|Type||Â Â Â||188 Army Base, Prison Camp|
|Historical Name of Location||Â Â Â||El Paso, Colorado, United States|
|Coordinates||Â Â Â||38.555556000, -104.842500000|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseCamp Carson was established primarily in El Paso County outside of Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States after the US entry into WW2, using land purchased by the city of Colorado Springs. The land, which was donated to the US Army, was 5,533-acre (about 22 square kilometers) in size, and it cost US$36,500. The US government purchase an additional 29,676 acres (about 120 square kilometers) of nearby private land to bolster the size of the new Army camp. The the construction's peak, nearly 11,500 workers were employed. The completed camp housed 35,173 enlisted men, 1,818 officers, and 592 nurses. Mules were often see at the camp as they were often employed to tow artillery pieces. During the WW2 period, the camp trained over 100,000 soldiers and saw the activation of 125 units of various sizes, the first major unit being the 89th Infantry Division. A number of foreign units trained at Camp Carson, including a Greek infantry battalion and an Italian ordnance company. It also had the capacity to hold 12,000 prisoners of war; at the height of this role, the camp housed 9,000 Axis, mostly Italian and German, prisoners. Most of the prisoners were employed in nearby agricultural and logging industries. In 1954, the base was upgraded to fort status and was renamed Fort Carson. The base was expanded to its present size of 137,000 acres (about 550 square kilometers) in the 1960s. It remained an active military base through the time of this writing in 2017.
Last Major Update: Dec 2017
Camp Carson Interactive Map
Camp Carson Timeline
|31 Jan 1942Â||The headquarters building at Camp Carson in Colorado, United States was completed.|
|15 Jul 1942Â||Camp Carson in Colorado, United States was officially activated, although the 89th Infantry Division had already been activated at the base in the month prior.|
|16 Dec 1949Â||US Strategic Air Command established a survival school at Camp Carson in Colorado, United States; it would later move to Stead Air Force Base, Nevada, United States in 1952.|
|27 Aug 1954Â||Camp Carson in Colorado, United States was upgraded to Fort Carson.|
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|WW2-Era Place NameÂ||El Paso, Colorado, United States|
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