30 Nov 1874
  • Winston Churchill was born in the Blenheim Palace at Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1880
30 Nov 1903

  • Yoshijiro Umezu graduated from the 15th class of the Japanese Army Academy. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1910

  • General Katsusaburo Shiba was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea. [CPC]
30 Nov 1918
  • USS Arizona arrived at Portland, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1922

  • Masafumi Arima completed studies at the advanced gunnery school. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1922
Carrier Hosho running full power trials, Tateyama Bay, Japan, 30 Nov 1922
30 Nov 1925

30 Nov 1929
  • Isoroku Yamamoto was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hiroaki Abe became a staff officer with Japanese Navy Destroyer Squadron 2. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was promoted to the rank of captain and was given command of the light cruiser Naka. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nobutake Kondo was named the commanding officer of heavy cruiser Kako. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1931

  • Xinjiang forces, with Soviet military equipment, defeated Uyghur rebel forces which had previously laid siege to Kumul. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1936

Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1936
Indianapolis at Buenos Aires, Argentina, with Roosevelt on board, 30 Nov 1936Field gun crew of Shanxi-Suiyuan Army loyal to the Nationalist Chinese, Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China, late Nov 1936
30 Nov 1937
  • The Spanish Republican government moved from Valencia to Barcelona. [Main Article | AC]
30 Nov 1938
  • The Czechoslovakian National Assembly elected Dr. Emil Hacha as the president of the republic. The official name of the country was changed by adding a dash, becoming Czecho-Slovak Republic, or Czecho-Slovakia for short. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1939

