29 May 1895

Taiwan
  • Japanese troops landed on northern Taiwan. [CPC]
29 May 1915

Photo(s) dated 29 May 1915
New York underway, 29 May 1915
29 May 1917
29 May 1918
  • The British Cabinet seceded that a large scale Allied intervention in Russia was now an inevitable necessity and that all possible pressure should be brought to bear on US President Wilson to persuade him to agree to it. [AC]
Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu's second child, Princess Yasuko, married Marquis Nagatake Asano. [Main Article | CPC]
29 May 1929

Japan
29 May 1934

Photo(s) dated 29 May 1934
P-26A Peashooter fighter in a 30x60 full scale tunnel at a Boeing facility in California, United States, 29 May 1934
29 May 1935

France
  • The French luxury liner Normandie departed Le Havre, France on her maiden voyage, reaching New York, United States in four days, three hours and thirteen minutes, winning the Blue Riband from the Italian liner Rex. [AC]
29 May 1937
  • The German pocket battleship Deutschland was bombed by Spanish Republican aircraft off the Spanish coast. Thirty-one German sailors were killed and 101 were injured. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • Hurricane prototype fighter K5083 was revealed to the public during the Empire Air Day exhibitions at Felixstowe and Martlesham in Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1937
Model of Nazi Party rallying ground at Nürnberg, Germany on display at the Germany House of the Paris World
29 May 1939
  • USS Astoria discontinued the search for the missing adventurer Richard Halliburton. [Main Article | CPC]
29 May 1940
  • Allies evacuated 33,558 men from the harbor at Dunkirk, France and 13,752 from the nearby beaches. German aircraft interfered, attacking ships in the sea as well as men waiting on the docks. Destroyer HMS Grenade was hit by three bombs, one of which went down her funnel, in Dunkirk harbor and sank, killing 19. Destroyer HMS Jaguar was badly damaged by a bomb, killing 13 and wounding 19. Minesweeper HMS Waverley, with 600 troops already aboard, was sunk by a bomb, killing 350. Elsewhere in France, German troops captured Lille, Ostend, and Ypres. Also on the same day, French auxiliary cruiser Ville d'Oran took on 200 tons of gold from the French reserve for shipment to Casablanca, French Morocco. [Main Article | TH]
  • German torpedo boat S-30 sank British destroyer HMS Wakeful 13 miles north of Nieuwpoort, Belgium at 0040 hours, killing 97 crew and 640 solders rescued from Dunkirk, France. 25 crew and 1 soldier were rescued by minesweepers HMS Gossamer and HMS Lydd, destroyer HMS Grafton, and armed trawler HMS Comfort. Later in the day, German submarine U-62 torpedoed HMS Grafton, killing 4; destroyer HMS Ivanhoe scuttled HMS Grafton after rescuing the survivors. Nearby, HMS Comfort was mistaken for another German torpedo boat and was rammed by HMS Lydd, killing 4 crew and 2 soldiers. [TH]
  • German submarine U-37 sank French steamer Marie José and British oil tanker Telena off Cape Finisterre, Spain. 18 were killed and 18 survivors were later rescued by Spanish fishing boats. [CPC]
  • Werner Mölders was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, the first fighter pilot to receive this award. [Main Article | CPC]
  • No. 264 Squadron RAF based at Manston, England, United Kingdom claimed no less than thirty-eight enemy aircraft destroyed in a single day. The Luftwaffe fighter pilots having mistaken No. 264 Squadron's two-seat Defiant fighters for Hurricane fighters and had dived on the supposedly defenceless tails of the British fighters only to be greeted by a withering concentration of fire. By the end of the month No. 264 Squadron's Defiant fighters would have claimed some sixty-five kills, but the German pilots had learned from their mistakes and adopted new tactics to deal with the Defiant fighters. [Main Article | AC]
  • Friedrich Christiansen became the commanding officer of the German military in the Netherlands. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1940
British troops in a ship off of Dunkirk, France, late May 1940US Senator Morris Sheppard, Major General George Lynch, and Senator A. B. Chandler comparing M1941 Johnson rifles and the M1 Garand rifles, Washington, DC, United States, 29 May 1940German Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers in flight, 29 May 1940
29 May 1941
  • US Navy extended its boundaries of Neutrality Patrol to North and South Atlantic. On the same day, a joint US Army-US Navy plan was drafted to occupy the Portuguese Azores islands with 14,000 Marines and 14,000 troops; the proposed commanding officer was US Marine Corps Major General Holland M. Smith. [CPC]
