US Navy Report of Japanese Raid on Pearl Harbor, Enclosure E, USS Aylwin (2)

4 Jan 1942

U.S.S. Aylwin

Serial 01
At Sea,
January 4, 1942.

From: The Commanding Officer.
To: The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
Subject: Pearl Harbor Action of December 7, 1941 - Report of
References: (a) CDBF mailgram 130143 of December 1941.
(b) Articles 712, 762, 874 (6), and 2029 of Navy Regulation.

  1. On the day of the subject action this vessel was berthed with Destroyer Division TWO at buoy X-14, with an anchor chain out to the forward buoy and a stern wire to the after buoy. The direction of the s hip's head was approximately 010 degrees (t)., the order of ships in the nest from right to left was the Monaghan, Dale, Farragut and Aylwin.
  2. The attack commenced at 0755 with the Utah berthed at F-11, being torpedoed by planes. The torpedo planes were immediately followed by dive bombers who came in from the direction of Barber's Point at an altitude of about 6000 feet. Some of them dropped bombs on the Curtiss while the remainder flew over Ford Island circled about 180 degrees and then bombed the battleships. In coming out of their dive they went over Ford Island, some turning rather sharply and passing astern and on the port side of this vessel. This vessel opened fire at 0758 with main battery and machine guns and was probably most effective on the dive bombers a they came out of their dive over Ford Island.
  3. At 0800 preparations were made for getting underway. Fires were lighted under boilers number 1 and 2 and cut in on the main steam line in 15 minutes. At 0828 received orders from the Commander, Destroyers Battle Force to get underway. At 0845 the Monaghan was underway followed by the Dale and the Farragut.

    The Monaghan rammed a submarine about 500 yards off the starboard quarter of the Curtiss. At 0850 a bomb exploded about 75 yards off the starboard bow. This vessel left anchor chain and stern wire at the buoys and was underway at 0858. Continuous fire was kept up while proceeding out of the channel. The machine guns and main battery assisted in destroying three planes.
  4. An enemy plane was seen to crash in the vicinity of Beckoning Point, and one fell in flames on the Curtiss. SUTOROWSKI, Edward, CFC (PA), USN., saw one crash near Ford Island astern berths X-25 and X-35. Ensign W.K. REORDAN, USNR., fire control officer, saw another crash on Ford Island near berths F-2 and F-3. The observations of Ensign W.K. REORDAN, and SUTOROWSKI were made when this vessel was at buoy X-14.
  5. The conduct of the personnel was magnificent. Because of missing men, the engineers with COCHRANE, Claude H., CMM (AA), USN., in charge stood their watches without any reliefs until 0700, Monday when the Damage Control Party was sent below to help them.
  6. Ensign S. CAPLAN, USNR., senior officer aboard was in command. Ensign H.C. ANDERSON, USNR., is responsible for much of this vessel's successful operation. He assisted in all important matters and demonstrated remarkable ability as a ship handler. With experience of only seven months at sea he was able to take the ship out under the severest conditions. The conduct of Ensign S. CAPLAN, USNR., who had been at sea a total of eight months, in taking command for 33 hours during war operations of the severest type is considered outstanding.
  7. Lieutenant Commander R.H. RODGERS, U.S. Navy, regularly in command arrived at Pearl harbor at about 0900, secured a motor launch and with the other officers of the Aylwin proceeded to sea, making contact with the Aylwin about 1000 off the entrance buoys. The Commander, Destroyer Squadron ONE refused to allow the Aylwin to slow. The Aylwin stood out to sea and these officers went on board the Chew and assisted in off shore activities until the following day when return to the Aylwin was accomplished.
  8. It is recommended that Ensign S. CAPLAN and Ensign H.C. ANDERSON, USNR., receive special commendation.


Copy to:

Source: United States National Archives, Modern Military Branch
Added By: C. Peter Chen

Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
20 Aug 2008 08:27:30 PM

In Otto Preminger's 1965 film "In Harm's Way," the part of the Aylwin was played by the fictional Cassidy.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code


Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites

Famous WW2 Quote
"An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last."

Winston Churchill