|Born||9 Apr 1894|
|Died||6 May 1986|
Contributor: Alan Chanter
ww2dbaseAfter leaving elementary school Sergei Gavrilovitch Simonov (1894-1986) took employment as a blacksmith in a foundry. Later he became a locksmith, and in 1915 attended technical school. In 1917 he assisted Vladimir Federov (sometimes spelled Fyodorov) in making the first Avtomat rifles. After the Revolution Simonov studied at Moscow Polytechnic and in 1924 went to work in Tula Arsenal. By 1926 he was in charge of quality control, and in 1927 he went into the design department as Federov's assistant.
ww2dbaseIn the early 1930s Simonov began work on a semi-automatic rifle, the AVS-36 but although adopted by the Soviet Army in 1936 it failed to stand up to the rigours of service life and would be withdrawn from service during 1941. Simonov then turned his attention to the development of the PTRS anti-tank rifle which entered service in 1941. This, too, was a gas-operated weapon but it was far too complex for the job it was being asked to do and proved to be less robust, heavier, and more cumbersome than the simple bolt action 14.5-millimeter PTRD anti-tank rifle designed by Vasily Degtyarev. As a result relatively few of these weapons were manufactured.
ww2dbaseSimonov's last design, in 1943, was the SKS semi-automatic carbine firing the 7.62-millimeter short M43 cartridge, the first Soviet weapon developed for this round. This weapon entered service in 1949 and, despite being a particularly inspired design was made in vast numbers during 1950s.
ww2dbaseSource: Ian V. Hogg, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Firearms (Quarto Ltd, 1978)
Sergei Simonov Timeline
|9 Apr 1894||Sergei Simonov was born in Fedotovo, Russia.|
|6 May 1986||Sergei Simonov passed away.|
Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.
Visitor Submitted Comments
All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.
- » Hump pilot Allen Turner's remains identified (11 Dec 2018)
- » Passing of George H. W. Bush (1 Dec 2018)
- » Tuskegee Airman Lawrence Dickson's remains identified (30 Nov 2018)
- » Pearl Harbor sailor Walter Foley's remains identified (29 Nov 2018)
- » Sandy Gunn's wrecked Spitfire recovered in Norway (29 Nov 2018)
- » Dutch rail company NS to pay Holocaust reparations (28 Nov 2018)
- » Finland to probe role of Waffen-SS volunteers (31 May 2018)
- » See all news
- » 1,042 biographies
- » 327 events
- » 35,665 timeline entries
- » 728 ships
- » 329 aircraft models
- » 184 vehicle models
- » 340 weapon models
- » 102 historical documents
- » 176 facilities
- » 458 book reviews
- » 24,997 photos
- » 287 maps
Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943