1 Feb 1908
1 Feb 1909

Japan
  • Settsu, still under construction, was attached to the Kure Naval District in Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1915
  • Queen Elizabeth was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1916
  • Malaya was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1917

United Kingdom
  • James Lacey was born in Wetherby, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | AC]
1 Feb 1918
  • William Halsey was promoted to the rank of commander. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1920
  • The South African air arm was created out of a squadron (1. The Suid Afrikaanse Lugmag) that had been attached to the Royal Flying Corps during the Great War. [AC]
1 Feb 1921

Germany
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of Major. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1923
  • The Italian Fascist Party established the paramilitary Blackshirt legions. [CPC]
1 Feb 1924

Russia
  • The United Kingdom officially recognized the Soviet Union. [CPC]
1 Feb 1926

Kirghizia
  • Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic was formed within Russia. [CPC]
1 Feb 1927

United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt founded the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation in the United States to further the research of poliomyelitis and for the care of poliomyelitis patients. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1928

China
  • He Yingqin was made a member of the construction committee. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Hubert Lanz was promoted to the rank of captain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1929
  • Wilhelm Keitel was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1931
  • Hugo Sperrle was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1932 China
  • Japanese carrier Hosho and the Japanese Navy Destroyer Division 3 arrived off Shanghai, China to support the battles in the city. Also on this day, the United Kingdom and the United States demanded Japan to cease the fighting in Shanghai. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1933

