Dugway Proving Ground file photo [23454]

Dugway Proving Ground

Type   142 Other
Historical Name of Location   Dugway, Utah, United States
Coordinates   40.188619000, -113.212771000


ww2dbaseDugway Proving Ground was established in the Great Salt Lake Desert in Tooele County, Utah, United States in the summer of 1942 as a testing facility for the Chemical Warfare Service of the United States Army. It encompassed 3,243 square kilometers (801,505 acres or 1,252 square miles) of desert land. Beginning in May 1943, incendiary bombing tests against typical civilian structures found in Germany and Japan began. Czech-American architect Antonin Raymond, who spent a significant amount of time working in Japan prior to WW2, designed a series of buildings typical of Japanese middle-class urban dwellings for the purpose of bombing tests; although he later noted that he was not proud of this work, he also believed that his work helped hasten the end of the war. In Oct 1943, biological warfare facilities were established at a remote section of Dugway; it was known as the Granite Peak Installation. Dugway was inactivated in Aug 1946 after the end of WW2. It was reactivated during the Korean War for testing of biological, chemical, and radioactive weapons. Open air tests of highly dangerous materials were conducted at this remote location in the following decades; one of the more infamous episodes resulted in such testing was the Mar 1968 Dugway Sheep Kill incident, during which nerve agent VX killed 6,249 sheep belonging to ranchers outside the testing grounds. Dugway Proving Ground continues to serve as a highly secretive US Army facility at the time of this writing.

John W. Dower, Cultures of War

Last Major Update: Feb 2015

Dugway Proving Ground Interactive Map


Model enemy village, Dugway Proving Ground, Utah, United States, 1940sModel enemy village, Dugway Proving Ground, Utah, United States, 1940sModel enemy village, Dugway Proving Ground, Utah, United States, 1940sTesting the M-69 incendiary bomb on a model enemy building, Dugway Proving Ground, Utah, United States, 1942-1945
See all 18 photographs of Dugway Proving Ground

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
30 Sep 2017 03:56:47 PM

I was a very young 19 yr old Army put me out to pick up dead animals; no protection. I remember "stuff" spraying on me and the wind on my face with moisture. I inhaled everything that they did for chemical testing. I now have skin cancer and nerve damage, depression, other problems. Army would not acknowledge. I am angry. Any help would be appreciated. Thank you

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Modern Day Location
WW2-Era Place Name Dugway, Utah, United States
Lat/Long 40.1886, -113.2128
Dugway Proving Ground Photo Gallery
Model enemy village, Dugway Proving Ground, Utah, United States, 1940s
See all 18 photographs of Dugway Proving Ground

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"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944

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