Malta

Full Name 59 Dominion of Malta
Alliance Allies - Minor Member Nation or Possession
Possessing Power United Kingdom
Entry into WW2 3 Sep 1939
Population in 1939 269,000
Civilian Deaths in WW2 1,300

Contributor:

ww2dbaseMalta became a part of the British Empire in 1814, and it immediately became a major military and civilian maritime center, with such role enhanced after the opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt in 1869. Ironically, because Malta was deemed indefensible against an enemy landing, the British Royal Navy Mediterranean Fleet was relocated to Alexandria, Egypt in Oct 1939 to remove them from Italian aircraft threat, thus depriving the small island (about 260 square kilometers or about 100 square miles) most of its naval defense. Within hours of Italy's entry into the European War bombs began falling on Malta, but no landings were planned until Malta was proven to be effective as a base for Allied operations against Axis shipping between Southern Europe and the battles in North Africa. As the British increased the efforts to bring men, aircraft, and supplies to Malta, the Germans and the Italians also allocated more resources against supply convoys and the island itself, resulting in the long running and costly, for both sides, Malta campaign. By the time the Desert War was nearing an end, the siege of Malta was effectively over. The Germans and the Italians flew a total of 3,000 bombing raids in the two-year span, making the small island unofficially the most bombed place in the world. For gallantry during the siege, the people of the island was collectively awarded the George Cross on 15 Apr 1942 "to bear witness to a heroism and devotion that will long be famous in history". Upon the conclusion of the Desert War, Malta became a staging point for the invasion of Southern Europe, namely Sicily and then the Italian mainland. When Italy signed an armistice with the Allies, the Italian fleet was sailed to Malta for internment. After the war, Malta was given independence on 21 Sep 1964. In 1974, a republic was declared, and the position of President replaced the British monarch as the head of state.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Events Taken Place in Malta

Malta Campaign11 Jun 1940 - 31 Dec 1942
Malta Conference30 Jan 1945 - 3 Feb 1945

Facilities

Grand HarbourNaval Port, Shipyard
RAF Hal FarAirfield
RAF LuqaAirfield
RAF TakaliAirfield

Photographs

Drawing of the new dock at Grand Harbour, Malta as seen in the 24 Oct 1867 issue of publication Illustrated London NewsHMS Ramillies, HMS Barfleur, and HMS Nile in Grand Harbour, Malta, 24 May 1896; the ships were firing salutes in honor of Queen VictoriaHMS Royal Sovereign, HMS Royal Oak, HMS Ramillies, and HMS Caesar in Grand Harbour, Malta, circa 1899Captain Louis Mountbatten with the crew of HMS Kelvin, Valleta Harbour, Malta, 1939-1941
See all 20 photographs of Malta in World War II


Malta in World War II Interactive Map




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Malta in World War II Photo Gallery
Drawing of the new dock at Grand Harbour, Malta as seen in the 24 Oct 1867 issue of publication Illustrated London News
See all 20 photographs of Malta in World War II




Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945