1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949

1 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Makassar, Celebes. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • I-168 arrived at Guadalcanal with 15 tons of cargo; she was chased away by two patrol boats after only 60% of her cargo had been unloaded. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • German 1st Panzer Division withdrew from Terek area in southern Russia to prevent encirclement by the Soviet Salsk-Rostov and Mozdok-Stavropol Offensive Operations. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • In a letter to Chester Nimitz, Bill Halsey described Miles Browning as someone who "has an uncanny knack of sizing up a situation and coming out with an answer" in an attempt to save Browning's career as the temperamental Browning had made many political enemies. ww2dbase [Miles Browning | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported firing four torpedoes against two Japanese ships on this date, hitting one of them with one torpedo and causing damage. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • The US 2nd Marine Aviation Engineer Battalion and the US Army 27th Division arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • HMS Activity began hosting deck landing training. ww2dbase [Activity | CPC]
  • Frustrated with the poor performance of the German Navy, Adolf Hitler angrily ordered the decommissioning of the entire German high seas fleet. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was promoted to lieutenant colonel. ww2dbase [Claus von Stauffenberg | CPC]
  • Wolfgang Falck was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant. ww2dbase [Wolfgang Falck | CPC]
  • Lord Gort was promoted to the rank of field marshal. ww2dbase [John Vereker | AC]
  • Archibald Wavell was promoted to the rank of field marshal. ww2dbase [Archibald Wavell | AC]
  • Alexander L?hr was made the Commander-in-Chief of the South East, with personal command over Army Group E. ww2dbase [Alexander Löhr | CPC]
Hawaii Photo(s) dated 1 Jan 1943
Crusader Mk III tank in North Africa, 1 Jan 1943Soviet troops charging near Leningrad, Russia, 1 Jan 1943; note PPD submachine gun
2 Jan 1943
  • US I Corps recaptured Buna on New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | TH]
  • Lockwood replaced English as the commanding officer of US Navy submarines in the Pacific. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Marine Corps and US Army aircraft attacked 10 Japanese destroyer transports west of Rendova, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Major General Alexander M. Patch Jr. was designated Commanding General XIV Corps with three divisions under his command. His corps headquarters numbered less than a score of officers and men, almost all of whom are taken from the Americal Division staff. Brigadier General Edmund B. Sebree replaced General Patch as commanding General of the Americal Division. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany
  • Ion Antonescu of Romania met with Adolf Hitler to discuss the ensuing disaster in Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Ion Antonescu | TH]
Hawaii Japan Russia
  • He 111 aircraft stationed at Morozovskaya Airfield, Rostov Oblast, Russia were evacuated. Since the aircraft could not take all the equipment and supplies with them, commanding officer of KG 55 Oberstleutnant Ernst K?hl remained behind with a small staff in the hopes that the ground troops would be able to blunt the Soviet offensive so that the aircraft could return. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jan 1943
Australian Company Sergeant Major McCominski and Private M. Daniels waited as the accompanying M3 General Stuart tank attacking a Japanese pillbox, near Buna, New Guinea, 2 Jan 1943Stern view of USS New Mexico, 2 Jan 1943Type 97 Chi-Ha tank of 1st Tank Division during a night exercise in northeastern China, 2 Jan 1943
3 Jan 1943
  • USS S-28 crossed the International Date Line. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
  • I-168 arrived at Shortland Islands in the Soloman Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Mozdok, Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Japanese leadership in Rabaul, New Britain received the text of the Army-Navy Central Agreement on South Pacific Area Operations, which called for the strengthening of Solomon Islands and New Guinea footholds upon the completion of the evacuation of Guadalcanal. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed refitting light cruiser Sendai at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
France Hawaii Italy
  • Lieutenant R. T. G. Greenland RNVR and Leading Signalman A. Ferrier penetrated Palermo harbour in Sicily, Italy on a Chariot human torpedo and sink the Italian light cruiser Ulpio Traiano. ww2dbase [Chariot-class | AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank Japanese submarine I-18 in the Coral Sea, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes; she also fired six torpedoes at other Japanese warships four hours later, all of which missed. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Lin Hsiung-cheng's son Lin Mingcheng was born in Itabashi (now Banqiao), Kaizan Gun, Taihoku Prefecture (now Taipei), Taiwan. ww2dbase [Lin Hsiung-cheng | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • President Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz of the Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom urged Pope Pius XII to denounce German atrocities against the Jews. ww2dbase [Pius XII | CPC]
4 Jan 1943
  • I-168 departed Shortland Islands in the Soloman Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • Polish resistance group ZOB attacked German occupation troops in the Jewish ghetto in Czestochowa, which resulted in failure. 251 were killed while a number of others were arrested and deported. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • For the delay in carrying out anti-Semitic policies ordered by Rome, mayors of Florence and Padua in Italy were fired by the Fascist Party. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Army 161st Infantry, the US 6th Marine Regiment, and the headquarters of the US 2nd Marine Division arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Hartwig von Ludwiger stepped down as the commanding officer of 83rd J?ger Regiment. ww2dbase [Hartwig von Ludwiger | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • American cruisers and destroyers bombarded the Japanese airfield at Munda Point, New Georgia in the Solomon Islands after sundown and into the next day. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Greece Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-51B arrived in the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Morozovskaya Airfield, Rostov Oblast, Russia. Commanding officer of KG 55 Oberstleutnant Ernst K?hl and his small staff destroyed various equipment and supply dumps before evacuating. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jan 1943
WAVES enlisted personnel dining at Hotel Bedford, New York City, New York, United States, 4 Jan 1943
5 Jan 1943
  • USS S-28 reached her assigned patrol area in the northern Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
  • Germans began a 3-day operation in the Lvov ghetto in Ukraine which resulted in about 10,000 deaths and the disbanding of the Jewish Council. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • General Carl A. Spaatz relinquished his post as commander of the US 8th Air Force on his transfer to the Mediterranean Theatre. He was replaced by Major General Ira C. Eaker. ww2dbase [Carl Spaatz | AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Despite George Kenney's orders for an all-out attack on Rabaul, New Britain at dawn, Kenneth Walker launched a limited (without 63rd Bomb Squadron, whose commander William Benn disagreed with the timing of the attack) mid-day attack. Bad weather in Australia prevented some of the B-24 bombers from launching, thus ultimately only 6 B-24 bombers and 6 B-17 bombers took off for the attack. Two B-17 bombers attacked Lakunai and Vunakanau airfields near Rabaul between 0900 and 0930 hours. At 1200 hours, 6 B-24 bombers and 3 B-17 bombers (one of which carried Walker) attacked, sinking army transport Keifuku Maru, damaging two merchant ships, and damaging destroyer Tachikaze; 3 Ki-43 fighters were shot down during the raid. At 1317 hours, B-17 bomber San Antonio Rose was shot down; Walker and the entire crew were reported as missing, and none of them would be found. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Lieutenant "Red" Cochrane and his crew of the aft 5-inch battery of USS Helena shot down a Japanese D3A dive bomber off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. This was the first use of proximity-fuse shells in combat. ww2dbase [Helena (St. Louis-class) | CPC]
  • USS Grayback served as beacon ship for the US naval bombardment of Munda Point, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. While on this duty, after nightfall, she picked up six downed airmen from a beach at New Georgia. Commanding officer Edward Stephan would later be awarded a Navy Cross medal for the day's actions. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Italy
  • The Italian Navy Forza Navale Speciale (FNS) was disbanded. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan for her 9th voyage with the Japanese Navy. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Gabilan was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Gabilan | CPC]
6 Jan 1943
  • Parkash Singh of Indian 14th Division daringly rescued wounded comrades on the Mayu Peninsula in Burma. For his, and similar deeds on 19 Jan 1943, he was to be awarded the Victoria Cross medal. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Doherty was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Doherty | CPC]
  • Brigadier General Alphonse DeCarre assumed command of all US Marines on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands except for Marine aviation units. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • In a conference between Adolf Hitler and Erich Raeder, Hitler continued to express his anger in the German Navy's ineffectiveness. Raeder asked to be relieved of his duty. ww2dbase [Erich Raeder | CPC]
  • The US B-24 bomber piloted by Lieutenant George Rose, tasked with finding shot-down B-17 bomber San Antonio Rose between Rabaul, New Britain and Port Moresby, Australian Papua, was shot down over Wide Bay. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australia
  • USS Flying Fish departed Brisbane, Australia for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Australian New Guinea Poland
  • Jews in Opoczno, Poland were told that those with family in Palestine would be deported there. 500 Jews came out from hiding to register and were sent to Treblinka Concentration Camp where they were gassed. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Captured French submarine Phoque departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Captured French submarine Saphir departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Robert Johnson departed New York, New York, United States for Britain aboard the Queen Elizabeth. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jan 1943
Concord off Balboa, Panama Canal Zone, 6 Jan 1943
7 Jan 1943
  • A 3-day German operation in the Lvov ghetto in Ukraine ended with about 10,000 deaths and the disbanding of the Jewish Council. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Marlin arrived at Casco Bay, Maine, United States and joined Task Group 27.1. ww2dbase [Marlin | CPC]
  • HMS Jura was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-371 in the western Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The British assault on Japanese bunkers at Donbaik, Burma on the Bay of Bengal coast was halted with heavy losses. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USAAF B-17, B-24, B-25, and A-20 bombers, escorted by USAAF P-38 fighters and RAF Catalina flying boats, attacked a Japanese convoy en route to Lae, New Guinea, sinking transport Nichiryu Maru off Gasmata, New Britain. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • 44 Japanese bombers and 60 fighters took off from Rabaul, New Britain, intending to attack Port Moresby, Australian Papua; the attack was canceled after the aircraft ran into bad weather. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • I-168 arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British murderer Harry Dobkin is hanged at Wandsworth Prison in London, England, United Kingdom. Dobkin had murdered his wife whose mutilated body he had dumped in a badly damaged Baptist chapel near where he was a fire watcher, in the hope that she would appear to be another unidentified victim of the Blitz. He confessed to his crime after examination of the remains indicated death by strangulation. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1943
Men of US Navy Submarine Squadron 5 keeping score of sinkings aboard USS Griffin, 7 Jan 1943; the squadron operated out of Brisbane, AustraliaUS Navy Mess Attendant First Class Doris Miller speaking during his war bond tour stop at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 7 Jan 1943US Navy Mess Attendant First Class Doris Miller talking with three sailors and a civilian, during his war bond tour stop at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 7 Jan 1943Soviet troops resting around a fire, Stalingrad, Russia, 7 Jan 1943
8 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Makassar, Celebes. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Axis convoys between Italy and Tripoli, Libya were suspended after a British force of two cruisers and four destroyers sank 14 ships trying to reinforce and supply Erwin Rommel's troops. ww2dbase [AC]
  • General Rokossovsky issued a surrender ultimatum to German 6th Army, which guaranteed their lives and safety until their return to Germany after the war. Paulus refused the ultimatum. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | TH]
  • Japanese troops again halted a British assault at Donbaik, Burma. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
  • British submarine P311 (Commander R. D. Cayley) was reported missing and was believed sunk by a mine in the Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [AC]
Australian New Guinea Caroline Islands
  • I-168 departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British RAF Bomber Command's No. 8 Group was reformed as No. 8 (Pathfinder Force) Group under the command of Air Vice-Marshal Donald Bennett. With specialist squadrons the group's primary task would be to accurately mark targets to be attacked by other Bomber Command aircraft. ww2dbase [Donald Bennett | AC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jan 1943
Hull preparing to refuel at sea, 8 Jan 1943USS Snook undergoing sea trials, 8 Jan 1943
9 Jan 1943
  • USS Gar reported hitting a Japanese ship with two of three torpedoes fired, causing damage. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
Australia
  • Douglas MacArthur arrived at Brisbane, Australia. ww2dbase [Douglas MacArthur | CPC]
  • George Kenney arrived at Brisbane, Australia. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Fiji
  • USS New Mexico departed Suva, Fiji to escort carriers which were sailing toward Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Poland United States
  • Commandeered for USAAF service as the C-69, the Lockheed Model L-049 Constellation aircraft made its first flight from Burbank, California, United States to nearby Muroc Army Air Field. ww2dbase [C-69 Constellation | Burbank Lockheed Aircraft Factory | AC]
  • Submarine Seahorse was launched at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, sponsored by the wife of Chester C. Smith. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | Seahorse | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jan 1943
Prototype C-69 Constellation aircraft at Burbank, California, United States, 9 Jan 1943; seen in US Navy publication Naval Aviation News dated 15 Feb 1943
10 Jan 1943
  • USS Argonaut attacked a Japanese convoy of five freighters and three destroyers southeast of New Britain, en route from Lae, New Guinea to Rabaul, New Britain. She hit one destroyer with a torpedo, but the other two closed in and sank her with depth charges and gunfire. 102 were killed, which was the worst submarine loss in WW2. ww2dbase [Argonaut (Argonaut-class) | CPC]
  • The US Army 25th Division launched an offensive out of the Hill 66 area between the northwest and southwest forks of the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Japanese troops again halted a British assault at Donbaik, Burma. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
Hawaii Marshall Islands
  • USS Whale arrived in the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Russia
  • Another Soviet offensive, Operation Ring, began at Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | TH]
  • The BI-2 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its first flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia (the second flight of the design), reaching an altitude of 1,100 meters and reaching the speed of 400 kilometers per hour. ww2dbase [BI | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Fairey Barracuda torpedo and dive bomber began its operational service with the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm with the delivery of twelve Barracuda II aircraft to the reformed No. 827 Squadron. ww2dbase [Barracuda | AC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jan 1943
Litter bearers of the Medical Battalion of US 25th Division giving first aid to two men wounded by grenades, Guadalcanal, 10 Jan 1943US Marines moving in a column over a hill on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 10 Jan 1943
11 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Singapore. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Soviet troops launched the Novorossiysk-Maikop Offensive Operation in the Caucasus region of southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur's headquarters officially declared Kenneth Walker missing after his aircraft was shot down by Japanese fighters on 5 Jan 1943; Walker personally participated on that mission against orders. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Netherlands United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-51 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama arrived at Chesapeake Bay on the east coast of the United States from Casco Bay, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Alabama | CPC]
  • Chinese Ambassador Wei Daoming and US Secretary of State Cordell Hull signed the Treaty for Relinquishment of Extraterritorial Rights in China in Washington DC, United States. Through this treaty, the Americans gave up territorial claims in China and gave up the American portion of the Boxer Protocol. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Jan 1943
USS Snook undergoing sea trials off the Isle of Shoals near Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States, 11 Jan 1943PBY-5 Catalinas from Fleet Air Wing 4 in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, Jan 11, 1943. Note four Mk-37 aerial depth charges under wings, with two more and one 500-pound general purpose bomb on bomb cart.V. K. Chinese Ambassador Wei Daoming and US Secretary of State Cordell Hull signing the Treaty for Relinquishment of Extraterritorial Rights in China, Washington DC, United States, 11 Jan 1943
12 Jan 1943
  • German troops withdrew from the Caucasus region in southern Russia to the Kuban bridgehead. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • Operation Spark: Soviets launched an offensive to restore communication and over-land supply route to Leningrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Siege of Leningrad | TH]
  • US troops landed on Amchitka, Aleutian Islands unopposed. Destroyer Worden, covering the landing, ran aground and sank during the operation. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • On Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, the US 6th Marine Regiment and the artillery of the US 2nd Marine Division were re-assigned to a joint Army-Marine division which also included the US Army 82nd Infantry Regiment, US Army 147th Infantry Regiment, and artillery of the US Army Americal Division. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • The US 1st Marine Division arrived at Melbourne, Australia after months of fighting on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Aden
  • Air Vice-Marshal Frank McNamara, an Australian, was made the commanding officer of British Forces Aden, succeeding Frederick Hards. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Gao Youxin, commanding officer of Chinese 21st Pursuit Squadron flying P-43A Lancer fighters, took off from Liangshan Airfield in Sichuan Province, China with a wingman on a reconnaissance mission. He claimed to have shot down a Japanese Ki-43 aircraft near the Yangtze River. ww2dbase [Gao Youxin | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Irako transited the Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu, Japan. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-2 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its second flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, reaching an altitude of 2,190 meters and reaching the speed of 675 kilometers per hour. ww2dbase [BI | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jan 1943
USS Permit off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 12 Jan 1943USS Permit at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 12 Jan 1943; note antennae for SJ surface search radar and D aircraft detection radarUSS Permit at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 12 Jan 1943; note crewmen unpacking supplies, among them Sunkist brand oranges
13 Jan 1943
  • The call-up age for unmarried British women was lowered to 19. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Casablanca Conference between Roosevelt and Churchill began. ww2dbase [Casablanca Conference | TH]
  • The US 2nd Marine Division began a westward offensive on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Frederick Aikman shot down a German Fw 190 aircraft. ww2dbase [Frederick Aikman | CPC]
Germany
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer became engaged to Maria von Wedemeyer. ww2dbase [Dietrich Bonhoeffer | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi departed Ominato Guard District, Mutsu, Aomori Prefecture, Japan at 0715 hours. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale sank Japanese freighter Iwashiro Maru in the waters between Kwajalein, Marshall Islands and Truk, Caroline Islands, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Poland
  • Three transports arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp, each containing 1,210 German Jews from Berlin (1,083 of them were sent directly to the gas chambers), 750 Dutch Jews (88 men and 101 women were registered, and the remaining 561 were gassed), and 2,000 Jews of Zambr?w ghetto in Poland (148 men and 50 women were registered, and the remaining 1,802 were gassed). ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Robert Johnson arrived at RAF Kings Cliffe, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jan 1943
USS Permit off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 13 Jan 1943, photo 1 of 2; note newly installed port-side external torpedo tubeUSS Permit off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 13 Jan 1943, photo 2 of 2; note newly installed port-side external torpedo tube
14 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Singapore at 0900 hours. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Velikiye Luki 200 miles west of Moscow, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Independence was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Independence | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Naganami at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Hawaii India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane fighter over an area of India now part of Bangladesh, his 14th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Japan
  • I-168 arrived at Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Tanikaze was attacked by a US aircraft while sailing toward Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands; Commander Motoi Katsumi was killed. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Tanikaze | CPC]
Poland United States
  • USS Ancon departed the United States for French Algeria, with cargo and troops on board, as a member of the Naval Transport Service. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 14 Jan 1943
General Thomas Blamey and Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger, 14 Jan 1943The Anfa House in Casablanca, Morocco, Jan 1943. This house was part of Camp Anfa on the grounds of the Anfa Hotel. Anfa House was Franklin Roosevelt?s residence during the Casablanca Conference.
15 Jan 1943
  • The keel of submarine Tang was laid down. ww2dbase [Tang | CPC]
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky was promoted to the rank of colonel general. ww2dbase [Konstantin Rokossovsky | CPC]
  • USAAF B-24 bombers attacked a Japanese convoy 200 miles south-southwest of Rangoon, Burma, sinking Nichimei Maru. Unknown to the American airmen, the transport was carrying Allied prisoners of war, 500 of whom would be lost in the sinking. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US 2nd Marine Regiment departed Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands for New Zealand. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel for submarine Manta was laid down. ww2dbase [Manta | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho was assigned to the 3rd Force of the Mobile Force Training Force. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
  • 2 companies of "Loreto" combat engineers battalion of the Italian Air Force were transferred by ship from Sicily, Italy to Tunis, Tunisia; the remaining two companies of the 1st Air Force Assault Regiment "Amedeo d'Aosta" would remain in Sicily to repair airfields. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German aircraft raided Telepte Airfield in Tunisia three times and Youks-les-Bains Airfield in Algeria once. A total of 15 German aircraft were shot down during these attacks, four of which were claimed by Captain Carmon B. Boone of 59th Fighter Squadron of USAAF 33rd Fighter Group, flying a P-40 fighter. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Navy SBD Dauntless dive bombers from Henderson Field, Guadalcanal and USAAF B-17 bombers attacked a convoy of nine Japanese destroyers northeast of New Georgia, Solomon Islands; four Japanese destroyers were damaged. A lone B-17 bomber attacked the Japanese airfield on Ballale island, Solomon Islands. To the north in the Caroline Islands, three transports escorted by destroyers departed from Truk for Bougainville with Japanese Army troops transferred from China. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • P-40F fighters of US 68th Fighter Squadron intercepted a group of Japanese destroyers off Faisi in the Solomon Islands. In the subsequent engagement, the US fighters shot down nine Japanese F1M float biplanes, three of which by Lieutenant Lloyd G. Huff. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired four torpedoes at a Japanese submarine in the Solomon Sea; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
United States
  • The Pentagon, the new building in Virginia, United States and the future home of the US Department of War, was dedicated. ww2dbase [Pentagon | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jan 1943
African-American office worker Clara Camille Carroll at a government office in Washington DC, United States, 15 Jan 1943USS Iowa at the New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 15 Jan 1943, photo 1 of 2USS Iowa at the New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 15 Jan 1943, photo 2 of 2
16 Jan 1943

Australia
  • USS Wahoo conducted sonar tests in Moreton Bay near Brisbane, Australia. Later on the same day, she departed friendly waters for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
China
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a P-40 fighter over Yunnan Province, China, his 15th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Germany Iraq
  • Iraq declared war on the Axis powers. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
  • Shokaku's assignment was shifted from Main Unit, Mobile Force to the Maintenance Force, Mobile Force. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired six torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Solomon Sea; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops captured Pitomnik Airfield west of Stalingrad, Russia, denying the Germans the ability to fly in supplies and fly out wounded men. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
United States
  • USS Marlin departed Casco Bay, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Marlin | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1943
T-34 tank and infantry of Soviet 12th Armored Corps in Rossosh, Russia, 16 Jan 1943
17 Jan 1943

Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane fighter over Burma, his 16th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • A Japanese convoy carrying Japanese Army troops transferred from China departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing seaplane tender Sanyo Maru and destroyers Kagero and Oyashio at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Germany
  • Journalist Richard Dimbleby flew in a British No. 106 Squadron Lancaster bomber over Berlin, Germany during a raid to record a live report, which was broadcast by the BBC on the following day. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi arrived at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
  • USS Haddock fired 3 torpedoes at a convoy, sinking an oiler 10 miles south of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan with 1 hit. ww2dbase [Haddock | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese patrol boat south of Japan with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • USS Whale sank Japanese freighter Heiyo Maru between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan, hitting her with 7 of 9 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Grayback fired torpedoes at destroyer, which was escorting a freighter, in the Solomon Sea; the torpedoes missed, and Grayback was subjected to 19 depth charges, which caused a serious leak that would force her to cut her patrol short. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-52 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
18 Jan 1943
  • Arturo Riccardi was awarded the Iron Cross medal by Germany. ww2dbase [Arturo Riccardi | CPC]
Australia
  • Brigadier General Howard Ramey arrived in Australia to replace the recently missing Kenneth Walker. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USAAF B-17 and P-39 aircraft sank Japanese cargo ship Yamafuku Maru off Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Admiral Yamamoto came aboard battleship Musashi at Truk in the Caroline Islands, which would officially become his flagship on 11 Feb 1943. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi completed refitting light cruiser Agano at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
China
  • Major General Yamawaki Masao was named the commanding officer of Japanese Unit 516 chemical weapons research unit based in Qiqihar, Nenjiang Province, China, replacing Colonel Seiichi Miyamoto. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Hong Kong
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Hong Kong. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kure, Japan to escort carriers Zuikaku and Zuiho to Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Libya
  • British submarine Thunderbolt departed Malta for Tripoli, Libya with two Chariot manned torpedoes. The two Chariot teams discovered the harbor to be empty of ships and became stuck far behind enemy lines. One team became captured and the other escaped and eventually would find the advancing British 8th Army. ww2dbase [Chariot-class | AC]
Poland
  • The first armed resistance against deportation began in Warsaw Ghetto in Poland. ww2dbase [CPC]
Russia
  • Cherkessk in the Caucasus region of southern Russia was liberated by Soviet troops. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • Operation Spark, which commenced 6 days earlier, successfully opened a corridor into Leningrad, Russia on this day. The Soviet government announced the end of the siege, although that state would still continue until 27 Jan 1943. ww2dbase [Siege of Leningrad | CPC]
  • Late in the day, three He 111 transport aircraft of German Luftwaffe unit III./KG 55 attempted to land at the small Gumrak Airfield at Stalingrad, Russia. The first landed but would not be able to takeoff again, the second made ten failed attempts at lining up with the wreck-strewn short runway but ultimately pushed its cargo of 20 sacks of bread out of the bomb bay doors without landing, and the third followed suit. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
United States
  • US government banned the sale of sliced bread by commercial bakers; they must sell their bread in entire loaves in order to save wrapping material. The ban would be lifted on 8 Mar 1943 after officials realized the ban was ineffective. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jan 1943
A close-up of a British heavily armed patrol of L Detachment SAS in their jeeps, just back from a three month patrol, 18 Jan 1943; note twin-mounted Vickers K machine guns and F-S dagger; photo 1 of 3A close-up of a British heavily armed patrol of L Detachment SAS in their jeeps, just back from a three month patrol, 18 Jan 1943; note twin-mounted Vickers K machine guns and F-S dagger; photo 2 of 3A close-up of a British heavily armed patrol of L Detachment SAS in their jeeps, just back from a three month patrol, 18 Jan 1943; note twin-mounted Vickers K machine guns; photo 3 of 3Soviet troops of Leningrad and Volkhov Fronts meeting near Leningrad, Russia, 18 Jan 1943
See all photos dated 18 Jan 1943
19 Jan 1943
  • USS Ranger launched USAAF P-40 aircraft off Accra, Gold Coast to reinforce Allied forces fighting in North Africa. ww2dbase [Ranger | CPC]
  • USS Gar ended her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • Filipp Golikov was promoted to the rank of colonel general. ww2dbase [Filipp Golikov | CPC]
  • USS Grampus completed her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Grampus | CPC]
  • Bruce Fraser was made a Grand Officer of the Dutch Order of Orange-Nassau. ww2dbase [Bruce Fraser | CPC]
Australian New Guinea Burma
  • Parkash Singh of Indian 14th Division daringly rescued wounded comrades on the Mayu Peninsula in Burma. For his, and similar deeds on 6 Jan 1943, he was to be awarded the Victoria Cross medal. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Akyab (now Sittwe), Burma, his 17th and 18th victories. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Arashi at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Hong Kong
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Hong Kong at 1300 hours with 1,180 men aboard, including 663 Canadian prisoners of war from the Sham Sui Po prisoner of war camp. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Haddock fired 4 torpedoes at a six-ship convoy, sinking a transport 5 miles southeast of Shima, Mie Prefecture, Japan with 2 hits. She was counterattacked by depth charges by aircraft. ww2dbase [Haddock | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Pollack sank a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with one of two torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo transited Vitiaz Strait between New Guinea island and New Britain island. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1943
Henri Giraud and Franklin Roosevelt at Casablanca, French Morocco, 19 Jan 1943US Army honor guard presenting the colors outside the President?s villa ?Dar es Saada? in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, Jan 1943.Winston Churchill and Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten in front of Churchill?s residence in Casablanca, Morocco for the Casablanca Conference, Jan 1943.
20 Jan 1943
  • USS S-28 set a course for the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
  • German Inspector of Concentration Camps advised camp commandants to reduce rate of death for camp prisoners; however, camp doctors were given orders to kill the sick and the debilitated. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • USS Silversides attacked a Japanese convoy 286 miles from Truk, Caroline Islands en route to the Solomon Islands, sinking transport Meiu Maru and damaging Surabaya Maru. The latter would later be scuttled by destroyer Asagumo. ww2dbase [Silversides | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde scored his first kill, a German Bf 109G fighter, over the southern coast of England, United Kingdom while flying a Typhoon Ib fighter. ww2dbase [Remy Van Lierde | CPC]
  • The US Army 25th Division began an offensive toward Kokumbona, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Chile broke off relationships with Germany, Italy and Japan. ww2dbase [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • A US B-24 bomber on a routine reconnaissance mission over Wewak on the island of New Guinea surprisingly found a large concentration of Japanese shipping and a newly arrived contingent of Zero fighters. Six of the fighters arose and shot down the bomber, killing 2; 6 of the crew survived. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US 44th Fighter Squadron arrived at Fighter 2 airfield at Kukum, Guadalcanal; this squadron would later become the most successful P-40 squadron to operate on this island. ww2dbase [CPC]
Czechoslovakia Tunisia
  • Captured French submarine Requin departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Captured French submarine Espadon departed Bizerte, Tunisia with an Italian crew. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German fighter-bombers made a surprise daylight attack on London, England, United Kingdom during which bombs were dropped on a school in Lewisham killing 39 children and five teachers. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | AC]
  • The German Luftwaffe was forced to abandon any further hit-and-run fighter-bomber raids on London, England, United Kingdom after five Fw 190 aircraft were lost within half an hour to the RAF Manston based Typhoon fighters of Wing Commander Roland Beamont's No. 609 Squadron. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | AC]
United States
  • USS Brennan was commissioned into service at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jan 1943
British Valentine II or IV infantry tanks lined up in Tripoli, Libya after they helped capturing the city, circa mid to late Jan 1943Mousetrap anti-submarine rocket launchers aboard a United States Navy Landing Craft Support boat, 20 Jan 1943, location unknown.Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Hastings Ismay, and Louis Mountbatten at ChurchillAerial view of Ewa Field (near) and Barbers Point Naval Air Station (beyond) on Oahu, Hawaii, 20 Jan 1943.
See all photos dated 20 Jan 1943
21 Jan 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Voroshilovsky and Stavropol in the Caucasus region of southern Russia, claiming 500,000 German dead and 200,000 Germans captured in the last two months of fighting. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • Allied leadership issued the directive to RAF and USAAF commanders "[y]our primary objective will be the progressive destruction and dislocation of the German military, industrial and economic system, and the undermining of the morale of the German people to a point where their capacity for armed resistance is fatally wounded." ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • USS Gato attacked a Japanese convoy east of Kieta, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, damaging one transport. ww2dbase [Gato | CPC]
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with two torpedoes; both torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Allied aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain, sinking small freighter Tetsusan Maru. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyers Uzuki and Suzukaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler told Ambassador Hiroshi Oshima that he would welcome Japanese assistance in defeating Russia. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | AC]
United States
  • The United States Marine Corps established the Marine Fleet Air, West Coast at San Diego, California, United States to oversee all Fleet Marine Force aviation operations and to supply personnel and materiel to Marine Aircraft Wings, Pacific. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Yorktown (Essex-class) launched at Newport News, Virginia, United States sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt. ww2dbase [Yorktown (Essex-class) | DS]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jan 1943
Submarine Oberon underway off Spithead, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom, 21 Jan 1943German Army 7.5 cm Gebirgsgesch?tz 36 mountain gun operating at 3,000-meter altitude in the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia, 21 Jan 1943Destroyed Red October factory in Stalingrad, Russia, 21 Jan 1943Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, left, touring Guadalcanal with Adm Nimitz, Adm Halsey, and Army Gen J Lawton Collins, Jan 21, 1943. Apparently no one thought to tell Knox his helmet was on backwards.
22 Jan 1943 Belgium
  • The RAF conducted its first combat operation using the new Mitchell Mk.II bombers. Six aircraft from No. 98 and No. 180 Squadrons were sent out to attack oil installations at Ghent in Belgium. One aircraft was shot down by flak over the target and two others were lost when attacked by Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighters. Following this disaster the RAF's Mitchell squadrons were stood down to concentrate on developing new tactics to fend off enemy fighters. ww2dbase [B-25 Mitchell | AC]
Japan
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Nagasaki, Japan at 0400 hours. The 663 Canadian prisoners of war aboard were disembarked where they would be sent to work in the mines as forced laborers. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
Russia
  • German 6th Army engineers reported that the small Stalingradskaya Airfield close to the center of Stalingrad, Russia was ready to receive transport aircraft. Several He 111 aircraft arrived later on the same day with supplies, some of which would be fatally damaged when their landing gears became caught in bomb craters on the runway. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Tunisia
  • The "Bafile" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy captured Djebel Bou Dabouss massif in Tunisia, capturing 200 prisoners of war at the cost of 24 killed and 65 wounded. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jan 1943
Soviet mortar crew in action at Stalingrad, Russia, 22 Jan 1943Roosevelt and Churchill at Casablanca Conference, French Morocco 22 Jan 1943; rear row L to R: Gen Arnold, Adm King, Gen Marshall, Adm Pound, Air Chief Marshal Portal, Gen Brooke, Field Marshal Dill, Adm MountbattenFranklin Roosevelt awarding Brigadier General William Wilbur the Medal of Honor, Casablanca, French Morocco, 22 Jan 1943; note George Marshall in background and George Patton assisting. Photo 1 of 2.Franklin Roosevelt awarding Brigadier General William Wilbur the Medal of Honor, Casablanca, French Morocco, 22 Jan 1943; note George Marshall in background and George Patton assisting. Photo 2 of 2.
23 Jan 1943
  • The British Eighth Army captured Tripoli, Libya. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Soviet troops captured Armavir, Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • The US Army 25th Division captured the high ground south of Kokumbona, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • General Dwight D. Eisenhower was tasked with planning the invasion of Sicily, Italy with the target date set as the period of the favourable Jul 1943 moon. General Harold Alexander, Eisenhower's deputy, would be in overall command of all Allied land forces during the operation. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | Dwight Eisenhower | AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The US freighter City of Flint (the same vessel that had been involved in a major diplomatic incident in Oct 1939) was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by the German submarine U-575. ww2dbase [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • After sundown and into the following day, American cruisers and destroyers bombarded Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Japan
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Nagasaki, Japan and arrived at Sasebo, Japan later on the same day. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Irako sailed south from off Mizunoko Lighthouse, Oita, Japan with torpedo boat Hato and submarine chaser CH-39 in escort. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Russia
  • The German-controlled Gumrak Airfield on the western side of Stalingrad, Russia was taken by Soviet troops. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | TH, CPC]
24 Jan 1943
  • Tirpitz completed its refitting at F?ttenfjord/Lofjord near Trondheim, Norway. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • The Casablanca Conference ended with the announcement of a requirement for unconditional surrender from Germany to end the war. ww2dbase [Casablanca Conference | TH]
  • Soviet troops liberated Starobelskiy, Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Soviet Trans-Caucasian Front's offensive toward the Kuban bridgehead was halted near Krasnodar and Novorossiysk. A new offensive drive, named the Tikhoretsk-Eisk Offensive Operation, was launched on this date. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • British war expenditure was estimated to be running at ?14 million a day. ww2dbase [AC]
  • American destroyers bombarded Japanese fuel and munitions dumps in the Stanmore area, Kolombangara, Solomon Islands. Later on the same day, US Navy carrier aircraft attacked the same targets. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • 12 German aircraft were launched to attack Allied convoy JW-52; only three of them found and attacked the convoy, and all three were shot down. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Wellington bomber over Rangoon, Burma, his 19th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi refueled from oiler Teiyo Maru at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo reconnoitered waters far north of Wewak, Australian New Guinea. Encountering Japanese destroyer Harusame with submarines nearby, she fired three bow torpedoes, a fourth bow torpedo as Harusame turned toward Wahoo. After all four had missed, Wahoo repositioned her self and fired two more torpedoes, this time hitting and seriously damaging Harusame. Harusame was able to beach herself to prevent sinking. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Poland Russia
  • The Soviets once again demanded surrender from the encircled German forces in Stalingrad, Russia. Responding to Friedrich Paulus' message requesting permission to surrender as his men were now nearly out of ammunition and medical supplies, Adolf Hitler told Paulus to fight to the last man even if defeat was imminent. By the end of this day, the German forces in Stalingrad would be divided in two pockets and would have lost the use of the final airstrip available to them, Stalingradsaya Airfield. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | TH, CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Glyndwr Michael, homeless and suffering from mental illness, was found dead in an abandoned warehouse in King's Cross, London, England, United Kingdom after consuming rat poison which contained phosphorus; it was unknown whether he had committed suicide or simply ate what he thought was thrown-away food laced with the poison for the purpose of pest control. The discovery of his remains was reported to MI5 per previous request for such a body. ww2dbase [Operation Mincemeat | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jan 1943
Free French leaders Charles de Gaulle and Henri Giraud at Casablanca Conference, Morocco, 24 Jan 1943; Roosevelt and Churchill in backgroundFranklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill pose for photographs in the gardens of Roosevelt?s Villa Dar es Saada in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, 24 Jan 1943.Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill brief war correspondents in the gardens of Roosevelt?s Villa Dar es Saada in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, 24 Jan 1943.Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill brief war correspondents in the gardens of Roosevelt?s Villa Dar es Saada in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, 24 Jan 1943.
See all photos dated 24 Jan 1943
25 Jan 1943
  • Germans evacuated Voronezh and Armavir in southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • In his Order of the Day, Stalin claimed that Soviet troops had routed 102 enemy divisions in two month's fighting. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | TH]
  • The US Composite Army-Marine Division made contact with the US Army 25th Army Division near Kokumbona, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Commander Kiyoshi Tomura was made the commanding officer of Tanikaze. ww2dbase [Tanikaze | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing light cruiser Nagara at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Italy
  • Italian Air Force Assault Engineer Battalion's composition was defined as having one headquarters company and three companies each with two officers, three non-commissioned officers, and 24 enlisted men. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Sasebo, Japan. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale damaged Japanese tanker Syoyo Maru between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. She suffered light damage from the subsequent depth charging. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo departed waters near Wewak, Australian New Guinea for Palau Islands. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • The remnants of the German 6.Armee were split in two pockets, north and south, in Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | TH]
26 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Osaka, Japan. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Voronezh, southern Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese convoy 270 miles north of New Guinea, sinking transport Buyo Maru and three others. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
  • USS Tunny stalked a Japanese trawler starting at about 0530 hours off the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, firing her deck gun to attack only in the afternoon. The trawler escaped her after sundown. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • The US Army-Marine joint division continued to attack westward along the northern coast of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands intending to envelope Japanese positions. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek held a celebratory dinner for Joseph Stilwell for having recently earned the Distinguished Service Cross medal. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
  • HMS LST-412 was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander Patrick Richard Brown in command. ww2dbase [LST-412 | CPC]
  • Kamoi set sail for Makassar, Celebes, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Algeria
  • USS Ancon arrived at Oran, French Algeria. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US bombers conducted a night raid on Rabaul, New Britain; Zero fighters rose to intercept and shot down one B-17 bomber. ww2dbase [CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a B-24 bomber over Mingaladon, Burma, his 20th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed refitting light cruiser Agano at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese freighter in Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Japan
  • Kamoi passed through the Bungo Channel between Shikoku and Kyushu islands in Japan, escorted by minelayer Natsushima. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese oiler between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan; 1 of 3 torpedoes fired hit the target but failed to detonate. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese convoy of four freighters in the Pacific Ocean, sinking transport Fukuei Maru, sinking transport Buyo Maru, and damaging another transport. 11 torpedoes were expended, 7 of which hit. She then surfaced to attack Japanese survivors in lifeboats; this last action would generate some controversy, especially that some of the survivors killed included Indian prisoners of war. Six hours later, she began a three-hour pursuit of the two remaining ships of the Japanese convoy, eventually sinking both (a tanker and a freighter), hitting them with 3 of 8 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jan 1943
Japanese transport Buyo Maru beginning to sink after being struck by USS WahooLieutenant Richard OLieutenant Commander Dudley Morton and Lieutenant Richard OHiggins 78-foot PT Boat photographed 26 Jan 1943 by Higgins Industries in New Orleans, Louisiana before delivery to the US Navy. This boat went on to serve as PT-200 and spent her career as a training boat. Photo 1 of 6
See all photos dated 26 Jan 1943
27 Jan 1943
  • The USAAF struck Germany proper for the first time as B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked Emden and Wilhelmshaven. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • The headquarters of the US 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing was established at Efate, New Hebrides. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • The Chenggong Airfield in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China began operations. ww2dbase [Chenggong Airfield | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale sank Japanese ship Shoan Maru between Truk, Caroline Islands and Japan after a long chase, hitting her with 2 of 8 torpedoes fired (only 1 of which detonated). ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese convoy consisted of eight ships; as she was out of torpedoes, she attempted to attack with her deck guns, but she was chased away by a Japanese destroyer escort. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-52 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Firewatcher Harry Dobkin was hanged at Wandsworth Prison in London, England, United Kingdom after being found guilty of the murder, by strangulation, of his wife, Rachel. Evidence at his trial was one of the earliest in which identification of the body, which he had concealed under a slab in a bombed Baptist church, had been made possible by forensic photography and dental records. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • The Camillus Cutlery Company of Camillus, New York, United States shipped the first production examples of the 1219C2 fighting knife design to the US military. ww2dbase [Mark 2 'KA-BAR' | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Golet was laid down by the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States. ww2dbase [Golet | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jan 1943
US President Franklin Roosevelt and Liberian President Edwin Barclay, 27 Jan 1943Men working in the control room aboard USS Wahoo, 27 Jan 1943 while at 300 feet during a depth charge attack by a Japanese destroyer. They had taken 6 depth charges and were awaiting more.
28 Jan 1943
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Osaka, Japan. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Germany finally mobilized her work force for total war, requiring registration of men aged 16 to 65 and women aged 17 to 50. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov. ww2dbase [Filipp Golikov | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class. ww2dbase [Aleksandr Vasilevsky | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the first time. ww2dbase [Vasily Chuikov | CPC]
  • Hubert Lanz was promoted to the rank of General der Gebirgstruppe and was made the commanding officer of Armeeabteilung Lanz army detachment. ww2dbase [Hubert Lanz | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wahoo sighted Fais Island, Caroline Islands; she attempted to shell the Japanese phosphate refinery, but the appearance of a Japanese freighter forced her to abandon the attack. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • As the German forces in Stalingrad, Russia were now divided into three pockets by Soviet attacks, Hermann G?ring messaged Friedrich Paulus, noting that Paulus' stubborn defense, even if it led to self sacrifice, would go down in German history as one of the most heroic tales. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the first time; this was the very first Order of Suvorov given out by the Soviet Union. 22 more Suvorov 1st Class medals were given out on this date after Zhukov's award. ww2dbase [Georgy Zhukov | CPC]
United States
  • The US Army announced a plan to form a special Nisei combat team from Americans of Japanese parentage. Within days they receive over 10,000 volunteers for only 2,500 places. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jan 1943
Franklin Roosevelt inspecting facilities in Natal, Brazil as he travels back to the United States after the Casablanca Conference, 28 Jan 1943. Brazilian president Getulio Vargas is seated in the back seat of the Jeep.
29 Jan 1943
  • SS-Gruppenf?hrer Ernst Kaltenbrunner, the SS and Police Leader for the German territory of annexed Austria, was named the head of the RSHA, which encompassed the Gestapo and the Security Service, succeeding the assassinated Reinhard Heydrich. ww2dbase [Ernst Kaltenbrunner | TH]
  • Six RAF Mosquito aircraft attacked Berlin, Germany, purposely spoiling the party celebrating the Nazi Party's 10th Anniversary, interrupting speeches given by G?ring and Goebbels. This celebration marked the first anniversary without a speech from Hitler. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Battle of Rennell Island began with land-based Japanese aircraft attacked US Navy TF 18 ships. USS Chicago was damaged and was taken under tow. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • US captured a Japanese 5-digit naval code book. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German authorities ordered Roma and Sinti people across German-occupied Europe to be rounded up and sent to concentration camps. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Ruth Cheney Streeter was commissioned a major in the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve and became its first Director. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Maikop, Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank Soviet cargo ship Ufa south of Bear Island, Norway at 0622 hours. To the east, Allied convoy RA-52 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • German officials in Prague dissolved the Jewish Religious Congregation, the supreme authority for Czechoslovakia's Jewish communities. This organization would be succeeded by the Council of Jewish Elders on 8 Feb 1943, which was deemed to be more compliant by the German officials. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
Italy
  • Benito Mussolini met with the Commando Supremo. Among the items discussed in this meeting was the plan to salvage, repair, and recommission French battleships Strasbourg and Dunkerque into the Italian Navy by the end of 1946. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Nachi departed Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Poland
  • Kurt Pr?fer of German engineering firm J. A. Topf und S?hne visited the Central Construction Office of Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland, inspecting the Crematoria II, III, IV, and V construction progress; he estimated the launch of Crematorium II to be around 15 Feb, Crematorium III around 17 Apr, Crematorium IV around 28 Feb, and Crematorium V's completion date depended largely on weather. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
Taiwan
  • USS Tunny entered waters off Taiwan. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
United States
  • USS S-35 arrived at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jan 1943
Heavy cruisers Wichita (foreground), Chicago (center), and Louisville (background) en route to Guadalcanal, 29 Jan 1943, hours before the Battle of Rennell Island
30 Jan 1943
  • German troops defeated French troops and captured Fa?d Pass, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of Faïd Pass and Sidi Bouzid | CPC]
  • Battle of Rennell Island in the Solomon Islands ended with a Japanese victory and the sinking of USS Chicago. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • HMS Samphire (Lieutenant Commander F. T. Renny) was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian submarine Platino off Bougie, Algeria. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Erich Raeder was officially relieved of his duty as the head of the German Navy. ww2dbase [Erich Raeder | CPC]
  • The repair work on light cruiser Voroshilov completed. ww2dbase [Voroshilov | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a B-25 bomber over Toungoo, Burma, his 21st victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Germany Japan
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan and arrived at Yokohama, Japan later on the same day. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops reached Red Square in central Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jan 1943
Lancaster bomber of No 1 Group, RAF Bomber Command over Hamburg, Germany, night of 30-31 Jan 1943Chicago low in the water on 30 Jan 1943, after she had been torpedoed by Japanese aircraft during the Battle of Rennell IslandUSS Louisville towing disabled USS Chicago, Battle of Rennell Island, 30 Jan 1943
31 Jan 1943
  • The Milice was created in Vichy France under Joseph Darnand to counter the Resistance. This organization became another force of the German occupation, reaching a strength of over 20,000 by the Allied invasion in 1944. ww2dbase [The French Resistance | TH]
  • The British RAF Bomber Command used the H2S radar system for the first time operationally. ww2dbase [TH]
  • US Marine Corps aircraft from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands sank Japanese transport Toa Maru between Vella Lavella and Kolombangara. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
Algeria
  • USS Ancon departed Oran, French Algeria. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US 2nd Marine Regiment and 1st Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment boarded ship to leave Guadalcanal. Some of the men were so debilitated by malaria they had to be carried on board. Observers noted that they looked like young men grown old "with their skins cracked and furrowed and wrinkled." The 2nd Marine Regiment, heading to Wellington, New Zealand for the first time, left behind on the island 263 dead. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for seaplane tender Sanyo, destroyers Arashi and Suzukaze, and light cruiser Nagara at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Japan
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Yokohama, Japan and arrived at Yokosuka, Japan later on the same day. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
Poland Russia
  • Out of food and ammunition, the southern half of the German 6.Armee in Stalingrad, Russia surrendered; the final radio message coming out of this pocket was made at 1945 hours, which closed with the Morse abbreviation "CL", short for "Clear (I am closing my station)". Shortly after, 110 German transport aircraft take off for the northern pocket with supplies; more than 90 of the aircraft found the illuminated triangular drop zone and released their loads. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | TH, CPC]
  • Light cruiser Voroshilov bombarded German troop positions near Novorossiysk, Russia. ww2dbase [Voroshilov | CPC]
Taiwan
  • USS Tunny detected a Japanese freighter off Takao, Taiwan at about 2230 hours. She fired two torpedoes, both of which missed the target, and survived a counterattack with two depth charges. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jan 1943
Montpelier underway, circa 194340-mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns aboard light cruiser Montpelier, circa 1943Aerial view of light cruiser USS Montpelier, circa 1943SOC Seagull aircraft being catapulted from USS Montpelier, circa 1943
See all photos dated 31 Jan 1943
1 Feb 1943
  • The 1st Free French Division (later to become the 1st Motorised Division) was established. ww2dbase [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese troops began to be evacuated from Guadalcanal by destroyers commanded by Rear Admiral Shintaro. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | TH]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze evacuated troops from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps squadron MABS-1 was assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Oyashio and began repair transport Nankai Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
China
  • Joseph Stilwell departed Chongqing, China for India. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
Germany
  • Cruiser K?ln departed a German port for the Baltic Sea. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • As of this month, 1,622,000 prisoners of war and 4,121,000 foreigners were now serving as forced laborers in Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. ww2dbase [Maximilian von Weichs | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler's special train Amerika was renamed Brandenburg. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Raid drill. Torpedo Squadron 11 (VT-11; model TBF) departed. Radio transmission facilities usably complete. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • Tenryu was struck from the navy list. ww2dbase [Tenryu | CPC]
  • Nachi arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • USS Columbia arrived at Efate, New Hebrides. ww2dbase [Columbia | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Tunny entered waters off China. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • The Fletcher-class destroyer USS De Haven was sunk by Japanese aircraft off Savo Island, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [AC]
Poland Russia
  • Trapped in the ruins of a department store in Stalingrad, Russia, Friedrich Paulus surrendered the southern pocket along with 14 of his generals; Paulus became the first German field marshal to surrender to an enemy force. Fighting continued in the northern pocket, however, and 85 of the 108 transport aircraft dispatched to airdrop supplies to the northern pocket were able to do so. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | AC, CPC]
  • Germans fell back from Demyansk, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
United States
  • The keel of CV-14, originally destined to be USS Hancock, was laid down at Norfolk, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Ticonderoga | DS]
Photo(s) dated 1 Feb 1943
Soviet soldier in makeshift boots, Stalingrad, Russia, 1 Feb 1943The rescue of Brigadier General Nathan Twining and his party of 14 who had been adrift in the Coral Sea for 5 days after their B-17 aircraft was forced to ditch, 1 Feb 1943. Note PBY Catalina of Patrol Squadron VP-91US B-17F ?All-American? of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 6 of 8.US B-17F ?All-American? of 414th BS, 97th BG on the ground at its base in Biskra, Algeria showing severe damage from a mid-air collision with a German fighter over Tunis, Tunisia, 1 Feb 1943. Photo 2 of 8.
See all photos dated 1 Feb 1943
2 Feb 1943
  • Ettore Bastico stepped down as the Governor-General of Italian Libya, succeeded by Giovanni Messe. ww2dbase [Giovanni Messe | CPC]
  • USS Tunny made radar contact with a ship off Hong Kong at 2130 hours. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked and claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport in the western Pacific; she reported 6 torpedoes expended and 4 hits. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for transport Sanyo Maru and began repairing destroyers Akizuki and Hatsukaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
  • Irako supplied food to seaplane tender Sanyo Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Shinzaburo Hase was named the commanding officer of Settsu. ww2dbase [Settsu | CPC]
Poland
  • The construction of Graf Zeppelin was stopped at Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland). ww2dbase [Graf Zeppelin | CPC]
Russia
  • The last of the German Sixth Army surrendered in Stalingrad, Russia. On the same day, a German reconnaissance aircraft was dispatched to fly over Stalingrad, confirming that all fighting had ceased. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | TH]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Feb 1943
Friedrich Paulus as a prisoner of war at Stalingrad, Russia, Feb 1943Airmen of US 74th Fighter Squadron posing in front of a P-40 Warhawk fighter, China, 2 Feb 1943Russian soldiers firing from a rooftop in Stalingrad, Russia, 2 Feb 1943A column of German soldiers on the march to a Russian prisoners of war camp, Stalingrad, Russia, Feb 1943
See all photos dated 2 Feb 1943
3 Feb 1943
  • British Colonial Secretary Stanley announced that 5,000 Jews, 4,500 of them children, would be allowed to migrate from Bulgaria to Palestine. Additionally, 30,000 immigration certificates were made available for use by any Jewish children in southeastern Europe for Palestine. Unfortunately, most of the 35,000 allotments were not used, as the Red Cross refused to accompany children on the ships in poor condition that were made available for the transportation to Palestine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • While stalking a Japanese tanker at dawn, USS Tunny was discovered by the enemy but continued to pursue the target. Under gunfire, she fired multiple volleys of torpedoes at the tanker; one hit, but it failed to explode. After nightfall, she detected another ship at 2005 hours, fired 3 torpedoes, and claimed sinking it. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • BOAC began a high speed delivery service between Leuchars, Scotland, United Kingdom and Stockholm, Sweden using a fleet of ten Mosquito aircraft. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Over lunch, Dwight Eisenhower informed George Patton that Patton had been chosen to help plan the invasion of Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank US freighter Greylock of Allied convoy RA-52; all 70 aboard survived. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Germany
  • During the day, the German OKW issued an announcement to inform the German public of the defeat at Stalingrad, Russia. The message, read over the radio, was preceded by a solemn drum roll and was followed by the 2nd movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's 5th symphony. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi departed Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Russia
  • 12 He 111 aircraft, with supplies on board, flew over the northern pocket of Stalingrad, Russia before dawn. Of the 11 aircraft that reached the intended drop zone, only 3 dropped some of their cargo, as they found no German activity. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of Rochester was laid down by the Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy, Massachusetts, United States. ww2dbase [Saint Paul | CPC]
4 Feb 1943
  • Soviet naval infantry thwarted a German attempt to land at Malaya Zemlya. Nearby, later on the same day, Soviet troops landed near Novorossiysk, southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • Rear Admiral Shintaro's destroyers extracted 3,921 Japanese soldiers from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands successfully, but four of his destroyers were damaged by air attack from Henderson Field. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • British 8th Army entered Tunisia. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Tunny's crew found a six feet long black and yellow striped snake aboard and disposed of it. Later on the same day, she detected a hospital ship and chose not to take any action. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze evacuated troops from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish began her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Army Air Forces 70th Bombardment Squadron of 38th Bombardment Group, equipped with B-26 medium bombers, was transferred out of Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
Germany
  • In Germany, three days of national mourning began over the disaster at Stalingrad, Russia. All theatres, cinemas and night clubs were closed. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | AC]
Libya
  • Winston Churchill visited Tripoli, Libya and inspected British 8th Army. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | CPC]
Poland
5 Feb 1943
  • USS Permit began her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Italy
  • Benito Mussolini personally took over the Italian Foreign Ministry after firing his son-in-law Galeazzo Ciano. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | TH]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan for her 10th voyage with the Japanese Navy. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Nachi arrived at Sasebo, Japan and began a period of refitting. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • HMS Stronsay (T 178) under command of T/Lt. Arthur Fredrick Boumphrey, RNVR stuck a mine and sank in the western Mediterranean Sea off Philippeville, north-eastern Algeria. The trawler was on minesweeping patrol at the time. The mines had been laid by the German 3. S-boote Flottille. It had been thought that the trawler had been torpedoed by the Italian submarine Avorio, which had been operating in the area, but subsequent investigation shows that she arrived at the spot 24 hours after Stronsay was lost. Arthur Boumphrey survived and went on the command the MS trawler HMS Benbecula (T 379) until the end of the war. ww2dbase [AC, HM]
United Kingdom
  • Air Marshal John. C. Slessor was appointed Air officer Commanding (AOC) of RAF Coastal Command. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • Major General Alexander A. Vandegrift, commanding officer of US 1st Marine Division, was decorated with the Medal of Honor at a White House ceremony. ww2dbase [White House | Alexander Vandegrift | AC]
6 Feb 1943
  • Wilkinson Sword Limited received renewed contracts to produce more Fairbairn-Sykes commando daggers; they would be the firm's final government contracts of the war. ww2dbase [Fairbairn-Sykes | CPC]
  • USS Tunny patrolled off Shantou, China. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • The keel of escort carrier Wake Island was laid down in Vancouver, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [Wake Island | CPC]
  • Brazil, which was already at war with Germany and Italy, now declared war upon Japan. ww2dbase [AC]
Alaska
  • USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
Algeria
  • The convoy KMF-8 (Gibraltar to B?ne (now Annaba), Algeria) was attacked by two formations of German Ju 88 bombers of FK II and Heinkel 111 torpedo aircraft from 4th Staffel from II/KG.26 led by Hauptmann Rudolf Schmidt. The Flower-class corvette HMCS Louisburg was hit by bombs and torpedoes and sank. Less than half of the ship's crew were rescued. Two Heinkel aircraft were shot down with the crew being rescued by a Spanish trawler, the British freighter Fort Babine was torpedoed and damaged by the Heinkel IIIs of 4/KG.26. As the convoy sailed on to about 80 miles west of Algiers, German submarine U-77 (Oberleutnant zur See Otto Hartmann) attacked. The British merchant steamers Empire Banner and Empire Webster were torpedoed and sunk. ww2dbase [HM]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler met with Erich von Manstein at Rastenberg, East Prussia, Germany. The Field Marshal had been flown 900 miles from Donetsk, Ukraine to the F?hrer's Wolfsschanze headquarters in Hitler's personal Focke-Wulf Fw200 V3 "Immelmann III". At the four hour conference, only five days after the surrender at Stalingrad, Russia, the Army Group South commander persuaded Hitler to allow him to retreat to the River Mius. ww2dbase [Erich von Manstein | AC]
Hawaii Mariana Islands
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese transport in the Sunharon Roadstead off Tinian, Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. After sundown, she attacked a destroyer in the same area; the 1 torpedo fired missed. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS S-44 departed Naval Base Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [S-44 | CPC]
Poland
  • All female prisoners at Auschwitz Concentration Camp were gathered for a general roll call at 0330 hours then marched outside the camp. They were kept outdoors until 1700 hours, then were ordered to run back to the camp, prodded by swinging clubs. About 1,000 women died during this forced march. Those who were not able to keep up but survived were rounded up and sent to block 25 in the BIa sector of the camp, from which location they would later be transported to the gas chambers. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Feb 1943
African-American US Merchant Marine sailors R. C. Woods, A. M. Mulzac, W. B. Shepard, and S. O
7 Feb 1943
  • The Japanese Army completed Operation Ke, the evacuation of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands, as the final 1,796 soldiers were evacuated by 18 ships. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | TH]
  • The US Navy transferred two US submarine squadrons from Brisbane, Australia to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Tunny patrolled off Shantou, China. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Admiral William Halsey named Rear Admiral Richmond Turner the overall commander of the Russell Islands operation. ww2dbase [Richmond Turner | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek messaged Franklin Roosevelt, agreeing with Chinese support for an offensive into Burma. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze evacuated troops from Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Algeria
  • The 409-ton minesweeper trawler HMS Tervani (pennant number 4.110; Frederick George Blockwell, RNR) was sunk by the Italian submarine Platino off Cape Bougaroni, Algeria. Blockwell was killed in the attack. ww2dbase [HM]
China
  • He Yingqin departed Chongqing, China for India. ww2dbase [He Yingqin | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
India
  • Archibald Wavell visited Orde Wingate's Chindit headquarters 7 miles north of Imphal, India. Wingate was able to convince Wavell to continue the Chindit operations despite the fact that the offensive into Arakan, Burma was soon to be canceled. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British motor gun boat MGB 109 (BPB 72 feet-type class) fell victim of the mines laid around North Foreland, England, United Kingdom. The vessel did not sink and was helped back to port but was declared a total loss. ww2dbase [HM]
Photo(s) dated 7 Feb 1943
Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton and Lieutenant Richard OLieutenant Commander Dudley Morten (at open bridge) and Lieutenant Richard OUSS Wahoo arriving at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 7 Feb 1943USS Alabama at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, 7 Feb 1943
8 Feb 1943
  • Soviet troops captured Kursk, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • With German permission, the Council of Jewish Elders was established in Czechoslovakia, succeeding the Jewish Religious Congregation which was dissolved on 29 Jan 1943. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Tunny fired two torpedoes at Japanese freighter Kusayama Maru; both torpedoes missed, and the freighter returned fire. The second volley of two torpedoes also missed. The third volley of three torpedoes all scored, sinking the freighter 20 minutes later. This was Tunny's first confirmed kill. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Gefreiter (Private) Werner Wrangel of the German Panzerjager Battalion 183 became the only person to be awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class, Iron Cross 1st Class, and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross at the same time. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Subhash Chandra Bose departed Germany for Japan via submarine. ww2dbase [Subhash Chandra Bose | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Off the Canary Islands, German submarine U-521 (Kapit?nleutnant Klaus Heinrich Bargsten) fired a spread of torpedoes at convoy Gibr-2. One of the torpedo hit the large 760-ton Hill-class anti-submarine warfare trawler HMS Bredon (T 223), commanded by T/Lt. John Reginald Fradgley, at 0757 hours. She sank in two minutes, killing Fradgley, two officers, 40 ratings. Bargsten claimed to have sunk a tanker and a corvette with a further ship damaged, although Bredon was the only loss. ww2dbase [HM]
India
  • Brigadier Orde Wingate's first Chindit expedition departed from Imphal in India. The expedition's mission was to create havoc through ambush and sabotage behind the Japanese lines in Burma. The operation was entrusted to the 77th Infantry Brigade, comprising the 13th King's (Liverpool) Regiment, 3/2nd Ghurka Rifles, 142 Commando Company, 2nd Burma Rifles, eight RAF sections, a Brigade Signal section and a mule transport company. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | AC]
Japan
  • Shokaku entered drydock and remained there through the month. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan at 1600 hours, escorted by destroyer Yamagumo. At 2215 hours, at 42 miles east-southeast of Mikura Jima in the Izu Islands south of Tokyo, US submarine USS Tarpon sank her with about four torpedoes. Tatsuta Maru sank at 2237 hours, killing 1,223 passengers and 198 crew. Destroyer Yamagumo failed to find any survivors in the darkness and in the rough seas. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Feb 1943
Raising the flag at US Naval Training Center, Hunter College, Bronx, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943; the location was dedicated to the training of women for the US Navy and Coast GuardMess at US Naval Training Center, Hunter College, Bronx, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943; the location was dedicated to the training of women for the US Navy and Coast GuardNew WAVES and SPARS enlistees taking the oath in a ceremony held in front of New York City Hall, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943Twin sisters Ann Louise Budnick and Jule Louise Budnick talking with a WAVE personnel, New York City, New York, United States, 8 Feb 1943
See all photos dated 8 Feb 1943
9 Feb 1943
  • Allied authorities declared Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands secure after Japan evacuated its remaining forces from the island. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Soviet troops recaptured Belgorod, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The first Chindit operation began. Brigadier Orde Wingate took a force of 3,000 troops into Burma to conduct a guerrilla-style campaign behind Japanese lines. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | AC]
  • On Ambon Island in eastern Indonesia, the Japanese beheaded 85 Australian and Dutch prisoners. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Shoe rationing went into effect in the United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Gar began her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • HMS Erica (Lieutenant A. C. C. Charles Cuthbert Seligman) was mined and sunk whilst escorting a convoy from Benghazi, Libya to Alexandria, Egypt. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Chinese leaders Song Ziwen and He Yingqin, British leaders Archibald Wavell and John Dill, and American leaders Henry Arnold, Joseph Stilwell, Clayton Bissell, and Brehon Somervell met in Delhi, India. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked a Japanese transport and an escorting destroyer in the western Pacific; she claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | CPC]
  • George Kenney ordered a series of strong night attacks on Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Irako supplied food to seaplane tender Sanyo Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Army 72nd Fighter Squadron, consisting of 21 aircraft (Model P-40K), with a compliment of 25 officers and 229 men, departed for Bellows Field. The 19th Fighter Squadron arrived on board, with 32 aircraft (Model P-40F), 26 officers and 238 men. Note: the 72nd Fighter Squadron and its successor, the 19th Fighter Squadron, were on a constant alert status. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Mediterranean Sea
  • The first of seven Axis convoys left Italy with reinforcements bound for Tunisia but British aircraft from Malta, submarines, and minefields took a heavy toll. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | AC]
  • During the night, Canadian corvette Regina located and sank the Italian submarine Avorio (Lieutenant Leone Fiorentini) off Philippeville, Algeria. ww2dbase [HM]
Taiwan
  • USS Tunny fired torpedoes on a Japanese convoy in the Taiwan Strait, damaging one transport with two torpedoes. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-52 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
United States
  • The US Naval Dry Docks, Roosevelt Base was established near Los Angeles, California, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Feb 1943
Abandoned German Marder III tank destroyer in North Africa, 9 Feb 1943, photo 1 of 2Abandoned German Marder III tank destroyer in North Africa, 9 Feb 1943, photo 2 of 2An abandoned German 5 cm PaK 38 anti-tank gun in North Africa, 9 Feb 1943F2A-2 Buffalo fighter at rest, NACA Langley Research Center, Hampton Virginia, United States, 9 Feb 1943
10 Feb 1943
  • The German Central Construction Office (Bauleitung) reported that it could not meet the deadline for the construction of Crematorium II at Auschwitz Concentration Camp due to the fact that, of the 500 masons requested, only 30 were available. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Fw 190 aircraft over Rostov on Don, Russia, sharing the credit with other pilots. ww2dbase [Yekaterina Budanova | CPC]
  • The US Liberty ship Starr King was torpedoed by the Japanese submarine I-21, 150 miles east of Sydney, Australia. By the time that the Australian destroyer HMAS Warramunga arrived in the early afternoon, Starr King was awash from her bridge aft and her crew had abandoned ship, but they re-boarded when Warramunga tried to take the 7,176-ton vessel in tow. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands to escort damaged destroyer Maikaze to Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty officially announced the loss of submarine HMS Utmost, sunk by Italian gunboat Groppo off Sicily, Italy on 25 Nov 1942. ww2dbase [AC]
Hawaii Japan Photo(s) dated 10 Feb 1943
Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton describing USS WahooAerial view of Vega Baja Auxiliary Airdrome, Puerto Rico, 10 Feb 1943BGen Westside T Larson, CO of Antisub Command in England, commends Capt Jack H Shaw, Navigator of B-24D Liberator ?Tidewater Tillie,? at RAF St Eval, Cornwall, England after the aircraft sank a German U-Boat in the Bay of Biscay.
11 Feb 1943
  • Admiral Yamamoto transferred his flag from Yamato to Musashi at Truk. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
  • Amon G?th was assigned to oversee the construction of the Plasz?w labor camp in Poland. ww2dbase [Amon Göth | CPC]
  • General Dwight Eisenhower was selected to command the Allied forces in Europe. ww2dbase [Dwight Eisenhower | CPC]
  • US Liberty ship Starr King, while in tow by Australian destroyer HMAS Warramunga after receiving damage from an attack by Japanese submarine I-21 on the previous day, sank at 0230 hours. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber piloted by Gerhard Weber and shared the credit for downing a Fw 190 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grampus departed Brisbane, Australia for her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Grampus | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Admiral Yamamoto broke his flag aboard Musashi at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Musashi | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Fiji
  • USS New Mexico arrived at Nandi, Fiji. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: The 243rd and 244th Marine Scouting/Bombing Squadrons (VMSB-243 & VMSB-244) arrived on board, aircraft based at Ewa. The officers and men departed for Ewa on the 26th of February. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • Japanese 6th Field Kempeitai departed Hiroshima, Japan aboard transport Aden Maru for Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Tunny set sail for Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Poland United States
  • Ryan Aeronautical received a US Navy contract to build three piston-jet mix-powered prototype fighters. ww2dbase [FR Fireball | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Feb 1943
WAVES personnel posing with High Standard Model B pistols at an indoor range at Treasure Island Naval Base, California, United States, 11 Feb 1943WAVES personnel in quarters, Washington, DC, United States, 11 Feb 1943; L to R: Storekeeper 3rd Class H. Huse, Storekeeper 3rd Class H. Barr, Radioman 3rd Class W. Crilry, Seaman 2nd Class L. GridleyTwo women amidst a wrecked building, Newbury, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom, 11 Feb 1943
12 Feb 1943
  • German engineering firm J. A. Topf und S?hne sent a letter to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland, confirming that it had received the order to build Crematoriums II and III at the camp. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Rostov, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German troops fell back from Krasnodar to the Kuban defensive positions in southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • USS Mingo was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander Ralph Lynch, Jr. in command. ww2dbase [Mingo | CPC]
  • Pogy was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Pogy | CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs stepped down as the commanding officer of German Armeegruppe B. ww2dbase [Maximilian von Weichs | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Maikaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Poland Photo(s) dated 12 Feb 1943
Corporal Larry Corletti, Private Murril Chapman, and Private Louis Robles practicing abandoning a M3 medium tank at Camp Polk, Louisiana, United States, 12 Feb 1943
13 Feb 1943
  • The Jews of Djerba, Tunisia were ordered to pay 10 million Francs to the local German occupation administration. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits crossed the Indian-Burmese border at Tonhe. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was named the commanding officer of German 46th Infantry Division. ww2dbase [Karl von Le Suire | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • F4U-1 Corsair aircraft of US Marines squadron VMF-124 made their first operational debut, escorting a US Navy Catalina aircraft on a Dumbo search and rescue mission, 200 miles north of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [F4U Corsair | AC]
Trinidad
  • USS S-44 arrived at Trinidad. ww2dbase [S-44 | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama arrived at Casco Bay, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Alabama | CPC]
  • USS Ancon arrived at New York, New York, United States. Later that day, she was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet Amphibious Forces. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
14 Feb 1943
  • German troops launched an offensive against American forces at and near Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of Faïd Pass and Sidi Bouzid | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked and claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport in the western Pacific; she reported 3 torpedoes expended and 2 hits. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | CPC]
Burma
  • Orde Wingate's first Chindit expedition, which had set off in great secrecy four days earlier, reached and crossed the Chinwin River badly behind schedule. Here, an agitated Wingate would discover that an RAF supply drop, which included letters from home, had fallen into Japanese hands, compromising security. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | Orde Wingate | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Poland
  • Commandant Rudolf H?ss of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp issued Garrison Order No. 3 which instructed the SS guards to "maintain an appropriate distance from the prisoners" to order to prevent the spread of typhus which was rampant among the prisoners. ww2dbase [Auschwitz Concentration Camp | Rudolf Höss | CPC]
15 Feb 1943
  • American forces in Tunisia launched a counterattack at Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. Though achieving some results, the Americans suffered heavy casualties and lost 46 medium tanks. ww2dbase [Battle of Faïd Pass and Sidi Bouzid | CPC]
  • The US military established Commander, Aircraft, Solomons in the Solomon Islands with Rear Admiral Charles Mason as its head. It was to oversee all air operations in the region across Army, Navy, and Marine ground-based aircraft. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Colonel M. Z. Kiani took command of the Indian National Army. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Starting at 0340 hours, a total of 34 US B-17 bombers in four waves attacked Rabaul, New Britain, dropping 98,000 pounds of various bombs including flares, 300-pound demolition bombs, 100-pound daisy cutter bombs, 20-pound fragmentation bombs, and incendiary bombs, damaging aircraft and destroying food stores, oil drums, and ammunition dumps; three bombs were lost on this mission. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing transport Nankai Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
French Indochina
  • More than 500 Japanese troops entered the French treaty port of Kouang-Tch?ou-Wan (Chinese: Guangzhouwan) in southern China. This territory was forcibly leased from Qing Dynasty China via the Sino-French Treaty of 15 Nov 1899 and was administered by French Indochina. The Japanese kept the Vichy French governor in charge as a puppet. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Oberst Edgar Gl?sche was relieved from his position as the commandant of the Oflag IV-C prisoners of war camp at Colditz Castle, Germany as he was transferred to Ukraine. He was to be replaced by Oberstleutnant Gerhard Prawitt. ww2dbase [Colditz Castle | CPC]
  • British prisoner of war Lieutenant Michael Alexander, who had conjured up a relationship with General Harold Alexander, was transferred to the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany; he was placed in the same cell with Giles Romilly, Winston Churchill's nephew. ww2dbase [Colditz Castle | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Fighting Squadron 11 (VF-11; Model F4F) arrived. Departed 18 Feb 1943. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
  • USS Wahoo completed her scheduled overhaul at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy JW-53 departed Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • Yolande Unternahrer joined the British Special Operations Executive (SOE). ww2dbase [Yolande Beekman | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Feb 1943
San Francisco off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 15 Feb 1943
16 Feb 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland, and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Soviet forces recaptured Kharkov, Ukraine. ww2dbase [Third Battle of Kharkov | TH]
  • Dr. Mildred Harnack-Fish, a member of German resistance, was beheaded at Plotzensee Prison near Charlottenburg, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Norwegian commandos parachuted into Norway, meeting up with the reconnaissance party near Telemark. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was promoted to the rank of the Marshal of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Aleksandr Vasilevsky | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback departed Brisbane, Australia for her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 17 US B-17 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain before dawn. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyers Nowaki and Shiratsuyu at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
France Germany
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered the Warsaw ghetto in Poland to be liquidated. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
  • Robert von Greim was promoted to the rank of Generaloberst. ww2dbase [Robert von Greim | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Masafumi was relieved as the commanding officer of Shokaku; the successor was unknown. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima stepped down as the commanding officer of carrier Shokaku and was named the chief aviation training officer at the Navy Ministry. ww2dbase [Masafumi Arima | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • The US submarine Amberjack was sunk by the Japanese torpedo boat Hiyodori off Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. ww2dbase [Amberjack | AC]
Tunisia
  • German forces captured Sidi Bouzid and Sbeitla, Tunisia. The British 8th Army entered Tunisia, spearheaded by the 7th Armoured Division. ww2dbase [Battle of Faïd Pass and Sidi Bouzid | CPC, AC]
United States
  • USS Ancon entered Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States to be converted to a combined headquarters and commications command ship. ww2dbase [Norfolk Navy Yard | Ancon | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale completed her refitting at Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Feb 1943
USS Hoe underway off the east coast of the United States, 16 Feb 1943Knocked out and abandoned T-34 medium tanks line the streets of Kharkov, Ukraine, Feb 1943
17 Feb 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • American forces east of Kasserine Pass, Tunisia retreated into the pass. ww2dbase [Battle of Faïd Pass and Sidi Bouzid | CPC]
  • Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder became AOC-in-C Mediterranean Air Command with responsibility for all air operations. ww2dbase [Arthur Tedder | AC]
  • Adolf Hitler arrived at the headquarters of German Army Group South. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo declared readiness for her next war patrol while at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • Legendary Russian fighter pilot Lydia Litvak (The White Rose of Stalingrad) was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | AC]
United States US Pacific Islands
  • USS Haddock arrived at Midway, ending her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Haddock | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Feb 1943
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States and Song Meiling of the Republic of China, Washington DC, United States, 17 Feb 1943On the day of her commissioning, USS Lexington (Essex-class) makes slow headway through the icy waters of Boston harbor, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 17 Feb 1943.
18 Feb 1943
  • At the Berlin Sport Palace, Goebbels announced the implementation of total war in Germany, bringing women into the industrial war effort. In the same speech, he also called Jews "the root of evil in the world". ww2dbase [Joseph Goebbels | TH]
  • The Gestapo arrested Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie, members of the White Rose, for opposing the Nazi German regime. They were tried for treason by Judge Roland Freisler, found guilty, and executed in Stadelheim Prison in Munich as traitors on 22 Feb 1943. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 1,220 Polish Jews, 860 of whom children, arrived at the British Palestine after traveling through Russia, Iran, and India. They had to travel to Palestine by sea via India due to Iraq's refusal to allow the group to enter its borders. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Song Meiling addressed the House of Representatives of the United States Congress. ww2dbase [Song Meiling | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel submitted a plan to Albert Kesselring and the Italian High Command for attacking the Americans guarding the Tunisian-Algerian border. ww2dbase [Battle of Kasserine Pass | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands to escort transport Gokoku Maru to Gasmata, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • The Northwest African Air Forces (NWAAF) commanded by Major General Carl A. Spaatz came into existence under the Allied Mediterranean Air Command. ww2dbase [Carl Spaatz | AC]
France Hawaii Japan
  • Destroyer Yuzuki departed Yokosuka, Japan for the Central Pacific. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Down to only 13 flyable P-40 fighters, USAAF 33rd Fighter Group was withdrawn from Telepte Airfield in Tunisia. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In the British House of Commons 121 Ministers of Parliament (97 Labour members and including former prime minister David Lloyd George in his last ever vote in the House) condemned the Government for its failure to back the Beveridge Report. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • The construction for a large electromagnetic separation plant for enriching uranium, codenamed Y-12, began construction at Manhattan Project's Oak Ridge site in Tennessee, United States. ww2dbase [Operation Trinity and Manhattan Project | Clinton Engineer Works | CPC]
  • During a test flight from Renton near Seattle, Washington, United States a serious engine fire developed in the second XB-29 prototype aircraft. Test pilot Eddie Allen tried desperately to get back to the airfield but the huge bomber crashed into a packing plant killing the entire crew and a number of civilian workers in the building. ww2dbase [B-29 Superfortress | AC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Feb 1943
Song Meiling addressing the House of Representatives of the United States Congress, 18 Feb 1943, photo 1 of 4Song Meiling addressing the House of Representatives of the United States Congress, 18 Feb 1943, photo 2 of 4Song Meiling addressing the House of Representatives of the United States Congress, 18 Feb 1943, photo 3 of 4Song Meiling addressing the House of Representatives of the United States Congress, 18 Feb 1943, photo 4 of 4
19 Feb 1943
  • Rommel launched a surprise counter-attack at Kasserine Pass, Tunisia, overwhelming the fresh but inexperienced Americans. ww2dbase [Battle of Kasserine Pass | AC]
  • German Army Group South began a counteroffensive toward Kharkov, Ukraine and Belgorod, Russia. ww2dbase [Third Battle of Kharkov | CPC]
  • USS Runner attacked a Japanese transport and an escorting destroyer in the western Pacific; she claimed the sinking of a Japanese transport, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired; four torpedoes were fired at the destroyer without any hits. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler departed the headquarters of German Army Group South. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Hamakaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Feb 1943
Jorge Vargas, President of the Japanese-sponsored Philippine Executive Commission, speaking in public with his daughter, 19 Feb 1943American Red Cross assistant field director Herbert M. Sifford grinding coffee in a camp near Tebessa, Tunisia before heading out to meet soldiers, 19 Feb 1943British PIAT team on exercise at a firing range in Tunisia, 19 Feb 1943
20 Feb 1943
  • US carrier aircraft attacked the Japanese naval base at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [TH]
  • American movie studio executives agreed to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German and Italian troops defeated American troops at Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, but the force attacking Sbiba Pass was met with strong resistance. ww2dbase [Battle of Kasserine Pass | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-133 foundered and sank at Coos Bay, Oregon, United States. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Germans made the first use of their new 15 cm Nebelwerfer 41 rocket launcher against the western allies at Kasserine Pass in Tunisia. ww2dbase [15 cm NbW 41 | AC]
  • Hubert Lanz stepped down as the commanding officer of Armeeabteilung Lanz. ww2dbase [Hubert Lanz | CPC]
  • Hartwig von Ludwiger was made the commanding officer of 704th Infantry Division. ww2dbase [Hartwig von Ludwiger | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Germany US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tunny arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Tunny | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Commander Albert Burrows was named the commanding officer of USS Whale, relieving Lieutenant Commander John Azer. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Feb 1943
General Homma and Jorge Vargas, 20 Feb 1943General Pavel Rybalko in Kharkov, Ukraine, late Feb 1943
21 Feb 1943
  • The Red Army of the Soviet Union celebrated its 25th Birthday. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Axis troops pushed American troops back toward Thala, Tunisia and threatened to cross the Tunisian-Algerian border. By this date, the Americans had lost 100 tanks, 55 heavy guns, and 80 trucks. ww2dbase [Battle of Kasserine Pass | CPC]
  • In the Russell Islands, US Marine Corps 3rd Raider Battalion landed at Pepesala Point, Pavavu while US Army 43rd Infantry Division landed on Banika. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Gasmata, New Britain, Bismarck Islands to escort transport Gokoku Maru to Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The German submarine U-623 was sunk by a torpedo from RAF Coastal Command Liberator "T" aircraft of No. 120 Squadron flown by Squadron Leader Isted in the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [AC]
Australia
  • USS Greenling departed Brisbane, Australia with Australians and New Britain natives on board; they were to serve on New Britain as coast watchers. ww2dbase [Greenling | CPC]
French Morocco
  • USAAF 33rd Fighter Group and its remaining 13 flyable P-40 fighters arrived in the rear area at Agadir, Morocco. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii
  • US Marine Aircraft Group 21 was transferred to USS Nassau at Ford island (with 54 Wildcat fighters) for further transfer to the South Pacific. ww2dbase [Pearl Harbor Navy Base and Ford Island Naval Air Station | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo was drydocked at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Red Army's 25th anniversary was celebrated in London, England, United Kingdom with a massed gathering at the Albert Hall. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden represented the government while other notable celebraties present included Dame Sybil Thorndike and Commander Ralph Richardson RNVR. ww2dbase [Anthony Eden | AC]
United States
  • Submarine Bluefish was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by the wife of Robert Y. Menzie. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Bluefish | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Feb 1943
Launching of submarine Bluefish, Croton, Connecticut, United States, 21 Feb 1943Submarine Bluefish shortly after launching, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 21 Feb 1943
22 Feb 1943
  • German Armeegruppe Mitte launched an offensive between the Dneiper and Donets Rivers in southern Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie, members of the White Rose, were executed in Stadelheim Prison in Munich, Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Air Marshall Sir Arthur Harris was appointed chief of RAF Bomber Command with a new remit: attempting to hit specific military and industrial targets was, in the main, to be abandoned in favour of the most densely built-up areas of German cities. The area bombing directive essentially said that if the RAF cannot destroyed the factories it should destroy the homes and the morale of the workforce. ww2dbase [Arthur Harris | AC]
  • Norwegian Minister President Vidkun Quisling ordered the mobilization of 35,000 men for construction of roads, railways, and military-related facilities. Two Lutheran church leaders who protested were arrested and imprisoned in the Grini Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [Vidkun Quisling | CPC]
  • Bulgaria agreed to a German demand to deport 11,000 Jews from 23 communities in Thrace and Macedonia, occupied areas of Yugoslavia and Greece. They were sent to Treblinka Concentration Camp where many of them died subsequently. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill was said to be "on the mend" after a severe fever. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | CPC]
  • Allied troops pre-emptively struck the Axis attacking forces near Thala, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of Kasserine Pass | CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits reached Tonmakeng, Burma. Orde Wingate ordered an attack on a nearby Japanese garrison at Sinlamaung. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • German submarine U-606 sank British merchant ship Empire Redshank in the North Atlantic; 47 survivors were picked up by HMCS Trillium. ww2dbase [Trillium | CPC]
Belgium
  • The North American Mitchell II aircraft made its combat debut with the RAF when No. 98 and No. 180 Squadrons operating from Foulsham, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom attacked oil installations at Terneuzen in Belgium. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan United States
  • Iowa was commissioned into service at Brooklyn Naval Shipyard in New York, United States with Captain John L. McCrea in command. ww2dbase [Iowa | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1943
Commissioning ceremony of USS Iowa, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 22 Feb 1943
23 Feb 1943
  • US carrier aircraft attacked Japanese installations in the Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Erwin Rommel ordered his forces in western Tunisia to move east to avoid being attacked on both sides. ww2dbase [Battle of Kasserine Pass | CPC]
  • German U-boats using acoustic homing torpedoes sank seven tankers in a North Atlantic convoy. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova was awarded the Order of the Red Star. ww2dbase [Yekaterina Budanova | CPC]
  • HMCS Trillium rescued 58 survivors of US merchant ship Chattanooga City and 53 survivors of US merchant ship Expositor, both of which were sunk by German submarine U-606 in the North Atlantic on the previous day. ww2dbase [Trillium | CPC]
  • German submarine U-603 sank Norwegian merchant ship Glittre in the North Atlantic. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS Dianthus rescued 34 survivors of Norwegian merchant ship Glittre in the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [Dianthus | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak was awarded the Order of the Red Star and was promoted to the rank of junior lieutenant. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese Navy Yokosuka 7th Special Naval Landing Force disembarked 1,807 men at Kolombangara, New Georgia. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Harusame at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Armory turned over to station. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
  • USS Wahoo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Poland
  • Germans brought 39 Jewish prisoners from Auschwitz II-Birkenau to Block 20 of Auschwitz I in occupied Poland. These prisoners, aged 13 to 17, were killed by phenol injections administered by SS-Unterscharf?hrer Herbert Scherpe in the evening. These prisoners were originally from the Zamosc region of Poland. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Feb 1943
Alexandros Sakellariou (left) and Captain A. Golemis (right) aboard cruiser Giorgios Averoff, Port Said, Egypt, 23 Feb 1943Alexandros Sakellariou aboard cruiser Giorgios Averoff, Port Said, Egypt, 23 Feb 1943
24 Feb 1943
  • The US 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), also known as "Merrill's Marauders", began their campaign in northern Burma. ww2dbase [TH]
  • On Ambon Island in Eastern Indonesia, the Japanese beheaded 132 Australian and Dutch prisoners. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Omar Bradley arrived in French Algeria. ww2dbase [Omar Bradley | CPC]
  • USS Iowa began her shakedown cruise in Chesapeake Bay on the east coast of the United States. ww2dbase [Iowa | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The Madoera, a 9,283-ton Dutch steam merchant ship, was torpedoed and damaged by German submarine U-653. The crew immediately abandoned ship in several lifeboats but the master J. Lassche, decided at daylight to re-board the ship with fifteen of his crew and the chief to inspect the damaged bow of the ship. The bow was now deeper in the water, while one boiler had remained operational and they managed to reduce the list to the bow and the water in No. 2 hold and in the engine room levelled. The ship got underway at 4 knots for St. John's, Newfoundland, but after several days, she ran into an ice field about 200 miles off of the Newfoundland coast. Meanwhile, one lifeboat with three Lascar seamen came across a lifeboat with 23 survivors from the SS Jonathan Sturges, which had been sunk by German submarine U-707 shortly before Madoera was hit. The Dutch lifeboat had already picked up 12 survivors from the same ship from rafts and took over six others to equalize the number of survivors in each boat. Another lifeboat containing the second engineer G. van der Vuurst, two Dutch greasers and several natives was found by German submarine U-591; Vuurst was taken aboard and later transferred to U-758. ww2dbase [HM]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Hawaii Photo(s) dated 24 Feb 1943
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States and Song Meiling of the Republic of China, Washington DC, United States, 24 Feb 1943, photo 1 of 2First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States and Song Meiling of the Republic of China, Washington DC, United States, 24 Feb 1943, photo 2 of 2Photographers taking pictures of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States and Song Meiling of the Republic of China, Washington DC, United States, 24 Feb 1943Instrument panel of a Martin PBM-3R Mariner stationed at the Naval Air Station Banana River, Florida, United States, 24 Feb 1943. Photo 1 of 3.
See all photos dated 24 Feb 1943
25 Feb 1943
  • Battle for Kasserine Pass in Tunisia closed with the Americans, inexperienced and poorly led, suffered a major defeat. Nevertheless, the Americans would regain the pass at the end of the battle as overall strategy dictated the Axis forces to withdraw back into northern Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of Kasserine Pass | TH]
  • Princeton was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Princeton | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur issued his campaign plan for the Southwest Pacific while arguing that a campaign through the Central Pacific would be "time consuming and expensive in our naval power and shipping." ww2dbase [Douglas MacArthur | CPC]
  • After not being able to locate Sinlamaung, Burma in the past three days, the Chindit unit assigned to attack the Japanese garrison there finally found the village. They found the Japanese garrison had already departed, however. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • British aircraft bombed and sank the 9,036-ton merchant steamer Alcomo which had been taken over from the Vichy French by the Italian maritime authorities and renamed. The ship had originally been the British Hermes and had been in Algiers in Jun 1940 when the Vichy French impounded her. ww2dbase [HM]
France
  • The submarine HMS Torbay (Lieutenant R. J. Clutterbuck, RN) damaged the 80-ton Italian auxiliary minesweeper Monte Argentario with gunfire off Ajaccio, Corsica, France. Clutterbuck had seen the small vessel earlier but had resisted an attack in the hope that a bigger target would appear. The wait proved fruitless and so he surfaced two nights later and opened fire with the deck gun. The minesweeper was driven ashore by her crew and the action was broken off when the submarine came under fire from a shore battery. ww2dbase [HM]
Japan
  • I-168 arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • Captain Yoshijiro Imaizumi was named the commanding officer of Naka while the ship was at Maizuru, Japan. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit fired five torpedoes at a Japanese transport off Japan; all four torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
United States
  • USS Copahee departed San Diego, California, United States. ww2dbase [Copahee | CPC]
  • US 11th Airborne Division was activated at Camp Mackall, North Carolina, United States under the command of Major General Joseph M. Swing. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Feb 1943
An American M3 Grant tank near Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, late Feb 1943
26 Feb 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Saipan, departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • The German government issued the order that Eastern European workers who were originally sent to concentration camps for a temporary basis were now to be held at the camps indefinitely. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • USS Argonaut was struck from the US Naval Vessel Register. ww2dbase [Argonaut (Argonaut-class) | CPC]
  • In Burma, Orde Wingate lectured his officers about the British practice of worshipping gallant losers, citing the celebration of those who succeeded in the Dunkirk evacuation without placing blame on the same leaders whose failures made such an evacuation necessary. ww2dbase [Orde Wingate | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Whilst attacking USAAF bombers returning to their bases in England, United Kingdom, German nightfighter pilot Ludwig Becker was shot down over the North Sea off Schiermonnikoog, the Netherlands and killed. Earlier that day he had been given command of 12. Staffel of NJG 1 and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. He had 44 confirmed kills. ww2dbase [HM]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney arrived at Port Moresby, Australian Papua to personally take charge of organizing an attack on Japanese convoy Operation 81; this intelligence was provided by cryptanalysis. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi departed Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Germany Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Officers and men of the 243rd and 244th Marine Scouting/Bombing Squadrons (VMSB-243 & VMSB-244) departed for Ewa. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Mediterranean Sea
  • British submarine HMS Torbay (Lieutenant R. J. Clutterbuck, RN) sank the 1,327-ton German merchant Mariaeck (former French vessel Oasis, built 1938). The submarine opened fire with her gun about 30 nautical miles south of Cape Mele, Italy. Torbay also torpedoed and sank the 3,561-ton Spanish merchant vessel Juan de Astigarraga. Both ships were under German control. ww2dbase [HM]
Poland
  • The first transport of Roma and Sinti arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland; they were assigned to the BIIe sector at Auschwitz II-Birkenau and housed in what was called the "Gypsy camp" (Zigeunerlager); this sector would eventually grow to house 23,000 Sinti and Roma people; 20,000 of them would not survive the Holocaust. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The notorious SS Obergruppenfuhrer Theodor Eicke, formerly Inspector of Concentration Camps and now commanding the infamous Toenkopf Division, was killed when his aircraft was shot down about one kilometer southwest of Artelnoje in Ukraine. ww2dbase [AC]
United Kingdom
  • The British government authorized the use of the new water-skipping "Upkeep" bomb against German dams. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ancon's designation was officially changed from AP-66 to AGC-4 while undergoing conversion work at Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Norfolk Navy Yard | Ancon | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Feb 1943
American troops marching through the Kasserine Pass, Tunisia, 26 Feb 1943German Tiger I heavy tank and another vehicle on a road in Tunisia, 26 Feb 1943Commissioning ceremonies for Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 16 (MTBRon 16) at Higgins Boatworks in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 26 Feb 1943. Note Higgins 78-foot PT Boats and LCM landing craft in the distance.
27 Feb 1943
  • Jews in Berlin, Germany who were previously allowed to remain there due to their positions in the armaments industry were deported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Meanwhile, the Rosenstrasse protest began in Berlin by women who had married Jewish men. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire stepped down as the commanding officer of German 46th Infantry Division. ww2dbase [Karl von Le Suire | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • A lifeboat containing survivors of Dutch steam merchant ship Madoera, damaged by German submarine U-653 three days prior, was discovered. The 6 white survivors were picked up and later brought to La Pallice, France, but the 29 non-white sailors were left adrift. ww2dbase [HM]
Hawaii Japan
  • Nachi departed Sasebo, Japan. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Russia
  • Allied convoy JW-53 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Dilly Knox passed away from lymphoma in Britain. ww2dbase [Dilly Knox | AC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Midway Atoll, refueled, and then departed for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Feb 1943
Three A-20B Havoc attack aircraft, probably of 47th Bomb Group, US 12th Air Force, over Tunisia, 27 Feb 1943HMS Cumberland (left), HMS Obdurate (second from left), HMS Belfast (third from left), and HMS Faulknor (right) in the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia, 27-28 Feb 1943
28 Feb 1943
  • Construction began on the first full-scale plutonium production reactor in the world at Hanford, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [Operation Trinity and Manhattan Project | CPC]
  • Oyodo was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Oyodo | CPC]
  • Admiral Hipper was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Admiral Hipper | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur's staff completed a plan calling for a more deliberate advance in the Southwest Pacific. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese convoy Operation 81 assembled at Rabaul, New Britain and readied for departure scheduled for the next day. The convoy was consisted of 6 transports (carrying 6,000 troops and supplies), 1 old navy supply ship (carrying 600 Special Naval Landing Force troops), and 1 small freighter (carrying 1,650 drums of aviation gas); it was escorted by 8 destroyers. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane and a Blenheim aircraft over Akyab (now Sittwe), Burma, increasing his score to 23. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Germany
  • Werner Ehrhardt was named the commanding officer of German cruiser Prinz Eugen. ww2dbase [Prinz Eugen | CPC]
  • 712 RAF aircraft (457 Lancaster, 252 Halifax, and 3 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, Germany; 20 aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
Hawaii Norway
  • Six newly arrived Norwegian agents of the British Special Operations Executive (code named Gunnerside) joined the four agents already in place since Oct 1942 (code named Grouse) in sabotaging the Norsk Hydro-Elektrisk Vemork heavy water production plant in Telemark, Norway, thereby depriving German atomic weapons scientists of 500 kilograms of heavy water and near-future heavy water production capability. ww2dbase [Vemork Heavy Water Plant | AC, CPC]
Poland
  • A mistake in record-keeping at Auschwitz Concentration Camp caused registration information of the women's camp in Birkenau to be in a state of confusion. All female prisoners of Birkenau camp were gathered for a prolonged roll call which lasted the entire day to re-confirm camp records; at the same time, a selection also took place among the women, which condemned some of them to the gas chambers. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Ray was launched at Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States, sponsored by the wife of S. C. Loomis. ww2dbase [Ray | CPC]
  • Henry Arnold suffered his first heart attack and was hospitalized at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington DC, United States for several days. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale departed Midway Atoll for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Feb 1943
Light cruiser Oyodo at Kure Naval Arsenal, Japan, circa 28 Feb 1943; note the 45m large catapult at stern which was later removed during conversionGerman Das Reich Division tank entering the outskirts of Kharkov, Ukraine, Feb-Mar 1943
1 Mar 1943
  • U-530 was assigned to the 10. Unterseebootflottille (10th Submarine Flotilla). ww2dbase [U-530 | CPC]
  • Cruiser K?ln was taken out of service and would remain so for one year. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • German troops began falling back from the Rzhev area in Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Heinz Guderian was appointed Inspector-General of Armoured Troops. ww2dbase [Heinz Guderian | AC]
  • US Marine Corps established its first medium bomber squadron, Marine Bomber Squadron 413, at Cherry Point, North Carolina, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits reached Zibyutaungdan, Burma and began to move into the Mu valley. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Submarine ShCh-205 was awarded guard ship status. ww2dbase [ShCh-205 | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Fw 190 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
  • Nikolai Kamanin stepped down as the commanding officer of 292nd Air Division; he was succeeded by Filipp Agaltsov. ww2dbase [Nikolai Kamanin | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • The Japanese convoy Operation 81 (consisted of 6 transports, 1 old navy supply ship, and 1 small freighter, carrying a total of 6,600 troops) departed Rabaul, New Britain. The convoy was discovered by Lieutenant Walt Higgins' B-24 patrol along the northern coast of New Britain at 1500 hours; 7 B-17 bombers were dispatched to attack, but they failed to locate the convoy. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • USS Greenling dropped off Australian and New Britain natives at Cape Orford, New Britain. They were to serve as coast watchers. ww2dbase [Greenling | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi arrived at Kupang, West Timor, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Hawaii
  • George Kenney and Richard Sutherland met with Chester Nimitz in Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215; Model F4U-1) on board. Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222; Model F4U-1) on board. Aviation Operations bldg. usably complete. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Newfoundland
  • The 9,283-ton Dutch steam merchant ship Madoera, damaged by German submarine U-653 five days prior, reached St. John's, Newfoundland after navigating through an ice field. ww2dbase [HM]
Russia
  • Allied convoy RA-53 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia; it was consisted of 30 freighters and was escorted by 31 warships. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
United States
  • The American Jewish Congress sponsored an event at the Madison Square Garden in New York City where 20,000 people gathered and called for Allied and neutral nations to provide sanctuaries for refugees and called for the United States and United Kingdom (ie. the British mandate of Palestine) to relax immigration restrictions. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1943
BT-13 on a runway at Minter Field, California, United States, 1 Mar 1943Troops of Soviet 144th Division on the move northwest of Vyazma, Russia, 1 Mar 1943; note ZiS-3 field gun barely visible, being towed by the horsesCaptured German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus at Red Army headquarters in Stalingrad shortly after his surrender, 1 Mar 1943
2 Mar 1943

Australian New Guinea
  • After nightfall, USS Greenling unloaded supplies off Cape Orford, New Britain for newly deployed coast watchers. ww2dbase [Greenling | CPC]
Burma
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits marched 20 miles along a road northeast of Pinlebu, Burma. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", claimed a Hurricane fighter over Burma, but the downing was not confirmed. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Isokaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels' diary entry on this date noted that "we are now definitely pushing the Jews out of Berlin" and expressing that many Jews were still in hiding in the city that needed to be found and deported. ww2dbase [Joseph Goebbels | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Yokosuka, Japan then sailed to Yokohama, Japan later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • In Battle of the Bismarck Sea, US and Australian fighters and short range bombers attacked Lae, Australian Papua while US B-17 bombers located and attacked the Japanese convoy Operation 81 at 0930 hours. The first attack on the convoy sank Kyokusei Maru. In the afternoon, another wave of bombers attacked the convoy, damaging Teiyo Maru. After dark, a Catalina aircraft of Australian 11 Squadron maintained contact with the convoy. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze rescued survivors of transport Kyokusei Maru in the Bismarck Sea. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • USS Permit sank a Japanese transport off Iwate, Japan, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Poland
  • At 2140 hours, Auschwitz Concentration Camp commandant Rudolf H?ss was informed that 15,000 Berlin Jews were being transported to the camp; he ordered that the prisoners must be kept in good health during the journey so that they could work at Auschwitz. ww2dbase [Auschwitz Concentration Camp | Rudolf Höss | CPC]
Ukraine
  • The Soviet 3rd Tank Army was destroyed near Kharkov, Ukraine which had only just been recaptured by the Soviets two weeks prior. ww2dbase [Third Battle of Kharkov | AC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Mar 1943
A TBF-1 Avenger of Torpedo Squadron VT-4 resting upside down on two of USS Ranger?s port stacks following a landing accident in the mid-Atlantic, 2 Mar 1943. Note the tailhook still hooked to the arresting cable.
