22 Feb 1904
22 Feb 1911

United Kingdom
  • Lord Gort married Corinna Vereker at the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1914

  • Liu Zhesheng was born in Baoding, Hebei Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1915

United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill established the Landships Committee to investigate the potential of armored vehicles. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1921

Panama Canal Zone Russia
  • In Russia, the State General Planning Commission (Gosplan) was established as an advisory body to the Council of Labour and Defence. ww2dbase [AC]
22 Feb 1922

  • The United Kingdom granted independence to Egypt, but occupation forces remained. ww2dbase [CPC]
22 Feb 1928

  • Joseph Stilwell was made the Post Executive Officer at Tianjin, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1930

  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the third time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the fourth time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1932

  • Three Japanese carrier-borne (Kaga) bombers, escorted by six fighters, was attacked by Chinese fighters over Shanghai, China; a biplane, piloted by American volunteer Robert Short, shot down one bomber before being shot down himself. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Goebbels announced on Adolf Hitler's behalf that Hitler would run for the office of the President of Germany, challenging incumbent Paul von Hindenburg. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1933

  • Initial plans were made for a detention camp in Oranienburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Hermann Göring established an auxiliary police force in Prussia, Germany, staffed mostly with members of the SA organization. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
22 Feb 1936

  • The Spanish government announced an amnesty for 35,000 left wing political prisoners. ww2dbase [AC]
22 Feb 1938

  • Boris Shaposhnikov was awarded his second Order of the Red Star. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Lenin for the first time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the second time and received the medal commemorating "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army". ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1940
  • Georg von Küchler ordered his subordinates to stop all forms of criticism toward Nazi racial policies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Six German destroyers were launched into the North Sea during Operation Wikinger, which attempted to attack British fishing boats that had been reporting the movement of German warships. He 111 aircraft of the German Luftwaffe, never been notified of such an operation, misidentified the destroyers and attacked them, sinking destroyer Z1 Leberecht Maas at 1945 hours, killing 282 while 60 survived. Destroyer Z3 Max Schultz was able to evade the bombs, but ran into a minefield, detonated a mine, and sank, killing 308. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In the Atlantic Ocean, German submarine U-23 sank British steamer Loch Maddy, which was damaged by U-57 and abandoned by its crew on the previous day. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-50 sank British tanker British Endeavour 125 miles west of Vigo, Spain, killing 5. 32 men were rescued by British steamer Bodnant, which landed them on the Portuguese island of Madeira. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet 43rd Division attacked across frozen waters of the Gulf of Finland, capturing the islands of Lasisaari and Koivisto. Before Koivisto was given up, Finnish troops sabotaged all the gun barrels in the coastal batteries. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Irish Republican Army bombs injured 12 in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [TH]
22 Feb 1941
  • German cruiser Admiral Scheer sank Dutch collier Rantau Pandjang off the east coast of Africa. Distress signals were received by British cruiser HMS Glasgow, which was already aware of Admiral Scheer's presence by the sinking of British ship Canadian Cruiser on the previous day. HMS Glasgow launched her seaplane to search for the German raider, but the aircraft would return without any findings. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 430 Dutch Jews were deported from Amsterdam to Auschwitz Concentration Camp as reprisal for the murder of a Dutch Nazi Party member. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau attacked a convoy of unescorted empty cargo ships en route to the United States, sinking three British cargo ships and two tankers, totaling 25,431 tons. 10 were killed and 180 were taken prisoner. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British 11th and 12th African Divisions attacked and overran Italian positions at Jilib, Somaliland, Italian East Africa. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Greek King George II and Commander-in-Chief General Alexander Papagos met with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and General Archibald Wavell in Athens, Greece, designing a defense plan that assumed Yugoslavia would remain neutral. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British monitor HMS Terror was spotted at about noon by a German Ju-88 aircraft off the Libyan coast. 5 Ju-88 aircraft were launched from Sicily, Italy at 1533 hours, and they intercepted HMS Terror 10 miles north of Derna, Libya at 1830 hours. Heavily damaged by near misses, HMS Terror was abandoned by her crew at 2200 hours. Minesweeper HMS Fareham and corvette HMS Salvia attempted to tow her back to port, but this effort would ultimately fail. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of Lenin for the first time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dmitry Pavlov was promoted to the rank of General of the Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • HMS Hermes was ordered to search for German cruiser Admiral Scheer in the Indian Ocean; the search did not yield any results. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1942
  • USS Gar fired eight torpedoes at a Japanese ship south of Japan; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Roosevelt personally ordered General MacArthur to leave the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • American submarine Swordfish evacuated Philippine President Quezon and his government. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • During the early hours, the Sittang Bridge in Burma became blocked when a lorry got stuck across the carriageway. With the Japanese closing in on Pagoda and Buddha Hills overlooking the important crossing, the British divisional commander "Jackie" Smyth had to accept that the bridge must be destroyed, even though a large part of his force was still on the east bank. Lieutenant-General Hutton was informed that he was to be replaced but was to remain in Burma as Alexander's Chief of Staff, a most awkward position which he endured until he was replaced at his own request by Major-General John Winter before returning to India in early April. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German submarine U-67 sank US tanker J. N. Pew 225 miles west of Aruba in the Caribbean Sea, killing 33; of the 12 survivors, 10 would die before being rescued. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Arthur Harris was named the new chief of RAF Bomber Command; he would take office on the following day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille was officially awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his score of 50 kills, but the medal would not be presented to him until two days later. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Indomitable and escorting Australian destroyers Napier and Nestor arrived at Aden. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-155 attacked Allied convoy ONS-67 in the North Atlantic and sank British tanker Adellen (36 killed, 12 survived) and Norwegian ship Sama (19 killed, 20 survived) at 0703 hours. U-96 sank Norwegian ship Torungen (all 19 killed) and British tanker Kars (50 killed, 2 survived) 20 miles south of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. U-128 sank US tanker Cities Service Empire 10 kilometers off Melbourne, Florida, United States, killing 14 of 50 aboard. Finally, U-504 sank US tanker W. D. Anderson 10 kilometers off Port St. Lucie, Florida, killing 35 of 36 aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Langley and freighter Sea Witch departed Fremantle, Australia with 59 P-40 fighters aboard for Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 14th Reconnaissance Squadron (B-17 bombers) was ordered to move from Cloncurry to Townsville in Queensland, Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Permit departed Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies, starting her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 5th Air Force bombers attacked de Pasar airfield, Bali, Dutch East Indies, destroying a number of Japanese aircraft. On the same day, Japanese bombers attacked Allied airfields on Java, destroying 4 US B-17 bombers on the ground at Pasirian airfield and 1 Liberator bomber at Jogjakarta airfield. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-58 sank Dutch passenger ship Pijnacker Hordikj south of Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan Libya
  • Albert Kesselring arrived at Martuba airfield, Libya. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German cruiser Admiral Scheer, cruiser Prinz Eugen, and 5 destroyers arrived at Bergen, Norway. British RAF aircraft continued to attack this force, again unsuccessfully, losing 3 Albacore carrier aircraft in the process. The force would depart Bergen after sundown for Trondheim, Norway. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • A Japanese submarine fired two torpedoes at USS Grayback in the Pacific Ocean in the morning, both of which missed. The Japanese submarine would pursue Grayback for the next four days. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-11 arrived at Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In Britain, Winston Churchill replaced Secretary of State for War, David Margesson, with Sir Percy Grigg (formerly the Permanent Under-Secretary of State at the War Office). ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1942
Portrait of a Japanese Army tanker, 22 Feb 1942
22 Feb 1943
