1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949

2 Jan 1931

Hong Kong
  • HMS Hermes arrived at Hong Kong. ww2dbase [Hermes | CPC]
3 Jan 1931
  • Marshal Joseph Joffre, the former French Commander-in-Chief (1914-1916), passed away. ww2dbase [AC]
5 Jan 1931

United States
8 Jan 1931

Malta
  • HMS Eagle departed Malta. ww2dbase [Eagle | CPC]
15 Jan 1931
  • Louisville was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Louisville | CPC]
16 Jan 1931

China
  • Seiji Tsukamoto succeeded Masahiro Ota as the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. ww2dbase [CPC]
Taiwan
  • Masahiro Ota was named the governor-general of Taiwan. ww2dbase [CPC]
21 Jan 1931
  • Sir Isaac Isaacs became the first Australian-born Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia. ww2dbase [AC]
26 Jan 1931

Russia
  • Production of T-26 light tanks began in Bolshevik Factory in Leningrad, Russia. ww2dbase [T-26 | Leningrad | CPC]
27 Jan 1931

France
  • Pierre Laval became the 101st Prime Minister of France. ww2dbase [Pierre Laval | CPC]
28 Jan 1931

Panama Canal Zone
30 Jan 1931
  • Augusta was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Augusta | CPC]
31 Jan 1931

Danzig
  • Ernst Ziehm became the President of the Senate of Danzig. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Hellmuth Felmy's son, future actor Hansj├Ârg Felmy, was born in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Hellmuth Felmy | Berlin | CPC]
1 Feb 1931
  • Hugo Sperrle was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. ww2dbase [Hugo Sperrle | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
5 Feb 1931

United States
  • Malcolm Campbell broke the World land speed record by achieving 246.09 miles per hour at Daytona Beach, Florida, United States. For this achievement he would be knighted by King George V on his return to Southampton, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Daytona Beach, Florida | AC]
9 Feb 1931
  • USS R-1 arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ww2dbase [R-1 | CPC]
United States
13 Feb 1931

India
  • New Delhi became the capital of India. ww2dbase [New Delhi | AC]
Russia
  • The T-27 tankette was accepted into Soviet service. ww2dbase [T-27 | CPC]
  • The first T-26 light tanks entered Soviet military service. ww2dbase [T-26 | CPC]
14 Feb 1931

Spain
  • Spanish Prime Minister D├ímasco Berenguer resigned and was succeeded by Admiral Aznar-Caba├▒as. ww2dbase [AC]
20 Feb 1931

China Japan
  • The keel of light cruiser Ninghai was laid down by Harima Dock Company, Limited of Japan. ww2dbase [Ninghai | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet Air Force approved the TB-3 heavy bomber design for mass production. ww2dbase [TB-3 | CPC]
23 Feb 1931

Hawaii
1 Mar 1931
  • USS Arizona completed her modernization and was placed in full commission status. ww2dbase [Arizona | CPC]
2 Mar 1931

China
  • Lin Sen was made the head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China. ww2dbase [Lin Sen | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Mar 1931
USS Arizona upon completion of its modernization, Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, 2 Mar 1931, photo 1 of 2USS Arizona upon completion of its modernization, Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, 2 Mar 1931, photo 2 of 2
3 Mar 1931

United States
  • The US Congress formally adopted "The Star Spangled Banner" as the US national anthem. ww2dbase [Washington | AC]
4 Mar 1931

France
  • Colbert was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Colbert | CPC]
United States
5 Mar 1931
  • Gandhi reached agreement with Lord Irwin, the Viceroy of India, which would end the civil disobedience campaign in return for a round table conference to decide constitutional reform in India. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
9 Mar 1931
  • Cruiser USS Chicago (CA-29) was commissioned into service with Captain Manley Hale Simons in command. ww2dbase [Chicago | AC]
18 Mar 1931

United States
  • Rear Admiral William W. Phelps was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [New York Navy Yard | Brooklyn, New York | CPC]
19 Mar 1931
  • USS Arizona embarked US President Herbert Hoover and departed Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States for a trip to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. ww2dbase [Arizona | CPC]
France
28 Mar 1931
  • The 2MR8 aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [2MR8 | CPC]
29 Mar 1931
  • USS Arizona arrived at Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States and disembarked US President Herbert Hoover. She departed for Rockland, Maine, United States later on the same day to perform post-modernization trials. ww2dbase [Arizona | CPC]
31 Mar 1931

United States
  • A serious air crash occurred at Bazaar, Kansas, United States. Among those killed as a result of structural failure in the Atlantic-built Fokker F.10A was Knute Rockne, coach of the Notre Dame football team. The resuting publicity led to TWA withdrawing their entire Fokker fleet and the F.10A was to become the first aircraft type to be officially grounded by the US Department of Commerce. ww2dbase [Bazaar, Kansas | AC]
1 Apr 1931
  • Werner M├Âlders joined the German Army as an officer cadet. ww2dbase [Werner M├Âlders | CPC]
  • In a fog, HMS Glorious accidentally rammed the French liner Florida, damaging the flying-off deck, killing 1 aboard Glorious, and killing 24 aboard Florida. ww2dbase [Glorious | AC]
  • Commander Genzo Honda was made the commanding officer of Kamoi. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
China
  • The pilot training program at the Republic of China Military Academy in Nanjing, China was separated from the command of the academy in preparation for an independent command. ww2dbase [Nanjing | CPC]
Germany
  • A SA rebellion led by Walther Stenners briefly overturned the National Socialist leadership in Berlin, Germany, only to be swept aside by an emotional appeal by Hitler for the need for party loyalty. ww2dbase [Berlin | AC]
  • Wolfgang Falck began a year-long training program to become a commercial pilot at Schleissheim, M├╝nchen-Oberbayern, Germany. ww2dbase [Wolfgang Falck | Schleissheim, M├╝nchen-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • Ernst Vogelsang joined the German Navy with the rank of cadet. ww2dbase [Ernst Vogelsang | CPC]
United States
  • USS R-5 was assigned to US Submarine Division 4. ww2dbase [R-5 | CPC]
11 Apr 1931

Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1931
Chicago at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, Apr 1931
14 Apr 1931

Spain
  • The Spanish Republic was proclaimed and was recognized by western nations; King Alfonso XIII of Spain fled into exile. ww2dbase [CPC, AC]
22 Apr 1931
24 Apr 1931

Photo(s) dated 24 Apr 1931
United States battleship USS Maryland and destroyers USS Hovey and USS Long in the Miraflores Locks while transiting the Panama Canal, 24 Apr 1931
1 May 1931
  • USS R-1 was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [R-1 | CPC]
  • President Hoover officially opened the Empire State Building in New York City in the United States. ww2dbase [AC]
9 May 1931

Japan
  • Joseph Rochefort's second child, Janet Fay Rochefort, was born in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | Tokyo | CPC]
11 May 1931

Austria
  • The Credit-Anstalt (Austria's biggest bank; owned by the Rothschild family) went bankrupt, which ultimately would contribute to Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany. ww2dbase [AC]
14 May 1931

Sweden
  • At the town of Adalen, Sweden military troops brought in to protect strike-breakers at a timber and pulp factory opened fire on the strikers and killed five. ww2dbase [Adalen | AC]
15 May 1931

Taiwan
  • Vice Admiral Shunzo Mito was named the Chief of Staff of the Mako naval port at Pescadores islands, Taiwan. ww2dbase [Mako Guard District | Mako, Hoko | CPC]
19 May 1931

