2 Sep 1878
2 Sep 1892

Australia
  • Edmund Herring was born in Maryborough, Victoria, Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1909
  • Chuichi Nagumo was assigned to armored cruiser Nisshin. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1916
  • George Brett transferred to the Aviation Section of the US Army Signal Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1917
  • Wolfgang Kapp and Alfred von Tirpitz established the Fatherland Party with the aim of rekindling the militaristic spirit of 1914 by appealing for National unity to achieve a German victory. [AC]
2 Sep 1918

Russia
  • The VCheKa (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution, Speculation, Sabotage and Misconduct in Office) issued the order to arrest members of all political parties except for the Bolsheviks, businessmen, land owners, and priests, setting the precedence for similar mass-arrests of "enemies of the people" of the Stalin-era. [CPC]
2 Sep 1919

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler joined the German Workers' Party (German: Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, or simply DAP). [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1920

Latvia
  • The Russo-Polish peace talk moved to Riga, Latvia as the extent of the Bolshevik military defeat became known. [AC]
2 Sep 1937
  • Craven was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The F4F Wildcat fighter took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
2 Sep 1939
  • The Germans began the construction of Stutthof Concentration Camp with labor of 65,000 Polish Christians. [Main Article | CPC]
Danzig
  • Germany annexed the Free City of Danzig. Adolf Hitler advised the United Kingdom and France that he would withdraw from Poland if allowed to keep Danzig and the Polish corridor. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Italy
  • Benito Mussolini continued to urge peace between Germany, United Kingdom, and France, without any success. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom passed the National Service Act. [TH]
  • During the day, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and French Prime Minister Édouard Daladier issued a joint ultimatum to Germany, demanding the withdraw of troops from Poland within 12 hours. During the late hours of the night, Chamberlain attempted to convince Dalalier to carry out the threat from the earlier ultimatum by declaring war on Germany early in the next morning. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • The Times Literary Supplement reported that the copy of the Magna Carta owned by the Lincoln Cathedral of England, United Kingdom, currently on display at the 1939 New York World's Fair, would remain in the United States under the care of the Library of Congress for the duration of the war. It would be stored at Fort Knox until its return to Lincoln in 1944. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1939
Sailors inspected damage on Schleswig-Holstein caused by Polish coastal batteries of Hel Penninsula, Sep 1939German women living in Poland giving bread to German soldiers, Poland, 2 Sep 1939German soldiers carrying MG34 machine guns, Poland, Sep 1939
2 Sep 1940
  • Battle of Britain: In the morning, German bombers attacked Eastchurch (destroyed buildings and down to only one runway), Rochford (bombs fell on Gravesend instead of the airfield), Northweald (most bombers forced back), and Biggin Hill (suffered heavy damage). In the afternoon, Hornchurch (most bombs missed), Eastchurch (bomb dump detonated), and the Vickers bomber factory at Brooklands, Weybridge, Surrey was attacked. On this day, the RAF shot down 27 German fighters and 10 bombers, while British anti-aircraft fire shot down a further 1 fighter and 3 bombers; 20 RAF fighters were shot down, with 10 pilots killed. Overnight, German bombers attacked Liverpool, Manchester, and Sheffield. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Sturgeon sank German troop ship Pionier off Skagen, Denmark at 2000 hours. Most of the 750 to 1,000 German troops aboard Pionier, en route to Frederiksstad, Norway, were killed. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-47 sank Belgian ship Ville de Mons with four torpedoes 200 miles west of Isle of Lewis, Scotland at 1900 hours. All 54 aboard survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-58 departed Lorient, France; only 30 miles out of the port, she was detected by British submarine HMS Tigris, which fired a spread of torpedoes at her; all torpedoes missed. German submarine U-46 sank British ship Thornlea 200 miles northwest of Ireland at 2200 hours, killing 3; 19 survivors were rescued by Canadian destroyer HMCS Skeena, while another 14 survivors would be rescued on the following day by the Norwegian ship Hild. 200 miles west of the Isle of Lewis, Scotland, United Kingdom, German submarine U-47 sank Belgian ship Ville de Mons with four torpedoes at 1900 hours; all 54 aboard survived. Far to the south, German armed merchant cruiser Widder sank British tanker Cymbeline with the deck gun and a torpedo in the Central Atlantic 800 miles west of the Canary Islands, killing 7; Widder remained in the area for four hours and rescued 26 survivors. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt approved the "destroyers for bases" deal with the United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Secretary of State Hull and British Ambassador Lord Lothian concluded the destroyers-for-bases deal. The United States was to provide the United Kingdom with 50 WW1-era destroyers; the United Kingdom, in return, was to provide 99-years leases on land in the Bahamas, Antigua, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Jamaica, and British Guiana to build American military bases and to provide land in Newfoundland and Bermuda as gifts to the US. Planning was quickly placed in motion for the dispatch of US Marine Corps units to these newly gained future bases. [CPC]
  • No. 25 and 29 Squadrons RAF each received their first Beaufighter fighters. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille shot down a British Spitfire fighter, his second kill, over Kent, England, United Kingdom. He received minor damage in the engagement and ran out of fuel, but successfully crash landed on a beach near Calais, France. [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Lacey shot down two German Bf 109 fighters and a Do 17 aircraft over Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Josef Frantisek, flying a Hurricane fighter, scored his first kill, a German Bf 109E fighter, as a RAF pilot. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1941

