Battle of Suiyuan
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseIn Oct 1936, a coalition of Mongols (Japanese-sponsored Mongolian Military Government (later renamed Mengjian), Jehol Mongols, and Chahar Mongols) and Han-Chinese mercenaries totaling over 9,000 men marched into Suiyuan Province in northern China, secretly supported by 20 to 30 Japanese officers. Japan also contributed 30 armored cars and light tanks, field artillery pieces, and aircraft. On the Chinese side, troops belonging to Shanxi Province warlord Yan Xishan attempted to halt the invasion. The first clash took place on 14 Nov at Hongor, where the two sides fought at a costly standstill for several days. On 17 Nov, however, the Chinese mounted a surprising counterattack, which drove the Mongolian troops back to Bailingmiao. A follow-up flanking movement by General Fu Zuoyi's Chinese troops captured Bailingmiao, taking over 200 Mongolians prisoner and ending the offensive. In late Nov, Mongolian and Han irregulars launched a fresh attack on Bailingmiao, but they were beaten back with heavy losses as the Chinese had already anticipated such a counterattack.
ww2dbaseWhen Yan discovered that Japanese Army officers were among the captured, he publicly revealed Japan's direct involvement with the invasion, but held back from launching a counterattack into Chinese territory directly occupied by the Japanese Army in fear of escalating the situation.
Last Major Update: Sep 2006
Battle of Suiyuan Timeline
|20 Oct 1936Â||Japanese-backed Mongolian troops marched into Suiyuan Province, China.|
|23 Nov 1936Â||Near Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China, Chinese forces began marching toward Mongolian positions at midnight. At 1300 hours, Chinese forces of the Shanxi-Suiyuan Army began firing at Mongolian forward posts and took high ground.|
|24 Nov 1936Â||Chinese and Mongolian troops engaged in heavy combat near Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China starting at 0100 hours through dawn, pushing back Mongolian forces back repeatedly. Chinese generals Sun Changsheng and Sun Lanfeng chose to make a major push despite sunrise, which meant Japanese air support might arrive at any time. Spearheaded by armored cars, Chinese troops pushed into the town of Bailingmiao, taking it by 0930 hours. 600 to 700 Monglians were killed, 200 were captured; the Chinese suffered 300 killed and wounded. Chinese troops captured 10 field guns, 10 machine guns, 600 rifles, several radios, 500 barrels of gasoline, a food storage dump, an ammunition dump, and many horses.|
|28 Nov 1936Â||3,000 Mongolian and Chinese irregulars loyal to the Japanese-sponsored puppet state Mengjiang launched an offensive toward Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China.|
|3 Dec 1936Â||Mongolian and Chinese irregulars loyal to the Japanese-sponsored puppet state Mengjiang launched a failed attack against Chinese positions at Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China.|
|4 Dec 1936Â||Mongolian and Chinese irregulars loyal to the Japanese-sponsored puppet state Mengjiang called off their offensive toward Bailingmiao, Suiyuan Province, China.|
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Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937
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