Germany
26 May 1931

United States
  • US Navy issued an order for Consolidated Aircraft to build the prototype aircraft Model 22 Ranger XP2Y-1. ww2dbase [P2Y | CPC]
29 May 1931
  • Harry Dimoline was promoted to the rank of major. ww2dbase [Harry Dimoline | CPC]
31 May 1931
  • Cruiser K├Âln conducted training operation in the Baltic Sea. ww2dbase [K├Âln | CPC]
1 Jun 1931
  • During this month cruiser K├Âln traveled to Norway and conducted operations in the North Sea, Jutland, and the Baltic Sea. ww2dbase [K├Âln | CPC]
5 Jun 1931
  • The Do X aircraft arrived in the Cape Verde islands. ww2dbase [Do X | CPC]
6 Jun 1931

France
  • Lorraine's refitting was completed. ww2dbase [Lorraine | CPC]
9 Jun 1931

Pacific Ocean
  • HMS Hermes participated in the rescue of survivors of HMS Poseidon in the Yellow Sea north of Shandong Province, China; the submarine had collided with Chinese merchant vessel Yuta while on exercise. ww2dbase [Hermes | Yellow Sea | CPC]
13 Jun 1931

China
  • Lieutenant General Mao Bangchu was named the commanding officer of the pilot training program at the Republic of China Military Academy in Nanjing, China, relieving Lieutenant General Huang Bingheng. ww2dbase [Nanjing | CPC]
25 Jun 1931

Germany
28 Jun 1931

China
  • The keel of light cruiser Pinghai was laid down at the Jiangnan Arsenal in Shanghai, China with Chinese Secretary of the Navy Chen Shaokuan in attendence. ww2dbase [Jiangnan Arsenal | Pinghai | Shanghai | CPC]
30 Jun 1931
  • Arthur Greiser joined the SS organization of the Nazi Party. ww2dbase [Arthur Greiser | CPC]
1 Jul 1931
  • Peter Drummond was promoted to the rank of wing commander. ww2dbase [Peter Drummond | CPC]
China
  • Chinese and Korean farmers engaged in a petty dispute over land boundaries at the village of Wanpaoshan in Jilin Province, China. As it escalated, Chinese farmers attacked the Koreans with farm tools and pikes. In response, Japanese consular policemen who had been protecting the Koreans fired their rifles over the heads of the Chinese, forcing the Chinese to back down. Although the incident was minor, it gave the Japanese Kwantung Army an excuse to draw up a plan to invade and occupy northeastern China, ostensibly to protect Japanese nationals. ww2dbase [Mukden Incident | Wanpaoshan, Jilin | CPC]
7 Jul 1931

United States
  • US Navy issued an order from Consolidated Aircraft for 23 P2Y-3 aircraft. ww2dbase [P2Y | CPC]
20 Jul 1931

Photo(s) dated 20 Jul 1931
Kongo under reconstruction, Yokosuka, Japan, 20 Jul 1931; she was nearing completion
23 Jul 1931

China
  • Song Ziwen survived an assassination attempt at the Shanghai North Railway Station in Shanghai, China. ww2dbase [Song Ziwen | Shanghai | CPC]
27 Jul 1931

United Kingdom
  • HMS Exeter was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Exeter | CPC]
29 Jul 1931

United States
1 Aug 1931

China
  • Shigeru Honjo was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China. ww2dbase [CPC]
Taiwan
  • Lieutenant General Saburo Hayashi was named the commanding officer of the Taiwan Army. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • USS Arizona departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States for San Pedro, California, United States. ww2dbase [Arizona | Norfolk, Virginia | CPC]
5 Aug 1931
  • The Do X aircraft departed Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ww2dbase [Do X | CPC]
8 Aug 1931
  • Workers go on strike at the Hoover Dam in the United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
15 Aug 1931

France
  • Foch was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Foch | CPC]
18 Aug 1931

France Photo(s) dated 18 Aug 1931
Do X aircraft arriving on the Suriname River near Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), 18 Aug 1931
20 Aug 1931

Japan
  • Masafumi Arima was made the gunnery officer of Asama. ww2dbase [Masafumi Arima | CPC]
25 Aug 1931

