25 Sep 1885
  • Mineichi Koga was born in Arita, Saga Prefecture, Japan. ww2dbase [Mineichi Koga | CPC]
25 Sep 1886

25 Sep 1893
25 Sep 1895

25 Sep 1900
  • Izumo was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Izumo | CPC]
25 Sep 1904

25 Sep 1908

  • Kichisaburo Nomura was promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander. ww2dbase [Kichisaburo Nomura | CPC]
25 Sep 1918
  • Douglas MacArthur participated in a raid on German lines that began after nightfall and lasted through the next morning. For this action, he was later awarded his sixth Silver Star medal. ww2dbase [Douglas MacArthur | CPC]
25 Sep 1922


25 Sep 1922 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1926

  • Aoba was launched at Nagasaki, Japan. ww2dbase [Aoba | Nagasaki | CPC]
25 Sep 1927

25 Sep 1929

25 Sep 1930
  • Song Ziwen was named the acting chief of the Executive Yuan. ww2dbase [Song Ziwen | CPC]
25 Sep 1934

French Indochina
  • British Major General Douglas Gracey criticized Japanese troops under the command of Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi for failing to protect Europeans civilians in the Cit√© H√©raud district in Saigon, Cochinchina, French Indochina in the previous night, during which an unidentified group of Vietnamese killed, raped, and tortured somewhere between 100 and 300 Europeans. Gracey threatened Terauchi with prosecutions of war crimes, while ordering additional British, French, and Japanese troops to patrol the city. Later in the day, in support of the sentiments of the unidentified attacks in the previous night, various Vietnamese groups called for boycotts against European businesses, raised roadblocks in the suburbs of Saigon, and seized control of a power plant (which would be re-captured by British troops within hours) to further protest against the British-French administration. Future French Commissioner Admiral Thierry d'Argenlieu would cite this incident as the main catalyst for the start of the Indochinese War. ww2dbase [Saigon, Cochinchina | CPC]
25 Sep 1935

United States
  • The keel of destroyer Helm was laid down at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Helm | Portsmouth, Virginia | CPC]

25 Sep 1935 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1937
  • Battle of Pingxingguan: Communist Chinese forces successfully ambushed Japanese forces at this gate of the Great Wall of China. ww2dbase [Battle of Shanxi | CPC]
  • Japanese bombers flew 95 sorties over Nanjing, China between 0930 and 1630 hours, dropping 500 bombs which caused more than 600 mostly civilian casualties. The National Central Hospital, which had a large red cross painted on the roof, was also damaged by bombs. ww2dbase [Bombing of Shanghai, Chongqing, and other Cities | Nanjing | CPC]
  • 16 Japanese carrier aircraft from Kaga attacked and sank Chinese light cruiser Yixian at Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, China; two Japanese aircraft were lost in the attack. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Shanghai | Jiangyin, Jiangsu | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1937
Mussolini and Hitler in an open-top Mercedes-Benz limousine, Berlin, Germany, late Sep 1937Communist machine gun crew at the Battle of Pingxingguan, Shanxi Province, China, 25 Sep 1937

25 Sep 1937 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1938

Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1938
Neville Chamberlain and Joachim von Ribbentrop leaving Hotel Petersburg in Bad Godesberg, Germany, 25 Sep 1938Joachim von Ribbentrop bidding farewell to Neville Chamberlain, Bad Godesberg, Germany, 25 Sep 1938Neville Chamberlain and Joachim von Ribbentrop at the Köln airport, Germany, 25 Sep 1938
25 Sep 1939
  • Artillery duels took place on the Western Front of the European War. ww2dbase [TH]
  • HMS CUMBERLAND after meeting HM Cruiser NEPTUNE and HM Destroyers HUNTER and HYPERION carried out joint search for blockade runners. ww2dbase [Cumberland | Neptune | DS]
  • Germany introduced food rationing. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Franz Halder noted in his diary that he believed Adolf Hitler was ready to plan a war with France and Britain. ww2dbase [Franz Halder | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler arrived in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Berlin | CPC]
  • Kichisaburo Nomura was named the Foreign Minister in Prime Minister Nobuyuki Abe's cabinet. ww2dbase [Kichisaburo Nomura | CPC]
  • Warsaw, Poland suffered heavy Luftwaffe bombing and artillery bombardment as Adolf Hitler arrived to observe the attack. To the east, Soviet troops captured Bialystok, Poland. Meanwhile, Joseph Stalin proposed to the Germans that the Soviet Union would take Lithuania which was previously within the German sphere of influence; in exchange, the Soviets would give the portions of Poland near Warsaw which were previously within the Soviet sphere of influence but had already been overrun by German troops. ww2dbase [Invasion of Poland | Warsaw | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1939
German Bf 109B fighters on an airfield, Poland, Sep 1939Aerial view of Warsaw, Poland, 25 Sep 1939; note Vistula River in the center of the photoRefugees returning to Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939
25 Sep 1940
  • Vichy France instituted a court-martial body for crimes committed against the state. There was no appeal, and sentence was to be carried out within 24 hours. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The German merchant ship Weser was captured off the coast of Manzillo, Mexico by the Royal Canadian Navy armed merchant cruiser Prince Robert. ww2dbase [TH]
  • France surrendered Indochina to Japan, but fighting continued. ww2dbase [Indochina Campaign | TH]
  • Operation Lucid: The British Royal Navy filled each of the two old tankers War Nizam and War Nawab with 2,000-3,000 tons of heavy fuel oil, diesel oil, and gasoline, then dispatched them from Sheerness in southeast England and Portsmouth in southern England with destroyers, minesweepers, and torpedo boats as escorts. These two oil tankers were meant to act as fire ships against the German invasion barges which had gathered in French ports along the English Channel, but the operation was canceled when War Nizam broke down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Operation Menace: The British fleet bombarded Dakar in French West Africa in the morning. At 0900 hours, French submarine Beveziers attacked British battleship HMS Resolution, damaging her; she had to be towed back by battleship HMS Barham while the rest of the British warships fell back. The British War Cabinet decided to cancel the operation after all attempts to enter Dakar failed. Meanwhile, Vichy French bombers from Algeria and Morocco again bombed Gibraltar in retaliation to the British and Free French attacks on Dakar, lighting damaging port facilities and sinking British anti-submarine trawler Stella Sirius. ww2dbase [British Attacks on the French Fleet | CPC]
  • German submarine U-32 sank British ship Mabriton 500 miles west of Ireland at 0325 hours; 12 were killed and 25 survived. German submarine U-43 sank British ship Sulairia 400 miles west of Ireland at 1330 hours; 1 was killed and 56 survived. Shortly after at 1400 hours in the same general area west of Ireland, German submarine U-29 attacked British ship Eurymedon; she would sink two days later; the final casualty list included 20 crew and 9 passengers killed; 42 crew and 22 passengers survived. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | CPC]
  • Adolf Galland was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross by Adolf Hitler for achieving 40 kills. ww2dbase [Adolf Galland | AC]
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop alerted the German embassy in the Soviet Union that Japan was likely to join Germany and Italy in an alliance. Should this happen, the ambassador was to alert the Soviet Union of this news, and to ensure the USSR that this alliance was meant to deter the United States from entering the war and in no way was meant to be formed against Soviet interests. ww2dbase [The Tripartite Pact | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • At 1145 hours, 27 German bombers escorted by 30 fighters attacked the Bristol Aeroplane Company factory at Filton in southwestern England, United Kingdom; construction sheds and 8 newly-built aircraft were destroyed, while 132 were killed and 315 were wounded; the Germans lost 6 aircraft (8 killed, 10 taken prisoner), while the British lost 4 fighters (1 killed). At 1647 hours, 24 German bombers escorted by 12 Bf 110 fighters attacked Plymouth in southern England, losing 1 bomber. Overnight, London and other cities were bombed, while other German bombers laid mines in the Thames Estuary. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | England | CPC]
  • The British government conceded public defeat with a declaration to the press that the use of London tube stations as air raid shelters has been officially recognised. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | London, England | AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1940
Gun camera footage from a Spitfire Mk I fighter of No. 609 Squadron RAF, showing its tracer ammunition hitting a German He III aircraft over Filton, Bristol, England, United Kingdom, 25 Sep 1940
25 Sep 1941
  • Hitler ordered a halt to attacks on Leningrad in northern Russia, instead ordering that the city be starved into submission. ww2dbase [Siege of Leningrad | TH]
  • Zuikaku was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Zuikaku | CPC]
  • German submarine U-124 sank British ship Empire Stream 500 miles north of the Azores islands at 0744 hours; 8 were killed, 27 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • John Kennedy enlisted in the US Navy. ww2dbase [John Kennedy | CPC]
  • The Jager Report (issued on 1 Dec 1941) noted that 215 adult male, 229 adult female, and 131 children, all Jews, were killed in Jahiuna, Lithuania for a total of 575 people. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Captain Tsunekichi Fukuzawa was named the commanding officer of repair ship Akashi. ww2dbase [Akashi | CPC]
Iceland Russia
  • German and Romanian troops reached the Perekop Isthmus in Russia and began to cut off the Crimean Peninsula. ww2dbase [Krym | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1941
Zuikaku on her first day of service, 25 Sep 1941, photo 1 of 2Zuikaku on her first day of service, 25 Sep 1941, photo 2 of 2

25 Sep 1941 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1942
  • RAF Mosquito aircraft conducted a daring low-level raid on the Gestapo Headquarters in Oslo, Norway. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Japanese troops landed on Beru, Gilbert Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese ships ferried 100 fighters and 80 bombers to Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hitler dismissed the Chief of the Army General Staff, Colonel-General Halder, and appointed General Zeitzler to succeed him. At the same time responsibility for the employment of General Staff Corps personnel was taken away from the Chief of the General Staff and given to the Army Personnel Office, which was directly subordinate to Hitler. ww2dbase [Kurt Zeitzler | AC]
  • Captain Gilbert Corwin Hoover was named the commanding officer of USS Helena, relieving Commander Oliver Middleton. ww2dbase [Helena (St. Louis-class) | CPC]
  • Akagi was removed from the Japanese Navy List. ww2dbase [Akagi | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In England, United Kingdom, RAF Wickenby, recently completed from land requisitioned by the Air Ministry in 1941, became operational with the arrival from Binbrook of No. 12 Squadron of 1 Group Bomber Command. Initially flying Wellington bombers, the squadron would convert to Lancaster bombers in Nov 1942. ww2dbase [Wickenby, England | AC]
  • After sundown, German aircraft attacked Penzance, southwestern England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | Penzance, England | CPC]
  • Isaac Sweers departed Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom for Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Isaac Sweers | Portsmouth, England | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1942
Valentine Bishop self-propelled gun in the Western Desert, Egypt, 25 Sep 1942, photo 1 of 3Valentine Bishop self-propelled gun in the Western Desert, Egypt, 25 Sep 1942, photo 2 of 3Valentine Bishop self-propelled gun in the Western Desert, Egypt, 25 Sep 1942, photo 3 of 3; note opened rear doors of the armored boxPresident Roosevelt (blocked from view seated in the rear seat of the lead car) tours PB2Y Coronado production at the Consolidated Aircraft plant at Lindbergh Field, San Diego, California, United States, 25 Sep 1942.

25 Sep 1942 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1943
  • Soviet troops captured Roslavl and Smolensk, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • All Jewish ghettos in Byelorussia were liquidated. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • The last report of the US submarine Pompano was received while she was on patrol off Honshu, Japan; she was presumed to have been sunk by newly laid Japanese mines. ww2dbase [Pompano | AC]
  • USS Sunfish ended her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Shokaku arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Shokaku | Truk | CPC]
  • Yamato arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands after failing to make contact with US Navy Task Force 15. ww2dbase [Yamato | Truk | CPC]
  • General Otto Fretter-Pico was named the commanding officer of German 148th Infantry Division in Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italian resistance fighters captured a stock of 250 rifles which had been previously confiscated by German authorities in Naples, Italy. ww2dbase [Naples Uprising | Naples, Campania | CPC]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • Naka departed Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | Kwajalein | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese ship south of Celebes, Dutch East Indies, hitting her with 3 of 10 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Bluefish | Java Sea | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Taiko Maru in the Sea of Japan. ww2dbase [Wahoo | Sea of Japan | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1943
The 4th Fighter Group’s control tower at RAF Debden, Essex, England, UK, Sep 25 1943. Front to Back: BGen Frederick L Anderson, Jr; Mr Donald Nelson, Chief of US War Production; LCol Chesley Peterson, 4th Fighter Group Commanding Officer.

25 Sep 1943 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1944
  • Iro Ilk was shot down and killed near Moers, Germany. ww2dbase [Iro Ilk | CPC]
  • Germany formed the Volkssturm. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The remaining 2,163 British airborne troops were evacuated from Arnhem, the Netherlands; the original strength was about 10,000. ww2dbase [Operation Market Garden | TH]
  • Norwegian ministers urged Germany to withdraw from Norwegian occupation. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Snook arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands for repairs. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • USS Becuna fired three torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer in the Luzon Strait south of Taiwan; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Becuna | CPC]
  • Yasoshima received orders to move to the front. ww2dbase [Pinghai | CPC]
  • French Army B was redesignated French 1st Army; Jean de Lattre de Tassigny remained the unit's commanding officer. ww2dbase [Jean de Lattre de Tassigny | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Surabaya, Java and arrived at Jamuan. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Jamuan, Aceh | CPC]
  • Having taken Boulogne, France, Canadian 3rd Division assaulted Calais where their operation to capture the port would be complicated by the presence of 20,000 French civilians who have not been evacuated. ww2dbase [Calais, Nord-Pas de Calais | TH, AC]
  • British prisoner of war Lieutenant Mike Sinclair was killed by a German guard while attempting to escape from the Oflag IV-C camp at Colditz Castle in Germany. He had attempted to escape several times prior, and through these attempted had earned the respect of his captors, who allowed the British prisoners to bury Sinclair with full military honors. ww2dbase [Colditz Castle | Colditz, Sachsen | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale arrived at Bashi Channel between Taiwan and Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Whale | Bashi Channel | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone Philippines
  • Landing ship No. 127 was sunk by US aircraft off Ticao Island, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | Ticao | CPC]
  • Slovakian Captain Frantisek Urban, tricked by the Soviets to visit Moscow in Russia, was arrested by SMERSH and was transferred to the Lubyanka Prison. ww2dbase [Lubyanka Building | Moscow | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British 501 Squadron's Tempest aircraft continued to fly all weather patrols against the V-1 flying bombs. The American Flight Officer Bud Miller shot down his 9th and final bomb but Flight Lieutenant Gordon "Snowy" Bonham DFC was killed when his Tempest aircraft crashed in bad weather at Spitfield Farm in Essex, England, United Kingdom; the New Zealander had flown against the Japanese in Singapore in 1942, and had 5 flying bombs to his credit. Four flying bombs penetrated the defences, one falling in Chersey, Surrey, one in Essex and another at Hessett, 5 miles east of Bury St Edmunds, it exploded in the middle of Mellfield Woods, damaging the farm house. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 1 | England | HM]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1944
US Marines moving through an area that saw recent action, Peleliu, Palau Islands, Sep 1944US Navy African-American construction batalion personnel acting as stretcher bearers for the US 7th Marine Regiment, Peleliu, Palau Islands, Sep 1944Map depicting the US 3rd ArmyRear quarter view of a captured A6M5 Zero fighter in flight, 25 Sep 1944
See all photos dated 25 Sep 1944

25 Sep 1944 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1945

  • Aung San rejected the British offer for him to become the Deputy Inspector-General of the Burmese Army. ww2dbase [Aung San | CPC]
  • Milton Miles was awarded the Order of the White Cloud and Golden Banner of the Republic of China while he was at his headquarters in Chongqing, China. ww2dbase [Milton Miles | Chongqing | CPC]
France Germany
  • The Nazi Party was officially declared illegal in Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Viktor Abakumov ordered the curtailment of looting by Soviet troops in Germany. ww2dbase [Viktor Abakumov | CPC]
Hawaii Norway
  • The last of the Soviet Army forces departed Norway. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Members of the Free Thai movement staged a victory parade in Bangkok, Thailand. British personnel in Thailand boycotted the event, while the Americans observed the parade without taking an active part in it. The Western lack of enthusiasm was largely due to the diplomatic situation and recent ethnic tensions in Thailand. ww2dbase [Bangkok | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort's request for transfer to sea duty was accepted; he was ordered to be detached from the US Navy Office of Naval Operations on 1 Oct 1945. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | Washington | CPC]
  • William Donovan presided over the closing ceremonies of the Office of Strategic Services. ww2dbase [William Donovan | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1945
Lu Han in Hanoi, French Indochina, late Sep 1945
25 Sep 1950

United States Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1950
US Marine Colonel Chesty Puller (left) speaks with Assistant Division Commander Brigadier General Edward Craig overlooking Seoul, South Korea, 25 Sep 1950, photo 1 of 2US Marine Colonel Chesty Puller (left) speaks with Assistant Division Commander Brigadier General Edward Craig overlooking Seoul, South Korea, 25 Sep 1950, photo 2 of 2

25 Sep 1950 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1951

United Kingdom Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1951
USS Caiman departing Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 25 Sep 1951, photo 1 of 2USS Caiman departing Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 25 Sep 1951, photo 2 of 2USS Caiman at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 25 Sep 1951; note USS Charr and USS Baya in background

25 Sep 1951 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1952

  • USS Iowa bombarded railroad lines in Korea. ww2dbase [Iowa | CPC]
25 Sep 1954

United States
  • German Type IXC U-Boat U-505 was dedicated at the Chicago‚Äôs Museum of Science and Industry as a permanent exhibit and a war memorial to all the sailors who lost their lives in the first and second Battles of the Atlantic. ww2dbase [The Capture of the U-505 | U-505 | Chicago, Illinois | DS]

25 Sep 1954 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1963
25 Sep 1967

Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1967
Corona satellite image of the Pentagon building, Arlington, Virginia, United States, 25 Sep 1967

25 Sep 1967 Interactive Map

25 Sep 1968
  • John Winant's remains were moved from Blossom Hill Cemetery to St. Paul's School cemetery, Concord, New Hampshire, United States. ww2dbase [John Winant | CPC]
25 Sep 1971
25 Sep 1983
  • Leopold III passed away. ww2dbase [Leopold III | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill