9 Apr 1891
9 Apr 1894

  • Sergei Simonov was born in Fedotovo, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1906

  • Joseph Stilwell departed Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1910

  • Rear Admiral Sadakichi Kato was made the commanding officer of Maizuru Naval Arsenal in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

9 Apr 1910 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1919
  • USS Arizona departed Guantánamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1928

Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1928
Warships in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong, 9-14 Apr 1928; large warships, left to right: Japanese battleship Mutsu, Japanese light cruiser Tenryu, British carrier Hermes, and Japanese battleship Fuso
9 Apr 1932

  • Rudolf Höss' second child Heidetraut was born. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1937

United Kingdom
  • A Ki-15/Karigane aircraft, named "Kamikaze", landed in London. The flight from Tokyo to London broke the world record, while "Kamikaze" became the first Japanese aircraft to fly over Europe. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1938
  • Adolf Hitler arrived in Vienna in the recently annexed Austria region of Germany to gather support for the plebiscite of the following day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese troops drove Japanese forces out of the Tai'erzhuang region in Shandong Province, China, ending the battle. Chiang Kaishek gave the order to pursue and destroy all fleeing Japanese troops, but local commanders disobeyed, opting to give their troops some time to rest after three weeks of non-stop fighting. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German 1st Mountain Division was established. ww2dbase [CPC]
9 Apr 1940
  • Cruiser Köln participated in the invasion of Norway. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops crossed into Denmark at 0500 hours, with landings near Copenhagen unopposed; the Danish government surrendered within the same day, and Germany completed the conquest Denmark with only 20 casualties. To the north in Norway, German troops attacked four locations. At Narvik, German destroyers sank Norwegian coastal cruisers Eidsvold and Norge, killing 276. At Trondheim, German warships pretended to be British ships and sailed by the coastal batteries without being hassled, thus the city was captured with relative ease. At Bergen, the coastal batteries at Fort Kvarven damaged German cruiser Königsberg and minelayer Bremse. Off Bergen, German Ju 88 and He 111 aircraft attacked British battleship HMS Rodney and destroyer HMS Gurkha at 1400 hours; Rodney was hit by a dud 500-kg bomb, and Gurkha sank at 1600 hours, killing 15; only four German Ju 88 aircraft were lost in this attack. Finally, at Oslo, the batteries at Oscarborg sank German cruiser Blücher in the Oslofjord, killing 830. Out at sea, British battlecruiser HMS Renown intercepted German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau after they had successfully escorted Marine Gruppe 1 to Narvik; Renown fired first, hitting Gneisenau three times, but received two hits before the German ships disengaged from the battle. Given the dire situation, the Norwegian royal family, the government, and the country's gold reserves (with over 48 tons of gold) departed from Oslo at 0830 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Truant torpedoed and heavily damaged German cruiser Karlsruhe in the Skagerrak at 1957 hours. After the crew was rescued, German torpedo boat Grief scuttled Karlsruhe. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • French submarine Sybille, under British command, departed Harwich, England, United Kingdom to patrol the North Sea west of Denmark. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS Rodney was hit by a German aerial bomb off Karmøy, Norway; the bomb failed to detonate. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German merchant steamer Seattle was lost off Kristiansand, Norway when she was mistaken for a German Navy supply ship and was fatally damaged by Norwegian 15-millimeter guns of the Odderøya forgress. The surviving crew were taken as prisoners of war for about one day until their civilian identities were confirmed. The wreck of Seattle burned for several days before finally sinking. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Howe was launched at Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1940
Blücher capsized at Oslo fjord, Norway, 9 April 1940Königsberg under British aircraft attack, Bergen, Norway, 9 April 1940German paratroopers at the Masnedoe Fort, Denmark, 9 April 1940German military journalist reporting from Copenhagen, Denmark on the day of its capitulation, 9 Apr 1940
See all photos dated 9 Apr 1940

