23 Nov 1890

  • Princess Pauline was made Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands upon the death of her father King William III. ww2dbase [Wilhelmina | CPC]
23 Nov 1915

Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1915
Prince Morimasa at Emperor Taisho

23 Nov 1915 Interactive Map

23 Nov 1920

23 Nov 1923
  • The German coalition government collapsed with the departure of the Socials Democrats. Centrist Wilhelm Marx was appointed Chancellor with his predecessor, Gustav Stresemann, as Foreign Minister. ww2dbase [AC]
23 Nov 1925

Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1925
Carrier Furious, 23 Nov 1925
23 Nov 1932

  • The construction for Taihoku City Hall began in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan under the direction of chief engineer Kaoru Ide. ww2dbase [Taihoku | CPC]
23 Nov 1934
  • The Dornier Do 17 twin-engine light bomber took flight for the first time. ww2dbase [Do 17 | AC]
  • Nazi Party member Arthur Greiser became the President of the Senate of Danzig. ww2dbase [CPC]
23 Nov 1936
  • The Spanish Nationalist attack toward Madrid had stalled, but the Spanish Republican forces were exhausted as well. Althought Nationalist Colonel JosĂ© Varela had failed in his primary mission of capturing Madrid, the Nationalists now held areas in the northwest of the city, and it was becoming increasingly obvious that further frontal attacks upon Madrid would be both costly and likely to fail. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • Near Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China, Chinese forces began marching toward Mongolian positions at midnight. At 1300 hours, Chinese forces of the Shanxi-Suiyuan Army began firing at Mongolian forward posts and took high ground. ww2dbase [Battle of Suiyuan | Bailingmiao, Suiyuan | CPC]
23 Nov 1939
  • RAF claimed seven Luftwaffe aircraft over France. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Rawalpindi stumbled upon German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. When asked to abandon ship, Captain Edward Kennedy turned toward the German ships in an attempt to get into range of her 6-inch guns. She was to be sunk by the German 11-inch guns before she could get close enough. ww2dbase [Rawalpindi | AC]
  • Adolf Hitler gathered the top German leaders and lectured them on his vision for the future of Germany, which involved an invasion of France. ww2dbase [Invasion of France and the Low Countries | CPC]
  • In an aerial battle over the French border, Leutnant Werner Methfessel became the Luftwaffe's first Bf 110 fighter pilot ace (although the veracity of his claim remained in some doubt). ww2dbase [Bf 110 | AC]
Poland United Kingdom
23 Nov 1940
  • German submarine U-100 attacked Allied convoy SC-11 100 miles off Ireland throughout the day, sinking 6 ships totaling 24,601 tons and killing 119. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-123 attacked Allied convoy OB-244 250 miles west of Ireland between 0416 and 0914 hours, sinking 4 ships totaling 20,885 tons and killing 119. After one of the attacks, U-123 collided with one of the sinking ships, damaging the periscope and conning tower, forcing her to sail for Lorient, France for repairs. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German bombers attacked Southampton, England, United Kingdom overnight, damaging British troopship Llandovery Castle and paddle minesweeper Duchess Of Cornwall. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | CPC]
  • Vasily Kuznetsov was made the commanding officer of 1st Shock Army. ww2dbase [Vasily Kuznetsov | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • At 0418 hours the 5,407-ton unescorted British steam merchant ship Oakcrest (Master Samuel Gordon Dyer), in ballast and a straggler from Allied convoy OB-244 due to steerage gear trouble since the evening of 21 Nov 1940, was hit on starboard side underneath the bridge by one G7e torpedo from German submarine U-123 (Karl-Heinz Moehle) between Ireland and Iceland. She immediately developed a heavy list and sank about 170 miles west-southwest of the granite islet of Rockall at 0424 hours. Moehle had first sighted the ship when she suddenly appeared out of a rain squall the previous afternoon and he had to order an immediate crash dive to avoid hitting the ship and to avoid detection. It was another nine hours before the submarine found the ship again. The Oakcrest's master, chief officer, chief engineer officer and nine other crew members were lost in the sinking. A lifeboat with four young sailors drifted away never to be seen again. Another lifeboat carried 24 crew members and a gunner; 11 of this group died of exposure before the boat reached the Isle of Barra in the Outer Hebrides in Scotland, United Kingdom on 1 Dec 1940, two more men died when the boat capsized while trying to make landfall in a rocky gully near Tangasdale, and six others died ashore during the following night before they received proper medical attention. ww2dbase [HM]
  • Japanese 11th Army began to prepare for an offensive in Hubei Province, China. The army was organized into five groups under the overall command of Lieutenant General Waichiro Sonobe. ww2dbase [Battle of Han River | Hubei | CPC]
Germany Japan United States
  • It was announced in the United States that Admiral William Leahy was to be appointed Ambassador to France in place of Mr. William Bullitt. ww2dbase [William Leahy | AC]
23 Nov 1941
  • I-68 departed Kwajalein, Marshall Islands for her first war patrol in the Hawaii Islands area. ww2dbase [I-68/I-168 | CPC]