  • Prinz Eugen arrived at Brest, France. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British force of cruiser and destroyers embarked 3,486 men at Heraklion, Crete and departed for Egypt at 0245 hours. At 0400 hours, HMS Imperial's steering failed; she transferred her crew and passengers, and then was scuttled by HMS Hotspur. After dawn, HMS Hereward was bombed by Italian aircraft, 76 were killed and 89 survivors were captured. Cruisers HMS Orion and HMS Dido were also attacked, killing 105 crew and 260 passengers on the former and 27 crew and 100 passengers on the latter. The force would finally arrive at Alexandria, Egypt at 2000 hours. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-557 sank British ship Empire Storm in the North Atlantic at 2043 hours; 3 were killed, 40 survived and were rescued by Norwegian ship Marita. [CPC]
  • German submarine U-38 sank British ship Tabaristan 250 miles off Sierra Leone, British West Africa at 2350 hours; 21 were killed, 39 survived and were rescued by British armed trawlers HMS Bengali and HMS Turcoman. [CPC]
  • The German Navy began to execute its plans for the invasion of the Soviet Union. [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Eagle began patrolling the South Atlantic for German shipping. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 13 British and Polish prisoners of war of Oflag IV-C at Colditz Castle, Germany attempted to escape via a tunnel, but the attempt was a failure. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1941
Washington off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States, 29 May 1941A-20A Havoc bomber of US 58th Bomb Squadron flying over Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, 29 May 1941USS Washington, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 29 May 1941
29 May 1942
  • The Main Body of the Japanese Midway invasion fleet set sail; it was consisted of Battleship Division 1 (Yamato, Nagato, Mutsu), light carrier Hosho, seaplane/submarine tenders Chiyoda and Nisshin, light cruiser Sendai of Destroyer Squadron 3, nine destroyers, and Supply Group No. 1; the Main Body remained 600 miles behind the Carrier Striking Force. Meanwhile, the transport fleet set sail from Saipan in the Mariana Islands; it was consisted of 15 transports. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Commonwealth CA-12 Boomerang fighter made its maiden flight, only fourteen weeks after its design had been approved and an initial order for 105 machines placed. [Main Article | AC]
  • A lifeboat containing survivors of Dutch ship Polyphemus, which was sunk by German submarine U-578 on 27 May, was stopped by U-566; after some questioning, the German crew provided the survivors some water and pointed them toward the east coast of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-156 sank British ship Norman Prince 60 miles west of Saint Lucia, Lesser Antilles islands at 0103 hours; 16 were killed, 32 survived. At 0217 hours, U-107 sank British ship Western Head 10 miles south of Rio Seco, Cuba; 24 were killed, 6 survived. Finally, U-50 sank British ship Allister 54 miles south of Grand Cayman island at 2337 hours; 15 were killed, 8 survived. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-21 launched her floatplane for a reconnaissance mission over Sydney, Australia. [CPC]
  • British destroyers HMS Hero, HMS Eridge, and HMS Hurworth forced German submarine U-568 to surface and be scuttled 40 miles northeast of Tobruk, Libya with a depth charging that lasted 16 hours; all 47 aboard survived. [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Turbulent fired four torpedoes at an Italian convoy 135 miles northwest of Benghazi, Libya at 0700 hours; one torpedo struck and sank Capo Arma, while another circled back over the submarine and then proceed to strike and sink destroyer Emmanuele Pessagno. [CPC]
  • USS Swordfish sank Japanese transport Tatsufuku Maru, already damaged by USS Seal on the previous day, between Dutch Borneo and the Philippine Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy QP-12 arrived at Reykjavík, Iceland. To the east, PQ-16 sailed in the opposite direction. As PQ-16 neared Murmansk, Russia, they were joined by Soviet destroyers Grozny, Sokrushitelny, and Kuibyshev at 1150 hours and then 6 British destroyers several hours later. At 2200 hours, the convoy broke into two groups, one sailing for Murmansk and another sailing for Arkhangelsk further east. At 2330 hours, the Murmansk group came under attack by 18 German aircraft and the Arkhangelsk group by 15 German aircraft; no ships were sunk, and several aircraft on both sides were shot down, including one piloted by Double Hero of the Soviet Union Boris Safonov, killing him. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Free French Bren Carrier patrol led by Captain Lamaze and accompanied, in person, by Colonel Mitakvari of the Foreign Legion, was surprised while patrolling in the open desert by a section of Italian M13 tanks which managed to get between the patrol and its perimeter defences. They were only rescued by the timely intervention of Captain Messmer (9th company 3/13th battalion) who would later become the Minister of Defence in the Charles de Gaulle regime in the 1960s. [AC]
