3 Sep 1900

3 Sep 1910

United States
  • Dwight Eisenhower wrote to Senator Joseph Bristow inquiring the status of his request for entry into the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, United States or the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1913

United Kingdom
  • Lord Gort was appointed the aide-de-camp to General Officer Commanding London District Francis Lloyd. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1917
  • Four Gotha bombers attacked Chatham, England, United Kingdom. One bomb fell on a naval barracks killing 131 ratings. [AC]
  • The American 1st Aero Squadron arrived in France. [AC]
  • The German 8th Army captured Riga, Latvia and pushed on some distance beyond. [AC]
3 Sep 1919

South Africa
  • Jan Smuts became the 2nd Prime Minister of South Africa. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US General John Joseph Pershing was made General of the Armies, a rank unique in American military history. [AC]
3 Sep 1921

Japan Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1921
Pál Teleki, 3 Sep 1921Pál Teleki, 3 Sep 1921
3 Sep 1923

Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1923
Aerial view of Yokosuka Naval Arsenal several days after the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, 3 or 4 Sep 1923; note battlecruiser Amagi in drydock
3 Sep 1925
  • The battleship HMS Nelson was launched at Vickers-Armstrong's Newcastle shipyard in England, United Kingdom. [AC]
United States
  • The US Navy airship Shenandoah broke in two during a squall at Caldwell, Ohio, United States, killing 14. [AC]
3 Sep 1935
  • Sir Malcolm Campbell set a new land speed record at Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, United States with a recorded speed of 301 mph. [AC]
  • The keel of submarine Iride was laid down at the Odero-Terni-Orlando Navy Yard in Muggiani, La Spezia, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1936
  • Spanish Republican Catalan troops on Majorca, Spain, faced by a much stronger Spanish Nationalist Garrison (than that on Ibiza) under the command of Colonel Garcia Ruiz, were thrown back by a counter-attack supported by Italian fighters aircraft and bombers. The Republican force rapidly withdrew to the beaches and, covered by the guns of the battleship Jaime I, re-embark aboard the ships which had brought them. Meanwhile, on the mainland, Nationalist forces captured Talavera de la Reina. [Main Article | AC]
United States
3 Sep 1937
  • The first British-built Bren gun fired in testing. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1939

Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-30 torpedoed British passenger liner Athenia in the Atlantic Ocean. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was sent home from Trost Barracks, Vienna, Austria despite the outbreak of war due to the lack of instructors to train new recruits. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The government of Belgium announced their neutral stance in the European War. [CPC]
  • At 0900 hours, British Ambassador in Germany Nevile Henderson delivered the British declaration of war to German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, effective at 1100 hours; British Commonwealth nations of New Zealand and Australia followed suit. France would also declare war later on this day, effective at 1700 hours. In the afternoon, Adolf Hitler issued an order to his generals, again stressing that German troops must not attack British and French positions. Finally, Hitler also sent a message to the Soviet Union, asking the Soviets to jointly invade Poland. [Main Article | TH]
  • German government issued orders that executions by members of the SS were to be carried out in concentration camps, effective 20 Sep 1939. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first RAF operation flight over Germany was a reconnaissance mission, but later in the night RAF bombers would conduct a leaflet raid. [TH]
  • Adolf Hitler departed Berlin, Germany for the Eastern Front. [Main Article | CPC]
  • 55 Polish peasants at Truskolasy, Poland were executed. [TH]
United Kingdom
  • The National Service (Armed Forces) Act, which had passed the British Parliament the day before, was officially enacted upon the British declaration of war on German. The Act contained a proviso that if a man required to register under the Act objected to being placed on the Military Service Register and thus be eligible for call-up, he should apply for his name to be placed on the Register of Conscientious Objectors instead. He would then be called before a local tribunal to explain why he should be exempt from a service his fellow men were compelled to undertake. [AC]
  • British General Edmund Ironside became the Chief of the Imperial Staff. [CPC]
  • British Member of Parliament Winston Churchill became the First Lord of the Admiralty, a post he had held during the Great War. [Main Article | AC]
  • The British government announced the immediate closure of all theatres, cinemas, music halls and other places of public entertainment. Football matches and other events likely to be attended by large crowds were banned, as was the blowing of whistles or sounding of horns. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1939
Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies announcing the start of the European War, Sep 1939Demonstration in Warsaw, Poland in support of the British declaration of war on Germany, 3 Sep 1939German Panzer I, Panzer II, and SdKfz. 251 vehicles in Poland, circa 3 Sep 1939; the officer in the SdKfz. 251 halftrack vehicle might be Heinz GuderianKing George VI of the United Kingdom delivering his radio address announcing Britain’s entry into the war with Germany, Buckingham Palace, London, England, UK, Sept 3, 1939 [staged press photo].
See all photos dated 3 Sep 1939
3 Sep 1940
  • German submarine U-57 collided with Norwegian ship Rona at Brunsbüttel, Germany. U-57 sank with 6 lost; there were 19 survivors. She would later be raised to serve as a training ship. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-60 sank British collier Ulva about 150 miles southwest of Isle of Barra, Outer Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom at 0326 hours; 3 were killed and 17 survived. A British convoy escort vessel depth charged German submarine U-101 200 miles west of Ireland, damaging her and causing flooding, but U-101 would survive and reach Lorient, France on 16 Sep for repairs. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop denied that the Second Vienna Arbitration had violated any terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, as Vyacheslav Molotov had accused. Furthermore, Ribbentrop complained that the manner in which the Soviet Union had take over the Baltic States was in itself a violation of the pact. [Main Article | CPC]
  • He Yingqin ordered Nationalist 18th Army to counter the Communist advance along the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vojtech Tuka convinced the Slovak assembly to enact Constitutional Law 210 which gave the government powers to establish anti-Semitic laws. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germany began planning Operation Sealion, the invasion of Britain. [TH]
United Kingdom
  • 50 German Do 17 bombers escorted by 80 Bf 110 fighters and 40 Bf 109 fighters flew up the Thames Estuary in souther England, United Kingdom, then split up to hit RAF airfields at North Weald, Hornchurch, and Debden. All three airfields were badly damaged, but all remained operational. Biggin Hill also saw two minor raids on this date. Luftwaffe lost 17 fighters and 8 bombers, while the RAF lost 20 fighters and 2 bombers (to friendly fire). During a meeting on this date, Kesselring recommended Göring to cease the bombing of British fighter airfields because there were too many of them; instead, he suggested to bomb London and use the threat of civilian deaths to force large numbers of British fighters to come to battle. Overnight, German bombers attacked Kent, Liverpool, and South Wales. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt announced the destroyers-for-bases deal to the public. Captain Ferdinand L. Reichmuth, the commanding officer of destroyers of the US Navy Atlantic Squadron was placed in charge of the transfer of destroyers to Britain. [CPC]
  • Light cruiser USS St. Louis departed Norfolk, Virginia with Rear Admiral John F. Greenslade on board, who was placed in charge to survey land recently gained from the United Kingdom for building military bases. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1940
TBD-1 Devastator showing damage to fuselage after a landing accident on Yorktown, 3 Sep 1940US Navy pilot C.M. OCruiser Mk IV tanks of British 3rd Royal Tank Regiment on exercise in East Anglia, England, United Kingdom, 3 Sep 1940, photo 1 of 2Cruiser Mk IV tanks of British 3rd Royal Tank Regiment in a village in East Anglia, England, United Kingdom, 3 Sep 1940
See all photos dated 3 Sep 1940
3 Sep 1941
  • The equivalent of a whole Red Army Division under NKVD officers was sent south to round up and deport all the Soviet Union's ethnic Germans they could find. By Jan 1942, 800,000 Germans from all parts of the Soviet Union had been shipped eastward. [AC]
  • Operation EGV.1, which involved an air attack on German targets at Tromsø, Norway by carrier aircraft from HMS Victorious, was cancelled due to lack of cloud cover. [CPC]
  • German bombers damaged British ship Fort Richepanse at noon in the Atlantic Ocean; at 2042 hours, German submarine U-567 caught up with the damaged ship 450 miles west of Ireland, sinking her with 41 deaths; 22 survived. [CPC]
  • In England, United Kingdom, Alan Brooke inspected 70 Welsh Young Soldiers’ Battalion at Duxford, A Company of 70th King's Royal Rifle Corps at Debden, and B Company of 70th King's Royal Rifle Corps at Castle Camp in the morning. After lunch with Prime Minister Winston Churchill, he inspected A and B Companies of 70th Suffolks regiment at Martlesham and A and B Companies of 70th Essex regiment at Southend. He was disappointed by the progress of the training of the Essex regiment. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German and Romanian troops captured the village of Vakarzhany, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft sank Chinese vessel Ganlu at Bazhong, Sichuan Province, China. [CPC]
  • Experimental trials of gas chambers at Block II of Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland began, using Soviet prisoners of war as test subjects. Zyklon-B was used. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Canadian Lieutenant-General Arthur Grasett MC, DSO (1888-1971), the former General Officer Commanding in Hong Kong, suggested to the Chiefs of Staff in London, England, United Kingdom that with the addition of two or more battalions, the colony's garrison would be strong enough to resist, for an extensive period, any Japanese seige. He further affirmed that Canada might be prepared to provide the battalions. [Main Article | AC]
3 Sep 1942
  • Armed resistance was met during the German liquidation of Lahava ghetto, western Byelorussia. [CPC]
  • An attempt by Soviet forces in Leningrad, Russia to break out of the encirclement to meet relief forces failed. [Main Article | TH]