3 Mar 1943
  • Hitler survived an assassination attempt. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | TH]
  • Soviet troops recaptured Rzhev, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The No. 4 Column of the Northern Group of the Chindits was ambushed and was nearly annihilated; Orde Wingate ordered the column to return to India. Meanwhile, the two columns of the Southern Group were ambushed by Japanese troops in the Mu valley after dark; both columns lost much equipment, while one of them was nearly wiped out. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze was attacked by US aircraft in the Bismarck Sea but sustained no damage. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Battle of the Bismarck Sea: In the morning, 7 Australian 100 Squadron Beaufort aircraft took off from an airfield on the coast of Milne Bay, Australian Papua to attack the Japanese convoy Operation 81; only 2 of them would reach the convoy due to poor weather, and the attack would cause no damage. Shortly after, more than 100 aircraft took off from Port Moresby, Milne Bay area, and the new Dobodura airfield, assembled over Cape Ward Hunt, and attacked the convoy beginning at 0955 hours; 7 transports and 3 destroyers were sunk or damaged by a combination of strafing, bombing, and skip-bombing. Rear Admiral Yutaka Kimura and Lieutenant General Hatazo Adachi had to be rescued off of damaged destroyers Shikinami and Tokitsukaze, respectively. In the late morning, several waves of bombers attacked the convoy; when one US B-17 bomber, "Double Trouble" was fatally damaged, the crew parachuted, and Japanese fighters shot at the parachutes, which was observed by the other Americans. In the mid-afternoon, B-25 bombers and B-17 bombers attacked the convoy, fatally damaged destroyer Arashio; after expending their bombs, the Americans strafed many Japanese survivors floating in the water. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for transport Nankai Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
China
  • He Yingqin arrived in Chongqing, China. ww2dbase [He Yingqin | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi departed Kupang, West Timor, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • USS Nassau arrived at Espiritu Santo in the morning with US Marine Aircraft Group 21 and its 54 F4F Wildcat fighters aboard. ww2dbase [CPC]
Poland
  • The 32nd transport from Berlin, Germany arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland in two trains, totaling 1,758 German Jews and 158 Norwegian Jews. 535 men and 145 women were registered into the camp from the first train, and 50 and 164 were registered from the second train. The remaining 1,022 were killed in gas chambers. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British anti-aircraft gunners used a new rocket projectile for the first time during an air raid on London, England, United Kingdom. Civilians descending into a new tube station at Bethnal Green to take cover became panicked by the unfamiliar sound and, believing they were being bombed, stampeded down the stairs. In the crush someone stumbled causing others to fall. Those behind, not being able to see what was happening below continued to press forward, and soon 300 bodies were piled up. Tragically 173 people were crushed to death or suffocated. For the sake of public morale, news of the tragedy was suppressed for another two years. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | AC]
  • Destroyer Stord was launched on Isle of Wight, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Stord | DS]
United States
  • USS Snook departed New London, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • Portland arrived at the Mare Island Navy Yard in California, United States for repairs and an overhaul. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | Portland | DS]
Photo(s) dated 3 Mar 1943
African-American boxers of US Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 3 Mar 1943High level bombing of a Japanese ship as viewed from a B-25 bomber of 13th Bomb Squadron, USAAF 3rd Bomb Group during the Battle of Bismarck Sea, 2-4 Mar 1943Aerial view of a Japanese ship from a low-flying B-25 bomber of 90th Squadron of USAAF 3rd Bomb Group during Battle of Bismarck Sea, 2-4 Mar 1943
4 Mar 1943
  • Richard Saul became the head of the British Air Headquarters Air Defences Eastern Mediterranean. ww2dbase [Richard Saul | CPC]
  • The Battle of the Bismarck Sea continued as US bombers sank already fatally damaged and abandoned destroyer Tokitsukaze and sank 6 landing barges that had arrived to rescue survivors of ships sunk on the previous day. After expending their bomb loads, American air crews strafed Japanese survivors floating in the sea. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | TH, CPC]
  • The Bulgarian government, in an attempt to protect Bulgarian Jews, fulfilled German pressure by deporting about 4,000 Greek Jews from the occupied territory of Thrace. These Greek Jews were eventually sent to concentration camps in Poland. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Bell was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Bell | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • At 0609 hours the unescorted 8,049-ton steam merchant ship City of Pretoria (Master Frank Deighton, OBE) was hit by two of three torpedoes from German submarine U-172 (Kapit?nleutnant Carl Emmermann) and sank after a heavy explosion about 320 miles northwest of the Azores. The ship was reported missing and presumed the master, 108 crew members, 24 gunners, six passengers and six apprentices were lost. One of the passengers was the third officer James Alister Whyte who had previously survived 51 days in a lifeboat after the sinking of City of Cairo by U-68 (Korvettenkapit?n Karl-Friedrich Merten) on 6 Nov 1942. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The 8,300-ton motor merchant California Star was built in 1938 by Burmeister & Wain, Copenhagen, Denmark for F. Leyland & Co. Ltd. (Blue Star Line) of London, England, United Kingdom. When en route from Wellington & Cristobal for Liverpool, England carrying 6,434 tons of general and refrigerated cargo, she was torpedoed by German submarine U-515 (Kapit?nleutnant Werner Henke) about 335 miles northwest of Flores, Azores. All lights went out and the ship stopped and because both starboard lifeboats were destroyed the crew began to abandon ship on the port side, but when the second port boat was being launched a coup de gr?ce hit on the port side at 2334 hours and the explosion destroyed the boat and killed all occupants. The remaining crew members had to abandon ship on rafts. The vessel sank by the bow a few minutes after being hit on the port side by a second coup de gr?ce at 2352 hours. The submarine surfaced to question the survivors and took the Second Officer George Cameron Smart as prisoner aboard. 45 crew were lost from a total of 64; one was taken prisoner. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The Canadian corvette HMCS Shediac (K-110) and the Canadian destroyer HMCS St. Croix (T 81) found German submarine U-87 west of Leixoes, Portugal. ww2dbase [HM]
Australia
  • George Kenney departed Australia for Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Post Office turned over to station. British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 from HMS Victorious ("USS Robin"), arrived on board. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
India
  • The Dutch Submarine HNLMS K XI commenced a long overdue refit at Bombay, India. K XI had last been refitted from Aug to Dec 1940. The refit lasted until early Feb 1944 due to low priority and lack of skilled labour and supervision at the Bombay Royal Dockyard. ww2dbase [HM]
Indian Ocean
  • At 0110 hours in the Indian Ocean, German submarine U-160 (Kapit?nleutnant Georg Lassen) attacked Allied convoy DN-21 hitting the 5,807-ton Empire Mahseer with two torpedoes. She and sank within two minutes. 17 crew members and one gunner were lost; the master, 29 crew members and six gunners were picked up by HMS Norwich City (FY 229) and landed at Durban, South Africa. At 0346 hours, she struck the same convoy again, firing two torpedoes. The 7,628-ton Marietta E. was sunk and the 4,868-ton Sheaf Crown was damaged. Four crew members and one gunner from Marietta E. (Master James Howard Williams) were lost. The master, 33 crew members and six gunners were picked up by the SAAF crash launch R-8 and landed at Durban, South Africa. The following British 10-ton landing craft were lost with the Marietta E.: HMS LCP(R)-673, HMS LCP(R)-680, HMS LCP(R)-684, HMS LCP(R)-685, HMS LCP(R)-689, HMS LCP(R)-692, HMS LCP(R)-693 and HMS LCP(R)-727. ww2dbase [HM]
Japan
  • USS Permit damaged Japanese transport Hokuto Maru just off of the coast of Iwate Prefecture, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
  • Nachi arrived at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • The German submarine U-83 under command of Kapit?nleutnant Ulrich W?risshoffer was sunk on south-east of Cartagena, Spain in the Mediterranean Sea by three depth charges dropped from a British Hudson aircraft. All 50 on board the submarine were lost. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sanked a Japanese ships in the East China Sea, hitting her with 3 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
Tunisia
  • While patrolling off Soussa, Tunisia the British submarine HMS Unseen destroyed the wreck of the 2,785-ton German merchant ship Macedonia that had been torpedoed and damaged by HMS P 35 on 13 Dec 1942. Macedonia had then been beached by her crew to prevent her from sinking. An air attack on 15 Dec 1942 had damaged her even further. Her cargo was being salvaged when Unseen attacked. There were no casualties. ww2dbase [HM]
United States
  • Colonel William Scobey, executive to the US Assistant Secretary of War, visited Jerome War Relocation Center in Arkansas, United States to recruit volunteers among the Japanese-American internees for combat duty. Of 1,579 eligible men, only 31 volunteered. ww2dbase [Jerome War Relocation Center | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Mar 1943
US 5th Air Force aircraft bracketed a Japanese transport with bombs, Battle of the Bismarck Sea, 4 Mar 1943Japanese ship burning after being attacked by the US 5th Air Force, Battle of Bismarck Sea, 4 Mar 1943Soviet anti-tank gunners with PTRD-41 rifles marching near Vyazma, Russia, 4 Mar 1943Aerial view of USS Alabama in the Atlantic Ocean, 4 Mar 1943
See all photos dated 4 Mar 1943
5 Mar 1943
  • Tirpitz completed post-refitting trials. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • Awa Maru was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Awa Maru | CPC]
  • The USAAF 14th Air Force was established in China. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • US B-25 bombers machine gunned a cluster of life rafts occupied by Japanese survivors of ships sunken during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank freighter Executive (9 were killed, 51 survived) and damaged freighter Richard Bland of Allied convoy RA-53 at 0924 hours; shortly after, 12 German He 111 aircraft attacked the convoy, but none of them were able to break through the escort screen. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Germany
  • British bombers attacked Krupp works at Essen, Germany; this was the Allies' first attack on this industrial region, which started what the Allies called the Battle of the Ruhr. This attack also saw the first successful use of Oboe, an aerial blind bombing targeting system. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Additional portions of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 arrived on board. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • I-168 departed Yokosuka, Japan for Paramushiro, Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • Irako sailed south from Fukajima, Japan with torpedo boat Hato in escort. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
  • Nachi refueled from oiler Teiyo Maru at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Poland
  • During a test run of Crematorium II at Auschwitz-Birkenau, it took 40 minutes to cremate 45 bodies. An observing commission, which included engineers from the firm J. A. Topf and Sons and SS officers, complained that the amount of time it took was too long. They instructed the prisoners who operated the crematorium to keep the generators running for several days to increase the temperature. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The first Gloster Meteor (DG206) aircraft made its maiden flight. The Meteor would go on to become the only turbojet powered Allied aircraft operational during the war. ww2dbase [Meteor | AC]
6 Mar 1943
  • Axis forces launched a failed pre-emptive strike, Operation Capri, in southeastern Tunisia near Medenine. The operation was canceled by the evening as Rommel concluded that his forces did not have the initiative of battle. ww2dbase [Battle of Medenine | CPC]
  • German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels called off a round of deportation of Jews from Berlin because of public protests at a Jewish home for the aged. He secretly ordered the deportations to resume after a few weeks when public sentiments would have eased off a little. ww2dbase [Joseph Goebbels | CPC]
  • Croatian Catholic Archbishop Stepinac protested the killing of Jews married to Christians to little effect. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • George Patton was named the commanding officer of the US II Corps. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued survivors of sunken Kiriha Maru and assisted Mitto Maru, which was damaged in the same attack. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | CPC]
  • The German 71st Werfer Regiment went into action in support of Field Marshal Rommel's disastrous tank attack on the Eighth Army at Medenine in Tunisia. Personally brought forward by Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) Count Claus von Stauffenberg, later organizer of the 1944 bomb plot against Hitler, the regiment's three batteries were rapidly knocked out by Allied fighter bombers-the dust thrown up by the launching of the Nebelwerfer rockets having revealed their camouflaged positions. ww2dbase [15 cm NbW 41 | AC]
  • The Chindits reached Wuntho-Indaw railway in Burma near Nankan and Pinlebu. They fought off the Japanese units guarding key points of the railway and proceeded to destroy tracks, blasted cliffs to cause rocks to fall onto tracks, mined rail bridges, and destroyed other rail bridges. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Light cruiser Astoria was launched. ww2dbase [Astoria (Cleveland-class) | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin was created a Marshal of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | AC]
  • Kanichi Kashimura was shot down by a F4F fighter over the Russell Islands in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Kanichi Kashimura | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 49th Fighter Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese aircraft attacked American positions at the Russell Islands in the Solomon Islands for the first time; these positions were manned by the US Marine Corps 11th Defense Battalion. Meanwhile, US warship bombarded the Vila-Munda area in New Georgia. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyers Maikaze and Hamakaze and began repairing destroyer Kawakaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi arrived at Ambon, Maluku, Dutch East Indies; she departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish hit a Japanese ship in the East China Sea with 3 of 7 torpedoes fired; she was lightly damaged by the subsequent depth charging.27,122.5 ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
United States
  • Destroyer Luce was launched at Bethlehem Mariners Harbor, Staten Island, New York, United States. She was sponsored by the wife of Stephen B. Luce, Jr., who was the grandson of Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce, who in turn was the namesake of the ship. ww2dbase [Luce | CPC]
  • Swedish steam tanker Sveadrott landed the master and nine survivors of Norwegian motor merchant Leif at Key West, Florida, United States. Leif was sunk by German submarine U-653 on 28 Feb 1942. ww2dbase [HM]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1943
Map depicting the Battle of Medenine in Tunisia, 6 Mar 1943Wildcat aboard Long Island, ready for launching, off Viti Levu, Fiji, 6 Mar 1943Covenanter tanks and towed artillery passing through a village during Exercise Spartan, Britain, 6 Mar 1943Covenanter tanks on the side of a road during Exercise Spartan, Britain, 6 Mar 1943
See all photos dated 6 Mar 1943
7 Mar 1943
  • Douglas MacArthur issued a communiqu? to USAAF squadrons in the South Pacific to congratulate them for the overwhelming success at the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Douglas MacArthur | CPC]
  • US Liberty Ship J. L. M. Curry of Allied convoy RA-53 broke in two in a storm. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Sailing from Liverpool, England, United Kingdom to New York, New York, United States in ballast, the 3,105-ton Norwegian motor merchant Jamaica was torpedoed by German submarine U-221 (Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Hartwig Trojer) at 1227 hours. The torpedo struck the refrigerated hold amidships breaking the vessel in two, both halves sinking within two minutes. 4 lifeboats were launched but owing to damaged only 2 of them were serviceable, the motor boat which had gone under with the ship surfaced, was righted and bailed out, 13 survivors getting into it. A gig held another 4 and as the submarine came in closer to question the crew and hit one of the lifeboats throwing all the occupants into the sea. The 3rd Engineer was picked up by the submarine crew who had then allowed him to swim back to another boat, another crewman however, was taken prisoner and later jumped overboard from the submarine and was drowned. Survivors were picked up by HMS Borage on 18 Mar 1943 after being spotted by a Flying Fortress aircraft on 9 Mar 1943. 21 of the crew were lost. There was controversy over the actions of the submarine, the Norwegians all testified that it had deliberately rammed the lifeboat and rendered it useless, and had thrown the 3rd Engineer, Odd A. Ernstsen back into the sea after taking his life jacket. The log of the submarine had an entry about the other crewman: "22.15 General quarters for exercise. The captured Englishman [sic] has the believe that we are about to attack a destroyer and jumps into the water after I had him brought up on the bridge to get some fresh air. He had already expressed this intention previously several times." If the man was English, then he must have been one of the two radio operators. Trojer had also been involved in the ramming of another submarine when on 8 Dec 1942, his boat accidentally rammed U-254 while the boats were on convoy operations in the North Atlantic. U-254 went down immediately with all but four of her crew (41 dead, including the commander). ww2dbase [HM]
  • At 0210 hours, German submarine U-230 (Kapit?nleutnant Paul Siegmann) attacked Allied convoy SC-121 south-southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland and torpedoed the 2,868-ton British steam merchant Egyptian. Siegmann thought that his victim sank and attacked the convoy again at 0925 hours. He claimed the sinking of another ship with 5,000 tons in the former position of the Egyptian, but it seems that both attacks were carried out on the same ship. The 6,116-ton British steamship Empire Impala, on passage New York to Hull with SC-121, was ordered to save the survivors of the torpedoed Egyptian and was not seen again. Empire Impala was most likely torpedoed by German submarine U-591 (Kapit?nleutnant Hans-J?rgen Zetzsche) and sank south east of Cape Farewell. She was lost with all on board. ww2dbase [HM]
Australian New Guinea
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Nachi departed Kashiwabara, Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands to escort a convoy to Attu, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • The 1,947-ton Italian steamship Balzac (formerly the British Tadorna) and the 1,984-ton French steamship Henri Estier were bombed and sunk by US aircraft 20 miles north-east-north of Zembra Island off the coast of Tunisia. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank a Japanese sampan off Hakkaido, Japan with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Poland South Africa
  • The 5,323-ton British merchant steamer Sabor, built in 1920, was en route from Port Said, Mombasa, Tamatave, and Durban for Table Bay and Rio De Janeiro carrying a cargo of 1,100 tons of salt ballast and 63 mail bags when she was torpedoed by German submarine U-506 (Kapit?nleutnant Erich W?rdemann) off of Mossel Bay, South Africa and sunk. Six crew lost from a total crew 58. The master, 41 crew members and nine gunners were picked up by the SAAF crash launch R-8 and landed at Mossel Bay. ww2dbase [HM]
Tunisia
  • Rearguard of the retreating Operation Capri forces engaged pursuing Allied forces in small-scale combat south of the Mareth Line in Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of Medenine | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • US Navy 10th Construction Battalion arrived at Canton, Phoenix Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Yugoslavia Photo(s) dated 7 Mar 1943
German Sturmf?hrer Zwiebel posing with an official automobile in Riga, Latvia, 7 Mar 19431943 Wellesley College poster for Song Meiling speechSubmarines Bonefish, Cod, Cero, and Corvina under construction at the Electric Boat Co. yard, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 7 Mar 1943
8 Mar 1943
  • American forces were attacked by Japanese troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • The American ban on sliced bread, originally intended on saving wrapping paper but was found to be ineffective, was lifted. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Germany, over 1,000 non-Jewish wives of deported Jewish men continued to protest in Berlin. Propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels released 1,500 Jewish men to stabilize the situation. ww2dbase [Joseph Goebbels | CPC]
  • Allied forces pursuing the retreating Operation Capri forces gave up the chase due to poor weather in southeastern Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of Medenine | CPC]
  • General Henry Arnold agreed to give Claire Chennault an air force independent from the USAAF, but maintained Chennault's position underneath Joseph Stilwell. ww2dbase [Claire Chennault | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • USS New Mexico arrived at Efate, New Hebrides. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • A lone Catalina flying boat of the US 53rd Patrol Squadron returning from a patrol spotted the German submarine U-156 east of Barbados. The submarine was on the surface with her crew sunbathing and fishing on deck, and with hatches open. The lookouts failed to spot the aircraft as it delivered its attack at sea level. Three bombs straddled the submarine which could soon be seen to be sinking fast. A rubber dinghy was dropped but when rescuers arrived no trace could be found of survivors. ww2dbase [AC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi arrived at Babo, Dutch New Guinea at 1015 hours. At 1212 hours, a PBY Catalina aircraft attacked Kamoi with 3 bombs, all of which missed. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
France
  • US bombers escorted by RAF Spitfires attacked the U-Boat supply centre of Rennes and Rouen in France. The accompanying Spitfire fighters claimed the destruction of 25 enemy fighters. ww2dbase [Bombing of Cities in France and Low Countries | AC]
Indian Ocean
  • The unescorted 7,176-ton American merchant ship James B. Stephens (Master John Edward Green Jr.) was hit by a torpedo on the port side from German submarine U-160 (Kapit?nleutnant Georg Lassen) in the Indian Ocean about 40 miles east of the South African coast. The crew began to abandon ship in four lifeboats and three rafts. About 10 minutes after the first hit, at 2032 hours, she suffered a second torpedo hit again on the port side, breaking her in two. The second explosion overturned one of the lifeboats, killing an armed guard of the ship who could not swim; all remaining 62 men aboard this ship would survive. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit attacked a Japanese convoy between Honshu island and Hokkaido island consisted of nine merchant ships and two escort vessels, sinking merchant ship Hisashima Maru, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold arrived in Kansas, United States. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Mar 1943
A Jeep brought litters to the B-17F Fortress ?The Old Man? of the 65th Bomb Squadron shortly after landing at Dobodura, New Guinea, Mar 8 1943. The B-17 was attacked by 13 Japanese fighters during a photo-recon mission over Gasmata, New BritainRighting Oklahoma during her salvage at Pearl Harbor, 8 Mar 1943Aerial view of the Boston Navy Yard, 8 Mar 1943. Note the three-masted square-rigged frigate and veteran of the War of 1812 USS Constitution near the top of the image.
9 Mar 1943
  • Erwin Rommel departed North Africa on account of health reasons. ww2dbase [Erwin Rommel | CPC]
  • Operation Boarding Party: SOE deployed the Calcutta Light Horse regiment to attack the German ship Ehrenfels in the neutral Portuguese port of Goa. This covert operation was not revealed to the public until 1978. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Bf 109 fighter, sharing the credit with other pilots. ww2dbase [Yekaterina Budanova | CPC]
  • German submarine U-586 sank US merchant ship Puerto Rican of Allied convoy RA-53 northeast of Iceland; 61 were killed, 1 survived. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • SS Oberstumbannfuhrer Joachim Peiper, formerly Heinrich Himmler's adjutant, was awarded the Knights Cross for outstanding leadership and bravery on the Eastern Front. ww2dbase [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Japanese Navy Kure 6th Special Naval Landing Force landed between Bairoko and Enogai and near the Munda airfield on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Minoru Ota, commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 8th Combined Special Landing Force, was given responsibility for the defense of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Minoru Ota | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish damaged a Japanese transport in the East China Sea with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
United States
  • 40,000 people attended an event at Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States organized by Peter Bergson to raise awareness of the Nazi extermination of European Jews. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Mar 1943
Launching of USS Corvina at the Electric Boat Company yard, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 9 Mar 1943
10 Mar 1943
  • The Japanese Navy removed Tatsuta Maru from the Navy List. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • Claire Chennault was promoted to the rank of major general and placed in command of the newly formed USAAF 14th Air Force in China. ww2dbase [Claire Chennault | CPC]
  • Axis forces participating in the failed Operation Capri attack in southeastern Tunisia fell back to the Mareth Line. ww2dbase [Battle of Medenine | CPC]
  • The German Gestapo organization sent 11 Polish men and 11 Polish women from Bielsko, Poland to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Captain Teruhiko Miyoshi was named the commanding officer of battleship Mutsu. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
  • Daly was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Daly | CPC]
  • The No. 1 Column of the Northern Group of the Chindits destroyed the rail bridge at Kyaikthin, Burma and crossed the Irrawaddy River with the help of locals. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • German submarine U-255 sank freighter Richard Bland of Allied convoy RA-53; 61 were killed, 1 survived. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Alaska
  • Nachi arrived at Attu, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Navy squadrons VF-26, VF-27, and VF-28, all equipped with F4F fighters, were assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
China
  • Lin Sen was involved in an automobile accident in Chongqing, China. ww2dbase [Lin Sen | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived in waters off Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Group Captain Sidney Bufton replaced Air Commodore J. W. Baker as the Director of Bomber Operations at the Air Ministry in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • George Kenney and Richard Sutherland arrived at Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Mar 1943
The launch of submarine Apogon, 10 Mar 1943Recruit of Indianapolis on
11 Mar 1943
  • Tirpitz departed Trondheim, Norway. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel received Diamonds to his Knight's Cross medal. ww2dbase [Erwin Rommel | CPC]
  • German RSHA organization ordered that all Jews in the criminal rehabilitation system were to be sent to Auschwitz or Majdanek concentration camps, where they would remain indefinitely, after they served their sentences. Meanwhile, Bulgarian troops arrested 7,100 Macedonian Jews and deported them to the new Skopje Concentration Camp in Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Joseph Goebbels ordered the SS and Security Police to round up the 4,000 Berlin Jews who had escaped Operation Factory at the end of Feb 1943. ww2dbase [Joseph Goebbels | CPC]
  • British Secretary of State for Air Sir Archibald Sinclair spoke at the House of Commons, noting that "[t]he past 12 months have been marked by striking changes in the conduct and effectiveness of... the pulverising offensive of Bomber Command.... The monster raids saturating the enemy's active and passive systems of defence is one example. A second example is the success achieved in finding, marking and illuminating targets which has contributed enormously to the recent triumphs of Bomber Command.... Praise the men who are striking these hammer blows at German might... fearless young men flying through storm and cold and darkness higher than Mont Blanc, through the flak, hunted by the night fighters, but coolly and skillfully identifying and bombing these targets." Some Members of Parliament, such as Mr. Montague, representing West Islington, voiced concerns for the "wanton destruction" delivered by the Bomber Command. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty officially announced the loss of submarine P311, suspected to have been lost to a mine in the Mediterranean Sea on 8 Jan 1943. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS New Mexico arrived at Samoa. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • At 0752 hours the 2,493-ton Honduran steam merchant Olancho was hit by a torpedo from German submarine U-183 about 30 miles west of Cape San Antonio, Cuba. The torpedo struck on the starboard side ripping open the hull and demolishing the wheelhouse and starboard engine wing. The engine room flooded immediately and the port engine could not be stopped thus the ship kept going at full speed in circles until the screw was clear of the water due to the settling by the bow. After another torpedo hit, the ship sank. The 41 crew members and five armed guards abandoned ship after the second torpedo hit in one lifeboat, on one raft and by jumping overboard. Two men went under with the suction of the sinking ship after they jumped from the stern and one was hit by the turning screw and later died after being picked up by the raft. Seven more survivors clung to a hatch cover. The occupants of the lifeboat and the nine men on the raft were picked up at 1255 hours by the Honduran steam merchant Choluteca. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | HM]
  • The destroyer HMS Harvester, flagship of the escort group B3, escorting convoy HX-228, stopped and picked up survivors from the American Liberty ship William C. Gorgas which had been sunk by German submarine U-757. The destroyer returned to the convoy and sighted German submarine U-444 which dived but was forced to the surface by depth charges. Harvester then rammed the submarine and the two vessels became locked for a while. The submarine then pulled away but was again rammed, this time by the French corvette FFL Aconit (K 58), and sank. The badly damaged British destroyer could not make way and was soon hit by two torpedoes from German submarine U-432. The ship sank quickly and seven officers, 136 crew and 39 survivors were lost. The French corvette then returned to the scene and sank U-432 with depth charges and ramming. She then picked up four crewmen from U-444, 20 from U-432 plus 60 from the Harvester, including 12 from the American Liberty ship. The 5,001-ton Norwegian steam merchant Brandt County was also sunk in the attack on convoy HX-228. Brandt County was carrying 5330 tons of general cargo, a large amount of carbide and 670 tons of ammunition. She was hit by one torpedo, which ignited her load of carbide. Of the five men on the bridge, three managed to get to the lifeboat and the other two died. Three of the four men in the engine room died and the fourth was unable to stop the engine but managed to get on deck. Among the dead were also eight military passengers. The 24 survivors abandoned ship in one lifeboat and when it was about 200 metres away the flames reached the cargo of explosives. The Brant County disappeared in a huge explosion, which sent pieces of metal and other debris in the air. The survivors were picked up after 30 minutes by the British steam merchant Stuart Prince. One of them was badly burned and died shortly thereafter. At 0215 hours German submarine U-590 joined in the attack and reported a ship sunk, in actual fact one torpedo hit the 5,464-ton British cargo ship Jamaica Producer the ship was able to continue and get to port where she was repaired and returned to service in May 1943. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | HM]
Baltic Sea
  • The 124-ton Danish trawler Inger hit a mine in the Baltic Sea and sank whilst travelling from Flensburg, Germany to ?rhus, Denmark; two of the four-man crew were killed. ww2dbase [HM]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Akizuki and began repairing auxiliary aircraft transport Keiyo Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Hawaii Indian Ocean
  • At 2310 hours the 4,986-ton unescorted British steam merchant Aelybryn was hit by two G7a torpedoes from German submarine U-160 in the Indian Ocean east-northeast of Durban, South Africa. The ship sank after being hit by a G7a coup de gr?ce shortly after. Nine crew members were lost. The master, 27 crew members and four gunners were picked up by the Portuguese steam passenger ship Louren?o Marques and landed at Capetown, South Africa. The submarine's commanding officer Oberleutnant zur See Gerd von Pommer-Esche mistakenly recorded the name of the sunken ship as "Arian". ww2dbase [HM]
  • HMS Norwich City (FY 229) rescued one of the lifeboats containing 19 survivors of American merchant ship James B. Stephens, which had been sunk by German submarine U-160 on 8 Mar 1943. The survivors would be taken to Durban, South Africa. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo arrived in waters between southern Japan and Taiwan. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its first flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia (the fourth flight of the design), reaching the altitude of 4,000 meters. ww2dbase [BI | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The royalist Yugoslavian government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom reported that German forces had executed 1,250 Serbians in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • The Pacific Military Conference began at the Munitions Building in Washington DC, United States. Henry Arnold, George Marshall, Ernest King, William Leahy, Geroge Kenney, and Richard Sutherland were among the attendees of the opening meeting. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
  • The request for the posthumous award of the Medal of Honor for Brigadier General Kenneth Walker was approved. ww2dbase [CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Haddock departed Midway for her fourth war patrol.C96,F111, ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Haddock | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Mar 1943
A female Japanese-American stenographer at the Jerome Relocation Center, Arkansas, United States, 11 Mar 1943
12 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokohoma for her 11th voyage with the Japanese Navy. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Tirpitz arrived at Bogen near Narvik, Norway. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • German troops evacuated Vyazma, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German occupation authorities in the Netherlands ordered Jews residing in eight of the country's eleven provinces to be deported to the Vught (Hertogenbosch) Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Italian workers conducted a strike. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German and Soviet troops engaged in heavy fighting at Kharkov, Ukraine. ww2dbase [Third Battle of Kharkov | CPC]
  • Manton Eddy gave George Patton the unofficial news of Patton's promotion to the temporary rank of lieutenant general. The promotion would be approved by the United States Senate within a few days. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Destroyer USS Belknap (DD 251) discovered lifeboats from damaged merchant ship Madoera and sunken merchant ship Jonathan Sturges and took on the survivors. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The U-130 (Oberleutnant zur See Siegfried Keller) was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west of the Azores by depth charges from the destroyer USS Champlin (DD-601). All 53 on board were lost. ww2dbase [Black May | HM]
  • The 3,176-ton French steam merchant Dalila was torpedoed by British boats in the North Sea off the coast of Gravelines, France. She had been scuttled in the arsenal of Cherbourg, France on 18 Jun 1940 on the orders of the British Admiralty. She was refloated and seized by the Germans in 1941. ww2dbase [HM]
  • In the Atlantic Ocean, the drifting wreck of the Liberty Ship Thomas Hooker (suffered structural damage during a hurricane before dawn on 6 Mar 1943; crew abandoned ship and took to the boats) was located by German submarine U-653 (Kapit?nleutnant Gerhard Feiler) which hit her with two torpedoes at 0209 hours and 0433 hours. The ship sank by the stern two minutes after the second torpedo hit. ww2dbase [Black May | HM]
China
  • Lin Sen suffered a stroke during a meeting with the Canadian delegation to Chongqing, China. ww2dbase [Lin Sen | CPC]
Germany Indian Ocean
  • Light cruiser HMS Nigeria picks up 30 survivors from the American merchant ship James B. Stephens, which had been sunk by U-160 on 8 Mar 1943. They would be landed at Durban, South Africa. ww2dbase [HM]
Italy
  • At 2210 hours the 3,100-ton Italian merchant ship Esterel was torpedoed by British submarine HMS Thunderbolt two miles north of San Vito Lo Capo, Sicily, Italy. Following the attack the torpedo boat Libra was ordered to seek out the attacker. ww2dbase [HM]
Mediterranean Sea
  • The British destroyer HMS Lighting (G55) departed B?ne, Algeria at 1745 hours to join Force Q for a sweep in the Mediterranean Sea. At 1851 hours Lightning was attacked by twelve German torpedo bombers; her anti-aircraft guns shot down one. At 2215 hours, German motor torpedo boat S-158 fired a torpedo at her. Lightning turned hard to port to comb the track of the torpedo, but she was nevertheless struck, severely damaging the bow. Commander Hugh Greaves Walters gave the order to stop so as to prevent further damage. As she slowed she was struck by a second torpedo beneath the funnel, which broke her in two. Her bow and stern sections remained vertical in the water for a while before sinking. 46 men were lost and 181 survived. One survivor was picked up by S-158 and the remaining 180 survivors (including Walters) were picked up some hours later by sister ship Loyal. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • The US submarine Plunger (SS-179) sank the 1,805-ton Japanese water carrier Taihosan Maru northeast of Ponape, Caroline Islands at about 0200 hours, hitting her with both of the two torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Plunger | HM]
Poland United States
  • Richard Sutherland presented the Elkton II plan for operations in the Pacific to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States. The plan was treated coldly by the JCS, as it did not wish to devote additional resources to the Pacific theater of war. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Mar 1943
PBM-3C Mariner aircraft of US Navy patrol squadron VP-203 at Naval Air Station Isla Grande, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 12 Mar 1943Japanese-American girl walking in rain, Jerome Relocation Center, Denson, Arkansas, United States, 12 Mar 1943A string quartet practing, Jerome Relocation Center for Japanese-Americans, Jerome, Arkansas, United States, 12 Mar 1943; left to right: Yutaka Motasuda, Seichi One, John Yamashita, and Joe Iwasaki
13 Mar 1943
  • I-168 departed Paramushiro, Kurile Islands for the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • In Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Japanese troops ended their assault on American forces at Hill 700. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Chinese troops pushed Japanese troops back across the Yangtze River. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • A plot to assassinate Hitler during a flight from Smolensk, Russia to Rastenburg, Germany failed. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
  • In Burma, the No. 3 Column of the Northern Group of the Chindits was attacked by Japanese forces whose conservative probing attacks failed to eliminate the numerically inferior Allied irregulars. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler visited G?nther von Kluge's field headquarters. Anti-Hitler conspirators spoke to Kluge beforehand, but they could not convince Kluge to take action to arrest Hitler. Without Kluge's help, the conspirators acted on their own, sneaking fused bombs disguised as brandy bottles aboard Hitler's aircraft, which took off for Berlin, Germany after dinner. The bombs failed to explode, and the conspirators had to take the risk, successfully, to retrieve the bottles before they were discovered. ww2dbase [July Plot | CPC]
  • Captain Mead S. Pearson was named the commanding officer of USS Ancon. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
Algeria
  • 180 survivors of HMS Lighting (G55), sunk by German motor torpedo boat S-158 on the previous day, were landed at B?ne, Algeria by destroyer HMS Loyal. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Seven of the survivors of Honduran steam merchant Olancho, victim of German submarine U-183 two days prior, were picked up by the American seaplane tender USS Absecon (AVP 23) and taken to Jacksonville, Florida, United States. ww2dbase [HM]
  • While on route from Durban, South Africa to Takoradi, Ghana, British West Africa carrying Italian prisoners of war, the 21,517-ton passenger steam ship Empress of Canada was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian submarine Leonado da Vinci, approximately 400 miles south of Cape Palmas, Liberia. Of the approximate 1,800 people on board, 392 died. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The 5,565-ton American steam turbine cargo ship Keystone en route from New York, New York, United States for North Africa carrying a cargo of 6,000 tons of war material, including gasoline, aircraft, tanks and trucks was torpedoed by German submarine U-172 (Kapit?nleutnant Carl Emmermann) and sunk. Two crew were lost from a total crew of 73. The Portuguese steamship Sines rescued the survivors and landed them in the Azores. ww2dbase [HM]
  • German submarine U-163 (Korvettenkapit?n Kurt-Eduard Engelman) was sunk in the North Atlantic northwest of Cape Finisterre, Spain by depth charges from the Canadian corvette HMCS Prescott (K 161). All 57 crew were lost. ww2dbase [HM]
  • At 0530 hours, German submarine U-107 (Kapit?nleutnant Harald Gelhaus) attacked the convoy OS-44 190 miles west of Cape Finisterre and reported hits on three ships. In fact, four ships were hit, the Clan Alpine, Marcella, Oporto and Sembilangan. The 4,990-ton Dutch merchant steamer Sembilangan was hit by one torpedo that ignited the cargo of ammunition and the ship disintegrated; the fourth engineer was blown overboard and later picked up by an escort vessel as the only survivor. The master, 35 crew members and seven gunners from the 2,352-ton British merchant steamer Oporto were lost; four crew members were picked up by the HMS Spiraea (K 08) transferred to HMS Gentian (K 90) and landed at Gibraltar. The master, 34 crew members and nine gunners from the 4,595-ton British ship Marcella were lost. The Clan Alpine was later scuttled by the British sloop HMS Scarborough (L 25) with depth charges; the master, 59 crew members and nine gunners were picked up by the sloop, transferred to the British merchant steamer Pendeen and landed at Gibraltar. ww2dbase [HM]
Australian New Guinea
  • At 1500 hours, a Japanese convoy containing cargo ship Momoyama Maru departed Hansa Bay, Australian Territory of New Guinea. At 1830 hours, US 5th Air Force B-17 bombers attacked the convoy northwest of Wewak, Australian Territory of New Guinea. Momoyama Maru was hit, killing nine. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Pilots of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands by passenger aircraft. ww2dbase [CPC]
Burma
  • The 3,968-ton Japanese cargo ship Kasuga Maru No. 2 was torpedoed and sunk by a Dutch submarine O-21 (Lieutenant Commander Sam C. Van Dulm) with two torpedoes while anchored off Karathuri, southern Burma. ww2dbase [HM]
Japan
  • Nachi arrived at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese cargo ship Kosei Maru off Tokara Islands, Japan in the East China Sea, hitting her with 3 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
  • USS Grayback fired six torpedoes at a Japanese transport and a destroyer in the South Pacific, sinking the transport with two hits. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese ship in the East China Sea; the torpedo missed. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Poland
  • The Krak?w Ghetto in Poland was liquidated. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • A celebration took place at the main rail station of Krakow, Poland, featuring the 2,000th transport of workers from Poland to Germany; the one-millionth forced laborer was "honored". ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Richard Sutherland once again presented the Elkton II plan for operations in the Pacific to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States. The plan continued to be treated coldly by the JCS, as it did not wish to devote additional resources to the Pacific theater of war. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS LST-412 departed New York, New York, United States with refinery equipment, sailing for Cura?ao. ww2dbase [LST-412 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Mar 1943
African-American US Navy S2c Carlton J. Dearborn building balsam model of Stuka dive bomber, US Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, US, 13 Mar 1943; model to be used in aircraft id training
14 Mar 1943

Australian New Guinea
  • At 0045 hours, Japanese destroyer Akigumo completed the rescue of the survivors of Momoyama Maru (fatally damaged by a US 5th Air Force B-17 bomber on the previous day) and scuttled the ship with a torpedo northwest of Wewak, Australian Territory of New Guinea. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The advance echelon of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Banika Island, Russell Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • F4F Wildcat fighters of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands one day after the arrival of their pilots; some aicraft were lost en route or during landing due to poor weather. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany Newfoundland
  • Destroyer USS Belknap (DD 251) landed survivors of merchant ships Madoera and Jonathan Sturges at Argentia, Newfoundland. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired three torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the South Pacific; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its second flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. ww2dbase [BI | CPC]
South Africa
  • 13 survivors of American merchant ship James B. Stephens, which had been sunk by German submarine U-160 on 8 Mar 1943, were picked up by a SAAF crash boat a mile off Durban, South Africa. ww2dbase [CPC]
Ukraine United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy RA-53 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • The first production Hurricane Mk. IV fighter, KX405, was completed. ww2dbase [Hurricane | CPC]
United States
  • George Kenney had lunch with publishers Henry and Clare Boothe Luce in Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
15 Mar 1943
  • Greek Jews from Salonika and Thrace were deported to concentration camps. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • The British Royal Navy launched the first of the X-class midget submarines. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Chindits under British Major Calvert and Major Fergusson crossed the Irrawaddy River in Burma. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Germany and Finland signed a trade agreement. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US submarine Triton was sunk by Japanese destroyers whilst on patrol off the Admiralty Islands. ww2dbase [Triton | AC]
  • The US 1st Marine Raider Regiment was organized for operations on Dragons Peninsula, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps 10th Defense Battalion began to arrive in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands to relieve the 11th Defense Battalion. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 36 P-40L fighters of USAAF 33rd Fighter Group, while escorting a flight of B-25 bombers en route to Mezzouna, Tunisia, shot down 3 of a group of German fighters attempting to intercept. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS New Mexico departed Samoa. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci sank Canadian Pacific liner Empress of Canada off of the coast of Sierra Leone. ww2dbase [CPC]
Canada
  • USS S-28 began conducting sound tests and anti-submarine warfare exercises with the Canadian Navy and Air Force at Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Naval Air Station Kahului on Maui, US Territory of Hawaii was commissioned into service with Commander Phil Haynes in command. ww2dbase [Kahului Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • The Japanese Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo, Japan issued the Joint Army-Navy Central Agreement on Southeast Asia Operation order, which was largely a defensive plan with the only offensive element being the re-establishment of air superiority over Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Captain Keizaburo Okano was named the commanding officer of Irako. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of Shamrock Bay was laid down by the firm Kaiser Shipyards in Vancouver, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [Shamrock Bay | CPC]
  • George Kenney had dinner with Arde Bulova, chairman of the watch making firm bearing his family name, in Washington DC, United States. Kenney convinced Bulova to donate 100 gold watches to award outstanding aircraft crew chiefs, who did not qualify for medals. Bulova would also give Kenney a watch of his own, with inscription "To Buccaneer, as a token of my admiration and respect, Arde Bulova". ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Mar 1943
US personnel in the Pacific checking their map on a Willys MB slat-grille Jeep, 15 Mar 1943Battleship USS Texas off Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 15 Mar 1943USS Essex leaving Norfolk, Virginia, United States, for shakedown exercises, 15 Mar 1943.Aerial view of William Cramp & Sons shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 15 Mar 1943
16 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Saipan, departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • 27 Allied ships were destroyed in the Atlantic Ocean on this date, 8 of which were of Allied convoy HX-229. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Joseph Stalin demanded the western Allies to open a second front in Europe. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | CPC]
  • Operational trials of the 37-mm Flak gun-armed German Ju 87G anti-tank aircraft began on the Eastern Front. ww2dbase [Ju 87 Stuka | AC]
  • HMS Campobello was abandoned and scuttled after suffering irreparable leaks whilst engaged in escorting convoy SC-122. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Permit completed her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing transport Noshiro Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Mar 1943
SBD-4 & SBD-5 Dauntlesses join USAAF as A-24A Banshees at Douglas Aircraft Co?s El Segundo Plant, Mar 16 1943. Note two experimental XSB2D-1 torpedo bomber prototypes against the back fence 3 weeks before its maiden flight.This TBF-1 Avenger attempted to land on the carrier USS Charger but missed the arresting wires and ended up tangled in the port catwalk, Chesapeake Bay, United States, 16 Mar 1943. Note US Coast Guard boats alongside.
17 Mar 1943
  • 90 Luftwaffe bombers attacked Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | TH]
  • Bulgaria stated its opposition to the deportation of Bulgarian Jews. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US troops captured Gafsa, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • Graffiti along the lines of "we are obliged to the F?hrer for this" was found among ruins of bombed German cities. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps 10th Defense Battalion completed taking over the duties of the 11th Defense Battalion in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Marine Scout-Bomber Squadron 243 arrived at Johnston Island from Ewa, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The main body of the Northern Group of the Chindits arrived at the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Shweli Rivers in Burma; they began to cross at nightfall. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • USS Pompon was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander E. C. Hawk in command. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian troops fell back from Japanese attacks along the Arakan front in Burma. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) and Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • Nachi refueled from oiler Teiyo Maru at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
United States
  • George Kenney and Richard Sutherland met with Franklin Roosevelt at the White House in Washington DC, United States. Later on the same day, Roosevelt called in Kenney for a second meeting, during which Kenney successfully lobbied for additional aircraft to be assigned to the USAAF in Australia. ww2dbase [White House | George Kenney | CPC]
18 Mar 1943

Alaska
  • I-168 departed Kiska, Aleutian Islands and patrolled an area south of Amchitka. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
Burma
  • The Allies abandoned the attempt to drive Japanese from Donbaik, Burma. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
  • The main body of the Northern Group of the Chindits completed the crossing of the Irrawaddy River. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
Byelorussia
  • Famed Polish Jewish violinist Henri Czaplinski (aka. Genrikh Maksimovich Chaplinsky in Soviet documents) joined the Donukalov Partisan Brigade near Minsk, Byelorussia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
France
  • Vichy France repealed a number of anti-Semitic laws. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italians began to raise the wreck of Alg?rie in sections at Toulon, France. ww2dbase [Toulon Military Port | Algérie | CPC]
Germany Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • 56 western missionaries and western civilians, 2 Chinese adult civilians, and 2 Chinese infants were executed by gunfire or drowning aboard Japanese destroyer Akikaze in the Pacific Ocean. ww2dbase [CPC]
Switzerland
  • Switzerland was warned of a seemingly impending German invasion. ww2dbase [CPC]
Tunisia United Kingdom
  • Oswald Mosley and Diana Mosley received Norah Elam and Dudley Elam while in imprisonment in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Oswald Mosley | CPC]
  • American oil workers recruited by the Noble Drilling Corporation on a one year contract arrived at Kelham Hall Monastery, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom to work at extracting oil from the Eakring oil field in Sherwood Forest. With imported American rigs the "Roughnecks" would ultimately drill over 100 wells before returning home, producing, at its peak, over 300,000 tons of high grade oil from 170 "Nodding Donkeys" in addition to training (initially unskilled) British workers in American drilling techniques. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • The keel of destroyer USS Cassin Young was laid down by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation at San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, United States. ww2dbase [Bethlehem San Pedro Shipyard | Cassin Young | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1943
B5N Type 97 torpedo bomber landing on Japanese carrier Shokaku, somewhere in the South Pacific, 18 Mar 1943General Dwight Eisenhower sharing a lighter moment with four US Army soldiers in Tunisia, 18 Mar 1943.King George VI of the United Kingdom aboard HMS Glasgow at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 18-21 Mar 1943Keel of USS Cassin Young at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation shipyard, San Pedro, California, United States, 18 Mar 1943
See all photos dated 18 Mar 1943
19 Mar 1943
  • The new radiolocation system ASV III was used over the Bay of Biscay off France by bombers of No. 172 Squadron RAF. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The British launched Operation Pugilist in Tunisia against the Axis Mareth Line, penetrating the line near Zarat. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • The China Air Task Force was incorporated into the USAAF 14th Air Force. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The largest air drop in support of Operation Longcloth in Burma was conducted, delivering 100 tons of supplies to the Chindits. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Captain Lester Hudson was named the commanding officer of USS San Diego. ww2dbase [San Diego | CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku departed Yokosuka, Japan for Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Yokosuka, Japan for the Oita, Japan region of the Inland Sea. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese convoy consisted of two large freighters and one armed escort off Saipan, Mariana Islands and began tracking the convoy. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Zogen Maru in the Yellow Sea, hitting her with a torpedo; all aboard were killed. Four hours later, she damaged freighter Kowa Maru, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes (only one of them detonated; the other failed to do so). ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Japanese passenger ship, Takachihi Maru, was torpedoed and sunk off Taiwan. More than 1,200 perish, mainly Japanese and Taiwanese civilians (Taiwan was a Japanese colony at the time). It remained Taiwan's worst sea disaster. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was promoted to the rank of general. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Mar 1943
Concord off Panama Canal Zone, 19 Mar 1943, 1 of 2Concord off Panama Canal Zone, 19 Mar 1943, 2 of 2Alfred Jodl, Heinz Guderian, Wilhelm Keitel, Adolf Hitler, Karl-Otto Saur at R?genwalde, Germany, 19 Mar 1943Adolf Hitler, accompanied by Heinz Gudarian (left) and Wilhelm Keitel, touring the R?genwalde testing grounds in Pomerania (now Dar?owo, Poland) to see the giant railway gun ?Dora,? 19 Mar 1943.