  • German forces captured Solnechnogorsk, Russia advanced to within 35 miles of the Soviet capital of Moscow. ww2dbase [Battle of Moscow | TH]
  • US Army troops arrived in Dutch Guiana and occupied the region on behalf of the Dutch government-in-exile in order to protect bauxite mines. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese carriers made a rendezvous at Hitokappu Bay, Kurile Islands, Japan in preparation for the Pearl Harbor attack. On the other side of the international date line, Joseph Rochefort reported to his superiors that his cryptanalytic team had detected a Japanese submarine squadron moving into the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Attack on Pearl Harbor | Detailed Timetable | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki departed Sakaide, Shikoku, Japan, escorting a troop convoy. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | CPC]
  • The German ambassador in Japan Eugen Ott warned Germany that the Japanese military seemed to be on the verge of a war, its military preparing to move southward. He was not aware of Japan's plans to attack the United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 60 trucks brought in 33 tons of flour and 2.5 tons of sugars and fats into besieged Leningrad, Russia, driving across the frozen Lake Ladoga; this was the first of many over-ice truck runs that would ramp up to bring in 100 tons of supplies each day. The population of Leningrad, however, required about 600 tons of supplies for survival. ww2dbase [Siege of Leningrad | CPC]
  • British Captain Philip Gardner led two Matilda tanks in the rescue of the crews of two armored cars pinned under enemy fire at Tobruk, Libya, becoming wounded in the process. He was later awarded the Victoria Cross award. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Italian High Command in Rome, Italy agreed to put the Italian XX Mobile Corps, which included the Ariete Division and the Trieste Division, under Erwin Rommel's direct command. On the same day, at the Battle of Totensonntag, Axis troops outflanked British forces south of Sidi Rezegh, Libya, inflicting heavy casualties and forcing the British 7th Armored Division to withdraw 20 miles. ww2dbase [Operation Crusader | Rome | CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe II./KG 55 departed Kirovograd, Ukraine for Saint-AndrĂ©-de-l'Eure, France for rest and refitting. ww2dbase [Kirovograd | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1941
Japanese battleship Kirishima, carrier Kaga, and battleship Hiei at Hitokappu Bay, Etorofu, Kurile Islands, 23 Nov 1941
23 Nov 1942
  • Doris Miller of Pearl Harbor fame began a war bond tour in the United States. ww2dbase [Doris Miller | CPC]
  • The vital French West African port of Dakar came under Allied control when the Vichy governor changed sides. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Axis forces evacuated Agedabia, Libya. ww2dbase [Second Battle of El Alamein | CPC]
  • German submarine U-625 sank British freighter Goolistan at 0145 hours; shortly after, U-601 sank Russian merchant ship Kuznets Lesov; all 82 people aboard the two ships were killed. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • Captain Charles Purcell Cecil was named the commanding officer of USS Helena, relieving Captain Gilbert Corwin Hoover. ww2dbase [Helena (St. Louis-class) | CPC]
  • USS Grampus arrived at Australia, ending her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Grampus | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Tenryu arrived at Rabaul, New Britain and was named the flagship of Cruiser Division 18 under Rear Admiral Mitsuharu Matsuyama. ww2dbase [Tenryu | Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Major General Tomitaro Horii, his chief of staff, and another staff officer died when the canoe on which they traveled aboard capsized in the Kumusi River in Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Tomitaro Horii | CPC]
  • Six B-25 bombers of US 10th Air Force, escorted by 17 P-40 fighters, attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China, claiming over 50 aircraft destroyed on the ground. ww2dbase [Tianhe Airfield | Guangzhou, Guangdong | CPC]
Hawaii India Japan
  • Nachi arrived at Kakumabetsu, Paramushiro (Paramushir), Kurile Islands at 0620 hours and departed at 1400 hours. ww2dbase [Nachi | Paramushiro, Hokkaido | CPC]
United States
  • The 1219C2 fighting utility knife was adopted by the United States Marine Corps. ww2dbase [Mark 2 'KA-BAR' | CPC]
  • A delegation of landowners whose property were taken over by Site X of the Manhattan Project in Tennessee, United States issued a petition of protest to the Real Estate Branch of the Ohio River Division of the US Army Corps. ww2dbase [Clinton Engineer Works | Tennessee | CPC]
  • USS Ranger arrived at Norfolk, Virginia. ww2dbase [Norfolk Navy Yard | Ranger | Norfolk, Virginia | DS]
Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1942
M3 medium tank number 309490 of D Company, 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, US 1st Division at Souk el Arba, Tunisia, 23 Nov 1942, photo 1 of 3M3 medium tank number 309490 of D Company, 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, US 1st Division at Souk el Arba, Tunisia, 23 Nov 1942, photo 2 of 3M3 medium tank number 309490 of D Company, 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, US 1st Division at Souk el Arba, Tunisia, 23 Nov 1942, photo 3 of 3