Black Sea
  • Soviet submarine A-3 sank Romanian vessel Sulina in the Black Sea. [CPC]
  • Soviet submarine ShCh-214 sank Turkish vessel Hudarvendigar in the Black Sea. [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Long range Catalina flying boats of No. 11 and No. 20 squadrons RAAF made their first raid against the Solomon Islands base at Tulagi, which had already been attacked by US carrier aircraft earlier in the month. [Main Article | AC]
France
  • 77 British aircraft (31 Wellington, 20 Halifax, 14 Lancaster, 9 Stirling, 3 Hampden) attacked the Gnome et Rhône aircraft engine factory at Gennevilliers northwest of Paris, France, causing little damage; 34 French civilians were killed, 167 were injured; 5 bombers were lost in this mission. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Yorktown was refloated and moved out of Dry Dock No. 1 at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii. She received fuel and a new air complement from nearby Naval Air Station Kaneohe. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Libya
  • An Italian supply convoy got through the British minefield and reached the Axis forces in the "Cauldron" south of Tobruk, Libya, which British General Neil Ritchie still failed to realize was the main assault force. To the north near the coast, the Storch observation aircraft which General Ludwig Crüwell was aboard was shot down, leading to his capture. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • En route to the Aleutian Islands, USS S-28 received new orders due to a potential Japanese attack at Midway, thus starting her first war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Permit fired two torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Makassar Strait; both torpedoes missed. [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Soviet resistance in the Izium, Ukraine ceased. [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German bombers attacked Grimsby, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1942
View forward from QuincyQuincyAfrican-American US Army 2nd lts. Henry Harris, Frank Frederick Doughton, Elmer B. Kountze, and Rogers H. Beardon pinning on their new brass rank insignias, Ft. Benning, Georgia, US, 29 May 1942Subhash Chandra Bose and Adolf Hitler, Reich Chancellery, Berlin, Germany, 29 May 1942
See all photos dated 29 May 1942
29 May 1943
  • RAF bombers attacked Wuppertal, Germany with 1,900 tons of explosives. The Ruhr region city housed an I. G. Farben chemical plant and a G. & J. Jaeger ball-bearing factory. [Main Article | TH]
  • The issue of the American magazine The Saturday Evening Post published on this date featured with Norman Rockwell's "Rosie the Riveter" illustration. [CPC]
Caroline Islands China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed in Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Scorpion departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two British fighters over Chittagong, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 44. [Main Article]
Puerto Rico
  • 417th Bombardment Squadron of 25th Bombardment Group of US Army Air Forces, operating B-18 Bolo bombers, was assigned to Losey Field in Puerto Rico. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1943
F4U-1 Corsair fighter of US Marine Corps fighter squadron VMF-213 A group of approximately 40 dead Japanese soldiers at a ridge on Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 29 May 1943Rear Admiral W. L. Friedell greeting Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 29 May 1943; note MortonRear Admiral W. L. Friedell greeting Lieutenant Commander Richard O
See all photos dated 29 May 1943
29 May 1944
  • Taking advantage of their range, US bombers began hitting Marienburg and Posen in eastern Germany. [Main Article | TH]
  • The escort carrier USS Block Island was torpedoed by a German U-boat while on anti-submarine patrol near the Azores. This was the first and only US Navy Aircraft Carrier to be lost in the Atlantic Ocean. [AC]
  • The Anglo-Indian attack on Ninthoukgong, India was halted after capturing the northern half of the town. [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 28 arrived on board. Part of CASU-48, CASU-49, arrived on board. [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US 1st Armored Division engaged German defensive positions of the Caesar C Line south of Rome, Italy. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale released destroyer USS Cassin from escort duty off Majuro, Marshall Islands. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese transport between Caroline Islands and Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 8 torpedoes fired. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1944
