Haskell-class file photo [11604]

Haskell-class Attack Transport

CountryUnited States
Displacement6720 tons standard; 14837 tons full
Length455 feet
Beam62 feet
Draft24 feet
MachinerySteam turbine engine, 1 propeller
Power Output8500 SHP
Speed19 knots
Crew536
Armament1x5in/38 Dual Purpose gun, 4x to 12x40mm twin Bofors autocannon, 10x20mm Oerlikon machine guns
Capacity1,562 passengers or 150,000 cubic feet/2,900 tons of cargo
Landing Craft2 LCM, 2 LCPL, 2 LCPR, 18 LCVP

Contributor:

This article refers to the entire Haskell-class; it is not about an individual vessel.

ww2dbaseHaskell-class attack transports (APA) were amphibious assault ships of the United States Navy created in 1944. They were designed to transport 1,500 troops and their combat equipment, and land them on hostile shores with the ships' integral landing craft.

ww2dbaseOf the 111 Haskells built in time to see action in WWII, all served in the Pacific Theater with most participating in the Okinawa landings. Some also landed Marines and Army troops and transported casualties at Iwo Jima. Ships of the class were among the first Allied ships to enter Tokyo Bay at the end of World War II, landing the first occupation troops at Yokosuka. After the end of World War II, most participated in Operation Magic Carpet, the massive sealift of US personnel back to the United States. A few of the Haskell-class were reactivated for the Korean conflict, with some staying in service into the Vietnam War.

ww2dbaseDesign

ww2dbaseThe Haskell-class design, Maritime Commission standard type VC2-S-AP5, is a sub type of the World War II Victory ship design which, in turn, was a follow-on class from the highly successful Liberty ship design. A total of 117 Haskell-class ships were launched in 1944 and 1945, with 14 more being cancelled.

ww2dbaseVictory ships, even armed Victory ships, were manned by civilian merchant marine crews but Haskells, seen as pure combat vessels, had US Navy or US Coast Guard crews.

ww2dbaseThe design was intended for the transport and assault landing of over 1,500 troops and their heavy combat equipment. During Operation Magic Carpet, up to 1,900 personnel per ship were carried homeward.

ww2dbaseThe Haskells carried 25 landing craft to deliver the troops and equipment right onto the beach. The 23 main boats were the LCVP Higgins boats. The LCVP was 36 feet (11 m) long and designed to carry 36 equipped troops. The other 2 landing craft were the 50 foot (15 m) long LCM (3), capable of carrying 60 troops or 30 tons (27 t) of cargo, or the 56 foot (17m) LCM (6). They also carried one gig.

ww2dbaseThe Haskell-class ships were armed with one 5"/38 caliber gun, up to twelve Bofors 40 mm guns (one quad mount, four dual mounts), and ten Oerlikon 20 mm guns.

ww2dbaseShips of the Haskell class

ww2dbaseHaskell-class attack transports included APA-117, USS Haskell, the lead ship, through APA-247, the never completed USS Mecklenburg. The hulls for APA-181 through APA-186 were repurposed to be hospital ships before they were named. Ultimately those hospital ships were built on larger C4 plan and the six VC2 hulls were built in a merchant configuration. APA-240 through APA-247 were named, but cancelled in 1945 when the war ended. With the special exception of the USS Marvin H. McIntyre, the Haskell-class ships were all named after counties of the United States.

ww2dbaseFate

ww2dbaseMost of the Haskell-class ships were mothballed in 1946, with only a few remaining in service. Many were scrapped in 1973-75. A few were converted into Missile Range Instrumentation Ships.

ww2dbaseAs of the 31 May 2010 MARAD inventory, there is only one ship built as Haskell-class left in the inventory: The USS Sherburne, which was converted to USS Range Sentinel - She in the National Defense Reserve Fleet at James River, Virginia. Her status is listed as "Disposal."

ww2dbaseUSS Gage, the last remaining ship in the original Haskell configuration was scrapped in 2009.

ww2dbaseSources: Wikipedia, NavSource, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships

Haskell-class Attack Transport Interactive Map

Photographs

Tending to the colors aboard a troop transport ship during exercises off the east coast of the United States, mid-1942.Blueprint of inboard profile for Haskell-class attack transportDrawing of Camouflage Scheme M32/4T applied to the Haskell-class attack transports, 1 of 2Drawing of Camouflage Scheme M32/4T applied to the Haskell-class attack transports, 2 of 2
See all 52 photographs of Haskell-class Attack Transport



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Larry Pelton says:
17 Nov 2010 02:43:00 PM

Thanks Dave for all the research. My father served on one of these in WWII and it is nice to know more about it.
2. brad says:
24 Jun 2011 06:08:55 PM

looking for any info on a WW2 ship that my grandfather served on. All we have is the name M.V. China. He passed away a few months ago. So if any info would help. Thanks
3. Josh Plumlee says:
9 Jun 2017 04:22:53 PM

My uncle Oliver B. Thompson served on APA117. My dad was too young but he (My uncle) have my dad the first she'll he fired, a 40mm mk2. All the engraved numbers are still readable. The date is 5-44 with the lot number:0828. Thought I would share. He is also alive and well.

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Haskell-class Attack Transport Photo Gallery
Tending to the colors aboard a troop transport ship during exercises off the east coast of the United States, mid-1942.
See all 52 photographs of Haskell-class Attack Transport




Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943