  • German submarine U-606 sank British merchant ship Empire Redshank in the North Atlantic; 47 survivors were picked up by HMCS Trillium. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe Mitte launched an offensive between the Dneiper and Donets Rivers in southern Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie, members of the White Rose, were executed in Stadelheim Prison in Munich, Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Air Marshall Sir Arthur Harris was appointed chief of RAF Bomber Command with a new remit: attempting to hit specific military and industrial targets was, in the main, to be abandoned in favour of the most densely built-up areas of German cities. The area bombing directive essentially said that if the RAF cannot destroyed the factories it should destroy the homes and the morale of the workforce. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Norwegian Minister President Vidkun Quisling ordered the mobilization of 35,000 men for construction of roads, railways, and military-related facilities. Two Lutheran church leaders who protested were arrested and imprisoned in the Grini Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bulgaria agreed to a German demand to deport 11,000 Jews from 23 communities in Thrace and Macedonia, occupied areas of Yugoslavia and Greece. They were sent to Treblinka Concentration Camp where many of them died subsequently. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill was said to be "on the mend" after a severe fever. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied troops pre-emptively struck the Axis attacking forces near Thala, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Northern Group of the Chindits reached Tonmakeng, Burma. Orde Wingate ordered an attack on a nearby Japanese garrison at Sinlamaung. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The North American Mitchell II aircraft made its combat debut with the RAF when No. 98 and No. 180 Squadrons operating from Foulsham, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom attacked oil installations at Terneuzen in Belgium. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan United States
  • Iowa was commissioned into service at Brooklyn Naval Shipyard in New York, United States with Captain John L. McCrea in command. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1943
Commissioning ceremony of USS Iowa, New York Naval Shipyard, New York, United States, 22 Feb 1943
22 Feb 1944
  • USS Cero attacked a Japanese transport north of Dutch New Guinea; all four torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish departed for her ninth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Pompon departed Darwin, Australia for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Puffer sank Japanese transport Teikyo Maru off Singapore, hitting her with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese transport Fukuyama Maru with four torpedoes. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro completed her transit down the Mississippi River (towed in a drydock by Minnesota) and arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wasp departed Trinidad. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Rodion Malinovsky's troops captured the mining area near Krivoi Rog, Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • American aircraft bombed the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede, and Deventer by mistake due to weather, killing 800 civilians. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese aircraft attacked US Naval Task Force 58 approaching the Mariana Islands but suffered heavy losses. Meanwhile, another Allied forces operating around Rabaul and Kavieng encountered no Japanese aircraft, hinting that Japanese resources were now becoming scarce. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Stalin announced that 75% of Soviet territory occupied by the German invaders had now been liberated. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of Kutuzov. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Italy, 650 Italian Jews were embarked onto a train at the Fossoli transit camp near Carpi, Modena for Auschwitz; many of them would be sent to the gas chambers upon arrival on 26 Feb 1944. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese Colonel Tanahashi, his troops beginning to starve while attacking Sinzweya, Burma, refused to make further attacks until food and supplies arrived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pan Yukun was made the commanding officer of Chinese 50th Division as the division was transferred from Chinese 54th Army to the Chinese Expeditionary Army to Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
French Indochina
  • USS Ray laid naval mines off Saigon, French Indochina. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • Japanese submarine I-37 sank British merchant ship British Chivalry in the Indian Ocean as the latter sailed between Melbourne, Australia and Abadan, Iran. The crew of I-37 killed 13 survivors by rifle fire. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Mark Clark replaced John Lucas with Lucian Truscott at Anzio, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched raids on enemy airfields and installations on Saipan, Mariana Islands. That same day, she cleared the area on her way back to Majuro, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama patrolled in waters southeast of Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Destroyer Squadron 23, consisted of five destroyers under the command of Captain Arleigh Burke, attacked a Japanese convoy carrying military evacuees from Rabaul, New Britain. Repair tug Nagaura was sunk and submarine chaser CH-38 was damaged. 150 survivors of Nagaura refused to be rescued by the Americans. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Auschwitz III commandant SS-Hauptsturmführer Schwarz ordered that night shift workers not be assigned to do any day shift work, the prisoners be given seven to eight hours of rest per day, and roll call be limited to five to ten minutes; his motivations were to maintain a high level of productivity from the forced laborers in his camp. On this date a total of 73,669 prisoners were in the Auschwitz Concentration Camp; Auschwitz I housed 17,177 male prisoners, Auschwitz II housed 18,378 male and 24,637 female prisoners, and Auschwitz III housed 13,477 male prisoners. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Boris Shaposhnikov was awarded the Order of Suvorov. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau declared in a press release that the United States would stop purchasing gold from countries that had not broken relations with Axis nations, for fear that the gold might be looted from conquered nations; he also announced that a similar declaration would soon be made by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1944
Hammerhead during trials in Lake Michigan, 22 Feb 1944Map illustrating Operation Catchpole against Eniwetok, Engebi, and Parry Islands of Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18-22 Feb 1944A-36A Apache aircraft USS Wasp underway off Trinidad, 22 Feb 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 22 Feb 1944
22 Feb 1945
  • Air Group 80 from USS Hancock flew one strike in support of operations on Iwo Jima; 1 aircraft was lost. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
  • USS Wake Island was detached from Task Group 52.2 at Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 6th Army captured three suburban districts of Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The French collaborator Jacques Doriot, a former Communist politician who had converted to fascism and had fought in the German Wehrmacht on the eastern front, was killed when the car in which he was travelling from Mainau to Sigmaringen in southern Germany was strafed by Allied fighter planes. ww2dbase [AC]
  • US 5th Army ended the 4-day battle for the Upper Reno Valley in Italy, located between Bologna and Florence. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Astoria provided naval gunfire support at Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of landing ship No. 176 was laid down by Kawanami Kogyo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nijmegen, the Netherlands was heavily bombed by American planes, causing great damage to the city center. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Becuna fired ten torpedoes at a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, with one torpedo making contact and sinking Japanese tanker Nichiyoko Maru. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1945
USS North Carolina off Iwo Jima, Japan, 19-22 Feb 1945; note Mount Suribachi on left side of photographUSS North Carolina bombarding Iwo Jima, Japan, 19-22 Feb 1945Wrecked tank and LVTs on Blue Beach No. 1, Iwo Jima, Feb 1945Landing craft underway off Iwo Jima, circa Feb 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 22 Feb 1945
22 Feb 1946

