Yorktown (Essex-class) file photo [1970]

USS Yorktown (Essex-class)

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassEssex-class Aircraft Carrier
Hull NumberCV-10
BuilderNewport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company, Newport News, Virginia, United States
Laid Down1 Dec 1941
Launched21 Jan 1943
Commissioned15 Apr 1943
Decommissioned27 Jun 1970
Displacement27100 tons standard; 36380 tons full
Length872 feet
Beam147 feet
Draft28 feet
MachineryEight boilers, four Westinghouse geared steam turbines, four shafts
Power Output150000 SHP
Speed33 knots
Range20,000nm at 15 knots
Crew2600
Armament4x twin 5in 38 cal guns, 4x5in 38 cal guns, 8x quad 40mm 56 cal guns, 46x20mm 78 cal guns
Armor2.5 to 4in belt, 1.5in hangar and protective decks, 4in bulkheads, 1.5in STS top and sides of pilot house
Aircraft90-100
Elevators3

Contributor:

ww2dbaseOn 1 Dec 1941, six days before the Attack on Pearl Harbor, the fourth and fifth of the new, large Essex-class aircraft carriers to be laid down were both laid down at Newport News, Virginia, United States. The contracts called for the ships to be named Bon Homme Richard and Intrepid but the Bon Homme Richard was renamed Yorktown on 26 Sep 1942 after the loss of the Yorktown (Yorktown-class) at Midway. Yorktown (Essex-class) was launched on 21 Jan 1943 sponsored by the First Lady of the United States, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt. Yorktown was commissioned on 15 April 1943 at the Norfolk Navy Yard with the colorful Captain Joseph J. "Jocko" Clark in command.

ww2dbaseYorktown made her shakedown cruise to Trinidad where her crew gave her the nickname "The Fighting Lady," a nickname that would stick throughout her career. In July 1943 she sailed for the Pacific Ocean and saw her first combat at Marcus Island before returning to Hawaii.

ww2dbaseAboard Yorktown during the Marcus Island strikes was a documentary film crew from Paramount Pictures. Overseen by the Navy's head of photography, Edward Steichen, they shot miles of film showing routine carrier operations and their combat operations against Marcus Island. A year later, additional footage was shot aboard Ticonderoga on her shakedown cruise to Trinidad. The two batches of film, along with other combat footage, were stitched together into a one-hour documentary film named The Fighting Lady. That film went on to win the Academy Award for the Best Documentary Film of 1944.

ww2dbaseBut all of that came later. After the Marcus Island strikes, Yorktown struck Wake Island in October 1943 followed by her first major assault operation in the Gilbert Islands in support of the amphibious assault on Tarawa. On their way back to Pearl Harbor, the Task Group made passing raids on Wotje and Kwajalein Atolls. In Jan 1944, Yorktown joined Admiral Marc Mitscher's Fast Carrier Task Force for the Marshall Islands operation. Yorktown then participated in a steady series of raids that ranged from the Marianas in the north to New Guinea in the south.

ww2dbaseIn June 1944, Yorktown sailed in support of the invasion of Saipan in the Marianas, specifically by suppressing Japanese aircraft on Guam. As the Japanese fleet approached, Yorktown aircrews divided their attention between Guam to the east and the enemy fleet closing from the west. During the first day of the Battle of the Philippine Sea ("The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot"), Yorktown aircraft claimed 37 Japanese planes destroyed while also dropping 21 tons of bombs on the Guam air bases.

ww2dbaseStarting the next day, Yorktown spent nearly forty straight days in combat or active searches for the Japanese fleet. Along the way she made strikes against Pagan in the Marianas, Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima, Yap, Ulithi, and the Palaus, as well as elements of the Japanese fleet when they could be located.

ww2dbaseOn 31 July 1944, Yorktown began making her way to the Puget Sound Navy Yard for a two-month overhaul. She rejoined the Carrier Task Force at Ulithi on 3 Nov 1944 and participated in the Leyte and Luzon engagements before the entire fleet steamed through Typhoon Cobra. That storm sank three destroyers and Yorktown participated in some of the rescue operations for the survivors.

