|Alliance||Â||Axis - Minor Member Nation or Possession|
|Entry into WW2||Â||7 Dec 1941|
|Population in 1939||Â||10,000|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseGerman purchased the Marshall Islands from Spain in 1899, and subsequently administered the islands as parts of German New Guinea, with a provincial capital at Jaluit. In 1914, during WW1, Japanese forces captured Eniwetok and Jaluit atolls. At the end of WW1, Japan was given mandate of all German possessions in the Pacific Ocean north of the Equator; Japan administered its South Pacific Mandates from Saipan, Mariana Islands. During the years under Japanese control, about 1,000 Japanese civilians migrated to the Marshall Islands. In the late 1930s, Japan began building air and naval bases in the Marshall Islands. During the Pacific War, Kwajalein Atoll was a major base support the attacks on Pearl Harbor and Wake, while the operation to capture Nauru and Ocean Island was launched from Jaluit Atoll. Significant American attacks on the Marshall Islands began in 1943. When the landings began in 1944, some atolls such as Kwajalein and Eniwetok were challenged and captured, while some others such as Mili and Jaluit were simply cut off; about 5,100 Japanese servicemen died from starvation on Mili alone. After the war, the United States tested nuclear weapons in the Marshall Islands; while Bikini Atoll had gained infamy from these tests, Elugelab of Enewetak Atoll was nearly forgotten as it was completely wiped out by the world's first hydrogen bomb in 1952. The Republic of the Marshall Islands was declared in 1979, and in 1986 the United States granted the republic full soveignty. The United Nations ended the islands' trusteeship status in 1990.
Last Major Update: Sep 2014
|Events Taken Place in Marshall Islands|
|Marshall Islands Campaign||29 Jan 1944 - 21 Feb 1944|
Marshall Islands in World War II Interactive Map
Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.
Share this article with your friends:
Stay updated with WW2DB:
- Â» Wreck of Johnston Found (8 Apr 2021)
- Â» Passing of Margaret Kelly (25 Jan 2021)
- Â» WW2DB's 16th Anniversary (29 Dec 2020)
- Â» See all news
- Â» 1,099 biographies
- Â» 333 events
- Â» 38,474 timeline entries
- Â» 1,136 ships
- Â» 338 aircraft models
- Â» 191 vehicle models
- Â» 352 weapon models
- Â» 120 historical documents
- Â» 226 facilities
- Â» 464 book reviews
- Â» 27,424 photos
- Â» 354 maps
Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal
Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!
Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!