Maryland file photo

USS Maryland

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassColorado-class Battleship
Hull NumberBB-46
Commissioned1 Jul 1921
Decommissioned1 Jul 1959
Displacement32600 tons standard

Contributor: C. Peter Chen

USS Maryland, a 32,600-ton Colorado class battleship, was built at Newport News, Virginia, and commissioned in July 1921. During the 1920s and 1930s, she participated in regular fleet training and combat exercises. Maryland also made some notable long-distance cruises, including one to Rio De Janeiro in the Summer of 1922 to participate in Brazil's Centennial Exposition, the U.S. Fleet's trans-Pacific voyage in 1925, and President-Elect Herbert Hoover's 1928 good-will tour of Latin America.

Maryland's base was changed from Long Beach, California, to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in 1940. She was moored at Pearl Harbor when the Japanese struck on 7 December 1941, but received relatively minor damage. Following repairs and overhaul, Maryland operated with Task Force One off the U.S. West Coast in 1942, deploying to the South Pacific later in the year. She took part in operations to capture the Gilbert and Marshall Islands in late 1943 and early 1944, employing her sixteen-inch guns in the pre-invasion bombardments of Tarawa and Kwajalein.

In June 1944, Maryland again participated in pre-invasion gunnery, this time against Saipan. During this operation, she was torpedoed by a Japanese aircraft, necessitating a trip to Pearl Harbor for repairs. The battleship returned to action for the Palaus operation in September 1944. During the Leyte invasion in October, she bombarded enemy positions ashore and fired on Japanese warships during the Battle of Surigao Strait. While operating off Leyte in late November, Maryland was damaged by a "Kamikaze" suicide plane.

Maryland was repaired in time to participate in the Okinawa operation during March and April 1945, was again hit by enemy air attack on 7 April, but remained in action for another week. She then went to the West Coast for overhaul. This work was completed in early August, but the Pacific War ended before she could return to the combat zone. After spending the last months of 1945 transporting servicemen home from the mid-Pacific, Maryland went to Bremerton, Washington, for inactivation. She was decommissioned in April 1947 and remained in "mothballs" until July 1959, when she was sold for scrapping.

Source: Naval Historical Center

Battleship USS Maryland (BB-46) Interactive Map

USS Maryland Operational Timeline

1 Jul 1921 Maryland was commissioned into service.
30 Dec 1941 USS Maryland arrived at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States for repairs.
31 May 1942 USS Maryland patrolled 650 miles west of San Francisco, California, United States.
7 Apr 1945 USS Hancock, USS Maryland, and 4 destroyers were damaged by Japanese special attack aircraft.
1 Jul 1959 Maryland was decommissioned from service.

Photographs

Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Ford Island Naval Air Station, Oahu, Hawaii, May 2, 1940.Aerial view of Ford Island in Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack, 7 Dec 1941; photo taken from a Japanese aircraftAttack on Black smoke pours from fuel oil fires on Battleship Row, Dec 7, 1941. Capsized Oklahoma at left with masts of Maryland, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Arizona in Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii.
See all 16 photographs of Battleship USS Maryland (BB-46)



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More on USS Maryland
Personnel:
» Joseph Rochefort

Event(s) Participated:
» Attack on Pearl Harbor
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign

Document(s):
» US Navy Report of Japanese Raid on Pearl Harbor, Enclosure E, USS Maryland


Battleship USS Maryland (BB-46) Photo Gallery
Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Ford Island Naval Air Station, Oahu, Hawaii, May 2, 1940.
See all 16 photographs of Battleship USS Maryland (BB-46)



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