France
  • RAF bombers began daylight bombing of targets in northern France. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1941
German soldier capturing a Soviet soldier near the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union, 2 Sep 1941; note MP 40 submachine gunMajor General Arthur Allen, commander of Australian 7th Division, and Lieutenant Colonel Murray Moten, commander of Australian 2/27th Infantry Battalion, Hammana, Lebanon, 2 Sep 1941
2 Sep 1942
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Lorenco Marques, Portuguese East Africa. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • G1 and T1 Patrols of the British Long Range Desert Group departed from Faiyum, Egypt for a raiding mission against the Italian base at Barce, Libya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first Hawker Tempest Mk V (HM595) aircraft flew for the first time. One of the fastest fighters of the war, the Tempest entered service in Apr 1944. [Main Article | AC]
  • A British Sunderland aircraft attacked Italian submarine Reginaldo Giuliani on the surface in the Bay of Biscay west of France at 1244 hours, damaging the submarine; 2 were killed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-29 sank British ship Gazcon in the mouth of the Gulf of Aden; killing 12. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • On the coast of Milne Bay in Australian Papua, Australian troops halted their attack on the Japanese beachhead near Waga Waga. Further inland, Australians 2/14th and 2/16th Battalions fell back from Eora along the Kokoda Track. [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US B-17 bombers damaged Japanese minelayer Tsugaru in the northern Solomon Islands; 14 were killed. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yuzuki departed Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish attacked a Japanese ship off Truk, Caroline Islands; both torpedoes fired hit the target, but none detonated. She was damaged during the counterattack. [Main Article | CPC]
Danzig
  • German training submarine U-222 sank in Danzig Bay north of Danzig, Germany after colliding with training submarine U-626; 42 were killed, 3 survived. [CPC]
Egypt
  • Armored cars of 4/8th Hussars of British 4th Armoured Brigade penetrated Axis lines near Alam el Halfa, Egypt, destroying 57 German supply trucks near Himeimat. Erwin Rommel decided that he would withdraw since he could not gain initiative in battle. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille shot down a Hurricane fighter (Pilot Officer G. R. Dibbs) and two P-40 fighters (US 1st Lieutenant M. McMarrel serving in South African Air Force and British Lieutenant Stuart) in his morning sortie between 0916 and 0924 hours over El Alamein, Egypt. In the afternoon sortie, he shot down two more P-40 fighters (Lieutenant E. H. D. Carman and Lieutenant J. Lindbergh) over El Imayid, Egypt. At the end of the day his score stood at 126. Also on this date, his superiors nominated him for Diamonds to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 200 British bombers attacked Karlsruhe, Germany, destroying many buildings and killing 73 civilians; 8 bombers were lost on this mission. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Guardfish sank Japanese freighter Teikyu Maru 13 miles off of Hokkaido, Japan at 0844 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Saipan, Mariana Islands to escort carrier Unyo to Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • German 46th Infantry Division crossed Strait of Kerch and landed on the Taman Peninsula in southern Russia via 24 landing barges and other small boats. Meanwhile, German 17th Army moved toward Novorossiysk. As the Soviets evacuated from nearby ports, Italian and German surface vessels intercepted some of the convoys, sinking Soviet gunboats Oktybar and Rostov-Don. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Flagship of Soviet Northern Sea Route Dezhnev, disabled by Admiral Scheer at Dikson, Russia six days prior, was repaired and put back into service. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German bombers attacked Teignmouth, England, United Kingdom. In London, England, the British War Cabinet received the Home Security Situation Report for the week, which noted that in the week ending at 0600 hours on 2 Sep 1942, 92 British civilians were killed by German bombing while a further 91 were seriously wounded. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-18 departed Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom; it was supported by two tankers and one rescue ship and was escorted by two anti-aircraft vessels, three destroyers, four corvettes, and four trawlers. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1942
Soviet troops fighting in the ruins of Stalingrad, Russia, 2 Sep 1942
2 Sep 1943
  • After enduring months of torture at the hands of the Gestapo, Josef Mahler, an emigré Communist Jew, expelled from the Netherlands in 1940, was executed in prison in Düsseldorf, Germany. The Gestapo had failed to obtain from him any confession of a conspiratorial nature. [AC]
  • The British Royal Navy battleships HMS Warspite and HMS Valiant bombarded Reggio Calabria at the southern tip of Italy, eliminating a six gun battery. [Main Article | AC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was assigned to the Standby Force of the Mobile Force of Carrier Division 2 of the Third Fleet. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • Captured French submarine Henri Poincaré departed Toulon, France with an Italian crew. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) departed. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Unescorted B-17 bombers of the Northwest African Strategic Air Force (NASAF) raided the rail marshalling yards at Bolzano, Trento, and Bologna and Italy. [AC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Kure, Japan where she would be drydocked for repairs and refitting. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov suggested trying some of the German officers captured at Stalingrad, Russia as war criminals as they were responsible for Soviet deaths at a prisoner of war camp at the village of Alekseevka near Stalingrad. Some of these German officers include camp commandant Rudolf Körpert, Werner von Kunowski, Wilhelm Langheld, and Otto Mäder. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