  • British destroyers HMS Vimy, HMS Pathfinder, and HMS Quentin sank German submarine U-162 northeast of Trinidad with depth charges, killing 2 in the process. 49 survivors were captured and sent to the United States as prisoners of war. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps Brigadier General Roy Geiger arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands along with the command echelon of the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • After a 30-hour pursuit, German submarine U-109 sank British ship Ocean Might 200 miles south of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, French West Africa at 0050 hours; 4 were killed, 50 survived. At 0557 hours, U-107 attacked a group of British ships 5 miles off the coast of Portugal, sinking Penrose (2 were killed, 42 survived) and Hollinside (3 were killed, 48 survived). German submarine U-517 sank Canadian ship Donald Stewart in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Canada at 0756 hours; 3 were killed, 17 survived. German submarine U-162 attacked British destroyers HMS Vimy, HMS Pathfinder, and HMS Quentin without success 60 miles southeast of Barbados at 1805 hours; the British destroyers counterattacked with depth charges and ramming (by HMS Vimy); 2 of the 51 aboard were killed in U-162's sinking and the remainder were captured. Also on this day, British Whitley aircraft attacked U-660 and U-705 in the Bay of Biscay 400 west of Saint-Nazaire, France; U-705 was sunk with all 45 aboard killed. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Coast Guard troop transport Wakefield suffered an accidental fire 350 miles east of Boston, Massachusetts, United States at 1830 hours; as she was abandoned, cruiser USS Brooklyn, destroyer USS Mayo, and destroyer USS Madison took off all 1,590 aboard. Wakefield would later be towed to Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada to be rebuilt. [CPC]
  • The US 5th Air Force was activated at Brisbane, Australia. [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Australian 2/9th Battalion attacked Japanese positions on the Milne Bay coast in Australian Papua while Australian 2/14th and 2/16th Battalions fell back to Myola Ridge on the Kokoda Trail. [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese patrol craft off Truk, Caroline Islands, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied forces counterattacked in Egypt partially successfully, suffering heavy casualties in the process. Bernard Montgomery decided to call off the counterattack at 2230 hours, thus allowing Axis forces to withdraw. During the night, a group of British Valentine tanks became lost in a minefield; 12 of them were destroyed by mines while trying to get out. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille shot down three fighters (British Sergeant M. Powers, Flight Lieutenant Canham, and Pilot Officer Bicksler) in his morning sortie between 0720 and 0728 hours over Egypt. In the afternoon sortie, he shot down two P-40 fighters (British Warrant Officer Stan Bernier and South African Lieutenant Ryneke) and a Spitfire fighter between 1508 and 1542 hours. At the end of the day, his score stood at 132. In Germany, Adolf Hitler reviewed and approved the nomination for Marseille to receive Diamonds to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal; Hitler decided to personally award Marseille with this decoration before the end of the year. [Main Article | CPC]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • German submarine U-375 attacked a Palestinian convoy 5 miles north of Tartus, Syria-Lebanon at 1342 hours, sinking all three boats, sinking sailing vessel Miriam, sailing vessel Salina, an unidentified sailing vessel, and merchant ship Arnon. [CPC]
  • Roscoe Hillenkoetter was made the first permanent chief of the Intelligence Center of the Pacific Ocean Areas in Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, replacing temporary chief Joseph Rochefort. The ICPOA was a part of the US Navy Pacific Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo arrived at her patrol area west of Truk, Caroline Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German 6.Armee and 4.Panzerarmee finally linked up near Stalingrad in southern Russia, but were rebuffed in their attempts to enter the city. [Main Article | TH]
3 Sep 1943
  • The Jewish ghetto at Tarnów, Poland was closed and its residents deported; Amon Göth was placed in charge of the deportation. [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Basilone arrived in New York, New York, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese cargo ship Tagonoura Maru off Japan with two of four toropedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hauptmann Heinrich Höfer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Nine RAAF Catalina aircraft based at Cairns, Queensland, Australia attacked Vunakanau Airfield, Lakunai Airfield, and Rapopo Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain, causing no damage and suffering no damage. [CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • Robert von Greim was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht radio report. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The new Italian government signed a secret armistice with the Allies. Immediately after, Operation Baytown, the invasion of the Italian mainland, was launched across the Strait of Messina, with British and Canadian troops of British XIII Corps landing at Reggio Calabria without opposition. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
New Hebrides
  • The personnel of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 were transported to Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. [CPC]
New Zealand
  • Eleanor Roosevelt departed Auckland, New Zealand for Australia. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Japanese aircraft spotted USS Permit and attacked with bombs off Kwajalein, Marshall Islands; USS Permit escaped unscathed. [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1943
US Army Corporal Paul F. Janesk posing in his jeep in Sicily, Italy, 3 Sep 1943; note cartoon of Axis leaders drawn on his jeep, and Mussolini crossed outMap depicting the invasion of mainland Italy, Sep 1943Gen Douglas MacArthur shaking the hand of his pilot, Col Harry Hawthorne, after observing the airborne paratroop drop at Nazdab, New Guinea from his B-17F “Talisman.” Sep 3 1943 photo at 7-Mile Aerodrome, Port Moresby, New Guinea.
3 Sep 1944
  • In Belgium, British Second Army captured Brussels and US First Army captured Tournai. [Main Article | TH]
  • US and French troops reached Lyon, France. [Main Article | TH]
  • Feldmarschal von Rundstedt took command of German forces in the West. [Main Article | TH]
  • Allied bombers conducted a raid on Belgrade, Yugoslavia. [CPC]
  • A B-17 Flying Fortress bomber was mistakenly directed to Düne Island, Helgoland, Germany; its original target was a German submarine pen. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A National Day of Prayer was declared in Britain on the 5th anniversary of the start of the war for the United Kingdom. British casualties to-date were revealed as 242,995 killed, 80,603 missing, 311,500 wounded, and 290,381 captured. [CPC]
  • USS Segundo arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Pacific Ocean, USS Becuna spotted an aircraft in the distance and believed it to be a friendly Liberator bomber. [Main Article | CPC]
  • At a meeting with Omar Bradley, Bernard Montgomery hinted at trying an operation to seize the bridges over the Lower Rhine at Arnhem, the Netherlands for an armoured thrust to follow up. [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Tang arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fourth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Pompon arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Canadian troops penetrated German lines and reached the Green II defensive positions on the Gothic Line in Italy. To the west, troops of British V Corps attacked German positions along the Coriano Ridge and advanced to the Marano River. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Romania
  • Ion Antonescu with his wife Maria, Mihai Antonescu, Kristia Pantasi, Konstantin Vasiliu, Eugen Kristesku, Gheorghe Alexianu, Radu Lekka, and other arrested Romanian leaders were placed aboard a special train for Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1944
Cummings maneuvered into position before attacking Wake Island, 3 Sep 1944
3 Sep 1945
  • General Tomoyuki Yamashita surrendered Japanese troops in the Philippine Islands to US Army General Jonathan Wainwright. [Main Article | TH]
  • British doctors parachuted into Singapore ahead of a Royal Navy fleet. [AC]
  • USS Segundo departed Tokyo Bay, Japan for the west coast of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Trepang arrived at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Spot was assigned to anti-submarine warfare training at San Diego, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1945
Lieutenant General Yoshio Tachibana aboard USS Dunlap off Chichi Jima to surrender the Bonin Islands, 3 Sep 1945Song Meiling posing with a newspaper headlining JapanEscort Carrier USS Attu refueling at sea while transporting F4U Corsairs and SB2C Heldiver aircraft, Sep 3 1945US Marine celebrating victory over Japan at Guam, 1945
3 Sep 1947

