Oranienburg Concentration Camp
|Type||Â Â Â||Prison Camp|
|Historical Name of Location||Â Â Â||Oranienburg, Mark Brandenburg, Germany|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseOranienburg Concentration Camp, located north of Berlin, Germany, was established at a non-functioning factory in Mar 1933. It was the first concentration camp established by the German Nazi regime. Its first inmates were generally political opponents (largely communists and social democrats), but a number of homosexuals and other "undesirables" were also imprisoned at Oranienburg. The prisoners were often employed as forced laborers for the town of Oranienburg. While it was initially a SA (Sturmabteilung) facility, it was taken over by the SS (Schutzstaffel) on 4 Jul 1934 after the bloody struggle between the SA and the SS which ended in SS victory. In 1936, Oranienburg Concentration Camp closed as the nearby and larger Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp began operations. At the time of its closing, the prison camp had a population of over 3,000. 16 prisoners died at Oranienburg Concentration Camp.
Last Major Update: Oct 2017
Oranienburg Concentration Camp Interactive Map
Oranienburg Concentration Camp Timeline
|22 Feb 1933Â||Initial plans were made for a detention camp in Oranienburg, Germany.|
|12 Mar 1933Â||Oranienburg north of Berlin, Germany became the site of the first German concentration camp.|
|30 Jun 1934Â||Oranienburg Concentration Camp in Germany was transferred under the jurisdiction of the German justice department.|
|4 Jul 1934Â||The Nazi SS organization assumed control of Oranienburg Concentration Camp in Germany.|
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|WW2-Era Place NameÂ||Oranienburg, Mark Brandenburg, Germany|
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