PZL.23 file photo [4059]

PZL.23 Karaś

CountryPoland
ManufacturerPaństwowe Zakłady Lotnicze
Primary RoleLight Bomber
Maiden Flight1 April 1934

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe all-metal PZL.23 Karaś ("Crucian Carp") light bombers were originally designed by Stanisław Prauss to replace older models employed by the Polish Air Force. The third prototype that flew in 1935, with a raised pilot's seat and lowered engines for better visibility, was accepted and entered production. The first variants, PZL.23A, were fitted with Bristol Pegasus IIM2 radial engines, but these engines soon proved to be unreliable. The production quickly shifted to using Pegasus VIII engines. 40 PZL.23A aircraft were built in 1936 and 210 PZL.23B aircraft were built between late 1936 and Feb 1938. An additional number was produced for export to Bulgaria with Gnome-Rhone 14N-01 engines because the Bristol engines were licensed for use in Poland only; that variant was dubbed PZL.43. Out of the 250 available to the Polish air force by the end of Aug 1939, 23 were lost in accidents and 110 were held in reserve or used by training squadron, making 117 available for combat squadrons when the European War began. The first combat mission for this design was on 2 Sep 1939 when a PZL.23B bomber of the 21st Squadron bombed a factory in Ohlau; it was also the first bombing attack on German territory. On 3 Sep, PZL.23 bombers attacked German columns, briefly disrupting German movement, but ultimately they were intercepted by German fighters and shot down easily due to low speed and lack of armor. At the end of the Polish campaign, 67 were destroyed in combat and about 60 were lost to other reasons. At least 21 PZL.23 bombers were withdrawn to Romania as the Polish retreated through that country; 19 of them were kept by the Romanian air force, and were used against Russia after the launch of Operation Barbarossa.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Jun 2007

SPECIFICATIONS

PZL.23A
MachineryOne Bristol Pegasus IIM2 9-cylinder radial engine rated at 670hp, license-built by PZL
Armament1x7.92mm nose PWU wz.33 machine gun, 1x7.92mm upper station Vickers F machine gun, 1x7.92mm underbelly Vickers F machine gun, 700kg of bombs
Crew3
Span13.95 m
Length9.68 m
Height3.30 m
Wing Area26.80 m
Weight, Empty1,928 kg
Weight, Loaded2,813 kg
Weight, Maximum3,428 kg
Speed, Maximum304 km/h
Speed, Cruising240 km/h
Rate of Climb6.50 m/s
Service Ceiling7,300 m
Range, Normal1,260 km

Photographs

PZL.23/III prototype, date unknownCockpit of PZL.23 light bomber, date unknownInstrumentation of PZL.23 light bomber, date unknownPZL.23A at the Paris Air Show, Jun 1936
See all 8 photographs of PZL.23 Karaś Light Bomber



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PZL.23 Karaś Light Bomber Photo Gallery
PZL.23/III prototype, date unknown
See all 8 photographs of PZL.23 Karaś Light Bomber




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