Bose file photo

Subhash Chandra Bose

Born23 Jan 1897
Died18 Aug 1945
CountryIndia
CategoryGovernment

Contributor: C. Peter Chen

Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Orissa, India. Because of His influential father Janakinath Bose, a wealthy public prosecutor, he was able to attend Cambridge University in Cambridge, England, Britain. In 1920, he entered public service in India, but resigned only a year later due to his belief that India should gain her independence from Britain. Not entirely agreeing with Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent protests, he joined Chittaranjan Das' Swaraj Party in Calcutta, India. Later in 1921, he was arrested for organizing a boycott of the celebrations for the visit of Prince of Wales. In the 1920s, he was repeatedly arrested and imprisoned for organizing against British rule, but on 25 Sep 1930 he was able to become elected as the mayor of Calcutta. In the 1930s, he was exiled by the British to Europe, where he took the opportunity to push forth the notion of an independent India. In late 1930s, he returned to India and was elected in the Haripura Indian National Congress and then the Tripuri Congress Session, but because of political differences with Gandhi, both men eventually resigned. He established an independent party, All India Forward Bloc, to further his political goals. Although his political viewed differed greatly than Gandhi, the two Indian leaders had a mutual respect for each other; in 1942, Gandhi was quoted in calling Bose the "Patriot of Patriots", and in 1944 Bose returned the respect by calling Gandhi the "Father of Our Nation".

With Britain distracted by WW2, Bose believed the time to fight for independence had come. In his eyes, the British were highly hypocritical: while fighting a war under the banner of freedom and democracy, Britain was at the same time refusing to give India the most basic of rights. He first called for a mass civil disobedience after Britain's decision to have India declare war on the Axis powers without consulting the Indian people. Then, believing that foreign aid must be found to support the Indian independence movement, he slipped out of the country in Jan 1941 by means of a dramatic journey across Afghanistan and Russia. After stops in Moscow and Rome, he reached Berlin and was reunited with his wife of German ethnicity, Emilie Schenkl. In Berlin, he continued his struggle for a free India; he created the Indian Legion out of the 4,500 Indian Commonwealth soldiers captured by German and Italian forces in North Africa, and the legion was officially under the German chain of command. When the British learned of his intentions to ally with the Germans, they were so alarmed that the Special Operations Executive plotted a failed assassination attempt on Bose. Bose's plan to persuade German leaders to back an independent India did not bear fruit, however, and the disillusioned Bose returned to Asia via German and Japanese submarines around the Cape of Good Hope. In Singapore, he found support from the Japanese, and was given by Rash Behari Bose control of the 85,000-strong Indian National Army fighting under the banner of the Provisional Government of Free India. Some of his troops fought alongside the Japanese in battles in Burma and northeastern India, including the siege of Kohima and Imphal. With a Japanese loss in the campaign for India, Bose's dream to establish a foothold in India also diminished. In 1945 when Japan surrendered to the Allies, Bose and his Indian National Army also surrendered.

The public opinion on Bose greatly differed. On one hand, he was a patriot who fought for the independence of his people, but at the same time, he also sought collaboration with Germany and Japan, none of which had truly shown respect toward their collaborative states. Post-war, Gandhi said that Bose had been "foolish in imagining, that by allying himself with the Japanese and the Germans, who were not only aggressive powers, but also dangerous powers, he could get Indian freedom". None could argue that he had a passion in what he set out to do, however. "Give me blood and I shall give you freedom", he said in Jul 1944.

In Aug 1945 it was announced that, while flying over Taiwan, his aircraft crashed and Bose was assumed dead. Later, many believed no such crash had taken place, and instead he had fled to Russia. Whether he had gone into hiding or indeed died in an air crash is still unknown today.

On 23 Aug 2007, Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe hailed Bose during a visit to Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal, India. "Many Japanese have been moved deeply by such persons of strong will and action of the independence of India like Subhas Chandra Bose", said Abe in a speech.

Sources: New York Times, Wikipedia.

Subhash Chandra Bose Timeline

23 Jan 1897 Subhash Chandra Bose was born.
2 Apr 1941 Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in Berlin, Germany.
8 Feb 1943 Subhash Chandra Bose departed Germany for Japan via submarine.
11 May 1943 Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in Tokyo, Japan.
2 Jul 1943 Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in Singapore.
4 Jul 1943 Subhash Chandra Bose took command of the Indian National Army and assumed the leadership position of the Indian Independence League.
30 Dec 1943 Subhas Chandra Bose declared an independent India at Port Blair, Andaman Islands; his Azad Hind government was heavily reliant on Japan.
8 Jul 1945 Subhash Chandra Bose attended the foundation stone laying ceremony for the Indian National Army War Memorial in Singapore.
18 Aug 1945 Subhash Chandra Bose was killed during an air crash off Taiwan.

Photographs

Subhash Chandra Bose as a child, 1906; this photo was cropped from a portrait containing other members of his familySubhash Chandra Bose, date unknownPortrait of Subhash Chandra Bose as a student in England, United Kingdom, 1920Subhash Chandra Bose and Mohandas Gandhi at the annual meeting of the Indian National Congres, Haripura, India, 1938, photo 1 of 2
See all 22 photographs of Subhash Chandra Bose



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Visitor Submitted Comments

  1. Anonymous says:
    24 Aug 2007 10:01:46 PM

    The death of Bose is a subject in itself. One may have a look at the following to get a glimpse of this controversy. The Govt of India refused to declassify extensive documents pertaining to Bose of 1940s to 1990s vintage for fear of causing law and order problem in India.

    http://www.missionnetaji.org/pager/ti_home.html
  2. P.PANDEY says:
    3 Jul 2008 03:31:29 AM

    if netaji subhash had been alive and active then India would have been far more powerful ,corruption free.

    FOOLISH ARROGANT BRITISHERS DO PROPAGANDA AGAINST NETAJI .......
    THEY ALLEGE THAT HE WAS WITH NAZIS

    BUT THE TRUTH IS HE WENT TO GERMANY BECAUSE HE HAD TO GET SOME HELP TO LIBERATE INDIA FROM BRITISHERS.
    AND BY THE WAY BRITISH GOVERNMENT AT THAT TIME HAD KILLED FAR MORE PEOPLE THAN NAZIS KILLED.
    THEY WERE WORST IMPERIALISTS AND THEY WERE ALSO ROLE MODEL FOR NAZIS.

    NETAJI ZINDABAD.
    LONG LIVE FREE INDIA
  3. Arun panwar says:
    31 Aug 2009 03:47:47 AM

    no one can be compared with neta ji Subhash chandra bose. he was a real freedam fighter.no nehru no gandhi......only neta ji.
    neta ji amar rahe........
    india is great......may god bless my country, and save this from these corrupt politicians.
  4. das says:
    12 Apr 2010 01:49:12 AM

    In First World War, Japan was an ally of British. Before Second World War Japan-US trade war and political war started, this led to actual war between US and Japan. So British became an enemy to Japan by diplomatic manipulation as US - British alliance was there. So it is a printing mistake in the pages of history that Japan became an ally to azad hind. Japan was a wrong ally of azad hind. They were having their own imperialist agenda. They became an ally of Netaji and azad hind by mistake of history. After the Second World War, Japan revived their old connection with British via spies. Japanese spies and British spies were enough linked before second world war. Japanese spies agreed to kill Netaji. Motive was to appease the British and purchase security for Japan royal family. So Japan killed Netaji. Because they are the killer so they spread the lie regarding his death. The false news of air crash was Japanís fabrication. Any murder case, liar is to be suspected first. As Japan told the lie first so Japan is to be suspected.
  5. Asit Guin says:
    17 May 2010 10:06:27 PM

    Japan agreed to eliminate Netaji

    In WW-I, Japan was an ally of British. Before WW-II, Jap-US trade war and political war started, this led to actual war.So British became an enemy to Japan by diplomatic manipulation as US - British alliance was there. After the WW-II, Japan revived their old link with British via spies. **** spies and British spies were enough linked before WW-II. **** spies agreed to eliminate Netaji. Motive was to appease the British and purchase security for Japan royal family. Thus, Japan sold Netaji to British and British eliminated him. The false news of air crash was Japanís fabrication. In any controversial case, liar is to be suspected first.
    Netajiís plan to start Second Independence War with the help of USSR was known to Japan. There was enough scope for British and **** spies to develop a common minimum program against pro-communist agenda of Netaji. Why should **** imperialism agree to patronize emergence of independent India as a permanent communist ally? Is it not more logical to fulfill British condition and purchase favor from old ally British even after defeat in WW-II?
  6. Manish Nagdev says:
    13 Aug 2010 11:43:56 PM

    the info over here is good which was very useful for me.
  7. Anonymous says:
    9 Oct 2011 07:14:01 AM

    http://neglectedinaday.blogspot.com/
    http://excisf.blogspot.com/
    pls visit this site and send your comment
    NETAJI ALIVE ! NETAJI ALIVE ! NETAJI ALIVE !
  8. ajit vadakayil says:
    2 Sep 2012 06:34:45 AM

    Hi,
    Punch into google search NETAJI SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE, SECRETS OF RABAUL TUNNELS- VADAKAYIL.
    Find out how the Japanese ate thousands of INA soldiers for food.
    Find out where Bose was hiding in India.
    Capt ajit vadakayil
    ..
  9. ajit vadakayil says:
    3 Sep 2012 04:55:35 AM

    hi,

    punch into google search RUDOLF HESS , A HONOURABLE MAN- VADAKAYIL.

    find out who wanted the 2nd world war at all costs , and who tried desperately to stop it.

    we must NOT have victor's version of history and kangaroo court's analysis of war judgements.

    capt ajit vadakayil
    ..

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Subhash Chandra Bose Photo Gallery
Subhash Chandra Bose as a child, 1906; this photo was cropped from a portrait containing other members of his family
See all 22 photographs of Subhash Chandra Bose



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