Hawaii Malaya
  • General Seishiro Itagaki formally surrendered the Japanese Seventh Area Army to Lieutenant General F. W. Messervy at a ceremony in Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaya. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1946
Lieutenant General F. W. Messervy of Malaya Command receiving the sword of General Itagaki of Japanese 7th Area Army at a formal ceremony of surrender, Victoria Institution, Kuala Lumpur, Malaya, 22 Feb 1946
22 Feb 1948

  • Kliment Voroshilov was given the medal commemorating "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy". ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1950

Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1950
Lu Han speaking at the ceremony welcoming in communist troops, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, 22 Feb 1950
22 Feb 1952

Photo(s) dated 22 Feb 1952
US Navy destroyer Buck, battleship Wisconsin, and heavy cruiser Saint Paul off Korea, 22 Feb 1952, photo 1 of 2US Navy destroyer Buck, battleship Wisconsin, and heavy cruiser Saint Paul off Korea, 22 Feb 1952, photo 2 of 2
22 Feb 1968
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the October Revolution and the Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union, Third Class. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the Order of Lenin for the sixth time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of the October Revolution and was awarded the gold National Emblem of the Soviet Union to his personal arms. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Chuikov was awarded the Order of the October Revolution and was awarded honorary arms with golden national emblem of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of the October Revolution and a sword bearing a gold emblem of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of the October Revolution. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kliment Voroshilov was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the second time and was awarded the Order of Lenin for the eighth time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1980
22 Feb 1984

United Kingdom
  • Maxwell Newman passed away in Cambridge, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal