Weygand file photo [1060]

Maxime Weygand

SurnameWeygand
Given NameMaxime
Born21 Jan 1867
Died28 Jan 1965
CountryFrance
CategoryMilitary-Ground
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseMaxime Weygand was born in Brussels, Belgium. Some sources say that he was the illegitimate son of Empress Carlota of Mexico, and Weygand chose to neither confirm nor deny this rumor. He was educated in Marseille by the Cohen de Léon family. His career in the military began with his entrance into the preparatory class of Saint-Cyr Military School in Paris under the name of Maxime de Nimal as a foreign cadet; he graduated in 1887. Weygand adopted his last name around this time when he was adopted by a friend of Mr. Cohen de Léon by the name of Weygand. He soon became a naturalized French citizen.

ww2dbaseDuring WW1, Weygand served with a cavalry unit for only a month before being promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel and placed on Ferdinand Foch's staff. In 1916, he became a brigadier general, then major general in 1918. At Compiègne, he was the officer who read out the armistice conditions to the Germans in the railway carriage car.

ww2dbaseImmediately after WW1 ended, Weygand briefly served as an advisor during the Russian-Polish war, where he was not very welcomed. Returning to France, he became a member of the Académie française. In 1931, he served as high commissioner in Syria. Between 1931 and 1935, Weygand was the Inspector General of the Army. He retired from the Army in 1935.

ww2dbaseAs the tension of war heightened, Weygand was recalled back into service in Aug 1939 by Edouard Daladier. He was sent to the Middle East to lead French forces there. He returned to France on 17 May 1940 to replace Maurice Gamelin as the commander of French forces which was attempting to defend their country against a German invasion. Unable to halt German forces, he persuaded his colleagues to negotiate for an armistice.

ww2dbaseDuring the German occupation of France, Weygand was the Minister for National Defense under the Vichy government from Jun to Sep 1940, then Delegate General to the North African colonies. In North Africa, he complied with the German anti-Semitic policies by depriving certain rights to those of Jewish faith. Following a German model, he also sent many of his political opponents, as well as opponents of the Vichy regime, to concentration camps in southern Algeria. He was also known to be close to the German military, at times supplying the German troops with vehicles, weapons, and ammunition, although his main agenda was to maintain French spheres of influence in North Africa, not a German dominated region. When the western Allies invaded North Africa, he was arrested and remained a prisoner until the end of the war. He was unsuccessfully tried as a collaborator. He was released in 1946, and his name was officially cleared in 1948.

ww2dbaseWeygand died in 1965.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Maxime Weygand Timeline

21 Jan 1867 Maxime Weygand was born.
16 May 1940 French Prime Minister Reynaud ordered Maxime Weygand to return from Syria to Paris, France.
19 May 1940 French Army General Maxime Weygand replaced General Maurice Gamelin as Chief of the General Staff and Commander-in-Chief; Marshal Philippe Pétain was made Deputy Prime Minister.
21 May 1940 In Paris, France, General Robert Altmayer, a retired cavalry general who had retired four years earlier as Inspector-General of Cavalry, was summoned by Maxime Weygand to take command of Group A (later renamed Tenth Army) consisting of the 9th Corps, 10th Corps and 3rd Division Legere Mecanique. He was also told that all BEF troops south of the Somme (1st Armoured Division and 51st Highland Division) would also come under his orders.
26 May 1940 General Maxime Weygand issued his Ordre Général d'Operation No. 1184 3/FT: "The battle on which the fate of the country depends will be fought without any idea of retreat, on the line which we hold today."
30 Jun 1940 After repeated attacks, by Stuka aircraft and rail guns, had failed to make any impression, a direct order from General Maxime Weygand finally pursuades the remaining French garrisons still holding out in the Maginot fortresses to leave their defences.
28 Jan 1965 Maxime Weygand passed away.




Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook  Reddit
 Twitter  Digg
 Google+  Delicious
 StumbleUpon  


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds



Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
25 Mar 2008 11:43:01 AM

you r a crack baby
2. Anonymous says:
7 Apr 2015 07:30:37 AM

this did not help me at all thanks for no help!
3. Anonymous says:
5 Mar 2016 10:48:54 AM

Why cant you people ever talk about after the war.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Maxime Weygand
Event(s) Participated:
» Invasion of France and the Low Countries

Related Books:
» The Last Battle



Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943