16 Jul 1919

United States
  • USS New Mexico was made the flagship of the US Pacific Fleet while she was at Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell began a period of leave in the United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1919
USS New Mexico firing salute, 16 Jul 1919
16 Jul 1923
  • S-37 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS R-1, along with the rest of the Submarine Division 9, was transferred to Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS R-5 arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]

16 Jul 1923 Interactive Map

16 Jul 1926

  • Mitsunoshin Kamiyama was named the governor-general of Taiwan. ww2dbase [CPC]
16 Jul 1930
16 Jul 1936
  • Arturo Riccardi was made Commander of the Colonial Order of the Star of Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • An attempt was made to assassinate British King Edward VIII in London, England, United Kingdom. An Irish malcontent, Jerome Brannigan (otherwise known as George Andrew McMahon), produced a loaded revolver as the King rode on horseback at Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace. Police spotted the gun and pounced on him; he was quickly arrested. At Brannigan's trial, he alleged that "a foreign power" had approached him to kill Edward, that he had informed MI5 of the plan, and that he was merely seeing the plan through to help MI5 catch the real culprits. The court rejected the claims and sent him to jail for a year. ww2dbase [AC]
16 Jul 1937

16 Jul 1938
  • Ludwig Beck sent another message to German Army chief Walther von Brauchitsch, noting his concern that an invasion of Czechoslovakia would trigger military reaction by the western powers, which would spell doom for Germany. He also included in this message that Brauchitsch should incite German Army generals to resign en masse in protest of Adolf Hitler's reckless invasion plan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Hermes was transferred from the Reserve Fleet for training duties at Devonport, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1940
  • Vichy France revoked the French citizenship of naturalized Jews. Meanwhile, in German-occupied Alsace-Lorraine, 22,000 French citizens were forcibly deported to France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler issued Führer Directive 16 for the preparation of an invasion plan for southern Britain in mid-Aug. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Phoenix attacked Italian torpedo boat Albatros southeast of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea, with all torpedoes missing their target. Albatros responded with torpedoes of her own, sinking HMS Phoenix and killing the entire crew of 55. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German armed merchant cruiser Thor sank British ship Wendover in the South Atlantic, killing 4 and capturing 36 civilian crew and 1 Royal Navy gunner. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-61 torpedoed British tanker Scottish Minstrel 130 miles northwest of Ireland, killing 9; 32 were later rescued by corvette HMS Gardenia. With her cargo of 9,200 tons of fuel oil burning, the tanker would remain afloat for another day before sinking. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vichy France de-naturalized its Jewish citizens. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyer Whaddon was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of British destroyer Dulverton was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of British submarine Saracen was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hugh Dalton was appointed the political chief of the British Special Operations Executive. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italian bombers attacked the British base at Haifa, British Mandate of Palestine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British and Australian warships bombarded Bardia, Libya. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Spanish agents met with the Duke of Windsor, the former King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, and warned him that his fellow countrymen were sending him to be the governor of the Bahamas to remove him from power. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 54 Japanese aircraft based in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China attacked Chongqing, China in two waves; 31 Chinese fighters (I-15bis, I-16, and Hawk III models) rose to intercept, claiming damage on several bombers. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Liu Zhesheng shot down two Japanese aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British destroyer HMS Imogen collided with cruiser HMS Glasgow in heavy fog off Pentland Firth and Duncansby Head, in northern Scotland, United Kingdom. She caught fire and was later abandoned, drifting 20 miles before sinking; 17 were killed and 133 were rescued. HMS Glasgow saw 2 killed and suffered a 6-foot hole above the waterline; she would be under repair at Liverpool, England, United Kingdom until 4 Sep. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Low cloud, fog, and heavy rain kept German aircraft grounded until the early afternoon. In the mid-afternoon, German bombers crossed the English Channel. One German Ju 88 bomber was shot down over the Isle of Wight by Spitfire fighters of No. 601 Squadron, and one German He 111 bomber was shot down in northeastern Scotland, United Kingdom during the bombing of Fraserburgh and Peterhead by Spitfire fighters of No. 603 Squadron. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1941
  • Germany reversed a prior decree by allowing those who were 50% Jewish and those who were married to women who were 50% Jewish to serve in the military. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Vichy France enacted a law to exclude Jewish lawyers. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Alfred Rosenberg's appointment as the Reich Minister for Occupied Eastern Territories was confirmed by Adolf Hitler during a conference at Adolf Hitler's headquarters in East Prussia, Germany. In that conference, which was led by Hitler and also attended by Hermann Göring, Wilhelm Keitel, Martin Bormann, and Hans Lammers, Hitler provided his vision of the future of Eastern Europe in which the Baltic States were to be incorporated into Germany, Crimea to be populated with ethnic Germans, Caucasus to be a German concession, and Leningrad given to Finland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • French corvette Lobelia was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-701 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-408 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet Army Lieutenant Jacob Jughashvili, son of Joseph Stalin, was taken prisoner by the Germans. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Charles de Gaulle protested the Armistice of Saint Jean D'Acre between the United Kingdom and Vichy France for it made no mention of the Free French. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army General Leonard Gerow recommended General George Marshall to activate the Philippine Army and to provide it additional funding. He also recommended that Douglas MacArthur to be asked to return from the retired list as the commander in chief in the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler instructed that Ukraine and the Kola Peninsula in northern Russia were to be annexed into Greater Germany in the future, while East Karelia in northern Russia was to be given to Finland. In secret, he instructed other German leaders to prepare plans for a possible future annexation of Finland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anatoliy Mikheev accused Semyon Timoshenko was being a traitor. Joseph Stalin did not order Timoshenko's arrest, but he would relieve Timoshenk as the defense commissar (NKO) several days later and would assume the title himself. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • General Wladyslaw Sikorski was presented with the Standard of the Polish Air Force at RAF Swinderby in England, United Kingdom. Smuggled out of Poland, via Stockholm in Sweden, the Standard would subsequently be held by each Polish Squadron in the United Kingdom during the war years. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Astoria departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • American transport USS West Point embarked 137 Italian and 327 German citizens off Staten Island, New York, United States and set sail for Lisbon, Portugal at 1455 hours. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1941
View of Rotterdam, the Netherlands during an aerial attack, 16 Jul 1941, seen from the dorsal turret of a Blenheim bomber
16 Jul 1942
  • ShCh-320 fired two torpedoes at German merchant ship Gudron off the German coast; both torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the Western Desert in North Africa, British Sergeant Keith Elliott win the Victoria Cross for leading an attack which captures four machine gun positions, an anti-tank gun and 50 prisoners despite being seriously wounded in the chest. ww2dbase [AC]
  • British escort carrier Ravager was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyer Rapid was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler Neave was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The German Navy issued orders for the construction of 10 submarines; these submarines would later be commissioned as U-323, U-324, U-325, U-326, U-327, U-328, U-903, U-904, U-1171, and U-1172. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-631 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Navy Vice Admiral Robert Ghormley named Vice Admiral Frank Fletcher the commanding officer of the Solomons Expeditionary Force. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Vice Admiral Robert Ghormley named Rear Admiral Leigh Noyes the commanding officer of carrier air groups for the upcoming operations in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Navy Vice Admiral Robert Ghormley named Rear Admiral John McCain the commanding officer of land-based air groups for the upcoming operations in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Vice Admiral Robert Ghormley named Rear Admiral Richmond Turner the commanding officer of the Amphibious Force for the upcoming operations in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-160 fatally damaged tanker Beaconlight with 2 torpedoes 10 miles northwest of Galera Point, Trinidad at 0934 hours; 1 was killed, 40 survived in 3 lifeboats; British tug HMS Roode Zee sank the wreck to prevent it from becoming a hazard. German submarine U-166 stopped small trawler Gertrude 30 miles northeast of Havana, Cuba; Gertrude was sunk by gunfire after the crew of 3 abandoned ship as ordered. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-161 attacked Allied convoy AS-4 500 miles north of Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands at 1543 hours; the Germans observed two hits, both of which were made on US transport Fairport, which sank with all 123 aboard surviving in two lifeboats and five rafts. In the South Atlantic, German armed merchant cruiser Michel, after shadowing the targets since morning, sank US tanker William F. Humphrey with 3 torpedoes and gunfire at 2100 hours (8 were killed, 40 survived); at the same time, Michel's speedboat Essau damaged the other ship, Norwegian tanker Aramis, with 2 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The Japanese began the construction of an airfield on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Kitchener arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
Dutch East Indies Egypt
  • Australian 24th Battalion attacked Point 24 near El Alamein, Egypt in failure, suffering 50% casualties. Meanwhile, German tanks attacked along the Ruweisat Ridge, unable to break the lines held by Indian 5th Infantry Brigade, British 2nd Armoured Brigade, and British 22nd Armoured Brigade. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 9,000 French policemen conducted a round-up, gathering 12,887 Parisian Jews born outside of France. 6,000 of them were sent to Drancy Concentration Camp Camp located just outside the city, while the other 6,000 were detained at the Vélodrome d'Hiver stadium where they had to share one water tap and ten toilets. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
French Indochina
  • USS Seadragon sank Japanese transport Hakodate Maru 70 miles north of Cam Ranh Bay, 2 miles off the coast of French Indochina. After the sinking, Seadragon set sail for Fremantle, Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German aircraft damaged Soviet destroyer Bodry and minelaying cruiser Komintern at Poti, Georgia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Ju 290 aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 8 (of 21 launched) British Stirling bombers attacked Lübeck, Germany at dusk; 2 were lost on this mission. Elsewhere, small groups of bombers attacked various targets in the Ruhr region in Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Haddock arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Soviet forces evacuated Boguchar in Voronezh Oblast and Milerovo in Rostov Oblast in southern Russia as German troops advanced toward Stalingrad. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler arrived at his Wehrwolf headquarters at Vinnytsia, Ukraine. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1942
Submarine USS Triton at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, 16 Jul 1942

16 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

16 Jul 1943
  • Yamato was visited by the German Naval Attaché to Tokyo Konteradmiral Paul Wenneker, who wore a Japanese naval uniform. His tour of Yamato did not include the main turrets, and he was told that the primary armament of Yamato consisted of 40-cm guns rather than the actual 46-cm. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • While supporting the Sicily, Italy operations, HMS Indomitable was torpedoed either by a SM.79 bomber (crewed by Captain Carlo Capelli and Lieutenant Ennio Caselli) of 204a Squadriglia of the Italian 41st Torpedo Bomber Group or a German Ju 88 bomber. The British carrier would be sent to the United States for repairs. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • Apogon was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Sicily, Italy, Canadian troops captured Caltagirone, American troops captured Agrigento, while British troops secured the Primosole Bridge and marched for Catania. On the same day, Allied aircraft attacked Valguarnera, Vibo Valentia, Randazzo, and other targets in Sicily. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • British President of Edution R. A. Butler announced a plan to remodel secondary schools (for children between the ages of 11 and 15) in the United Kingdom, dividing the existing schools into grammar, modern, and technical tiers. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 14 B-26B bombers of USAAF VIII Air Support Command attacked the rail marshalling yard at Abbeville, France at 2000 hours. This was VIII Air Support Command's first combat operation. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British patrol vessel HMS Kilbernie was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British sloop Lapwing and corvette Rushen Castle were launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Theophil Wurm, the bishop of Württemberg, Germany, wrote to Adolf Hitler in protest of the deaths that were occurring in concentration camps. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-366 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-1192 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt jointly issued an announcement to the Italian people, urging them to remove Benito Mussolini from power and to seek surrender. On the same day, Allied aircraft dropped leaflets containing the same message over Italian cities. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Before dawn, British Wellington bombers of the Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force attacked Crotone, Reggio di Calabria, and Villa San Giovanni in southern Italy. During the day, American B-24 Liberator bombers of the USAAF Ninth Air Force Bari in southern Italy; 3 American bombers and 11 German fighters were shot down during the aerial battle. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Generaloberst Walter Model, already the commanding officer of the German Ninth Army, assumed a second role as the commander of the Second Panzer Army upon the arrest of Generaloberst Rudolf Schmidt by the Gestapo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian submarine Dandolo damaged British light cruiser HMS Cleopatra with a torpedo; Cleopatra would receive temporary repairs at Malta. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-181 sank transport Fort Franklin southwest of Réunion island in the Indian Ocean at 1558 hours; 2 were killed, 53 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Stembel was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Dionne was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American destroyer escort Vance was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American frigate El Paso was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-306 attacked Allied convoy SL-133 in the Atlantic Ocean, damaging Kaipara at 0352 hours; she would attack again at 0801 hours with two spreads of two torpedoes, but none would cause any damage. Several hours later, TBF Avenger aircraft of US Navy Composite Squadron 13 from escort carrier USS Core sank German submarine U-67 with depth charges in the Atlantic Ocean; 48 were killed, 3 survived. At 2115 hours, German submarine U-513 sank transport Richard Caswell 150 miles southeast of Florianopolis, Brazil with two torpedoes; 9 were killed, 60 survived in 3 lifeboats and 2 rafts. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Bf 109G fighter pilot by Oberfeldwebel Hans Grünberg and another Bf 109G fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • More than 30 B-24 Liberator and B-17 Flying Fortress bombers of the US Thirteenth Air Force attacked Kahili Airfield on Bougainville, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate Beacon Hill was laid down at Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Four new barracks turned over to station. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
  • USS S-35 and a Japanese destroyer gave chase to each other off Paramushiro, Hokkaido, Japan; no hits were scored by either side when night fell and they lost sight of each other. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1943
Cruiser USS St. Louis coming alongside repair ship USS Vestal at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides for initial repair of torpedo damage to her bow received in the Battle of Kolombangara, 16 Jul 1943Escort carrier USS Altamaha transporting a deck load of P-51A Mustang fighters has just left Alameda, passed under the San Francisco Bay Bridge (background) and steams toward the Golden Gate, 16 Jul 1943USS Wahoo at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 16 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2USS Wahoo at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 16 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2
See all photos dated 16 Jul 1943