United States
  • US Navy squadron VP-10 based at at Norfolk, Virginia, United States received the first delivery of P2Y-1 flying boat. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1934
  • Werner Mölders was promoted to the rank of Oberfähnrich. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ernst Röhm suggested to the Reich Defence Council that his SA should take over all defence duties and that the German Army be relegated to the task of training his men. [AC]
1 Feb 1938
  • Koichi Shiozawa was named the commanding officer of the Japanese 5th Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was promoted to the rank of Generalmajor. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1939
  • Georg von Bismarck was promoted to the rank of Oberst. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Commander Wilhelm Fröhlich took command of U-36. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Granatiere was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1940
  • Soviet artillery pieces fired 300,000 shells in the Summa sector of the Karelian Isthmus on this date at the start of a new Soviet offensive against the Finnish forces. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-13 torpedoed and sank Swedish steamer Fram in the Aberdour Bay, Scotland at 0143 hours. 9 were killed and 14 were rescued by destroyer HMS Khartoum and armed trawler HMS Viking Deeps. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-59 torpedoed and sank British coaler Ellen M. 20 miles east of Southwold, Suffolk, England, killing the entire crew of 9. [CPC]
  • In Russia the noted stage director, Vsevolod Meyerhold, having been tortured into confessing that he was the leader of an anti-soviet Trotskyite, was convicted in camera, and was executed on the following day. [AC]
  • The keel of refrigerated cargo ship Telemachus was laid down. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille was awarded the Pilot's Badge. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • SS-Reichsführer Himmler ordered inspections of potential sites for a planned concentration camp. Among those inspected was the camp at Oswiecim, Poland, known in German as Auschwitz. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In Britain, the Admiralty took over the responsibility for the building and repair of merchant shipping and concluded an arrangement to buy old cargo ships from the United States. [AC]
  • In the British House of Commons, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain declined to accept a suggestion by Herbert Morrison that a Minister of War Economy should be appointed on the grounds that such a post would do nothing which was not already being done. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • The keel of battleship Alabama was laid down at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1940
Keel laying of battleship Alabama, Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, 1 Feb 1940
1 Feb 1941
  • At Maug Island in the Mariana Islands, Orion received one Japanese-built E8N float plane, purchased from Japan earlier that year, from German ship Munsterland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-48 sank Greek ship Nicolas Angelos with a torpedo and shots from the deck gun south of Iceland at 2215 hours. The crew was took to the lifeboat, which was never found. [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps brigades stationed on the east and west coasts of the United States were reorganized as the 1st and 2nd Marine Divisoins, respectively; it was the first time the USMC organized units on the divisional level. To the south on the island of Cuba, the US Marine Corps 4th Defense Battalion arrived at Guantanamo Bay from Parris Island, South Carolina, United States. [CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Benno Kosch was named the commanding officer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing. [CPC]
  • Captain William Derek Stephens was named the commanding officer of HMS Mauritius. [Main Article | CPC]
Afghanistan
  • Subhas Chandra Bose arrived in Kabul, Afghanistan. [Main Article | CPC]
Italian Eritrea
  • Indian 4th Division captured Agordat, Eritrea, Italian East Africa while Indian 5th Division captured Metemma, Abyssinia. 2nd Lieutenant Premindra Singh Bhagat of the Royal Bombay Sappers and Miners won the first Victoria Cross for the British Indian Army in WW2 for a "...continuous feat of sheer cold courage" clearing 15 minefields and 55 miles of roads in 48 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In Britain, the Air Training Corps was established to provide pre-entry training for cadets over the age of 16 intending to enter the Royal Air Force or Fleet Air Arm. [AC]
1 Feb 1942
  • Soviet Army began attacking towards Vyazma. [TH]
  • Vidkun Quisling formed his government in Norway. [Main Article | TH]
  • PT boats and P-40 aircraft repulsed the Japanese landing attempt on southwest Bataan at the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cruiser Köln began four months of repairs and refits in Wilhelmshaven, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British formed the RAF Regiment to defend airfields as the British Army could not provide such services. This regiment would eventually grow to the size of 50,000 men. [CPC]
  • Mitragliero was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps redesigned Air Detachment, Marine Barracks, Parris Island in South Carolina, United States to the Marine Corps Air Station, Parris Island. [CPC]
  • Dutch forces at Passo, Ambon, Dutch East Indies surrendered. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Christmas Island
  • USS Lexington supported the air offensive against Marshall and Gilbert Islands indirectly by operation in the vicinity of Christmas Island. [Main Article | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • The United States launched its first air offensive against the Gilbert Islands as aircraft from US carriers USS Yorktown and USS Enterprise struck Japanese bases in the island group. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Grampus arrived at Pearl Harbor, Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Iceland
  • Allied convoys PQ-9 and PQ-10 departed Reykjavík, Iceland together. [Main Article | CPC]
Malaya and Singapore
  • Japanese troops reached Singapore, pausing for the following few days to prepare for a landing on the island. Meanwhile, General Arthur Percival announced that "the battle of Malaya has come to an end and the battle of Singapore has started.... Today we stand beleaguered in our island fortress. Our task is to hold this fortress until help can come." [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • The United States launched its first air offensive against the Marshall Islands as aircraft from US carriers USS Yorktown and USS Enterprise struck Japanese bases in the island group. US cruisers USS Northampton, USS Chester, and USS Salt Lake City also bombarded atolls in the Marshall Islands, sinking gunboat Toyotsu Maru and transport Bordeaux Maru and damaging cruiser Katori, submarine I-23, minelayer Tokiwa, and several others. USS Chester sustained damage from a Japanese dive bomber during the attack; 8 were killed, 21 were wounded. [TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1942
US Navy pilot Lt Wilson R. Bartlett of cruiser Chester returning from observation flight to Taroa, Marshall Islands, 1 Feb 1942; note bomb damage in background and wingtips of his SOC Seagull aircraftA column of smoke from burning oil tanks rising above the deserted streets of Singapore, Feb 1942Lieutenant Commander Bill Burch and Ensign Thomas Reeves flying SBD dive bombers over Makin, Gilbert Islands, 1 Feb 1942Soviet troops fighting near Staritsa, Russia, 1 Feb 1942
See all photos dated 1 Feb 1942
1 Feb 1943
  • The 1st Free French Division (later to become the 1st Motorised Division) was established. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese troops began to be evacuated from Guadalcanal by destroyers commanded by Rear Admiral Shintaro. [Main Article | TH]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze evacuated troops from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Joseph Stilwell departed Chongqing, China for India. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Cruiser Köln departed a German port for the Baltic Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • As of this month, 1,622,000 prisoners of war and 4,121,000 foreigners were now serving as forced laborers in Germany. [CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Raid drill. Torpedo Squadron 11 (VT-11; model TBF) departed. Radio transmission facilities usably complete. [Main Article | DS]
