22 Aug 1894

Russia
  • Hovhannes Ter-Isahakyan was born in Hadjikend, Kars, southern Russia (now in Turkey); his birth date was also recorded as 10 Aug 1894 in the Russian Old Style calendar. ww2dbase [Ivan Isakov | Hadjikend, Kars | CPC]
22 Aug 1906

United States
  • Joseph Stilwell was assigned to the Department of Modern Languages at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | West Point, New York | CPC]

22 Aug 1906 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1916

Japan
22 Aug 1917
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the rank of captain. ww2dbase [Omar Bradley | CPC]
22 Aug 1918
  • British battlecruiser Hood was launched. ww2dbase [Hood | CPC]
22 Aug 1920
  • The Polish spearhead reached the River Narew in eastern Poland, cutting off General Tukhachevsky's 4th Red Army from the bulk of the Soviet forces. ww2dbase [AC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • Kasuga arrived at Cristóbal, Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Kasuga | Cristóbal | CPC]
22 Aug 1922

United States
  • S-26 was launched at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, sponsored by the wife of Carlos Bean. ww2dbase [S-26 | Quincy, Massachusetts | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1922
Launching ceremony of S-26, at Bethlehem Shipbuilding

22 Aug 1922 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1923
  • The world's largest aircraft at the time of its appearance, the triplane Walter Barling designed XNBL-1 (eXperimental Night Bomber Long range) made its maiden flight. The prototype marked the first flight of a six engine American aircraft. Flying a total of 28 miles during its test flight from Dayton, Ohio, United States the XNBL-1 reached a speed of 93 mph, but unfortunately the aircraft was crippled by its under-powered Liberty inline engines and the project, as well as the improved XNBL-2 development, was abandoned in 1925. ww2dbase [AC]
22 Aug 1925 United States

22 Aug 1925 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1934

Germany United Kingdom
  • The keel of Garland was laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering in Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Garland | Govan, Scotland | CPC]

22 Aug 1934 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1935

Italy
  • Arturo Riccardi was placed in charge of the staff services of the Ministry of Navy. ww2dbase [Arturo Riccardi | CPC]
22 Aug 1937

China
  • In the morning, 12 Japanese Type 92 attack aircraft, escorted by 6 Type 95 fighters, attacked Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, China, targeting light cruisers Pinghai and Ninghai. Pinghai suffered a hit in the forward half of the Pinghai the starboard side, causing light flooding and injuring commanding officer Captain Gao Xianshen in the waist; Ninghai also suffered one hit. At noon, another wave of Japanese bombers arrived from the west and dropped bombs from altitude, causing minor damage to Pinghai. In the afternoon, 7 carrier aircraft from Kaga attacked the Chinese fleet. At 1630 hours, 9 Japanese aircraft attacked Ninghai, causing no damage. At 1730 hours, 6 Type 92 attack aircraft and 3 Type 95 fighters of the Japanese 12th Air Fleet attacked Pinghai, causing further damage with four bomb hits and near misses. On this day, Pinghai suffered 5 killed, 23 wounded; she also claimed 5 aircraft shot down. Chiense training cruiser Yingrui was also damaged by Japanese aircraft on this day. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Shanghai | Jiangyin, Jiangsu | CPC]
  • The main force of the Chinese Communist Party was organized under the Chinese Army as the 8th Route Army. ww2dbase [CPC]

22 Aug 1937 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1938

Germany Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1938
Launching of German cruiser Prinz Eugen, slip VIII of Germaniawerft yard, Kiel, Germany, 22 Aug 1938, photo 1 of 3Launching of German cruiser Prinz Eugen, slip VIII of Germaniawerft yard, Kiel, Germany, 22 Aug 1938, photo 2 of 3Launching of German cruiser Prinz Eugen, slip VIII of Germaniawerft yard, Kiel, Germany, 22 Aug 1938, photo 3 of 3