23 Nov 1942 Interactive Map

23 Nov 1943
  • Japanese resistance ended on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands. ww2dbase [Gilbert Islands Campaign | TH]
  • USAAF fighter pilot Chuck Yeager departed for Britain. ww2dbase [Charles Yeager | CPC]
  • Kaiyo was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Kaiyo | CPC]
  • In a meeting between Chinese and American leadership in Cairo, Egypt, Chiang Kaishek demanded American supplies for the Chinese war effort; believing that the demands were unreasonable and observing that Chiang would not budge, George Marshall simply stormed out of the meeting. ww2dbase [Cairo Conference | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-516 hit the unescorted American steam tanker Elizabeth Kellogg with a torpedo 150 miles north of CristĂłbal, Panama in the Caribbean Sea at 0935 hours. 10 were killed; the 38 survivors were picked up by tanker USAT Y-10 and submarine chaser USS SC-1017. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | Caribbean Sea | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Destroyer Yukikaze arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | Truk | CPC]
  • Irako arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands at 1550 hours. ww2dbase [Irako | Truk | CPC]
  • Naka departed Ponape, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | Ponape | CPC]
France Germany Italy Japan
  • Tomokazu Kasai was assigned to a front line fighter squadron based at Matsuyama airfield, Shikoku, Japan. ww2dbase [Tomokazu Kasai | Matsuyama, Ehime | CPC]
  • The USAAF commenced operations with the new P-51A fighter in Asia when eight P-51 fighters from Claire Chennault's 23rd Fighter Group escorted B-25 Mitchell bombers in an attack on the Japanese airfield in Shinchiku Prefecture (now Hsinchu), Taiwan. ww2dbase [P-51 Mustang | Shinchiku Airfield | Shinchiku | AC]
United States Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1943
Colonel Merritt Edson and Colonel David Shoup met over Betio tactics, Tarawa Atoll, 23 Nov 1943Chiang Kaishek, Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Song Meiling, Cairo, Egypt, Nov 1943, photo 3 of 4Map depicting the invasion of Makin and Tarawa Atolls, Gilbert Islands, 20-23 Nov 1943Chiang Kaishek, Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Song Meiling at Cairo, Egypt, Nov 1943, photo 1 of 4
See all photos dated 23 Nov 1943

23 Nov 1943 Interactive Map

23 Nov 1944
  • Soviet troops entered Czechoslovakia. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Four RAF Mosquito aircraft patrolled near Heligoland, Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hazel Lee took off from Fargo, North Dakota, United States with a P-63 Kingcobra fighter, landing at Great Falls, Montana, United States shortly after 1400 hours. On the ground, her aircraft collided with another aircraft, causing serious burns. ww2dbase [Hazel Lee | CPC]
  • USS Gar landed 16 men and 25 tons of supplies to Santiago Cove, Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • T-44 medium tanks officially entered Soviet Army service. ww2dbase [T-44 | CPC]
Australia Belgium
  • General Dwight Eisenhower ordered that every soldier under his command should receive a full Thanksgiving Day holiday turkey dinner. Battalion cooks tried to comply in the HĂĽrtgen Forest on the Belgian-German border, if only with turkey sandwiches, but as US soldiers climbed out of their foxholes to line up, they were hit by German artillery fire and suffered heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Battle of HĂĽrtgen Forest | Dwight Eisenhower | AC]
  • Fanni Luukkonen stepped down from her position as the chairman of Lotta Svärd as the Finnish organization was forcibly disbanded by the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Fanni Luukkonen | CPC]
Italy Japan
  • Destroyer Yuzuki departed Kure, Japan, escorting carrier Junyo. ww2dbase [Yuzuki | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Astoria arrived at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands and celebrated the American holiday of Thanksgiving. Later in the day she departed for Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Astoria (Cleveland-class) | Eniwetok | CPC]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) detached from the task force around the Philippines ww2dbase [Yorktown (Essex-class) | DS]
  • USS Besugo sank landing ship No. 151 about 15 miles north of the northern tip of Palawan, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Besugo | Palawan | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • In Britain, the Suffolk and Essex coastal batteries, who were now in place and fully operational, brought down a total of 25 V-1 flying bombs between the previous night and this night. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 1 | England | HM]
Yugoslavia Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1944
Portrait of Hiroshi Nemoto, 23 Nov 1944

23 Nov 1944 Interactive Map

23 Nov 1945
  • The United States government ended rationing for butter. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Brigadier General Cortlandt Van Rensselaer Schuyler was named the head of the US section of the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Arthur Coningham was made Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold and was awarded Croix de Guerre of Belgium with Palms. ww2dbase [Arthur Coningham | CPC]
Canada France
  • USS Portland departed Le Havre, France bound for New York, New York, United States with 1,242 US Army personnel for transportation to the United States as part of Operation Magic Carpet. ww2dbase [Portland | Le Havre | DS]
Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1945
The eight skulls found by Pedro Cerono, 23 Nov 1945; they were the evidence of the 1 Jul 1945 Tapel Massacre

23 Nov 1945 Interactive Map

23 Nov 1946

French Indochina
  • French warships bombarded the port of Haiphong, French Indo-China, forcing the communist Viet Minh to agree to a cease fire. ww2dbase [Haiphong, Tonkin | AC]
23 Nov 1959
  • Captain John Maurer was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul. ww2dbase [Saint Paul | CPC]
23 Nov 1960

United States
  • Conecuh was officially struck from the National Defense Reserve Fleet. ww2dbase [Dithmarschen | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Nov 1960
Admiral Burke addressing an US Naval Academy pep rally, 23 Nov 1960, on the eve of the Army-Navy football game
23 Nov 1971
23 Nov 1992

23 Nov 2006
  • The wreck of USS Perch was located by accident by an international team of divers off the coast of Java; they were actually in search of the wreck of HMS Exeter. ww2dbase [Perch (Porpoise-class) | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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