Japan New Hebrides
  • USS Columbia arrived at Efate, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Tunny entered waters off China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS De Haven was sunk by Japanese aircraft off Savo Island, Solomon Islands. [AC]
Poland
  • At Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland, SS personnel selected 20 Jewish prisoners who were already working at the crematorium in Auschwitz I and readied them for work in the soon-to-be-ready new crematoriums in Birkenau. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Trapped in the ruins of a department store in Stalingrad, Russia, Friedrich Paulus surrendered along with 16 of his generals; Paulus became the first German field marshal to surrender to an enemy force. The battle for the city had cost the Germans 110,000 dead and 107,000 taken prisoner. The Soviets had lost an estimated 250,000 men and 250,000 civilians. [Main Article | AC]
  • Germans fell back from Demyansk, Russia. [TH]
United States
  • The keel of CV-14, originally destined to be USS Hancock, was laid down at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. [Main Article | DS]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1943
Soviet soldier in makeshift boots, Stalingrad, Russia, 1 Feb 1943US B-17F “All-American” of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 6 of 8.US B-17F “All-American” of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 2 of 8.US B-17F “All-American” of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 3 of 8.
See all photos dated 1 Feb 1943
1 Feb 1944
  • The British Air Headquarters Air Defences Eastern Mediterranean was renamed the Air Headquarters Eastern Mediterranean; Richard Saul remained its commanding officer despite the name change. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franz Kutschera passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Graph was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS Luce departed Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands for Paramushiru, Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The United States Marine Corps established a new 4th Marine Regiment at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal (the original 4th Marine having been lost at Corregidor in the Philippine Islands in 1942) drawing its manpower from the deactivated Raider battalions. [AC]
Italy
  • German 44th Infantry Division fell back near the Rapido River toward Monte Cassino, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A new satellite camp of Auschwitz III (Monowitz), located at the Guenthergrube in Ledziny, Poland opened. This new satellite camp would house 300 prisoners for coal mining for the German industrial firm I. G. Farben. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-56B arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • A personnel office and a naval infantry unit were established at Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1944
Soldiers of the US Army 7th Division moving a 37 mm Gun M3 anti-tank gun on Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, Feb 1944Battleship Washington alongside AR-4 Vestal for initial repairs after colliding with battleship Indiana, 1 Feb 1944Battleship Washington underway with a collapsed bow after colliding with battleship Indiana, 1 Feb 1944M2 Howitzers in action at Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, circa late Jan or early Feb 1944
See all photos dated 1 Feb 1944
1 Feb 1945
  • USS Sea Cat departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army captured Remscheid in Germany, east of Düsseldorf. On the same day, US Seventh Army reached the Moder River and the Siegfried Line/Westwall. [Main Article | TH]
  • Küstrin, Germany, surrounded by Soviet troops, was declared a Fortress City. [Main Article | TH]
  • British fighter ace Robert Roland Stanford Tuck, shot down and captured on 28 Jan 1942, escaped from his prisoner of war camp, subsequently making his way through the Russian lines to the British Embassy in Moscow and then home. [AC]
  • Warspite was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho arrived at Tokuyama, Japan, refueled, and departed to conduct a training exercise as a target vessel. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Commander Jacob Wilson Waterhouse relieved Commander Hinton A. Owens as the commanding officer of USS Luce. [Main Article | CPC]
Bulgaria
  • Bulgarian People's Court found Dobri Bozhilov guilty of being a traitor to Bulgaria and sentenced him to death. The execution was carried out later on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bulgarian People's Court found Bogdan Filov guilty of being a traitor to Bulgaria and sentenced him to death. The execution was carried out later on the same day. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Captain Thomas Howell Binford was named the commanding officer of USS Miami while the ship was at sea south of Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Taiwan District Army was formed within the Japanese Tenth Area Army with the former commanding officer General Rikichi Ando of the former Taiwan Army at its head. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Segundo departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1945
Eisenhower at his headquarters, 1 Feb 1945Map showing the summary of Allied campaigns and Japanese dispositions in the Pacific Ocean as of 1 Feb 1945Men of D Company, 1st Battalion, British London Irish Rifles regiment preparing to fire a PIAT launcher during a training exercise, Forlì, Italy, 1 Feb 1945B-24J Liberator “Vera L” and other aircraft from the 27th Bomb Squadron drop 55-gallon drums filled with gasoline on Iwo Jima to burn off the plant growth in advance of the landings to come two weeks later, Feb 1 1945.
1 Feb 1946
  • Isherwood was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Soviet prosecutors in Nürnberg, Germany brought out Friedrich Paulus and Erich Buschenhagen by surprise as witnesses in the war crimes trials. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1947
  • Renshaw was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Roderick Carr retired from military service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Saint Paul conducted training operations off San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1948
  • Vittorio Veneto was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1950
  • USS Missouri was refloated; she had accidentally grounded off Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States on 17 Jan 1950. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1955

United States
  • USS Barbero entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, California, United States for conversion to launch Regulus nuclear cruise missiles. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
1 Feb 1957

Germany
  • Friedrich Paulus passed away in Dresden, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1960

France
  • Pierre Barjot passed away in the Neuilly-sur-Seine commune of Paris, France. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1961
1 Feb 1966

Puerto Rico
  • USS Wasp entered Roosevelt Roads Naval Base in Puerto Rico to evaluate damages caused by a storm. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
1 Feb 1968

United States
  • USS Sea Robin completed a scheduled overhaul at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
1 Feb 1969

Japan
  • Morihiro passed away of lung cancer at St. Luke's Medical Center in Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1971

United States
  • USS Saint Paul arrived at Bremerton, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1972

United States
  • Joseph McNarney passed away in La Jolla, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1973

United States
  • Bergall (TCG Ceryah Botu) was struck from US Naval Register. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 1991
  • New Jersey was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Feb 2009

Philippines
  • The US Navy announced the discovery of the wreck of USS Flier in the Balabac Strait, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | AC, CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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