Harriman file photo [711]

W. Averell Harriman

SurnameHarriman
Given NameWilliam Averell
Born15 Nov 1891
Died26 Jul 1986
CountryUnited States
CategoryGovernment
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseWilliam Averell Harriman was born in New York, New York, United States to railway tycoon E. H. Harriman and Mary Williamson Averell. In 1915, he joined his father's Union Pacific Company and became chairman of the board in 1932. In Aug 1941 he accompanied Franklin Roosevelt in the president's meeting with Winston Churchill at Placentia Bay in Newfoundland. Between 1943 and 1946 he served as the ambassador to the Soviet Union. In 1946 he was the ambassador to Britain for President Harry Truman; in the same year he was appointed to be the Secretary of Commerce and held that position until 1948. In Jul 1951 he mediated between Persia and Britain over the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. During the Korean War he was the National Security Advisor. Between 1954 and 1958 he became the governor of New York. During the post-war political career he ran for presidency twice, but lost both times. He was Ambassador at Large, Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, and then again Ambassador at Large for the John Kennedy/Lyndon Johnson administration. He was named as a Soviet spy by Anatoli Golitsin but continued to be trusted by Johnson. He was later implicated with plots against Ngo Dinh Diem of Vietnam during the Vietnam War. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969. Under President Richard Nixon, he was a member of the American delegation to the United Nations General Assembly's Special Session on Disarmament.

ww2dbaseSources: Spartacus Educational, Wikipedia.

W. Averell Harriman Timeline

15 Nov 1891 W. Averell Harriman was born in New York, New York, United States.
23 Oct 1943 Banking tycoon William Averell Harriman replaced William H. Standley as the United States ambassador to the Soviet Union.
8 Aug 1945 US Ambassador to the Soviet Union W. Averell Harriman reported to US President Harry Truman that Joseph Stalin would like to see Chinese recognition of the Soviet puppet state of Mongolia as an independent nation, and that its borders would be the present day borders of the Mongolia Area of China.
11 Aug 1945 From Moscow, Russia, US Ambassador to the Soviet Union W. Averell Harriman sent the full text of the declaration of war on Japan by the Soviet puppet state of Mongolian People's Republic. Harriman explained this action as Mongolia's attempt to act as a sovereign state, and warned that the Mongolian leadership seemed to have designs to occupy the Inner Mongolia and northeast (ie. Manchuria) regions of China.
12 Aug 1945 In Moscow, Russia, US Ambassador to the Soviet Union W. Averell Harriman insisted that the results of the negotiations between China and the Soviet Union must be consistent with the Yalta Agreement.
26 Jul 1986 W. Averell Harriman passed away.

Photographs

Roosevelt and Churchill at the Atlantic Charter Conference, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 10-12 Aug 1941; Hopkins, Harriman, King, Marshall, Dill, Stark, and Pound behind themBritish Army Lieutenant General Arthur Percival welcoming US envoy Averell Harriman at Sembawang Airfield, Singapore, 30 Oct 1941Molotov, Harriman, and Churchill; possibly at Fourth Moscow Conference, Oct 1944Winston Churchill, W. Averell Harriman, Joseph Stalin, and Vyacheslav Molotov at Fourth Moscow Conference, Russia, Oct 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all 8 photographs of W. Averell Harriman



Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook  Reddit
 Twitter  Digg
 Google+  Delicious
 StumbleUpon  


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds



Visitor Submitted Comments

1. says:
5 Jan 2007 10:21:03 AM

“…In Jul[1] 1951 he mediated between Persia and Britain over the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.”
“Under Richard Nixon, he was a member of the American deletion[2] to the United Nations General Assemblys Special Session on Disarmament.”

[1] July
[2] delegation

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on W. Averell Harriman
Event(s) Participated:
» Atlantic Charter Conference
» Second Moscow Conference
» Fourth Moscow Conference
» Malta Conference

Document(s):
» Allied Control Commission in Hungary
» Armistice Agreement with Hungary

Related Books:
» Citizens of London

W. Averell Harriman Photo Gallery
Roosevelt and Churchill at the Atlantic Charter Conference, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 10-12 Aug 1941; Hopkins, Harriman, King, Marshall, Dill, Stark, and Pound behind them
See all 8 photographs of W. Averell Harriman




Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943