See all photos dated 19 Mar 1943
20 Mar 1943
  • The British Eighth Army broke through German Mareth Line in Tunisia. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | TH]
  • Churchill's post war plans, broadcasted over radio, was criticized as very socialist. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy was ordered to execute all Allied personnel captured at sea. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Major John Sapp of US Marine Torpedo-Bomber Squadron 143 led the first American aerial mine-laying mission in the South Pacific off the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Pollack damaged a Japanese freighter between Jaluit and Makin Atolls in the Gilbert Islands and Marshall Islands area, hitting her with one of four torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
Burma
  • Archibald Wavell ordered the offensive in Arakan Peninsula, Burma abandoned, falling back to the Maungdaw-Buthidaung line. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
China
  • B-24 Liberator bombers of US 373rd Bombardment Squadron arrived at Yangkai Airfield in Yunnan Province, China. ww2dbase [Yangkai Airfield | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived in the Inland Sea in Japanese waters. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
Libya
  • The 1,474-ton Greek merchant steamer Varvara carrying munitions from Alexandria, Egypt received fatal damage from German aircraft 500 yards southwest of the Tripoli harbour entrance, Libya. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese convoy off Saipan, Mariana Islands, damaging Mogamigawa Maru and Arizona Maru, hitting them with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired, but also suffered serious damage by depth charges and aerial bombs. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Mar 1943
USS Essex on her shakedown cruise, 20 Mar 1943, with F6F aircraft in foreground and SBD in the back
21 Mar 1943
  • The submarine Cod was launched, sponsored by Mrs. G. M. Mahoney. ww2dbase [Cod | CPC]
  • Cornelia Fort was killed during an aircraft ferrying mission in Texas, United States. ww2dbase [Cornelia Fort | CPC]
  • New Zealand troops under Lieutenant General Bernard Freyberg bypassed the Mareth Line defenses in Tunisia by moving his forces through Wilder's Gap to the west. They engaged surprised German defenses at the Tebaga Gap. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Derek Seagram won a posthumous Victoria Cross for leading an attack on the Mareth Line in Tunisia. He inspired his men by being first across the scaling ladders over the German anti-tank ditches but was mortally wounded in the fighting. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Pollack continued to chase the Japanese freighter she had attacked between Jaluit and Makin Atolls in the Gilbert Islands and Marshall Islands area, further damaging the ship. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
  • USS Finback damaged a Japanese cargo ship in the Southwestern Pacific, hitting her with two of three torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • Kurt Fricke was made the commanding officer of Naval Group Command South. ww2dbase [Kurt Frike | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • PBY Catalina aircraft delivered a group of US Marine Corps scouts at Segi Plantation, New Georgia for a reconnaissance mission; they would later report that Segi's beaches would not accommodate a large landing force. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyers Isokaze and Kawakaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler, Hermann G?ring, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl D?nitz, Heinrich Himmler, Fedor von Bock, Erhard Milch, and others visited the Zeughaus in Berlin, Germany to inspect an exhibition featuring captured Soviet weapons. It was Hitler's first public event in four months. At the Zeughaus, Colonel Rudolf von Gersdorff wore an overcoat packed with explosives with the intention of killing Hitler, but Hitler's schedule changed unexpectedly, and Hitler's early departure from the exhibition caused the assassination attempt to be called off. After departing from the exhibition, the group of German leaders attended a memorial ceremony for the Heroes' Memorial Day. ww2dbase [July Plot | Adolf Hitler | TH, CPC]
Libya
  • The 1,474-ton Greek merchant steamer Varvara, damaged by German air attack on the previous day, sank near the Tripoli harbour entrance, Libya. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Hozen Maru in the Yellow Sea near the coast of Korea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes; about 33 survived. Four hours later, she sank freighter Nittsu Maru, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes; she encountered 3 survivors, all of whom refused to be rescued. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its third flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. ww2dbase [BI | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 617 Squadron RAF was established at RAF Scampton, England, United Kingdom under the command of Wing Commander Guy Gibson for the purpose of launching an attack upon the Ruhr dams in Germany. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Mar 1943
German 7.5 cm PaK 40 camouflaged in snowy terrain, Russia, 21 Mar 1943G?ring, Keitel, D?nitz, Himmler, Milch, Bock, Oberlindober, and other German leaders at a ceremony to honor those who died in combat, Berlin, Germany, 21 Mar 1943Overhead view of the progress of the salvage work on the sunken battleship USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 21 Mar 1943, a year and a half after the attack. Note flag flying from staff amidships.
22 Mar 1943
  • Germans recaptured Belgorod, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Khatyn Massacre: German SS men massacred civilians in the Byelorussian village of Khatyn, killing its entire population of 149, 75 of which children. The village was then burned to the ground. ww2dbase [Khatyn Massacre | CPC]
  • American troops captured Maknassy, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Bf 109G-4 fighter piloted by Leutnant Franz M?ller and the Bf 109G-2 fighter piloted by Unteroffizier Karl-Otto Harloff while flying a Yak-1 fighter. She was wounded during this engagement. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
  • Captain William Wellclose Davis was named the commanding officer of HMS Mauritius. ww2dbase [Mauritius | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS New Mexico arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Japan
  • The Japanese Army and Navy staffs in Tokyo, Japan issued a new directive for operations in the Rabaul area, emphasizing the importance of the defense of New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
Norway
  • Tirpitz departed for K?fjord/Altafjord, Norway. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese convoy consisted of three freighters off Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands and began tracking the convoy. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo set sail toward Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Poland Tunisia United Kingdom
  • Two captured German generals spoke of plans for long range missiles in a room in Kensington Park Gardens, London, England, United Kingdom, not realizing that the room had been bugged. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • George Kenney was featured on the cover of the Life magazine in the United States. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Mar 1943
Salmon off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 22 Mar 1943Training aircraft carrier USS Wolverine underway on Lake Michigan with the Chicago skyline behind, 22 Mar 1943.
23 Mar 1943
  • In its heaviest bombing raid to date, the British RAF Bomber Command attacked Dortmund, Germany with 2,000 tons of explosives. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • German 10th Panzer Division counterattacked the advancing American troops in the El Guettar region in Tunisia; heavy American anti-tank fire repulsed the German attack. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • In a free election in occupied Denmark, the Government Party won 143 seats while the Danish Nazi Party only won 5 seats. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe aircraft sank HMS Windsor Castle off Algeria. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet troops surrounded the German headquarters at Ternopil, Ukraine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS S-31 began patrolling in the Kwajalein area in the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
  • Bernard Montgomery released British 1st Armoured Division from reserve to reinforce the New Zealand troops' offensive near Zarat, Tunisia. Indian 4th Division attacked the western end of the Mareth Line in coordination. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler's statistician reported to him that, thus far, 633,300 Russian Jews had been "resettled", with the latter word a likely euphemism for "exterminated". ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 9 US B-17 bombers attacked the Japanese base at Rabaul, New Britain, causing damage to the airfields. One of the bombers dropped large bombs in the Rabalanakaia volcano in an attempt to artificially cause an eruption, but the attempt was successful; the Americans did not realize that the volcano was actually dormant. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Greenland
  • A German military patrol raided the original Bluie East Five radio and weather station in eastern Greenland, destroying the main building. ww2dbase [Bluie East Five | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi departed Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese convoy off Saipan, Mariana Islands, hitting them with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired, sinking Kenyo Maru and damaging another freighter. A 7th torpedo was fired at the general direction of the convoy as she disengaged to discourage escorts from chasing her, but the torpedo circled back and almost struck USS Whale. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank collier Katyosan Maru in the Laotieshan Channel between Liaoning Province and Shandong Province, China, hitting her with 1 of 1 torpedo. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Poland Photo(s) dated 23 Mar 1943
Japanese cargo ship Nittsu Maru sinking in the Yellow Sea, off China, after being torpedoed by American submarine USS Wahoo, 23 Mar 1943; photo taken from WahooSalmon at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 23 Mar 1943, following completion of an overhaul
24 Mar 1943
  • The British RAF Bomber Command had by this date dropped 100,000 tons of explosives on Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • British General Orde Wingate was ordered by his superiors to withdraw his Chindits from Burma. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | Orde Wingate | CPC]
  • USS Finback spotted a Japanese convoy and began to shadow it. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant Eitel-Albert Barth, Oberleutnant Werner Oberl?nder, Feldwebel Walter Pilz, and Oberleutnant Horst Rudat of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [CPC]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a B-25 bomber over Meiktila, Burma, his 24th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank tanker Takaosan Maru in Korea Bay of the Yellow Sea at 1949 hours after a 7-hour pursuit, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tunny departed Midway Atoll after a brief stay to replace her periscope. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Tunny | CPC]
25 Mar 1943
  • Greek partisans captured Samos Island from the Italian garrison, albeit only temporarily. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Spanish foreign ministry announced the closure of its border with France and stopped with refugee from cross into Spain without transit papers. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Indian 4th Division overran the Mareth Line in Tunisia. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | TH]
  • Russian fighter Ace Grigori Rechkalov received his first (of two) award of Hero of the Soviet Union while serving as a senior lieutenant with the 16th GvIAP. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Japanese offensive at Bougainville in the Solomon Islands was halted. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • The No. 5 Column of the Chindits, under Bernard Fergusson, made rendezvous with Orde Wingate's main body at Shaukpin Chaung river bed in Burma. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Ralph Marcus Wallace was named the commanding officer of HMCS Trillium. ww2dbase [Trillium | CPC]
  • Vasily Kuznetsov was promoted to the rank of colonel general. ww2dbase [Vasily Kuznetsov | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • At 0707 hours, the unescorted and unarmed 1,688-ton Swedish motor merchant Industria was hit on the starboard side below the bridge by one of two torpedoes from German submarine U-518 while steaming at 12 knots about 80 miles southeast of Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil. The submarine had spotted the navigation lights of the ship, but could not see the Swedish flag painted on the side because it was not illuminated. No distress signals were sent as the aerial had been damaged and the ship sank by the bow within eight minutes. Most crew members abandoned ship in one lifeboat, while others had to jump overboard when the ship sank. The submarine surfaced shortly after, questioned the survivors in the boat and took the master, the chief officer and the chief engineer as prisoners aboard. The Germans then asked the survivors if there were any wounded and if water was required and left after 30 minutes. The lifeboat picked up the men swimming in the water and searched in vain for a man who was last seen on a raft. The survivors were picked up 15 hours after the sinking by the Swiss steam merchant St. Cergue and landed at Bahia, Brazil. ww2dbase [HM]
  • U-469, a German Type VIIC submarine, was sunk in the North Atlantic south of Iceland, by depth charges from a British Fortress aircraft of 206 Squadron RAF/L. All 47 of her crew were lost. ww2dbase [HM]
Baltic Sea
  • The 1,504-ton German steamship Bungesberg struck a mine and sank west of Tallinn, Estonia. ww2dbase [HM]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A Japanese reconnaissance flight over Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands discovered about 300 Allied aircraft at the base. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Henderson Field | CPC]
Nauru
  • US bombers attacked Nauru for the first time. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese ship and began tracking her off Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Satsuki Maru in the Yellow Sea with two torpedoes (both of which missed) and her deck gun. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Trinidad
  • USS S-44 departed Trinidad. ww2dbase [S-44 | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Barbero was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Barbero | CPC]
  • George Kenney attended the posthumous Medal of Honor award ceremony for Brigadier General Kenneth Walker at the White House in Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [White House | George Kenney | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1943
Johnston sliding down the building ways at the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation shipyard, Seattle, Washington, United States, 25 Mar 1943AEC Mk II armored car, Lulworth, England, United Kingdom, 25 Mar 1943Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Major General Terry Allen, and Lieutenant General George Patton observing the field near El Guettar, Tunisia, late Mar 1943
26 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Buin, Bougainville departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • In the Aleutian Islands, American warships intercepted Japanese troops attempting to reinforce Kiska, engaging in the Battle of the Komandorski Islands. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • All remaining British and American citizens in Germany were arrested; all remaining British and American citizens in occupied Europe were deported to Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British General Wingate ordered his Chindits in Burma to withdraw. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • In the afternoon, British launched Operation Supercharge II to exploit Axis defenses in Tunisia near the Tebaga Gap. At 2300 hours, as the moon rose to provide some light, British tanks pushed through the gap and approached on El Hamma to the north. Tanks of the German 15th Panzer Division were released from reserve to counter the offensive. Axis troops began retreating from the Mareth Line in Tunisia toward Wadi Akarit. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde shot down a German Ju 52 transport aircraft over Belgium, which was his second kill. ww2dbase [Remy Van Lierde | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked the Japanese convoy which she initially intercepted on 24 Mar 1943 north of New Guinea, Dutch East Indies. She damged two transports with 3 of 6 torpedoes fired and was counterattacked with depth charges. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • US B-17 bomber "Pluto", with US General Howard Ramey aboard, disappeared 20 minutes after having taken off from Port Moresby, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [CPC]
Algeria
  • The 7,047-ton British cargo transport steamer Empire Standard was bombed and sunk by German aircraft at Algiers, Algeria. ww2dbase [HM]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-339 was seriously damaged by six depth charges from a British Catalina aircraft from the Faeroe Islands (190 Squadron RAF, pilot J. Fish), and was forced to return to Trondheim, Norway. Once there U-339 was deemed unfit for service and was then transported to Kiel, Germany. ww2dbase [HM]
Black Sea
  • The Chervony Kazak, a Russian sailing ship being used as an army supply vessel, was sunk by German torpedo boats near Novorossiysk, Krasnodar Krai, Russia. No information was released about losses. ww2dbase [HM]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler informed Benito Mussolini that the Battle of Stalingrad had weakened the Soviet Union so much that the city would surely fall and the war would be won. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • The 1,524-ton Dutch motor vessel Prins Willem III, on a voyage in convoy from Silloth on Solway in England, United Kingdom to Algiers, Algeria was bombed by German He 111 aircraft. The damaged vessel was taken in tow by the British tug Hengist, but capsized and sank in the Mediterranean Sea north of Cherchell, Algeria. Eleven of her crew were lost. ww2dbase [HM]
  • At 0207 hours German submarine U-755 fired a spread of three torpedoes at an unknown convoy north of Ceuta, the semi-autonomous Spanish city on the north coast of Africa, and observed a hit in the bow of the 1,147-ton FFL Sergent Gouarne (P 43), a Free French Patrol Boat (converted trawler) which broke in two and sank in 90 seconds.36.001,-2.49 ww2dbase [HM]
  • At 1842 hours, German submarine U-77 fired three torpedoes at the convoy MKS-10 northwest of Oran, Algeria and observed columns of smoke rising above the target after the first torpedo hit. Two further detonations were heard However, only the City of Perth was hit. The vessel was taken in tow by the British armed trawler HMS Man O'War (FY 104) and beached south of Cape Figalo, Algeria and became a total loss. Two gunners were lost. The master, 78 crew members and 11 gunners were rescued by the armed trawler. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked the Japanese ship she had been pursuing since the previous day east of Saipan, Mariana Islands; all 7 torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • During the Battle of the Komandorski Islands, Nachi was forced to push one of her floatplanes overboard (concussion damage from her own guns), fired several Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes at the US forces (none of which hit), and received five hits (killing 14). ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | Nachi | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Mar 1943
Heavy cruiser USS Salt Lake City in action during Battle of the Komandorski Islands, 26 Mar 1943US Marine Corps Colonel Clifton Cates with his mother, 26 Mar 1943Map of the Komandorski Islands showing the area of action for 26 Mar 1943, prepared for the United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence Combat Narrative report.Track of the Battle of the Komandorski Islands, 26 Mar 1943, prepared for the United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence Combat Narrative report.
27 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • German tanks stopped the British offensive at El Hamma, Tunisia, but New Zealand troops had successfully secured territory south of the town. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • USS Tunny reached Wake Island waters. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese 6th Field Kempeitai arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Shokaku arrived at Kure, Japan after layovers at Tokuyama, Iwaishima, Beppu, and Tokuyama again en route. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank a small Japanese patrol vessel with her deck gun in the Yellow Sea, then sank a small fishing trawler with improvised Molotov cocktail bombs. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • The BI-3 rocket-powered prototype aircraft took its fourth flight at Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, reaching the speed of more than 800 kilometers per hour. The aircraft would lose control during flight, crashing to the ground and killing test pilot Grigory Bakhchivandzhi. ww2dbase [BI | CPC]
United States
  • The US Court of Appeals granted a review of Fred Korematsu's case. ww2dbase [Fred Korematsu | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Mar 1943
USS North Carolina off US Territory of Hawaii, 27 Mar 1943M7 self-propelled artillery vehicle in North Africa, 27 Mar 1943
28 Mar 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Most Axis troops were evacuated from the Mareth Line in Tunisia to form a new line to the north. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • USS Tunny attacked a Japanese cargo ship off Wake Island at dawn with two torpedoes, blowing off the ship's stern. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • The US Joint Chiefs of Staff issued a directive canceling the orders issued on 2 Jul 1942. Replacing it, the Offensive Operations in the South and Southwest Pacific Areas During 1943 aimed to establish airfields on Kiriwina and Woodlark Islands, to capture northern coast of New Guinea island, to capture western New Britain, and to capture key locations in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • The main body of Chindit forces reached Inywa, Burma at 1600 hours. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The German patrol boat V-2018 (Vogtland) of 20th Vorpostenboot Flotilla based in Rotterdam in the Netherlands was heavily damaged by a mine off Terschelling, the Netherlands. ww2dbase [HM]
Gibraltar
  • British armed trawler HMS Man O'War landed the survivors of City of Perth, victim of German submarine U-77 two days prior, at Gibraltar. ww2dbase [HM]
Italy Japan
  • Nachi arrived at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese freighter between Saipan in Mariana Islands and Truk in Caroline Islands; all 3 torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank two small fishing vessels with her deck gun in the East China Sea. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Wing Commander Guy Gibson flew a Lancaster bomber down Derwent reservoir near Sheffield in central England, United Kingdom to try out flying very accurately at low level. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • Richard Sutherland once again presented the Elkton II plan for operations in the Pacific to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States, this time without any mention of plans to invade the Japanese stronghold at Rabaul, New Britain. The JCS finally gave Sutherland permission to proceed with the plan. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Mar 1943
Princeton underway in the Delaware River, off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, PA, 28 Mar 1943, 1 of 2Princeton underway in the Delaware River, off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, PA, 28 Mar 1943, 2 of 2Battleship Iowa being inclined at the drydock of Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 28 Mar 1943
29 Mar 1943
  • New Zealand troops captured Gab?s, Tunisia while Axis troops were evacuated out of El Hamma. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • Hitler ordered the construction of large missile launch sites on French coast. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS S-31 completed her patrol in the Kwajalein area in the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The 5,575-ton British merchant steamer Celtic Star was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian submarine Giuseppe Finzi, south west of Freetown, Sierra Leone, British West Africa whilst on a voyage from Manchester, England, United Kingdom; Greenock, Scotland, United Kingdom; and Freetown to Montevideo, Uruguay; and Buenos Aires, Argentina. She was carrying 4,410 tons of general cargo including mail. Two crew members were lost. ww2dbase [HM]
  • German submarine U-610 torpedoed the American Liberty ship William Pierce Frye, straggling from convoy HX-230, in the North Atlantic at 2340 hours. Heavy seas had previously damaged most of her lifeboats, and the only serviceable one was swamped. Life rafts and floats drifted away from the ship and a tank landing craft being carried as deck cargo broke free as the ship sank but only seven men managed to reach it. Thirty-five seamen perished, as did 22 of the 24-man armed guard. Seven survivors floated in the water and awaited rescue. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The German patrol boat V-2018 (Vogtland), damaged from a mine on the previous day off Terschelling, the Netherlands, was placed under tow. While being towed, she struck another mine and was destroyed. Four men on board were killed. ww2dbase [HM]
  • As she crossed the Bay of Biscay the 6,852-ton British cargo ship Umaria that was carrying 2,500 tons of manganese ore and 1,000 tons of rubber was struck by a torpedo from German submarine U-662 at 2250 hours and was most likely hit again by another torpedo from the same submarine. ww2dbase [HM]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", claimed a Hurricane fighter over Mindon, Burma, but the downing was not confirmed. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi performed repair work for seaplane tender Kamikawa Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Yamabato Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes. She then transited the Collnett Strait (Tokara Kaiky) between Yakushima island and Kuchinoshima island in southern Japan, eastward into the Pacific Ocean. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Guy Gibson was summoned to Group Headquarters where he was given a more detailed briefing by Ralph Cochrane, including details of the proposed targets of the M?hne and Sorpe Dams in Germany. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Mar 1943
USS Salt Lake City at Dutch Harbor, Alaska, 29 Mar 1943, three days after participating in the Battle of the Komandorski Islands. Note the marks on her side, possibly from ice damage.The battleship USS Oklahoma, capsized in the Pearl Harbor Attack on 7 Dec 1941, is righted to about 30-degrees during her salvage work, 29 Mar 1943. Photo 1 of 2.The battleship USS Oklahoma, capsized in the Pearl Harbor Attack on 7 Dec 1941, is righted to about 30-degrees during her salvage work, 29 Mar 1943. Photo 2 of 2.USS Iowa off Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 29 Mar 1943
30 Mar 1943
  • RAF bombed the Philips factory in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. ww2dbase [Bombing of Cities in France and Low Countries | CPC]
  • British General Montgomery's troops breached the Mareth Line in North Africa. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • US 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions attacked Italian positions at Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia to little success. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • The British super-gun "Bruce" (named after Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser-the recently appointed C-in-C Home Fleet) was fired for the first time from the RM Siege Battery area behind St. Margarets at Cliffe, Kent, England, United Kingdom. It achieved a range of 62.5 miles vindicating the predictions of the ballistics experts. Unfortunately after 30 shots the rifling on the inside of the barrel was worn so that the ribbed shells failed to "catch" in the grooves. The result was that "Bruce" was unable to make any further contribution to the war effort. ww2dbase [AC]
Algeria
  • German submarine U-596 attacked the convoy ET-16 when west of Algiers and reported five hits on two ships. The Norwegian motor tanker and the British Liberty ship Fort a la Corne were sunk by this attack. The Hallananger was on route from Algiers for Gibraltar and New York in ballast and carrying 1000 tons of fuel oil. The 40 crew members and four gunners abandoned ship in the lifeboats and reached land the next day and were subsequently sent to Algiers. The Fort a la Corne was in ballast and the crew were picked up by escort vessels. ww2dbase [HM]
Atlantic Ocean
  • British light cruiser HMS Glasgow intercepted German blockade runner Regensburg, whose crew scuttled the ship. ww2dbase [Glasgow | CPC]
  • HMS Wear (K 230) scuttled British cargo ship Umaria, which had been fatally damaged by torpedoes from German submarine U-662 on the previous date, with gunfire in the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The 7,031-ton British steam merchant Empire Bowman when on route from Karachi, India; Mormugo, Goa; and Freetown, Sierra Leone, British West Africa for Hull, England, United Kingdom in Convoy SL-126 and carrying a cargo of 8,471 tons of general cargo including 2,500 tons of manganese ore was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-404. Four crew men were lost. The master, 39 crew members and six gunners were picked up by the British frigate HMS Wear (K 230) (Lieutenant G. D. Edwards) and landed at Liverpool, England. ww2dbase [HM]
Burma
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Mindon, Burma, increasing his score to 26. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
France
  • G. van der Vuurst, survivor of Dutch steam merchant ship Madoera, which was damaged by German submarine U-653 on 24 Feb 1943, was landed by German submarine U-758 at Bordeaux, France. ww2dbase [HM]
Hawaii Japan
  • Irako transited the Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu, Japan with patrol boat PB-46 in escort. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • US submarine Tuna (SS-203) attacked a Japanese convoy north of Manus, Admiralty Islands and sank the 4,606-ton army cargo ship Kurohime Maru, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired, and survived the resultant depth-charging by escort vessels. ww2dbase [Tuna | HM]
Philippines
  • An escape planned by 12 American prisoners at the Davao Penal Colony, Mindanao, Philippines was postponed due to a surprise Japanese inspection. ww2dbase [The Davao Escape | Davao Penal Colony | CPC]
Poland Photo(s) dated 30 Mar 1943
Portrait of Lieutenant General George Patton, 30 Mar 1943US Navy K-class airship K-111 conducting exercises with Escort Carrier USS Rudyerd Bay off San Diego, California, United States, 30 Mar 1943.TBF-1 Avengers from the Carrier USS Essex dropping a practice torpedo from 150-200 feet, Gulf of Paria, Trinidad, 30 Mar 1943.  Note the porpoising early Mark XIII torpedo.Map depicting German and Russian maneuvers at the Third Battle of Kharkov
31 Mar 1943
  • British troops occupied Cap Serrat on the Tunisian coast. Operation Supercharge II was concluded with success in Tunisia, forcing the Axis defenses to move north to Wadi Akarit. ww2dbase [Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II | CPC]
  • USAAF bombers attacked the Italian airfield at Cagliari, Sardinia in the Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe Major General Peltz was placed in charge of bombing raids against Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American troops under Colonel Archibald MacKechnie landed at the mouth of Waria River in New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • US leadership gave the order to invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands on 7 May 1943. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • US 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions again attacked Italian positions at Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia to little success. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • Guszt?v J?ny was awarded the German Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. ww2dbase [Gusztáv Jány | CPC]
  • Belleau Wood was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Belleau Wood | CPC]
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade was disbanded in Pago Pago, American Samoa. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British corvette HMS Milfoil was recommissioned into the United States Navy as USS Intensity. ww2dbase [Milfoil | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Vice Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka launched a 2-wave fighter sweep (32 fighters and 25 fighters, respectively) down the Slot in the Solomon Islands to draw out Allied fighters. About 30 Guadalcanal-based US F4F fighters, 8 P-38 fighters, and a few F4U fighters engaged them over the Russell Islands. 9 Japanese Zero fighters, 5 US F4F Wildcat fighters, and 1 US F4U Corsair fighter were shot down in the action. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Burma
  • Owen Baggett, while descending in a parachute over Burma after his B-24 bomber was fatally damaged, claimed to have used a M1911 handgun to kill the pilot of a Japanese A6M Zero fighter. Post war study of Japanese records would show that there were no A6M Zero fighters in the vicinity on that date, and the Japanese squadron present during the engagement suffered no pilot losses. ww2dbase [Owen Baggett | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny reached the Caroline Islands region. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler met Bulgarian King Boris III at his headquarters at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany. ww2dbase [Boris III | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down three Hurricane fighters over Patenga, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 29. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi departed Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail toward Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Poland Russia
  • Soviet troops defeated the German 17th Army in the Kuban Peninsula and captured Anastasyevsk north of Novorossiysk, near the coast of the Black Sea in southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • The Soviet GKO meeting at 2330 hours on this date, also joined by Vsevolod Merkulov and Viktor Abakumov, discussed the establishment of a counterintelligence branch. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Replying to a question from Member of Parliament Richard Stokes, the Air Minister, Sir Archibald Sinclair, told the British House of Commons that Bomber Command's targets were always of a military nature, but that bombing of military targets would necessarily involve bombing areas in which they were situated. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | AC]
  • The first Firebrand II variant aircraft, which was the second prototype aircraft of the original variant modified to new specifications, took flight. ww2dbase [Firebrand | AC]
United States
  • USS Seahorse was commissioned into service with Commander Donald McGregor in command. ww2dbase [Seahorse | CPC]
1 Apr 1943
  • Submarine Croaker was laid down. ww2dbase [Croaker | CPC]
  • I-168 arrived at Kiska, Aleutian Islands from Paramushiro, Kurile Islands; she took on sick personnel of the Kiska garrison and departed. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • 12 British Mosquito aircraft destroyed a power station and a railways yard at Trier, Germany without any losses; local reports recorded 21 deaths. On the same date, RAF Squadron Leader C. O'Donoghue of 103 Squadron commanded a lone Lancaster bomber on a bombing attack on Emmerich, Germany; the aircraft was shot down, killing the entire crew. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • US 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions attacked Italian positions at Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia for the third consecutive day to little success. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki was assigned to the 2nd Surface Escort Division. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | CPC]
  • Thorn was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Thorn | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps established Marine Aircraft Group S3 at Cherry Point, North Carolina, United States under Lieutenant Colonel Frank H. Schwable; it was the first USMC night fighter group. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps activated the 4th Base Depot at Noum?a, New Caledonia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • George Patton's aide Captain Richard Jenson was killed during a German air attack; Patton shed tears over Jenson's body and cut a lock of hair, keeping some of himself and sending the remaining to Jenson's family. Patton would blame the British Royal Air Force for allowing German aircraft to operate with impunity; this accusation would create controversial at top levels of Allied command. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
  • Captain Frank E. Beatty, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Columbia, relieving Captain William A. Heard. ww2dbase [Columbia | CPC]
  • German 704th Infantry Division was refitted as the 104th J?ger Division. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German 704th Infantry Division was redesignated as the 704th J?ger Regiment; Hartwig von Ludwiger remained the unit's commanding officer. ww2dbase [Hartwig von Ludwiger | CPC]
  • Kamoi was assigned to the 3rd Southern Expeditionary Fleet of the Southwest Area Fleet. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • USS Tunny patrolled off North Pass Island and Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Greenland
  • The US Navy formally established the operations at base Grondal, also known as Bluie West Seven, in southwestern Greenland. ww2dbase [Bluie West Seven | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • The "P" (parachute) battalion of "San Marco" naval infantry regiment merged with "N" (swimmer) battalion to form the new Grupo Battaglioni "NP". ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Naka was assigned to Japanese 14th Cruiser Division while the ship was at Maizuru, Japan. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Mako Guard District at Pescadores islands, Taiwan was transferred to Takao in southern Taiwan, and it was renamed the Takao Guard District. Vice Admiral Takeo Takagi remained the guard district's commanding officer. ww2dbase [Takao Guard District | Takeo Takagi | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Andrew Geddes was made the head of Operations and Plans of the Second Tactical Air Force RAF. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 1 Apr 1943
Soviet sniper Ekaterina Nikiforova Nikiforovna speaking to female sniper trainees, 1 Apr 1943Actress Lyubov Orlova with soldiers at the Baladzhary railroad station in Baku, Azerbaijan, 1 Apr 1943
2 Apr 1943
  • HMS Black Swan and HMS Stonecrop sank German submarine U-124 in the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Italian Semovente 105/25 tank destroyer design entered production. ww2dbase [Semovente 105/25 | CPC]
  • USS S-31 crossed the equator in the Pacific Ocean. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
  • USS Gar ended her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • Near El Guettar, Tunisia, US 9th Infantry Division was moved to attack Hill 772; its original objective of Hill 369 was now left to US 1st Infantry Division to capture. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Rekata, Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Hauptmann Philipp M?ller of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • In the later afternoon, USS Tunny made radar contact with Japanese transport Toyo Maru Number 2 off Alet Island, Caroline Islands. She fired three torpedoes at the distance of 880 meters and observed a hit on the transport before diving to avoid attack by the escorting Momo-class destroyer; depth charges caused minor damage. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. ww2dbase [Robert von Greim | CPC]
Italy
  • Allied bombers conducted raids across Italy, hitting Messina, Crotone, Villa San Giovanni, Naples, Augusta, and Palermo. Some of the missions were aborted due to cloud cover. ww2dbase [Bombing of Rome, Naples, and Other Cities | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Tamazato Prisoners of War Camp in eastern Taiwan was opened for the purpose of showing Red Cross representatives a model camp. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama departed the United States for Britain. ww2dbase [Alabama | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Apr 1943
An F4U-1 Corsair with its gear down, flaps down, and hook down prepares to trap aboard the training aircraft carrier USS Wolverine on Lake Michigan, United States, 2 Apr 1943.
3 Apr 1943
  • German Fw 190 fighters strafed Eastbourne, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | CPC]
  • US 1st Infantry Division captured Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for Namonuito, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued the survivors of sunken tanker Arima Maru. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | CPC]
  • The US submarine Pickerel was depth charged and sunk by Japanese warships north of Honshu, Japan. ww2dbase [Pickerel | AC]
  • The Indian Army Medical Corps was formed by amalgamating the Indian Medical Services, the Indian Medical Department and the Indian Hospital Corps. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Oberleutnant Josef Luxenburger, Hauptmann Wilhelm Mylius, and Oberfeldwebel Fraz Placzek of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Admiral Yamamoto and his staff departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Rabaul, New Britain on two Kawanishi H8K flying boats to supervise Operation I-GO from 7 to 14 Apr 1943, expecting to return to flagship Musashi on 19 Apr 1943. They arrived at Rabaul at 1340 hours. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Haddock fired 4 torpedoes at converted fleet oiler Arima Maru carrying 7,880 tons of oil, sinking her with 3 hits in the Philippine Sea. Her conning tower and radar system was damaged by depth charges from destroyer Yuzuki. ww2dbase [Haddock | CPC]
4 Apr 1943
  • I-168 transferred men from Kiska to Attu in the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • RAF bombers conducted a raid on Kiel, Germany during the night. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • Soviet troops launched the Taman Offensive Operation in an attempt to push the Germans out of the Taman Peninsula in the Caucasus region of southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for McLaughlin Bank, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • No. 254 Squadron of Coastal Command achieved its first success against enemy shipping using torpedo carrying Beaufighter aircraft. ww2dbase [Beaufighter | AC]
  • The final elements of US Marine Aircraft Group 21 arrived at Banika Island, Russell Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Pollack damaged a Japanese freighter in the Marshall Islands and Gilbert Islands area with two of two torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
  • Unable to do it himself, George Patton ordered Omar Bradley to fire Orlando Ward for Ward's failures at Kasserine Pass, Tunisia. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Isoroku Yamamoto and Ryunosuke Kusaka met at Rabaul, New Britain to discuss the details of the I-Go offensive. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-124, equipped with F4U fighters, was assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Dohazari, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 31. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Philippines
  • The only large-scale prisoner of war escape of the Pacific War took place at the Davao Penal Colony, Mindanao, Philippines. It was led by US Army Air Forces Captain William Dyess. ww2dbase [The Davao Escape | Davao Penal Colony | Ed Dyess | CPC]
Poland
  • The German SS Central Construction Office reported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp that Crematorium V had been completed in Auschwitz II-Birkenau, and its administration was now turned over to the camp administration. According to the firm that built the crematorium, J. A. Topf und S?hne, it had the capacity to cremate 768 bodies each day. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Cero was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. D. E. Barbey. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Cero | CPC]
  • USS S-44 arrived at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States. ww2dbase [Philadelphia Navy Yard | S-44 | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • US Navy 50th Construction Battalion arrived at Midway Atoll to relieve the 5th Construction Battalion. It was to continue the work to lengthen the airstrips and to build oil storage tanks on Sand Island. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Apr 1943
USS Iowa off Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 4 Apr 1943Launching of submarine Cero, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 4 Apr 1943Launching of the Light Carrier Cabot, 4 Apr 1943, Camden, New Jersey, United States.
5 Apr 1943
  • Theo Osterkemp was appointed the commanding officer of Jagdfliegerf?hrer Sizilien and charged with safeguarding Axis flights between Sicily, Italy and Tunisia, Italian North Africa. ww2dbase [Theodor Osterkamp | CPC]
  • Allies launched Operation Flax, a concentrated effort to destroy Axis capability to supply Tunisia by air. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • William Slim and Noel Irwin met in Calcutta, India. ww2dbase [William Slim | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine U-869 was laid down. ww2dbase [U-869 | CPC]
  • USS Finback hit a damaged and beached Japanese merchant ship off Wake Island with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • USS Pompon began her journey down the Mississippi River in a floating drydock toward New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
  • USAAF 325th Fighter Group received orders to move two of its P-40 squadrons to the airfield at Montesquien, Algeria. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Frederick Aikman shot down a German Ju 87 aircraft and damaged a German Bf 109G aircraft. ww2dbase [Frederick Aikman | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Seven survivors of American Liberty ship William Pierce Frye, sunk by German submarine U-610 in the North Atlantic five days prior, were rescued by British destroyer HMS Shikari (D 85). ww2dbase [HM]
Hawaii Japan
  • Shokaku departed Kure, Japan for a series of round trips between Iwaishima and Tokuyama (3 times), Oita, and Beppu. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Naka completed her repairs at Maizuru, Japan and departed the port. ww2dbase [Maizuru Naval Arsenal | Naka | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Apr 1943
Young Japanese-American Sachi Ohira of El Monte, California walking with her mother at the Heart Mountain Relocation Camp in Wyoming, United States, 5 Apr 1943.
6 Apr 1943
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer was arrested for being part of an attempt on Hitler's life. ww2dbase [Dietrich Bonhoeffer | TH]
  • Axis forces fell back from Wadi Akarit towards Enfidaville, Tunisia as the British Eighth Army began linking up with US II Corps. ww2dbase [Battle of Wadi Akarit | TH]
  • British pressure in southeastern Tunisia caused Axis forces to begin falling back from the El Guettar region. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • Captured French torpedo boats Bombarde, La Pomone, and L'Iphig?nie, been in Italian service since Dec 1942, were transferred on loan to the German Navy. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australia
  • George Kenney arrived at Brisbane, Australia. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Naka arrived at Hashirajima, Japan. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Tunisia
  • When a company of the British 5th East Yorkshire Regiment had to withdraw temporarily behind the crest of a hill in southern Tunisia, Private Eric Anderson, a stretcher-bearer, went forward alone through heavy fire to rescue the wounded. Three times he brought in wounded comrades, and was rendering first aid to a fourth when he was mortally wounded. For this gallant deed on the field of battle, Private Anderson would be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Whale | CPC]
  • USS Permit departed Midway Atoll, starting her eighth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Permit | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1943
Keitel, Hitler, and Speer observing the field during a weapons demonstration, circa 6 Apr 1943USS Wolverine lying at anchor in Lake Michigan, United States, 6 Apr 1943USS Wahoo at sea off Midway Atoll, 6 Apr 1943. Note that censors have blacked out the escorting vessels.Training carrier USS Wolverine at anchor in Lake Michigan off Chicago, Illinois, United States, 6 Apr 1943
See all photos dated 6 Apr 1943
7 Apr 1943
  • Hitler and Mussolini began a four-day meeting near Salzburg, Austria trying to keep Italy in the war. This led off a month of meetings with Axis allies for pep talks to keep them active against the Allies. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British and American troops linked up on the El Guettar-Gab?s road in Tunisia, ending the Battle of El Guettar. ww2dbase [Battle of El Guettar | CPC]
  • The British government announced equal war compensation for men and women. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Bolivia declared war on the Axis powers. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe assigned 148 fighters to Jagdfliegerf?hrer Sizilien. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • USS Tunny attacked transport Kosei Maru, hitting her with two torpedoes. An Akatsuki-class destroyer counterattacked with depth charges, causing no damage. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits began to march for the Irrawaddy River in Burma en route back to India. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Guitarro was laid down. ww2dbase [Guitarro | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was seriously injured when his car was strafed by Allied aircraft in North Africa. ww2dbase [Claus von Stauffenberg | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the morning, at Lakunai field at Rabaul, New Britain, Isoroku Yamamoto personally observed the launch of some of the aircraft that was to form a large aerial offensive (to be consisted of 157 Zero fighters and 67 D3A dive bombers). At Tulagi in the Solomon Islands, this Japanese attack force sank 1 US destroyer, 1 New Zealand corvette, and 1 tanker, while also damaged the oiler that was fueling the New Zealand corvette at the time of the attack. The Japanese aircraft were engaged by US Marine Corps F4F fighters; during the combat, 12 Zero fighters, 9 D3A dive bombers, and 7 F4F fighters were shot down. 3 D3A dive bombers were lost en route back to their bases. Under the cover of the air attack, a reinforcement convoy arrived at Kolombangara, New Georgia. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • The 14,500-ton American tanker Kanawha, waiting for an escort in Tulagi harbour in the Solomon Islands, came under Japanese bomb attack. An oil tank under the bridge was hit which caused fires that spread rapidly along the deck. The crew were ordered to abandon the vessel but volunteers returned on board and extinguished the fires amidst exploding ammunition. 19 lives were lost int his incident. The tug Rail towed the Kanawha to the west side of Tulagi where she was beached shortly before midnight. ww2dbase [HM]
  • Three Japanese aircraft attacked US destroyer Aaron Ward, tearing holes on the side of the ship and interrupting all electrical power. Having no rudder control, she steamed lazily to port as three more dive bombers attacked, with their near misses further damaging the ship. USS Aaron Ward suffered 20 killed, 59 wounded, and 7 missing. An attempt was made to tow her to beach near Tinete Point of Nggela Pile, but she would ultimately sink at 2135 hours. ww2dbase [HM]
Greece Tunisia
  • USAAF 325th Fighter Group saw its first combat mission as 36 of its P-40 fighters escorted a group of B-25 bombers to attack Mateur in Tunisia; one P-40 fighter was lost during this mission. ww2dbase [CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 7 Apr 1943
An US Army Air Corps pilot landing his BT-13 Valiant aircraft at Gunther Field in Montgomery, Alabama, United States, 7 Apr 1943Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, near Salzburg, Austria, 7 Apr 1943Starboard view of USS Iowa, off Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, 7 Apr 1943Bird
8 Apr 1943
  • US President Roosevelt froze wages and prices of utilities in order to prevent inflation. He also banned workers from changing jobs unless the switch would further the war effort. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Baya was laid down. ww2dbase [Baya | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The 14,500-ton American tanker Kanawha, damaged by Japanese aerial attack and beached on the west side of Tulagi in the Solomon Islands to prevent sinking, nevertheless slid off into the deep water and sank before dawn. ww2dbase [HM]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny patrolled north of West Fayu Island, Caroline Islands. Toward the end of the day she received orders to sail for waters southwest of Truk to intercept a Japanese fleet of unknown composition. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Hatsukaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Tunisia
  • The British submarine HMS Unshaken (Lieutenant J. Whitton) torpedoed and sank the 1,227-ton Italian merchant steamer Foggia 10 miles from Soussa, Tunisia. The Foggia was previously the French vessel Mont St. Clair. ww2dbase [HM]
United Kingdom
  • The first modified Lancaster ED765/G ("G" for "Guard" denoting the special security arrangements required) bomber was delivered to the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom for planned attacks against German dams. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • XSB2D-1 prototype aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [BTD Destroyer | CPC]
9 Apr 1943
  • British troops captured Mahares, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • USS S-31 arrived at Noum?a, New Caledonia where she would be refitted and would serve as a target for training exercises. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 1st Class. ww2dbase [Ivan Bagramyan | CPC]
  • Horst Grund was wounded. ww2dbase [Horst Grund | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny made contact with a Japanese fleet off Truk, Caroline Islands at 2228 hours. She fired four torpedoes at the fleet, which now she realized was an aircraft carrier force, observing multiple hits. She then fired an additional six torpedoes before diving; the subsequent depth charge counterattack caused little damage. Later study of Japanese records revealed that the attacks caused only minor damage on the Japanese force as the torpedoes were detonated prematurely. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Germany
  • U-339 arrived at Kiel, Germany and was reclassified as a training boat. ww2dbase [HM]
Hawaii Poland United States
  • The keel of submarine Parche was laid down at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Parche | CPC]
  • The modified P-38G aircraft which Benjamin Kelsey was test flying failed to pull out of a dive; Kelsey parachuted to safety, albeit suffering a broken ankle on landing, but the aircraft would crash near Calabasas, California, United States. ww2dbase [Benjamin Kelsey | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1943
Lieutenant Walter A. Haas in the cockpit of a F2A Buffalo aircraft, Miami, Florida, United States, 9 Apr 1943US Navy ordnanceman loading .50 caliber ammunition for a F2A Buffalo fighter, Naval Air Station Miami, Florida, United States, 9 Apr 1943
10 Apr 1943
  • The Allied continued Operation Flax offensives over the waters between Sicily, Italy and Tunisia, Italian North Africa, destroying many Axis transport aircraft and fighters. On the ground, British troops captured Sfax, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • 84 American B-24 bombers attacked Sardinia, Italy, sinking one cruiser and damaging another. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Finschhafen, New Guinea, Dutch East Indies; the mission was aborted due to US air attacks. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Frederick Aikman shot down a German Bf 109G aircraft. ww2dbase [Frederick Aikman | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 8th Bomb Squadron (flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More portions of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 departed. Link Trainer building turned over to station. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Italy
  • Italian Air Force Assault Engineer Battalion was made independent of 1st Air Force Assault Regiment. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The first modified Lancaster bomber was moved to RAF Manston, England, United Kingdom to conduct dropping trials for attacks on German dams. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • USS Copahee departed San Diego, California, United States. ww2dbase [Copahee | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Apr 1943
American bombs falling on the Italian cruiser Trieste, near Altura, Sardinia, Italy, 10 Apr 1943
11 Apr 1943
  • SS doctors at concentration camps were given orders to select prisoners to be sent to Hartheim Castle in Austria to be euthanized. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • The Germans lost several transport aircraft flying between Sicily, Italy and Tunisia, Italian North Africa. On the ground, Allied troops captured Kairouan, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Beverley (Lieutenant Commander R. A. Price) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-188 (Kapit?nleutnant Siegfried L?dden) while escorting Atlantic convoy ON-176. Her loss would be officially announced by the Admiralty on 2 May 1943. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Adolf Hitler issued orders that the best armies, the best leaders and the best weapons were to be made available for employment in the "Encirclement of the enemy forces deployed in the Kursk area". ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | AC]
Australian Papua
  • 73 Zero fighters and 27 D3A carrier dive bombers attacked Oro Bay near Dobodura, Australian Papua, sinking 1 US cargo ship, sinking 1 US destroyer, damaging 1 transport, and damaging 1 Australian minesweeper. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny was observed by a Japanese ship 40 kilometers off of Truk, Caroline Islands, but there was no subsequent attack. Early in the afternoon, she intercepted Japanese submarine I-9; she fired three forward torpedoes, and the Japanese submarines fired two; all torpedoes missed. Japanese aircraft arrived to hunt USS Tunny, but the bombs dropped caused no damage. USS Tunny would remain submerged until sundown. After dark, while on the surface, she made radar contact with a Japanese destroyer; as she moved to attack, the destroyer also detected her, attacking with nine depth charges; Tunny would remain submerged for hours to escape the attack. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
Hawaii Poland Photo(s) dated 11 Apr 1943
Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 11 Apr 1943USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii after being fitted with a new bow, 11 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii after being fitted with a new bow, 11 Apr 1943, photo 2 of 2Aircraft carrier USS Enterprise at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 11 Apr 1943.
12 Apr 1943
  • British War Office circulated the "German Long-Range Rocket Development" report, which warned of potential danger from these potential new weapons. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Germans announced the discovery of over 4,000 bodies of Polish officers, reportedly deported by the Soviets in 1940, in a mass grave near Smolensk, Russia. ww2dbase [Katyn Massacre and Related Atrocities | TH]
  • Adolf Hitler named Martin Bormann his secretary. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin informed Winston Churchill his delight to see German industry in shambles. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • British RAF Desert Air Force assumed leadership roles in Operation Flax in North Africa. On the same day, troops of British 8th Army captured Sousse, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • Isherwood was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Isherwood | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Matome Ugaki became sick with dengue fever and was ordered to remain in bed at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [Matome Ugaki | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Isoroku Yamamoto personally observed the launch of a strike at Vunakanau field near Rabaul, New Britain, which ultimately consisted of 17 G4M bombers of 751 Air Group and 26 G4M bombers of 705 Air Group with 130 fighters in escort. At 0945 hours, the attack was detected by the radar station at Dona on the coast of Australian Papua. The attack destroyed 3 B-25 bombers and 1 Beaufighter at Schwimmer Airfield near Port Moresby, Australian Papua; nearby Berry Airfield suffered destroyed buildings and Ward's Airfield suffered 5,000 drums of gasoline destroyed. The Japanese lost 6 bombers and 2 fighters in combat; 2 additional bombers were lost after making crash landings. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • B-17 bombers took off from Jackson Field (previously known as Seven Mile airdrome) near Port Moresby, Australian Papua. Pilot Kenneth McCullar's B-17 "Blues in the Nite" caught fire on takeoff, veered off, and crashed, killing all aboard. Those that took off successfully attacked the Japanese base at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Amagiri at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Portions of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) departed. Eight tennis courts for enlisted personnel completed. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter off the coast of Honshu, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
13 Apr 1943
  • The first operational sortie of the new Republic P-47B Thunderbolt aircraft was undertaken by the US 8th Air Force based in the United Kingdom. US 8th Air Force would provide high altitude escorts and would engage in fighter sweeps. ww2dbase [P-47 Thunderbolt | AC]
  • US bombers attacked Italian airfields at Castelvetrano and Trapani, Sicily, Italy, destroying 11 Italian and 8 German aircraft and damaging 16 Italian and 40 German aircraft, at the cost of only 2 B-17 bombers. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits crossed the Irrawaddy River in Burma by rafts built with locals' help. The final group of men were left behind on the east bank of the river as rearguard as the Japanese attack on this group intensified. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze made a troop transport run to Cape Gloucester (Tuluvu), New Britain, Bismarck Islands, then departed New Britain for Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Frederick Aikman damaged a German Bf 109G aircraft. ww2dbase [Frederick Aikman | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Cruiser Georges Leygues intercepted German blockade runner Portland in the Atlantic Ocean; Portland's crew scuttled the ship to prevent capture. ww2dbase [Georges Leygues | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Matome Ugaki, still recovering from dengue fever at Rabaul, New Britain, was given permission by the doctor to leave his bed. ww2dbase [Matome Ugaki | CPC]
  • At Rabaul, New Britain, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto played a game of Shogi with Vice Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka, discussing Pacific War strategy meanwhile. When Yamamoto spoke of his intention to personally inspect forward bases to raise morale, Rear Admiral Takatsugu Jojima and Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa protested but failed to dissuade Yamamoto. Yamamoto's lieutenants were particularly worried about the fact that Yamamoto's detailed travel itinerary were sent over radio. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Mutsu arrived at Kure, Japan and took on a full load of ammunition and supplies destined for the Aleutian Islands, but that mission would soon to be canceled. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese freighter off the coast of Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
  • Captain Katsuya Sato was named the commanding officer of Settsu. ww2dbase [Settsu | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet GKO meeting at 2205 hours on this date was also joined by Soviet counterintelligence leaders Vsevolod Merkulov, Viktor Abakumov, Lavrentiy Tsanava, Nikolai Selivanovsky, Nikolai Korolev, Nikolai Khannikov, Isai Babich, Nikolai Mel'nikov, Filipp Golikov, and Aleksandr Shcherbakov. Most of them would leave at 2330 hours, leaving Joseph Stalin, Lavrentiy Beria, Vyacheslav Molotov, and Georgy Malenkov to continue the discussion on reorganization of Soviet counterintelligence efforts. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Apr 1943
Submarine USS Sailfish off Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 13 Apr 1943.
14 Apr 1943
  • US President Roosevelt's office turned down a request from US Jewish community leaders to meet with the president in preparation to the forthcoming conference in Bermuda regarding the situation of refugees in Europe. ww2dbase [Bermuda Conference | CPC]
  • Stalin's son Yakov Dzhugashvili died in German captivity. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Soviet 14th Army pushed back a German thrust southeast of Leningrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Siege of Leningrad | TH]
  • The No. 3 Column of the Chindits crossed the Chindwin River in Burma and soon became the first column to return to India. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 23 Japanese dive bombers, 44 medium bombers, and 129 fighters attacked Milne Bay, Australian Papua; 44 Allied fighters rose in response. In the air, 1 Australian P-40 fighter was shot down and another was damaged, and additional Australian P-38 aircraft was destroyed on landing. Three Allied ships were damaged. For the Japanese 5 G4M bombers, 3 D3A dive bombers, and 1 Zero fighter were lost in combat. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Hawaii
  • US Navy Fleet Radio Unit Pacific Fleet decoded a intercepted Japanese Navy message, which allowed the US to learn that Yamamoto was planning on an inspection of three front-line bases near Bougainville Island. The decrypted message was immediately forwarded to Admiral Chester Nimitz at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Pearl Harbor Navy Base and Ford Island Naval Air Station | Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
Italy
  • The remnants of "Tobruch" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy began to arrive in Italy from Tunisia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Irako transited the Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu, Japan with minelayer Yurijima in escort. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet State Defense Committee divided the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs Main Directorate for State Security (GUGB/NKVD) into three organizations: People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD; under Lavrentiy Beria; political repression, slave labor camps, prisoners of war camps, and NKVD troops), People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB; under Vsevolod Merkulov; foreign intelligence and domestic counterintelligence), and State Directorate of Counter-Intelligence (GUKR-NKO or SMERSH; later assigned under Viktor Abakumov; counterintelligence). ww2dbase [Lavrentiy Beria | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Apr 1943
Churchill AVRE vehicle of 163rd Brigade, UK 54th Division, with fascine during ditch crossing exercises near Dunwich, England, United Kingdom, 14 Apr 1943Zhou Fuhai inspecting Manchu Aircraft Company plant, Mukden, Liaoning, China, 14 Apr 1943
15 Apr 1943
  • Major General Hastings Ismay reported to Prime Minister Winston Churchill on German experiments with rockets. ww2dbase [Hastings Ismay | CPC]
  • RAF bombers conducted a raid on La Spezia, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Baltimore was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Baltimore | CPC]
  • The American airfield on Banika Island of Russell Islands, Solomon Islands became operational. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Flight Lieutenant Mathews and Flying Officer H. D. Johnson (No. 91 Squadron RAF based at Hawkinge), acting as spotters to a USAAC sweep over Europe, came across a dinghy in the English Channel with two Thunderbolt aircraft circling around above. An Air-Sea-Rescue Walrus was duly scrambled which picked up Lieutenant Colonel Chesley G. Peterson, the most decorated officer in the USAAC. ww2dbase [AC]
Australia
  • William Halsey traveled to Brisbane, Australia aboard a PB2Y Coronado aircraft. ww2dbase [William Halsey | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 7th Fighter Squadron and 8th Fighter Squadron (both flying P-40 aircraft) of USAAF 49th Fighter Group were transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
Canada
  • USS S-28 departed Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada for the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States for overhaul. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese freighter off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired; the Japanese ship beached to prevent sinking. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was summoned to meet with Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
United States
  • US 17th Airborne Division was activated at Camp Mackall, North Carolina, United States under the command of the newly-promoted Major General William M. Miley. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) was commissioned at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia, United States, Capt. Joseph J. "Jocko" Clark in command. ww2dbase [Norfolk Navy Yard | J. J. Clark | Yorktown (Essex-class) | DS]
Photo(s) dated 15 Apr 1943
The National Ensign raised aboard submarine Skate, 15 Apr 1943; Seahorse at left & Sargo at rightUSS Yorktown departing Newport News, Virginia, United States en route to her commissioning ceremony, 15 Apr 1943The colors being hoisted for the first time aboard the USS Yorktown (Essex-class) during the ship?s commissioning ceremonies, 15 Apr 1943 at Norfolk, Virginia, United StatesPortside broadside view of USS Yorktown (Essex-class) at Newport News, Virginia, United States, on her way to her commissioning ceremonies at Norfolk Navy Yard, 15 Apr 1943
16 Apr 1943
  • 13 British Spitfire fighters intercepted a large Axis air convoy off Tunisia, shooting down 7 SM.82 and 1 Bf 109 aircraft at the cost of only 2 Spitfire fighters. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
Australia
  • William Halsey met with Douglas MacArthur at the latter's headquarters in Brisbane, Australia. ww2dbase [William Halsey | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • A scheduled fighter sweep from Rabaul, New Britain was cancelled as a reconnaissance aircraft failed to return from northeastern New Guinea island region. Despite of this cancellation, Isoroku Yamamoto announced the successful conclusion of the I-Go air offensive. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops began preparing for a new offensive in the region between Wuhan and Yichang in China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
France Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) on board. Part of British Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 arrived on board. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
United Kingdom
  • The first night fighter attack on London, England, United Kingdom, carried out by thirty Focke-Wulf 190 aircraft, turned into a farce. Only two bombs hit the city, and four German pilots got lost, thought that they were over France and landed at West Malling RAF fighter base in Kent where three were taken prisoner and one was killed crash-landing. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | AC]
  • The first release of a non-explosive "Upkeep" bouncing bomb took place at Reculver, off the North Kent coast in Britain, but the device broke up on hitting the water. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • The Sino-American Special Technical Cooperative Organization, or SACO for short, was officially signed by Captain Milton Miles and General William Donovan for the United States and by Foreign Minister Song Ziwen (also known as T. V. Soong) and Colonel Xiao Bo for China. ww2dbase [Milton Miles | CPC]
17 Apr 1943
  • I-168 departed Attu, Aleutian Islands with a cargo of ammunition and mail for Kiska. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler met with Hungarian regent Mikl?s Horthy in an attempt to persuade him to further the attempt to deport Jews, who were "pure parasites" and compared to "tuberculosis bacilli" per Hitler, out of Hungary. Horthy would continue to meet this deportation request as little as possible. ww2dbase [Miklós Horthy | CPC]
  • In response to the German discovery of a mass grave near Smolensk, Russia, the Soviet Union insisted that the massacre was committed by the Germans. The Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom requested the International Red Cross to investigate the matter. ww2dbase [Katyn Massacre and Related Atrocities | TH]
  • US bombers attacked Palermo, Sicily, Italy. German pilots who scrambled to meet the attackers claimed shooting down 5 bombers and 1 fighter. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • Gilmore was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Gilmore | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Matome Ugaki chaired a conference at the 8th Base Force Headquarters at Rabaul, New Britain. Among other topics, the admirals discussed the lack of armor on Japanese aircraft and the concern that Isoroku Yamamoto was soon to personally visit the front lines. ww2dbase [Friedrich Paulus | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter off Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Poland
  • J?rgen Stroop was transferred to Warsaw, Poland by Heinrich Himmler to suppress the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. ww2dbase [Jürgen Stroop | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The demanding training of dropping the new "Upkeep" bombs at low altitudes had proven too much for some British pilots. Pilot Officer Bill Divall replaced Sergeant Ray Lovell followed soon after by Flight Sergeant Lanchester and his crew being withdrawn. This brought 617 Squadron's stenghth down to 21 crews. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • USS Cero departed New London, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Cero | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Apr 1943
U-175 forced to surface after being depth charged by USCG cutter Spencer, North Atlantic, 500 nautical miles WSW of Ireland, 17 Apr 1943Obersteurmann Helmut Klotzch of U-175 yelled for help after the submarine sank in the North Atlantic, 500 nautical miles WSW of Ireland, 17 Apr 1943Isoroku YamamotoUS Coast Guard crew of cutter Spencer watched as a depth charge exploded near U-175, North Atlantic, 500 nautical miles WSW of Ireland, 17 Apr 1943
See all photos dated 17 Apr 1943
18 Apr 1943
  • German 17.Armee attempted to eliminate the Soviet bridgehead at Novorossiysk in southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • The Soviet Union claimed that the German Gestapo was responsible for the Katyn Massacre. ww2dbase [Katyn Massacre and Related Atrocities | CPC]
  • 47 P-40 and 12 Spitfire fighters intercepted a large Axis air convoy off Tunisia, shooting down 24 German transport aircraft, 10 German fighters, and some Italian fighters. So many lives were lost that the Germans dubbed the action Palm Sunday Massacre. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | AC]
  • Lieutenant Philip Cabell Evans was named the commanding officer of HMCS Trillium. ww2dbase [Trillium | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The 4,906-ton Norwegian motor tanker Hoegh Carrier had come under German control in 1940 and had served out of Rotterdam, the Netherlands. She was located, attacked, and sunk by British aircraft off Den Helder, the northernmost part of the Netherlands. Two of her crew were killed in the bombing. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The 7,459-ton Panamanian Merchant Steamer Empire Bruce was hit in the stern by a torpedo fired from German submarine U-123 (Horst von Schroeter) whilst sailing 100 mile southwest of Freetown, Sierra Leone. The crew abandoned the ship which was carrying 9,000 tons of linseed and the vessel sank after being hit by two more torpedoes two hours later. The Master, J. Edwards, his 41 crew members and seven gunners were picked up by the British Minesweeper HMS MMS-107 and landed in Freetown the following day. ww2dbase [HM]
Australia
  • Admiral William Halsey and General Douglas MacArthur met at Brisbane, Australia. They agreed that the tentative date for the New Georgia invasion was to be 15 May, and that a US Marine Corps defense battalion, a US Navy construction battalion, and a US Army regimental combat team should be transferred to the theater to support the invasion. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The two aircraft carrying Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto and Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki took off from Rabaul, New Britain at 0600 hours. Over the island of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, they were shot down by American fighters over Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, killing Yamamoto. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | TH, CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • The 8,132-ton British motor tanker Corbis, loaded with 13,000 tons of diesel oil, was struck at 0356 hours by two torpedoes from German submarine U-180 (Werner Musenberg) about 500 miles from Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Another torpedo struck at 0410 hours and stopped the tanker and set her on fire and caused her to sink after a short time. The Germans reported four lifeboats but three of them were swamped; the master, 47 crew members and two gunners were lost. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The 8,007-ton British steam transport ship Manaar was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian submarine Leonardo Da Vinci in the Indian Ocean whilst on route to India from Durban, South Africa. Four crew members were killed and the master was taken prisoner by the Italians. ww2dbase [HM]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan for her 12th voyage with the Japanese Navy. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Netherlands
  • Robert Johnson flew his first combat mission over the Dutch coast but saw no action. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | CPC]
Poland Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was summoned to meet with Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 619 Squadron RAF was formed at RAF Woodhall Spa, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [RAF Woodhall Spa | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Dragonet was launched at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, sponsored by Mrs. J. E. Gingrich. ww2dbase [Dragonet | CPC]
  • Submarine Escolar was launched at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, sponsored by Mrs. J. Bilisoly Hudgins. ww2dbase [Escolar | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Pollack arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Pollack | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Apr 1943
Belleau Wood in the Delaware River off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States, 18 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2Belleau Wood in the Delaware River off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States, 18 Apr 1943, photo 2 of 2; note location of SK, SC, and SG radar and YE aircraft homing beacon antennasLaunching of submarine Dragonet, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 18 Apr 1943James Doolittle and fellow raiders at a reunion in North Africa, 18 Apr 1943
See all photos dated 18 Apr 1943
19 Apr 1943
  • I-168 arrived at Kiska, Aleutian Islands with a cargo of ammunition and mail. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
  • At the Bermuda Conference, US and UK representatives discussed Jewish refugee issues in occupied Europe with little result. ww2dbase [Bermuda Conference | CPC]
  • Belgian and Jewish underground movements attacked a transport of Jews from the Mechelen transit camp in Belgium. 150 Jews were rescued, but 220 died in the process. It was the only resistance effort during the Holocaust that had attacked a transport train. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Hoe departed for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Hoe | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion arrived off Nakaminato, eastern Honshu, Japan; after sundown, she deployed naval mines. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • HMS Seraph departed Holy Loch, Scotland, United Kingdom with the body of Glyndwr Michael, dressed as Major William Martin and planted with false documents intended to mislead the Germans. ww2dbase [Operation Mincemeat | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A search party found the remains of Isoroku Yamamoto on Bougainville, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
Hawaii Poland
  • Waffen-SS used tanks and other heavy weapons to counter the uprising at the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland, killing and deporting at least 50,000 during the following 27 days. ww2dbase [Warsaw Ghetto Uprising | CPC]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov was named the head of the newly formed Soviet Main Directorate of Counterintelligence (GUKR) SMERSH; he reported directly to Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin ordered NKVD's UOO to be split into three separate military counterintelligence directorates and to be placed under the NKO, the Navy Commissariat, and the NKVD. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Apr 1943
US Army Privates Mearl Hatfield and Clen C. Campbell operating the portable laundry diesel engine, New Guinea, 19 Apr 1943Canberra sliding down the ways, Bethlehem Steel Company Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, 19 Apr 1943Launching of Canberra, Bethlehem Steel Company Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, 19 Apr 1943Wreck of G4M bomber whose crash killed Admiral Yamamoto, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Apr 1943
See all photos dated 19 Apr 1943
20 Apr 1943
  • The British government announced a limited recruitment for women for the Home Guard. ww2dbase [TH]
  • World Jewish Congress representative in Geneva Gerhart Riegner outlined a plan to borrow local currency in Romania and France for efforts to rescue Jews in those countries. The loans were to be backed by US Dollars in Swiss bank accounts. This scheme was devised to provide funding in those countries without actually sending dollars into Axis-held territories, which would risk the funding being captured by the enemy, which would place the World Jewish Congress in a legal bind per United States wartime law. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British troops captured the Enfidaville Airfield in Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • USAAF aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Nauru. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Company Sergeant Major Chhelu Ram was wounded rescuing his commanding officer in Tunisia. Taking command he then led a successful hand-to-hand assault in which he was wounded again, this time mortally. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova was featured on the cover of the young adult political publication Ogonek. ww2dbase [Yekaterina Budanova | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank the Japanese converted gunboat Meiji Maru No. 1, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • US Army B-24 bombers based at Funafuti, Ellice Islands attacked Tarawa, Gilbert Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese troops under Koga attacked the British Maungdaw-Buthidaung line in Burma. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell was invited to join in on the meeting already arranged between Franklin Roosevelt and Claire Chennault. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
  • A medical examination was conducted on Isoroku Yamamoto's remains. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
  • Karl Burk was awarded the War Merit Cross 1st Class with Swords. ww2dbase [Karl Burk | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 215 (VMF-215) departed. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", claimed a Hurricane fighter and a P-36 fighter over Imphal, India, but only the P-36 downing was confirmed, increasing his score to 32. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Japan
  • Naka departed Hashirajima, Japan. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The most famous of all Lancaster bombers, ED888, was delivered to No. 103 Squadron RAF at RAF Elsham Wolds in Elsham, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. ED888, which served as M-Mother (later adapted to Mother-of them-all) would, by the time it was retired early in 1945, have set a record of 140 completed operations to its credit. ww2dbase [Lancaster | AC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Apr 1943
German Waffen-SS General Walter Kr?ger with a Tiger I heavy tank and an anti-aircraft gun vehicle of his 2nd SS Panzer Division German Waffen-SS General Walter Kr?ger with a Tiger I heavy tank of his 2nd SS Panzer Division 1Lt Charleton 1Lt Louis Zamperini, bombardier of this B-24D Liberator
See all photos dated 20 Apr 1943
21 Apr 1943
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt made the official announcement regarding the Japanese execution of downed American airmen who had participated in the Doolittle Raid. ww2dbase [Doolittle Raid | TH]
  • New Zealand troops of Maori ethnicity captured Takrouna, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank a sampan before 0100 hours with her deck gun. In the afternoon, she patrolled off Shioyasaki, eastern Honshu, Japan. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Isoroku Yamamoto's remains were cremated at Buin, Bougainville, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Amagiri at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
China
  • Joseph Stilwell and Claire Chennault departed Chongqing, China. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two P-36 fighters over Imphal, India, increasing his score to 34. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Runner attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 5 torpedoes fired missed. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo conducted training off Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • Joseph Stalin officially signed the order to create GUKR SMERSH, the Main Directorate of Counterintelligence "Smert'shpionam" ("Death of Spies") and the naval UKR SMERSH. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Troops of 48th Battalion of British Royal Tank Regiment captured German Tiger I heavy tank "131" near Medjez-el-Bab, Tunisia. ww2dbase [PzKpfw VI Ausf. E 'Tiger I' | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy ONS 5 consisted of 42 ships departed from Liverpool, England, United Kingdom for a 3-week journey to Halifax, Nova, Scotia, Canada; it was escorted by 7 warships (2 destroyers, 1 frigate, and 4 corvettes) and supported by 2 trawlers and 1 tanker. The convoy was under the command of J. Kenneth Brook of the British Royal Navy Reserve; he was aboard Norwegian freighter Rena. The convoy was to grow in size from mid-journey rendezvous with other ships departing from other ports. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • An attempt was made to assassinate General Charles de Gaulle when the Wellington bomber flying him to Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom was sabotaged at RAF Hendon. The pilot detected the elevator controls had been cut just before take-off and aborted the flight. At the time, the incident was hushed up and blamed on German intelligence but de Gaulle never flew by plane in Britain again. ww2dbase [Charles de Gaulle | AC]
United States
  • USS Ancon's conversion work from cargo-passenger ship to combined headquarters and communications ship was completed at Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Norfolk Navy Yard | Ancon | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Apr 1943
Sargo off Mare Island Navy Yard, 21 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2Sargo off Mare Island Navy Yard, 21 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2President Franklin Roosevelt seated in his car as his party arrived at Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, Texas, United States, 21 Apr 1943. Note Eleanor Roosevelt standing by.President Franklin Roosevelt seated in his car as he arrived at Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, Texas, United States, 21 Apr 1943.
See all photos dated 21 Apr 1943
22 Apr 1943
  • USS Scorpion sank three sampans with gunfire off Honshu, Japan. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
Czechoslovakia Germany
  • British Mosquito reconnaissance aircraft photographed a German rocket at Peenem?nde, Germany but intelligence analysts could not be certain of the object photographed. ww2dbase [Peenemünde Army Research Center | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Naka arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo conducted training off Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Singapore
  • The US Submarine Grenadier was scuttled by her crew after suffering severe damage from Japanese air attack off Penang on the Malay Peninsula. ww2dbase [Grenadier | AC]
Tunisia
  • South African and British fighters intercepted an Italian air convoy off Tunisia, Italian North Africa and claimed to have shot down 12 transport aircraft and 7 escorts. On the ground, the final Allied assault began against the remaining Axis forces in North Africa with armoured thrusts from Sidi Nsir, Medjez, and Pont du Fahs. Only at Enfidaville was there a halt. Resistance remained fierce, however, and was professionally handled by the Germans and Italians, allowing units of the Luftwaffe to be evacuated from the shrinking perimeter. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC, AC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Apr 1943
Cruiser Montpelier entered Havannah Harbor, Efate, New Hebrides, 22 Apr 1943; note SOC floatplane in foregroundAircraft carrier USS Saratoga at Noumea, New Caledonia, 22 Apr 1943.Crown Prince Hirohito inspecting sugar industry facilities, Heito, Taiwan, 22 Apr 1943Members of the British 11th Royal Horse Artillery, First Armoured Division, pose with their Canadian Chevrolet-built CMP 4x4 truck, messenger motorcycle, and canine mascot, Tunisia, 22 Apr 1943.
See all photos dated 22 Apr 1943
23 Apr 1943
  • German 17.Armee abandoned the attempt to dislodge the Soviet bridgehead at Novorossisk in southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • USS Gar began her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • In Tunisia, Lieutenant Wilwood Sandys-Clarke was left as the only officer still alive after his company was almost wiped out in a counter-attack. Despite head wounds, he rallied him men and captured three German strong-points before being cut down whilst single handedly tackling two sniper posts. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. Another Tunisian campaign Victoria Cross was awarded to Major John Anderson who was the first man into three enemy machine-gun positions, capturing 200 prisoners. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Scorpion damaged a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits spotted the Chindwin River in Burma from a high spot; they were about 30 miles away from the river. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • Walter Stettner von Grabenhofen was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [Walter Stettner von Grabenhofen | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • In the evening, a flying boat arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands with ashes of Yamamoto and six of his staff officers, who had been shot down in a flying boat over Bougainville five days earlier. Senior staff officer Captain Kameto Kuroshima secretly transferred Yamamoto's ashes to the admiral's sea cabin. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tunny arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Tunny | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Apr 1943
Japanese Patrol Boat #39 sinking after being torpedoed by American submarine Seawolf, 23 Apr 1943; seen from SeawolfJapanese Patrol Boat #39 sinking after being torpedoed by American submarine Seawolf, 23 Apr 1943; seen from SeawolfGerman Hitler Youth members operating an aerophone, listening for engines of incoming aircraft, Germany, 23 Apr 1943
24 Apr 1943
  • After repeated failures, Admiral Nimitz discontinued the use of magnetic exploders on torpedoes for his theater of operation. Submarines under General MacArthur's command, however, continued to use them. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In the North Atlantic, Escorts of Allied convoy ONS 5 spotted and sank German submarine U-710 10 miles ahead of the convoy. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • The German submarine U-710 was sunk by an aircraft of British No. 206 Squadron Coastal Command. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The No. 5 Column of the Chindits reached the Chindwin River in Burma. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • In the Mediterranean Sea, British submarine HMS Sahib (Lieutenant J. H. Bromage) was scuttled and abandoned by her crew to avoid capture after being seriously damaged by the Italian torpedo boat Climene. Her loss would be officially announced by the Admiralty on 6 May 1943. ww2dbase [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese cargo ship in the Tsugaru Strait between Honshu and Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Runner damaged a Japanese transport in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | CPC]
United States
  • Cargo ship El Estero, after having loaded 1,365 tons of munitions aboard, suffered a boiler flashback at the docks at Jersey City, New Jersey, United States. She was able to be towed away from other ships and crates of explosives and sunk in shallow water near Robbins Reef Light before her cargo detonated. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Apr 1943
Arrested Jewish department heads of the Brauer helmet factory, Warsaw, Poland, shortly after 1700 hours on 24 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2Arrested Jewish department heads of the Brauer helmet factory, Warsaw, Poland, shortly after 1700 hours on 24 Apr 1943, photo 2 of 2An improvised jeep ambulance at a training camp in Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 24 Apr 1943US Army troops training with 81mm M1 mortar, Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 24 Apr 1943; note M1 Carbine
See all photos dated 24 Apr 1943
25 Apr 1943
  • Admiral Mineichi Koga arrived aboard Yamato for an inspection tour; he arrived to become the new Commander-in-Chief of the Combined Fleet, but that fact would be kept secret until the news of Yamamoto's death was to be made public next month. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
  • Commanding officer of the Chinese 5th Army defected to the Japanese. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Snook sank a Japanese or Chinese sampan with her deck gun off China. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • Commander Shinichirou Maeda was made the commanding officer of Tanikaze. ww2dbase [Tanikaze | CPC]
  • Frederick Aikman shot down a German Bf 109G aircraft. ww2dbase [Frederick Aikman | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Grayback departed Brisbane, Australia for her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Navy squadrons VF-26, VF-27, and VF-28, all equipped with F4F fighters, were transferred out of Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing cruiser Aoba at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Japan
  • Naka departed Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Poland US Pacific Islands
  • USS Wahoo declared her readiness for a war patrol while at Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Wahoo | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo departed Midway Atoll for her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Apr 1943
San Francisco in Kulak Bay, Adak, Aleutian Islands, 25 Apr 1943Louisville steamed out of Kulak Bay, Adak, Aleutian Islands, bound for operations against Attu, 25 Apr 1943; note Sweepers Cove in background
26 Apr 1943 Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for transport Noshiro Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
India
  • The No. 5 Column of the Chindits arrived in Imphal, India. Only 95 men of the original force of 318 returned. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku arrived at Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo reconnoitered Matsuwa (now Matua), Kurile Islands, taking photographs of the Japanese airfield and other facilities. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Poland
  • J?rgen Stroop reported that, in the effort to liquidate the Warsaw ghetto in Poland, 1,330 Jews had been pulled out of their strongholds and killed, 662 were killed in combat, and 30 were captured and sent to concentration camps. ww2dbase [Warsaw Ghetto Uprising | Jürgen Stroop | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Apr 1943
The Deck Officer gives an SNJ-3C Texan the go-ahead to launch from the training aircraft carrier USS Wolverine on Lake Michigan, United States, 26 Apr 1943.
27 Apr 1943
  • The German Inspector of Concentration Camps ordered that only the mentally ill prisoners could be gassed via the Aktion T-4 Euthaniasia Program. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Radar jamming devices began operations in eastern England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Captain Lord Charles Lyell was killed in Tunisia whilst knocking out a 88mm gun position and two machine gun posts. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Scorpion fired six torpedoes at a Japanese convoy, sinking the merchant ship Yuzan Maru with four hits; she was depth charged by an escorting destroying and suffered minor damage. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • Admiral D?nitz issued a new order to his submarine commanders, instructing that they were to cross the Bay of Biscay submerged during the night and to resurface during the day only long enough to recharge their batteries. This proved something of a mistake for the Germans as it permitted some 12 RAF Squadrons to contribute to daylight anti-submarine operations. ww2dbase [Black May | AC]
  • Orde Wingate and his small group of Chindits reached the Chindwin River in Burma. They were able to cross it later in the day with the help of Gurkha Rifles men from the western bank of the river. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • USS Puffer was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander M. J. Jensen in command. ww2dbase [Puffer | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney departed Port Moresby, Australian Papua for Brisbane, Australia. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
France
  • German submarine U-518 arrived at Lorient, France and disembarked three prisoners captured from Swedish motor merchant Industria, which U-518 had sunk on 25 Mar 1943. The prisoners were later repatriated by aircraft to Sweden. ww2dbase [HM]
Philippines
  • The 17,526-ton Japanese troop carrier Kamakura Maru departed Manila, Philippines with 2,500 oil production workers and army medical personnel, heavy vehicles, and ammunition on board, bound for Balikpapan, Borneo, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [HM]
United Kingdom
  • Peter Drummond was made the Air Member for Training of the British Air Council. ww2dbase [Peter Drummond | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Tunny departed Midway Atoll for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Tunny | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Apr 1943
USS Yorktown underway off Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, 27 Apr 1943; note Measure 21 camouflageOverhead view of USS Yorktown (Essex-class) at Newport News, Virginia, United States, 27 Apr 1943USS Yorktown (Essex-class) at Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 27 Apr 1943USS Yorktown (Essex-class) at Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 27 Apr 1943
28 Apr 1943
  • Sweden protested the mining her territorial waters by Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky was promoted to the rank of general. ww2dbase [Konstantin Rokossovsky | CPC]
  • Lance Corporal John Patrick Kenneally ignored his wounds to make a one-man assault at Djebel Bou Azoukaz, Tunisia which caused the enemy line to break. Despite being wounded again, Kenneally survived to collect his Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • German submarine U-650 sighted Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic at 0800 hours. During the day U-375, U-386, U-528, and U-537 sailed toward U-650 and began planning the attack. Radio chatter between these submarines alerted commander of ONS 5 escorts Captain Peter Gretton. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was promoted to the rank of Hauptsturmf?hrer and was given command of the commandos of the Oranienburg Special Training Unit. ww2dbase [Otto Skorzeny | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion was ordered to return to her home port. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Irako departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Iwo Jima, Japan with destroyer Tanikaze in escort. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
  • Tanikaze began escorting a transport from Truk, Caroline Islands toward Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Tanikaze | CPC]
China
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a P-40 fighter over Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, his 35th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu wrote to Baron Hiroshi Oshima in Berlin, Germany, urging the ambassador to exert his influence with the Nazi leadership to encourage Germany to make a separate peace with the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Mamoru Shigemitsu | AC]
Philippines
  • American submarine USS Gudgeon spotted the 17,526-ton Japanese troop carrier Kamakura Maru sailing unescorted in the Sulu Sea 15 miles southwest of Naso Point, panay Island, Philippine Islands. Gudgeon fired a spread of four torpedoes at the Japanese vessel at 3,200 yards range. After two minutes there were two explosions. The Kamakura Maru was hit twice on her starboard side at the No. 4 hold where fuel and vehicles immediately catch fire which rapidly spread. Twelve minutes after the strike there was an explosion and the ship upended and sank by the stern. The US submarine passed through the area where the ship sank and reported a dozen lifeboats and floating debris and a large amount of people in the water. The Japanese crew failed to send out a distress signal before the ship sank, thus no one suspected its loss until 3 May 1945. The Kamakura Maru was the largest Japanese troopship sunk in the war; over 2,000 lives were lost with this sinking. ww2dbase [Gudgeon | HM]
Russia
  • Viktor Abakumov personally arrested Major General Boris Teplinsky, the head of the Operational Department of the Air Force of the Siberian Military District on false charges of treason, conspiracy, and spreading anti-Soviet propaganda. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Apr 1943
Crew of Japanese submarine I-29 posing with Subhash Chandra Bose off Madagascar, 28 Apr 1943Burning buildings in the Warsaw Ghetto, seen from Zoliborz district, Poland, late Apr 1943RAF Flight Lt Charles Cholmondeley (pronounced Chumley) and RNVR LtCdr Ewen Montagu driving ?Major Martin? from London to Holy Loch, Scotland as part of Operation Mincemeat, 28 Apr 1943.Sargo at Mare Island Navy Yard, 28 Apr 1943, white outline indicate recent alterations, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 28 Apr 1943
29 Apr 1943
  • Starting at midnight, German submarines U-650, U-375, U-386, U-528, and U-532 attacked Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic. They scored no hits until around 1200 hours when US freighter McKeesport sunk by a torpedo from U-528; three attacking submarines were damaged during the attacks and were forced to return to base to receive repairs. Upon learning the attacks, the British Admiralty dispatched additional destroyers to reinforce the escort force. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank a Japanese patrol vessel by gunfire. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Becuna was laid down. ww2dbase [Becuna | CPC]
  • Nobutake Kondo was promoted to the rank of admiral. ww2dbase [Nobutake Kondo | CPC]
Japan
  • Kamikaze departed Ominato, Aomori Prefecture, Japan for patrols in the Soya Strait area. ww2dbase [Kamikaze | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet counterintelligence agency GUKR SMERSH named its chiefs in each military front, with A. A. Avseevich to the Northwestern Front, G. S. Bolotin-Balyasny to the Volkhov Front, I. P. Konovalov to the Southern Front, S. F. Kozhevnikov to the Leningrad Front, N. G. Kravchenko to the Bryansk Front, A. P. Misyurev to the Kalinin Front, F. G. Petrov to the Southwestern Front, K. L. Prokhorenko to the Voronezh Front, V. P. Rogov to the Western Front, and I. T. Rusak to the Karelian Front. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov was summoned to Joseph Stalin's office to consider GUKR SMERSH deputies; at the same meeting, Abakumov was named the deputy commissar of the NKO, reporting directly to Stalin. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
Tunisia
  • German troops fell back to Lake Garaet Anchkel west of Bizerte, Tunisia; "Grado" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy served as rearguard. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • After much experimentation an "Upkeep" bomb drop was successfully carried out at Reculver in southeastern Britain. By this time several of the new Lancaster bombers modified for dam attacks had been delivered to the squadron's base, RAF Scampton, in Lincolnshire. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • Joseph Stilwell and Claire Chennault arrived in Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
30 Apr 1943
  • The Bermuda Conference ended without any concrete conclusion. ww2dbase [Bermuda Conference | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion sank the Japanese patrol ship Ebisu Maru No. 5 with a torpedo; during the surface action, Lieutenant Commander R. M. Raymond was killed, the submarine's first casualty. As a Japanese aircraft responded with depth charges, Scorpion dove and survived the attack. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • The body of Glyndwr Michael was put into the sea from British submarine HMS Seraph off Huelva, Spain; posed as Major William Martin, the body carried false documents intended to mislead the Germans. ww2dbase [Operation Mincemeat | CPC]
  • The keel of trawler Gulland was laid down. ww2dbase [Gulland | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • In Australian Papua, US 90th Squadron moved from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield to the northeast. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Naka arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Germany Photo(s) dated 30 Apr 1943
A USS Independence radioman-gunner posing at his post on a Dauntless dive bomber, 30 Apr 1943Gun crews on a twin 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft mount take their meals at general quarters aboard the Light Carrier USS Independence in the Caribbean Sea, 30 Apr 1943.Aviation Ordinanceman poses aiming the twin Browning M1919 .30 caliber machine of an SBD Dauntless scout bomber aboard light carrier USS Independence during her shakedown cruise to Trinidad, 30 Apr 1943.USS West Virginia (foreground) and USS North Carolina (background) at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii, 30 Apr 1943
See all photos dated 30 Apr 1943
1 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • The International Medical Commission completed its investigation on the Katyn Massacre, concluding that the Soviet Union was responsible for the atrocity. ww2dbase [Katyn Massacre and Related Atrocities | CPC]
  • US troops captured Hill 609 in Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • The Personnel Department was established to replace the Adjutant and Inspector's Department of the US Marine Corps headquarters. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was named the commanding officer of German 117th J?ger Division. ww2dbase [Karl von Le Suire | CPC]
  • The 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division and the 3rd Algerian Infantry Division (converted from the Constantine temporary Division), the first two formations of Charles de Gaulle's revitalised French Army, were created. They would be committed to Italy at the end of November and December respectively. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Korechika Anami was promoted to the rank of general. ww2dbase [Korechika Anami | CPC]
  • Chiaki Matsuda was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. ww2dbase [Chiaki Matsuda | CPC]
Australia
  • From Brisbane, Australia, George Kenney cabled Henry Arnold, noting that very few aircraft were being sent to the Southwest Pacific. Arnold would promise him enough fighters to form a new fighter group, but he could spare no additional personnel. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Germany
  • U-1059 was commissioned into service with Oberleutnant zur See Herbert Br?ninghaus in command. She was assigned to 5th Submarine Flotilla for training. ww2dbase [U-1059 | CPC]
Hawaii Indian Ocean
  • Four crew and six gunners, survivors of British motor tanker Corbis which was sunk by German submarine U-180 on 18 Apr 1943, were rescued after drifting in their open boat for 13 days by a South African crash Launch. They were taken to East London, South Africa. ww2dbase [HM]
Italy
  • Commander Junio Valerio Borghese took over command of 10th MAS Flotilla at Muggiano, Italy, which was in actuality a special forces unit for the Italian Navy. ww2dbase [Junio Valerio Borghese | CPC]
Japan
  • Irako arrived at Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter off Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired; she survived a heavy depth charge counterattack. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. ww2dbase [Masafumi Arima | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Tanikaze completed escorting a transport from Truk, Caroline Islands toward Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Tanikaze | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Basil Brooke (later 1st Viscount Brookeborough) became Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • CV-14 was renamed USS Ticonderoga. ww2dbase [Ticonderoga | DS]
  • Construction for Camp Concordia in Concordia, Kansas, United States completed. ww2dbase [Camp Concordia | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1943
Carrier Unyo en route between Truk in the Caroline Islands and Yokosuka, Japan, early May 1943Soviet A-19 field gun being towed by a tractor in the village of Izvekova near Vyazma, Russia, 1 Mar 1943Note the broad wings of the TBF Avenger, the largest US carrier plane of WWII, as it makes its take-off run down the flight deck of the Light Carrier USS Independence, Caribbean Sea, 1 May 1943.Indianapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, view of her bow from starboard side, with heavy cruiser Minneapolis in background, 1 May 1943
See all photos dated 1 May 1943
2 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Viktor Lutze, head of the SA, was killed by partisans; he was succeeded by Wilhelm Scheppmann. The cause of death was officially stated as an automobile accident. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Japanese aircraft conducted a raid on Darwin, Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The RAF Bomber Command reported to the British Air Ministry that it currently had 725 ready crews for operations; the number included 129 crews of Wellington bombers and 250 crews for Lancaster bombers. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • The Japanese Southeast Detached Force was established for the defense of the Solomon Islands, with its base in Rabaul. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt informed George Marshall that he was going to approve the supplies Chiang Kaishek requested without any caveats, which included 500 planes and 10,000 tons of supplies to be delivered over the Hump. ww2dbase [Burma Road and the Hump | Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • USS Skipjack attacked a Japanese transport in the Pacific Ocean; all four torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Skipjack | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty was officially announced the loss of destroyer HMS Beverley, sunk on 11 Apr 1943 while escorting Allied convoy ON-176. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 2 May 1943
USS S-35 at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 2 May 1943, photo 1 of 2USS S-35 at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 2 May 1943, photo 2 of 2SBD-3 Dauntless, F4F-4 Wildcat, and TBF-1 Avenger aircraft aboard USS Enterprise, northeast of Noum?a, New Caledonia, 2 May 1943; note USS Washington in backgroundIndianapolis off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 2 May 1943, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 2 May 1943
3 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • 487 Squadron of the New Zealand air force attacked a power station in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. All 10 bombers dispatched were lost to German fighters. Squadron Leader Leonard Trent won the Victoria Cross for his leadership in this attack. ww2dbase [Ventura | CPC]
  • US troops captured Mateur, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • The British 6th Airborne Division was established with Major General Richard Gale in command. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Captain Takeo Shimizu was named the commanding officer of Kamoi. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Truk, Caroline Islands to escort carrier Zuikaku and Zuiho to Japan. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
China
  • The headquarters of the Japanese 11th Army was moved to Shashi, Jingzhou, Hubei Province, China in preparation for a planned offensive. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Iceland
  • Lieutenant General Frank M. Andrews, who President Franklin Roosevelt had nominated to command all American forces in the European theatre, was killed in a plane crash on Mount Fagradalsfjall on the Reykjanes peninsula in southwestern Iceland. 14 were killed aboard the B-24D bomber; 1 survived. He would later be succeeded by Jacob Devers and then Dwight Eisenhower ww2dbase [TH, AC]
Italy Japan
  • Nachi arrived at Yokosuka, Japan for repairs. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Philippines
  • Having failed to make port call at Balikpapan, Borneo, Dutch East Indies, the Japanese realized that the troop carrier Kamakura Maru might had been lost while en route from Manila, Philippines (she was indeed sunk by submarine USS Gudgeon on 28 Apr 1943). Search and rescue efforts were launched immediately, but after more than 4 days in the water, many had already perished. Only 28 out of the 176 crew and only 437 of the about 2,500 passengers were rescued. ww2dbase [HM]
Russia
  • Soviet NKVD/NKGB official Viktor Il'in was arrested in Vsevolod Merkulov's office on false charges of treason, conspiracy, and spreading anti-Soviet propaganda. ww2dbase [Vsevolod Merkulov | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 May 1943
Bob Feller posing before a 40mm Bofors quad mount aboard a ship, possibly USS Alabama, 3 May 1943PT-196, an Elco 80-foot motor torpedo boat, in an experimental paint scheme, Bayonne, New Jersey, 3 May 1943. Note that the paint on the sides is meant to deflect attention while the paint on the bow draws attention.
4 May 1943
  • Hitler postponed Operation Citadel, which ultimately would give the Soviets more time to prepare their defenses. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | TH]
  • RAF bombers conducted a raid on Dortmund, Germany late in the night and into the next day, killing almost 700. Log book of pilot J. H. Searby noted there were "considerable flak" and that he "took cin? (35mm) film hoping to get pictures to convince the 'public' that we do bomb Germany." ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • The German Luftwaffe evacuation from Tunisia, Italian North Africa completed. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • A posthumous award of a Victoria Cross was made to Commander John Linton of HMS Turbulent after the submarine was declared lost. Turbulent had sunk one cruiser, a U-boat and 28 supply ships as well as destroying three trains with gunfire. She had been attacked 13 times and survived 250 depth charges. ww2dbase [AC]
  • German submarine U-625 spotted Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic at about 1200 hours local time. Several German submarines gathered and began attacking at dusk and lasted through the night into the next date, sinking 7 ships (British freighters L'Orient, North Britain, Harbury, Harpurley, Bristol City, and Wentworth; US freighter West Maximus). U-630 was lost during the attacks. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • The body of Glyndwr Michael was buried at the Cemetery of Solitude in Huelva, Spain as Major William Martin of the British Royal Marines. ww2dbase [Operation Mincemeat | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish departed for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
Hawaii India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane fighter over Cox's Bazar, India (now Bangladesh), his 36th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Wahoo reconnoitered the northeastern tip of Etorofu, Japan (now Iturup, Russia), then damaged seaplane tender Kamikawa Maru, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet Directorate of NKVD Troops for Guarding the Rear of the Red Army was elevated to form its own main directorate. ww2dbase [CPC]
Tunisia
  • The "Grado" Battalion of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy was relocated to the regimental headquarters at Bizerte. Tunisia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Vatican City
  • The Vatican Secretary of State reminded the Apostolic Delegate in London, England, United Kingdom that the Vatican opposed establishing a Jewish homeland in British Palestine due to the area's sacred status to Christianity as the birthplace of Jesus Christ. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 May 1943
Brigadier General Haywood Hansell and Colonel Curtis LeMay in front of B-17F ?Dry Martini ? The Cocktail Kids 4? at Chelveston, England, on the occasion of Hansell?s last combat flight, 4 May 1943.
5 May 1943
  • Soviet troops captured Krymsk in southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • German submarines continued to attack Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic, sinking British freighter Dolius and US freighter West Makadet during the day; German submarine U-358 was damaged during the attacks. After dark, German submarines lost contact with the convoy, sinking British freighters Selvistan and Gharinda and Norwegian freighter Bonde, but the radar-equipped Allied escorts continued to fight back, sinking U-638, U-125, and U-531. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • In the afternoon, USS Snook began stalking two Japanese freighters Kinko Maru (hitting with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired) and Daifuku Maru (hitting with 1 of 5 torpedoes fired) departing Dalian, China. She sank them with torpedoes after dark. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
China
  • The Japanese launched an attack into the region between Wuhan and Yichang in China, aiming gain control of this section of the Yangtze River. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • I-174 departed Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit damaged a Japanese transport in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 May 1943
US Army Private Arthur Ristinen and Private First Class John Weinzinger of 186th Regiment, 41st Infantry Division relaxing in front of Warisota Plantation, New Guinea, 5 May 1943
6 May 1943
  • Adolf Hitler made an unusual public appearance at Viktor Lutze's funeral. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | TH]
  • In Tunisia, British troops captured Tunis and American troops captured Bizerte. The German 15th Panzer Division was effectively wiped out. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese schooner in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • British corvette HMS Loosestrife sank German submarine U-638 with depth charges, which was attempting to attack Allied convoy ONS 5 in the North Atlantic; two other submarines were also destroyed on this date. Realizing the convoy was now well escorted, Admiral Karl D?nitz ordered the attacks on this convoy to cease. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • U-977 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [U-977 | CPC]
  • The British Admiralty officially announced the loss of submarine HMS Sahib, which was scuttled in the Mediterranean Sea after being damaged by Italian torpedo boat Climene. ww2dbase [AC]
China
  • At dawn, Chinese 77th Division and 15th Division launched a counterattack against the Japanese in the border region between Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China. At 2100 hours, Chiang Kaishek ordered that the region must be held against the Japanese offensive at all costs. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 222 (VMF-222) departed. Part of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 departed. Officers' Club turned over to station. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
US Pacific Islands
7 May 1943
  • Hitler announced in a speech to Reichsleiters and Gauleiters that submarine warfare was to be stepped up as the surest way to cut enemy supply lines, even as the German submarine fleet was being pounded in the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [Black May | TH]
  • Allied naval forces began the Operation Retribution blockade, sealing off Tunisia, Italian North Africa from the sea. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured Buthidaung, Burma. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese sampan in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • USS Snook attacked a Japanese convoy off China and sank Hosei Maru, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Pintado was laid down. ww2dbase [Pintado | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109 fighter while flying a Yak-1 fighter. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops captured Anxiang, Hunan Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi departed Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
France
  • German television began broadcasting from studios in Paris, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Tamon Maru No. 5 off Iwate Prefecture, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes. Later on the same day, she attacked a military convoy consisted of two escort vessels and a naval auxiliary in the same region, Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Tunisia
  • Italians scuttled captured French minelayer Castor at Bizerte, Tunisia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 May 1943
Japanese pilot Nishizawa flying his A6M3a Model 22 Zero fighter in the Solomon Islands area, 7 May 1943
8 May 1943
  • German government issued the order that deaths of Eastern European workers in the concentration camps only need to be reported to labor offices. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Admiral Bruce Fraser replaced Admiral John Tovey as the head of the Royal Navy Home Fleet. ww2dbase [Bruce Fraser | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured Maungdaw, Burma despite being outnumbered and being surrounded throughout most of the offensive. ww2dbase [First Battle of Arakan | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Yamato departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
China
  • 16 B-24 bombers and 11 B-25 bombers of US 14th Air Force attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China, claiming about 20 aircraft destroyed on the ground. ww2dbase [Tianhe Airfield | CPC]
Gibraltar
  • In Operation BG 6, Italian auxiliary ship Olterra launched three manned torpedoes against Gibraltar, sinking three cargo ships. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked a Japanese transport off Iwate Prefecture, Japan; all 3 torpedo missed. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Guy Gibson, together with Harold Martin and John Hopgood, made a number of successful practice drops of "Upkeep" bombs at Reculver off southeastern England, United Kingdom. Low level training, which had now been consolidated at the Uppingham reservoir and a dam on the Colchester reservoir, was reduced from 150 feet to just 60 feet. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • USS Sable was commissioned into service with Captain Warren K. Berner in command. ww2dbase [Sable | DS]
Photo(s) dated 8 May 1943
Admiral Bruce Fraser on the occasion of his British Royal Navy Home Fleet appointment, 8 May 1943Searaven off Mare Island, 8 May 1943, photo 1 of 3Searaven off Mare Island, 8 May 1943, photo 2 of 3Searaven off Mare Island, 8 May 1943, photo 3 of 3
See all photos dated 8 May 1943
9 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Saipan, departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • The entire community at Skalat, Ukraine was wiped out by the Germans. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The German occupation government in the Netherlands declared martial law. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Gar sank Japanese freighter Aso Maru south of the Negros, Philippine Islands in daylight with two of four torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 89th Bomb Squadron (flying A-20 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
China
  • In Hunan Province, China, Japanese troops captured Nan County and advanced toward Zhijiang and Yangxi. On the same day, also in Hunan Province, the Japanese began a three-day massacre of civilians in Changjiao; 30,000 were estimated to be killed. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Japan
  • I-168 arrived at Yokosuka, Japan and was transferred to Submarine Squadron 3. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank Japanese transport Takao Maru and transport Jinmu Maru east of Kesennuma, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, hitting them with 2 of 6 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Tunisia United Kingdom
  • Oberleutnant Heinrich Schmitt of 10/NJG3 defected to the United Kingdom in the new Junkers Ju 88R nightfighter to the delight of Professor Reginald V. Jones, the British electronics expert, whose team is now able to examine the German FuG 202 Lichtenstein BC radar equipment. ww2dbase [Reginald Jones | CPC, AC]
United States
  • USS Corvina was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. R. W. Christie. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Corvina | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Midway Atoll and received repairs to her hydraulic system and her air search radar. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 May 1943
US Army Private First Class George Chapman and Sergeant John Eppard working at the Mobile Machine Shop truck of 741st Ordnance Company, 41th Infantry Division at Horanda, New Guinea, 9 May 1943USS Copahee in San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 9 May 1943, photo 1 of 3; note three TBD Devastator aircraft on the fantailUSS Copahee in San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 9 May 1943, photo 2 of 3; note TBD Devastator and PV-1 Ventura aircraft on flight deckUSS Copahee in San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 9 May 1943, photo 3 of 3; note two PV-1 Ventura aircraft
See all photos dated 9 May 1943
10 May 1943
  • The British 6th Armoured Division cut off German troops at Cape Bon, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • Shimakaze was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Shimakaze | CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft from Rabaul attacked American positions in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands, but the attack was largely turned back by American fighters. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • USS Cisco was commissioned into service, Commander James W. Coe in command. ww2dbase [Cisco | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 59 Zero fighters, 7 J1N reconnaissance aircraft, and 47 G4M bombers arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • An experimental J1N1 aircraft arrived at Lakunaia Airfield, Rabaul, New Britain. It was armed with aerial burst bomb launchers, a weapon designed against US bombers. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Heinz Guderian told Adolf Hitler of his misgivings about the Zitadelle plan. Uncharacteristically Hitler responded that, he too, had concerns about an offensive at Kursk, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | AC]
Hawaii United States
  • USS ABSD-1 was commissioned into service at Everett, Washington, United States with Captain Andrew R. Mack in command. ww2dbase [ABSD-1 | CPC]
  • Henry Arnold suffered his second heart attck and was hospitalized at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington DC, United States for several days. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
  • The keel of carrier Randolph was laid down by Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company in Newport News, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Randolph | DS]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale departed Midway Atoll for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 May 1943
A 2-inch mortar being fired from a Universal Carrier in Britain, 10 May 1943
11 May 1943
  • US 7th Infantry Division landed on Attu, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • 26 girls were killed in an Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) hostel in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom during a German bombing raid. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The United Kingdom to Lisbon, Portugal air service, previously operated by the Dutch airline KLM, was taken over by the British airline BOAC using Douglas DC-3 aircraft on the route. ww2dbase [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • US B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked Lakunai Airfield and Vunakanau Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Army Air Forces 390th Bombardment Squadron of 42nd Bombardment Group, equipped with B-25 medium bombers, was assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
Germany Hawaii Japan
  • Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Subhash Chandra Bose | CPC]
  • Nachi departed Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit attacked a Japanese convoy east of the Mariana Islands, sinking two transports with 4 torpedo hits and damaging a third with 1 hit; a total of 6 torpedoes was expended. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
  • USS Grayback attacked a six-freighter Japanese convoy escorted by three armed vessels after dark in the South Pacific, sinking freighter Yodogawa Maru with 1 of 6 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Allied convoy SC 130 (37 ships) departed Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada for Liverpool, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
United States
  • Winston Churchill arrived in Washington DC, United States for the Trident Conference scheduled to start on the next day. ww2dbase [Trident Conference | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Flying Fish arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Flying Fish | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 May 1943
Destroyer USS Pruitt and landing craft from USS Heywood moving toward Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 11 May 1943American troops at Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 11 May 1943USS Pennsylvania?s #4 main battery seen from under the wing of an OS2U Kingfisher catapult scout plane as the battleship is preparing for the bombardment of Attu Island in the Aleutians, 11 May 1943.
12 May 1943
  • The Trident Conference began in Washington, DC, United States. ww2dbase [Trident Conference | CPC]
Australia
  • At his headquarters in Brisbane, Australia, George Kenney received a report noting that the morale of US 43rd Bomb Group was sharply declining. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Modified B-25 bombers of 13th Squadron of US 38th Bomb Group, based in Port Moresby, Australian Papua, began conducting strafing missions. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops crossed the Yangtze River near Baiyang, Hunan Province, China and attacked Chinese positions on the opposite shore. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Kamikaze departed Odomari, Karafuto Prefecture, Japan (now Korsakov, Russia) for patrols in the northern Kurile Islands area. ww2dbase [Kamikaze | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo attacked a convoy of two Japanese ships east of Japan; both torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Tunisia
  • 105 survivors of the "San Marco" naval infantry regiment of Italian Navy were evacuated from La Galite Island by motored torpedo boats. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Polish Jewish leader Samuel Zygelbojm committed suicide in London, England, United Kingdom as an expression of solidarity with the Jewish resistance fighters in Warsaw. "By my death I wish to make my final protest against the passivity with which the world is looking on and permitting the extermination of the Jewish people", he wrote in his suicide note. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 May 1943
US Army soldiers unloading LCPR and LCM type landing craft on the beach at Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian islands, 12 May 1943; note military policemen on right side of photoUS Army African-American Air Corps officers, Fez, French Morocco, 12 May 1943: Lt Col Benjamin Davis, Capt H. Johnson, Capt Jones, Lt Thompson, Lt Carter, Lt Lawrence, Lt Currie
13 May 1943
  • The remaining Axis troops surrendered in Tunisia. For the first time in the war, the British claimed more German prisoners than the number of British captives in Germany. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | TH]
  • Danish resistance damaged a railway installation at T?nder, Denmark. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Snook sank a Japanese freighter with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • The false documents found on the body of Glyndwr Michael/William Martin was returned by the Spanish to the British, apparently unopened but actually shared with and copied by the Germans. ww2dbase [Operation Mincemeat | CPC]
  • B-17 bomber 'Hell's Angels' of US 303rd Bomb Group became the first aircraft to complete 25 combat missions. ww2dbase [B-17 Flying Fortress | CPC]
  • Italian torpedo boats stationed at Yalta, Ukraine conducted their last sortie from this base. ww2dbase [CPC]
Italy Japan
  • Yamato departed Yokosuka, Japan for Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo damaged a Japanese transport east of Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Squadron X of the No. 5 Group of the British Royal Air Force, led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson, received water-skipping "Upkeep" bombs for the upcoming mission against German dams in the Ruhr region. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of Bergall was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Bergall | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 May 1943
American soldiers unloading landing craft on the beach at Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, 13 May 1943USS Helena performing night time bombardment of Japanese positions in the Munda-Vila area, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 13 May 1943; photo taken from USS HonoluluSearaven at Mare Island Navy Yard for overhaul, 13 May 1943Close up view of the main guns in USS Iowa?s number 3 turret flanked by 20mm Oerlikons while at anchor in Chesapeake Bay, United States, 13 May 1943
14 May 1943
  • The Australian hospital ship Centaur was sunk by a Japanese submarine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Remy Van Lierde became the first pilot to drop bombs on an enemy target from a Typhoon fighter; en route back to base, he shot down a German He 111 bomber, which was his third kill. ww2dbase [Remy Van Lierde | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Twenty year old The Honourable Thomas Henry Sackville was the son of Herbrand Edward Brassey Sackville, 9th Earl of De la Warr; he was a Flying Officer in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve Squadron 613 based at RAF Wellingore only 10 miles from the RAF College at Cranwell, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. He and New Zealander Flight Lieutenant W. J. Dooley were flying RAF Mustang aircraft in a fighter sweep over northern Europe when they were jumped by a Messerschmitt Bf 109 Feldwebel M. Winkler of 2./JG 27. Winkler shot down both the Mustang fighters which crashed into the North Sea. Sackville's aircraft broke up on hitting the water and he was killed. Dooley ditched his Mustang I AP207 and was picked up by a Dornier Do 24 Flying Boat and taken as a prisoner of war. ww2dbase [HM]
  • Lancaster I bomber W4110 of No. 44 (Rhodesia) Squadron piloted by 23-year-old Flying Officer William Rail, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve from Vumba, Southern Rhodesia was shot down by nightfighter pilot Unteroffizier Karl-Gustav Pfeiffer of IV/NJG 1 and crashed into the North Sea west of Den Helder, the Netherlands. The aircraft had been returning to RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom after a raid on Pilzen, Czechoslovakia. All seven of the crew were killed and were later named on the Runnymede Memorial on Cooper's Hill in Runnymede, Surrey, England. ww2dbase [HM]
Australia
  • US 475th Fighter Group was established in Australia. Lieutenant Colonel George Prentiss would arrive one week later to take command of this new formation. ww2dbase [CPC]
Belgium
  • Robert Johnson saw action in flight for the first time while escorting B-17 bombers over Belgium, damaging two German Fw 190 aircraft. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Division captured Gong'an, Hunan Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Germany
  • British Mosquito reconnaissance aircraft photographed a German rocket at Peenem?nde, Germany; it was estimated to be 38 feet in length and 2 feet in diameter. ww2dbase [Peenemünde Army Research Center | CPC]
Greenland
  • US aircraft bombed the Bluie East Five site in eastern Greenland, suspecting German usage of the site. ww2dbase [Bluie East Five | CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku departed Kure, Japan for another series of trips to Oita, Iwasihima, and Tokuyama. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Netherlands
  • The Martin B-26 Marauder made its operational debut in northern Europe with a partially successful attack by US 322nd Bomb Group on the Velsen power station at Ijmuiden in the Netherlands. ww2dbase [Bombing of Cities in France and Low Countries | AC]
United Kingdom
  • In Britain, following more "Upkeep" bomb dropping training at the Wainfleet Bombing Range on the Wash (where a wooden mock up of the dam's towers had been constructed) at full night dress rehearsal was conducted on the Uppingham and Colchester reservoirs. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | AC]
United States
  • Joseph Stilwell arrived in Washington DC, United States to attend the Trident Conference. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 May 1943
Kinkaid reading in his quarters on Adak, Aleutian Islands, 14 May 1943German officer (possibly SS General Maximilian von Herff) questioning Jews in Warsaw, Poland, 14-15 May 1943; note J?rgen Stroop (with goggles) and Karl Kaleske (or Erich Steidtmann; first from right) in background
15 May 1943
  • Stalin dissolved the Comintern. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | TH]
  • USS Gar attacked a Japanese convoy in the Philippine Islands, sinking cargo ships Moikai Maru and Indus Maru, hitting them with four of the twelve torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • British Admiral Andrew Cunningham announced that "the passage through the Mediterranean was clear", and convoys from Gibraltar to Alexandria, Egypt resumed. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Desert War | CPC]
  • An American reconnaissance aircraft detected German submarine U-176 off Havana, Cuba. Nearby Cuban submarine chaser CS-13, escorting two freighters, was notified and closed in, attacking with depth charges and sinking U-176, killing the entire crew. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • Famed Polish Jewish violinist Henri Czaplinski (aka. Genrikh Maksimovich Chaplinsky in Soviet documents) who had fought with Byelorussian partisans but now in Soviet captivity, was reported by Panteleimon Ponomarenko and Lavrentiy Tsanava to be a possible German spy. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 432nd Fighter Squadron (flying P-38 aicraft) of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was transferred to Dobodura No. 15 airstrip of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Naka departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops surrounded Chinese troops near Baiyang, Hunan Province, China, inflicting heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down four P-40 fighters over Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, increasing his score to 40. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • The C6N Saiun carrier reconnaissance aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [C6N Saiun | CPC]
  • Nachi arrived at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • Pilots of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 were transferred to Efate, New Hebrides for rest after serving 8 weeks in combat capacity. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived off Wake Atoll. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Ukraine
  • German Luftwaffe I./KG 55, flying He 111 bombers, departed from Sarabuz Russkiy Airfield in Krym, Russia for Stalino (now Donetsk), Ukraine. The transfer was in response to the Soviet counter-offensive toward Kharkov, Ukraine. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 May 1943
American troops traveling across snow and ice during the Battle of Attu Island, May 1943Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands seen through the periscope of USS Pollack, mid-May 1943Message from George Marshall and Ernest King to US military personnel returning from war zones, 15 May 1943, page 1 of 2Message from George Marshall and Ernest King to US military personnel returning from war zones, 15 May 1943, page 2 of 2
See all photos dated 15 May 1943
16 May 1943 China
  • Japanese 3rd Division attacked Songzi, Hubei Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi refueled from oiler Teiyo Maru in Kataoka Bay, Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale took station 56 kilometers east of Wake Atoll and guided US Army B-24 bombers toward Wake. She was spotted by a Japanese aircraft, but sustained no damaged in the subsequent attack. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Grayback damaged a Japanese destroyer in the South Pacific, hitting her with 2 of 6 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Poland
  • The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ended in Poland with the destruction of the Warsaw synagogue at 2015 hours. In J?rgen Stroop's final daily report, he noted that 180 Jewish fighters were killed on this final day. ww2dbase [Warsaw Ghetto Uprising | Jürgen Stroop | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Wing Commander Guy Gibson's Dambusters took off from Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom for an attack on the Ruhr River dams in Germany. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | TH, CPC]
United States
  • USS Mingo departed New London, Connecticut, United States for the Panama Canal. ww2dbase [Mingo | CPC]
17 May 1943
  • The fifth Axis air offensive against Yugoslav partisans began. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert M. Stillman led the 322nd Bomb Group on a disastrous low level mission to Haalem and Ijmuiden in the Netherlands. Light flak and Messerchmitt Bf 109G fighters accounted for the loss of ten out of the eleven American B-26 bombers that had set out. The only survivors were one crew that had turned back to its base early because of technical difficulties. ww2dbase [AC]
Alaska
  • USS New Mexico arrived at Kuluk Bay, Adak, US Territory of Alaska. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Division surrounded Songzi, Hubei Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Egypt
  • Ren?-?mile Godfroy successfully lobbied for the rearmament of the interned French warships at Alexandria, Egypt. ww2dbase [René-Émile Godfroy | CPC]
Germany
  • The Edersee Dam was breached by a British air attack. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | CPC]
  • The M?hnesee Dam in western Germany was breached by a British air attack. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | Möhnesee Dam | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback sank freighter England Maru and damaged two others in the South Pacific with four torpedo hits; eight torpedoes were expended in this attack. ww2dbase [Grayback | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 May 1943
Stage singer Josephine Baker singing the American national anthem before an African-American US Army band directed by Technical Sergeant Frank W. Weiss, Municipal Theater, Oran, Algeria, 17 May 1943German woman being awarded the Cross of Honor of the German Mother, 17 May 1943; note League of German Girls members presentB-17F ?Mary Ruth - Memories of Mobile? and the 401st Bomb Squadron flying toward the German U-boat pens at Lorient, France, May 17 1943. This photo was taken from B-17 ?Memphis Belle? on her last combat sortie.US Army anti-aircraft gun crew manning their 3-inch M3 AA gun at New Fighter Strip, Dobodura, New Guinea, 17 May 1943
See all photos dated 17 May 1943
18 May 1943
  • The Papal Nuncio in Romania asked the Romanian foreign minister to allow the immigration of 8,000 Jewish orphans in Transnistria to Palestine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • After sundown, German submarine U-304 spotted Allied convoy SC 130 in the North Atlantic. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy formed the 12th Air Fleet on paper with Vice Admiral Michitaro Tozuka in command and Rear Admiral Yoshiyuki Ichimiya as the chief of staff. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese ship Terushima Maru in the Marshall Islands with two of three torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
  • Nikolai Kamanin was promoted to the rank of major general to take command of the 8th Combined Air Corps. ww2dbase [Nikolai Kamanin | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Division captured Songzi, Hubei Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Germany
  • At 0730 hours, a Spitfire aircraft of No. 542 Squadron RAF flew across the Ruhr region in Germany and photographed the extent of the damage from the Dambuster Raid. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | CPC]
Japan
  • The keel of Submarine No. 5091 was laid down at Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan by Kawasaki Shipbuilding Corporation. ww2dbase [I-14 | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Naka arrived at Jaluit Atoll, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was detached from the Western Sea Frontier based in San Fracisco, California, United States. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 May 1943
M?hne Dam breached after the previous dayAerial reconnaissance photo over M?hne Dam, showing flooding, Soest, Westfalen-S?d, Germany, late 17 May or 18 May 1943
19 May 1943
  • German propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels declared Berlin Judenfrei ("Free of Jews"). In truth, about 2,000 to 3,000 Jews were in hiding in Berlin, while another 18,000 Germans of mixed Jewish heritage were living in Berlin legally. ww2dbase [Joseph Goebbels | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese sampan in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • In the North Atlantic, as German submarines began to form an attack formation against Allied convoy SC 130, Liberator bombers of No. 120 Squadron RAF pre-emptively struck them, breaking up the attack. The convoy was met by additional 3 frigates and 1 sloop as reinforcement. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • Sproston was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Sproston | CPC]
  • 30 TBF Avenger aircraft of US Marine Scout-Bomber Squadron 143 and US Navy Tropedo Squadron 11 mined waters off Buin, Bougainville, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese ship Bangkok Maru in the Gilbert Islands with three of four torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
  • Robert Johnson engaged in combat with German fighters over Europe. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 3rd Corps gathered at Chayuansi, Hunan Province, China, preparing for a planned offensive. On the Chinese side, Chen Cheng, commanding officer of the Chinese 6th War Area, returned to the region and reassumed command. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi departed Sibolga, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies; she would arrive at Padang to the south later on the same day. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Germany
  • US B-17F bomber 'Memphis Belle' became the second aircraft to complete 25 combat missions after attacking Kiel, Germany. ww2dbase [B-17 Flying Fortress | CPC]
  • Fanni Luukkonen was awarded Order of the German Eagle by Adolf Hitler. ww2dbase [Fanni Luukkonen | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • USS Alabama arrived at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Alabama | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 May 1943
Broadside view of USS Marlin, off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States, 19 May 1943Stern view of USS Marlin, off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States, 19 May 1943USS Marlin off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States, 19 May 1943TDN-1 attack drone on its first (piloted) test flight from Traverse City, Michigan, United States, 19 May 1943. The pilot was Navy Lieutenant C.C. Corley. Photo 1 of 2.
See all photos dated 19 May 1943
20 May 1943
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese sampan in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps transferred the responsibility of the office of the Assistant Commandant (Air) to the Director of Aviation. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In a press conference, Orde Wingate noted the achievement by Operation Longcloth in the areas of propaganda and morale. ww2dbase [Operation Longcloth | CPC]
  • The Italian Navy withdrew all its personnel from Yalta, Ukraine; all of the Italian torpedo boats were given to the German Navy in the region. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Esterwegen Concentration Camp established a special camp named "S?d" (South) to hold prisoners transferred under the Nacht und Nebel program. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Hartwig von Ludwiger was made the commanding officer of Kampfgruppe von Ludwiger in Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Hartwig von Ludwiger | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 12 US heavy bombers attacked Vunakanau Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain between 0300 and 0430 hours, causing limited damage to the facilities, but greatly affected Japanese morale. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Harusame at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi took on 2,400 tons of cement at Padang, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Shokaku departed Tokuyama, Japan for the Yokosuka region to prepare for the counter offensive at the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived in waters between Japan and Mariana Islands and Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Poland United States
  • USS S-35 began post-repair trials off Bremerton, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
  • Henry Arnold was released by Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [Henry Arnold | CPC]
  • The US Navy established the Tenth Fleet. The fleet had no ships, for that this command was responsible for the analysis of intelligence for anti-submarine and convoying efforts in the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 May 1943
African-American soldiers of the labor battalion deployed by the US Army eating a meal in the field, Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 20 May 1943US Army soldier relaxing with a book while aboard a transport, off Iceland, 20 May 1943Aerial view of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Germany, 20 May 1943; photo taken by a British No. 542 Squadron RAF aircraft
21 May 1943
  • Mineichi Koga replaced Isoroku Yamamoto as the Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. ww2dbase [Mineichi Koga | CPC]
  • The Royal Navy submarine HMS Sickle "torpedoed" the world famous Monte Carlo Casino. While attacking shipping in the harbour one of the torpedoes ran up the beach and exploded, blowing out the windows of the casino which was being occupied, at the time, by German officers. ww2dbase [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 4 US B-17 bombers attacked Vunakanau Airfield and Rapopo Airfield at Rabaul, New Britain. Pilot Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo and observer Lieutenant (jg) Akira Sugawara, in the J1N reconnaissance aircraft equipped with experimental aerial burst bomb launchers, shot down B-17E bomber "Honi Kuu Okole" (Major Paul Williams) and a unnamed B-17F bomber (Captain Joseph Geddes); it was this particular J1N aircraft's first combat. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 90th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
China
  • Japanese 39th Division began to cross the Yangtze River near Pianyan, Hubei Province, China. In Hunan Province, the Japanese 3rd Corps attacked at dawn from Chayuansi, advancing northward toward Changyang in Hubei Province. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi departed Padang, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku arrived at Yokosuka, Japan with Cruiser Division 7 from Tokuyama, Japan. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Yamato was drydocked at Yokosuka, Japan for inspection and repairs. ww2dbase [Yokosuka Naval Arsenal | Yamato | CPC]
  • One month after the death of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, who had been killed when the aircraft in which he was travelling on a tour of inspection was shot down by US fighters over Bougainville Island, the news was finally revealed to the Japanese public. At Yokosuka, Japan, senior Japanese naval officers led by the Emperor, in person, trooped aboard the battleship Musashi to pay their last respects to Yamamato. Along with the late Admiral's ashes, contained in a small white box, was a poem by the Admiral that had been found in his sea-cabin on the battleship Yamato. It began: "So many are dead, I cannot face the Emperor... soon I shall join the young dead soldiers." ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC, AC]
  • Masataka Kitagawa passed away. ww2dbase [Masataka Kitagawa | CPC]
Malta Pacific Ocean
  • USS New Mexico made rendezvous with other warships in the Pacific Ocean; their collective mission was to block the Japanese from delivering reinforcements to the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet GKO issued a secret order for the construction of a railroad from Komsomolsk, Khabarovsk Krai, eastern Russia to Sovetskaya Gavan 200 kilometers to the southeast, in preparation for a war against Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Nikolai Kamanin and his 8th Combined Air Corps was relocated to Liski, Voronezh Oblast, Russia. The air corps was attached to the Steppe Front. ww2dbase [Nikolai Kamanin | CPC]
Trinidad Photo(s) dated 21 May 1943
MGen A. Vandegrift, Col M Edson, 2Lt M. Paige, and Plt. Sgt. J. Basilone at US 1st Marine Division Medal of Honor ceremony, Balcombe, Australia, 21 May 1943, photo 1 of 2MGen A. Vandegrift, Col M Edson, 2Lt M. Paige, and Plt. Sgt. J. Basilone at US 1st Marine Division Medal of Honor ceremony, Balcombe, Australia, 21 May 1943, photo 2 of 2
22 May 1943
  • Shokaku joined a large fleet for the Aleutian Islands, but the sortie was canceled as Attu was reclaimed by US forces. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Shigeru Fukudome was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet. ww2dbase [Shigeru Fukudome | CPC]
  • Kimberly was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Kimberly | CPC]
  • American TBF aircraft from the 14,000-ton USS Bogue attacked the German submarine U-569, forcing her to surface and surrender. ww2dbase [AC]
China
  • Japanese troops launched an attack toward the region west of Yidu, Hubei Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
France Germany
  • Adolf Hitler, Erhard Milch, Adolf Galland, Willy Messerschmitt and others previewed the Me 262 jet fighter at Lechfeld, M?nchen-Oberbayern, Germany. Hitler liked the jet and demanded it to be used as a bomber. ww2dbase [Me 262 Schwalbe | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Admiral Chester Nimitz boarded USS Wahoo at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii to present awards. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Chittagong, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 42. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
United States
  • Carrier Langley was launched at Camden, New Jersey, United States. ww2dbase [Langley (Independence-class) | CPC]
  • USS Sable departed Buffalo, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Sable | DS]
Photo(s) dated 22 May 1943
B-17E Fortress ?Sally? at 7-Mile Aerodrome, Port Moresby, New Guinea, May 22 1943. This was the personal transportation aircraft for LGen George Kenney, commander of Allied Air Forces, Southwest Pacific Area.
23 May 1943
  • The US 22nd Marine Regiment was detached from the 3rd Marine Brigade and was moved to Tutuila, Samoa. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • A British Fleet Air Arm Swordfish launched from the escort carrier HMS Archer sank the German submarine U-752 with a rocket attack. ww2dbase [Archer | AC]
Australian Papua
  • 13th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 aircraft) of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group was transferred from Port Moresby to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Sunfish conducted a reonnaissance mission at Anguar, Palau Islands. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
China
  • Pang Bingxun was installed as the commander of the 24th Army Group of the Japanese puppet government in Nanjing, China. ww2dbase [Pang Bingxun | CPC]
Japan
  • Battleship Musashi arrived at Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan, disembarking Isoroku Yamamoto's ashes. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
United States
  • USS New Jersey was commissioned into service at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States. ww2dbase [Philadelphia Navy Yard | New Jersey | CPC]
  • Submarine Dorado was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by the wife of Ezra G. Allen. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Dorado | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Snook arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Snook | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 May 1943
Burke with drink and pipe in hand while at the OfficerThe ashes of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto arriving at Kisarazu, Japan aboard battleship Musashi, 23 May 1943Guest ticket to the commissioning ceremony of USS New Jersey, which took place on 23 May 1943Future commander of Dorado Earle C. Schneider at the launching ceremony with his son Earle V.
See all photos dated 23 May 1943
24 May 1943
  • US troops mopped up the final Japanese opposition groups in the Aleutian Islands. Overall in this campaign, the 2,600 Japanese men were wiped out at a cost of 550 American lives. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | AC]
  • British bombers attacked East Frisian Islands (Ostfriesische Inseln) in northwestern Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • After suffering many submarine sinkings during May 1943, German Admiral Karl D?nitz ordered a temporary halt to submarine operations in the North Atlantic to regroup and re-evaluate tactics. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • Bunker Hill was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Bunker Hill | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps abolished its glider program. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla was commissioned into service with Commander Douglas Thompson Hammond in command. ww2dbase [Cabrilla | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • While returning from patrol, the Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci was intercepted by the British destroyer HMS Active (H 14) 300 miles west of Vigo, Spain. Working with the frigate HMS Ness (K 219) HMS Active subjected the submarine to an intense depth-charge attack and the Leonardo da Vinci was destroyed. There were no survivors. ww2dbase [Black May | HM]
Australian New Guinea
  • Five B-17 and six B-24 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain with 17 tons of bombs between 0030 and 0145 hours, hitting Lakunai, Rapopo, and Vunakanau airfields. One B-24D bomber crashed at Port Moresby, Australian Papua upon its return at 0530 hours, killing all aboard. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • From Port Moresby, Australian Papua, Ennis Whitehead sent George Kenney a request for setting up regular reconnaissance flights over Rabaul, New Britain using F-5 (P-38) aircraft. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Japanese 39th Division completed the crossing of the Yangtze River near Pianyan, Hubei Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Torpedo Squadron 12 (VT-12) on board. (F4U-1) [sic] ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
  • USS Wahoo departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Japan
  • Irako departed Kure, Japan for Truk, Caroline Islands with armed merchant cruiser Aikoku Maru in escort. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale conducted a reconnaissance mission on Rota, Mariana Islands between Tinian and Guam. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Poland United States
  • USS Bluefish was commissioned into service with Commander George E. Porter in command. ww2dbase [Bluefish | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 May 1943
Newly converted USS Sable training aircraft carrier on her delivery trip to Chicago, Illinois upbound on Lake St Clair, Michigan, United States.  Photo taken from the freighter Joseph Wood. May 24 1943.Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and others at the White House during Trident Conference, Washington DC, United States, 24 May 1943
25 May 1943
  • Philippe Leclerc was promoted to the rank of division general. ww2dbase [Philippe Leclerc | CPC]
China
  • Chinese 86th Corps, having held the Japanese 39th Division attack at the shore of the Yangtze River since the previous day, fell back toward Pianyan, Hubei Province, China. Earlier in the afternoon, Chiang Kaishek had personally telephoned area commander Wu Qiwei, stressing the importance of holding Pianyan. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels noted in his diary that the industrial and residential districts in Dortmund, Germany were heavily damaged by Allied bombing. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • In a conference in Berlin, Germany, Albert Speer recommended that the funding for military research be focused on the V-2 rocket program rather than being spread around a wide range of projects that included jets, heat-seeking missiles, sound-seeking torpedoes, and others. Ultimately this recommendation would be ignored. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Albert Speer | CPC]
Hawaii Poland
  • 507 men and 528 women of the Gypsy camp in Birkenau of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp system, most of whom were from Poland and Austria, were gassed. At least several hundred of them were sick, many of whom with typhus, thus giving the camp authorities to write off their deaths as natural. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A Victoria Cross award was gazetted for John Linton, who had recently been lost when the submarine HMS Turbulent which he commanded became missing in action in mid-Mar 1943, for the sustained period of leadership during the war. ww2dbase [CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived off Apra, Guam, Mariana Islands and observed Japanese activities inside the harbor. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • The first British mission to coordinate with local partisans parachuted into Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [TH]
26 May 1943

China
  • At dawn, a 4,500-strong Japanese force attacked toward Pianyan, Hubei Province, China, but the force was quickly attacked and surrounded by elements of Chinese 5th and 18th Divisions; by the time the Japanese were able to extract themselves after dark, the force had suffered 3,000 casualties. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi reported a submarine attack at 1940 hours in the Flores Sea without damage; at 1946 hours, she dropped three depth charges and at 1956 hours she fired two rounds with her front main gun at the attacker. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Germany Japan
  • US submarine USS Saury (SS-189) commanded by Commander Anthony Henry Dropp sighted and attacked a Japanese convoy south of Kyushu island, Japan at about 1000 hours. The Saury fire three torpedoes of which two hit and sank the Japanese 2,351-ton transport Kagi Maru just north of Amami Oshima, Nansei Shoto (Ryukyu Islands), Japan. The counter-attacks by the convoy escorts were ineffective and the submarine withdrew unharmed. ww2dbase [Saury | HM]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale sank Japanese freighter Shoei Maru in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedo fired. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops began an offensive against the German units isolated between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea in the Kuban area of southern Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • V. T. Shirmanov was named the Soviet counterintelligence agency GUKR SMERSH's chief within the Central Front. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visited RAF Wyton near St. Ives, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [George VI | CPC]
  • Allied convoy SC 130 arrived in Liverpool, England, United Kingdom without losses despite German submarine attacks en route. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
United States
  • USS Sable arrived at Chicago, Illinois, United States. ww2dbase [Sable | DS]
27 May 1943
  • Allied forces landed on Biak Island, New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | TH]
  • The first unified meeting of French resistance groups took place, chaired by Jean Moulin; it recognized de Gaulle as the leader of the movement. Moulin would be betrayed to the Gestapo a month later, dying en route to a concentration camp. ww2dbase [The French Resistance | TH]
  • USS Gar ended her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered that all defense contracts to be free of racial discrimination. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • USS Tunny refueled at Johnston Island, United States. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • In Samoa, the US 22nd Marine Regiment was reorganized as the Garrison Force, Defense Force, Samoan Group. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese cargo ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops launched a major attack against Chinese troops in the Hubei-Hunan border region while 53 vessels ran the gauntlet on the Yangtze River, successfully sailing from Yichang to Wuhan. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Germany
  • Fourteen Mosquito bombers from RAF Marham led by Wing Commander R. Reynolds DSO, DFC conducted a daylight raid on the Zeiss optical instrument plant at Jena, some 45 miles from Leipzig, Germany. Despite losing three aircraft over the target and two others written off whilst attempting to land on their return, the operation had caused serious damage to the works. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | AC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Mutsu arrived at Kure, Japan and entered dry dock No. 4 for hull scraping and re-painting. ww2dbase [Kure Naval Arsenal | Mutsu | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • While on a search and rescue mission in the Pacific Ocean, the B-24 bomber "The Green Hornet" developed mechanical trouble and crashed 850 miles west of Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, killing 8 of the 11 crew members. Louis Zamperini, Russell Phillips, and Francis McNamara survived the crash. ww2dbase [Louis Zamperini | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • While arming B-17 bombers of the USAAF 92nd Bombardment Group (Heavy) at Station 102 (Alconbury, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom) a 500-pound bomb exploded, killing 16 men with four B-17 bombers destroyed and eleven others damaged. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • James Byrnes stepped down as the Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization and was made the Director of the Office of War Mobilization. ww2dbase [James Byrnes | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 27 May 1943
GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 open cab long wheel base transport with gun ring being prepared for shipment to North Africa, Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States, 27 May 1943King George VI visiting men of No. 617 Squadron RAF at Scampton, England, United Kingdom, 27 May 1943; note Lancaster B Mk I bomber Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 1 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 2 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.
See all photos dated 27 May 1943
28 May 1943
  • Cowpens was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Cowpens | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Gunnel | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • B-17 bomber "Old 666" conducted a camera mapping mission over southeastern New Ireland. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Sunfish shelled a Japanese oil refinery at Fais, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed in Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China, with the Chinese moving behind the Japanese 13th Division, threatening to cut its supply lines. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi arrived at Kendari, Celebes, Dutch East Indies at 1411 hours; she unloaded 1,000 tons of cement. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • A British military mission led by Captains Frederick W. D. Deakin and William F. Stuart made the long delayed arrival at the headquarters of Yugoslav National Liberation Army's leader Josip Broz (Tito). ww2dbase [AC]
29 May 1943
  • RAF bombers attacked Wuppertal, Germany with 1,900 tons of explosives. The Ruhr region city housed an I. G. Farben chemical plant and a G. & J. Jaeger ball-bearing factory. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • The issue of the American magazine The Saturday Evening Post published on this date featured with Norman Rockwell's "Rosie the Riveter" illustration. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Irako arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed in Hubei and Hunan Provinces, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
France Hawaii India
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two British fighters over Chittagong, India (now Bangladesh), increasing his score to 44. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Puerto Rico
  • 417th Bombardment Squadron of 25th Bombardment Group of US Army Air Forces, operating B-18 Bolo bombers, was assigned to Losey Field in Puerto Rico. ww2dbase [Losey Field | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wahoo arrived at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 May 1943
F4U-1 Corsair fighter of US Marine Corps fighter squadron VMF-213 A group of approximately 40 dead Japanese soldiers at a ridge on Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 29 May 1943Rear Admiral W. L. Friedell greeting Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 29 May 1943; note MortonRear Admiral W. L. Friedell greeting Lieutenant Commander Richard O
See all photos dated 29 May 1943
30 May 1943
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Bf 109 fighter, sharing the credit with other pilots. ww2dbase [Yekaterina Budanova | CPC]
  • Duguay-Trouin joined the Allied fleet; she would be re-armed in Jul 1943. ww2dbase [Duguay-Trouin | CPC]
  • Suffren was rearmed for military service. ww2dbase [Suffren | CPC]
Algeria
  • General Charles de Gaulle arrived in Algeria to become, with Henri Giraud, co-Presidents of the French Committee of National Liberation (FCNL) but soon used his superior political skills to become sole leader of the organization. ww2dbase [Charles de Gaulle | AC]
China
  • Japanese and Chinese troops clashed at Gaojialing in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China; the Japanese used chemical weapons during this engagement. On the same day, Chinese 6th War Area commander Chen Cheng ordered a full scale counter offensive to be launched. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Kamoi was attacked by three four-engined aircarft at Kendari, Celebes, Dutch East Indies; she suffered no damage. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
Hawaii Japan Poland United States
  • Submarine Hackleback was launched at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, sponsored by the wife of W. L. Wright. ww2dbase [Hackleback | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 May 1943
Map depicting the American operations on Attu Island, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 11-30 May 1945Launching of submarine Devilfish, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 30 May 1943Launching of submarine Hackleback, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 30 May 1943Chinese-American servicemen of the 14th Air Service Group of US Air Force on parade for the Memorial Day holiday, Dayton, Ohio, United States, 30 May 1943
31 May 1943
  • US troops completed their occupation of Attu in the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | TH]
  • USS Tunny was attacked by a Japanese aircraft, incurring minor damage that was repaired at sea later in the day. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler expressed extreme dismay at the withdrawal of German submarines from the American coast. ww2dbase [Black May | CPC]
  • Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Wei?enfeld was named the commanding officer of the 3rd Group of the Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 wing. ww2dbase [Egmont | CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German observation balloon. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
  • Francis Tuker was promoted to the rank of major general. ww2dbase [Francis Tuker | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney arrived at Port Moresby, Australian Papua to temporarily relieve Ennis Whitehead, who was sent to Australia for treatment for a badly infected toe. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese Army Major General Noboru Sasaki arrived at Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands as the new commanding officer of the joint Army-Navy Southwest Detachment. ww2dbase [Noboru Sasaki | CPC]
China
  • Japanese forward positions in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China fell back in multiple places as the result of a large scale Chinese counterattack launched on the previous day. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
  • Zang Xilan, flying a P-40E fighter, shot down a Ki-44 aircraft that was pursuing the P-40E fighter flown by Lieutenant Colonel John R. Alison of 75th Fighter Squadron of USAAF 23rd Fighter Group. They were both escorting a group of B-24 bombers attacking Jingmen, Hubei Province, China. ww2dbase [Zang Xilan | CPC]
France Italy
  • US 15th Air Force bombed Foggia airfield in Italy, destroying a number of German and Italian planes on the ground. ww2dbase [Foggia Airfield Complex | TH]
Japan
  • Shokaku departed Yokosuka, Japan for the Inland Sea. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Russia United States
  • USS S-35 completed post-repair trials off Bremerton, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 May 1943
Lieutenant General Joseph Stilwell and Lieutenant General Jacob Devers, 31 May 1943Inspecting North African bases, Winston Churchill attends a USAAF 414th Bombardment Squadron briefing at Chateau-dun-du-Rhumel Airfield, Algeria, 31 May 1943; note Brooke, Marshall, EdenLight Carrier USS Princeton with a deck full of aircraft on her shakedown cruise, 31 May 1943 off Antigua. Photo 1 of 4Light Carrier USS Princeton with a deck full of aircraft on her shakedown cruise, 31 May 1943 off Antigua. Photo 2 of 4
See all photos dated 31 May 1943
1 Jun 1943
  • Air Vice Marshal Roderic M. Hill became the commanding officer of the No. 12 Group RAF. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US submarines began active operations against Japanese shipping. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Allies formed the 2nd Tactical Air Force in England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Bryansk, Orel, and Smolensk in Russia were attacked by Soviet aircraft. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Anthony Eden announced that British casualties in first three years of war were 92,089 killed, 226,719 missing, 88,294 wounded, and 107,891 captured. ww2dbase [Anthony Eden | CPC]
  • The 4th Moroccan Mountain Division was raised from the 3rd Moroccan Infantry Division, but was not committed to Italy as a part of the French Expeditionary Force until Feb 1944. ww2dbase [AC]
  • L?on Degrelle was promoted to the rank of SS-Obersturmf?hrer. ww2dbase [Léon Degrelle | CPC]
  • Peter Drummond was promoted to the rank of temporary air marshal. ww2dbase [Peter Drummond | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The actor Leslie Howard, who had played the Spitfire designer Reginald Mitchell in the propaganda film "The First of the Few", was killed when the KLM DC3 airliner in which he was travelling from Lisbon, Portugal was shot down in flames by German Luftwaffe fighters over the Bay of Biscay. ww2dbase [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • B-17E bomber "Texas #6" was shot down over Waterfall Bay, New Britain by A6M Zero fighters. ww2dbase [CPC]
Brazil
  • Alerted by US direction-finders the Brazilian police raid the house of German-born Werner Waltemath discovering his Abwehr radio, microfilm and other espionage paraphernalia hidden in a cavity under the living room floor. He would receive a twenty-five-year prison sentence, while a fellow?expatriate, Hans-Christian von Kitze whom he had recruited to his spy group would become a double agent for the British. ww2dbase [AC]
China
  • US aircraft attacked Japanese troop transports near Yichang, Hubei Province, China, sinking several vessels and drowning a number of Japanese troops in the Yangtze River. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Fighting Squadron 9 (VF-9; Model F6F-3) on board. Part of Torpedo Squadron 9 (VT-9; Model TBF-1) on board. Bombing Squadron 9 (VB-9; Model SBD-4) on board. Part of Fleet Air Base Unit 1 departed. Part of Bombing Sq 137 (VB-137; Model PV-1) departed. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • Throughout this month, Shokaku was in and around the Kure-Tokuyama area, Japan. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • With the establishment of the Second Tactical Air Force, the RAF's Army Co-operation Command was disbanded. Several of their Taylorcraft Auster squadrons were subsequently transferred to Army Air Corps control. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • Abdul Hossein Aziz became the first Afghan ambassador to the United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The USAAF's 58th Very Heavy Bombardment Wing was activated at Marietta, Georgia, United States in preparation for the delivery of B-29 Superfortress bombers to be employed on strategic attacks on targets in Japan. ww2dbase [AC]
  • While serving time in prison for embezzlement, Fritz Kuhn, leader of the dissolved, pro-Nazi, German American Bund had his American citizenship cancelled. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jun 1943
Portrait of Homma, 1 Jun 1943Yi Woo exiting an aircraft, 1 Jun 1943
2 Jun 1943
  • Soviet aircraft attacked Kiev, Ukraine and Roslavl, Russia; their counterparts, Luftwaffe bombers, attacked Kursk, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Finback damaged a Japanese ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish departed for her sixth war patrol with a new commanding officer, Captain Frank Watkins. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
  • Peter Drummond was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. ww2dbase [Peter Drummond | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Five B-17 bombers were launched from Port Moresby, Australian Papua at 2330 hours to attack Rabaul, New Britain. All bombers would abandon their missions due to poor weather. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • B-17 bomber "Old 666" conducted a camera mapping mission over the Buka Passage between Buka and Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Elements of the Chinese 23rd, 55th, 98th, and 121st Division surrounded the rearguard forces of the Japanese 13th Division in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China, inflicting heavy casualties before the Japanese could break out of the envelopment. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • USAAF 99th Fighter Squadron made its combat debut with its P-40L fighters, strafing Italian positions on Pantelleria island southwest of Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku arrived at Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Captain Kanzo Miura was named the commanding officer of Settsu. ww2dbase [Settsu | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Bruce Fraser was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. ww2dbase [Bruce Fraser | CPC]
United States
  • Rear Admiral Monroe R. Kelly was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [New York Navy Yard | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
3 Jun 1943
  • The first fruits of victory reached British shops in the form of Algerian wine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Operation Cottbus: German forces attacked partisans in Barysaw (Borisov), Byelorussia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • French Resistance saboteurs destroyed 300 tons of tires in the Michelin factory at Clermont-Ferrant. ww2dbase [The French Resistance | CPC]
  • The US South Pacific command published Operation Plan 14-43 for the capture of Japanese-held islands in the central Solomon Islands. US Navy Rear Admiral Richmond Turner was named the overall commanding officer, and the largest contingent under his command would be the US Army 43rd Division. ww2dbase [Richmond Turner | CPC]
  • All Japanese resistance on Attu, Aleutian Islands ceased. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories Poland United States
  • USS S-35 departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jun 1943
F6F-3 Hellcat of VF-1 being catapulted from the hangar deck catapult on the carrier Yorktown (Essex-class) off Trinidad, 3 Jun 1943.Irina Burnaia, 3 Jun 1943
4 Jun 1943
  • Luftwaffe bombed the tank factory in Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod), Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The British House of Commons refused to lift the economic blockade against occupied Europe. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Three American submarines entered the Sea of Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Times newspaper in Britain reported the death of the fictitious Royal Marines temporary captain and acting major W. Martin. ww2dbase [Operation Mincemeat | CPC]
  • James Johnson was awarded the Distinguished Service Order medal. ww2dbase [James Johnson | CPC]
China
  • Chinese 79th Corps launched a frontal attack against Japanese troops in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China, on the southern side of the Yangtze River; Japanese positions were pushed back, but the Chinese suffered very heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Germany
  • A Luxembourg national working at Peenem?nde, Germany reported to the United Kingdom the presence of a 10-meter-long rocket with 150- to 250-kilometer range which was fueled by "bottles containing gas". ww2dbase [Peenemünde Army Research Center | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • In Tokyo, Japan, Emperor Showa made a rare address about an individual regarding the loss of Isoroku Yamamoto. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jun 1943
Winston Churchill presiding over the Allied Planning Conference, Algiers, Algeria, 4 Jun 1943; note Eden, Brooke, Tedder, Cunningham, Alexander, Marshall, Eisenhower, and MontgomeryUS Navy PV-1 Ventura aircraft dropping a Mk XIII torpedo over Saratoga Passage, Washington, United States, 4 Jun 1943. Note the torpedo
5 Jun 1943

Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-217 was attacked and sunk by a TBF Avenger torpedo bomber assisted by a Wildcat fighter from escort carrier USS Bogue. ww2dbase [Black May | AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • F-5A reconnaissance aircraft "Eager Beaver" flown by pilot Lieutenant Frederic Hargesheimer detected a new Japanese aircraft under construction at Ubili, New Britain. His aircraft was in turn spotted by the Japanese and was shot down; Hargesheimer survived the attack and would spend the next eight months in the jungle. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • A full state funeral was given for Isoroku Yamamoto. The funeral procession slowly moved from Tokyo, Japan to Hibiya Park in nearby city of Chiyoda. At 1050 hours, many Japanese citizens across the entire country bowed their heads toward Tokyo in honor of Yamamoto. During the ceremony, Hideki Tojo made an address regarding Yamamoto's contributions to Japan, while Yamamoto was posthumously promoted to the rank of fleet admiral (or, literally, naval marshal) and was given the Order of the Chrysanthemum 1st Class and the German Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale damaged a Japanese seaplane tender in the Mariana Islands, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jun 1943
The state funeral of Isoroku Yamamoto, 5 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 2The state funeral of Isoroku Yamamoto, 5 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 2UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Downing Street, London, England, United Kingdom, 5 Jun 1943; he had just returned from the US after a meeting with Roosevelt
6 Jun 1943
  • Hisaichi Terauchi was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal. ww2dbase [Hisaichi Terauchi | CPC]
Algeria
  • The new French Committee of National Liberation made a radio broadcast from Algiers, French Algeria, pledging to abolish the "arbitrary powers" imposed by the French government in Vichy and to restore "all French liberties, the laws of the Republic and the Republican regime". ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny arrived off Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
China
  • 8 Japanese light bombers escorted by 14 fighters attacked Liangshan Airfield in Chongqing, China, destroying 12 P-40 fighters and 1 other aircraft on the ground. Captain Zhou Zhikai, who had just landed in a P-40E fighter after a ground support mission, commandeered a P-66 Vanguard fighter belonging to US Army Air Forces parked nearby and shot down two Ki-48 aircraft and damaged another. Zhou was later awarded the Order of Blue Sky and White Sun for this action. ww2dbase [Bombing of Shanghai, Chongqing, and other Cities | Liangshan Airfield | Zhou Zhikai | CPC]
  • Fresh troops of the Chinese 74th Corps arrived in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China, wiping out two brigades of the Japanese 17th Independent Mixed Regiment. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Italy
  • The USAAF made its first operational sortie with the North American A-36 Invader (also known as Apache) when the 27th Fighter Bomber Group based at Rasel Ma in French Morocco participated in the mass fighter-bomber assault on the Italian Pantelleria Island. The island was later captured and became the base for two A-36 groups during the invasion of Sicily, Italy. One of the pilots of the 27th Fighter Bomber Group, Lieutenant Michael T. Russo, would later become the only ace in the Allison-engined Mustang fighter. ww2dbase [Battle of Pantelleria and Pelagie Islands | AC]
Taiwan
  • The Shirakawa Prisoners of War Camp in southern Taiwan was opened at the site of a former Japanese Army base. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Jun 1943
Gun camera still by Flight Sergeant Batchelor No. 457 Squadron RAAF of Japanese G4M1 bombers in flight near Darwin, Australia, 6 Jun 194337 mm Gun M3 mounted aboard a M6 Gun Motor Carriage, with additional .50 cal machine gun attached, 3 miles west of Watertown, Tennessee, United States, 6 Jun 1943
7 Jun 1943
  • USS Tunny was attacked by a Japanese float biplane and later by a destroyer; none caused any damage. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • The Japanese began a renewed air offensive against Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
China
  • Chinese 3rd Division wiped out the headquarters element of the Japanese 13th Division in the Hubei-Hunan border region in China. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Germany
  • Dutch prisoners of war were transferred out of the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany for the camp at Stanislau in Ukraine; it had been decided in the previous month at Oflag IV-C was to house US and British prisoners only. ww2dbase [Colditz Castle | CPC]
Hawaii United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was ordered to travel from San Francisco, California, United States to Washington DC, United States for a new assignment. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1943
Crew of B-17F Flying Fortress bomber Crew of B-17F Flying Fortress bomber
8 Jun 1943
  • USS Finback attacked a Japanese convoy east of Philippine Islands and claimed two transports sunk and another ship damaged, hitting them with 4 of 8 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Brigadier General Paul Wursmith of US V Fighter Command landed a P-40 fighter at Marilinan, about 40 kilometers west of Lae, Australian Papua, to evaluate the general area for the possible construction of a new fighter airstrip. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Mutsu suffered an explosion due to unknown cause at 1213 hours about three kilometers north of Oshima Island in Japan. 1,121 men were killed; several hundred survivors were treated at military hospitals in Japan and then shipped off to various garrisons in order to maintain secrecy of this accidental explosion. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
United States
  • USS Ancon departed the United States for Oran, French Algeria. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Jun 1943
US Ambassador Nelson Johnson, Lady Gowrie, John Curtin, Douglas MacArthur, Governor General Lord Gowrie, and Frank Forde, Australia, 8 Jun 1943
9 Jun 1943
  • Tito was wounded by a German air attack. ww2dbase [Josip Tito | TH]
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the temporary rank of lieutenant general. ww2dbase [Omar Bradley | CPC]
  • George Bush was commissioned as an ensign in the US Naval Reserve at Corpus Christi, Texas, United States. ww2dbase [George Bush | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 21 B-17 bombers attacked Lakunai, Vunakanau, and Rapopo airfields at Rabaul, New Britain with 73,000 pounds of bombs between 0215 and 0520 hours. A J1N1 nightfighter (pilot Chief Flight Officer Satoru Ono, observer Lieutenant (jg) Kisaku Hamano) damaged two of the US bombers. ww2dbase [J1N | CPC]
Japan
  • Mutsu sank in the Hashirajima anchorage, Japan at 0200 hours from damage suffered during the explosion on the previous day. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Whale attacked a Japanese convoy in the Mariana Islands, damaging (possibly sinking) two freighters, hitting them with 5 of 9 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Snook departed from Midway Atoll for her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Snook | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • The German anti-partisan Kampfgruppe von Ludwiger, under Generalmajor Hartwig von Ludwiger, was disbanded. ww2dbase [Hartwig von Ludwiger | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jun 1943
B-17F bomber
10 Jun 1943
  • The keel of what would become USS Blackfin was laid down. ww2dbase [Blackfin | CPC]
  • USAAF and RAF began a coordinated air offensive with the RAF over Europe, conducting area bombing at night and the USAAF flying precision bombing raids by day. The British Assistant Chief of the Air Staff noted that the primary objective of bombing campaign was "the destruction of German air-frame, engine and component factories and the ball-bearing industry on which the strength of the German fighter force depend" and the secondary objective was "the general disorganization of those industrial areas associated with the above industries". ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • Doneff was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Doneff | CPC]
Hawaii Italy Japan
  • USS Flying Fish damaged a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • During the night the US submarine Trigger badly damaged the Japanese carrier Hiyo at point-blank range off Miyakejima, Japan, but a torpedo fault prevented it from sinking. Six torpedoes were expended during this attack. ww2dbase [Trigger | AC]
Taiwan
  • Vice Admiral Masakuni Yamagata was named the commanding officer of Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan. ww2dbase [Takao Guard District | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British Admiralty introduced Naval Cypher No. 5, replacing No. 3 and No. 4, finally ending the German ability to read British naval orders. ww2dbase [Enigma Code Broken | CPC]
United States
  • The work to extend HMCS Trillium's forecastle at Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States was completed. ww2dbase [Boston Navy Yard | Trillium | CPC]
  • While under construction, Shamrock Bay's hull number changed from ACV-84 to CVE-84. ww2dbase [Shamrock Bay | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jun 1943
Aerial stern view of USS S-28 making 10 knots, off Seattle, Washington, United States, 10 Jun 1943Aerial bow view of USS S-28 making 10 knots, off Seattle, Washington, United States, 10 Jun 1943Subhash Chandra Bose and Hideki Tojo, Tokyo, Japan, 10 Jun 1943SNJ Texan aircraft having just landed on USS Sable, Lake Michigan, United States, 10 Jun 1943
See all photos dated 10 Jun 1943
11 Jun 1943
  • German Major Werner Streib of 1./NJG 1 flying a Heinkel He 219 Uho night fighter shot down five Avro Lancaster bombers in a single sortie. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The final liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland was ordered by Reichsf?hrer Heinrich Himmler. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | TH]
  • In Germany, 200 B-17 bombers of US 8th Air Force bomb Wilhelmshaven, while RAF aircraft bombed M?nster and D?sseldorf. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese cargo ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • USS Runner sank Japanese cargo ship Seinan Maru in Tsugaru Strait off Hokkaido, Japan. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 10 B-24 bombers of US 43rd Bomb Group attacked Vunakanau airfield at Rabaul, New Britain with 39,000 pounds of bombs between 0000 and 0500 hours, destroying some Japanese aircraft on the ground. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • George Kenney returned tactical control of the bombers at Port Moresby, Australian Papua to Ennis Whitehead, who had returned from Australia after receiving medical treatment for a badly infected toe. Kenney departed Port Moresby for Brisbane, Australia later in the day. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Navy squadron VS-54, equipped with SBD dive bombers and OS2U floatplanes, was assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
China
  • In China, Chinese troops regained all territory in the Hubei and Hunan Provinces lost to the Japanese offensive launched on 5 May 1943. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
Hawaii Italy Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan for her 13th voyage with the Japanese Navy. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Hashirajima, Japan for Yokosuka, Japan to embark the air group of carrier Hiyo, which was damaged in action on the previous day. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
  • Hiyo, damaged by torpedo hits from USS Trigger on the previous day, arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Hiyo-class | CPC]
United Kingdom Photo(s) dated 11 Jun 1943
Bell underway off the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 11 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 2Bell underway off the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 11 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 2Portside amidships of USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States during inclining experiment, 11 Jun 1943USS Ancon in the Atlantic Ocean, 11 Jun 1943
See all photos dated 11 Jun 1943
12 Jun 1943
  • RAF aircraft bombed Bochum, Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • Luftwaffe aircraft conducted a night raid on Plymouth, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | TH]
  • The German submarine U-441 which sailed from Brest, France on 8 Jun 1943, obeying Admiral Doenitz's order that U-boat crews should fight Allied aircraft on the surface using improved anti-aircraft guns, encountered not a slow patrol aircraft but three Beaufighter Mk VIC of No. 248 squadron and was severely straffed and forced to put back to Brest for repairs. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Aircraft of Japanese 11th Air Fleet from Rabaul were launched to attack American positions in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands, but this force was turned back by Allied fighters. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was transferred from the 3rd Force of the Mobile Force Training Force to Carrier Division 2 of the 3rd Fleet. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
Germany
  • Major Werner Streib, one of the Luftwaffe's leading night-fighter pilots, flying a prototype He 219 V9 A-0/R2 aircraft from Venlo, Netherlands, destroyed five RAF bombers over Germany between 0105 and 0155 hours in one sortie. The bombers were heading toward D?sseldorf, Germany. ww2dbase [AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) on board. Aircraft storehouse, paint and oil storehouse, and Public Works and Maintenance building, turned over to station. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Japan
  • Torpedo-damaged Hiyo entered drydocks at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Japan for repairs at 1053 hours. Her bottom scraped the bottom of the drydock while moving in. ww2dbase [Yokosuka Naval Arsenal | Hiyo-class | CPC]
Ukraine Photo(s) dated 12 Jun 1943
British aerial reconnaissance photograph of V-2 rockets at Peenem?nde Test Stands I and VII, Germany, 12 Jun 1943
13 Jun 1943
  • Lydia Litvyak was made the commanding officer of 3rd Aviation Squadron of Soviet 73rd Guard Fighter Aviation Regiment. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 21 B-17 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain with 87,000 pounds of bombs before dawn; a J1N1 nightfighter (pilot Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo, observer Lieutenant (jg) Akira Sugawara) shot down B-17 bomber "Georgia Peach" at 0326 hours. ww2dbase [J1N | CPC]
Baltic Sea
  • Brigadier General Nathan Forrest became the first American general to be killed on active service in Europe when the B-17 bomber in which he traveled aboard (as an observer on a bombing mission) was lost over the Baltic Sea. His body would wash up near a seaplane base at Ruegen Island in Germany in Sep 1943. ww2dbase [AC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A contingent of US Army, US Navy, and US Marine Corps officers were landed at Segi, New Georgia to evaluate possible landing locations for an invasion. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMSB-144, equipped with SBD-3 dive bombers, was assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
France
  • Robert Johnson scored his first kill, a German Fw 190 aircraft of 10 Staffel of JG 26, over Bergues, France. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | AC, CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 13 Jun 1943
African-American pianist Dorothy Donegan playing with the Camp Robert Smalls swing band at US Navy Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 16 Jun 1943
14 Jun 1943
  • Admiral John Newton relieved Admiral William Halsey as the commanding officer of the South Pacific area. Combined with this personnel change was the transfer of the Solomon Islands region to the Southwest Pacific command. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • The RAF's 2nd Tactical Air Force was formed to train close support aircraft squadrons for tactical operations during Operation Overlord. ww2dbase [AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • At 0929 hours in the Bay of Biscay north of Corunna, Spain, three Mosquito aircraft from 307 Polish Squadron RAF accompanied by another from 410 Squadron RACF spotted and attacked a group of German submarines, U-68, U-155, U-159, U-415, and U-634, outward bound for the North Atlantic. The leading Mosquito aircraft piloted by Squadron Leader Stanislaw Szablowski was hit by flak as it strafed U-68 and turned to attack U-155, the port engine of the aircraft stopped and the pilot was forced to turn back and return to RAF Predannack, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom where the pilot brought her down in a belly landing. The second aircraft piloted by Flight Officer then attacked but he and the other pilots were held off by the heavy flak barrage put up by the German gunners and the attack was called off. Aboard U-68, the commander, the Second Watch Officer and one of the men were wounded. The First Watch Officer, Oberleutnant zur See Ekkehard Scherraus, took command. One man, Obergefreiter Hans Schaumburg, was hit while operating an MG38 machinegun, fell overboard and could not be recovered. The boat returned to base in company with U-155. U-68's doctor was later transferred to the other boat. ww2dbase [U-68 | U-155 | U-159 | HM]
Hawaii Marshall Islands
  • USS Tunny attacked a Japanese convoy about 20 miles east of Murilo Atoll, Marshall Islands. As she moved into position to attack the three transports, the two escorting destroyers detected her and attacked with 4-inch shells. She dove but maintain her course into attack position, firing four torpedoes at a range of 3,100 meters and claiming three hits. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 14 Jun 1943
During rehearsals for the New Georgia operation, troops climb down nets hung over the side of attack transport USS McCawley to board LCVP landing craft at Noumea, New Caledonia, 14 Jun 1943Chiang Kaishek, He Yingqin, and Wu Tiecheng, Chongqing, China, 14 Jun 1943An Iranian, a Chinese, and two British officers in conversation during the United Nations Day Parade, London, England, United Kingdom, 14 Jun 1943
15 Jun 1943
  • USS Hoe made a night time underwater torpedo attack, damaging a Japanese freighter with 1 out of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Hoe | CPC]
  • USS Finback fired three torpedoes at a Japanese ship east of Philippine Islands; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • More than 20 B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked Lakunai airfield at Rabaul, New Britain before dawn. A J1N1 nightfighter (pilot Chief Flight Officer Satoru Ono, observer Lieutenant (jg) Kisaku Hamano) shot down one bomber, while two B-24 bombers fired on each other over Rabaul in confusion. ww2dbase [J1N | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • B-17 bomber "R. F. D. Tojo" conducted a photographic reconnaissance mission over Buka in the Solomon Islands. It successfully made two passes over the Japanese base, but all film would turn out to be bad upon its return. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • The world's first turbojet reconnaissance bomber, the Arado Ar 234V-1 Blitz (GK-IV), made its maiden flight at Rheine, Germany with Flugkapit?n Selle in the cockpit. ww2dbase [Ar 234 Blitz | AC, CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Naka departed Jaluit Atoll, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 returned to the front lines from a month of rest at Efate, New Hebrides, transferring to Turtle Bay fighter strip on Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel sank Japanese cargo ship Kayo Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 7 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Gunnel | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Cumberland arrived at Thurso, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Cumberland | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jun 1943
Air crew posing on Jeep in front of B-17F Pilot 1st Lt James M. Smith (right) and Co-Pilot 2nd Lt Fred N. Dibble in the cockpit of B-17F
16 Jun 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • Major General John Hester announced the date for the New Georgia invasion to be 30 Jun 1943. On the same day, a group of Japanese dive bombers and fighters unsuccessfully attacked American positions in the Russell Islands, Solomon Islands; a large number of the aircraft were destroyed. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • B-17 bomber "Old 666", piloted by Captain Jay Zeamer, conducted a camera mapping mission over Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. It was attacked and heavily damaged by fighters of the squadron led by Warrant Officer Yoshio Oki. Zeamer, wounded, would be able to fly the bomber back home; this later won him a Medal of Honor. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Werner Haase was promoted to the rank of SS-Obersturmbannf?hrer. ww2dbase [Werner Haase | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Yokosuka, Japan for Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Yokosuka, Japan to escort a task force to Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Noor Inayat Khan boarded a Lysander aircraft in Britain for France. ww2dbase [Noor Inayat Khan | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jun 1943
Headquarters of Commander, Air, South Pacific on Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 16 Jun 1943, with USMC MGen Ralph Mitchell, USMC MGen Holland Smith, Adm Chester Nimitz, VAdm Aubrey Fitch, and Adm William Halsey in front.
17 Jun 1943
  • In the last major air battle over Guadalcanal, Captain William D. Wells (US 8th Fighter Group) led his flight of P-39 Airacobra fighters into a formation of 30-35 Japanese Aichi Type 99 naval bombers and shot down four of them. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | AC]
  • Monterey was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Monterey | CPC]
  • In a letter written to Winston Churchill, President Franklin Roosevelt expressed his conviction that General Charles de Gaulle was injuring the Allied war efforts and was "a very dangerous threat to us". ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | AC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion was relieved of its responsibility in the defense of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands and was ordered to begin training for the upcoming New Georgia invasion. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
France
  • Noor Inayat Khan landed in France via a Lysander aircraft before dawn. ww2dbase [Noor Inayat Khan | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Teruhiko Miyoshi's body was recovered from the wreck of battleship Mutsu in the Hashirajima anchorage, Japan. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Royal Navy battleships HMS Nelson (flying the flag of Vice-Admiral Algernon Willis) and HMS Rodney plus a large squadron sailed from Scapa Flow to join the largest invasion fleet yet mustered in World War II - 280 warships, 320 merchantmen, 2,125 landing craft and smaller vessels - for Operation Husky, the Sicilian landings. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | Scapa Flow | Rodney | AC]
United States
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) returned to Norfolk, Virginia, United States and began post-shakedown availability. ww2dbase [J. J. Clark | Yorktown (Essex-class) | DS]
  • USS S-44 departed Hampton Roads, Viginia, United States. ww2dbase [S-44 | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Whale arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Whale | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jun 1943
Lance Sergeant A Haywood, Private C Norman and Private H Maw of 1st Battalion, The British Duke of Wellington
18 Jun 1943
  • The word RADAR, from Radio Detection and Ranging, was made the official British name for the technology. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Gar began her eighth war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm M?ller was awarded the German Cross in Gold. ww2dbase [Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Naka arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Hawaii Libya
  • Two men of Italian Air Force Assault Engineer Battalion penetrated into Benina airfield in Libya and destroyed two B-24 and two Wellington aircraft; both men were captured after the mission. ww2dbase [CPC]
Poland United States
  • Aircraft designer Clarence Johnson met with Lockheed President Robert Gross and chief engineer Hal Hibbard at the company's headquarters in Burbank, California, United States. Johnson informed the two that US Army Air Force representatives from Wright Field had requested Lockheed to design a jet fighter. ww2dbase [P-80 Shooting Star | Burbank Lockheed Aircraft Factory | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1943
Elderly Ukranian man and his ruined home, Tschernigow region, Ukraine, 18 Jun 1943
19 Jun 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • RAF bombers attacked the Schneider armaments factory at Le Creusot, France. ww2dbase [TH]
Italy
  • The Italian Minister of Transport, Vittorio Cini, openly criticised Benito Mussolini during a Cabinet meeting. Normally Cini would have been arrested inmmediately and faced a firing squad; but Mussolini had already seen the red light and had tried to put out peace soundings to Anthony Eden, the British Foreign Secretary. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel sank Japanese cargo ship Tokiwa Maru in the East China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired She also claimed 1 torpedo hit (of 2 fired) on a Japanese destroyer, but the sinking was not confirmed. ww2dbase [Gunnel | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jun 1943
Three soldiers manning US Army 90th Coast ArtilleryUSS Cisco during trials, off northeastern United States, 19 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 4USS Cisco during trials, off northeastern United States, 19 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 4USS Cisco during trials, off northeastern United States, 19 Jun 1943, photo 3 of 4
See all photos dated 19 Jun 1943
20 Jun 1943
  • The RAF initiated shuttle bombing, where planes departed home fields to bomb Germany, re-armed in Africa, then bomb Italian targets en route back to Britain. The first of these raids targeted Friedrichshafen, Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • 5,550 Dutch Jews in Amsterdam were rounded up for deportation to the east. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Submarine Rock was launched, sponsored by Mrs. B. O. Wells. ww2dbase [Rock | CPC]
  • Lord Gort received the field marshal's baton from King George VI at Malta. ww2dbase [John Vereker | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Captain Arthur Post of US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron was shot down near Wide Bay, New Britain. He survived the ordeal and was taken in by natives, who later brought him to coast watchers. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi completed the repair work for destroyer Uzuki at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
United States
  • A fist fight between two men, one white and one African-American, at Belle Isle Park in Detroit, Michigan, United States escalated the already-strained racial tension into a riot. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jun 1943
US Army gun crew preparing to fire a 37mm sub-caliber mounted on a 75mm field howitzer during range practice, Sanskeid Range, Iceland, 20 Jun 1943; note M8 carriageGerman SdKfz. 9 halftrack vehicle towing a Panzer VI Tiger I heavy tank in preparation for Operation Zitadelle, near Kursk, Russia, Jun 1943USS St. Louis, USS Helena, and USS Honolulu off Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 20 Jun 1943
21 Jun 1943
  • USS Cod was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Cod | CPC]
  • Himmler ordered the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in all Soviet territories controlled by Germany. On the same day, the Lvov Ghetto in Poland was liquidated; 10,000 to 20,000 Jews were massacred. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
  • RAF bombers attacked Krefeld in the Ruhr region of Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • USS Hoe sank a Japanese ship, hitting her with 3 out of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Hoe | CPC]
  • Engstrom was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Engstrom | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion arrived off Takarajima, Tokara Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • Orde Wingate arrived in Delhi, India and met with various British officers. ww2dbase [Orde Wingate | CPC]
  • Takeo Takagi was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 6th Fleet, which was centered around submarines. ww2dbase [Takeo Takagi | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of the Kure Naval District. ww2dbase [Chuichi Nagumo | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • In Operation Toenails, US 4th Marine Raider Battalion was dispatched to Segi, New Georgia to assist coast watchers in the area who were threatened by a Japanese advance. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | TH, CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Naka arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
French Morocco
  • Gabriel Puaux was made the Resident-General of French Morocco, replacing Charles Hippolyte Nogu?s. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Kamikaze departed Ominato, Aomori Prefecture, Japan for patrols in the Tsugaru Strait area. ww2dbase [Kamikaze | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 21 Jun 1943
Tri-color camouflaged Hellcat fighters in flight, 21 Jun 1943Repairing a Tiger I heavy tank, Russia, 21 Jun 1943, photo 01 of 21Repairing a Tiger I heavy tank, Russia, 21 Jun 1943, photo 02 of 21Repairing a Tiger I heavy tank, Russia, 21 Jun 1943, photo 03 of 21
See all photos dated 21 Jun 1943
22 Jun 1943 Algeria
  • USS Ancon arrived at Oran, French Algeria. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Naka departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Germany
  • 60 British Lancaster bombers attacked factories at Friedrichshafen in southern Germany. Planners of the attack though they were conducting a strike on a factory producing radar parts, but in actuality it was manufacturing parts for V-2 rockets. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 2 | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese convoy off Japan, damaging seaplane transport Sagara Maru with 3 of 4 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
Russia
  • Roza Shanina was accepted into the Vsevobuch program for universal military training. ww2dbase [Roza Shanina | CPC]
United States
  • The riot fueled by racial tension was finally under control in Detroit, Michigan, United States after three days of violence committed by both whites and African-Americans. During this period, 34 were killed (9 whites, 25 African-Americans), about 500 were wounded (about 75% African-Americans), more than 1,800 were arrested (about 80% African-Americans), and US$2,000,000 worth of damage were done to property. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Jun 1943
Kindley Field, Bermuda with B-17 Fortresses of the 390th Bomb Group in transit from the US to England, 22 Jun 1943SNJ Texan of the Navy?s Photographic School on a training flight, Pensacola, Florida, United States, 22 Jun 1943
23 Jun 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMSB-132, equipped with SBD dive bombers, was assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Truk, Caroline Islands to escort cruiser Nagara to Nauru. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese transport south of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
Poland Photo(s) dated 23 Jun 1943
Alexander and Kirk at Mers el Kabir, Algeria, 23 Jun 1943Alexander, Patton, and Kirk at Mers el Kabir, Algeria, 23 Jun 1943British aerial reconnaissance photo of Test Stand VII, Peenem?nde, Germany, 23 Jun 1943Submarine USS Dace (left) at her commissioning, New London, Connecticut, United States, 23 Jul 1943.
24 Jun 1943
  • RAF bombers attacked Elberfeld in the Ruhr region of Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • American submarine USS Tinosa fired 12 torpedoes at an enemy target. 11 of them failed to explode. ww2dbase [Tinosa | CPC]
  • At dawn, USS Snook attacked a six-ship Japanese convoy in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, damaging one tanker with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein flew the Bf 110 nightfighter for the first time, discovered technical issues, and returned to flying his usual Ju 88 aircraft, in which he shot down four British Lancaster bombers. His victories now stood at 35. ww2dbase [Heinrich | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish ended her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
  • Francis Tuker was mentioned in dispatches. ww2dbase [Francis Tuker | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder damaged a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Tamazato Prisoners of War Camp in eastern Taiwan was closed after less than three months in operation; on the same day, Taihoku Prisoners of War Camp No. 5 near Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was opened. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Caiman was laid down by the Electric Boat Company at Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Caiman | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1943
Emperor Showa (Hirohito; front center) and Nagano (front, 6th from Left) aboard the Musashi, 24 Jun 1943USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 3USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 3USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 3 of 3
See all photos dated 24 Jun 1943
25 Jun 1943
  • The minesweeper USS Advocate was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Naka arrived at Nauru and disembarked 412 troops of No. 2 Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Force; she departed later in the day. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
  • Hubert Lanz was given command of XXXXIX Gebirgskorps. ww2dbase [Hubert Lanz | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • The first Italian "M" armored division was formed near Rome, Italy as Mussolini's bodyguard unit. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • As part of the preparation for the invasion of Sicily, Italy (Operation Husky) some 130 American B-17 bombers from the Northwest African Tactical Air Force dropped over 300 tons of bombs on Messina, Italy. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | AC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 arrived in the Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
  • USS Harder sank a Japanese transport and damaged another off Japan, hitting each with 1 torpedo, expending 7 torpedoes in this attack. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
Korea
  • Rear Admiral Katsuya Sato was named the chief of staff of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. ww2dbase [Chinkai Guard District | CPC]
Netherlands Poland Taiwan
  • The Karenko Prisoners of War Camp in Karenko (now Hualien) in eastern Taiwan was closed. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • The keel for the future submarine Trepang was laid down at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California, United States. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | Trepang | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Jun 1943
USS Cowpens near Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 25 Jun 1943
26 Jun 1943
  • USS Tunny performed photographic reconnaissance at Saipan Harbor and Tinian Channel in the Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • The US submarine Runner failed to report in whilst on patrol off Northern Japan and would soon be presumed lost. Post-war records showed that she sank Japanese passenger-cargo ship Shinryu Maru off Kurile Islands, Japan on this date. ww2dbase [Runner (Gato-class) | AC, CPC]
  • USS Finback arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 11 B-17 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain before dawn. A J1N nightfighter (pilot Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo, observer Warrant Officer Michitaro Ichikawa) shot down B-17F bomber "Taxpayer's Pride" and B-17E bomber "Naughty But Nice", which made Shigetoshi Kudo the first Japanese nightfighter ace. ww2dbase [J1N | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Navy squadrons VF-26, VF-27, and VF-28, all equipped with F4F fighters, were assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. US Marine Corps squadron VMSB-144, equipped with SBD-3 dive bombers, was transferred out of Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | CPC]
France
  • Robert Johnson's P-47 aircraft was badly damaged by German aircraft while flying patrol over France, but was able to return to base in Britain. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | AC, CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 transited Onekotan Strait in the Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
United States
  • Aircraft designer Clarence Johnson and his team at Lockheed in Burbank, California, United States began working on the first airframe of the XP-80 prototype jet fighter. ww2dbase [P-80 Shooting Star | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Jun 1943
Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Atlantic Admiral Harold Stark aboard the battleship USS South Dakota at Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, 26 Jun 1943.Curtiss SB2C Helldiver dive bombers of Bombing Squadron 17 on a training flight in the eastern United States, 26 Jun 1943.  Three weeks later, this squadron would deploy aboard USS Bunker Hill.
27 Jun 1943
  • USS S-28 departed the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States for the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
  • British Chiefs of Staff circulated the "German Long-Range Rocket: Evidence Received from All Sources" report with details of German rockets potentially capable of carrying 2 to 8 tons of high explosives. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered a new procedure for testing the children born of Eastern European forced laborers; those tested racially inferior were to be left in inadequately-supplied centers for foreign children, where many of whom would die from malnutrition and lack of care. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies Q and P of the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion arrived at Segi, New Georgia to join the remainder of the battalion which had already landed six days prior. They were immediately deployed to attack the small naval base at Viru Harbor. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Germany
  • Despite the M?hne reservoir dam and the Edersee reservoir dam still damaged from the 17 May 1943 British raid, total water output was restored to full capacity by this date, achieved by the implementation of the emergency pumping scheme inaugurated the previous year. ww2dbase [Dambuster Raid | CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 detected a Japanese freighter in the Kurile Islands but failed to close in on the ship due to the submarine's slow speed. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Jun 1943
Beaufighter Mk VIF aircraft of No. 272 Squadron RAF Coastal Command at Takali airfield, Malta, 27 Jun 1943
28 Jun 1943
  • K?ln, Germany was bombed by British aircraft, heavily damaging the cathedral. About 4,000 were killed and 1,500 were wounded. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • USS Tunny fired three torpedoes at a Japanese gunboat and dove to escape depth charge attacks from a nearby anti-submarine trawler. She observed two explosions. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion was ordered to sail for the Yellow Sea. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • Lucien Lippert was promoted to the rank of SS-Sturmbannf?hrer. ww2dbase [Lucien Lippert | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Naka arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Germany
  • A Royal Air Force reconnaissance aircraft conclusively identified German long-range rocket launch sites on Peenem?nde, Germany. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
  • Irako departed Yokosuka, Japan at 1730 hours with convoy No. 3628 with transport Hakusan Maru, escorted by destroyer Ikazuchi. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Jun 1943
Speer inspecting a captured Russian T-34 tank, 28 Jun 1943Two B-17 Fortresses of the 94th Bombardment Group approaching an airfield in England, United Kingdom, 28 Jun 1943 (aircraft serial numbers 42-30382 above and 42-30376 below).
29 Jun 1943
  • The US 158th Regimental Combat Team and the US 6th Engineer Combat Company landed unopposed at Kiriwini Island, Trobriand Islands. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
Canada
  • Queen Wilhelmina attended the christening of her grandchild Princess Margriet in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ww2dbase [Wilhelmina]
Japan
  • USS S-35's starboard engine was repaired while at sea in the Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
  • USS Harder sank a Japanese transport and damaged an oiler off Japan, hitting them with 2 of 2 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
United States
  • Carrier Randolph was launched at Newport News, Virginia, United States, sponsored by Rose Gillette, wife of Iowa Senator Guy M. Gillette. ww2dbase [Randolph | DS]
Photo(s) dated 29 Jun 1943
African-American US Army Captain E. H. Lowe pinning the 2nd Lieutenant insignia on James B. Morris, Camp Columbia, Brisbane, Australia, 29 Jun 1943
30 Jun 1943
  • The German Nazi organization Gestapo was given the right to decide for itself whether a criminal or political case should go to trial or proceed directly to confinement, although by this stage such legal niceties were rather irrelevant in the face of the unlimited power already enjoyed by the State Security Services. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The United States Marine Corps reported the active duty strength of 21,384 officers and 287,139 enlisted, for a total of 308,523 personnel. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The German army authorised the issue of the 21 cm Nebelwerfer 42 rocket launcher. ww2dbase [AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Senior Flight Petty Officer Shigetoshi Kudo shot down B-17F bomber "Pluto" over Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [J1N | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • In Operation Chronicle, US Army troops and the US Navy 12th Defense Battalion secured Woodlark Island of the Trobriand Islands, while other troops landed on Woodlark Island to the west. Meanwhile, the 1st Battalion of the US Army 162nd Infantry Regiment, supported by other US and Australian units, landed at Nassau Bay, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US occupation troops arrived early at Nono, New Georgia, Solomon Islands and would join the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion on the planned attack on Viru Harbor; nearby on the island of Vangunu, Companies N and Q of the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion and 2nd Battalion of US Army 103rd Infantry Regiment landed unopposed near Oloana Bay; they would capture Wickham Anchorage by the end of the day. On Rendova Island, elements of the US Army 172nd Infantry Regiment, US Army 103nd Infantry Regiment, US Navy 24th Naval Construction Battalion, and US Navy 9th Defense Battalion landed against light resistance; Japanese aircraft attempted to disrupt landing operations, but they were intercepted by aircraft of US Marine Fighter Squadrons 121, 122, 213, and 221. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Truk, Caroline Islands to escort cruiser Chokai to Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyer Kawakaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • USS S-35 set sail toward the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Scorpion arrived in the Yellow Sea off Shantung Peninsula, China. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jun 1943
Americans sought cover on the beach of Rendova Island, 30 Jun 1943Map depicting Operation Cartwheel, 30 Jun 1943 to early 1944
1 Jul 1943
  • Hitler addressed the generals slated to command Operation Citadel. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | TH]
  • The US Navy launched the V-12 program to recruit and train college students for future military service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps established the Administrative Division at its headquarters to control the civilian personnel program and to place enlisted Marines. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Chester Nimitz submitted a tentative plan for operations against the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Chester Nimitz | CPC]
  • USS S-35 sank Japanese fishing tender Banshu Maru No. 7 off the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia at 1821 hours, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. She escaped the area at 1825 hours after detecting a potential counterattack on the submarine. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Two platoons from Company P, US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion overran the Japanese detachment at the village of Tombe on New Georgia near the Viru Harbor, while the remainder of Company P and Company Q occupied Tetemara on the west side of the harbor. On the same day, just to the south of New Georgia, the US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion arrived at Rendova with men, supplies, and 90mm and 150mm guns. Southeast of New Georgia, the US Marine Corps 4th Raider Battalion and Company F of the US Army 103rd Regiment fell back to Vura on the island of Vangunu in preparation of a counterattack to be launched against Kaeruka and Cheke Point in the next few days. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • 1st Lieutenant Mel Wheadon of US 44th Fighter Squadron, flying a P-40 fighter, became an "ace in a day" by shooting down five Japanese D3A dive bombers while defending the invasion fleet at Rendova, New Georgia Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
France
  • German Type IXC U-Boat U-505 departed Lorient, France for her fifth patrol after six months in port for repairs. ww2dbase [U-505 | DS]
Germany
  • The German Luftwaffe formed the Fernaufkl?rungsgruppe 5 special long range reconnaissance unit. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii United Kingdom
  • In England, United Kingdom, Robert Johnson recovered from wounds sustained in combat on 13 Jun 1943 and resumed flight duties. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | CPC]
  • Violette Szabo was given security clearance. ww2dbase [Violette Szabo | CPC]
United States
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) completed repairs on and began air operations out of Norfolk, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [J. J. Clark | Yorktown (Essex-class) | DS]
  • US Navy started the V-12 Navy College Training Program to train a supplemental group of commissioned officers. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jul 1943
Escort Carrier USS Barnes transporting P-38 Lightning and P-47 Thunderbolt fighter planes across the Pacific, July 1 1943Tang (left) and Tilefish (right) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 1 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 3Tang (left) and Tilefish (right) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 1 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 3Tang (left) and Tilefish (right) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 1 Jul 1943, photo 3 of 3
See all photos dated 1 Jul 1943
2 Jul 1943
  • Japanese physicist Yoshio Nishina met his with army liaison officer Major General Nobuji and reported that he expected to be successful with the nuclear research project. He noted that 10 kilograms of uranium-235 of at least 50% purity to create an atomic bomb, but he needed a large cyclotron to conduct experiments to confirm this theory. Nobuji promised further funding. ww2dbase [Yoshio Nishina | CPC]
  • Greek guerrillas were placed under direct operational control of Allied Middle Eastern Command. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Subhash Chandra Bose arrived in Singapore. ww2dbase [Subhash Chandra Bose | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese cargo ship off Taiwan, hitting her with 3 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
  • USS S-35 was ordered to sail to waters off Paramushiro, Hokkaido, Japan. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Major General Noboru Sasaki assumed sole command of all Japanese garrisons on New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Noboru Sasaki | CPC]
  • Troops of US Army 43rd Division began to move from Rendova to New Georgia in the Solomon Islands, covered by gunfire from US Marines 9th Defense Battalion and US Army 192nd Field Artillery aimed at Munda Airfield; Japanese bombers attempted to interfere by attacking supply dumps on Rendova, causing heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Italy
  • The Italian 1st Air Force Assault Regiment "Amedeo d'Aosta" was effectively disbanded; after this date it would be consisted only with a small number of officers. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 19 Squadron RAF, flying Spitfire VB and VC fighters, arrived at RAF Newchurch in southern England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [RAF Newchurch | CPC]
  • Two Stirling bombers of No. 620 Squadron collided in mid-air over Sudbury, Suffolk, England, United Kingdom while engaged in an fighter affiliation exercise, a mock attack with a Bristol Beaufighter. Both aircraft crashed with fifteen airmen killed and two injured. One of the fatalities was air mechanic AC1 A. Haigh who was just eighteen years old. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Jul 1943
F6F Hellcat on the flight deck of Enterprise, 2 Jul 1943
3 Jul 1943
  • Germans launched Operation Citadel, aimed at encircling and destroying Soviet forces in the Orel-Belgorod salient in Russia. Soviet air activity had delayed the launch by one day. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | TH]
  • K?ln, Germany suffered a heavy air raid. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • Ann Baumgartner graduated from the Women Airforce Service Pilots training program. ww2dbase [Ann Baumgartner | CPC]
  • The prototype aircraft XP-47K was completed. This aircraft incorporated the all-round-vision bubble-type canopy of a Hawker Typhoon, which was soon adopted as standard on all later production models of the P-47D. ww2dbase [P-47 Thunderbolt | AC]
  • USS Snook began stalking a Japanese convoy off the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • USS Scorpion fired six torpedoes at a 5-ship Japanese convoy, sinking cargo ships Anzan Maru and Kokuryu Maru with five hits; she suffered serious damage during the subsequent depth charging. ww2dbase [Scorpion | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel ended her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Gunnel | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese bombers attacked supply dumps on Rendova, Solomon Islands, but failed to cause significant damage. To the north, on New Georgia, troops of the 172nd Infantry Regiment of the US Army 43rd Division were landed on Zanana beach. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Egypt
  • Lorraine departed Suez, Egypt. ww2dbase [Lorraine | CPC]
  • Duquesne departed Alexandria, Egypt. ww2dbase [Duquesne | CPC]
France United Kingdom
  • No. 132 Squadron RAF, flying Spitfire VB and IXB fighters, arrived at RAF Newchurch in southern England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [RAF Newchurch | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Jul 1943
German Luftwaffe Lieutenant General Theodor Osterkamp, Major General Adolf Galland, Colonel G?nther L?tzow, and Lieutenant Colonel G?nther von Maltzahn on an airfield in Italy, 3 Jul 1943Navy Operations Room aboard USS Ancon while at Oran, French Algeria, 3 Jul 1943Status board in the Joint Operations Room aboard USS Ancon while at Oran, French Algeria, 3 Jul 1943Joint Operations Room aboard USS Ancon while at Oran, French Algeria, 3 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 3 Jul 1943
4 Jul 1943
  • General Sikorski and other members of Polish government-in-exile were killed in a plane crash in Gibraltar. Sabotage was suspected but it was never proven. ww2dbase [Władysław Sikorski | TH]
  • The Battle of Kursk, what would become the largest tank battle in history, began. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | CPC]
  • USS Tunny, while off Guam, Mariana Islands, received orders to sail to Johnston Island, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • USS Snook attacked a Japanese convoy with 16 torpedoes, 6 of which hit, sinking cargo ships Koki Maru and Liverpool Maru and damaging Atlantic Maru. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • USS Pompano sank Japanese seaplane carrier Sagara Maru. ww2dbase [Pompano | CPC]
  • Subhash Chandra Bose took command of the Indian National Army and assumed the leadership position of the Indian Independence League. ww2dbase [Subhash Chandra Bose | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marines and US Army troops secured Kaeruka and Cheke Point on Vangunu Island, just southeast of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. On New Georgia, a 52-man special weapons unit of the US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion arrived with four 40mm anti-aircraft guns. To the south of New Georgia, the Japanese attempted attempted the last large daylight air raid on Rendova; 16 bombers were able to break through to drop bombs on the island, but 12 of them would be shot down. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • USS Helena escorted invasion transports to Kula Gulf west of New Georgia. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Helena (St. Louis-class) | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
China
  • The Sino-American Special Technical Cooperative Organization, or SACO for short, already officially signed into effect in Apr 1943, was signed by Chinese Army General Dai Li in China; Dai had not been able to travel to the United States for the official signing. ww2dbase [Milton Miles | CPC]
India
  • The first of Chinese 30th Division began to arrive at Ramgarh Training Center in India. ww2dbase [Ramgarh Training Center | CPC]
Japan
  • USS S-35 arrived off Paramushiro, Hokkaido, Japan. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Journalist John Steinbeck of the newspaper New York Herald Tribune spent a day with British airmen at an airfield in England, United Kingdom. His experiences on this day would later be found in his work "Once There Was a War" in a chapter titled "Waiting". ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • USS Cero was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Cero | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jul 1943
Soviet Il-2 aircraft attacking a German motorized column near Kursk, Russia, Jul 1943
5 Jul 1943
  • USS S-31 departed Noum?a, New Caledonia for her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
  • German submarine U-759 sank American ship Maltran of Allied convoy GTMO-134 70 miles west of Port Salut, Haiti. The entire crew survived. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • The torpedoed Fletcher-class destroyer USS Strong was sunk by a Japanese shore batteries in Rice Anchorage, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Indian National Army held a military parade in Padang, Sumatra, Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Captain Takeo Taizuka was named the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Algeria British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Northern Landing Group under Colonel Harry Liversedge landed at Rice Anchorage on the northern coast of New Georgia, Solomon Islands. On the same day, US cruisers and destroyers bombarded Japanese positions at Vila, Kolombangara, and Bairoko Harbor. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Before dawn, USS Helena commenced pre-invasion bombardment of New Georgia from Kula Gulf. In the afternoon, she received the order to intercept a Japanese troop convoy would arrive some time after dark. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Helena (St. Louis-class) | CPC]
  • Tanikaze contributed to the sinking of the American light cruiser USS Helena during the Battle of Kula Gulf in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Tanikaze | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 5 Jul 1943
Captured Japanese coastal defense gun at Enogai, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 5 Jul 1943Troop transport USS Susan B. Anthony (converted luxury liner) in Mers-el-Kebir, Oran, Algeria preparing for the invasion of Sicily, 5 Jul 1943. Note LCVP landing craft hanging from her davits and stowed on her foredeck.
6 Jul 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Kavieng, New Ireland departing later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • American and Japanese ships engaged in the Battle of Kula Gulf. The Americans lost one light cruiser and the Japanese two destroyers. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Albania
  • Troops of German 1st Mountain Division massacred 107 people of the village of Borova in Albania. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Lieutenant Frederic Hargesheimer of US 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, who had survived the shot down of his aircraft over New Britain, was found by natives after spending a month in the jungle. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • During Battle of Kula Gulf northwest of New Georgia, USS Helena ambushed an incoming Japanese convoy at 0157 hours, but the many gun flashes in turn made her an attractive target for Japanese gunners. She was struck by a Japanese Type 93 torpedo at 0203 hours, followed by two more at 0205 hours. She would sink at 0225 hours. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Helena (St. Louis-class) | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Irako arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
China
  • After sundown, B-25 bombers of US 14th Air Force attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Tianhe Airfield | CPC]
Germany
  • French and Belgian prisoners of war began to be transferred out of the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany for the Oflag X-C camp in L?beck; the transfer would continue until 12 Jul when the last French and Belgian prisoners were transferred out. ww2dbase [Colditz Castle | CPC]
Italy
  • Captain Franco Lucchini, Italian fighter ace with 26 victories, was shot down and killed by a Spitfire fighter over Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [AC]
Malta
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived at Malta by B-17 aircraft. ww2dbase [Dwight Eisenhower | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank a Japanese transport off Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Russia
  • In Russia, in the north of the Kursk salient, on Central Front, Konstantin Rokossovsky launched a counter-attack, throwing in three tank corps. But it foundered on former Soviet minefields which the Germans had reinforced, and the Soviets instead took up fixed positions to act as a breakwater against a renewed German assault. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | AC]
United States Photo(s) dated 6 Jul 1943
USS Denver SG radarscope image showing Battle of Kula Gulf situation at 0117 on 6 Jul 1943US Marines aboard USS Honolulu firing a salute during funeral services for a casualty from sunken USS Helena, circa 6 Jul 1943USS Helena (left) and USS St. Louis (right) firing during Battle of Kula Gulf in the Solomon Islands, 6 Jul 1943; photo taken from USS HonoluluRescued survivors of USS Helena aboard destroyer USS Nicholas, Solomon Islands, 6 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 6 Jul 1943
7 Jul 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul and then Kavieng, departing later in the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • At Wolf's Lair, German rocket research team leader Walter Dornberger presented his research to Hitler and successfully convinced him to give rocket research and production a high priority. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-759 sank Dutch cargo ship Poelau Roebiah of Allied convoy TAG-70 east of Jamaica; 2 were killed and 68 survived. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell presented Chiang Kaishek and He Yingqin the Legion of Merit medals. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The broken-off bow of USS Helena sank in Kula Gulf northwest of New Georgia. A US Navy PB4Y-1 Liberator aircraft dropped lifejackets and four rubber lifeboats to survivors in the area of the bow. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Helena (St. Louis-class) | CPC]
China
  • B-25 bombers of US 14th Air Force, escorted by P-51 fighters, attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Tianhe Airfield | CPC]
Germany
  • At the Wolfsschanze headquarters in Rastenburg, Germany, Werhner von Braun and Walter Dornberger presented Adolf Hitler a film of a V-2 rocket launch. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Wernher von Braun | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Second commanding officer, Capt DS MacMahan USN, assumed command. Five splinter-proof shelters on beach completed. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank Banshu Maru No. 33 off Hokkaido, Japan, hitting her with 1 of 2 torpedoes fired; another transport was damaged with 2 of 2 torpdoes fired. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet Il-2M aircraft, attacking in huge numbers, destroyed some seventy tanks of the German 9th Panzer Division in just twenty minutes during the Battle of Kursk. German aircraft also saw much action, with He 111 tactical bombers alone flew 178 sorties. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | AC, CPC]
United States
  • General Henri Giraud arrived in Washington DC, United States for conferences with President Franklin Roosevelt. ww2dbase [Henri Giraud | AC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Harder arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Harder | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1943
WAVES personnel Bernice Garrott marking off an aircraft check-off list, Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington, United States, 7 Jul 1943; note SNB-1 training aircraftLaunching of Liberty Ship SS John Stagg at the facilities of Delta Shipbuilding Company, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 7 Jul 1943US Marine Corps 155 mm Howitzer Carriage M1917 or M1918 howitzer under tow, Rendova, Solomon Islands, 7 Jul 1943Admiral Walden Ainsworth speaking at the funeral service for Irwin Edwards, who died of wounds sustained during USS Helena
See all photos dated 7 Jul 1943
8 Jul 1943
  • The keel of submarine Blenny was laid down. ww2dbase [Blenny | CPC]
  • German submarine U-759 was reportedly to be lost, though later records show she might had not been destroyed until 23 Jul 1943. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • Casablanca was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Casablanca | CPC]
  • In the Kursk salient Walter Model's armour made three thrusts into the centre of the Soviet defences along the Central Front, the villages of Teploye, Olkhovatka and Ponyri in Russia. At Teploye, the main objective was Hill 272. Time and again the Germans assaulted it, after attacks by swarms of Stuka dive bombers which dropped 550-pound bombs on the anti-tank positions. But the Soviets were well dug in and camouflaged. They preferred to fight the Germans at close range, where their anti-tank rifles and dug in T-34 tanks took a devastating toll. The Germans took the hill three times, but the Soviets continued to recapture it. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • In the South Atlantic, the 10,324-ton Norwegian motor tanker B. P. Newton was struck at 0520 hours by one of three torpedoes launched from German submarine U-510 commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Alfred Eick. It hit the tanker on the port side aft and immediately ignited the cargo of 14,700 tons of aviation fuel; the explosion blew burning fuel over the decks and bridge, destroying all but a single lifeboat. Two men on watch below were killed before they were able to secure the engines and other crew that had jumped over the stern were killed by the burning fuel. The surviving crew were all at the forecastle save for the Master Einar Andersen and the second officer who remained on the bridge to see if they could perhaps save the ship; they were however, forced to go forward by the heat ad flames. They managed to get the remaining lifeboat launched and started to pick other crew up and then escape from the burning fuel. Twenty-four survived, some badly burned were picked up by escort vessels, but no attempt was made to save the ship as by then her plates were glowing red hot, still under way the B. P. Newton finally sank 150 miles northeast of Cayenne, French Guiana. The survivors were landed at Pernambuco, Brazil on 17 Jul 1943. The B. P. Newton was one of the Kvarstad ships held back in Gothenburg, Sweden and had participated in Operation Performance in Apr 1941. ww2dbase [HM]
  • Northwest of the Spanish coast, German Type IXC U-Boat U-505 was attacked by three British destroyers from a hunter-killer group that pursued the submerged boat for 36 hours (assisted by a leak from an external fuel tank) but U-505 managed to slip away. ww2dbase [U-505 | DS]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies N and Q of USMC 4th Raider Battalion were dispatched on a patrol on Gatukai Island in New Georgia, Solomon Islands after reports on the possible presence of a 50-100 men Japanese garrison on the island. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
India Italy
  • The 400-mph Macchi C.205V Veltro fighter made its combat debut when fifteen machines escorted a force of Italian Regia Aeronautica torpedo-bombers tasked to attack Allied warships bombarding the island of Pantelleria southwest of Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [C.205 Veltro | AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit sank Japanese merchant ship Showa Maru and Soviet oceanographic vessel No. 20 off Hokkaido, Japan, hitting them with 3 of 10 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • Eight US Army B-24 bombers from Midway made the first land-based air strike against Wake Atoll. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | TH, CPC]
9 Jul 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the Solomon Islands, the US New Georgia Occupation Force advanced westward in the Munda-Barike region, toward the airfield at Munda. Nearby, 1st Raider Battalion attacked the island of Enogai. To reinforce New Georgia, the Japanese 13th Regiment began transferring 3,700 men from Kolombangara to Bairoko on the northwestern shore of New Georgia; this reinforcement would be conducted over the following 3 days. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze escorted a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Japan
  • Shokaku departed Kure, Japan for Truk, Caroline Islands where she was to join her sister ship Zuikaku. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Russia
  • A. A. Avseevich stepped down as GUKR SMERSH's chief in the Northwestern Front. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1943
German Panzer VI/Tiger I tanks passing burning buildings during the Battle of Kursk in Orel (Oryol), Russia, mid-Jul 194340mm Bofors mounts on the main deck of USS Iowa, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 194340mm Bofors mounts on turret No. 3 of USS Iowa, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 1943View from atop turret No. 2 of USS Iowa, looking forward, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 9 Jul 1943
10 Jul 1943
  • The Allies began Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, Italy, with an airborne assault before dawn; amphibious elements of Operation Husky landed to join the fight later in the day. Out at sea, hospital ship Tampala and LST-313 were sunk by German air attack. Picket ship USS Sentinel was sunk by a SC250 bomb delivered by a Fw 190 aircraft off Molla. Destroyer USS Maddox was also lost after being attacked by dive bombers and sunk within two minutes. The US Navy would subsequently suffer severe accusations for failing to supply adequate air cover. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | TH, AC]
  • The minesweeper USS Agent was transferred to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease act. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho was assigned to the Main Unit of the Mobile Force of Carrier Division 2 of the Third Fleet. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Pompon departed Brisbane, Australia for her first war patrol in the Truk, Caroline Islands area. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The new airfield at Tsili-Tsili, Australian Papua was ready to receive C-47 transport aircraft. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies N and Q of USMC 4th Raider Battalion completed their patrol of Gatukai Island in New Georgia, Solomon Islands and concluded that there were no Japanese on the island. Also on New Georgia, the US Marine Corps reported that the airfield at Segi was now ready for limited operations, while Companies O and P of the 4th Raider Battalion were slated to be relieved at Viru for transfer to Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. Nearby, Marines of the 1st Raider Battalion captured the island of Enogai. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • USS Steelhead damaged Japanese escort carrier Unyo near Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Steelhead | CPC]
Greece
  • Greek partisan fighters killed 2 officers and 16 soldiers of the 2nd Company of the Pioneer Battalion of German 104th J?ger Division near Lake Trichonida near the city of Agrinio in Greece. ww2dbase [CPC]
Italy Japan
  • Nachi departed Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands to cover the Japanese withdraw from Kiska, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Violette Szabo was selected for training as a field agent by the Special Operations Executive. ww2dbase [Violette Szabo | CPC]
United States
  • The US Marine Corps established Marine Corps Air Station, El Centro, California, United States; Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. McQuade was placed in command. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Jul 1943
American troops landing on Sicily, 10 Jul 1943LCVP landing craft suspended from a transportCrew of M4 Sherman tank Men of the British Highland Division unloading stores on a landing beach on the opening day of the invasion of Sicily, 10 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 10 Jul 1943
11 Jul 1943
  • German forces in Operation Citadel ran out of momentum, even though there had been some objectives reached. Hitler refused to call off the operation, which could have saved many of the units. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | TH]
  • USS Tunny refueled at Johnston Island, United States. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese sailing vessel with gunfire in the Western Pacific. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 19th Bomb Squadron (flying B-25 and B-26 aircraft) of USAAF 22nd Bomb Group was transferred to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Admiral William Halsey issued a directive for an attack in the Bougainville area in the Solomon Islands; Lieutenant General Alexander Vandegrift was to be the head of the invasion force. Elsewhere, the 1st Marine War Dog Platoon arrived in the theater in preparation of the Bougainville operations with the 2nd Marine Raider Regiment. At New Georgia, the US airfield at Segi Point was now fully operational. After sundown, US cruisers and destroyers bombarded Japanese positions at Munda, New Georgia. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi performed repair work for armed merchant cruiser Aikoku at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Greece
  • A German officer was killed in Greece when a partisan fighter threw a grenade into the officer's vehicle. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • British 8th Army captured Syracuse, Sicily, Italy and its useful harbour. Also on Sicily, General Paul Conrath's Hermann G?ring Panzer Division overran the American outposts at Ponte Dirillo and were only prevented from breaking through the Allied lines by an attack by James Gavin's paratroopers from the rear. Elsewhere, Conrath personally led a column which assaulted the weakly held Piano Lupo, to get within 2,000 yards of the beach before being stopped by the defenders. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | AC]
  • Omar Bradley arrived at Sicily, Italy while recovering from a recent hemorrhoidectomy. ww2dbase [Omar Bradley | CPC]
  • HMS Howe bombarded Trapani and Favignana, Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [Howe | CPC]
  • USS Ancon operated off Scoglitti, Sicily, Italy as a commications ship. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | Ancon | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone United States
  • Submarine Flier was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States. sponsored by the wife of A. S. Pierce. ww2dbase [Electric Boat Company | Flier | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo began a period of trials and training off California, United States. ww2dbase [Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 11 Jul 1943
USS Boise firing on armor forces near Gela, Sicily, Italy as LST-325, full of US Army trucks, approached the landing beaches, 11 Jul 1943American transport SS Robert Rowan exploding after being hit by German Ju 88 bombers, Gela, Sicily, at about 1550 to 1555 hours on 11 Jul 1943US Army Private George Katere, Private First Class William Mosa, and Private First Class Jessie Hampton posing with Sicilian civilians, Italy, 11 Jul 1943George Patton in Gela, Sicily, Italy, mid-Jul 1943
See all photos dated 11 Jul 1943
12 Jul 1943
  • Soviet forces launched a massive offensive along their Bryansk, Central, and West Fronts in Russia, toward Bryansk, Kursk, and Orel. Prokhorovka, Russia became the site of what would be hailed as the largest armor battle in history. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | TH]
  • USS Mingo damaged a Japanese freighter with torpedoes. ww2dbase [Mingo | CPC]
  • HMS King George V bombarded Trapani, Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [King George V | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek committed, in writing, to a Chinese offensive into Burma. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
  • British 8th Army captured Augusta, Sicily, Italy, adding yet another useful harbour for the Allied invasion forces. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | AC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze led an attack on an US cruiser-destroyer group in the Battle of Kolombangara in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 432nd Fighter Squadron (flying P-38 aicraft) of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was out of Dobodura No. 15 airstrip of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Companies N and Q of the USMC 4th Raider Battalion departed New Georgia, returning to join the rest of the battalion at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. After dark, a Japanese force consisted of light cruiser Jintsu and destroyer-transports ran into a group of Allied light cruisers; the ensuing Battle of Kolombangara, which lasted into the next morning, saw the sinking of Jintsu and USS Gwin; the Japanese were able to land 1,200 men on New Georgia. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Italy Japan
  • Yamato was drydocked at Kure, Japan for upgrades. A Type 21, Mod 3, air and surface search radar was to be installed. Twelve (4x3) new 25-mm AA guns were to be fitted on the weather deck. Yamato's total 25-mm AA suite would be 36 guns. Her 155-mm wing mount guns were to be provided with coaming armor and their barbettes with 28-mm of additional armor. Yamato's fuel storage would be reduced and her main and auxiliary rudder controls were to be improved. ww2dbase [Kure Naval Arsenal | Yamato | CPC]
  • I-168 departed Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone Ukraine
  • The National Committee for a Free Germany was formed in Krasnograd, Ukraine, made up of a number of captured German officers as well as exiled German communists. This group called for an uprising against Hitler and an end to the fighting between Germany and the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [TH]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jul 1943
American night-time naval gunfire against Japanese positions at New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 12 Jul 1943American casualties lying on stretchers aboard a landing craft, awaiting evacuation, Munda Point, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 12 Jul 1943Grave of the first American casualty on the beach near Gela during the invasion of Sicily, Italy, 12 Jul 1943American soldiers looking at a dead German pilot and his wrecked aircraft near Gela, Sicily, Italy, 12 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 12 Jul 1943
13 Jul 1943
  • Hitler called off the Kursk offensive but the decision had already been taken from him by the Soviets who pounded the retreating German forces both north and south of the salient with tanks, artillery, and tank-busting aircraft. Apart from the Soviet Army, the victory at Kursk was as much a triumph for the Soviet workforce which has endured long shifts in appalling conditions to arm, clothe, and feed their fighting men. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | AC]
  • Operation Fustian: After sun down, 1,900 men from the UK 1st Airborne Division set out to capture the Primosole Bridge over the Simeto River in Sicily, Italy by parachute and glider. Less than 200 men with three anti-tank guns reached the bridge. They overpowered the guards and removed demolition charges placed by Italian engineers. However, unbeknown to the Allies, the machine gun battalion of a German parachute division had just been dropped on to that very area. The two parachute forces were immediately locked into battle, but the tiny British unit, though heavily outnumbered, would remain at the bridge awaiting arrival of reinforcements. Elsewhere, British troops captured Augusta and Ragusa in Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | AC]
  • British Air Vice Marshal Harry Broadhurst moved his Western Desert Air Force Headquarters to Pachino, Sicily, Italy with three squadrons of Spitfire VC fighters under command. Over the next week Luftwaffe operations would be reduced from 275-300 sorties per day to less than 150. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Pierre Charles Cournarie was named the Governor-General of French West Africa. ww2dbase [CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [S-28 | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Wing Commander John Nettleton, who won the Victoria Cross for leading the ill-fated Augsburg, Germany raid from RAF Waddington in Apr 1942, failed to return from mission to Turin, probably shot down by a night fighter over the English Channel. ww2dbase [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler told Erich von Manstein that the forces to repel the Allied thrust through Italy and the Balkans would have to be found from the Eastern Front. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | AC]
  • In Bremen, Germany, Atlas Werke AG held its final General Meeting. Shortly after, Krupp would take over Atlas's operations and would rename the company Maschinenbau Kiel GmbH. ww2dbase [Atlas Werke AG | AG]
Marshall Islands
  • On the 47th day of drifting at sea in teh Pacific Ocean, Louis Zamperini and Russell Phillips were found and captured by the Japanese Navy in the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Louis Zamperini | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jul 1943
Two survivors of the sunken Jintsu, dressed in US Navy uniforms, aboard USS Nicholas (DD-449), 13 Jul 1943Enlisted WAVES member checking a label on a Naval air station weather board, United States, 13 Jul 1943Cruiser USS St. Louis and New Zealand cruiser Leander firing during Battle of Kolombangara, 13 Jul 1943Independence off Mare Island Navy Yard, 13 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 3
See all photos dated 13 Jul 1943
14 Jul 1943
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force Wellington bombers attacked Palermo and Messina in Sicily, Italy while C-47 Skytrain transports dropped British airborne troops at the Simeto River at Primosole Bridge; the paratroopers attempted to establish a bridgehead, but they faced stiff opposition. During the day, British and American aircraft attacked Messina, Marsala, Enna, Palermo, Randazzo, Licata, and Lentini; in indirect support, American aircraft struck Naples on mainland Italy. Elsewhere in Sicily, US troops captured Niscemi and Biscari airfield while other British troops captured Vizzini. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | TH]
  • The Soviet Voronezh Front joined in the offensive against German 4.Panzer Armee and Armeeabteilung Kempf south of Kursk, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | TH]
  • USS Gar reported damaging a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • The keel of British frigate Redmill was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British frigate Anguilla was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British frigate HMS Usk and destroyer HMS Scourge were commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keels of German submarines U-1209 and U-1210 were laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-429 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-549 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-675 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • At Krasnodar in southern Russia, the Soviets began a trial of 11 Germans accused of the murder of 7,000 civilians by gas vans, shootings, and hangings. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • German submarine U-178 attacked transport ship Robert Bacon with torpedoes in the Indian Ocean 35 miles off the Mozambique Light at 0236 hours. After the initial damage was brought under control, 52 survivors began a relatively orderly evacuation of the ship with the 3 surviving lifeboats and 3 surviving rafts. At 0314 and then again at 0443, U-178 fired additional torpedoes at the burning wreck, sinking her. U-178 would surface to point to the survivors toward land before departing. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American troops occupied the Ellice Islands (now Tuvalu) and prepared for the contruction of airfields. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Pomfret was laid down. ww2dbase [Pomfret | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine Plaice was laid down. ww2dbase [Plaice | CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Frederick C. Davis was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dedicated US$30,000 for the George Washington Carver National Monument near Diamond, Missouri, United States. This future monument would be the first national monument dedicated to an African-American and the first to a non-president. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • Aircraft from carrier USS Santee sank German submarine U-160 south of the Azores islands. Off Venezuela, German submarine U-572 sank sailing ship Harvard. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell departed China for India. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
  • The Marine Corps Glider Base at Edenton, North Carolina, United States, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Zebulon C. Hopkins, was redesignated a USMC air station. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US-controlled Woodlark Airfield in the Trobriand Islands east of New Guinea was declared operational. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Theodore S. Wilkinson relieved Rear Admiral Richmond R. Turner as the commanding officer of the III Amphibious Force. ww2dbase [Richmond Turner | CPC]
Alaska
  • Destroyer USS Monaghan bombarded Japanese positions at Gertrude Cove, Kiska, US Territory of Alaska unopposed, firing 100 127mm rounds. ww2dbase [Monaghan | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Army Major General Oscar W. Griswold became the commanding officer of the command of the New Georgia Occupation Force, relieving US Army Major General John H. Hester. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Marine tanks, units of US Army 9th Defense Battalion, and units of US Army 103rd Infantry Battalion arrived at Laiana Beach, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Canada
  • Corvette Cobourg was launched at Midland, Ontario, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Frigate Stormont was launched at Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Takuichi Ohmura stepped down as the President of the South Manchuria Railway; he was succeeded by Naoto Kohiyama. ww2dbase [CPC]
France
  • USAAF Eighth Bomber Command attacked three targets in France, with 111 B-17 bombers and 5 YB-40 bombers launched against aircraft factories at Villacoublay (3 B-17 bombers lost), 64 B-17 bombers launched against Glisy Airfield at Amiens (1 B-17 bomber lost), and 84 B-17 bombers launched against LeBourget Airfield at Paris (4 B-17 bombers lost). ww2dbase [Bombing of Cities in France and Low Countries | CPC]
  • German Type IXC U-Boat U-505 arrived at Lorient, France after only 13 days due to damage from an attack by three British destroyers. ww2dbase [U-505 | DS]
Hawaii United States
  • The keel of Sterlet was laid down at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Kittery, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Sterlet | CPC]
  • Two of the ten sections of USS ABSD-1 began to be towed from Morgan City, Louisiana, United States for the South Pacific. ww2dbase [ABSD-1 | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Jul 1943
British Sherman tank of XIII Corps, Eighth Army in the streets of Francofonte, Sicily, 13-14 Jul 1943French Commandos celebrate Bastille Day on the parade grounds of Wellington Barracks, London, United Kingdom, 14 Jul 1943. Note the Thompson sub-machine gun.USS Copahee at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 14 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 3USS Copahee at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 14 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 3
See all photos dated 14 Jul 1943
15 Jul 1943
  • Allied leadership completed the plans for the invasion and occupation of New Britain, which was scheduled for 15 Nov 1943. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • USS Copahee was reclassified an escort carrier with hull number CVE-12. ww2dbase [Copahee | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel was made the commander of Heeresgruppe B. ww2dbase [Erwin Rommel | CPC]
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force bombers attacked Palermo, Sicily, Italy. During the day, US Ninth Air Force B-25 bombers attacked Palermo, Cape Gallo, Salina Island, and Cape Zifferano while the Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Vibo Valentia. Meanwhile, airborne troops of the UK 1st Airborne Division were relieved after fighting a larger German airborne force at Primosole Bridge over the Simeto River in Sicily, Italy for the past two days, ending Operation Fustian. Finally, US 7th Army captured the ports of Agrigento and Porto Empedocle. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | AC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate Loch Morlich was laid down at Wallsend-on-Tyne, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Frigate HMS Calder was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British frigate Musk was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyer Zephyr was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler Steepholm and and minesweeper Welfare were launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British escort carrier Thane was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-988 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • George Patton formed a provisional corps in western in Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS United sank Italian submarine Remo in the Gulf of Taranto, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Soviet Central Front began an offensive toward Orel, Russia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Submarine USS Narwhal shelled a Japanese airfield on Matsuwa Island, Kurile Islands, the first time the Kurile Islands were attacked by an American vessel in the war. ww2dbase [Nautilus | CPC]
  • The keel of Australian frigate HMAS Culgoa was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • A B-24 Liberator bomber and two P-39 Airacobra fighters of USAAF Eleventh Air Force flew a reconnaissance mission over Kiska and Segula Islands in the Aleutian Islands, while 9 B-24 bombers and 14 B-25 bombers attacked Kiska in the same archipelago. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The under-construction Canadian corvette Sea Cliff was renamed Guelph. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US President Roosevelt created he Office of Economic Warfare, which was to be led by Leo Crowley. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • The keel of American minesweeper Graylag was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of American submarine Blower was laid down. ww2dbase [Blower | CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer escort Day was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer escort Rudderow was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort George was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Savage was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Spangler was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American minesweeper Gadwall was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American frigates Covington and Shreveport were launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Navy Patrol Squadron 32 PBM-3C Mariner aircraft sank German submarine U-759 in the Caribbean Sea south of Haiti with depth charges (all 47 killed). ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • British sloop HMS Rochester, corvette HMS Mignonette, and corvette HMS Balsam, with the help from a US Navy PBY Catalina aircraft, sank German submarine U-135 in the Atlantic Ocean; 5 German crew were killed, 41 survived. Off the Portuguese island of Madeira, US Navy Composite Squadron 29 TBF Avenger torpedo bomber sank German submarine U-509; all 54 aboard were killed. Also off Madeira, German submarine U-135 damaged transport Twickenham. U-572 sank sailing ship Gilbert B. Walters off Venezuela. In the South Atlantic, 620 miles east of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, U-172 sank transport Harmonic at 2116 hours; 1 was killed, 38 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank British ship Empire Lake 240 miles east of Madagascar at 1801 hours; 30 were killed, 7 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • All Allied airborne operations were suspended pending an analysis of recent poor performance and high casualty rates. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Japanese Navy launched 24 G4M bombers, escorted by about 40 to 50 A6M Zero fighters, to attack various targets in the central Solomon Islands; the bulk of the attack force was intercepted by US Army and US Navy fighters in the Rendova Island, New Georgia, Solomon Islands area, and 15 G5M bombers and 30 A6M fighters were shot down at a loss of only 3 American fighters. On land at New Georgia, men of the US Army and US Marine Corps launched an offensive at Laiana Beach. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Shokaku arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Italy
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force Wellington bombers attacked airfields and docks at Naples, Italy. During the day, Villa San Giovanni and Foggia were attacked by Allied aircraft. ww2dbase [Foggia Airfield Complex | CPC]
Japan
  • Nachi arrived at Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Nachi | CPC]
Puerto Rico United States
  • The US Navy established a new scheme for the designation of aircraft carriers. Large fleet carriers would retain the designation of CV. 10,000-ton carriers built on light cruiser hulls were from CV to CVL (light carriers). Auxiliary aircraft carriers, previuosly ACV, were now redesignated as CVE (escort carriers). Finally, the new designation of CVB (large carriers) was established for the Midway-class carriers. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Carrier Langley was reclassified as a light carrier. ww2dbase [Langley (Independence-class) | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Jul 1943
Independence in San Francisco Bay, 15 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2Independence in San Francisco Bay, 15 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2Biscayne as the flagship of the German Army Colonel General Hermann Hoth and Field Marshal Erich von Manstein studying a map during the Battle of Kursk, Russia, Jul 1943
See all photos dated 15 Jul 1943
16 Jul 1943
  • Yamato was visited by the German Naval Attach? to Tokyo Konteradmiral Paul Wenneker, who wore a Japanese naval uniform. His tour of Yamato did not include the main turrets, and he was told that the primary armament of Yamato consisted of 40-cm guns rather than the actual 46-cm. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
  • In Sicily, Italy, Canadian troops captured Caltagirone, American troops captured Agrigento, while British troops secured the Primosole Bridge and marched for Catania. On the same day, Allied aircraft attacked Valguarnera, Vibo Valentia, Randazzo, and other targets in Sicily. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | TH]
  • Apogon was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Apogon | CPC]
  • British President of Edution R. A. Butler announced a plan to remodel secondary schools (for children between the ages of 11 and 15) in the United Kingdom, dividing the existing schools into grammar, modern, and technical tiers. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 14 B-26B bombers of USAAF VIII Air Support Command attacked the rail marshalling yard at Abbeville, France at 2000 hours. This was VIII Air Support Command's first combat operation. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British patrol vessel HMS Kilbernie was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British sloop Lapwing and corvette Rushen Castle were launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Theophil Wurm, the bishop of W?rttemberg, Germany, wrote to Adolf Hitler in protest of the deaths that were occurring in concentration camps. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-366 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1192 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt jointly issued an announcement to the Italian people, urging them to remove Benito Mussolini from power and to seek surrender. On the same day, Allied aircraft dropped leaflets containing the same message over Italian cities. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • Before dawn, British Wellington bombers of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force attacked Crotone, Reggio di Calabria, and Villa San Giovanni in southern Italy. During the day, American B-24 Liberator bombers of the USAAF Ninth Air Force Bari in southern Italy; 3 American bombers and 11 German fighters were shot down during the aerial battle. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Generaloberst Walter Model, already the commanding officer of the German Ninth Army, assumed a second role as the commander of the Second Panzer Army upon the arrest of Generaloberst Rudolf Schmidt by the Gestapo. ww2dbase [Walter Model | CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank transport Fort Franklin southwest of R?union island in the Indian Ocean at 1558 hours; 2 were killed, 53 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Stembel was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Dionne was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Vance was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American frigate El Paso was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-306 attacked Allied convoy SL-133 in the Atlantic Ocean, damaging Kaipara at 0352 hours; she would attack again at 0801 hours with two spreads of two torpedoes, but none would cause any damage. Several hours later, TBF Avenger aircraft of US Navy Composite Squadron 13 from escort carrier USS Core sank German submarine U-67 with depth charges in the Atlantic Ocean; 48 were killed, 3 survived. At 2115 hours, German submarine U-513 sank transport Richard Caswell 150 miles southeast of Florianopolis, Brazil with two torpedoes; 9 were killed, 60 survived in 3 lifeboats and 2 rafts. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Bf 109G fighter pilot by Oberfeldwebel Hans Gr?nberg and another Bf 109G fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
  • While supporting the Sicily, Italy operations, HMS Indomitable was torpedoed either by a SM.79 bomber (crewed by Captain Carlo Capelli and Lieutenant Ennio Caselli) of 204a Squadriglia of the Italian 41st Torpedo Bomber Group or a German Ju 88 bomber. The British carrier would be sent to the United States for repairs. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | Indomitable | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • More than 30 B-24 Liberator and B-17 Flying Fortress bombers of the US Thirteenth Air Force attacked Kahili Airfield on Bougainville, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Kahili Airfield | CPC]
Canada
  • The keel of Canadian frigate Beacon Hill was laid down at Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • British submarine HMS Tactician under Lieutenant Commander A. F. Collett, DSC, RN fired six torpedoes against the Italian submarine Luigi Settembrini that had traveled from Pola and was about to enter Brindisi harbour in southern Italy. No hits were obtained, but the Italians observed two torpedo tracks astern, one at about 200 meters and another just only 15 meters. Later on, she set course to return to the Gulf of Taranto. At 1300 hours, HMS Tactician sighted a trawler leaving Brindisi and proceeding up the swept channel. At 1350 hours the trawler was seen to proceed back towards Brindisi. The Tactician followed the trawler and at 1403 hours fired six torpedoes. No hits were obtained. Tactician now set course to retire from the Adriatic Sea. ww2dbase [HM]
Japan
  • USS S-35 and a Japanese destroyer gave chase to each other off Paramushiro, Hokkaido, Japan; no hits were scored by either side when night fell and they lost sight of each other. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • Italian submarine Dandolo damaged British light cruiser HMS Cleopatra (Captain J. F. Stevens, RN) with a torpedo off Sicily, Italy. HMS Cleopatra would receive temporary repairs at Malta and would later sail for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for permanent repairs. All told, Cleopatra would be out of action for over a year. ww2dbase [CPC, HM]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1943
Cruiser USS St. Louis coming alongside repair ship USS Vestal at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides for initial repair of torpedo damage to her bow received in the Battle of Kolombangara, 16 Jul 1943Escort carrier USS Altamaha transporting a deck load of P-51A Mustang fighters has just left Alameda, passed under the San Francisco Bay Bridge (background) and steams toward the Golden Gate, 16 Jul 1943USS Wahoo at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 16 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2USS Wahoo at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 16 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2
See all photos dated 16 Jul 1943
17 Jul 1943
  • From before dawn into the day, aircraft of the Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Catania, Paterno, and other targets on Sicily, Italy. Meanwhile, the Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories was formed for Sicily with General Sir Harold Alexander at its helm. On the front lines, American troops captured Agrigento and Porto Empedocle. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | TH]
  • American light cruiser Vincennes was launched. ww2dbase [CPC, DS]
  • Frederick Aikman shot down an Italian Macchi fighter. ww2dbase [Frederick Aikman | CPC]
Brazil
  • The survivors of Norwegian motor tanker B. P. Newton, sunk by German submarine U-510 9 days prior, were landed at Pernambuco, Brazil. ww2dbase [HM]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Army-Marine Corps joint offensive at Laiana Beach, New Georgia, Solomon Islands successfully penetrated the Japanese defensive line near Laiana Beach; Japanese troops of the 13th and the 229th Regiments attempted a counterattack; behind the front lines, 161st Infantry Regiment of the US Army 25th Division arrived as reinforcements. At Bougainville, 192 US aircraft struck the Japanese airfield at Buin. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • Suffren rescued two survivors of British merchant ship City of Canton, which was sunk by torpedo in the Mozambique Channel. ww2dbase [Suffren | CPC]
Japan
  • Yamato was undocked at Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
  • USS S-35 set sail for the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • Four British Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats made a seemingly suicidal night attack on the Italian cruiser Scipione Africano off Messina, Sicily, Italy. During the action MTB 316 was hit by intense gunfire and was blown up. MTBs 260 and 313 suffered superficial damage before turning away. The British torpedoes failed to achieve an effective result. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1943
Cowpens underway, 17 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2Cowpens underway, 17 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2Remains of a merchant ship that exploded, causing a fire on another British freighter, off Algiers, Algeria, 17 Jul 1943F4U-1 Corsair of VF-17, ?The Jolly Rogers,? landing aboard the carrier Bunker Hill south of Bermuda during her shakedown cruise, 17 July 1943. Photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 17 Jul 1943
18 Jul 1943
  • The keels of British frigates Loring and Pasley were laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Sicily, Italy, before dawn, British Wellington bombers of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force bombed Montecorvino on Sicily and Pomigliano in mainland Italy. After daybreak, American A-36 aircraft of the Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Santa Caterina, Adrano, Lercara, and Termini Imerese. On the ground, Canadian troops captured Valguarnerna, US Seventh Army troops captured Caltanisetta, and British Eighth Army troops move slowly along the east coast of Sicily near Catania. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | CPC]
  • 6 American B-24 bombers attacked Japanese shipping between Paramushiru Island and Shimushu Island in the Kurile Islands and the Kataoka Airfield on Paramushiru; this was the first heavy bomber attack against Japan. ww2dbase [Bombing of Tokyo and Other Cities | CPC]
  • 6 B-24 bombers of the US Seventh Air Force based on Funafuti Island, Ellice Islands bombed Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese bombers were dispatched to attack Canton Island, Phoenix Islands, but they were forced to abandon their mission due to heavy American anti-aircraft and fighter defense; the bomb loads were dropped in the ocean. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 2 B-24 and 6 B-25 bombers of the US Eleventh Air Force B-24 attacked Japanese positions at Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • US Navy airship K-74 detected an enemy submarine in the Straits of Florida between the United States and Cuba at 2340 hours by radar and commenced the attack on German submarine U-134 10 minutes later. The anti-aircraft guns of U-134 hit the airship, and she crashed at 2355 hours. K-74 was the only American blimp to be shot down during the war. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Hilbert was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort USS Chase was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-508 attacked passenger ship Incomati with a torpedo 200 miles south of Lagos, British West Africa at 0756 hours. At 0818 hours, U-508 shelled Incomati with her deck gun, eventually sinking her. 1 was killed, 222 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Finback completed refitting at Fremantle, Australia and departed for her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • 21 USAAF Thirteenth Air Force B-24 bombers escorted by 20 fighters, together with 35 US Navy and US Marine Corps dive bombers escorted by 134 fighters, attacked the Kahili Airfield and surrounding areas on Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands. The Americans claimed destroying or damaging two destroyers, a light vessel, and 12 fighters. 10 American aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Kahili Airfield | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • After sundown, RAF Wellington bombers dropped over 800,000 propaganda leaflets on Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Bombing of Rome, Naples, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • Ambra launched frogmen against Allied shipping in Syracuse harbor, Sicily, Italy; they failed to cause any damage. ww2dbase [Ambra | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jul 1943
Lieutenant General Mark Clark and Navy Rear Admiral Alan Kirk aboard command ship USS Ancon during the Sicily operations, Mers-el-Kebir, Oran, Algeria, 18 Jul 1943.
19 Jul 1943
  • German submarine U-513 was sunk by depth charges from a PBM-3C Mariner aircraft of US Navy Patrol Squadron 74 south east of S?o Francisco do Sul, Brazil; 46 were killed, 7 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMCS Huron (G24) was commissioned into service with Lieutenant Commander H. S. Rayner in command. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova shot down a Bf 109 fighter near Antracit, Luhansk, Russia, but her Yak-1 fighter also sustained damage and caught on fire. She landed safely, but when farmers rushed to help, they found her already dead. ww2dbase [Yekaterina Budanova | CPC]
  • Canadian destroyer HMCS Huron was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Crew of Canadian destroyer HMCS Iroquois staged a brief mutiny by refusing to obey orders from Commander William Boyd Love Holms, for what they perceived as harsh treatment by the commanding officer. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Acree was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Keith was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109G-6 fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
Alaska
  • The US 633rd, 634th, and 635th Bombardment Squadrons (Dive) and the US 407th Bombardment Group (Dive) began operating from Amchitka, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Australian and American troops defended against repeated Japanese counterattacks at Mount Tambu, Australian New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Destroyer Yukikaze escorted a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • During the day, in the Solomon Islands, B-17 and B-25 aircraft attacked Ballale Airfield on Ballale, while B-25, SBD, and TBF aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Bairoko, New Georgia. After sundown, US PBY and TBF aircraft attacked a Japanese task force near Choiseul Island east of Bougainville, sinking a destroyer and damaging a cruiser, but also losing several aircraft. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • US B-17 aircraft bombed Kahili Airfield on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Kahili Airfield | CPC]
Canada
  • The keel of British minesweeper HMS Serene was laid down at Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate HMCS Joliette was laid down at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
France
  • The German-sponsored French military formation L?gion des Volontaires Fran?ais held a parade in Paris, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • German submarine U-854 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-825 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • Japanese G3M bombers attacked the US airfield on Funafuti, Ellice Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • The Italian capital of Rome experienced its first air raid by the USAAF, which resulted in 1,500 civilian deaths; 157 B-17 and 112 B-24 aircraft embarked on this attack, 5 of which were lost. Most of the bombers focused on rail marshalling yards in or around the city. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | TH, CPC]
  • At Feltre, Italy, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met for the 13th and last time before Mussolini was ousted from power. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | CPC]
  • US 7th Army and British 8th Army continued to make advances in Sicily, Italy; encountering resistance along the coast, Bernard Montgomery ordered his British 8th Army to take an alternate route, inland, toward Messina in the north. The Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force launched B-25 bombers to attack Catania and Randazzo while US 9th Air Force P-40 aircraft bombed railroads and railcars at Alcamo to support the ground troops on Sicily. After sundown, Allied bombers struck Aquino and Nicosia. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Feltre in northern Italy in a magnificent villa. Mussolini had come to ask Hitler for massive military help, but the meeting was a fiasco with Hitler promising no specific aid and instead spent the entire morning in a dreary dialogue about German arms production. Mussolini was unable to pin Hitler down with specific demands for equipment and troops. Just before lunch, a messenger arrived with the news that Rome, Italy had suffered a heavy air attack. Mussolini was so upset that he could no longer listen to Hitler's waffle. Yet at a private luncheon Hitler was able to persuade Mussolini that his secret weapons, including atom warheads on flying bombs, could still win the war for the Axis. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | AC]
Marshall Islands
  • Naka arrived at Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Poland
  • 12 Polish prisoners of Auschwitz I camp were executed by hanging in front of the kitchen during roll call for helping three fellow prisoners escape. The men were Stanislaw Stawinski (No. 6569), Czeslaw Marcisz (No. 26891), Janusz Skrzetuski-Pogonowski (No. 253), Edmund Sikorski (No. 25419), Jerzy Wozniak (No. 35650), J?zef Wojtyga (No. 24740), Zbigniew Foltanski (No. 41664), Boguslaw Ohrt (No. 367), Leon Rajzer (No. 399), Tadeusz Rapacz (No. 36043), J?zef Gancarz (No. 24538), and Mieczyslaw Kulikowski (No. 25404). ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet troops began to threaten German positions at Bolkhov, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill suggested using icebergs as floating airfields. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMS Gillstone was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Undaunted was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Greek submarine Pipinos was launched in Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Unswerving was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British frigate HMS Inver was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • The US Naval Aircraft Factory in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States was authorized to embark on the project codenamed Gorgon to develop air-to-air turbojet-powered remotely-controlled missiles. ww2dbase [Philadelphia Navy Yard | CPC]
Vatican City
  • Pope Pius XII allowed citizens of Rome, Italy to take shelter in Vatican City. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1943
WASP trainee pilot Shirley Slade on the cover of the 19 Jul 1943 issue of Life Magazine
20 Jul 1943
  • USS Enterprise made port call at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for an extensive overhaul. ww2dbase [Enterprise | CPC]
  • Ameer was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Ameer | CPC]
  • The US Joint Chiefs of Staff ordered Chester Nimitz to begin planning operations in the Ellice and Gilbert Islands. ww2dbase [Gilbert Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • The National Committee for a Free Germany made a broadcast of its manifesto to Germany from the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British and US bombers sank German submarine U-558 in the Bay of Biscay northwest of Cape Ortegal, Spain with depth charges; 45 were killed, 5 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied aircraft attacked German submarine U-195 in the Bay of Biscay, killing 1. ww2dbase [CPC]
Alaska
  • US destroyers USS Aylwin and USS Monaghan bombarded Kiska, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Monaghan | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the Solomon Islands, US 13th Air Force launched 18 B-24 bombers against Kahili Airfield, Bougainville Island and other targets on Ballale Island. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | Kahili Airfield | CPC]
  • US Marine and US Navy aircraft sank two Japanese destroyers south of Choiseul Island in the Solomon Islands. On New Georgia, the Northern Landing Group (1st Marine Raider Regiment, 4th Raider Battalion, and 3rd Battalion of the US Marine Corps and the 148th Division of the US Army) attacked Bairoko Harbor. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Canada
  • The keel of Canadian frigate HMCS Prestonian was laid down at Lauzon, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate HMCS Sea Cliff was laid down at Lauzon, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian corvette HMCS Asbestos was laid down at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian corvette HMCS Hawkesbury was laid down at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Canadian tug HMCS Glenlea was launched at Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • German government reports dated this date indicated that, since 2 Mar 1943, there had been 20 transports of Jews from the Netherlands to Sobib?r Concentration Camp, totaling over 34,000 persons; only 19 of these deportees survived the Holocaust. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • German submarine U-242 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-292 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1165 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • Italian troops surrendered en masse to US troops in Sicily, Italy as US 82nd Airborne Division captured Sciacca and Menfi, US 9th Infantry Division captured Santo Stefano Quisquina and the heights north of Mussomeli, US 2nd Armored Division with British troops in support captured Enna, Canadian 1st Division reached Leonforte, and British 51st Division attacked the Sferro airfield. In the air, Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force fighter-bombers attacked various targets in western Sicily while medium bombers struck Montecorvino Airfield. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | TH, CPC]
  • About 150 aircraft of Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force and over 100 aircraft US 9th Air Force attacked Rome, Italy for a second day in a row, targeting rail marshalling yards and the Ciampino Airfield. When the US 9th Air Force returned from Rome, they dropped their remaining bombs on targets at Anzio and Sicily. The city of Naples was also bombed by US bombers on this day. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | CPC]
Japan
  • Crown Prince Yi Un was made the commanding officer of Japanese 1st Air Army. ww2dbase [Yi Un | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Naka arrived at Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit entered the Sea of Japan. ww2dbase [Permit | CPC]
Russia
  • German troops evacuated Mtensk, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Kursk | CPC]
  • The Soviet STAVKA ordered all partisans in German-occupied Europe to attack German rail traffic. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down seven Soviet aircraft in one single night mission near Oryol, Russia, increasing his victories to 41. ww2dbase [Heinrich | CPC]
  • Vsevolod Merkulov was named the People's Commissar of State Security of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Vsevolod Merkulov | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British submarines HMS Spirit was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarines HMS Vampire was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • The keel of US escort carrier Nehenta Bay was laid down. ww2dbase [Nehenta Bay | CPC]
  • US escort carrier Natoma Bay was launched. ww2dbase [Natoma Bay | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered that information regarding atomic research was to be shared with the British. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Sway was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US frigate Sausalito was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Burke was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Scott was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lockheed and USAAF began a three day evaluation of a full scale mock up of a XP-80 jet fighter. ww2dbase [P-80 Shooting Star | Burbank Lockheed Aircraft Factory | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo completed a period of trials and training off California, United States. After returning to Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo, California, United States, squadron commander Captain John B. Griggs, Jr. came aboard to present awards. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jul 1943
Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 5Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 5Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 3 of 5Torpedo damage on Hobart, 20 Jul 1943, photo 4 of 5
See all photos dated 20 Jul 1943
21 Jul 1943
  • The German authorities in Belgrade, Yugoslavia offered a massive reward for the betrayal and capture of Yugoslav partisan leader, Tito. ww2dbase [Josip Tito | AC]
  • The keel of British frigate HMS Retalick was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-779 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1225 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Canadian corvette HMCS The Pas collided with transport Medina while escorting Allied convoy ON 192 off the New England region of the United States; two men were killed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Herbert C. Jones was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Minesweeper USS Revenge was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of destroyer escort Currier was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of destroyer escort McClelland was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down a German Bf 109 fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 arrived at Attu, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
  • 9 B-24 bombers of US 11th Air Force bombed Kiska, Aleutian Islands while two US Navy destroyers bombarded the Gertrude Cove area of the same island. ww2dbase [Aleutian Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • USS New Mexico shelled Japanese positions on Kiska, US Territory of Alaska. ww2dbase [Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands | New Mexico | CPC]
Brazil
  • A PBY-5A Catalina aircraft of the VP-94 squadron of the US Navy sank German submarine U-662 with depth charges in the estuary of the Amazon River, Brazil; 44 were killed, 3 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A large number of US Army and US Navy aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Bairoko, New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. Despite the powerful air strikes, the Northern Landing Group's attack on Bairoko Harbor was repulsed and the Americans fell back to Enogai; the Northern Landing Group was consisted of 1st Marine Raider Regiment, 4th Raider Battalion, and 3rd Battalion of the US Marine Corps and the 148th Division of the US Army. Nearby, a very small contingent of US Army, US Navy, and US Marine Corps officers landed at Barakoma, Vella Lavella to scout the area for a possible landing site. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 arrived at Banika Island, Russell Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Canada
  • Canadian trawler HMCS Anticosti completed her refit at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, Canada. ww2dbase [Anticosti | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • Japanese G3M bombers attacked the US airfield at Funafuti, Gilbert Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Greece
  • Erwin Rommel inspected German defenses in Greece. ww2dbase [Erwin Rommel | CPC]
Italy
  • Before dawn, Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Italian ships in waters near Randazzo, Sicily, Italy. On land on this day, US 1st Infantry Division captured Alimena, US 3rd Infantry Division captured Corleone, US 45th Infantry Division captured Valledolmo, US 82nd Airborne Division captured San Margherita, US Rangers captured Castelvetrano, and Canadian 1st Division captured Leonforte. After dark, US 9th Air Force B-25 bombers attacked the Randazzo area again. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | CPC]
  • Before dawn, British Wellington bombers of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force attacked the airfield at Crotone and the rail marshalling yard at Naples in southern Italy. During hte day, US B-17 bombers also of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force attacked the airfield at Grosseto on the western coast of central Italy. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Naka arrived at Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Haddock fired 8 torpedoes at a convoy, sinking transport Saipan Maru and damaging 3 others in the Philippine Sea with a total of 7 hits. ww2dbase [Haddock | CPC]
United States
  • USS Bluefish departed New London, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Bluefish | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo departed Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | Wahoo | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jul 1943
Bishop John Andrew Gregg of African Methodist Church in North Central United States playing with a koala bear while African-American US Army soldiers looked on, Australia, 21 Jul 1943Sicilian refugees on an ox cart, Palermo, Sicily, Italy, circa Jul 1943Instrument panel and controls of a North American B-25 Mitchell bomber, except that this one is a PBJ-1 assigned to a United States Marine Corps bombing squadron, 21 Jul 1943.20mm Oerlikon position aboard USS New Jersey, Pacific Ocean, 21 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 21 Jul 1943
22 Jul 1943
  • US 2nd Armored Division captured Palermo, Sicily. ww2dbase [Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender | TH]
  • Canfield was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Canfield | CPC]
  • USS Skipjack damaged a Japanese transport south of Japan, hitting her with one of four torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Skipjack | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • I-168 arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [I-68 / I-168 | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British Joint Intelligence Committee reported that the Allied Combined Bomber Offensive had successfully prevented the Germans from deploying more than half of its fighter strength to other fronts of the European War. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Ursa was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Minesweeper HMS Frolic was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of corvette HMS Allington Castle was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
23 Jul 1943
  • German leader Fritz Sauckel ordered improvements in the living conditions for Eastern European workers in Germany who performed their functions well. ww2dbase [Fritz Sauckel | CPC]
  • USS Gar arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her eighth war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • US Navy PBM Mariner aircraft attacked a German submarine in the Caribbean Sea, possibly U-759. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • Charles J. Badger was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Charles J. Badger | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Destroyer Yukikaze led a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • Italian Air Force established plans to re-establish the 1st Air Force Assault Regiment "Amedeo d'Aosta" for possible use as guerrilla fighters in Sicily, Italy, but the plans would not come to fruition. ww2dbase [CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet forces launched the Belgorod-Bogodukhov Offensive Operation toward Belgorod, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Belgorod | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jul 1943
British Lancaster bombers of No 50 Squadron RAF flying in loose formation over Lincolnshire, England, UK, 23 Jul 1943Artur Axmann, General Kunze, and Major General Philipp (school commandant) touring an artillery school at J?terbog, Germany, 23 Jul 1943USS New Jersey at sea, 23 Jul 1943A smoke screen masks the advance of a Russian anti-tank gun crew in Russia, 23 July 1943. Note Degtyaryov PTRD-41 anti-tank rifle.
See all photos dated 23 Jul 1943
24 Jul 1943
  • The first of almost 1,000 Allied personnel were interned in Sweden when their USAAF B-17 bomber crash landed. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Cabot was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Cabot | CPC]
  • Cotten was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Cotten | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill said "There is no doubt that in the welter of inefficiency and lassitude which has characterised our own operations on the Indian front, this man," referring to Orde Wingate, "his force and his achievements stand out; and no question of seniority must obstruct the advance of real personalities in their proper station in war." ww2dbase [Orde Wingate | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands for Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • German submarine U-703 was ordered to go to Hopen island, Norway to pick up stranded Russian sailors (from Russian freighter Dekabrist which was sunk many months prior). ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Naka arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
Germany
  • The first operational use of "Window" radar jamming took place during Operation Gomorrah when 746 RAF planes drop 2,300 tons of explosive on Hamburg, Germany, losing 12 aircraft. Hamburg burned in a major firestorm that killed a significant number of civilians. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Fighting Squadron 5 (VF-5; Model F6F-3) on board. Part of Torpedo Squadron 5 (VT-5; Model TBF-1) on board. Part of Bombing Squadron 5 (VB-5; Model SBD-5) on board. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on and began a month of exercises in the Hawaiian Islands. ww2dbase [J. J. Clark | Yorktown (Essex-class) | DS]
Italy
  • The Fascist Grand Council in Rome, Italy voted 19 to 7 for King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy to retake command of Italian military from Mussolini; Count Ciano, Mussolini's son-in-law, also voted against him. Upon relieving his duties, King Vittorio Emanuele III ordered Mussolini arrested. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Kure, Japan and was assigned to the Maintenance Force of the Mobile Force of Carrier Division 2 of the Third Fleet. ww2dbase [Ryuho | CPC]
Poland United States
  • Submarine Parche was launched at Kittery, Maine, United States, sponsored by Miss Betty Russell, daughter of US District Judge and former US Navy Judge Advocate General Robert Lee Russell. ww2dbase [Parche | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jul 1943
WAVES Aviation Metalsmith 3rd Class Claire Bickham and Seaman 1st Class (Aviation Metalsmith) Susie Alvis riveting aircraft, Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 24 Jul 1943WAVES Airman 1st Class (Aviation Metalsmith) Barbara Stroud drilling and riveting aircraft structure in the Assembly and Repair Department at Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 2WAVES Aviation MachinistWAVES Aviation Metalsmiths and Aviation Machinist
See all photos dated 24 Jul 1943
25 Jul 1943
  • Mussolini was arrested. Upon learning the news of the change in government, German troops were prepared to disarm the Italian military. ww2dbase [Operation Eiche | TH]
  • The RAF commenced dropping small strips of metal foil (codename "Window") to confuse frequencies of the efficient German precision radars. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Orde Wingate was recalled to Britain. ww2dbase [Orde Wingate | CPC]
  • USS Pompon sank Japanese cargo ship Thames Maru in the Dutch East Indies and damaged two other ships; she expended 8 torpedoes and observed 5 hits. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
  • US Army Major General Nathan Twining replaced US Navy Rear Admiral Marc Mitscher as Commander, Aircraft, Solomons. ww2dbase [Marc Mitscher | CPC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, ending her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [S-35 | CPC]
Belgium
  • L?on Degrelle was asked to leave a Catholic mass for wearing the SS uniform; military uniforms had been banned from masses by the Belgian Roman Catholic Church in 1940. ww2dbase [Léon Degrelle | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Americans launched what would be the final offensive against Japanese positions on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
Caroline Islands