ww2dbaseYorktown next sailed in support of the landings at Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines. On 10 Jan 1945, Yorktown and the rest of the Fast Carrier Task Force entered the South China Sea to begin a series of raids on Japan's inner defenses. On 12 Jan 1945 her planes pounded targets the vicinity of Saigon, French Indochina (now Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam). The Task Force then struck Hong Kong, Canton (Guangzhou), Formosa (Taiwan), and Okinawa before making their way back to their anchorage in Ulithi Lagoon. Yorktown's next sortie was in support of the Iwo Jima invasion that started with strikes in the area of Tokyo, Japan, the first carrier borne air strikes on the Japanese home islands since the Doolittle Raid almost three years earlier. There were also strikes on Chichi Jima, Haha Jima, and ground support missions over Iwo Jima in direct support of the Marines on the ground. Even before Iwo Jima was secured, the fleet turned toward Okinawa. Yorktown planes flew strikes against mainland Japan and Okinawa itself, an area with the thickest concentration of Special Attack aircraft (kamikaze) seen at any time during the war.

ww2dbaseYorktown gunners fought as hard as any gunners in the fleet and were largely successful in keeping Japanese aircraft away from the carrier. On 18 Mar 1945 the task group came under air attack almost as soon as operations began. After fighting off several airplanes, one Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" flew through heavy fire and hit Yorktown with a bomb before disintegrating and falling into the sea. The bomb went through two decks of the island structure and exploded inside the island. Five sailors were killed but the damage was manageable and did not take the carrier out of action. Three days later another "Judy" made an apparent suicide dive on Yorktown. The plane passed very near island and struck the water about 60 feet from the ship.

ww2dbaseOn 30 March 1945, Yorktown and the other carriers of her task group began to concentrate solely on the island of Okinawa and the surrounding area. Before troops landed, they pounded the island in softening-up strikes and after the landings Yorktown's planes provided direct support for the troops for almost six weeks. On 7 April 1945, American reconnaissance observed a Japanese task force built around the battleship Yamato steaming south. Yorktown and the other carriers quickly launched strikes to attack Yamato and her escorts. Air Group 9 aviators from Yorktown arrived after Yamato was already badly damaged but they still claimed several torpedo hits on the battleship just before she exploded and sank. They also had bomb hits on light cruiser Yahagi before she also sank. After that engagement, Yorktown resumed support of the troops on Okinawa.

ww2dbaseYorktown's task group withdrew from Okinawa on 11 May 1945 for three weeks at Ulithi. On 28 May 1945 Yorktown returned to action for two more weeks of air support missions over Okinawa and the Japanese homeland. On 10 June 1945, Yorktown headed toward San Pedro Bay at Leyte for two weeks of replenishment, upkeep, rest, and relaxation.

ww2dbaseYorktown got underway again on 1 July 1945 with the rest of the fast carriers for raids on the Japanese home islands. She launched air strikes on the Tokyo area of Honshu, the northernmost island-Hokkaido, and most notably, the Japanese fleet anchorage at Kure. Skirting two typhoons and other heavy weather, Yorktown kept up the strikes as best she could right up to receiving orders to cease hostilities altogether.

ww2dbaseAfter Japan's capitulation, Yorktown provided cover for the forces occupying Japan and dropped supplies to Allied prisoners of war. Yorktown spent two weeks in Tokyo Bay before getting underway for the United States with a load of servicemen from Okinawa, the first of three such trips across the Pacific. On 9 Jan 1947, Yorktown was placed out of commission at Bremerton, Washington, United States.

ww2dbaseDuring the Korean War, Yorktown was ordered reactivated and outfitting work began at Puget Sound, Washington. On 20 Feb 1953, Yorktown was placed in full commission with Capt. William M. Nation in command. Before Yorktown could complete all her fitting out and shakedown, the Korean conflict ended. She completed two west Pacific deployments nevertheless and in Mar 1955 she began seven months of overhaul that included the addition of an angled flight deck needed for jet aircraft operations (CVA-10). She made two more west Pacific deployments before Sept 1957 when she was repurposed as an Anti-Submarine Warfare Carrier (CVS-10) followed by another six months of refits and more western Pacific cruises.