16 Jul 1943 Interactive Map

16 Jul 1944
  • Dragon was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarines USS Guardfish, USS Piranha, and USS Thresher attacked Japanese convoy Tama 21C, en route from Takao in Taiwan to Manila in the Philippine Islands; 4 ships were sunk, 2 ships were damaged. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla sank a Japanese transport between Borneo and Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 6 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US submarine Bullhead was launched. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Astoria departed Trinidad for Puerto Rico. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yet another pocket began to form in Ukraine as over 40,000 German troops were about to be encircled near Brody. ww2dbase [TH]
  • After dark, New Zealand Lieutenant-Commander R. B. Goodwin became the only prisoner of war to make a successful escape from Hong Kong. He went over the Shamsuipo camp wire during the night and swam to the mainland of China, travelling overland to Kunming. He arrived back in New Zealand in Nov 1944. ww2dbase [AC]
  • A total of 1,087 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers USAAF Eighth Air Force attacked Germany in three waves (407, 238, and 407 bombers, respectively), escorted by 240, 214, and 169 fighters, respectively, with most of the bombers targeting Munich, Stuggart, Augsburg, and Saarbrucken; a total of 11 bombers and 3 fighters were lost. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • During the day, about 375 USAAF Ninth Air Force aircraft attacked German positions in the Saint-Lô and Rennes areas in France throughout the day. After dark, 5 B-17 bombers were launched to drop propaganda leaflets over France and another group of 24 B-17 bombers flew in support of French resistance groups. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • About 380 USAAF Fifteenth Air Force aircraft from Italy attacked Munchendorf Airfield, Winterhafen oil depot, Vienna marshalling yard, and the Wiener Neudorf engine factory in and near Vienna, Austria. 10 bombers were shot down while American escorting fighters claimed to have shot down 30 of the 100 German fighters which rose to defend Vienna. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyers HMS Chelsea (former USS Crowninshield), HMS Brighton (former USS Cowell), HMS Richmond (former USS Fairfax), and HMS St Albans (former USS Thomas) were transferred to the Soviet Union. They were renamed Dzerki, Zharki, Zhivuchi, and Dostoinyi, respectively. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet forces attacked Grodno, Byelorussia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet aircraft sank German anti-aircraft cruiser Niobe in Kotka harbor, Finland; the Soviet pilots mis-identified their victim as Finnish coastal defence ship Väinämöinen. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In the Mariana Islands, P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft of US Seventh Air Force from Saipan attacked Japanese targets at Tinian. At Merizo, Guam, Japanese Army troops massacred 30 civilians. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USAAF declared Kamiri airfield at Noemfoor, Biak Islands operational as a fighter base. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US destroyer Hugh W. Hadley was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of US destroyer Fred T Berry was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British aircraft attacked German submarine U-299, wounding the German commanding officer. U-299 would be forced to return to Norway for repairs. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg hosted a party at his home at Wannsee, Germany, which was attended by several anti-Hitler conspirators. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Dwight Eisenhower recommended the formation of a combined Anglo-American airborne Army and nominated Lieutenant General Lewis Brereton to command with Lieutenant General Frederick Browning (who was actually senior) as his deputy. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • B-24 bombers of US Fifth Air Force attacked Yap, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Whale arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Troops of the British 8th Army captured Arezzo, Italy while troops of the British XIII Corps crossed the Arno River. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Brazilian 6th Infantry Regiment arrived in Naples, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Ticonderoga departed Port of Spain, Trinidad for Norfolk, Virginia, United States. She was escorted by destroyers USS Broome, USS Simpson, and USS Winslow. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
United Kingdom
  • The Polish government-in-exile in London, England, United Kingdom published a paper which laid claim to the German territory of East Prussia and the Free City of Danzig; the paper also reasserted the territory that the Germans called "Polish Corridor" was to remain within Polish borders. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1944
American military convoy moving through Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944American M10 Wolverine tank destroyer firing near Saint-Lô, France, Jul 1944Three dead German soldiers laying on a road near Sainteny, Normandy, France, 16 Jul 1944; note Volkswagen-made Schwimmwagen vehicle and two American soldiers in backgroundCarrier Unryu off Yokosuka, Japan, 16 Jul 1944

