since became loyal to the Soviet Union once again, acting as a Soviet spy in Finland) was found guilty of counter-revolutionary activities and of being a spy for Finland. The NKVD sentenced him to 10 years in labor camps. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Nov 1945
Ruins of a school building, Hiroshima, Japan, 17 Nov 1945
18 Nov 1945
  • 21 Nazi leaders were indicted at the first open session of the International Military War Crimes Tribunal in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Portugal
  • António de Oliveira Salazar retained his seat as the Prime Minister of Portugal in an re-election. [CPC]
19 Nov 1945
  • The US Congress voiced its opinion to withdraw US Marines from China. [CPC]
  • Commander Keiji Koeu was relieved as the commanding officer of destroyer Yukikaze. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Nov 1945
  • Max Merten, already in captivity as a prisoner of war, was arrested for war crimes. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Trial of the Major War Criminals of the Nuremberg Trials began. Soviet SMERSH officers Leonid Kozlovtsev, Krasilnikov, and Khelipsky arrived in Nürnberg, Germany, presumably to help oversee the Soviet prosecution team. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Nov 1945
Japanese Type 2 Ka-Mi amphibious tank coming ashore after trials carried out by members of Australian 2/4 Armoured Regiment in Talili Bay, Rabaul, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 20 Nov 1945Ruins of Odamasa Store building, Hiroshima, Japan, 20 Nov 1945; distance from center of blast at this point was about 830 meters
21 Nov 1945
  • All accused at the Trial of the Major War Criminals of the Nuremberg Trials pleaded not guilty. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Auto Workers Union closed 100 General Motors factories in the United States. [CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was transferred to the witness wing at Nuremberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Nov 1945
King, Forrestal, and Nimitz at the Navy Department, Washington DC, United States, 21 Nov 1945
22 Nov 1945

United States
  • USS San Diego completed her scheduled overhaul and departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Nov 1945
Accused German war criminals in the dock, Nürnberg, Germany, 22 Nov 1945
23 Nov 1945
  • The United States government ended rationing for butter. [CPC]
  • Brigadier General Cortlandt Van Rensselaer Schuyler was named the head of the US section of the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria. [CPC]
  • Arthur Coningham was made Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold and was awarded Croix de Guerre of Belgium with Palms. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1945
The eight skulls found by Pedro Cerono, 23 Nov 1945; they were the evidence of the 1 Jul 1945 Tapel Massacre
24 Nov 1945
  • Per orders of United States Secretary of War Robert Patterson, all cyclotrons in Japan were destroyed. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Menhaden became Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz's flagship at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Nov 1945
Otto Skorzeny in prison, Nuremberg, Germany, 24 Nov 1945Alfred Rosenberg in captivity during the Nuremberg Trials, Nürnberg, Germany, 24 Nov 1945
25 Nov 1945
  • The US Congress again voiced its opinion to withdraw US Marines from China. [CPC]
China
  • Soviet SMERSH operatives arrested Captain Yutaka Takeoka who had previously killed Russian defector Genrikh Lyushkov in Dalian, Liaoning, China (Lyushkov had refused to commit suicide in the face of defeat). [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Miami received orders to return to the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Nov 1945
  • Douglas MacArthur confirmed that Emperor Showa of Japan would not be forced to abdicate the throne. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph McNarney was made the commanding general of US Forces in the European Theater, succeeding Dwight Eisenhower. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Chinese Nationalist troops captured the Shanhai Pass of the Great Wall in northeastern China. [CPC]
Germany
  • The Soviet Governmental Commission on Nuremberg Trials ordered the Soviet prosecution team in Nürnberg, Germany not to discuss issues such as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the annexation of the Baltic States, Polish borders, etc. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Nov 1945
Joachim von Ribbentrop in imprisonment, Nürnberg, Germany, 26 Nov 1945
27 Nov 1945
  • The United States dispatched George Marshall to China in an attempt to halt the civil war between Nationalist and Communist forces. [Main Article | CPC]
  • French fighter Ace, Marcel Albert, received the Hero of the Soviet Union decoration. [Main Article | AC]
Russia
  • Severin Dobrovolsky, a former White Russian military officer who later became loyal to the Soviet Union and acted as a Soviet spy in Finland, was sentenced to death by the Soviet Union for counter-revolutionary activities. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Nov 1945
Frank, Frick, Funk, Jodl, Rosenberg, Seyß-Inquart, Speer, Streicher, Neurath, and Papen at the Nuremberg Trial, Germany, 27 Nov 1945
28 Nov 1945
  • Submarine Marlin was struck from the US Naval Registrar. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Pollack was restored onto the US Naval Register. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 4th Marine Division was deactivated at Camp Pendleton, California, United States. [AC]
United States
  • Sable was struck from the US Naval Vessel Register. [Main Article | DS]
  • Wolverine was struck from the US Naval Vessel Register. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 28 Nov 1945
Hedgehog anti-submarine mortars aboard HMS Westcott, 28 Nov 1945
29 Nov 1945
  • The Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was declared with Marshal Tito as its first president. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Films of concentration camp atrocities were shown at the Nuremberg Trials in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fox was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet Politburo replaced MGB 1st Deputy Bogdan Kobulov with Sergei Ogoltsov, the former NKVD/NKGB chief of Kuibyshev, Russia. [CPC]
United States
  • USS Mero arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States via a floating drydock down the Mississippi River. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Redman gave Joseph Rochefort a good fitness report, recommending Rochefort for promotion. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1945 Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu's position with the Japanese Navy was abolished. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Naval Dry Docks, Roosevelt Base near Los Angeles, California, United States was renamed Terminal Island Naval Shipyard. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1945
Louis Mountbatten accepting the sword of Hisaichi Terauchi, Saigon, French Indochina, 30 Nov 1945
1 Dec 1945
  • During this month, former German Navy cruiser Prinz Eugen was renamed USS IX 300 of the US Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anton Dostler passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The last Japanese resistance unit in Saipan, Mariana Islands surrendered. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas Bader was promoted to the permanent rank of wing commander. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Dec 1945
Dostler tied to a stake in preparation of his execution by a firing squad, Aversa, Italy, 1 Dec 1945DostlerRhee Syngman and Kim Gu, Korea, 1 Dec 1945
3 Dec 1945