ww2dbaseBy 1958, Cold War tensions in Asia were escalating and Yorktown participated in several show-of-force sorties around Taiwan and Vietnam. A series of more peacetime western Pacific deployments followed until the United States became more directly involved in the war in Vietnam. Yorktown conducted anti-submarine sweeps around the carrier groups at Yankee Station off Vietnam. In the single year of 1968, Yorktown provided support following the North Korean seizure of USS Pueblo, she served unofficially as the "USS Akagi" for the filming of the movie, "Tora! Tora! Tora!," and Yorktown was the primary recovery vessel for the Apollo 8 astronauts, the first men to orbit the moon.

ww2dbaseIn 1969, Yorktown was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet and steamed around Cape Horn to Norfolk, Virginia. She made one European cruise before preparations began for her final decommissioning. Yorktown was decommissioned on 27 June 1970 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1975 she was donated as a museum ship and is currently open to the public at Patriot’s Point in Charleston, South Carolina, United States.

ww2dbaseThe USS Yorktown (Essex-class) earned 11 battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation during World War II and five battle stars in Vietnam.

ww2dbaseSources:
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
US Navy War Diaries
National Museum of Naval Aviation
Wikipedia
Patriots Point Naval and Maritime Museum
Naval Historical Society
NavSource

Aircraft Carrier USS Yorktown (Essex-class) (CV-10) Interactive Map

USS Yorktown (Essex-class) Operational Timeline

1 Dec 1941 The fourth Yorktown (CV-10) was laid down on at Newport News, Virginia, United States by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. as Bon Homme Richard.
26 Sep 1942 Bon Homme Richard was renamed Yorktown at Newport News, Virginia, United States to honor the US carrier lost at Midway.
21 Jan 1943 Yorktown (Essex-class) launched at Newport News, Virginia, United States sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt.
15 Apr 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) was commissioned at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia, United States, Capt. Joseph J. "Jocko" Clark in command.
21 May 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) got underway for shakedown training in the vicinity of Trinidad.
17 Jun 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) returned to Norfolk, Virginia, United States and began post-shakedown availability.
1 Jul 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) completed repairs on and began air operations out of Norfolk, Virginia, United States.
6 Jul 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) exited Chesapeake Bay, United States on her way to the Pacific Ocean.
11 Jul 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) transited the Panama Canal.
12 Jul 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Balboa, Panama Canal Zone.
24 Jul 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on and began a month of exercises in the Hawaiian Islands.
22 Aug 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) stood out of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii bound for her first combat of the war.
31 Aug 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF 15 arrived at the launching point about 128 miles from Marcus Island in the early morning, spent most of that day launching fighter and bomber strikes on Marcus Island before beginning the retirement to Hawaii that evening.
7 Sep 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on and remained there for two days.
9 Sep 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) stood out of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii bound for the west coast of the United States.
13 Sep 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived San Francisco, California, United States loaded aircraft and supplies.
15 Sep 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed San Francisco, California, United States for Hawaii.
19 Sep 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
29 Sep 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii to conduct combat operations.
5 Oct 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) began two days of air strikes on Japanese installations on Wake Island.
6 Oct 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) resumed air raids against Wake Island early in the morning and continued them through most of the day. That evening, the task group began its retirement to Hawaii.
11 Oct 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Oahu, Hawaii and for the next month conducted air training operations out of Pearl Harbor.
10 Nov 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in company with the Fast Carrier Forces to participate in her first major assault operation, the occupation of certain of the Gilbert Islands.
19 Nov 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at the launch point near Jaluit and Mili in the Marshall Islands early that morning and launched the first of a series of raids to suppress enemy air-power during the amphibious assaults on Tarawa, Abemama, and Makin in the Gilbert Islands.
20 Nov 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) sent raids back to the airfield at Jaluit, Marshall Islands and some of her planes also supported the troops on Makin, Gilbert Islands.
22 Nov 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) concentrated on installations and planes at Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands.
4 Dec 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) made passing raids on the installations at Wotje and Kwajalein Atolls in the Marshall Islands before returning to Pearl Harbor.
9 Dec 1943 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered Pearl Harbor and began a month of air training operations in the Hawaiian Islands
16 Jan 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) exited Pearl Harbor to support Operation Flintlock, the Marshall Islands operation.
29 Jan 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and Task Group 58.1 arrived at its launching point early in the morning and its carriers (Yorktown, Lexington, and Cowpens) began air strikes on Taroa airfield on Maloelap Atoll, Marshall Islands. Throughout the day, aircraft hit Maloelap in preparation for the assaults on Majuro and Kwajalein scheduled for the 31 Jan 1944.
30 Jan 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) struck targets on Kwajalein, Marshall Islands to begin softening up the island for the landings set for the next day.
31 Jan 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) aviators continued their strikes on Kwajalein, Marshall Islands in support of the troops landing on that atoll. The Yorktown air group conducted similar strikes the first three days in February.
4 Feb 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and her task group retired to the Fleet anchorage at recently secured Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands.
12 Feb 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) sortied from Majuro, Marshall Islands to conduct air strikes on the main Japanese anchorage at Truk Atoll, Caroline Islands.
16 Feb 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched highly successful raids occurred on Truk (Chuuk), Caroline Islands.
17 Feb 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched highly successful raids occurred on Truk (Chuuk), Caroline Islands.
18 Feb 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed the Caroline Islands set a course for the Mariana Islands.
22 Feb 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on enemy airfields and installations on Saipan, Mariana Islands. That same day, she cleared the area on her way back to Majuro, Marshall Islands.
26 Feb 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Majuro lagoon, Marshall Islands for rest and replenishing.
8 Mar 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) stood out of Majuro, Marshall Islands for Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides.
13 Mar 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) reached Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides and remained there for 10 days before getting underway for another series of raids on the Japanese middle defense line.
30 Mar 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched air strikes on enemy installations located in the Palau Islands, Caroline Islands.
31 Mar 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched air strikes on enemy installations located in the Palau Islands, Caroline Islands.
1 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) aviators struck the island of Woleai in the Caroline Islands.
6 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered Majuro, Marshall Islands for a week of replenishment and recreation.
13 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Majuro, Marshall Islands for the northern coast of New Guinea.
15 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched a raid on Chichi Jima and Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands.
16 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) holds Crossing the Line ceremonies as the ship cross the equator
21 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids against installations in the Wakde-Sarmi area of northern New Guinea in support of General Douglas MacArthur's assault on Hollandia (Jayapura), Dutch East Indies.
22 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids the landing areas at Hollandia (Jayapura), Dutch East Indies area of northern New Guinea in support of General Douglas MacArthur's assault on Hollandia.
23 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids the landing areas at Hollandia (Jayapura), Dutch East Indies area of northern New Guinea in support of General Douglas MacArthur's assault on Hollandia.
29 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched a raid on Japanese forces in the Truk lagoon (Chuuk), Caroline Islands.
30 Apr 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched a raid on Japanese forces in the Truk lagoon (Chuuk), Caroline Islands.
4 May 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) returned to Majuro, Marshall Islands.
6 May 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) underway from Majuro, Marshall Islands bound for Oahu, Hawaii.
11 May 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered Pearl Harbor, Hawaii for the next 18 days conducted training operations in the Hawaiian Islands.
29 May 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii for the Central Pacific.
3 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered Majuro lagoon, Marshall Islands and began preparations for her next major amphibious support operation, the assault on the Mariana Islands.
6 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) stood out of Majuro, Marshall Islands with Task Force 58 bound for the Mariana Islands.
11 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) reached the launch point and began sending planes to soften up of targets in preparation for the invasion of Saipan, Mariana Islands. Yorktown aircrews concentrated primarily upon airfields located on Guam, Mariana Islands. Those raids continued until the 13th.
16 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched a raid on Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands before heading back to the Mariana Islands and joining in the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
18 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) rejoined Task Force 58 in the Mariana Islands and waited for the approaching Japanese Fleet.
19 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) began strikes on Japanese air bases on Guam, Mariana Islands in order to deny them to their approaching carrier-based aircraft and to keep the land-based planes on the ground. During this, the first day of the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Yorktown aircraft claimed 37 enemy planes destroyed and dropped 21 tons of bombs on the Guam air bases.
20 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) steamed west while search planes groped for the fleeing enemy task force. Contact was made with the enemy late in the day and Yorktown?s planes attack the Japanese carrier Zuikaku.
21 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and Task Force 58 chased the enemy but made no contact with the Japanese fleet.
23 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) conducts air strikes against Pagan Island in the Mariana Islands.
24 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands.
25 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed the area around Iwo Jima in the Bonin Islands and laid a course for Eniwetok, Marshall Islands.
27 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands.
30 Jun 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) left Eniwetok, Marshall Islands and headed back to the Mariana Islands and the Bonin Islands.
4 Jul 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) continued combat operations with attacks on Iwo Jima and Chichi Jima in the Bonin Islands.
6 Jul 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched strikes in the Mariana Islands and continued them for the next 17 days.
22 Jul 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) anchors at Garapan Roads, Saipan, Mariana Islands to load bombs and ammunition.
23 Jul 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) left the Mariana Islands area and headed off to the west.
25 Jul 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Yap, Ulithi, and the Palaus in the Caroline Islands.
29 Jul 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived back in the Mariana Islands area.
31 Jul 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) left the area of the Mariana Islands headed United States.
17 Aug 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States and began a two-month overhaul.
6 Oct 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) completed repairs at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States.
9 Oct 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, United States.
11 Oct 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Alameda Naval Air Station, California, United States to load planes.
13 Oct 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departs Alameda, California, United States for the western Pacific.
18 Oct 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
24 Oct 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii for Eniwetok, Marshall Islands.