16 Jul 1944 Interactive Map

16 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a small Japanese craft with the deck gun. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • UK Task Force 37 (HMS Victorious, HMS Formidable, and HMS Implacable) made rendezvous with US Task Force 38.2 about 500 miles north of Manus for a raid on the Japanese home islands; they were to be joined by HMS Indefatigable four days later. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Churchill arrived in Berlin, Germany for the Potsdam Conference and visited the bunker where Hitler committed suicide. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German Field Marshal Ernst Busch, formerly commander of Army Group Centre in Russia and later Army Group Northwest during the final months of the European war, passed away whilst in a military hospital in Nottingham, England, United Kingdom where he was being held as a prisoner of war. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Canadian physicist Louis Slotin assembled the atomic bomb Gadget for Operation Trinity, and received the nickname "Chief Armorer of the United States". ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The headquarters of the US Army Eighth Air Force was ordered to move from Britain to Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • During the day, 5 American P-47 fighters attacked Yanagawa, Japan while 94 American P-51 fighters based in Iwo Jima attacked Kameyama, Kiyosu, Komaki, Okazaki, Suzuko, and Akenogahara. After sundown, four B-29 incendiary bombing missions were launched against Japanese cities, with 119 aircraft over Namazu (destroying 3.6 square kilometers of the city), 124 over Oita (1.437 square kilometers), 94 over Kuwana (1.63 square kilometers), and 129 over Hiratsuka (2.69 square kilometers); damage caused on all four cities were severe. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 2 B-24 bombers of US Eleventh Air Force searched for Japanese shipping off Shimushiru in the Kurile Islands without success. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Lawrence C. Taylor and TBM Avenger aircraft of Composite Squadron 13 from escort aircraft carrier USS Anzio sank Japanese submarine I-13 860 kilometers east of Yokohama, Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • General Carl Spaatz became the commanding officer of the US Army Strategic Air Forces based at Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Escort carrier USS Bairoko was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer Witek was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Canada, corvettes HMCS Amherst and Whitby were decommissioned from service at Sydney, Nova Scotia and at Sorel, Quebec, respectively. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Military Tribunal at Dachau, Germany sentenced Josef Dietrich to life in prison (later commuted to 25 years in prison) for the execution of US prisoners of war at Malmedy, Belgium in 1944. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Manta arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Baya sank a Japanese coastal patrol vessel off Borneo in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 11 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The cruiser USS Indianapolis sailed from San Francisco, California, United States with a top secret cargo - components of the atomic bomb to be dropped on Hiroshima unless the Japanese surrendered. The Indianapolis would take 10 days to sail to the island of Tinian, Mariana Islands where US B-29 bombers were waiting. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • The Americans successfully detonated an atomic bomb at Alamogordo Bombing Range in New Mexico, United States. The test blast created temperatures 10,000 times the surface temperature of the sun and was felt 200 miles away. The explosion was the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT and throws a column of fire and smoke 35,000 feet into the night sky. The authorities hid the blast by claiming that an ammunition dump had gone up. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1945
ChurchillWilliam Leahy greeting Winston Churchill at Harry TrumanHarry Truman saying goodbye to Mary Churchill after meeting at his residence during Potsdam Conference, Germany, 16 Jul 1945; note presence of Winston Churchill, William Leahy, Dwight Eisenhower, and Harry VaughnChurchill sitting in a damaged chair taken out from Hitler
See all photos dated 16 Jul 1945

16 Jul 1945 Interactive Map

16 Jul 1946
  • Albert W. Grant was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Augusta was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1946
President Harry Truman with Vice-Admiral Marc Mitscher, White House, Washington DC, United States, 16 Jul 1946

16 Jul 1946 Interactive Map

16 Jul 1951
  • King Leopold of Belgium abdicated. He was succeeded by his son, Prince Baudouin. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
16 Jul 1954
  • Chen Cheng was named the Chairman of the Committee for the Planning for the Governing of a Liberated Chinese Mainland; the committee was attached to the executive branch of the Chinese government. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1956
  • The Philippines ratified the Treaty of San Francisco. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1960

  • Kliment Voroshilov retired from the Soviet Party Presidium, which was the successor of the Politburo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1969
  • Submarine Manta was sunk by aircraft as a target off Norfolk, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1970
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the Red Star for the second time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 1993
  • Hans Georg von Studnitz passed away in Rimsting, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
16 Jul 2004
  • Charles Sweeney passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"We no longer demand anything, we want war."

Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939