Bulgaria Switched Sides
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseOn 23 Aug 1944, Romania, Bulgaria's northern neighbor, saw its head of government Ion Antonescu removed from power and its stance switch from the Axis to the Soviet Union. Three days later, the Bulgarian Fatherland Front began a successful armed rebellion against the government, drove out the German troops by the end of Aug 1944, and overthrew the Bulgarian pro-Nazi government by 9 Sep; among the first announcements made by the new government was Bulgaria's declaration of war against Germany. Meanwhile, Soviet troops marched into Bulgaria in the first week of Sep, meeting on resistance.
Last Major Update: Jan 2013
Bulgaria Switched Sides Timeline
|26 Aug 1944Â||The Bulgarian Fatherland Front began an armed rebellion against the Bulgarian government; it declared Bulgaria to be neutral in the Axis war against the Soviet Union.|
|30 Aug 1944Â||German troops withdrew from Bulgaria.|
|2 Sep 1944Â||Soviet Union declared war on Bulgaria having refused a plea from Tsar Simeon II that the country desired to withdraw from its war with Britain and America and become a neutral. A little more than five hours later, Bulgaria called for an armistice.|
|9 Sep 1944Â||The Bulgarian Fatherland Front successfully overthrew the government and declared war on Germany.|
|10 Sep 1944Â||Downed US and British airmen previously interned in Bulgaria were evacuated by train to Istanbul, Turkey.|
|11 Sep 1944Â||Bulgarian communist leader Georgi Dimitrov ordered, from Moscow in Russia, the creation of the People's Court to try Bulgarian leaders responsible for Bulgarian involvement in the European War on the side of the Germans.|
|16 Sep 1944Â||Soviet troops entered Sofia, Bulgaria.|
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