Chen Cheng file photo [13845]

Chen Cheng

SurnameChen
Given NameCheng
Born4 Jan 1897
Died5 Mar 1965
CountryChina
CategoryMilitary-Ground
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseChen Cheng, courtesy name Chen Cixiu, was born in Qingtian, Zhejiang, China. He graduated with the 8th class of the Baoding Military Academy in 1922 as an artillery officer, and joined the Whampoa Academy in 1924. He joined the Chinese National Revolutionary Army (sometimes the Nationalist Army) at Whampoa. At the start of the Northern Expedition against Chinese warlords, he was a junior officer attached to Chiang Kaishek's headquarters, but was soon promoted to battalion and then divisional level commander during the campaign. During the Chiang-Gui conflict in 1929, he commanded the 11th Division. By the end of the 1930 Central Plains War, he had become the commanding officer of the 18th Army. In 1931, a general, he led Nationalist forces in suppressing Communist forces; he was one of the leaders credited with defeating the Communist Army and forcing it to withdraw into the Long March, though through the defeat of the Communists he also suffered heavy casualties. During the campaign against the Communists, he was named the commander-in-chief of Nationalist forces in Shanxi, Shaanxi, Suiyuan, and Ningxia Provinces. In 1936, he was kidnapped along with Chiang during the Xi'an Incident; during this ordeal, the loyalty he displayed toward Chiang earned great trust from the Chinese leader.

ww2dbaseDuring the Second Sino-Japanese War which began in 1937, as a commanding officer in the Third War Area, Chen was charged with the defense of Wuhan, China's second largest city and an important political, industrial, and transportation center. He later commanded troops in the battles at Changsha, Yichang, and finally the overall Chinese commander in Burma in 1943.

ww2dbaseAfter WW2, the Nationalist forces resumed the Civil War that had officially been put on hold during the war with the Japanese. In May 1946, Chen was named the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff with the concurrent duty as the commander-in-chief of the Chinese Navy. In 1947, he was promoted to the rank of full general. In the same year, Chen led troops in Manchuria against Communist positions, but by then the Communists had already strengthened their positions, especially with Soviet assistance. He was a proponent of the Jan 1948 offensive that ultimately led to the destruction of the New 5th Army; this defeat led to his dismissal in May 1948 amidst sickness. He arrived in Taiwan in Oct 1948. In 1949, he was named the Chairman of the Taiwan Province with concurrent duty as the chief of police. In this role, he was instrumental in developing the agricultural and industrial sectors of the province; he was also credited with initiating policies that stabilized the Chinese currency. At the same time, however, he was instrumental in the martial law that lasted from 1950 until 1987 (in fact, he was the official who announced it on 19 May 1949), beginning the period of White Terror. In Aug 1949, he was named the Secretary of the Southeastern Army, a civilian position, with office in the city of Taipei. Between 1950 and 1954, he served as the head of the Legislative Yuan. Between 1954 and 1965, he served two terms as the Vice President of the Republic of China; during that time, between 1957 and 1965, he was also the Deputy Chairman of the Nationalist Party. He passed away in 1965 to hepatic tumors. He was initially buried at Taishan Village in Taipei County, but in Aug 1995, he remains were re-interned to Foguangshan Temple, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Chen Cheng Timeline

4 Jan 1897 Cheng Chen was born in Qingtian, Zhejiang, China.
12 Jan 1938 Chen Cheng was named the head of the political bureau of the Nationalist military and the commander-in-chief of the Wuhan garrison in Hubei, China.
31 Aug 1940 Chen Cheng was relieved from his position as the head of the political bureau of the Nationalist military.
20 Nov 1944 Chen Cheng was named the head of the political bureau of the Nationalist military.
31 May 1946 Chen Cheng was relieved from his position as the head of the political bureau of the Nationalist military, and was named the Commander-in-Chief of the Chinese Navy and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
30 Jul 1947 Chen Cheng was named the commander-in-chief of Nationalist forces in northeastern China.
13 May 1948 Chen Cheng was relieved from all of his military positions including his position as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
5 Jan 1949 Chen Cheng was named the Chairman of Taiwan Province, Republic of China and the Chief of Police.
19 May 1949 Chen Cheng announced martial law in the Republic of China, which was effectively the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, and other surrounding islands under Chinese control.
21 Dec 1949 Chen Cheng stepped down from his position as the Chairman of Taiwan Province, Republic of China and the Chief of Police.
10 Mar 1950 Chen Cheng was named the head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China and the chairman of the Committee for Implementing American Aid.
20 May 1954 Chen Cheng began his first term as the Vice President of the Republic of China.
26 May 1954 Chen Cheng stepped down from his position as head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China.
16 Jul 1954 Chen Cheng was named the Chairman of the Committee for the Planning for the Governing of a Liberated Chinese Mainland; the committee was attached to the executive branch of the Chinese government.
23 Oct 1957 Chen Cheng was named the Deputy Chairman of the Nationalist Party of China.
4 Jul 1958 Chen Cheng was named the head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China.
20 May 1960 Chen Cheng began his second term as the Vice President of the Republic of China.
10 Dec 1963 Chen Cheng stepped down from his position as the head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China.
5 Mar 1965 Cheng Chen passed away due to hepatic tumors.

Photographs

Chinese military leaders Bai Chongxi, Chen Cheng, Gu Zhutong, Zhou Zhirou, Xu Hanmou, Tang Boen, and others, Chongqing, China, 1942Chinese Army General Chen Cheng during a victory celebration immediately after the Japanese surrender, China, Aug 1945Chiang Kaishek, Chen Cheng, Song Meiling, and others in Taiwan, Republic of China, 1956Chinese Vice President Chen Cheng presenting US Navy Vice Admiral Roland Smoot an award, 1962




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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
14 Mar 2012 06:00:21 PM

What did he do in WW2?

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More on Chen Cheng
Event(s) Participated:
» Xi'an Incident
» Battle of Wuhan
» First Battle of Changsha
» Battle of Zaoyang-Yichang
» Battle of Exi

Chen Cheng Photo Gallery
Chinese military leaders Bai Chongxi, Chen Cheng, Gu Zhutong, Zhou Zhirou, Xu Hanmou, Tang Boen, and others, Chongqing, China, 1942
See all 4 photographs of Chen Cheng




Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935