  • Song Tingcai led 400 militia troops in a failed action against a much larger Communist force at Tianhu, Henan Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1948
3 Sep 1950

Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1950
Soldiers of US 9th Infantry Regiment on a M26 Pershing tank, near the Nakdong River, Korea, 3 Sep 1950US Marine Corps Pershing tank near the Nakdong River, Korea, 3 Sep 1950
3 Sep 1953

Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1953
Regulus missile aboard USS Tunny, off Point Mugu, California, United States, 3 Sep 1953
3 Sep 1954

United States
  • Submarine Gür completed her GUPPY I conversion work at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1954
Submarine Gür off Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pennsylvania, United States, 3 Sep 1954, photo 2 of 4Submarine Gür off Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pennsylvania, United States, 3 Sep 1954, photo 1 of 4Submarine Gür off Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pennsylvania, United States, 3 Sep 1954, photo 3 of 4Submarine Gür off Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pennsylvania, United States, 3 Sep 1954, photo 4 of 4
3 Sep 1957
  • USS Iowa departed for Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wasp departed Boston, Massachusetts, United States for Scotland, United Kingdom to participated in NATO Operations Seaspray and Strikeback. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1959

Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 1959
Harry Truman (piano) and Jack Benny (violin) playing music together, 3 Sep 1959
3 Sep 1982
  • Prince Takahito was made Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 1989
3 Sep 1997

United States
  • Arthur Chin passed away in Portland, Oregon, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Sep 2005

Photo(s) dated 3 Sep 2005
HA-1112 aircraft in flight, 3 Sep 2005

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Winston Churchill receiving a honorary degree from the Leiden University at the Pieterskerk church, Leiden, the Netherlands, 1946

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"An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last."

Winston Churchill