Japan
  • The first flight from the newly completed Haneda Airfield in Japan took off, carrying cargo to Dairen, Kwantung Leased Territory (now Dalian, Liaoning Province, China). ww2dbase [Haneda Airfield | Tokyo | CPC]
27 Aug 1931
  • The Do X aircaft arrived in New York, United States. ww2dbase [Do X | CPC]
5 Sep 1931

China Photo(s) dated 5 Sep 1931
Ernest King, Captain of the USS Lexington (Lexington-class), making a presentation of cigarette cases to members of a Navy racing boat crew, 5 Sep 1931, probably at San Pedro, California.
7 Sep 1931

Japan
  • Chiaki Matsuda was assigned to the first division of the Naval General Staff. ww2dbase [Chiaki Matsuda | Tokyo | CPC]
8 Sep 1931

Japan
  • Kenkichi Ueda was awarded Order of the Sacred Treasure 1st Class. ww2dbase [Kenkichi Ueda | CPC]
13 Sep 1931

United Kingdom
  • By gaining the UK's third consecutive win, Flight Lieutenant J. N. Boothman flying the Supermarine S6B secured the Schneider Trophy for the nation. He had flown the 350-kilometer course uncontested at an average speed of 340.08 miles per hour. ww2dbase [AC]
15 Sep 1931
  • The Invergordon Mutiny, a mutiny by men of the British Atlantic Fleet in protest against threatened pay cuts, began. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany
  • Josias was promoted to the rank of SS-Oberf├╝hrer. ww2dbase [Josias | CPC]
16 Sep 1931
  • The Invergordon Mutiny crisis passed when the British Admiralty promised to revise the proposed cuts. The mutiny caused such alarm on the exchange markets that the government was provoked into taking sterling off the gold standard. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Kurt Fricke was named the commanding officer of 1st Torpedo Boat Flotilla. ww2dbase [Kurt Frike | CPC]
18 Sep 1931

China Photo(s) dated 18 Sep 1931
Japanese troops in Mukden, Liaoning Province, China, 18 Sep 1931Railway sabotage site, near Mukden, northeastern China, 18 Sep 1931, photo 1 of 2Japanese rail officials and reporters at the site of the alleged railroad sabotage, near Mukden, Liaoning Province, China, 18 Sep 1931Japanese troops gathered outside Mukden, Liaoning Province, China, 18 Sep 1931
See all photos dated 18 Sep 1931
19 Sep 1931

China Photo(s) dated 19 Sep 1931
Japanese troops taking a break in northeastern China, circa Sep-Oct 1931Japanese troops in northeastern China, circa Sep-Oct 1931, photo 1 of 4Japanese troops in northeastern China, circa Sep-Oct 1931, photo 3 of 4Japanese armored cars in northeastern China, circa Sep-Oct 1931
See all photos dated 19 Sep 1931
20 Sep 1931

United Kingdom
  • A run on the pound caused by panic in the London Stock Market led to the British national government abandoning the Gold Standard. ww2dbase [London, England | AC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Sep 1931
Kenji Doihara (in Army uniform) in Mukden, China, 20 Sep 1931Japanese troops disarming Chinese soldiers in northeastern China, circa Sep-Oct 1931Japanese Kwantung Army troops marching in a town in northeastern China, northeastern China, Sep 1931
21 Sep 1931

China
  • The Japanese installed Colonel Kenji Doihara as the mayor of Mukden, Liaoning Province, China. ww2dbase [Kenji Doihara | Mukden, Liaoning | CPC]
  • Sun Du was assigned to the military staff of warlord Long Yun of Yunnan Province, China. ww2dbase [Sun Du | Yunnan | CPC]
Switzerland
  • V. K. "Wellington" Koo, the Chinese delegate to the League of Nations, appealed to the international community over the Japanese attacks in northeastern China. The league would soon dispatch a delegation headed by British Lord V. A. G. R. Bulwer-Lytton to China to investigate. ww2dbase [Mukden Incident | Wellington Koo | Geneva | CPC]
23 Sep 1931
  • Chinese Lieutenant General Xi Qia began talks with the Japanese occupation representatives in Mukden, China. ww2dbase [Mukden Incident | CPC]
24 Sep 1931