9 Apr 1940 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1941
  • North Carolina was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops reached the Monastir Gap in Macedonia, southern Yugoslavia, preparing to cross into Greece to outflank the Metaxas Line and the Aliakmon Line. German troops also arrived at Nis, Yugoslavia and Salonika, Greece on this day. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • RAF bombers attacked the German naval base at Kiel. ww2dbase [TH]
  • 237 German bombers conducted a raid on Birmingham, England, United Kingdom, dropping 285 tons of high explosive bombs and 1,110 incendiary bombs. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian 27th Division "Brescia" and German 5th Light Division reached Tobruk, Libya. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-107 sank British ship Harparthian 400 miles northeast of Canary Islands at 0037 hours; 4 were killed, 39 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-98 sank Dutch ship Prins Willem II 200 miles southeast of Iceland at 0216 hours; 3 were killed, 22 survived in 2 lifeboats. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS Eagle departed Alexandria, Egypt. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The P.111 prototype aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Prince Hiroyasu stepped down as the chief of the Japanese Navy General Staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The head of the Soviet Air Force Directorate Pavel Rychagov complained to Joseph Stalin that his pilots were flying in "coffins", referring to the poor condition of aircraft due to state neglect. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Danish ambassador to the United States Henrik Kauffmann, on his own accord, invited the United States to send troops to defend Greenland from a possible German invasion. ww2dbase [CPC]
9 Apr 1942
  • German relief attempts toward the Kholm encirclement were met with limited success. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Norwegian Lutheran Bishop Eivind Berggrav was arrested by the German occupation administration in Norway for resistance. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Thrasher sank Italian merchant ship Gala 20 miles southwest of Benghazi, Libya. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-123 sank US freighter Esparta within 10 kilometers of Cumberland Island, Georgia, United States at 0716 hours, killing 1 of 40 aboard. To the northeast, 20 kilometers off the coast of North Carolina, United States, U-160 sank US freighter Malchace at 0758 hours, killing 1 of 29 aboard. U-552 sank US tanker Atlas, killing 2 of 34 aboard. At 1004 hours, northwest of Iceland, U-252 sank Norwegian ship Fanefjeld, killing all 24 aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Just before 1200 hours, eight B-26 Marauder bombers attacked Simpson Harbor and Vunakanau airfield at Rabaul, New Britain, damaging ships in the harbor, port facilities, and several parked aircraft. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • In the morning, eight Zero fighters attacked Seven Mile airfield new Port Moresby, Australian Papua, damaging one Hudson aircraft and one Kittyhawk aircraft on the ground. In the afternoon, Type 1 bombers escorted by four Zero fighters attacked Seven Mile once again; Australian fighters failed to scramble fighters. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Akagi launched air strikes against Trincomalee, Ceylon from the Indian Ocean. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Shokaku launched air strikes against Trincomalee, Ceylon from the Indian Ocean. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Japanese carrier aircraft attacked the harbor at Trincomalee, Ceylon at 0700 hours. Two hours later, empty British aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and Australian destroyer HMAS Vampire were detected 90 miles further south. At 1035 hours, Japanese carrier aircraft attacked and sank HMS Hermes (307 killed) and HMAS Vampire (9 killed); hospital ship Vita rescued survivors from both warships. At 1207 hours, 20 Japanese carrier dive bombers sank British oiler Athelstane (all aboard survived) and British corvette HMS Hollyhock (48 were killed, 17 survived) in the Indian Ocean. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Malta
  • Italian aircraft heavily damaged British destroyer HMS Lance at Malta; she would soon be written off as a total loss. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Before dawn, Kuma was attacked by US motor torpedo boats PT-34 and PT-41 in the Cebu Strait between Cebu and Bohol in the Philippine Islands but sustained no damage; the only torpedo that hit Kuma failed to detonate. PT-34 would be found and destroyed by aircraft after daybreak, killing 2. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • 75,000 US and Filipino troops, remainder of the US II Corps under General Edward King on the Bataan peninsula at Luzon, Philippine Islands, surrendered to the Japanese at 1230 hours; it was the largest American surrender in history. Before doing so, they destroyed fuel dumps, ammunition stores, submarine tender USS Canopus, tug USS Napa, and floating drydock USS Dewey. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Soviet light cruiser Voroshilov was damaged by German aircraft at Novorossiysk, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Repeated Soviet attacks on German positions at Kerch, Russia failed to break through. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • German bombers attacked Worthing in southern England, United Kingdom during the day, damaging a hospital and a gasometer and killing 2. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1942
American and Filipino troops surrendering at Bataan, Luzon, Philippines, 9 Apr 1942Japanese troops celebrating victory at Bataan, Luzon, Philippines, 9 Apr 1942General Edward King negotiating surrender with Japanese officers, Bataan, Philippine Islands, 9 Apr 1942HMS Hermes sinking off Batticaloa, Ceylon, 9 Apr 1942
See all photos dated 9 Apr 1942

