12 Oct 1944
  • USS Croaker sank a Japanese merchant ship with 3 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Trepang claimed damaging a Japanese battleship and sinking one destroyer during an attack conducted at 2100 hours, earning Commander Roy Davenport a Navy Cross. Post-war studies could not confirm this success, however. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops withdrew across the Lower Rhine near Arnhem, the Netherlands. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Athens, Greece was liberated by Resistance forces who were supported by British glider-landed reinforcements. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The first B-29 bombers of the US 73rd Bomb Wing (VH) arrived at Isley Field on Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Colonel Rudolf von Margona-Redwitz, head of German military intelligence in Vienna (Abwehrstelle Wien) until Apr 1944, was sentenced to death and executed in connection with the July Plot against Adolf Hitler. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert Cole of No. 3 Squadron RAF, flying a Tempest V fighter, shot down a Me 262 jet fighter which was escorting bombers of German Kampfgeschwader 51. This was the first victory of a jet aircraft by a Tempest fighter. The German pilot, Unteroffizier Edmond Delatowski, bailed out and survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Marcus Island departed Manus, Admiralty Islands with Task Group 77.4. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The docks at Boulogne, France were reopened, thus helping the Allied supply crisis to the armies north of the Seine River, which up to now had been reliant on Dieppe and Ostend whose combined capacity was only about 10,000 tons daily. ww2dbase [AC]
Italy
  • American "Buffalo Soldiers" broke through the Gothic Line in northern Italy. The 92nd Infantry Division was the only black unit (with white officers) to see combat in Europe, going into action in Italy after the capture of Rome. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Latvia
  • Latvian capital Riga was captured by the Soviets, ending any hope of a breakout by Army Group North. ww2dbase [AC]
Netherlands
  • The German 485 Mobile Artillery Detachment, responsible for launching V-2 rockets, began their move from Friesland to the Hague in the Netherlands. On the same day, Adolf Hitler ordered that London, England, United Kingdom was to be the only target for V-2 rockets in Britain; attacks on other continental cities such as Antwerp were to continue. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Ray sank Japanese cargo ship Toko Maru in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami operated off Okinawa, Japan. After dark, she shot down a Japanese aircraft and assisted in the downing of another. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone Taiwan
  • Carrier aircraft from USS Bunker Hill attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Carrier aircraft from USS Bunker Hill attacked Shinchiku Airfield in Shinchiku (now Hsinchu), Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • VT-44 squadron TBM aircraft from USS Langley attacked Kagi Airfield in Kagi (now Chiayi), Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • VT-18 squadron aircraft from USS Intrepid attacked Shinchiku Airfield in Shinchiku (now Hsinchu) in northern Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • VT-18 squadron aircraft from USS Intrepid attacked the Rising Sun Petroleum Company facilities in Tamsui and the military seaplane base immediately next to Rising Sun facilities in northern Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Franklin launched strikes against Tainan, Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aircraft from USS Hancock attacked the Karenko Airfield in Karenko (now Hualien) in eastern Taiwan; nearly Japan Aluminum Company and Toho Metallury Company industrial facilities were also damaged. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Carrier aircraft from USS Lexington attacked Shoka Airfield in Shoka (now Changhua), Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Aircraft from USS Wasp attacked the Okayama Airfield north of Takao (now Kaohsiung), Taiwan. Nearby targets of opportunity such as the seaplane base at Toko Bay (now Dapeng Bay), the naval port at Toshien (now Zuoying), and the Japanese Army airfield at present-day Kaohsiung International Airport were also attacked. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • US Navy carrier aircraft attacked the Japanese Navy base at Mako (now Makung), Pescadores Islands in the Taiwan Strait. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A German V-2 rocket hit Ingworth 14 miles north of Norwich, England, United Kingdom, slightly injuring 2 people and causing damage to 20 houses and 1 school. This rocket was the 28th rocket to hit the Norwich region, and was to be the last of the current rocket campaign against Norwich. None of the 28 rockets targeted at this area killed anyone, and property damage was relatively light. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • Bulgarian troops captured Leskovac, Yugoslavia. Elsehwere in Yogoslavia, Soviet 4th Guards Mechanized Corps began advancing toward Belgrade from the bridgeheads at Velika Plana and Palanka. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Oct 1944
Japanese-American soldier of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regiment, US 34th Infantry Division standing guard, near Chambois, France, 12 Oct 1944Japanese-American troops of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regiment, US 34th Infantry Division resting in bivouac near Chambois, France, 12 Oct 1944Japanese-American soldier of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regiment, US 34th Infantry Division hanging his laundry, Chambois Sector, France, 12 Oct 1944Japanese-American troops of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regiment, US 34th Infantry Division resting in bivouac in Chambois Sector, France, 12 Oct 1944
See all photos dated 12 Oct 1944

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

12 Oct 1944 Interactive Map




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943