24 Jun 1903
  • Franklin Roosevelt received a bachelors degree in history from Harvard University in Massachusetts, United States. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
24 Jun 1919

Germany
24 Jun 1930

United States
  • USS Chester was commissioned into service with Captain A. P. Fairfield in command. ww2dbase [Chester | DS]
24 Jun 1932

Thailand
  • 49 Siamese military officers seized power while King Rama VII was away from the capital. ww2dbase [Bangkok | CPC]
24 Jun 1933
  • The Catholic Christian trade unions in Germany were dissolved by Hitler's Government. Many Trade Union leaders were arrested and taken to camps and prisons. ww2dbase [AC]
24 Jun 1936
  • German Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg drew up Case Green as a hypothetical campaign against Czechoslovakia. ww2dbase [Werner von Blomberg | CPC]
  • Albatros departed Spanish waters to escort light cruisers Köln and Leipzig on their return journey to Germany; Möwe replaced Albatros as the flagship of 2nd Torpedo Boat Half-Flotilla. ww2dbase [Köln | Leipzig | Möwe | Albatros | CPC]
Germany
24 Jun 1937
  • Gridley was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Gridley | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1937
Helena under construction at New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, 24 Jun 1937

24 Jun 1937 Interactive Map

24 Jun 1938

China
24 Jun 1939

Thailand
  • Siam was renamed to Thailand. ww2dbase [CPC]
24 Jun 1940
  • British commandos launched an aborted raid on Le Touquet, France. ww2dbase [TH]
  • As French warships scattered throughout Dakar, Casablanca, Algiers, and Mers-el-Kébir in French colonies in Africa, Alexandria in Egypt, and Plymouth and Portsmouth and Britain, French Admiral Darlan promised British Prime Minister Churchill that they would not fall into German hands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-47 sank Panamanian ship Cathrine with the deck gun about 300 miles west of Land's End in southwestern England. As the entire crew of 19 escaped to lifeboats, they were given food and red wine by the crew of U-47 before being set adrift for their eventual rescue. ww2dbase [U-47 | CPC]
  • British sloop HMS Falmouth sank Italian submarine Luigi Galvani in the Gulf of Oman. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japan requested Britain to close the Burma Road, a land supply route into China. ww2dbase [Burma Road and the Hump | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • 52 survivors (including Master Trevor Williams) of British motor merchant ship Wellington Star, sunk by German submarine U-101 eight days prior, were picked up by the French steam merchant Pierre L. D. and were later landed at Casablanca, French Morocco. On the same day, the remaining 17 crew members of the Wellington Star in a lifeboat made landfall at Figueira da Foz near Oporto in Portugal. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The 9,026-ton Norwegian motor tanker Eli Knudsen, disabled by a torpedo from German submarine U-32 two days prior, sank while in tow by British tanker Corinda. ww2dbase [Celtic Sea | HM]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross medal. ww2dbase [Robert von Greim | CPC]
Italy
  • The Franco-Italian armistice was signed at Villa Olgiata near Rome, Italy by French General Huntziger and Italian General Badoglio. Fighting would continue until the following day when the agreement would take effect. ww2dbase [Invasion of France and the Low Countries | Rome | TH]
Malta
  • Malta received its first strike aircraft with the arrival and creation of No. 830 Squadron with Fairey Swordfish Mk.1 aircraft; they were left behind by HMS Argus when she departed the Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | AC]
United States
  • Charles Edison resigned as the Secretary of the Navy of the United States; Lewis Compton, Assistant Secretary of the Navy since 9 Feb 1940, took over as the acting secretary. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Charles A. Blakely relieved Rear Admiral Joseph R. Defrees as the Commandant of the Eleventh Naval District and the Commandant of the Naval Operating Base in San Diego, California, United States. ww2dbase [San Diego, California | CPC]
24 Jun 1941
  • German Armeegruppe Nord moved into Lithuania and Byelorussia, seizing Vilnius and Kaunas. ww2dbase [Operation Barbarossa | TH]
  • Japan asserted pressure on France for Indochina. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Large demonstrations began in Madrid, Spain in support of the German invasion of the Soviet Union; demonstrations soon spread to other parts of Spain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hungary broke relations with the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British House of Commons voted for the second £1,000,000,000 war credit of the year as war expenditure now exceeded £10,250,000 per day. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British bombers attacked Düsseldorf, Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • In Russia a Council of Evacuation was set up with emergency powers to oversee the evacuation of machinery, skilled workers and food stuffs on a large scale, away from the German advance. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The German E-Boat S35 discovered the Soviet submarine S3 (N. A. Kostromityev) off Steinort, Germany and fired several torpedoes which all missed. S3 was then sunk by depth charges and hand grenades. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Adolf Hitler arrived at the Wolfsschanze headquarters in East Prussia, Germany. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
China Malta
  • Scirè launched manned torpedoes into Grand Harbour, Malta; they failed to damage any enemy vessels. ww2dbase [Scirè | Grand Harbour | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • At about 0200 hours, the 3,805-ton Turkish steam merchant Refah, which was hit by a torpedo from an unidentified submarine about 3 hours prior, snapped in two and sank about 19 kilometers east of Cyprus. 28 of the survivors landed near the Karatas lighthouse on the Turkish coast at the end of the day. The fate of the remaining 172 remained unknown at this time. ww2dbase [HM]
Russia
  • Soviet Air Force Directorate chief Pavel Rychagov, as well as his wife Maria Nesterenko, a famed aviatrix, were arrested during the purge of the Soviet Air Force. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet Deputy Defense Commissar General Kirill Meretskov was arrested by agents of the 3rd NKO Directorate. He would later be cleared of suspicion in Sep 1941 and was given front line command once again. ww2dbase [CPC]
Ukraine
  • Ivan Bagramyan attempted to launch a counterattack against German advances in Ukraine, but it would fail to achieve much due to the unprepared state of his troops. ww2dbase [Ivan Bagramyan | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1941
Conscripts of the Soviet Army, Moscow, Russia, 24 Jun 1941Byelorussian children in a bomb shelter, Minsk, Byelorussia, 24 Jun 1941Citizens of Leningrad, Russia running as the air alarm sounded, 24 Jun 1941German vehicles in a town in the Soviet Union, Jun 1941; note Soviet BA-10 armored car on the side of the road

24 Jun 1941 Interactive Map

24 Jun 1942
  • Axis air forces commenced an offensive against Yugoslavian partisans. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Luftwaffe aircraft conducted a raid on Birmingham, England. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | TH]
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Kwajalein, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
  • USS Perch was struck from the Naval Vessel Register of the US Navy. ww2dbase [Perch (Porpoise-class) | CPC]
  • German submarine U-156 sank British ship Willimantic with gunfire 700 miles southeast of Bermuda at 0904 hours; 6 were killed, 32 survived. At 0937 hours, 30 miles off Cape Fear, North Carolina, United States, U-404 sank Yugoslavian ship Ljubica Matkovic; all 30 aboard survived. At the mouth of the Delaware Bay on the US coast, US rescue tug vessel John R. Williams struck a mine and sank at 2005 hours; 14 were killed, 4 survived; the mine was laid by U-373 on 11 Jun. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell, with Song Meiling in his support, convinced Chiang Kaishek to agree to sending Chinese troops to India for training. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
  • A PBY Catalina piloted by Lieutenant (jg) Julius Raven discovered and rescued 15 survivors of USS S-27 off Amchitka Island, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [S-27 | CPC]
  • Tsingtau was transferred from the 7th Fast Attack Craft Flotilla to the 8th Fast Attack Craft Flotilla. ww2dbase [Tsingtau | CPC]
  • Fleet tender Hai sustained some damage by Soviet aircraft. ww2dbase [F3 | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Australian 39th Battalion and the British colonial Papua Infantry Battalion were deployed to defend the Kokoda Track, a rough jungle path that linked northeastern coast of the island of New Guinea with Port Moresby. On the same day, other Australian units departed from Port Moresby aboard Dutch ship Karsik and Bontekoe to construct new airfields on the coast of Milne Bay to the east. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • USS S-44 arrived at Lunga Roads off the northern coast of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [S-44 | Lunga Roads, Savo Sound | CPC]
Russia
  • Five German Ju 88 bombers attacked Allied shipping at anchor in the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia starting at 0908 hours, sinking British minesweeper HMS Gossamer at 0921 hours (23 were killed, 12 were wounded). ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Murmansk | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin signed the order that widened the range of crimes which would also result in the arrest of family members of the convicted. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | CPC]
United States
  • Queen Wilhelmina arrived in the United States. ww2dbase [Wilhelmina | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1942
Bell sliding down the building ways after being christened at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 24 Jun 1942Corvette HMS Bluebell underway on the River Tyne, England, United Kingdom, 24 Jun 1942Damaged and partially disassembled F4F-3 Wildcat on Sand Island, Midway, circa 24-25 Jun 1942

24 Jun 1942 Interactive Map

24 Jun 1943
  • RAF bombers attacked Elberfeld in the Ruhr region of Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | TH]
  • American submarine USS Tinosa fired 12 torpedoes at an enemy target. 11 of them failed to explode. ww2dbase [Tinosa | CPC]
  • At dawn, USS Snook attacked a six-ship Japanese convoy in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, damaging one tanker with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein flew the Bf 110 nightfighter for the first time, discovered technical issues, and returned to flying his usual Ju 88 aircraft, in which he shot down four British Lancaster bombers. His victories now stood at 35. ww2dbase [Heinrich | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish ended her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
  • Francis Tuker was mentioned in dispatches. ww2dbase [Francis Tuker | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Harder damaged a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
Taiwan
  • The Tamazato Prisoners of War Camp in eastern Taiwan was closed after less than three months in operation; on the same day, Taihoku Prisoners of War Camp No. 5 near Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan was opened. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1943
Emperor Showa (Hirohito; front center) and Nagano (front, 6th from Left) aboard the Musashi, 24 Jun 1943Paratroops leaving an Airspeed Horsa training aircraft of No. 21 Heavy Glider Conversion Unit at Brize Norton, England, United Kingdom, 24 Jun 1943. The paratroops were taking part in a press day exercise.USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 1 of 3USS S-28 at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 24 Jun 1943, photo 2 of 3
See all photos dated 24 Jun 1943

24 Jun 1943 Interactive Map

24 Jun 1944
  • Hitler ordered all but one division of LIII Korps, encircled near Vitebsk, Byelorussia, to break out. ww2dbase [Operation Bagration | TH]
  • Chinese troops, supported by heavy artillery, attacked Mogaung, Burma in support of the British Chindit operation. ww2dbase [Operation Thursday | CPC]
  • British Lieutenant General Geoffrey Scoones, due to poor intelligence, failed to pursue retreating Japanese troops from northeastern India, thinking that the Japanese might be planning a counterattack from Tamu and Bishenpur. ww2dbase [Battle of Imphal-Kohima | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank a Japanese patrol vessel with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Parche | CPC]
  • Alexander Novikov was awarded the Legion of Merit by the United States. ww2dbase [Alexander Novikov | CPC]
  • Saburo Sakai mis-identified a group of 15 F6F Hellcat fighters as friendly, but he was able to escape from their attacks unscathed. ww2dbase [Saburo Sakai | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Flight Lieutenant David Hornell, on a routine patrol in a Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) Catalina aircraft, sighted a surfaced German U-Boat in the North Atlantic, but a hail of anti-aircraft fire came up to meet the Catalina as it made its bombing run. Although two large holes appeared in the starboard wing and oil was seen to be pouring from the burning starboard engine, Hornell managed to hold the blazing aircraft on course, and from low-level was able to straddle the enemy submarine with depth charges; which was then seen to thrust its bows abruptly into the air while the crew abandoned ship. The Catalina aircraft's engine tore itself away from the burning wing and Hornell needed all his skill to put the machine down on the heavy swell. Blazing furiously it began to sink immediately. The survivors had to wait 21 hours before they were picked up, by which time two men had already died of exposure and Hornell himself succumbed soon after being rescued. For his outstanding gallantry David Hornell would be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
China France Hawaii Italy
  • Troops of British XIII Corps linked up with Indian troops of British X Corps in Italy. ww2dbase [Advance to the Gothic Line | CPC]
Japan Poland United Kingdom
  • During the morning, a V-1 flying bomb, shot down by a fighter, crashed on the Newlands Military Camp at Charing, near Ashford, Kent, England, United Kingdom. Forty-seven men were killed and twenty-eight seriously injured. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Charing, England | AC]
  • The British government issued a statement saying 756 people had died and 2,697 badly injured since the V-1 flying bomb assault started. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | England | HM]
  • 56 Squadron at RAF Newchurch in Kent, England, United Kingdom received its first Tempest aircraft and underwent intensive training on flying them. ww2dbase [Tempest | Newchurch, England | CPC]
  • Belgian pilot Flight Officer Joseph Brosteaux of No. 350 Squadron RAF had to make a forced landing after being hit by anti-aircraft fire over Sussex, the crash landing wrecked his Spitfire Vb aircraft but he was unhurt. ww2dbase [England | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1944
FM-2 Wildcat of USS White Plains, fly an escort mission, probably during air strikes on Japanese facilities on Rota Island, Marianas, 24 Jun 1944View of the town of Valognes, devastated by Allied bombing during the Cherbourg battle, 24 Jun 1944; note jeep PBM-3D Mariner aircraft of US Navy patrol squadron VP-216 being hoisted onto seaplane tender USS Chandeleur, anapag harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 24 Jun 1944US Navy Chaplain O. David Herrmann preparing to hold religious service for US Marines on Saipan, Mariana Islands, 24 Jun 1944; note wrecked Type 95 Ha-Go light tank used as altar
See all photos dated 24 Jun 1944

24 Jun 1944 Interactive Map

24 Jun 1945
  • General Zhukov took the salute in the Victory Parade in Moscow, Russia. ww2dbase [Georgy Zhukov | TH]
  • Japanese representatives in Moscow, Russia requested the Soviet Union to extend the neutrality pact originally signed in 1941 and due to expire in Apr 1946. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. Personnel of her air group were transferred to Naval Air Base Agana. ww2dbase [Wake Island | CPC]
Norway
  • A German Ar 234 aircraft surrendered to the British at Sola Airfield in Stavanger, Norway. This aircraft was later flown from Sola for Cherbourg, France, where it would be embarked onto a ship for transport to the United States. ww2dbase [Ar 234 Blitz | Stavanger | CPC]
Russia Sarawak Singapore
  • The Japanese OKA 9420 pathogen research operation was relocated from Singapore to Laos. All documents that remained behind were burned. ww2dbase [Ryoichi Naito | Singapore | CPC]
Taiwan
  • A PB4Y-1 aircraft of US Navy VPB-104 squadron took off from Clark Field in the Philippines at 0536 hours to conduct a reconnaissance missiong over eastern Taiwan. At about 0900 hours, after scouting Suo harbor, Taihoku Prefecture (now Su'au Township, Yilan County), the aircraft attacked targets of opportunity, three civilian motored sailboats, by dropping four 500-poung bombs from an altitude of 10,300 feet. ww2dbase [Suo, Taihoku | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1945
P-61 Black Widow and P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft at Kagman Airfield, Saipan, Mariana Islands, 24 Jun 1945Casablanca-class Escort Carrier USS Shamrock Bay underway off Formosa (Taiwan), 24 Jun 1945. Note FM-2 Wildcat fighters on the flight deck.SU-76 self-propelled guns on parade in Red Square, Moscow, Russia, 24 Jun 1945Soviet soldiers lowering German flags during the Victory Day Parade, Moscow, Russia, 24 Jun 1945
See all photos dated 24 Jun 1945

24 Jun 1945 Interactive Map

24 Jun 1946

United States

24 Jun 1946 Interactive Map

24 Jun 1948

Germany
  • In Germany, the Berlin Blockade began. ww2dbase [Berlin | CPC]
Russia
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the sixth time. ww2dbase [Kliment Voroshilov | CPC]
24 Jun 1950

Photo(s) dated 24 Jun 1950
M.14A aircraft G-AHNV at No. 25 Reserve Flying School, Wolverhampton (Pendeford) Airfield, Wolverhampton, England, United Kingdom, 24 Jun 1950
24 Jun 1952

United States
24 Jun 2000

United Kingdom

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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