22 Sep 1878

Japan
  • Shigeru Yoshida was born in Kanda Surugadai, Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1882
22 Sep 1885
22 Sep 1906

Germany
  • Ilse Koch was born in Dresden, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1917
  • Vampire was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1924

Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1924
Light carrier Hosho after removal of superstructure, 22 Sep 1924
22 Sep 1925
  • Quintin Brand was appointed the Senior Technical Officer at the Royal Aircraft Establishment. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Song Ziwen was named the Minister of Finance. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1933
  • Germany's Reich Culture Ministry passed laws banning Jewish writers and artists. [CPC]
22 Sep 1934
  • Sir Alan Cobham attempted to make a non-stop flight from England to India in an Airspeed As 5 Courier (G-ABXN). The flight relied upon in-flight refueling by Sir Alan's two Handley Page W.10 aircraft over Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom and Malta, and by RAF tankers at Aboukir, Egypt and Basra, Iraq. The fuel transfers were successfully completed off Selsey Bill in England and over Halfar aerodrome in Malta, but soon after this a disconnected throttle control forced Sir Alan to make an emergency landing at Halfar, where the record-breaking attempt was abandoned. [AC]
Germany
  • The first stage of renovations at the SS castle of Schloß Wewelsburg in Büren, Germany was completed, and a ceremony was held to mark the transfer of its possession to Heinrich Himmler. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Phaeton was launched at Wallsend on Tyne, England, United Kingdom, sponsored by Mrs. Ethel Bruce, the wife of the High Commissioner of Australia to the United Kingdom Stanley Bruce. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1936
  • Do 18 flying boat "Aeolus" arrived at Horta, Azores from Hamilton, Bermuda after a 17-hour 50-minute flight. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1937

China
  • The Chinese Nationalist Party issued a declaration of cooperation with the Communist Party in the war against Japan. [CPC]
22 Sep 1938
  • The International Brigades fighting in the Spanish Civil War were withdrawn by the Spanish Republicans from the front-line prior to them being repatriated. [Main Article | AC]
  • Seeing that the Czechoslovakians gave in to German demands, Hungary also made demands of their own on Czechoslovakian territory. On the same day, Sudeten Freikorps occupied two Czechoslovakian towns close to the German border. In Prague, the Czechoslovakian cabinet resigned. In Bad Godesberg, Germany, Chamberlain met Adolf Hitler; the German leader demanded Czechoslovakia to allow German troops to occupy Sudetenland by 1 Oct 1938. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was made the Chief of the US Army Air Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • CW-21 prototype aircraft took its first flight at Wilbur Wright Field in Riverside, Ohio, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1938
Adolf Hitler and Neville Chamberlain at Hotel Dreesen, Bad Godesberg, Germany, 22 Sep 1938; Wilhelm Keitel, Paul Otto Gustav Schmidt, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Dörnberg also presentNeville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler in Bad Godesberg, Germany, 22-24 Sep 1938; note Joachim von Ribbentrop in backgroundJoachim von Ribbentrop, Adolf Hitler, and Neville Chamberlain at Bad Godesberg, Germany, 22-24 Sep 1938Joachim von Ribbentrop greeting Neville Chamberlain at the airport in Köln, Germany, 22 Sep 1938
See all photos dated 22 Sep 1938
22 Sep 1939

China
  • Chinese forces recaptured Gao'an, Jiangxi Province, China. [CPC]
Germany
  • Georg von Küchler was awarded Clasp 1st Class to his Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Battle of the Bzura, also known as Battle of Kutno to the Germans, ended in Polish defeat; it was the largest battle of the Polish campaign during which more than 18,000 Polish troops and about 8,000 German troops were killed. At Lvov, over 210,000 Poles surrender to the Soviets, but at the Battle of Kodziowce the Soviets suffered heavy casualties. Also on this day, the Soviet NKVD began gathering Polish officers for deportation. [Main Article | TH]
  • Former German Army Commander-in-Chief Werner von Fritsch was mortally wounded by a Polish bullet whilst on a tour of inspection at Praga, Warsaw, Poland. [Main Article | AC]
Romania
  • Josef Frantisek and his Polish Air Force squadron were evacuated to Romania. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Petrol rationing was introduced in Britain. Cars were restricted to 20 gallons per month. [AC]
United States
  • Chief of Naval Operations Harold Stark ordered US Navy Scouting Force (under Adolphus Andrews) to move from California, United States to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1939
German Army Lieutenant General Heinz Guderian and Russian Army Brigadier General Semyon Krivoshein during the victory parade in Brest, Poland, 22 Sep 1939, photo 1 of 2German Army Lieutenant General Heinz Guderian and Russian Army Brigadier General Semyon Krivoshein during the victory parade in Brest, Poland, 22 Sep 1939, photo 2 of 2Polish civilians arrested by German troops during the invasion, Sep 1939
22 Sep 1940
  • Moscow radio reported that RAF bombing had largely destroyed the German invasion fleet along the English Channel. [TH]
  • France tentatively agreed to meet increased Japanese demands for Indochina. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy HX-72 continued to be attacked by German submarines in the Atlantic Ocean after being detected and attacked in the previous day. Between 0022 and 0214 hours, German submarine U-100 sank British ship Empire Airman (33 killed, 4 rescued), British tanker Frederick S. Fales (11 killed, 32 rescued), British ship Scholar (entire crew of 45 survived), Norwegian ship Simla (5 drowned after jumping overboard, 31 survived), and three other ships. At 0740 hours, U-32 attacked British ship Collegian with her deck gun, but return fire from Collegian drove off the attack. Meanwhile, 100 miles south of the Faroe Islands, German submarine U-31 sank Faroese trawler Union Jack at 1755 hours by deck gun fire; the entire crew of 7 survived. 1 mile off the French coast near Bordeaux, British submarine HMS Tuna sank Norwegian passenger liner Tirranna; the commanding officer of HMS Tuna did not know that Tirranna was a prize ship taken by German armed merchant cruiser Atlantis back in Jun, and it carried 274 prisoners; of the 88 killed, only one was German; the remainder were all civilians of friendly nations. [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Royal Navy launched 11 Swordfish torpedo bombers and 6 Skua fighters/dive bombers from carrier HMS Furious at 0300 hours to attack German positions at Trondheim, Norway. Rough waters due to bad weather forced HMS Furious to turn back for Scotland ahead of schedule. When the aircraft returned, 1 Swordfish aircraft ran out of fuel while looking for HMS Furious (3 killed), 3 Swordfish aircraft crash landed in Norway (9 captured), and 1 Swordfish and 1 Skua aircraft cash landed in Sweden (5 interned). [Main Article | CPC]
  • British destroyers HMS Jervis, HMS Janus, HMS Juno, and HMS Mohawk bombarded Italian positions at Sidi Barrani, Egypt. [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Truant sank Italian ship Provvidenza 10 miles west of Naples, Italy. [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Osiris sank Italian destroyer Palestro in the Adriatic Sea 75 miles east of Bari, Italy. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Bad weather restricted flying on both sides; only 1 German aircraft (Ju 88 bomber on reconnaissance mission shot down near the Isle of Wight, with entire crew captured) and 3 British Hurricane fighters (became lost in fog while on patrol) destroyed during the day. Overnight, London, England, United Kingdom received a heavy bombing from German bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1941
  • German submarine U-562 sank British ship Erna III 200 miles east of Iceland at 0233 hours, killing all 25 aboard. [CPC]
  • German submarines U-68 attacked Allied convoy SL-87 300 miles west of the Canary Islands at 0222 hours, damaging British merchant ship Silverbelle. At 2346 hours, U-103 attacked the same convoy, sinking British merchant ships Edward (all 63 aboard survived) and Niceto de Larrinaga Blyden (2 killed, 53 survived). [CPC]
  • British minelaying cruiser HMS Abdiel and destroyers HMS Kandahar, HMS Jaguar, and HMS Griffin departed Alexandria, Egypt with supplies for Tobruk, Libya. They would arrive overnight and return on the following day. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Jager Report (issued on 1 Dec 1941) noted that 512 adult male, 744 adult female, and 511 children, all Jews, were killed in Riess, Lithuania for a total of 1,767 people. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 1st Marine Brigade (Provisional) was placed under the command of the US Army's Iceland Base Command. [AC]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [Main Article | CPC]
Black Sea
  • German Stuka dive bombers damaged Soviet destroyer Bezuprechny at 1300 hours, destroyer Besposhchadny at 1630 hours, and destroyer Boyki in the Black Sea off Odessa, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British cruiser HMS London departed Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom with Lord Beaverbrook and Averell Harriman aboard for Archangel, Russia for Lend-Lease discussions. She was escorted by Soviet and British destroyers. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • King George II of the Hellenes, with members of his family and government who have escaped from Crete, Greece arrived in England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1941
Machine gun crew of Japanese 4th Division near Miluo River in Hunan Province, China, during Second Battle of Changsha, 22 or 23 Sep 1941
22 Sep 1942
  • Tony Stein enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-435 attacked Allied convoy QP-14 50 miles west of Jan Mayen Island, Norway at 0718 hours, sinking US merchant ship Bellingham (all 75 aboard survived), British merchant ship Ocean Voice (civilian commodore J. C. K. Dowding's ship; all 89 aboard survived), and British fleet oiler RFA Grey Ranger (6 were killed, 33 survived). [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Unruffled sank Italian merchant ship Leonardo Palomba 25 miles east of Sousse, Tunisia. [CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-29 sank US freighter Paul Luckenbach 800 miles west of Kochi, India. [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • Australian destroyer HMAS Voyager departed Darwin, Australia with 400 men of Australian 2/4th Independent Company, sailing for the island of Timor to evacuate troops of Australian 2/2nd Independent Company and Portuguese civilians. [CPC]
Caroline Islands Russia
  • The Soviet 62nd Army was split in half by the German advance down the Taritsa River gorge in Stalingrad in southern Russia, and the German troops now held nearly the entire southern half of the city. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1942
Hitler greeting Pavelic at his Berghof residence near Berchtesgaden, Germany, 22 Sep 1942
22 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Davao, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Operation Source: The first of the charges placed by British midget submarines below German battleship Tirpitz in Norway exploded at 0812 hours. The second explosion took place shortly afterwards. The explosions caused damage to the hull and disabled the turbines, propeller shafts, and the rudder. One sailor was killed and 40 were wounded. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hoe damaged a Japanese tanker after hitting her with 2 out of 6 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook sank Japanese cargo ship Katsurahama Maru off Dalian, China with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. She fired another 8 torpedoes at another ship, but all of them missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Three Australian battalions landed at Finschhafen, Australian New Guinea. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was presented Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross by Adolf Hitler at Wolfsschanze near Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • To outwit the German Luftwaffe's fighter reaction, British RAF Bomber Command launched its first "spoof raid"; the main force attacked Hannover, while a feint heads for Osnabrück. [Main Article | AC]
Italy
  • British 78th Infantry Division began to arrive at Bari, Italy. Elsewhere in Italy, US 3rd Infantry Division captured Acerno. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German occupation administration in Naples, Italy announced that all men between 18 and 33 years of age were to be sent to labor camps in northern Italy and in Germany. On the same day, Italian resistance fighters captured a stock of weapons and ammunition from a military warehouse in the Vomero district of Naples. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1943
WAVES enlisted personnel eating a meal in the United States, 22 Sep 1943A company of African American soldiers of the US Army working at a makeshift office located at an ancient Neptune temple in Italy, 22 Sep 1943German pilots Hartmann Grasser, Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein (shaking hands with Hitler), Günther Rall, and Walter Nowotny with Adolf Hitler at Wolfsschanze, East Prussia, Germany, 22 Sep 1943
22 Sep 1944
  • USS Gunnel ended her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Estonia
  • Red Army units captured Tallinn and Reval, Estonia. [TH]
France
  • The German garrison in Boulogne, France surrendered to Canadian troops. [TH]
Germany
  • US First Army halted its offensive on Aachen, Germany. [TH]
Italy
  • US troops captured the Il Giogo pass on the Gothic Line in Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kure, Japan to escort battleships Fuso and Yamashiro to Lingga, Borneo. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Manila Bay area in the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • Irako departed Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands at 0300 hours with a deck load of reconnaissance floatplanes for Coron Bay, Calamian Islands, Philippine Islands. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Romania
  • The leading Divisions of Marshal Fedor Tolbukhin's 3rd Ukrainian Front commenced a crossing of the River Danube near Turnu Severin, Romania, meeting strong opposition from German Army alpine and German Waffen-SS troops under Field Marshal Maximilian Freiherr von Weich's command. [Main Article | AC]
Taiwan
  • The Taiwan Army was absorbed into the Japanese Tenth Area Army with General Rikichi Ando remaining as its commanding officer. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British scientists, returning from studying a German rocket research site at Blizna, Poland, found that the crates of rocket parts collected had been switched to ordinary aircraft parts, presumably by the Soviets who wished to retain the rocket parts for their own weapons research. [CPC]
United States
  • The first RaLa Experiment of the Manhattan Project with a radioactive source was performed. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1944
Major General Robert E. Urquhart of UK 1st Airborne Division planting the airborne flag outside his headquarters near Arnhem, the Netherlands, 22 Sep 1944Bow view of USS Spot, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 22 Sep 1944Stern view of USS Spot, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 22 Sep 1944Port side view of USS Spot, off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 22 Sep 1944
22 Sep 1945
  • Taken out of context, Patton's careless comparison of Nazi Party members in Germany to Democratic Party or Republican Party members in the United States stirred much controversy. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Carbonero arrived at Seattle, Washington, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Belgium
  • Edward Brooks' son, Major Edward Brooks, Jr., was killed in Belgium in a night flight training landing accident. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hawkbill departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • The US 5th Marine Division landed at Nagasaki on Kyushu Island, Japan, for occupation duties. [AC]
United States
  • USS Becuna arrived at San Diego, California, United States and was assigned to the Submarine Force of the US Navy Pacific Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1945
A Kairyu-class submarine outside her cave hideaway, Japan, 22 Sep 1945; the men were crew of American cruiser Boston
22 Sep 1947

United States
  • USS Becuna completed her scheduled overhaul at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
22 Sep 1950
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the rank of General of the Army. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1950
US Navy OY-2 Sentinel aircraft taking off from escort carrier Sicily, Yellow Sea, 22 Sep 1950US President Harry Truman pinning the five-star general insignia onto Omar Bradley
22 Sep 1953
  • USS Guitarro was decommissioned from service. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1957
22 Sep 1960

Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1960
Admiral Burke onboard submarine Patrick Henry during the countdown for a Admiral Burke onboard submarine Patrick Henry during the countdown for a
22 Sep 2000
22 Sep 2007

Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 2007
Grave of Donald Bennett, West Point Cemetery, West Point, New York, United States, 22 Sep 2007MG42 machine gun on display at the West Point Museum, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, United States, 22 Sep 2007Model of the atomic bomb M1 Garand rifle (center) on display at the West Point Museum, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, United States, 22 Sep 2007
See all photos dated 22 Sep 2007

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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B-17F Flying Fortress aircraft 'Spotted Cow', assembly ship of 384th Bomber Group, 547th Bomber Squadron, based in RAF Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, England, UK, 1943, photo 2 of 2




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