Battle of Kiev

3 Nov 1943 - 10 Dec 1943


ww2dbaseIn the morning of 3 Nov 1943, German 4th Panzer Army stationed in Kiev, Ukraine was surprised by a massive artillery and aerial bombardment, followed by advancing Soviet troops. After two days of action, Soviet troops entered a city not yet recovered from the battle in the previous year, and now further damaged by both the intense Soviet invasion and the scorched-earth German retreat. Kiev suffered 7,000 buildings, which included about 1,000 factories, plundered or destroyed at the hands of the Germans. 200,000 civilians were killed during the course of the war. 100,000 civilians were sent to concentration camps during the occupation. What resulted was a city with only 80,000 survivors, a mere 20% of its prewar size.

ww2dbaseErich von Manstein of German 4th Panzer Army was able to convince Adolf Hitler to release German 48th Panzer Corps to conduct a counterattack, though his request for the inclusion of German 40th Panzer Corps was rejected. German troops drove forward, but they were halted by Soviet 7th Guards Tank Corps near Fastov. Similar scenarios played out all around Kiev with German troops fighting fiercely but unable to halt the Soviet juggernaut. The Germans caught their break with the arrival of German 48th Panzer Corps containing the elite 1st SS Panzer Division, retaking Brusilov and Zhitomir, two towns that the Soviets had recently captured. Large scale tank engagements ensued with heavy casualties on both sides over the course of the following month.

ww2dbaseOn 5 Dec 1943, German 48th Panzer Corps launched a surprise attack northward from Zhitomir while German 13th Corps, reinforced with German 2nd Fallschirmjäger Division, attacked eastward. This maneuver threatened to surround Soviet 60th Army. To relieve the situation, the Soviet leadership dispatched Soviet 1st Tank Army and Soviet 18th Army as reinforcements. With fresh troops, the Soviets were able to halt the German offensive and capture Brusilov.

ww2dbaseThough the Soviets emerged victorious, they failed to achieve the important objective of enveloping German Army Group South. Nevertheless, they were able to deal heavy damage to German 4th Panzer Army, and the morale boost for gaining Ukraine was substantial.

Anthony Read and David Fisher, The Fall of Berlin

Last Major Update: Jan 2006

Battle of Kiev Timeline

3 Nov 1943 Soviet troops launched a massive breakout attack from their bridgehead north of Kiev, Ukraine.
5 Nov 1943 Soviet troops began entering Kiev, Ukraine.
6 Nov 1943 German 4.Panzerarmee was split into smaller groups near Kiev, Ukraine, but it prevented Soviet troops from breaking the rail link with Army Group Center.
7 Nov 1943 Soviet troops recaptured Kiev, Ukraine.

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
2 Oct 2006 02:48:05 PM

this is a great website. Keep it up
2. Anonymous says:
2 Oct 2006 02:54:19 PM

Ps. like the Patton quote.
3. Anonymous says:
15 Mar 2007 09:26:20 AM

,more info needed
4. KievBOy says:
5 Sep 2009 02:19:39 AM about bunker of Stalin line around Kiev
5. Anonymous says:
16 Sep 2012 12:31:10 PM

Your material is like the feww paragraphs found in a cheap encyclopedia.
Can you not write about something people don't know?
6. Anonymous says:
2 Jan 2013 01:00:33 PM

given the real name "the Soviet Army" and the real sacrifices of 4.5 million Ukrainians who fought in the Soviet Army- why don't you represent this correctly?
7. Anonymous says:
16 Jan 2017 11:40:16 AM

Did not have needed material. would have been helpful not to waste time doing research on this website
8. Anonymous says:
23 Feb 2017 11:53:49 AM

Give us more in the timeline it is pretty dull and short. You don't point out any particular people either.
9. Міша says:
19 Sep 2017 05:14:29 PM

The grammar needs fixing -- there are two errors in the first paragraph.

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More on Battle of Kiev
» Hoth, Hermann
» Kamanin, Nikolai
» Manstein, Erich
» Rybalko, Pavel
» Vatutin, Nikolai

» Ukraine

Related Books:
» Atlas of the Eastern Front 1941-45
» The Dnepr 1943: Hitler's Eastern Rampart Crumbles

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