Photo(s) dated 3 Dec 1945
Members of the Korean intrim government, 3 Dec 1945
4 Dec 1945
  • By a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approved US participation in the United Nations, which was established on 24 Oct 1945. [CPC]
5 Dec 1945
  • Light carrier Hosho entered the drydocks at Hidachi Innoshima shipyard in Japan to receive repairs and to remove the forward portions of the flight deck to improve visibility from the bridge. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
United States
  • USS Columbia arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Dec 1945
  • Leutze was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Guavina was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Guitarro was decommissioned from service at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Mero departed New Orleans, Louisiana, United States for the Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Dec 1945
US submarines Bashaw, Mingo, Dragonet, Guavina, Sunfish, Sargo, Spearfish, and Saury at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 6 Dec 1945
7 Dec 1945
  • Japanese General Yamashita was found guilty of war crimes. [Main Article | CPC]
8 Dec 1945
  • USS Tautog was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The prototype Bell Model 47 (NC1H) helicopter made its maiden flight. In 1946 the type would receive the first commercial helicopter certification. [AC]
China
  • Captain Harold Baker was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul while at Shanghai, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • An assassination attempt on Mikhail Likhachev failed in Nürnberg, Germany. His driver Buben died when the Horch 951 limousine was shot up while Likhachev was not in the vehicle. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Dec 1945

Germany
  • George Patton sustained spinal cord and neck injuries in an automobile accident near Neckarstadt, Germany at 1145 hours. He became paralyzed from the neck down. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
10 Dec 1945

United States
  • USS Miami arrived at Long Beach, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Dec 1945
  • USS Gar was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rall was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Beatrice Patton, wife of paralyzed George Patton, arrived at Heidelberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • I-400 departed Sasebo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-401 departed Sasebo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-14 departed Sasebo, Japan. [CPC]
12 Dec 1945
  • Concord was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Macabi entered Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States for inactivation overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
13 Dec 1945

United States
  • USS Tunny was decommissioned from service and was placed in the Mare Island Group of the 19th Fleet in reserve. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
14 Dec 1945
  • SS personnel convicted of atrocities at Belsen and other concentration camps were executed by hanging. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Doherty was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cummings was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • George Patton asked his wife Beatrice to prevent Walter Bedell Smith from visiting him at the hospital in Heidelberg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia United States
  • William Halsey was honored with a ticker tape parade in New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Dec 1945
  • The United States ended the rationing of tires. [CPC]
  • Japanese women were allowed to vote. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Dec 1945