China
  • Yuan Chin-hai was appointed the Chairman of the Committee for the Maintenance of Peace and Order for the newly renamed Fengtien Province in northeastern China (now Liaoning Province, China) as he negotiated with the Japanese. Meanwhile, Lieutenant General Xi Qia of neighboring Jilin Province continued his separate discussion with the Japanese. ww2dbase [Mukden Incident | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The keel of HMS Neptune was laid down at Portsmouth Naval Dockyard, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Neptune | Portsmouth, England | AC]
26 Sep 1931

China
  • The Manchukuo National Airways was established in Fengtian Province, Manchukuo per orders of the Japanese Kwantung Army. ww2dbase [CPC]
27 Sep 1931

China
  • In response to the Japanese aggression during the Mukden Incident, Governor Zhang Jinghui of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China called for a conference with his lieutenants to plan a secession of the region from the Republic of China. ww2dbase [Zhang Jinghui | Harbin, Songjiang | CPC]
29 Sep 1931
  • The Soviet Union declared neutrality in the conflict between China and Japan in northeastern China (Manchuria). ww2dbase [Mukden Incident | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Sep 1931
Chinese-Americans Jean and Gertrude Moy protesting against the Japanese invasion of northeastern China, Chicago, Illinois, United States, 29 Sep 1931, photo 1 of 2Chinese-Americans protesting against the Japanese invasion of northeastern China, Chicago, Illinois, United States, 29 Sep 1931Chinese-Americans Jean and Gertrude Moy protesting against the Japanese invasion of northeastern China, Chicago, Illinois, United States, 29 Sep 1931, photo 2 of 2
30 Sep 1931
  • Lieutenant General Xi Qia, collaborating with the Japanese, announced that Jilin Province, China was now independent from the Republic of China and was under protection of the Japanese Army. ww2dbase [Mukden Incident | CPC]
1 Oct 1931
  • Wilhelm Keitel was promoted to the rank of Oberst. ww2dbase [Wilhelm Keitel | CPC]
  • Walther von Brauchitsch was promoted to the rank of Generalmajor. ww2dbase [Walther von Brauchitsch | CPC]
France
2 Oct 1931

China
  • Charles Lindbergh's Lockheed Sirius floatplane was flipped by strong current at Hankou, Hubei Province, China a it was being hoisted off of HMS Hermes. A boat from the carrier rescued Lindbergh and his wife. ww2dbase [Hermes | Hankou, Hubei | CPC]
5 Oct 1931

Japan
  • Yi Geon married Yoshiko Matsudaira in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Yi Geon | Tokyo | CPC]
6 Oct 1931
  • In Germany a Sondergerichte (Special Court without the usual safeguards in legal procedure) was setup to deal with the many cases of political violence. ww2dbase [AC]
7 Oct 1931

Philippines
  • Governor Dwight Davis of the Philippines signed a proclamation which reserved a large tract of land on Mindanao, Philippines for the construction of a penal colony. ww2dbase [Davao Penal Colony | Davao | CPC]
8 Oct 1931
  • Leipzig was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Leipzig | CPC]
9 Oct 1931

China
  • Tenryu was ordered to patrol waters off the mouth of the Yangtze River in China as a part of Japanese 3rd Fleet. ww2dbase [Tenryu | CPC]
10 Oct 1931
  • German President Paul von Hindenburg received Adolf Hitler for the first time; Hindenburg told his confidants that he was not impressed with Hitler. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
Japan
  • Light cruiser Ninghai was launched in Japan. ww2dbase [Ninghai | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was attached to the naval headquarters. ww2dbase [Chuichi Nagumo | CPC]
11 Oct 1931

Photo(s) dated 11 Oct 1931
Kliment Voroshilov, Maxim Gorky, and Joseph Stalin, 11 Oct 1931Heinrich Himmler, Ernst R├Âhm, Hermann G├Âring, and Bernhard Rust at the establishment of the Nazi Harzburger Front organization in the namesake town in Germany, 11 Oct 1931Nazi Party SA members meeting in Bad Harzburg, Germany, 11 Oct 1931German SA men marching in Bad Harzburg, Germany, 11 Oct 1931
See all photos dated 11 Oct 1931
14 Oct 1931

Germany
  • Ernst Vogelsang was promoted to the rank of officer cadet (Seekadett). ww2dbase [Ernst Vogelsang | CPC]
15 Oct 1931

Photo(s) dated 15 Oct 1931
Suffern in Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States, 15 Oct 1931
18 Oct 1931

Photo(s) dated 18 Oct 1931
Helmuth and Freya von Moltke on their wedding day, 18 Oct 1931
20 Oct 1931
  • Zara was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Zara | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Oct 1931
Carrier Ryujo under construction in Drydock No. 5, Yokosuka, Japan, 20 Oct 1931
26 Oct 1931

Japan
  • Prince Nagahisa was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers. ww2dbase [Nagahisa | CPC]
31 Oct 1931
  • Hiroaki Abe became the commanding officer of Japanese Navy Destroyer Division 1. ww2dbase [Hiroaki Abe | CPC]
1 Nov 1931

Germany
  • DipL.-Ing Kurt Tank, Germany's most prolific and innovative aircraft designer, was appointed as chief of design and flight-testing at the obscure aircraft manufacturer Focke-Wulf. ww2dbase [AC]
2 Nov 1931
  • US Marine Corps Squadrons VS-15M and VS-14M embarked in the aircraft carriers USS Lexington and USS Saratoga respectively, the first US Marine squadrons to be assigned to carriers, as part of the organisation in Aircraft, Battle Force. They were to remain carrier-based until late 1934 giving US Marine Corps pilots necessary experience in a realm of naval aviation which, previously, had been largely denied to them. ww2dbase [Saratoga | AC]
China
  • HMS Hermes departed Shanghai, China. ww2dbase [Hermes | Shanghai | CPC]
Japan
  • Minoru Ota was made an instructor at the Gunnery School. ww2dbase [Minoru Ota | CPC]
3 Nov 1931

Pacific Ocean
  • HMS Hermes rescued 9 crewmen of Japanese merchant vessel Ryinjin Maru, which had run aground on the Tan Rocks on the coast of the Taiwan Strait. ww2dbase [Hermes | Taiwan Strait | CPC]
4 Nov 1931

China
  • Chinese forces under General Ma Zhanshan of Heilongjiang Province attacked a group of Japanese troops at Nenjiang Bridge. Despite numerical advantage, Japanese artillery and light tanks drove off the Chinese attacks by inflicting heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Battle of Qiqihar | Heilongjiang | CPC]
7 Nov 1931

China
  • Mao Zedong proclaimed the Chinese Soviet Republic in China at Ruijin, Jiangxi Province, China. ww2dbase [Ruijin, Jiangxi | CPC]
Hong Kong
  • HMS Hermes arrived at Hong Kong. ww2dbase [Hermes | CPC]
12 Nov 1931

China
  • He Yingqin was made a member of the treasury committee. ww2dbase [He Yingqin | CPC]
France
  • Renault convinced Maxime Weygand to allow Renault to compete in the competition for a light tank design for the French Army cavalry. ww2dbase [AMR 33 | CPC]
15 Nov 1931
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer was ordained at the St. Matthew's Church in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Dietrich Bonhoeffer | CPC]
China
17 Nov 1931

China
  • Japanese troops attacked Qiqihar, Nenjiang Province, China. Chinese troops, out-gunned, attempted to hold defensive lines against Japanese artillery bombardment and cavalry charges. ww2dbase [Battle of Qiqihar | Qiqihar, Nenjiang | CPC]
18 Nov 1931

China
19 Nov 1931

China
  • Chinese General Ma Zhanshan evacuated to Hailun, Heilongjiang Province, China, establishing new defensive positions at Hailun and Baiquan. Behind his troops, Japanese troops captured the city of Qiqihar, Nenjiang Province where Ma had withdrew from on the previous day. ww2dbase [Battle of Qiqihar | Hailun, Heilongjiang | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Nov 1931
Japanese troops marching into Qiqihar, Nenjiang Province, China, 19 Nov 1931, photo 1 of 2Japanese troops marching into Qiqihar, Nenjiang Province, China, 19 Nov 1931, photo 2 of 2
27 Nov 1931

United States
30 Nov 1931

China
  • Xinjiang forces, with Soviet military equipment, defeated Uyghur rebel forces which had previously laid siege to Kumul. ww2dbase [Xinjiang Wars | Kumul, Xinjiang | CPC]
1 Dec 1931
  • Lieutenant Commander Morishita was named the commanding officer of destroyer Yuzuki. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Koki Yamamoto was named the commanding officer of Naka. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
  • Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura was named the commanding officer of Yokosuka Naval District. ww2dbase [Kichisaburo Nomura | Yokosuka, Kanagawa | CPC]
  • An unknown officer assumed command of Nachi. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
8 Dec 1931

Germany
9 Dec 1931
  • Iwane Matsui was named a member of the Japanese delegation to the Geneva Disarmament Conference. ww2dbase [Iwane Matsui | CPC]
11 Dec 1931
  • The Statute of Westminster, passed by the British Parliament, provided the instrument by which the self-governing Dominions gained legislative independence from the United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
13 Dec 1931

United States
  • While visiting New York City in the United States, Winston Churchill was struck by a car as he crossed the street, having looked the wrong way as he crossed. He suffered injuries to the head but would recover fully. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | New York | CPC]
14 Dec 1931

United Kingdom
  • Douglas Bader suffered an accident at the Reading Aero Club in Reading, England, United Kingdom. His legs, severely injured, were amputated by surgeon J. Leonard Joyce. ww2dbase [Douglas Bader | Reading, England | CPC]
15 Dec 1931

China
  • Lin Sen was appointed by the Nationalist Party to become the President of the Republic of China after the resignation of Chiang Kaishek. ww2dbase [Lin Sen | Nanjing | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek stepped down from his positions as the Chairman of the Nationalist Government and the Premier of the Republic of China. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
16 Dec 1931
  • Chen Mingshu was named the acting head of the Legislative Yuan of China. ww2dbase [Chen Mingshu | CPC]
China
  • Zang Shiyi was named by the Japanese as the governor of Liaoning Province, China. ww2dbase [Zang Shiyi | Liaoning | CPC]
20 Dec 1931

France
21 Dec 1931

China
23 Dec 1931
  • Gorizia was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Gorizia | CPC]
France
  • The prototype GL-831 HY floatplane took its maiden flight. ww2dbase [GL-832 HY | CPC]
Japan
  • Prince Kotohito was named the Chief of the Japanese Army General Staff. ww2dbase [Kotohito | CPC]
28 Dec 1931

China
  • Lin Sen stepped down as the head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China. ww2dbase [Lin Sen | Nanjing | CPC]
30 Dec 1931

China
  • He Yingqin stepped down as the deputy director of the Department of Training. ww2dbase [He Yingqin | CPC]
31 Dec 1931
  • Mineichi Koga was named the commanding officer of battleship Ise. ww2dbase [Mineichi Koga | CPC]
  • Chen Mingshu was stepped down from his role as the acting head of the Legislative Yuan of China. ww2dbase [Chen Mingshu | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops reached the Taling River en route toward Jinzhou, Liaoning Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Jinzhou | Liaoning | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Dec 1931
Japanese troops at barracks, possibly in Harbin, Manchuria, circa late 1931A Japanese infantry platoon somewhere in Manchuria, date unknownMilitary burial of fallen Japanese Army soldiers, northeastern China, 1930sInterior of a Japanese troop transport train, northeastern China, date unknown
See all photos dated 31 Dec 1931

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill