United States

Full Name 2 United States of America
Alliance Allies - Major Member Nation
Entry into WW2 7 Dec 1941
Population in 1939 131,028,000
Military Deaths in WW2 407,318
Civilian Deaths in WW2 11,200

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe United States emerged from World War 1 an isolationist nation. Even though American President Woodrow Wilson was among the main pillars in the founding of the League of Nations, the United States Senate never allowed the North American power, geographically separated from the rest of the world in its views, to join the organization. Overall, the top political leaders of the US feared to become entangled in European politics, or worse, future European wars.

ww2dbaseThe Great Depression that began with the stock market crash in 1929 brought a difficult period to the United States, while American farmers further suffered from catastrophic dust storms collectively known as the Dust Bowl. President Franklin Roosevelt, elected in 1932, instituted several socialist programs that effectively responded to the economic and social issues that resulted from the depression. As a result, Roosevelt began to earn a deep-rooted respect from the American people.

ww2dbaseIn the mid-1930s, Roosevelt began to think that "he could buy peace for a generation of Americans, but the more he pondered the character of the regime in Berlin, the more convinced he became that the next U.S. generation would lie at [Adolf] Hitler's mercy." Bypassing the appeaser British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's office, he contacted Winston Churchill directly via telephone and established what was to become one of the most important working relationships during the war. As much as the American people respected him, however, Roosevelt was unable to sway the public to openly support a war against Nazi Germany, but he was able to convince the Congress to support Britain via Lend-Lease. That all changed in Dec 1941 when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and declared war in the United States. With this event, Roosevelt was able to play his political cards and change the American public opinion nearly overnight, changing the isolationist attitude into a patriotic fervor.

ww2dbaseWorld War 2 turned out to be the costliest war in American history in terms of spending, but the spending also played a key part in lifting the United States out of economic depression. The increasing need for war goods not only wiped out the unemployment but also drew women into the work force in large numbers for the first time.

ww2dbaseOn the political front, gradually during the course of war between 1941 to 1945, United States stepped onto the world stage as a superpower. Her ability to carry on a multi-front war against both Germany and Japan with her expansive industrial capabilities was the main reason.

ww2dbaseAt the end of the war, United States unleashed two atomic weapons against Japan. President Harry Truman's decision that led to the utter destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki remains a controversial topic until today.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

People

Abrams, CreightonGeisel, TheodorO'Callahan, Joseph
Adler, JuliusGeorge, HaroldO'Kane, Richard
Allen, TerryGerow, LeonardOldendorf, Jesse
Anslow, GladysGillars, MildredPalmer, Alfred
Arms, ThomasGillies, BettyParker, Thomas
Arnold, HenryGroves, LesliePatton, George
Axton, MildredHall, VirginiaPuller, Lewis
Baggett, OwenHalsey, WilliamPyle, Ernie
Baker, VernonHayes, IraRay, Margaret
Barbey, DanielHeimlich, HenryRing, Stanhope
Basilone, JohnHeppner, RichardRochefort, Joseph
Baumgartner, AnnHiggins, AndrewRoosevelt, Eleanor
Bennett, DonaldHitchcock, ThomasRoosevelt, Franklin
Betty ThorpeHobby, OvetaRowe, Abbie
Birch, JohnHodges, CourtneyRuml, Beardsley
Boecklen, WarrenHoffmann, FriedrichSchreiber, Walter
Bong, RichardHolden, CarlScott, Norman
Bradley, OmarHollem, HowardSharp, Evelyn
Braun, WernherHull, CordellShort, Walter
Brett, GeorgeHunter, CeliaSimpson, William
Brooks, EdwardHurley, PatrickSkjonsby, Verne
Browning, MilesIckes, HaroldSmith, Holland
Buckner, SimonInouye, DanielSmith, Walter
Burke, ArleighJ. Robert OppenheimerSmyth, Henry
Bush, GeorgeJack HeynSpaatz, Carl
Byrnes, JamesJacobs, CharlesSprague, Clifton
Callahan, DanielJenkins, SamuelSprague, Thomas
Capa, RobertJohnson, RobertSpruance, Raymond
Cates, CliftonJurika, StephenStark, Harold
Chennault, ClaireKelsey, BenjaminSteichen, Edward
Chin, ArthurKennedy, JohnStein, Tony
Clark, MarkKenney, GeorgeStilwell, Joseph
Cochran, JacquelineKidd, IsaacStimson, Henry
Craft, AnnabelleKim, Young-OakSultan, Daniel
Daghlian, HarryKimmel, HusbandSweeney, Charles
Davis, BenjaminKing, ErnestTaft, Robert
Davis, BenjaminKinkaid, ThomasTaylor, Maxwell
Devers, JacobKleiss, NormanTibbets, Paul
Donovan, WilliamKnight, JackTinker, Clarence
Doolittle, JamesKnox, FrankToguri, Iva
Dornberger, WalterKrueger, WalterTrue, Arnold
Doss, DesmondLeMay, CurtisTruman, Harry
Driscoll, AgnesLeahy, WilliamTruscott, Lucian
Eaker, IraLee, HazelTurner, Richmond
Eatherly, ClaudeLee, WillisUhl, Edward
Eddy, MantonLove, Nancy HarknessUrban, Matthew
Eichelberger, RobertMacArthur, DouglasVanaman, Arthur
Eisenhower, DwightManchester, WilliamVandegrift, Alexander
Elliott, LeslieMarshall, GeorgeW. Averell Harriman
Emmons, DelosMauldin, BillWainwright, Jonathan
Erskine, GravesMcAuliffe, AnthonyWalker, Walton
Evans, ErnestMcCain, JohnWallace, Henry
Faillace, GaetanoMcNarney, JosephWang, Xiaoting
Feeney, JohnMerrill, FrankWedemeyer, Albert
Feller, RobertMiles, MiltonWelch, George
Fletcher, FrankMiller, DorisWessels, Theodore
Ford, GeraldMiller, WayneWhalen, Howard
Fort, CorneliaMitscher, MarcWilkinson, Thomas
Furman, RobertMorton, DudleyWilley, John
Gabaldon, GuyMurphy, AudieWinant, John
Gary, DonaldMurray, GeorgeYeager, Charles
Gavin, JamesMurrow, EdwardZamperini, Louis
Gehres, LeslieNelson, Donalddel Valle, Pedro
Geiger, RoyNimitz, Chester

