28 May 1884
28 May 1892
28 May 1897

China
  • Dai Chunfeng was born in the village of Baoan, Jiangshan County, Zhejiang Province, Qing Dynasty China. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1903

Hawaii
  • USS Wisconsin became the first battleship to enter Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands for coal and water. [Main Article | DS]
28 May 1913

Canada
  • Andrew McNaughton was promoted to the rank of major. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1918
  • In Siberia, Russia, the Czech Legion captured Penza. [AC]
28 May 1921

Panama Canal Zone
28 May 1925

United Kingdom
  • HMS Hermes arrived at Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1929

Japan
28 May 1933

Danzig
  • In an election in Danzig, Nazi Party members won 50% of total votes. [CPC]
28 May 1935
  • The first flight of Willy Messerschmitt's Bf 109 fighter took place. Powered by a 695 horsepower Rolls Royce Kestrel engine, the Bf 109 fighter was the first all-metal stressed-skin monocoque single seat fighter monoplane with an enclosed cockpit and retractable undercarriage to enter service. The Bf 109 fighter proved so successful that over 30,000 would ultimately be built before the end of the war. [Main Article | AC]
  • Eva Braun attempted suicide by taking Phanodorm, which was a drug usually prescribed to help with sleeping. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1937
  • Neville Chamberlain became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The forerunner to the modern Volkswagen car company, Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH, was established. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Neville Chamberlain appointed the unpopular Jewish Liberal Leslie Hore-Belisha as Secretary of State for War. [AC]
28 May 1938
  • Adolf Hitler ordered the military to prepare for an invasion of Czechoslovakia and ordered the mobilization of 96 divisions; the preparation was to complete by 2 Oct 1938. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ousted Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg, who had been under house arrest since 12 Mar 1938, was moved to the Gestapo headquarters in Vienna, occupied Austria. [CPC]
China
  • Japanese bombers attacked Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, killing 750 and wounding 1,350. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1939

