2 Oct 1871
2 Oct 1882

Russia
  • Boris Shaposhnikov was born in Zlatoust, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1886
2 Oct 1887
2 Oct 1900
2 Oct 1918
2 Oct 1935
  • The French Battleship Dunkerque was launched at Brest shipyard in France. [Main Article | AC]
2 Oct 1936
  • Werner Mölders received the Dienstauszeichnung 4th Class award. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Georg von Küchler was made the deputy president of the military court system. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1937

China
  • Japanese 2nd Brigade of the Chahar Expeditionary Force attacked Gouxian, Shanxi, China, defended by Chinese 19th Army. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft sank Chinese gunboat Chuyou at Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1939
  • Searaven was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Friedrich Ruge was awarded clasp to his Iron Cross 1st Class medal. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1939
Arthur Greiser in Posen, Wartheland, Germany (now Poznań, Poland) shortly after German conquest, 2 Oct 1939Rundstedt and Blaskowitz reviewing the German victory parade before the opera house in Warsaw, Poland, 2 Oct 1939
2 Oct 1940
  • British destroyers HMS Havock and HMS Hasty sank Italian submarine Berillo 50 miles south of Crete, Greece; all 45 aboard Berillo were rescued. [CPC]
  • British cruisers HMS Orion and HMS Sydney bombarded the Italian-controlled port of Maltezana, Stampalia, Greece. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-32 sank British ship Kayeson 400 miles west of Ireland at 1825 hours; the crew abandoned ship in lifeboats but none were seen again. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Patton was promoted to the temporary rank of brigadier general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler ordered Hans Frank and other Nazi officials in occupied Poland to keep the standard of living low and to deprive the Polish population of education, for that the Polish people were now mere low laborers of Germany. Additionally, he ordered that the Polish gentry to be exterminated. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A German Ju 88 bomber became lost in the darkness during an early-morning reconnaissance mission and landed at Brightlingsea, Essex, England, United Kingdom at 0630 hours and was captured. During the day, the German Luftwaffe launched 6 raids of Bf 109 and Bf 110 fighters and fighter-bombers against London and Kent in southern England; only one of the raids contained bombers. The Germans lost 5 bombers and 5 Bf 109 aircraft, while the British lost 1 fighter without the loss of its pilot. Overnight, London, Manchester, and Newcastle were bombed. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1941
  • The remainder of the German Armeegruppe Mitte launched Operation Typhoon, the attack on Moscow, Russia. Meanwhile, the German Panzergruppe 2 under General Guderian was split into two pincers at Sevsk, Russia; the northern pincer moved toward Bryansk while the northeastern pincer moved toward Orel. [Main Article | TH]
  • After sundown, in England, United Kingdom, German bombers attacked the Tyneside and Tees-side areas in northern England (50 were killed, 250 buildings were destroyed, shipbuilding and repairing facilities at South Shields severely damaged) and Dover area in southeastern England (10 killed). [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-94 chased and attacked British tanker San Florentino 600 miles west of Ireland over a course of six hours, sinking her at 0552 hours; 23 were killed, 35 survived. 250 miles east of Iceland at 0652 hours, German submarine U-562 sank British catapult armed merchant ship Empire Wave; 29 were killed, 31 survived. At 0709 hours, west of Ireland, German submarine U-575 sank Dutch merchant ship Tuva; 1 was killed, 34 survived. [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Perseus sank German ship Castellon 60 miles west of Benghazi, Libya. [CPC]
  • The third Messerschmitt Me 163A rocket-powered prototype aircraft, piloted by Heini Dittmar, achieved an unofficial world speed record of 623.85 mph. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • The keel of Britain's last battleship, HMS Vanguard, was laid down at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. [AC]
2 Oct 1942
  • US Marine 5th Defense Battalion occupied Funafuti, Ellice Islands. [CPC]
  • USS Grampus began her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-307 attacked Finnish merchant ship Wanda in the Sea of Åland; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The troopship Queen Mary collided with (and sank) one of her escorts, the light cruiser HMS Curacoa, off the Irish coast with the loss of 239 lives. [Main Article | AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USAAF B-17 Flying Fortress bombers of 19th Bomb Group of US 5th Air Force from Port Moresby, Australian Papua attacked Rabaul, New Britain between 0440 and 0510 hours, damaging Japanese light cruiser Tenryu with a hit at the stern, killing 22 and wounding 26. Auxiliary repair ship Hakkai Maru would provide Tenryu with temporary repairs. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Caroline Islands Russia
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Ju 88 bomber and a Bf 109 fighter over Stalingrad, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Bell P-59 Airacomet jet fighter took flight for the first time at Muroc Dry Lake, California, United States. The test pilot was Robert Stanley. The first turbojet-driven aircraft to be built in the USA, the P-59 fighter proved unacceptable as a stable gun platform and was quickly relegated to a training role where it would provide the USAAF with a nucleus of trained jet pilots for later aircraft. [AC, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1942
Smoke rising from various districts of Stalingrad, Russia, Oct 1942, photo 1 of 5Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber over Stalingrad, Russia, 2 Oct 1942Smoke rising from various districts of Stalingrad, Russia, Oct 1942, photo 5 of 5Smoke rising from various districts of Stalingrad, Russia, Oct 1942, photo 4 of 5
See all photos dated 2 Oct 1942
2 Oct 1943
  • USS Cod arrived at Brisbane, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Orders were given by the German government to deport Danish Jews to concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • RAF aircraft bombed München, Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Louis Mountbatten departed Northolt, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Eight of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 arrived at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • Ar 234V-2 jet bomber suffered a fire in its wing and crashed at Rheine Airfield north of Munster, Germany, killing test pilot Flugkapitän Selle. [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British commandos landed near Termoli, Italy. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
2 Oct 1944
  • 2nd Canadian Infantry Division marched north from Antwerp, Belgium toward South Beveland, the Netherlands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Mingo sank four small Japanese ships with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Friedrich Christiansen ordered a raid on the village of Putten, Gelderland, the Netherlands as retaliation for the killing of his subordinate Leutnant Sommers by resistance fighters. Many civilians were subsequently executed and 661 men were deported to labor camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wisconsin was attached to the US Navy Pacific Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • P-47 fighters of USAAF 386th Fighter Squadron encountered the Me 262 jet fighter flown by Oberfeldwebel Hieronymus Lauer; US pilot Val Beaudrault shot down Lauer. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Cassin Young arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Marcus Island departed Palau Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Finland
  • In Lapland, Finland, General Lothar Rendulic ordered the German 20th Mountain Army to open hostilities against the Finnish III Army Corps. [Main Article | AC]
Italy
  • US 5th Army reached Monghidoro, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Philippines Poland
  • The Warsaw Uprising ended in failure after 63 days of fighting largely due to lack of food and ammunition. 15,200 insurgents and 200,000 civilians were killed, while the German occupation forces suffered 16,000 killed. Many buildings were destroyed in the fighting. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Vsevolod Merkulov submitted a report to Lavrentiy Beria detailing the intelligence he had gained from an American atomic scientist. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1944
Hodges at Verviers, Belgium, 2 Oct 1944
2 Oct 1945
  • Dwight Eisenhower informed George Patton that Eisenhower was to announce Patton's transfer from US 3rd Army to US 15th Army on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1945
Collapsed Ki-21 bomber, Penfoei, Timor, Dutch East Indies, 2 Oct 1945; the aircraft had an accident while bringing General K. Yamada to Timor for the surrender ceremony without anyone being hurt
2 Oct 1947

France
  • Capitaine de vaisseau Beaussant was named the commanding officer of Jeanne d'Arc. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1948

Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1948
Harry Truman with his wife Bess and daughter Margaret waving from the train during the 1948 Presidential campaign, somewhere in the United States, 2 Oct 1948
2 Oct 1950

Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1950
F4U-4B Corsair fighter of US Navy squadron VF-113 in flight over USS Missouri, Inchon, Korea, 2 Oct 1950, photo 1 of 2F4U-4B Corsair fighter of US Navy squadron VF-113 in flight over USS Missouri, Inchon, Korea, 2 Oct 1950, photo 2 of 2
2 Oct 1952

United States
  • USS Charr arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1954
  • Captain Claude Ricketts was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Oct 1967

United States
  • USS Sea Robin entered Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
2 Oct 1975

Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 1975
Empress Kojun, First Lady Betty Ford, Emperor Showa, and President Gerald Ford walking toward the East Room of the White House, Washington DC, US, 2 Oct 1975, photo 2 of 2Empress Kojun, First Lady Betty Ford, Emperor Showa, and President Gerald Ford walking toward the East Room of the White House, Washington DC, US, 2 Oct 1975, photo 1 of 2US President Gerald Ford shaking hands with baseball player Gerald Ford at the White House, Washington DC, United States, 2 Oct 1975; note Emperor Showa and Betty Ford (partially hidden) also present
2 Oct 2010

Photo(s) dated 2 Oct 2010
Spitfire and Hurricane fighters on display at the San Francisco International Airport, California, United States, 2 Oct 2010, photo 1 of 2Spitfire and Hurricane fighters on display at the San Francisco International Airport, California, United States, 2 Oct 2010, photo 2 of 2Liberty ship Jeremiah OLiberty ship Jeremiah O

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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"All that silly talk about the advance of science and such leaves me cold. Give me peace and a retarded science."

Thomas Dodd, late 1945