Browning M1919 Machine Gun
|Country of Origin||United States|
|Barrel Length||609.000 mm|
|Rate of Fire||500 rounds/min|
Contributor: C. Peter Chenww2dbaseBrowning M1919 heavy machine guns were developed directly from the Browning M1917 heavy machine gun design, one major difference being that the M1917 used water for cooling, while the M1919 design was air-cooled. A typical crew had the size of two. During combat, the first member acted as the gunner while the second fed ammunition belts; at other times, the gunner carried the tripod and ammunition, while the other crew member carried the gun and sometimes additional ammunition.
They were made by various manufacturers during WW2, including General Motors in the United States, Rock Island Arsenal of the US Army, and Birmingham Small Arms Company in the United Kingdom. There were a number of variants, and M1919A4 and M1919A4E1 were the most numerous, one reason being that they were also capable of being mounted on vehicles. During WW2, many tanks mounted M1919 machine guns as secondary armament, for example.
A particular variant design made by Browning, designated "Browning Machine Gun, Cal. .30, M2, Aircraft", was envisioned with aircraft in mind. Because of the air rushing past barrels when the aircraft were in flight, M2 machine guns mounted on them did not require as efficient a cooling system, therefore the barrel and receiver diameters were significantly reduced, resulting in guns that were significantly lighter than their M1919 cousins. M2 machine guns were seen on the Spitfire fighters in early stages of the European War until the larger caliber Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannon were introduced. This variant should not be confused with the larger caliber "Browning Machine Gun, Cal. .50, M2, Aircraft", also known as the Browning M2HB heavy machine guns, which was of a totally different design.
Source: Wikipedia. ww2dbase
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Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943