British Cameroons

Alliance Allies - Minor Member Nation or Possession
Possessing Power United Kingdom
Population in 1939 400,000


ww2dbaseIn 1918, the German colony of Kamerun was divided between the British and the French as League of Nations mandates. The smaller portion was given to the British, which was then renamed Cameroons. Administratively, it was divided into Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons. In Jun 1940, as Free French forces secured the French mandate from its Vichy French governor, German sympathizers in the British mandate were interned to ensure unchallenged British and Free French control of the entire region (further to the east, French Equatorial Africa was secured by Free French forces on 12 Nov 1940). During the war, about 3,500 colonial subjects from British Cameroons enlisted in the British military. In 1960, British Nigeria to the mandate's west was granted independence, becoming the Federation of Nigeria; French Cameroun was also given the same in 1960, becoming the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun). In 1961, a plebiscite was held. The result saw Northern Cameroons becoming a part of Nigeria, while Southern Cameroons joined Cameroon.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

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