1 May 1865

United States
  • Commodore Charles H. Bell was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

1 May 1865 Interactive Map

1 May 1868

United States
  • Rear Admiral Sylvanus W. Godon was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

1 May 1868 Interactive Map

1 May 1880

United States
  • Commodore George H. Cooper was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

1 May 1880 Interactive Map

1 May 1896
1 May 1897

United States
  • Commodore Francis M. Bunce was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

1 May 1897 Interactive Map

1 May 1898
1 May 1908

Russia
  • Krystyna Skarbek was born in Warsaw, Warsaw Governorate, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | JR]
1 May 1914
  • Douglas MacArthur arrived at Veracruz, Mexico as a member of the headquarters staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1915

Taiwan
  • General Baron Teibi Ando was named the governor-general of Taiwan. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The keel of battlecruiser Glorious was laid down by Harland and Wolff in Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]

1 May 1915 Interactive Map

1 May 1916
  • Oklahoma was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1917
  • Quintin Brand was transferred to England. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold began a period of various staff positions in Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1919
  • Quintin Brand was promoted to the rank of major. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1920

United States
  • USS Arizona arrived at New York City, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1924
1 May 1925
  • Captain Kiyoshi Anno was made the commanding officer of Kamoi. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler received a letter notifying him that he had failed to file tax in 1924 and in the first quarter of 1925. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Iwane Matsui was named the head of the 2nd Bureau of the Japanese Army General Staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Kenkichi Ueda was attached to the supply section of the Japanese Army Cavalry Command. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1926
  • In Britain the mine owners, following the recommendations of the Samuel commission demanded that workers accept longer hours and a reduction in wages of between 10 and 25%. ww2dbase [AC]
China
  • Hiroshi Nemoto arrived in Nanjing, China as a military attaché. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1927

China
  • Joseph Stilwell was made the executive officer of 15th Infantry Regiment in Tianjin, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1928

United Kingdom
  • In the United Kingdom, the train Flying Scotsman successfully ran the 392 miles between Edinburgh, Scotland and London, England without stopping, a record at the time for a scheduled rail service. ww2dbase [AC]
1 May 1931
  • USS R-1 was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • President Hoover officially opened the Empire State Building in New York City in the United States. ww2dbase [AC]
1 May 1932

Germany
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop joined the Nazi Party. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1933

Germany
  • In Germany the NSDAP organisation, unable to cope with the 850,000 new requests for membership, called a moratorium on recruitment until May 1937, except for those already in affiliated organisations (SA, SS, Hitler Youth etc.). ww2dbase [AC]
  • The noted academic, Carl Schmitt, Professor of Law at Berlin University in Germany, joined the National Socialist Party. It was through his influence that so many German academics and lawyers would be exulted to accept the new order. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1933
Hitler and Papen at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1933Hitler Youth gathering at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1933A Hitler Youth marching band resting near Lustgarten, Berlin, 1 May 1933
1 May 1934
  • During this month, SS leader Theodor Eicke was given the task by Heinrich Himmler to reorganize all concentration camps, using Eicke's former direct responsiblity, Dachu Concentration Camp, as a model. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1934
First prototype of T-35 heavy tank on parade, Moscow, Russia, 1 May 1934, photo 2 of 2First prototype of T-35 heavy tank on parade, Moscow, Russia, 1 May 1934, photo 1 of 2
1 May 1935
  • A mistake by the US Government Printing Office, which leaked the construction of three air bases in northern United States per War Plan Red in preparation of war against the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, was published on the front page of the New York Times. War Plan Red was to be officially terminated in 1939. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1935
Nazi Party Maifeiertag celebration at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1935Hitler Youth members climbing window bars to observe May Day celebrations, Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1935
1 May 1936
  • Cruiser Köln began two months of operations off Portugal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Germany the NSDAP introduced ambitious new plans for controlling the population. Key among these were the dividing of the population into blocks of 40 to 60 households under local controllers (not necessarily a party member) responsible for the political outlook, education and morale of every inhabitant, member or not. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1936
Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 1 of 7Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 2 of 7Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 3 of 7Nazi Party gathering outside the museum at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1936, photo 4 of 7
See all photos dated 1 May 1936
1 May 1937
  • Dunkerque was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese destroyer Kashi was transferred to the Manchukuo Navy and was renamed Haiwei. She would serve as Manchukuo's flag ship. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Remy Van Lierde began his training as a pilot. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler declared that all German children were to be raised as loyal Nazi Germans. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Rudolf Höss' fourth child Hans-Rudolf Jürgen was born. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1937
Hitler Youth, Bund girls, and naval Hitler Youth children on a parade ground, Germany, 1 May 1937Nazi Party youth organization members at the Berlin Olympic Stadium, Germany, 1 May 1937
1 May 1938
  • Spanish leader Dr. Negrin tried to sue for peace but General Franco demanded nothing less than unconditional surrender in the Spanish Civil War. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1938
Soviet bicycle troops with war dogs on parade, Moscow, Russia, 1 May 1938