Events Taken Place in United States

Two-Ocean Navy Act19 Jul 1940
ABC-1 Conference29 Jan 1941 - 30 Mar 1941
First Washington Conference22 Dec 1941 - 14 Jan 1942
Internment of Japanese-Americans and Japanese-Canadians1 Jan 1942 - 1 Apr 1949
Second Washington Conference20 Jun 1942 - 23 Jun 1942
Trident Conference12 May 1943 - 25 May 1943
Operation Trinity and Manhattan Project16 Jul 1945
San Francisco Peace Conference8 Sep 1951

Aircraft

A-17B-32 DominatorF6F HellcatP-36 HawkR3D
A-20 HavocBF2C GoshawkFR FireballP-38 LightningS-43
A-26 InvaderBT-13 ValiantJ2F DuckP-39 AiracobraSB2C Helldiver
A-29 HudsonBTD DestroyerK-Class AirshipP-40 WarhawkSB2U Vindicator
A-31 VengeanceC-45 ExpeditorL-1 VigilantP-43 LancerSBD Dauntless
A-36A ApacheC-46 CommandoL-14 Super ElectraP-47 ThunderboltSC Seahawk
AT-6 TexanC-47 SkytrainL-18 LodestarP-51 MustangSOC Seagull
B-10C-54 SkymasterL-2 GrasshopperP-61 Black WidowTBD Devastator
B-17 Flying FortressC-69 ConstellationL-4 GrasshopperP-63 KingcobraTBF Avenger
B-18 BoloC-75 StratolinerL-5 SentinelP-66 VanguardTDN
B-23 DragonCG-4AL-6A GrasshopperP-80 Shooting StarTDR
B-24 LiberatorCW-21Model 167 MarylandP2YVentura
B-25 MitchellF2A BuffaloModel 187 BaltimorePB2Y CoronadoYO-50
B-26 MarauderF4F WildcatOS2U KingfisherPBM MarinerYO-51 Dragonfly
B-29 SuperfortressF4U CorsairP-26 PeashooterPBY Catalina

Ships

ABSD-1CroakerKitty HawkPilotfishSea Cat
ABSD-2CummingsKrakenPintadoSea Devil
AlabamaCuttlefishKynePipefishSea Dog
AlaskaDaceLCI(L)-classPiperSea Fox
Alaska-classDalyLCVP-classPiranhaSea Owl
AlbacoreDarterLST-1PlaiceSea Poacher
Albert W. GrantDentudaLST-classPlungerSea Robin
AmberjackDenverLaffey (Allen M. Sumner-class)PogySeadragon
AnconDetroitLaffey (Benson-class)PollackSeahorse
AnglerDevilfishLagartoPomfretSeal
AnzioDohertyLampreyPomodonSealion (Balao-class)
ApogonDolphinLangley (Independence-class)PompanoSealion (Sargo-class)
ArcherfishDoneffLangley (Langley-class)PomponSearaven
Argonaut (Argonaut-class)DoradoLansdownePorpoiseSeawolf
Argonaut (Tench-class)DragonetLaponPorterSegundo
ArizonaDraytonLardnerPreston (Fletcher-class)Sennet
AsproDrumLawrencePreston (Mahan-class)Shad
Astoria (Cleveland-class)ElletLeutzePrichettShamrock Bay
Astoria (New Orleans-class)EngstromLexington (Essex-class)PrincetonShark (Balao-class)
AtlantaEnterpriseLexington (Lexington-class)PringleShark (Porpoise-class)
AtuleEscolarLexington-classPufferSilversides
AugustaEssexLiberty-classQueenfishSims
AustinFarragutLingQuillbackSkate
BaileyFieberlingLionfishQuincy (Baltimore-class)Skipjack
BalaoFinbackLizardfishQuincy (New Orleans-class)Smalley
BaltimoreFlasherLoggerheadR-1Snapper
BangFlierLong IslandR-14Snook
BarbFlounderLouisvilleR-5South Dakota
BarbelFlying FishLuceR-7South Dakota-class
BarberoFoxMacabiRaleighSpadefish
BashawFranklinMackerelRallSpearfish
Bataan (Independence-class)GabilanMahanRalph TalbotSpencer
BatfishGarMakin IslandRandolphSpikefish
BayaGatoManila BayRangerSpot
BecunaGilmoreMantaRasherSpringer
BellGoletMapiroRatonSproston
Belleau WoodGrampusMarbleheadRaySteamer Bay
BergallGraybackMarcus IslandRazorbackSteelhead
BesugoGraylingMarlinRedfinSterlet
BillfishGraysonMarylandRedfishStickleback
BiscayneGreenlingMasonRenshawStingray
BlackfinGrenadierMassachusettsReuben JamesSturgeon
BlackfishGridleyMauryRobaloSunfish (Gato-class)
BlennyGrouperMcCallRockSwordfish
BlowerGrowlerMcDougalRoncadorTambor
BluebackGrunionMcFarlandRonquilTang
BluefishGuamMemphisRunner (Gato-class)Tarpon
BluegillGuardfishMenhadenRunner (Tench-class)Tautog
BoarfishGuavinaMeroS-18Tench
BoiseGudgeonMiamiS-23Tennessee
BonefishGuitarroMilwaukeeS-26Tennessee-class
BostonGunnelMingoS-27Texas
BowfinGurnardMinneapolisS-28Thorn
BreamHacklebackMississippiS-30Thornback
BrillHaddoMissouriS-31Threadfin
BugaraHaddockMonaghanS-32Thresher
BullheadHakeMontereyS-33Ticonderoga
BumperHalibutMontpelierS-34Tigrone
Bunker HillHamiltonMorayS-35Tilefish
BurrfishHammannMugfordS-36Tinosa
CabezonHammerheadMuskallungeS-37Tirante
CabotHancockNarwhalS-38Torsk
CabrillaHarderNashvilleS-39Tranquility
CachalotHardheadNatoma BayS-40Trepang
CaimanHaskell-classNautilusS-41Trigger
CaliforniaHawkbillNehenta BayS-42Triton
Canberra (Baltimore-class)Helena (Baltimore-class)NevadaS-43Trout
CanfieldHelena (Saint Louis-class)New JerseyS-44Trutta
CapelinHelmNew MexicoS-45Tucker
CapitaineHenleyNew YorkS-46Tullibee
CarboneroHerringNorth CarolinaS-47Tuna
CarpHoeO'BrienSableTunny
CasablancaHollandOklahomaSaginaw BayTuscaloosa
Cassin YoungHonoluluOmmaney BaySailfishVictory-class
CavallaHornet (Essex-class)OregonSaint LouisVincennes
CeroHornet (Yorktown-class)PT-classSaint PaulWahoo
Charles J. BadgerHoustonPaddleSalmonWake Island
CharrHulbertPampanitoSalt Lake CityWaller
ChesterHullPanaySan DiegoWard
ChicagoIcefishParcheSan FranciscoWashington
ChubIndependencePargoSan JacintoWasp (Essex-class)
CiscoIndianaPasadenaSan JuanWasp (Wasp-class)
CobiaIndianapolisPennsylvaniaSanbornWedderburn
CochinoIntrepidPensacolaSand LanceWest Virginia
CodIowaPerch (Balao-class)SaratogaWhale
ColoradoIowa-classPerch (Porpoise-class)Sargent BayWickes
ColumbiaIrwinPermitSargoWisconsin
ConcordIsherwoodPetoSaufleyWolverine
CopaheeJackPetrof BaySauryYorktown (Essex-class)
CorregidorJallaoPhilipSavo IslandYorktown (Yorktown-class)
CorvinaJohnstonPhoenixSawfishYoung
CottenJuneauPickerelScabbardfish
CowpensKetePickingScamp
CravenKimberlyPicudaScorpion
CrevalleKingfishPikeSculpin