China
  • A combined Soviet and Mongolian force, having surrounded a two-regiment Japanese force near Nomonhan in Mongolia Area of China days earlier, wiped out the Japanese. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano visited Berlin, Germany where he was given a great reception in his honour by Hitler. [Main Article | AC]
28 May 1940
  • German submarine U-37 sank French liner Brazza 100 miles west of Cape Finisterre, Spain at 0924 hours, killing 79 crew and 300 passengers. 53 crew and 144 passengers were later rescued by French gunboat Enseigne Henry and British armed merchant cruiser HMS Cheshire. [CPC]
  • The National Defense Advisory Committee was established in the United States as a group of advisors for US President Roosevelt. Its membership included business and industry leaders such as William Knudsen, Edward Stettinius, and Sidney Hillman and academics such as economist Leon Henderson. [CPC]
  • American ambassador to France, William Bullitt, sent a telegram to the United States asking President Roosevelt to dispatch a cruiser to Bordeaux, France to bring weapons for the French police to quell a feared "Communist uprising" and to embark French and Belgian gold reserves. Heavy cruiser USS Vincennes would sortie from Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States with destroyers USS Truxtun and USS Simpson in response to the ambassador's request. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • King Leopold III of Belgium officially surrendered unconditionally to Germany at 0400 hours; he made this decision without consulting his government nor the Allied nations. [Main Article | TH]
China
  • Japanese bombers attacked Chongqing, China in multiple waves. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • In France, 11,874 Allied personnel were evacuated from Dunkerque harbor and 5,930 from the nearby beaches; the latter was possible due to the arrival of many small fishing boats and pleasure craft. At Lille, seven German Divisions trapped the 40,000-strong French First Army. At Abbeville, the crew of French Char B1 Bis tank "Jeanne d'Arc" gallantly fought on against a German attack despite receiving 90 hits. Across the front lines, between eighty and ninety British prisoners of the 2nd Warwickshire Regiment, the Cheshire Regiment, and the Royal Artillery were murdered by members of No. 7 Company, 2nd Battalion SS Liebstandarte at Wormhoudt, France. [Main Article | TH, AC]
Norway
  • Allied forces consisted of British, French, Norwegian, and Polish troops attacked Narvik, Norway across the Rombaksfjord and by land starting at 0015 hours. German aircraft did not arrived until 0430 hours, but they were able to force the Allied fleet to withdraw after damaging cruiser HMS Cairo (killing 10 and wounding 7). At 1200 hours, Allied troops captured the city. German troops withdrew to nearby hills. [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 28 May 1940
French soldiers firing 75mm cannon against German armor at Dunkirk, late May 1940British trawler rescuing Allied troops escaping from Dunkirk, France, May 1940
28 May 1941
  • British General Archibald Wavell ordered Operation Battleaxe against Axis positions in Libya; it was to be launched on 7 Jun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The evacuation of British and Commonwealth troops from Crete, Greece began before dawn; the evacuation centered around Sphakia on the southern coast of Crete, while Colonel Laycock commanded a rearguard force to guard the evacuation. British cruisers HMS Ajax, HMS Orion, and HMS Dido and destroyers HMS Decoy, HMS Jackal, HMS Imperial, HMS Hotspur, HMS Kimberly, and HMS Hereward departed Alexandria, Egypt for Heraklion, Crete to help with the evacuation; German aircraft damaged HMS Ajax (killing 6, wounding 18, and forcing her to turn back) and HMS Imperial (wounding 1); the force, less Ajax, arrived at Heraklion at 2330 hours. [Main Article | TH]
  • British Lord Woolton announced experimental egg rationing and further restrictions on fish and milk. [CPC]
  • In the United Kingdom, successful prosecutions under Food Control Orders now totaled 17,319. [CPC]
  • German bombers attacked HMS Tartar and HMS Mashona 100 miles west of Ireland in the morning, killing 36 men as a bomb hit Mashona. HMS Tartar rescued 184 survivors and destroyers HMS Sherwood and HMCS St. Clair scuttled Mashona with gunfire. [CPC]
  • Indian 20th Brigade, en route to Baghdad in Iraq, reached the city of Ur. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-107 sank Greek ship Papalemos off Sierra Leone, British West Africa at 1600 hours; 2 were killed and 27 survived. [CPC]
  • South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts was appointed as a Field Marshal in the British Army. He was the first South African to hold the rank. [AC]
  • Jan Smuts was given the rank of field marshal in the British Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 May 1941
Aerial view of RAF Takali, Malta, 28 May 1941
28 May 1942
  • Japanese Navy changed code books. [CPC]
  • American freighter Sylvan Arrow (of the Standard Oil and Transportation Company), damaged by German submarine U-155 on 20 May 1942, sank in the Caribbean Sea while under tow. On the same day, U-103 sank US tanker New Jersey 90 miles southwest of Grand Cayman island (41 survived) in the Caribbean Sea, U-502 sank US ship Alcoa Pilgrim (31 were killed, 9 survived) in the Caribbean Sea, and U-106 sank British ship Mentor (4 were killed, 82 survived) in the Gulf of Mexico. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A force of about 500 US Army troops moved from Efate to Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides to build an airfield in support of the proposed Solomon Islands landings. [CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-16 encountered heavy fog but managed to remain with each other by keeping eyes on fog buoys towed by the ship immediately in front of each trailing ship. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-155 sank Dutch ship Poseidon 150 miles east of Martinique; all 32 aboard survived. Far to the northeast, U-506 sank British ship Yorkmoor with 55 round from her deck gun; all 45 aboard survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Salmon sank Japanese passenger-cargo ship Ganges Maru in the South China Sea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Seaplane tender USS Tangier conducted a small raid on Tulagi in the Solomon Islands; during the attack, she transmitted radio messages that were purposefully composed as if she was a fleet carrier, thus giving the Japanese a false impression that the US was still operating fleet carriers in the South Pacific when in actuality all fleet carriers had been shifted back to the Hawaiian Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Enterprise departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for Midway Atoll. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Yorktown moved into Dry Dock No. 1 at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii at 0645 hours. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Hornet departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for Midway Atoll. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Libya