US Army Pfc. Edward J. Foley of the 143rd Infantry Regiment of the 36th Division cleaning his Springfield M1903A4 sniper rifle, near Valletri, Italy, 29 May 1944
29 May 1945
  • USS Cod arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands for refitting, ending her sixth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Jisaburo Ozawa was named the commander-in-chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 10th Army captured Shuri Castle at Okinawa, Japan. Off the coast, Japanese special attack aircraft damaged 2 destroyers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the third time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front was renamed Northern Group of Military Forces, or SGV. Konstantin Rokossovsky remained the commanding officer of the group. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • USS Bluegill landed US and Australian personnel on Pratas of the Pratas Islands (Chinese: Dongsha Islands) in the South China Sea and destroyed the Japanese radio tower, weather station, fuel, ammunition dump, and several buildings. The operation was unopposed as the Japanese had already abandoned the island. [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Guam
  • USS Flying Fish departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her twelfth war patrol. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • American B-25 bombers from Okinawa conducted a raid on Tokyo, Japan, while 454 B-29 bombers (escorted by 101 P-51 fighters) firebombed Yokohama, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese pilto Second Lieutenant Kiyoharu Kawada (Roh Yong-U) rammed his Ki-45 Toryu heavy fighter into an attacking US B-29 Superfortress bomber (serial 42-24894) over Oi River, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, destroying the bomber but also sacrificing himself. [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Segundo encountered several vessels in the East China Sea; she seven two-masted schooners her crew identified as Japanese with the deck gun. [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Boarfish attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea between Sumatra and Java with four torpedoes and observed at least one explosion against an oiler; she was severely damaged in the subsequent depth charge counterattack, but she would be able to set sail for home. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-7 rocket-powered prototype aircraft underwent a unpowered glider test at Khimki near Moscow, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 14 of the 25 captured US Army and US Navy airmen imprisoned at the Taihoku Prison in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan were sentenced to death by firing squad; the execution was to be carried out on 19 Jun 1945 [Main Article | CPC]
  • 100 American B-24 bombers conducted a raid on Taiwan. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1945
Tautog underway, 29 May 1945B-29 bombers of US 500th Bomb Group dropping incendiary bombs over Yokohama, Japan, 29 May 1945US Marine Lieutenant Colonel R. P. Ross, Jr. raising an US flag raised over Shuri castle on Okinawa, Japan, 29 May 1945, photo 2 of 2US Marine Lieutenant Colonel R. P. Ross, Jr. raising an US flag raised over Shuri castle on Okinawa, Japan, 29 May 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 29 May 1945
29 May 1950

South Africa
  • Jan Smuts suffered a coronary thrombosis. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1950
Grave site of Ernie Pyle, National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii, 29 May 1950National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii, 29 May 1950US Marines at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii, 29 May 1950
29 May 1952
  • Captain Frederick Stelter, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul. [Main Article | CPC]
29 May 1957
  • Kliment Voroshilov was made a Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic. [Main Article | CPC]
29 May 1959
  • Submarine Gar was struck from the US Naval Vessel Register. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1959
Portrait of Dwight Eisenhower, 29 May 1959
29 May 1961

Photo(s) dated 29 May 1961
Eichmann on trial in Israel, 29 May 1961; note he was given a bullet-proof booth during the trial process
29 May 1967

United States
  • USS Caiman completed overhaul at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
29 May 1977

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Winston Churchill, on the RAF