Vehicles

CCKWM22 LocustM4 High Speed Tractor
DUKWM24 ChaffeeM4 Sherman
Howitzer Motor Carriage M8 'Scott'M26 Pershing/M46M6 Gun Motor Carriage
JeepM3 Gun Motor CarriageM7 Priest
Landing Vehicle TrackedM3 Half-TrackM8 Greyhound
M10 WolverineM3 Lee/GrantRL 45
M2 Half-trackM3 StuartT48 Gun Motor Carriage
M2M36 JacksonWC54
M2M3A1 Scout Car

Weapons

105 mm Howitzer M3 Field Gun8 inch Howitzer M1 Field GunM20 Recoilless Gun
105 mm M3 Anti-Aircraft Gun90 mm M2 Anti-Aircraft GunM3 'Grease Gun' Submachine Gun
12 in Gun M1917 Coastal Defense GunArmy M1943 UniformM3 Blade
12 in Mor M1912 Coastal Defense GunBrowning Automatic Rifle M1918 'BAR' Machine GunM4 Survival Rifle
120 mm Gun M1 Anti-Aircraft GunBrowning M1917 Machine GunM50 Reising Submachine Gun
14 in M1910 Coastal Defense GunBrowning M1919 Machine GunM9 Grenade
155 mm Gun M1 Field GunBrowning M2 Machine GunMark 1 Blade
155 mm Howitzer M1 Field GunColt M1911A1 HandgunMark 2 'KA-BAR' Blade
16 in M1919 Coastal Defense GunColt M1917 HandgunMark II Grenade
20 mm M2 Hispano Aircraft AutocannonJohnson M1941 RifleMark III Grenade
240 mm Howitzer M1 Field GunJohnson Machine GunMark XIII Torpedo
3 in M3 Anti-Aircraft GunM1 Carbine RifleNorden Bombsight Bombsight
37 mm Gun M3 Anti-Tank GunM1 Garand RifleSmith & Wesson M1917 Handgun
37 mm M1 Anti-Aircraft GunM1 Mortar LauncherSpringfield M1903 Rifle
6 in M1 Coastal Defense GunM1/M9 'Bazooka' LauncherThompson Submachine Gun
75 mm How M1 Field GunM15 GrenadeWinchester Model 1897 Shotgun
75 mm How M2 Field GunM18 Recoilless GunWinchester Model 1912 Shotgun
8 in Mk VI Coastal Defense GunM2 Howitzer Field Gun
8 inch Gun M1 Field GunM2 Mortar Launcher

Territories, Possessions, and Nations Under the Influence of United States

AlaskaPanama Canal ZoneUS Pacific Islands
GuamPhilippinesUS Virgin Islands
HawaiiPuerto Rico

Facilities

Alamogordo Army Air FieldAirfield
Arlington HallGovernment Building
Bethlehem San Pedro ShipyardShipyard
Boston Navy YardShipyard
Burbank Lockheed Aircraft FactoryFactory
Camp AlicevillePrison Camp
Camp AtterburyArmy Base, Prison Camp
Camp CarsonArmy Base, Prison Camp
Camp ConcordiaPrison Camp
Camp Papago ParkPrison Camp
Camp TonkawaPrison Camp
Clinton Engineer WorksOther
Detroit Arsenal Tank PlantFactory
Dugway Proving GroundOther
Electric Boat CompanyShipyard
Hotel HersheyPrison Camp
Jerome War Relocation CenterPrison Camp
Mare Island Navy YardShipyard
New York Navy YardShipyard
Norfolk Navy YardShipyard
PentagonMilitary Headquarters
Philadelphia Navy YardFactory, Shipyard
Quantico Marine Corps BaseFortification
Washington Navy YardFactory, Shipyard
White HouseGovernment Building

Photographs

US Coast Guard cutter John C. Spencer departing on her maiden voyage to US Territory of Alaska from New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 19 May 19372nd Lieutenant Henry Arnold at the controls of a Wright Type B aircraft, Wright Flying School, Fairborn near Dayton, Ohio, United States, 1911Mark XIII torpedo with a practice warhead and fitted with a tail ring, Newport, Rhode Island, United States, 1944. The tail ring modification was the final alteration that made this a truly dependable weapon.USS Oregon in drydock at New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, Sep 1898
See all 1763 photographs of United States in World War II


United States in World War II Interactive Map




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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
20 May 2009 01:20:42 PM

The P-38 Folding Can Opener was a unsung hero of World War II. It was developed in 30 days by the Subsistence Research Lab in Chicago,Ill. in the summer of 1942. Since its design, it has never been known to break, rust, need sharpening or polishing. The P-38 is also a tool it can be used as a screwdriver or knife. The P-38 was so named because that is the number of times it took to open a c-ration can. I've carried one since 1967 and since then it has opened many a civilian food can when necessary. The P-38 I still carry, is a symbol along with my dog tag of my wartime service. It still has the US stamped on the side.
2. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
25 May 2009 02:03:56 PM