1 May 1938 Interactive Map

1 May 1939
  • US Marine Corps aviation units Aircraft One and Aircraft Two were renamed 1st and 2nd Marine Aircraft Group, respectively. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Admiral Harry E. Yarnell visited USS Astoria in the morning; in the afternoon, the cruiser departed Shanghai, China for Hong Kong. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek ordered Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China to be taken back by 5 May 1939. He also relieved General Duan Lan of his duties for ordering his 79th Division to fall back, while General He Ping, who had also fallen back with his Chinese 16th Division, was told to redeem himself. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • The German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was formed with two groups; Major General Wilhelm S¸ssmann was named its first commanding officer. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille was promoted to the rank of Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt dedicated the Post Office of Rhinebeck, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1940
  • Orion crossed the Equator. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Roosevelt urged Italy to stay out of the European War; Mussolini's response noted that Germany could not be defeated. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Swiss intelligence learned of a potential attack on France to be launched soon and informed the French military attaché, who promptly reported this to Paris. Meanwhile in Germany, Adolf Hitler pushed the invasion decision date to 5 May 1940. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Otto Skorzeny was promoted to the rank of Unterscharführer. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • King Haakon VII and the Norwegian government established the provisional government at Tromsø, Norway. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops began to march toward Yichang, Hubei Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Norway
  • Norwegian troops in Lillehammer surrendered. En route to Åndalsnes, Norway for evacuation, the train carrying troops of the British 15th Brigade crashed into a bomb crater at 0115 hours, killing 8 and wounding 30; the surviving troops marched 17 miles through deep snow, arriving at Åndalsnes at 0900 hours. British Vice Admiral Layton's task force consisted of cruisers Manchester and Birmingham and destroyers Inglefield, Diana, and Delight arrived at Åndalsnes, Norway to evacuate the British 148th and 15th Brigades; they embarked 5,084 men overnight and departed at 0200 hours on the next day. Joining the British evacuation was Norwegian General Ruge, who departed Åndalsnes aboard British destroyer HMS Diana to join the Norwegian government at Tromsø. Four British destroyers arrived at Namsos to evacuate the British 146th Brigade and other Allied troops in the area; heavy fog delayed the operation, and only 850 French troops were embarked overnight. In the Kattegat, British submarine HMS Narwhal fired six torpedoes at a German merchant convoy carrying parts of 2nd Gebirgsjager Division to Norway; German steamer Buenos Aires was hit by one of the torpedoes and sank, killing 62 men and 240 horses; another transport, Bahia Castillo, was hit but did not sink, killing 10 men and 26 horses. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Rudolf Höss was appointed the first Commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp in German-occupied Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Puerto Rico
  • The US Navy established the Naval Air Station Isla Grande in San Juan, Puerto Rico as a part of the Tenth Naval District. The first commanding officer of the base was Captain Virgil C. Griffin, Jr. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British government passed a trade union agreement which allowed women to work in munitions factories. ww2dbase [TH]
  • A German bomber crashed in Essex, England, United Kingdom, killing the crew and two civilians, wounding a further 150 people. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1940
Quincy underway, 1 May 1940

1 May 1940 Interactive Map

1 May 1941
  • HMS Eagle was ordered to sail for Durban, South Africa. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kapitän zur See Friedrich Hüffmeier took command of cruiser Köln. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British ocean boarding vessel HMS Cavina captured Italian tanker Sangro 400 miles north of the Azores islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • At 2215 hours, German bombers began attacking Liverpool, England, United Kingdom; it was to be the first of seven consecutive nightly bombings on the city. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • German tanks attacked Tobruk, Libya at 0715 hours; slowed by a minefield, they were attacked by 2-pounder anti-tank guns and then by British tanks; the Germans lost 12 tanks in this engagement while the British lost 4. In the evening, Australian 2/48th Battalion conducted a counterattack but it was repulsed with heavy casualties. 300 kilometers to the west, RAF aircraft attacked Benghazi and sank an Italian freighter. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Iraqi forces overlooking RAF Habbaniya grew to 9,000 men, 50 artillery pieces, 12 armored cars, and a few light tanks. They demanded the airfield to cease flight operations, but the local RAF commander ignored the threat, a decision backed by Winston Churchill. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Upholder sank freighters Arcturus and Leverkusen off Kerkenah island, Tunisia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-552 sank British passenger liner Nerissa 100 miles north of Ireland at 0027 hours; 207 were killed, 83 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-103 sank British ship Samsø 200 miles off Sierra Leone, British West Africa at 1834 hours. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Groß-Rosen Concentration Camp, formerly a satellite camp of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, became an independent camp. It was located in Groß-Rosen, Lower Silesia, Germany (now Rogoznica, Poland). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Generalleutnant August Krakau succeeded Robert Martinek as the commanding officer of the German 7th Mountain Division. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Marine Barracks of New River, North Carolina, United States was established with Lieutenant Colonel William P. T. Hill in command. ww2dbase [CPC]
Abyssinia
  • Viceroy of Italian East Africa Duke of Aosta and 7,000 troops were trapped at Amba Alagi, Abyssinia by Indian 5th Indivision to the north and South African 1st Brigade in the south. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Libya
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille shot down his 10th and 11th kills, two British Hurricane fighters, while escorting German Stuka dive bombers to Tobruk, Libya. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Malta
  • HMS Jersey hit a mine in Valetta, Malta, and later sank during a German air raid. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

1 May 1941 Interactive Map

1 May 1942
  • USS Washington suffered slight damage northeast of Iceland during the accident which saw HMS King George V ramming HMS Punjabi, detonating Punjabi's depth charges. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kapitän zur See Martin Balzer took command of cruiser Köln. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Triton sank Japanese auxiliary transport Calcutta Maru in the western Pacific Ocean east of China at 1645 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grenadier, mistaking Soviet ship Angarstroy for a Japanese ship, sank her in the Pacific Ocean; 60 survived and were rescued by Japanese ship Kayo Maru. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS King George V, in thick Atlantic fog, accidentally rammed and sank HMS Punjabi 165 miles northeast of Iceland at 1545 hours. HMS Punjabi was broken in half, with the stern sinking, depth charges exploding meanwhile, killing 49. The forward piece remained afloat for some time, allowing 169 people to be taken off. An additional 40 survivors were picked from the sea. HMS King George V suffered a 40-foot gash in the bow, forcing her to leave her convoy escort station to sail for Britain for repairs. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Eleven Japanese transports departed Rabaul, New Britain for the invasion of Port Moresby, Australian Papua; they were escorted by seven cruisers and one light carrier; on the same day, Type 1 and Type 6 land attack aircraft of Genzan Air Group arrived at Rabaul for future use with the Port Moresby invasion. On the same day, three B-26 Marauder bombers of US 22nd Bomb Group struck Rabaul, causing minor damage to an airfield. Tulagi in the Solomon Islands, another target of the Japanese offensive operation, was bombed by Japanese aircraft, destroying one Australian PBY Catalina aircraft. Near the New Hebrides islands, US Navy Task Force 11 (containing carrier Lexington) and Task Force 17 (containing carrier Yorktown) made rendezvous. At Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, Joseph Rochefort furnished a report for Chester Nimitz and Ernest King that noted Port Moresby as the likely Japanese target, northern Australia was not being targeted for now, and Japanese reconnaissance operations seemed to be targeting Hawaiian Islands and Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese code book change, originally set to take place on this date, was delayed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps 8th Defense Battalion arrived at Wallis Island from Tutuila, American Samoa. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Task Force 17 was established under command of Rear Admiral Frank Fletcher to operate in the Coral Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Slim met with Alexander at Monywa, Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-752 sank Norwegian ship Bidevind 75 miles southeast of New York, United States at 0543 hours; all 36 aboard survived. 370 miles northeast of Bermuda, U-69 attacked Canadian sailing boat James E. Newsom on the surface with her deck gun at 1728 hours, forcing the crew of 9 to abandon ship. At 2046 hours, U-162 sank Brazilian ship Parnahyba near Trinidad; 7 were killed, 65 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A Hudson bomber of British No. 233 Squadron based at Gibraltar damaged German submarine U-573 with depth charges 40 miles northwest of Ténès, Algeria at 1556 hours. The British dispatches destroyers HMS Wishart and HMS Wrestler to finish off the submarine, while the Germans dispatched U-74 and U-375 and the Italians dispatched submarines Emo and Mocenigo to assist. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Four Ju 88 aircraft attacked Allied convoy QP-11 at 0540 hours 150 miles southeast of Bear Island, Norway; all torpedoes missed. At 1345 hours, German destroyers Z7 Hermann Schoemann, Z24, and Z25 were sighted; the first round of the exchange of torpedoes by QP-11 and the Allied escorts at 1407 hours all missed, but a shortly after British destroyer HMS Amazon was hit by gunfire and Russian freighter Tsiolkovsky was sunk by torpedo. Through 1742 hours, the German destroyed attempted to close in five more times, but they were not successful; they broke off after 1742 hours to pursue HMS Edinburgh in the direction of Murmansk, Russia. Elsewhere, six German Ju 88 bombers attacked Allied convoy PQ-15 west of Norway at 2200 hours without success, losing one aircraft in the process. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Léon Degrelle was promoted to the rank of Leutnant. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese 18th Infantry Division captured Mandalay, Burma. 300 kilometers the northeast, Japanese and Chinese troops clashed at Hsenwi. 50 miles west of Mandalay, Japanese troops blocked the British retreat at Monywa on the Chindwin River and then attacked from the rear by surprise, capturing the headquarters of the 1st Burma Division. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Caroline Islands Germany
  • In Berlin, the German High Command recorded that units on the Eastern Front were currently 308,000 men understrength. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was awarded the Eastern Front Medal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Chester Nimitz departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii and later in the day arrived at Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Captain Takayanagi, commanding officer of battleship Yamato, was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. During this month, battleship Yamato would remain in the Inland Sea in Japan to conduct gunnery practice and to host Admiral Yamamoto and other officers for Midway war games. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Libya
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille received his citation of promotion to the rank of Oberleunant. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • In the Philippine Islands, Corregidor was subjected to heavy artillery and aerial bombardment, while Japanese troops defeated the Filipino 61st Infantry Regiment on the southern island of Mindanao. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan Photo(s) dated 1 May 1942
Tiger I heavy tank of the German 2nd SS Panzer Division A Panzer IV stopped to look for Russian movement, Kharkov, May 1942USS Neosho refueled carrier Yorktown, 1 May 1942A big wave broke on USS Neosho as she refueled carrier Yorktown, 1 May 1942
See all photos dated 1 May 1942