  • The Allies began counterattacks two days after the Axis offensive began in Libya, forming the "Cauldron" that attempted to envelope Axis forces on three sides. British General Neil Ritchie still believed that the feint that the Axis forces launched on 26 May 1942 near the coast to be the main attack, however, thus refusing to send additional tanks to the southern end of the Gazala Line. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Semyon Timoshenko ordered all offensives in the Kharkov, Ukraine region to cease, thus effectively conceding the Second Battle of Kharkov and granting victory to the German Unternehmen Fridericus I. When all actions were wrapped up, the Germans would count over 200,000 prisoners of war, 1,200 tanks, and 2,000 artillery pieces captured. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill despatched Lord Louis Mountbatten, the British Chief of Combined Operations, to Washington DC, United States to persuade the Americans that an invasion across the English Channel into occupied France would, at this time, only lead to disaster. As an alternative he proposed an Anglo-American landing in French North Africa later in the year. Mountbatten was authorised to tell the Americans that Great Britain would only agree to a 1942 attack across the Channel if the Soviets were to be in immediate danger of surrendering. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 28 May 1942
Camacho of Mexico delcared war on the Axis powers, 28 May 1942Kittyhawk fighters of the American Volunteer Group flying near the Salween River Gorge on the Chinese-Burmese border, 28 May 1942
28 May 1943
  • Cowpens was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her second war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • B-17 bomber "Old 666" conducted a camera mapping mission over southeastern New Ireland. [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Sunfish shelled a Japanese oil refinery at Fais, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed in Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China, with the Chinese moving behind the Japanese 13th Division, threatening to cut its supply lines. [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • A British military mission led by Captains Frederick W. D. Deakin and William F. Stuart made the long delayed arrival at the headquarters of Yugoslav National Liberation Army's leader Josip Broz (Tito). [AC]
28 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USAAF again bombed the synthetic oil plant at Lüne-Merseburg in eastern Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • Submarine Charr was launched, sponsored by Mrs. William Orkney. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese transport south of Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British entertainer Noël Coward arrived in Ceylon aboard destroyer HMS Rapid. [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of Air Group 18 on board. [Main Article | DS]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Whale departed Majuro, Marshall Islands for her eighth war patrol; destroyer USS Cassin escorted her out to sea. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Golet departed Midway Atoll with Lieutenant James S. Clark as her new commanding officer. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 May 1944
Japanese-American soldiers of the US 100th Infantry Battalion marching in the Valletri area of Italy, 28 May 1944USS Becuna, late May 1944
28 May 1945
  • Japanese air offensive sank destroyer USS Drexler and damaged several other ships off Okinawa, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • American-born William Joyce, the German propagandist whose radio broadcasts to Britain during the war had earned him the nickname "Lord Haw-Haw", was captured by British troops. He was to be hanged as a traitor in 1946, and was to be the last person to be executed in Britain for an act of treason. [AC]
  • The British Admiralty ended the convoy system in the Atlantic Ocean. [AC]
  • USS Tunny departed Guam, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was camouflaged at Nishinomishima, Japan. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Ray sank 3 small Japanese vessels west of Japan with her deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Shamrock Bay departed Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands with US Navy squadron VC-96 on board. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Manta departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 May 1945
Japanese-American troops of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team at Memorial Day service, Le Fay, France, circa late May 1945US Marine Staff Sergeant A S. Barnacle shaving in his camp on Okinawa, Japan, ignoring the heavy flooding due to rain, 28 May 1945
28 May 1946
  • Allied repatriation ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Morotai, Moluccan Islands and embarked Japanese personnel. She departed later on the same day. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Cassin Young was decommissioned. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • I-14 was scuttled 8 miles off Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii. [CPC]
Philippines
  • Ramón Magsaysay was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1947
  • Dong Zhao was awarded the Order of Precious Tripod 4th Class. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1948
  • Submarine Chub was struck from the US Naval Register. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine Brill, now Turkish submarine Inönü, was struck from the US naval register. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1949

Photo(s) dated 28 May 1949
Emperor Showa (Hirohito) visiting Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan, 28 May 1949
28 May 1952

Korea
  • USS Iowa bombarded communist positions in Wonsan Harbor, Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1954

United States
  • USS Flying Fish was decommissioned from service at New London, Connecticut, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 1962

Photo(s) dated 28 May 1962
US Air Force Chief-of-Staff General Curtis LeMay attending NATO exercises outside Paris, France, 28 May 1962
28 May 1987

Hawaii
  • Kaneohe Naval Air Station was added to the US National Register of Historic Places. [Main Article | CPC]
28 May 2013

Photo(s) dated 28 May 2013
USS Boston Memorial, Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 28 May 2013, photo 1 of 2USS Boston Memorial, Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 28 May 2013, photo 2 of 2Museum ship USS Cassin Young at Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 28 May 2013, photo 1 of 6Museum ship USS Cassin Young at Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 28 May 2013, photo 2 of 6
See all photos dated 28 May 2013

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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