"An Army marches on its stomach" - Napoleon Bonaparte - C-rations were designed to be eaten cold, but nothing warms them up faster than placing a chunk of C-4 set afire with the end of your cigarette or cigar.
3. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
25 May 2009 02:13:00 PM

By 1944 90% of U.S. Government spending went to the War cause. Between 1942 and 1945 very few new automobiles were built. All of the major auto makers built Military vehicles and aircraft. For example the Kaiser Shipbuilding Co. was able to build the Liberty ship S.S. Robert E. Peary in 4 days, 15 hrs. and 30 minutes. Between 1941 to 1945 18 Shipyards built 2,700 Liberty Ships.
4. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
26 May 2009 05:36:28 PM

The official Nomenclature for the P-38 can opener is: Opener Can, Hand, Folding, Type I. One Each
5. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
12 Jun 2009 03:58:26 PM

World War II Veterans Diminishing: As of September 30, 2008, the most recent date for which statistics are available from the (VA) Dept. of Veterans Affairs, 2,306,000 WWII vets were living. A total of 16,112,566 Americans served in uniform between 1941 and 1945. In other words, only 14% of the GI's mobilized by war's end are still alive today. In 2004 a Gallup Poll found that 90% of Americans viewed WWII as a "just war". D-Day, a pivotal event of the war, however was largely unknown to many of the young. Of 18-to 29-year olds, only 47% could identify Germany as the enemy nation. Just 40% in that age bracket knew were the invasion of France had taken place. These results are clearly an indictment of the nation's failed teaching of U.S. history, especially our military past.
6. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
12 Jun 2009 08:14:56 PM

Returning World War II Veterans faced high unemployment almost triple the rate for civilians. For the disabled veterans, it was even higher. In January 1946 more than 52,000 disabled veterans applied for jobs, only 6,000 got them. Many veterans felt, that they were already being forgotten six months after the end of the war. Adding to the many problems were the shortages of housing veterans lived in trailers,converted barracks, barns, even cars Many moved in with friends and relatives, married veterans lived with parents, friends or in-laws. In the fall of 1946 millions of veterans were without work (48%) of all ex-servicemen in 1947 felt that their wartime service had left them worse off than they had been before. In one 1947 poll indicated that 1/3 of all veterans felt estranged from civilian life. With the GI Bill many veterans started to build a new life, a college education was offered to those, who could have never have received one, had it not been for W.W.II. Many went on to Trade Schools,others started business settled back into civilian life worked hard, had families and enjoyed the American dream. During W.W.II 1,300,000 American troops were hospitalized "neuropsychiatric symptoms". On Okinawa alone the marines suffered 26,000 psychiatric casualties, some required a short hospital stay, and returned to duty, others endured symptoms for years. Many veterans would live for years with the experiences of war and its traumas, that could not be left behind. By war's end the Army had admitted over a 1,000,000 "neuropsychiatric" patients to its hospitals 40% of discharges had been for NP cases. In 1947 half the beds in VA hospitals were occupied by men suffering from neuropsychiatric problems, plus the millions of men who would live their lives with the nightmares, and other symptoms lingered for decades. Between 1945 and 1947 petitions for divorce flooded the courts, in some cities even outnumbering marriages. In 1945 over 500,000 marriages ended in divorce. They fought "the good war" and returned home happy and well-adjusted, or so the storyline went. In reality it was more unsettling, those W.W.II veterans struggled to adjust to a life interrupted and forever changed by the war.
7. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
15 Jun 2009 09:23:02 AM

The U.S. Army alone suffered 929,307 cases of Battle Fatigue between June and November 1944. This amounted to 26% of all US Combat casualties, In June 1944 alone there were 10,000 men treated.
8. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
15 Jun 2009 09:34:13 AM

From 1941 to 1945, 17,955,000 Americans were medically examined for service. 6,420,000 were rejected (35.8%), 16,112,566 did serve in the armed forces, a total of (38.6%) were volunteers. 405,399 Americans gave their lives, in the war that cost the United States a total of 288 Billion Dollars.
9. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
17 Jun 2009 09:12:06 AM

U.S. Personnel during World War II Army 8,300,000 Navy 4,204,662 Marines 599,693 Coast Guard 172,952 Died of all causes 405,399 Personnel Captured 130,201 Missing go into the thousands, the exact number,will never really be known. Soldiers fall in battle, others die through accidents, disease, wounds and become disabled and bear the physical and mental scars for life. All bear the injuries within, that can not be seen. Many Veterans will spent years in Hospitals convalescing. Thousands receiving continued medical care for years afterward. "In War, there are no unwounded soldiers"
10. Anonymous says:
15 Oct 2009 10:45:43 AM

i want to the exact number of field marshal in the world thanks
11. Lynda Nutter Creech says:
25 Nov 2009 12:32:28 AM