1 May 1942 Interactive Map

1 May 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • The International Medical Commission completed its investigation on the Katyn Massacre, concluding that the Soviet Union was responsible for the atrocity. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops captured Hill 609 in Tunisia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Personnel Department was established to replace the Adjutant and Inspector's Department of the US Marine Corps headquarters. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was named the commanding officer of German 117th Jäger Division. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division and the 3rd Algerian Infantry Division (converted from the Constantine temporary Division), the first two formations of Charles de Gaulle's revitalised French Army, were created. They would be committed to Italy at the end of November and December respectively. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Korechika Anami was promoted to the rank of general. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiaki Matsuda was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • From Brisbane, Australia, George Kenney cabled Henry Arnold, noting that very few aircraft were being sent to the Southwest Pacific. Arnold would promise him enough fighters to form a new fighter group, but he could spare no additional personnel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Command Center - bombproof - usably complete. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • Commander Junio Valerio Borghese took over command of 10th MAS Flotilla at Muggiano, Italy, which was in actuality a special forces unit for the Italian Navy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Flying Fish sank a Japanese freighter off Japan, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes fired; she survived a heavy depth charge counterattack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Irako arrived at Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Basil Brooke (later 1st Viscount Brookeborough) became Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • CV-14 was renamed USS Ticonderoga. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
  • Construction for Camp Concordia in Concordia, Kansas, United States completed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1943
Carrier Unyo en route between Truk in the Caroline Islands and Yokosuka, Japan, early May 1943Soviet A-19 field gun being towed by a tractor in the village of Izvekova near Vyazma, Russia, 1 Mar 1943Indianapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, view of her bow from starboard side, with heavy cruiser Minneapolis in background, 1 May 1943Indianapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard, California, view of her after starboard midships area, 1 May 1943
See all photos dated 1 May 1943

1 May 1943 Interactive Map

1 May 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Palau and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Submarine Macabi was laid down. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy completed a two-day raid on Truk, which destroyed 120 Japanese aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference began and would last until 16 May. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Australian Prime Minister John Curtin, New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser, Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King, and South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts were in attendance. They would agree to support the Moscow Declaration and reached agreement regarding their respective roles in the overall Allied war effort. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • The Organizational Division of the German Prisoner of War Office reported that a total of 5,165,381 Soviet prisoners were in German captivity. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin justified taking the war into German borders by noting "[o]ur tasks cannot be restricted by pushing the enemy out of our Motherland.... We must free our brothers from German Europe who have been conquered by Hitler's Germany." ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiaki Matsuda was made the commanding officer of Carrier Division 4 and 4th Aircraft Squadron. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies France
  • British Squadron Leader Maurice Southgate, whose task it was to coordinate the various Marquis groups between the Loire River and the Pyrenees mountains, was arrested by the Gestapo in Paris, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her eighth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • Anglo-Indian troops attacked Crete West hill near Imphal, India. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Italian Navy formed Divisione Decima (10th Division) with theoretical strength of 11 battalions; in actuality only 4 were operational at this time. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The newly formed Italian parachute regiment formally became a part of the Italian Air Force. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Landing ship No. 103 was completed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Masafumi Arima was promoted to the rank of rear admiral. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Boris Shaposhnikov received the Medal for the Defense of Moscow. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Yugoslavian partisan leader Tito's mission arrived in London, England, United Kingdom to discuss cooperation with the Allies and gained official recognition. ww2dbase [TH]
  • While in Britain, Robert Johnson was promoted to the rank of major. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Sterlet departed Key West, Florida, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1944
Indianapolis off San Francisco, California, 1 May 1944African-American soldiers of the US Army 93rd Infantry Division traveling along the Numa-Numa Trail, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 1 May 1944African-American crew of US Navy submarine chaser PC-1264 saluting the American flag, east coast of United States, 1 May 1944US Navy pilot Lt. (jg) John Burns, Radioman Aubrey J. Gill, and their rescued passengers awaiting rescue aboard OS2U Kingfisher aircraft, off Truk, Caroline Islands, 1 May 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 1 May 1944

