21 Nov 1887

Dutch East Indies
  • Hein ter Poorten was born in Buitenzorg, Java, Dutch East Indies (now Bogor, Indonesia). ww2dbase [Hein ter Poorten | Buitenzorg | CPC]
United States

21 Nov 1887 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1905

Japan
  • Kichisaburo Nomura was made a navigation instructor. ww2dbase [Kichisaburo Nomura | CPC]
21 Nov 1908

Japan
  • Chuichi Nagumo graduated from the Japanese naval academy and was promoted to the rank of midshipman. ww2dbase [Chuichi Nagumo | CPC]
  • Masaichi Niimi graduated from the Japanese Navy Academy at Etajima, Japan. ww2dbase [Masaichi Niimi | Etajima, Hiroshima | CPC]

21 Nov 1908 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1914
  • Three British RNAS Avro 504 aircraft led by Wing Commander E. F. Briggs bombed the Zeppelin sheds at Friedrichshafen, Germany. ww2dbase [AC]
21 Nov 1916
  • Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria died. He was succeeded by Charles, son of the Archduke Otto. One of Charles's first actions on becoming Emperor was to issue a declaration that he wished to end Austria's participation in the war. ww2dbase [AC]
21 Nov 1917
  • Lenin ordered General Dukhonin to begin armistice negotiations with representatives of the Central Powers. Dukhonin refused to obey and was dismissed. ww2dbase [AC]
Russia
21 Nov 1920
21 Nov 1929

China
  • Sun Du was named the chairman of Yunnan Province, China. ww2dbase [Sun Du | Yunnan | CPC]
21 Nov 1930
  • Douglas MacArthur became the Chief of Staff of the US Army at the rank of general. ww2dbase [Douglas MacArthur | CPC]
21 Nov 1932

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler again attempted to argue for his appointment as German Chancellor with the power to dissolve the Reichstag; President Paul von Hindenburg again refused to grant him such powers. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
21 Nov 1935

Japan
  • Captain Michiaki Kamata was named the commanding officer of Tenryu. ww2dbase [Tenryu | CPC]
  • Chiaki Matsuda was made a faculty member at the Naval War College in Kamiosaki, Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Chiaki Matsuda | Tokyo | CPC]
Russia
  • Russian test pilot V. Kokkinaki flying a specially modified TsKB-3 raised the world altitude record to 47,818 feet. ww2dbase [I-15 | AC]
21 Nov 1937

China
  • Gao Zhihang, while at Zhoujiakou Airfield in Henan Province, China, awaiting his mechanics to start the engine of his I-16 fighter during a Japanese raid conducted by G4M2 bombers, a bomb struck near his aircraft, killing him. ww2dbase [Gao Zhihang | Zhoujiakou, Henan | CPC]
  • Mao Yingchu, flying a Hawk III biplane fighter, shot down a Japanese G3M bomber. He was wounded during the action. ww2dbase [Mao Yingchu | CPC]
Japan
21 Nov 1939
  • Lufthansa's Do 18F flying boat, upgraded with BMW 132N radial engines and redesignated Do 18L, took its first flight after the upgrade work. After two days of testing, it was found that the BMW engine suffered overheating problems. ww2dbase [Do 18 | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler announced that the United Kingdom was responsible for the 8 Nov 1939 attempt on Adolf Hitler's life. Two British agents were kidnapped in the Netherlands several days prior, who were blamed for plotting the attack. The attack, however, was actually planned by the Germans as means to raise Hitler's standing within Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The United Kingdom declared an embargo on Germany, seizing all goods in the UK en route to Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
21 Nov 1940
  • Greek troops defeated the Italian IX Army and captured Koritza, Albania. The Greeks took 2,000 prisoners and captured 135 field guns and 600 machine guns. The surviving elements of the Italian IX Army was able to escape without being harassed as the Greeks were poorly motorized and could not give chase. ww2dbase [Balkans Campaign | TH]
  • German warships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, K√∂ln, and Leipzig departed for a sweep against Allied shipping between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. ww2dbase [Scharnhorst | CPC]
  • The German 6th Army exercised a simulated invasion of Ireland. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German armed merchant cruiser Pinguin attacked British freighter Port Brisbane in the southern Indian Ocean after sundown, killing the radio operator in the process; 67 were taken prisoner and 27 escaped in a lifeboat. Port Brisbane was sunk by torpedo after scuttling charges failed to sink her. ww2dbase [Pinguin | CPC]
  • German submarine U-103 fired torpedoes from a surfaced position at Allied convoy OB-244 200 miles northwest of Ireland at 0740 hours, sinking British ship Daydawn (2 killed, 36 survived) and Greek ship Victoria (entire crew of 27 survived). A ship in the convoy attempted to ram U-103, but U-103 dodged the ramming attack; U-103 fired a torpedo at her attacker, but that torpedo, though striking the target, failed to detonate. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A German aircraft bombed the British Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom, damaging the diplomatic section, the telephone exchange, and the typists room. There were no casualties. The attack was almost certainly accidental, as the Germans did not know of the importance of this site. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | Bletchley Park | Milton Keynes, England | CPC]
  • The British No. 2 Commando Battalion was redesignated 11th Special Air Service Battalion for training as paratroopers. ww2dbase [CPC]

21 Nov 1940 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1941
  • The construction of the future Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point began in North Carolina, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Heinz Guderian wrote Franz Halder from Russia, noting the miserable cold and fierce Soviet resistance. ww2dbase [Heinz Guderian | CPC]
  • The horse-drawn sleigh team returned to Leningrad, Russia from Kobona, bringing back flour, sugar, and fat across the frozen Lake Ladoga for the first time since the city was surrounded. ww2dbase [Siege of Leningrad | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Utmost attacked and damaged Italian cruiser Trieste 10 miles east of Catania, Sicily, Italy at 2312 hours. ww2dbase [Trieste | CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille was officially awarded the German cross in Gold, but he would not physically receive this medal until 17 Dec 1941. ww2dbase [Hans-Joachim Marseille | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Japanese Navy acquired luxury ocean liner Hikawa Maru for use as a hospital ship; Hikawa Maru was assigned to the Yokosuka Naval District, Japan. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Yokosuka, Kanagawa | CPC]
Libya
  • The Allied garrison at Tobruk, Libya attempted a breakout to link up with the main attack force coming from Egypt, which engaged with German 15th Panzer Division in a large-scale tank battle that would last for the next three days near Sidi Rezegh. Pressed for fuel, Erwin Rommel dispatched Italian cruiser Cardona from Brindisi, unescorted, to bring fuel to Benghazi. ww2dbase [Operation Crusader | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Destroyer USS Shaw and fleet oiler USS Sabine suffered a collision at sea that required Shaw to put into Pearl Harbor for repairs. ww2dbase [Shaw | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Nov 1941
Erwin Rommel speaking to German Colonel Paul Diesener and Italian General Navarini, North Africa, 21 Nov 1941Adolf Hitler saluting the Ernst UdetHermann Göring at the funeral of Ernst Udet, Berlin, Germany, 21 Nov 1941; note Adolf Galland serving as a honor guardCoffin of Ernst Udet being carried after the funeral service, Berlin, Germany, 21 Nov 1941; note Adolf Galland serving as a honor guard
See all photos dated 21 Nov 1941

21 Nov 1941 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1942
  • Colonel General Eberhard von Mackensen replaced Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Philip was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Philip | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Soviet destroyer Sokrushitelny, which was disabled on the previous day after a severe storm tore off its stem, sank. The skeleton crew of 16 men which remained aboard was lost. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Norwegian Sea | CPC]
Bermuda Caroline Islands
  • Lieutenant General Hitoshi Imamura met with the staff of the Combined Fleet at Truk, Caroline Islands and decided to give up Buna, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | Truk | CPC]
Japan South Africa
  • Former South African Prime Minister J. B. M. Hertzog died in Pretoria, Gauteng Province, South Africa, aged 76. ww2dbase [Pretoria, Gauteng | AC]
Tunisia
  • German Paratroop Engineer Battalion "Witzig" and Italian 1st Paratroop Battalion attacked British troops near Djebel Abjod, Tunisia; initially successful, they suffered heavy casualties when the British counterattacked later in the day. ww2dbase [Advance into Tunisia | Djebel Abjod | CPC]
United States