  • 21 Soviet divisions crossed the border into Finland at 0800 hours after about one hour of artillery bombardment, starting what was to be known as the Winter War. Soviet aircraft bombed Helsinki. [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1939
Japanese heavy cruiser Atago at the Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, 30 Nov 1939A building in Helsinki, Finland on fire from aerial bombing, 30 Nov 1939Civilian wounded by aerial bombing, Lönnrothkatu Street, Helsinki, Finland, 30 Nov 1939Finnish civilians escaping from a building damaged by aerial bombing, Lönnrothkatu Street, Helsinki, Finland, 30 Nov 1939
See all photos dated 30 Nov 1939
30 Nov 1940
  • German armed merchant cruiser Pinguin attacked British ship Port Wellington in the southern Indian Ocean overnight. 2 were killed and 87 were captured. Seeing some of the female captives were shivering in their nightgowns, Pinguin's First Officer personally returned to the burning wreck and retrieved clothes for the women. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-101 sank British ship Aracataca 400 miles northwest of Ireland at 0204 hours. 36 were killed and 34 survived. [CPC]
  • British motor torpedo boats MTB.30 and MTB.31 attacked an anchored German convoy off the mouth of the Scheldt River off the Netherlands. German ship Santos was damaged by a depth charge from MTB.31, while MTB.30 was damaged by gunfire. [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMT Chestnut hit a mine and sank in the Thames Estuary in southern England, United Kingdom. The entire crew survived. [CPC]
  • In Hubei Province, China, Chinese troops halted the offensive launched by the Japanese 11th Army five days prior. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wang Jingwei of the Japanese-sponsored puppet government in Nanjing, China established diplomatic relationship with fellow puppet state Manchukuo. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1940
Wang Jingwei signing an agreement with the Japanese over the recognition of the puppet nation of Manchukuo, Nanjing, China, 30 Nov 1940Wang Jingwei speaking at a ceremony in which the Japanese puppet states of Manchukuo and Nanjing recognized each other, Nanjing, China, 30 Nov 1940
30 Nov 1941
  • Shoho was commissioned into service. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Emperor Showa ordered Prime Minister Hideki Tojo to proceed with plans to start the Pacific War, and subsequently Tojo rejected US proposals to de-escalate tension in the Far East. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Passenger liner President Madison, chartered by the US Navy, arrived at Olongapo, Philippine Islands, disembarking the 2nd Battalion of the US 4th Marine Regiment before continuing on to Singapore. [CPC]
  • New Zealand 24th and 26th Battalions were battered by Axis attacks at Sidi Rezegh, Libya. German forces launched a fresh attack on Tobruk, Libya. Out at sea, British aircraft from Malta sank Italian ship Capo Faro and damaged Italian ship Iseo, which were en route from Brindisi, Italy to Benghazi, Libya; they were carrying fuel and other supplies that were very much needed for the Axis campaign in North Africa. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps reported the strength of 65,881 personnel. [CPC]
  • The Japanese ambassador in Germany Hiroshi Oshima was informed by his superiors that war with the United States was near, and he was to inform Adolf Hitler and Joachim von Ribbentrop of such news. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Soviet force consisted of two destroyers, a troop ship, and other minor vessels arrived at Hanko, Finland to evacuate troops, while another force consisted of troop ship Maya, 3 minesweepers, 2 submarine chasters, and 1 gunboat departed Kronstadt, Russia for Hanko. [CPC]
  • Field Marshal Walter von Reichenau replaced Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt as the commanding officer of German Army Group South in the Caucasus region of southern Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-206 became missing in the Bay of Biscay west of France, possibly lost in a British minefield. All 46 men aboard were lost. [CPC]
  • Whitley bombers of No. 502 Squadron RAF based in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom attacked German submarines U-71 and U-563 with depth charges in the Bay of Biscay, damaging U-71. This attack marked the first successful use of air-to-surface vessel radar. [CPC]
  • The warming of temperature in the region around Leningrad, Russia meant a decrease in the ice thickness over Lake Ladoga, which led to the decrease of supplies delivered by ground vehicles driving over ice; only 61 tons of food made its way into the city on this date. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Elements of German 2nd Panzer Division captured the railway station at Lobnya 19 miles north of Moscow, Russia. Meanwhile, Georgy Zhukov was ordered by Joseph Stalin to organize a counterattack. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-96 dove to evade attacks by a British Swordfish aircraft off Gibraltar at 2235 hours. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-43 sank British ship Ashby 170 miles south of the Azores islands at 1926 hours; 17 were killed, some survived and were rescued by Portuguese destroyer Lima. U-43 survived the subsequent depth charging without any damage. [CPC]
  • Winston Churchill sent Franklin Roosevelt a message requesting a conference on the impending war with Japan. Roosevelt would reject the request to avoid appearing like he was taking the United States toward war for the defense of the British Empire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-10 launched a scout aircraft for a reconnaissance mission over Suva Bay, Fiji. [CPC]
  • German armed merchant cruiser Komet arrived at Hamburg, Germany after a 516-day, 87,000-mile, circumnavigating journey. She sank 5 ships, captured 1 ship, and shared credit for another two sinkings on this mission. [CPC]
  • Japanese destroyers Akembono and Ushio departed Tokyo Bay, Japan for Midway, where they were to bombard US military facilities when hostilities would begin. [CPC]
  • Latvian and German Jews were massacred near Riga, Latvia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Grayback arrived at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1942
  • Submarine tender Taigei completed her conversion work and was recommissioned into service as light aircraft carrier Ryuho with Captain Nobishiro Soma in command. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Submarine Mingo was launched, sponsored by Mrs. Henry L. Pence. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Near Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, US cruisers ambushed a night time fast destroyer convoy led personally by Rear Admiral Raizo Tanaka. Tanaka's quick thinking led to a Japanese victory in the Battle of Tassafaronga. [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • HMCS Iroquois (G89) was commissioned into service with Commander W. B. L. Holms in command. [AC]
Australian Papua
  • Angry at the slow progress in Australian Papua, General Douglas MacArthur dismissed the commander of US 32nd Infantry Division, Major General Harding, and replaced him with his corps commander, Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger, who he instructed "to take Buna or not come back alive". [Main Article | AC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese freighter with one escorting destroyer; all torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe VIII. Fliegerkorps was relieved of all its combat duties. Instead, its aircraft stationed across Rostov Oblast, Russia were ordered to focus on flying supplies into Stalingrad, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British 2nd Parachute Battalion reached high ground at Prise de L'Eau in Tunisia one day after having been dropped into the country. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Ships of Allied convoy QP-15 began to arrive at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1942
USS Alabama underway in Chesapeake Bay, United States, 30 Nov 1942
30 Nov 1943
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish departed for her eighth war patrol with Lieutenant Commander R. D. Risser in command. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang was delivered to the US Navy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki was assigned to Destroyer Division 30 of Destroyer Squadron 3 of the Eighth Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde shot down a German Bf 110 fighter, which was his sixth and final kill. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Luce began a period of anti-submarine patrol off Attu in the Aleutian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • After dark, Australian Beaufort aircraft from Goodenough Island off the tip of Australian Papua attacked Rabaul, New Britain. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the early morning, a US Navy PBY aircraft sank Japanese passenger ship Himalaya Maru 10 miles south of New Hanover Island in the Bismarck Islands. Many of the 2,400 passengers were killed, while the rest were rescued by other ships in the convoy. [CPC]
  • 4 RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Essen, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Harder arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • British troops captured Fossacesia, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Poland
  • Rudolf Höss served his final day as the commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Ryozo Fukuda was named the commanding officer of Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Golet was commissioned into service at Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States with Lieutenant Commander James M. Clement in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1943
US Marine WAVES Aviation MachinistWAVES Aviation MachinistThe largest of 37 American cemeteries at Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, Nov 1943; this cemetery was tended by US Navy Carpenter
See all photos dated 30 Nov 1943
30 Nov 1944
  • Sakawa was commissioned into service. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Gar arrived at Mios Woendi, Biak Islands, ending her fourtheenth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki arrived at Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • U-869 was detached from the German Navy 4th Submarine Flotilla. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the second time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sterlet arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Preston guarded carriers while the carriers launched strikes against Luzon, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese transport Dairen Maru in the Yellow Sea, hitting her with 1 of 5 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Former commandant and guards of Majdanek Concentration Camp were put on trial in Poland. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket at Shooters Hill, London, England, United Kingdom at 0100 hours, killing 23. [CPC]
  • At a cost of £9,000,000 (excluding the cost of her guns and their mountings), Britain's last Battleship, HMS Vanguard, was launched at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. Too late to see service in World War II, Vanguard would eventually be completed in Apr 1946. [AC]
United States Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1944
Admiral William Halsey having Thanksgiving dinner with the crew of battleship USS New Jersey, his flagship, 30 Nov 1944Oil being unloaded from the SS Fort Cataraqui in the Belgian port of Antwerp, 30 Nov 1944; this was the first ship to berth at the port following the opening of the Scheldt EstuaryPvt Walter Prsybyla of B Btry, 37th Field Artillery Regt, US 2nd Inf Div writing Christmas cards for friends and family from an artillery ammunition storehouse, Heckhalenfeld, Germany, 30 Nov 1944USS North Carolina (in early pattern Ms32/18d camouflage) receiving fuel from USS Neches (in measure 32 design 5AO camouflage), Pacific Ocean, 30 Nov 1944
See all photos dated 30 Nov 1944
30 Nov 1945 Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu's position with the Japanese Navy was abolished. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in San Francisco, California, United States with a load of US servicemen. [Main Article | DS]
  • The US Naval Dry Docks, Roosevelt Base near Los Angeles, California, United States was renamed Terminal Island Naval Shipyard. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1945
Louis Mountbatten accepting the sword of Hisaichi Terauchi, Saigon, French Indochina, 30 Nov 1945
30 Nov 1946

