|Manufacturer||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries|
|Primary Role||Medium Bomber|
|Maiden Flight||1 December 1936|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseThe Ki-21 medium bombers, designated Army Type 97 Heavy Bombers, were the standard and best bomber used by the Japanese Army during WW2. The design came out of the Feb 1936 requirement for a modern bomber for the Army, and the first prototype took flight in Dec that year. The design was ordered into production very quickly, and by 1937 they were being used in combat in China. After the Pacific War began, they were also seen over Malaya, Burma, and the Dutch East Indies. Although they were largely obsolete by 1943, they continued to serve in some combat and mostly non-combat roles until the end of the war. Nine aircraft of the Ki-21 I variant, nicknamed Nagoya, were given to Thailand for use against Vichy French forces in Indochina. At the end of the war, several Ki-21 bombers were employed by the Army as Giretsu special attack forces for suicide attacks.
ww2dbaseThe Allies originally gave the Ki-21 bombers the code name of "Jean", but Douglas MacArthur, whose wife's name was Jean, did not like the designation, and the code name was quickly changed to "Sally". After the introduction of variant IIb, because the dorsal greenhouse was removed, the Allies thought it was a new bomber design, therefore a new code name of "Gwen" was assigned. When it was realized that these new bombers were actually variants of Ki-21, "Gwen" bombers were code named "Sally 3".
Last Major Revision: Aug 2007
|Machinery||Two Nakajima Ha-5 KAI Army Type 97 radial engines rated at 1,080hp each|
|Armament||2x7.7mm Type 89 machine guns, 1x7.7mm Type 1 machine gun, 1,000kg of bombs|
|Wing Area||69.60 m²|
|Weight, Empty||4,691 kg|
|Weight, Loaded||7,492 kg|
|Weight, Maximum||7,916 kg|
|Speed, Maximum||431 km/h|
|Service Ceiling||8,600 m|
|Range, Normal||1,500 km|
|Range, Maximum||2,704 km|
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Winston Churchill, 1935
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