30 Jul 1911

United States
  • Omar Bradley departed Moberly, Missouri, United States by train. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1914
  • Russia, feeling that she had let Serbia down in the Bosnian crisis of 1908, began to mobilize. [AC]
  • The French Covering Force (that part of the army kept on a permanent war footing) was ordered to deploy along the Franco-German frontier, but 10 kilometers short of it to avoid any incidents. [AC]
United States
  • USS Idaho was transferred to the Greek Navy and was renamed Lemnos. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1917
  • Quintin Brand was appointed a flight commander of No. 112 Squadron of the British Royal Flying Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1921
  • Annabelle Craft was born in Galesburg, Illinois, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1929

  • Eizo Ishizuka was named the governor-general of Taiwan. [CPC]
30 Jul 1934

  • A constitutional convention was convened in Manila, Philippine Islands to establish the Filipino constitution. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1934
USS S-35, 30 Jul 1934
30 Jul 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began operations off Spain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Iride was launched at La Spezia, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1936
Crown Prince Paul of Greece with the first Olympic marathon winner Spiridon Louis at Tempelhof Airport, Berlin, Germany during the 1936 Summer Olympic Games, 30 Jul 1936
30 Jul 1937
  • Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" was damaged during an ocean landing and was lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Defending troops in Tianjin, China were ordered to withdraw from the city. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1937
Japanese troops in Tongzhou, China, 30 Jul 1937
30 Jul 1939
  • British Prime Minister Chamberlain wrote in regards to the German oppression of Jews "[n]o doubt Jews aren't a lovable people, I don't care about them myself. But that is not sufficient to explain the pogram." [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1940
  • The Act of Havana was signed by the representatives from 21 nations in the Americas; it provided an emergency establishment of a regime of provisional administration "when islands or regions in the Americas now under the possession of non-American nations are in danger of becoming the subject of barter of territory or change of sovereignty". [CPC]
  • Destroyers USS Walke and USS Wainwright arrived at Buenos Aires, Argentina. [CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler arrived at Innsbruck, Austria. [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Phoenix arrived at Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Low clouds and rain restricted both German and British flights all day. Five German raids targeted the northeastern British coast in the morning, while other waves of aircraft attacked convoys in the English Channel off Essex and Suffolk, England. A small number of German aircraft were shot down on this day at no cost to the British RAF. Overnight, German bombers conducted raids over southern and central England and southern Wales. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt returned to Washington Navy Yard, Washington DC, United States via presidential yacht Potomac. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1941
  • A committee consisted of US Treasury, State, and Justice Department officials granted an exception of the rule to freeze Japanese national assets so that Tatsuta Maru's owners could withdraw enough funds to pay for fuel for a return trip to Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1941
British War Office personnel instructing Home Guard personnel on the use of a Northover Projector in Saxmundham, Suffolk, England, United Kingdom, 30 Jul 1941
30 Jul 1942
  • US Navy established the WAVES program. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-28 received orders to patrol the area surrounding Kiska, Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hans-Günther Kuhlmann passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-166 sank American freighter Robert E. Lee 50 kilometers southwest of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States at 2230 hours; 25 were killed, 379 survived. Escorting patrol chaser USS PC-556 counterattacked with depth charges and sank the German submarine, although the sinking was not confirmed until after the war; all 52 aboard U-166 were lost. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued survivors of sunken transport Kottoku Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grenadier attacked Japanese oiler San Clemente Maru with two torpedoes 40 miles southwest of Truk, Caroline Islands; both torpedoes hit the ship but both failed to detonate. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-77 fired three torpedoes at a British warship east of Cyprus at 1216 hours, missing with all three, but one of them would strike and sink Egyptian sail boat Fany; all 10 aboard survived. 110 miles south of Cyprus at about the same time, U-375 stopped Egyptian sail boats Amina and Ikbal, forced the crews to abandon ship, and sank them with the deck gun. [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-132 attacked Allied convoy ON-113 100 miles southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada at 0110 hours, sinking British ship Pacific Pioneer; all 71 aboard survived. At 1958 hours, German submarine U-155 sank US ship Cranford 250 miles east of Barbados; 11 were killed, 36 survived. At 2048 hours, German submarine U-130 sank British ship Danmark 550 miles south of the Cape Verde Islands; all 46 aboard survived. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney arrived at Seven Mile airfield near Port Moresby, Australian Papua by a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber at 0700 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese troops landed on Aru, Babar, Kai, and Tanimbar islands in the Moluccan Islands, Dutch East Indies; light Dutch resistance at Kai and Tanimbar opposed the landings, killing a small number of Japanese troops. [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina Japan
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Yokohama, Japan with 60 Allied internees including Ambassador Sir Robert Craigie and British embassy staff from Tokyo, Yokohama, and Kobe, Belgian Ambassador and Mrs. M. Fortholme, Greek Minister M. Politis, Egyptian Minister M. Samaika, Australian diplomat Keith Officer, Norwegian diplomat and Mrs. M. Kolstadt, Dutch diplomat and Mrs. M. Reuchlin, Czechoslovakian Minister Mr. Havlicek and consular officials from Yokohama and Kobe, and other British and foreign nationals. It was the first Japanese-British diplomatic exchange. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Nachi exited the drydock at Yokosuka, Japan. [Main Article | Facility | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Soviet submarine S-7 sank German ship Kathe 1 mile off Pavilosta, Latvia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops launched an offensive near Rzhev, Russia, aiming to surround six German divisions. [TH, CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe B attacked the Soviet bridgehead at Kalach-na-Donu in southern Russia, west of Stalingrad. [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS Runner was commissioned into service with Commander Frank W. Fenno, Jr. in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale began her shakedown training. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1942
