7 Jan 1883
7 Jan 1899
7 Jan 1902

Azerbaijan
  • Armenak Artem Khanferiants was born in the village of Mets Takhlar in the Elisabethpol Governorate of the Russian Empire. His birth date was also recorded as 25 Dec in the Old Style calendar. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

7 Jan 1902 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1905

China
  • Vice Admiral Chikataka Tamari was named the chief of staff of the Ryojun Naval District (previously known as Port Arthur; now Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China), Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

7 Jan 1905 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1908
7 Jan 1912

Germany
  • Robert Greim was promoted to the rank of Fähnrich. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1914

Panama Canal Zone
  • Floating crane Alexandre La Valley became the first self-propelled vessel to transit the Panama Canal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

7 Jan 1914 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1918

United States
  • Joseph Stilwell boarded USMS New York at New York, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1929
  • Ira Eaker completed a 7-day flight aboard "Question Mark", breaking the endurance flight record. He and the entire crew won Distinguished Flying Cross medals for this feat. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1932
  • Cruiser Köln began to perform gunnery drills and training operations in the North Atlantic. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The United States criticized the Japanese aggression against China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Governor Zhang Jinghui of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China, with support from the Japanese declared the secession of Heilongjiang from China to join the puppet state of Manchukuo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning met with Adolf Hitler regarding the upcoming re-election and President Paul von Hindenburg's old age. Brüning attempted to convince Hitler that they should convince the Reichstag to cancel the election and keep Hindenburg in power, but Hitler secretly considered to challenge Hindenburg in the election. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1935
  • The League of Nations approved the results of the Saar plebiscite, which allowed Saar to be incorporated into German borders. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The prototype Ki-9 trainer aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1936

Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1936
Top German officials visiting the Bavarian State Library, 7 Jan 1936; L to R: Karl Fiehler, Franz von Papen, Adolf Hitler, Ludwig Siebert, Georg Leidinger, Rudolf Buttmann, Franz von Epp
7 Jan 1937
  • Erwin Rommel was briefly without a position in the German Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1938

China
  • Luo Yingde, flying an I-16 fighter, shot down a Japanese A5M2b fighter over Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
7 Jan 1939
  • Scharnhorst was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese bombers attacked Chongqing, China during the day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • SS-Hauptsturmführer Alexander Piorkowski was named the commandant of Dachau Concentration Camp in southern Germany, replacing Hans Loritz. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

7 Jan 1939 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1940
  • USS Helena departed Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Battle of Raate Road ended with the Finnish 9th Division routing the Soviet 44th Division over the past few days. On the same day, General Semyon Timoshenko took command of Soviet Army forces in Finland. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Vessels of German First Minesweeper Flotilla sank British submarine HMS Seahorse southeast of Helgoland, Germany. Entire crew of 36 was lost. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • At 0940 hours, British submarine HMS Undine spotted three trawlers 20 miles west of Helgoland, Germany and moved in to attack. The trawlers, actually minesweepers, counterattacked, forcing Undine to dive. A depth charge attack caused damage to Undine's hydroplanes, leading to the scuttling. The crew of 27 was later rescued by the German minesweepers. ww2dbase [CPC]
7 Jan 1941
  • Australian 6th Division and British 4th Armoured Division nearly surrounded Tobruk, Libya after capturing Acroma 10 miles to the west. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Rover attacked an Italian convoy off the coast of Libya 25 miles west of Tobruk. Italian torpedo boats Clio and Castore counterattacked, damaging HMS Rover, putting her out of commission for the following 13 months for repairs at Malta. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German torpedo boats Kondor and Wolf laid a minefield off Dover, England, United Kingdom but Wolf sank in a British minefield north of Dunkirk, France on the way home. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italian submarine Giacomo Nani attacked Allied convoy HX.99 200 miles south of Iceland without success. British corvette HMS Anemone and French corvette La Malouine counterattacked, sinking Nani; all 58 Italian sailors and officers were rescued and taken prisoner. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Chinese Nationalist forces began attacking the surrounded Chinese Communist New Fourth Army troops at Maolin, Anhui Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Egypt
  • Admiral Cunningham's Mediterranean Fleet, consisted of battleship HMS Warspite, battlesip HMS Valiant, aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious, and 7 destroyers departed Alexandria, Egypt, to meet the Excess convoy. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Gibraltar
  • Admiral Somerville's Force H, consisted of battlecruiser HMS Renown, battleship HMS Malaya, aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, cruiser HMS Sheffield, and 7 destroyers, departed Gibraltar to cover the Excess convoy which left Gibraltar on the previous day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1941
Aerial view of Ford Island in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 7 Jan 1941. Note the Pearl Harbor Naval Operating Base in the foreground and the carrier USS Lexington (Lexington-class) on the far side of Ford Island.

