6 Mar 1886

Japan
  • Saburo Kurusu was born in Yokohama, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1913
6 Mar 1918
  • British Admiral Kemp, with the full approval of the Murmansk Soviet (and it could be argued with that of Trotsky himself) put 130 Royal Marines ashore, the first Allied troops to set foot on Russian soil. Amidst considerable ceremony the Marines marched through the town to their barracks. Kemps flagship HMS Glory fired a salute to the Red Banner; the salute being cordially returned by a gunnery detail aboard the Russian battleship Chesma. [AC]
6 Mar 1924
  • Lewis Puller was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1932

China
  • China agreed to the League of Nations demand to stop fighting in and near Shanghai, but Japanese forces continued to attack Chinese positions. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Troops of the Chinese 620th and 621st Regiments ambushed Japanese troops, slowing the advance but failing to stop it. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt mandated a bank holiday, originally planned for four working days, to ease the run on US banks. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1933
German SA man guarding arrested communists, Berlin, Germany, 6 Mar 1933
6 Mar 1936

China
  • General Jiro Minami stepped down as the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory and the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kenkichi Ueda was made the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory and the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1938
  • Japanese troops reached the Yellow River in China. [CPC]
  • The modern Spanish Nationalist cruiser Baleares, which was escorting a convoy of merchant ships off the Mediterranean coast near Cartagena, Spain, was sunk by torpedoes launched by Spanish Republican destroyers during the Battle of Cape Palos. [Main Article | AC]
6 Mar 1939
  • Czechoslovakian President Emil Hácha dismissed the Ruthenian government in an attempt to quell nationalist sentiments that was breaking apart his country. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1940
  • Based on a compromise of the original plan, modifications to the German invasion plan of the west were approved by Hitler. [TH]
  • British cruiser HMS Berwick intercepted German freighter Uruguay northeast of Iceland. Just as the boarding began, Uruguay's crew set the ship on fire. Berwick sank Uruguay with gunfire after withdrawing the boarding party and bringing the German crew on board. [CPC]
  • Fighting between Finnish and Soviet forces continued south, east, and west of Viipuri, Finland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dutch submarines O9, O10, and O11 departed from Den Helder Naval Base. Before they left the harbor, O11 collided with the armored tug BV3; 3 men were killed as they were trapped in O11 while she sank. [CPC]
  • The French battleship Jean Bart was launched. [Main Article | AC]
  • Major General Wilhelm S¸ssmann stepped down as the commanding officer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing. [CPC]
Finland
  • Simo Häyhä was shot in the lower left jaw by a Soviet soldier in combat in Finland. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
6 Mar 1941
  • Two British convoys departed from Alexandria, Egypt for Greece; the first convoy, consisted of British cruisers HMS York, HMS Bonaventure, and HMS Gloucester departed with troops to reinforce Greece; the second, consisted of freighters Clan Macauley and Cingalese escorted by destroyers, departed with tanks and equipment. At 0715 hours, an empty convoy returning from Greece to Egypt was attacked by Italian submarine Anfitrite east of Crete; Anfitrite was counterattacked and forced to the surface and was scuttled by her own crew. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMT Keryado hit a mine and sank in the English Channel, killing 9. [CPC]
  • New German laws decreed that Polish farm workers were not to complain, were denied from any cultural events, and were forbidden to have sexual intercourse. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Battleship Bismarck departed Hamburg, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
6 Mar 1942
  • USS Lexington made rendezvous with USS Yorktown and sailed for a raid on Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Yorktown made rendezvous with USS Lexington and sailed for a raid on Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Palau. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Commander Gerald D. Linke was named the commanding officer of USS Helena, relieving Captain Robert Henry English, Jr. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Indomitable launched the Hurricane fighters of No. 30 Squadron for Colombo, Ceylon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-505 sank Norwegian tanker Sydhav off Sierra Leone, British West Africa at 1131 hours; 12 were killed, 24 survived. Also in that morning, Italian submarine Tazzoli sank Dutch freighter Astrea in the Central Atlantic. Tazzoli struck again at 2215 hours, sinking Norwegian ship Tønsberg Fjord; all 33 aboard survived. At 2306 hours, 150 miles south of Iceland, U-701 sank British fishing trawler Rononia, killing all 11 aboard. Italian submarine Finzi sank French tanker Melpomene; all 49 aboard survived. Finally, 50 miles south of Newfoundland, German submarine U-587 sank Greenland merchant ship Hans Egede, killing all 23 aboard. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Merchant ship El Occidente and Soviet anti-submarine whaler Stefa fell out of Allied convoy PQ-12 in poor weather. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian and Japanese troops clashed at various roadblocks near Rangoon, Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese aircraft attacked Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies, damaging Dutch minesweeper Jan van Amstel, killing 23. Dutch sailors scuttled minesweepers C and Pieter de Bitter, also at Surabaya, to prevent capture. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The first conference on the plan to sterilize persons of mixed blood in Germany was held. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Joseph Rochefort's cryptanalytic team at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii began noticing a target location code named AF appearing in Japanese Navy radio messages, and that this target might be struck within a short time. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Norway
  • German battleship Tirpitz and 4 destroyers departed Trondheim, Norway to intercept Allied convoys PQ-12 and QP-8, which departed from Reykjavik in Iceland for Murmansk in Russia and from Murmansk in Russia for Hvalfjörður in Iceland, respectively. The British Royal Navy learned of this departure via Ultra decryption and dispatched a fleet centered around battleships HMS Duke of York, HMS King George V, and HMS Renown to attack. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1942
Group portrait of Kim Gu and other leaders and officers of the Korean Liberation Army, China, 6 Mar 1942Saint Louis off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 6 Mar 1942
6 Mar 1943
  • Axis forces launched a failed pre-emptive strike, Operation Capri, in southeastern Tunisia near Medenine. The operation was canceled by the evening as Rommel concluded that his forces did not have the initiative of battle. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels called off a round of deportation of Jews from Berlin because of public protests at a Jewish home for the aged. He secretly ordered the deportations to resume after a few weeks when public sentiments would have eased off a little. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Croatian Catholic Archbishop Stepinac protested the killing of Jews married to Christians to little effect. [CPC]
  • George Patton was named the commanding officer of the US II Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued survivors of sunken Kiriha Maru and assisted Mitto Maru, which was damaged in the same attack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German 71st Werfer Regiment went into action in support of Field Marshal Rommel's disastrous tank attack on the Eighth Army at Medenine in Tunisia. Personally brought forward by Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) Count Claus von Stauffenberg, later organizer of the 1944 bomb plot against Hitler, the regiment's three batteries were rapidly knocked out by Allied fighter bombers-the dust thrown up by the launching of the Nebelwerfer rockets having revealed their camouflaged positions. [Main Article | AC]
  • The Chindits reached Wuntho-Indaw railway in Burma near Nankan and Pinlebu. They fought off the Japanese units guarding key points of the railway and proceeded to destroy tracks, blasted cliffs to cause rocks to fall onto tracks, mined rail bridges, and destroyed other rail bridges. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light cruiser Astoria was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin was created a Marshal of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | AC]
  • Kanichi Kashimura was shot down by a F4F fighter over the Russell Islands in the Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 49th Fighter Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese aircraft attacked American positions at the Russell Islands in the Solomon Islands for the first time; these positions were manned by the US Marine Corps 11th Defense Battalion. Meanwhile, US warship bombarded the Vila-Munda area in New Georgia. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyers Maikaze and Hamakaze and began repairing destroyer Kawakaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Pollack departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish hit a Japanese ship in the East China Sea with 3 of 7 torpedoes fired; she was lightly damaged by the subsequent depth charging.27,122.5 [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Destroyer Luce was launched at Bethlehem Mariners Harbor, Staten Island, New York, United States. She was sponsored by the wife of Stephen B. Luce, Jr., who was the grandson of Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce, who in turn was the namesake of the ship. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1943
Wildcat aboard Long Island, ready for launching, 6 Mar 1943Map depicting the Battle of Medenine in Tunisia, 6 Mar 1943Covenanter tanks and towed artillery passing through a village during Exercise Spartan, Britain, 6 Mar 1943Covenanter tanks on the side of a road during Exercise Spartan, Britain, 6 Mar 1943
See all photos dated 6 Mar 1943
6 Mar 1944
  • The RAF Bomber Command began a major offensive over France to prepare for the Normandy invasion. [Main Article | TH]
  • HMCS Fennel and HMCS Chilliwack shared in the sinking of the German submarine U-744 in the Atlantic Ocean. [AC]
  • USS Finback completed refitting at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii and departed for her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten arrived at Taihpa, Burma by transport aircraft escorted by 16 fighters to inspect Joseph Stilwell's headquarters; Stilwell privately complained that Mountbatten had used enough fuel on this trip for Stilwell to mount an offensive. Mountbatten would also visit the Walawbum battlefield 25 kilometers to the south. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Dragonet was commissioned into service with Commander Jack Hayden Lewis in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Major General Masatake Kimihira noted in his diary that "more than half of the city has been reduced to ashes", referring to Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Further glider operations brought in more men to join Operation Thursday at the Chowringhee site in Burma. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch West Indies
  • Aircraft of US Navy Task Force 38 conducted a reconnaissance mission over Kagi Airfield in Kagi (now Chiayi), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 730 USAAF bombers attacked Berlin, Germany; 69 aircraft were lost. [Main Article | TH]
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Bf 110 aircraft over Dümmer Lake, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Snook arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1944
Hand-drawn map of Guadalcanal, 6 Mar 1944
6 Mar 1945
  • USS Franklin crossed the International Date Line. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Cat claimed sinking of a 2,000-ton Japanese ship; the credit was removed after the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Third Army reached the Rhine River near Koblenz, Germany, while US First Army captured Köln. [Main Article | TH]
  • A German V-2 rocket hit Raveningham 13 miles southeast of Norwich, England, United Kingdom, causing little harm. It was the last rocket to hit the Norwich area in the war. [CPC]
  • Communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumed power in Romania. [CPC]
  • USS Segundo fired 4 torpedoes at a small Japanese ship in the East China Sea off Korea; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Gen No. 2 was canceled by the Japanese; it was a new campaign against the American fleet using Kaiten special attack submarines. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer fired 3 torpedoes at a Japanese submarine off Taiwan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-307 and her crew received the Red Banner Award, and the commanding officer, M. S. Kainin, received the honorable rank of the Hero of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Major-General Hellmuth Reymann, on Adolf Hitler's direct orders, became the military commander of Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hoe arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth and final war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Hackleback departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Hungary
  • German 2.Panzerarmee and 6.SS-Panzerarmee launched a counterattack toward Budapest, Hungary to relieve the city and to destroy the Hungarian oil supplies nearby to prevent Soviet use. [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • 28 American P-51 Mustang and 12 P-61 Black Widow aircraft landed on Iwo Jima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US fighters based in the Philippine Islands conducted a fighter sweep mission over Koshun Airfield, Takao Prefecture, Taiwan. [Main Article]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1945
Private G. Mills of British 2nd Gloucestershire Regiment with a PIAT launcher, northwestern Europe, 6 Mar 1945AlaskaGunnerCrew of a 40mm quad anti-aircraft machine gun mount of Alaska loaded clips into the loaders of the left pair of guns, off Iwo Jima, 6 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 6 Mar 1945
6 Mar 1946
  • Ho Chi Minh signed an agreement with France which recognized Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union. [CPC]
  • USS Pintado was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1949
  • Milwaukee was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1952

Poland
  • Jürgen Stroop was executed by hanging at the Mokotów Prison in Warsaw, Poland at 1900 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Mar 1953
  • USS Tunny was recommissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Menhaden was recommissioned into service, Lieutenant Commander William R. Werner in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Panteleimon Ponomarenko stepped down from his position at the Soviet Presidium, the successor of the Politburo. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1953
Crew of USS Oriskany fighting a fire caused by a F4U-4 Corsair fighter landing accident, off Korea, 6 Mar 1953
6 Mar 1964
6 Mar 1965
6 Mar 1969

United States
  • USS Wasp arrived at Naval Air Station Quonset Point, Rhode Island, United States. [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Flight deck crew chief giving taxiing instructions to a just-landed TBM-1C Avenger of Torpedo Squadron 81 aboard USS Wasp, 23 Dec 1944; the aircraft had just returned from searching for Typhoon Cobra survivors




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"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

Winston Churchill, on the RAF