Crerar file photo [5635]

Henry Crerar

SurnameCrerar
Given NameHenry
Born28 Apr 1888
Died1 Apr 1965
CountryCanada
CategoryMilitary-Ground
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseHenry Duncan Graham Crerar was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Upon completing his schooling at the Upper Canada College, he entered the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario, graduating in 1909. Between 1910 and 1912, he was a research engineer with the Hydro Electric Power Commission of Ontario. During WW1, he fought in France as a field artillery officer, earning the Distinguished Service Order and the rank of lieutenant colonel. During the inter-war years, he remained in the Canadian Army. In 1923, he attended the Camberley Staff College in England, United Kingdom, then remained in England to serve with the War Office in London. In 1929, he returned to Canada and served with the National Defence Headquarters, charged with the reorganization of the Canadian Militia. In 1934, he attended the Imperial Defence College in London, then served as the Director of Military Operations and Intelligence. In Mar 1939, he was recalled to Ottawa as political tensions mounted in Europe.

ww2dbaseWhen the European War began, Crerar was in London as Brigadier General Staff at the Canadian Military Headquarters, responsible for preparing barracks and supplies in England for Canadian troops due to arrive in the near future. In Jul 1940, he returned to Ottawa as Vice Chief General Staff, and then was promoted to Chief General Staff only a few days later; in this role, he bolstered Canada's ability to recruit and train new troops. On 23 Dec 1941, in England, he was named the commanding officer of the Canadian I Corps. On 19 Aug 1942, the failure at Dieppe fell directly under his jurisdiction, as Canadian troops who participated in that assault were under his operational command. In Mar 1944, he returned to England to prepare for his new role as the commanding officer of the Canadian 1st Army.

ww2dbaseAt the helm of the 1st Army, Crerar played a major role in the Normandy campaign, particularly with the success in enclosing German troops in the Falaise Gap. In late 1944, he stepped aside to recover from illness, thus missing the action at the Scheldt Estuary. In Nov 1944, he was promoted to the rank of general. In Feb 1945, he returned to command with the 1st Army, and led the broad-front attack toward the Rhine River.

ww2dbaseCrerar retired from Army service in 1946, and later became a diplomat to Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands, and Japan. On 25 Jun 1964, he became a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. Crerar passed away in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

ww2dbaseSources: Juno Beach Centre, Wikipedia.

Henry Crerar Timeline

28 Apr 1888 Henry Crerar was born.
1 Apr 1965 Henry Crerar passed away.

Photographs

Lieutenant General Crerar looking at a map while sitting on the wing strut of a light observation plane, circa 1944Canadian officers enter Château de Rots, Normandy, France. Left to right they are Colonel Richard S Malone, Lt General Henry Crerar (Commander, 1st Canadian Army) and Major Austin.Lt General Henry Crerar, Commander of the 1st Canadian Army, arriving at a public relations camp in France, 1944. The officer of the back is Lt Col RS Malone.Lieutenant General Crerar, circa mid-1944
See all 8 photographs of Henry Crerar



Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook  Reddit
 Twitter  Digg
 Google+  Delicious
 StumbleUpon  


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds



Visitor Submitted Comments

1. george bush says:
22 Oct 2009 06:45:28 PM

i like it
its worth the reading
2. Anonymous says:
7 Jun 2016 06:41:49 AM

lol learn how to spell

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Henry Crerar
Event(s) Participated:
» Attack on Dieppe
» Normandy Campaign, Phase 1
» Advance to the Rhine

Henry Crerar Photo Gallery
Lieutenant General Crerar looking at a map while sitting on the wing strut of a light observation plane, circa 1944
See all 8 photographs of Henry Crerar




Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944