Garland file photo

Garland

CountryPoland
Ship ClassG-class Destroyer
BuilderFairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering, Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom
Laid Down22 Aug 1934
Launched24 Oct 1935
Commissioned3 May 1940
Decommissioned24 Sep 1946
Displacement1370 tons standard; 1913 tons full
Length323 feet
Beam33 feet
Draft12 feet
MachineryParsons geared steam turbines, three Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers, two shafts
Bunkerage480t fuel oil
Power Output34000 SHP
Speed36 knots
Range5,530nm at 15 knots
Crew146
Armament4x120mm 45cal Mk IX guns, 2x4x12.7mm Vickers Mk III machine guns, 2x4x533mm torpedo tubes, 44 depth charges, 1 depth charge rail, 2 depth charge throwers; 4x20mm Oerlikon cannon added in 1942

Contributor: C. Peter Chen

Destroyer Garland (later, Marnix) saw service with the British, Polish, and Dutch navies during her career. She was launched in Scotland, United Kingdom in 1935, and saw service flying the British Royal Navy ensign during the Spanish Civil War enforcing the blockade. In Jul 1939, she briefly patrolled off Cyprus. The European War began while she was underway between Aden and Alexandria, Egypt. Upon arrival, she began escorting convoys sailing between Alexandria and Malta. On 17 Sep 1939, she suffered an accidental explosion of her own depth charges; she was towed to Alexandria for temporary repairs, and then towed to Malta for permanent repairs. Just prior to the completion of her repairs, she was loaned to the navy of the Polish government-in-exile in Britain. Operating under the Polish banner, she escorted convoys in the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, participating in Operation Hats in Aug-Sep 1940, Operation Halberd in Sep 1941, PQ-16 in May 1942, and others. In Nov 1943, she was transferred to Freetown, British West Africa, where she would continue to escort convoys. In May 1944, she was assigned to the 14th Destroyer Flotilla of the British Mediterranean Fleet, sharing the credit for the sinking of German submarine U-407 during this time. She was recalled to Britain for refitting at the end of 1944. Her final operations of the European War saw her delivering emergency supplies for the civilians of coastal Belgian and Dutch towns. In late 1945, she participated in Operation Deadlight, the scuttling of captured German submarines. Until Jun 1946, she was a part of the Polish Squadron based at Rosyth, Scotland, United Kingdom. In Jul 1946, Poland returned Garland to Britain. Four months later, after a brief time in Category C reserve, she was sold to the Netherlands, where she would serve as a anti-submarine training ship until 1948. In 1950, she was renamed Marnix by the Royal Netherlands Navy. In 1952, she was reclassified as a frigate. She underwent an extended overhaul between 1955 and 1956. She was decommissioned from Dutch service and scrapped in 1964.

Source: Wikipedia

Garland Operational Timeline

5 Mar 1934 The order for the construction of destroyer Garland was issued to the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering of Scotland, United Kingdom.
22 Aug 1934 The keel of Garland was laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering in Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom.
24 Oct 1935 Garland was launched at Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom.
24 May 1937 Garland entered drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom for a scheduled overhaul.
5 Jul 1937 Garland exited drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom.
31 May 1938 Garland entered drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom for a scheduled overhaul and repairs on her low-pressure turbines.
28 Jul 1938 Garland exited drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom.
6 Sep 1939 Garland arrived at Alexandria, Egypt.
17 Sep 1939 Garland suffered an accidental detonation of her own depth charges while underway in the Mediterranean Sea, badly damaging the aft end.
3 May 1940 British destroyer Garland, under repair in Malta, was loaned to the Polish Navy, which commissioned the destroyer on the same date.
8 May 1940 Garland exited drydocks at Malta.
31 Aug 1940 While escorting the Operation Hats convoy toward Malta, Garland was lightly damaged by Italian aircraft in the Mediterranean Sea.
11 Oct 1940 Garland entered drydocks at Malta for repairs.
13 Nov 1940 Garland was seriously damaged by a storm while escorting battleship HMS Revenge in the Atlantic Ocean. Two men were killed.
28 Feb 1942 Garland was refitted at Middlesbrough, England, United Kingdom.
5 May 1942 Garland completed her refitting at Middlesbrough, England, United Kingdom.
4 Jul 1942 Garland completed her temporary repairs at Murmansk, Russia and departed for Troon, Scotland, United Kingdom with convoy QP-13.
21 Sep 1942 Garland completed her permanent repairs at Troon, Scotland, United Kingdom.
8 Sep 1943 Garland completed her refitting and returned to service.
19 Sep 1944 Garland and two other British destroyers jointly sank German submarine U-407 off Santorini, Greece.
20 Nov 1944 Garland set sail from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea for Britain.
31 Mar 1945 Garland completed her refitting at Devonport, England, United Kingdom.
23 Jul 1946 Polish destroyer Garland was decommissioned from service and was returned to Britain.
14 Nov 1946 British destroyer was sold to the Royal Netherlands Navy.
16 Jan 1950 Dutch destroyer Garland was renamed Marnix.
31 Jan 1964 Marnix was decommissioned from Dutch naval service.

Photographs

President Raczkiewicz of the exiled Polish government visiting destroyer Garland of the Polish Navy, 1943Polish destroyer Garland underway, 7 Apr 1945




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Event(s) Participated:
» The Spanish Civil War
» Malta Campaign
» Arctic Convoys


Destroyer Garland Photo Gallery
President Raczkiewicz of the exiled Polish government visiting destroyer Garland of the Polish Navy, 1943
See all 2 photographs of Destroyer Garland



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