21 Oct 1883

  • Gusztáv Jány was born in Rajka, Hungary. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 1914
  • Near Ypres, Belgium, British commanders ordered the troops to fall back in the evening. [CPC]
21 Oct 1916
  • The Austrian Prime Minister Karl Stürgkh was assassinated by Friedrich Adler, the son of the Socialists' leader. Adler was never brought to trial. [AC]
21 Oct 1919

United Kingdom
  • The work on carrier Eagle was paused as Chile negotiated with the United Kingdom to regain ownership of the ship still under construction, offering Ł1,500,000. The British Admiralty rejected the offer after calculating that it would cost Ł2,500,000 to convert the ship back to battleship configuration that Chile wanted to receive. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Roderick Carr was removed from the active list of British Roayl Air Force. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 1929
  • The Do X aircraft took its 70th test flight, breaking a record with 169 people on board. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Oct 1929
Passengers aboard Do X aircraft as it broke a world record of total passengers aboard, on Lake Constance on the border of Germany and Switzerland, 21 Oct 1929Crew and passengers of Do X aircraft, on the Switzerland side of Lake Constance, 21 Oct 1929Passenger boats pulling up next to Do X aircraft on Lake Constance, Altenrhein, Switzerland, 21 Oct 1929Do X aircraft on Lake Constance, Altenrhein, Switzerland, 21 Oct 1929
21 Oct 1937
  • Spanish Republican-held stronghold of Gijón surrendered, allowing the whole northern coast of Spain to pass into Nationalist control. In Gijón harbor, the Spanish Republican destroyer Ciscar was sunk Nationalist aircraft. [Main Article | AC]
21 Oct 1938
  • HMS Gurkha (L52) was commissioned into service with Commander F. R. Parham in command. [AC]
  • Adolf Hitler issued the order to his top military commanders noting that German forces must be ready to seize the remainder of Czechoslovakia and Memel in Lithuania with minimal notice. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured the city of Guangzhou in Southern China nearly unopposed. The city was afire from both heavy Japanese bombing in the previous few days as well as from fires set by the retreating Chinese troops. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured Chinese gunboat Yongji at Xinti, Hubei, China. [CPC]
  • Before dawn, HMS Birmingham sailed along the coast of Gulangyu island, an international zone, near Xiamen, China. At 0800 hours, she sailed into Xiamen harbor between four columns of Japanese war ships by surprise; Birmingham's crew was able to take photographs of classified Japanese naval equipment such as fire controls and radar antennae before the Japanese crew was able to cover them up. At 1100 hours, Birmingham set sail for Hong Kong. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kirishima launched a E8N1 Type 95 floatplane and photographed HMS Birmingham off Xiamen, China. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Oct 1938
Kirishima off Amoy, China, photographed by USS Pillsbury (DD-227), 21 Oct 1938, photo 1 of 3; note battleship Ise in backgroundKirishima off Amoy, China, photographed by USS Pillsbury (DD-227), 21 Oct 1938, photo 2 of 3Kirishima off Amoy, China, photographed by USS Pillsbury (DD-227), 21 Oct 1938, photo 3 of 3Battleship Kongo off Xiamen, Fujian Province, China, 21 Oct 1938; seen from destroyer USS Pillsbury
21 Oct 1939
  • Arthur Greiser was named the Gauleiter of Reichsgau Posen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nobutake Kondo was named the deputy commander of the Navy General Staff. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • British light cruiser HMS Orion and Canadian destroyer HMCS Saguenay located German tanker Emmy Friedrich in the Yucatán Channel, and began to move to intercept. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Erich von Manstein, Chief of Staff of Army Group A, obtained a copy of Plan Yellow whilst passing through Berlin, Germany on his way to set up Army Group A Headquarters at Koblenz. He found little to admire in the plan, considering it to be too much like the strategy of 1914, and even predicting that the advance would bog down at the same place – on the Somme River in France. [Main Article | AC]
  • Germans began deporting Poles from Poznan to make the province "Germanic". [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • The Uranium Advisory Committee in the United States, headed by Lyman Briggs of the National Bureau of Standards, met for the first time. The committee had a budget of US$6,000 at this time. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 1940