22 Aug 1938 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1939
  • With a non-aggression pact nearly secured with the Soviet Union, German leader Adolf Hitler ordered the Polish invasion to commence on 26 Aug 1939. He told his top military commanders to be brutal and show no compassion in the upcoming war. ww2dbase [Invasion of Poland | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler said that even though he was important for Germany, but he could be killed by anybody at any time. ww2dbase [July Plot | CPC]
Germany
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop and the German delegation departed Berlin, Germany aboard two Condor aircraft for Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany. ww2dbase [Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact | Berlin | CPC]
  • Georg von Küchler was named the commanding officer of 3rd Army. ww2dbase [Georg von Küchler | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1939
Nazi Party female labor service camp, Nürnberg, Germany, late Aug 1939
22 Aug 1940
  • British Swordfish torpedo bombers of 812 Squadron from HMS Peregrine bombed German invasion barges at Daedereide, the Netherlands. One Swordfish aircraft was shot down, with its crew of two taken prisoner. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Three Swordfish torpedo bombers of 824 Squadron of HMS Eagle sank Italian submarine Iride, killing most of the crew of 45, and the depot ship Monte Gargano in the Gulf of Bomba, Libya. Italian torpedo boat Calypso was also damaged. ww2dbase [Eagle | CPC]
  • James V. Forrestal, former Administrative Assistant to the US President and Wall Street broker, was named the first Undersecretary of the Navy responsible for procurement and materiel in the Navy Department. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Adolf Galland was appointed Geschwaderkommodore JG 26 "Schlageter". ww2dbase [Adolf Galland | AC]
United Kingdom
  • Harrow in northwest London, England, United Kingdom received a German bomb at 0330 hours, the first to fall within the borders of the London Civil Defence Area. After daybreak, bad weather once again prevented large German raids. At 0900 hours, German 38-centimeter guns at Cape Gris Nez, France shelled the convoy "Totem" in the Strait of Dover for 80 minutes, but no ships were hit. At 1300 hours, German Ju 88 bombers, escorted by Bf 109 fighters, attacked the same convoy, but were engaged by Spitfire fighters of No. 54 Squadron and Hurricane fighters of No. 610 Squadron; 1 Ju 88, 1 Spitfire, and 1 Hurricane aircraft were shot down, wit the Hurricane fighter shot down by friendly fire. In the evening, the 38-centimeter gun fired again, this time at the city of Dover; British 14-inch gun "Winnie" returned fire. From 1830 hours through the night, German bombers raided British cities, including Aberdeen, Bristol, and Hull. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | London, England | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill visited RAF Kenley in southern London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | London, England | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1940
TBD-1 Devastator aircraft of Torpedo Squadron 3 with McClelland Barclay experimental camouflage design number 7, Naval Air Station, North Island, California, United States, 22 Aug 1940, photo 1 of 3TBD-1 Devastator aircraft of Torpedo Squadron 3 with McClelland Barclay experimental camouflage design number 7, Naval Air Station, North Island, California, United States, 22 Aug 1940, photo 2 of 3TBD-1 Devastator aircraft of Torpedo Squadron 3 with McClelland Barclay experimental camouflage design number 7, Naval Air Station, North Island, California, United States, 22 Aug 1940, photo 3 of 3TBD-1 Devastator aircraft of Torpedo Squadron 3 with McClelland Barclay experimental camouflage design number 8, Naval Air Station, North Island, California, United States, 22 Aug 1940, photo 1 of 3
See all photos dated 22 Aug 1940

22 Aug 1940 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1941

Russia
  • Soviet passenger ship Pomorie hit a mine and sank in the White Sea in northern Russia; 60 were killed, 20 survived. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1941
View aboard USS North Carolina during trials, 22-31 Aug 1941Straight down aerial view of the Pearl Harbor submarine base, 22 Aug 1941. The large C-shaped building is Fleet Headquarters where Admiral Kimmel’s office was. Note some of the fuel storage tanks are camouflage painted