21 Nov 1942 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1943
  • Feldmarschall Kesselring was appointed commander of all German forces in Italy. ww2dbase [Albert Kesselring | TH]
  • Feldmarschall Rommel was placed in command of Atlantikwall defenses in France. ww2dbase [Erwin Rommel | TH]
  • Journalist Drew Pearson publicized George Patton's "slapping incident" of 3 Aug 1943, stirring controversy. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill met with Chiang Kaishek for the first time in Cairo, Egypt. In the evening, he dined with Alan Brooke, Charles Portal, John Dill, Sholto Douglas, and Louis Mountbatten. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | CPC]
  • The French Committee of National Liberty decided to release the President of Lebanon and the other arrested ministers. ww2dbase [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Naka departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | Truk | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Nov 1943
US Marines fighting on Betio, Tarawa Atoll, Nov 1943, photo 1 of 2US Marines fighting on Betio, Tarawa Atoll, Nov 1943, photo 2 of 2American Marines negotiating Japanese-laid barb wire, Betio, Tarawa Atoll, 21 Nov 1943Betio airfield, Tarawa Atoll, 21 Nov 1943
See all photos dated 21 Nov 1943

21 Nov 1943 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1944
  • USS Franklin arrived at Pearl Harbor. ww2dbase [Franklin | CPC]
  • Albanian partisan units liberated the capital city of Tirana, Albania. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Whale began her tenth war patrol. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
France
  • The French 1st Corps captured the city of Belfort in the Vosges region, but the Germans clung so tenaciously to defences beyond the city that it would not be until 25 November 1944 that the French advance could be resumed. ww2dbase [Advance to the Rhine | Belfort, Franche-Comt√© | AC]
Germany Hawaii
  • USS Corregidor ended qualifying carrier pilots while at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Corregidor | Honolulu, Oahu | CPC]
Japan
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Kure, Japan and arrived at Matsuyama, Japan later on the same day. ww2dbase [Ryuho | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone United States Yugoslavia Photo(s) dated 21 Nov 1944
Execution of a French collaborator, Rennes, France, 21 Nov 1944USS North Carolina at Ulithi, Caroline Islands, 21 Nov 1944USS North Carolina at Ulithi, Caroline Islands, 21 Nov 1944F6F-5N Hellcat night fighter with Night Fighting Squadron VFN-42 crashed against the island and Number 3 stack of Light Carrier USS Bataan off Hawaii, 21 Nov 1944. Note the array of radio and radar antennae.

21 Nov 1944 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1945
  • All accused at the Trial of the Major War Criminals of the Nuremberg Trials pleaded not guilty. ww2dbase [Nuremberg Trials and Other Trials Against Germany | CPC]
  • The Auto Workers Union closed 100 General Motors factories in the United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was transferred to the witness wing at Nuremberg, Germany. ww2dbase [Otto Skorzeny | CPC]
United States
  • Lieutenant General Alexander Patch died of pneumonia at Brooke General Hospital, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas, United States where he had been hospitalized with lung problems. ww2dbase [San Antonio, Texas | AC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Nov 1945
King, Forrestal, and Nimitz at the Navy Department, Washington DC, United States, 21 Nov 1945

21 Nov 1945 Interactive Map

21 Nov 1949

Libya
  • The United Nations passed the resolution for Libya's full independence. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Nov 1949
Li Zongren and his family in Guilin, Guangxi, China, 21 Nov 1949; they were departing for the United States via Hong Kong
21 Nov 1951
  • The ex-Nashville was commissioned into the Chilean Navy as CL Capit√°n Prat. ww2dbase [Nashville | DS]
21 Nov 1952
  • Commander Thomas Rudden Jr. became the commanding officer of USS Cassin Young. ww2dbase [Cassin Young | CPC]
21 Nov 2005
  • Umrao Singh passed away. ww2dbase [Umrao Singh | CPC]
21 Nov 2010
  • The Pacific Battleship Center submitted the initial application to the US Navy to acquire battleship Iowa. ww2dbase [Iowa | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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