23 Apr 1945
  • US submarine USS Besugo sank German submarine U-183 in the Java Sea; only one German sailor survived the sinking. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German SS-Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler contacted the Western Allies via Swedish Count Folke Bernadotte to negotiate for a peace agreement. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops reached outskirts of Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy PB4Y Privateer bombers launched Bat missiles against Japanese shipping off Balikpapen, Borneo; it was the first and only use of automatic homing missiles in WW2. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Berlin, Germany, Adolf Hitler noted that, when Germany would have lost the war, Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring would be the better person to negotiate peace terms. Göring, who was in Berchtesgaden in southern Germany, was made aware of this fact. After consulting Hans Lammers and other senior government officials, Göring carefully noted that, according to Hitler's decree of 29 Jun 1941, Göring would take power over Germany if Hitler could not respond by midnight. This message would be distorted by Martin Bormann as a sign of Göring's thirst for power. Hitler originally ordered Göring to surrender all of his positions, but Bormann would convince Hitler to issue an arrest order. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • British bombers attacked Lübeck, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The 150 officers and 3,000 men of the 1st Division of the Indian National Army, an anti-British resistance group aided by the Japanese, surrendered to the Allies at Pyu, Burma. Meanwhile, Lieutenant General Heitaro Kimura, despite having been given orders of defend Rangoon, Burma to the death, ignominiously abandoned the city without issuing any orders to the Burma Area army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, AC]
Germany
  • Prisoners of Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrück Concentration Camps in Germany began to be evacuated by German authorities; some Jews were massacred by SS guards this week as the last massacres of the war. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Second Army reaches the Elbe River near Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • After sundown, Albert Speer bid his final farewell to Adolf Hitler. He admitted to Hitler that he had sabotaged Hitler's scorched earth policies, and Hitler forgave him for disobeying the order. Speer toured the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany for the last time before leaving for Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Folke Bernadotte met Heinrich Himmler at the SS Hohenlychen sanatorium in Lychen, Germany for the last time. During this meeting, Bernadotte secured the release of some Scandinavian Jews, but refused to help seek a separate peace between Germany and the Western Allies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Theodor Morell departed Berlin, Germany by aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • US Fifth and British Eighth Armies reached the Po River north of Bologna, Italy. British Eighth Army captured Ferrara in the process, while the US Fifth Army captured La Spezia. Allied troops captured Bondeno, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • In Italy, remnants German 148th Infantry Division began advancing from the Genoa area toward Parma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Apr 1945
Telegram taken from Hitler’s bunker in Berlin, Germany addressed to Hitler from Göring dated 23 Apr 1945. According to Speer, Bormann used this telegram to finish turning Hitler against Göring.CBS war correspondent Tim Leimert and USMC pilot 1st Lt Herbert Groff, Yontan Airfield, Okinawa, Japan, 23 Apr 1945

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

23 Apr 1945 Interactive Map




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945