Any information re: my grandfather James H Wilkinson U.S. WWII 1941-1946 dates served as Major? Phone contact 432-275-0552. Thankyou for any info.
12. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
23 Dec 2009 05:58:55 PM

1940 US Dollars: Battleship, $77,000,000 Large Aircraft Carrier $45,000,000 Heavy Cruiser $20,000,000 Destroyer $3,000,000 Submarine $2,500,000 Torpedo $12,000 B.A.R. Browing Automatic Rifle $270.00 M-1 Semi-Automatic Rifle $60.00 Anti-Aircraft Gun 3in . $25,000 Large Howitzer 3.9 in . $28,000 Light Tank, $40,000 Medium Tank $45,000 In 1940 soldiers were paid a few dollars a day, that would add to about $4,000 for a four-year enlistment. Today to maintain one soldier it costs $126,000 dollars. Show Me The Money: What was the money worth? $4.00 US Dollars 1.00 British Pound $1.00 US Dollar 2.50 German Reichmarks $1.00 US Dollar 3 to 4 Japanese Yen $1.00 US Dollar 5 to 28 Russian Rubles $1.00 US Dollar 37 French Franc
13. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
2 Oct 2010 02:24:04 PM

World War II brought many changes to American life, the men went to war, the women went to work. This is one area where WWII brought perminent change in American homes. After World War II the United States became a Superpower, its Military crushed the Axis powers, total defeat upon Germany, Japan and Italy. Much of Europe and Asia had been divested by the war. Millions had died, and millions were homeless. It would take decades to rebuild much of Western Europe, and Asia a new type of struggle would take place, a Cold War between the two Superpowers the USA and the USSR, that would last for almost fifty years. Returning GI's wanted a better life, the WWII Generation were hardened by poverty and deprived of the security of home or job, the creation of the "American Dream" started in Post-war America. Jobs were hard and difficult to get millions of GI's had to live with friends and family millions were unemployed, it was a difficult time, but slowly the system started to retool from wartime production to civilian consumer goods. Items that were hard to buy during the war, became avilable again. During the war women made up 36% of the work force, many returned home others continued working. Many of those women married and started families between 1946 to 1964 78.2 million babies were born GI's bought homes went to collage under the GI Bill this fueled economic growth never seen before. Moving out of the cities to create the new urbanization with the increased demand to buy cars and other vehicles and home appliances and other consumer goods. Returning Veterans built carrers and good paying jobs, and a standard of living not seen in the rest of the world. To be continued..
14. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
3 Oct 2010 03:36:13 PM