Mauthausen Concentration Camp prisoner Hans Bonarewitz being pulled in a cart prior to his execution, Austria, 30 Jul 1942Submarine Whale off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 30 Jul 1942Submarine Whale during trials off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 30 Jul 1942USS Whale at Naval Air Station Alameda, California, United States, 30 Jul 1942
30 Jul 1943
  • German Armeegruppe A's attack along the Mius River in Ukraine came to a unsuccessful conclusion. [TH]
  • The Swedish SAAB 21A aircraft made its maiden flight powered by a 1,475hp Daimler-Benz DB605B 12-cylinder inverted-vee engine connected to a pusher propeller. Deliveries commenced to the Flygvapnet in Jul 1945. The SAAB 21 was the world's second aircraft to be fitted with an ejector seat as standard operational equipment (the first was the Heinkel He-219). The J-51A suffered from heavy control forces and engine overheating which affected its speed and rate of climb, thus its role was soon changed from that of an interceptor to ground strike with provisions for various ordnance loads. [AC]
  • Remy Van Lierde shot down a German Bf 109 fighter, which was his fourth kill. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fitted with new drop-tanks which enable the P-47 aircraft of US VIII Fighter Command to reach the Dutch-German border, eight squadrons of P-47 aircraft were despatched to escort home 186 B-17 bombers returning from a raid on Kassel, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Orde Wingate departed Delhi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese freighter in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hamburg, Germany was bombed again before dawn by 777 RAF bombers. [Main Article | TH]
  • Otto Skorzeny's SS men arrived in Rome, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • In frantic air battles off Sardinia, Italy, American P-40 and P-38 aircraft claimed the destruction of 21 enemy transport aircraft and five fighters of German Luftwaffe's III/JG77 group. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1943
Members of the first class of WAVES to graduate from the Aviation Metalsmith School, at the Naval Air Technical Training Center, Norman, Oklahoma, United States, 30 Jul 1943Cartoon by Sixta depicting events and activities in the first year following the 30 Jul 1942 authorization of the US Navy WAVES programBattlefield grave of German Corporal Heinz Kühl, who was killed at the Battle of Kursk on 21 Jul 1943
30 Jul 1944
  • British troops attack Caumont, France, east of Saint-Lô. [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Mingo arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy ordered Mitsubishi to stop development of the A7M fighter design; Mitsubishi was able to secure permission to continue given that the company was to use existing engines rather than develop new ones. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Günther von Kluge wrote to Adolf Hitler, warning that the entire western front was on the brink of collapse. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-304 struck a mine and sank off the coast of Normandy, France. [AC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-378 struck a mine and was severely damaged, beyond repair, off the coast of Normandy, France. [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Leaders of US Navy ComAirSols (Commander Air Solomons) was given a demonstration of unmanned TDR drones. Four of them took flight and each released a 2,000-pound bomb on Yamazuki Maru which was beached at Guadalcanal. 3 of the bombs hit, although 1 of the failed to detonate. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of CASU-49 departed. [Main Article | DS]
  • The Soviet First Baltic Front reached Tukums, Latvia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1944
Alaska off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, 30 Jul 1944, photo 1 of 2Alaska off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, 30 Jul 1944, photo 2 of 2Two French boys watched from a hilltop as Allied vehicles passed through the badly damaged city of Saint-Lô, France, circa Jul-Aug 1944A badly battered Japanese B6N torpedo bomber, wrecked before it could be wheeled from its hangar at the Tinian airfield, Mariana Islands, 30 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 30 Jul 1944
30 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American battleships USS South Dakota, USS Indiana, and USS Massachusetts ended a two-day bombardment of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Meanwhile, carrier fighters attacked airfields, railroads, and tactical targets in the Kobe-Osaka region. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American, British, and French troops entered Vienna, Austria. [TH]
  • The Japanese government instructed its citizens on how to prepare acorns for food. [CPC]
  • HMS King George V completed the bombardment of Hamamatsu, Honshu, Japan which began on the previous date; it was to be her final combat action of the war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was transferred from Wiesbaden, Germany to the former Luftwaffe camp at Oberursel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Bugara sank 3 small enemy craft with her deck gun in the Gulf of Siam and South China Sea area during the day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Song Ziwen stepped down as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze suffered minor damage by an US air attack in Miyatsu Bay, Japan; one was killed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet sank a Japanese transport in the Sea of Japan, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Prisoner of war Don Atkiss, who was injected with malaria-infected blood by Unit 731 doctor Captain Enosuke Hirano, died from the disease at Rabaul, New Britain. [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese beheaded 144 Dutch prisoners at Samarinda, Borneo, Dutch East Indies, but only after they had been forced to watch their wives being bayoneted or hacked to death with swords, and their children hurled down a mine shaft where all of the bodies were eventually dumped. [AC]
  • USS Cero arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Air Group 87 aircraft from USS Ticonderoga struck Honshu Island, Japan. [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on the Tokyo area. [Main Article | Event | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale encountered a heavy storm east of Okino Shima, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The assembly of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 began at Manicani Bay, Samar, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1945
Japanese-Americans returning to Sacramento, California, United States after being released from Rohwer Center internment camp in McGehee, Arkansas, United States, 30 Jul 1945USS Cero at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, circa 30 Jul 1945
30 Jul 1946

