23 Aug 1945
  • Douglas MacArthur ordered 5,000 Filipino internees in Manila, Philippine Islands freed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A new British colonial administration departed Colombo, Ceylon for Singapore. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The United Kingdom ratified the United Nations Charter. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Soviet Union announced that all Japanese resistance in the Manchuria region of northeastern China had ceased. Meanwhile, Soviet troops received the surrender of the Japanese garrison at Paramushiro, Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur ordered the release of all Filipinos, most of whom Japanese collaborators, who were interned by the US Army. He noted that their fates would be tried by the Filipino government, not by the US military. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • He Yingqin ordered Japanese generals in northern and eastern China to continue to maintain peace until Nationalist forces would arrive to relieve them. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • The Chinese communists declared the slogan "peace, democracy, and unification", which conveyed the message of cooperation with the Nationalist government. The real intention, however, was to curry favor from the Americans, while buying time to strengthen its military and political positions. ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • In the morning, Viet Minh forces took took control of Hue, Annam, French Indochina. In the afternoon, Viet Minh leadership organized a demonstration to legitimize the takeover; this was participated by minor figures in the royal family. Although the demonstrated refrained from entering the palace, they nevertheless caused Emperor Bao Dai to consider abdication. At the same time, Viet Minh personnel arrested former premier Pham Quynh and former minister Ngo Dinh Khoi and his son. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tran Trong Kim stepped down as the Prime Minister of the Empire of Vietnam. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sterlet arrived at Midway, ending her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) received orders to operate east of Honshu, Japan and provide cover for the forces occupying Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • USS New Mexico departed Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese news agency Do Trzei announced the death of Subhash Chandra Bose. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 Aug 1945
James Forrestal, Henry Stimson, George Marshall, Ernest King, Henry Arnold, and others at a Medal of Honor presentation ceremony, White House, Washington DC, United States, 23 Aug 1945

23 Aug 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945