9 Apr 1942 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1943
  • USS S-31 arrived at Nouméa, New Caledonia where she would be refitted and would serve as a target for training exercises. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British troops captured Mahares, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ivan Bagramyan was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 1st Class. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Horst Grund was wounded. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Tunny made contact with a Japanese fleet off Truk, Caroline Islands at 2228 hours. She fired four torpedoes at the fleet, which now she realized was an aircraft carrier force, observing multiple hits. She then fired an additional six torpedoes before diving; the subsequent depth charge counterattack caused little damage. Later study of Japanese records revealed that the attacks caused only minor damage on the Japanese force as the torpedoes were detonated prematurely. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • U-339 arrived at Kiel, Germany and was reclassified as a training boat. ww2dbase [HM]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Parts of British Fighter Squadrons 882, 896, and 898 departed. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
  • The German government re-designated Majdanek from a labor camp to a concentration camp. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The Chelmno Concentration Camp in Reichsgau Wartheland, Germany (occupied Poland) temporarily ceased its extermination operations. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • German officially renamed Majdanek Concentration Camp in occupied Poland to Lublin Concentration Camp (Konzentrationslager Lublin). ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Parche was laid down at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The modified P-38G aircraft which Benjamin Kelsey was test flying failed to pull out of a dive; Kelsey parachuted to safety, albeit suffering a broken ankle on landing, but the aircraft would crash near Calabasas, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1943
Lieutenant Walter A. Haas in the cockpit of a F2A Buffalo aircraft, Miami, Florida, United States, 9 Apr 1943US Navy ordnanceman loading .50 caliber ammunition for a F2A Buffalo fighter, Naval Air Station Miami, Florida, United States, 9 Apr 1943

9 Apr 1943 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1944
  • Submarine Kete was launched, sponsored by Mrs. E. S. Hutchinson. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Ukraine, the remnants of German 1.Panzerarmee conducted a 150-mile forced march to reach German lines. ww2dbase [TH]
  • A new German Bf 110 aircraft, piloted by a German defector, flew into Switzerland and made a landing at Dübendorf. Hermann Göring, fearful of the possiblity of Allied capture, wanted to dispatch commandos under Otto Skorzeny to destroy the aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Depth charges from USS Guadalcanal's anti-submarine hunter-killer group escorts Pope, Pillsbury, Chatelain, and Flaherty brought German Type IXC submarine U-515 to the surface 650 miles off Casablanca where Guadalcanal's aircraft sank it with rockets. There were 44 survivors, including the U-Boat commander Korvettenkapitän Werner Henke. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
  • Robert Johnson shot down a German Fw 190 aircraft over Kiel, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese troops captured Kanglatongbi and began to surround the Anglo-Indian troops at Imphal, India. To the north at Kohima, India, Japanese troops captured GPT ridge, forcing the British troops to fall back to Garrison Hill. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima was named the commanding officer of 26th Air Flotilla based at Clark Airfield, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Romania, Soviet 27th Army captured Târgu Frumos while Soviet 42nd Guards Rifles Division wiped aside Romanian 6th Infantry Division and captured Pascani 14 miles to the west. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops broke through German defensive lines at Kerch, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
United States
  • Submarine Blenny was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored Florence King, daughter of Admiral Ernest King. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Stan Bailey was named the commanding officer of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 based in Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara in California, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1944
Launching of submarine Kete, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States, 9 Apr 1944USS San Diego at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 9 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 2; note camouflage Measure 33, Design 24d; USS Cassin and USS Denver in backgroundUSS San Diego at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States, 9 Apr 1944, photo 1 of 2; note camouflage Measure 33, Design 24d; USS Cassin in background

9 Apr 1944 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1945
  • USS Snook failed to respond to a message sent by USS Tigrone. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Guitarro departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth and final war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche fired 7 torpedoes at a Japanese Minesweeper No. 3 and a transport off Kobe, Japan, damaging the minesweeper with 1 hit. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tirante sank Japanese troop transport Nikko Maru and damaged Japanese coastal defense vessel No. 102; the latter was later towed back to port by transport Kiyokawa Maru. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hans von Dohnanyi passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allies launched 1,200 bombers to raid 10 German jet airfields and oil storage facilities. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • General Otto Lasch surrendered the city of Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany to the Soviet forces. The surrender caused a massive panic among the civilians of the city. As the roads were crowded with refugees, Soviet forces attacked, killing many civilians. Fighting ceased by midnight as Soviet forces eliminated all remaining German resistance. 80% to 90% of the city lay in ruin by this time. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • German Armeegruppe E was now completely cut off, but continued to fight against Yugoslavian partisans. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Moringen Concentration Camp was liberated by Allied troops. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Liberty ship Charles Henderson, loaded with aircraft bombs, blew up in Bari harbour in Italy, killing 360 and injuring 1,730. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Rifleman Ali Haidar took out two gun positions at Fusignano, Italy, being wounded on each occasion. But his actions enabled the advance to continue across the Senjo River and earned him the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • During the crossing of the Senjo River Indian Private Namdeo Jadhav carried two wounded comrades under heavy fire through deep water and across a minefield. He then recrossed the river, destroyed three machine gun posts and directed other companies safely across, thereby securing a bridgehead. His extraordinary conduct would earn him the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Soviet troops began assaulting the central region of Vienna, Ostmark, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was disbanded. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Wilhelm Canaris was executed by hanging by piano wire at the Flossenbürg concentration camp in Flossenbürg, southern Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer was executed at the Flossenbürg Concentration Camp in southern Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fähnrich Hans Guido Mutke, flying a Me 262 jet fighter, claimed to have reached supersonic speed while diving on a P-51 fighter. This claim would be disputed by most. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the early afternoon, 825 Allied heavy bombers and 1,000 other aircraft dropped bombs behind the Senio River in northern Italy. Between 1520 and 1910 hours, 1,500 artillery pieces bombarded German positions five times. At dusk, New Zealand, Indian, and Polish troops attacked. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy scored a notable success against the Americans when a large Shinyo Motor Boat packed with explosives charged out of Naha harbour, Okinawa, Japan to ram the USS Charles J. Badger putting the destroyer out of the war with both engines utterly unserviceable. A landing-craft was sunk on the same night and, from the fringes of the destroyer screen, came a report of swimmers armed with hand-grenades, although whether these were, in fact, Fukuryu ("Crawling Dragons") suicide-frogmen still remained uncertain. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish damaged a Japanese ship off Mutsu harbor (Ominato Guard District naval base), Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin took on 10 survivors of a sinking Japanese trawler damaged by Allied aircraft in the South China Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Charles Burnett passed away from a coronary thrombosis at the Princess Mary Hospital at RAF Halton, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1945
African-American Truman K. Gibson, Jr., Civilian Aide to the US Secretary of War, at a press conference in Washington DC, United States following his return from Europe, 9 Apr 1945Burial at sea aboard USS Hancock for those killed by Japanese special attack two days prior, off Okinawa, Japan, 9 Apr 1945Canadian Infantry of the Regiment de Maisonneuve, moving through Holten to Rijssen, Netherlands, 9 Apr 1945

9 Apr 1945 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1946

  • Ion Antonescu, Mihai Antonescu, and Kristia Pantasi were returned to Romania for trial. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1947

Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1947
General Dwight Eisenhower, Major General Muir Fairchild, and Major General David Schlatter at the Air University, Maxwell Field, Alabama, United States, 9 Apr 1947
9 Apr 1951
  • US President Harry Truman decided to relieve Douglas MacArthur of his duties. The order would not go to the Joint Chiefs of Staff until the next day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1951
M115 howitzer and crew of US 17th Field Artillery Battalion, north of Chunchon, Korea, 9 Apr 1951
9 Apr 1953
  • Submarine Croaker received the new designation SSK-246. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hereditary Grand Duke Jean married Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium at the Hall of Ceremonies at the Grand Ducal Palace and the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ww2dbase [Main Article | ]

9 Apr 1953 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1964

United States
  • The rotunda of the Capitol building in Washington DC, United States, where Douglas MacArthur's body laid in state, was closed to the public at 1230 hours; by that time, about 150,000 people had passed by the bier. MacArthur's body was escorted to a ceremony at the Washington National Airport, then he was brought to Norfolk, Virginia, United States via aircraft. At 1800 hours that day, his body was once again placed on a bier for public visit. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Apr 1964
Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthurFuneral procession of Douglas MacArthur turning onto Constitution Avenue, Washington DC, United States, 9 Apr 1964; the procession was heading toward Washington National AirportCasket carrying Douglas MacArthur
See all photos dated 9 Apr 1964

9 Apr 1964 Interactive Map

9 Apr 1972

United States
  • James Byrnes passed away in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
9 Apr 1977
9 Apr 2014

  • Yoshio Shinozuka passed away in Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal