Lin Sen file photo [24063]

Lin Sen

Given NameSen
Born16 Mar 1868
Died1 Aug 1943


ww2dbaseLin Sen, courtesy name Lin Zichao, was born into a middle class family in the village of Shangan, Minhou County, Fujian Province, Qing Dynasty China in 1868. In 1877, he enrolled in the Peiyuan School, a school established by American missionaries. In 1881, he passed the enrollment examination for the Heling Anglo-Chinese College in Fuzhou, Fujian Province. In 1884, a government employee, he was sent to Taipei, Taiwan Province to work in the Telegram Bureau. The Chinese defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War resulted in the loss of Taiwan to Japan, and Lin remained in Taiwan for seven years as a member of an anti-Japanese guerrilla force. In 1902, he returned to mainland China and gained employment with the customs office in Shanghai. Shortly after, he emigrated to the United States Territory of Hawaii and then to San Francisco, California, United States. In 1905, he joined the Tongmenghui, which was the Chinese revolutionary society, and the Nationalist Party. He was the head of the uprising in the city of Jiujiang in Jiangxi Province, China during the Xinhai Revolution that overthrew Qing Dynasty and established the Republic of China. After the formation of the republic, he became a member of the National Assembly. In Apr 1913, he was elected the Speaker of the National Assembly. In Nov 1913, during President Yuan Shikai's reign, he fled to the United States alongside of Sun Yatsen. In 1917, he followed Sun to Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China as Sun established a new government; he became the Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1921, he became the speaker of the Guangzhou government's legislature. Shortly after, he was named the Nationalist governor of Fujian Province, China. In Nov 1925, he was one of the founders of the Western Hills faction of the Nationalist Party, which was staunchly anti-communist. In 1927, Chiang Kaishek embarked on an anti-communist purge, and Lin, by now the leader of the Western Hills faction, rose in prominence. In 1931, Chiang ordered the arrest of political rival Hu Hanmin, a fellow Nationalist Party member, causing uproar, leading to Chiang's resignation as the Chairman of the Nationalist Government, a position equivalent to the later President of the Republic of China, in Dec 1931. Lin was appointed by the Nationalist Party as the successor. Out of deference, he turned down the privilege of residing in the Presidential Palace in Nanjing, China, allowing Chiang to remain there. As the scandal of 1931 faded, Chiang began to wield strong influence once again. Although Lin held the presidential title, the position gradually became ceremonial, while Chiang was regarded as the real head of government by the mid-1930s. Lin played a major role in the outlawing of concubinage. After WW2 broke out in China in 1937, he signed the law to legalize anti-Japanese guerrilla warfare. He passed away from a stroke while still in office in Aug 1943. Chiang, who was appointed by the party to succeed Lin, declared a month of mourning for Lin. He was buried in his estate Linyuan in Chongqing.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Sep 2015

Lin Sen Interactive Map

Lin Sen Timeline

16 Mar 1868 Lin Sen was born in Shangan, Minhou County, Fujian Province, Qing Dynasty China.
2 Mar 1931 Lin Sen was made the head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China.
15 Dec 1931 Lin Sen was appointed by the Nationalist Party to become the President of the Republic of China after the resignation of Chiang Kaishek.
28 Dec 1931 Lin Sen stepped down as the head of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China.
10 Mar 1943 Lin Sen was involved in an automobile accident in Chongqing, China.
12 Mar 1943 Lin Sen suffered a stroke during a meeting with the Canadian delegation to Chongqing, China.
1 Aug 1943 Lin Sen passed away in Chongqing, China.


Chairman of the Nationalist Government Lin Sen with others, 25 Jan 1935Wang Jingwei, Lin Sen, and Italian Ambassador to China Vincenzo Lojacono shortly after Lojacono had delivered his credentials, Nanjing, China, 25 Jan 1935Wang Jingwei arriving at Ming Palace Airport, Nanjing, China, 18 Jan 1937, photo 2 of 2Portrait of Lin Sen, 1940; note Order of Brilliant Jade
See all 11 photographs of Lin Sen

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