  • Rudolf Höss was transferred from Warsaw, Poland to Kraków, Poland. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
30 Jul 1947
  • Chen Cheng was named the commander-in-chief of Nationalist forces in northeastern China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Boarfish became the flagship of Rear Admiral Allan Rockwell McCann of Task Group 17.3, which was to embark on the first expedition under the Polar Ice Cap in the Bering Strait. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1948
  • The upgraded M26 Pershing medium tanks were redesignated M26E2 Patton (later again redesignated M46). [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In Great Britain the Criminal Justice Act abolished Penal Servitude, Hard Labour, Prison Divisions and Whipping as a form of corporal punishment (except in the case of mutiny, incitement to mutiny or treason). [AC]
30 Jul 1959
  • USS Sargent Bay was sold to J. C. Berkwitt Company for scrap. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1965

Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1965
US President Johnson signing Medicare Bill, Independence, Missouri, US with Truman in attendance, 30 Jul 1965; also Senator Long, Mrs. Johnson, Senator Mansfield, Vice President Humphrey, Mrs. Truman
30 Jul 1967
30 Jul 1969

  • Chen Shaokuan passed away from stomach cancer in Fujian Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1977

30 Jul 1997

  • Bai Dai passed away in a military hospital in Paris, France. [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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F6F Hellcat fighters of Fighting Squadron 6 warming up aboard USS Intrepid, 1944, photo 2 of 2

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"We no longer demand anything, we want war."

Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939