Before we start correction # 13 last paragraph. (Returing Veterans buit careers and good paying jobs, and a standard of living not seen in the rest of the world.) Sorry, I misspelled career. THE HOMEFRONT: The United States came out of World War II without damage to its cities and heavy industry. Some people got rich from the war- time boom, but many simply continued to work until final victory. For many who left small towns to work in the factories, they never returned, same for the GI's that passed through the West and East Coast many would return after discharge, and build a new life. BUY NOW PAY LATER: IN AMERICA EVERYBODY OWES EVERYBODY The begining of the credit card era started after WWII, before WWII credit was not easy to get, and available only to the wealthy and they were issued by banks. Most Americans had to save and pay for the item in cash. Banks and Department Stores started to issue credit cards. After WWII, and for the first time many Americans could buy items on the easy payment plan. As the years passed the credit cards were issued in the millions, and became the new standard of living for many Americans. When the war ended many industries retooled from war production to consumer goods when jobs became available, people had money to spend wartime shortages were a thing of the past. Americans went on a spending spree never seen before. DETROIT GOES TO WAR: In 1942 a Ford Super DeLuxe Sedan sold for $825.00 More than 150,000 Plymouths went to the last buyers in 1942. Automobile production ended, and all civilian cars were sold to the Government and used by the armed forces and officials. Automakers turned out $29,000,000,000 thats Billion worth of military equipment. The end of the war found many Americans able to buy civilian products from war-time work and many wanted cars. Did you know...in 1946 the average car was now nine years old. POWER TO THE PEOPLE: With the end of the war, the first post-war cars rolled off the assembly line in July of 1945. They were a retool of the 1941-1942 models but they were available the first Ford V-8 Super DeLuxe Sedan's sold for $1,322.00 Sure they were warmed over models, but to the car-starved Americans they were ready to snap them up. More than 28,000,000 vehicles are registared 2,155,924 were built in the 1946 model year. Some 82,000,000 tires are produced in 1946 alone. In 1947 auto production reached over 3,000,000, in 1949 over 6,000,000 everybody wanted wheels. The price went from $1,205.00 for a Chevy to over $3,000.00 for a 1946 Cadillac, even used car prices were high, after all it was a sellers market. At the start of the war December 7, 1941 the entire US Auto Industry the largest heavy industrial manufacturing center in the world went from building cars and trucks, to tanks, trucks, jeeps, engines, airplanes and all other types of military equipment, this was done, within one year. By 1943 the United States was out producing Germany, Japan and Italy together! retooling back to civilian goods took just as fast by the late 1940's and early 1950's about every house in America had a telephone,automobile, electrical appliances,and other labor saving devices, even early model television sets. It was a time of one income families many women left the wartime work force, married raised the baby boom generation. WHAT DID YOU DO IN THE WAR DADDY? For the returning Veteran his wartime experiences will be with him for the rest of his days, he survived did the best he could defending the nation and was part of the "GREATEST GENERATION" with hope for a better life for his and all men's childern, looking at his son, and thinking: If this was the last World War,I mean really the last one, you would really get youself a break. "If there be trouble, let it be in my day so that my child and every man's child may live in peace" -Thomas Payne- "REFLECTIONS OF A BABY BOOMER": WHY I REMEMBER The milkman delivering dairy products. The iceman who still delivered blocks of ice to people who still had ice boxes! The policeman who really walked his beat. The Helms Bakery truck selling all sorts of goodies. The Goodhumor ice cream truck. Let me tell you, orange cream ice cream to this day, reminds me of childhood. The Jewel mobile department store, were you could order by catalog, just about anything. The door-to-door salesman. Corner news stands. And the paper boy. Going to Sears with my parents, and the parking lot attendent showing you were to park. Going to the gas station, and watching the servicemen really pump the gas, check air in Dads tires, check the oil and wash the windows, and Dad knew everbody by name. My brother and I answered with a Mr. or Mam, with a yes Sir or no Sir and good manners Respect for God and Country and respect for yourself. During the summer, the water company would turn on the fire hydrant. All your friends knocked at the kitchen screen door, all the salesmen knocked at the front door. Just about everybody knew one another. Ride on the streetcar to downtown, and going downtown on Friday nights let me tell you it was lit up like Christmas time. Saturday mornings bacon & eggs and orange juice for breakfast, And all my childhood favorites. Rin, Tin Tin, Sky King, Howdy Doody, Cartoons all day. I'm glad I had such a childhood. When I was in Catholic School we started the day with the pledge of allegiance and a prayer, and wore uniforms. For this baby boomer, I've reached a standard of living higher than my Parents, but they led the way, and over came the obstacles. Both are now deceased, they were honest and hard working and that trait has followed with me throughout my life. "I LOVE YOU MOM & DAD" Thank you ww2db for allowing me to post my comments, both Historical and Personel Best wishes, Bill
15. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
10 Oct 2010 02:47:31 PM

SWORDS INTO PLOWSHARES... Where Did All Those Airplanes, And Other Military Equipment Go? After World War II the United States disposed of millions of dollars worth of Military Equipment. Aircraft that were brand new, were flown from factories to storage and salvage yards. Many of these aircraft never took any crews into harms way, or fired a shot in anger those aircraft served the nation, they were there if needed. Thousands of aircraft were scrapped,cut up, torn apart,blown up,melted down into aluminum ingots. Parts that were salvaged kept other aircraft serviceable and used, until those aircraft were disposed of, or given to South American Nations or other friendly Countries. The bombers and fighters were scrapped first scrap dealers bought surplus aircraft for pennies on the dollar, others were sold at almost give away prices. B-17 Bombers sold for $13,700, Trainers for $500, P-38 sold for $1,200 to $2,500 dollars The scrap metal and other materials were collected and recycled for civilian use. The metal went into new cars, trucks and other machinery. Building material for new housing, aluminum siding and other fixtures and those neat 1940s early 1950s metal lawn furniture, and thousands of other peace time consumer goods. The scrapping of wartime equipment looked like a waste, the men who flew and serviced them were no longer needed, the war was over! many started new lives with the hope of a better future. There is also waste in war. And freedom isn't free and if its not worth fighting for, then nothing else is. Those salvage and scrap yards, with the thousands of airplanes and other military equipment, is the result of the war effort. It is the untold story of the hundreds of thousands of men and women, who worked in the factories 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year to see the final victory. Free people everywhere must always remember that "Tyranny Never Sleeps" its good against evil and good must be very, very careful. After Japan's surrender thousands of aircraft were gathered and bulldozed into piles of junk and burned items that could be used were salvaged, for peacetime use. The Japanese aircraft industry was forbidden to build any aircraft and other wartime industries started to rebuild for peacetime and started to provide the basic necessities of life. Many post-war air forces salvaged German and Japanese aircraft and used them into the 1950s, but like the WWII aircraft, they to were scrapped when later and better aircraft became available. Some aircraft were captured and returned to the USA for testing and evaluation, many were later scrapped in the late 1940s and early 1950s. A few were placed in storage with the hope of preserving them, for future generations,some of the aircraft, are the last of their kind. Luftwaffe aircraft were scrapped and pushed into piles of junk by bulldozers destroyed until nothing remains. Like the Japanese airplanes some Luftwaffe aircraft escaped destruction advanced jet and rocket designs,and other wartime aircraft were shipped back to the USA for testing and evaluation. Most were later scrapped, but others were also placed in storage for future generations, but most were destroyed. Italian aircraft were scrapped and captured by the Allies for testing and evaluation. Many of the same aircraft that fought on the side of the Axis, fought with the Allies after Italy's armistice, many continued to be operational into the 1950s Many can be seen today in museums throughout the world, others have been found, salvaged and restored to flying condition, some have been built as repoductions, others rebuilt from two or more aircraft to create one flying example. Did You Know... After the war, a captured Junkers Ju 290 Transport flew from Paris, France to the United States for tests at Wright field, Ohio. The aircraft was later scrapped in 1946. **** **** **** **** **** **** History is lived forward but it is written in retospect. We know the end before we consider the begining. And we can never wholly recapture what it was like to know the beginning only. -CV Wedgewood- The Thirty Years War
16. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
16 Oct 2010 08:08:46 PM

