7 Jul 1911

  • The German ambassador in Paris, France informed the French Government that Germany had no territorial aspirations in Morocco and would negotiate for a French protectorate. [AC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold set an altitude record of 990 meters, or 3,260 feet. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1920

  • Finland recognized the Republic of Estonia. [CPC]
7 Jul 1922

  • In the Soviet Union, the OO (Special Department, a military intelligence service) was divided into two departments, the OO for military counterintelligence and the KRO (Counterintelligence Department) for domestic counterintelligence. [CPC]
7 Jul 1927

  • The county of Shanghai in China was raise to a city status. [CPC]
7 Jul 1931

United States
  • US Navy issued an order from Consolidated Aircraft for 23 P2Y-3 aircraft. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1932

  • Dupleix was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1934
  • German SS official Theodor Eicke was appointed the Inspector of Concentration Camps and of SS Guard Associations. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1937
  • The USAAC placed an order for 210 Curtiss P-36A fighters, which was the largest US peacetime contract ever awarded for fighter aircraft up to that date. [Main Article | AC]
  • Even though the missing Japanese soldier suspected to have been captured by the Chinese near Beiping turned up, none of the Japanese officers at the regimental level were informed. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
7 Jul 1938

United States
7 Jul 1940
  • Italy granted France permission to keep her Mediterranean bases armed. [TH]
  • Kanalkampf: Six British fighters were shot down during aerial battles with German aircraft, killing four. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-99 sank British ship Sea Glory at the very start of the day, killing the entire crew of 29. Toward the end of the day, U-99 struck again, sinking Swedish ship Bissen 80 miles south of Cape Clear, Ireland; the entire crew of 20 survived. Also on this date, U-34 sank Dutch tanker Lucrecia 100 miles west of Land's End in southwestern England, United Kingdom, killing 2; 30 survivors were later rescued by Portuguese ship Alfarrarede. [Main Article | CPC]
  • René-Émile Godfroy agreed to keep the French Navy Force X at Alexandra, Egypt, which included the battleship Lorraine and four cruisers, according to British demands. Godfroy secured Andrew Cunningham's pledge that the ships would remain under Godfroy's command and that the sailors would be repatriated. [Main Article | CPC]
French West Africa
  • Operation Catapult: British Swordfish torpedo bombers from carrier HMS Hermes attacked the French battleship Richelieu in dock at Dakar, French West Africa. A torpedo hit caused a 40-foot hole, bringing her to the bottom of the harbor (the harbor was shallow enough for her to be refloated shortly after). [Main Article | CPC]
  • After dark, a boat from HMS Hermes attempted to drop depth charges underneath French battleship Richelieu in Dakar, French West Africa; the attack was not successful. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS H43 landed Lieutenant Hubert Nicolle on the Channel Island of Guernsey during the night to collect intelligence for the planned commando raid code named Operation Ambassador. [CPC]
United States
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt informed the US Congress that he intended to deploy a US Marine Corps brigade to Iceland. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1941
  • Stalin replaced top army commanders, putting Marshal Kliment Voroshilov in command of the Northern Front, Marshal Semyon Timoshenko in the Central Front, and Marshal Semyon Budyonny on the Southern Front. On the same day, the German 4.Panzergruppe captured Pskov, Russia as it moved towards Leningrad. [Main Article | TH]
  • Reversing former statements, Maxim Litvinov broadcasted from Moscow in English that the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom must work together against Germany. [TH]
  • US Marine Corps organized Marine Air Group 1. [CPC]
  • With one of his engines on fire, second pilot Sergeant James Ward tied a rope around himself and climbed out onto the wing of his Wellington bomber to extinguish the flames. Although he was badly burned, the aircraft made it home. The New Zealander is awarded the Victoria Cross but never received the medal, being killed on a raid two months later. [AC]
  • Occupied Yugoslavia was carved up between Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria, with Croatia becoming an independent state. [AC]
  • British bombers attacked Münster, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • After sundown, German bombers attacked Southampton, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Jürgen Stroop was assigned to the infantry regiment of German 3rd SS Division Totenkopf. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German 20th Panzer Division crossed the Daugava River (Western Dvina), threatening to outflank the Polotsk Fortified Region in Byelorussia. [Main Article | CPC]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • Australian troops outflanked French positions at Damour, Lebanon. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Iceland, coerced by the United Kingdom, allowed the United States to oversee the defense of the island. US 1st Marine Brigade arrived later on the same day and began to relieve the British garrison. [CPC]
  • General Seishiro Itagaki was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea, relieving Kotaro Nakamura. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Marine Corps established the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing at Quantico, Virgina, United States under Lieutenant Colonel Louis E. Woods. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1942
  • German submarine U-571 sank British ship Umtata, in tow by US tug Edmund J. Moran, 10 miles off Miami, Florida, United States at 0900 hours; all 92 aboard survived. US Army Hudson aircraft sank German submarine U-701 with 3 depth charges (2 hits) 20 kilometers southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States at 1500 hours; 29 were killed, 17 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Kendari, Celebes. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Weather caused further postponement of Dieppe raid. [Main Article | TH]
  • As units of the German 4.Panzerarmee entered Voronezh, Russia, the Soviet Stavka created the Voronezh Front under General Konstantin Rokossovsky to fill the gap between the Southwest Front and the Bryansk Front. Elsewhere, the German Armeegruppe A began its drive to the Donets Basin in eastern Ukraine. [Main Article | TH]
  • Saratoga departed Pearl Harbor for the South Pacific. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In an effort to make more new B-29 bombers available for operational use for the US Army, the US Navy canceled its orders for such aircraft for research purposes. Instead, the US Navy will received a number of existing B-24, B-25, and B-34 aircraft from the US Army. [CPC]
  • British Royal Navy Commander Anthony C.C. Miers was awarded the Victoria Cross for valour when commanding HM submarine Torbay in a daring and successful raid on shipping in an enemy harbour in Greece. [AC]
  • Norwegian tanker Herborg, captured by German armed merchant cruiser Thor off the western coast of Australia on 19 Jun 1942 and renamed Hohenfriedberg, arrived at Japan with a prize crew. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-457 sank abandoned British fleet oiler RFA Alderdale of Allied convoy PQ-17 with her deck gun in the Barents Sea. In the same area, U-355 sank British ship Hartlebury (8 were killed, 52 survived, but only 20 would remain alive before being rescued) also of PQ-17. U-255 also attacked PQ-17 ships, sinking US ship Alcoa Ranger (all 40 aboard survived). Finally, Allied convoy QP-13 arrived at Reykjavík, Iceland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-31 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her third war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler authorized sterilization experiments to take place at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group from USS Saratoga arrived [Main Article | DS]
7 Jul 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul and then Kavieng, departing later in the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • At Wolf's Lair, German rocket research team leader Walter Dornberger presented his research to Hitler and successfully convinced him to give rocket research and production a high priority. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-759 sank Dutch cargo ship Poelau Roebiah of Allied convoy TAG-70 east of Jamaica; 2 were killed and 68 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell presented Chiang Kaishek and He Yingqin the Legion of Merit medals. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The broken-off bow of USS Helena sank in Kula Gulf northwest of New Georgia. A US Navy PB4Y-1 Liberator aircraft dropped lifejackets and four rubber lifeboats to survivors in the area of the bow. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • At the Wolfsschanze headquarters in Rastenburg, Germany, Werhner von Braun and Walter Dornberger presented Adolf Hitler a film of a V-2 rocket launch. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Second commanding officer, Capt DS MacMahan USN, assumed command. Five splinter-proof shelters on beach completed. [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank Banshu Maru No. 33 off Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired; another transport was damaged with 2 of 2 torpdoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet Il-2M aircraft, attacking in huge numbers, destroyed some seventy tanks of the German 9th Panzer Division in just twenty minutes during the Battle of Kursk. German aircraft also saw much action, with He 111 tactical bombers alone flew 178 sorties. [Main Article | AC, CPC]
United States
  • General Henri Giraud arrived in Washington DC, United States for conferences with President Franklin Roosevelt. [Main Article | AC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1943
WAVES personnel Bernice Garrott marking off an aircraft check-off list, Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington, United States, 7 Jul 1943; note SNB-1 training aircraftLaunching of Liberty Ship SS John Stagg at the facilities of Delta Shipbuilding Company, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 7 Jul 1943US Marine Corps 155 mm Howitzer Carriage M1917 or M1918 howitzer under tow, Rendova, Solomon Islands, 7 Jul 1943Admiral Walden Ainsworth speaking at the funeral service for Irwin Edwards, who died of wounds sustained during USS Helena
See all photos dated 7 Jul 1943
7 Jul 1944
  • American attacks near Carentan, France were held off by German counterattacks. In support of ground troops and to prepare for a new offensive to be launched on the next day, RAF bombers dropped 2,300 tons of explosives on the Germans in and around Caen, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo attacked a Japanese convoy off Luzon, Philippine Islands during the night, sinking destroyer Tamanami by hitting her with 3 of 8 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Miklós Horthy suspended the deportation of Hungarian Jews to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Raoul Wallenberg departed for Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Basilone and Lena Mae Riggi completed the application for a marriage certificate. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Becuna detected a hostile submarine in the Atlantic Ocean and fired four torpedoes at the target; all torpedoes missed and contact with the enemy submarine was lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler attended an inspection of newly designed uniforms at Schloss Klessheim at Wals-Siezenheim, Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A large raid to attack targets in the Leipzig, Germany area by the US 8th Air Force with 1,129 B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator bombers and more than 700 escorts was met by a Gefechtsverband, led by Major Walther Dahl. Among the total of about ninety Luftwaffe fighters committed was the newly raised IV (Sturm)/JG3, an elite unit of volunteer pilots flying Fw 190A-8 aircraft armed with 30mm cannon, firing high explosive shells, and with additional armour protection to enable them to get within close range of their target. The Fw 190 fighters would attack the rear of the bomber bomber stream while two Bf 109 Gruppen kept the American fighters at bay. The tactic proved successful with eleven B-24 bombers of the low squadron destroyed within a minute and, by the end of the day, the 2nd Air Division had suffered 28 Liberators lost at a cost of nine IV/JG3 fighters shot down and three damaged. [Main Article | AC]
  • Lieutenant General Kotoku Sato was relieved for the defeat at Kohima, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank 13 Japanese sampans and a small patrol vessel with her deck gun in the Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Six trains carrying 14,846 Hungarian Jews (3,077 from Sopron, 2,793 from Pápa, 1,072 from Paks, 3,549 from Monor, 3,151 from Óbuda, and 2,204 from Sárvár) acrossed into occupied Poland, destined for the Auschwitz Concentration Camp. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Southampton, England, United Kingdom was attacked by a V-1 flying bomb air-launched from a Heinkel He.111 aircraft but causing little damage. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Wisconsin departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States for Trinidad in the British West Indies. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt had dinner with Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, Ana Roosevelt Boettiger, and John Boettiger in Washington DC, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1944
View of the market at the Place du Chateau, Cherbourg, 7 Jul 1944An oil dump exploding at Garapan, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 7 Jul 1944General Bernard Montgomery pins the British Military Medal on the uniform on T/Sgt Philip Streczyk of the US First Division for extraordinary gallantry on Omaha Beach, Normandy, France, on D-Day.  Award presented Jul 7 1944.
7 Jul 1945
  • USS Trepang sank Japanese freighter Koun Maru Number Two; the subsequent attack by depth charges from an aircraft resulted in no damage to the submarine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The J8M Shusui/Ki-200 fighter took its first flight; the aircraft stalled in flight and was destroyed after a unsuccessful crash landing. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan detected a hostile submarine south of Japan and attacked with 6 torpedoes; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Four of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 began to be towed from Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hackleback fired 73 shells against Japanese positions on Koto Sho (now Lanyu "Orchid" Island), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US B-24 bombers attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS R-1 departed Groton, Connecticut, United States for the Fleet Sonar School at Key West, Florida, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale departed Guam, Mariana Islands to conduct lifeguard patrols. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1945
Truman aboard USS Augusta en route to Potsdam Conference, 7 Jul 1945, 1 of 3Truman aboard USS Augusta en route to Potsdam Conference, 7 Jul 1945, 2 of 3Truman aboard USS Augusta en route to Potsdam Conference, 7 Jul 1945, 3 of 3The war damaged Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church, Berlin, Germany, 7 Jul 1945
7 Jul 1946
  • The trial against Arthur Greiser at the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland ended. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1948

United States
  • Sable was sold to H. H. Buncher Company for scrapping. [Main Article | DS]
7 Jul 1950

Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1950
Lieutenant General Walton Walker and Major General William Dean at an advance airfield near Taejon, Korea, 7 Jul 1950
7 Jul 1952

Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1952
Decommissioning ceremony of USS Bluegill, 7 Jul 1952; note USS Rock berthed next to her
7 Jul 1962

United States
  • Captain James G. Daniels III was named the commanding officer of USS Ticonderoga. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1964

United States
  • The government of the state of Alabama, United States ceremonially took over ownership of battleship Alabama at Seattle, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jul 1965

Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1965
USS Canberra returning to San Diego, California, United States after her first Vietnam War deployment, 7 Jul 1965
7 Jul 1967

Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1967
Lynn Garrison flying a F4U-7 Corsair fighter with three A-7A-4a-CV Corsair II jet attack aircraft, 7 Jul 1967
7 Jul 2007

Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 2007
Oil on canvas portrait of MacArthur, on display at the National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC, United States; portrait circa 1952, photograph taken 7 Jul 2007Oil on canvas portrait of Patton, on display at the National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC, United States; portrait circa 1945, photograph taken 7 Jul 2007

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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St Lo exploded after hit by bomb or kamikaze, possibly of Seki, 25 Oct 1944

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"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944