United States
  • USS Columbia was decommission from service in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1950

  • Werner Haase passed away from tuberculosis in the hospital ward of the Butyrka prison in Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1951

Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 1951
UN delegates to the armistice negotiations: Major General Turner, Major General Lee, Vice Admiral Joy, Rear Admiral Libby, Major General Hodes, and Rear Admiral Burke. Panmunjom, Korea, 30 Nov 1951
30 Nov 1953
  • USS Cassin Young completed its service in the Mediterranean Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1960
  • Santa Fe arrived at Base Naval de Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1962
  • Italian Minister of Defense Giulio Andreotti awarded Hans-Joachim Marseille's mother 1,500 Deutsche Marks. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1965
  • Richard Saul passed away from injuries sustained after being struck by an automobile. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1967

  • Josias passed away in the castle of Schloß Schaumburg in Balduinstein, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Nov 1982
30 Nov 2014

Photo(s) dated 30 Nov 2014
Barbette of Turret No. 3 of the wreck of USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, United States, 30 Nov 2014Museum ship Missouri, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, United States, 30 Nov 2014Museum ship Bowfin, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, United States, 30 Nov 2014

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Japanese battlecruiser Hiei fitting out at Yokosuka, Japan, 20 Sep 1913

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"We no longer demand anything, we want war."

Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939