  • Italian destroyers Manin, Sauro, Battisti, and Nullo attacked Allied convoy BN-7 in the Red Sea at 0219 hours. Nullo was damaged by HMS Kimberley and Australian sloop HMAS Yarra as the escorts counterattacked; she fled back towards Massawa, Italian East Africa and ran aground, but drew Kimberley close enough to the shore guns to hit the British ship, killing 3. [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMS Waveflower hit a mine and sank off Alderburgh, Suffolk, England; 15 were killed and 7 survived. [CPC]
  • British motor torpedo boat MTB-17 hit a mine and sank off Ostend, Belgium. [CPC]
  • German guns near Calais, France fired 6 shells at Dover, England, United Kingdom between 1400 and 1600 hours; only some of the shells detonated. [CPC]
  • Friedrich Ruge was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Scirč departed La Spezia, Italy for Gibraltar with three manned torpedoes on board. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Between 1100 and 1400 hours, heavy fog limited Germans to small raids against southern England, United Kingdom and kept British fighters on the ground; as the result, bombs were successfully dropped on London, Lancashire, Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Sussex, and Kent; 1 Ju 88 bomber was lost. Overnight, London, Birmingham, Coventry, Wolverhampton, Liverpool, and South Wales were bombed. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 1941
  • Civilian ship Steel Architect was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The cruisers HMS Aurora (Captain W. G. Agnew) and HMS Penelope (Captain A. D. Nicholl) arrived in Malta and with the destroyers HMS Lance and HMS Lively formed a small squadron known as Force K. For some reason Force K always seemed to go to sea on a Saturday. [AC]
  • German submarine U-79 hit British gunboat HMS Gnat with a torpedo 30 miles northwest of Bardia, Libya at 0334 hours, blowing away 20 feet of her bow but caused no casualties. Gnat would be successfully towed back to Alexandria, Egypt where she would serve as a stationary anti-aircraft gun platform. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-123 damaged British armed merchant cruiser HMS Aurania with a torpedo 400 miles west of Ireland at 0428 hours; a lifeboat launched sank with 2 killed, 3 rescued by destroyer HMS Croome, and 1 captured by U-123; Aurania was escorting Allied convoy SL-89 and would be successfully towed to port for repairs. At 2200 hours, German submarine U-82 attacked the same convoy, sinking the ships Serbino (14 were killed, 51 survived) and Treverbyn (all 46 aboard were killed). [CPC]
  • British cruiser HMS Abdiel and destroyers HMS Napier, HMS Hasty, and HMS Decoy departed Alexandria, Egypt with supplies for Tobruk, Libya, returning with men of the Australian 9th Division in the early hours of the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A civilian on the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic spotted a submarine off its coast, but the report was not regarded as important. The submarine was most likely German submarine U-68, which would strike on the next day. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-106 departed Lorient, France. [CPC]
  • The Jager Report (issued on 1 Dec 1941) noted that 718 adult male, 1,063 adult female, and 586 children, all Jews, were killed in Vilnius, Lithuania for a total of 2,367 people. [Main Article | CPC]
Black Sea
  • Soviet submarine M58 hit a mine laid by the Romanians and sank in the Black Sea near the opening of the Danube River, killing all 19 aboard. [CPC]
  • Georg von Küchler was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Troops of the German 6.Armee captured Stalino in the Donets Basin in southern Ukraine. [TH]
21 Oct 1942
  • Captain and Surgeon Masato Honma became the new commanding officer of hospital ship Hikawa Maru. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Prime Minister of South Africa Jan Smuts delivered a speech to both houses of the British Parliament: "The stage is set for the last, for the offensive". [CPC]
