|Primary Role||Tank Destroyer|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
The 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 tank destroyers, nick named Jackson for Confederate States of America general Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, were designed to counter any potential heavily-armored German tanks, which later came true in the form of Panther and Tiger tanks. The design based on the M10 chassis was first completed in 1942, and the first prototype was completed in Mar 1943 as the T71 Gun Motor Carriage; after testing, an order for 500 was issued. In Jun 1944, the designation changed to its M36 final form. Like all American tank destroyers in this era, the turrets were open-topped as a weight-saving measure, while this feature also allowed better observation. They first saw combat in Sep 1944 in Europe, and immediately gained a good reputation for being one of the few models of Allied vehicles that could knock out heavy German tanks from a distance. About 1,400 M36 Jackson tank destroyers were produced during WW2.
After the war, folding armored roof kits for the open-tops were manufactured to provide protection from shell fragments.
M36 Jackson tank destroyers were used in the Korean War, and were effective in fighting all models of Russian-made armored vehicles used in Korea. During the conflict in Indo-China, the French forces also employed some M36 Jackson tank destroyers. They were also used by forces in Yugoslavia (including Croatia and Bosnia in the 1990s) and Pakistan.
Through the design's production life, 1,298 of M36 design, 187 of M36B1 design, and 287 of M36B2 design were built.
|Machinery||Ford GAA V-8 gasoline engine rated at 450hp|
|Suspension||Vertical volute spring suspension|
|Armament||1x90mm M3 gun (47 rounds)|
|Armor||9mm to 108mm|
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Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943