Did You Know... The scrapping of wartime Japanese aircraft continued well into 1946 and into 1947! Over 17,000 planes were scheduled to be destroyed, plus hundreds of aircraft left on Pacific Islands and other support equipment. Did You Know... In 1946 a Nakajima Ki-84 single-seat (Frank) IJAAF fighter plane was restored after WWII and flown at 427mph and 20,000 ft. However, most of the captured Japanese aircraft that were shipped to the USA, were later grounded due to shortage of spare parts. As a child growing up in Los Angeles in the 1950s, I remember seeing a Mitsubishi J2M3 (Jack) at that time, it was just a playground adventure. The single-seat Navy fighter was located at the playground in Griffith Park, California. It was later given to the Ontario Air Museum now called the Planes of Fame located in Chino, Calif. The fighter was restored, but it dosen't fly. When I visit the museum, and look at the Jack it realy reminds me of childhood remembering how I sat in the cockpit and played airplane. and other childhood adventures.
17. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
8 Dec 2011 07:42:30 PM

DESIGN FOR WAR, DESIGN FOR PEACE: After World War II the United States was the greatest militay power on earth, it had crushed the armed forces of Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan and Fascist Italy. The war was over the GIs were going home to created a better future, but what happened to the machines of war. THE SCRAPMAN COMETH: TODAY HE'S KNOWN AS A RECYCLING ENGINEER During WWII the U.S. produced over 294,000 aircraft, 21,583 were lost in the U.S. alone in training flights, test flights, ferrying from one base to another. 43,581 were lost en route to overseas operations, never firing a shot in anger at the enemy or dropped a bomb. Between 1945 to 1947 war surplus aircraft were scrapped or sold. THE PRICE IS RIGHT: Trainers sold for 1,500 and as low as 450 dollars, P-38s 1,200, P-51s 3,500, B-25s for 8,200, B-17 13,700, B-24 13,000, C-46 and C-47s sold for 2,000 or as low as 800 dollars you gotta remember this was in 1940s dollars when you could still buy something with it. THE BIG MELTDOWN: The first 4,871 aircraft declared surplus for scrap were sold for $1,838,798.19 they were melted down into aluminum ingots for shipping. By 1947 most of the scrapping was finished, work continued into 1948, and into the early 1950s. The scrapping was done all over the country everyone was getting into the recycling business, and business was good. So where did all the aluminum go, it went into those pots & pans, tosters, those neat looking 1950s lawn chairs and tables, new stoves and refrigerators and other home appliances, thousands of consumer goods, new automobiles, trucks and other new farm machinery.
18. walley says:
7 Apr 2012 02:02:18 PM

i think in the early 1960 the uss sea fox came to vancouver bc and was open for a tour i know that because i took that tour.i often wonder what happened to it after.
19. Anonymous says:
10 Feb 2013 12:57:52 PM

wow
20. Commenter identity confirmed Alan Chanter says:
11 Dec 2014 07:50:36 AM

When the draft was introduced in the United States the army was faced with an apparently insoluble problem. Its regular officer corps was well trained but small, too small to train an army of millions. The solution was to use the regular officers to prepare detailed training programs which were then distributed to all recruitment camps. There, people who had previously occupied managerial positions in industry were commissioned and given the task, with the aid of these manuals, of training the conscript army. Every officer had his 'Master-Lesson' according to which recruits were to be trained. The short-term disadvantage of this system was that the officers who actually took these fresh forces into combat invariably had had little or no previous contact with their men, which initially led to inferior performance, Nevertheless as lessons were learned the hard way, on the battlefield, this drawback was eventually eliminated.

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