  • Iro Ilk was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Major General Mark Clark, aboard British submarine HMS Seraph (which was under disguise as an American submarine), began negotiations with Vichy French commanders in North Africa in preparation of Operation Torch. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Admiral Ernest King notified commanders in the Pacific area commanders that the Joint Chiefs of Staff had agreed to strengthen the air forces in the South Pacific by 1 Jan 1943. [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-307 attacked an Axis convoy in the Gulf of Finland; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Tenryu conducted post-repair trials off Rabaul, New Britain. Upon returning to port, a damaged 8-centimeter anti-aircraft gun mount was replaced. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Baltic Sea
  • Finnish submarine Vesihiisi sank Soviet submarine S-7 southwest of Aland Islands, Finland with one torpedo at 2041 hours; 44 were killed, 4 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 1943 British Western Pacific Territories
  • The personnel of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 was moved to the Russell Islands. [CPC]
China French Indochina Poland
  • 1,007 Jews from the Westerbork camp in the Netherlands arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. There were 87 children, 407 men and women under the age of 50 and 207 older people. After the selection 347 men and 170 women were registered. The other 409 were killed in the gas chambers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Dudley Pound passed away from brain tumor at the Royal Masonic Hospital in London, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Oct 1943
WAVES personnel serving as cheerleaders for the football team of Naval Air Station, Ottumwa, Iowa, United States, 21 Oct 1943. L to R: Virginia Gervais, Dorothy Nicoll, Mary Kneller, and Nancy Lanford
21 Oct 1944
  • German troops surrendered at Aachen, Germany. [TH]
  • Canadian troops captured Breskens, the Netherlands. [Main Article | TH]
  • German Jews who were previously protected by their Aryan spouses were now deported from Germany. [CPC]
  • The German RSHA office ordered that the Gestapo were given the permission to execute foreign laborers. [CPC]
  • USS Segundo arrived at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, ending her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny arrived at Wolfsschanze in East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMAS Australia was hit by a special attack aircraft off the Philippine Islands; it was unsure whether this was a Japanese Army or Navy aircraft as both branches launched tokko attacks on this date. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Chub was commissioned into service, Commander C. D. Rhymes, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her seventh war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell departed Chongqing, China in the afternoon for the United States via India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British V Corps crossed the Savio River in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wasp refueled off Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines Taiwan United States
  • USS Astoria completed her repairs at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Oct 1944
Australian heavy cruisers Shropshire and Australia seen through a gunsight of American cruiser Phoenix, off Leyte, Philippine Islands, 21 Oct 1944Musashi, Yamato, a cruiser, and Nagato at Brunei, Borneo, Oct 1944; cropped photographMusashi, Yamato, a cruiser, and Nagato at Brunei, Borneo, Oct 1944Baltimore overhauled at Mare Island Navy Yard, 21 Oct 1944, cruiser Indianapolis in background
See all photos dated 21 Oct 1944
21 Oct 1945

  • British engineers destroyed the U-Boat pens in Hamburg, Germany. [TH]
21 Oct 1946

Photo(s) dated 21 Oct 1946
Chiang Kaishek and Song Meiling at an airfield in Taiwan, Republic of China, 21 Oct 1946
21 Oct 1949

  • The United States paid 62,176,433.06 Swiss francs (not including US$4,000,000 already paid by Oct 1944) to Switzerland for accidental damage done by American bombers during the war. [CPC]
21 Oct 1963

  • Jean Decoux passed away in Paris, France. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 1987

  • He Yingqin passed away at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China at 0730 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Oct 2007

Photo(s) dated 21 Oct 2007
BM-13 Katyusha rocket launcher on display at Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Kiev, Ukraine, 21 Oct 2007

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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USS Luce final muster list dated June 19, 1945 after the ship was sunk May 4, 1945. Page 07 of 25.

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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944