24 Oct 1860

China
  • The First Convention of Beijing was signed in the Ministry of Rites building in Beijing, China, ceding the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutter's Island to the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong. [CPC]
24 Oct 1883

France
24 Oct 1914
  • French 7th Division advanced between Zonnebeke and Langemarck, Belgium just east of Ypres as the Germans launched a renewed offensive supported by heavy siege guns. [CPC]
24 Oct 1916
  • Heinrich Hoffmann's wife Therese gave birth to their son Heinrich. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1918
  • Edmund Herring was promoted to the rank of acting major and took command of B Battery, 99th Field Artillery Brigade of the British Army. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1921

Japan
24 Oct 1927

Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1927
Japanese battlecruiser Hiei during a fleet exercise south of Oshima Island, south of Tokyo Bay, Japan, 24 Oct 1927
24 Oct 1928

China
  • He Yingqin was named the deputy director of the Department of Training. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1933
  • Following Germany's withdrawal from the League of Nations and the International Disarmament Conference 10 days earlier, British Member of Parliament Winston Churchill gave an outspoken warning to the Parliament highlighting the dangers to peace posed by the growth of German military aviation. [Main Article | AC]
24 Oct 1935

United Kingdom
  • Garland was launched at Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1937

China
24 Oct 1938

China
  • Japanese troops captured Huangpo, Anhui, China and began to march toward the northern border of Wuhan, Hubei, China. In the same province, elements of the Japanese 2nd Army Group captured the city of Ma. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft sank Chinese gunboat Zhongshan. [CPC]
Germany
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop met with Polish ambassador Józef Lipski at Berchtesgaden in southern Germany. During the meeting, he noted that Danzig was German and Germany wanted to see it back within German borders. He also noted that Germany wanted to build a highway and a railway through western Poland to connect East Prussia with the main German territory, and that Germany would like to have Poland join the Anti-Comintern Pact. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1939
  • German submarine U-37 sank British steamships Menin Ridge by torpedoes and Ledbury by gunfire off Gibraltar. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German RSHA organization noted that generally no prisoners would be released from protective custody during the war. [CPC]
Danzig
  • German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop delivered a speech in Danzig in which he accused the British government of preparing for a war with Germany for the past few years. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1940
  • The British government declared that the daylight-savings Summer Time was to be continued throughout the coming winter winter. [CPC]
  • Operation DNU: British battlecruisers HMS Hood and HMS Repulse, 2 cruisers, and 8 destroyers conducted a sweep off the Norwegian coast in search of German shipping. German weather trawler WBS5 was sunk by destroyers HMS Somali, HMS Matabele, and HMS Punjabi 30 miles off the Stadlandet Peninsula; she would be the only target destroyed during the operation. [CPC]
France
  • Adolf Hitler met with Philippe Pétain at Montoire, France, agreeing in principle with collaboration but Pétain refused to declare war on Britain. [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • British destroyer HMS Mendip suffered an accidental depth charge detonation in Scapa Flow, Scotland at 1135 hours, ripping off her stern. She would survive the explosion and would be undergoing repairs for the next four months. [Main Article | CPC]
  • During hte day, poor weather restricted German efforts against Britain, limiting missions to that of reconnaissance only; one Do 17 bomber was shot down on such a mission. Overnight, London and Birmingham were bombed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1940
Philippe Pétain and Adolf Hitler, Montoire-sur-le-Loir, France, 24 Oct 1940; note Paul Schmidt and Joachim von Ribbentrop in background
24 Oct 1941
  • German troops captured Belgorod, Russia. [TH]
  • German troops captured Kharkov, Ukraine. [Main Article | TH]
  • Elements of the German 4th Panzer Division moved from Mtsensk, Russia northward toward Moscow, reaching Chern 20 kilometers away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Romanian troops massacred Ukranian civilians in the village of Dalnik near Odessa, setting fire to warehouses full of people. [CPC]
  • German submarines U-563 attacked Allied convoy HG-75 300 miles west of Gibraltar at 0038 hours, damaging British destroyer HMS Cossack with a torpedo; 159 were killed, 60 survived. At 0636 hours, U-564 joined in on the attack, sinking British ships Carsbreck, Ariosto, and Alhama; 30 were killed, 96 survived. [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawlers HMS Lucienne Jeanne and HMT Emilion struck naval mines and sank in the Thames Estuary in southern England, United Kingdom. [CPC]
  • 50 communists were executed by the Germans at Camp Souge, France in retaliation for the killing of German occupation administrator Hans-Gottfried Reimers three days prior. [CPC]
  • After sundown, British minelaying cruiser HMS Abdiel and destroyers HMS Kandahar, HMS Kingston, and HMS Griffin departed Alexandria, Egypt with troops and supplies for Tobruk, Libya, returning with troops of Australian 9th Division early in the next day. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt hosted Princess Märtha of Sweden (Crown Princess of Norway) at his home in Hyde Park, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1942
  • Norwegian police were ordered to arrest Jews over the age of 15 and seize their property; the arrests were to be carried out beginning 26 Oct 1942. [CPC]
  • In Egypt outside of El Alamein, British aircraft dropped 122 tons of bombs on Axis airfields and tank concentrations as Allied troops continued to engage in heavy combat. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-31 departed from waters off Paramushiro Island, Kurile Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander C. O. Triebel in command. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1942
Crusader tanks moving toward the front lines during the Second Battle of El Alamein, 24 Oct 1942Australian soldiers running toward the front lines during re-enactment of the Battle of El Alamein, 24 Oct 1942USS Sunfish off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 24 Oct 1942USS Sunfish at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 24 Oct 1942; note submarine tender Bushnell in background
24 Oct 1943 Australian New Guinea
  • Leonard Siffleet was executed by beheading at the hands of Yasuno Chikao at Aitape, New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 62 B-25 bombers (modified for ground attack) from Dobodura, Australian Papua made rendezvous with 54 P-38 fighters from Kiriwina of Trobriand Islands, and the group attacked Rabaul, New Britain. The Americans lost 2 B-25 and 1 P-38 aircraft. The Japanese suffered 8 A6M fighters lost, 6 A6M fighters damaged, 2 G4M bombers lost, 5 G4M bombers heavily damaged, 27 G4M bombers lightly damaged. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Japanese patrol found a group of Australian and native coast watchers about 100 miles from Cape Orford on New Britain. Lieutenant Francis Barrett was killed in the engagement; Captain John Murphy, Sergeant Lambert Carlson, and others escaped. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1943
Ford aboard Monterey, seated second from the right in the front row, 24 Oct 1943Australian Sergeant Leonard G. Siffleet of M Special Unit about to be beheaded by Japanese officer Yasuno Chikao, Aitape, New Guinea, 24 Oct 1943
24 Oct 1944
  • Japanese freighter Arisan Maru, carrying 1,782 Allied prisoners of war, was sunk by an American submarine. Only 9 POWs survived the sinking. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Shoji Nishimura passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Toshihira Inoguchi passed away. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker attacked a Japanese convoy; firing a total of 13 torpedoes, 6 of them made contact, damaging two ships and sinking one freighter. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Alfred Veith of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
China
  • USS Tang attacked an escorted Japanese convoy in the Taiwan Strait off the island of Niushandao, China, sinking five transports and tankers and one destroyer; among the sunken were, Kogen Maru and Matsumoto Maru. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Japanese battleship Musashi was lost in the Battle of Sibuyan Sea to overwhelming American air power. [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Nachi departed Coron, Palawan, Philippine Islands. At 0427, she fired eight torpedoes at a radar target in Surigao Strait, scoring no hits. Two minutes later, she collided with cruiser Mogami, forcing the force to retire. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1944
Princeton burning after Japanese attack off Leyte, 24 Oct 1944, 1 of 4Princeton burning after Japanese attack off Leyte, 24 Oct 1944, 2 of 4Princeton burning after Japanese attack off Leyte, 24 Oct 1944, 3 of 4Princeton burning after Japanese attack off Leyte, 24 Oct 1944, 4 of 4
See all photos dated 24 Oct 1944
24 Oct 1945
  • Norwegian collaborator Vidkun Quisling was executed by firing squad. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United Nations was officially inaugurated. [TH]
  • Lawrence was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cuttlefish was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Marcus Island arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1945
Drawing of Japanese Navy 3rd Fleet Strike Force at the Battle off Cape Engaño, 25 Oct 1944; Annex A of Toshikazu OhmaeRuins of the Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition Hall, Hiroshima, Japan, 24 Oct 1945; distance from center of blast at this point was about 350 meters
24 Oct 1946
24 Oct 1969

United States
  • Captain William Henry McLaughlin, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Ticonderoga. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1996

Germany
  • Artur Axmann passed away in Berlin, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935