7 Jan 1941 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1942
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese cargo ship Unkai Maru No. 1 off Japan with one of two torpedoes fired; this was the first confirmed sinking by the Submarine Force of the US Navy Pacific Fleet. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-401 attacked an enemy ship with three torpedoes off Helnes, Norway at 0038 hours; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops made probing attacks at the opening of the Bataan peninsula at Luzon, Philippine Islands. Meanwhile, General MacArthur organized his forces into two corps and a rear area service command. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • The Soviet Volkhov Front attempted to force Germans back from Leningrad. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Franz Halder noted that there was a very brief thought of using chemical weapons against Soviet troops, but discussions never went beyond this idea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • During a meeting with top German leaders, Adolf Hitler noted his belief that the United States' commercial prowess would not be able to overcome the Axis powers. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt submitted a US$29,000,000,000 budget to the US Congress to fund the construction of 60,000 aircraft, 45,000 tanks, and 8,000,000 tons of shipping. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese tanks wiped out the Indian 11th Division at Slim River, British Malaya early in the morning; by 0930 hours, both the road and railway bridges were secured by Japanese troops. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Archibald Wavell inspected troops and defenses in Singapore. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Japanese invasion force departed Davao, Mindanao, Philippine Islands for Tarakan, Dutch Borneo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Brett was promoted to the temporary rank of lieutenant general. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 18 Japanese Type 96 G3M bombers were spotted over Tabar en route to Rabaul, New Britain; when they struck Rabaul, they destroyed one Wirraway fighter and one Hudson bomber. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines Russia
  • Soviet Army began an offensive near Lake Ilmen in Russia, with the aim of encircling Demyansk. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • USS S-44 departed Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1942
USS Milwaukee off the New York Navy Yard, United States, 7 Jan 1942View of USS Milwaukee

7 Jan 1942 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1943
  • USS Marlin arrived at Casco Bay, Maine, United States and joined Task Group 27.1. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A 3-day German operation in the Lvov ghetto in Ukraine ended with about 10,000 deaths and the disbanding of the Jewish Council. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS Jura was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-371 in the western Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The British assault on Japanese bunkers at Donbaik, Burma on the Bay of Bengal coast was halted with heavy losses. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USAAF B-17, B-24, B-25, and A-20 bombers, escorted by USAAF P-38 fighters and RAF Catalina flying boats, attacked a Japanese convoy en route to Lae, New Guinea, sinking transport Nichiryu Maru off Gasmata, New Britain. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 44 Japanese bombers and 60 fighters took off from Rabaul, New Britain, intending to attack Port Moresby, Australian Papua; the attack was canceled after the aircraft ran into bad weather. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands United Kingdom
  • British murderer Harry Dobkin is hanged at Wandsworth Prison in London, England, United Kingdom. Dobkin had murdered his wife whose mutilated body he had dumped in a badly damaged Baptist chapel near where he was a fire watcher, in the hope that she would appear to be another unidentified victim of the Blitz. He confessed to his crime after examination of the remains indicated death by strangulation. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1943
Men of US Navy Submarine Squadron 5 keeping score of sinkings aboard USS Griffin, 7 Jan 1943; the squadron operated out of Brisbane, AustraliaUS Navy Mess Attendant First Class Doris Miller speaking during his war bond tour stop at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 7 Jan 1943US Navy Mess Attendant First Class Doris Miller talking with three sailors and a civilian, during his war bond tour stop at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois, United States, 7 Jan 1943Soviet troops resting around a fire, Stalingrad, Russia, 7 Jan 1943

7 Jan 1943 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1944 Australian New Guinea
  • US Navy and US Marine Corps aircraft attacked a Japanese radar site at Cape Saint George, New Ireland. 3 F6F and 4 SBD aircraft were lost on this mission. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Planes of Air Group 12 on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Puffer sank a Japanese trawler in the South China Sea with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone United Kingdom
  • Dwight Eisenhower arrived at Prestwick, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1944
Erwin Rommel visiting bunkers on the French coast, 7 Jan 1944

7 Jan 1944 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1945
  • The RaLa Experiment of the Manhattan Project conducted its first test using exploding bridgewire detonators. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light cruiser USS Dayton (CL-105) was commissioned with Captain Paul William Steinhagen in command. ww2dbase [AC]
  • US ace Major Thomas McGuire (38 victories) was killed in a low level combat with a group of Japanese Zero fighters led by Shiochi Sugita, the third-highest scoring ace of the Japanese Navy Air Force over Los Negros island. It was believed that McGuire failed to release his drop tanks whilst attempting a fast turn which caused his P-38 to stall and spin into the ground in a ball of fire. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Masafumi Arima was posthumously promoted to the rank of vice admiral. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Anglo-Indian troops reached the outskirts of Shwebo, Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Latvia
  • The German Navy began the first of a series of evacuation convoys between the Gulf of Danzig and the trapped German Army in Latvia. ww2dbase [AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank two small Japanese trawlers with her deck gun in the Yellow Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Army SB craft formerly known as Navy landing ship No. 112 was sunk by US aircraft in the South China Sea west of Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) launched planes against airfields on Luzon, Philippines and on anti-shipping strikes. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Japanese positions in northern Luzon, Philippine Islands; 4 men and 2 aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Taiwan Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1945
Four-part weather map of the South China Sea for Jan 7 to 10, 1945. Note daily positions of Task Force 38.

7 Jan 1945 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1946

China
  • USS Saint Paul departed Shanghai, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1946
The ruins of the Urakami Roman Catholic church, Nagasaki, Japan, 7 Jan 1946

7 Jan 1946 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1947
  • Colorado was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US General George Marshall departed China after failing to secure peace in China. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Roderick Carr became the Division Controller of the London and South East Division of the United Kingdom Ministry of Civil Aviation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jan 1947
United States Coast Guard J2F-6 Duck aircraft resting in Antarctic waters during Operation Hughjump, 7 Jan 1947; ship in background was either USS Yancey or USS Merrick
7 Jan 1949
  • Israeli aircraft attacked and shot down four Spitfire Mk XVIII fighters (of No. 208 Squadron RAF) and a Hawker Tempest fighter which were conducting reconnaissance patrols over Israel. Two RAF pilots were killed. ww2dbase [AC]
7 Jan 1952

United States
  • USS Bluefish was recommissioned into service at New London, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

7 Jan 1952 Interactive Map

7 Jan 1989

Japan
  • Emperor Showa of Japan passed away at the Fukiage Palace in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

7 Jan 1989 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945