8 Sep 1945 Ceylon
  • In Kandy, Ceylon, after Louis Mountbatten reduced the proposed British-Thai agreement down to four points, Thai negotiators finally agreed to sign. ww2dbase [Louis Mountbatten | Kandy | CPC]
  • Escorted by eight fighters, He Yingqin arrived in Nanjing, China by air at 0900 hours; later in the day he would meet with General Yasuji Okamura to work out the surrender ceremony details. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | He Yingqin | Nanjing | CPC]
  • Chinese troops took control of Yueyang, Hunan Province and Kaifeng, Henan Province, China. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Nationalist Chinese troops counterattacked against a Communist offensive in Tunliu County, Shanxi Province, China, causing more than 1,000 casualties on the Communist side. ww2dbase [Tunliu, Shanxi | CPC]
  • The Chinese legislature reformed land tax exemption laws, which was to be carried out by provincial and city governments. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Nashville and USS St. Louis arrived in the area of the Chusan Islands off Shanghai, China covering two days of search sweeps looking for Japanese suicide boat bases and airfields. ww2dbase [Nashville | St. Louis | Shanghai | DS]
Dutch East Indies
  • A British reconnaissance force parachuted into Jakarta, Indonesia, with the primary mission of locating and aiding Allied personnel who had recently been in Japanese captivity. ww2dbase [Jakarta, Java | CPC]
French Indochina
  • Members of Vanguard Youth and Hoa Hao (both of the Viet Minh) clashed with troops of Indochinese Communist Party in Can Tho, Cochinchina, French Indochina. ww2dbase [Can Tho, Cochinchina | CPC]
  • The newly founded Democratic Republic of Vietnam agreed on the formation of a 300-member legislative branch of the government, National People's Assembly. All citizens 18 years of age or older, regardless of gender, would be allowed to vote and to run for a seat. ww2dbase [Hanoi, Tonkin | CPC]
Japan Korea
  • American troops landed at Inchon, Korea to prevent the Soviet Union from breaking the previous agreement for Soviet troops to only occupy northern Korea. The US commanding officer, Lieutenant General John Hodge, also arrived on the same day. Not yet briefed in the Korean political situation and lacking any staff officers who were knowledgeable about Korea, Hodge declined to meet the delegation from the Committee for the Preparation for Korean Independence. ww2dbase [Manchurian Strategic Offensive | Inchon | CPC]
  • Royal New Zealand Air Force aircraft dropped leaflets on Nauru and Ocean Islands, urging Japanese soldiers to stop fighting and surrender. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | CPC]
  • Aleksandr Vasilevsky was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for the second time. ww2dbase [Aleksandr Vasilevsky | CPC]
  • Kirill Meretskov was awarded the Order of Victory. ww2dbase [Kirill Meretskov | CPC]
  • Australian medical personnel arrived at the Batu Lintang internment camp at Kuching, Sarawak. ww2dbase [Kuching | CPC]
  • Kamoi arrived at Miri, Sarawak at 1858 hours. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Miri | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1945
TBM-3E Avenger of Marine Squadron VMTB-132 prepares for catapult launch from USS Cape Gloucester (CVE-109) for a mission over Kyushu, Japan, 8 Sept 1945Leaflets dropped by Royal New Zealand Air Force on Nauru and Ocean Island (now Banaba), 8 Sept 1945. The leaflets urge Japanese soldiers to stop fighting and surrender. Page 1 of 2.Leaflets dropped by Royal New Zealand Air Force on Nauru and Ocean Island (now Banaba), 8 Sept 1945. The leaflets urge Japanese soldiers to stop fighting and surrender. Page 2 of 2.Vice Admiral Michiaki Kamada (far left) surrendering Japanese Naval forces on Borneo to Australian Major General Edward Milford aboard HMAS Burdekon in Makassar Strait, 8 Sep 1945.
See all photos dated 8 Sep 1945

8 Sep 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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