|Ship Class||Independence-class Light Carrier|
|Builder||New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, NJ|
|Laid Down||2 Jun 1941|
|Launched||6 Dec 1942|
|Commissioned||25 Feb 1943|
|Sunk||24 Oct 1944|
|Displacement||11000 tons full|
|Machinery||General Electric geared turbines with four screws|
|Power Output||100000 SHP|
|Armament||24x40mm, 22x20mm anti-aircraft|
|Armor||5" belt, 2" deck, 0.5" conning tower|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseUSS Princeton, an 11,000-ton Independence class small aircraft carrier, was built at Camden, New Jersey. Originally laid down as the light cruiser Tallahassee (CL-61), she was converted to a carrier before launching and redesignated CV-23. That hull number was changed to CVL-23 in July 1943. Princeton was commissioned in February 1943 and, following shakedown operations in the Atlantic area, arrived at Pearl Harbor in August. She covered the occupation of Baker Island in August and September and raided Makin and Tarawa later in September 1943. Princeton had a busy November, supporting the Bougainville landings, raiding Rabaul and Nauru and participating in the invasion of the Gilbert Islands.
ww2dbaseFollowing a quick overhaul at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Princeton helped in the conquest of the Marshall Islands in January and February 1944. Over the next four months, her planes attacked Japanese targets in the Central Pacific and supported amphibious landings at Hollandia, New Guinea. In June, Princeton participated in the invasion of Saipan and the Battle of the Philippine Sea. She continued to cover the Marianas operation in July, then joined in raids on the Palaus, the Philippines, Okinawa and Taiwan during August, September and October.
ww2dbaseOn 24 October 1944, Princeton was off the northern Philippines, taking part in attacks on Luzon airfields to support the Leyte invasion. That morning, she was hit by a Japanese dive-bombing attack and set afire. The blaze could not be contained, and in mid-afternoon a bomb magazine exploded. The after part of the ship was wrecked and severe casualties inflicted on the crew of USS Birmingham (CL-62), which was alongside helping to fight the fires. After her remaining crewmen were removed, USS Princeton was sunk by her escorts.
ww2dbaseSource: Naval Historical Center.
Light Carrier USS Princeton Interactive Map
USS Princeton Operational Timeline
|25 Feb 1943||Princeton was commissioned into service.|
|1 Nov 1943||USS Princeton launched two sorties against Japanese positions on Bougainville, Solomon Islands in support of the landings.|
|2 Nov 1943||USS Princeton launched two sorties against Japanese positions on Bougainville, Solomon Islands in support of the landings.|
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James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945