7 Jul 1942
  • German submarine U-571 sank British ship Umtata, in tow by US tug Edmund J. Moran, 10 miles off Miami, Florida, United States at 0900 hours; all 92 aboard survived. US Army Hudson aircraft sank German submarine U-701 with 3 depth charges (2 hits) 20 kilometers southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States at 1500 hours; 29 were killed, 17 survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Kendari, Celebes. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Weather caused further postponement of Dieppe raid. ww2dbase [Attack on Dieppe | TH]
  • As units of the German 4.Panzerarmee entered Voronezh, Russia, the Soviet Stavka created the Voronezh Front under General Konstantin Rokossovsky to fill the gap between the Southwest Front and the Bryansk Front. Elsewhere, the German Armeegruppe A began its drive to the Donets Basin in eastern Ukraine. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • Saratoga departed Pearl Harbor for the South Pacific. ww2dbase [Saratoga | CPC]
  • In an effort to make more new B-29 bombers available for operational use for the US Army, the US Navy canceled its orders for such aircraft for research purposes. Instead, the US Navy will received a number of existing B-24, B-25, and B-34 aircraft from the US Army. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British Royal Navy Commander Anthony C.C. Miers was awarded the Victoria Cross for valour when commanding HM submarine Torbay in a daring and successful raid on shipping in an enemy harbour in Greece. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Norwegian tanker Herborg, captured by German armed merchant cruiser Thor off the western coast of Australia on 19 Jun 1942 and renamed Hohenfriedberg, arrived at Japan with a prize crew. ww2dbase [Thor | CPC]
  • German submarine U-457 sank abandoned British fleet oiler RFA Alderdale of Allied convoy PQ-17 with her deck gun in the Barents Sea. In the same area, U-355 sank British ship Hartlebury (8 were killed, 52 survived, but only 20 would remain alive before being rescued) also of PQ-17. U-255 also attacked PQ-17 ships, sinking US ship Alcoa Ranger (all 40 aboard survived). Finally, Allied convoy QP-13 arrived at Reykjav√≠k, Iceland. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • USS S-31 departed Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [S-31 | Unalaska | CPC]
British Palestine
  • Erling Nielsen, master of Norwegian merchant steamer Hero which was sunk by German submarine U-375 on the previous day, was given a military burial at the Ramleh Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery outside Jaffa, Palestine. Hero had been in British Admiralty service at the time of its sinking. The burial was attended by Hero's 1st Mate Fredriksen, Hero's 1st Engineer Olsen, Hero's 3rd Engineer Abrahamsen, as well as the Norwegian Consul in Haifa. ww2dbase [Ramla | HM]
Germany Hawaii Japan
  • Captain Ryuji Nakazato was named the commanding officer of Naka while the ship was at Maizuru, Japan. ww2dbase [Naka | Maizuru, Kyoto | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jul 1942
Side-by-side view of the two variants of the M3 tank. The Grant on the left with the British wider turret while the Lee on the right has the smaller American turret. El Alamein, Egypt, 7 Jul 1942.

7 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939