Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp file photo [31101]

Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp

Type   Prison Camp
Historical Name of Location   Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia

Contributor:

ww2dbaseIn Oct 1941, Finland took control of Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, a region within the borders of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union. Karelians were a Finnic people, and Finnish President Risto Ryti and Commander-in-Chief Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim viewed Finland's control of all of Karelia (Finnish: Karjala; Russian: Kareliya) as legitimate. At the time of the Finnish takeover, East Karelia's pre-war population had decreased from 470,000 to about 150,000, with a large portion of population having fled eastward. About half of the remaining population were ethnic Karelians and the other half ethnic Russians. Most of the ethnic Rusisans were elderly, women, and children. In an effort to remove Russian influence from the region, as well as to create a group of hostages in exchange for Finnic populations in Soviet-controlled regions who might be oppressed due to the Russo-Finnish Continuation War, Mannerheim ordered the creation of a series of concentration camps to imprison ethnic Russians. The first of such camps was in the city of Petrozavodsk; the city was traditionally Petroskoi in Finnish, but during the 1941-1944 occupation, it was referred to as Äänislinna by the Finns. Eventually, the concentration camp system at Petrozavodsk grew to six camps separate camps, and there were additional camps for ethnic Russians elsewhere in East Karelia. By the end of 1941, the camps in Petrozavodsk held 13,400 prisoners. Mid-1942 saw the system's largest prisoner population, 21,984, and the over-crowding created food shortages and unsanitary conditions, leading to the death of about 3,800 from extremely poor living conditions. To alleviate the situation, beginning in the latter part of 1942, detainees deemed safe (in regards to possible anti-Finnish partisan activities) were regularly relocated to monitored villages in the countryside in order to make room for new incoming prisoners. Population of the Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp system would remain about 14,000 for the remainder of the war. From late 1942 on, about 500 died in the camps, bringing the total deaths to an estimated 4,300.

ww2dbaseThe area where Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp No. 1 once stood is now a residential neighborhood.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Update: Jun 2021



Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp Interactive Map

Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp Timeline

24 Oct 1941 Finland established Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp No. 1 in Petrozavodsk (Äänislinna) in occupied East Karelia.

Photographs

Finnish guards and imprisoned Russian children at the Petrozavodsk Concentration camp, Russia during the visit of a Swiss journalist, circa 1944Russian children in the Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp at the time of liberation, Petrozavodsk, Russia, 29 Jun 1944




Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds


Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Notes:

1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
Modern Day Location
WW2-Era Place Name Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia
Lat/Long 61.7658, 34.3986
Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp Photo Gallery
Finnish guards and imprisoned Russian children at the Petrozavodsk Concentration camp, Russia during the visit of a Swiss journalist, circa 1944
See all 2 photographs of Petrozavodsk Concentration Camp


Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945


Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!