22 Aug 1941 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1942
  • The work week for foreign workers in Germany was increased to 54 hours. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps established the 4th Marine Aircraft Wing at Ewa, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy. The official statement said: "In the face of acts of war against our sovereignty we recognise that a state of war exists between Brazil and the aggressor nations, Germany and Italy". ww2dbase [AC]
  • A Panama Canal Zone-based B-18 Bolo bomber of US 45th Bombardment Squadron sank German submarine U-654 with depth charges 185 miles north of the Panama Canal in the afternoon, killing all 44 aboard. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • British armed trawler HMS Canna disembarked a group of survivors of steam tanker Mirlo, lost to German submarine U-130 on 11 Aug 1942, in Freetown, Sierra Leone. One of the survivors, Able Seaman Sverre Gustavsen, was taken to the hospital where he was found to have a very severe skull fracture in addition to other injuries. ww2dbase [HM]
Atlantic Ocean
  • New Zealand troop transport HMNZS Awatea rammed US destroyer USS Buck in heavy fog 225 miles south of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; HMNZS Awatea suffered damage from depth charge detonations, USS Buck suffered damage and suffered 7 killed, and destroyer USS Ingraham collided with oiler USS Chemung during the rescue effort, causing more accidental depth charge detonations that would kill 218 and sink USS Ingraham (only 11 survived Ingraham's sinking). Elsewhere, German submarine U-507 sank Swedish merchant ship Hammaren 12 miles off the coast of Brazil at 0950 hours; 6 were killed, 25 survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | AC, CPC]
  • USS Juneau set sail from the Caribbean Sea for the Pacific Theater of War. ww2dbase [Juneau | Caribbean Sea | CPC]
Black Sea
  • Soviet submarine M-3 became missing in the Black Sea near Odessa, Ukraine, presumably having struck a German naval mine and sank. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US and Japanese supplying destroyers made contact in the Savo Sound off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands; Japanese destroyer Kawakaze disabled destroyer USS Blue by torpedo at 0359 hours (killing 9; she would be scuttled on the following day). ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Guadalcanal | CPC]
  • 5 P-400 aircraft of the USAAF 67th Fighter Squadron joined the Cactus Air Force at Henderson Field on Guadalcanal. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Henderson Field | Lunga Point, Guadalcanal | CPC]
  • US Army Air Forces 67th Fighter Squadron of 347th Fighter Group, equipped with P-39 fighters, was assigned to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | Lunga Point, Guadalcanal | CPC]
France
  • Japanese submarine I-30 departed Lorient, France with 50 T-Enigma coding machines (which would enable communications between Japanese Navy and German Navy), blueprint of air-defense radar, 5 G7a torpedoes, and 3 G7e electric torpedoes, and other technologies on board. ww2dbase [Lorient, Bretagne | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Yugure bombarded Ocean Island, Hawaiian Islands. ww2dbase [Yugure | Ocean | CPC]
Libya
  • Italian torpedo boat Generale Antonio Cantore struck a mine and sank 5 miles west of Tobruk, Libya; the mine was laid by British submarine HMS Porpoise on 12 Aug 1942. ww2dbase [Tobruk | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Haddock fired 4 torpedoes at a convoy, sinking Japanese transport ship Tatsuho Maru with 2 hits in the East China Sea 50 miles north of Taiwan at 1310 hours; 36 were killed and the cargo of 10,000 gallons of aviation fuel was lost. ww2dbase [Haddock | East China Sea | CPC]
Russia
  • German 16th Panzer Division began to cross the Don River toward Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1942
British 2-inch mortar team, near Lewes, southern England, United Kingdom, 22 Aug 1942

22 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1943
  • USS Tunny reached Palau Islands. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • USS Pompon arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • Elements of the US 2nd Marine Airdrome Battalion landed on Nukufetau, Ellice Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • George Patton apologized to doctors and nurses who witnessed him slapping enlisted men for accused cowardice. Later in the day, Patton met entertainer Bob Hope and asked Hope to announced on the radio that Patton loved and cared for his men. ww2dbase [George Patton | Sicilia | CPC]
New Caledonia
  • USS S-31 departed Nouméa, New Caledonia for her eighth war patrol. ww2dbase [S-31 | Nouméa | CPC]
Ukraine

22 Aug 1943 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1944
  • Operation Goodwood I and Goodwood II: British carrier aircraft (32 Barracuda dive bombers and 43 fighters) from HMS Formidable, Indefatigable, Furious, Nabob, and Trumpeter attacked German battleship Tirpitz to little effect. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • American submarine USS Bowfin attacked Japanese convoy Namo 103 and sank passenger ship Tsushima Maru near the island of Akusekijima. 2,251 aboard were killed, including 767 children; most of those killed were civilian evacuees from Okinawa. ww2dbase [Bowfin | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese patrol boat Nansatsu Maru No. 2, hitting her with one of four torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Tang | CPC]
  • USS Pintado detected a 11-ship Japanese convoy during the day. After sundown, she fired ten torpedoes at the convoy, sinking the large tanker Tonan Maru No. 2 and damaging two other ships with a total of four hits. ww2dbase [Pintado | CPC]
  • USS Sennet was commissioned into service with Commander George E. Porter in command. ww2dbase [Sennet | CPC]
  • Léon Degrelle was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht. ww2dbase [Léon Degrelle | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • HMS Mauritius sank five German coastal patrol Vorpostenboot vessels off France. ww2dbase [Mauritius | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • USS Flying Fish attacked a Japanese transport in the Dutch East Indies; all 3 torpedoes fired missed. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
France
  • Having been convinced by Charles de Gaulle two days prior that Paris, France must be captured with haste, Dwight Eisenhower traveled to Omar Bradley's headquarters to discuss the logistics. ww2dbase [Liberation of Paris | Dwight Eisenhower | CPC]
Germany Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Gunnel attacked a Japanese transport in the South China Sea; all 6 torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Gunnel | South China Sea | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Harder assisted in the sinking of Japanese frigates Matsuwa and Hiburi off Bataan, Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
Singapore
  • Kamoi took on a cargo of coal at Singapore. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Singapore | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • 111/KG3 of the German Air Force launched 21 sorties during the early hours from their new base at Venlo in the south east of the Netherlands. All Heinkel bombers returned safely after launching their V-1 flying bombs. One of these impacted on just half a mile down Oak Lane, where the railway bridge had just been repaired. Another clipped some elm trees near some cottages and span into on of them killing a man and a woman, orphaning the two children who were dug out of the wreckage unhurt. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 1 | Newington, England | HM]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1944
Polish resistance fighter with K pattern flamethrower and wz.31 helmet, Warsaw, Poland, 22 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighter with K pattern flamethrower, Warsaw, Poland, 22 Aug 1944Disabled Italian-made PzKpfw 736(i) tank in Warsaw, Poland, 22 Aug 1944Destroyed German Tiger II heavy tank near Vimoutiers, France, 22 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 22 Aug 1944

22 Aug 1944 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1945
  • Japanese forces in the Manchuria region of northeastern China surrendered. In the two-week campaign, the Japanese had lost 80,000 killed and wounded and 54,000 taken prisoner, including 143 generals. The Soviets had lost 8,200 dead and 22,000 wounded. ww2dbase [Manchurian Strategic Offensive | AC]
  • The Yugoslavian parliament decreed that all arable land over 75 acres would be taken over by the state and be given to former partisan and wounded soldiers. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Pompon departed Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Indonesia announced the formation of its army, known as the Badan Keamanan Rakjat, or the People's Security Organization. The Partai Nasional Indonesia was also established on this date as a state party, with Sukarno as its Great Leader, Mohammad Hatta as its Deputy Great Leader, and Sartono as its Head. ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • French Commissioner Pierre Messmer for Tonkin, French Indochina was parachuted north of Hanoi, but was captured by Viet Minh troops; he would soon be rescued by Chinese troops. Meanwhile, Jean Sainteny, another French colonial administrator, flew into Hanoi aboard an American aircraft from Chongqing, China. On the same day, Commissioner Jean Cédile for Cochinchine was parachuted 85 kilometers northwest of Saigon, and was captured and humiliated by local farmers; he and his team was rescued by Japanese troops. Finally, in Thai Nguyen, Tonkin, the Japanese personnel which had been previously besieged by Viet Minh were freed after the communists withdrew to handle the arrival of French colonial administrators. ww2dbase [Hanoi, Tonkin | CPC]
Hawaii Hong Kong
  • Japanese troops at Mui Wo, Lantau Island, Hong Kong arrested and executed civilians Lam Tsah and Lam Kuan in retaliation of an attack on Japanese troops on 19 Aug 1945. Company commander Yasuo Kishi personally executed Lam Kuan. ww2dbase [Lantau | CPC]
Malaya
  • Japanese troops began to withdraw from larger towns in British Malaya. Since British colonial administration had not yet returned, this created a situation of anarchy. Malay-Chinese ethnic violence escalated in some of these towns as the result. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Ancon made rendezvous with US 3rd Fleet and set course for Tokyo Bay, Japan. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
Russia Thailand
  • The Thai government declared that it would allow the United Nations to resolve the Thai-French Indochina border dispute. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Bob Feller was discharged from the US Navy. ww2dbase [Robert Feller | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1945
Australian troops of 37/52nd infantry battalion loading gear onto a New Zealand PB2B-1 Catalina aircraft at Nantambu, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 22 Aug 1945George Patton riding the horse Favory Africa in Sankt Martin, Austria, 22 Aug 1945Surrender signing at Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands, aboard USS Levy, 22 Aug 1945; L to R: LtCdr Hiroshi Tokuna, Mili commander Capt Masanori Shiga, Lt ER Harris, Lt Col GV Burnett, and Majuro Area Commander Capt HB GrowImperial Japanese Navy Captain Masanori Shiga (saluting) boarding USS Levy for the surrender signing at Mili Atoll, 22 Aug 1945. US Navy area commander Captain HB Grow stands behind Shiga.
See all photos dated 22 Aug 1945

22 Aug 1945 Interactive Map

22 Aug 1946 United States
  • Submarine R-5 was sold to the firm John J. Duane of Quincy, Massachusetts, United States for scrap. ww2dbase [R-5 | CPC]
22 Aug 1948

Poland
  • Josef Bühler was executed by hanging in Kraków, Poland at 1949 hours. ww2dbase [Josef Bühler | Kraków | CPC]
22 Aug 1966

United States
22 Aug 1973
  • Chen Daqing passed away. ww2dbase [Chen Daqing | CPC]
22 Aug 1975
  • North American Smelting Company had completed the scrapping of Ancon. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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