1 May 1944 Interactive Map

1 May 1945
  • USS Hawkbill damaged Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka, which was grounded to prevent sinking. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Sennet attacked a Japanese destroyer off Japan; all six torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Goebbels passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Third Army arrived on the pre-war German-Austrian border. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The US 15th Air Force conducted its final bombing mission in Italy. Meanwhile, German troops in Italy surrendered in accordance with secret negotiations, followed by an announcement for the cessation of hostilities. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • US Ninth and British Second Armies combined their bridgeheads across the Elbe River in northern Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • New Zealand troops captured Udina and linked up with Yugoslavian partisans near Trieste after the Yugoslavian forces beat the British 8th Army in capturing Trieste. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Dönitz took his new post in accordance with Hitler's will and immediately ordered the strongest resistance in the east, as tens of thousands of civilians struggled to stay ahead of oncoming Soviet forces. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Japanese troops began to withdraw from southern China. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Mexican Expeditionary Air Force arrived in the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied forces captured German Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German concentration camp authorities ordered the execution of Kurt Schuschnigg. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Pilots of US Navy squadron VF-66, flying FR Fireball piston-jet mix-powered fighters, flew qualifying missions from USS Ranger; two aircraft were damaged while landing. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Brett was reactivated from the US Army retired list. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Indian 50th Parachute Regiment was dropped near Rangoon, Burma as the spearhead to Operation Dracula. Meanwhile, determined to preempt Operation Dracula in the conquest of Rangoon, William Slim carelessly attempted to enter the city himself by air; his aircraft was damaged by Japanese anti-aircraft fire and the American pilot, Captain Robert Fullerton, sustained injuries in his leg so severe that it had to be amputated later. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Submarine I-369 arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands. This would be the last submarine-transport to arrive at Truk in the Pacific War. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • German 12.Armee retreated from Berlin, Germany to the Elbe River and attempted to begin negotiations with US troops. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Hans Krebs informed Vasily Chuikov of Adolf Hitler's suicide, thus Chuikov became the first Soviet general to learn of this news. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet SMERSH agents arrested Reichssicherhetsdienst (RSD) Gruppe commander Oberführer Johann Rattenhuber in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Artur Axmann departed from Adolf Hitler's bunker in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German pilot Willi Kriessmann ferried an Ar 234 jet bomber to German Luftwaffe bomber group Kampfgeschwader 76. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Dragonet arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii Indian Ocean
  • British Wing Commander James Nicholson, the only fighter pilot during the war to be awarded the Victoria Cross (during the Battle of Britain), was killed when the Liberator bomber in which he was flying as an observer suffered an engine fire and crashed into the sea off Calcutta, India. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
  • Vice Admiral Yoshiharu Kobayashi was made the commanding officer of Maizuru Naval Arsenal in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • US B-17 bombers dropped crates of K-rations over Amsterdam Schiphol Airport in the Netherlands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • US Far East Air Force B-25 bombers attacked targets in the town of Kagi (now Chiayi) and the sugar refinery in Heito (now Pingtung or Pingdong), Taiwan. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1945
B-17G Fortress “Liquid-8-Or” of 569th Bomb Squadron dropping cases of “10 in 1” rations into Holland during Operation Chowhound aimed at breaking the famine in western Holland, May 1 or 3 1945.A Company of the Australian 2/23 Infantry Battalion advancing through wrecked oil storage tanks at tank hill, Tarakan, 1 May 1945Men of the Australian 2/48 Infantry Battalion in landing craft, Tarakan, Borneo, 1 May 1945Russian troops fighting in Berlin, Germany, circa Apr-May 1945; note Mosin-Nagant M1944 Carbine and Degtyaryov Pekhotny
See all photos dated 1 May 1945

1 May 1945 Interactive Map

1 May 1946
  • USS Rock was decommissioned from service and was placed into the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Brill began a period of repair at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Prince Yasuhiko was interrogated at the office of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

1 May 1946 Interactive Map

1 May 1947 United States
  • USS Sterlet reported to the Pacific Reserve Fleet at San Francisco, California, United States for inactivation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1948
  • Former Japanese destroyer Yukikaze was commissioned into the Navy of the Republic of China as Tang Yan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1953
  • Indomitable was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1955
  • Jean Bart was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1956

Photo(s) dated 1 May 1956
USS Yorktown underway, 1 May 1956
1 May 1957

France
  • Montcalm was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Cruiser Georges Leygues was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1959
  • Submarine Flying Fish was sold for scrap. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1960
  • Submarine Hoe was struck from the US Naval Register. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Sunfish was struck from the US Naval Register. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1964
  • Gustav-Adolf von Zangen passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1964
Stern view of USS Yorktown, 1 May 1964
1 May 1970 China
  • Li Shouxin passed away in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1976
  • Błyskawica was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1982
1 May 2009

Photo(s) dated 1 May 2009
BM-13-16 Katyusha rocket launcher on a STZ-5 NATI tractor chassis on display at History and Art Museum, Novomoskovsk, Tula, Russia, 1 May 2009

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"All that silly talk about the advance of science and such leaves me cold. Give me peace and a retarded science."

Thomas Dodd, late 1945