31 Oct 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands.
1 Nov 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Eniwetok, Marshall Islands for Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
3 Nov 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands and joined TG 38.4.
6 Nov 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) left Ulithi, Caroline Islands for the Philippines.
11 Nov 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched air strikes on targets in the Philippines in support of the Leyte invasion for the next two weeks.
23 Nov 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) detached from the task force around the Philippines
24 Nov 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
10 Dec 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands to rejoin the fleet east of the Philippines.
14 Dec 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) rendezvoused with the other carriers and began launching air strikes on Luzon, Philippines.
17 Dec 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) began retirement from the Luzon, Philippines strikes for refueling.
18 Dec 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and the rest of the fleet steamed through the center of Typhoon Cobra that sank three destroyers. Yorktown participated in some of the rescue operations for the survivors.
24 Dec 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
30 Dec 1944 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands to join TF 38 in strikes in the Philippines.
3 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on airfields on Formosa (Taiwan).
4 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on airfields on Formosa (Taiwan).
6 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched planes against airfields on Luzon, Philippines and on anti-shipping strikes.
7 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched planes against airfields on Luzon, Philippines and on anti-shipping strikes.
9 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched attacks on Formosa (Taiwan) in direct support of the Lingayen landings on Luzon, Philippines.
10 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and Task Force 38 entered the South China Sea via Bashi Channel to begin a series of raids on Japan's inner defenses.
12 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) planes hit the vicinity of Saigon, French Indochina (Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam). TF 38 aviators sunk 44 enemy ships including 15 combatants.
15 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Formosa (Taiwan) and Canton (Guangzhou) in China.
16 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) struck Canton (Guangzhou), China again and Hong Kong.
20 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and Task Force 38 exited the South China Sea via Balintang Channel.
21 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Formosa (Taiwan).
22 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
26 Jan 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF38 entered Ulithi lagoon, Caroline Islands for arming, provisioning, and upkeep.
10 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF58 departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands for raids in support of the landings on Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands.
16 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF58 strike the Tokyo area of Honshu, Japan in the first carrier-borne air strikes against the Japanese home islands since the Doolittle Raid on 18 Apr 1942.
17 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF58 strike the Tokyo area of Honshu, Japan before heading toward the Bonin Islands.
18 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) bombed and strafed installations on Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands
20 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched 3 days of support missions over Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands.
23 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed the Bonin Islands to resume strikes on Japan proper.
25 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids to bomb and strafe airfields in the vicinity of Tokyo, Japan.
26 Feb 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) forced to cancel sweeps of installations on Kyushu, Japan due to heavy seas; began retirement to Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
1 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered the anchorage at Ulithi,Caroline Islands for about two weeks.
14 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Ulithi, Caroline Islands to resume raids on Japan in support of the Okinawa operations.
18 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in the operating area off Japan and began launching strikes on airfields on Kyushu, Honshu, and Shikoku. The task group came under air attack almost as soon as operations began. Yorktown was struck by a single bomb that killed 5 but otherwise caused minimal damage.
19 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) continued air operations against the three southernmost islands of Japan.
23 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) began softening-up strikes against Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands and continued through 28 Mar 1945.
28 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed the Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands area for Japanese waters and additional strikes on the home islands.
29 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched two raids and one photographic reconnaissance mission over Kyushu, Japan. A single Yokosuka D4Y ?Judy? dive bomber made a diving attack on Yorktown but missed the carrier by about 60 feet.
30 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) pounded Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands and its surrounding islets in softening-up strikes.
31 Mar 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) pounded Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands and its surrounding islets in softening-up strikes.
1 Apr 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) began several days of direct support missions for the troops landing on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands. About every three days, USS Yorktown (Essex-class) retired east for refueling, rearming, and re-provisioning.
7 Apr 1945 When Yamato was discovered was steaming south, Air Group 9 from USS Yorktown (Essex-class) claimed several torpedo hits on Yamato herself just before the battleship exploded and sank. USS Yorktown (Essex-class)?s planes also had at least three 500-pound bombs hit light cruiser Yahagi before that ship also sank. Yorktown then resumed her strikes on Okinawa.
11 May 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed the Ruykyu Islands for Ulithi, Caroline Islands for upkeep, rest, and relaxation.
14 May 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands on and remained there until 24 May 1945.
24 May 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) sortied from Ulithi, Caroline Islands with TG 58.4 to rejoin the forces off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
28 May 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) resumed air support missions over Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
3 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) struck airfields on the Japanese home islands.
4 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) returned to Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands for support missions before steaming off to evade a typhoon.
6 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
7 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
8 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on airfields on Kyushu, Japan.
9 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Minami Daito Shima, Ryukyu Islands.
10 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Minami Daito Shima, Ryukyu Islands and began retiring toward Leyte, Philippines.
13 Jun 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in San Pedro Bay, Leyte, Philippines.
1 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TG 38.4 got underway from Leyte, Philippines to join the rest of the fast carriers in the final series of raids on the Japanese home islands.
10 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived off the coast of Japan and launched air strikes on the Tokyo area.
13 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched strikes on the northernmost Japanese island of Hokkaido.
14 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched strikes on the northernmost Japanese island of Hokkaido.
15 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched strikes on the northernmost Japanese island of Hokkaido.
18 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on the Tokyo area.
24 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF58 pounded shipping and installations around the Kure naval base.
25 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF58 pounded shipping and installations around the Kure naval base.
27 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF58 pounded shipping and installations around the Kure naval base.
28 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF58 pounded shipping and installations around the Kure naval base.
29 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on the Tokyo area.
30 Jul 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on the Tokyo area.
8 Aug 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on northern Honshu and southern Hokkaido, Japan.
9 Aug 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on northern Honshu and southern Hokkaido, Japan.
10 Aug 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Tokyo, Japan.
13 Aug 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on Tokyo, Japan.
15 Aug 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) cancelled all strikes planned for that day because Japan agreed to capitulate.
23 Aug 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) received orders to operate east of Honshu, Japan and provide cover for the forces occupying Japan.
25 Aug 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) began providing for the forces occupying Japan and air-dropping supplies to Allied prisoners.
16 Sep 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered Tokyo Bay with TG 38.1.
1 Oct 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) stood out of Tokyo Bay, Japan for Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
4 Oct 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in Buckner Bay (now Nakagusuku Wan), Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
5 Oct 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) loaded US servicemen passengers at Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands.
6 Oct 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) got underway from Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands for the United States.
20 Oct 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) entered San Francisco Bay, California, United States after a non-stop voyage from Okinawa loaded with returning US servicemen, moored at the Alameda Naval Air Station, and began discharging passengers.
31 Oct 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) shifted from Alameda Naval Air Station, California to Hunters Point Navy Yard in San Francisco, California, United States to complete minor repairs.
2 Nov 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) stood out of San Francisco Bay, California, United States bound for Guam, Mariana Islands on a mission to return of American servicemen to the United States.
15 Nov 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands.
17 Nov 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) underway from Guam, Mariana Islands with a load of US servicemen as passengers.
30 Nov 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in San Francisco, California, United States with a load of US servicemen.
8 Dec 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed San Francisco, California, United States for the Far East. Initially routed to Samar in the Philippines, but en route she was diverted to Manila, Philippines.
26 Dec 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in Manila, Philippines.
29 Dec 1945 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) departed Manila, Philippines with a load of US servicemen.
13 Jan 1946 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in San Francisco, California, United States with a load of US servicemen.
20 Jan 1946 Approximately on this date, USS Yorktown (Essex-class) moved to Bremerton, Washington, United States.
9 Jan 1947 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) taken out of commission and placed in the Bremerton Group, Pacific Reserve Fleet, Bremerton, Washington, United States.
20 Feb 1953 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) placed back in full commission at Bremerton, Washington, United States, Capt. William M. Nation in command.
21 Mar 1955 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) placed in commission in reserve at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Washington, United States where she was to receive extensive modifications, most significantly an angled flight deck to increase her capabilities for handling jet aircraft.
14 Oct 1955 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) placed back in full commission following modifications, Bremerton, Washington, United States.
31 Jan 1968 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) joined the force US Navy ships providing search and rescue support in response to the North Korean seizure of USS Pueblo.
1 Mar 1968 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) released from duty related to the USS Pueblo incident.
27 Dec 1968 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) served as the primary recovery ship for the Apollo 8 space mission, the first astronauts to orbit the moon.
27 Jun 1970 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) was decommissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States and was put in the Philadelphia Group of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet.
1 Jun 1973 USS Yorktown (Essex-class) was struck from the Navy list.
13 Oct 1975 On the 200th anniversary of the US Navy, ex-USS Yorktown (Essex-class) was formally dedicated as a memorial and museum ship at Patriot's Point, Charlotte, South Carolina, United States.

Photographs

Portside broadside view of USS Yorktown (Essex-class) at Newport News, Virginia, United States, on her way to her commissioning ceremonies at Norfolk Navy Yard, 15 Apr 1943The colors being hoisted for the first time aboard the USS Yorktown (Essex-class) during the ship’s commissioning ceremonies, 15 Apr 1943 at Norfolk, Virginia, United StatesUSS Yorktown departing Newport News, Virginia, United States en route to her commissioning ceremony, 15 Apr 1943Overhead view of USS Yorktown (Essex-class) at Newport News, Virginia, United States, 27 Apr 1943
See all 86 photographs of Aircraft Carrier USS Yorktown (Essex-class) (CV-10)

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Rob says:
16 Jul 2015 05:21:47 PM

I think it should be HIMJS Akagi, not USS Akagi.
2. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
16 Jul 2015 11:26:39 PM

Rob:
Yes, the actual Akagi was the HIMJS Akagi but in 1968, when the USS Yorktown was dressed up to look like the Japanese carrier Akagi for the filming of the movie “Tora! Tora! Tora!,” the Yorktown earned the unofficial nickname of “USS Akagi” - in a tongue-in-cheek sort of manner.

As always, thank you for your interest but in this case, this was not a typo.

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More on USS Yorktown (Essex-class)
Event(s) Participated:
» New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 3
» Gilbert Islands Campaign
» Marshall Islands Campaign
» Attack on Truk
» Mariana Islands Campaign and the Great Turkey Shoot
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 2
» Typhoon Cobra
» Raid into the South China Sea
» Battle of Iwo Jima
» Okinawa Campaign
» Preparations for Invasion of Japan
» Japan's Surrender

Aircraft Carrier USS Yorktown (Essex-class) (CV-10) Photo Gallery
Portside broadside view of USS Yorktown (Essex-class) at Newport News, Virginia, United States, on her way to her commissioning ceremonies at Norfolk Navy Yard, 15 Apr 1943
See all 86 photographs of Aircraft Carrier USS Yorktown (Essex-class) (CV-10)




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"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935