2 Sep 1944
  • German troops began evacuating the Aegean Islands. [TH]
  • Canadian troops crossed into Belgium. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Tunny surfaced late at night and set sail for home. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback rescued downed aviator and future President of the United States George Bush off Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Bulgaria
  • Soviet Union declared war on Bulgaria having refused a plea from Tsar Simeon II that the country desired to withdraw from its war with Britain and America and become a neutral. A little more than five hours later, Bulgaria called for an armistice. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Slovakian Defense Minister Ferdinand Catlos abandoned his post and joined the partisan fighters. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vojtech Tuka resigned as the Prime Minister of the German puppet nation Slovak Republic, citing poor health. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The British 51st Highland Division entered Saint-Valery-en-Caux, France, where most of the original division had been taken prisoner in Jun 1940. [Main Article | AC]
  • Edward Brooks personally led an attack on a 165-vehicle German convoy near Marchiennes, France; this action would earn him the Oak Leaf Cluster to his Silver Star medal. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The German V-2 weapon was declared operational. [CPC]
Japan Philippines Romania
  • Romanian troops entered the German legation in Bucharest, Romania. German Minister Manfred von Killinger shot himself after citing that a ship's captain should also go down with a sinking ship; Romanians arrested the remaining diplomats and military attachés including General Erik Hansen, Admiral Werner Tillessen, General Alfred Gertenberg, and General Karl Spalcke. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • While attempting to unclog a uranium enrichment device at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States for the Manhattan Project, chemists Peter Bragg, Douglas Meigs, and Arnold Kramish accidentally set of an explosion, which sprayed liquid uranium hexafluoride and hydrofuoric acid on them. Bragg and Meigs were killed, while Kramish and two soldliers, George LeFevre and John Tompkins, were seriously injured. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1944
Young Polish resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland, early morning of 2 Sep 1944, photo 1 of 2; the boy with helmet was identified as Tadeusz RajszczakYoung Polish resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland, early morning of 2 Sep 1944, photo 2 of 2; the boy with helmet was identified as Tadeusz RajszczakCrew of USS Finback pulling downed airman Lieutenant (jg) George Bush from the water off Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands, 2 Sep 1944George Bush and other rescued airmen with some of the officers and men of USS Finback, Sep 1944
2 Sep 1945
  • Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi. [AC]
  • USS Missouri hosted the official ceremony during which Japan surrendered to the Allies. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • V-J Day: Japan signed the surrender document aboard USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at Alameda, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1945
Murray accepting HaraJapanese delegation aboard USS Portland to surrender Truk, Caroline Islands, 2 Sep 1945, 2 of 3Lieutenant General Shunzaburo Mugikura aboard Portland to surrender Truk, Caroline Islands, which is visible in background, 2 Sep 1945Japanese delegation aboard USS Portland to surrender Truk, Caroline Islands, 2 Sep 1945, 1 of 3
See all photos dated 2 Sep 1945
2 Sep 1946
2 Sep 1947
  • US President Harry Truman embarked USS Missouri at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1949
  • The prototype of de Havilland Venom jet fighter took its first flight. [AC]
2 Sep 1950

France
  • Capitaine de vaisseau de Toulouse-Lautrec was named the commanding officer of Jeanne d'Arc. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1953

United States
  • Jonathan Wainwright passed away in San Antonio, Texas, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1965 Photo(s) dated 2 Sep 1965
Ammunition ship USS Mount Baker replenishing carrier USS Ticonderoga, off California, United States, 2 Sep 1965
2 Sep 1966 French Indochina
  • USS Saint Paul was hit by a shell on the stardboard bow off Vietnam, causing slight damage and no casualties. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1970
2 Sep 1971
  • François Flohic stepped down as the commanding officer of helicopter carrier Jeanne d'Arc. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1972

Australia
  • Edmund Herring stepped down as the Lieutenant Governor of Victoria, Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Sep 1991

United States
  • American diver John Chatterton discovered the wreck of German submarine U-869 off of New Jersey, United States under 73 meters of water. He and fellow divers on the expedition was unable to identify the submarine, however. [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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"We no longer demand anything, we want war."

Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939